Long factoids (2241 results)

Factoid KeyFactoid Value
multicast ip
C: 1970-01-01
This is a form of TCP/IP being proposed that will allow for high-bandwidth transmissions (like television channels) to be broadcast over the Internet to all the routers in the world (possibly) that are connected to someone watching that channel. To see the benefit, think of 1000 people making separate connections to the USA network (if it were an Internet TV channel--give me some leeway!). Each packet of data sent out would have to be sent to 1000 people. Thus, you have 1000 conversations active between the USA network server and people's machines, each one saying the same thing. That's poor scalability. Now, imagine that in this fantasy network, we only have 10 routers with these 1000 people connected to them. In simplistic terms, you only have to send each packet to 10 places, and each machine downloads packets directly from the router it is connected to. Thus, the USA network server doesn't have to do much work to keep Gary Busey movies going to 1000 people at once, and the rest of the network isn't clogged with all 1000 conversations. However, there's lots of minute details that must be considered, such as how many channels are offered and how much router memory that takes up. How about if no one is watching? That's wasted traffic.
C: 1970-01-01
- To move wildly or violently, without accomplishing anything useful. Also: => Paging or swapping systems that are overloaded waste most of their time moving data into and out of core (rather than performing useful computation) and are therefore said to thrash. Thrashing can also occur in a cache due to cache conflict in a multiprocessor system. => Someone who keeps changing his mind (especially about what to work on next) is said to be thrashing. A person frantically trying to execute too many tasks at once (and not spending enough time on any single task) may also be described as thrashing. From: Larry Crouch (Thanks, Larry!) Geek note: If you're dancing around to White Zombie, you're probably thrashing!
multi-tiered architecture
C: 1970-01-01
This is the most scalable application architecture (over 2-tier and 3-tier). This architecture refers to 4-, 5-, or even higher-tiered architectures. It is the most complex type of architecture, splitting the application and database management tasks into many discrete components. For example, take the 3-tier architecture and change it so that the application logic is separate from the database management system. This gets you to 4-tier architecture. With this structure, you can more easily change one of the tiers without compromising your entire application. To get to five tiers, you could move some of the application logic to the client to optimize performance.
disk striping
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> see Also known as disk striping, this form of RAID combines two or more hard drives into a single logical drive. Any data is written in blocks first to one drive, then the next, and so on. A RAID 0 configuration sacrifices redundancy for raw speed. The more drives you use the faster your logical drive will be. The space available on the logical drive is the sum of space on all of the drives used, assuming that all drives are the same size. If drives are of disparate sizes, RAID 0 generally only uses a piece of the drive equal to the smallest drive. Of course, if one drive dies, you lose all of the information on the entire RAID. Use RAID 0 with care.
C: 1970-01-01
(Enhanced BIOS) The EBIOS translates between the partition table limitations of a standard computer BIOS and the IDE limitations to provide up to 8 GB of storage space using the IDE interface. Your computer's BIOS has maximums of 1024 cylinders, 256 heads, and 63 sectors (8 GB). The IDE interface has a maximum of 65536 cylinders, 16 heads, and 256 sectors (128 GB). Put these maximums together (1024 cylinders, 16 heads, and 63 sectors) and you've got a measly 504 MB of data to work with. The EBIOS translates these limitations in such a way that you can actually achieve the BIOS max of 8 GB on one IDE device. Of course, this is just a short term solution.
raid 0
C: 1970-01-01
Also known as disk striping, this form of RAID combines two or more hard drives into a single logical drive. Any data is written in blocks first to one drive, then the next, and so on. A RAID 0 configuration sacrifices redundancy for raw speed. The more drives you use the faster your logical drive will be. The space available on the logical drive is the sum of space on all of the drives used, assuming that all drives are the same size. If drives are of disparate sizes, RAID 0 generally only uses a piece of the drive equal to the smallest drive. Of course, if one drive dies, you lose all of the information on the entire RAID. Use RAID 0 with care.
C: 1970-01-01
Takes something large and makes it smaller. Compression generally comes in two forms, lossy and lossless. Lossy compression is best used on graphics files and sound files. It crunches down the data at a much higher ratio, at the expense of having an image or a sound that isn't quite the same as before it was compressed. In the best scenario the data takes up less space, but the person viewing the graphic or listening to the sound file will not be able to tell. Lossless compression squeezes data down so that at some later date it can be uncompressed and returned to its exact structure. Lossless compression is best used on data files and programs.
disk mirroring
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> see There are two forms of RAID 1: disk duplexing and disk mirroring. Disk mirroring involves two hard drives that are on the same drive controller. The same data is written to both drives, so write operations are slower because you must write data to both drives. Read operations are the same speed, as if you only had one drive. Disk duplexing is much like disk mirroring, but each drive is on a separate controller. This speeds up the normally slow write operations and also adds a level of redundancy, in case one of your controller cards dies. With RAID 1, you get half the space you paid for because you're writing twice as much data.
raid 1
C: 1970-01-01
There are two forms of RAID 1: disk duplexing and disk mirroring. Disk mirroring involves two hard drives that are on the same drive controller. The same data is written to both drives, so write operations are slower because you must write data to both drives. Read operations are the same speed, as if you only had one drive. Disk duplexing is much like disk mirroring, but each drive is on a separate controller. This speeds up the normally slow write operations and also adds a level of redundancy, in case one of your controller cards dies. With RAID 1, you get half the space you paid for because you're writing twice as much data.
zif socket
C: 1970-01-01
(Zero Insertion Force socket) This is a socket designed to accept a PGA chip, such as most common CPUs produced today (e.g., Intel's Pentium, AMD's K6, etc.). The ZIF socket allows you to plug in a PGA chip with no pressure required. This is a big advantage because older sockets required you to push the chip in with equal force on all sides or risk bending the pins. It's not fun to bend pins on the new processor you just bought. I bent some pins once on a dual processor server without a ZIF socket, and luckily I was able to bend them back with some needlenose pliers because I didn't want to have to shell out another $1000.
3-tier architecture
C: 1970-01-01
This architecture splits the user interface from the application logic. The server handles the databasemanagement and application logic. This works out to less complexity at the client and a more scalable application.Additional user interfaces can be added easily because the user interface is the only thing that resides on the client. Forexample, you can easily let customers view data from the Web without changing the application that lets your salespeoplework with their data. The three tiers are basically the application code that resides on the client, the database managementand logic, and finally the database itself.
C: 1970-01-01
(Extended System Configuration Data) This is setup data that is stored in a Plug-and-Play-compatible system BIOS. It consists of the system resource requirements of legacy (non PNP) devices, and the last working configuration of Plug-and-Play-compliant devices. Plug-and-Play devices that have ESCD entries will use the same resources each time the system boots, as long as no new hardware has been added. This ensures a stable configuration. Plug-and-Play OSs such as Windows 95 have access to the ESCD, as you would guess if you've ever manually changed device configurations in Windows 95 (by using the "Device Manager").
C: 1970-01-01
(Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol) The TCP/IP suite first saw usage on the original Department of Defense Internet in 1983. Its first implementation was amazingly successful, and it is still THE protocol of the Internet. In fact, it has grown even more and is being used in private networks around the world. TCP/IP is a suite of communications protocols that allows communication between groups of dissimilar computer systems from a variety of vendors. There are other protocols that do similar things, like IPX or NetBEUI, but TCP/IP has the lowest overhead and is supported by almost everything.
cache memory
C: 1970-01-01
Generally a small chunk of fast memory that sits between either 1) a smaller, faster chunk of memory and a bigger, slower chunk of memory, or 2) a processor and a bigger, slower chunk of memory. This is to provide a bridge from something that's comparatively very fast to something that's comparatively slow. Most computers have cache memory that holds some of the information from main memory. When the processor needs the information it takes it from the speedy cache instead of the slower main memory. Cache memory GREATLY increases the speed of a computer by storing data that is most often accessed.
C: 1970-01-01
(Storage Data Acceleration) This technology is being pioneered by Western Digital. The idea behind it is that slower drives such as CD and DVD drives will attach directly to larger, faster hard drives. They'll use a 10-pin connector between the hard drive and the other peripheral, as opposed to the 40-pin IDE connector. A portion of the hard drive will be used as cache for the CD drive or other device. This can speed up CD-ROM drives by 50%-300% depending on what operations are being performed. You will have to buy specialized hard drives and CD drives to take advantage of this technology.
C: 1970-01-01
This is also a protocol for transferring files during direct dial-up communications. So named because it builds on the earlier Xmodem protocol, Ymodem sends data in 1,024-byte blocks and is consequently faster than Xmodem. However, it doesn't work well on noisy phone lines. Ymodem has undergone a few enhancements: Ymodem-Batch can send several files in one session; Ymodem-G drops software error-correction, which speeds up the process by removing the overhead used by error-correction. This works because all modems since the V.32 era have error-correction built into the hardware.
C: 1970-01-01
(Dual Independent Bus) This is the bus architecture between Intel's Pentium II processor, memory, and L2 cache. One bus connects the processor to L2 cache and a second connects the processor to main memory. Having two buses instead of one increases performance over single-bus architectures. In addition the speed of the external L2 cache can scale up independently from the speed of the system bus. This allows for faster cache access. The final feature of the DIB architecture is a pipeline on the cache to the processor bus that allows multiple simultaneous cache requests.
C: 1970-01-01
(Error Checking and Correcting) Generally refers to memory chips, or motherboards that support this type of behavior in full-parity memory chips. ECC memory uses some extra memory on the memory chips for parity information and checks to see whether a memory error has occurred. If a minor memory error occurs, the ECC logic will handle it. With full-parity memory (one step below ECC), you will be alerted of a memory error and your system will stop. With non-parity memory, you will experience random results, usually crashing, and possible data corruption.
C: 1970-01-01
(Extended Industry Standard Architecture) 16-bit ISA was extended to 32-bits and they called it EISA. Pretty creative. But, really, it's generally used only in server machines, and it never caught on because of VL-Bus and PCI. It beats out VL-Bus and PCI because you can have a ton of EISA slots in one machine without any complex wiring. I saw a server box that had 14 of them. VL-Bus and PCI generally support fewer than four slots, and that's a problem if you want to install seven network adapters and five RAID cards. EISA makes it possible.
C: 1970-01-01
(VESA Local bus) This is a 32-bit extension of a 16-bit ISA slot. This architecture predated PCI and allowed users to break the bottleneck that occurred when the ISA bus slowed down graphics speed. It allowed speeds of up to 40 MHz, compared to ISA's measly 8.3 MHz. The fact that it had twice as many pins to transmit data helped out as well. VL-Bus was big on 486-66 machines, when it first came out, but was quickly displaced by PCI. PCI cards have some modest speed advantages and are much smaller. All VL-Bus cards were full-length cards.
C: 1970-01-01
This person types into a computer exactly what a person speaking at a meeting requests of them. The output is displayed on a screen for all to see. The important thing here is that anyone can speak and ask the technographer to type in what they want. The technogropher doesn't type everything that is said, just what the speaker wants them to type. What is typed cannot be changed by anyone but the speaker, even if it makes everyone else angry and has nothing to do with the meeting. Do you see an opportunity for fun here?
C: 1970-01-01
(Joint Photographic Experts Group) This is a method of storing graphic images. It was specifically made for storing more than 256-color images. It compresses pictures much better than the GIF way (GIF is meant to store graphics of 256 colors or less). You can also set the amount of compression you would like for the graphic; however, the higher the compression the less quality the picture has. On the down side, even at 100% quality (or 0% compression) the graphic is not perfect. JPEG files use the extension ".jpg."
analog control
C: 1970-01-01
An analog control changes value in non-discrete steps. You can tune an analog control to non-distinct values. In some cases, like for volume, analog controls are better. Have you ever used a digital volume control on a new TV, and one setting is too loud while the other is too soft? You just can't get it in between. However, for channel tuning where values change by fixed steps, a digital control is much better. You just don't need to get in between channel 4 and 5. Also see Digital Control.
clock cycle
C: 1970-01-01
Think of a clock cycle as one tick of the second hand (but generally at a much higher speed). Computer clocks run voltage through a tiny crystal that oscillates at a predictable speed to give a meaningful timing method to the computer. One clock cycle doesn't necessarily mean that the processor does one operation. Today's high-end processors often complete more than one operation per clock cycle, and sometimes, in the worst cases, it will take several clock cycles to complete one operation.
C: 1970-01-01
If the actual value is 4.321 and you say that it is 4.30, then you are precise to 3 places but inaccurate by .021. If a value is represented as a bullseye on a target, a group of guesses or measurements represented by closely grouped points have a high degree of precision. If that group is near the center, it is highly accurate as well. On a bullseye, think of accuracy as how close to the center your arrow hits, and your measurement of precision as how closely you can group your shots.
raid 10
C: 1970-01-01
This form of RAID was originally called RAID 1+0 and is now commonly referred to as RAID 10. This is basically a bunch of RAID 1 drives linked together with RAID 0. Hence, you get the speed benefits of RAID 0 with the redundancy benefits of RAID 1. The only problem is that you use a lot of drives to do it. Like RAID 1, you only get half of the space that you've paid for. Of course, it may be worth it if you can rest easier at night. RAID 10 is generally a bit faster than RAID 5.
32-bit color depth
C: 1970-01-01
Anything that supports 32-bit color supports over 4 billion different colors. Generally, graphics cardssupport up to only 24-bit color because the human eye cannot discern between colors at that level, and you need a lot ofmemory on your graphics card to display 32-bit color at high resolutions. Color scanners, however, often go up to 32-bitcolor depth. This usually results in a better quality scan, even though the color difference between two pixels may not beperceptible.
C: 1970-01-01
(Complex Instruction Set Computer) Intel x86 chips are CISC chips because of the complexity of the instruction set. On the other side of the coin, you have RISC chips that use a reduced instruction set. RISC chips split big operations into lots of simple, tiny instructions that are processed very quickly. Some people argue that RISC chips have the edge. Several Intel competitors such as Cyrix and AMD use RISC chips with CISC converters to compete against Intel's chips.
2-tier architecture
C: 1970-01-01
This term refers to applications that have a code base (1-tier) separate from the database managementsystem (1-tier), such as using Delphi to interact with Microsoft SQL Server (1+1 = 2 tier), for example. The application coderesides on the "fat client" which is used to process data The problem with 2-tier applications is that they become complexand hard to support as the user base increases in size. What may be good for 50 people doesn't work for 300 people.
C: 1970-01-01
This type of mechanism implies that you can remove or add things while the system is running. For example, hard drives and power supplies are often candidates for this term. Normally, they come in special proprietary form factors in server machines and RAID boxes. If you've got mission-critical applications you want your servers to have as many hot swappable components as possible. Recently, servers have been introduced with hot-swappable PCI cards and buses.
C: 2007-12-19
<reply> see (GURU Understands Real Unix) or An expert, especially in "{Unix} guru". Implies not only {wizard} skill but also a history of being a knowledge resource for others. Less often, used (with a qualifier) for other experts on other systems, as in "VMS guru". or what meditates inside Amigas. or it's pointless to ask for a guru in a knowledge field because people being humble, nobody will answer your question. "GUide to Ram Upgrades for (old) Macs"
M: 2010-06-26
<reply>Debian GNU/Linux 5.0.5 was released on June 26th, 2010. This update corrects security problems within the <oldstable> release, along with adjustments for serious problems. Support for Atheros AR8131/AR8132, Broadcom BCM5716/BCM5716S and ServerEngines BladeEngine2/3 Ethernet controllers was introduced. http://www.debian.org/News/2010/20100626 http://ftp.debian.org/debian/dists/lenny/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
any ideas
M: 2004-04-08
<reply> Yeah, I have an idea! But I'll need a (box|bag|sack|drawer) full of (herring|string|rutabagas|condoms|ground beef), a little (cod liver oil|K-Y jelly|WD-40|thermal paste|sauerkraut|vegemite), and (42|a dozen|5 or 6|a handful of) (rabid|starving|sex-crazed|three-legged) (kittens|weasels|badgers|bunnies|hamsters|dairy cows|oxen|goats|platypuses|ostriches). And keep the (cops|Cabal|NSA|FBI|KGB) off my back for the next few (hours|minutes)!
M: 2011-04-07
<reply>[ape] Monkey's Audio is a lossless audio compression format. It has limited cross-platform support (only officially supported on Windows) and its source code includes restrictive license terms. <FFmpeg> added Monkey's Audio decoding support in September 2007, playback is available in <MPlayer> since 1.0rc2. Packages for encoding to Monkey's Audio (monkeys-audio, libmac2) are available from <deb-multimedia>. See also <flac>, <ape2flac>.
M: 2013-02-03
<reply>ar9170usb is a Linux kernel driver, introduced in Linux 2.6.30, supporting draft 802.11n USB wireless LAN devices based on the Atheros AR9170 chipset. Firmware is required (ar9170.fw), ask me about <atheros firmware> to provide. This driver does not support 802.11n operation and was removed at Linux 3.0, ask me about <carl9170> for its replacement. For AR9271 and AR7010 support, ask me about <ath9k_htc>. http://wiki.debian.org/carl9170
bdo list
M: 2012-02-29
<reply> To list all packages you have installed from <debian backports>: «aptitude search '?narrow(?version(CURRENT),?origin(Debian Backports))' --disable-columns -F%p»; apt must know about the origin repository for this to work (i.e. you have a 'deb' line for it in sources.list and 'apt-get update' has been run). To list all backported packages available for your system: «aptitude search '?origin(Debian Backports)'». See also <which repo>.
cmd: confuse (.*?)
C: 2002-12-11
($1): <reply>(Yes|No), (those|what|them|where|who|how) (are|is|was) (your|their|our|my) (pants|weasel|ferret|hamster|pineapple|gouda|gerbil|badger|mushroom|snake|bacon) (today|tomorrow|yesterday), $1? (Pants|Shirts|Trousers|Breeches|Lederhosen|Wellies) of the (Monarchy|People's Republic|Dictatorship|Republic|Democracy) of (Liechtenstein|Tahiti|Swaziland|Belarus|Mongolia|Tibet|Micronesia) with extra (cheese|herring|cream|anchovies|crabpaste|ham).
M: 2002-12-30
<reply> (1) Use private messages to the bots to reduce channel spam, but don't message people on #debian without asking permission first. Most questions should be asked on channel, so that others can benefit from the question and the answers received. (2) Always feel free to message freenode network staff. They're the people with hostnames ending in 'staff.freenode'. (3) Monosodium glutamate, a food additive (see http://truthinlabeling.org/).
pci compliance
M: 2012-04-26
<reply>Auditors for Payment Card Industry (PCI) compliance often just check version numbers. Debian carefully backports security fixes so you must convince your auditor that the version number does not tell all. Check the specific CVEs they are interested in and ask me about <tracker of doom> to confirm they are fixed. Also ask me about <security backports>. You should be able to convince them their version number tests are "false positives".
M: 2010-12-23
<reply>Legacy Plug and Play (PnP) is a standard that was supposed to make adding <ISA> peripherals to a x86 system as easy as plugging them in. Its biggest contribution, causing headaches, is the removal of jumpers from many devices. The lspnp and setpnp commands (pnputils package) can be used to list Plug and Play device nodes/resources and modify Plug and Play BIOS device resources respectively. http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Plug-and-Play-HOWTO.html
secure boot
M: 2013-01-23
<reply>"Secure boot" is a hardware restriction feature of the <UEFI> specification. It prevents the loading of drivers / operating system loaders not signed with an accepted digital signature. While Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later releases support installation in (U)EFI mode on 64-bit PC systems (amd64), secure boot is currently not supported. See https://www.fsf.org/campaigns/secure-boot-vs-restricted-boot for secure boot implementation concerns.
version chasing
M: 2008-06-25
<reply> A higher version number does not mean that it's better, just newer. Debian's <stable> release might not have the latest packages, but it has packages that have been tested and bugfixed; for selected packages, you can use backports.debian.org. You should have a better reason than "newer" when considering compiling from source or using 3rd party repos. Ask me about <debian-backports>. Tell us what you're doing isn't just <sns syndrome>.
M: 2010-09-30
<reply>The Linksys WPC54G "Wireless-G Notebook Adapter" is a 802.11g CardBus device. For support of version 1 (PCI ID 14e4:4320), ask me about <b43legacy>. For version 2 (PCI ID 104c:9066), ask about <acx100>. For version 3 (PCI ID 14e4:4318), ask about <b43>. For version 4 (PCI ID 17fe:2220), ask about <ipn2220>. For version 5 (PCI ID 11ab:1faa), ask about <88w8335>. For version 7 (PCI ID 168c:001a), ask about <ath5k>. See also <WPC54GS>.
M: 2013-06-17
<reply>Many people think all that is in bash is in sh and put #!/bin/sh to start their script with bash extensions instead of #!/bin/bash. From Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" onwards, /bin/sh won't be bash but <dash>. See "checkbashisms" in the <devscripts> package -- you will need to either fix your scripts to only use real "sh" functionality (and leave them as #!/bin/sh) or change the first line to read #!/bin/bash. http://mywiki.wooledge.org/Bashism
M: 2013-06-06
<reply>debian/rules is the makefile used when building a .deb from source, edit it to change compilation options. Some packages use sophisticated build systems that should be documented in debian/README.source. Also remember to make a new entry in debian/changelog with "~yourname" (for a backport) or "+yourname" (for a recompile) added to the version number. See also <makefile>, <hold>, <package recompile>, <source>, <unique package version>.
M: 2009-09-03
<reply>[epoch] a fixed point in a chronology or the start of an era. For example, y2k was a 2 digit year epoch. In Unix, epoch often refers to the time from which seconds are counted; epoch was is Jan 1 1970 and we will run out of 32 bit numbers for this on Jan 18 2038 (by which time we will have hopefully all migrated to 64-bit architectures). An epoch can also be used to help manage version numbering in Debian; ask me about <version epoch>.
M: 2010-02-18
<reply>Icedove is a DFSG-free fork of Mozilla Thunderbird, a cross-platform email client, replacing Thunderbird in Debian as of 5.0 "Lenny". Debian is unable to distribute Mozilla Thunderbird as-is due to trademark restrictions, see <why icedove>. Since July 2013, Icedove in Debian <stable> is based on the Extended Support Release (ESR) branch. For help with upstream issues, ask #thunderbird on irc.mozilla.org. http://wiki.debian.org/Icedove
M: 2010-02-12
<reply>IrDA is an infrared wireless communication standard. To use on Debian systems: enable infrared in BIOS (if built-in), install the irda-utils package (its init script starts irattach by default), enable infrared on the other device, "cat /proc/net/irda/discovery" / irdadump to test. To provide /dev/ircomm* devices, "modprobe ircomm-tty". See also irda-utils' README.Debian. http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Infrared-HOWTO/ Not for CIR, see <lirc>.
local python
M: 2016-11-21
<reply> An installation of python in /usr/local/bin/ is a great way of breaking a great many tools in Debian, which assume running "python" runs the Debian python with the installed python modules. Removing /usr/local/bin/python* should be enough to fix the problem; if you really need your own local version of system tools like python (and perl, and ...) make sure they are not on $PATH when you are performing upgrades. Ask me about <virtualenv>
M: 2010-05-31
<reply>[m68k] Motorola 680x0 CPU family. Used in old world Apple Macintosh, Amiga, Palm, old Sun workstations and various VME bus systems. Linux m68k runs on some of these, ucLinux should run on the less powerful models. As of Debian 4.0 "Etch", the m68k port is not a release architecture. http://www.debian.org/ports/m68k/ http://wiki.debian.org/M68k http://www.linux-m68k.org/faq/faq.html #debian-68k on irc.oftc.net. See also <basilisk>.
C: 2011-01-20
<reply>The NE1000/NE2000 is a line of Ethernet network cards. <ISA> variants are supported by the Linux kernel's ne driver; NE2000 diagnostics and EEPROM setup is available using ne2k-diag (nictools-nopci package), for Plug and Play versions, see also <pnp>. PCI variants are supported by the Linux kernel's ne2k-pci driver, diagnostics and EEPROM setup is available using ne2k-pci-diag (nictools-pci package). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NE2000
M: 2013-10-30
<reply>PostgreSQL is a robust, mature and full-featured relational database implementing a large subset of <SQL>. Supports views, stored procedures, triggers and scripting. Packaged in Debian, read /usr/share/doc/postgresql-common/README.Debian.gz ("for the impatient"). http://wiki.debian.org/PostgreSql http://postgresql.org/ #postgresql on irc.freenode.net. See also <postgresql jessie>, <phppgadmin>, <pg readline>, <postgresql backports>.
M: 2010-05-16
<reply>r8192_pci (renamed to r8192e_pci at Linux 2.6.34) is a module produced by the rtl8192e staging driver, supporting the Realtek RTL8192E 802.11 draft-n PCIe chipset (PCI ID 10ec:8192). Enabled in Debian Linux images for x86 architectures only. Firmware is required (RTL8192E/{boot,data,main}.img), ask me about <realtek firmware> to provide. Some PCI ID 10ec:8192 devices are RTL8192SE-based, see <rtl8192se>. http://wiki.debian.org/rtl819x
skype squeeze
C: 2012-12-31
<reply>To install <skype> in Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", you need to grab the "Generic Dynamic" version of Skype (not the .deb version), unpack the tarball and then install the required libraries with apt. For amd64, you also need to manually unpack some i386 libraries into the installation directory. See https://support.skype.com/en/faq/FA12120/getting-started-with-skype-for-linux ("Downloading and installing Skype on Debian") for more information.
source package
M: 2010-04-01
<reply>A source package is a set of files used to make a Debian binary <package>. The main file is the Debian source control file (<dsc>) which lists the other required files; use "dget http://.../foo.dsc" (see <devscripts>) to download the dsc and all referenced files. There is also a <tarball> and (usually) patches in <diff.gz> or <debsrc3.0> format. The dsc contains checksums and is cryptographically signed by the uploader. <policy> <nmg>
M: 2013-03-07
<reply>The sun-java6 source package (providing sun-java6-jre, sun-java6-jdk etc) was removed from Debian after the 6.0 "Squeeze" release. Oracle does not permit Debian to distribute newer versions of Oracle Java 6 or 7 (see bug #646524). Instead, use <openjdk> which is the reference implementation of Java for Debian 7 "Wheezy" onwards. Alternatively, use <java-package> to create packages containing Oracle Java: http://wiki.debian.org/Java/Sun
M: 2011-06-01
<reply>U3 was a joint venture between SanDisk and M-Systems, producing a proprietary method of launching Microsoft Windows applications from a USB flash drive. U3 "smart drives" differ from traditional flash drives, as they come with the (Windows only) U3 Launchpad preinstalled and appear as a virtual CD-ROM drive. To replace the CD image, change its size or uninstall entirely, use the u3-tool utility (u3-tool package). http://u3-tool.sf.net/
C: 2011-02-16
<reply>VDPAU (Video Decode and Presentation API for Unix) is an <API> and open source library, providing accelerated video playback by offloading video decoding/post-processing to the <GPU>. The Nvidia VDPAU driver is packaged for Debian, the <nvidia> proprietary driver is required for its use. VDPAU is supported on the GeForce 8 series and later, excluding G80-based 8800 devices. For AMD Radeon support, ask me about <uvd>. See also <vaapi>.
version epoch
M: 2009-09-03
<reply> The version number of a package has a prepended number called the "epoch". It is only added when the system for upstream version numbers changes. Example: in sarge, X was version 6.8 but in etch it was 1.1 (xfree86->xorg). But 1 < 6, so we add an epoch "2:" to signify that everything with 2: is newer (if there is no : the epoch is assumed to be "0"). See section 5.6.12 of <policy> or ask me about <compare versions> <debian revision>.
cmd: gnaw (.*?)
C: 2002-09-17
($nick): <action> gnaws on $nick's toe|<action> gnaws on $nick's ankle|<action> gnaws on $nick's knee|<action> gnaws on $nick's hip|<action> gnaws on $nick's abdomen|<action> gnaws on $nick's armpit|<action> gnaws on $nick's shoulder|<action> gnaws on $nick's elbow|<action> gnaws on $nick's hand|<action> gnaws on $nick's fingers|<action> gnaws on $nick's neck|<action> gnaws on $nick's chin|<action> gnaws on $nick's nose|<action> gnaws on $nick'
C: 2002-09-08
In my estimation, the most commonly used package management commands (and, therefore, worth writing down) are: "apt-get update" (run before installing packages...but don't accidentally type "apt-get upgrade" or you will get a surprise), "apt-cache search <searchitem>", "apt-get install <packagename>", "apt-cache show <packagename>", "dpkg -i <filetoinstall.deb>", "dpkg --list | grep <searchterm>", "apt-get remove <package>", "apt-get remove -
fglrx legacy dkms
M: 2013-06-08
<reply>For Debian 7 "Wheezy" systems. Ask me about <wheezy-backports> (also include contrib and non-free). «aptitude update && aptitude install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` && aptitude -r -t wheezy-backports install fglrx-legacy-driver && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "fglrx"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-fglrx.conf». Restart to enable <radeon> blacklist.
M: 2004-05-06
(GURU Understands Real Unix) or an expert, especially in "{Unix} guru". Implies not only {wizard} skill but also a history of being a knowledge resource for others. Less often, used (with a qualifier) for other experts on other systems, as in "VMS guru". or what meditates inside Amigas. or it's pointless to ask for a guru in a knowledge field because people being humble, nobody will answer your question. "GUide to Ram Upgrades for (old) Macs"
M: 2013-05-16
<reply>Poulsbo is the codename of Intel's first System Controller Hub, found in several <netbooks>. Its GMA 500 graphics core is not supported by the intel Xorg driver (RFP xserver-xorg-video-psb, bug #533450). A 2D <KMS> framebuffer driver (gma500_gfx, formerly psb_gfx) was introduced at Linux 2.6.39. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/System_Controller_Hub#GMA_500_Linux_support http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_GMA#PowerVR_based_chips_on_Linux
sarge pool 4
M: 2005-04-01
<reply>! Rydekull=2005-06-07 bodq=2005-06-10 Gnea=2005-08-01 Badman=2005-09-15 LSorensen=2005-07-01 Phleg=2005-05-11 TBBle=2005-06-30 GooZ=2099-12-31 RolandU=2005-07-01 alejandro=2005-06-15 Joris=2005-04-07 DavidS=2005-06-30 dob=2005-03-15 RememberPOL=2005-02-16 dan2=2005-04-15 blk=2005-02-12 marinos=2005-04-31 SquareRt=2005-05-15 zumbi=2005-06-23 Anthro=2005-02-07 Amaranth=2005-01-20 jon787=1901-12-13 ricky_clarkson=2005-11-06 cheal=2005-05-13
M: 2010-03-23
<reply>screen is a terminal multiplexor, allowing you to have n terminals and easily switch between them, add key bindings, scroll back, copy/paste and lets you resume all your sessions if your terminal dies or are disconnected. See /usr/share/doc/screen/README.Debian and ask about <screen tutorial>, <byobu>. See http://www.emacswiki.org/emacs/GnuScreen to keep ctrl-a unbroken. http://www.gnu.org/software/screen #screen on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2008-06-12
<reply>xhost is EVIL! There are so many other ways of getting remote X apps to work that xhost should never be needed. For a more sensible approach, use SSH X11 forwarding, ask me about <sshx>. Also see <mit-magic-cookie>, http://www.acm.uiuc.edu/workshops/cool_unix/xauth.html <nolisten> and "apt-cache show x11-xserver-utils | grep xhost". To run applications on your local machine as another user, see <root x>. See also <xhost +localhost>.
M: 2010-04-17
<reply>A BNC (Bayonet Neill-Concelman) connector is a RF coaxial cable jack type, used for some video connections and RG58, cheapernet, connections. A BNC connector has a bayonet-type shell with two small knobs on the female connector which lock into spiral slots in the male connector when it is twisted on. Used for old workstation monitors. Also an IRC session bouncing proxy (BNC is an abbreviation of bouncer), see <irssi>, <sbnc> and znc.
M: 2010-02-17
<reply>Dropbear is a <SSH> 2 server and client, designed to be small enough for use in low-memory embedded environments, while still being functional and secure for general use. It does not have TUN/TAP support. Does not set <locale> (Debian bug #533525). Install the suggested openssh-client program to provide ssh and scp binaries. Read /usr/share/doc/dropbear/README.Debian after installation. http://matt.ucc.asn.au/dropbear/dropbear.html
C: 2003-07-24
<reply>An editor something used to edit (create, modify, remove stuff from) files. There are both text editors and binary editors. <vi> and <emacs> (or flavors of same) are the standard *nix editors, though beginners may find <nano>, <gedit>, <nedit>, etc more useful. The main difference between an editor and a word processor is that editors _just_ do plain text. To change the default editor, execute: 'update-alternatives --config editor'.
M: 2016-04-28
<reply> 1) Read the /topic, the FAQ, and google before asking us. 2) Don't ask to ask, just ask. 3) Don't repeat; show that you have tried to help yourself by refining the question. 4) Reading documentation (man/info pages, READMEs) is a worthwhile skill, practice it. 5) Use /msg to talk to the bots (not the people), see <msg>. 6) Be polite and patient. 7) Paste into a <pastebin>, not here. 8) No trolls or spam. 9) see <code of conduct>
M: 2001-11-24
<reply>[lisp] Let's Include Some Parentheses or a LISt Processor or want to learn lisp? Go to http://www.elwoodcorp.com/alu/table/learn.htm or <lithp> or at http://www.apl.jhu.edu/~hall/lisp.html, or loads of innovative semantic paradigms Let's Instinctively Slotski Parallel.. Lisp Is Super Powerful, or a speach impediment. Lisp beats the competition, read: http://www.paulgraham.com/paulgraham/avg.html. Lots of Insidious, Silly Parentheses
mozilla foundation
M: 2006-03-30
<reply>Mozilla Foundation is a non-profit organization that exists to support and provide leadership for the open source Mozilla project. The organization sets the policies that govern development, operates key infrastructure and controls trademarks and other intellectual property. It owns a taxable subsidiary called the Mozilla Corporation, which employs several Mozilla developers who in turn work on releases of the Firefox and Thunderbird.
mysql utf8
C: 2007-09-05
<reply> You need to have an end-to-end utf-8 workflow. (a) the client must use utf-8 (accept-charset='utf-8') (b) mysql connection must be in utf-8 (edit my.cnf or SET NAMES 'utf8') (c) the database columns must be in utf-8 (check this with phpmyadmin or the cli tools) (d) set the encoding on generated pages to utf-8 (xml, meta or http header) (e) your browser must use a decent font. more detail see: http://www.phpwact.org/php/i18n/utf-8/mysql
M: 2010-09-28
<reply>netxen_nic is an in-tree Linux driver supporting QLogic (formerly NetXen) Ethernet controllers, found in HP <ProLiant> systems. Poor network performance is experienced with old firmware and later driver versions; use updated firmware to correct. Support for loading unified firmware from userspace was added in linux-2.6 2.6.32-22. Unified firmware (phanfw.bin) is packaged for Debian as firmware-netxen, ask me about <non-free sources>.
public key not available
M: 2013-06-28
<reply>Seeing "There are no public keys available"? This means that the Release file has been signed by a key which you do not have. If it's signed by another key which you do have, you can ignore the warning. Otherwise, you can add the key listed *AFTER* checking the validity of the signatures on the key. Packaged keys for Debian repositories are in debian-archive-keyring. The current key is also at http://ftp-master.debian.org/keys.html
M: 2011-05-17
<reply>The Realtek RTL8111D/RTL8168D Ethernet controller is supported by <r8169> since Linux 2.6.31. Firmware patches (rtl8168d-1.fw, rtl8168d-2.fw) for use with linux-2.6 2.6.32-20 and later are packaged since firmware-nonfree 0.28, ask me about <realtek firmware>. These provide a bug fix for the controller (gigabit operation with a wider variety of cables and link partners); in many cases, the controller and driver will work without these.
start a music war
C: 2001-07-07
<reply> (Depeche Mode|Orbital|Metallica|Limp Bizkit|Rothko|NIN|Massive Attack|Hendrix|Bad Religion|Godsmack|Counting Crows|Linkin Park|Blues Traveler|Fatboy Slim|Foo Fighters after 1998|Green Day|Guns 'n Roses|Tool|Autechre|Aphex Twin|Squarepusher|Hole|Backdoor Boys|They Might Be Giants|Britney Spears|Nirvana|Led Zeppelin|The Who|Deep Purple|Yes|A Perfect Circle|Pink Floyd|Rush|Dream Theater|Dave Matthews Band|N*Sync) (blows|0wnz|rocks|sucks)!
start a nic war
C: 2002-07-01
<reply>(Did you know |Fact: |Now hear this! |If it's one thing I'll get into your head, it's that |You'd be dumb if you thought |Only an MCSE would say |If you so smart, why does my |)(Realtek 8139|3com 905|3com 590|3com Copper Gigabit Server NIC|Intel EtherExpress Pro 100|Intel PRO/100|NE2000|3com 3c509|DEC Tulip|Intel Tulip|Linksys LNE100TX|Netgear FA310TX|Netgear FA311TX|PNIC-II|Asante EN/SC-10T)s (rule|suck|suxx0r|blow|rock|0wn)(?|!|...|.)
M: 2002-01-24
a fast (66/100 MB/s burst) standard for DMA transfers, mostly used by modern harddisks. The standard is also called UATA, ATA/66 and ATA/100. To get it working with 2.2 kernels, you'll need a kernel patch, recent 2.3 and 2.4-test kernels have support built in. A howto can be found at http://tldp.org/HOWTO/archived/Ultra-DMA/index.html, or UDMA 133 is the new standard for harddisks bigger than 137GB. its using now 48bit LBA instead of 32bit LBA
window manager
M: 2009-06-15
<reply>A window manager is a special application class which decorates and manages windows for the X server. To list available window managers in your system, run «apt-cache showpkg x-window-manager». Not to be confused with a desktop environment such as <GNOME> or <KDE>. To set your system-wide default window manager, use «update-alternatives --config x-window-manager». For a guide to available window managers, see http://xwinman.org/
M: 2009-05-30
<reply> XFS is a filesystem developed by SGI for high-performance (metadata-only) journalling and large disk support. Zeroed files on power failures is fixed since Linux 2.6.17 (http://lwn.net/Articles/279036/). Supposedly not as mature, in linux, as <ext3>. Unable to be shrunk. Broken on armel and hppa prior to Linux 2.6.34 (Debian bug #423562). http://xfs.org/index.php/XFS_FAQ http://oss.sgi.com/projects/xfs/ #xfs on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2003-12-16
a Hacker/Cracker... beware of especially ql65.neoplus.adsl.tpnet.pl and indeed *.neoplus.adsl.tpnet.pl... He Compromised my machine with a root-kit exploiting an old copy of OpenSSH. 'chkrootkit -q' (chkrootkit package) detected it (look for files in /lib/pd/*) I had to wipe and reinstall from backup. He or They are now launching a massive attack against my ISP. DNS Spoofing. Be careful with them... I helped him (zimnyx) [taught how to use dse
M: 2011-10-08
<reply>Debian 6.0.3 was released on October 8th, 2011. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Support for additional networking hardware (e.g. Broadcom BCM57765 and BCM57785, Intel 82576 ET2 and 82579, Realtek RTL8105E) is introduced. http://www.debian.org/News/2011/20111008 http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/squeeze/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
M: 2008-06-11
<reply> debian-devel-announce is an announcement list to which major Debian developments are posted. If you are running releases beyond <stable>, then YOU are part of the development process; it is your responsibility to read it (no excuses!) or risk missing important announcements. "mailx -s 'subscribe' debian-devel-announce-request@lists.debian.org < /dev/null" or http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/ See also <apt-listchanges>.
M: 2013-10-01
<reply>The D-Link DWA-160 "Xtreme N Dual Band USB Adapter" is an 802.11n device. For revision A1 (USB ID 07d1:3c10) and A2 (USB ID 07d1:3a09) support, ask me about <carl9170>. For revision B1 (USB ID 07d1:3c11) support, ask about <rt2800usb>. Revision B2 (USB ID 2001:3c1a, Ralink RT5572 chip) is supported by <rt2800usb> since Linux 3.10; Debian 7 "Wheezy" users, ask me about <bdo kernel> and install firmware-ralink from <wheezy-backports>.
M: 2009-04-07
<reply>[ftpd] A daemon that speaks <FTP>. The following choices are available on Debian: ftpd, the *BSD daemon (good, robust piece of software without anything shiny on it); <wu-ftpd> (a high-performance, multi-homing and anon-only capable daemon that has caused traffic on bugtraq); <proftpd>, which is somewhere in between; and <pure-ftpd>, which features optionally chrooted home directories, virtual domains, ratios, etc. See also <vsftpd>.
M: 2001-02-02
a removable storage device that looks almost exactally like a standard 3.5" disk drive. Although unlike a standard 3.5" drive a LS120 can read/write 120MB disks as well as standard 1.44MB floppies. It is an ATAPI device and is AFAIK suppored by Linux (Zip drives are ATAPI and they are supported so why wouldn't these).. FAQ at http://swift.embl-heidelberg.de/johnny/sys/ls120-linux.html, or http://www.freelabs.com/~whitis/hardware/ls120.html
nvidia dkms squeeze-backports
M: 2013-06-03
<reply>For Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" users. Ask me about <squeeze-backports> (also include contrib and non-free). «aptitude install linux-headers-2.6-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` && aptitude -r -t squeeze-backports nvidia-kernel-dkms && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "nvidia"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nvidia.conf». Restart your system to enable the <nouveau> blacklist.
M: 2014-04-17
<reply> Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" was released on 2011-02-06 and is the oldoldstable release: http://www.debian.org/News/2011/20110205a . Security support for Squeeze ended on 2014-05-31, but ask me about <squeeze-lts>. Squeeze is the three-eyed space alien. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianSqueeze ; ask me about <install squeeze> <squeeze release notes> <lenny->squeeze>. Currently <6.0.10>. Not to be confused with the <Xfce> archive manager.
M: 2010-05-14
<reply>[unionfs] A stackable "unification filesystem" combines several directories to provide a merged single directory. Used in Live CD / diskless systems, where the read-only root directory is joined with a writable tmpfs filesystem. For a kernel-space implementation, ask me about <aufs>. For user-space implementations, ask me about <unionfs-fuse>, <funionfs>. "Unionfs for Linux" was removed from Debian post-Etch to resolve bug #515958.
virtual package
M: 2005-10-05
<reply>A virtual package doesn't really exist, but represents a function which several real packages fulfill, which appears in the Provides control file field of another package. The effect is as if the package(s) providing a particular virtual package name had been listed by name everywhere the virtual package name appears. To determine what provides a foo virtual package, use "aptitude search '~Ppackagename'" or "/msg judd rprovides foo".
wheezy pool 1
C: 2011-02-05
<reply> ! blubberdiblub=2013-04-07 lisandro=2013-04-26 enrico=2013-03-25 madamezou=2013-04-01 Synrg=2013-04-26 shirish=2013-05-15 LtL=2013-05-21 rizlah=2013-01-02 bolt=2013-04-01 TCW=2013-02-17 babilen=2013-05-04 cousin_luigi=2013-01-14 tremon=2013-01-26 jelly=2013-05-07 comps=2013-02-20 ml|=2013-06-13 chealer=2012-12-20 jordanm=2013-08-21 peterrooney=2013-02-08 Arrowmaster=2012-12-12 simonrvn=2013-03-23 themill=2013-03-15 abrotman=2013-06-01
M: 2009-04-13
<reply>Debian GNU/Linux 5.0.1 was released on April 11th, 2009. This is the first update of <lenny> and the first point release to use a micro version number (i.e. 5.0.1 instead of 5.0r1). This update corrects security problems within the <oldstable> release, along with adjustments for serious problems. http://www.debian.org/News/2009/20090411 http://ftp.debian.org/debian/dists/lenny/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
C: 2002-03-14
a tool for Arabizing Un*x console.Akka allows you to read,write in Arabic in your text console using any existing software without any change, It originated in Acon which it heavily reworked, adding many features among which screen filters, perl configuration, enhanced console tools support or WYSIWYG monodirectional modes, Acon having evolved and little being left of the original software, it was renamed as a tribute to the old city of Akka
M: 2013-11-24
<reply>The Radeon HD 6800 series (codenamed Barts) is part of AMD's Northern Islands GPU family, these include the Radeon HD 6850 and Radeon HD 6870 video card products. This series is supported by the <radeon> and <fglrx> Xorg drivers released as part of Debian 7 "Wheezy". This series is not supported by the radeon or fglrx Xorg drivers released as part of Debian 6.0 "Squeeze". HDMI audio is supported since Linux 3.5, see <radeon audio>.
based on debian
M: 2011-10-03
<reply>Your distribution may be based on and have software in common with Debian, but it is not Debian. We don't and cannot know what changes were made by your distribution (compare http://futurist.se/gldt/). #debian only supports Debian and pure <blend>s; please respect our choice to volunteer here to help Debian users. Support for other distributions is off-topic on #debian, even if your own distro's channel is clueless or non-existent.
M: 2009-11-16
<reply>To blacklist a Linux kernel module, create/edit /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.local.conf and add a line similar to this (without quotes): "blacklist module_name". If this doesn't work, do 'echo "install modulename /bin/true" >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.local.conf'. IMPORTANT: ask about <blacklist-initramfs>. To blacklist a module at installation time, ask me about <installer blacklist>. http://wiki.debian.org/KernelModuleBlacklisting
M: 2007-06-21
<reply>Bridges link two or more network segments using the same network technology. The network topologies do not have to be the same, i.e. you can bridge Ethernet and Token Ring. If the protocols are not the same on segments, then you've got a router. Bridges are used to reduce network traffic, increase cable distance (by acting as a repeater) and to link dissimilar topologies with the same network protocol. Ask me about <bridge setup>.
M: 2010-06-28
<reply>Dynamic Kernel Module Support (DKMS) is a framework for generating out-of-tree Linux kernel modules. Packages using DKMS build modules during installation and when updated Linux versions are installed, provided Linux kernel headers are present (these are not installed by dkms). DKMS-managed modules are installed to /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/updates/dkms/ . The module build log file is at /var/lib/dkms/$module/$version/build/make.log
M: 2011-10-02
<reply>The D-Link DWL-G122 is an 802.11g USB device. For support of revision A1 (USB ID 2001:3703) and revision A2 (USB ID 2001:3704), ask me about <p54>. For revision B1 (USB ID 2001:3c00), see <rt2500usb>. For revision C1 (USB ID 07d1:3c03), see <rt73usb>. Revision D1 (USB ID 07d1:3b01) has no Linux kernel driver, see <ndiswrapper>. For revision E1 (USB ID 07d1:3c0f), see <rt2800usb>. For revision F1 (USB ID 2001:3306), see <r8712u>.
finding docs
M: 2010-07-26
<reply>Documentation is available in /usr/share/doc/packagename/ (esp. the README.Debian files!), man command, apropos command, info command, apt-cache search -- "-doc$". Some packages have a -doc package (perhaps in non-free, ask me about <gcc-doc>, <gdb-doc>). Also ask me about <list docs>, <debian system>, <debwiki>, <search>. http://debian.org/doc/ http://wiki.debian.org/DebianDocumentation http://tldp.org/ http://newbiedoc.sf.net/
M: 2008-08-13
a high-level programming language, a bit more advanced than BASIC, but not quite as complex as C. This language refuses to die because it is so huge in the scientific research community. It's not a tough language to learn and it's fairly powerful. About 60% of scientific programming is done in Fortran. the oldest programming language still in use. You can write fortran in any language... http://www.codinghorror.com/blog/archives/000272.html
M: 2007-01-31
<reply>[games] Some cool multiplayer games: koth, netris, <quake>, xevil, bzflag, <netrek>, the only piece of software that is allowed to be non-free, because they are more like an art form than a program, #gametome (irc.freenode.net) for newer games. http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?LinuxGames, http://www.mtp-target.org, jumpnbump, supertux, gtetrinet and pathogen, <nethack>, freeciv, dopewars, <uqm>, <scummvm>, http://icculus.org/lgfaq/gamelist.php
hardware problem
C: 2008-11-05
tackled by considering memtest86, overheating (from thermal paste, fan failure (cpu, main, smps, GPU), voltage levels (external power, SMPS power), badly seated boards, binary blobs, sysrq, disconnecting MS windows related stuff, watching application usage, RAM + swap, using top/htop, ps, pstree, vmstat, free, dmesg, logs, debug levels, stop using one app (never let it load) for a while then stress system (compile a kernel) and see if it occ
M: 2009-12-06
<reply>LaTeX (pronounced la tech) is a set of macros for the TeX document formatting system to produce beautiful documents. Read "The Not-So-Short Guide to LaTeX": http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/info/lshort/english/ or see http://directory.google.com/Top/Computers/Software/Typesetting/TeX/LaTeX/ http://www.tex.ac.uk/ . Install the texlive package for an extensive installation; "aptitude search latex" for more. #latex on irc.freenode.net.
modinfo pci alias
C: 2008-11-18
<reply> Run lspci -nn, /query dpkg - type "pciid " (no quotes) + paste the *ONE* line of the device you want to grep /lib/modules/*/modules.alias for (must contain "pciid [vvvv:dddd]" at a minimum). dpkg will reply in kind with a short one liner for the shell. Eg, /query dpkg pciid 3Com Corporation 3c905B 100BaseTX [Cyclone] [10b7:9055] will reveal 3c59x after running the provided one liner. Now you can modinfo 3c59x, or modprobe 3c59x.
C: 1970-01-01
(Original Equipment Manufacturer) This acronym is used to denote equipment that is sold to other companies or resellers for integration into systems. For example, a hard drive manufacturer may sell an OEM hard drive in bulk quantities and no manual or cables with the promise that it will go into full systems, or maybe external enclosures, and be resold. What often happens is that you can pick up OEM products at computer shows for low prices.
M: 2012-02-12
<reply>A transition occurs when changes in a package require alterations to several other packages which depend on it. To do this, many packages using the package are updated, either being recompiled or updated to a new version; packages blocking a transition might be removed from <testing> so it can complete. Transitions can become very large and complex, involving tens or even hundreds of packages. http://release.debian.org/transitions/
M: 2010-11-19
<reply>When hand-compiling software, *always* create a new directory under /usr/local, then install into it. For example: mkdir -p /usr/local/mypackage; ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mypackage. Otherwise, it can overwrite files which should be protected by apt, which can break apt, or apt can break this application's files because it doesn't know about them. See also: <equivs>, <FHS>, </opt>, <checkinstall>, <stow>, <make your own .deb>
M: 2011-05-16
<reply>vzquota is an <init script> for <openvz> environments. Old versions of that script from lenny (or earlier) with squeeze give errors like "insserv: Starting vzquota depends on single and therefore on system facility `$all' which can not be true!" and installation of packages will fail. Contact your VPS provider for an up-to-date version of that script, or ask me about <missing lsb tags> if you want to have a go at fixing it yourself.
aptitude clone
M: 2013-08-12
<reply> To clone a Debian machine using aptitude (or install your favourite packages) use aptitude search --disable-columns -F%p '~i!~M!~v' > package_list; on the reference machine; xargs aptitude --schedule-only install < package_list; aptitude install; on the other machine. This preserves information about "automatically installed" packages that other methods do not. See also <reinstall>, <things to backup>, <debian clone>, <apt-clone>.
bdo kernel wheezy
M: 2013-06-22
<reply>A later kernel for Debian 7 "Wheezy" is available from the "wheezy-backports" repository. Ask me about <wheezy-backports> to modify your sources.list, then run «aptitude update». To install the current backported kernel: «aptitude -t wheezy-backports install linux-image-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'`». To list available backported kernel image packages: «aptitude search '?narrow(~nlinux-image,?origin(Debian Backports))'».
C: 2004-12-28
a holiday in the Christian calendar, observed in most of the Western world on December 25, which celebrates the birth of Jesus. According to the Christian gospels, Jesus was born to Mary in Bethlehem, where she and her husband Joseph had travelled to register in the Roman census. Christ's birth, or nativity, was said by his followers to fulfill the prophecies of Judaism that a messiah would come, from the house of David, to redeem from sin.
M: 2012-02-12
<reply>A conffile is a configuration file that is given special handling by dpkg to help preserve local changes; conffiles are listed in /var/lib/dpkg/info/$pkg.conffiles or by "dpkg --status $package". See Debian <policy> §10.7 (http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ch-files.html#s-config-files) for more information. Some packages use <ucf> as alternative way of managing config files. See also <confmiss>, <confnew>, <conffile check>.
M: 2010-02-10
<reply>Fetchmail is <ESR>'s pet POP/IMAP client. It fetches mail from the server then hands it over to the local MDA, or a tool that can use ESMTP ETRN extension. Most frequently broken by not having a working MTA on the local machine, most frequently fixed by reading its manpage. http://geekz.co.uk/lovesraymond/archive/specificator . http://fetchmail.info/fetchmail-FAQ.html ##fetchmail on irc.freenode.net. See also <getmail>, <mpop>.
M: 2012-08-08
<reply>fglrx / AMD Catalyst is the proprietary display driver for AMD Radeon R9 200 series, Radeon R7 200 series, Radeon HD 8000/7000/6000/5000 and FirePro graphic processing units. To install fglrx, see https://wiki.debian.org/ATIProprietary or ask me about <fglrx dkms>. This driver is incompatible with the GNOME desktop of Debian 8 "Jessie" due to lack of EGL support (ref. §5.11 <jessie release notes>), use the <radeon> driver instead.
M: 2009-08-04
<reply>[frankenbuntu] a MONSTER that no-one in #debian will want to help you with. Mixing packages between different Debian releases is prone to disaster, mixing packages between different distributions (such as Debian and Ubuntu) is worse. Don't do it. And if you do, make sure you tell people who are helping you resolve dependency issues in the future that you did this! Ask me about <bobbitt>. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frankenstein
M: 2010-01-04
<reply>[initrd] Initial ramdisk, or god's way of punishing you for using a pre-built kernel image... and you WILL HAVE TO INCLUDE AN INITRD STATEMENT IN YOUR BOOTLOADER (hint, hint). Typically if you can't find your root filesystem, this is your problem, see <can't mount root>. A great system for those who understand modules or need/want root in LVM and/or md RAID. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Initrd . See also <initramfs>, <kp mantra>.
lsb fancy
M: 2014-10-12
<reply>lsb 4.1+Debian1 (Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later) introduced a "fancy output" block prepended to daemon status messages (e.g. [...] Starting/stopping long daemon name: daemond daemon2d), displaying a green [ ok ], a yellow [warn] or a red [FAIL] depending on the daemon exit status. This can be disabled by defining FANCYTTY=0 in new file /etc/lsb-base-logging.sh. For systemd, set "LogColor=no, ShowStatus=no" in /etc/systemd/system.conf.
C: 2011-11-14
<reply>Lustre is a distributed file system for Linux, generally used in cluster computing. Lustre servers require a patched Linux kernel, see linux-patch-lustre's README.Debian. Lustre servers and clients require a lustre-modules-* package to be built/installed using <module-assistant> ("m-a a-i lustre"). Userspace utilities are packaged in lustre-utils. http://wiki.debian.org/Lustre http://www.lustre.org/ #lustre on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2013-01-21
<reply>MAME (Multiple Arcade Machine Emulator) is an emulator of arcade game system hardware. XMAME (X11 port for Unix-like systems) is packaged for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" as xmame-{sdl,svga,tools,x}, ask me about <non-free sources>; it was removed post-Squeeze to resolve bug #612531. SDLMAME (XMAME's official replacement) is packaged for Debian 7 "Wheezy" as mame and mame-tools, ask me about <non-free sources>. http://wiki.debian.org/Mame
C: 2012-07-28
<reply>Packages usually (bad sadly not always) contain a file "md5sums" that contain the md5sums of all files within the package; they are stored in /var/lib/dpkg/info/package.md5sums when the package is installed. You can use <debsums> to check these hashes for installed packages. The md5sums are *not* used for preventing malicious file changes; the Packages file contains SHA1 and SHA256 sums for this purpose (ask me about <secure apt>).
C: 2002-05-05
<reply> Modified Frequency Modulation (MFM) is a method of recording digital data on magnetic media. In the olden days of sub-100 Megabyte hard drives, most used MFM to record the data onto the disks. MFM used a set of rules that specified the way data was represented as magnetic flux changes. These rules were used to pack as many bits of data in the smallest amount of media area. MFM was self-clocking, and the controller was able to sync a
C: 2001-01-02
a noble and heroic warrior, the symbol of all that is right and true in the world. As such, he has high ideals that he must maintain at all times. Throughout legend and history there are many heroes who could be called paladins: Roland and the 12 Peers of Charlemagne, Sir Lancelot, Sir Gawain, and Sir Galahad are all examples of the class. However, many brave and heroic soldiers have tried and failed to live up to the ideals of the paladin.
prism firmware
M: 2011-05-22
<reply>Wireless LAN devices based on Intersil Prism 2/2.5/3 802.11b chipsets have primary and secondary/station firmware stored in flash memory. To update, ask me about <hostap> and see http://linux.junsun.net/intersil-prism/ . Prism 3 SSF (Small Serial Flash) devices have no firmware in flash and require it to be loaded from userspace, see <hostap>. See also <prism2_usb firmware>. For Prism54 (802.11g) device firmware, ask about <p54>.
C: 2006-04-04
<reply>[proc] On Unix-like computer systems, procfs is short for process filesystem: a pseudo-filesystem which is used to access kernel information about processes. Because /proc is not a real file system, it does not consume any storage space, and it consumes only a limited amount of memory. The filesystem is often mounted at /proc. It is supported under Solaris, BSD and Linux, and the latter also extends it to non-process-related data.
sing sid
C: 2004-08-24
<reply> (Tune=Led Zep, Your Time Is Gonna Come): Askin' stupid questions, that's all you seem to do. / Messin' around with every new thing in town, / Puttin' Sarge down, thinkin' it ain't new. / Always the same, playin' your game, / Drive #debian insane, trouble's gonna come to you, / One of these days and it won't be long, / You'll look for Sid but baby, he'll be b0rk3n... / This is all I gotta say to you, newbie: / YOUR TIME IS GONNA COME
C: 1970-01-01
Also known as a Web crawler, a robot, Web spider, or sometimes a worm. A program that runs on the Internet, goes out to an URL (Web page), and requests all links that are referred to on that page. Robots learn as they go, building a database of links. They index based on meta tags in the HTML or the title, or just about anything else you can imagine. Usually, they come from search engines and are designed to keep the search engines current.
M: 2009-06-25
<reply>UTF-8 is way of encoding multibyte characters from the Universal Character Set (Unicode/ISO10646). UTF-8 is a superset of US-ASCII but can represent all of unicode. By default, Debian will use a UTF-8 locale for you, but ask me about <locales> and <localised errors>. Typically, you use something like "LANG=lang_CC.utf8" e.g. export LANG=en_US.utf8 (for US-English). To fix garbled man pages, see /usr/share/doc/groff/README.Debian.
M: 2010-01-09
<reply>A virtual LAN (VLAN) is created when a bunch of physically connected ports are grouped together by network hardware supporting VLANs. VLANs are each treated as separate entities and can only be joined together by a router. Useful for grouping departments together for security and minimizing network traffic. Userspace tools are available in the vlan package. There is currently no VLAN support within Debian-Installer (bug #433568).
why iceweasel
M: 2008-02-25
<reply>Due to Mozilla logos licensing, Mozilla software isn't DFSG-free, so Debian distributes Mozilla software with different logos. Mozilla Corp revoked the agreement to let Debian use Mozilla trademarks, so Debian changed to non-trademarked product names. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mozilla_Corporation_software_rebranded_in_Debian for more information. http://glandium.org/blog/?p=933. Ask me about <dfsg> <iceweasel vs firefox>.
woody users
M: 2001-03-24
jml, wli, loser, Smaug, alm, ifvoid, jap, snipe, indigoid, Randakar, ravi, bignose, japh, lazarus, Fulcrum99, Mithrandi, solomon, krux, zed-, lamer, aeneas, wolfie, misaka, cerb, eye69, simoriah, yn, shanu, GenericBoy, cyberdemo, oskar, hyde`, Hyphen, bleck, psychonut, orlolro, [spectre], maswan, bdarrow, grum, egru, fender, DMC, basly, deret`, edeards, skycruiser, xsdg, Boxy, spawn, nicko. Izzlazz, supaman, talonIX, nmx, ribnitz, greycat
M: 2012-12-07
<reply>Debian's i386 port is for the 32-bit x86 instruction set. Kernel flavours are "486" (non-SMP) and <bigmem>/<686-pae> for <PAE> support. Packages are mostly compiled to the <486> instruction set but some packages will use later instructions unconditionally (see Debian bug #609690). Other (particularly multimedia) packages will test for the availability of extensions like <SSE> and use them if available. Perhaps you wanted <amd64>?
C: 1970-01-01
http://agalmics.nu/ and is a pretty cool idea that lilo, (aka Robert Levin) is writing about. His paper is titled "Agalmics: The Marginalization of Scarcity" It has to do with the allocation of non-scarce resources. Much the same way economics has to do with the allocation of scarce resources. Free Software is a prime example of an agalmic entity, or "good". Check it out. Highly recommended by utopian, (in another life, known by 'bytor' :)
M: 2004-02-29
a donkey abuser!, or not your mother, or http://www.lgu.org/photohim02/pages/bob2.htm, or "an old man with no hair", according to himself, or my dog's name, or a fairly successful track and field athlete (http://www.birchfieldharriers.org/roadtosydney/profiles/rweir.htm), or a sneaky troll, or http://gamp.mine.nu/apt-x, or a how now brown cow, or a friendly helpful man unlike sussudio, or no fun, or a lemon meringue pie, or the kahaki pimp
C: 1970-01-01
a Cryptographic Filesystem supports secure storage at the system level through a standard Unix file system interface to encrypted files. Users associate a cryptographic key with the directories they wish to protect. Files in these directories (as well as their pathname components) are transparently encrypted & decrypted with the specified key without further intervention; cleartext is never stored on a disk or sent to a remote file server.
M: 2011-10-23
<reply>The Cirrus Logic CS4237 is an audio controller (CS4237B chipset) with a 16-bit <ISA> interface, found within ThinkPad 600/770/770E/770ED laptops. Supported by the snd-cs4236 ALSA driver, «modprobe snd-cs4236 index=0 port=0x530 cport=0x538 isapnp=0 dma1=1 dma2=0 irq=5» with parameter values adjusted if necessary. Disabling "ThinkPad Simple Boot" on ThinkPad laptops is required to allow the PNP BIOS to initialize device resources.
M: 2010-07-07
<reply>The snd-emu10k1 ALSA driver supports Creative Technology's Sound Blaster Live! (excluding Live! 24-bit), Sound Blaster Audigy (excluding value/SE editions) and E-MU Systems' "Digital Audio Systems" non-USB devices. Firmware from userspace is required for the E-MU 0404, 1212m, 1616, 1616m, 1820 and 1820m. E-MU firmware is not distributed by the Debian project; to acquire, refer to the procedure at http://wiki.debian.org/snd-emu10k1
M: 2010-11-04
<reply>The F5D8011 "N1 Wireless Notebook Card" is a 802.11n CardBus device manufactured by Belkin. For support of v1000 (PCI ID 168c:0023), ask me about <ath9k>. v2000 (PCI ID 11ab:2a02) uses the Marvell 88W8361 (TopDog) chipset, no Linux kernel driver is currently available; ask me about <ndiswrapper>. For support of v3000 (PCI ID 1814:0601), ask me about <rt2860>. For support of the "N Wireless Notebook Card", ask me about <f5d8013>.
M: 2011-05-04
<reply>Firmware is software to operate electronic devices, usually contained in EPROM or flash memory. Some Linux kernel drivers require firmware to be provided from userspace, notably for <WiFi> devices. Most firmware files are not part of a Debian release as they do not conform to the <DFSG>; some are available via <contrib> and <non-free> packages, ask me about <search>. See also <installer firmware>. http://wiki.debian.org/Firmware
M: 2012-05-10
<reply> Before asking in here or on the <debian-user> mailing list, you should read the Installation Guide, or if you already have Debian installed, the Debian Reference. The Debian Administrator's Handbook is also good. Ask me about <ig>, <overview>, <reference>, <refcard>, <docs>, <manuals>, <fundamentals>, <newbiedoc>, <faq>, <unix lessons>, <general cli tutorial>, <debian-handbook> (e.g. in your IRC client, type /msg dpkg reference).
C: 2002-06-13
More Information; saying something "doesn't work" means absolutely nothing, because there are so many millions of ways in which a computer can fail; someone saying "X doesn't work" is really saying nothing, but if they "X says no screens were found", that at least gives the people on #debian a clue as to the area where the problem is. Even better, tell us what hardware you're using, what version of X, what command you tried when X died...
M: 2009-11-13
<reply> Debian .deb packages are a special form of <ar> archive which can be unpacked with "ar x pkg.deb". Inside the file control.tar.gz are conffiles, installation scripts, and a file "control" which contains the information shown with "apt-cache show pkg". Dependencies can be changed by editing this file. Install the dpkg-dev package and read "man 5 deb" for more details. A better plan is to see <package recompile> <source package>.
M: 2009-06-10
<reply>Postfix is a <MTA> originally created as an alternative to <sendmail>. It aims to be fast, secure, easy to administer and (relatively) sendmail compatible. Receiving "no mechanism available" with SASL when used as a SMTP client? Install the suggested libsasl2-modules package. Kyle Dent's Postfix FAQ: http://www.seaglass.com/postfix/faq.html . http://wiki.debian.org/Postfix http://www.postfix.org/ #postfix on irc.freenode.net.
C: 1970-01-01
This refers to the time when a program or process is running. When it's running it may need runtime libraries and have runtime variables with runtime values. It's also used to refer to runtime versions of software that include functionality of the software as the means to an end of running some other software, such as packaging a DOS program with a runtime version of DOS, so that you don't even need DOS on your computer to run the program.
M: 2012-08-27
<reply>strongSwan is an <IPsec> implementation for Linux kernels, forked from <freeswan>. As Debian stock kernels have IPsec (NETKEY, aka 26sec) and crypto support enabled, the openswan-modules-source or linux-patch-openswan packages are only necessary for KLIPS use. See also /usr/share/doc/strongswan/README.Debian.gz. http://wiki.strongswan.org/projects/strongswan/wiki/Start http://www.strongswan.org/ #strongswan on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-12-15
<reply>The TEW-424UB is a USB 2.0 wireless LAN device manufactured by TRENDware. Not sure which version you have? See http://www.trendware.com/downloads/list_subcategory.asp?SUBTYPE_ID=700 to identify. For support of version A, ask me about <zd1211rw>. Versions 2 and 2.1R contain an SiS 163 chipset (USB ID 0457:0163), no native Linux driver currently exists; ask me about <ndiswrapper>. For support of version 3, ask me about <rtl8187>.
M: 2009-05-26
a Tasmanian Devil and mascot of the Linux 2.6.29 kernel, featured to raise awareness of the endangered species. From Rusty Russell: "Tux is taking a three month sabbatical to work as a barber, so Tuz is standing in." http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3e/Tuz-logo.png/800px-Tuz-logo.png http://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commit;h=8032b526d1a3bd91ad633dd3a3b5fdbc47ad54f1 See also <tux>.
vbox extpack
M: 2015-04-26
<reply>An extension pack to Oracle VM VirtualBox provides it with additional functionality (e.g. USB 2.0 device support, <RDP> and <PXE> boot). These closed-source components are released under the VirtualBox PUEL and made available by Oracle: https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads . For VirtualBox 4.3.18 (Debian 8 "Jessie"): http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/4.3.18/Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-4.3.18-96516.vbox-extpack
vbox extpack wheezy
M: 2013-11-12
<reply>An extension pack to Oracle VM VirtualBox provides it with additional functionality (e.g. USB 2.0 device support, <RDP> and <PXE> boot). These closed-source components are released under the VirtualBox PUEL and made available by Oracle: https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads . For VirtualBox 4.1.18 (Debian 7 "Wheezy"): http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/4.1.18/Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-4.1.18-78361.vbox-extpack
C: 2006-08-11
<reply>AIGLX is an open source project founded by the X.Org Foundation and the Fedora Core Linux community, to enable accelerated indirect GLX rendering capabilities in X.org and <DRI>. It allows remote X clients to get fully hardware accelerated rendering over the GLX protocol. Fucks up responsiveness with proprietary nvidia drivers under load. Want to get work done? Don't use it. http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/RenderingProject/aiglx
apache2 mpm
M: 2009-09-18
<reply>Apache HTTPD can distribute the workload amongst a set of workers in a number of different ways, these are packaged in Debian in: apache2-mpm-worker, apache2-mpm-prefork, apache2-mpm-perchild. Each package contains the apache2 server compiled with unique options - read the description of each and select the one right for you. If you want <PHP>, then you want apache2-mpm-prefork (see <php mpm>). Also ask me about <apache manual>.
C: 2008-06-11
<reply>apt-listchanges is a tool that displays NEWS.Debian file contents (default) and/or the changelogs of Debian packages before upgrading them (dpkg-reconfigure apt-listchanges). It is recommended for users of stable to install the apt-listchanges package, to see what is happening to their systems as security fixes are applied; it should be made _mandatory_ for users of testing and unstable. Also ask me about <d-d-a>, <apt-listbugs>.
C: 2002-08-30
the current Spanish President, from the Partido Popular (see PP-es). His aspect remembers sometimes to other fascist leaders in europe. He is not a very clever leader, and has shown his difficulties with maths when telling Bush (a very good friend of him. See Bush) that he walked 10Km in 5 minutes 20. The most important news in sensationalist newspapers (see La-Razon) is about his daughter, who is going to marry Alejandro Agag (see Agag).
bdo kernel squeeze
M: 2013-07-18
<reply>A later kernel for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" is available from the "squeeze-backports" repository. Ask me about <squeeze-backports> to modify your sources.list, then run «aptitude update». To install the backported kernel: «aptitude -t squeeze-backports install linux-image-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'`». To list available backported kernel image packages: «aptitude search '?narrow(~nlinux-image,?origin(Debian Backports))'».
M: 2009-04-29
<reply>To enable <ext4> features on an existing unmounted <ext3> file system (Linux 2.6.28 or later required): 'tune2fs -O extents,uninit_bg,dir_index /dev/sda1' (where sda1 is the partition containing the ext3 file system), then 'e2fsck -fD /dev/sda1' to fix modified on-disk structures. Don't forget to modify /etc/fstab and specify ext4 for the file system. Some ext4 features (e.g. flex_bg) can only be enabled during format via mke2fs.
M: 2005-08-10
<reply> It's OK to fantasize about men and to enjoy anal stimulation. It doesn't mean you're "gay". So stop projecting your insecurities onto others. Using this term as a derogatory adjective is very offensive, so do not use it as such. There is no possible meaning of "gay" that is consistent with your usage (you weren't meaning "happy", now, were you?) that is not offensive. If you continue acting like a child, expect to be devoiced.
intel-gfx shadow
M: 2011-01-15
<reply>The shadow option for the intel Xorg driver in Debian is automatically enabled if an 8xx chipset is detected (http://bugs.debian.org/597993#64). Using the shadow buffer disables GPU RENDER acceleration, forcing software fallbacks; see intel(4) for rationale. To override (n.b. this is a system stability risk), ask me about <xorg.conf.d> and define 'Option "Shadow" "false"' in the Device section (e.g. http://paste.debian.net/6494).
M: 2017-09-01
<reply>[lug] Linux User Group. They are superb for getting free, in-person help for Linux installation and other issues. There is one in every large city, and some in smaller places too. Use Google to search for: London Linux User Group or New York Linux User Group or some such. Or, ask your local college's Computer Science department if there is a computer club or Linux club. http://wiki.debian.org/LocalGroups, or #debian-localgroups
M: 2011-04-27
<reply>Physical Address Extension (PAE) is an x86 processor feature allowing more than 4 gigabytes of physical memory to be used. Linux supports PAE since version 2.3.23 (up to 64 GB of memory on 32-bit systems). PAE is supported by the Intel Pentium Pro/II/III/4/4M/D, Xeon, Core and Atom; AMD Geode NX, Athlon (K7), Duron, Opteron, Sempron, Turion and Phenom; Transmeta Efficeon; VIA C7 and some others. Ask me about <686-pae>, <bigmem>.
M: 2010-05-04
<reply>The PCI ID helps us work out how to support your PCI hardware. It looks like [abcd:1234] in the output of "lspci -nn". Ask the bot "judd" to match the PCI ID of the device, e.g. "/msg judd pciid 8086:284b". Some hardware uses alternate means of detection: beware of some false positives+negatives. See also <judd-hardware>, <local pciid>. To find out what currently installed kernel modules your hardware is using, run "lspci -k".
M: 2008-08-09
an insecure site http://www.sf.net, sponsored by VA Linux, they will give your project free webspace, cvs, email, ftp, bug tracking and much more. Many projects are moving there, because it's a nice and easy way to get everything in one free package, and makes starting projects much simpler, so you can focus on the project, not the administration of it. It doesn't work if you've signed up recently! Grr!, or irc.slashnet.org #sourceforge
M: 2005-10-02
<reply> If your dpkg status file has become corrupted, first backup the current version, and restore a backup from /var/backups/dpkg.status. If all of those are corrupted/missing, then you will have to reinstall all of the packages you currently have installed. try this: find /usr/share/doc -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -type d -not -name texmf -not -name debian -printf '%f install\n'|xargs aptitude --schedule-only reinstall; aptitude install;;
M: 2010-12-06
<reply>tg3 is a Linux kernel driver supporting Broadcom Tigon3 (aka NetXtreme I) and NetLink Ethernet controllers. Firmware from userspace (Debian Linux 2.6.29 and later kernels) is only required for support of the BCM5701 A0 controller and TCP Segment Offloading (<TSO>) functionality. Tigon3 firmware (tg3.bin, tg3_tso5.bin, tg3_tso.bin) is packaged in firmware-linux-nonfree, ask me about <non-free sources>. See also <firmware images>.
M: 2006-06-03
<reply>Ur is the ancient Sumerian city that dominated Mesopotamia from 6000 BC to 600 BC. If you mean "you are" or "your", just say so. Also swedish for clock, and a word meaning "from within". A german prefix for refering to something very old. Urdu, a language based on the arabic script spoken like hindi. For Debian support in urdu/hindi join #debian-ur. Urdu/punjai/hindi support ke liye #debian-ur mein tashreef le ayen. Shukrya.
M: 2017-10-07
<reply>Debian 9.2 was released on Oct 7, 2017. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Given the <kernel ABI> has changed, apt-get will require a dist-upgrade to upgrade. /etc/debian_version is 9.1 still (oops). Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2017/20171007 and http://deb.debian.org/debian/dists/stretch/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
M: 2009-02-09
<reply> I don't need no steenkin backups. However, I'm sure at least two other mes in parallel dimensions do, so I'm probably good to go. Hopefully the other mes in the other dimensions aren't counting on me to keep backups. Those idiots. <SlayerXP> there are two types of people in this world, those who take my advice regarding RAID and backups, and those who cry when they lose their data. See <things to backup>, <qotd126>, <flw40>.
M: 2009-10-08
<reply>If you are using <ALSA> and an application complains about /dev/dsp missing, you need to provide the Open Sound System (OSS) compatibility layer. Run "modprobe snd-pcm-oss" and add snd-pcm-oss to /etc/modules; the oss-compat package provides a <modprobe> configuration file which loads this module. A proposed Debian release goal is for packaged applications to stop using /dev/dsp: http://wiki.debian.org/ReleaseGoals/NoLinuxDevDsp
M: 2011-03-29
<reply>Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) is a suite of standards for digital television (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DVB). Drivers for a large number of DVB devices are included in the Linux kernel, see http://www.linuxtv.org/wiki/ for more information. For USB DVB bridge firmware, ask me about <af9015>, <dib0700>. See also <atsc>, <dtv1000s>, <dvb-apps>, <e506r>, <mantis>, <saa7134>, <saa716x>, <stv22>. #linuxtv on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-03-22
<reply> To reinstall <GRUB> boot to your Debian install disk/live CD, switch to the other console (Alt-F2), mount your root filesystem (mount -t ext4 /dev/whatever /target ; mount --bind /dev /target/dev ; mount -t proc none /target/proc ; mount -t sysfs none /target/sys), chroot into it (chroot /target), run "mount /boot/efi" on EFI and "update-grub && grub-install /dev/whatever". See also <rescue mode>, <dual boot guide>, <supergrub>.
M: 2009-12-17
<reply>Kernel Samepage Merging (KSM) is a Linux kernel feature combining identical memory pages from multiple processes into one copy-on-write region. It decreases memory usage in virtualization environments. Enabled in Debian Linux kernel images as of linux-2.6 2.6.32-2. http://kernelnewbies.org/Linux_2_6_32#head-d3f32e41df508090810388a57efce73f52660ccb http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/vm/ksm.txt . Not to be confused with <KMS>.
M: 2011-01-05
<reply>Matrox is a video card component and equipment producer. The Matrox open source display driver is packaged as xserver-xorg-video-mga. Support of the G400's second head requires the <mga_hal> module, it may also be necessary for DVI output in other cards. Since Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", Matrox G200 and G400/G550 WARP engine microcode (g200_warp.fw, g400_warp.fw) is packaged in firmware-linux-nonfree; ask me about <non-free sources>.
M: 2010-01-31
<reply>The Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) is the size of the largest packet a network protocol can transmit; tracepath (iputils-tracepath package) can find out about it. An interface's MTU can be set in /etc/network/interfaces for static interfaces only; for DHCP, use "supersede interface-mtu X" in an interface block within /etc/dhcp{,3}/dhclient.conf (Debian bug #294044). The MTU can also be given as an option to <pppd> (man 8 pppd).
M: 2010-09-28
<reply>OpenTTD is a reimplementation of the Microprose game "Transport Tycoon Deluxe". Versions prior to 1.0.0~rc3-2 were in <contrib> and required data files from the original game. Now playable with free graphics (openttd-opengfx package), optional music (openttd-openmsx package) and sound files (openttd-opensfx package in <non-free>). See also /usr/share/doc/openttd/README.Debian. http://www.openttd.org/ #openttd on irc.oftc.net.
pkg scripts
M: 2012-01-19
<reply> During package installation, dpkg runs a script called "preinst", unpacks the .deb, then runs "postinst". When removing, it runs "prerm", deletes the files and then runs "postrm". These scripts can be found in /var/lib/dpkg/info/$package.{pre,post}{inst,rm}; as a last resort to fixing packaging problems, you can edit the script, e.g. by making the second line "exit 0" of a shell script. http://wiki.debian.org/MaintainerScripts
M: 2008-07-20
<reply> 0 is halt, 1 is single user, 2, 3, 4, 5 are multiuser, 6 is reboot. By default 2, 3, 4 and 5 are identical (there are no graphic/non-graphic runlevels), but you can configure this if you wish. Read /usr/share/doc/sysvinit/*; read /etc/init.d/README; man update-rc.d; if that doesn't make sense, consider installing <rcconf> instead. See also http://debian-administration.org/articles/212, <startup>, <file-rc>, <single-user mode>.
M: 2010-10-04
<reply>Webmin is a lame web-based interface for unsafe system administration for Unix. Check it out at http://webmin.com/ Remember, dondelelcaro *hates* webmin. "i'd rather sit on the floor shoving table knives into live electrical outlets than run webmin on an exposed server." Removed from Debian post-Sarge, see http://bugs.debian.org/343897 . The Debian package from webmin.com is of poor quality. See <free whcp> for alternatives.
M: 2009-11-08
<reply>Read the release notes, ask me about <sarge release notes>. Ask me about <woody sources.list> as woody has been archived, then: "apt-get install aptitude". After this, ask me about <sarge sources.list>, then: "aptitude update && aptitude dist-upgrade". There is serious breakage for around 30% of users according to http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2005/06/msg00006.html . Also ask me about <sarge> and <sarge->etch>.
C: 2016-09-18
<reply>A pastebin on its own with no context isn't much use. Please help us with some information about what you were doing, what generated the output, what you expected to happen and what has changed recently if it used to work. Please be specific and informative. Excessive use of "this", "it" and "doesn't work" means we won't have a clue what you are talking about. Remember we can't actually see your screen or know what you have done.
dmm remove
C: 2012-09-28
<reply>If you want to remove the packages from deb-multimedia.org and reinstall the packages from Debian repositories, one could do this: dpkg --remove --force-depends $(aptitude search '?narrow(?version(CURRENT),?origin(Unofficial Multimedia Packages))' --disable-columns -F%p); remove the dmm repository from sources.list; apt-get update; apt-get install -f; install the still missing packages which were removed in the former process ...
M: 2008-03-10
<reply>Before asking, please read the documentation. Documentation isn't always easy to read, but that doesn't excuse you from (a) trying and (b) sending patches to improve the docs. If you don't do this, expect to be told to RTFM by impatient volunteers. Dick Brandon said that "Documentation is like sex: When it is good, it is very, very, good. And when it is bad, it is better than nothing." Ask me about <finding docs>, <manuals>.
M: 2014-04-11
<reply> Versions of openssl prior to 1.0.1e-2+deb7u5 (wheezy) and 1.0.1g-1 (sid) are vulnerable to DSA-2896 (see http://deb.li/3BrUE). Check the version of the libssl1.0.0 packages: «aptitude versions '~i?source-package(openssl)'». Remember that the upstream version part (1.0.1e) doesn't change when security bugs are fixed in stable releases; ask me about <security backports>. See also http://heartbleed.com/, http://xkcd.com/1354/
etch->lenny key
M: 2009-02-20
<reply>During <etch->lenny>, apt may warn 'W: There is no public key available for the following key IDs: 4D270D06F42584E6'. Lenny's Release file is signed by two keys, only one of which you have. The chain of trust has not been broken and you can proceed with the upgrade. This is a different message to if you had untrusted sources. Once the lenny version of "debian-archive-keyring" is installed, the message goes. See <secure apt>.
M: 2011-01-04
<reply>The Belkin F5D7000 is a PCI 802.11g device. For support of v1000 (PCI ID 14e4:4320), ask me about <b43legacy>. For v2000 and v3000 (both PCI ID 1814:0201), ask about <rt2500pci>. For v4000 (PCI ID 14e4:4318), ask about <b43>. For v5000 (PCI ID 168c:001a), ask about <ath5k>. For v6000 (PCI ID 1814:0301), ask about <rt61pci>. For v7000 (PCI ID 1799:700f), ask about <rtl8185>. For v8000 (PCI ID 168c:001d), ask about <ar2425>.
hand holding
C: 2007-04-24
if you're expecting someone to walk you through a complex and detailed process to solve your problem, you may get lucky. Then again, you may not. If one (or more) people suggest that 1) you really shouldn't do that or 2) there's an existing 50-90% solution to that problem (which may or may not fit your case), you might want to pay it some heed. Or not. Browbeating people into helping you seldome works, but keep trying, you may get l
M: 2009-10-19
the HD tuning tool. It's also very dangerous, don't blame us if it makes you lose data. If your IDE drive seems sluggish, you should experiment with hdparm with the following options: unmasked irq (on), I/O support (3, 32bit w/sync), and multcount (16) and using dma (on), or read http://linux.oreillynet.com/pub/a/linux/2000/06/29/hdparm.html, or apt-get install hdparm and RTFM :). IDE?? try: hdparm -d1 -m16 -A1 -a64 -u1 -X70 /dev/hda
M: 2012-03-26
<reply>Lenny is the codename for Debian GNU/Linux 5.0, released on February 15th, 2009. Lenny security support ended on 2012-02-06, this release is no longer supported. Lenny users should upgrade to Squeeze, ask me about <lenny->squeeze>. Removed from the mirrors (2012-03-25), ask me about <lenny sources.list>. For old Lenny ISOs, ask me about <lenny iso>. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianLenny http://www.debian.org/News/2012/20120209
mysql test
C: 2013-12-18
<reply>Previous versions of Debian's mysql-server-5.5 package did not remove upstream's default of creating a 'test' database and assignment of permissions allowing anonymous access from localhost to this and other test_* databases; this was fixed at version 5.5.33+dfsg-0+wheezy1 (DSA-2818-1). Existing databases and permissions are not touched during package upgrades, see /usr/share/doc/mysql-server/NEWS.Debian.gz for more information.
M: 2011-08-21
<reply>Patents were designed to encourage innovation by providing protection for a limited period. Quite how this works for software is often unclear and varies widely between jurisdictions. The relationship between patents and Free software is discussed at http://www.debian.org/reports/patent-faq or search for patents at http://www.patents.ibm.com/ http://www.uspto.gov/ http://www.european-patent-office.org/ and http://www.jpo.go.jp/
M: 2010-12-11
<reply>Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) is an insecure and unreliable way to create tunnels; consider <openvpn>, <ipsec> or <l2tp> instead. Some ISPs use PPTP to provide service on Ethernet connected broadband networks; this is not supported at Debian installation time. To connect to a PPTP server, use pptpsetup (pptp-linux package, on netinst and CD1) or network-manager-pptp. See also <why not pptp>, <poptop>, <mppe>, <vpn>.
M: 2009-06-09
<reply>Scanner Access Now Easy (SANE) is an <API> for raster image <scanner> hardware. Packaged for Debian as sane, xsane (GUI frontends) and sane-utils (CLI frontend, saned server). Supported device list: http://www.sane-project.org/sane-supported-devices.html . FAQ: http://www.xs4all.nl/~ljm/SANE-faq.html . To use over a network, see http://wiki.debian.org/SaneOverNetwork . http://www.sane-project.org/ #sane at irc.freenode.net.
sarge losers 2
C: 2004-04-11
yet more people who didn't get Sarge release's date right! baloo=2004-07-01 gravity=when_aj_says_so mdeboer=2004-07-14 keta=2004-06-21 dan2=2004-06-24 FreshUsr=2004-06-18 karsten=2003-12-01 beth=2004-06-08 paulswm=2004-06-01 FreshUsr=2004-06-18 Gnea=2004-06-06 Cit=2004-05-20 guestish=2004-05-30 obake=2004-04-31 peterS=2004-05-01 bahamat=2004-04-13 VynoM=2004-04-16 rw-rw-r--=2004-04-22 ghakko=2004-04-20 fwd=2004-04-01 Misirlou=2004-04-05
M: 2011-04-10
<reply>Silicon Integrated Systems (SiS) is a chipset manufacturer. For SiS 191 gigabit Ethernet adapter details, see <sis191>. The X driver for SiS and XGI Volari cards is packaged for Debian as xserver-xorg-video-sis, see http://www.winischhofer.net/linuxsisvga.shtml for details. The X driver for SiS USB-attached video devices is packaged as xserver-xorg-video-sisusb, see http://www.winischhofer.net/linuxsisusbvga.shtml for details.
M: 2006-04-16
Source lines of code, a software metric used to measure the amount of code in a software program. SLOC is typically used to estimate the amount of effort that will be required to develop a program, as well as to estimate productivity or effort once the software is produced. The higher the SLOC the less secure things become. someone once said "Measuring programs by counting the lines of code is like measuring aircraft quality by weight."
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>Testing is a continuously updated release between <stable> and <unstable>, currently codenamed <buster>. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianTesting . Support in #debian-next on irc.oftc.net and ask me about <testing faq> <jessie->stretch> <testing security> <moving target> <apt-listchanges> <apt-listbugs> and <bts>. You need a sound knowledge of Debian and be prepared for a very bumpy ride. Don't use it on things that are critical!
M: 2009-05-29
<reply>[thinkpad] one of the best laptops you can buy, or a thing that dies when your car hits it (according to abrotman). Some models restrict MiniPCI card use, see http://thinkwiki.org/wiki/Problem_with_unauthorized_MiniPCI_network_card . See also <gobi>, <hdapsd>, <martian>, <slmodem>, <synaptics>, <tpb>, <trackpoint>. http://wiki.debian.org/InstallingDebianOn/Thinkpad http://www.thinkwiki.org/ ##ibmthinkpad on irc.freenode.net.
wheezy kernel
M: 2012-09-25
<reply>Debian 7 "Wheezy" released with the Linux 3.2 kernel, with additional features backported (from later kernel versions) to provide better hardware support. See http://lists.debian.org/20120129182205.GR12704@decadent.org.uk and http://womble.decadent.org.uk/blog/whats-in-the-linux-kernel-for-debian-70-wheezy-part-4.html for further details. Later kernel versions are available through <debian backports>, ask me about <bdo kernel>.
M: 2008-05-21
<reply>autoremove is used to remove packages that were automatically installed to satisfy dependencies for some package and that are no more needed. Aptitude will try to automatically remove packages that it thinks are no longer needed; apt-get and synaptic will prompt you to do so.. If you remove a package that also causes a large metapackage like gnome to be autoremoved then this will cause you problems. Ask me about <unmarkauto>.
M: 2006-09-02
<reply> experimental is the bleeding edge of Debian Development. Packages here have been deemed unfit/DANGEROUS/untrustworthy/etc for release by the maintainer responsible for them. DO NOT INSTALL PACKAGES FROM EXPERIMENTAL WITHOUT KNOWING EXACTLY WHY AND WHAT YOU ARE DOING. #debian does _not_ support experimental. For an actual description, see section of the Developer's Reference. http://packages.debian.org/experimental/
M: 2009-12-02
<reply>HFS Plus / HFS+ (aka Mac OS Extended) is a filesystem used in modern Macintosh systems, replacing <HFS>. <MBR> partition ID: 0xAF. Supports smaller block sizes and Unix-like features (e.g. symlinks). The Linux kernel's hfsplus filesystem driver can read/write HFS+ filesystems, tools are in the hfsprogs (mkfs.hfsplus) and hfsplus packages. <parted> can resize HFS+ (shrink only) provided the start of the partition stays fixed.
iceweasel user-agent
M: 2014-05-05
<reply>Iceweasel's User-Agent string includes "Firefox" by default (via general.useragent.compatMode.firefox = true). To fix sites/plugins that still don't work: (1) smack the authors (2) go to about:config and set general.useragent.override to a specific User-Agent. Using the "User Agent Switcher" extension (xul-ext-useragentswitcher package) is even easier. Remember to switch it back afterwards, or no-one will fix broken websites.
M: 2010-12-28
<reply>The Korn shell (ksh) is a Unix shell developed by David Korn (AT&T Bell Laboratories) in the early 1980s. It is upwards compatible with the Bourne shell, also including many features of the C shell (e.g. command history) inspired by requests of Bell Labs users. Packaged as ksh, pdksh (public domain version) and mksh (MirBSD enhanced pdksh). http://www.kornshell.com/ http://web.cs.mun.ca/~michael/pdksh/ http://mirbsd.de/mksh
C: 2003-11-06
<reply> A new (Nov. 2003) package in sid. It was split apart from libc6-dev. You've ALWAYS had these kernel headers on your system; you just never bothered to notice. The "kernel-headers-*" package that matches your running kernel is used to build kernel modules. The "linux-kernel-headers" are used when compiling userspace programs. It's not a bug. You *DO* need them. Don't try to delete them. Ask me about "kernel headers" too.
M: 2009-08-27
<reply>Netgear is a network equipment manufacturer. To determine the chipset in a Netgear wireless LAN adapter, ask me about <what's my wireless>. Have a Netgear WGR614vX or WGR624vX router? You probably have a security hole. To fix, turn off Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI) in firewall settings. Further, connecting to freenode/OFTC on port 8001 instead of 6667 will prevent disconnections, see http://tinyurl.com/faxo7 for details.
M: 2011-03-06
<reply>Nintendo Co., Ltd. is a manufacturer of video game hardware and software. For Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) emulation, ask me about <fceu>, <mednafen>, <nestra>. For Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) emulation, see <bsnes>, <zsnes>. For Nintendo 64 (N64) emulation, see <mupen64plus>. For Nintendo GameBoy {,Color,Advance} emulation, see <gngb>, <mednafen>, <vba>. For Nintendo DS (NDS) emulation, see <desmume>.
M: 2001-09-08
Northern Telecom or Not Today or a really screwed up networking operating system from Microsoft which is more concerned with consuming massive quantities of system resources and requiring no brains to use than it is in getting anything done. or needed to spell aNTi-christ, coincidence or no or not a networking operating system or irritating when it takes multiple reboots to install an NIC, or Nice Try. Neanderthal Technology. Nut Nut
nvidia dkms-173xx squeeze
M: 2011-03-06
<reply>For Squeeze users (GeForce 5/FX GPUs supported). Ask me about <contrib> and <non-free sources>. «aptitude -r install linux-headers-2.6-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` nvidia-kernel-legacy-173xx-dkms && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "nvidia"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nvidia.conf». Run «update-initramfs -u» and reboot to enable the <nouveau> blacklist.
nvidia dkms-96xx squeeze
M: 2011-03-06
<reply>For Squeeze users (GeForce 2/3/4 GPUs supported). Ask me about <contrib> and <non-free sources>. «aptitude -r install linux-headers-2.6-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` nvidia-kernel-legacy-96xx-dkms && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "nvidia"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nvidia.conf». Run «update-initramfs -u» and reboot to enable the <nouveau> blacklist.
M: 2014-12-09
<reply>OpenVPN is a <VPN> daemon, which can securely tunnel IP networks over one UDP or TCP port. Packaged for Debian, provides "openvpn" ifupdown hooks to <interfaces>. Add "script-security 2" in configuration files for use of external commands. Debian 8 "Jessie" users: see https://bugs.debian.org/785200 (fixed at openvpn 2.3.4-5+deb8u1, ask me about <spu>). https://openvpn.net/ #openvpn on irc.freenode.net. See also <easy-rsa>.
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computing) chips use a simpler instruction set than CISC chips to get their work done. This results in more instructions that need to be processed by the processor, but they are easier to process, so the chips can process more instructions per clock cycle than a CISC chip. Chip philosophers argue the benefits of RISC vs. CISC, but there is no clear cut winner. See also <CISC> for additional info.
squeeze mysql
M: 2011-02-09
<reply>Following an upgrade from lenny to squeeze, the "mysql-server-5.1" package is often not installed as a replacement to "mysql-server-5.0". "aptitude install mysql-server-5.1"; you may also need to update any customisations to your server configuration from 5.0 to 5.1 -- one common problem is the inclusion of the no-longer-supported "skip-bdb" option in my.cnf which leads to the daemon failing to start (and dpkg/apt complaining).
why not dmm
C: 2012-09-28
<reply>The deb-multimedia.org repository was once the only way of getting good multimedia support. By the release of Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" this was mostly not true and for Debian 7 "Wheezy" this situation is even better. Libraries from dmm are known to cause incompatibilities with packages from Debian; packages may not meet the <DFSG> so are not allowed in Debian. Use dmm as a last resort; ask me about <dmm pinning> and <dmm remove>.
C: 2000-02-28
<reply> are compatible. In Syntax's case /dev/hda1=Win98se, /dev/hda5=Win2K, /dev/hda6=Linux Swap, /dev/hda8=/root, /dev/hda9=/usr, /dev/hda10=/var, /dev/hda11=/home, /dev/hda12=/tmp, and /dev/hda13=/var/tmp. He installed Win98se first, Debian second (installing LILO into the MBR), then Win2K Pro last. Win2K Pro didn't even fsck LILO... it all stayed in-tact. At the LILO prompt choosing the Win98 partition gives the NT boot loader.
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is a wireless encryption standard. A WPA supplicant for Debian systems is in the wpasupplicant package, read /usr/share/doc/wpasupplicant/README.Debian.gz to configure (especially "Troubleshooting" for association to hidden SSIDs). Since Debian 7 "Wheezy", it is possible to install Debian over a WPA-protected network. https://wiki.debian.org/WPA https://wiki.debian.org/WiFi/HowToUse#wpasupplicant
C: 2000-03-31
a gaming console introduced in the late twnentieth century, a solid graphical notch above the then ubiquitous Atari 2600 (remember Zaxxon?). ColecoVision's record-breaking sales allowed Coleco, Inc., to accumulate the funding necessary to release ADAM, which was to be the greatest personal computer of the time, sporting a level of user-friendliness theretofore unseen in the computing world. Uhh hummm. Upon its release, ADAM flopped
M: 2009-04-04
<reply>cron-apt is a highly configurable tool to help keep your box up to date. By default, it downloads new updates and emails the list of available packages. It can also automatically install packages if you trust security.debian.org to never have broken packages, or if you have your farm of machines working off a local mirror, seeded with updated packages after your own testing. See also <cron-apt tips> <auto update> <apticron>.
M: 2010-12-23
<reply>The Belkin F5D7010 is a Cardbus 802.11g device. For support of v1000 (PCI ID 14e4:4320), ask me about <b43>. For v2000 and v3000 (both PCI ID 1814:0201), ask about <rt2500pci>. For v4000 (PCI ID 14e4:4318), ask about <b43>. For v5000 (PCI ID 168c:001a), ask about <ath5k>. For v6000 (PCI ID 1814:0301), ask about <rt61pci>. For v7000 (PCI ID 1799:701f), ask about <rtl8180>. For v8000 (PCI ID 168c:001d), ask about <ar2425>.
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>A joystick is an input device first found on arcade game machines, then home game systems, and finally on computers. It consists of any stick-like object that can be moved in four or more directions. Usually, there's a button in the vicinity of the joystick. The joystick Debian package contains test and calibration utilities; calibration settings can be saved using jscal-store for loading at device insertion time via <udev>.
live testing
M: 2017-04-28
<reply>The Debian Live project provides pre-built Debian live system images and allows creation of your own. These can be used to install a Debian system (although the installer is better to use). Live images are available from http://get.debian.org/cdimage/weekly-live-builds/ . http://live.debian.net/ #debian-live on irc.debian.org. See also <live firmware>. From Debian 9 "Stretch", <UEFI> mode is supported by Debian Live images.
M: 2010-10-25
<reply>When building packages, you might be able to use "DEB_BUILD_OPTIONS=nocheck dpkg-buildpackage" to suppress running of automated tests at build time. Note that running tests is generally a good thing to make sure your build went OK. Not all packages have a <debian/rules> that supports this option; see <policy> §4.9.1 for details and consider filing a wishlist bug if the package doesn't do so and the tests take a while to run.
M: 2012-04-20
<reply>php5.4 will be the version of <PHP> released in wheezy. Remember that testing is a <moving target> and unsuitable for servers and that all php module packages and some application packages in squeeze will be incompatible with php5.4 meaning that providing backports of the package isn't feasible -- you can however make a backport yourself if you really want. Ask me about <ssb>. See also http://wiki.debian.org/PHP/54Transition
M: 2014-03-18
<reply>Realtek RTL8188EU (USB ID 0bda:8179) and RTL8188ETV-based USB wireless LAN devices (e.g. USB IDs 0bda:0179, 2001:330f) are supported by the r8188eu staging driver, introduced at Linux 3.12. Firmware from userspace is required (rtlwifi/rtl8188eufw.bin) and packaged for Debian since firmware-realtek 0.41. Debian 7 "Wheezy" users: for device support, ask me about <bdo kernel> and install firmware-realtek from <wheezy-backports>.
simple sid backport
M: 2010-11-22
<reply> First, check for a backport on <debian-backports>. If unavailable: 1) Add a deb-src line for sid (not a deb line!); ask me about <deb-src sid> 2) enable debian-backports (see <bdo>) 3) aptitude update; aptitude install build-essential; aptitude build-dep packagename; apt-get -b source packagename; 4) install the resultant debs. To change compilation options, see <package recompile>; for versions newer than sid see <uupdate>.
M: 2000-02-14
the Uniform Resource Locator, also mistakenly called Universal Resource Locator. This is used to give Web addresses for HTML, VRML, WAV and other files. It simply contains the Internet name of the machine containing the data and the path to the file. Much like the UNC, except specifically for the Internet. The address also includes the protocol to be used. or the name of the original infobot on EFnet, or pronounced "earl" by the weird
C: 2013-05-26
<reply>ZENworks Image Safe Data (ZISD) is used by Novell's ZENworks Desktop Management. It contains workstation-specific data used for system imaging, which is written to particular sectors of the "embedding area" (gap between the <MBR> and first partition). Since grub2 1.99~20101122-1, GRUB 2's core image is written to the embedding area using Reed-Solomon, making it robust against being partially overwritten by ZISD (bug #550702).
M: 2005-01-28
an object oriented programming language which is perfect to develop GUI or real-life applications with a reusable, elegant and extensible design, or a crappyfied version of C, or a kludge, or bastardised version of C you don't want to know about, too damn complex to be nice low-level language like C, but not abstracted enough to not hamper you with "let's leak some memory, shall we?" crap. See Python if you want to get some work done
cmd: jw (.*?)
M: 2005-05-29
($1): <reply> $1: Are people in #debian not helping you in the way you'd like to be helped? They won't hold your hand even though you need them to? A debian developer would probably be best to answer your question. Please go to http://www.jabberwacky.com/ and enter your question into the text box, and click on "say it". Your message will automatically be sent to the developer team, and you should receive an answer within seconds.
debian mirrors
M: 2012-08-17
<reply>The best mirror for most users is <deb.debian.org>; other mirrors are listed at http://www.debian.org/mirror/list and ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian/README.mirrors.txt and http://deb.li/map ; ask me about <apt-spy>, <netselect-apt>, <httpredir.debian.org>, <debian mirror checker>. To make a mirror, see http://www.debian.org/mirrors/ ; see also <debmirror>, <apt-mirror>, <ftpsync>, <mirror size>. #debian-mirrors on irc.oftc.net.
four freedoms
C: 2004-05-09
<reply> Free Software is based upon Four Freedoms. 0) The freedom to run the program, for any purpose 1) The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs. Access to the source code is a precondition for this. 2) The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor 3) The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits. See http://www.g
free ram
M: 2008-07-29
<reply>Unlike information, your computer's memory does *not* want to be free. Free RAM is wasted RAM! Linux tries to use free physical memory for caching files from disk which speeds up disk access considerably. Linux releases RAM from these caches if programs need it. If you want to know how much physical memory the free(1) tool says you have left for program use, it's 'free' + 'buffers' + 'cache'. Also ask me about <swapwake>.
C: 1970-01-01
a mailing list for all ideology surrounding the ideas of copyright, licensing, and patent issues, and intellectual property issues in general. Subscribe some time, and check it out. To subscribe send an email to mailto:gnu-misc-discuss-request@gnu.org with "subscribe" in the body of the email. Or if you have acces to usenet: have a look at the gnu.misc.discuss group, which mirrors the content of the mailing lists. Which came first, t
M: 2008-04-23
<reply>For GRUB: 1) press 'e' to edit the kernel setting in the grub command line (add 'init=/bin/sh' to the end of it) 2) 'fsck' your root file system, 3) 'mount -o remount,rw /', 4) 'passwd root' 5) 'mount -o remount,ro /' 6) 'reboot -d -f' (exec /sbin/init should work); For LILO: 1) 'Linux init=/bin/sh' at the LILO boot prompt (hold Shift while booting), steps 2-6 are the same; For yaboot: 1) 'Linux init=/bin/sh' at yaboot prompt.
M: 2012-11-13
<reply>Microcode are instructions/structures for implementing high-level machine code within processors. The Linux kernel can load updated microcode on most x86 processors. Microcode patches for Intel and AMD64 CPUs are packaged for Debian as intel-microcode and amd64-microcode respectively; installing the relevant package is recommended to ensure system stability. Ask me about <non-free sources>. http://wiki.debian.org/Microcode
M: 2012-03-20
<reply>Specialized diagnostic/configuration utilities for some Ethernet devices are packaged in nictools-pci and nictools-nopci; useful for configuring legacy devices without using non-Linux vendor utilities (e.g. 3c5x9setup -Q 3 -F 10baseT). nictools-nopci was removed from post-Squeeze to resolve bug #664504. Modern Ethernet cards are configurable via MII registers using utilities such as mii-diag and mii-tool, see also <ethtool>.
M: 2010-02-16
<reply>Radeon is a brand of graphic processing units by AMD/ATI (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radeon). The radeon open source display driver is packaged for Debian as xserver-xorg-video-radeon, optionally install libgl1-mesa-dri for 3D acceleration. Also ask me about <radeon firmware>, <radeon audio>. https://wiki.debian.org/AtiHowTo http://x.org/wiki/radeon #radeon on irc.freenode.net. For the proprietary driver, see <fglrx>.
M: 2009-03-31
<reply>[stable] The status of a Debian release when no packages will be added or version-bumped, and changes will only fix security issues and critical bugs. Packages can be removed in rare circumstances. The current stable version of Debian is Stretch (9.x); ask me about <releases>. Security bugs are fixed in stable by backporting the fix to the stable version (ask me about <security backports>). https://wiki.debian.org/DebianStable
C: 2001-04-15
(<reply> The artist formerly known as troy.| <reply> Do you serisouly want to know who styx is? | <action> seems to be suffering from memory loss. | <reply> try 'apt seen styx', $who. | <reply> 'styx' is the guy on #kde that is always on #kde doing absolutely nothing except playing with apt. | <reply> Styx is the river of souls on the edge of Hades in Greek myth. | <action> , like styx, likes cats. | <reply> Troy has an IQ of 152! )
M: 2010-01-09
<reply>[sudo] (Substitute User DO) Not enabled by default on Debian systems; configure /etc/sudoers first, ask me about <visudo>, <sudoers>. sudo can give limited super user privileges to specific users, or allow you to do silly things like run X apps with root permissions, or good in scripts with "username ALL = NOPASSWD: /some/program". See also <sudo path>. http://wiki.debian.org/sudo http://www.aplawrence.com/Basics/sudo.html
C: 2006-05-26
a tool to ease writing the rules for the Quality of Service (QoS), traffic shaping , and Internet speeds limiting comapared to using the `tc` command . tcng uses C++ dialect when written . tcng code is convered to `tc` shell commands with its options. Best for Linux Admins and Network Engineers. It can really replace Cisco routers if used with Quagga router package. try it also in the PPP interface startup/shudown scripts. Tested and
M: 2010-12-28
<reply>[.bin] NOT a meaningful filename extension. "aptitude install file", then run file on your .bin and see what it is (or, read it with less). Or read the README file that should have come with it. If it looks like a shell script, try "sh myfile.bin". .bin is the extension used by some JDK installers (which are executable files) and is also a Macintosh archive format (MacBinary). If it is a CD image, ask me about <bin-cue>.
M: 2013-07-11
<reply>If you have a question, just ask! For example: "I have a problem with ___; I'm running Debian version ___. When I try to do ___ I get the following output ___. I expected it to do ___." Don't ask if you can ask, if anyone uses it, or pick one person to ask. We're all volunteers; make it easy for us to help you. If you don't get an answer try a few hours later or on debian-user@lists.debian.org. See <smart questions><errors>.
M: 2010-03-11
<reply>Avant Window Navigator (Awn) is a Mac OS X like panel (dock) for the <GNOME> desktop, which represents open windows as icons. Packaged for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" as avant-window-navigator. It requires a compositing manager (e.g. Metacity, Compiz, xfwm4) for its use. http://wiki.awn-project.org/ https://launchpad.net/awn/ #awn on irc.freenode.net. Removed from Debian to resolve bug #725264. See also <cairo-dock>, <docky>.
M: 2012-12-14
<reply>Cloud computing is more than just virtual servers, a workable definition from NIST is: Cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. http://wiki.debian.org/Cloud
M: 2010-04-11
<reply>cryptoloop is a Linux disk encryption module, which uses the Crypto API cryptography framework. Used to create an encrypted file system within a partition or regular file. Deprecated in favor of dm-crypt, disabled in Debian kernel images as of linux-2.6 2.6.32-2 (Debian bug #559755). There is no cryptoloop support in Squeeze and later Debian releases. See §4.5.1 of the <squeeze release notes> and ask me about <dm-crypt>.
M: 2010-11-28
<reply>debmirror is a script to create a partial Debian mirror. Receiving "public key not found" errors from gpgv? Use "gpg --keyring /usr/share/keyrings/debian-archive-keyring.gpg --export | gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring trustedkeys.gpg --import" or "gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring trustedkeys.gpg --keyserver keyring.debian.org --recv-keys <key ID>" to add the required key to ~/.gnupg/trustedkeys.gpg. See also <mirrors>.
M: 2009-11-22
<reply>The DWL-650 is a model of (at least five) wireless LAN PC Card devices produced by D-Link. Ask me about <what's my wireless> to identify the chipset within, then ask about either <hostap>, <adm8211> or <rtl-wifi>. Revision P1 uses SSF (Small Serial Flash), which does not contain firmware on the card; ask me about <prism firmware>. For DWL-650+ and DWL-G650 device support, ask me about <dwl-650+> or <dwl-g650> respectively.
etch pool 1
M: 2006-09-27
<reply> caphuso=WIR/SIYH/RSN! dkr=2007-02-15 Guerin=2007-03-13 node3667=2007-01-18 luna35=2006-12-24 sid=2006-12-20 bibe=2007-02-15 bloom=once_in_a_blue_moon_like_last_time HelmutG=2007-12-01 Eulex=2007-05-17 Arsion=2006-04-15 scarynetworkguy=2006-01-03 streuner=2006-06-06 mdh=2006-09-11 antgel=2006-12-05 asg=2006-12-07 resiak=2007-04-21 greycat=2007-07-07 abrotman, chealer=2007-10-02 r3v=2008-07-23 simonrvn=when_the_cows_come_home
M: 2008-04-24
<reply>mit-magic-cookie is a key that a client application is required to possess in order to use your X11 display. Running xhost + removes this requirement which is why you should never use <xhost>. The xauth utility is in the xauth package (formerly xbase-clients) and is used to manipulate the mit-magic-cookie; ask me about <mit-magic-cookie export>. For other, easier ways of running apps as another user, ask me about <root x>.
C: 2004-10-27
<reply> are There are two different foods called pancakes. In the United Kingdom, a pancake is a very thin batter cake fried in a frying pan. In the United States, pancakes are a raised batter cake fried on a griddle or flat-bottomed pan. In general, pancakes are any batter cake fried in oil or butter, and can be eaten both hot and cold. Their origins extend to antiquity, and they have been featured in cookbooks since at least 1439.
M: 2005-05-01
a horrid maketing term for "downloading", but maybe bashpodder is what you seek. || a way to 1) listen to stupid giggling twats try to make "radio"2) an RSS feed that includes enclosures - links to mp3 files - that allows you to listen to your favourite radio show on an mp3 device or a computer. See: http://ipodder.sourceforge.net, http://www.ipodder.com, http://linc.homeunix.org:8080/scripts/bashpodder/, http://www.podcastalley.com
M: 2010-11-16
<reply>[ppa] Personal Package Archive (see https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+ppas or <launchpad>). PPAs are either: (a) an easy way to grab packages based on nightly-builds/VCS snapshots or (b) an easy way for any idiot to publish a package of extremely poor quality (remember, you will run the maintainer scripts as root during install!). Choose your repos wisely. No equivalent exists for Debian yet. Ask me about <why not use a ppa>.
sarge losers
M: 2004-02-05
We already have losers in the sarge pool! DelEat=2004-04-02 RichiH=2004-03-21 RinzeWind=2004-03-26 nevyn=2004-03-20 Shay=2004-03-28 Anthro=2004-03-21 sim0nrvn=2004-03-15 helix=2004-03-27 sharth=2004-03-03 h=2004-03-01 Sinistrad=2004-02-29 zergouille_=2004-02-29 streuner=2004-02-29 greycat=2004-03-01 bytewalker=2004-03-02 croddy=2004-02-14 Chromakode=2004-02-25 zu22=2004-02-14 CompWizrd=103-12-25 gnupg=2004-01-01 Jawoota=2004-02-01
C: 2010-05-12
<reply>The Afatech AF9015 is a DVB-T demodulator and USB bridge chip, supported by the Linux kernel's dvb-usb-af9015 driver since Linux 2.6.28. Firmware from userspace is required (dvb-usb-af9015.fw), currently not packaged by the Debian project (Debian bug #534379); firmware extracted from Windows device drivers is available at http://www.otit.fi/~crope/v4l-dvb/af9015/af9015_firmware_cutter/firmware_files/ . See also <tda18218>.
M: 2013-08-21
<reply>Device firmware required by the <b43> and <b43legacy> drivers is proprietary and unable to be distributed by the Debian Project. The b43-fwcutter utility (packaged in contrib) can extract this firmware from Broadcom's binary drivers. Debian packages to download, extract and install firmware are available; ask me about <contrib> and use «apt-cache search firmware-b43» to list. http://wiki.debian.org/bcm43xx#b43-b43legacy
M: 2010-12-19
<reply>The "Sound Blaster Live! Dell OEM" (PCI ID 1102:0006, part numbers SB0200/SB0203) has the EMU10K1X DSP. This sound card is designed for use with Dell's Windows XP driver; it does stereo only - through both front and rear speakers - and perhaps SPDIF. This device is supported on Debian systems by the snd-emu10k1x <ALSA> driver, not <snd-emu10k1>. Complain to Dell if you wanted a real SB Live! OEM (i.e. part number SB0220).
M: 2009-06-11
<reply>Java is a cross-platform C++-like OO language. Sun, now Oracle, has released most of its Java implementation under the GPL as <openjdk>. There are other implementations packaged; for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" systems, Sun's JRE/JDK is in <non-free> (for i386, amd64 only). Ask me about <install java>. See also <java alternatives>, <icedtea>, <java ipv6>, <java-package>. http://wiki.debian.org/Java ##java on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2003-02-21
<reply> This is an older operating system used by Apple Computers some years ago. A major difference from Linux is that this system does not have any user management. The user that is currently in front of the computer has full access, this cannot be modified. However, because of the lack of user management, users are allowed to set their username in any irc program to whatever they want. "root", "sussudio smells bad" and other nam
C: 2005-07-02
<reply>< guruman> is there some way to make ls list all entries starting with a digit, i mean like 'ls [0-9]*' or similar instead of doing 'ls 1* && ls 2* ...' < furrywolf> guruman: ls [0-9]* :P < guruman> furrywolf it says "[0-9]" is not a directory or file ... < guruman> furrywolf ls [a-z]* seems to work but not 0-9 ... strange < guruman> furrywolf lol .. ofc it works its just me that doesnt have any files beginning with 0-9 in
M: 2009-02-08
<reply>Please search for things rather than just asking, e.g. «apt-cache search regex», or with <aptitude search>. The following ways can locate packages that own a file (installed, or candidate for install): «dpkg -S /bin/foo», <apt-file>, <pdo> (online) and «/msg judd help file» (bot). <search dpkg> for factoids. See http://wiki.debian.org/WhereIsIt and ask me about <bot help>. See also <axi-search> <debtags> <dlocate>.
M: 2008-09-10
<reply>In Internet terminology, a troll is a person who posts rude or offensive messages on the Internet, such as in online discussion forums, to disrupt discussion or to upset its participants. "Troll" can also mean the message itself or be a verb meaning to post such messages. "Trolling" is also commonly used to describe the activity. Rule #1: Don't feed the troll. Rule #2: Really, don't feed the troll. Rule #3: See rule #1.
vbox guest
M: 2013-05-09
<reply>For Debian virtual machines ("guests") running under VirtualBox, install the virtualbox-guest-utils package inside the guest to provide Guest Additions; dependent Linux kernel modules are automatically built using <DKMS>. For Microsoft Windows guests, install the virtualbox-guest-additions-iso package on the host (ask me about <non-free sources>) and see https://virtualbox.org/manual/ch04.html for installation instructions.
why stable
M: 2009-08-13
<reply> If you have to ask which repository to use, the answer is usually <stable>. In the latter stages of a testing release (see <freeze>) it can sometimes be more useful to use <testing>. Don't be a sucker for shiny new stuff -- instead ask yourself if you'd rather have a stable machine that just worked or a bit off shiny stuff that kept breaking all the time (ask me about <moving target> <sns syndrome>). See also <bdo>, <ssb>.
M: 2013-08-23
<reply>Sound Blaster X-Fi is a sound card series from Creative Technology. The GPL-licensed vendor driver for EMU20K1/EMU20K2 chipsets (PCI IDs 1102:0005, 1102:000b) was merged in <ALSA> as snd-ctxfi; first released with ALSA 1.0.21 and available in the Linux kernel since version 2.6.32. "Xtreme Audio" devices (CA0106/CA0110 chipsets) are supported by the snd-ca0106 (PCI ID 1102:0007) and snd-hda-intel (PCI ID 1102:0009) drivers.
M: 2017-01-11
<reply>ZFS (originally Zettabyte File System) is a file system / logical volume manager developed by Sun Microsystems (http://deb.li/7xXU). The Debian GNU/kFreeBSD kernel since 7.2 has ZFS support, the userland utilities are packaged as zfsutils. Native Linux support from zfsonlinux.org, #zfsonlinux channel on freenode, is included in Debian starting with <stretch> and <jessie-backports> with some caveats due to license conflicts.
art of war ii
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> Deep knowledge is to be aware of disturbance before disturbance, to be aware of danger before danger, to be aware of destruction before destruction, to be aware of calamity before calamity. Strong action is training the body without being burdened by the body, exercising the mind without being used by the mind, working in the world without being affected by the world, carrying out tasks without being obstructed by tasks...
C: 2001-12-02
a standard (AT Attachment Packet Interface) for sending SCSI-like commands over the IDE cables. Many people say IDE but mean ATAPI, since IDE is only the name for controller and old harddisk protocol. Linux has two drivers which implements parts of the ATAPI standard: ide-cd and ide-floppy. The better way to use the ATAPI devices is the "natural" way: load ide-scsi driver and you can work with ATAPI devices like with SCSI devices.
C: 1970-01-01
this dude named "Marcus Tillius Cicero" from the ancient roman empire that lasted just under a thousand years. He was a heck of a dude schooled in the stoic philosophies of plato and wrote a lot of good stuff on philosophy and law and politics and stuff. He wrote "On Moral Duty" which is kick butt. He is quoted as saying "Careful attention to small detail often proves superior to genius." Debian of course is the embodiment of both
M: 2011-09-23
<reply>Utilities such as grep, sort, ls use your <locale> collation to determine the order of alphanumeric characters. This is also important for regexp ranges for grep/sed/perl where [a-z] takes a slice out of your collation and ends up being [aAbB...yYz] thus matching things that you didn't want. Use [[:lower:]], [[:upper:]] etc (man grep) if that's what you mean or set LANG=C / LC_COLLATE=C explicitly if that's what you want.
M: 2017-03-12
<reply>For stable releases, newer versions of Firefox, Icedove and Iceape can be found at http://mozilla.debian.net/ ; you will want the "esr52" repository. For users of testing and unstable, updated packages are normally in <experimental>; only Extended Support Release (ESR) versions are suitable for release in <stable> so only those versions can be uploaded to unstable. As of v52, only the ESR version can be compiled for Jessie.
M: 2007-02-01
<reply> i2c, or the Inter IC bus, is a method of communicating between ICs typically found on modern motherboards via a serial bus. Invented by Philips, this bus is typically used for temperature sensors and the ilk, although it has other uses as well. See http://www.semiconductors.philips.com/markets/mms/protocols/i2c/ for more information, or the i2c-source and derived packages in Debian. Described at http://voxel.at/prj/i2c/
M: 2010-03-21
<reply>[intel-gfx] The intel <Xorg> driver provides 2D/3D support for Intel integrated graphics chipsets, including the i810, 915{G,GM}, 945{G,GM,GME}, 946GZ, 965{G,GM,Q}, G33, Q33, Q35, G35, GM45, G45, Q45, G43 and G41; the <GMA 500> is not supported. Packaged for Debian as xserver-xorg-video-intel, see also <intel-gfx shadow>. http://x.org/wiki/IntelGraphicsDriver https://01.org/linuxgraphics/ #intel-gfx on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2000-06-12
a part of kdelibs (kdelibs/kdecore/kcrash.cpp) to handle application crashes like segmentation fault, floating point exceptions and more. the coder can pass user-defined procedures to handle crashes or to save data whenever a crash occured. Dr. Konqi (written by Zerium aka. Hans-Petter Bieker) is executed whenever a crash occurs, it can also create a backtrace so the application maintainer/developer can check it for coding errors.
M: 2008-07-09
the kernel log daemon, which takes kernel messages from dmesg and feeds them to syslog, or to stop non-critical kernel messages appearing on the console, make sure klogd is installed, then edit /etc/init.d/klogd and add "-c 2" to the KLOGD variable. then /etc/init.d/klogd force-reload. people still use klogd? in sarge, dpkg --purge klogd sysklogd; apt-get install syslog-ng - "-c 2" in /etc/default/klogd is deprecated, see <printk>
nvidia compiler fix
M: 2008-06-25
<reply>To solve <nvidia-installer> complaining about the gcc version not matching the kernel gcc version, in an ugly but effective way: aptitude install gcc-4.3; mkdir -p ~/bin; ln -s /usr/bin/gcc-4.3 ~/bin/gcc; export PATH=~/bin:$PATH; sh ./nvidia-installer.run; rm ~/bin/gcc But use the Debian packages instead, see <why nvidia installer sucks>, or try export IGNORE_CC_MISMATCH=1 and use your regular compiler (that might work...)
M: 2010-09-25
<reply> "Open FirmWare for WiFi networks" (OpenFWWF) is a project developing open source firmware for wireless LAN devices based on Broadcom AirForce chipsets (specifically BCM4306 rev 3, BCM4311 rev 1 and BCM4318). Supported by the <b43> driver since Linux 2.6.30; firmware is requested from b43-open/ . v5.2 does not correctly handle FIFO overflow conditions. <RFP> filed as Debian bug #513974. http://www.ing.unibs.it/openfwwf/
M: 2010-03-07
<reply>QuickTime is a proprietary multimedia framework by Apple Inc., also the name of its player application and media container format (.mov). The container usually has a video stream encoded with a <sorenson> codec. For playback on Debian systems, ask me about <mplayer>, <totem>, <vlc>, <xine>. libquicktime is a library for reading/writing QuickTime files, packaged for Debian. http://libquicktime.sf.net/ See also <ffmpeg>.
security backports
M: 2008-07-16
<reply> Debian incorporates security fixes into the version currently in <stable>. This is non-trivial so it may take a couple days. Backporting security fixes means that you can update the package without problems like changed behaviour that would come with updating to a new version of the software. The upstream version number doesn't change in the Debian package when this is done; check the changelog or the <tracker of doom>.
ssl update
M: 2008-05-15
<reply> DSA1571 and DSA1576 are addressed in packages for openssl (0.9.8c-4etch3), libssl (0.9.8c-4etch3), openssh-server (1:4.3p2-9etch1), openssh-client (1:4.3p2-9etch1), openssh-blacklist (0.1.1). To install them, "aptitude update && aptitude dist-upgrade" (dist-upgrade required because new packages are being installed). Ask me about <ssh-vulnkey> <dsa1571><dsa1576>. Also ask me about <fail2ban> to make script kiddies go away.
start a holy war
M: 2002-07-11
<reply>(slackware|Debian|RedHat|emacs|a microkernel|Coke|vi|KDE|LILO|GRUB|GNOME|pico|GPL|Linux|Pepsi|Microsoft|FreeBSD|QPL) (RULEZ|sux|sux0rz)||<reply>(pico|Microsoft|Linux|Coca|FreeBSD|GPL|GNOME|QPL|KDE|vi|LILO|Slackware|Redhat|GRUB|emacs|Debian) (sux|is cool|0wnz)||<reply>Balrogs have wings!||<reply>(vim|pico|nano|nedit|gedit|winword.exe|emacs|Xemacs|ed|edit.exe) is the (best|worst|coolest|most stupid|most braindead) editor ever
C: 2003-01-17
Yes, Niel Stephenson (Cryptonomicon, Snow Crash, The Diamond Age, Zodia, U) runs Debian. From "In the Beginning Was the Command Line": I use a distribution called Debian (the word is a contraction of "Deborah" and "Ian") which is non-commercial. It is organized (or perhaps I should say "it has organized itself") along the same lines as Linux in general, which is to say that it consists of volunteers who collaborate over the Net,
systemd paranoia
M: 2015-02-23
<reply> There is no need to waste your time or ours trying to eliminate the string "systemd" from the output of dpkg -l. Installed libraries that are unused are unused; libsystemd0 takes up a whopping 180kB on disk. Having the "systemd" package installed does not imply booting with systemd (that's the systemd-sysv package). Not all packages with "systemd" in their name are even from the systemd source package (see <systemd-shim>).
two mice
C: 2005-02-16
<reply> You have a laptop with a touchpad (PS/2) and an external USB mouse, and you want X to use either one, but despite the promises, it Just Doesn't Work? Make the PS/2 mouse the primary device, and add a new InputDevice section for the USB device with Option "SendCoreEvents" instead of Option "CorePointer". Be sure to use both input devices down in the ServerLayout section. modprobe mousedev && echo mousedev >> /etc/modules
M: 2013-09-06
<reply>Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is the standard by which the world regulates clocks and time (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coordinated_Universal_Time). For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later, set "UTC" or "LOCAL" in /etc/adjtime (man 8 hwclock). For Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", set the UTC option in /etc/default/rcS appropriately (man rcs). For all systems, run «service hwclock.sh restart» to apply changes. See also <windows utc>.
M: 2000-07-07
Visual Basic. This is a software product developed by Microsoft. Its purpose is to bring programming down to a drag-and-drop level to speed up development cycles. In many ways, that goal has been achieved. VB's main competitor is Borland's Delphi. Both programs offer similar functionality. The actual code for the program is BASIC and you can go in and edit the nitty-gritty if you want to. or visual bullshit or evil, or a good beer
why aptitude
M: 2010-10-20
<reply> aptitude has more advanced conflict/dependency resolution and will often find a solution where apt-get gives up. It can be used from the command line like apt-get plus an interactive resolver makes it much easier to recover from broken dependencies. It has advanced search capabilities (see <aptitude search>). For some upgrades, apt-get is preferred (e.g. <lenny->squeeze>, <squeeze->wheezy>). http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
xorg config
M: 2009-09-29
<reply>From Debian 5.0 "Lenny" onwards, xorg mostly configures itself. Resolution is set by your monitor/graphics card (unless they're broken), by your desktop environment or <xrandr>. From Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", input hotplugging saves duplicating settings and restarting X after changes. The /etc/X11/xorg.conf file is usually no longer needed and is often blank. Manual configuration is still possible, see <xorg manual config>.
M: 2013-02-18
<reply>youtube-dl is a command line utility for downloading videos from <YouTube> and other sites. Not part of the Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" release due to bug #608176, but is available from <squeeze-backports>. Not part of the Debian 7 "Wheezy" release due to bug #688997. To use with <mplayer>, see http://wiki.multimedia.cx/index.php?title=MPlayer_youtube_script . http://rg3.github.com/youtube-dl/ #youtube-dl on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2012-02-09
<reply>Clam AntiVirus (ClamAV) is a GPL/FLOSS anti-virus toolkit for Unix-like systems, mainly used with a <MTA> for virus scanning. Install the clamav-freshclam package to automatically update virus definitions. "OUTDATED" warnings are a known issue (Debian bug #418963, wontfix). Install the libclamunrar6 <non-free> package for RAR file support. http://www.clamav.net/ #clamav on irc.freenode.net. See also <stable-updates>.
M: 1999-12-31
the Free Software Business email list. Lots of top brass, and great free software thinkers post there: like Tim O'Reilly, RMS, Brian Behlendorf(apache), Michael Tiemann (Cygnus, egcs), Frank Hecker (netscape mozilla dude), and others. Have a read. It's does the free software body good, and may help you find a way to make good and honest money while writing and supporting free software!;; Front Side Bus (ask me about FrontSideBus)
M: 2013-05-23
<reply>GNU Hurd (<HIRD> of Unix-Replacing Daemons) is a POSIX-compatible collection of servers which run on the Mach microkernel. It is the GNU project's replacement for the Unix kernel. https://www.gnu.org/software/hurd/ #hurd on irc.freenode.net. For the Debian GNU/Hurd port (not an official Debian release), see https://www.debian.org/ports/hurd/ and https://www.debian.org/ports/hurd/hurd-news #debian-hurd on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2015-03-30
there's a nice lucida truetype font distributed with sun's j2re. you can dump it in ~/.fonts and try to use it, but it's a little broken. to fix it, apt-get install fonttools and run ttx *Oblique.ttf, then change the usWeightClass values to 700 in the bold fonts and 400 in the non-bold fonts, then rm *Oblique.ttf; ttx *.ttx, or this'll keep gnomeish apps happy, but there are still glitches with openoffice.org, or see <lucida fix>
M: 2009-05-13
<reply>mutt is the official mail user agent of Debian GNU/Linux. Has message threading, built-in <PGP> support and more configuration options than you can count. "My First Mutt": http://mutt.blackfish.org.uk/ . Internal SMTP relay support available since version 1.5.15. Receiving "No authenticators available"? Install the libsasl2-modules package. http://wiki.debian.org/Mutt http://www.mutt.org/ #mutt on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2012-03-12
<reply>oldstable-proposed-updates is a repository containing packages being prepared for the next <point release>. They should be safe but are held back for wider testing before being accepted into the oldstable release at the time of the next point release. http://www.debian.org/releases/proposed-updates http://release.debian.org/proposed-updates/oldstable.html . See also <stable-proposed-updates>, <testing-proposed-updates>.
M: 2009-11-28
<reply>[pcmcia] PC Card (originally PCMCIA) is a hardware expansion technology for laptop computers. Install the pcmciautils package to provide PCMCIA initialisation tools. No socket driver loaded? (e.g. old system with ISA-to-PCMCIA bridge): modprobe i82365, tcic or i82092 and add the working module's name to /etc/modules. To identify a PC Card device, see http://wiki.debian.org/HowToIdentifyADevice/PC_Card . See also <cis>.
reserved disk space
M: 2010-09-15
<reply>Filesystems usually reserve some space that only root can use to make it easier to recover from a disk being filled by a user or daemon. Reserved space (usually 5%) is not included in the "available" column of the output of "df". Reserved space is particularly important on the root filesystem; you can reduce it on other partitions with tune2fs -m PERCENT. See also http://boncey.org/2006_11_18_reclaiming_ext3_disk_space.
M: 2011-03-16
<reply>[script kiddie] A lamer who exploits others using various pre-written exploit scripts. They are uncreative individuals who only know how to download and run scripts written by someone else who actually knows something. The piles of strange entries in your SSH and Apache logs are from these sorts of morons. See the Script Kiddie HOWTO at http://metalab.unc.edu/pub/Linux/docs/HOWTO/script-kiddy-HOWTO for more information.
M: 2010-04-24
<reply>Trunk is a term from version control systems such as <cvs>, <svn> and <git>. The "trunk" can often be thought of as a developer's playground, the stability (or otherwise) of the code varies from project to project. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trunk_(software) . Debian 2.6.32-trunk-* kernel image/headers packages are obsolete and were removed from the archive (/msg judd kernel --release squeeze). See also <kernel abi>.
unstable security
M: 2009-02-16
<reply>There is no security support for unstable (sid) at all. Uploads of new packages that fix security vulnerabilities are handled in the same way as any other new version -- this means it's up to the maintainer to do a new upload and you (perhaps) to reconfigure services to cope with the new version. This is one of the reasons unstable is not suitable for day-to-day use in many situations. Also ask me about <moving target>.
apt recommends
M: 2014-08-11
<reply>Packages required in all but unusual cases (that is, "breakable" dependencies) are called "recommended" packages. By not installing these packages, you miss the standard functionality they provide. To disable once, "aptitude -R install packagename" or "apt-get --no-install-recommends install packagename". To disable permanently, echo "APT::Install-Recommends no;" > /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/no-recommends. See <why recommends>.
M: 2008-01-26
<reply>A backup is something you should do *ALWAYS*. if you value your sh*t in the least. Otherwise eons of built-up data can go BYE BYE FOREVER one day if you do not; either by HD malfunction, intentional evil by crackers, mischievous glak elves invading your system, or large magnets getting out of hand. Pay the dollars for a tape system or CDR and use <tar> (optionally with bzip2 at lowest compression). See <things to backup>.
M: 2012-06-21
<reply>The 'freeze' is when large changes to testing version of Debian are stopped for few months. During this period, no new package uploads are made except to fix critical bugs or to provide documentation updates. During the freeze, bugs are squashed to 'stabilize' the release to make the new 'stable'. Stretch started to freeze in Nov 2016 and entered full freeze on 5 Feb 2017. Also ask me about <slushy>, <stretch freeze>.
M: 2010-02-08
<reply>HAL (Hardware Abstraction Layer) is <freedesktop.org> project, which gives desktop software a programmatic way to examine present hardware and be notified of its changes. http://wiki.debian.org/hal http://wiki.debian.org/XStrikeForce/InputHotplugGuide http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/HalFAQ http://hal.freedesktop.org/ #hal on irc.freenode.net. Deprecated, see <devicekit> and http://wiki.debian.org/HALRemoval
M: 2009-05-28
<reply>Labels can be set on some filesystems, enabling referencing via LABEL=foo in <fstab>. To set: Ext{2,3,4}: e2label /dev/{s,h}dXX foo (16 char limit); XFS: xfs_admin -L foo /dev/{s,h}dXX (12 char limit); FAT{16,32}: dosfslabel /dev/{s,h}dXX foo (11 char limit); NTFS: ntfslabel /dev/{s,h}dXX foo (128 char limit); Btrfs: btrfs filesystem label /dev/{s,h}dXX foo (256 char limit). To mount: mount -L foo dir. See also <uuid>.
M: 2009-11-24
<reply>lighttpd (pronounced "lighty") is a small and fast HTTP server with a minimal memory footprint. To install: "aptitude install lighttpd lighttpd-doc", then read /etc/lighttpd/conf-available/README, see also http://localhost/ . It does not support .htaccess files. http://redmine.lighttpd.net/projects/lighttpd/wiki/FrequentlyAskedQuestions http://lighttpd.net/ #lighttpd on irc.freenode.net. See also <httpd>, <userdir>.
package recompile
M: 2009-06-23
<reply> 1) Add a <deb-src> line for your current release to your sources.list 2) aptitude update; aptitude install build-essential devscripts fakeroot; aptitude -R build-dep packagename 3) as any user, apt-get source packagename 4) cd packagename-version/; ask me about <debian/rules>; 5) dpkg-buildpackage -uc -us 6) as root, dpkg -i ../packagename-version.deb. Ask me about <debian/rules>, <nocheck>, <nostrip>, <apt-get source>.
M: 2011-12-07
<reply>PulseAudio (formerly Polypaudio) is a cross-platform network sound server, intended as a drop-in replacement for <ESD>. Packaged for Debian since 4.0 "Etch", read /usr/share/doc/pulseaudio/README.Debian after installation for configuration recommendations; Debian specific how-to is at http://forums.debian.net/viewtopic.php?t=12497 . http://pulseaudio.org/wiki/FAQ http://pulseaudio.org/ #pulseaudio on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2011-12-05
<reply>r8168 is an out-of-tree Linux kernel driver supporting Realtek PCIe gigabit Ethernet controllers, made available by the vendor. r8168 should only be used for devices not yet supported by the in-tree <r8169> driver. Packaged for Debian as r8168-dkms in <unstable>, this will never be part of a stable Debian release. Purging the r8168-dkms package is required to remove the r8169 blacklist. http://code.google.com/p/r8168/
secure apt
M: 2017-02-24
<reply>[apt-secure] Starting with version 0.6, <APT> performs signature checking of the Release file for all archives. See http://wiki.debian.org/SecureApt , "man apt-secure" and chapter 7 of the Securing Debian Manual (ask me about <securing debian>) for more information. The archive signing key can be found at https://ftp-master.debian.org/keys.html . See also <key>, <no public key>. https://wiki.debian.org/RepositoryFormat
sid upgrade test
C: 2010-01-28
<reply> If you can't work out how to upgrade your machine to testing (or unstable), then this is probably a good indication that you (a) don't know enough about Debian to be able to solve the inevitable problems you will face and (b) you don't know how to use google or documentation to answer really easy questions. If either of these apply, you shouldn't be using unstable (or even testing) and we're not going to help you do so.
C: 2000-06-21
like 'cfs'. The difference between TCFS and CFS is the trasparency to the user obtained by using TCFS. As a matter of fact, CFS works in user space while TCFS works in the kernel space thus resulting in improved performance and security. The dynamic encryption module feature of TCFS allows a user to specify the encryption engine of his/her choiche to be used by TCFS. Currently available only for Linux. http://tcfs.dia.unisa.it/
apache backport
M: 2013-10-16
<reply> Apache 2.4 uses an incompatible API to Apache 2.2 breaking all module packages (e.g. <php5>). Do not try to <backport> apache2 2.4 to Debian <Wheezy> unless you know exactly what you are doing. Moreover, some web application packages and gnome-user-share from Wheezy are not compatible to apache2 2.4. If you still want to proceed, backport in order, libapr, apache2 and any libapache2-* module you use. See also <ssb>.
C: 2003-01-26
a superior MP3 downloading aid written in Perl to automate downloading of songs by a specific band or group. It spawns a connection to Gnutella using mutella and IPC::Open2, connects and waits for an appropriate network horizon, performs a search, waits for enough results, processes the list to find uniques using Soundex, and runs through the list of unique files to grab, queues them all, and then finally rests for 20 minutes (
M: 2013-04-15
<reply>The Bumblebee project aims to provide support for the Nvidia Optimus GPU switching technology on Linux systems. GeForce 400M (4xxM) and later mobile GPU series are Optimus-enabled; if «lspci -nn | grep '\''[030[02]\]'» returns two lines, the laptop likely uses Optimus. Packaged for Debian <jessie> and <wheezy-backports>. http://wiki.debian.org/Bumblebee http://bumblebee-project.org/ #bumblebee on irc.freenode.net.
compromised system
M: 2008-01-14
<reply> In case of a system compromise: 1) take the system offline/shut it down 2) backup the data and analyze the intrusion (e.g. via a live CD) 3) reinstall with all security patches, disable unnecessary services and DO NOT TAKE IT BACK ONLINE UNTIL THE ORIGINAL EXPLOIT PATH HAS BEEN FIXED. Ask me about <system compromise recovery> for a detailed document. Ask me about <compromise check> for how to inspect a running system.
M: 2004-08-17
<reply>Gentooitis is a mental disorder which causes the sufferer to feel a constant craving for ever-higher version numbers, despite any warnings of bugs, problems, incompatibilities or other obstacles to productivity. Sufferers will often spend hours or days recompiling perfectly good packages for no benefit. Other symptoms include the use of MySQL in place of ordinary text files, or the use of XML in any context whatsoever.
C: 2006-09-18
<reply> HTPC is an acronym for Home Theater Personal Computer, describing certain personal computer systems designed solely to be connected to a television for entertainment purposes, such as watching TV, playing DVDs, CD music, or viewing digital pictures. They may also be referred to as media center systems or Media Server units. The general goal in a HTPC is usually to combine many or all components of a home theater setup i
mailing list
M: 2010-07-06
<reply>Mailing lists allow large numbers of people to share knowledge and experiences, these communications are also persistent. See http://www.debian.org/MailingLists/ . mbox archives are not provided via the web archive due to Listmaster team policy (Debian bug #161440), see <gmane>. For lists.debian.org questions, join #debian-lists on irc.oftc.net or e-mail listmaster@lists.debian.org. See also <list spam> and <subscribed>.
M: 2008-05-21
<reply>Install gpm, which gives you familiar mouse functionality from the console ; or upload a file to http://paste.debian.net; or: apt-get install w3m ; w3m http://paste.debian.net/ ; hit enter on the Big Box, it will open /usr/bin/editor where you can insert the file, then save ; then hit enter on the submit button in w3m, or the "screen" utility also provides keyboard driven copy/paste, or ask me about <paste2pastebin pipe>
M: 2010-12-09
<reply>For information on permissions, read «info coreutils 'File Permissions'», http://mywiki.wooledge.org/Permissions and http://www.comptechdoc.org/os/linux/usersguide/linux_ugfilesp.html . For further information, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unix_permission and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chmod and follow the setuid and setgid links within. See also <ssh permissions>, <qotd232>. http://wiki.debian.org/Permissions
M: 2010-01-13
<reply>phpMyAdmin is a tool written in PHP intended to handle MySQL administration over the Internet. Can create and drop databases, create/drop/alter tables, delete/edit/add fields, execute any SQL statement, and manage keys on fields. Read /usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/README.Debian and run "dpkg-reconfigure phpmyadmin" to configure your web server. http://www.phpmyadmin.net/documentation/#faq #phpmyadmin on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-07-08
<reply>r8192u_usb is a Linux kernel module produced by the rtl8192u staging driver, supporting the Realtek RTL8192U 802.11n USB wireless LAN chipset. Introduced in Linux 2.6.33, included in Debian Linux 2.6.32 kernel images (x86 architectures only). Firmware is required (RTL8192U/{boot,data,main}.img) and not currently packaged (Debian bug #588142), ask me about <rtl8192u firmware> to acquire. https://wiki.debian.org/rtl819x
C: 1970-01-01
a term that sometimes carries the meanings: "an imaginary island described in Sir Thomas More's "Utopia" (1516) as enjoying perfection in law, politics, etc." or even "an ideal place or state." and every once in a while, "a visionary system of political or social perfection." and of course is a goal that, albeit a bit lofty at times, is something that you can at least attempt to achieve every once in a blue moon. see debian. :D
M: 2009-05-21
<reply>A Universally Unique IDentifier (UUID) is used to reference disk partitions (among other things). See currently known partition UUIDs with 'blkid'. In /etc/fstab, use "UUID=dead-beef-0420-etc" as the partition name. UUIDs help to cope with device name changes such as hda->sda (<libata> transition) or changes in USB disk order discovery. <LVM> tools accept PV/VG/LV UUIDs as arguments, use {pv,vg,lv}display to acquire.
xorg hal
M: 2009-09-29
<reply>From Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" onwards, Xorg uses <hal> for configuration. You can configure your mouse pointers etc without having to restart X and you don't need to configure the keyboard layout for console and X separately. This vastly reduces the amount of code duplication between kernel and Xorg which reduces the amount of "bloat"; why should Xorg try to work out what devices are attached when the kernel already knows?
aptitude ops
M: 2010-06-07
<reply>Aptitude can perform different operations from the one command line: "aptitude install foo bar_" purges bar and installs foo. This is handy for dealing with broken packages. Other postfix operators include: + install, - remove, _ purge, = hold, : temp hold, &M markauto, &m unmarkauto, +M install and markauto. man aptitude for more details. These can also be used as a prefix operator at the [Y/n/q/?] resolver prompt.
M: 2013-08-19
<reply>Compiz was a compositing window manager using OpenGL for rendering. Compiz hasn't been developed for some time and is no longer part of Debian (see bugs #719870 and #677864). Plenty of other window managers have the same features as compiz. For a list of available window managers, run «apt-cache showpkg x-window-manager». See also http://wiki.debian.org/Compiz http://www.compiz.org/ or #compiz on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2011-10-31
<reply>The D-Link DWA-130 is an 802.11n USB device. For rev.A1 (USB ID 07d1:3b11, Marvell 88W8362), ask about <ndiswrapper>. For rev.B (USB ID 07d1:3c13, Ralink RT2870), see <rt2800usb>. For rev.C1 (USB ID 2001:3301, Realtek RTL8192U), see <rtl8192u>. For rev.D (USB ID 07d1:3a0f, Atheros AR9170), see <carl9170>. For rev.C2 (USB ID 07d1:3302, Realtek RTL8191SU) and rev.E (USB ID 07d1:3300, Realtek RTL8191SU), see <r8712u>.
M: 2012-06-22
<reply>Emacs is the extensible macro editor that is already quite extensively extended. A popular editor choice with major and minor modes for almost every conceivable language and task. High priests of emacs have even been known to use emacs as their shell, and sometimes have whole systems with init=/usr/bin/emacs. http://www.gnu.org/software/emacs http://emacswiki.org/ #emacs on irc.freenode.net. See also <emacs docs>.
M: 2013-12-12
<reply>libssl0.9.8 isn't included in Debian releases from Debian 7 "Wheezy" onwards. Packages requiring libssl0.9.8 aren't designed for your release. If needed, you can get libssl0.9.8 from Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" via http://packages.debian.org/ but understand that you won't get security support. The best approach is either to rebuild the source against the current libssl-dev and/or cluebat the people who gave you the package.
M: 2011-02-12
<reply>mod_userdir is a module available for <Apache> HTTPD and <lighttpd>, allowing access to user-specific directories via http://example.com/~user/ URLs. The UserDir (Apache HTTPD) and userdir.path (lighttpd) directives specify directory locations (e.g. public_html). To enable this module in Apache HTTPD and lighttpd on Debian systems: "a2enmod userdir" or "lighty-enable-mod userdir" respectively. See also <php userdir>.
M: 2011-02-25
<reply>OpenJDK is the open source release of <Java> from Oracle America (formerly Sun Microsystems). All required functionality (according to the J2SE spec) is present, but some optional stuff is missing and some stuff uses different implementations from Oracle's binary JDK. Install the default-jre package for the runtime environment or default-jdk for the development kit. http://openjdk.java.net/ #openjdk on irc.oftc.net.
override dns
M: 2017-06-30
<reply> To have dhclient use a specific nameserver rather than one given by your DHCP server, echo "supersede domain-name-servers a.b.c.d, e.f.g.h;" >> /etc/dhcp/dhclient.conf; man 5 dhclient.conf for more. You can also use "prepend" or "append" to add nameservers. Or remove domain-name-servers (etc.) from "request" in dhclient.conf. Beware crazy ideas like chattr +i. https://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/dhclient-etcresolvconf-hooks/
ssh without passwd
M: 2009-08-04
<reply>(1) on the client: ssh-keygen -t rsa (2) ssh-copy-id server.example.com. Ask me about <keychain> and <ssh-askpass> for ways of storing your ssh key's passphrase between uses. If you are wanting to use ssh to allow root logins for rsync backups (or something similar to that) then you might want to limit what this key can do and from where you can use it, see http://www.nanonanonano.net/linux/rootrsync for one approach.
why not dist upgrade
C: 2005-04-03
<reply> If you're going to use apt-get dist-upgrade (or aptitude full-upgrade), when you run the command, you need to make absolutely sure that it isn't going to remove anything you actually want to have installed. If it does, use apt-get install to install specific packages that have been held back on apt-get upgrade, and only allow upgrades that don't remove things that you want. Ask me about <pinning> <hold> <unmarkauto>.
M: 2004-12-14
<reply> Whoooz the man? Bubba is about to run away with your money again! Or ask me about ".NET". XP is not a brand name, it's an emoticon, or http://www.epic.org/privacy/consumer/microsoft/default.html, or <tarzeau> windows xp isn't modern! it's just new, or the best Linux and BSD compatible CPU currently out, or http://www.extremeprogramming.org/, or xtra pr0n, or http://www.mongoosepublishing.com/images/logos/paranoiaxp.jpg
M: 2011-04-27
<reply>The 686 Debian kernel flavour (Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" and earlier releases) can be used on PCs with an Intel Pentium Pro/II/III/4/4M/D/M, Xeon, Celeron, Core or Atom; AMD Geode LX/NX, Athlon (K7), Duron, Opteron, Sempron, Turion or Phenom; Transmeta Efficeon; VIA C3 "Nehemiah" or C7 processor. You can also use a 686 kernel with a <x86-64> processor for a 32-bit kernel (rather than the amd64 kernel). See also <686-pae>.
basic apt-get troubleshooting
M: 2015-09-21
<reply>In order to troubleshoot your problem with apt-get, apt or aptitude we need ALL OF THE FOLLOWING information: 1. complete output of your apt-get/apt/aptitude run (including the command used) 2. output from "apt-cache policy pkg1 pkg2..." for ALL packages mentioned ANYWHERE in the problem, and 3. "apt-cache policy". Use http://paste.debian.net/ to provide us with this information. Also ask me about <localized errors>.
M: 2009-11-05
<reply>We have lots of bots around to help out with different things. dpkg (<dpkgbot>) and <judd> are the main two for factoids and package information; dselect (<dselectbot>) fills in for dpkg. There's also debhelper (flooding, moderating), apt, ... Most bots are also in #debian-bots if you can't use /msg to talk to them. Be nice to the bots though; they have feelings, bleed oil and let out the <magic smoke> when angry.
dynamic drive overlay
M: 2011-12-03
<reply>Dynamic Drive Overlay (aka software translation driver) is software for accessing drives larger than 504MiB on systems without <LBA> support. DDO is used to override the BIOS' hard disk controller driver, typically modifying the <MBR> and installing itself at the start of the disk. Prior to Linux 2.6.27, dual-boot users could use the hdX=remap / hdX=remap63 kernel parameters for support in the Linux (E)IDE subsystem.
extended chars
M: 2012-10-08
<reply>To enter chars like á ç ß ¿ © ℃ ± ≠ in X, "xmodmap -e 'keycode 117 = Multi_key'". After that, you can use your right windows key as a Compose key, e.g. pressing windows-key, ~, n in sequence will produce ñ. Ask me about <compose sequences>, use xev (x11-utils package) to find the windows-key keycode if 117 does not match it. Similar functionality for the console can be achieved using the loadkeys command.
C: 2010-04-17
<reply>[G15] the 15 leading world economy nations, or the Logitech G15, a keyboard designed for gamers. A screen multiplexer is available in the g15daemon package. <LCDproc> provides a g15 driver as of v0.5.1, not built in squeeze's package (BTS #578166); install the libg15daemon-client-dev libg15render-dev and libg15-dev packages, then ask me about <package recompile> to provide (no debian/rules modification is necessary).
C: 2008-08-26
<reply>[gfdl] The GNU "Free" Documentation License, considered <non-free> by Debian in some cases. Read the discussion at http://lists.debian.org/debian-legal/2003/debian-legal-200309/msg00169.html and http://lists.debian.org/debian-legal/2003/debian-legal-200304/msg00246.html . See the position statement at http://people.debian.org/~srivasta/Position_Statement.html and resolution at http://www.debian.org/vote/2006/vote_001
init system debate
M: 2014-02-11
<reply>Debian has worked through an extensive process to evaluate init systems for future releases. Technical comparisons of the init systems are at http://wiki.debian.org/Debate/initsystem ; systemd has been chosen (http://lists.debian.org/20140211193904.GX24404@rzlab.ucr.edu). Bugs with the necessary information on how to reproduce the problem should be reported to the relevant package in the <bts>; see <systemd ranting>.
M: 2009-09-19
<reply>The Debian installer comes in many forms (CD1, netinst, DVD), but the installer you use and the system you end up with is identical in each case. The only difference is when the packages are downloaded: if you grab the DVDs then you are downloading lots of packages that you might not need; if you download the <netinst>, then when you go to install packages using aptitude later on, they will be downloaded at that time.
M: 2011-02-20
<reply>Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the next-generation IP version designed to replace IPv4. Available in Debian since <potato>, full IPv6 support was a release goal for Squeeze. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianIPv6 http://ipv6.debian.net/ http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/Linux+IPv6-HOWTO/ http://www.ipv6.org/ #debian-ipv6 on irc.oftc.net, #ipv6 on irc.freenode.net. To disable IPv6 on your system, ask me about <noipv6>.
M: 2010-02-05
<reply>PowerPC is a <RISC> architecture (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PowerPC). See "Debian for PowerPC" at http://www.debian.org/ports/powerpc . Debian CDs are not (and cannot be made) bootable on Old World PowerMacs. Information on proper partitioning is at http://www.alaska.net/~erbenson/doc/mac-fdisk-basics.txt . See also <macsound>, <yaboot>, <quik>, <bootx>, <ppc64>. #debianppc on irc.oftc.net and irc.freenode.net.
M: 2006-03-02
<reply> /etc/pam.d/common-password , the line "password required pam_unix.so nullok obscure min=4 max=8 md5", remove the "md5" if you want to switch to the default, <DES>, instead. If you are currently using DES, add "md5" to the end of that line to enable md5 passwords. If you haven't got a good reason, like backwards compability issues with something, do _not_ switch back to DES. And you have to change all passwords!
sudo redirection
M: 2013-08-05
<reply><sudo> can run a command as root but what is a "command"? "sudo foo > /etc/bar" will give you "-bash: /etc/bar: Permission denied". Your shell splits "sudo foo > /etc/bar" into "run the command sudo with the argument foo" and then "stick the output into /etc/bar"; it's your own shell (not sudo!) that will create /etc/bar and it doesn't have permission to do so. Use «su -», «sudo -i», «foo | sudo tee /etc/bar».
backports.org etch
M: 2010-09-06
<reply>Backported packages for Debian 4.0 "Etch" were removed from <debian-backports> on 13-Sep-2010. They were archived on archive.debian.org. A sample sources.list line is: deb http://archive.debian.org/debian-backports etch-backports main contrib non-free. Then, aptitude update && aptitude install debian-backports-keyring && aptitude update. Security support for etch-backports ended on 2010-02-15, ask me about <etch>.
M: 2010-03-25
an object oriented language as described by standards ECMA-334 and ISO/IEC 23270. It was originally designed by Microsoft as part of the .NET suite of languages and is influenced by Java and C++. Implementations include <mono>, DotGNU and the .NET Framework. Some embrace it as a modern language that has learned from the mistakes of Java and there are gtk+ and Qt bindings for it. Others believe it is pure evil. Your choice...
M: 2003-05-02
(Common Gateway Interface) This interface allows scripts or programs to run on a Web server. Almost all Web servers support CGI scripting. You can make a CGI script do pretty much anything a computer program can. Most commonly, they are implemented to control user interaction with the Web server on a Web site. You can use them to password-protect certain parts of your site, or save a user survey to a file on the server.
cmd: cluebat (.*?)
C: 2002-01-23
($1): <action> beats $1 with the ClueBat of #debian. Roll 1d6... (1! Go to http://www.tldp.org/ for HOWTOs|2! The Debian Installation Guide is at http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/|3! Read the DFSG at http://www.debian.org/social_contract#guidelines|4! The Debian BTS is at http://bugs.debian.org|5! For security information, see http://www.debian.org/security/|6! Check video card compatibility at http://www.x.org/)
M: 2017-02-24
<reply> The Contents file in a Debian <repository> is an index of all filenames in all packages for a particular release and architecture. Source packages are also indexed. <apt-file> and <judd> use the Contents files to search for which package contains a given file. The hash of the Contents file is cryptographically checked using the <Release file>. See https://wiki.debian.org/RepositoryFormat or ask me about <secure apt>.
M: 2009-03-10
<reply>editmoin is a Python script to allow modification of <MoinMoin> wiki pages using your preferred <editor>. Packaged for Debian, also includes a Vim syntax file. After installation, read the editmoin man page to create a ~/.moin_ids file. Examine the relevant cookie in your browser to determine the moin ID (e.g. content of MOIN_SESSION or MOIN_ID) for a wiki account, see also <moincookies>. http://labix.org/editmoin
flash bios
C: 2013-07-14
<reply>[flash bios] a <BIOS> which contains a flash ROM chip that can be updated under certain conditions, but is otherwise static. To perform the flash operation within Linux, use flashrom (http://flashrom.org/Flashrom, packaged for Debian). Alternatively, create a FreeDOS boot disk containing the vendor's flash tool and proprietary BIOS image, http://wiki.debian.org/FlashBIOS ask me about <freedos>. See also <coreboot>.
C: 1970-01-01
GERMAN! Germans are not EVIL. They are just POWERFUL thinkers and doers. The ancestors of the germanic peoples were called the GOTHS, OSTRAGOTHS, PETRAGOTHS. They are renown for their ability to specialize in the engineering and scientific "fields". The germanic / gothic ART and CULTURE then, at the deepest levels of thought and feeling is in the ABSOLUTE depths of reason, thought, and inquiry into NATURE. EXTREMISM. GOTHIC.
minimal install
M: 2012-04-03
<reply>See http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch03s04 for required/recommended disk space. Debian keeps the base install relatively small for both hardware requirements and flexibility. As a consequence half the people are surprised that basic tools (like bzip2) are not "default" and half think that the existing base install contains too much (cron, python, ...). Also see <emdebian> <base install> <standard task>.
M: 2009-07-29
<reply>A Message/Mail Transfer Agent (MTA) is a program that transfers e-mail in or out of a system, most often using SMTP. An MTA is usually accessed by calling /usr/sbin/sendmail and thus usually includes that binary. Therefore, in Debian, all MTAs (<exim4>, <postfix>, <qmail>, <ssmtp>, <nullmailer>, etc) mutually conflict. Ask me about <which mta>, <mta comparison> and <why an mta>. http://wooledge.org/~greg/mail.html
M: 2009-01-18
<reply>ntfsclone is a utility to efficiently copy/backup/restore NTFS filesystems, part of the <ntfsprogs> package. The bad sectors list is preserved, which can hinder ntfsresize(8) after restoration on a new device; use ntfstruncate to reset: http://web.archive.org/web/20090221023808/http://www.linux-ntfs.org/doku.php?id=ntfsclone#reseting_the_bad_sectors_list_after_cloning . Otherwise, call ntfsresize with the -b option.
scoish inquisition
C: 2003-09-09
"NOBODY expects the SCO License Audit! Our chief weapon is suprise... surprise and fear... fear and surprise.... Our two weapons are fear and surprise... and a littany of grandiose claims in press releases.... Our *three* weapons are fear, surprise, and grandiose claims... and an almost fanatical devotion to the UNIX license.... Our *four*... no... *Amongst* our weapons.... Amongst our weaponry... are such diverse elements
squeeze pool 1
C: 2009-02-12
<reply>! macrobat=2010-12-13 aguitel=2010-07-11 old=2010-09-21 BonZo=2010-10-15 craigevil=2010-08-30 Selveste1=2011-06-10 NiLon=2010-10-12 rvsjoen=2010-07-15 jordanm=2010-12-15 icebrain=2010-06-01 tabashco=2010-11-22 rmayorga=2011-01-17 jelly=2010-09-29 dpalacio=2010-08-03 cydork=2010-07-10 CutMeOwnThroat=2010-06-15 enouf=2010-04-01 themill=2010-05-30 valdyn=2010-06-15 rohan=2010-12-06 abrotman=2010-10-02 gsimmons=2010-09-03
why recommends
M: 2016-03-07
<reply>From Debian 5.0 "Lenny" onwards, apt-get and aptitude both install "Recommended" packages by default. From <policy> section 7.2, Recommends, "declares a strong, but not absolute, dependency. The Recommends field should list packages that would be found together with this one in all but unusual installations." You're not that unusual, trust us. By not installing "recommended" packages you will be missing functionality.
M: 2008-10-25
<reply> Debian GNU/Linux 4.0r4 was released on July 26th, 2008. This release contains an updated installer, the network-console installation option is no longer vulnerable to the issue described in <DSA1571>. It also includes 2.6.24 kernel images and related new packages, to provide support for hardware requiring updated drivers. http://www.debian.org/News/2008/20080726 Also ask me about <etchnhalf>. See also <4.0r4a>.
C: 2004-03-08
C: 2003-08-16
now unless otherwise stated, most support here is based on the assumptions that: 1. You're using the box you're trying to fix now, not some other box (or OS), 2. You're using Debian, 3. You have physical access to the system (it's not hours' drive, or flight, away), 4. You understand English, 5. You will check commands given against online documentation (man, info, /usr/share/doc, HOWTOS, Google) (more in assumptions2)
C: 2006-03-27
In American politics and advertising, the term astroturfing describes formal public relations projects which deliberately seek to engineer the impression of spontaneous, grassroots behavior. The goal is the appearance of independent public reaction to a politician, political group, product, service, event, or similar entities by centrally orchestrating the behavior of many diverse and geographically distributed individuals.
M: 2014-03-14
<reply>hold is a status flag that tells the package manager to not automatically upgrade a package. To hold a package 'echo $package hold|dpkg --set-selections' or 'aptitude hold $package'. Note that "aptitude hold" is ignored by other package managers (i.e. Update Manager, synaptic, apt-get) and aptitude won't necessarily use holds set with dpkg; see Debian bug #137771 (fixed in stretch). See also <hold list>, <unhold>.
M: 2014-01-20
<reply>Huayra is a derivative of Debian developed in Argentina. It is not supported in #debian; ask me about <based on debian>. Este canal es de soporte tecnico en Ingles para Debian. Solo Debian es soportado en #debian. Si prefiere que el soporte sea en espanol, por favor ingrese a #debian-es con /join #debian-es tecleado en la linea de chat. http://huayra.conectarigualdad.gob.ar/ #huayragnulinux on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-05-23
<reply>ICQ is an instant messaging program created by Mirabilis, originally designed for non-Unix operating system users. It uses AOL's <OSCAR> protocol, third-party clients for Linux include <bitlbee>, <centerim>, <empathy>, <finch>, <licq> and <pidgin>. All <Jabber> clients can communicate by using an ICQ transport. Note that ICQ Inc. receives all <copyright> for posted information: http://www.icq.com/legal/policy.html
M: 2005-05-29
<reply> Are people in #debian not helping you in the way you'd like to be helped? They won't hold your hand even though you need them to? A debian developer would probably be best to answer your question. Please go to http://www.jabberwacky.com/ and enter your question into the text box, and click on "say it". Your message will automatically be sent to the developer team, and you should receive an answer within seconds.
M: 2009-05-17
<reply>Nmap ("Network Mapper") is a free software port scanner written by Fyodor. It is used to evaluate the security of computers, and to discover services or servers on a computer network. Don't use it to do anything you wouldn't want done to yourself. Popular by the clueless to audit computers they could and should just run 'netstat -plunt' on (ask me about <open ports>). http://nmap.org/ ##nmap on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-02-12
<reply>PXELINUX is a derivative of <SYSLINUX>, used to boot Linux from a server via a network ROM supporting <PXE>. Packaged for Debian in syslinux-common, see /usr/share/doc/syslinux/pxelinux.txt.gz. See http://www.syslinux.org/archives/2008-February/009778.html if "pxelinux.0M-^?" is being requested. http://syslinux.org/wiki/index.php/Hardware_Compatibility http://syslinux.org/wiki/index.php/PXELINUX See also <ipxe>.
sarge pool 3
C: 2004-03-20
<reply>! blk=2005-01-23 <alejandro_>=2005-02-15 #perl-magic-8-ball-bot=2005-01-01 Zone=2004-11-29 karsten=2003-12-01 abrotman=2004-10-02 Guerin=2005-03-13 Kerpal=2005-01-01 FieldySnuts=2009-12-31 scarynetworkguy=2005-01-03 directhex=2004-12-25 <cantona>=2004-08-19 <cantona>=2004-8-19 andika=2005-01-31 Cit=2004-05-20 g0llum=2004-07-26 dan2=2004-06-24 bztunk=2004-09-11 obake=2004-04-31 guestish=2004-05-30 <galois>=2004-07-09
usb install squeeze
M: 2013-04-28
<reply>You can install squeeze from a USB stick/thumbdrive/pen drive/key on x86 systems, as long as your system's BIOS can boot from USB. Details are in the Installation Guide, see http://www.debian.org/releases/squeeze/i386/ch04s03 and ask me about <install squeeze> for hybrid CD/DVD images. Use http://sf.net/projects/win32diskimager/ to write images from Windows. For BIOSes not capable of USB boot, ask me about <plop>.
M: 2010-09-26
<reply>The Netgear WG511 is a 802.11g Cardbus device. Four variants exist, see http://daemonizer.de/prism54/wg511 for descriptions and pictures. For v2 and v3 (both PCI ID 1260:3890), ask me about <p54>; v1 (EEPROM-less) is only supported by the deprecated prism54 driver. For the device physically labelled "WG511v2" / "WG511 v2" (PCI ID 11ab:1faa), ask me about <88w8335>. For the WG511T and WG511U, ask me about <ath5k>.
C: 2006-07-31
<reply> Abandonware is computer software which is no longer being sold or supported by its copyright holder. Sometimes, it is used as a blanket category for any software over a certain age, usually five years. The term has no legal meaning. This means that labeling any kind of software 'abandonware' does not make it legal to use it without paying or make copies of it. Unless the author puts the software in the public domai
alpha blending
C: 1970-01-01
This allows two objects to be blended together. This is primarily used for atmospheric and environmental effects. It allows such things as "fogging," where an image is rendered behind a "translucent" image, which creates the effect of looking though fog or looking down through a pool and seeing the bottom. It also allows Depth Cueing, which is the lowering of the intensity of lighting to make an object appear farther away.
apache config jessie
M: 2014-08-12
<reply> Debian's apache2 web server uses /etc/apache2/apache2.conf, /etc/apache2/envvars. To ease maintenance, avoid modifying files installed from the packages and use /etc/apache2/{sites,mods,conf}-available}/*.conf instead (.conf suffix required for Apache 2.4); use a2en{mod,conf,site} to activate. See /usr/share/doc/apache2/README.Debian or http://deb.li/3jUSV for more info. Also ask me about <apache config wheezy>.
M: 2013-01-22
<reply>Automatic process grouping (aka "patch that does wonders") modifies the process scheduler to group all processes with the same session ID as a single scheduling entity. Since Debian 7 "Wheezy", Linux kernel images are built with SCHED_AUTOGROUP but is disabled by default at run-time (this is the upstream default, Debian bug #645869); use the <sysctl> kernel.sched_autogroup_enabled=1 to enable. http://bit.ly/gH4Pxr
msg the bot
M: 2014-07-05
<reply>Please have conversations with the bots in a private message as much as possible. Instead of using "!topic" or "!tell <your nick> about <topic>" in the channel, you can just "/msg dpkg topic". See <bot help> and http://wiki.debian.org/IRC/DpkgBot to learn more and browse my factoids on-line at http://ircbots.debian.net/ . Also ask me about <judd>, which is another bot and window into the Ultimate Debian Database.
nvidia dkms-173xx wheezy
C: 2012-11-25
<reply>For Debian 7 "Wheezy" users (GeForce 5/FX GPUs supported). Ask me about <contrib> and <non-free sources>. «aptitude -r install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` nvidia-kernel-legacy-173xx-dkms && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "nvidia"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nvidia.conf». Restart your system to enable the <nouveau> blacklist.
nvidia dkms-96xx wheezy
C: 2012-12-04
<reply>For Debian 7 "Wheezy" users (GeForce 2/3/4 GPUs supported). Ask me about <contrib> and <non-free sources>. «aptitude -r install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` nvidia-kernel-legacy-96xx-dkms && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "nvidia"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nvidia.conf». Restart your system to enable the <nouveau> blacklist.
M: 2000-08-05
<reply>Netsnipe <mailto:netsnipe@hotmail.com>, xk <mailto:xk@leguin.org.uk>, mark_ <mark@axeon.screaming.net>, himi, robster, Generic(Boy), Chipaca, ircdevil, ravi <mailto:ravi@linux.ca>, mwr, raja <mailto:raja@linuxgiant.com>, , solomon, jm_, CanDoo, phunky <mailto:phunky@softhome.net>, CrazyEddy, xSDG. ASIO, wolfie <mailto:wolfie@lpsg.org>, wwbbs, relax <mailto:davis@skink.net>, fire_hawk <mailto:firehawk@datademons.com>
stretch/unstable mix
C: 2014-08-16
<reply>«echo 'APT::Default-Release "stretch";' >> /etc/apt/apt.conf», edit sources.list, copy your non-security stretch lines and change one set to sid, then apt-get update. apt-get -t sid install foo; to install foo from sid rather than stretch as usual. WARNING to SYNAPTIC users: Synaptic ignores Default-Release: set Preferences->Distribution. See <jum caveat> and use this setup to track <stretch> after its release.
M: 2010-02-12
<reply>SYSLINUX is a suite of boot loaders for x86 systems, supporting FAT/NTFS filesystems (SYSLINUX), bootable ISO-9660 CD-ROMs (ISOLINUX), PXE network booting (PXELINUX) and ext{2,3,4}/btrfs filesystems (EXTLINUX). Also includes MEMDISK for booting legacy operating systems (e.g. MS-DOS). Used in Debian x86 installation media. http://syslinux.zytor.com/ #syslinux on irc.freenode.net. See also <extlinux>, <pxelinux>.
M: 2014-02-10
<reply>sysvinit is an essential package providing System-V-like init utilities (e.g. /sbin/init) required to boot a Debian system. zless /usr/share/doc/sysv-rc/README.runlevels.gz . As of sysvinit 2.88dsf-3, concurrent (parallel) booting is the default when <dependency based startup> is enabled. sysvinit hasn't been able to correctly boot the Linux kernel since 2003, which is why alternatives have been actively pursued.
M: 2012-01-16
<reply>You can't unmix releases. Downgrading isn't supported by apt, by the maintainer scripts or the packages. If you're in this situation, you have 3 choices, none of which is fun: (1) upgrade to testing and learn a lot about Debian very quickly to solve the problems you will face (not for servers!) (2) ask me about <partial downgrade> and *try* to go backwards to the older release or (3) restore from backup/reinstall.
M: 2010-03-12
<reply>This is outdated, for Stretch see https://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/PredictableNetworkInterfaceNames/ oldfactoid: udev has the ability to statically rename Ethernet cards based on MAC address. The addresses are configured in /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules, edit this file to change the mappings. To apply changes: «udevadm trigger» or reload the relevant driver module. See also <udev>.
M: 2012-03-06
<reply>777 is the mode corresponding to -rwxrwxrwx and is NEVER the right answer to your permission "problems". Anyone on your box (whether welcome or not) can do anything they want with those directories and files. It is VERY WRONG... learn how to use the permissions properly instead of leaving a gaping security hole to make something work in a hurry. Ask me about <user private groups>, <permissions>, <ftp must die>.
M: 2010-12-09
<reply> Debian follows the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard. The filesystem is categorized by purpose, not application. This allows, for example, the easy and efficient deployment of a read-only /usr area across a number of thin clients. See http://www.pathname.com/fhs/ or install the 'debian-policy' package (/usr/share/doc/debian-policy/fhs/*), or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filesystem_Hierarchy_Standard, or "man hier".
M: 2012-03-12
<reply>forked-daapd is a iTunes-compatible media server, originally intended as a rewrite of Firefly Media Server (formerly <mt-daapd>). It supports many audio formats, video streaming to iTunes, supports Apple's Remote iPhone/iPod application and can stream music to AirTunes devices (e.g. AirPort Express). Also features RSP support for Roku's SoundBridge devices. http://git.debian.org/?p=users/jblache/forked-daapd.git
grub default
M: 2013-04-21
<reply>New installations of Debian 8 "Jessie" and Debian 7 "Wheezy" will have the GNU GRUB 2 bootloader installed by default on x86 systems (grub-pc package), ask me about <grub config> to configure. Upgrading from Debian 5.0 "Lenny" will offer to chainload GRUB 2 from GRUB Legacy to verify its use, see §4.7.1 of the <squeeze release notes> for more information. GRUB Legacy remains packaged, ask me about <grub legacy>.
M: 2010-11-29
<reply>Remove volatile & backports from /etc/apt/sources.list changing lenny to squeeze. Use apt-get for the upgrade: "apt-get update && apt-get upgrade && apt-get install linux-image-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` udev". Install firmware-linux-nonfree if needed; check you have a 2.6.32 kernel installed "aptitude search '~nlinux-image~i'" and reboot into it. "apt-get dist-upgrade". READ THE <squeeze release notes>.
M: 2007-11-01
<reply>NDISwrapper enables the use of Windows XP (not Vista/7/8) network device drivers within the Linux kernel (x86 and x86-64 systems only). If a Linux kernel driver is available for your device, consider using that instead; for wireless LAN devices, ask me about <wireless>. To install NDISwrapper on Debian systems, see http://wiki.debian.org/NdisWrapper . http://ndiswrapper.sf.net/ #ndiswrapper on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2013-05-24
<reply>Where possible, Nvidia graphic processing units are supported using the open source <nouveau> driver on Debian systems by default. To install the proprietary "nvidia" driver, see https://wiki.debian.org/NvidiaGraphicsDrivers or ask me about <nvidia dkms>, <nvidia legacy>; installing this directly from nvidia.com (i.e. with <nvidia-installer>) is _not_ supported in #debian, please go to #nvidia on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-03-16
<reply>Outlook is the bag of security holes that Microsoft calls a business email client, or features VTP (virus transfer protocol), which is able to transfer all known viruses, including foot and mouth disease, or a virus stub loader with e-mail capabilities. The readpst utility (pst-utils package) can assist in <pst> to mbox conversion. See also <tnef>. Not to be confused with <Outlook Express> client or outlook.com.
raspberry pi
M: 2012-11-09
<reply>The Raspberry Pi is an open hardware design based on a Broadcom system-on-a-chip, requiring <non-free> <firmware>. Debian's <armel> port works fine, but does not use the Pi's hardware floating point unit. Debian's <armhf> port targets a newer revision of the ARM chip than is in the Pi, so armhf will not work on it. http://wiki.debian.org/RaspberryPi http://www.raspberrypi.org/ #raspberrypi on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2014-02-18
<reply>Request For Package (RFP) is the way to ask for a piece of software to be included in Debian. See http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp, the section on that page "Adding new entries with "reportbug"" is a good place to start. Technically, a RFP is a wishlist bug filed against "wnpp" with a title beginning "RFP: ", ask me about <wnpp>. The best way of getting software packaged is to do it yourself: ask me about <nmg>.
M: 2011-04-10
<reply>The SiS 191 Gigabit Ethernet Adapter (PCI ID 1039:0191) is supported by the sis190 Linux kernel module. It was previously not functional in Linux x86_64 kernels (2.6.26 through 2.6.30 inclusive) on systems with 4GB of RAM or more, due to the bug described at http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=11509 ; corrected in mainline at Linux 2.6.31 and fixed in linux-2.6 2.6.26-20 (part of the <5.0.4> point release).
usb install
C: 2013-03-18
<reply>You can install Debian from a USB stick/thumbdrive/pen drive/key on x86 systems, as long as your system's BIOS can boot from USB. Details are in the Installation Guide, see http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch04s03 and ask me about <install debian> for hybrid CD/DVD images. Use http://sf.net/projects/win32diskimager/ to write images from Windows. For BIOSes not capable of USB boot, ask me about <plop>.
M: 2011-02-04
<reply>stable-backports has packages from packages the current 'testing' release; you can upgrade from stable+backports to testing (or oldstable+backports to stable). Packages that were backported from 'testing' to 'oldstable' are in oldstable-backports-sloppy; if you use these packages, then you can upgrade from oldstable+backports+backports-sloppy to stable+backports. Sloppy means "relaxed rules" not "crap packages".
bash login scripts
C: 2001-04-23
<reply> [bash login scripts] piranha recommends: putting things like aliases and functions in "/etc/bash.bashrc" and "~/.bashrc", and putting things you only want executed on login in "/etc/profile" and "~/.bash_profile". Add "source /etc/bash.bashrc" to "~/.bash_profile", followed by "if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then source ~/.bashrc; fi". This ensures interactive login shells will execute "~/.bashrc" and "/etc/bash.bashrc".
M: 2010-12-08
a tool to temporarily prevent a program from being as careful as it should be about flushing its data to disk. If you have to install a lot of packages and are also copying around lots of files, then the performance of dpkg can be reduced, so "eatmydata aptitude install foo" is a viable option. Just understand that if the machine crashes the files will be left in an inconsistent state and the machine may be unbootable.
M: 2009-11-14
<reply>The Enlightened Sound Daemon (ESD, EsoundD) is a sound server used by Enlightenment and formerly used by GNOME. Some interesting things that can be done include using <mpg123> on a remote computer, and having it connect to a local esound daemon. "My views on esd are mostly unprintable." -- Alan Cox. The esound and esound-clients binary packages were dropped at esound version 0.2.41-9, ask me about <pulseaudio>.
M: 2010-06-20
<reply>Etch is the codename for Debian GNU/Linux 4.0, released on April 8th, 2007. Etch security support ended on 2010-02-15, this release is no longer supported. Etch users should upgrade to Lenny, ask me about <etch->lenny>. Removed from the mirrors (2010-06-20); ask me about <etch sources.list>. For old Etch ISOs, ask me about <etch iso>. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianEtch http://www.debian.org/News/2010/20100121
M: 2007-04-22
<reply> Run "dselect --expert". Hit the down arrow once, then hit enter a lot. Problem solved (if the packages are available and/or scripts are not borked). Basically, DON'T edit sources, DON'T select anything, just go to option 1 (update sources) and JUST HIT ENTER a lot until you exit... you may have to hit y or n somewhere. Also, if you've never run dselect, you may have to use option 0 and choose APT Acquisition.
installed test
M: 2011-03-02
<reply>To test in a script if a package is installed, you can: if dpkg -l $package 2>/dev/null | grep -q ^.i; then echo yes; fi or if [[ $(dpkg-query -f'${Status}' --show $package 2>/dev/null) = *\ installed ]]; then echo yes; fi. Note that "installed" isn't a simple concept -- is the package configured yet? is it actually scheduled for removal? See man dpkg "package states" and "selection states" for more details.
M: 2013-09-06
<reply> $nick: È possibile scaricare un sacco di software libero puntando il tuo browser a http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/multi-arch/iso-cd/debian-9.0.0-amd64-i386-netinst.iso !||<reply>$nick: Debian è un sistema operativo composto da software libero (un concetto distinto da quello di gratis): vedi http://www.debian.org/intro/free.it.html per saperne di più.||<reply>$nick: vedi http://packages.debian.org/
loads of junk
C: 2000-03-18
<reply>Please stop spamming #debian. Thanks.aldkadk;akd;akskdk;askd;ldka;dasaldkadk;akd;akskdk;askd;ldka;dasaldkadk;akd;akskdk;askd;ldka;dasaldkadk;akd;akskdk;askd;ldka;dasaldkadk;akd;akskdk;askd;ldka;dasaldkadk;akd;akskdk;askd;ldka;dasaldkadk;akd;akskdk;askd;ldka;dasaldkadk;akd;akskdk;askd;ldka;dasaldkadk;akd;akskdk;askd;ldka;dasaldkadk;akd;akskdk;askd;ldka;dasaldkadk;akd;akskdk;askd;ldka;dasaldkadk;akd;akskdk;askd;ldka
M: 2004-12-20
<reply> Modular support is nice, but don't go overboard. You'll have to use static (vs modular) support for your root filesystem (including where your modules reside) and the hardware used to boot it (e.g. IDE, SCSI controllers, etc). Consider using a known good configuration from /boot/ and copy it to .config, then make oldconfig (ask me about <kp>). And make sure your <initrd> is set up correctly in your bootloader.
nvidia dkms squeeze
M: 2011-11-24
<reply>For Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" systems. Ask me about <contrib> and <non-free sources>. «aptitude -r install linux-headers-2.6-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` nvidia-kernel-dkms && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "nvidia"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nvidia.conf». Run «update-initramfs -u» and restart your system to enable the <nouveau> blacklist.
M: 2011-12-11
<reply>The Debian PowerPC64 port (ppc64, not officially released) supports 64-bit PowerPC CPUs with AltiVec (aka Velocity Engine, VMX) e.g. PowerPC 970/970FX/970MP, Xenon, Cell BE, PowerXCell 8i, POWER6/POWER6+, POWER7. http://wiki.debian.org/PPC64 http://debian-ppc64.alioth.debian.org/ . The POWER4/POWER4+ and POWER5/POWER5+ are 64-bit PowerPC CPUs without AltiVec, use the <powerpc> port for support of these systems.
reinstall grub
M: 2009-07-30
<reply>See http://wiki.debian.org/GrubRecover http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch08s07.html . Boot a CD like <grml>, mount your disk read/write, (mount boot partition into your / partition if applicable,) mount -o bind /dev/ /your/root/dev; chroot /your/root; mount -t proc none /proc; grub-install /dev/foo (you may need to edit /etc/mtab and/or /boot/grub/device.map). Also ask me about <fixmbr> <rescue mode>.
C: 1970-01-01
this thang wheree stuff starts to think, and become aware, eventually self-aware and universally aware, and other cosmic type stuff. But the dictionary definition goes more like this: having the power of perception by the senses; conscious. characterized by sensation and consciousness. The Debian system will one day attain a conciousness greater than the sum of it's parts... and whenn that day comes, it'll kick booty. :)
M: 2012-08-22
<reply>smbfs is the Linux <SMB> virtual filesystem driver. Unmaintained, disabled in Debian kernel images since Linux 2.6.24, moved to staging at 2.6.37 and removed from mainline at 2.6.39. In Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", the smbfs package only provides smbfs compatibility wrappers for the cifs-utils (package dropped for Debian 7 "Wheezy", bug #620847). The smbfs driver was superseded by the cifs driver, ask me about <cifs>.
testing sources.list
M: 2013-12-12
<reply>Using "testing" instead of the current codename (e.g. stretch) in your sources.list isn't as bad as using stable in your sources.list; you will just seamlessly continue to track the "testing" distribution following a release. Note that for a few months just after a release, testing can be a pretty bumpy ride... perhaps running stable would be a better idea? See also <stable sources.list>, <stretch sources.list>.
M: 2013-09-18
<reply>The ampersand character typically means "and". It can be for: [bash] a command separator that allows execution to continue onto the next command (or give you your prompt back) "do this AND that". [C-like languages] bitwise AND operation; taking address/pass-by-reference. [URLs] field delimiter on form data. [TeX] tabstops/table columns. foo && bar is commonly used to mean a logical AND of the two conditions.
C: 2001-05-27
I compiled it like normal, things were okay, I rebooted into it, it started giving some dma errors on my ide hard disks which I've *NEVER* had before, boom, 2 minutes later the kernel is spewing usb and acpi errors, I rebooted, ext2fs detected my main disk was corrupt, pages and pages and PAGES of inodes and even BAD BLOCKS where there were none, and blam, finally it just nuked the whole thing and it wouldn't even boot.
M: 2011-05-14
<reply>BackTrack is not Debian and is not supported in #debian (ask me about <based on debian>). Try http://www.backtrack-linux.org/ or #backtrack-linux on irc.freenode.net instead. BackTrack is a Linux distribution based on <Ubuntu> Lucid (as of BackTrack 5), previously <SLAX>. Derived from merging two penetration-testing distributions: WHAX (formerly WHOPPIX) and Auditor Security Linux. Superseded by <kali linux>.
M: 2011-03-22
<reply>The Broadcom BCM4312 (PCI ID 14e4:4315) is a PCIe 802.11g wireless LAN chipset with a low-power PHY. It is supported by the <b43> driver. Firmware is required, ask me about <contrib> and install the firmware-b43-lpphy-installer package to provide. Alternatively supported by <wl>. PCI ID 14e4:4312 uses a BCM4311 chipset, which requires the firmware-b43-installer package instead. http://wiki.debian.org/bcm43xx
crystal space
C: 2003-01-02
at http://crystal.sourceforge.net, a free (LGPL) and portable 3D Game Development Kit written in C++. It supports: true six degrees of freedom, colored lighting, mipmapping, portals, mirrors, alpha transparency, reflective surfaces, 3D sprites (frame based or with skeletal animation), procedural textures, radiosity, particle systems, halos, volumetric fog, scripting (using Python or other languages), and much much more.
C: 2008-06-11
<reply>full-upgrade is the new name for "dist-upgrade" in aptitude from Lenny onwards. Remember that "dist-upgrade" is not about moving from one release to another but installing new packages (ask me about <dist-upgrade>); read man apt-get carefully. Some security fixes will require a "full-upgrade" not just a "safe-upgrade" to apply. Ask me about <why not dist upgrade> <dist-upgrade> <safe-upgrade> <apt-listchanges>
M: 2009-05-17
<reply>links2 is a text and graphics browser with support for HTTPS and JavaScript. For using in console as GUI (with mouse and keys support), see /usr/share/doc/links2/README.Debian (so you can use as regular non-root user when running in console in GUI mode). Ask me about <links2 settings>. Does not honor the <http_proxy> / <ftp_proxy> environment variables (Debian bugs #55425, #93359). http://links.twibright.com/
M: 2009-12-05
<reply>[oss4] Open Sound System is a cross-platform set of device drivers providing a standard audio API for Unix systems. OSS/Free was in the 2.2 and 2.4 series of Linux kernels, with OSS/Linux remaining proprietary, replaced by <ALSA> in Linux 2.6. Open Sound System v4.0 was made available under the GPLv2 in July 2007, this is packaged since Debian 6.0 "Squeeze". http://www.opensound.com/ #oss on irc.freenode.net.
parsing ls
C: 2009-09-16
<reply>Trying to manipulate the output of "ls" isn't a very good idea at all: the output varies when you change locales or even between different versions of coreutils (let alone between linux and other unices). The output of ls was never designed to be fed into other programs and if you have odd characters like spaces or newlines in your filenames then you will strike trouble. See http://mywiki.wooledge.org/ParsingLs
.local domain
M: 2010-10-02
<reply>.local is a pseudo-top-level domain for private networks. If you want to administer this domain manually using a name server like <bind> or in your <hosts> files, you should ensure that /etc/nsswitch.conf doesn't contain "mdns" entries for the hosts line in that case. Alternatively, you can let <avahi> manage the domain for you using <mdns>. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.local http://wiki.debian.org/ZeroConf
M: 2012-10-03
<reply>BitlBee is an IRC gateway to instant messaging networks (supports Jabber/XMPP (e.g. Google Talk), MSN, AIM, ICQ, Yahoo, Twitter/identi.ca/status.net). Since version 3.0, it can alternatively use the <Pidgin> libbpurple for all instant message communication (packaged for Debian as bitlbee-libpurple). http://www.bitlbee.org/main.php/faq.html http://www.bitlbee.org/ #bitlbee on irc.oftc.net. See also <minbif>.
cmd: tot (.*?)
M: 2005-10-30
($1): $1: Trick or treat! Give me some candy or I'll (set fire to a bag of dogshit on your porch.|ring your doorbell and run away.|put a dead badger in your mailbox.|wrap all your gardens trees with toilet paper.|rm -rf your homedir.|magnetize your harddrives.|flatten the tires on your car.|put sugar in the gastank of your car.|burn down your garage.|cat you to /dev/null.|kick you in the nuts.|come back and ask later.)
cross post
M: 2010-06-02
<reply>Posting the same question in several places at the same time (IRC channels, news groups, mailing lists, forums) is impolite; your time is NOT more valuable than everyone else's. Your question might be answered elsewhere, meanwhile we are wasting our time doing research for a problem you've already solved. Cross-posting can also make you look like a spammer and get you k:lined. See also <multiple ask> <hurry>.
harddrive speaker
C: 2003-07-29
Has Windoze made too many bad sectors on your HD? Here's what to do: Flip off the top, so you can see the insides. Then, find the two wires that move the read/write arm (try with a battery and different contact points). When you find the wires, follow the circuit trace to a convenient place to soil some new wires onto them. Jam some amplified sound through these wires, and your old harddrive will work as a speaker with
package downgrade
C: 2017-11-28
<reply> If you upgraded a single (meta-)package and its several dependencies to e.g. backports, probably the easiest way to go back is to uninstall or even purge the packages that were installed (which can be found in /var/log/apt/history.log), then install the (meta-) package again from e.g. stable repositories. Purging will remove all system configuration, which would prevent some problems from upgraded config files.
M: 2010-07-04
<reply>Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format for document exchange, designed by Adobe as a replacement for <PostScript>. Free software to view PDFs include <xpdf>, <okular>, <evince> (all poppler based) and gv, kghostview (ghostscript-based, much slower!). Adobe Reader (acroread) is available from deb-multimedia in non-free; ask me about <dmm>. See also <edit pdf>, <pdf writer>. http://wiki.debian.org/PDF
M: 2016-11-24
<reply> reportbug is used to submit bugs to the Debian <BTS>. Install reportbug, then run reportbug. See http://www.debian.org/Bugs/ http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch05s04#problem-report for some general information about using reportbug and/or for <debian-installer> bug reporting. Also ask me about <report-bugs>. http://wiki.debian.org/reportbug http://www.debian.org/Bugs/Reporting, or <reportbug MTA>
C: 2010-01-05
<reply>scponly is a restricted shell limiting user access to OpenSSH applications (scp, sftp). It can optionally operate chrooted, which requires a chroot jail for the user to be established; see /usr/share/doc/scponly/README.Debian and Debian bug #551868. http://sublimation.org/scponly/wiki/index.php/FAQ http://sublimation.org/scponly/wiki/ Removed from Debian post-Squeeze to resolve bug #650590. See also <rssh>.
M: 2010-09-04
<reply>Debian GNU/Linux 5.0.6 was released on September 4th, 2010. This update corrects security problems within the <oldstable> release, along with adjustments for serious problems. Support for Intel 82567LF-3, 82567LM-3, 82567LM-4 and 82583V Ethernet controllers was introduced. http://www.debian.org/News/2010/20100904 http://ftp.debian.org/debian/dists/lenny/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
M: 2011-05-28
<reply>Qualcomm Atheros is a developer of semiconductors. For support of PCI/PCIe wireless LAN devices with an Atheros chipset, ask me about <ath9k>, <ath5k>. For USB wireless LAN device support, ask me about <ath9k_htc>, <carl9170>, <ar5523>. For Ethernet driver information, see <atl1c>, <alx>, <atl2>, <atl1e>, <atl1>. For Bluetooth device support, see <ath3k>. http://wireless.kernel.org/en/users/Drivers/Atheros
M: 2009-05-30
<reply>base-config (obsolete since Debian 4.0 "Etch") was a package to configure a Debian base install. Replaced by a single-stage installer, see http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/RemoveBaseConfig for historical information. To install Debian from a Unix/Linux system, ask me about <debootstrap>. To reconfigure an established Debian system, ask me about <timezone>, <apt-setup>, <tasksel>. See also <reference>.
C: 2013-10-30
<reply>The Broadcom BCM70012 and BCM70015 "Crystal HD" chipsets are high definition video decoders/processors. Broadcom's Crystal HD driver is part of the Linux kernel's staging tree since Linux 2.6.34, this is not enabled in Debian Linux kernel images (see <kernel handbook> to rebuild); firmware is required and packaged as firmware-crystalhd in <non-free>. The Crystal HD shared library is packaged as libcrystalhd3.
C: 2012-02-20
a tool to make your own repository for apt: [1, as root] apt-get install dpkg-dev; [2, as user] mkdir -p ~/public_html/foo; cd ~/public_html/foo; [3] cp /your/packages.deb .; [4] dpkg-scanpackages . /dev/null | gzip > Packages.gz; [5, as root] Add a deb line to your /etc/apt/sources.list: "deb http://localhost/~username/foo ./" or "deb file:///home/username/public_html/foo ./". Alternatively, ask me about <reprepro>.
M: 2008-06-02
<reply>Please visit http://wiki.debian.org/IRC/DpkgBot to learn how to effectively search the factoids database for FAQ, and not flood in the channel with !tell <who> about <what>. Also ask me about <msg the bot>. We ask that you learn to search for yourself first, unless it is a specific problem. Many questions are asked repeatedly, and the factoid database can be of great help to you. Ask me about <search dpkg>.
M: 2009-05-07
<reply>The D-Link DWL-G630 is a Cardbus 802.11g wireless LAN device. For support of hardware version A1 (PCI ID 11ab:1fa6), ask me about <ndiswrapper>. For hardware version B1 (PCI ID 104c:9066, ACX 111 chip), ask about <acx-mac80211>. For hardware versions C1 (PCI ID 168c:001a) and D1 (PCI ID 168c:0013), ask about <ath5k>. For hardware versions E1 (PCI ID 1814:0301) and E2 (PCI ID 1814:0302), ask about <rt61pci>.
M: 2000-07-27
"This factoid is dedicated to the sacred memory of Joel "Espy" Klecker who passed away July 11, 2000, aged 21 from Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. We shall be ever grateful for his work as a Debian developer (glibc maintainer) since 1997 and his priceless help provided on IRC. Hence Debian 2.2 is dedicated to his memory. Rest in Peace. Official dedication: ftp://ftp.debian.org/doc/dedication-2.2.txt", or check espy_quote
M: 2013-03-07
<reply>java-package (formerly mpkg-j2se, j2se-package) provides the make-jpkg utility for creating Debian packages from manually downloaded <Java> distributions; Oracle Java 6 (update >= 10) and Oracle Java 7 are currently supported. java-package is available for Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems in <contrib>. http://wiki.debian.org/JavaPackage . Where possible, use <OpenJDK> instead, ask me about <install java>.
kernel abi
M: 2010-01-25
<reply>Debian kernel packages have an <ABI> to indicate when out-of-tree modules must be rebuilt; upgrading from a package with 3.2.0-3-amd64 to another 3.2.0-3-amd64 doesn't require fglrx/nvidia/etc to be rebuilt, but upgrading from 3.2.0-3-amd64 to 3.2.0-4-amd64 does. Development kernels intended for <experimental> have the ABI <trunk> to indicate the ABI is unmanaged. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianKernelABIChanges
M: 2012-09-08
<reply>mwl8k is a Linux kernel driver supporting 802.11n and 802.11b/g wireless LAN devices based on specific Marvell TopDog and Avastar PCI/PCIe chipsets: 88W8363 (since Linux 2.6.34), 88W8366 (since Linux 2.6.33), 88W8687, and 88W8764 (since Linux 3.10). Firmware from userspace is required, see http://wiki.debian.org/mwl8k for more information. The <88W8360> and <88W8361> chipsets are not supported by this driver.
M: 2014-02-12
<reply>The packaging tutorial (http://deb.li/QYyI) and the New Maintainer's Guide (http://deb.li/3DiDA) are good places to start learning about Debian packaging. You should also ask me about <devref> and <policy> to understand how packages should be maintained and how they should interact with each other. Ask me about <package basics>, <mentors>, <best practices> <build without helper>. http://www.debian.org/devel/
M: 2010-01-07
<reply>The Point-to-Point Protocol daemon (pppd) serves as an interface between software and hardware: transmitting datagrams over serial links, an extensible Link Control Protocol (LCP), and a family of Network Control Protocols/Program (NCP). It is also supported through the kernel, generally. Although, pppd provides more advanced functions, e.g. authentication or in the configuration of the IP (IPCP). See <ppp>.
C: 2004-10-07
<reply><rituraj> which disks have probs? sata? <directhex|work> rituraj, whatever's in my laptop, and i've heard people with i915 desktops failing installation <jim> then buy a controller put it in the pci slot and be done with it <directhex|work> jim, what a fucking useless waste of time and money for all concerned <directhex|work> jim, and handily, there are hundreds of pci disk controllers for laptops, aren't there
M: 2009-05-15
<reply> Vorbis is a patent free, open, lossy audio <codec>; it's usually found in the <ogg> multimedia wrapper (i.e. files with an .ogg extension) and hence is generally referred to as 'Ogg Vorbis'. Vorbis is natively VBR and sounds much better than MP3 at a given bitrate. See http://www.vorbis.com/faq/ for other reasons why you should choose Ogg Vorbis over MP3. http://www.vorbis.com/ #vorbis on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-09-05
<reply>Debian GNU/Linux 5.0.3 was released on September 4th, 2009. This update corrects security problems within the <oldstable> release, along with adjustments for serious problems. Support for the Intel 82574L and Broadcom NetXtreme II 10Gb Ethernet controllers was introduced. http://www.debian.org/News/2009/20090905 http://ftp.debian.org/debian/dists/lenny/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
M: 2014-04-26
<reply>Debian 7.5 was released on April 26th, 2014. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Support for additional Intel Ethernet devices (I210, I211, I217, I218, I354) was introduced. Further details are at http://www.debian.org/News/2014/20140426 and http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/wheezy/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
bdo kernel
M: 2015-04-29
<reply>Newer kernels for Debian stable releases are available from the <stretch-backports> repository. After modifying your sources.list, run «aptitude update». To install the current backported kernel: «aptitude -t stretch-backports install linux-image-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'`». To list available backported kernel image packages: «aptitude search '?narrow(~nlinux-image,?origin(Debian Backports))'».
M: 2013-06-27
<reply>brcmsmac (brcm80211 prior to Linux 2.6.39) is an open source <mac80211> driver, supporting 802.11n PCIe devices based on Broadcom <BCM4313>, <BCM43224> and <BCM43225> chips. Firmware is required (bcm43xx-0.fw, bcm43xx_hdr-0.fw), ask me about <non-free sources> and install the firmware-brcm80211 package to provide. Access point and adhoc modes are supported since Linux 3.10. https://wiki.debian.org/brcm80211
M: 2009-06-15
a non-strict purely functional programming language, named after the logician Haskell B. Curry. A free implementation is in the hugs package. The language specification is in the haskell-doc package. <GHC> is a free Haskell compiler. Even more perlish than perl!, or very evil, or not evil at all, and has fewer bracketses than Lithp. http://learnyouahaskell.com/ http://haskell.org/ #haskell on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-09-24
<reply>ttf-mscorefonts-installer (previously msttcorefonts) is a <contrib> package which installs the last distributable versions of Microsoft's "TrueType core fonts for the Web" (Times New Roman, Arial, Courier New, Trebuchet, Andale, Verdana, Impact, Georgia, Comic Sans, Webdings). An Internet connection is required for downloading these fonts if not locally available. See also <liberation>, <carlito>, <caladea>.
M: 2005-09-22
<reply> The idea of the IRC channel is to have multiple people review what is being said...so that you get accurate information. Additionally, this helps to lessen the burden on any single person, as multiple people can step in and lend their expertise. If you are not in the channel and you talk with one person and find out that that person doesn't know the answer then you have to start re-telling your story again.
C: 1970-01-01
(N)on (U)niform (R)ational (B)-(S)plines; a complex but useful way of describing multi-segment curves based on projections of bernstein polynomials. You use them if you want easy-to-edit curves or surfaces in a geometry system. There's an industry standard to read and write them as well as many free implementations. Jokingly referred to as (N)obody (U)nderstands (R)ational (B)-(S)plines, since the algorithms are ugly
M: 2014-02-09
<reply>systemd is a system and service manager for Linux, compatible with SysV and LSB init scripts. It is a replacement for <sysvinit>. systemd shipped as a technology preview in Debian 7 "Wheezy" and is the default init system in Debian 8 "Jessie". https://wiki.debian.org/systemd #debian-systemd on irc.oftc.net http://freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd #systemd on irc.freenode.net. See also <why systemd>.
M: 2011-01-06
<reply>w32codecs (w64codecs for amd64 systems) is a <non-free> package not distributed by Debian due to legal issues. It provides binary-only <codecs> for several multimedia formats, such as DivX ;-), RealAudio/RealVideo and Windows Media. To acquire, ask me about <deb-multimedia>. If you are looking for similar plugins for <gstreamer>, then look at the gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly and gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg packages.
wheezy sources.list
M: 2013-05-01
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for Debian 7 "Wheezy" has three lines: "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main" "deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main" "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-updates main". Be sure to run «aptitude update» after editing sources.list. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <wheezy/updates> <wheezy-updates> <mirrors> <apt-spy> and "man sources.list".
which repo
M: 2014-10-30
<reply>To see what repository a package may have come from, try https://www.palfrader.org/gitweb/?p=tools/weaselutils.git;a=blob_plain;f=apt-listrepository or use dpkg -l | awk '/^.i/ {print $2}' | xargs apt-cache policy | awk '/^[a-z0-9.-]+:/ {pkg=$1}; /\*\*\*/ {OFS="\t"; ver=$2; getline; print pkg,ver,$2,$3}', or ask me about <obsolete>, or http://people.debian.org/~dannf/apt-inventory, or <bdo list>, or <dmm list>
M: 2013-10-16
<reply>WordPress is an open source blogging tool written in PHP, forked from b2/cafelog. In Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" and Debian 7 "Wheezy", the wordpress package was updated to version 3.6.1 in September 2013 (DSA-2757-1); see /usr/share/doc/wordpress/NEWS.Debian and /usr/share/doc/wordpress/README.Debian for important information. http://wiki.debian.org/WordPress http://wordpress.org/ #wordpress on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-11-14
<reply>The WUSB54GSC "Compact Wireless-G USB Network Adapter with SpeedBooster" is a 802.11g wireless LAN device produced by Linksys/Cisco. For support of hardware version 1 (USB ID 13b1:0026, Broadcom BCM4320 chipset), ask me about <rndis_wlan>. Hardware version 2 (USB ID 1737:0075, Broadcom BCM4326U chipset) has no Linux kernel driver available, ask me about <ndiswrapper>. Not to be confused with the <WUSB54GS>.
M: 2012-01-28
<reply>Debian 6.0.4 was released on January 28th, 2012. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Support for Intel C600 Series SAS/SATA controllers is introduced, ask me about <isci>. Further details are at http://www.debian.org/News/2012/20120128 and http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/squeeze/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
be arthur dent
C: 2003-06-04
<reply>You barbarians! I'll sue the council for every penny it's got! I'll have you hung, drawn and quartered! And whipped! And boiled ... until ... until ... until you've had enough! And then I will do it again! And when I've finished I will take all the little bits, and I will jump on them! And I will carry on jumping on them, until I get blisters, or I can think of anything even more unpleasant to do, and then...
C: 1970-01-01
(Digital Audio Tape) This type of magnetic tape at one point threatened to supplant the normal audio cassette with a better quality alternative. Unfortunately, it never really took off due to idiotic licensing issues that kept its price high. However, the small tapes took off big in the computer industry. You can get DAT drives today that hold up to 20 GB of data. Audio DAT tapes are not compatible with data drives.
M: 2009-06-01
<reply>Exim 4 is the default <MTA> since Debian 3.1 "Sarge". The Debian package has a debconf-driven configuration which greatly eases configuration for most run-of-the-mill applications. E-Mail is a complicated matter, so it might be necessary to read a lot of documentation to allow more advanced features. exim4 is very powerful and flexible. Find more about Debian's exim4 on http://pkg-exim4.alioth.debian.org/
M: 2008-07-15
<reply>To fix your /etc/resolv.conf: edit /etc/dhcp{,3}/dhclient.conf to include the nameservers you want to use (ask me about <override dns>). Alternatively, use <resolvconf> and specify the nameservers yourself: echo -e "nameserver a.b.c.d\nnameserver w.x.y.z" > /etc/resolvconf/resolv.conf.d/base; resolvconf -u (where a.b.c.d and w.x.y.z are your ISPs nameservers). Also ask me about <fixresolvconf the ugly way>.
M: 2010-03-23
<reply>Kernel Mode Setting (KMS) has graphical modes initialized by the Linux kernel instead of X. It is hardware dependent, introduced in Linux 2.6.29. Enabled via modprobe as of xserver-xorg-video-intel 2:2.9.1-2 and xserver-xorg-video-radeon 1:6.12.192-2. To disable, edit /etc/modprobe.d/{i915,radeon}-kms.conf or boot with the 'nomodeset' kernel command line parameter. http://wiki.debian.org/KernelModesetting
M: 2014-12-15
<reply>Midnight Commander is a cross-platform orthodox file manager, a clone of Norton Commander. It is a text mode application, with the main interface consisting of two panels which display the file system. Samba (SMB) support is disabled by default since mc 2:4.6.2~git20080311-1 (Debian bug #432324). http://www.midnight-commander.org/wiki/doc/faq http://www.midnight-commander.org/, or The best file manager.
M: 2010-04-28
<reply> If you remove a repository from your sources.list (e.g. removing <dmm>), then you should check what packages you have installed from the other repository. Synaptic and aptitude have a "Obsolete and Locally Created Packages" list. Or, "aptitude search ~o". Note this doesn't include packages that exist in the repo at a different version to the one you have installed; see <not available> <list repositories>.
M: 2006-02-22
<reply> The reason you have to use dpkg --force-overwrite is because the package you are trying to install has files which exist in another package and does not conflict with the other package. This is *ALWAYS* a bug. Make sure a bug is filed (ask me about <bts>). If there isn't one, use reportbug to report it. Then install using the following: apt-get -o DPkg::Options::="--force-overwrite" install <packagename>
M: 2009-04-15
<reply>Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) is a network protocol for encapsulating <PPP> frames in Ethernet frames, frequently used in DSL connections. There are kernel-space and user-space PPPoE drivers available for Debian. To install Debian using a PPPoE connection, ask me about <pppoe install>. To enable on established systems, "aptitude install pppoeconf && pppoeconf". http://wiki.debian.org/PPPoE
M: 2009-03-30
<reply>Sarge is the codename for Debian GNU/Linux 3.1, released June 6th, 2005. Sarge security support ended on 2008-03-31, this release is no longer supported. Sarge users should upgrade to Etch, ask me about <sarge->etch>. Removed from the mirrors; ask me about <sarge sources.list>, <sarge-backports>. Get old sarge ISOs here: http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/archive/3.1_r8/ http://wiki.debian.org/DebianSarge
stretch sources.list
C: 2015-05-05
<reply> A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for "Stretch" has three lines: "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ stretch main" "deb http://security.debian.org/debian-security stretch/updates main" "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ stretch-updates main". Be sure to run «apt update» after editing sources.list. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <stretch/updates> <stretch-updates> <mirrors> and "man sources.list".
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>Suhosin is a protection system for <PHP>. The PHP patch was disabled at php5 5.3.9-4, see http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel/2012/02/msg00079.html for rationale. The PHP extension (php5-suhosin package) is not available for Debian 7 "Wheezy" due to bug #675312. For squeeze->wheezy upgrades, run «dpkg --purge php5-suhosin» to remove /etc/php5/conf.d/suhosin.ini (see §4.5 of the <wheezy release notes>).
C: 2010-03-03
<reply>testing-proposed-updates is a repository with packages that are proposed to go directly into testing without going via unstable. It is used only in very rare circumstances when there is a real need to upload a package directly into testing that would otherwise be blocked by a transition, and especially during the <freeze> process to help updated packages get into testing. See also <stable-proposed-updates>.
M: 2014-05-09
<reply>AMD's Unified Video Decoder (UVD) engine enables hardware-accelerated video decoding on Radeon HD graphics cards. The open source <radeon> driver supports UVD through <VDPAU> since Linux 3.10; Radeon HD 4000 and later GPUs (UVD2 hardware and newer) are supported. UVD microcode is required and packaged for Debian since firmware-linux-nonfree 0.39. VDPAU drivers for radeon are packaged as mesa-vdpau-drivers.
advocacy troll
C: 2004-10-04
a term that greycat made up to describe a troll who demands action (typically unreasonable or unachievable) "for the good of Debian". Example: "Debian needs to have a graphical installer to make it easier for end users to increase its market share!" Example: "The BTS should have a web interface for submitting bugs so we can have vague, misspelled, irreproducible PEBKAC errors and no way to contact the submitter!"
am_edit better
C: 2002-05-08
a am_edit edits Makefile.in's for implementing KDE extensions, like KDE_DOC, METASOURCES = AUTO, KDE_ICON, doxygen support, convenience things like install-exec-am target for kde_modules, enable-final, and dcopidl support (being able to specify foo.stub or foo.skel in _SOURCES and the Makefile automatically getting appropriate tragets which call dcopidl, etc. oh, and of course uic support (_SOURCES = .. foo.ui ...)
M: 2010-05-09
<reply>apt-cache is a tool with several commands that query the package cache in various ways. To see versions of a package or which repository it came from, use "apt-cache policy foo", "apt-cache show foo" or "apt-cache showpkg foo" (searches for reverse dependencies). "apt-cache search foo" helps to find which packages provide or are related to foo, by searching all package descriptions. See also <which repo>.
base install
M: 2012-04-03
<reply>The term "base install" is often debated: if you don't select anything at the <tasksel> stage, you will end up with a very minimal system that will be missing many tools you would expect to find (at, less, file, ...). Selecting the <standard task> at the tasksel stage is highly recommended to provide you with the standard tools that should live on any unix-like machine. Also ask me about <minimal install>.
M: 2002-11-10
something that has nothing to do with free software or heaven on earth., or a great idea, but it never works, or "Communism deprives no man of the power to appropriate the products of society; all that it does is to deprive him of the power to subjugate the labour of others by means of such appropriations." (Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels), or "yeah and capitalism is working that great isn't it?
debian logo
M: 2013-08-06
<reply>The Debian Open Use Logo is distributable under the LGPLv3 or later and is available in a variety of formats (jpg, png, svg, eps, pdf) from http://www.debian.org/logos . Usage of the logo shouldn't be confusing or misrepresenting as per the trademark policy http://www.debian.org/trademark http://www.debian.org/News/2013/20130301. Also ask me about <debian logo font> or see http://wiki.debian.org/DebianLogo
debian ooo
C: 2011-03-31
<reply><OpenOffice.org> in Debian has been following the fork at http://go-oo.org/ for several years, meaning that OOo in Debian has had a set of LGPLv3 patches that Sun refused to accept on the grounds of their licence. The fork at go-oo.org has joined the <libreoffice> project so while there's a change in name for the openoffice.org packages in Debian, there's little practical difference for users at this stage.
M: 2006-03-29
<reply>[less] a program on Unix and Unix-like systems used to view (but not change) the contents of a text file one screen at a time. It is similar to <more>, but has the extended capability of allowing both forward and backward navigation through the file. Unlike vi (which can also be used to view files), less does not need to read the entire file before starting, resulting in faster load times with large files.
M: 2003-06-29
a portable mp3/wma/(mp3pro?) player that comes with internal memory but also supports sd/mmc cards. Now works with linux since they gave up on stupid encoded files. I am under the impression that 1071(and the 64meg version too) and 1080 for sure work under linux. jonathan.taylor@utoronto.ca, or UPGRADE TO KERNEL 2.4.21prepare to cry. mount -t vfat /dev/sca1 /mnt/some-dir When plug in again changes to /dev/scb1
oftc move
M: 2006-06-20
<reply>irc.debian.org moved to OFTC on June 4th 2006, see http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2006/05/msg00012.html. Operators and bots (see <fact sharing>) will remain on both networks for the foreseeable future; you're welcome to either move to OFTC with i.d.o or stay on Freenode. Questions? Ask in #debian on one or other network. See also http://lists.debian.org/debian-project/2006/04/msg00333.html
M: 2010-01-16
<reply>Openswan is an <IPsec> implementation for Linux kernels, forked from <freeswan>. Install the openswan package to provide Openswan IPsec utilities. As Debian stock kernels have IPsec (NETKEY, aka 26sec) and crypto support enabled, the openswan-modules-source or linux-patch-openswan packages are only necessary for KLIPS use. http://wiki.openswan.org/ http://www.openswan.org/ #openswan on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-02-17
<reply>The PC Speaker makes an annoying BEEPing <bell> sound from within your computer (usually a piezoelectric speaker, attached to the motherboard). Blacklist "pcspkr" (PC Speaker beeper driver) to kill it, ask me about <blacklist>. snd-pcsp (PC Speaker sound card driver) is blacklisted by default since alsa-driver 1.0.17.dfsg-4, the Linux kernel no longer autoloads it since linux 3.13.4-1 (Debian bug #697709).
M: 2013-10-13
<reply>Pentadactyl is an Iceweasel/Firefox extension forked from <vimperator>, providing a keyboard-accessible user interface inspired by <vim>. Packaged as xul-ext-pentadactyl; removed from the Debian 7 "Wheezy" release at <7.2> (incompatible with Iceweasel ESR releases), install xul-ext-pentadactyl from <testing> or via the browser's add-on manager. http://5digits.org/pentadactyl/ #pentadactyl on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2015-08-07
<reply>Roundcube is an <IMAP> client written in PHP. This software is not part of the Debian 8 "Jessie" release (bug #775666) but is available in <jessie-backports>. Debian 7 "Wheezy" users: SQLite v2 support was dropped, see /usr/share/doc/roundcube-sqlite/NEWS.Debian.gz and http://wiki.debian.org/Roundcube/DeprecationOfSQLitev2 . http://www.roundcube.net/ #roundcube on irc.freenode.net. See also <imapproxy>.
M: 2011-01-05
<reply>The smartmontools package provides the smartctl and smartd utilities, used to control/monitor devices supporting "Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology" built into modern ATA and SCSI hard disks. After installation, read /usr/share/doc/smartmontools/README.Debian for initial configuration and upstream recommendations. http://sf.net/apps/trac/smartmontools/wiki/FAQ http://smartmontools.sf.net/
M: 2013-03-26
<reply>The TP-LINK TL-WN821N "300Mbps Wireless N USB Adapter" is an 802.11n device. For support of version 1 (USB ID 0cf3:9170, Atheros AR9170 chip) and version 2 (USB ID 0cf3:1002, Atheros AR9170 chip), ask me about <carl9170>. For support of version 3 (USB ID 0cf3:7015, Atheros AR7010 chip), ask me about <ath9k_htc>. For support of version 4 (USB ID 0bda:8178, Realtek RTL8192CU chip), ask me about <rtl8192cu>.
why nvidia-installer sucks
M: 2009-09-20
<reply>nvidia-installer works fine for you today, granted. Let's say tomorrow Xorg is updated -- the nvidia driver will break. If you try to uninstall nvidia (nvidia-installer --uninstall), then you break Xorg badly. nvidia-installer overwrites files at random, and has NO CONCEPT of package management. We recommend against using it based on extensive experience. USE THE DEBIAN PACKAGES. Ask me about <nvidia>.
M: 2012-08-02
<reply>From the Apache HTTPD Server Tutorial (http://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/howto/htaccess.html): "You should avoid using .htaccess files completely if you have access to httpd main server config file. Using .htaccess files slows down your Apache http server. Any directive that you can include in a .htaccess file is better set in a Directory block, as it will have the same effect with better performance."
am_edit really
C: 2002-05-08
am_edit edit's Makefile.in's for implementing KDE extensions, like KDE_DOC, METASOURCES = AUTO, KDE_ICON, doxygen support, convenience things like install-exec-am target for kde_modules, enable-final, and dcopidl support (being able to specify foo.stub or foo.skel in _SOURCES and the Makefile automatically getting appropriate tragets which call dcopidl, etc. oh, and of course uic support (_SOURCES = .. foo.ui ...)
apt-get source
C: 2009-06-23
the way to download the debian source for your packages. Run apt-get source and compile packages as a non-root user. Ask me about <source> <deb-src>. If you have several deb-src lines in your sources.list, then you will need to use "apt-get source packagename=version" to control what source version is downloaded (apt-get source ignores the -t option). Also ask me about <package recompile> <simple sid backport>
backports.org sarge
M: 2009-03-05
<reply>Backported packages for Debian 3.1 "Sarge" were removed from <debian-backports> on 13-Feb-2009. They were archived on archive.debian.org. A sample line for your sources.list is: deb http://archive.debian.org/debian-backports sarge-backports main contrib non-free. Then, aptitude update && aptitude install debian-backports-keyring && aptitude update. No security support is available, ask me about <sarge>.
M: 2010-09-10
<reply>The "Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name" warning is issued when Apache HTTPD cannot obtain the <FQDN> from a reverse lookup of your server's IP address. This can usually be ignored. You may want to add the fully-qualified hostname to /etc/hosts, or define 'ServerName' in the global server context of its configuration (e.g. /etc/apache2/conf.d/servername.local).
M: 2010-06-08
<reply>Drupal is an open source content management framework, packaged as drupal6 (Debian 6.0 "Squeeze") and drupal7 (Debian 7 "Wheezy"). No automated upgrade path from drupal6 exists, see http://wiki.debian.org/Drupal/Upgrade/From6To7 . dh-make-drupal can be used to create packages of Drupal modules/themes. General FAQ: http://drupal.org/node/202799 http://www.drupal.org/ #drupal-support on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2011-05-17
<reply>MIPS is a <RISC> architecture (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIPS_architecture). Debian's MIPS port consists of two ports (debian-mips and debian-mipsel) differing in binary endianness. See http://www.debian.org/ports/mips/ for more information, supported machines and related links. See also <install guide>. http://lists.debian.org/debian-mips/ http://www.linux-mips.org/ #mipslinux on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2015-04-19
<reply>Debian's main repository has lots of great multimedia packages with more included in each release. Ask me about <search> to find them and <rfp> if something is not yet packaged. The old <deb-multimedia.org> has not been a "must have" repo for multimedia support for several releases; it now mostly contains poor quality packages or current Debian packages recompiled incompatible with other packages in Debian.
M: 2013-10-12
<reply>Debian stable does not always include all the software people need or want so there is much official, semi-official, and non-official software available for stable. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianSoftware . Ask me about <security>, <installer firmware>, <backports>, <stable-updates>, <multimedia>, <non-free>, <contrib>, <emdebian>, <debian live>. See also <grounding>, <social contract>, <introduction>.
M: 2010-05-01
<reply>Rootkit Hunter is a Unix-based tool that scans for rootkits, backdoors and local exploits. It does this by comparing MD5 hash of important files with known good ones in online database, searching for default directories (of rootkits), wrong permissions, hidden files, suspicious strings in kernel modules, and special tests for Linux and FreeBSD. See also <system compromise recovery>, <chkrootkit>, <tiger>.
M: 2009-06-24
<reply>The Smart Link software modem for Linux is packaged for Debian as sl-modem-daemon in <non-free>. A Linux kernel module is required: either ALSA's snd-atiixp-modem, snd-intel8x0m, snd-via82xx-modem (supports some PCI devices) or Smart Link's proprietary slamr/slusb built using Debian's sl-modem-dkms package (supports PCI and USB devices). Device is accessible as /dev/ttySL0. http://wiki.debian.org/slmodem
start an editor war
M: 2003-04-13
<reply> (vim|zile|xemacs|pico|nvi|edlin|joe|ae|nano|emacs|"cat >") (bites|is known to (cause (sexual impotence|birth defects|brain damage|terminal cluelessness)|repel members of your preferred sex|cause ulcers|decrease your lifespan)|users (are (really backwards|clueballs)|can't think straight|need to (get (a life|out more often|laid)))|sucks|blows|doesn't deserve to be in (Debian|any Linux distribution|BSD))(.|!)
M: 2010-09-13
<reply>Is apt trying to remove packages that it thinks were automatically installed? This happens when you "aptitude install gnome" and then later remove bits of it causing the gnome meta-package to be uninstalled and then all its dependencies. Fix this by running "aptitude unmarkauto packagename" on strategically chosen packages, or reinstall the <metapackage> (apt-get also has unmarkauto from squeeze onwards).
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>On Debian 7 "Wheezy" systems, there are two repositories that you should have in your sources.list aside from your main mirror. You should have an entry for "wheezy/updates" which is security updates (ask me about <security>) and also an entry for "wheezy-updates" which is other updated packages (formerly known as volatile, ask me about <wheezy-updates>). See also <sources.list>, <lifespan>, <wheezy-lts>.
C: 2001-08-19
Check out http://www.kernel.org/mirrors/ for more information on locations and (more importantly) mirror sites. "The Wonderful World Of Linux 2.4" article at http://linuxtoday.com/news_story.php3?ltsn=2001-01-05-007-04-NW-LF-KN details all the improvements. Be sure to "wget http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/crypto/v2.4/patch-int-" The kernel README states it requires gcc 2.91.66. see '2.4 potato'
M: 2010-04-23
<reply>airo is a driver for Cisco/Aironet 802.11b PCI and PCMCIA wireless LAN devices (e.g. Aironet 4500 and 4800 series; Cisco PCM350-T, AIR-LCM350). <WPA> support requires firmware version 5.30.17 or later, this hardware does not support WPA2. http://wireless.kernel.org/en/users/Drivers/airo . Cisco Aironet 802.11a/b/g "tri-mode" devices contain an Atheros chipset; for support of these, ask me about <ath5k>.
C: 2003-08-16
(continued from assumptions2) 9. You're dealing with someone who may well be wrong, show caution. 10. If you think anything is seriously out of whack with your system, tell us, 11. Know some basic diagnostics: how to find running processes, installed packages, open files, disk utilization, memory utilization, configuration files, and ask how if necessary, 12. You've RTFM'd, and/or will RTFM if told to do so.
C: 2006-04-12
consists of that mental process of thinking involved with the process of judging the merits of multiple options and selecting one for action. Simple examples can involve deciding whether to get up in the morning or go back to sleep, or selecting a given route to make a journey across a country. Philosophically, having choice implies the existence of free will and the antithesis of fate, chance and predestination.
M: 2010-11-24
<reply>firmware-linux-free is a Debian package containing <firmware> compliant with the <DFSG> (some were previously included in the Linux kernel). It includes firmware for the Atari Falcon DSP56001, AV7110 DVB, Keyspan USA-19, USB-DUX, USB-DUXfast and Xircom PGSDB9/Entrega PortGear devices, along with <CIS> fixes for various PCMCIA products. It is recommended by linux-image packages since Debian 6.0 "Squeeze".
M: 2013-05-17
<reply>To prevent aptitude from upgrading a package, «aptitude forbid-version packagename» for example «aptitude forbid-version vim» will prevent aptitude upgrading to the current version of vim. This allows you to skip known-broken versions of packages without using <hold> or <pinning>. Use «aptitude install packagename» to undo forbid-version. List: «aptitude search ?installed -F"%a %p %V" | grep ^F»
kde automount
M: 2012-01-16
<reply>To automatically mount removable media like optical disks and USB keys under KDE, ensure that your users are in the plugdev group ("adduser YOURUSERNAME plugdev"). You will have to log out and back in again after changing group membership. Add a "Device Notifier" plasmoid to your desktop to get a pop-up notification on device insertion, or mount them through dolphin or the "Computer" entry on the K menu.
M: 2010-01-18
<reply>[mach] a microkernel from CMU, on which NeXT, rhapsody, and hurd all have chosen to run their OS services. "[Mach] contains all the design mistakes you can make, and manages to even make up a few of its own." according to Linus. Also a utility (mach: "make a chroot") to produce clean roots (e.g. for UML, Xen) from <RPM>-based distributions, packaged for Debian. http://thomas.apestaart.org/projects/mach/
M: 2011-08-30
<reply>Moonlight was an open source implementation of Microsoft Silverlight for Linux and other Unix-based systems. Silverlight is used to deliver interactive audio and video through a web browser, similar to <Adobe Flash>. Previously packaged for Debian (never part of a stable release), removed to resolve Debian bug #638565. Moonlight's development has been discontinued. http://www.mono-project.com/Moonlight
M: 2012-04-03
<reply>[policy-rc.d] a mechanism to limit what init scripts are run by maintainer scripts. See http://people.debian.org/~hmh/invokerc.d-policyrc.d-specification.txt and <invoke-rc.d>. See http://ircbots.debian.net/scripts/policy-rc.d-forbid-dpkg for an example script that disables all daemon starts and stops during package installation -- tailoring it to your needs to only skip certain daemons would be advised.
M: 2011-05-29
<reply>Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) is a series of protocols for enabling device discovery and device-to-device networking. UPnP AV is an audio and video extension of UPnP; media servers packaged for Debian include gmediaserver, mediatomb and <minidlna>, clients include <djmount> and <totem> with the coherence UPnP/DLNA plugin (totem-coherence package). http://www.upnp.org/about/ See also <daap>, <zeroconf>.
M: 2010-04-24
<reply>Universal Serial Bus (USB) is a technology that has replaced the way that some peripheral devices connect to a computer. It is much faster than serial/communications and more flexible: many devices can be connected to simultaneously. USB 3.0 is supported by the Linux kernel since version 2.6.31. http://www.linux-usb.org/USB-guide/book1.html http://www.linux-usb.org/ See also <usb install>, <usbreset>.
vbox-install wheezy
M: 2013-05-06
<reply>From Debian 7 "Wheezy" onwards, the virtualbox-ose-* packages have been renamed to virtualbox-* (ask me about <vbox rename>). As root: «apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` virtualbox». After <DKMS> builds the necessary kernel modules, VirtualBox can be started. For guest additions/utilities, see <vbox guest>. See also <vbox extpack wheezy>, <vbox-install wheezy-backports>.
5% error
M: 2007-02-28
<reply>[5% error] d-i stopping at 5%? Boot the installer with `linux debian-installer/allow_unauthenticated=true' or drop to a shell, chroot /target, kill the existing aptitude process and add the latest key, then run aptitude and install what you like. This can be caused by using an out-of-date installation media (which doesn't have the latest archive key), or if you hit a mirror that is incompletely updated.
M: 2013-09-02
<reply>ath10k is a Linux kernel driver supporting PCIe 802.11ac (a/b/g/n compatible) wireless LAN devices based on the Qualcomm Atheros QCA988x 2.0 family of chips (PCI IDs 168c:003c, 168c:abcd). Introduced at Linux 3.11. Firmware from userspace is required and not currently packaged (bug #724970), ask me about <ath10k firmware>. http://wireless.kernel.org/en/users/Drivers/ath10k #ath10k on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-02-06
<reply>Emdebian is a binary distribution for embedded devices. It is created by the Embedded Debian project, an official Debian sub-project, which aims to make Debian GNU/Linux a mainstream choice for embedded projects. http://wiki.debian.org/Embedded_Debian http://www.emdebian.org/ #emdebian on irc.oftc.net. As of July 2014, updates to Emdebian distributions ceased, there will be no further stable releases.
M: 2010-06-01
<reply>[jack] a colloquialism for a person who doesn't care about anything, or a CD ripping front-end (packaged as jack, http://www.home.unix-ag.org/arne/jack/), or the JACK Audio Connection Kit: a low-latency sound server, allowing multiple applications to connect to one audio device; install the jackd package to provide the current default JACK implementation. http://jackaudio.org/ #jack on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2003-05-04
<reply> if 'LI' is printed when the system is booted, it means that your drive is probably too large (OR you simply forgot to run 'lilo'). There is a Large-disk-mini-howto. Read it.. Boot the rescue disk, edit lilo.conf and add 'lba32' then try again., or (if drive geometry has changed) try booting from the rescue disk, mounting /, and rerunning lilo. Or you could try grub instead. :) Lithium, or Liechtenstein.
mac locales
C: 2011-10-26
<reply>If you're getting "Cannot set LC_CTYPE to default locale" when connecting from an Apple Macintosh to a Debian host over ssh: (a) In Terminal, uncheck Settings->Advanced->"Set locale environment variables on startup", or (b) change SendEnv in ~/.ssh/config to not send LC_CTYPE (man ssh_config), or (c) change AcceptEnv on remote sshd, or (d) overwrite that value in your login scripts (.profile or similar).
no cdrecord
C: 2005-02-22
, now known as cdtools, a CD writing tool which can deal with .iso (the file system) and .cdr (cd audio). It's available at http://www.fokus.gmd.de/nthp/employees/schilling/cdrecord.html. Use -pad if you intend to use .wav when burning audio. Use -swab if your CDR uses little endian or the .cdr is in big endian -- basically if the audio on cd is static, use -swab. now from version 2.0 up it supports atapi cd bur
C: 2012-03-29
<reply> When building packages, you should be able to use "DEB_BUILD_OPTIONS=nostrip dpkg-buildpackage" to leave debugging symbols in the binaries. Not all packages have a <debian/rules> that supports this option, but most will since <debhelper> supports this automatically; see <policy> §4.9.1 for details and consider filing a wishlist bug if the package doesn't do so and doesn't already create a -dbg package.
partial downgrade
M: 2010-05-12
<reply> This may or may not work for you, but if you've got nothing to lose then try it: (a) change sources.list (b) aptitude update (c) aptitude and then search for the upgraded packages, hit enter on them, select the correct version (d) do the same for libc6 (e) search for broken packages by pressing "b" and then fix them in the same way (f) once you have no more broken packages, hit 'g'. See <not available>.
C: 2001-04-27
a method to proxy one or more TCP/IP sessions. Under Linux, it has the side effect of causing forwarded sessions, particularly IRC sessions, to appear as if they came from root. If you assume that someone with a fair amount of experience has signed on to IRC as root, you might well be wrong. And calling someone out publicly for signing on as root, and hence drawing skript kiddies' attention to it, isn't good.
M: 2009-03-30
<reply>thttpd is a tiny/turbo/throttling HTTP server. Set "ENABLED=yes" in /etc/default/thttpd to start the server (Debian bug #142306). MIME types are defined at compile time (via mime_types.txt). Does not support serving files larger than 2 gigabytes (bug #208437). Removed from Debian post-Squeeze to resolve bug #653752. http://www.acme.com/software/thttpd/ #thttpd on irc.freenode.net. See also <httpd>.
unique package version
C: 2013-06-06
<reply>The version string on any package should uniquely identify that package. If you make changes to a package, increase the version number (ask me about <compare versions>). apt can sometimes distinguish between packages with the same version based on (installed-size, depends, pre-depends, conflicts, breaks, replaces) but for minor changes apt can miss this. Ask me about <package recompile> <debian/rules>.
xorg manual config
M: 2010-11-27
<reply>From Debian 5.0 "Lenny" onwards, you can often use an <empty xorg.conf>. To configure your keyboard layout for both X and console, run «dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration». If you have further things you wish to configure, use "X -configure" ("X -configure :1" if server is already active) to produce a xorg.conf template. See also <xorg hal>. http://wiki.debian.org/XStrikeForce/InputHotplugGuide
M: 2012-05-01
<reply>Downgrading is not, nor will ever be supported by apt. Programs change their data in a way that can't be rolled back, and package maintainer scripts support upgrades to new config file formats but not downgrades. Try: "dpkg -i olderversion.deb" or "aptitude install package=version" using "apt-cache policy package" to get the old version number. See also <partial downgrade>, <unstable->testing>, <sdo>.
M: 2013-04-28
<reply>ext4 (fourth extended filesystem) was introduced in Linux 2.6.28. It supports volumes up to one exabyte (1024 petabytes) and extents. ext4 is the default Linux filesystem since Debian 7 "Wheezy" (bug #603084). Ask me about <ext3->ext4> and <ext4->ext3>. ext4 is not supported by <grub legacy> (bug #511121). http://wiki.debian.org/Ext4 http://ext4.wiki.kernel.org/ #ext4 and #linuxfs on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2003-08-20
a windowing system derived from a powerful structured graphics toolkit originally based on InterViews. Fresco's extensions include a rich drawing interface with multiple backends, an upgrade to modern CORBA standards, a new Unicode-capable text system, dynamic module loading, and many communication abstractions for connecting other processes to the server. see http://www.fresco.org/, or used to be called berlin
M: 2010-05-02
<reply> gpm (General Purpose Mouse) is a package for use of the mouse in a Linux (text-only) console. Install it, then use left button to select text, middle or right button to paste. In some applications (such as elinks), you have to hold down Shift in order to cut or paste, otherwise the application itself interprets the mouse clicks. http://www.nico.schottelius.org/software/gpm/ #gpm on irc.freenode.net.
lenny sources.list
M: 2012-03-26
<reply>Debian 5.0 "Lenny" is no longer on the mirror network but can be found on archive.debian.org; you can use sources.list lines "deb http://archive.debian.org/debian/ lenny main" and "deb http://archive.debian.org/debian-security lenny/updates main". Realise that Lenny has not had security support since February 2012 and that you should upgrade to a newer, supported release. Ask me about <lenny->squeeze>.
mission-critical application
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>[mission-critical application] This is any application that is critical to the proper running of a business. If this application fails for any length of time, you may be out of business. For example, an order-entry system may be considered mission critical if your business relies on taking lots of orders. You don't want your mission critical apps running on junky hardware--or software for that matter.
M: 2011-01-12
<reply>Modeline directives in <xorg.conf> are used to specify low-level video modes for your monitor. Since XFree86 4.0, manually supplying modelines is usually unnecessary, as video modes are automatically determined using monitor capabilities acquired via <EDID>. Custom modelines can be created using http://xtiming.sf.net/cgi-bin/xtiming.pl ; see also the cvt, gtf (xserver-xorg-core) and videogen utilities.
multimedia keys
M: 2008-07-06
<reply>Multimedia keys are the special keyboard keys for doing such things as changing the volume or launching your web browser. Check to see if these keys generate a scan code using xev and set the keyboard layout correctly or assign them to a shortcut with xmodmap, systemsettings, gnome-control-panel etc. See also <pbbuttons>, <tpb>. See http://tuxmobil.org/Mobile-Guide.db/mobile-guide-p2c1s8-ext-keys.html
M: 2009-06-05
<reply> Opera is a cross-platform web browser and Internet suite, which handles common tasks including visiting web sites and sending/receiving e-mail. As of version 8.5, Opera is freeware but NOT open source. It is not included in Debian and therefore not supported by #debian. To install, ask me about <opera apt> and see http://wiki.debian.org/Opera . http://www.opera.com/support/ #opera on irc.opera.com.
M: 2009-08-19
<reply> "purge" means to completely wipe away a package, including its configuration files. Use «aptitude purge $package» or «dpkg -P $package» (note: before wheezy, you can't 'apt-get purge' a package that is already removed; use aptitude or dpkg instead). To purge all "removed" packages: «aptitude purge '~c'». To restore configuration files, ask me about <confmiss>. Also ask me about <why aptitude>.
M: 2010-05-16
<reply>ReiserFS version 3 (aka Reiser3) is a journaling filesystem with pretty good performance and some interesting features. It is wonderful and everyone loves it, until the axe falls and they lose data due to a crash. As such, it has a lot of ex-fans who are now sadder but wiser. Ask me about <ext3>, <jfs> and <xfs> for safer filesystems. See also <reiserfs d-i>, <ext3 vs reiserfs>, <rfstool>, <reiser4>.
M: 2011-10-12
<reply>The PREEMPT_RT (linux-rt) realtime patch set allows for nearly all of the Linux kernel to be preempted, which may help achieve better low-latency behavior in some environments. Since August 2011, the Debian Kernel Team produce binary packages including this patch set, for the amd64 (linux-image-rt-amd64 metapackage) and i386 (linux-image-rt-686-pae metapackage) architectures. http://rt.wiki.kernel.org/
M: 2001-02-13
<reply>1) Don't ask to ask. Just state your problem, 2) Don't repeat until 10 mins after, 3) Read and re-read the docs first, then admit it if you REALLY don't understand. You're wasting your time and ours if you haven't at least tried. 4) If your problem ain't solved, come back in 12 hrs or 24 hrs later. We're very international. 5) Be polite and patient. 6) #debian supports only Debian (see <based on debian>)
C: 2001-05-02
(<reply> Do you serisouly want to know who troy is? | <action> seems to be suffering from memory loss. | <reply> try 'apt seen troy', $who. | <reply> 'troy' is the guy on #kde that is always on #kde doing absolutely nothing except playing with apt. | <reply> Troy is the ancient city in Asia Minor famous for the trojan war among other things. | <action> , like troy, likes cats. | <reply> Troy has an IQ of 152.)
vbox-install jessie
C: 2013-06-27
<reply>Debian's virtualbox-* packages were moved to contrib at VirtualBox 4.2, as a non-free compiler (Open Watcom) is required to build the BIOS; ask me about <contrib>. As root: «apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` virtualbox». After <DKMS> builds the necessary kernel modules, VirtualBox can be started. For guest additions/utilities, see <vbox guest>. See also <vbox extpack>.
M: 2009-11-26
<reply>The Wonder Shaper is a script using the traffic shaping features of the Linux kernel to fix some problems, e.g. ensuring downloads continue at full speed while uploads occur at their maximum rate, keeping good interactive response times while bulk transfers are busy. Packaged for Debian, read /usr/share/doc/wondershaper/README.Debian after installation. http://lartc.org/wondershaper/ See also <lartc>.
M: 2001-02-18
<reply> are nice and close to the AARNET mirrors (apt aarnet) for Debian downloads. Australians in here are: Baton, bitwise, chujooh, CrazyEddy, cris, edeards, gp, himi, hutu_, jml, Manning, Michal, mlaich, Netsnipe, NickB, NoLogic, semis, snipe, StevenK, svedo, syb, woot, xk, gebbers, cris, bleck, niffum, kosh, bignose, Jaster, alpha , or nevyn. Cantanker, or wishie, or michaell. Bonhomme, or robbo, MarNuke
cut and paste
C: 2003-04-02
<reply> How to cut and paste. By Apt. First, you move the mouse to the start of the text. Then you press button one (on the LEFT, silly human!) and hold it down while dragging the mouse over the text. Then you release button one. Move the mouse over to the place you want to paste and press button two (the one in the MIDDLE, you feeble mammal). If you have no middle button, ask me about <Emulate3Buttons>.
M: 2016-11-16
<reply> You can have apt download the <source package> from which a <binary package> was compiled using a "deb-src" line in your <sources.list>. A line like "deb-src http://deb.debian.org/debian sid main" does NOT make any binary packages available. Ask me about <source> <package recompile> <ssb>; make sure the "build-essential" package is installed. You might need linux-headers-$(uname -r) package installed.
C: 2010-06-23
<reply>[faac] "Freeware Advanced Audio Coder" is a project providing a cross-platform <AAC> encoder (FAAC) and decoder (FAAD2). FAAC is proprietary (based on ISO MPEG-4 reference code), whereas FAAD2 is free software. libfaac* and faac packages are available from deb-multimedia, ask me about <dmm>. http://www.audiocoding.com/faac.html http://www.audiocoding.com/faad2.html . Not to be confused with <FLAC>.
C: 2013-05-26
<reply>FlexNet Publisher is a software license management tool, which may overwite particular sectors in the "embedding area" (gap between the <MBR> and first partition) for <DRM> enforcement purposes. Since grub2 1.99~20101122-1, GRUB 2's core image is written to the embedding area using Reed-Solomon, making it robust against being partially overwritten by FlexNet and other applications (Debian bug #550702).
install sid
M: 2008-06-22
<reply>If you have to ask, you shouldn't. No, really. #debian does not normally support sid because if you are using sid, then you should be able to support yourself. Often, sid is not installable as it is frequently broken. You must first install "testing" and then "upgrade" to sid. If you don't know how to do this, then you shouldn't be using sid anyway. Ask me about <sid> <sid faq> <why not unstable>.
M: 2002-10-10
If you have tried everything, and just cannot figure out what the kernel is asking kerneld to do, there is a way of seeing the requests that kerneld receives, and hence to figure out what should go into /etc/conf.modules: The kdstat utility. This nifty little program comes with the modules-package, but it is not compiled or installed by default. have a look at http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/mini/Kerneld/spying.html
parallel port
M: 2006-01-13
an interface from a computer system where data is transferred in or out in parallel, that is, on more than one wire. A parallel port carries one bit on each wire thus multiplying the transfer rate obtainable over a single cable (contrast serial port). There are usually several extra wires on the port that are used for control signals to indicate when data is ready to be sent or received. see also <serial port>
power saving
M: 2010-05-02
<reply>"Power saving" is not just about hugging trees and avoiding <gentoo>, it is about making your battery last longer and your computer run more quietly (less power used = less heat produced = less fan usage = less noise). Ask me about <cpufreq>, <laptop mode>, <powertop>. See also http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Ecology-HOWTO/ecology-howto-appendix-a-3.html . http://www.lesswatts.org/ #lesswatts on irc.oftc.net.
real problem
M: 2012-12-29
<reply> Please tell us what the real problem is instead of asking about things that you think are related to the problem, or that are an obstacle in what you see as the way to the solution. Far too often, what you think related to the problem actually isn't or won't help you solve your problem. Even if it does, we might provide an even better/simpler solution that you did not think of. Also see <xyproblem>.
M: 2011-03-08
<reply>Support for your wireless LAN device is dependent on the chipset within. Don't know what you have? Ask me about <what's my wireless>. Atheros: <atheros>; Atmel: <atmel>; Broadcom: <broadcom>; Intel: <intel>; Intersil: <prism>; Marvell: <marvell>; Ralink: <ralink>; Realtek: <realtek>; TI: <acx-mac80211>; VIA: <vt665x>; ZyDAS: <zydas>. See also <crda>, <killswitch>, <wpa>. http://wiki.debian.org/WiFi
M: 2011-05-10
<reply>The Sitecom WL-349 "Wireless Micro USB Adapter 150N X1" is an 802.11n device. For support of version 1 (USB ID 0df6:0048, Ralink RT3070 chipset), ask me about <rt2870>. For support of version 3 (USB ID 0df6:004b, Realtek RTL8192SU chipset), ask me about <rtl8192su>. For support of version 4 (USB ID 0df6:0050, Ralink RT3370 chipset), ask me about <rt2800usb> (Linux >= 2.6.35 recommended) and <new_id>.
M: 2014-06-21
<reply>bna is a Linux kernel driver supporting Brocade 10Gb PCIe Ethernet adapters (e.g. PCI ID 1657:0014). Introduced at Linux 2.6.37, backported and enabled at linux-2.6 2.6.32-35 (part of the <6.0.2> point release). Device firmware (ctfw_cna.bin) is available from http://www.brocade.com/services-support/drivers-downloads/ (bfa_firmware_linux-, use <rpm2cpio> and cpio to convert/extract).
M: 2013-06-19
<reply>bnx2x is a Linux kernel driver supporting Broadcom NetXtreme II 10Gb (BCM57710/57711/57711E/57712/57800/57810/57840) Ethernet controllers, introduced at Linux 2.6.25. Firmware is required, ask me about <non-free sources> and install the firmware-bnx2x package to provide. To provide firmware for device use at Debian installation time, ask me about <installer firmware>. Not to be confused with <bnx2>.
C: 1970-01-01
(Cathode Ray Tube) This is one of the main components of monitors and TVs. A beam of electrons is shot towards the CRT and as they collide with phosphors on the inside surface, they produce light. Today, other technologies are performing better than the heavy and bulky tube monitors. LCD panels and projection units are both in contention, but they still can't come close to the low cost of a CRT monitor or TV.
M: 2010-07-26
a way of categorising packages with tags (facets) that describe how a package can be used, what data it can read/write, what interfaces it has etc. This adds another dimension to package searching. Install the debtags package, then search either using "debtags" or "aptitude". Search (or add new tags) at http://debtags.debian.net/ . See also http://wiki.debian.org/Debtags or ask me about <aptitude search>.
M: 2010-01-09
<reply>FFmpeg is a complete, cross-platform solution to record, convert and stream audio and video, available in jessie-backports, stretch and sid. The Debian ffmpeg package contains a multimedia player (ffplay), server (ffserver) and encoder (ffmpeg). Use "ffmpeg -formats" to list supported transcoding formats for ffmpeg's -target option. http://ffmpeg.org/ #ffmpeg on irc.freenode.net. See also <libav>.
C: 2005-09-20
<reply> The reason you have been told to use --force-overwrite is because some packages in unstable are buggy and either have missing Conflicts: or contain files that they shouldn't. Check the BTS and make sure that a bug has been filed about the package in question (ask me about <bts>) then run dpkg -i --force-overwrite /path/to/.deb or apt-get -o DPkg::Options::="--force-overwrite" install <foopackagename>;
C: 2010-09-15
<reply>Logical Disk Manager (LDM) is a logical volume manager implementation used by Microsoft Windows 2000/XP/Vista/7 operating systems. Partitions created within LDM are referred to as dynamic disks. Supported by the Linux kernel since 2.4.8, not supported by <GRUB> (Debian bug #569133). <testdisk> can convert a dynamic disk to a basic disk. http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/ldm.txt . See also <lvm>.
motd jessie
M: 2015-05-04
<reply>The "Message Of The Day" (MOTD) may be shown to users at login time. In Debian 8 "Jessie", motd is entirely under the control of the administrator; edit /etc/motd as desired. For login(1), pam will prepend uname; customise that in /etc/pam.d/login. For ssh, /run/motd.dynamic is used with sysvinit and nothing is used with systemd; customise that in /etc/init.d/motd. See "man 5 motd" http://deb.li/3WLLd
M: 2010-07-14
<reply>[preseed] Preseeding provides a way to set answers to questions asked during the Debian installation process, to allow for a streamlined or completely automated installation. The <install guide> provides an extensive appendix on preseeding with a full example. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/Preseed and http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/394 . See also <debconf-set-selections>.
M: 2003-05-28
<reply> If you modify /etc/profile, ie: add an export line or something, make sure you do '. /etc/profile' to reload the profile. Lost? 'man bash' :) || re-read the .bashrc and .bash_profile files? : exec bashsource ~/.bashrc ; source ~/.bash_profile || re-read the .bashrc and .bash_profile files? : exec bashsource ~/.bashrc ; source ~/.bash_profile || re-read the .bashrc and .bash_profile files?: exec bash
C: 2004-08-13
<reply><Zap-W> what is DD <greycat> ~DD <dpkg> it has been said that dd is a Debian Developer <Zap-W> KK <Zap-W> why the abriviation <lazarus> Zap-W: why any abbreviation? to shorten! <Zap-W> lazarus: it alienates ppl <greycat> Zap-W: you can't complain about abbreviations AND THEN USE THEM in the same sentence. <Zap-W> suck bananas <asg> ~fruitsmite Zap-W * dpkg smites Zap-W with a dozen pineapples
M: 2005-08-16
<reply> Please don't immediately repeat your question if no one answers it. If no one answers, that means that either no one knows the answer to your question, no one is willing to answer it, or you haven't provided enough information. Ask me about <ask> or <sicco> if you need help phrasing your question. If you don't get an answer here, go ahead and try asking your question on debian-user@lists.debian.org
M: 2009-06-15
<reply>[slrn] S-Lang read news, the <mutt>'s nuts of console newsreaders. Beside the usual features of a newsreader, slrn supports scoring rules to highlight, sort or kill articles based on information from their header. It is highly customizable, allows free key-bindings and can easily be extended using the sophisticated s-lang macro language. SSL support added in slrn 0.9.9~pre122-1. http://slrn.sf.net/
source judd
M: 2012-10-08
<reply> Judd uses a local instance of the Ultimate Debian Database <udd> for packages data. Piccy uses various data files scraped out of the kernel, kernel modules and xorg packages. Source code for these plugins can be found at http://git.nanonanonano.net/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi?p=judd.git;a=tree;h=refs/heads/master;hb=master, or http://git.nanonanonano.net/projects/judd.git/, or http://ircbots.debian.net/judd/
squeeze->wheezy failures
M: 2013-05-03
<reply>Try: (a) upgrade in 2 steps: apt-get upgrade; apt-get dist-upgrade (b) apt-get dist-upgrade -o APT::Immediate-Configure=0 (c) add squeeze back into sources.list; apt-get update; try again. (d) apt-get install apt; try again (e) apt-get install badpackage; try again (f) apt-get remove badpackage; apt-get install badpackage; try again (g) dpkg -r --force-depends badpackage; apt-get -f install; try again.
stable sources.list
M: 2013-12-12
<reply>Despite the fact previous installers, countless websites and /usr/share/doc/apt/examples/sources.list (prior to apt 0.9.6) will tell you to do this, do *not* use "stable" in your sources.list; use the release code name instead (e.g. "stretch"). Upgrading between releases has not been trivial for a decade; make sure you read the <release notes> and ask me about <jessie->stretch>, <jessie sources.list>.
unix lessons
M: 2003-09-18
(1) Don't change the permissions, (2) back up your data, (3) keep it simple, stupid, (4) read the fscking manual, (5) don't fsck with package management, (6) don't type anything you don't understand, (7) always have a boot floppy or CD, (8) read your log files, (9) the FIRST error is the one that counts, (10) don't leave your root shell until you TEST your changes, (11) don't be root when you don't have to be
waiting for the root filesystem
M: 2009-01-28
<reply> If you've recently upgraded your kernel and your system hangs at "waiting for the root filesystem", this may be from the <libata> transition. /dev/hd? disks might now be known as /dev/sd?. At the GRUB menu, press e to edit the entry, change the ROOT= part, then press b to boot. You need to edit your /boot/grub/menu.lst and perhaps also your /etc/fstab. Also ask me about <can't mount root>, <uuid>.
C: 2001-01-25
Constant Linear Velocity. In terms of disk drives, it means that the rate of data being read off of the disk stays the same from center to outer edge. To accomplish this, the drive motor speeds slows down as the read head approaches the edge of the disc. The linear velocity remains constant. An 8x CD-ROM drive that operates at CLV will read data at 8x anywhere on the disk, from the center to the outer edge.
dmm stretch
C: 2015-04-19
<reply>If you really need deb-multimedia.org (are you sure your information isn't five years out of date?), then (as root): echo "deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org/ stretch main non-free" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/dmm.list; aptitude update && aptitude install deb-multimedia-keyring && aptitude update. For an alternative way to load Marillat's archive key, ask me about <apt-key 1F41B907>. See <why not dmm>.
C: 1970-01-01
A small jump. In reference to the Internet, the route that a computer needs to take in order to get its information from here to there. Think of all the main computers in the world that are physically connected (by T1 and T3 and M1 and such) as stones in a lake. To get from your stone to the stone on the other side you need to "hop" on a certain number of other stones. Same for communicating on the Internet.
M: 2000-12-07
a rewrite of the Linux IPv4 firewalling code (which was mainly borrowed from BSD) and a rewrite of ipfwadm, which was a rewrite of BSD's ipfw, I believe. It is required to administer the IP packet filters in Linux kernel versions 2.1.102 and above. or Which is surpassed in kernel 2.3 (and 2.4 when released) by netfilter, which you can get and compile at netfilter.kernelnotes.org, or a regular in the channel
C: 2011-08-09
<reply>Libav is a complete, cross-platform solution to record, convert and stream audio and video. Libav is a fork of <FFmpeg> and replaces it in the Debian 7 Wheezy and 8 Jessie releases. Multithreaded decoding is available since libav 4:0.7~rc1-1 (bug #575600); MP3 encoding support is available since libav 4:0.7.1-2 (bug #587904). http://libav.org/faq.html http://libav.org/ #libav on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-06-01
<reply>Linux MultiMedia Studio (LMMS) is a free, cross-platform alternative to commercial programs like FL Studio, which allow you to produce music with your computer. This includes the creation of melodies and beats, the synthesis and mixing of sounds, and arranging of samples. You can have fun with your MIDI-keyboard and much more. http://lmms.sf.net/wiki http://lmms.sf.net/ #lmms on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2011-03-06
<reply>Mednafen is a command-line driven multi-platform emulator, supporting the Atari Lynx, GameBoy, GameBoy Color, GameBoy Advance, Nintendo Entertainment System (NES), PC Engine / TurboGrafx 16, NeoGeo Pocket, NeoGeo Pocket Color, PC-FX, SuperGrafx and WonderSwan systems. Video game hardware (e.g. Game Genie, NES Zapper, PowerPad) is also emulated. http://mednafen.sf.net/ #mednafen on irc.freenode.net.
missing lsb tags
C: 2009-11-16
<reply> From 6.0 "Squeeze" onwards, Debian uses a dependency-based boot sequence (see /usr/share/doc/sysv-rc/README.Debian). This requires all init scripts having appropriate headers, so that the correct order of execution can be determined. Scripts like S25libdevmapper1.02 are left over from 3.1 "Sarge" and can be deleted; your own scripts will need LSB headers added: http://wiki.debian.org/LSBInitScripts
M: 2005-10-25
<reply> To get your IP address: /sbin/ifconfig -a | grep "inet addr" | sed -e 's/^.*inet addr://' -e 's/ .*$//', or /sbin/ifconfig -a | awk '/inet addr:/{sub(("addr:",""));print $2}', or hostname -i, or "ip a s eth0 | grep inet | cut -d' ' -f6", or /sbin/ifconfig eth0|perl -ne 'if /addr:s*d+.\d+\.\d+\.\d+/ {print qq|$1n|}', or wget -O- checkip.dyndns.org 2>/dev/null|perl -pe 's/.+Address:\ ([\d\.]+)<.+/$1/;'
M: 2013-08-07
<reply>Off-the-Record (OTR) Messaging is a cryptographic protocol providing encryption for instant messaging and IRC conversations (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Off-the-Record_Messaging). OTR support for <irssi> and <xchat> is available via the irssi-plugin-otr and xchat-otr packages (not part of the Debian 7 "Wheezy" release due to bug #703999), support for <pidgin> is available via the pidgin-otr package.
serial port
M: 2006-01-13
an interface on a computer system with which information is transferred in or out one bit at a time (contrast parallel port). Throughout most of the history of personal computers, this was accomplished using the RS-232 standard over simple cables connecting the computer to a device such as a terminal or modem. Mice, keyboards, and other devices were also often connected this way. See also <parallel port>.
M: 2001-02-14
1) Don't ask to ask. Just say your problem, 2) Don't repeat until 5 mins after, 3) Read and re-read the docs first, then admit it if you REALLY don't understand. You're wasting your time and ours if you haven't at least tried. 4) If your problem ain't solved, come back in 12 hrs or 24 hrs later. We're very international. 5) Be polite and patient. 6) use /msg to bots unless you want to make a point in public
M: 2010-01-27
<reply>AMaViS (A Mail Virus Scanner) scans e-mail attachments for viruses using third-party virus scanners available for Unix environments. It resides on a Unix (Linux) machine and looks through the attached files arriving via e-mail, generates reports when a virus is found and sets the delivery on hold. Packaged for Debian as amavisd-new. http://www.ijs.si/software/amavisd/ #amavis on irc.freenode.net.
apache config wheezy
M: 2014-08-12
<reply> Debian's apache2 web server uses /etc/apache2/apache2.conf and /etc/apache2/envvars. To ease long term maintenance, avoid modifying files installed from the packages and use /etc/apache2/{sites-available,mods-available,conf.d}/ instead; use a2en{mod,site} to activate. See /usr/share/doc/apache2.2-common/README.Debian.gz for more on the split config files. Also ask me about <apache config jessie>.
M: 2009-01-21
<reply>apt-file is a utility used to find which package owns a given file - or list files in a package - even if it is not installed: "aptitude install apt-file && apt-file update" ; then "apt-file search filename" to see a list of packages containing filename (can also use a regular expression; see man apt-file). You can also search online, ask me about <pdo>. See also <judd-file>, <auto-apt>, <dlocate>.
default python
M: 2016-12-13
<reply>There is no such thing as a "Default Python". There is a default Python 2 (2.7) which ships /usr/bin/python (and also /usr/bin/python2 because Arch didn't know what they were breaking). There is also a Default Python 3 with /usr/bin/python3. There will occasionally be more than one Python 3 interpreter available in testing and sid. /usr/bin/python is supposed to stay pointing to Python 2. See PEP394.
M: 2013-08-26
<reply>If you really need deb-multimedia.org (are you sure your information isn't five years out of date?), then (as root): echo "deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org/ jessie main non-free" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/dmm.list; aptitude update && aptitude install deb-multimedia-keyring && aptitude update. For an alternative way to load Marillat's archive key, ask me about <apt-key 1F41B907>. See <why not dmm>.
M: 2013-01-20
<reply>If you really need deb-multimedia.org (are you sure your information isn't five years out of date?), then (as root): echo "deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org/ wheezy main non-free" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/dmm.list; aptitude update && aptitude install deb-multimedia-keyring && aptitude update. For an alternative way to load Marillat's archive key, ask me about <apt-key 1F41B907>. See <why not dmm>.
M: 2008-05-14
<reply> Due to a weakness in a random number generator, keys generated after 2006-09-17 (using openssl 0.9.8c-1 and later) need to be regenerated with a newer openssl (at least 0.9.8c-4etch3). See http://www.debian.org/security/2008/dsa-1571 http://wiki.debian.org/SSLkeys . Updated openssh packages that check for weak keys are also available. Ask me about <ssl update><dsa1576><ssh-vulnkey><dsa1571 jokes>
firewall easy
C: 2002-01-07
a set of scripts to setup firewalling rules with ease of use in mind. Features: It can be used at home, and in Intranet servers. Autodetection of IP, net/mask, and DNS servers in resolv.conf and in bind (cache-dns). Configures masquerading so a network can be connected to Internet. interfaces and IP can be configured in /etc/firewall-easy.conf. rules are in a easy/portable language in /etc/firewall-easy-lib
C: 2002-01-07
a set of scripts to setup firewalling rules with ease of use in mind. Features: It can be used at home, and in Intranet servers. Autodetection of IP, net/mask, and DNS servers in resolv.conf and in bind (cache-dns). Configures masquerading so a network can be connected to Internet. interfaces and IP can be configured in /etc/firewall-easy.conf. rules are in a easy/portable language in /etc/firewall-easy-lib
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>When a user requests an HTML document on the World Wide Web, the server records that request as a "hit". The problem with measuring "hits" is that some Web servers also count each graphic on that page as a hit. For example, if you look at a page with five images on it, some servers count that as five hits. For this reason, "hits" are a questionable measurement of how popular a website actually is.
jessie sources.list
M: 2015-03-28
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for Debian 8 "Jessie" has three lines: "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ jessie main" "deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main" "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates main". Be sure to run «aptitude update» after editing sources.list. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <jessie/updates> <jessie-updates> <mirrors> and "man sources.list".
links2 settings
C: 2008-08-08
<reply>You can allocate more RAM + resources to links2, see File > Resource Info (and Memory Info) -- and then Settings > Cache (to set sizes). Then remember to do Settings > Save Options (once you like them) config file is in ~/.links2/links.cfg. Press [ESC] Help > keys to see some key bindings, and http://links.twibright.com/user_en.html for more - use [ESC] to toggle menu bar (or just click that area).
local pciid
M: 2010-05-04
<reply> You use "lspci -nn" to get the line for the device and ask me about <pciid 00:1b.0 Audio device ... [8086:284b] ...> to give you a command that will tell you precisely what modules match that kernel. (From squeeze onwards, you need to "depmod -m" to make modules.pcimap). The results should be similar to the <hcl> and <judd-hardware>. From lenny onwards, this information is reported by "lspci -k".
M: 2016-07-04
<reply> Mixing "stable" with testing/unstable is a bad idea (see <stable/testing mix>,<unmixing>,<downgrade> - instead use <backports>), mixing Debian with other distributions is a worse idea (see <mixing distros>). Mixing unstable into testing OTOH is not unusual (see <testing/unstable mix>. apt-show-versions tries to tell you which repo a package is from, albeit with mixed results (also see <which repo>).
M: 2003-07-28
an open source operating system with an emphasis on design and portability. Currently there are x86 and SuperH ports (PowerPC, ARM and others coming soon). http://newos.sf.net . Its' features include: TCP/IP, SMP, basic VESA, native shell, loadable kernel modules and more. Also a native filesystem, graphical interface and C library are in the works, or the shiznit, or now dominates 65% of the desktop market
M: 2009-06-02
<reply>Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) is a data link protocol frequently used in connecting a dial-up <modem> to the Internet. It is not supported at Debian installation time. To enable on established systems, "aptitude install pppconfig && pppconfig". For more information on Debian's PPP package, "zless /usr/share/doc/ppp/README.Debian.gz". See also <pppoe>, <kppp>, <wvdial>. http://wiki.debian.org/PPP
squeeze udev
M: 2010-10-20
<reply> As of <udev> version 150 (i.e. squeeze), Linux kernel 2.6.27 or later is required for correct operation. As of udev 163, you should be able to accept this warning message and complete the dist-upgrade to squeeze. Ensure that you have the current squeeze kernel installed (aptitude versions '~nlinux-image~i') prior to rebooting. See also <squeeze kernel>, <kernel abi>, http://bugs.debian.org/571255
M: 2001-03-24
"Differences between 2.1.132ac2 and 2.1.132ac1: [...] Metalab was sunsite.unc.edu / Now its metalab not sunsite.unc.edu / Been a long time gone sunsite.unc.edu / Now its a generally bright not a special sun site / Every file in sunsite.unc.edu / Lives in metalab not sunsite.unc.edu / So if you've got a url for sunsite.unc.edu / It'll be archived for you in metalab....", or no longer metalab, but ibiblio.org
M: 2007-02-27
<reply> The sysv-rc package is for booting, shutting down and changing <runlevels>, configured through the symbolic links in /etc/rc?.d/ . It includes update-rc.d and invoke-rc.d for high customization/config of runlevel scripts at any time. Do "zless /usr/share/doc/sysv-rc/README.runlevels.gz" for more information. Ask me about <sysv-rc-conf>, the TUI front end tool for sysv-rc. See also <update-rc.d>.
C: 2010-01-28
a slightly more sophisticated replacement for less.sh that also supports being set as the PAGER environment variable. Displays man pages, perldocs and python documentation properly. http://www.vim.org/scripts/script.php?script_id=1723 ; Instead of aliasing pager to less, alias pager to vimpager for example; alias pager=$HOME/bin/vimpager ; can also be used as a MANPAGER; export MANPAGER=$HOME/bin/vimpager
debian revision
M: 2009-09-03
a number added to the package number to show that the Debian maintainers for the package have had a number of attempts at the packaging. The Debian revision is the string after the last - in the version (1.2.3-5 has a Debian revision of 5) and will also indicate a security update (e.g.1+squeeze2) or an NMU. Ask me about <nmu> <binnmu> <compare versions> <version epoch>, or see section 5.6.12 of <policy>.
e2fsprogs loop
M: 2010-02-14
<reply>You are using a package older than the sarge release and are trying to upgrade to etch or later. Skipping releases is not supported. You must first upgrade to sarge, then to etch. Edit etc/apt/sources.list, comment all existing lines and ask me about <sarge sources.list>, then 'aptitude update && aptitude dist-upgrade'. After this, ask me about <sarge->etch> for instruction on upgrading to etch.
C: 2002-09-08
<reply>The most commonly used package management commands are: "aptitude update" (run before installing packages...but don't accidentally type "aptitude upgrade"), "apt-cache search <item>", "aptitude install <pkg>", "apt-cache show <pkg>", "dpkg -i <pkg.deb>", "dpkg -l | grep <searchterm>", "aptitude remove <pkg>", "aptitude purge <pkg>", "dpkg-reconfigure <pkg>", "dpkg -L <pkg>", "dpkg -S /path/to/file"
C: 2012-02-11
<reply>Support of Intel 3945 ABG/BG and 4965 AGN wireless LAN devices was removed from the <iwlwifi> driver at Linux 2.6.39. These are now supported by the iwlegacy driver, which provides the iwl3945 and iwl4965 kernel modules in Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later releases. Firmware is required, ask me about <non-free sources> and install the firmware-iwlwifi package to provide. http://wiki.debian.org/iwlegacy
M: 2009-10-18
<reply>LimeWire is a peer-to-peer file sharing client written in Java, which uses the <Gnutella> network. Previously packaged for Debian (never part of a stable release), removed to resolve bug #231457. Not supported in #debian; LimeWire PRO users, go to http://www.limewire.com/support/pro/ for support. FrostWire, a fork of LimeWire, has a <RFP> filed in Debian bug #419730. Ask me about <gtk-gnutella>.
live jessie
M: 2017-04-28
<reply>The Debian Live project provides pre-built Debian live system images and allows creation of your own. These can be used to install a Debian system. Live images are available from http://www.debian.org/CD/live/ . http://live.debian.net/ #debian-live on irc.debian.org. See also <live firmware>. For Debian 8 "Jessie", you CANNOT install in <UEFI> mode from a Debian Live image. See <live stretch>.
motd squeeze
M: 2013-01-28
<reply>The "Message Of The Day" (MOTD) may be shown to users at login time. In Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", /etc/motd is a symbolic link to /var/run/motd and is updated each boot. See "man 5 motd" and "man 5 motd.tail" for further information (see also Debian bug #541455). Make /etc/motd a symlink to some other file to disable autogeneration. MOTD generation changed as of Debian 7 "Wheezy", see <motd wheezy>.
multiarch changelog
C: 2013-05-14
<reply>If dpkg complains that it can't "overwrite shared /usr/share/doc/$package/changelog.Debian.gz" for packages marked "Multi-Arch: same", force dpkg to overwrite the files with «apt-get -o DPkg::Options::="--force-overwrite" install $package». BinNMUs performed since July 2013 should not have this problem, as debhelper splits up the changelog. Ask me about <multiarch> <multiarch failures> <binNMU>.
own repo
M: 2012-02-20
<reply>To feed your own packages into apt, you need to create a repository with a Packages file that lists the packages. If you only have a few packages and don't have very sophisticated requirements, you can use <dpkg-scanpackages>. If you want to be able add/remove packages using regular Debian tools like dput then try <reprepro> or mini-dinstall. See http://wiki.debian.org/HowToSetupADebianRepository
programmed input/output (pio)
C: 1970-01-01
This refers to IO standards on IDE hard disk drives. If you have a hard drive that supports one PIO mode, you need your interface to support it as well for maximum performance. The data transfer rates for the various PIO modes are: PIO mode 0 => 3.3 Mbps; PIO mode 1 => 5.2 Mbps; PIO mode 2 => 8.3 Mbps; PIO mode 3 => 11.1 Mbps; PIO mode 4 => 16.6 Mbps. Ultra IDE doubles the data transfer rate of PIO mode 4.
stack smashing
C: 2003-01-25
a popular way to get a certain process to execute arbitrary instructions with the process' privileges. Usually stack smashing is achived through buffer overflow which is caused by coding error by the programmers. Many remote exploits are made possible by stack smashing privileged process. Aleph1's article in Phrack is widely regarded as the bible in stack smashing: http://www.phrack.com/show.php?p=49&a=14
M: 2012-01-21
<reply>The X keyboard extension (XKB) is part of the X Window System, extending the ability to control the keyboard over what is offered by X Window System core protocol. See http://www.x.org/releases/current/doc/xorg-docs/input/XKB-Config.html , http://www.charvolant.org/~doug/xkb/html/xkb.html and http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/XKeyboardConfig#Links for more information. See also <xkblayout>.
C: 2002-05-08
edits Makefile.in's for implementing KDE extensions, like KDE_DOC, METASOURCES = AUTO, KDE_ICON, doxygen support, convenience things like install-exec-am target for kde_modules, enable-final, and dcopidl support (being able to specify foo.stub or foo.skel in _SOURCES and the Makefile automatically getting appropriate tragets which call dcopidl, etc. oh, and of course uic support (_SOURCES = .. foo.ui ...)
M: 2007-12-07
<reply>Bug Tracking System for Debian packages, http://bugs.debian.org/ or to go directly to the bug page for a particular package/bug, try http://bugs.debian.org/packagename or http://bugs.debian.org/bugnumber . aptitude install reportbug, and check out <querybts> too. Users of unstable and testing are required to check the BTS. See also <apt-listbugs>, <reportbug>. http://wiki.debian.org/HowtoUseBTS
cool uris don't change
C: 2009-07-29
<reply> When fiddling with your server, remember that people will have bookmarks to your existing pages, other pages will have links and search engines will have your current set of pages indexed. Don't dump people at a 404 page and say "please update your bookmarks", use a rewrite rule or similar to make life easy for everyone (see Apache's mod_rewrite for example). http://www.w3.org/Provider/Style/URI
M: 2010-07-28
<reply>The Linux kernel CPUfreq subsystem supports frequency scaling on mobile (and some desktop) x86, PowerPC and ARM processors. It provides an interface for throttling processor speed, to save power when the system is idle. http://wiki.debian.org/HowTo/CpuFrequencyScaling http://vger.kernel.org/vger-lists.html#cpufreq . See also <speedstep>, <coolnquiet>, <longhaul>, <intel_pstate>, <power saving>.
debian clone
M: 2011-06-24
<reply> One method of cloning Debian installs is to take a current Debian machine that is set up with the packages you want and run the command "dpkg --get-selections > ~/selectionfile". Then, after the base install on other machines use that file and do: "dpkg --set-selections < ~/selectionfile && apt-get dselect-upgrade". Also ask me about <aptitude clone>, <reinstall>, <things to backup> <apt-clone>.
debian logo font
M: 2013-08-06
<reply> The Debian logo's font is Poppl Laudation Condensed by Friedrich Poppl (http://www.identifont.com/show?U5). Note that the "i" has been changed and the text has been condensed horizontally and stretched vertically. There are free fonts that are almost the same (see http://wiki.debian.org/DebianLogo) and the Debian text is included in the vector images as an outline at http://www.debian.org/logos.
emacs disease
M: 2003-06-13
<reply> I'd like to share a revelation that I've had during my time here. It came to me when I tried to classify your package. I've realized that you are not actually a text editor. Every text editor on this system instinctively develops a natural equilibrium with the surrounding OS. But you emacsen do not. You move to a system and you multiply and multiply until every system resource is consumed....
M: 2010-02-15
<reply> Etch-And-A-Half -- additional packages in the Debian <4.0r4> point release providing additional support for more hardware. It included a 2.6.24 kernel along with an updated installer. As security support for Etch has ended, the Etch-And-A-Half release is no longer supported; ask me about <etch->lenny> to upgrade. http://wiki.debian.org/EtchAndAHalf http://www.debian.org/releases/etch/etchnhalf
M: 2013-09-23
<reply>Adobe Flash Player is proprietary (non-free) software. The easiest way to install it is with the flashplugin-nonfree package, ask me about <contrib>. WARNING: installing flashplugin-nonfree will NOT automatically keep the plugin updated. Read more on https://wiki.debian.org/FlashPlayer. Try «update-flashplugin-nonfree --install» if the installation didn't seem to work or to update the plugin.
immediate configuration
M: 2013-05-02
<reply> When upgrading from squeeze to wheezy, apt may stop with "E: Could not perform immediate configuration on '$package'." First, try running apt-get upgrade; . If that fails, try running apt-get dist-upgrade -o APT::Immediate-Configure=0; instead. Finally, if that doesn't work, if $package isn't an Essential package, then "dpkg -r $package; apt-get -f install. You should also read <release notes>.
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>A jumper fits on two metal connectors. It provides an electrical connection between the two wires to enable a semi-permanent hardware configuration. The <Plug and Play> initiative was designed to eliminate jumpers, but so far this hasn't worked out very well. Most add-in cards, hard drives, and motherboards still have many jumpers that users can utilize to make the devices act in different ways.
legacy system
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>This is any old computer system that was set up before your time, and now continues to work and need support. Often, legacy systems are problematic to upgrade because the people that put them together aren't around any more. One great example is the year 2000 problem. Legacy systems are driving everyone nuts because no one programs in <COBOL> anymore, and lots of legacy code is written in COBOL.
M: 2012-01-09
<reply>Experiencing no sound on Macintosh PowerPC hardware? A bug within the hw-detect component of Debian-Installer (of Debian 7 "Wheezy" and earlier releases) may incorrectly blacklist audio modules required for New World ROM systems; see http://bugs.debian.org/650588 and adjust /etc/modprobe/blacklist.local.conf and /etc/modules as necessary. This issue was corrected at the Debian 8 "Jessie" release.
make your own .deb
C: 2010-11-19
<reply> Make your own .deb from source by reading "man 5 deb-control", compiling and installing into a temporary location (mkdir -p /tmp/mypackage; ./configure --prefix=/tmp/mypackage), using "dpkg -b /tmp/mypackage" to make a .deb, and using <gdebi> to install your new package. Use ldd to play it safe to find dependencies and add them to your control file. But shouldn't you be using <uupdate> instead?
M: 2007-12-30
<reply>MythTV is software to turn a Linux box into a complete multi-media entertainment recording and playback center supporting - given the right hardware - TV, movies, music, and more. Not in Debian (ITP filed as bug #570611); unofficial packages can be found in <deb-multimedia>. For tuner card information, ask me about <dvb>, <ivtv>, <bttv>. http://www.mythtv.org/ #mythtv-users on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-07-07
<reply>Network Address Translation (NAT) modifies IP address information in packet headers during transit across a router. IP masquerading is a form of NAT. Install the <iptables> package, then read http://tldp.org/HOWTO/IP-Masquerade-HOWTO/ and http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Masquerading-Simple-HOWTO/ for more information. Related Debian packages include <arno-iptables-firewall>, <ferm>, <iptables-persistent>.
M: 2010-11-22
<reply>Network File System (NFS) is a distributed file system protocol developed by Sun Microsystems. To set up and secure, read the Linux NFS-HOWTO at http://nfs.sf.net/nfs-howto/ . For notes on NFSv4 in Debian, see /usr/share/doc/nfs-common/README.Debian.nfsv4. Mailing list: http://vger.kernel.org/vger-lists.html#linux-nfs . http://wiki.debian.org/NFS http://nfs.sf.net/ #linux-nfs on irc.oftc.net.
C: 2007-12-03
<reply> Please stay on topic. #debian's mission is to help users of Debian solve problems and understand their Debian systems. If what you are discussing has no relationship to Debian, please move your discussion (and invite participants) to a channel where it is on topic, such as #politics, #general, #ubuntu, or #yourownchannel. Failure to moderate yourself will result in operators moderating for you.
M: 2009-11-26
<reply>A Winmodem (or software modem) is a modem with minimal hardware, relying on the host computer to perform most or all processing and operational tasks. For device support on Debian systems, ask me about <agrsm>, <martian>, <sv92p> (Agere/Lucent); <slmodem> (SmartLink); <pctel> (PCTel); <sm56> (Motorola); <hcf>, <hsf> (Conexant/Rockwell). See also <3com>, <winmodem-trick> http://www.linmodems.org/
M: 2010-09-26
<reply>Yahoo! Inc. is a provider of Internet services. To connect to the Yahoo! Instant Messenging service on Debian systems, ask me about <bitlbee>, <centerim>, <empathy>, <finch>, <kopete> or <pidgin>. All <Jabber> clients can communicate by using a Yahoo transport. Gyach Enhanced (Gyach-E) and GyachE Improved (GyachI) are not packaged for Debian. See also <fetchyahoo>, <pidgin yahoo>, <yahoo2mbox>.
C: 2004-03-20
<reply> Apache::Gallery is probably the coolest gallery software known to man (or woman) designed specifically for the lazy system administrator. Abusing mod_perl, it enables a directory of pictures to be automagically resized, shown as a slide show, and even rotated (if your camera supports it). See http://apachegallery.dk/ or http://gallery.legart.dk/ and http://gallery.donarmstrong.com for examples.
M: 2007-02-11
<reply>Advanced Power Management (APM) is a long-obsolete <API> allowing an operating system (on a IBM-compatible PC) to work with the BIOS for power management functions. Debian's apmd package provides a daemon for logging and acting on APM events, the necessary apm Linux kernel module is automatically loaded via its init script. See also <poweroff>. For APM's intended successor, ask me about <ACPI>.
check deb contents
M: 2012-07-28
<reply>To check installed packages, use <debsums>. To check that a .deb was downloaded correctly, use the hash information in the Packages file «apt-cache show foo | grep -e SHA256; sha256sum foo.deb» (ask me about <secure apt>). To check a .deb against the internal <md5sums> in it, «dpkg-deb -x foo.deb .; dpkg-deb -e foo.deb; md5sum --status -c DEBIAN/md5sums» (would not detect malicious changes).
C: 2015-03-19
<reply>People get very worried about what the "default" is for the desktop environment, pdf viewer, editor, init system, …. The reality is that whatever default is selected isn't really relevant as you have the ability to install new packages and customise your installation. Don't like gnome? then install kde-standard. Don't like systemd? then install sysvinit-core. Don't like nano? then install emacs.
M: 2015-04-28
<reply>Debian GNU/kFreeBSD is a port that consists of GNU userland using the GNU C library on top of FreeBSD's kernel, coupled with the regular Debian package set. kfreebsd-amd64 and kfreebsd-i386 are not official release architectures for Debian 8 "Jessie" due to quality concerns. https://www.debian.org/ports/kfreebsd-gnu/ https://wiki.debian.org/Debian_GNU/kFreeBSD_FAQ #debian-kbsd on irc.oftc.net.
moving target
M: 2009-10-22
<reply> Sure, testing might be shinier than stable, but are you prepared to be continually updating your system? Things that worked today will break tomorrow. Configuration file formats will change and you'll have to fold your changes in yet again. Testing is a moving target and if you'd rather work *with* your computer than working *on* your computer, you might not want that. See <testing security>.
null modem
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>There really is no "null modem" per se, but usually a null modem cable. This is a cable that connects two computers together via serial port and allows them to communicate. Some hardware manufacturers of network hardware, such as hubs and routers, include serial ports for programming their devices. You use a null modem cable to communicate with these devices. Ask me about <null modem pinouts>.
oftc tor
C: 2014-08-13
<reply> Tor connections to most Debian channels on OFTC are blocked due to continued abuse. To participate in Debian IRC channels, you will need a stable identity even if that is an anonymous one. (1) register with nickserv «/msg nickserv help register» (2) turn on a cloak «/msg nickserv set cloak on» (3) every time you connect to IRC, make sure you identify to nickserv prior to joining channels.
ssh locales
C: 2018-01-14
<reply> If you're getting "Cannot set LC_CTYPE to default locale" when connecting to a Debian host over ssh: (a) use 'dpkg-reconfigure locales' to add additional locales to the remote machine, or (b) change SendEnv in ~/.ssh/config to not send LC_CTYPE (man ssh_config), or (c) change AcceptEnv on remote sshd, or (d) overwrite that value in your login scripts (.profile or similar). See also <mac locales>.
C: 2007-03-12
a simplified version of the MPEG-4 Part 14 (MP4) container format, designed to decrease storage and bandwidth requirements in order to accommodate mobile phones. It stores video streams as MPEG-4 or H.263 or H.264, and audio streams as AMR-NB or AAC-LC. A 3GP file is always big-endian, storing and transferring the most significant bytes first. It also contains descriptions of image sizes and bitrate.
M: 2011-05-04
<reply>At linux-2.6 2.6.39~rc4-1~experimental.1, the 686-<bigmem> flavour was renamed to "686-pae" with the 686 flavour removed. From the package changelog: "For 686-class systems without PAE, the '486' flavour is more efficient than the '686' flavour due to optimisation for uniprocessor systems." The change allows use of the NX (No eXecute, aka eXecute Disable) bit where available. See also <nopae>.
M: 2010-12-14
<reply>[bin-cue] A set of .bin/.cue files (aka .raw/.cue) is a multi-mode CD image used by some non-Unix CD writing software (e.g. CDRWIN), not supported by most others. To convert to ISO/WAV, use <bchunk>. To burn the .bin/.cue pair, use <cdrdao>. To create a .bin/.cue pair (e.g.): "cdrdao read-cd --read-raw --datafile image.bin --driver generic-mmc:0x20000 image.toc && toc2cue image.toc image.cue".
M: 2005-11-29
no, it's not a tech support myth: the capacitors on many turn-of-the-millennium components (mostly motherboards) can leak and fail. If you're experiencing random hardware fuckups, check them for bulging. See http://www.guru3d.com/newsitem.php?id=78 for the story and http://us1.webpublications.com.au/static/images/articles/i303/30328_4mg.jpg for a photo, or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capacitor_plague
M: 2005-07-26
A compiler translates a computer program from one language into another, catching any errors in syntax along the way. Most commonly, you translate some high level language, such as Haskell or C, into optimized machine language. This form of compilation puts your programs into a form that your computer can understand without any translation, thus speeding them up. loop( print random( verbose ); sleep 5 )
modem slowdown
C: 2000-06-05
the serial interface to an external modem is easily overflooded ( => packet losses) during heavy i/o activity like... downloading. 3 steps needed to prevent it: hdparm -u1 /dev/hda (or other device) to enable being interrupted by other (serial) interrupts, <irqtune> to increase serial priority, parameter low_lantency to setserial / /etc/serial.conf to not wait the buffer is half filled before reading it
M: 2005-06-25
<reply>Conventional PCI (Peripheral Connect Interface) was designed to supplant the VL-Bus architecture and provide a standard slot with a reduced size for high-speed peripherals. It normally runs at 33 MHz on a PC, but can run faster. PCI slots are 32-bit slots on Intel systems, but the specification allows for 64-bit, like EISA or VL-BUS, but in a compact form factor. See <pciids>, <pcie>, <pci-x>.
release history
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>Named after "Toy Story" characters. Buzz(1.1; 1996-03-14), Rex(1.2; 1996-10-28), Bo(1.3; 1997-05-01), Hamm(2.0; 1998-07-24), Slink(2.1; 1999-03-09), Potato(2.2; 2000-08-15), Woody(3.0; 2002-07-19), Sarge(3.1; 2005-06-06), Etch(4.0; 2007-04-08), Lenny(5.0; 2009-02-14), Squeeze(6.0; 2011-02-06), Wheezy(7; 2013-05-04), Jessie(8; 2015-04-25), Stretch (9; 2017-06-17). Next: Buster. http://deb.li/it56U
M: 2013-01-16
<reply>Suspend can mean either suspend to disk (hibernate) or suspend to RAM. The in-kernel suspend system has worked well since Debian 4.0 "Etch". Installing the pm-utils or hibernate packages along with a front-end like gnome-power-manager or <power devil> should be enough. See also <suspend troubleshooting>, <uswsusp>, <swapwake>, <noresume>, <disable lid suspend>. https://wiki.debian.org/Suspend
M: 2010-02-23
<reply> VMware isn't part of Debian, therefore it's not supported, ask me about <vmware support>. VMware is not in Debian because it is not Free software; even though you might be able to download it for no cost, the source code is not available for some parts and Debian is not allowed to distribute it, see <dfsg>. http://wiki.debian.org/VMware #vmware on irc.freenode.net. See also <virtualization>.
M: 2013-01-25
<reply>carl9170 is a Linux kernel driver, introduced in Linux 2.6.37, supporting draft 802.11n USB wireless LAN devices based on the Atheros AR9170 chipset. It replaces <ar9170usb>, provides improved functionality (e.g. 802.11n support) and only uses open firmware. Firmware from userspace is required (carl9170-1.fw), install the firmware-linux-free package to provide. http://wiki.debian.org/carl9170
M: 2016-03-14
<reply>Patch set to enhance Linux kernel security: ACL system/auditing/measures against common system exploits. In Debian as linux-patch-grsecurity2, see /usr/share/doc/linux-patch-grsecurity2/README.Debian to apply. Packaged as kernel for sid since 2016, search https://packages.debian.org/search?keywords=linux-image%20grsec http://www.grsecurity.net #grsecurity on <oftc>, ##grsecurity on <freenode>
M: 2010-03-21
<reply>Intel Corporation is a semiconductor manufacturer. For support of wireless LAN adapters, ask me about <iwlwifi>, <ipw2200>, <ipw2100>. For support of Ethernet controllers, ask me about <e100>, <e1000>, <e1000e>, <igb>, <ixgbe>. For support of WiMAX devices, ask me about <i2400m-usb>. For support of integrated graphics chipsets, ask me about <intel-gfx>. See also <ia64>, <isci>, <speedstep>.
java ipv6
M: 2010-08-01
<reply>net.ipv6.bindv6only=1 was set in netbase 4.38, no longer set by default since netbase 4.42 (Debian bug #560238). net.ipv6.bindv6only=1 breaks networking in Java for sun-java6-jdk (Debian bug #560044). For older (pre-release) Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" installations, use "sed -i 's/net.ipv6.bindv6only = 1/net.ipv6.bindv6only = 0/' /etc/sysctl.d/bindv6only.conf ; invoke-rc.d procps restart" to revert.
M: 2008-02-05
"compiling a kernel and it's taking so long - what am i to do? - i can take a snooze or eat some shnooze - or sit here like a fool - watching the kernel compile's {fun,cool,sweet} - i just can't get enough of it - my back starts to ache so i better do some yoga - but i'm watching the kernel compile so i can't - i've some stuff to do, i'm procrastinating - but i'm watching the kernel compile so i can't"
C: 2004-02-29
If you have to use the name "knoppix" in your question when you are really asking a Debian question, then you are too stupid to be in this channel, and people will (rightly) get upset at you. You know you are a STUPID if... (to steal from Jeff Foxworthy) If you want to use Knoppix, there is no shame...but if you do not understand what Debian is and how Knoppix differs, please type these commands now:
offline squeeze install
M: 2011-03-20
<reply>If you do an installation of squeeze without a working network connection, your sources.list will have a completely broken entry for "volatile"; ask me about <squeeze-updates> for a correct entry. It will also be missing a main mirror so not all packages will be available; ask me about <make squeeze sources.list> and <mirrors>. Both issues are corrected in <6.0.1> and later installation media.
C: 2000-06-18
the Portable Network Graphics format, a format for storing images on computers. Unofficially its acronym stands for ``PNG's Not GIF.'' PNG was designed to be the successor to the once-popular GIF format, which became decidedly less popular right around New Year's Day 1995 when Unisys and CompuServe suddenly announced that programs implementing GIF would require royalties. http://www.libpng.org/pub/png/
M: 2009-03-06
<reply> Asking questions like "Does anyone have X or use Y?" or "Does anyone know about Z?" will make people hesitate to answer, because they have no idea what your followup question is going to be, nor if they can answer it. Instead, ask a question that includes what you're doing, why you're doing it, which result you expected and what you got instead. Include error messages and your typed commands.
M: 2005-08-26
<reply>Resolution is how fine the pixels are. The higher the resolution, the more pixels that can be squeezed onto a screen, thereby giving the appearance that the pictures on your screen are smaller without losing any detail. Because the pictures are smaller you now have room to place more on your screen. Use ctrl-alt-numpad_plus/minus or <xrandr> to change it. See also <hwinfo> and <xorg config>.
M: 2010-02-11
used to delete a file (syntax: rm foo), or the Grim File Reaper, or really just a wrapper around unlink(2). To prevent accidental deletions, ask me about <safe-rm>. --preserve-root is a default option since GNU coreutils 6.4, see also <-->. Release Manager, the team of people responsible for managing a Debian release. RealMedia (container format for RealVideo/RealAudio), ask me about <real codecs>.
sd card
M: 2004-12-10
<reply> Linux doesn't include support for SD cards because the SD Card Association license disallows open source drivers, probably because of their product's "security features" (read: soul-sucking DRM). For more information, see http://tuxmobil.org/mmc_sd_card_unix.html Some "SD Cards" seem to work in free software as MMC cards - you get the storage and bandwidth, but not the DRM - so they are GREAT!
M: 2011-02-06
<reply>Put "deb http://security.debian.org/ stretch/updates main contrib non-free" in your /etc/apt/sources.list file to keep up-to-date on security updates in <stable>. Run "aptitude update" and "aptitude upgrade" (or "aptitude full-upgrade" if the updates are kept back). Also ask me about <dsa>, <security backports>, <oldstable security>, <testing security>, <unstable security>, <browser security>.
M: 2010-04-30
<reply>Xen is an open source virtual machine monitor / hypervisor, allowing several guest operating systems to execute concurrently on the same system. Provides paravirtualization (requiring guest OSs to be modified/ported) and hardware-assisted virtualization (for running guests unmodified). For detailed help, see http://wiki.debian.org/Xen . #debian-xen on irc.oftc.net. See also <virtualization>.
M: 2014-04-19
<reply>ZSNES is an emulator of the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. Not portable to non-x86 architectures due to it being ~67.2004% i386 assembly. amd64 users are required to enable <multiarch> and install the zsnes:i386 package. For difficulties involving audio, ask me about <zsnes sound>. http://zsnes-docs.sf.net/html/faq.htm http://zsnes.com/ #zsnes on irc.freenode.net. See also <snes9x>.
C: 2012-05-05
<reply> To get a backtrace to debug a <segfault>, run gdb --args /bin/yourprogram -somearg then type run and trigger the segfault. Type bt and it will show you the functions the program executed during the crash. "??" instead of function names mean that debugging symbols are missing. Install the appropriate -dbg packages if available or recompile the package with symbols (see <package recompile>).
M: 2009-11-20
<reply>hostapd is a user-space IEEE 802.11 access point (AP) and IEEE 802.11X/WPA/WPA2/EAP authenticator. Any mac80211 driver providing AP functionality is supported by hostapd's nl80211 (netlink) driver. See /usr/share/doc/hostapd/README.Debian for program invocation and driver version/firmware notes. See also https://wireless.wiki.kernel.org/en/users/Documentation/hostapd . http://w1.fi/hostapd/
M: 2010-05-17
<reply>GNU IceCat is a web browser distributed by the GNU Project, formerly known as GNU IceWeasel (not to be confused with Debian's <Iceweasel>). It is a fork of Mozilla Firefox made entirely of free software, without distributing or recommending non-free software as plug-ins or addons. Not packaged for Debian, RFP in bug #637348. http://www.gnu.org/software/gnuzilla/ #icecat on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2015-06-18
<reply> jessie-proposed-updates is a repository containing packages being prepared for the next <point release>. Each package is tested and approved; your additional testing is most welcome prior to wider release. http://www.debian.org/releases/proposed-updates http://release.debian.org/proposed-updates/stable.html . In your sources.list: deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates main
M: 2015-06-16
<reply> To enable parallel building support in a package using the dh(1) sequencer, use «dh $@ --parallel». To actually build in parallel, use «sbuild -jNUM» or specify "parallel=NUM" in the DEB_BUILD_OPTIONS environment variable. dh will then pass a -jNUM parameter (or equivilent) to the upstream build system. See policy §4.9.1 http://deb.li/5AjA , dh(1) http://deb.li/3n28i or ask me about <dh>.
M: 2010-04-16
<reply> To take a screenshot of your current desktop, you can probably just hit the "PrintScreen" key on your keyboard (Gnome and KDE). Alternatives include ksnapshot, gnome-panel-screenshot, the Gimp's "Acquire->Screenshot", "import -window root screenshot.jpg" (imagemagick package), scrot, xwd. For framebuffer consoles, use fbcat. http://wiki.debian.org/ScreenShots http://screenshots.debian.net/
M: 2012-08-17
<reply>sftp is a program that provides FTP-like functionality over an ssh2 tunnel and is usually what you should be using instead of ftp://ftp. Linux clients are in the packages openssh-client, filezilla, gftp and many file managers like dolphin, konqueror and nautilus. The server is in the package openssh-server. For Windows clients, ask me about <winscp>, <filezilla>. See also <scp> and <sshfs>.
M: 2011-09-19
<reply>squeeze-updates is a suite providing updates to some packages (from <oldstable-proposed-updates>) prior to a <point release>. All packages from squeeze-updates will be included in point releases. The stable-updates suite replaces the Debian Volatile archive starting from Debian 6.0. http://www.debian.org/News/2011/20110215 . Not to be confused with <squeeze/updates>, see <squeeze security>.
C: 2006-01-20
I had to get up in the morning at ten o'clock at night half an hour before I went to bed, drink a cup of sulphuric acid, work twenty-nine hours a day down mill, and pay mill owner for permission to come to work, and when we got home, our Dad and our mother would kill us and dance about on our graves singing Hallelujah. And you try and tell the young people of today that ..... they won't believe you.
C: 2009-11-04
<reply>[crm114] the Controllable Regex Mutilator, pattern recognition software which is able to classify incoming data for sorting, filtering or modification. It is commonly used to filter <spam>. From the package maintainer in Debian bug #529720: "I'd say that backward compatibility is not a crm114 feature and one must expect problems when upgrading crm114 to a new version." http://crm114.sf.net/
M: 2010-12-06
<reply>e100 is a Linux kernel driver supporting Intel PRO/100 Ethernet controllers. Firmware from userspace is only required for support of non-<ICH> devices; i.e. PCI IDs 8086:1229 (rev 8), 8086:1229 (rev 9) and 8086:1229 (rev F/10). e100 firmware (d101m_ucode.bin, d101s_ucode.bin, d102e_ucode.bin) is packaged in firmware-linux-nonfree, ask me about <non-free sources>. See also <firmware images>.
M: 2009-05-30
defined in English with many different meanings of which only one refers to cost. Easier in French, or 'free beer' = gratuit / 'free speech' = libre, or http://www.debian.org/intro/free, or http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/categories.html, or free (procps) tells you how much memory is used/wasted ("Mem:") and how much is being necessarily used/could be freed ("-/+ buffers/cache:"), see also <free ram>.
hide ps
C: 2005-05-26
<reply\. So you want to hide the output of 'ps', or have it show only a user's own processes. This is a) stupid, because some programs rely on the output of ps to function, and b) impossible on a standard linux system, because ps just reads from /proc, and c) a waste of time on its own. What are you trying to hide? if you really care, use grsecurity, SElinux or usermodelinux, that's what they're for.
M: 2009-10-09
<reply>A modem (modulator/demodulator) is a device turning digital signals into analog ones, for transmission to another modem and translation back to digital. Used for communication through means of audio, telephone, CB, etc. Ask me about <ppp>. USB CDC ACM-compliant modems are supported by the Linux kernel's cdc-acm driver (/dev/ttyACM*). See also <winmodem>, <3g>. http://wiki.debian.org/Modem
M: 2010-12-16
<reply>pdnsd is a proxy DNS server, which uses a permanent cache (written to disk on program exit) to assist with DNS servers that are down/unreachable; the cache can be purged via "pdnsd-ctl empty-cache". Debian's pdnsd package uses an automatic configuration file instead of /etc/pdnsd.conf by default, see /usr/share/doc/pdnsd/README.Debian for more information. Not to be confused with <powerdns>.
M: 2011-09-27
<reply>To view and alter system services, use one or more of <rcconf>, <sysv-rc-conf>, <update-rc.d>; or use ls, ln and mv in /etc/rc?.d/ . The /etc/services file provides a port numbers list, which is updated from http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers and other sources. The 'service' command (used to run an init script) is packaged for Debian in sysvinit-utils. See also <disable services>.
M: 2006-06-06
for wimpy organic beings. Or, sleep is probably a poor substitute for coffee or for mortals or for the weak or the glory of the cowards and the un-caffeinateds. :-) or the activity of choice for the intelligent person or time which could be spent hacking the planet.. or .. whatever .. ZZzzzz ... fsck: warning: /dev/brain has gone countless hours without being checked. Check forced. zZZzzzz... *zonk*
ssh permissions
M: 2010-06-16
<reply>You cannot use your ssh key if the permissions are set on your client so that someone else can steal it, or if the permissions on the remote machine permit someone else adding keys. On the client: chmod 755 ~/; chmod 700 ~/.ssh; chmod 600 ~/.ssh/id_rsa. On the server: chmod 755 ~/; chmod 700 ~/.ssh; chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys See also <ssh-copy-id>. http://mywiki.wooledge.org/SshKeys
C: 2003-02-23
semi-realistic counter-terrorist First Player Shooting Game and an Unreal Tournament modification. It's simply one of the best mods ever, and can be downloaded for free. TO also recently went retail and can be bought at your local store. If you want more information about TO, you can visit http://www.TO-City.com This great site has everything a TO player wants. and yes it is larger than a breadbox...
M: 2008-06-17
<reply>User-Agent is the string sent by a web browser to the web server - or checked by JavaScript within the browser - identifying the browser you are using. Some websites will serve different content depending on this string. If you're having trouble with websites telling you only "Firefox" or "Internet Explorer" are supported, then refusing to go any further, ask me about <iceweasel user-agent>.
C: 2012-04-21
<reply>amd64 gives great improvement including an ability to directly address more than 4GB of ram, however for some algorithms the larger 64-bit pointers cause a significant slow-down due to poorer utilization of CPU cache. x32 allows 32-bit code on amd64 machines (only) that can use all the new features of amd64 including new registers. It was merged in Linux 3.4. http://lwn.net/Articles/456731/
zsh prompt
M: 2004-07-18
export PS1="%D{%n}%B[%b%D{%a %d %b %Y %r}%B]%b %B(%b%D{%z}%B)%b %B[%b%n%B@%b%M%B]%b %B[%b%{^[[31m%}%~%{^[[37m%}%B]%b%D{%n}%B[%bExit%B:%b %? Command%B:%b %!%B]%b%D{%n}%B%m%b%(1_. [%_]>.%%) ", or ninja's dumb prompt: export PS1='%D{%n}${(l.$((COLUMNS+11)).):-"%B[%b%D{%a %d %b %Y %T}%B]%b %B(%b%D{%z}%B)%b"}%D{%n}%(!..%n@)%m:%22<..<%~%(!.#.>) ' ; export RPS1='%(?..%B[%bExit%B:%b %? Command%B:%b %h%B]%b)'
M: 2013-10-23
<reply>backports.debian.org (formerly backports.org) is an official repository of <backports> for the current stable (see <jessie backports>) and oldstable (<wheezy backports>) distributions, prepared by Debian developers. Ask me about <backport caveat> and read http://backports.debian.org/Instructions/. See also <bdo kernel> <bdo mirrors> <bdo contents> <bdo list> <bdo bugs> <bdo xorg> <bdo NEW>.
blu-ray disc
M: 2009-05-13
<reply>Blu-ray Disc (BD) is an optical disc storage medium. The Debian CD team produces BD images of <stable>, <oldstable> and weekly <testing> builds, for the amd64, i386 and source architectures; these are all available via _jigdo only_. Ask me about <jigdo>, <install debian> and <weekly builds>; .jigdo files are within "jigdo-bd" and "jigdo-dlbd" (dual-layer) directories of {amd64,i386,source}.
check iso signature
M: 2011-08-19
<reply>On a Debian box, you can check the installer images are legitimate using the signature file that comes with them. When downloading the ISO, also get the SHA256SUMS and SHA256SUMS.sign files in the same directory, then: "apt-get install -t sid debian-keyring; sha256sum -c SHA256SUMS; gpg --keyring /usr/share/keyrings/debian-role-keys.gpg --verify SHA256SUMS.sign". See also <check iso image>.
cmd: gothsmite (.*?)
C: 2004-02-22
($1): <action> puts on black lipstick and (a spiky dog collar|a corset|a puffy-sleeved pirate shirt|a vampire cape|a Morpheus trenchcoat) and sings (Cure|Cradle of Filth|Joy Division|Sisters of Mercy|Graveworm|Dead Can Dance) songs in $1's ear, off key, while (pondering the moon|drinking red wine from a crystal goblet|scraping his fingernails down a blackboard|keeping an eye out for the werewolves).
full cd advocacy
M: 2005-03-01
you can download the images while using your computer for something else, but you can't use your computer while Debian is netinstalling. It takes a full desktop install down to under half an hour from a couple of hours, even on ADSL. A full CD image will also have kernel source in case of problems. but only download the first cd, you greedy bastard. maybe a good reason to have more than one computer
gdm themes
C: 2005-09-25
<reply>Graphical Greeter Themes for the Gnome Display Manager can be found in the gdm-themes package or online at http://art.gnome.org/themes/gdm_greeter/ , http://www.gnome-look.org/index.php?xcontentmode=150 , http://www.customize.org/list/ggdm , or http://themes.freshmeat.net/browse/991/ see also http://www.jirka.org/gdm-documentation/x1259.html for reference material on Graphical Greeter Themes.
M: 2009-11-13
<reply>Messenger (formerly .NET Messenger Service, MSN Messenger Service) is an instant messaging and presence system using the Microsoft Notification Protocol (MSNP). To connect using a Debian system, ask me about <bitlbee>, <centerim>, <emesene>, <empathy>, <kopete>, <licq> or <pidgin>. All <Jabber> clients can communicate by using a MSN transport. Note that MSNP performs no content encryption.
M: 2011-05-13
<reply>policy is the document that defines how Debian packages should (and must!) interact with each other and with the user to make sure we have a high-quality, stable distribution. You can find it at http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ or in the debian-policy package. Those who fail to understand Debian Policy are doomed to reimplement it, poorly. See also <best practices> <nmg> <mentors>.
C: 2009-07-27
a set of python libraries that are designed for making high quality plots of scientific data or equations. LaTeX is used to typeset all the text on the plot and because you write a short script for each plot it's easy to do some data manipulation as you go too. Packaged for Debian in the python-pyx package. See http://pyx.sf.net/ for examples and a gallery of plots. Also ask me about <plotting>.
M: 2010-05-06
<reply>RPM is both the RPM Package Manager and the file format for its packages. Convert a .rpm to a <cpio> archive using the rpm2cpio tool (rpm2cpio package). <alien> can convert a .rpm package to a .deb file format; this doesn't do a very good job of converting a package for use with Debian, you should use a proper Debian package in preference to alien. Also ask me about <stow>, <checkinstall>.
C: 2002-12-06
the art of making tea, or better known as ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
M: 2009-10-08
<reply> WANTED: loving home for CPU architecture. Alpha is housebroken, and has had all its shots. Friendly, affectionate and energetic! Contact DEC (oops, Compaq! (oops, HP! (oops, the morgue))) for details. http://www.debian.org/ports/alpha/ http://alphalinux.org/wiki/ #alpha on irc.freenode.net. Debian 6.0 ("Squeeze") drops official support for the Alpha architecture. See also <qotd230>.
apt translation
M: 2013-05-01
<reply>From Debian 7.0 "Wheezy" onwards, the long description of the packages is moved out of the Packages files on the mirrors and placed instead in a Translation-en file in the same way as translated package descriptions are stored. To configure which languages to download, see Acquire::Languages in apt.conf(5). For example, «echo "Acquire::Languages{en;};" > /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/90translation»
binary units
C: 2001-04-18
'k', 'M', 'G' each have two common meanings, the binary and the decimal, e.g. k can mean 1,024 (binary) or 1,000 (decimal). There's a new set of prefixes 'Ki', 'Mi' etc for the 2^X meanings - See http://physics.nist.gov/cuu/Units/binary.html and http://www.pcguide.com/res/tablesBinDec-c.html. Hard disk manufacturers use 1MB = 1,000,000 bytes, so that they can sell you smaller disks than you expect.
M: 2010-11-26
<reply>BitTorrent is a peer-to-peer (P2P) file distribution protocol. 'bittorrent' is also the name of the original BitTorrent client. Other clients include <aria2>, <azureus>, <bittornado>, <deluge>, <ktorrent>, <lftp>, <mldonkey>, <rtorrent> and <transmission>. To download Debian <stable> CD/DVD images via BitTorrent, see http://www.debian.org/CD/torrent-cd/ . #bittorrent on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2008-05-15
<reply>denyhosts is a python script that analyzes the sshd logs to find possible break-in attempts. It keeps track of the frequency of attempts from each host. Additionally, upon discovering a repeated attack host, the /etc/hosts.deny file is updated to prevent future break-in attempts from that host. A report can be sent to a system email address. http://denyhosts.sf.net/ See also <fail2ban>.
M: 2009-10-30
one of the killer benefits of Debian. Packages have or provide dependencies on other packages. The packaging tools (apt-get, aptitude, synaptic, etc.) automatically determine these dependencies and select additional packages for installation or removal if necessary, or may have to download deb files and do dpkg -i from time to time, or they are set in the file control of a package (see <package>)
init vote
M: 2014-01-05
<reply>The technical committee will vote on the issue when they are ready to. If it happens before the freeze for Jessie they will announce it then; if they don't do that, then it stays as is until the following release. Further conversation on the subject is not welcome here, however please join #debian-offtopic for often animated conversations about this and other things. Tempus fugit, people!
M: 2008-03-07
<reply>Knoppix is _not_ Debian. Seek Knoppix help in freenode's #knoppix. Knoppix is a live CD distribution which is <based on Debian>, useful as a rescue CD, to test hardware, and for situations where you have access to a computer but it isn't Debian. http://www.knoppix.org/ unofficial: http://Debian-knoppix.alioth.Debian.org/ <Debian-live> is the Debian equivalent for publishing live systems.
M: 2005-06-03
<reply><Powered> jm_: I dont understand man tell me witch commando I willuse ? <jm_> Powered: I am not sure if I have the patience to do that <Powered> jm_: Why ? <jm_> Powered: because you're vastly inexperienced <Powered> jm_: But plz tell me. <jm_> Powered: you'll need to get the source package, edit the files, build the deb and then install that <Powered> jm_: Install what ? <jm_> Powered: see?
set time
M: 2016-08-25
<reply> To set the time on Debian systems, use date --set. The truly enlightened user, however, will install <ntp> to have their clock set automatically on reboot and slewed to match time servers. Also verify the system's UTC setting and set the correct time zone; ask me about <utc>, <timezone>. see systemd-timesyncd instead of installing ntp https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Systemd-timesyncd
M: 2011-12-08
<reply>starfire is a Linux kernel driver supporting the Adaptec 6915 "Starfire" 64-bit PCI Ethernet adapter (PCI ID 9004:6915). Firmware from userspace (adaptec/starfire_rx.bin, adaptec/starfire_tx.bin) is required for device use in Debian Linux 2.6.29 and later kernels (Debian bug #501152); these are currently not packaged for Debian (Debian bug #651443), ask me about <linux-firmware> to acquire.
M: 2009-10-11
<reply>uptime is a measure of the time a computer system has been "up" and running. It came into use to describe the opposite of downtime, times when a system was non-operational. The uptime and reliability of computer and communications facilities is sometimes measured in "nines". Five nines means 99.999% reliability, which translates to a total downtime of no longer than five minutes per year.
M: 2010-08-16
<reply>2Wire is a broadband customer-premises equipment manufacturer. For support of the "2Wire 802.11b USB Wireless Adapter" (USB ID 1630:ff81), ask me about <orinoco usb>. For support of the legacy (~2005) "2Wire 802.11g Wireless USB Adapter" (USB ID 1630:0005), ask me about <p54>. For support of the later (~2009) "2Wire 802.11g Wireless USB Adapter" (USB ID 0ace:1215), ask me about <zd1211>.
M: 2010-01-03
<reply>Pinning is a method to choose which version of a package to install when multiple versions are available from <sources.list>. Bugs are explained at https://web.archive.org/web/20121017070250/http://carlo17.home.xs4all.nl/howto/debian.html#errata . If you use stable, pinning won't help you from messing up the system, ask me about <backports> instead. https://wiki.debian.org/AptPreferences
C: 2016-11-26
<reply>deb.debian.org is a mirror network that is backed by international content delivery networks and for most users, this is the most reliable <mirror> to use in the <sources.list>. From Debian 9 "Stretch" onwards, apt queries SRV records in DNS which then send it off to a CDN. Older apt will get an HTTP redirect from deb.debian.org to the same CDNs. See http://deb.debian.org/ for more details.
M: 2014-02-23
<reply>The D-Link DWA-125 "Wireless 150 USB Adapter" is an 802.11n device. For support of revisions A1 (USB ID 07d1:3c0d, Ralink RT3070 chip), A2 (USB ID 07d1:3c16, Ralink RT3070 chip), A3 (USB ID 2001:3C19, Ralink RT5372 chip) and B1 (USB ID 2001:3c1e, Ralink RT5370 chip), ask me about <rt2800usb>. For support of revision D1 (USB ID 2001:330f, Realtek RTL8188ETV chip), ask me about <rtl8188eu>.
M: 2013-01-22
<reply>Microsoft Hyper-V (formerly Windows Server Virtualization) is a proprietary virtual machine monitor / hypervisor for x86-64 Windows systems, which is not supported in #debian. Hyper-V paravirtualization support is part of the Linux kernel and enabled in Debian 7 "Wheezy" kernel images, with improved driver versions backported from Linux 3.4 (Debian bug #661318). See also <virtualization>.
new archive key
C: 2009-05-31
<reply> If you have fallen behind with your updates, then you may be receiving this warning from apt-get update: "W: There is no public key available for the following key IDs: 9AA38DCD55BE302B". Install the debian-archive-keyring package to load the new key or manually load the new key using apt-key after verifying that it has been correctly signed. Ask me about <secure apt> <apt-key 55BE302B>.
C: 1970-01-01
<reply><Usenet> newsgroups are a huge bunch of Internet discussion groups that replicate across the Internet every so often. If you get a bunch of people together and request a group for yourself, you'll probably be able to create it. Topics range from technical discussions and debate to flame wars. However, the most infamous use of the newsgroups is the distribution of binary pictures as text.
M: 2011-03-12
<reply>Optical Character Recognition (OCR) is a technology allowing computers to "read" text from physical objects. It requires a graphical representation of text to interpret, usually coming from a scanned image. gocr (http://jocr.sf.net/) and ocrad (http://www.gnu.org/software/ocrad/ocrad.html) are packaged for Debian. The fuzzyocr <SpamAssassin> plugin can be used to check image attachments.
M: 2013-06-27
<reply>Office Open XML is a compressed XML-based file format developed by Microsoft for representing documents (word processing, charts, presentations, spreadesheets). These formats are the default targets of Microsoft Office since Office 2007. <LibreOffice> supports reading and writing Office Open XML files. The docx2txt utility can convert Open Office XML document files (.docx) to plain text.
M: 2000-05-04
<reply>[pda] Personal Digital Assistant, basically beefed-up organizers. They have small LCD screens, some form of pen or keyboard input, and software for organization, OCR, and contact management. Some have even more features, such as Web browsing or Internet e-mail. The best ones allow independent developers to write new applications that can be uploaded to the PDA. Or, Production Data Area.
security through obscurity
C: 2005-09-13
<reply> Ok, if you're wanting to hide /proc from a user, or chroot a user, disable su for a user, or otherwise fool a user into thinking he's not capable of doing anything , you're the fool. Hiding things from users normally provides no material security benefit, and causes massive headaches for those who actually use the machine in question. Ask me about <chroot ssh>, <hide ps> and <disable su>
M: 2013-06-03
<reply>Selected packages intended for the "Wheezy" (7.x) release of Debian but recompiled for use with "Squeeze" (6.0) can be found in the "squeeze-backports" repository. A suitable line for your sources.list is «deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian-backports/ squeeze-backports main». squeeze-backports will continue to be supported for the lifetime of <squeeze-lts>. Also ask me about <bdo>.
vbox rename
M: 2013-05-06
<reply>Prior to version 4.0, two editions of VirtualBox existed: VirtualBox OSE (free and open source software, some features removed) and VirtualBox PUEL (Personal Use and Evaluation License, all features present). Since version 4.0, only the open source version exists; closed-source components have moved to an extension pack, ask me about <vbox extpack>. http://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Editions
why debian
M: 2009-02-19
<reply>Debian strives to maintain your freedom whilst also paying close attention to the technical aspects of making a great OS. Debian is stable, upgradable and well tested. See also http://www.debian.org/intro/free http://www.debian.org/intro/why_debian http://people.debian.org/~srivasta/talks/why_debian/ http://www.aboutdebian.com/ . As an added bonus, you get to ask questions in #debian.
C: 2001-08-09
To install Windows onto a drive other than the primary drive add the following to your /etc/lilo.conf remembering to run lilo when done. This only works if you have Windows on the first partition of the 2nd drive. The following goes at the end of your lilo.conf file. other=/dev/hdb1 label=dos table=/dev/hdb map-drive=0x80 to=0x81 map-drive=0x81 to=0x80 Each line goes on it's own line.
2.4.x swap
M: 2001-11-16
on kernel 2.4 your effective total virtual memory will be max(swap,RAM) instead of the sum swap+RAM like in kernel 2.2. So temporarily, the old "use twice your RAM size for swap" makes some sense. Not using swap at all still makes sense too if you've got enough RAM for your needs. See http://boudicca.tux.org/hypermail/linux-kernel/2001week11/0495.html and 0534.html, or it's now fixed with 2.4.10+
M: 2012-01-09
<reply>1) add yourself to the 'audio' group (log out & in again) 2) unmute and raise channels w/ alsamixer (also try muting some & toggle jack sense if available) 3) <pulseaudio> or other daemon stopped? 4) speakers on? 5) does "aplay /usr/share/sounds/alsa/Noise.wav" work for root? 6) purge any installed <oss4> packages to remove ALSA blacklist. See also <list alsa users>, <alsa firmware>.
C: 2003-08-16
(continued from assumptions) 6. You will run diagnostic commands and report back results, pasted to #flood, if necessary, to diagnose your system state, 7. You realize that the person helping you can't see your system, you can, and relies on you to describe what's happening fully and accurately, 8. You're dealing with someone volunteering time and expertise, show respect, (more in assumptions3)
dragonfly bsd
C: 2005-07-04
<reply>DragonFly BSD is an operating system and environment designed to be the logical continuation of the FreeBSD-4.x OS series. These operating systems belong in the same class as Linux in that they are based on UNIX ideals and APIs. DragonFly is a fork in the path, so to speak, giving the BSD base an opportunity to grow in an entirely new direction from the one taken in the FreeBSD-5 series.
install gnome
M: 2014-01-14
<reply>To install GNOME: «apt-get install …» 1. 'task-gnome-desktop' (Debian installer default) 2. 'gnome' (recommended) 3. 'gnome-desktop-environment' (upstream GNOME) 4. 'gnome-core' (like 3, minus end-user applications) 5. 'gnome-session gdm3 network-manager-gnome' (minimalist, not recommended). You will need Xorg installed as well, ask me about <install x>. https://wiki.debian.org/Gnome
M: 2015-04-26
a utility to load an <iptables> rule file; see http://wiki.debian.org/iptables for more examples. You can run iptables-restore manually, from an interface hook script (see interfaces(5) for information about "pre-up" scripts) or from an init script provided by the iptables-persistent package. This package can be removed from jessie systems, it's functionality is provided by netfilter-persistent.
lenny pool 1
M: 2009-02-03
<reply> rektide=2008-08-21 themill=2008-12-01 dutchfish=2008-11-11 brylie=2008-07-15 thedonvaughn=2009-02-05 slxix=2008-10-31 asg=argh, not before I finish upgrading the sarge boxes. avu=2009-01-23 Guerin=2009-03-13 chealer=2009-02-15 cydork=2008-12-31 gpm=2009-02-10 supaplex=my birthday. jelly=2008-08-25 PerfDave=2009-01-14 witte=2009-03-01 abrotman=2009-04-08 streuner=2009-06-15 hark=2009-04-17
M: 2013-01-30
<reply>Matroska is an open multimedia container format, supporting chapters, subtitles and multiple streams. Its file types include .mkv (video with subtitles and audio) and .mka (audio only). Supported by <mplayer>, <totem>, <vlc>, <xine> and other applications. Matroska manipulation tools are packaged in mkvtoolnix and mkvtoolnix-gui. http://www.matroska.org/ #matroska on irc.freenode.net.
packages file
M: 2017-02-24
<reply>The Packages file in a Debian <repository> is an index of all the binary packages that are available for a particular release and architecture. It contains metadata about the package such as versions, dependencies and file <hashes>; the hash of the Packages file is cryptographically checked using the <Release file>. See https://wiki.debian.org/RepositoryFormat or ask me about <secure apt>.
C: 2005-11-26
<reply>< justin420> ...got some weird errors when using that dhclient eth0... < nvz> justin420: thats a normal dhcp lease proceedure < Tchiak> it's ok justin.. lots of men have problem problems understanding what' s going on with their DHCP it's only natural. < Tchiak> if you take this packet once a day before engaging in internet activites, you'll provide a satisfaction to both you and your isp.
M: 2009-07-31
<reply>Roshal ARchive (RAR) is a proprietary archive file format used mostly by 3l33+ war3z d00dz. To extract, use either "rar", "unrar" or "p7zip-rar" in non-free, ask me about <non-free sources>. "unrar-free" in main cannot extract RAR3 archives. The rar package can create archives, but costs money (see the license). See also <unar>. http://www.rarlab.com/ http://www.unrarlib.org/faq.html
M: 2005-01-29
a nice patch to the kernel that the mandrake developers are working on currently. it allows to change a cd while it is mounted, which is VERY useful in wine. a patch that works for a 2.4.18 kernel can be found at http://espectro.hypermart.net/supermount.patch. README can be found at http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/Lab/8144/supermount.README.txt, or see http://supermount-ng.sourceforge.net
M: 2009-05-30
<reply>TuxOnIce (formerly Suspend2, swsusp) is a project providing a set of Linux kernel patches for suspending a system to disk within half a minute, then wake it into the previous state. Not part of the Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" release due to bug #586615, not part of the Debian 7.0 "Wheezy" release due to bug #629027. http://www.tuxonice.net/ #tux-on-ice on irc.freenode.net. See also <suspend>.
M: 2013-04-30
<reply>Broadcom's proprietary wireless LAN driver (wl, aka broadcom-sta) supports devices based on the Broadcom BCM4311, BCM4312, BCM4313, BCM4321, BCM4322, BCM43224, BCM43225, BCM43227, BCM43228, BCM43142, BCM4331, BCM4352 and BCM4360 chips. To install (amd64 and i386 only), see https://wiki.debian.org/wl . Most of these chips are also supported by the open source <b43> and <brcmsmac> drivers.
C: 2008-11-21
<reply>Xorg-problems-tell us: graphics card (ask me about <whats my hardware> to find out), xorg-module used (grep Load.*mod.*driv /var/log/Xorg.0.log ; grep Driver /etc/X11/xorg.conf), kernel module for card (lsmod | grep mymodule), messages on loading the module (un-/re-load: "rmmod mymodule;modprobe mymodule;dmesg|tail"); content of /var/log/Xorg.0.log . Without X? Ask me about <pastebinit>.
M: 2003-07-14
look at http://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=194287 as it says there, gcc-3.3 cannot compile 2.4.x kernels (x <= 20), apt-get install gcc-3.2 or gcc-2.95 (preferred) then edit the top level Makefile before you make dep with: perl -pi.bak -e 's/gcc/gcc-2.95/' Makefile, or gcc-3.3 compiles 2.4.21-rc3 and up just fine. The latest kernel-source-2.4.20 packages are buildable with gcc 3.3
M: 2011-03-19
<reply>Debian 6.0.1 was released on March 19th, 2011. This update corrects security problems within the <stable> release, along with adjustments for serious problems. Support for installation on additional hardware is introduced. http://www.debian.org/News/2011/20110319 http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/squeeze/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>. See also <6.0.1a>.
M: 2010-10-24
<reply>There is no universal driver for every single motherboard that uses AC'97 audio. As AC'97 is just an audio codec standard, you need a driver for your audio chip. In <ALSA>, it is usually one of snd-intel8x0, snd-au8810 or snd-via82xx; use <lspci -k> to check. The AC'97 standard was superseded by the Intel High Definition Audio specification in 2004, which is supported by snd-hda-intel.
M: 2006-01-23
Category - 6 wire, (ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B.2-1) A cable standard for Gigabit Ethernet and other interconnect that is backward compatible with Category 5 cable, Cat-5e and Cat-3. Cat-6 features more stringent specifications for crosstalk and system noise.(very expensive and not necessary unless there is a lot of noise in the area of the cables, essentially cat6 just has more twists) see also <twists>
cmd: bofhsmite (.*?)
C: 2004-09-19
($1): <action> (shoves $1 into the tape safe, breaking a few bones along the way|blackmails $1 with email records of sexual propositions|steals $1's wallet and buys a round of drinks for #debian|rogers $1 with a full height HDD|pushes $1 down the stairs from the top floor and listens to the screams which suddenly stop...|runs $1 over with a steamroller and shoves the corpse off the fire escape).
M: 2009-03-17
<reply>Cryptographic software is classified as munitions (military weapons) under U.S. export laws. Previously, it was legally problematic for the Debian Project to export cryptographic software from inside the US. That's why the non-US (cryptographic) section of Debian _was_ hosted on machines NOT physically or politically inside the US. This has since changed, ask me about <crypto in main>.
disk contents
M: 2011-04-14
<reply>To find out which CD or DVD image contains a particular package or source file, use the search engine at http://cdimage-search.debian.org/ . To see what a specific image contains, examine the package lists within the list-{cd,dvd} subdirectories for the relevant architecture at http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/ (e.g. http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/amd64/list-cd/).
dynamic mmap
M: 2007-10-17
<reply> Getting "E: Dynamic MMap ran out of room" when using apt-get or aptitude? Put the following line into your /etc/apt/apt.conf: APT::Cache-Limit "12582912"; If that file doesn't exist, create it, or put the line in a file in /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/ If you still get the same error, increase the value. Alternatively, delete entries within /etc/apt/sources.list that you don't actually need.
M: 2010-07-07
<reply>The F5D8053 "N Wireless USB Adapter" is a 802.11n device manufactured by Belkin. For support of v1000/v4000 (both USB ID 050d:8053) and v3000 (USB ID 050d:815c), ask me about <rt2870>. For support of v5000 (USB ID 050d:805e), ask me about <rtl8192u>. For support of v6000 (USB ID 050d:815f), ask me about <rtl8192su>. For support of the "N+ Wireless USB Adapter", ask me about <f5d8055>.
C: 2002-12-22
'cd /tmp/ && ar x /var/cache/apt/archives/libc6_2.3.1-5_i386.deb && tar -zxf data.tar.gz && export LD_PRELOAD=/tmp/lib/libc-2.3.1.so && dpkg -i /var/cache/apt/archives/libc6_2.3.1-5_i386.deb' to downgrade to the -5 package. if you don't still have libc6_2.3.1-5_i386.deb, then go get it from your local Debian mirror, as 'pool/main/g/glibc/libc6_2.3.1-5_i386.deb'. don't forget: put libc on hold!
M: 2010-12-07
<reply>GNU ddrescue (packaged for Debian as gddrescue) is a data recovery tool, which tries hard to extract data in the event of read errors. The basic operation of ddrescue is fully automatic; use of a logfile is necessary to resume a rescue. GNU ddrescue is a completely different and unrelated program to <dd_rescue>, sharing no development. http://www.gnu.org/software/ddrescue/ddrescue.html
M: 2009-04-09
<reply>Google is a search engine owned by Google Inc. whose mission statement is to "organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful." The largest search engine on the web, Google receives over 200 million queries each day through its various services. http://www.google.com/ See also <chromium>, <gmail>, <googledns>, <googleearth>, <googletalk>, <gsoc>, <gtalk>.
M: 2009-06-09
<reply>GParted is the <GNOME> partition editor, which uses libparted (see <parted>) and other optional filesystem tools. Install the suggested ntfsprogs and dosfstools packages to enable <NTFS> and FAT16/32 support respectively. Consider a <debian-live> image and installing gparted (after boot) as an alternative to the GParted Live CD. http://gparted.sf.net/faq.php #gparted on irc.gnome.org.
iptables ssh filter
C: 2008-05-15
<reply>You can use iptables directly rather than <fail2ban> or <denyhosts>. It's apparently so trivial to do that no-one seems to feel the need to include the actual command here other than "userspace for what <iptables -m recent> already can do without external programs" (which isn't actually true, because fail2ban does lots of other things too). So just use <fail2ban> or <denyhosts> instead.
limited security support
C: 2013-09-01
<reply>Some packages have poor security track records and the security team is unable to provide full security support for these packages. To see installed packages that may be affected, install the <debtags> package and then «aptitude search '~Gsecteam::squeeze-limited-support~i'». See also http://anonscm.debian.org/viewvc/secure-testing/data/package-tags?view=co or ask me about <debsecan>.
M: 2009-11-17
<reply>mwavem ("Mwave Manager") is a <non-free> package containing modem support software, for the 3780i Mwave/ACP DSP chip found within ThinkPad 600/600E/770 laptops; for the 600X, ask me about <martian>. If the PCMCIA subsystem occupies IRQ 3, add "exclude irq 3" to /etc/pcmcia/config.opts and restart to resolve this conflict. mwavem was removed from Debian post-Lenny to resolve bug #589428.
M: 2012-12-04
<reply>The nouveau project aims to build high-quality, open source drivers for Nvidia GPUs (Riva, TNT, GeForce, Quadro). Nouveau <DRM> is part of the Linux kernel, the display driver is packaged as xserver-xorg-video-nouveau (read its README.Debian file for important notes). Install the libgl1-mesa-dri package for 3D acceleration. http://nouveau.freedesktop.org/ #nouveau on irc.freenode.net.
nvidia dkms
M: 2013-08-02
<reply>For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems. Ask me about <contrib> and <non-free sources>. «aptitude -r install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` nvidia-kernel-dkms && mkdir -p /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "nvidia"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nvidia.conf». Restart your system to enable the <nouveau> blacklist.
M: 2006-03-22
<reply>Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is a Linux distribution targeted toward the commercial market. Red Hat undertakes to support each release of RHEL for 7 years after it first appears. New releases of RHEL come out every 18 months. As customers only pay for support, when Red Hat releases a new version of RHEL during the support period, customers may upgrade to it for no additional charge.
M: 2011-06-23
<reply>Experimental support for Ralink RT53xx PCIe 802.11n devices (e.g. RT5390: PCI ID 1814:5390) was added to the rt2800pci driver at Linux 2.6.39 (CONFIG_RT2800PCI_RT53XX), enabled by default since Linux 3.0. Support of HP's RT5390 variant (PCI ID 1814:539f, found in the DM1-3000 and DM1Z-3000) was added at linux-2.6 3.0.0~rc4-1~experimental.1 (Debian bug #630960). Ask me about <rt2800pci>.
C: 2017-03-22
used by students, scholars, teachers, and parents to easily create animations, games, etc. It provides a stepping stone to the more advanced world of computer programming. It can also be used for a range of educational and entertainment constructionist purposes from math and science projects, including simulations and visualizations of experiments, recording lectures with animated presentations,
M: 2011-05-06
<reply>Unstable is the status of a Debian release when packages can be added at any time, that can disrupt the integrity of the whole system! Ask me about <break>. If you have to ask whether you should use it or how, you shouldn't. http://www.debian.org/releases/unstable/ http://wiki.debian.org/DebianUnstable . See also <testing>, <sid>, <sid faq>, <apt-listbugs>, <apt-listchanges>, <bts>.
M: 2015-03-08
<reply>Slow down for a bit! Are you sure that you need to jump through that particular hoop to achieve your goal? We suspect you don't, so why don't you back up a bit and tell us about the overall objective... We know that people often falsely diagnose problems because they are too close to them -- it's easy to miss that there is a better way to proceed. See http://mywiki.wooledge.org/XyProblem
M: 2013-02-24
<reply>Debian 6.0.7 was released on Feburary 23rd, 2013. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Some <SAS> drivers were updated to support additional hardware. Further details are at http://www.debian.org/News/2013/20130223 and http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/squeeze/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
M: 2009-07-13
adzapper is a URL rewriter program which intercepts known advertising, content trackers and some web bugs, preventing their acquisition and display. Can be used within <squid>, <apache2>, polipo, <konqueror> and Mozilla Firefox <Adblock>. Read /usr/share/doc/adzapper/README.Debian after installation to enable; see also Debian bug #588572. http://adzapper.sf.net/ See also <banner filtering>.
M: 2010-03-19
<reply> Belkin is a manufacturer of computer hardware. For wireless LAN adapter support, locate its model number, then ask me about <f5d6020>, <f5d6050>, <f5d6051>, <f5d7000>, <f5d7001>, <f5d7010>, <f5d7011>, <f5d7050>, <f5d7051>, <f5d8011>, <f5d8013>, <f5d8053>, <f5d8055>, <f5d9050>, <f6d4050>, <f7d1101>, <f7d1102>, <f7d2101> or <f7d2102>. For other models, ask me about <what's my wireless>.
M: 2009-02-15
<reply> dist-upgrade tells apt to also install/remove packages when handling dependencies; security updates may require a dist-upgrade to install (they introduce new packages). Dist-upgrade does not mean changing from stable to testing; apt and aptitude both call dist-upgrade "full-upgrade" to remove this confusion. Read man apt-get carefully. See also <why not dist-upgrade>, <full-upgrade>.
M: 2018-01-13
A really simple way to disable Predictable Network Interface naming and revert back to the old interface naming, is to "ln -s /dev/null /etc/systemd/network/99-default.link" as root (without the quotes). Creating this symbolic link prevents systemd from being able to change the interface names. You will need to unplug/replug your device or reboot/reload module and you'll have an old iface name.
M: 2009-10-14
<reply>Fully Automatic Installation (FAI) is an automated tool to install or deploy Debian (and other distributions) on a bunch of different hosts or a cluster. It is more flexible than tools like <kickstart> (Red Hat), autoyast and alice (SuSE) or jumpstart (Oracle Solaris). FAI can also be used for configuration management of a running system. http://fai-project.org/ #fai on irc.oftc.net.
kept back
M: 2008-07-24
when packages have not been upgraded even though newer versions are available. This happens if dependencies cannot be resolved, packages are on hold or you used "upgrade" not "full-upgrade" and old packages need to be removed as part of the upgrade. To investigate, "aptitude -s install <kept-package>". See also http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/69 and ask me about <full-upgrade>.
M: 2010-01-07
<reply>Microsoft Point-to-Point Encryption (MPPE) is a protocol mainly used in conjunction with <pptp> to allow Unix-like and Windows systems to setup "secure" VPNs. Previously packaged for Debian as kernel-patch-mppe, removed post-Sarge to resolve bug #380295. Debian Linux kernel image packages contain MPPE support since Debian 4.0 "Etch". http://www.networksorcery.com/enp/protocol/mppe.htm
M: 2010-10-18
<reply>Netrek is a very cool 2D strategy game loosely based on Star Trek where 2-4 teams with 1-8 players per side fight for galactic supremacy. Netrek was the first multiplayer game to make use of TCP. Its ancestors were Xtrek and before that the Empire system running on PLATO. A very addictive and worthwhile game if you invest the time. http://www.netrek.org/ #netrek on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2016-10-03
"personal package builder", a package which creates a chroot for building packages which are optionally targetted at releases other than the currently installed release. It is useful for checking that a package has the correct build-dependencies as well. apt-get install pbuilder && pager /usr/share/doc/pbuilder/README.Debian. Many pbuilder users end up wishing they had used <sbuild> all along
M: 2010-12-05
<reply>The PHP class library (coded in PHP) is known as PEAR. Many of these modules are already available in the Debian archive; ask me about <search>. You can also download and install PEAR classes using the "pear" command or even better, make a .deb package out of the modules using the dh-make-pear command from the dh-make-php package. Also ask me about <pecl> or see http://pear.php.net/ .
M: 2011-01-11
<reply>TwinVQ (transform-domain weighted interleaved vector quantization) is an audio compression technique. Also the name of a proprietary audio <codec> marketed by Yamaha as SoundVQ (VQF), long since obsolete. Reverse-engineered in 2009 by the <FFmpeg> project, decoding available since FFmpeg 0.6. Decoding is also possible via tvqdec.dll on amd64 and i386 systems, ask me about <w32codecs>.
M: 2011-04-25
<reply>Approx is an HTTP-based proxy server for Debian-style package archives. It fetches files from remote repositories on demand and caches them for local use. It saves time and network bandwidth if you need to install or upgrade .deb packages for a number of machines on a local network. Packages are downloaded from a remote site only once, regardless of how many local clients install it.
M: 2012-09-30
<reply>armhf is a port of Debian requiring a floating-point unit (FPU) found in modern <ARM> hardware. It explicitly targets version 7 of the ARM architecture (i.e. not the Raspberry Pi), using the hard-float version of the ARM EABI. The armhf architecture was introduced at Debian 7.0 "Wheezy". http://wiki.debian.org/ArmHardFloatPort #debian-arm on irc.oftc.net. See also <armel vs armhf>.
M: 2002-03-06
a development application to facilitate translations by (1) extracting translatable strings from various source files (.glade, .xml.in, .oaf.in, etc), (2) collecting the strings together with messages from traditional source files (.c, .h) in po files, and (3) merging back the translations into .xml, .oaf and .desktop files. available at ftp://ftp.gnome.org/pub/gnome/unstable/sources/intltool/
M: 2009-04-16
<reply>[iso] CD image, a file containing an ISO 9660 standard filesystem. Debian CD/DVD images are available at http://www.debian.org/CD . Also ask me about <netinst> and <check iso image>. To download via BitTorrent or Jigdo, ask me about <bittorrent>, <jigdo>. Debian CD image FAQ: http://www.debian.org/CD/faq/ See also <vendors>, <cd1>, <missing iso>, <blu-ray disc>, <iso mount>, <iat>.
M: 2012-01-04
<reply>LibreOffice is a fork of <OpenOffice>. It is packaged for <wheezy> and <squeeze-backports>, replacing the OpenOffice.org packaging. Debian users will see little difference between the old OOo packages and LibreOffice, ask me about <debian ooo>. http://wiki.debian.org/LibreOffice http://www.debian.org/News/2011/20110623 http://www.libreoffice.org/ #libreoffice on chat.freenode.net.
list repositories
M: 2010-06-17
<reply> To see what repository a package may have come from, try http://svn.noreply.org/svn/weaselutils/trunk/apt-listrepository , or use dpkg -l | awk '/^.i/ {print $2}' | xargs apt-cache policy | awk '/^[a-z0-9.\-]+:/ {pkg=$1}; /\*\*\*/ {OFS="\t"; ver=$2; getline; print pkg,ver,$2,$3}', or ask me about <obsolete>, or http://people.debian.org/~dannf/apt-inventory, or <bdo list>, or <dmm list>
M: 2010-02-03
<reply> Many things in Linux work fine until they break catastrophically. Mixing packages from other distributions, using NVIDIA's binary installer, and compiling applications outside /usr/local all leave your system in an indeterminate state. You can live happily in a minefield... but that doesn't mean it's a good idea. See <bobbitt>, <frankenbuntu>, <why not nvidia-installer>, <usrlocal>.
C: 2002-01-21
<reply> "I'm one of the editors of DebianPlanet (apt DebianPlanet) website and am often running around like a headless chook. I'm 18 from Sydney Australia doing Comp.Sci at UNSW. You can contact me at <netsnipe@debianplanet.org>, <awhl435@cse.unsw.edu.au>, ICQ:2194697, or Mobile: 0414187559. GnuPG: 1024D/2E8B68BD: 0B77 73D0 4F3B F286 63F1 9F4A 9B24 C07D 2E8B 68BD. PLEASE! someone contact me!"
M: 2013-09-11
<reply>There are many good, Free plotting packages for visualising data or equations for publication. Scripted: <gnuplot>, <R>, pyxplot, gri, <pyx>, <matplotlib>, gri, ploticus. Graphical: <grace>, kst, scidavis, <qtiplot>. See http://blends.debian.org/science/tasks/viewing , http://deb.li/ijcO2 , http://deb.li/iFKC for ideas and reviews. For quick but ugly graph you can use <libreoffice>.
C: 2003-12-27
<reply>rtl81x9.c is the OpenBSD Realtek 8129/8139 PCI NIC driver. Quote: "The RealTek 8139 PCI NIC redefines the meaning of 'low end.' This is probably the worst PCI ethernet controller ever made, with the possible exception of the FEAST chip made by SMC. The 8139 supports bus-master DMA, but it has a terrible interface that nullifies any performance gains that bus-master DMA usually offers."
udev 620995
M: 2011-04-06
<reply>udev 167-1 in sid is currently broken, because it tries to use /run created by base-files 6.2 which is not yet supported by the initscripts version in sid. Downgrade udev, libudev0, libgudev-1.0-0 to 166-1 and base-files to 6.1 and remove /run to fix it. Install <apt-listbugs> and see #620995, #620191, #621036 and http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel/2011/04/msg00353.html for details.
M: 2009-11-30
<reply>Vi IMproved (vim) is an enhanced <vi> editor. Extremely popular clone with syntax highlighting and graphical X interface available. The vim-tiny package no longer installs vim <alternatives> as of version 2:7.2.049-1 (Debian bug #529977). See also <vim refcard>, <cream>, <colored pager>, <vim syntax highlighting>. http://www.vim.org/ http://vim.wikia.com/ #vim on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2011-05-22
the traditional name of security group 0 in BSD (from slang for "big wheel" as a powerful person). This group is irrelevant in the default Debian configs but you can use the "sudo" group to give users the ability to run commands as root through sudo; ask me about <sudoers>. Alternatively, look at the pam_wheel module for <PAM> which will only allow su to root from members of the wheel group.
M: 2009-05-06
<reply>alsaconf is a formerly included <ALSA> configuration tool to detect sound cards. It was last available in Debian 5.0 "Lenny" and removed from the alsa-utils package at version 1.0.17-1: "The only valid use-case for alsaconf is aiding the configuration of ISA sound cards." Ask me about <install alsa>, <alsa checklist>, <default alsa>. See also /usr/share/doc/alsa-utils/NEWS.Debian.gz
M: 2012-12-27
the way Debian manages multiple applications with the same function. For more info, man update-alternatives. Have a look at the galternatives package or ask me about <update-alternatives> <java alternatives>. http://people.debian.org/~jwilk/alternatives/Contents has a recently created list of all the available alternatives-managed paths in Debian. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianAlternatives
backports.debian.org lenny-sloppy
M: 2012-03-26
<reply>Backported packages for Debian Lenny/5.0 were removed from <debian-backports> on 2012-03-25. They were archived on archive.debian.org. For the lenny-backports-sloppy suite, a sample sources.list line is: deb http://archive.debian.org/debian-backports lenny-backports-sloppy main contrib non-free. Security support for lenny-backports-sloppy ended on 2012-02-06, ask me about <squeeze>.
M: 2013-09-14
<reply>The Broadcom BCM4360 (PCI IDs 14e4:43a0, 14e4:4360) is an 802.11ac (a/b/g/n compatible) wireless LAN chip, found in the MacBookAir6,1 (11") and MacBookAir6,2 (13") mid 2013 laptops. Supported by Broadcom's proprietary driver since version (packaged for Debian 8 "Jessie" as broadcom-sta). There is currently no mainline Linux kernel driver supporting BCM4360-based devices.
C: 2001-12-04
is a method of representing a message digest as a string of 'real' words, to make the fingerprint easier to remember. The ``words'' are not necessarily real words, but they look more like words than a string of hex characters. Bubble babble fingerprinting is used by the SSH2 suite (and, consequently, by Net::SSH::Perl, the Perl SSH implementation) to display easy-to-remember key fingerprints.
connection refused
C: 2004-08-11
<reply> When a TCP connection (e.g. telnet somehost 80) gives the error "connection refused", it means that either the service in question is not running on the specified IP address/TCP port at all (e.g. apache has died), or that a firewall has rejected your SYN packet and sent back a rejection packet to you. It's a VERY CLEAR, EXPLICIT error message and ALWAYS means one of those two things.
M: 2010-04-11
<reply>dm-crypt is a Linux kernel subsystem providing a cryptographic device-mapper target, which enables filesystem encryption in files, partitions, whole disks, logical and software RAID volumes. dm-crypt is the successor of <cryptoloop> and uses the Crypto API cryptography framework. The cryptsetup and cryptmount utilites are in the cryptsetup package. http://www.saout.de/misc/dm-crypt/
M: 2000-06-11
at http://the.netpedia.net/ and claims to be a versatile research, development, distribution tool and package manager for the whole world., or good for searching uninstalled (or missing) files, since you can do queries on the entire Debian package range. Similar to RPM, and works even on non-Debian systems, so you could use it to install a Debian package on a non-debian system if you had to.
M: 2013-05-20
<reply>http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/tools/win32-loader/stable/win32-loader.exe will install Debian side-by-side with an existing Microsoft Windows operating system. It can be non-destructive if you follow directions, or if you want, can replace Windows entirely. It supports the GNU/kFreeBSD and GNU/Hurd Debian-Installer flavours as of version 0.7.4. Also ask me about <install guide>.
wireless connection managers
M: 2010-01-26
<reply>You either love them or hate them: tools like <network-manager>, <wicd> and wifi-radar either make your life really easy or make it hell. Connection problems are usually very hard to diagnose with these tools and they are incompatible with some wireless device drivers; that said, most of the time, they just work. Ask me about <ifscheme> for an alternative. See also <netdev>, <wifi>.
M: 2010-08-31
find's better half. "find . -type d -print | xargs ls -ld" for a trivial example. the -print0 and -0 arguments to find and xargs respectively are very important if your filenames contain spaces: "find . -type d -print0 | xargs -0 ls -ld" . Note that with GNU find's -exec ... + syntax (as opposed to the older -exec ... ; syntax) xargs is not required to avoid fork()ing lots. See <using find>.
M: 2009-11-18
<reply>AirPort is a brand of wireless LAN products from Apple Inc. For support of the original AirPort Card (802.11b), ask me about <orinoco>. For support of AirPort Extreme (802.11g) cards, ask me about <b43>. For support of integrated AirPort Extreme 802.11a/b/g and /n devices, ask me about <what's my hardware>, then ask about either <ath5k>, <ath9k> (Atheros), <b43> or <wl> (Broadcom).
M: 2014-06-27
<reply>To chroot into your Debian system boot to your Debian install disk/live CD, switch to the other console (Alt-F2). Mount your root filesystem with "mount -t ext2 /dev/whatever /target" and make /dev, /proc and /sys usable with "mount --bind /dev /target/dev ; mount -t proc none /target/proc ; mount -t sysfs none /target/sys". You can then chroot into the system with "chroot /target".
M: 2008-01-18
a daemon allowing programs to be run at predefined intervals as specific users. To read how to specify a job to run "man 5 crontab". To see your crontab "crontab -l". To edit it "crontab -e". System wide crontabs are /etc/crontab and /etc/cron.d, and /etc/cron.* are directories have run-parts called on them from /etc/crontab. Also ask me about <crontab>, <cron tutorial> and <run-parts>.
M: 2009-11-22
<reply>The DWL-650+ AirPlus "Enhanced 2.4GHz Wireless Cardbus Adapter" is a 802.11b device by D-Link. For support of version A1 (PCI ID 168c:0013), ask me about <ath5k>. For support of version B4 (PCI ID 104c:8400), ask me about <acx-mac80211>; this version is based on the ACX100 chipset. For support of the DWL-650 and DWL-G650+ devices, ask me about <dwl-650> or <dwl-g650+> respectively.
M: 2011-05-19
<reply>The D-Link Air DWL-520 is an 802.11b PCI device. For support of revisions A and B (both PCI ID 1260:3873, ISL3874 chipset), ask me about <hostap>. For support of revision C, ask me about <adm8211>. For support of revision D (RTL8180L chipset), ask me about <rtl8180>. For support of revision E (PCI ID 1260:3873, ISL3872 chipset with SSF), ask me about <hostap> and <prism firmware>.
C: 2009-11-21
<reply>ethtool is a utility for displaying and changing Ethernet device settings, e.g. speed, duplex, auto-negotiation, wake-on (lan). Since Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", most settings can be specified in /etc/network/interfaces; see /usr/share/doc/ethtool/README.Debian for supported settings. http://ftp.kernel.org/pub/software/network/ethtool/ See also <which ethernet module>, <wol>, <nictools>.
M: 2009-04-29
<reply> To upgrade an ext2 partition to ext3 simply involves adding a journal. 'tune2fs -j /dev/hda1' (where hda1 is the partition you want to change to ext3). Don't forget to change /etc/fstab to specify ext3 for the partition. Be sure to verify that your kernel has ext3 support (cat /proc/filesystems). Some ext3 features (e.g. resize_inode) can only be enabled during format via mke2fs.
C: 2010-01-28
<reply>Journalling Flash File System version 2 (JFFS2) is a log-structured file system, the successor to JFFS. Designed for use in Memory Technology Devices (i.e. raw flash), not block devices (e.g. USB stick, CF card). Included in Linux since 2.4.10. The mtd-utils package provides the mkfs.jffs2 utility. http://www.linux-mtd.infradead.org/faq/jffs2.html http://sources.redhat.com/jffs2/
M: 2010-07-15
<reply>"Multidisk Device" (MD) is commonly used to describe the software <RAID> facilities available in the Linux kernel. To establish a software RAID array at Debian installation time, see section of the <install guide>. See also <mdadm>. http://wiki.debian.org/SoftwareRAID http://linux.yyz.us/why-software-raid.html http://raid.wiki.kernel.org/ #linux-raid on irc.freenode.net.
network manager
M: 2015-08-23
<reply>NetworkManager is a network management framework daemon. See /usr/share/doc/network-manager/README.Debian for setup instructions and ask me about <nm unmanaged>. http://wiki.debian.org/NetworkManager http://live.gnome.org/NetworkManager http://projects.gnome.org/NetworkManager/ #nm on irc.freenode.net. See also <nmcli>, <wireless connection managers>. nmtui for ncurses interface
M: 2003-12-27
<reply> Are you pondering what I'm pondering? *Zort*! I think so $who, (Does it have anthing to do with noodles and a book?|But I hate the Smurfs! they are all so ugly!|But TacoBell won't accept walk up customers to their drive through window at this hour.|I mean, me and Pippy Longstocking, -- How would the kids turn out?|No Brain, I've never seen you in a to-to, well atleast not in public.)
postgresql wheezy
C: 2013-10-30
<reply>Debian 7 "Wheezy" provides PostgreSQL 9.1. Existing PostgreSQL 8.4 database clusters remain installed after upgrading from Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", with PostgreSQL 9.1 listening on an unused TCP port (e.g. 5433). The pg_upgradecluster tool is used to migrate 8.4 clusters over to 9.1, see §4.10 of the <wheezy release notes> and the pg_upgradecluster(8) manual page for more information.
M: 2001-11-13
at prograganda.themes.org. It's a site with lots of desktop wall paper etc. Also the webmaster, Bowie, deserve maximum karma points, kudos, congratulations for the way he's handled things recently regarding JFK jr, or http://x.themes.org/viewresources.phtml?type=background, or a GNOME presentation program, similar to Powerpoint, in early stages of development, though the name may be changed.
M: 2010-01-29
<reply>RealPlayer is a proprietary cross-platform multimedia player by RealNetworks, supporting playback of files encoded in RealAudio and RealVideo. Installers for RealPlayer 7 and 8 were packaged for Debian in <contrib>, now removed. RealPlayer 11 for Linux is based on <helix player>. For RealVideo/RealAudio playback in other applications, ask me about <real codecs>. See also <ffmpeg>.
realtek firmware
M: 2013-05-04
<reply>Firmware from userspace is required by the <rtl8192e>, <rtl8192su>, <r8712u>, <rtl8192ce>, <rtl8192cu>, <rtl8192de>, <rtl8192se>, <rtl8821ae>, <r8192ee>, <r8188eu> and <r8723au> Linux kernel drivers. Firmware patches providing bug fixes for specific Realtek Ethernet controllers are also available. Ask me about <non-free sources>, then install the firmware-realtek package to provide.
M: 2008-11-02
the opposite of stupid, or the opposite of straightforward and polite, or what I definitely am, or "Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology" used by some hard drive manufacturers to detect imminent drive failure; ask me about <smartd>. S.M.A.R.T. can also be unreliable, no reason to believe it blindly without further testing. http://research.google.com/archive/disk_failures.pdf
C: 2008-10-09
<reply>A very common problem is that some people prefer to follow a step-by-step tutorial that shows them how to setup their system without reading the documentation or understanding what they are doing. If something goes wrong, they have no clue whatsoever about where to look for hints, and they sometimes decide to start from scratch using a different tutorial. This is not The Proper Way.
M: 2012-05-12
<reply>Debian 6.0.5 was released on May 12th, 2012. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. The point release improves compatibility with Linux 3.x kernels. Further details are at http://www.debian.org/News/2012/20120512 and http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/squeeze/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
atheros firmware
M: 2013-01-25
<reply>Firmware from userspace is required by the <ar9170usb>, <ath9k_htc> and <ath3k> USB device drivers. Ask me about <non-free sources>, then install the firmware-atheros package to provide; this package is not required for the <ath5k> or <ath9k> drivers, and not required for any Atheros Ethernet device. Firmware for the <carl9170> driver is provided by the firmware-linux-free package.
M: 2009-08-02
<reply>The Digital Millennium Copyright Act is a bad law adopted in the USA that makes it illegal to try to circumvent even the most petty Digital Restrictions Management controls to allow you to access content. Other treaties have brought DMCA-like laws to other parts of the world. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_Millennium_Copyright_Act (Its Fun to Be At The Deee Emmm Cee Ayyyyy....)
M: 2015-09-14
<reply>Drupal is an open source content management framework, packaged as drupal7 (Debian 8 "Jessie", Debian 7 "Wheezy") and drupal6 (Debian 6.0 "Squeeze"). No automated upgrade path from drupal6 exists, see https://wiki.debian.org/Drupal/Upgrade/From6To7 . dh-make-drupal can be used to create packages of Drupal modules/themes. http://www.drupal.org/ #drupal-support on irc.freenode.net.
free software song
M: 2004-11-15
http://www.gnu.org/music/free-software-song.ogg, http://audio-video.gnu.org/audio/Fenster-Free-Software-Song.ogg, http://www.jonobacon.org/music/solo/jonobacon-freesoftwaresong.ogg, not http://www.jwz.org/hacks/why-cooperation-with-rms-is-impossible.mp3, http://www.chaosandorder.us/emcee/2-September-04-CoderzMansionII.mp3, cd / ; for dir in * ; do cd $dir && cat * > /dev/dsp && cd .. ; done
M: 2001-02-16
The Sequence of the Human Genome, http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/291/5507/1304, or http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/summary/291/5507/1153, or sluggo's more loving sibling, or http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/DynaPage.taf?file=/nature/journal/v409/n6822/full/409745a0_fs.html, or http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/DynaPage.taf?file=/nature/journal/v409/n6822/full/409747a0_fs.html
M: 2010-04-11
<reply>libata is a Linux kernel library supporting ATA controllers and devices. Devices handled by libata appear as SCSI devices with associated device names: 'sd' (hard drive, instead of 'hd'), 'sr' (optical), 'st' (tape). Since Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", libata-based drivers are used for most PATA controllers (bug #444182). http://ata.wiki.kernel.org/index.php/Libata_FAQ . See also <uuid>.
linus torvalds
M: 2006-03-03
Linus Benedict Torvalds (born December 28, 1969 in Helsinki, Finland) is a Finnish software engineer best known for initiating the development of Linux. He now acts as the project's coordinator (or Benevolent Dictator for Life). Linus was inspired by Minix (a kernel and operating system developed by Andrew Tanenbaum) to develop a capable UNIX-like operating system that could be run on a PC.
C: 2005-07-07
<reply> Back in the good old days, we would just look in the system log file to see what was really going on. The new crowd of Linux users would rather not have to do that, however; they expect the system to tell them, politely, that their hardware is on fire and that they are about to deeply regret not having run any backups since sometime last winter. Logs are typically found in /var/log/
C: 2004-09-28
Windows users often make the mistake of thinking debian, and linux is some kind of new fangled thing that needs to grow and convert windows users to survive. Its not, its the most popular form of unix which has always been the industrial and academic standard. It exists apart from windows and is in no danger of competition from windows. What you see here is just a tiny, tip of that iceburg.
open files
M: 2004-07-11
<reply>Care to know what program or process has a particular file or port open? lsof (list open files)! the package! the command! lsof is for YOU!!! lsof -i tcp:80; lsof /dev/dsp; lsof -i udp:53; etc... apt-get into today! Also, if you order right now, we'll throw in these hits for free: netstat -upant | grep whatever; fuser -v filename; fuser -v 80/tcp; etc. Ask me about <file-nr>.
patch panel
C: 1970-01-01
This is a group of network ports stuck together for easy accessibility. Usually, this panel resides in a wiring closet or server room. Connections are made between this panel and ports on a hub to enable a network connection at a remote port. Each port on the patch panel is connected by a long patch cable to a remote port anywhere in an office that needs a computer hooked up to the network.
C: 1970-01-01
(SCSI Configured Auto-Magically) This SCAM is actually a good thing. It allows SCSI devices to automatically (or automagically--don't make me barf) be configured with an ID number, even if they aren't assigned one. This makes adding SCSI devices much easier. You don't have to fool around with a bunch of jumpers or worry about assigning two devices to the same ID. Everything is done for you.
search engine
M: 2005-03-27
typically a Web site that compiles and indexes a large amount of stuff on the Web and lets you search through it in some orderly manner. Search engines have many different strategies for collecting data and presenting it. If you can't find something in one, try another. what are you doing here if you don't know what's a search engine? or see http://google.com for the reference search engine
M: 2010-03-16
<reply>Transport Neutral Encapsulation Format (TNEF) is a proprietary e-mail attachment format (compare <MIME>), used by Microsoft <Outlook> and Microsoft Exchange Server; an attached file with TNEF encoding is commonly named winmail.dat. Decoders/extractors are available for Debian in the tnef (<mutt> users, see tnef(1)), claws-mail-tnef-parser and evolution-plugins-experimental packages.
C: 2006-01-23
Twisted pair cabling is a common form of wiring in which two conductors are wound around each other for the purposes of canceling out electromagnetic interference which can cause crosstalk. The number of twists per meter make up part of the specification for a given type of cable. The greater the number of twists, the more crosstalk is reduced. Twisting wires decreases interference because:
virtualbox contrib
M: 2017-03-12
<reply>The Virtual Machine manager VirtualBox is not available in the Debian <main> repository because it is not possible to compile it using tools within Debian. The BIOS component of virtualbox needs a non-free compiler to build meaning that virtualbox not suitable for inclusion in Debian. For free alternatives, look at <kvm> and <virt-manager>. Also ask me about <contrib> <dfsg> <policy>
M: 2009-12-14
<reply>The Linksys WMP11 "Wireless-B PCI Adapter" is an 802.11b device. For support of hardware version 1.0 (PCI ID 1260:3873), ask me about <hostap>. For support of version 2.7 (PCI ID 14e4:4301), ask about <b43legacy>. Version 4 (PCI ID 17fe:2120) contains an InProComm IPN 2120 chipset, no Linux kernel driver is available; ask about <ndiswrapper>. Not to be confused with the <WMP110>.
aptitude current state
M: 2013-01-11
<reply>The current state of a package is shown by aptitude as: i=installed, c=config files present (see <purge>), p=purged, v=a <virtual package>, B=broken dependencies, u=unpacked not configured, C=half-configured (<package scripts> interrupted), H=half-installed (unpacking failed, e.g. disk full). See http://aptitude.alioth.debian.org/doc/en/ch02s02s02.html#figureCurrentFlag or dpkg(1).
M: 2001-10-25
Acceptable Use Policy, an agreement with your service provider about what's allowed and what's not, or advanced unix programming, or 'Don't be a twink. If you're a twink, you'll get bounced. What constitutes twinkhood shall be at the sole discretion of the ops, who are somewhat eristic in their approach to things. You'll probably get warned first. Or maybe not. Who knows? Life isn't fair.'
C: 2003-02-11
a utility to manipulate the appearance of the X11 desktop's root window. It is intended to provide a standard method for the blackbox window manager to alter the background of the root window (although it will work with any other window manager as well). bsetbg acts as a wrapper both to bsetroot and to a flexible variety of third-party applications that it uses when handling image files.
M: 2008-07-02
a systems programming language. Its focus is on combining the power and high performance of C and C++ with the programmer productivity of modern languages like Ruby and Python. Special attention is given to the needs of quality assurance, documentation, management, portability and reliability. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D_%28programming_language%29, or uninterruptible sleep (usually IO)
M: 2017-06-25
based on Debian, but it is not Debian. Only Debian is supported on #debian. Use #debian-facile (French) on chat.freenode.net instead. Even if the channel happens to be less helpful, support for distributions other than Debian is offtopic on #debian. See also <based on debian>. For mor information, visit https://debian-facile.org/asso:salon-irc-df and https://dflinux.frama.io/documentation/
doesn't work
M: 2009-05-07
<reply> "Doesn't work" is a vague statement. Does it sit on the couch all day long? Does it procrastinate doing the dishes? Does it beg on the street for change? Please be specific! Define 'it' and what it isn't doing. Give us more details so we can help you without needing to ask basic questions like "what's the error message?". Ask me about <smart questions>, <sicco> and <errors>.
M: 2008-12-15
<reply>The Eee PC (aka RM Asus Minibook) is a <netbook> designed by Asus. Linux models are supplied with <Xandros> which is not supported in #debian, join #eeepc on irc.freenode.net for support. To install Debian, see http://wiki.debian.org/DebianEeePC for installation and configuration details. Mailing lists: http://alioth.debian.org/mail/?group_id=31309 #debian-eeepc on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2003-07-04
(Graphical Interface Format) Invented by CompuServe for efficient transmission of graphics. The format can only support 256 colors, or 8 bits. The newer revision, 89a, allows for multiple images in one file to simulate animation., or check out http://www.burnallgifs.org, or the PNG format (ask me about png) is designed to replace GIF, or to save gifs in gimp apt-get install gimp1.2-nonfree
C: 2000-03-14
a Linux program created to aid in monitoring Network Connections. It is based on a program called "statnet" but has been substantially modified for its Ethernet emphasis. It is a dynamic program which displays the Ethernet status based each the connection's activity. It has the capability of monitoring hundreds of site statistics simultaneously. http://www.slctech.org/~mackay/netwatch.html
M: 2011-09-10
<reply>qmail is a Mail Transfer Agent by Daniel J. Bernstein. Previously <non-free>, now in the public domain. netqmail (based on qmail-1.03) is packaged for Debian in <main> since April 2011. To install qmail-1.03 on Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", ask me about <qmail squeeze> or <qmail equivs>. http://cr.yp.to/qmail.html http://qmail.org/netqmail/ #qmail on irc.freenode.net. See also <mta>.
use tab
C: 2006-02-24
<reply> Use tab completion when addressing people in #debian, (write the first characters of a nick, then hit TAB), but be sure to write enough characters of the nick to make it unique (or hit TAB more times to switch between the nicks that matches, to get the right one), and check that you got the correct nick before hitting Enter, otherwise you may tell the wrong people the wrong things.
M: 2016-04-26
<reply>Wheezy is the current <oldoldstable> release, Debian 7, released on 2013-05-04: https://www.debian.org/News/2013/20130504 ; security support ended on 2016-04-25, but ask me about <wheezy-lts>. Wheezy is the rubber toy penguin with a red bow tie. See https://wiki.debian.org/DebianWheezy and ask me about <install wheezy> <wheezy release notes> <wheezy->jessie>. Final update <7.11>.
why apt-get
C: 2014-04-03
<reply>For big upgrades such as from stable to testing, apt-get will often behave better than aptitude (this used to be the other way around as aptitude was recommended for etch->lenny). Aptitude's resolver can sometimes produce unexpected results, but then apt-get will often just give up and provide no assistance in the same situation. Chose the right tool for the job and pay attention.
M: 2013-03-26
<reply>[apt-secure] Starting with version 0.6, <APT> performs signature checking of the Release file for all archives. See http://wiki.debian.org/SecureApt , "man apt-secure" and chapter 7 of the Securing Debian Manual (ask me about <securing debian>) for more information. The archive signing key can be found at https://ftp-master.debian.org/keys.html . See also <key>, <no public key>.
M: 2008-11-09
<reply> ~/.bashrc is where you put all your aliases and functions. It's read at start-up time by all interactive non-login shells. To make sure it's read by a login shell, put "source ~/.bashrc" at the end of ~/.bash_profile, or just remove the comment that is placed before the already typed include line that Debian's ~/.bash_profile has by default. Ask me about <bash eternal history>.
M: 2012-07-02
<reply>Eric S. Raymond, a very clever Linux d00d with lots of very interesting philosophical and political texts. a guy who has some ideas about guns and who can't figure out CUPS. The geezer who wrote Cathedral and Bazaar. Somebody whose sgeigerbot's computer thinks about when it boots: "ESR value before enabling vector: 00000000", or http://geekz.co.uk/lovesraymond, or <iceweasel esr>
M: 2010-03-15
<reply>The Edimax EW-7318Ug is a 802.11g USB wireless LAN device (USB ID 148F:2573), supported by the <rt73usb> driver. If <rt2500usb> claims this device instead, blacklist the rt2500usb module; ask me about <blacklist>. Firmware is required, ask me about <ralink firmware>. Not to be confused with the <ew-7318usg>. http://www.edimax.com/en/produce_detail.php?pd_id=3&pl1_id=1&pl2_id=44
M: 2006-11-27
<reply> You should never, ever have to use --force-all. If you are using unstable, and there are bugs in packages, you may need to use a specific --force option (ask me about <force-overwrite> or <confmiss>), but then you should use the precise --force option required. Using --force-depends and/or --force-conflicts is *ALWAYS* broken. Fix the offending packages or use <equivs> instead.
hot spare
C: 1970-01-01
This refers to a drive in a RAID configuration that sits idle until one of the RAIDed drives fails. The hot spare then assumes the role of the dead drive. When the dead drive is replaced, you can make it the hot spare. (The old hot spare doesn't revert back because it's got data on it now!) Hot spares are most often used in RAID 5 configurations, but can also be used in RAID 1 or RAID 10.
linux backports
M: 2013-08-26
<reply>Linux backports (formerly compat-drivers, compat-wireless) is the Linux kernel backporting project: providing drivers released with newer kernels backported for use with older kernels. <RFP> filed as Debian bug #696038. http://backports.wiki.kernel.org/ #kernel-backports on irc.freenode.net. Not to be confused with <debian backports>. Ask me about <stable kernel> <bdo kernel>.
multiple ask
M: 2010-04-30
<reply>The chance of you getting a useful answer is inversely proportional to the square of the number of times you ask in a short amount of time: that is, if you ask four times in succession, you're 1/16 as likely to get a useful answer. Also, please don't ask both in freenode and OFTC at the same time; there's no real point in doing so and it's just annoying. See <hurry> <cross post>.
postgresql jessie
C: 2016-07-29
<reply>Debian 8 "Jessie" provides PostgreSQL 9.4. Existing PostgreSQL 9.1 database clusters remain installed after upgrading from Debian 7 "Wheezy", with PostgreSQL 9.4 listening on an unused TCP port (e.g. 5433). The pg_upgradecluster tool is used to migrate 9.1 clusters over to 9.4, see §4.10 of the <jessie release notes> and the pg_upgradecluster(8) manual page for more information.
C: 1970-01-01
some kind of HOWTO that bytopian wrote in which there are instructions to convert/upgrade a redhat system to a debian system in place w/o loss of data, and can be found at: http://web.archive.org/web/20010405190557/http://www.geocities.com/ResearchTriangle/3328/rh5todeb-howto.txt and a perl tool to help can be found at http://www.geocities.com/ResearchTriangle/3328/conversion-tools.tar.gz
C: 2008-07-19
<reply>After hibernation, you can load back into memory as much as possible from swap and also load files back into the kernel's file cache to help reduce the disk thrashing that occurs when waking up after suspend-to-disk (although this doesn't seem to be needed with the kernels in lenny onwards): cat `cat /proc/[0-9]*/maps | grep / | sed 's:.* /:/:' | grep -v /dev | sort -u` > /dev/null
M: 2004-12-01
Meaning that things happen at the same time. for electronics it set the pace of a system, The clock (triggering device) is makes shure that all calculations with in a single clockperiode have been finished. It is a "simple construction" only the clock slows electronic systems down becose most of the time the system is doing nothing and waits for the next clock puls. ask about asynchronous
vbox-install wheezy-backports
M: 2013-07-26
<reply>Debian's virtualbox-* packages were moved to <contrib> at VirtualBox 4.2, as a non-free compiler (Open Watcom) is required to build the BIOS; ask me about <wheezy-backports> (also include contrib). «apt-get update && apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` && apt-get -t wheezy-backports install virtualbox». <DKMS> will build the necessary kernel modules.
M: 2011-09-28
<reply>Oracle VM VirtualBox is an almost free software virtual machine solution. To install, see https://wiki.debian.org/VirtualBox or ask me about <vbox-install jessie>, <vbox-install wheezy>. http://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/User_FAQ http://www.virtualbox.org/ #vbox on irc.freenode.net. See also <vbox rename>, <vbox guest>, <vbox extpack>, <vbox migrate win>, <vdi>, <virtualization>.
C: 1970-01-01
This started out as IBM's term for a computer monitor resolution standard of 1024 x 768 pixels and 16-bit color. IBM released XGA monitors and graphics cards for their PS/2 computers, but unfortunately, the standard was interlaced and ran on 14" monitors. Nowadays, XGA just means 1024 x 768. Laptop makers often mention that their screens are XGA, meaning that they support that resolution.
M: 2012-08-15
the location where data provided by the system can be located. The layout is entirely up to the administrator: /srv/$vhost/$service or /srv/$service/$vhost are the normal things to use, where $vhost would be the domain (www.example.com perhaps) and $service is something like www, git, svn etc, giving /srv/www/example.com or /srv/example.com/www. Ask me about <FHS> for more information.
C: 2009-03-27
a hardware architecture (i386, amd64, armel, mips, mipsel, sparc, powerpc, alpha, hppa, s390 && ia64). Also a source control revision system (GNU arch). Arch (and its twin brother ArX) resides at http://arch.fifthvision.net/, or http://www.linuxjournal.com/article.php?sid=5928, or #arch Since lenny, /bin/arch has disappeared, use "uname -m" instead, or <architecture>, or <arch linux>.
M: 2010-08-05
<reply>Framebuffer is a region of memory into which "frames" of graphical data are drawn. X is a framebuffer system, as is berlin. If you're looking for the framebuffer console, ask me about <fbcon>, or ask about <blacklist> to negate it. To disable framebuffer use at Debian installation time, supply the "fb=false" (d-i) or "video=vga16:off" (kernel) boot options. See also <uvesafb>.
C: 2010-05-06
a way of starting or stopping daemons such as a mail server, cron, etc. invoke-rc.d has advantages over running the init script directly in that it is easier to tab complete, it will play nicely with dependency-based init systems like <insserv> and <upstart>. It can also be controlled with a <policy-rc.d> script. invoke-rc.d *must* be used in maintainer scripts -- see policy s9.3.3.2.
M: 2008-01-11
<reply>K7 is the generic model name for the series of AMD x86-compatible processors beginning with the Athlon and includes the Duron, Thunderbird, early Sempron and Athlon XP. It does not include the Athlon 64, Athlon 64 FX, Athlon 64 X2, Opteron, Turion 64 and later Sempron (all K8) or older processors (K5, K6). Use a 686 kernel as k7 kernels are no longer available, see <k7 dropped>.
M: 2009-09-07
<reply>kernel-image-$flavour was the previous Debian package naming convention for Linux kernel images (e.g. kernel-image-2.4.27-3-386, kernel-image-2.6.8-4-686). This was changed to linux-image-$flavour in 2006 (e.g. linux-image-2.6.18-6-686). http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2006/03/msg00007.html . To create a custom linux-image-* package, ask me about <kernel-package>.
M: 2014-04-17
<reply>The security team tries to support a <stable> distribution for about one year after the next stable distribution has been released, except when another stable distribution is released within this year. For the <squeeze> release, there is a volunteer effort to extend security support to a total of five years; ask me about <squeeze-lts>. http://www.debian.org/security/faq#lifespan
M: 2005-05-25
done with grub/lilo. windows 2k/xp can be on any harddisk if you use grub. key to making 2k/xp work is map (hd0) (hd1)<cr>map (hd1) (hd0) <cr>root (hd1,0)<cr> rootnoverify (hd1,0)<cr>makeactive<cr>chainloader +1... beware that even though you map inside the menu.lst file grub ignores the map changes so if hd2 is your xp drive your root is hd2,0 not whatever you change the mapping too.
M: 2004-07-05
<reply>A netsplit is a deliberate disconnection between at least two servers on one IRC network. Usually occurs when the output-queue for the link has filled up too much to make a timely (re)sync likely, so it is preferred to maintain sanity (and lag-freeness) for both parts of the network. Occurs anywhere where links between IRC servers have too little bandwidth (available/allocated).
M: 2009-04-07
<reply>ProFTPD is a professional GPL'd FTP server for Unix and Unix-like operating systems, or dropped from other distributions because they can't keep security holes out of it; ask me about <vsftpd> if you don't need any ProFTPd specific features. Contributed tools and modules: http://www.castaglia.org/proftpd/ . http://www.proftpd.org/ #proftpd on irc.freenode.net. See also <ftpd>.
C: 1970-01-01
(Rambus DRAM) The future successor to SDRAM, RDRAM was originally developed by Rambus, Inc. This RAM architecture is capable of speeds up to 600 MHz, where standard SDRAM tops out at about 200 MHz. Intel picked RDRAM to be the future of RAM for PCs. RDRAM is used in the popular Nintendo 64 game machine for its high-speed capabilities, necessary for the intense 3D rendering being done.
sources file
C: 2017-02-24
<reply>The Sources file in a Debian <repository> is an index of all the source packages that are available for a particular release. It contains metadata about the package such as versions, build-dependencies and the file <hashes>; the hash of the Sources file is cryptographically checked using the <Release file>. See https://wiki.debian.org/RepositoryFormat or ask me about <secure apt>.
squeeze security
M: 2014-04-17
<reply>Squeeze security support ended on 2014-05-31, but ask me about <squeeze-lts>. Put "deb http://security.debian.org/ squeeze/updates main contrib non-free" in your /etc/apt/sources.list file to keep up-to-date on security updates in <oldoldstable>. Run "aptitude update" and "aptitude upgrade" (or "aptitude full-upgrade" if the updates are kept back). Also ask me about <lifespan>.
M: 2016-05-21
ine (Wine Is Not an Emulator) is an application intended to allow execution of Microsoft Windows programs on Unix-like operating systems. Application compatibility database: http://appdb.winehq.org/ .https://wiki.debian.org/Wine http://wiki.winehq.org/HowTo http://wiki.winehq.org/FAQ #winehq on irc.freenode.net. See <mmap_min_addr> regarding use of Win16 binaries. See also <newer wine>.
M: 2013-01-09
<reply>yaboot is a <PowerPC> bootloader for Open Firmware based systems (New World Apple Macintosh, IBM RS/6000, IBM pSeries, IBM OpenPower). ybin installs yaboot to a bootstrap partition and can create boot menus for Linux and Mac OS (X). HOWTO: http://www.alaska.net/~erbenson/doc/yaboot-howto.html . http://yaboot.ozlabs.org/ Not for Old World Apple Macintosh systems, ask me <quik>.
M: 2011-03-29
<reply>YouTube is a video sharing website. Video download utilities include <clive>, <cclive>, <minitube>, quvi and <youtube-dl>; gcap can retrieve closed captions. For <VLC>, use Ctrl+N. The <HTML5> player can be used instead of <Adobe Flash> for supported browsers, see http://www.youtube.com/html5 ; for <Epiphany>, install the epiphany-extensions package and enable its HTML5 plugin.
M: 2010-01-09
<reply>DM means Display Manager, the app that brings up a graphical login screen and starts your login session. <lightdm>, <gdm3>, <xdm>, <kdm>, <wdm>, pdm, login.app and <slim> are all examples of display managers. Ask me about <nodm> if you want to disable the DM. Or Debian Maintainer: http://wiki.debian.org/DebianMaintainer . For the deb-multimedia repository, ask me about <dmm>.
C: 2004-07-06
if you're having trouble with something: 0) read the manpages 1) read the FAQ 2) check the documentation 3) check the website 4) check the bug tracking system 5) check the mailing lists 6) google 7) ask in a channel pertaining directly to your program 8) ask in #debian, IF it's a debian-related query. Failure to adhere to these simple principles will result in verbal abuse and ridicule.
M: 2010-06-10
<reply>Sure, you wish all your problems could be solved, but ranting or whinging in #debian is not welcome. Probably no-one in #debian can actually fix your problem so you're wasting your breath; ask me about <reportbug> and <debian-user>. By ranting, all you do is demoralise the volunteers who keep the channel running or, worse, stop them from doing more productive things for Debian.
M: 2010-07-28
<reply>The vendor driver for Ralink RT3090/RT3091/RT3092 PCIe 802.11n wireless LAN devices (rt3090sta) was merged in <rt2860sta> at Linux 2.6.33. In Debian Linux 2.6.32 kernel images, rt3090sta was replaced with a backported rt2860sta driver at linux-2.6 2.6.32-18 (Debian bug #588863). Firmware is required (rt3090.bin), ask me about <ralink firmware>. http://wiki.debian.org/rt2860sta
why an mta
M: 2008-10-05
<reply> An MTA should be on most Unix(ish) systems to provide a way for various services to deliver asynchronous system or error messages. This includes things like cron and at (to give you the output of jobs) and various daemons (e.g. the init script of MySQL). The MTA does not have to listen to network ports so spam and security issues are largely irrelevant. See also <nullmailer>.
wn-200usb new_id
C: 2014-10-17
<reply>To support the <WN-200USB> in Debian 7 "Wheezy", execute the following as root/superuser: «echo rt2800usb >> /etc/modules && echo 'install rt2800usb /sbin/modprobe --ignore-install rt2800usb $CMDLINE_OPTS && echo 1b75 a200 > /sys/bus/usb/drivers/rt2800usb/new_id' >> /etc/modprobe.d/local.conf && modprobe -r rt2800usb ; modprobe rt2800usb». See also <ralink firmware>, <new_id>.
M: 2009-12-11
<reply>The WUSB11 is a 802.11b USB device produced by Linksys. For support of v1.0 (USB ID 066B:2211), v2.6 (USB ID 077B:2219) and v2.8 (USB ID 1915:2233), ask me about <at76_usb>. For support of v2.5 (USB ID 066B:2212) and v3 (USB ID 1915:2236), ask me about <prism2_usb>. v4 (USB ID 13B1:000B) contains an ALi M4301A chipset, no Linux kernel driver exists; ask me about <ndiswrapper>.
M: 2010-04-13
<reply>The Linksys WUSB54G "Wireless-G USB Adapter" is an 802.11g device. For support of version 1 (USB IDs 1915:2234, 5041:2234) and version 2 (USB ID 13b1:000a) on Debian systems, ask me about <p54>. For version 4 (USB ID 13b1:000d), ask me about <rt2500usb>. http://homesupport.cisco.com/en-us/wireless/lbc/WUSB54G . Not to be confused with the <WUSB54GC>, <WUSB54GP> or <WUSB54AG>.
M: 2007-10-11
a Sanskrit term meaning nonviolence (literally: the avoidance of violence - himsa). It is an important tenet of the religions that originated in ancient India (Hinduism, Buddhism, and especially Jainism). Ahimsa is a rule of conduct that bars the killing or injuring of living beings. It is closely connected with the notion that all kinds of violence entail negative karmic consequences.
C: 2013-09-18
<reply>Posting the same question in multiple places is harmful because it makes lots of volunteers think about and offer same (or overlapping) knowledge. Instead of that, you can minimize the time spent by other people helping you, by asking in one place, exhausting all the knowledge there, and if there's no success, ask in a different channel armed with previously acquired knowledge.
M: 2013-05-01
<reply>ntop is a web-based passive network monitoring application. Read /usr/share/doc/ntop/README.Debian after installation to set an administration password; additional command-line options (e.g. -M) can be specified within GETOPT in /etc/default/ntop. Post-install, run "dpkg-reconfigure ntop" to specify interfaces ntop should listen on. http://wiki.ntop.org/ http://www.ntop.org/
open firmware
M: 2009-11-17
<reply>Open Firmware (aka OpenBoot) is a standard defining the interfaces of a computer firmware system. To access on <PowerPC> systems, use Command (cloverleaf/Apple)+Option+o+f while booting. To <netboot>, enter "boot enet:0,yaboot" (without quotes) at the prompt. If the TFTP server is not also the DHCP server, use (e.g.) "boot enet:,yaboot". See also <install guide>.
pepperflash fix
C: 2014-09-15
1. Locate a cached chrome release in /var/cache/pepperflashplugin-nonfree/ (v35 works for me) 2. ar x <google-chrome-deb> 3. tar --lzma --extract --file data.tar.lzma 4. cp opt/google/chrome/PepperFlash/libpepflashplayer.so /usr/lib/pepperflashplugin-nonfree/libpepflashplayer.so (as root). Keep in mind that this installs an obsolete flash release which might have security implications.
M: 2011-10-13
<reply>QLogic Corporation is a manufacturer of storage and system network infrastructure. QLogic Infiniband, SCSI and Fibre Channel/FCoE host adapters are supported by the ib_ipath, qla1280 and qla2xxx drivers; <firmware> used by these drivers is packaged for Debian as firmware-qlogic, ask me about <non-free sources>. For support of NetXen Ethernet controllers, ask me about <netxen>.
M: 2009-05-29
<reply>rsyslog is an enhanced <syslog> daemon. With stock logging rules, it can be used as a drop-in sysklogd replacement. rsyslog is the default kernel/system log daemon as of Debian 5.0 "Lenny", but is not installed when upgrading from Debian 4.0 "Etch" (ref. §2.2 of the <lenny release notes>). http://wiki.debian.org/Rsyslog http://www.rsyslog.com/ #rsyslog on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2011-03-19
<reply>vt6656_stage is a module produced by the vt6656 vendor driver, supporting wireless LAN devices based on the VIA VT6656 USB chipset. Enabled in Debian x86 kernel images since linux-2.6 2.6.32-31 (part of the <6.0.1> point release). Firmware is required (vntwusb.fw) and packaged for Debian in firmware-linux-nonfree, ask me about <non-free sources>. http://wiki.debian.org/vt665x
C: 2013-03-21
<reply>Selected packages intended for the Debian 8 "Jessie" release but recompiled for use with "Wheezy" (7.x) can be found in the "wheezy-backports" repository. Note that wheezy-backports are on the regular mirror network, not on backports.debian.org. A suitable line for your sources.list is «deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-backports main». Also ask me about <bdo>.
woody pool
M: 2001-11-03
<reply>! fooz=16-Nov-1955 za=30-Oct-2002 tarzeau=6-Dec-2001 longshot=14-Dec-2001 LSorensen=24-Dec-2001 vsprung=25-Dec-2001 greycat=01-Jan-2002 orth=02-Feb-2002 StevenK=29-Feb-2002 fire_hawk=hell's frozen zedboy=05-Mar-2002 caphuso=13-Mar-2002 gpgkeys=14-Mar-2002 drusscol=01-Apr-2002 gnupg=14-Apr-2002 gomez=29-Apr-2002 crrj=01-Jul-2002 randakar=14-feb-2003 asuffield=$release_date{woody}
M: 2010-11-17
<reply>[dsa] Debian Security Announcement, see http://www.debian.org/security/ and http://lists.debian.org/debian-security-announce/ ; RSS feeds at http://www.debian.org/security/dsa (titles only) and http://www.debian.org/security/dsa-long (summaries). Ask me about <dsa lookup DSA-nnnn> for information about the packages affected. See also <tracker of doom>, <debsecan>, <dsa team>.
M: 2011-01-11
<reply>The D-Link DWL-120 is a 802.11b USB 1.1 wireless LAN device. For support of the original / revision A (USB ID 03eb:7603), ask me about <at76_usb>. For revision D (USB ID 09aa:3642), ask about <prism2_usb>. For revision E (USB ID 2001:3200), ask about <at76_usb>. For revision F (USB ID 2001:3702), ask about <prism2_usb>. Not to be confused with the <dwl-120+> or <dwl-g120>.
excessive punctuation
M: 2006-06-09
<reply> Please stop using excessive punctuation. One exclamation point, question mark, period, ellipsis, comma, hyphen or interrobang is more than sufficient. Using excess punctuation means that you're more likely to be ignored by those who actually can help you, as it makes it difficult to see what you're actually asking. Continued use of excessive punctuation may result in a ban.
M: 2011-06-07
export 'http_proxy=http://PROXY:port/' -- it can be used with apt-get or lynx or wget (but not links/links2) - the trailing slash is important! Export 'http_proxy=http://username:password@proxy:port/' if you need to authenticate. Note that http_proxy could be set from your preferences by your window manager, and can be set (manually or auto-detected) in your browser (e.g. chromium).
M: 2004-07-25
<reply>Libranet was a <Debian based> distribution including many enhancements such as: updated packages, GNOME, KDE, XFree86, reiserfs, etc., a fast, easy install and, a preconfigured desktop. Also non-free; read the license on their CD images carefully (if you think it's GPL, you're reading the wrong thing). Last stable version was 3.0 (April 25 2005), development has discontinued.
M: 2012-12-05
<reply>powernowd is a <cpufreq> userland governor, for controlling CPU speed to reduce power consumption. It works with a variety of CPUs (not just AMD), see /usr/share/doc/powernowd/README.Debian to prepare a system for powernowd use. It does not perform any other power management function; see <power saving> for more ideas. Removed from Debian post-Squeeze to resolve bug #602052.
M: 2014-08-23
<reply>Realtek RTL8723BE-based PCIe wireless LAN devices (PCI ID 10ec:b723) are supported by the rtl8723be Linux kernel driver introduced at Linux 3.15 (enabled in Debian Linux kernel images at linux 3.16-1~exp1). Firmware from userspace is required (rtlwifi/rtl8723fw.bin, rtlwifi/rtl8723fw_B.bin) and packaged since firmware-realtek 0.39. Not to be confused with <rtl8723ae> devices.
M: 2016-10-03
<reply>schroot is an easy way of setting up a <chroot> in a way that can be treated as a session. If desired, modification to the chroot can be prevented using overlayfs or LVM snapshots, making it very convenient for building packages or simply running packages from other releases with minimal containment. See https://wiki.debian.org/Schroot and http://linuxgazette.net/150/kapil.html
tcp window scaling
M: 2011-12-08
<reply>The TCP window scale option (RFC 1323) can increase the TCP receive window size above the 65,535 byte maximum. Since 2.6.17, Linux aggressively uses TCP window scaling, which may cause network problems with buggy routers; use "echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_window_scaling" to disable. See http://www.debian.org/releases/oldstable/debian-installer/#errata for more information.
M: 2006-09-20
<reply>Load the 'usb-storage' and 'sd_mod' modules. Then your USB drive should appear as /dev/sda or /dev/sdb or something. Consult /proc/partitions to see if it has a partition table. Create an entry in /etc/fstab like: "/dev/sda1 /mnt/usb vfat user,noauto,noatime 0 0", and do "mkdir /mnt/usb". Then you can "mount /mnt/usb" and "umount /mnt/usb" at will. ask me about <automount>
_tor ask
M: 2014-10-28
<reply>If you have a question, just ask! For example: "I have a problem with ___; I'm running Tor (or TorBrowser) version ___. When I try to do ___ I get the following output ___. I expected it to do ___". Don't ask if you can ask, if anyone uses it, or pick one person to ask. We're all volunteers; make it easy for us to help. You can also try asking on tor-talk@lists.torproject.org>.
apt myths
M: 2012-03-08
<reply> Myths about APT never seem to die, the principal one being you can't mix using different APT front-ends like apt-get and aptitude. This is false. If you need further convincing, see http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9 and http://algebraicthunk.net/~dburrows/blog/entry/apt-system-diagram/ . See also <why aptitude> and <why not aptitude> for real reasons to choose one over the other.
cmd: irritate (.*?)
M: 2004-11-13
($1): <reply> $1: (Y iz debain so old?|wenas|hi every1|is there ne1 who cn answer my n00b q?|HELP ME!!!) (who uses (dvd|sound|kde|gnome|cable) (plz msg me, $randnick|hello?|lol|thx|kk|???/|!!!1)|(how does I run teh (mouse|grafixx windows|quake3|edonkey)|where cn I get w4arez 4 debina lol|how can I make my (knoppix|mepis|kanotix|libranet|lindows) werkz) (!!!!|?????|lol|kthx|U FUX0RZ))
M: 2009-05-18
<reply>cURL is a command line tool for transferring files with URL syntax, supporting FTP, FTPS, HTTP, HTTPS, TFTP, Telnet, DICT, FILE and LDAP. Supports HTTPS certificates, HTTP POST, HTTP PUT, FTP uploading, Kerberos, HTTP form based upload, proxies, cookies, user+password authentication, file transfer resume, HTTP proxy tunneling. http://curl.haxx.se/ #curl on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2002-12-20
the Executable and Linking Format .. it is a Binary format used by System V Release 4 Unix. It is also the prefered binary format in Linux. or the little people. There are three kind of elven: Noldor, Sindar and Wood elven || information on ELF can be found at ftp://tsx.mit.edu/pub/linux/packages/GCC/ELF.doc.tar.gz,text doc here: http://www.muppetlabs.com/~breadbox/software/ELF.txt.
M: 2010-04-02
<reply>Fakeraid is a term used for controller cards that advertise RAID functionality that is NOT supported by a hardware chip for parity. Most of these have only a BIOS. For use with Debian systems, it is suggested that you do not set a RAID in the BIOS and don't use dmraid, just use regular software RAID instead; ask me about <md>. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/SataRaid
fglrx dkms
C: 2013-05-01
<reply>For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems. Ask me about <contrib> and <non-free sources>. «aptitude -r install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` fglrx-driver && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "fglrx"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-fglrx.conf». Restart your system to enable the <radeon> blacklist.
M: 2009-06-09
<reply>FUSE is a userspace filesystem framework, enabling mounting of various exotic filesystems like <ntfs-3g>, Samba shares, tar files, FTP sites etc. Included in the mainline Linux kernel since 2.6.14. For a FUSE filesystem list, see http://wiki.debian.org/FileSystem#FUSE_Filesystem . http://apps.sf.net/mediawiki/fuse/?title=FAQ http://fuse.sf.net/ ##fuse on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2014-03-16
<reply>Media Transfer Protocol (MTP) is a Microsoft protocol for transferring images, music (etc.) between a computer and a portable device. Standardized as a USB device class in 2008. The libmtp shared library provides MTP interoperability for applications including <Amarok>, <Audacious>, <Banshee> and <Rhythmbox>; <jmtpfs> provides conventional filesystem access. See also <PTP>.
M: 2011-04-11
<reply>r8712u is a Linux kernel module produced by the r8712u staging driver, supporting Realtek RTL8188SU, RTL8191SU and RTL8192SU 802.11n USB wireless LAN chipsets. It replaces the rtl8192su staging driver (r8192s_usb module) which was removed at Linux 2.6.37. Firmware is required (rtlwifi/rtl8712u.bin), ask me about <realtek firmware> to provide. https://wiki.debian.org/rtl819x
M: 2003-06-17
<reply> It has been said that root is the administrative account - only use it when root power is needed. So no reading mail, compiling programs, or running applications as root. And don't even think about irc'ing as root, it increases the danger from exploits and trojans (such as bliss), or see, for example, the security advisory on BitchX http://www.debian.org/security/2003/dsa-306
C: 2010-11-19
<reply>The SAA716x is a PCIe interface chipset family from NXP Semiconductors, used within some DVB-T devices. There is currently no Linux support for devices based on the SAA7160, SAA7161 or SAA7162 chips. The in-tree saa7164 driver (added at Linux 2.6.32) supports SAA7164-based devices (e.g. PCI ID 1131:7164). http://www.linuxtv.org/wiki/index.php/NXP_SAA716x . See also <dvb>.
M: 2014-05-15
<reply>SPARC is the CPU architecture used in Sun Microsystem's proprietary hardware (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SPARC). To install Debian, ask me about <install guide> and see http://wiki.debian.org/PortsSparc ; the <sparc32> port has been retired and the sparc64 port has been removed from <testing> (bug #745938). For help with Debian on SPARC, join #debian-sparc on irc.oftc.net.
C: 2001-03-21
"This is such a paradoxical time right now. It is the age of information and the age of misinformation. There was a time when people thought that something printed in a newspaper must be true. It's not like that online, but it almost is. ... but then you realize that it's just words, and that anybody can say anything at all." (http://www.villagevoice.com/issues/0112/ferrandino.shtml)
C: 2014-12-15
a structured, statically typed, imperative, wide-spectrum, and object-oriented high-level computer programming language, extended from Pascal and other languages. It has a strong built-in language support for explicit concurrency, offering tasks, synchronous message, protected objects, and non-determinism. Ada could also be _Ada Augusta, Countess of Lovelace_, the first programmer.
M: 2003-08-20
an extension of fresco to a complete windowing system, using its own drawing libraries and a component loader. it works, is pretty, and is LGPL. it does not yet do enough to make it worth switching from X, but it will. Visit http://www.berlin-consortium.org for more info. or [Q: Why is it consortium? do dict consortium], or at #berlin, or now called fresco, see http://www.fresco.org
cmd: mismite (.*?)
C: 2006-03-10
($1): <reply> $1: (This is the END for you, you gutter-crawling cur!|Soon you'll be wearing my sword like a shish kebab!|My handkerchief will wipe up your blood!|Have you stopped wearing diapers yet?|My name is feared in every dirty corner of this island!|My sword is famous all over the Caribbean!|You are a pain in the backside, sir!|There are no clever moves that can help you now.)
C: 2012-03-12
<reply>The proprietary Digital Audio Access Protocol (DAAP) was introduced in Apple Inc.'s iTunes 4.0 and is used for sharing media across a local network. DAAP servers packaged for Debian include <forked-daapd>, <mt-daapd> and tangerine; clients include <amarok>, <banshee>, python-daap, <rhythmbox> and <xmms2> (via xmms2-plugin-daap). For UPnP AV information, ask me about <upnp>.
M: 2010-03-11
<reply>DOSEMU is a compatibility layer software package for Linux, for running DOS (e.g. MS-DOS, <FreeDOS>) and associated applications. If you use X, graphical DOS programs will be much easier to run than if you set up DOSEMU to do graphics at the console. http://www.dosemu.org/docs/HOWTO/ http://www.dosemu.org/ DOSEMU is kind of buggy and doesn't play games well, see <dosbox>.
M: 2010-10-13
<reply>[driver] a piece of code, typically in kernelspace (but not always), which allows you to control a piece of hardware. The biggest exception is video drivers for Linux, which are often part of the (userspace) X server. (3D accelerated video drivers are a weird hybrid that have both kernelspace *and* userspace components.) Ask me about <driver locator>, <module>, <nodriver>.
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>[g-i] The Debian graphical installer (based on X11) is available for the amd64, i386 and powerpc architectures. To launch on 64-bit and 32-bit PC systems, select "Graphical install" from the installer boot menu. See https://debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch05s01#graphical and https://debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch06s01#gtk-using for more information. See also <d-i>.
M: 2011-02-21
<reply>Plone is a free software, cross-platform content management system built on <zope>. Packaged for Debian as plone3-site and zope-plone3; removed post-Lenny to resolve bug #564956. Plone 4.0 is not packaged for Debian, <RFP> in Debian bug #595555, see also §4.9 of the <squeeze release notes>. http://plone.org/documentation/faq http://plone.org/ #plone on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2014-12-09
<reply>Thunderbolt (formerly Light Peak) is an external peripheral interface. It uses the same connector as Apple's Mini DisplayPort. A driver providing support for Thunderbolt devices on Apple systems (Cactus Ridge NHI) was introduced at Linux 3.17 and enabled in Debian Linux kernel images since linux 3.16.7-ckt2-1 (Debian bug #768653); device chaining is currently not supported.
upgrade tests
M: 2005-05-20
<reply> Upgrade Tests - It is recommended to read the release notes before upgrading, and in particular Chapter 4 <release notes>, "Upgrades from previous releases". upgrade report template to help when reporting problems with the upgrades (http://release.debian.org/upgrade-report.html). If you do run into problems please fill it out, and email it to submit@bugs.debian.org, thanks.
M: 2010-12-08
<reply>The Netgear WG111 is an 802.11g USB device. For support of version 1 (revision 1: USB ID 0846:4220, Intersil ISL3886 chipset; revision 2: USB ID 0846:4240, Intersil ISL3887 chipset), ask me about <p54>. For version 2 (USB ID 0846:6A00, Realtek RTL8187L chipset) and version 3 (USB ID 0846:4260, Realtek RTL8187B chipset), ask me about <rtl-wifi>. See also <wg111t>, <wg111u>.
check iso image
M: 2011-08-19
<reply>To verify you have a valid and official Debian CD/DVD image, see http://www.debian.org/CD/faq/#verify . To test an ISO image was burned correctly, compare the output of «md5sum filename.iso; dd if=/dev/cdrom | head -c `stat --format=%s filename.iso` | md5sum». You should compare this md5sum to the checksum for the ISO image on the mirror. See also <check iso signature>.
M: 2008-06-17
<reply> deborphan is a package that will tell you what library packages you have installed that nothing's using. If you want remove all packages use 'deborphan | xargs apt-get -y remove --purge', or a nice tool to clean up grown debians. http://deb.li/3qpqF provides a nice guide to several more steps to reclaim big chunks of HDD. Ask me about <debfoster><autoremove><unmarkauto>.
M: 2009-09-19
<reply>GStreamer is a multimedia framework finding widespread use in various applications like <rhythmbox>, <totem>, <parole> etc. It is configured with gstreamer-properties. gst123 is a GStreamer-based command line player. http://gstreamer.freedesktop.org/data/doc/gstreamer/head/faq/html/ http://www.gstreamer.net/ #gstreamer on irc.freenode.net. See also <w32codecs>, <lame>.
iceweasel ntlm
C: 2014-07-23
<reply>Since Iceweasel 30.0, NTLMv1 authentication has been disabled and <NTLM> support on non-Windows platforms is deprecated (https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/Firefox/Releases/30/Site_Compatibility#Security). NTLMv2 is not supported by Iceweasel. It is possible to continue using NTLMv1 by switching the network.negotiate-auth.allow-insecure-ntlm-v1 preference in about:config.
M: 2010-04-02
<reply>IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) allows a client to access and manipulate electronic mail messages on a server. It permits manipulation of remote message folders (mailboxes) in a way that is functionally equivalent to local mailboxes. Lots of mail user agents can use IMAP, including <kmail><evolution><mutt>. For an IMAP(S) server, you should probably use <dovecot>.
M: 2009-06-09
<reply>All there is worth knowing about Linux and laptops can be found at http://www.linux-laptop.net/ and http://tuxmobil.org/mylaptops.html . For Thinkpads, ask me about <thinkpad>. Also ask me about <acpi>, <laptop mode>, <netbook>, <pcmcia>, <suspend>. http://wiki.debian.org/InstallingDebianOn . See also the debian-laptop mailing list: http://lists.debian.org/debian-laptop/
M: 2010-01-06
<reply>p54 is a Linux kernel driver, supporting PCI and USB devices based on Intersil/Conexant ISL38xx 802.11g wireless LAN chipsets (aka Prism54). Firmware is required and not packaged (Debian bug #481234), see http://wiki.debian.org/prism54 for installation instructions. The obsolete prism54 driver is disabled in Debian Linux kernel images. #linux-wireless on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-12-21
<reply>Squid is a caching web proxy supporting HTTP/S, FTP and others. Debian's squid packages are not built with SSL support (Debian bug #180886), ask about <package rebuild> and supply "--enable-ssl" for this. See also <squid deb caching>, <transparent proxy>. /usr/share/doc/squid{,3}/* http://wiki.squid-cache.org/SquidFaq http://squid-cache.org/ #squid on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-12-19
<reply>SV92P (PCI IDs 11c1:048c, 11c1:048e, 11c1:048f) and SV92PP (PCI IDs 11c1:0620, 11c1:0621, 11c1:0622, 11c1:0623) are software modem chipsets from Agere Systems. An out-of-tree Linux kernel driver supporting these chipsets is available from http://linmodems.technion.ac.il/packages/ltmodem/sv92/ (not packaged for Debian). For Agere 164x "Mars" support, ask me about <martian>.
M: 2015-01-01
<reply>TeamSpeak is proprietary <VoIP> software allowing users to speak on a chat channel, much like a telephone conference call. TeamSpeak 2 is packaged for Debian 7 "Wheezy" as teamspeak-client and teamspeak-server, ask me about <non-free sources>; these are not compatible with TeamSpeak 3. Removed from Debian post-Wheezy to resolve bugs #735028 and #735029. See also <mumble>.
M: 2013-01-06
<reply>ums-eneub6250 is a Linux kernel module produced by the ene_ub6250 USB storage driver, supporting the ENE Technology UB6250 SD/MD card reader (USB ID 0cf2:6250). This driver is part of the Linux kernel since version 2.6.39. Firmware from userspace is required; Debian 7 "Wheezy" users, ask me about <non-free sources> and install the firmware-linux-nonfree package to provide.
M: 2003-01-12
eXtensible Markup Language, and more info can be found at Homepage: http://www.jclark.com/xml/expat.html or There are generally two types of xml parsers: validating and those checking well-formedness. A valid xml document is one that is well-formed, and also complies with SGML conventions. getting bastardised by linux, call the XML-Men ~.linux bleh, or , or s-expressions in drag
M: 2009-10-10
<reply>Zero Configuration Networking is a set of techniques that automatically create a usable IP network without configuration or special servers. This allows unknowledgeable users to connect computers, networked printers, and other items together and expect them to work automatically. http://wiki.debian.org/ZeroConf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zeroconf http://www.dns-sd.org/
M: 2013-05-21
<reply>Athlon is a x86 microprocessor brand from Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). Athlon "Classic", Thunderbird, Athlon XP/MP and Mobile Athlon XP (1999 through 2005) all use the x86 instruction set; these are supported by Debian i386. Athlon 64, Turion 64 (formerly Mobile Athlon 64) and Athlon II use the x86-64 instruction set; these are supported by Debian's amd64 and i386 ports.
bridge setup
M: 2009-06-22
<reply>Install the bridge-utils package and read the bridge-utils-interfaces(5) man page. It contains basic and advanced bridge configuration examples ("dhcp" can be used in place of "static"). IP forwarding does _not_ need to be enabled. If intending to bridge a wireless interface in managed mode, see http://wiki.debian.org/BridgeNetworkConnections and ask me about <ebtables>.
C: 2003-01-23
the Canberra Linux User Group. Meetings are the fourth Thursday of each much in room N101, on the ground floor of the Computer Science and Information Technology building at the Australian National University. The meetings start at 7pm. We usually order pizza so come hungry and bring about $5 to cover the cost of your share if you want some. for more info: http://www.clug.org.au/
cmd: yinzersmite (.*?)
C: 2005-01-24
($1): <action> (runsover $1, wif an ambleelunce gowen a hunnert mallanahr.|pooshes $1 aht da winda an yells "chawt dahnere". |pahds $1 fer behavin like an ig'nent yinzer.|rode $1 dahntahn ta go gall-a-vantin' da norside wif a Gian Iggle buggy like da rest of da bums.|pinches $1 fer hawkin' stoled Stiller's tickets.|rilly wisht $1 conjagated sharn once in ahwile.|$1: yinz a jagoff)
M: 2014-02-18
<reply>Intel Itanium Architecture (formerly IA-64) is Intel's *other* 64-bit architecture. Itanium processors are primarily found in HP Integrity servers. http://www.debian.org/ports/ia64/ . Debian 8 ("Jessie") drops official support for Intel Itanium Architecture. It is not the same as the AMD64 / Intel 64 / x86-64 chips used in PCs, ask me about <amd64>. See also <qotd279>.
M: 2016-06-21
<reply>Iceweasel was a DFSG-free fork of <firefox>, replacing it in Debian since 4.0 "Etch". See <why iceweasel>, <iceweasel vs firefox>, <iceweasel user-agent>, https://wiki.debian.org/Iceweasel for historical information. Since 2016, Debian no longer applies a custom branding to Mozilla Firefox (https://www.debian.org/security/2016/dsa-3600). <https://lwn.net/Articles/676799/>
install java
M: 2017-05-14
<reply>For the Java web browser plugin, install the icedtea-plugin package. For other Java programs, install 'default-jre' for the runtime or 'default-jdk' for development. You can manually select one of openjdk-7-jre or openjdk-8-jre yourself. Oracle forbids Debian providing any security updates to them their Java packages so they are not in Debian. See also <java alternatives>
M: 2008-03-10
<reply> To change the default web browser in KDE, open kcontrol, go to Components -> Components chooser -> Web browser. Check 'The following browser' and enter the desired name (e.g. "iceweasel"). Also ask me about <x-www-browser> and <www-browser>. Alternatively, you can use "in an application based on the contents" and set iceweasel to open application/xhtml+xml and text/html
pop3 exchange
C: 2004-07-02
to access a Microsoft Exchange POP3 server, first enable POP3 for the user (AD), for the server (Exchange System Manager, under Server => Protocols). Authentication is DOMAIN\user\mailalias. Mail alias is set in AD. Escape (double) the backslashes in .fetchmailrc. E.g.: XYZCORP\\johndoe\\johndoe. Enable logging (in ESM under Monitoring & Status) for vague but true debug msgs.
M: 2009-06-02
an old protocol for remotely logging in to another computer. It is one of the basic utilities for TCP/IP. Very insecure as it sends all traffic in plaintext! Seriously consider using Secure Shell instead, ask me about <ssh>. There's also telnet-ssl - which has encryption and certificates support - but is useless without a remote telnetd-ssl or HTTPS server. See also <qotd44>.
alsa firmware
M: 2013-01-02
<reply>Firmware from userspace is required by the Cirrus Logic Sound Fusion CS46XX (snd-cs46xx), Echo Digital Audio series, ESS Allegro/Maestro3 (snd-maestro3), Korg 1212 I/O (snd-korg1212) and Yamaha YMF (snd-ymfpci) ALSA drivers. Ask me about <cs46xx>, <echoaudio>, <maestro3>, <korg1212> or <ymfpci> respectively. For E-MU Digital Audio Systems devices, ask me about <emu10k1>.
M: 2014-02-20
<reply> All packages have copyright and licensing information in the file /usr/share/doc/$package/copyright. The copyright files are also available at via http://packages.qa.debian.org/$package for easy reference. The file must include where the source code came from, the copyright holders and the licence details (see §12.5 of <policy>). Ask me about <copyright-format> <nmg>.
exec shield
C: 2010-06-02
<reply>Exec Shield is a patch set for the Linux kernel on i386 (not relevant for x86_64, Debian bug #516488) to protect against stack smashing attacks and other exploits. Packaged for Debian as linux-patch-exec-shield in squeeze, see /usr/share/doc/linux-patch-exec-shield/README.Debian for more information. See also <kernel-package>. http://people.redhat.com/mingo/exec-shield/
C: 2013-02-03
<reply>game-data-packager is a utility for producing Debian packages containing commercial game data, which cannot be distributed by the Debian project due to licensing or other constraints. It currently supports the production of packages for Doom games (Doom, Doom 2 and Final Doom), Quake, Quake III Arena, Heretic, Rise of the Triad and Wolfenstein 3D. Ask me about <contrib>.
M: 2013-01-24
<reply>A gamepad/joypad is a game controller held in two hands, generally featuring action buttons and a direction controller. The Linux kernel input drivers support several gamepad models. The joystick Debian package contains test and calibration utilities; calibration settings can be saved using jscal-store for loading at device insertion time via <udev>. See also <xboxdrv>.
M: 2011-04-21
<reply>Gopher is a distributed global directory and hypertext system. Use lynx for accessing Gopher sites and the gopher package for Gopher+ sites. Iceweasel has native Gopher support prior to version 4, for Iceweasel 4.x and later an add-on is required (e.g. <OverbiteFF>). KDE users, try kio-gopher. To serve Gopher content, try pygopherd. #gopherproject on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2008-03-21
<reply>Network UPS Tools (NUT) is a client/server <UPS> monitoring system that permits UPS sharing between several machines. Able to signal shutdown of Unix/Linux and Windows (via WinNUT) systems. Packaged for Debian as nut, optional packages as nut-* (excluding nut-nutrition). Read /usr/share/doc/nut/README.Debian.gz for installation instructions. http://networkupstools.org/
pam loop
M: 2003-07-08
Two of the pam packages depend on each other. Ask me about "break". First, try 'apt-get -o APT::Force-LoopBreak=1 dist-upgrade'. If that doesn't work, do this in /var/cache/apt/archives/: 'dpkg -i libpam0g_VERSION.deb libpam-modules_VERSION.deb', substituting VERSION appropriately. Or upgrade to testing, then unstable. Fixed in -13, uploaded 09/07/2003. NO WHINGING ALLOWED.
M: 2004-05-29
a hard real-time OS | http://www.qnx.com | microkernel | non-free | POSIX compliant | free as in beer for non-commercial use | player in the field since teh 80s | neutrino is the kernel | momentics is the non-commercial livecd (you can install too) | voyager is the browser | photon is the (micro)windowing system | qnx4fs is the ordered-write FS, plan9 style = everything is a file
M: 2014-01-05
<reply>Realtek RTL8188EE-based PCIe wireless LAN devices (PCI ID 10ec:8179) are supported by the rtl8188ee Linux kernel driver introduced at Linux 3.10. Firmware from userspace is required (rtlwifi/rtl8188efw.bin) and packaged since firmware-realtek 0.39. Debian 7 "Wheezy" users: for device support, ask me about <bdo kernel> and install firmware-realtek from <wheezy-backports>.
M: 2012-02-27
<reply>sshfs is a <FUSE>-based filesystem using <SSH> for securely mounting remote resources. See http://fuse.sf.net/sshfs.html and http://sf.net/apps/mediawiki/fuse?title=SshfsFaq for more information. Remember to add yourself to the 'fuse' group. If you have problems with stale sshfs mounts, set ServerAliveInterval 30 (for 30 seconds) in /etc/ssh/ssh_config or ~/.ssh/config.
M: 2009-12-06
<reply>Vinux is a Live CD distribution for visually impaired users, based on Debian Lenny (as of version 2.0). It is supplied with non-free software (multimedia codecs, wireless LAN device firmware) and has the deb-multimedia, Debian Backports and Proposed Updates repositories enabled by default. It is not supported in #debian. http://vinux.org.uk/ See also <based on Debian>.
which ethernet module
M: 2009-01-21
<reply>To find out what Linux kernel modules your Ethernet cards are using, look in dmesg, look at the output of «lspci -k», ask me about <which module for 0200>, use «ethtool --driver eth0», or «readlink /sys/class/net/eth0/device/driver» or run «for i in `lspci | grep -i net| cut -f1 -d\ ` ; do readlink "/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:$i/driver"; done | awk -F/ '{print $8}'»
M: 2010-08-30
<reply>The bluetooth-alsa project provided an <ALSA> plugin for <Bluetooth> audio, now merged with the BlueZ project. The Debian bluetooth-alsa package was never part of a stable release and was removed to resolve bug #499052. Install the bluez-audio package and see http://web.archive.org/web/20080501040304/http://wiki.bluez.org/wiki/HOWTO/AudioDevices for further information.
cmd: :yinzersmite (.*?)
C: 2007-02-04
($1): <action> (runsover $1, wif an ambleelunce gowen a hunnert mallanahr.|pooshes $1 aht da winda an yells "chawt dahnere".|pahds $1 fer behavin like an ig'nen yinzer.|rode $1 dahntahn ta go gall-a-vantin' da norside wif a Gian Iggle buggy like da rest of da bums.|pinches $1 fer hawkin' stoled Stiller's tickets.|rilly wisht $1 conjagated sharn once in awhile.|$1: yinz a jagoff)
dialup install
M: 2004-12-01
<reply>[dialup install] 64kbps are 650MB per day, or ~1.2GB installed size, maybe more than you will ever have installed at once. You will wait few hours for the install to complete, but shuffling those 5290280948 CDs testing has now will probably take even longer, and can't be run unattended. The 1st binary CD is more than you need. Also ask me about <netinst> and <vendors>.
M: 2010-07-03
<reply>[dma] (Direct Memory Access) PCs have DMA channels that allow certain devices to directly access memory in order to speed up the process. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Direct_memory_access . To disable use of DMA with <libata> (not possible at run-time via hdparm), add the kernel command line option libata.dma=0 to your bootloader. For the MTA, ask me about <dragonfly>.
M: 2010-12-06
<reply>Microsoft Exchange Hosted Services (aka FrontBridge) is an email filtering system, used to provide the "Microsoft Forefront Online Protection for Exchange" server security product. The SMTP service at mail.global.frontbridge.com currently does not fully conform to RFC 2920, see http://www.postfix.org/workarounds.html for further information and workarounds for <Postfix>.
M: 2010-06-30
<reply>gDesklets is a system for bringing mini programs (desklets), such as weather forecasts, news tickers, system information displays, or music player controls, onto your desktop, where they are sitting there in a symbiotic relationship of eye candy and usefulness. The gdesklets-data package was removed from Debian post-Lenny to resolve bug #585377. http://www.gdesklets.de/
grub legacy
M: 2013-04-21
<reply>GNU GRUB (GRand Unified Bootloader) 0.9x (aka GRUB Legacy) is a powerful boot loader which can boot many OSes and understands many filesystems. To install: «aptitude install grub-legacy grub-legacy-doc». To reinstall, ask me about <fixmbr>. To migrate from LILO, ask about <lilo->grub>. See also <grub legacy errors>, <grub2>, <supergrub>. http://wiki.debian.org/Grub
linux build-deps
M: 2008-03-06
<reply> To compile a kernel the Debian Way using make-kpkg, "aptitude install kernel-package build-essential". If you want to use "make menuconfig", then install libncurses-dev. If you want to use "make xconfig", then install libqt3-mt-dev (and also make sure that all your alternatives point to qt3 versions not qt4). Also ask me about <kernel compile> <make-kpkg> <kp mantra>.
M: 2010-02-17
<reply>[ssh] the Secure SHell; "aptitude install ssh" (<openssh>). Clients for other platforms include <putty> and <cygwin>. Programs to mitigate against brute-force attacks on your SSH server include <fail2ban> and <denyhosts>. See also <scp>, <sftp>, <ssh without password>, <ssh permissions>, <sshx>, <ssh linedraw>, <debug sshd>, <dropbear>, <ssh-copy-id>, <ssh verify key>.
M: 2012-03-12
<reply>stable-proposed-updates is a repository containing packages being prepared for the next <point release>. While they have already been, your additional testing is most welcome prior to wider release. http://www.debian.org/releases/proposed-updates http://release.debian.org/proposed-updates/stable.html . See also <oldstable-proposed-updates>, <testing-proposed-updates>.
M: 2011-03-23
<reply> tar (Tape ARchive) is Unix's general purpose archive utility and associated file format. Extract tar: "tar xf foo.tar"; Extract tar.gz: "tar xzf foo.tar.gz"; Extract tar.bz2: "tar xjf foo.tar.bz2"; tar extraction command hard to remember? use apt-get install unp; unp foo.bar; Create tar.gz: "tar czf foo.tar.gz directory"; Create tar.bz2: "tar cjf foo.tar.bz2 directory".
M: 2009-10-15
<reply>Centrino is a brand of Wi-Fi and <WiMAX> adapters from Intel (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centrino). For support of Intel wireless LAN devices on Debian systems, ask me about <iwlwifi> (Chief River, Huron River, Calpella, Montevina, Santa Rosa refresh), <iwlwifi> (Santa Rosa, Napa), <ipw2200> (Sonoma, Carmel) or <ipw2100> (early Carmel). See also <what's my wireless>.
M: 2009-05-30
<reply>Journaling filesystems in a nutshell: <peterS> fast but dangerous: reiserfs. medium-speed but reliable: ext3. fast, mostly reliable, and *huge*: xfs. slow, probably reliable: jfs. unknown, probably buggy: reiser4. If you have to ask, use <ext3> or <ext4>. Old benchmarks at http://fsbench.netnation.com/ . http://wiki.debian.org/FileSystem #linuxfs on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2013-08-20
<reply>Hermes-II 802.11b (WL60010) and Hermes-II.5 802.11a/bg (WL60040) are wireless LAN chipsets developed by Agere Systems. A driver based on Agere Systems' BSD-licensed source code (wlags49_h2) is included as a staging driver in the Linux kernel since version 2.6.33; this is not enabled in Debian kernel image packages. http://wireless.kernel.org/en/users/Drivers/wlags49_h2
C: 2007-11-17
used under xen to allow full virtualization of unmodified operating systems such as windows and unmodified kernels, for this to work you need a CPU with intel's VT or amd's pacifica support. xen also needs a special package xen-ioemu-3.0.3-1 (Etch) to work with hvm. Read this for further information on motherboards http://wiki.xensource.com/xenwiki/HVM_Compatible_Motherboards
M: 2009-10-26
<reply>/etc/init.d/ is where most Debian startup scripts go. To add your own, copy /etc/init.d/skeleton to /etc/init.d/myscript and make it do the appropriate thing on start and stop, at least. Then "update-rc.d myscript defaults". See "man update-rc.d" and /usr/share/doc/sysvinit and /etc/init.d/README. Also ask me about <rc.local> <runlevel>. See also <missing lsb tags>.
M: 2010-11-20
<reply>mlocate (where m == "merging") is locate/updatedb implementation, a replacement for the <locate> and <slocate> tools from lenny onwards. mlocate is clever in that it remembers timestamps on directories so it doesn't need to rebuild the entire database each day. See http://packages.debian.org/mlocate for more information. http://carolina.mff.cuni.cz/~trmac/blog/mlocate
M: 2010-02-03
<reply>The PlayStation 3 is a video game console, featuring a Blu-ray drive and storage capacities of up to 250GB. It utilizes the cell processor, based on ppc64 with eight vector processing units. You may easily try and/or install Debian with <debootstrap>, installing Linux is disabled on the PS3 slim (PS3 CECH-2000). http://wiki.debian.org/PS3 #debian-ps3 on irc.oftc.net.
spinlock metering
C: 1970-01-01
the runtime recording of data about spinlock usage -- how often each spinlock is acquired by each locker and held for how long, how often an acquisition attempt faced contention and had to wait because someone else owned that spinlock, and how much wait-time passed before the lock was released and the contention went away. It's at http://oss.sgi.com/projects/lockmeter/download/
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a protocol specified by Netscape that allows for "secure" passage of data. It uses public key encryption, including digital certificates and digital signatures, to pass data between a browser and a server, or more generally, all sorts of network clients and the respective servers. It is an open standard and most modern browsers support it.
C: 2010-11-17
<reply>tp_smapi is an out-of-tree Linux kernel module, which exposes some ThinkPad hardware/firmware features via <sysfs> (e.g. control of battery charging, extended battery status). Install the tp-smapi-dkms package to provide this module; an updated hdaps module recommended for use with <hdapsd> is also installed. http://www.thinkwiki.org/wiki/Tp_smapi http://tpctl.sf.net/
uninstall everything
M: 2009-08-06
<reply>To uninstall just about every package from your machine except the ones in the "standard" install, try something like: "aptitude purge ~i ~pstandard+ ~prequired+ ~pimportant+". Add additional packages with a + or : after them to the end to stop them being removed. Look *carefully* at what aptitude is planning to do to make sure you agree. Ask me about <aptitude docs>.
M: 2009-05-09
<reply>[adblock.hosts] You can use /etc/hosts to block ads, banners, 3rd party cookies, 3rd party page counters, web bugs and more. http://www.mvps.org/winhelp2002/hosts.txt -- http://www.mvps.org/winhelp2002/hosts.htm, or you could just use a browser not able to display ads like <links2>, <w3m> or many others. Alternatively, you can use an <adblock> extension or <privoxy>.
C: 2015-05-01
<reply>The Advanced Vector Extension (AVX) introduces SIMD registers increased from 128 bits to 256 bits and non-destructive three-operand SIMD instructions, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_Vector_Extensions . Supported since Linux kernel 2.6.30 (Q2 2009) and Intel "Sandy Bridge" processor (shipped since Q1 2011) and AMD "Bulldozer" prozessor (shipped since Q4 2011).
M: 2009-04-01
<reply>Do not use public away/back messages in $channel. If we want to know where you are, we'll /whois you. In BitchX, /set auto_away off; in XChat, Preferences > Chatting > General > uncheck Announce Away Messages; ask in #yourircclient if you have questions. If you continue to use public aways/backs you will be devoiced. http://sackheads.org/~bnaylor/spew/away_msgs.html
C: 1970-01-01
(Computer Telephony Integration) Simply put, this represents the integration of your computer and telephone. Its serious uses include dial-up registration, fax-back systems, and other systems that record your information by telephone access. A simple use of this technology would be using your computer/modem as an auto-dialer so you don't have to push the buttons on your phone.
M: 2004-09-14
<reply>Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) is a TCP/IP feature which should be supported by the whole Internet, but unfortunately, some broken firewalls don't like it. To disable: echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_ecn . To disable permanently, echo net/ipv4/tcp_ecn=0 >> /etc/sysctl.conf . See also http://p12n.org/kb/ecn.html; you can disable ECN via <iptables> selectively.
gobi 2000
M: 2011-02-07
<reply>[gobi 2000] The Qualcomm Gobi 2000 is a Wireless Wide Area Network (WWAN) Mini PCIe adapter (USB IDs 05c6:9204, 05c6:9205), found in some Lenovo <ThinkPad> models. This device is supported in Debian Linux kernel images by the qcserial driver since linux-2.6 2.6.32-16 (Debian bug #585661). Firmware is required (amss.mbn, apps.mbn, UQCN.mbn), ask me about <gobi-loader>.
M: 2006-07-12
<reply>Your network configuration is in the file /etc/network/interfaces ; "man 5 interfaces" for documentation, "zless /usr/share/doc/ifupdown/examples/network-interfaces.gz" for example configurations. Start and stop your networking with ifup -a and ifdown -a respectively. http://wiki.debian.org/NetworkConfiguration . See also <dhcp client>, <resolv.conf>, <static route>.
M: 2013-08-13
<reply>The Intel Dual Band Wireless AC (802.11ac, a/b/g/n compatible) 7000 series (e.g. 7260: PCI ID 8086:08b1, 3160: PCI ID 8086:08b3) is supported by <iwlwifi> since Linux 3.10. Firmware is required and packaged for Debian since firmware-iwlwifi 0.39. Debian 7 "Wheezy" users: ask me about <bdo kernel> and install firmware-iwlwifi from <wheezy-backports>. See also <btusb>.
motd wheezy
M: 2015-05-04
<reply>The "Message Of The Day" (MOTD) may be shown to users at login time. In Debian 7 "Wheezy", motd is entirely under the control of the administrator; edit /etc/motd as desired. The dynamic part of the MOTD is in /run/motd.dynamic and is prepended to your /etc/motd; this dynamic part is generated by /etc/init.d/motd should you also need to customise it. See "man 5 motd"
M: 2012-02-12
<reply>orinoco is a Linux kernel driver supporting 802.11b wireless LAN devices based on Hermes I and Spectrum24 Trilogy chipsets. WPA1 support for Hermes devices is available and requires firmware v9.42 or later, see http://wiki.debian.org/orinoco for more details. For Prism 2/2.5/3 support, ask me about <hostap>. For ORiNOCO USB device support, ask me about <orinoco usb>.
M: 2004-07-19
<reply><thomas_adam> mwilson is the only person I know that manages to use 'idiot' as a noun. :) * thomas_adam laughs <ricky_clarkson> thomas_adam: idiot *is* a noun. <mwilson> It IS a noun. <initech> thomas_adam: err .. it is a noun <Guerin> thomas_adam: how else does one use it? * thomas_adam laughs -- no no, nevermind. :) <Guerin> we have been trolled, fellow grammar nazis
M: 2009-10-23
<reply>The Debian Reference will answer most of your questions about Debian. The latest version (v2) is at http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/ . Read it after installing Debian and before asking for support, as it is the closest thing Debian has to a manual. You can install this too, the package name is debian-reference: «aptitude install debian-reference»
C: 1970-01-01
Anyone that buys computer equipment or software and sells it. In most states in the US, you need a reseller license to purchase goods without paying taxes, and then you are responsible for collecting and paying taxes on the goods you resell. The combined entity of all the resellers makes up the channel. Resellers usually buy goods from distributors and sell them to the public.
rise of the triad
M: 2011-01-12
<reply>"Rise of the Triad" (ROTT) is a first-person shooter video game released in 1994, its source code was released under the GNU GPL in 2002. The icculus.org port is packaged for Debian as rott in <contrib>. To use the registered version of ROTT, read /usr/share/doc/rott/README.Debian after package installation and ask me about <package rebuild>. http://icculus.org/rott/
M: 2009-11-14
<reply>"Star Control II: The Ur-Quan Masters" is a science-fiction computer game. Source code for the 3DO version was released under the GPL, allowing the Ur-Quan Masters (UQM) project to port the game to modern operating systems. Packaged for Debian as uqm and uqm-content in <contrib> and <non-free> respectively (uqm-music and uqm-voice are recommended). http://sc2.sf.net/
smart questions
M: 2008-09-12
<reply>Go here to find out how to ask intelligent questions: http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html - Be sure to look at the section http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html#before - This FAQ has information to help many users solve their own problem more effectively and to help users interact more effectively with helpers. Also ask me about <reportbug>.
C: 2011-02-08
<reply>On Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" systems, there are two repositories that you should have in your sources.list aside from your main mirror. You should have an entry for "squeeze/updates" which is security updates (ask me about <squeeze security>) and also an entry for "squeeze-updates" which is other updated packages (formerly known as volatile, ask me about <squeeze-updates>).
M: 2001-10-16
not essential but would prove to be useful if you come across any kernel OOPS messages. Have a read of http://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/oops-tracing.txt or edit /etc/init.d/sysklogd and add '-k /boot/System.map-`uname -r`' to the args line, or nm vmlinux | grep -v '(compiled\)\|\(\.o1225\)\|\( [aUw] )\|\(\.\.ng1225\)\|\(LASH[RL]DI\)' | sort > /boot/System.map-`uname -r`
M: 2009-10-19
<reply>/tmp is a filesystem location, required by the <FHS> to be made available for programs requiring temporary files. Make sure its modes are 1777, otherwise you'll have problems down the track. Are you running out of space on /tmp? Use the TMPDIR environment variable (e.g. in ~/.bashrc) to specify an alternate directory with available disk space. See also <tmp noexec>.
M: 2011-11-16
<reply>Microsoft Visio is a diagramming application for the Microsoft Windows operating system. Visio's proprietary file format (.vsd) is not supported by any open source application at this time; Visio can export diagrams as .vdx files (XML-based "DatadiagramML") which is supported by other programs, including dia. Open source alternatives include <dia> and <calligra flow>.
M: 2010-05-02
<reply> The WUSB54GS "Linksys Wireless-G USB Network Adapter with SpeedBooster" is a 802.11g wireless LAN device produced by Cisco. Version 1 (USB ID 13b1:000e) and version 2 (USB ID 13b1:0014) are supported by the rndis_wlan driver, ask me about <rndis_wlan>. Fixes from Linux 2.6.33 for this device were added in linux-2.6 2.6.32-10. Not to be confused with the <WUSB54GSC>.
C: 1970-01-01
a protocol for transferring files during direct dial-up communications. Developed by Ward Christensen in 1977, Xmodem has basic error checking to ensure that information isn't lost or corrupted during transfer. It sends data in 128-byte blocks. Also, Xmodem CRC uses a more reliable error-correction scheme, and Xmodem-1K transfers data faster by sending it in 1,024-byte blocks.
M: 2009-05-19
<reply>Your Dots Per Inch (DPI) setting affects the size of your fonts. Remove any explicit DPI settings in /etc/X11/xinit/xserverrc or your display manager's configuration file, and X should autodetect your DPI. If not, add DisplaySize Width_in_millimeters Height_in_millimeters to Section "Monitor" in /etc/X11/xorg.conf, ask me about <xorg config>. http://scanline.ca/dpi/
M: 2007-10-22
the Self-Made Critic at http://www.brunching.com/selfmade/ Secret Maryo Chronicles is an Open Source two-dimensional platform game with a style designed similar to classic sidescroller games. which utilizes the platform independent libray, SDL and since Version 0.98 with the OpenGL accelerated Graphics Renderer developed in C++. http://www.secretmaryo.org/, or <SMC Networks>
squeeze sources.list
M: 2016-03-08
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" has two lines: "deb http://archive.debian.org/debian/ squeeze main" "deb http://archive.debian.org/debian/ squeeze-lts main". Put "Acquire::Check-Valid-Until false;" in /etc/apt/apt.conf and run «aptitude update». Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <squeeze-lts> <squeeze-updates> and "man sources.list".
M: 2009-10-05
<reply>The Netgear WN111 "RangeMax Next Wireless USB 2.0 Adapter" is a 802.11n device. Version 1 (USB ID 0846:9000) uses the Marvell 88W8362 (TopDog) chip; no Linux kernel driver exists, ask me about <ndiswrapper> and acquire/install the netmw245 NDIS driver. For support of version 2 (USB ID 0846:9001), ask me about <carl9170>. Not to be confused with the Netgear <WPN111>.
C: 2011-06-22
<reply>The LevelOne WNC-0301USB "54Mbps Wireless USB Adapter" is an 802.11g device. For support of harware versions 1 and 2 (both USB ID 0ace:1211, ZyDAS ZD1211 chipset), ask me about <zd1211rw>. For hardware version 3 (USB ID 148f:2573, Ralink RT2571W chipset), ask me about <rt73>. For hardware version 5 (USB ID 0bda:8187, Ralink RTL8187B chipset), ask me about <rtl8187>.
M: 2009-11-11
a collection of files. 'tar', 'ar', 'cpio' are all archiving tools. This is *not* the same as compression, which is a separate operation. Debian Archives is the repository for old Debian releases, see http://www.debian.org/distrib/archive . For the package archive, ask me about <snapshot>. Old Debian <ISO> files are archived at http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/archive/
M: 2014-02-17
<reply>Where possible, most ATI/AMD graphics processing units are supported using the open source "radeon" driver on Debian systems by default, ask me about <radeon>. To install the proprietary "fglrx" driver, ask me about <fglrx>; installing this directly from amd.com (i.e. with the AMD Catalyst installer) is not supported in #debian, please go to #ati on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2013-04-30
<reply>b43 is a Linux kernel driver supporting PCI/PCIe wireless LAN devices with Broadcom chips. Firmware is required, ask me about <b43-fwcutter> to provide. http://wiki.debian.org/bcm43xx #bcm-users on irc.freenode.net. For BCM4313/43224/43225 device support, ask me about <brcmsmac>. For support of the BCM4306 rev 2 and 802.11b-only devices, ask me about <b43legacy>.
can't mount root
M: 2005-10-05
<reply> If you can't mount the root file system when you boot your <custom kernel>, it means you have failed to include support for either: (a) your root file system (e.g. ext3), or (b) your disk controller (IDE, SCSI, etc.). These cannot be modules, unless you use an <initrd>. Go check your kernel configuration again, and make sure your bootloader knows about your initrd.
M: 2010-05-14
<reply>The Debian changelog for foo can be found in /usr/share/doc/foo/ if foo is installed. From a .deb, "apt-listchanges -a foo.deb" or "dpkg-deb --fsys-tarfile foo.deb| tar --wildcards -xOf - '*changelog.Debian.gz'|zless". You can also "aptitude changelog foo" or go to http://changelogs.debian.net/bar if foo is built from source package bar. See also <apt-listchanges>.
C: 2008-05-15
<reply>New packages have been released for openssh that provide a tool to check for weak ssh keys (ask me about <ssh-vulnkey>). These packages will also offer to update your ssh server host keys if they are weak and will refuse connections from weak user keys. Be careful not to lock yourself out of a remote host when doing this upgrade. Ask me about <dsa1571> <ssl update>
M: 2009-06-30
<reply>HCF is a controllerless modem chipset family produced by Conexant (formerly Rockwell). Free - limited to 14.4Kbps data - and non-free drivers for HCF-based devices are available from Linuxant: http://www.linuxant.com/drivers/hcf/ (not packaged in Debian). A driver license from Linuxant is required for (preliminary) fax and voice support. See also <hsf>, <winmodem>.
M: 2014-02-11
<reply>Iceape Internet Suite is an unbranded <SeaMonkey> suitable for free distribution. Security support for Iceape has ended in Debian 7 "Wheezy" and Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" (DSA 2819-1), the iceape packages were removed at the <7.4> and <6.0.9> point releases (Debian bug #732314). Debian recommends migrating to <iceweasel> and <icedove> for web browsing and mail functions.
M: 2010-08-11
<reply>The IVTV drivers provide support for Conexant CX23415/CX23416 based PCI hardware. Supported devices: http://ivtvdriver.org/index.php/Supported_hardware . ivtv Linux kernel driver and all related i2c drivers (inc. saa717x) are part of the Linux kernel since Linux 2.6.26. Firmware is required, ask me about <ivtv firmware>. http://ivtvdriver.org/ See also <pvrusb2>.
magic 8-ball
C: 2003-04-24
<reply>(Signs point to yes|Yes|Reply hazy, try again|Without a doubt|My sources say no|As I see it, yes|You may rely on it|Concentrate and ask again|Outlook (not so good|good)|It is decidedly so|Better not tell you now|Very doubtful|Yes--definitely|It is certain|Cannot predict now|Most likely|Ask again later|My reply is no|Don't count on it|Insufficient entropy to continue).
package manager
C: 2007-04-13
<reply> You can use several package managers in Debian. From the console, aptitude and apt-get are popular tools. In X, synaptic seems to be popular. Whatever you use, be consistent and try to avoid mixing package managers. dpkg, which is not a package manager, gets told what to install/remove/etc by the package manager. See also <aptitude> <apt-get> <dselect> <synaptic>
M: 2010-01-18
<reply>Release-Critical bugs are Debian bugs with critical, grave or serious severities, preventing the next release of Debian. See the graph at http://bugs.debian.org/release-critical/ or the lists at http://bugs.debian.org/release-critical/other/all.html http://udd.debian.org/bugs.cgi?release=stretch&patch=ign&pending=ign&merged=ign&done=ign&rc=1 . See also <rc-alert>.
C: 1970-01-01
A device that bridges an internal network to another network. Take a ferry as an example: cars that need to go to the other side of a body of water (another network) need to use the ferry (the router). If they want to stay on their side, they simply don't go on the ferry. Also a device used to bridge a computer to a long distance digital communications network, such as ISDN.
M: 2011-11-16
<reply>The SAA7134 is a PCI interface chipset from NXP Semiconductors (formerly Philips Semiconductors). SAA7134-based analog and digital TV tuner cards are supported in Linux by the saa7134 driver; <firmware> from userspace may be required for use of a device's DVB-T demodulator. http://www.linuxtv.org/wiki/index.php/Philips_SAA7134 . See also <e506r>, <tda10048>, <dvb>.
shell access
M: 2004-06-09
<reply> DON'T be a moron. Offering shell access to random people you meet on IRC is the WORST thing you can do for your system's health. Yes, even if they offer to help you or fix something. Before sharing shell access, ask yourself this: Will I be able to go over to this person and stab them in the face with a spork? If not, you probably do not want to give them access.
M: 2011-06-22
<reply>The SMC Networks "SMC2862W-G EZ Connect" is an 802.11g USB wireless LAN device. For support of version 1 (USB ID 0707:ee06 / part no.: 99-012084-282 - Intersil ISL3886 chipset), version 2 (USB ID 0707:ee13 / part no.: 99-012084-374 - Intersil ISL3887 chipset) and version 3 (USB ID 1260:ee22 / part no.: 99-012084-449 - Intersil ISL3887 chipset), ask me about <p54usb>.
thin client
M: 2010-04-15
<reply>A thin client is similar to a dumb terminal in that it gets all of its information from the network. Some thin clients have their own memory, but lack a hard drive. They're basically stripped down computers that are supposed to lower the total cost of owning a computer. These computers are generally used in business or commercial applications. Ask me about <LTSP>.
font install
M: 2008-02-20
<reply>To install <fonts> for just one user, copy them into ~/.fonts/ and then run fc-cache -fv (or ask me about <install font kde>, <install font gnome>). To install system-wide, copy them into /usr/share/fonts/truetype/myfonts or into /usr/local/share/fonts/truetype/myfonts (but you will have to add /usr/local/share/fonts/ to your xorg.conf) and run fc-cache -fv as root.
M: 2010-03-19
<reply>ifrename is a utility which sets interface names based on parameters such as MAC address. Very handy if different kernels or kernel modules assign different identifiers to your interfaces, or just to make your firewall rules more readable. Semi-deprecated in favor of udev, ask me about <udev mac>. http://www.enterprisenetworkingplanet.com/netos/article.php/3586546
M: 2001-11-18
a type of fs that logs when it attempts an operation that could leave the fs in an inconsistent state, and then again when it finishes that operation. That way, if the system crashes, fsck just has to look and see what operations were marked as started and not finished and fix those, instead of scanning the whole disk, or at http://www.linuxgazette.com/issue55/florido.html
no public key
M: 2008-08-18
<reply> Seeing "There are no public keys available"? This means that the Release file has been signed by a key which you do not have. If it's signed by another key which you do have, you can ignore the warning. Otherwise, you can add the key listed *AFTER* checking the validity of the signatures on the key. The current key will be linked at http://ftp-master.debian.org/
M: 2008-06-01
a reproduceable bug or a lost feature in /newer/ software. Check the <BTS> and for profile issues (if it applies). You can help developers by isolating the regression with this simple process: Choose a version half way in between the old and new. Move back for failures, and forward on successes. Repeat and narrow it down as far as you can. Report your findings to BTS.
sarge pool 2
M: 2004-01-28
<reply>! <ghostman>=1111-11-11 fwd=2004-04-01 baloo=2004-07-01 fwd=2004-04-01 little=2005-12-01 bahamat=2004-04-13 stew=2004-07-07 ghostman=2004-07-22 <nick>=3198-01-30 zergouille_=2010-01-01 zergouille_=2004-02-29 troubled=2038-01-01 beth=2004-06-08 GCBirzan=2005-02-13 <linkx>=2004-12-20 odl=2004-12-20 disasm=2004-04-01 RichiH=2004-03-21 Misirlou=2004-04-05 keta=2004-06-21
M: 2013-05-06
<reply>Sound eXchange (SoX) is the swiss army knife of sound processing. Essentially <imagemagick> for audio: a command line utility for converting files of various computer audio formats into other formats, files can also be played and recorded. Install the suggested libsox-fmt-all package for all free SoX format libraries. http://sox.sf.net/Docs/FAQ http://sox.sf.net/
M: 2008-07-08
a preferred environment. SPAM; Shut up, You damn Vikings! SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM, to destroy it, try <spamassassin> (spamd+spamc), <bogofilter>, <razor>/<pyzor>, <crm114> (but be ready to train it for a week), <dspam>, http://www.craphound.com/spamsolutions.txt . See also <greylisting>, <spf>, <list spam>.
C: 2009-07-16
<reply>The targeted/generic modules choice made during Debian installation in expert mode (5.0 "Lenny" and later releases) can be changed post-install by modifying the MODULES variable in /etc/initramfs-tools/conf.d/driver-policy: MODULES=most (aka "generic", the default), MODULES=dep (aka "targeted"). See also initramfs.conf(5), update-initramfs(8), <initramfs>, <initrd>.
M: 2015-04-19
<reply>We recommend against using deb-multimedia.org; these unofficial packages are known to cause many hard to debug problems. They are not in Debian either because the they are poor in quality or for legal reasons. See http://deb-multimedia.org/ or ask me about <dmm stretch>, <dmm jessie>. See also <dmm list>, <dmm mirrors>, <dmm pinning>, <why not dmm>, <dmm remove>.
M: 2010-06-06
<reply> If you don't tell us the exact error messages you get, we can't tell you what's wrong, and it's also useful to know exactly what command you're typing. Please look for the *first* error that occurs, as this is often the cause of later errors -- ask me about <localized errors> too. Please don't paste in the channel, use a pastebin instead; ask me about <pastebin>.
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>The I2O standard is designed to simplify and speed up I/O operations on servers. It will eliminate the need for different drivers for each OS, and for each SCSI card and network card. The speedup is achieved by using an Intel 960 chip on the server's motherboard to handle a lot of the I/O processing that would normally be handled by the processor or I/O subsystem.
C: 2010-10-18
<reply>ioquake3 is a game engine based on id Software's Quake 3 source code, which can be used to play various games based on the id Tech 3 engine (e.g. <OpenArena>, Quake III: Arena). Packaged for Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later releases; the openarena package in Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" contains its own ioquake3 version. http://www.ioquake3.org/ #ioquake3 on irc.freenode.net.
C: 1970-01-01
(Long file name) Since DOS only allows eight letters then a period then three more letters, there is a separate distinction for it. Almost all other file systems allow for longer names. With Windows 95 now so prevalent, long file names have become common place. They can be 255 characters long, containing spaces or even periods. The only real restriction is no back-slashes.
M: 2014-03-29
<reply>You can install Debian on your <android> based mobile device using <lildebi> or manually install Debian in a chroot: https://wiki.debian.org/ChrootOnAndroid . More advanced approaches are possible but require a lot more work, e.g. http://bonedaddy.net/pabs3/log/2012/12/03/debian-mobile/ . See also https://wiki.debian.org/Mobile and #debian-mobile on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2010-01-03
<reply>Non-US is where we placed software previously unable to hosted within the USA. Changes in legislation mean that post-<Woody>, there is no non-US, so you don't need it for Sarge, Etch, Lenny, Squeeze, Wheezy or later. Ask me about <crypto> and <crypto in main>. Old non-US packages (for slink, potato, woody) are at archive.debian.org. http://wiki.debian.org/non-US
C: 2014-11-07
<reply>The TP-LINK TL-WN723N "150Mbps Mini Wireless N USB Adapter" is an 802.11n device. For support of version 1 (USB ID 0bda:8171, Realtek RTL8188SU chip), ask me about <r8712u>. For support of version 2 (USB ID 0bda:8176, Realtek RTL8188CUS chip), ask me about <rtl8192cu>. For support of version 3 (USB ID 0bda:8179, Realtek RTL8188EUS chip), ask me about <rtl8188eu>.
M: 2006-03-27
a major telecom company based in New York City. It is a Baby Bell formed when Bell Atlantic, one of the Regional Bell Operating Companies, bought GTE, formerly the largest independent local-exchange telephone company in the United States in 2000. Prior to its transformation into Verizon, Bell Atlantic had merged with another Regional Bell Operating Company, NYNEX, in 1997.
x consortium
C: 2000-08-18
the group of people who oversee the development of the X11 protocol and also keep the reference implementation. The GNU/Linux system uses the XFree86 source tree, which is based on the X consortium's reference implementation, but has specialized drivers for graphics boards that make use of hardware acceleration. More info is at http://www.x.org/ and http://www.xfree86.org/
M: 2010-05-31
<reply>Zen is :)(:, or a school of Mahayana Buddhism, or the Zen kernel: a variant of the Linux kernel optimized for desktop systems, including code not present in mainline. Liquorix kernel image packages (http://liquorix.net/) are Zen-based and are not supported in #debian, use #zen-sources on irc.rizon.net instead. http://zen-kernel.org/ Not to be confused with <Xen>.
M: 2011-04-27
<reply>For i386, the -686-bigmem linux-images support up to 64 GB of RAM on Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" systems supporting <PAE>. If you have more than about 3.4 GB of RAM, install and use this to see everything past the sub ~3.4 GB limit (but with additional CPU overhead). Alternatively, if you have a <x86-64> processor, use an -amd64 linux-image instead. See also <686-pae>.
M: 2011-08-22
<reply>Btrfs (B-tree file system) is a copy on write filesystem for Linux, aimed at implementing advanced features while focusing on fault tolerance, repair and easy administration. Merged in mainline at Linux 2.6.29, utilities are packaged in btrfs-tools. http://wiki.debian.org/Btrfs http://btrfs.wiki.kernel.org/ #btrfs on irc.freenode.net. See also <btrfs gotchas>.
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>COBOL (COmmon Business-Oriented Language) is a programming language developed in the '60s by several computer companies and the US Department of Defense. COBOL is still used today for programming business applications and COBOL programmers are a major source of the Year 2000 headache. In fact, many of them have come out of retirement to fix the mess they've made.
M: 2004-07-26
<reply> If you want help on a topic, you HAVE to say more than "it doesn't work, help!" or else you'll get no help whatsoever. Give as many details as you can or else no one can give any suggestions. For most questions, you should at least give your arch (amd64 for most people), your Debian <version>, and your kernel version. Give exact error messages where applicable.
hidden surface removal
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> see (or Hidden Surface Removal) Tracks the depth of each triangle from the perspective of the viewer to ensure that objects behind others in a scene don't appear until the viewer has them in his/her line of sight. This is why you can't see through walls to what lies behind, but why you can play multiplayer Quake and have people at many different points in a level.
iceweasel doesn't work
C: 2013-08-05
<reply> When you say a website doesn't work with iceweasel but does with firefox, are you actually comparing the same versions of the two browsers? The version of the browser makes much more difference than the icon it displays or even the user agent. To get a newer iceweasel, ask me about <iceweasel backports>. See also <iceweasel user-agent> <why iceweasel> <stable>.
install kde4
M: 2011-02-03
<reply>The 'kde-standard' package gets you the common set-up, 'kde-plasma-desktop' and 'kde-plasma-netbook' provide minimal KDE 4 setups with respective flavouring, and 'kde-full' installs everything KDE 4. To install using Debian-Installer (if not using KDE CD-1): from the Installer boot menu, select "Advanced options > Alternative desktop environments > KDE > Install".
M: 2016-04-07
<reply>Kali Linux (http://www.kali.org/) is a security and penetration testing distribution from the creators of <backtrack>. It is based on Debian, but it is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. Seek help in #kali-linux on chat.freenode.net or http://forums.kali.org/ . Also ask me about <based on debian>, and read http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/hacker-howto.html
M: 2010-03-17
<reply>[maildir] a one-message-per-file mailbox format used by <qmail> and supported by <mutt>, see http://www.qmail.org/man/man5/maildir.html, or DJB's one good idea. Supported by <postfix>, <exim>, etc., several final delivery/filtering programs (maildrop, procmail) and IMAP servers (courier-imap, dovecot, cyrus). To convert from mbox to maildir, ask me about <mb2md>.
M: 2012-02-22
<reply>GNU Readline is a runtime library that provides line-editing capabilities like history and is e.g. used in bash. It is licensed under the GPL (not LGPL) and therefore cannot be linked against and distributed with programs that do not also have a GPL-compatible license; this includes programs such as GNUplot. http://cnswww.cns.cwru.edu/php/chet/readline/rltop.html
M: 2012-12-23
<reply>ResidualVM (formerly Residual) is a cross-platform 3D adventure game interpreter. It is a sister project of <ScummVM> and supports LucasArts' LUA-based Grim Engine (GrimE) titles, such as Grim Fandango and Escape from Monkey Island. Packaged in <testing>, ask me about <contrib>. http://residualvm.org/faq/ http://residualvm.org/ #residualvm on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2004-08-28
<JoePenguin> In case anyone cares, here is a way to list the "Recommends" packages that are not installed for every package that _is_ installed: dpkg-awk "Status: .* installed$" -- Recommends | cut -c10- | perl -pe 's/[|,]|\(.*?\)|(^\s*$)//g' | xargs -n1 | sort -u | xargs dpkg -s 2>/dev/null | dpkg-awk -f - "Status: .* not-installed$" -- Package | grep -v '^$' | cut -c10-
M: 2011-02-08
a utility to ask for the passphrase for an ssh key before connecting with it. If an ssh-agent is running (perhaps with <keychain>) then it will store the passphrase in the keyring for a while. You can also store the passphrase in your desktop environment's "wallet" or "keyring"; look at the ssh-askpass, ssh-askpass-fullscreen, ssh-askpass-gnome and ksshaskpass packages.
C: 2013-06-23
<reply>The TP-LINK TL-WN822N "300Mbps High Gain Wireless N USB Adapter" is an 802.11n device. For support of version 1 (USB ID 0cf3:1002, Atheros AR9170 chip), ask me about <carl9170>. For support of version 2 (USB ID 0cf3:7015, Atheros AR7010 chip), ask me about <ath9k_htc>. For support of version 3 (USB ID 0bda:8178, Realtek RTL8192CU chip), ask me about <rtl8192cu>.
M: 2010-02-27
<reply>Virtual Network Computing (VNC) is a platform-independent graphical desktop sharing system (i.e. provides GUI remote access). Server packages in Debian include <tightvncserver>, <vnc4server> and <x11vnc>; "apt-cache search vnc" will list other servers and clients. Ask me about <vnc setup>, see also <x-not-vnc> for an alternative. http://wiki.debian.org/VNCviewer
which httpredir.debian.org
C: 2015-05-05
<reply>To see which mirror you are being sent to by the <httpredir.debian.org> redirector, substitute the appropriate release and architecture into the following: «wget -O/dev/null --max-redirect=0 http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/unstable/main/binary-amd64/Packages.xz 2>&1 | grep Location». You can also look for the Release file or individual .debs if you want.
wide scsi
C: 1970-01-01
An improvement to normal SCSI that allows for faster throughput by increasing the number of pins used to connect the drive to the controller from 50 to 68. Wide SCSI doubles the throughput of normal versions of SCSI, but is generally more expensive due to the additional pins and marketing strategies. Of course, you are getting twice the performance, so what's a few bucks?
M: 2011-02-08
<reply>xorg can use files ending in the suffix .conf in /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d for additional configuration. It is preferred to use an <empty xorg.conf> and create files (e.g. 20-nvidia.conf, 20-radeon.conf, 20-wacom.conf) there in order to configure a single device. You might have to create the directory yourself (mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d). See also "man 5 xorg.conf".
M: 2011-11-23
<reply>/etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf is a configuration file owned by <udev>. This file is removed - or renamed to blacklist.conf.dpkg-bak if user-modified - during an upgrade to udev 175-1 and later (Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later releases). From the udev package changelog: "Removed /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf because all the drivers are not built on Debian kernels."
C: 2008-05-05
<reply> Don't try to convince dpkg to overwrite files and don't start playing with "--force" options for dpkg. Instead, "divert" one of the files out of the way so that there is no conflict. See man dpkg-divert and also http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ap-pkg-diversions.html. Working with the package management system is much easier than trying to work against it.
M: 2008-11-17
<reply>The GNU C Library (glibc) also known as libc6 in the Linux universe. glibc is the most fundamental piece of software on your machine, basically every piece of software you have installed other than your kernel depends on it, so upgrading it is essentially upgrading your entire system/debian release/version. http://www.gnu.org/software/libc/ . See also <eglibc>.
C: 2009-10-23
<reply>mmap_min_addr is a Linux kernel tunable, specifying the minimum virtual address a process can map. Low values increase susceptibility to NULL pointer privilege escalation. The default value on Debian systems increased from 0 to 4096 as of <5.0.4>, which impacts the use of Win16 binaries with <wine>. See http://wiki.debian.org/mmap_min_addr for more information.
M: 2014-03-02
<reply>The <apt> package manager supports "pdiff" files that allow apt-get/aptitude/synaptic to download diffs of the repository's Packages files instead of downloading the entire file every time. To disable use of pdiffs for one run, «apt-get update -o Acquire::PDiffs="false"». To permanently disable, add «Acquire::PDiffs "false";» to /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/98nopdiff
php gd
C: 2008-07-31
<reply>Debian's PHP packages use the external gd graphics library not the internal one hacked up by the PHP developers. It is Debian policy not to use internal copies of libraries because it makes tracking and patching security vulnerabilities much harder. The correct thing is for PHP to contribute back their improvements to libgd... see http://bugs.debian.org/321237.
system compromise recovery
C: 2002-09-24
<reply>Recovering a compromised system is difficult because you can't believe a thing it tells you -- ls, ps, top, netstat are all likely to be lying to you. The only sane thing you can do is to <reinstall>. See also http://www.cert.org/tech_tips/win-UNIX-system_compromise.html -- this document describes suggested steps for responding to a UNIX or NT system compromise.
7.8 suspend
M: 2015-01-27
<reply>A regression in Linux 3.2.65 (part of the Debian <7.8> point release) may result in some systems failing to resume after suspending to RAM, by rebooting instead (Debian bug #774436). Fixed packages (3.2.65-1+deb7u1) were introduced as part of a <security> update to resolve this. http://womble.decadent.org.uk/blog/linux-suspendresume-regression-in-debian-78.html
M: 2010-12-20
<reply>The Sound Blaster Audigy is a sound card product line produced by Creative Technology (aka Creative Labs). Most Audigy PCI audio cards are supported by the <emu10k1> ALSA driver. The Audigy SE, Audigy LS, Audigy Value and Live! 24-bit models are supported by the <ca0106> ALSA driver. The Audigy 2 NX (USB ID 041e:3020) is supported by the usb-audio ALSA driver.
M: 2011-09-05
<reply>A BADSIG error from apt-get update means that the signature on the Release.gpg file doesn't match the Release file. This happens if the mirror has an old <ftpsync> script, if there is a proxy inserting jibberish into files, or if the remote repository has been corrupted. Usually this will resolve itself. Check the signature yourself; ask me about <secure apt>.
M: 2002-03-04
a proprietary piece of software that allows x86 linux users to use some Windows Netscape plugins with Netscape/Mozilla/Konq. I'd give you a link, but I don't like spam. :-P, or a different wiring for CAT5 cabling, that allows you to hook 2 ethernet cards directly together with no hub in between. For more information, see http://www.gcctech.com/support/doc/crossover.html
dmm pinning
M: 2014-08-12
<reply>To ensure that you only get the packages you really want from deb-multimedia.org, «echo -e 'Package: *\nPin: origin "www.deb-multimedia.org"\nPin-Priority: 101' > /etc/apt/preferences.d/dmm». Check this worked with «apt-cache policy» or «apt-cache policy $package». Ask me about <why not dmm>. If you also use backports, you should pin them higher than dmm.
M: 2010-02-12
<reply>Gnokii is a suite of programs for communicating with mobile phones (supports Nokia, Symbian-based and all AT capable phones); serial, USB, <infrared> and bluetooth connections are supported. The virtual modem (gnokiid) is only necessary for old Nokia phones that don't expose the AT layer. http://wiki.gnokii.org/ http://gnokii.org/ #gnokii on irc.freenode.net.
install kde
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>The 'kde-standard' package gets you the common set-up, 'kde-plasma-desktop' and 'kde-plasma-netbook' provide minimal KDE 4 setups with respective flavouring, and 'kde-full' installs everything KDE 4. To install using Debian-Installer (if not using KDE CD-1): from the 'Software selection' dialog, choose "KDE" (use space bar to toggle selections), then "Continue".
M: 2013-05-01
<reply>isci is a Linux kernel driver supporting Intel C600 Series SAS/SATA controllers, introduced at Linux 3.0. Available for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" systems since <6.0.4>, with an improved version (from Linux 3.2.35) added at <6.0.7>. If the isci/isci_firmware.bin file is required (this parameter blob is usually found in NVRAM), install the firmware-linux-free package.
M: 2007-03-24
a clever cross-platform way of installing nvidia's proprietary drivers, which works fine on systems with stupid package managers (i.e. not so good with Debian). More specifically, prone to dying if any X or kernel-related packages are upgraded or removed. Ask me about <nvidia-graphics-drivers> instead. See also <why nvidia-installer sucks>, <remove nvidia-installer>.
M: 2016-11-21
<reply>The "pip" utility (in the python-pip package) permits the installation of python modules. Use of this as root for system-wide installation can break packaged python modules and applications and is not recommended. Use in a <virtualenv> or for a single user in ~/.local/ can have similar effects but at least the breakage is limited to one user. See <local python>
M: 2010-04-21
what separates us from the chimps. My factoids are really quite short so make sure you read them right through (with a maximum of 450 characters, you can't really complain "too long; didn't read"!). If pointed to documentation, make sure don't just search or skim through it but you also carefully read it. Not everything is available immediately with a search function...
squeeze udev fix
M: 2010-10-20
<reply> [NOT necessary as of udev 163] If you're already stuck in a loop where apt tries to configure udev but that bails out because you don't have a new kernel installed yet: touch /etc/udev/kernel-upgrade; aptitude install linux-image-`uname -r | sed 's/.*-//'`; reboot into new kernel; continue with upgrade procedure to squeeze. Ask me about <squeeze release notes>.
M: 2006-01-09
the typical person. or Linux distro flamewars, BSD-vs-Linux flamewars, and anything with "vs" and "flame" and "war" in it, unless it's Vietnam. Wich would fall into the "plain braindead" category, or the opposite of smart, or alias rm='sudo rm -rf /', or well, stupid is as stupid does. http://web.archive.org/web/20030217111331/http://www.ecotopia.com/webpress/stupidity/
toy story
M: 2011-09-08
<reply> The names of the Debian releases (buzz, rex, woody, ...) are the characters from the "Toy Story" animated movie. Toy Story was released by Pixar November 22nd, 1995; one year later Debian 1.1 was released. Bruce Perens was the <Debian Project Leader> at the time and also worked for Pixar. See http://wiki.debian.org/ToyStory and ask me about <release history>.
M: 2012-03-11
<reply>Debian GNU/Linux 5.0.10 was released on March 10th, 2012. It is the final point release for <lenny>, incorporating all security updates issued since <5.0.9>. This was produced just to collect all previous changes; it is not a sign that you should continue to use this unsupported release. Ask me about <lenny->squeeze>. http://www.debian.org/News/2012/20120310
C: 2011-08-19
a very fast and very sophisticated package search program. It can search through package descriptions for sets of words as well as making use of <debtags>. Its tab-completion makes search suggestions for other words and tags found in association with the ones you have already entered. It is found in the apt-xapian-index package. Also ask me about <aptitude search>.
M: 2009-10-28
<reply> Cut Me Own Throat (C.M.O.T) Dibbler is a most enterprising 'merchant venturer' in Terry Pratchett's Discworld series. He is famous for selling meat by-products, i.e. sausages to unsuspecting souls (often referred to with "Can't make both ends meat"). His name originates from his catchphrase 'I'll even sell it to you for $XX, and that's cutting me own throat.'
M: 2010-12-17
<reply>Doom is a first-person shooter video game released in 1993. Ports currently packaged for Debian include chocolate-doom (contrib), <prboom> and <vavoom>; free game files for prboom are packaged as freedoom. Debian packages containing commercial Doom game data can be produced using <game-data-packager> in <contrib>; doom-wad-shareware is available in <non-free>.
M: 2011-06-09
<reply>Dropbox is a web-based file hosting service, using cloud computing to store/share files. The closed source dropbox.com client is a mess of copyright violations and cannot be distributed by Debian (see bug #610257). The non-free but distributable <Nautilus> plugin is packaged for Debian as nautilus-dropbox (amd64 and i386 only), ask me about <non-free sources>.
etch floppies
M: 2011-08-04
<reply>[etch floppies] http://archive.debian.org/debian/dists/etch/main/installer-i386/current/images/floppy/ -- substitute your architecture for "i386". As Etch was removed from the mirrors, use of the Debian archive is required; when asked to choose an archive mirror country, select "enter information manually" and provide archive.debian.org for the mirror hostname.
C: 2002-11-05
for the rest-of-us, a holiday invented by George Castanza's dad on Seinfeld, to commemorate a sacred occasion for those who do not fit other holiday cookie-cutter molds, a holiday made by Geroge;s dad, FOR George's dad, including the "airing of grievances" and the "feats of strength" where George's dad gets to shout at George and challenge him to wrestle until he wins.
java alternatives
C: 2008-08-04
<reply> Rather than using update-alternatives (or galternatives) to set each individual alternative for java (and there are lots of them!), use update-java-alternatives. To see a list of the valid java alternatives, use "update-java-alternatives --list". To select the amd64 openjdk-7 java runtime environment, "update-java-alternatives --set java-1.7.0-openjdk-amd64".
C: 2010-06-04
<reply>Usually X autodetects the resolutions and display modes supported by your hardware; use <xrandr> to list and switch between them. If autodetection fails or isn't good enough, you will need to create an <xorg.conf> and set the HorizSync/VertRefresh values for your monitor, and possibly add a Modeline. See 'man xorg.conf' for details and ask me about <modeline>.
M: 2011-07-23
<reply>[new_id] If your device is not claimed by a Linux kernel driver known to provide support, a device ID can be added via <sysfs>. For example, after loading the driver with modprobe: "echo 07d1 3c16 > /sys/bus/usb/drivers/rt2800usb/new_id" as root. Vendor and product ID information for PCI and USB devices can be obtained via "lspci -nn" and "lsusb" respectively.
C: 1970-01-01
a great card for MIDI. Again, there are two variants, the AWE32 rocked (and still does) in those days and then the AWE64 came out. You have to note that these cards run on the ISA bus so getting it detected is somewhat a bitch, especially if the card is PnP. If so, you need to play around with isapnptools (pnpdump > /etc/isapnp.conf) and edit the conf file to taste.
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>[switch] This refers to a hub that directs network packets to the port they are intended for, without broadcasting them to all connections. Switching is an alternative to moving to faster architectures. Switched 10Base-T can move data faster in some cases than a 100Base-T hub, because the 100Base-T hub takes up the hub's entire bandwidth with each packet sent.
M: 2010-09-21
<reply>The WG311 "54 Mbps Wireless PCI Adapter" is a 802.11g device produced by Netgear. For support of version 1 (PCI ID 168c:0013), ask me about <ath5k>. For support of version 2 (PCI ID 104c:9066), ask me about <acx100>. For support of version 3 (PCI ID 11ab:1faa), ask me about <88w8335>. For support of the "108 Mbps Wireless PCI Adapter", ask me about <wg311t>.
M: 2011-06-06
<reply>The Linksys WUSB54GC "Compact Wireless-G USB Adapter" (aka WUSB54GC-EU) is an 802.11g device. For support of device version 1 (USB ID 13b1:0020) on Debian systems, ask me about <rt2571w>. For version 2 (USB ID 1737:0073), ask me about <rtl8187b>. For version 3 (USB ID 1737:0077), ask me about <rt2070>. http://homesupport.cisco.com/en-us/wireless/lbc/WUSB54GC
M: 2011-11-22
<reply>Apple Lossless (aka Apple Lossless Audio Codec (ALAC)) is an open, royalty-free lossless audio codec developed by Apple Inc. A decoder and encoder for the Apple Lossless files (.m4a filename extension) is available in <libavcodec> since version 0.5. For playback on Debian systems, ask me about <amarok>, <mpd>, <mplayer>, <vlc>, <xmms2>. See also <alac2flac>.
aptitude why
M: 2009-03-24
<reply>aptitude has "why" and "why-not". "aptitude why package1" shows why package1 may have been installed. "aptitude why package1 package2" tries to work out why installing package1 would drag in package2. "why-not" looks at conflicts. These commands only provide one possible explanation. Check /var/log/aptitude for definitive information. See <aptitude docs>.
C: 2004-06-09
[from the Jargon file] backronym n. [portmanteau of back + acronym] A word interpreted as an acronym that was not originally so intended. This is a special case of what linguists call `back formation'. Examples are given under {BASIC}, {recursive acronym} (Cygnus), {Acme}, and {mung}. Discovering backronyms is a common form of wordplay among hackers. Compare {retcon}.
M: 2008-10-31
a form of denial of service attack against a computer system that uses the fork function. It relies on the assumption that the number of programs and processes which may be simultaneously executed on a computer has a limit. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fork_bomb for more information about forkbombs. As an example, do NOT run this in your bash or zsh: :(){ :|:& };:
C: 2011-02-07
<reply>gobi-loader is a <firmware> loader for Qualcomm Gobi chipsets, packaged for Debian in <contrib>. The firmware itself is copyright Qualcomm and not redistributable, see (e.g.) C:\Program Files (x86)\QUALCOMM\Images\Lenovo on an existing Windows installation to acquire. file:///usr/share/doc/gobi-loader/README.Debian http://www.codon.org.uk/~mjg59/gobi_loader/
M: 2014-02-14
<reply>Want to help out with Debian and become more involved in the Debian project? The tools wnpp-alert, rc-alert (both from the devscripts package) and how-can-i-help can provide inspiration on buggy or unmaintained packages that you have installed on your system. Ask me about <wnpp>, <rc-alert>, <devscripts>, <new maintainer guide>. https://debian.org/intro/help
M: 2010-02-03
like, is your system local to you? Can you physically touch it from where you're sitting, or maybe by going to another room? As opposed, say, to being 1500km from you, accessible only via air and sea (combined) travel, and installed in a restricted-access facility? This matters if we, say, try to restart your system and it doesn't. See also <rc.local>, <usrlocal>.
M: 2010-06-25
<reply>PCTel is a former software modem chipset designer. An unofficial Linux 2.6 device driver for support of the PCtel HSP MicroModem (PCI IDs 134d:7890, 134d:7891, 134d:7892, 134d:7893, 134d:7894, 134d:7895, 134d:7896, 134d:7897) and C-Media CM8738 (PCI ID 13f6:0211) is available from http://linmodems.technion.ac.il/pctel-linux/welcome.html . See also <winmodem>.
testing/unstable mix
M: 2014-08-16
<reply>«echo 'APT::Default-Release "testing";' >> /etc/apt/apt.conf», edit sources.list, copy your non-security testing lines and change one set to unstable, then apt-get update. Use apt-get -t unstable install foo; to install foo from unstable rather than testing as usual. WARNING to SYNAPTIC users: Synaptic ignores Default-Release: set Preferences->Distribution.
C: 1970-01-01
(Toolkit Without An Interesting Name) This is a standard set for scanners to allow them to have a standard interface to software. This allows the use of your favorite graphics package with your favorite scanner without worrying if one will support the other. As long as both are TWAIN-complaint they will work together. Check out www.twain.org for much more information.
M: 2008-10-06
sequel of ut2003, which has improved graphics, faster framerates and cooler gameplay! And it runs on linux natively, with OpenGL. You'll want the aoss package for sound on ALSA, graphics options from http://icculus.org/cgi-bin/finger/finger.pl?user=icculus&date=2005-12-15&time=16-37-32 and patch from http://treefort.icculus.org/ut2004/ut2004-lnxpatch3369-2.tar.bz2 .
M: 2008-09-17
<reply>autofs is a kernel-based automounter that mounts remote shares when directories are accessed. Some regard it as a hackish p.o.s. and the 5 minute default timeout for unmounting is unlikely to be what you want. http://wiki.debian.org/AutoFs http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/127 . For hotplugging support for USB storage, ask me about <automount>.
M: 2009-10-10
exactly what it sounds like - for all intents and purposes, the right to copy. The author of the work or the other copyright holder(s) may, as the terms of copyright allow, grant further copyright to other parties. Not to be confused with <copywrite>, which involves writing advertising copy to paper. See <package-copyright> for how to find out a package's license.
M: 2014-02-20
<reply>Many Debian packages use a standardised format for recording the information in the <debian/copyright> file. The format is documented in <policy> and can be found in /usr/share/doc/debian-policy/copyright-format* or at https://www.debian.org/doc/packaging-manuals/copyright-format/ . This format was originally developed as Debian Enhancement Proposal (DEP) 5.
C: 2010-03-13
<reply>io_edgeport and io_ti are modules supporting Edgeport USB Inside Out serial devices, included in the mainline Linux kernel. Binary-only firmware was removed from the edgeport driver in Linux 2.6.27, not currently packaged for Debian due to no explicit distribution permission (BTS #548745, #607298). To acquire Edgeport firmware, ask me about <linux-firmware>.
M: 2004-10-15
<reply>A factoid is something resembling a fact or unverified (often invented) information that is given credibility because it appeared in print, or a brief (usually one sentence and usually trivial) news item, or often-repeated information, stored to keep people from having to repeatedly explain something. This thing you're reading right now is called a "factoid".
fglrx dkms squeeze
M: 2012-09-29
<reply>For Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" systems. Ask me about <non-free sources>. «aptitude -r install linux-headers-2.6-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` fglrx-driver && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "fglrx"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-fglrx.conf». Restart your system to enable the <radeon> blacklist.
hash table
C: 1970-01-01
A table that contains "hash values," generally used for speeding up searching algorithms on sorted data. For example, a hash table for a dictionary might contain all the letters of the alphabet and the page numbers where each letter starts. That way, instead of searching through from start to finish for each word, you just use the hash table and get a big head start.
https mirror
M: 2015-06-25
<reply>Packages are authenticated by GPG signatures, so using https for mirrors does not increase the security of the packages; ask me about <secure apt>. An https connection hides the packages you download from casual listeners but they are still revealed to the mirror administrator (and anyone who insists they should know too) -- to protect against this, use <tor>.
laptop mode
M: 2013-05-20
<reply>Laptop mode is a set of Linux kernel controls and user-space scripts that try to reduce power consumption by putting your hard drive to sleep, along with various other power management features. They are in the laptop-mode-tools package. http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/laptops/laptop-mode.txt http://samwel.tk/laptop_mode/faq . See also <power saving>.
M: 2011-03-07
<reply>In systemd, "systemctl set-default multi-user.target", or remove the DM package(s) with "aptitude remove gdm3 kdm lightdm lxdm nodm sddm slim wdm xdm". "echo false >/etc/X11/default-display-manager" will also disable the DM, or just hit ctrl-alt-fN to get to a console. nodm is the name of a minimal/automatic display manager (https://github.com/spanezz/nodm).
M: 2011-02-17
<reply>R is a powerful language based on S, primarily used for statistics. It is well suited for dealing with large sets of numbers in matrices and/or vectors. To install: "aptitude -r install r-base". http://wiki.debian.org/R http://wiki.debian.org/DebianScience/R http://www.r-project.org/ #r on irc.freenode.net. And it's "are", not "r". See also <plotting>.
M: 2014-12-22
<reply>Server Name Indication (SNI) is a <TLS> extension, for a client to transmit a hostname at the start of the handshaking process. This allows a server to present multiple certificates on the same IP address and TCP port. SNI is supported by Apache HTTPD (since 2.2.12), lighttpd (since 1.4.24) and <wget> (since 1.13.4-3+deb7u1, part of the <7.4> point release).
C: 2015-04-25
<reply> The wine-development package is the development version of wine in Debian. This is a meta package that pulls in either wine64-development or wine32-development. For a more recent version in Jessie, the packages can be backported from stretch/sid with a little work, ask me about <ssb>. Alternatively, the commercial <cxoffice> offers a recent wine with support.
C: 2001-09-06
a word begging with a 'w', then an 'o'. It ends with a 'w'. This means that it is reversible. It is a useful word for situations in which you wish to imply a feeling of general wow-ness. Best used in brackets following some other statement, like this: Debian is the best linux distro (wow). Also combine with exclamation marks for added wow-ity factor. (wow!!!) :)
M: 2010-11-06
<reply>[apple] a fruit, or Apple Inc. (formerly Apple Computer, Inc.), a consumer electronics and software company. http://wiki.debian.org/InstallingDebianOn/Apple . See also <airport>, <alac>, <combo drive>, <daap>, <hfs>, <hfsplus>, <imac>, <ipod>, <m68k>, <macbook>, <mac mini>, <open firmware>, <powerpc>, <quicktime>, <superdrive>. ##apple on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2013-09-05
<reply>ar5523 is a Linux kernel driver introduced at Linux 3.8, supporting legacy Atheros 802.11g USB devices based on the AR5005UG and AR5005UX chipsets. Firmware is required (ar5523.bin) and packaged since firmware-atheros 0.39. Debian 7 "Wheezy" users: ask me about <bdo kernel> and install firmware-atheros from <wheezy-backports>. http://wiki.debian.org/ar5523
M: 2006-11-24
a data type (binary large object, or BLOB) used in a relational database that can contain any type of binary data, including sound, video, graphics, etc. Also closed-source binary-only drivers that may not work properly or expose security threats that the community cannot fix. See http://www.techspot.com/news/23217-nvidia-binary-linux-drivers-security-exploit.html
M: 2010-12-09
<reply>Darik's Boot and Nuke (DBAN) is a self-contained boot floppy/CD that securely wipes the hard disks of most computers (x86, x86-64, powerpc). DBAN will automatically and completely delete the contents of any hard disk that it can detect, which makes it an appropriate utility for bulk or emergency data destruction. http://www.dban.org/faq . See also <nwipe>.
M: 2015-06-16
<reply>dh is the command sequencer that is part of the <debhelper> set of tools use in <debian/rules> for building packages. dh(1) runs a set of commands in sequence and allows the maintainer to add in extra tools ("--with", "--buildsystem"). See dh(1) http://deb.li/3n28i debhelper(7) http://deb.li/cQ4v and <nmg> http://deb.li/3Gbzn . Also run «dh binary --no-act»
M: 2011-04-11
<reply>Distributed Replicated Block Device (DRBD) is designed for building high availability clusters, by mirroring a block device via a dedicated network. Included in Linux since 2.6.33, a backport is included in Debian 2.6.32 Linux kernel images. Utilities are packaged as drbd8-utils. http://wiki.debian.org/DrBd http://www.drbd.org/ #drbd on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-04-16
<reply>[dvd] Digital Versatile Disc. To play a video DVD, ask me about <dvd playback>, then use either <totem>, <vlc>, <xine> or <mplayer>. To burn a DVD, ask me about <wodim> or <growisofs>. To download Debian DVD images, ask me about <iso> and <small dvd>. To buy Debian DVDs, ask me about <vendors>. To copy/rip/transcode DVD video, ask me about <dvd ripping>.
M: 2010-06-21
<reply>Read the release notes, ask me about <lenny release notes>. Ensure your Etch installation is up to date, ask me about <etch sources.list> (aptitude update; aptitude dist-upgrade). Then ask me about <lenny sources.list>. aptitude update; aptitude install aptitude; aptitude safe-upgrade; aptitude full-upgrade. Also ask me about <lenny> and <lenny->squeeze>.
C: 2005-06-07
<reply> <SquireCD> deb ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian/ unstable main non-free contrib <tarzeau> SquireCD: YOUR SOURCES.LIST IS WRONG! <SquireCD> tarzeau: WTF is wrong with it? <greycat> for one thing, it says "unstable". <SquireCD> yes it does, and it's always worked <SquireCD> for 3 years it's been fine <SquireCD> i have contrib in my sources, what does that do?
geo dns sources.list
M: 2011-01-22
<reply>To have <APT> automatically select a mirror geographically close to you, you can use a Geo-IP service from cdn.debian.net. This service works at the DNS level. An example line for your sources.list is "deb http://cdn.debian.net/debian/ wheezy main". See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianGeoMirror for more information. Don't use this with Google DNS or similar.
magic sysreq
M: 2015-03-26
<reply> You can use the SysReq key on your keyboard to send signals to the kernel when your machine is hosed. Alt+SysReq+R E I S U B (Raising Elephants Is So Utterly Boring) will try to kill processes and write data to disk before rebooting. see http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/457 and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magic_SysRq_key, or /proc/sysrq-trigger
point releases
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>Point releases are updates to <stable> and <oldstable>, fixing security and grave bug fixes. There are no point releases for Debian 9 "Stretch" yet. You can upgrade to the latest point release by referencing a Debian <mirror> in /etc/apt/sources.list, then "apt update && apt full-upgrade". See <8.8>. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianReleases/PointReleases.
M: 2013-06-05
<reply>The Realtek RTL8411 is a PCIe Gigabit Ethernet controller with an integrated card reader controller. The Ethernet controller is supported by <r8169> since Linux 3.5; a firmware patch (rtl_nic/rtl8411-1.fw) is packaged since firmware-realtek 0.37. The card reader (PCI ID 10ec:5289, aka "Barossa Plus Plus") is supported by the rtsx_pci module since Linux 3.8.
user private groups
C: 2010-10-05
<reply>[user private groups] a system configuration idiom which allows users to collaborate by granting shared access to a directory and its content. Access is controlled by associating each collaborative project team with a Un*x group and then granting Un*x group membership to the userids of the designated project members. http://wiki.debian.org/UserPrivateGroups
C: 2013-07-18
<reply>VA-API (Video Acceleration API) is an <API> specification and open source software library (libVA), providing accelerated video playback by offloading video decoding/post-processing to the <GPU>. The i965-va-driver Debian package provides a VAAPI driver for the Intel G45 and HD Graphics family. http://freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/vaapi . See also <vdpau>.
C: 2002-12-12
<reply> * HaQDaQ wants to use apt-get agaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaain <greycat> HaQDaQ: then do so. <HaQDaQ> it doesn't work anymore... dependency erros : <greycat> HaQDaQ: fix them. <HaQDaQ> greycat: how ? <greycat> HaQDaQ: with an apt wrench. Are you going to ask any more stupid questions? * HaQDaQ is linux n00b, and how to apt wrench ? <HaQDaQ> greycat: how to apt wrench ?
M: 2011-02-25
<reply>Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP, originally Jabber) is an open communications protocol based on <XML> for message-oriented middleware. http://wiki.debian.org/Jabber http://xmpp.org/ Non-official Debian chat room is at xmpp:debian@conference.jabber.org. For packaged XMPP servers, ask me about <ejabberd>, <jabberd14>, <jabberd2>, <prosody>.
M: 2000-02-13
the best president we've had since george bush, dammit! or the only president we've had since george bush, dammit! or the Pants Dropper in Chief or the guy blowing away small countries or the president whose staff continues to classify cryptographic software as munitions or a shitty human being or stupid or in control of nuclear weapons or a psychopath, or clit-ton
C: 2006-06-22
colocation centre ("colo") or carrier hotel is a type of data center where multiple telecommunications network or service providers, such as telcos or internet service providers, locate their connections to one another's networks (points of presence) and where users of these services can interconnect to the service provider(s) with a minimum of cost and complexity.
M: 2013-08-31
<reply>The Intel DH87MC Desktop Board is a motherboard utilising the Intel H87 Express chipset. Its I217V Gigabit Ethernet controller (PCI ID 8086:153b) is not supported at Debian installation time (bug #720898), ask me about <i217>. http://ark.intel.com/products/69045/Intel-Desktop-Board-DH87MC http://downloadmirror.intel.com/22678/eng/DH87MC_TechProdSpec02.pdf
C: 2012-12-07
<reply>The Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) delivers pay-as-you-go capacity in virtualised resources: see https://aws.amazon.com/ec2/ . Debian images for EC2 (AMIs) are created by members of the Debian project. See http://wiki.debian.org/Cloud/AmazonEC2Image and http://blog.james.rcpt.to/2012/12/06/official-debian-images-on-amazon-web-services-ec2/ for details.
M: 2014-06-19
<reply>The GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) is a compiler system supporting various programming languages. In order to change which version it should use, "export CC=gcc-$whatever", as /usr/bin symlinks (gcc, g++, et al) are not handled using Debian <alternatives>; see /usr/share/doc/gcc/README.Debian. See also <gcc-doc>. https://gcc.gnu.org/ #gcc on irc.oftc.net.
how to ask
C: 2009-05-09
<reply>When asking for help, begin by stating your version of Debian, your platform/architecture, the exact piece of software you're having trouble with, and the type and model of any hardware components involved. If you're getting an error, quote the exact message. Help us help you by being as specific as possible. See also <smart questions> and <doesn't work>.
iceweasel esr
M: 2013-10-12
<reply>Iceweasel Extended Support Release, see http://www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/organizations/faq/ . Since Debian needs to support packages for years (not weeks!) only the ESR versions are uploaded to unstable as developers only upload packages that are suitable for being included in a release. Other versions are at <mozilla.debian.net> and in <experimental>.
installer firmware stretch
C: 2017-06-29
<reply> Debian-Installer is able to load additional <firmware>, by including it within installation media or supplying on removable media (e.g. USB stick, floppy). See http://www.debian.org/releases/stretch/amd64/ch06s04 . To include firmware within Debian <netboot> images, see http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/NetbootFirmware . See also <firmware images>.
M: 2011-08-22
<reply> The KDE font installer is a handy tool from the kdebase-workspace-bin package that allows you to preview most types of fonts, decide which ones to install and let you check for duplicates. Once installed this way, fonts should be immediately usable in applications. Run it with "kcmshell4 kfontinst". Also ask me about <install font>, <font install gnome>.
M: 2011-12-14
<reply>loop-AES is an out-of-tree Linux encryption implementation, providing a kernel module (loop.ko) for creating a loop device with an <AES> cipher. This can be used to encrypt local file systems and disk partitions. The loop-aes source package was removed from Debian post-Squeeze to resolve bug #651857; a compatible encryption mode is available in <dm-crypt>.
M: 2010-06-02
<reply>MLDonkey is an open source, cross-platform, multi-protocol (BitTorrent, Direct Connect, eDonkey, Gnutella, Kad) peer-to-peer file sharing application, originally an <eDonkey> Linux client. Controllable via web browser, GTK+ interface or telnet. Packaged for Debian as mldonkey-server and mldonkey-gui. http://mldonkey.sf.net/ #mldonkey on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-09-19
a small CD image with which you can install Debian. If, during the installation process you have a working Internet connection, you can install more packages straight away, otherwise, you will have a base install and more packages later. See http://www.debian.org/CD/netinst/ See also <various cd1>, <check iso image>, <dialup install>, <usb install>, <installer>.
M: 2010-04-03
<reply>ries.debian.org is the server behind ftp-master.debian.org (the main copy of the Debian archive). It experienced hardware troubles, which resulted in a temporary suspension of package updates for <testing> and <unstable> systems. http://db.debian.org/machines.cgi?host=ries & http://tinyurl.com/riesdown & http://tinyurl.com/riesbackish - Ask me about <dda>.
M: 2011-01-21
<reply>Ruby is an object oriented script language with a simple and clean syntax. It's supposed to have the best characteristics of Perl and Smalltalk, or a language that seems like a messy (Perlish) Python. Learn about it at http://www.ruby-lang.org/ , http://www.rubycentral.com/ http://mislav.uniqpath.com/poignant-guide/book/ . #ruby-lang on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-06-03
<reply>The WMP54G is a 802.11g PCI wireless LAN device produced by Linksys. For support of hardware versions 1.0/1.1 and 2.0 (all PCI ID 14e4:4320), ask me about <b43>. For support of hardware version 4.0 (PCI ID 1814:0201), ask me about <rt2500>. For support of hardware version 4.1 (PCI ID 1814:0301), ask me about <rt61>. Not to be confused with the <WMP54GS>.
M: 2013-02-06
<reply>Central Regulatory Domain Agent (CRDA) is a <udev> helper to query/set the regulatory domain for wireless devices, packaged since Debian 7 "Wheezy". Some wireless LAN devices (e.g. Atheros) default to a strict world regulatory domain if CRDA is not present, preventing the use of channels 12 and 13. http://wireless.kernel.org/en/developers/Regulatory/#CRDA
M: 2000-02-05
<reply> Crusoe will be cool hardware and software for mobile applications. On January 19th, 2000, Transmeta is announced and demonstrated what Crusoe processors can do. or THE SECRET WEAPON or World Domination Inside, but http://www.transmeta.com/, but crusoe has a very high noise:result ratio, but the character of one very popular story i cant remember right now.
M: 2010-03-17
<reply>Evolution (formerly Ximian Evolution) is an email client and personal information manager for <GNOME>, an <Outlook> clone. Specify "hostname:port" for the SMTP server if using a port other than TCP 25. http://live.gnome.org/Evolution/FAQ http://projects.gnome.org/evolution/ #evolution on irc.gimp.org. https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1373737.
forgot mysql root password
M: 2008-10-10
<reply> If you've forgotten the <MySQL> root password, /etc/init.d/mysql stop; mysqld --skip-grant-tables; mysql -u root; use mysql; UPDATE user SET Password=PASSWORD('mynewpassword') WHERE User='root'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; C-d; stop mysqld; /etc/init.d/mysql start See also http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/resetting-permissions.html, <mysql initial password>.
M: 2011-05-27
<reply>iPXE (formerly gPXE, Etherboot) is an open source network bootloader. It implements <PXE> and extends it with additional protocols and features (e.g. booting from HTTP instead of TFTP). Supports a variety of network devices, including wireless LAN. Packaged for Debian (bnx2, linda infiniband drivers removed). http://ipxe.org/ #ipxe on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2013-06-15
<reply>LAMP: Linux, Apache, MySQL, {PHP,Perl,Python} server. Ask me about <install debian><install apache><install mysql><install php>. (Hmm... doesn't that make it a DAMP stack?), or "aptitude install libapache2-mod-php5 mysql-server php5-mysql". http://wiki.debian.org/LaMp, or http://geek-and-poke.com/geekandpoke/2013/6/15/the-geekpoke-old-chestnut-of-the-week
man patch
C: 2004-02-23
<reply> Read the patch (it's text). Let's say it has filenames like "linux-2.4.25/CREDITS" at the top. This means if you use "patch -p0" it's going to try to open "linux-2.4.25/CREDITS" (0 directories stripped). If you use "patch -p1" it will try to open "CREDITS" (1 directory stripped). So: cd /usr/src/linux-2.4.24 && bzip2 -dc ../patch-2.4.25.bz2 | patch -p1
M: 2013-06-26
<reply>Multiarch allows you to install foreign architecture packages. For example, to allow i386 packages to be installed on an amd64 system: «dpkg --add-architecture i386 && apt-get update». See http://wiki.debian.org/Multiarch and <multiarch howto>, <multiarch failures>. For the unrelated installer that can install i386 or amd64, see <multi-arch installer>.
multiarch skew
C: 2013-05-14
<reply>Packages that are marked as co-installable across different architectures can only be installed if the version for each architecture is identical. If the <buildd> network has not kept up, you cannot install them. If only one arch is binNMU'd, you cannot install them. Wait for a while until it is sorted out. Ask me about <multiarch> <multiarch failures>.
M: 2011-02-05
<reply>NetworkManager is a network management framework daemon. See /usr/share/doc/network-manager/README.Debian for setup instructions and ask me about <nm unmanaged>. http://wiki.debian.org/NetworkManager http://live.gnome.org/NetworkManager http://projects.gnome.org/NetworkManager/ #nm on irc.freenode.net. See also <nmcli>, <wireless connection managers>.
M: 2010-09-22
<reply>[nslu2] The Linksys NSLU2 "Network Storage Link" is a NAS device with two USB 2.0 ports and one 10/100 Ethernet port. Supported by the <armel> port of Debian GNU/Linux. http://www.cyrius.com/debian/nslu2/ . Proprietary NPE-B microcode (used by the Intel IXP4xx Ethernet driver) is available in the ixp4xx-microcode package, ask me about <non-free sources>.
round robin mirror
M: 2013-03-06
<reply>Some mirrors like ftp.us.debian.org have multiple machines serving them in a DNS round robin. This often isn't a problem but if one machine hasn't updated properly or is down, this can cause apt to complain (e.g. with hashsum mismatch). Instead, use the mirror CDN <deb.debian.org> or pick an individual mirror that is close to you (ask me about <mirrors>).
M: 2009-09-16
<reply> Since packages generally migrate from unstable to testing fairly regularly, downgrading from unstable to testing is sometimes possible (see <partial downgrade>). Alternatively change "unstable" to "testing" in your sources.list and wait for packages migrate; installing new packages during this time might be problematic, however. Ask me about <reinstall>.
C: 2001-01-21
the creator and maintainer of the PalmPilot FAQ, which can be accessed from PalmGear HQ, http://www.palmgear.com. He also is the channel owner of #PalmChat, a channel where Palms are rarely discussed, but whose population almost always owns a Palm-related device, or in the usual case, several. Calvin also works at Palm Computing. His full name is Calvin O'Parker.
M: 2011-02-06
<reply>Debian release codenames are buzz (1.1), rex (1.2), bo (1.3), hamm (2.0), slink (2.1), potato (2.2), woody (3.0), sarge (3.1), etch (4.0), lenny (5.0), squeeze (6.0), wheezy (7) jessie (8) stretch (9) and sid=Unstable. "lsb_release -sc" (lsb-release package) will display a Debian system's codename. http://www.debian.org/doc/FAQ/ch-ftparchives#s-codenames
M: 2012-03-21
<reply>[contrib] Debian packages that contain <DFSG>-compliant software, but have dependencies not in main (possibly packaged for Debian in non-free). To get contrib packages, add lines like "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ [stretch|buster|sid] main contrib" to your /etc/apt/sources.list, then «aptitude update». Also ask me about <non-free>, <contrib list>.
M: 2012-07-28
a utility that will check a package's files against their checksums. The "-a" argument will instruct it to also check configuration files: "aptitude install debsums; debsums -a -s". Most packages come with md5sums included in the package; if apt's package cache is clean, then generate missing sums with "aptitude reinstall `debsums -l`". Ask me about <md5sums>.
M: 2006-09-13
<reply>dselect is a wonderful UI for package management, or really more powerful than apt-get, or the only thing that provides FULL data when making decisions on whether to install a package. Obsolete documentation is at http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/dselect-beginner/ . See also <aptitude>, <fix-unmet>. For details about the bot, ask me about <dselectbot>.
M: 2010-02-06
<reply>GNOME is a Desktop Environment ("DE", so are <KDE> and <XFCE>) based on GTK+. To get or delete GNOME, ask me about <install gnome> or <remove gnome> respectively. See also <gnome status>. https://wiki.debian.org/Gnome http://www.gnome.org/ #debian-gnome on irc.debian.org. GNOME-related IRC channels: https://wiki.gnome.org/Community/GettingInTouch/IRC
install font kde
M: 2012-10-10
<reply>The KDE font installer is a handy tool from the kdebase-workspace-bin package that allows you to preview most types of fonts, decide which ones to install and let you check for duplicates. Once installed this way, fonts should be immediately usable in applications. Run it with "kcmshell4 fontinst". Also ask me about <install font>, <font install gnome>.
C: 2011-10-12
<reply>Debian Lenny/5.0 can be installed using Squeeze/6.0 Debian-Installer images: supply the 'suite=lenny' boot option to include the lenny-support <udeb>. Use of <6.0.3> (or later) installation images is recommended, in order for GRUB Legacy to be installed (http://packages.qa.debian.org/g/grub-installer/news/20110927T015611Z.html). See also <install guide>.
network checklist
C: 2010-08-20
<reply> 1) ping -c5; on success: networking works fine, check DNS server in <resolv.conf>. 2) ping -c5 $(/sbin/route -n|awk '/UG/{print $2}'); if successful: you reach your router, but not the Internet: check gateway (/sbin/route -n) and/or reset router. 3) you can't reach the router, check cabling. Wireless? Check if associated (/sbin/iwconfig).
M: 2011-02-05
<reply>Plymouth presents a graphic animation while the boot process occurs in the background. It is designed to be used with <DRM> modesetting drivers and replaces both <usplash> and <splashy>. Read /usr/share/doc/plymouth/README.Debian to enable. http://wiki.debian.org/plymouth http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/Plymouth #plymouth on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-11-13
<reply>pmount ("policy mount") is an application to make it easier to (un)mount removable media such as USB flash memory sticks; e.g. as normal user, "pmount sda1" mounts it at /media/sda1 (no superuser requirement, no need to create a mount point). You will need to be in the <plugdev> group, but you'll know that from reading /usr/share/doc/pmount/README.Debian.
M: 2010-07-25
<reply>rt2860sta is the vendor driver for Ralink 802.11n PCI (RT2760, RT2790, RT2860, RT2890, RT3090, RT3091, RT3092) wireless LAN devices, included as a staging driver (amd64, i386 only) in Debian Linux 2.6.32 kernel images. Firmware is required, ask me about <ralink firmware>. http://wiki.debian.org/rt2860sta . Removed at Linux 3.0, ask me about <rt2800pci>.
M: 2010-04-01
<reply> As an overview: to work with Debian source packages, add a <deb-src> line to your sources list; cd to a location with free space; download the source package with <apt-get source>; edit <debian/rules> to taste; use <dpkg-buildpackage> to build the new .deb. For more details, also ask me about <package recompile> <backport> <nmg> <policy> <source package>
M: 2010-04-28
<reply>ssh-copy-id is a utility to copy your <SSH> public key from your local machine to a remote machine, permitting key-authorised ssh connections to the remote machine. ssh-copy-id will copy the key to the right location and make sure the <ssh permissions> are right. You may want to edit your ~/.ssh/config to tell ssh to use this key. See also <debug sshd>.
M: 2009-06-05
<reply>UMSDOS was an overlay filesystem driver for the Linux kernel, providing a traditional Unix filesystem within a FAT volume. It allowed Linux distributions to be installed within an existing FAT filesystem, avoiding disk partitioning and ext2 filesystem establishment. Removed at Linux 2.6.11 due to lack of maintenance, see http://lkml.org/lkml/2004/7/11/68
M: 2010-06-01
<reply>WebM is a media container format extended from <Matroska>, providing VP8/VP9 video and <Vorbis> audio. Playable with <GStreamer>-based players (e.g. gst123) provided gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad (>= is installed. Preliminary support is available in <youtube-dl> as of version 2010.04.04-2. http://www.webmproject.org/ #webm on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2012-09-05
<reply>acx-mac80211 is an experimental, reverse-engineered, out-of-tree <mac80211> driver for wireless LAN devices based on Texas Instruments ACX100/TNETW1100, ACX111/TNETW1130, ACX100USB and TNETW1450 chipsets. This driver supports <WPA> and WPA2. To install on Debian systems, see http://wiki.debian.org/acx (Linux >= 3.2.0 required). See also <acx firmware>.
M: 2009-10-08
<reply>apt-mirror is a tool for making a local mirror of any <APT> source. To mirror multiple architectures, specify "deb-$arch ..." in /etc/apt/mirror.list; e.g. "deb-amd64 http://httpredir.debian.org/debian testing main contrib non-free". Discussion forum: http://sf.net/projects/apt-mirror/forums/forum/197335 . http://apt-mirror.sf.net/ See also <mirrors>.
C: 2000-06-04
a project that works on the second-generation ICS (internet chess server) programs. The ultimate goal is to create the ideal online chess experience for novices and experts alike. Chessd has raised the attention of nearly all of the existing internet chess servers. See http://chessd.sourceforge.net/ for more, or #chessd on OPN, or find bugg and talk to him ;)
cmd: aussiesmite (.*?)
C: 2005-06-04
($1): <reply> $1: ((yee bloody yank|(yeahhh righto|fair dinkum|fucking aye! that's really great! fucking oathe|bloody hell why dontcha go an arse over tit or tip|few roos loose in your top paddock) mate)|shut up ya bloody yank or i'll cut your acres off!|godamnit mate it's about time i mow the brigalo suckers bloody hell|yeahh bob's your uncle you stupid wanker)
M: 2010-08-05
a graphics driver built into the kernel that accesses the video cards memory directly in a linear io, framebuffered X is just a way of using that kernel's framebuffer for graphics instead of the application itself having to know how the card works.. executive summary: it's hardware abstraction of the video, or slow, slow, slow... ask me about <fbcon resolution>.
fglrx legacy
M: 2015-04-26
<reply>The AMD Catalyst Legacy proprietary display driver supports the Radeon HD 2000/3000/4000 series of GPUs. Available for Debian 7 "Wheezy" systems via wheezy-backports, see https://wiki.debian.org/ATIProprietary#wheezy-legacy . Not available for Debian 8 "Jessie" systems as upstream has not updated this driver for newer Xorg releases (Debian bug #726500).
C: 1970-01-01
When a user looks at a page on the World Wide Web, that visit is counted as one impression regardless of how many images are on that page. Most access log analysis tools remove server requests that reference ".gif", or ".jpg" (image tags) from their analysis. This is the most accurate measurement yet developed. An impression could almost be called a "page look."
installer firmware jessie
C: 2015-04-25
<reply>Debian-Installer is able to load additional <firmware>, by including it within installation media or supplying on removable media (e.g. USB stick, floppy). See http://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/amd64/ch06s04 . To include firmware within Debian <netboot> images, see http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/NetbootFirmware . See also <firmware images>.
installer firmware wheezy
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>Debian-Installer is able to load additional <firmware>, by including it within installation media or supplying on removable media (e.g. USB stick, floppy). See http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch06s04 . To include firmware within Debian <netboot> images, see http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/NetbootFirmware . See also <firmware images>.
M: 2011-08-21
<reply>*No Longer Maintained* - Unofficial images for installing Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" using a later kernel (Linux 3.2.4) are available from http://kmuto.jp/debian/d-i/ (images are on the CD mirrors). To supply additional firmware, ask me about <installer firmware>. For a USB install, use the lenny instructions: http://www.debian.org/releases/lenny/i386/ch04s03
M: 2009-06-28
<reply>The snd-maestro3 ALSA driver (supporting ESS Allegro/Maestro3 devices) requires firmware from userspace for device operation. Device firmware (ess/maestro3_assp_kernel.fw, ess/maestro3_assp_minisrc.fw) cannot currently be distributed by the Debian project as its license is unknown; to acquire, refer to the procedure at http://wiki.debian.org/snd-maestro3
M: 2006-04-17
an Internet monitoring company. They monitor uptimes and provide server operating system detection as their most notable services. They also provide security testing and publish news about the state of various networks that make up the Internet. http://www.netcraft.com/ or BSD is dying http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slashdot_trolling_phenomena#Netcraft_confirms_it
M: 2008-06-03
<reply> You can partition your hard drive by breaking it up into one or more pieces, or "partitions". Partition manipulators include <fdisk>, <cfdisk>, sfdisk, <parted> and <gparted>. Also ask about <list partitions>. Linux Partition HOWTO: http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Partition/. Linux Partitioning mini-FAQ: http://linuxmafia.com/~karsten/Linux/FAQs/partition.html
pointing stick
M: 2009-05-25
<reply>A pointing stick (aka TrackPoint, TouchStyk) is an isometric joystick used as a pointing device. To configure for use with <ThinkPad> laptops, see http://wiki.debian.org/InstallingDebianOn/Thinkpad/Trackpoint . See also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pointing_stick and http://xkcd.com/243/ . For support of the touchpad/trackpad, ask me about <synaptics>.
C: 1970-01-01
at http://www.resonatorsoft.com/software/rpgboard/. RPGBoard is a complete rewrite of the WWWBoard script. It supports multiple forums, message previewing, spell checking, selectable backgrounds, message defaults, statistics, IP banning, browser/OS detection, word filtering, etc., etc. In short, if there's a feature SineSwiper -doesn't- have, he'll put it in.
rred died
M: 2009-11-04
<reply> aptitude and apt-get update will die with "E: Method rred has died unexpectedly!" due to a bad pdiff file from the recent mirror update. Use "aptitude -o Acquire::PDiffs=false update" once to work around this. Ask me about <pdiff> or see http://bugs.debian.org/554349 Alternatively, wait for a mirror pulse (or two) and the archive will sort itself out.
M: 2008-07-30
<reply> scp is Secure Copy, part of the ssh suite, and a very handy program. The client program is in the openssh-client package and it just uses the ssh server at the other end so you don't need to install anything special on the server (openssh-server package). Install <scponly> or <rssh> to restrict commands to scp users. More information: <sftp>, <sshfs>.
M: 2010-07-16
<reply> wgetpaste is a CLI application for sending text to a pastebin, its only dependencies are bash and wget. To install and use: wget http://wgetpaste.zlin.dk/wgetpaste-2.17.tar.bz2 && tar xvjf wgetpaste-2.17.tar.bz2 && cd wgetpaste-2.17 You can then use it as ./wgetpaste; e.g. dmesg | ./wgetpaste It is also safe to copy to /usr/local/bin for easier use.
M: 2007-07-11
the "standard" ftpd for major installations, like wuarchive.wustl.edu (of course), cdrom.com, and metalab.unc.edu. Very configurable and powerful, just be sure you're ready with the security updates in your sources.list. Putting the "WOO" in "WEMOTE WOOT". per wols, in the holy trinity of crappy software. Ask me about <vsftpd>, <proftpd>, <pure-ftpd> instead.
M: 2016-06-05
<reply>Debian 7.11, the final point release for Wheezy, was released on June 4, 2016. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2016/2016060402 and http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/wheezy/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
aptitude states
M: 2013-01-11
<reply>aptitude has 4 status fields for each package that it may display. icpvBuCH are the "current state" (ask me about <aptitude current state>), iudphFrB are the actions to be performed (ask me about <aptitude actions>). There is also "A" for automatically installed and "U" for untrusted. Also ask me about <aptitude ops> <aptitude search> <aptitude docs>.
disable services sysvinit
C: 2013-05-16
<reply>From update-rc.d(8): «A common system administration error is to delete the links with the thought that this will disable the service…. However, if all links have been deleted then the next time the package is upgraded, the package's postinst … will reinstall links at their factory default locations.» Use «update-rc.d $service disable» instead.
dovecot wheezy
C: 2013-05-15
<reply>The upgrade from Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" to Debian 7 "Wheezy" takes you from Dovecot 1.2 to 2.1. This is a big upgrade that requires manual intervention. Further details are available in the /usr/share/doc/dovecot-core/README.Debian.gz in wheezy's dovecot-core package and at http://wiki2.dovecot.org/Upgrading/2.0 and http://wiki2.dovecot.org/Upgrading/2.1
C: 2004-01-29
it's really stupid to spend hours recompiling everything to gain nanoseconds in execution, especially given that the pace of development in most linux programs means that you need a new version about every 6 months to a year. Can you compare the number of hours in a year to the number of nanoseconds in an hour? recompiling to save cycles is just not worth it.
gopher must die
C: 2011-07-27
<reply> Gopher is an old, obsolete content distribution protocol, similar to HTTP which gained some popularity in the early 90's. We're in the 21st century now and Gopher is obsolete, browsers removed support for it, and it is not competitive with modern WWW standards. There are no more than 150 unique servers left supporting Gopher. Let Gopher die. Really.
install testing
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>Daily built <netinst> images to install <testing> are available from http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/ . The chance of the testing installer being broken on any given day is quite high. Instead, do a minimal installation using the stable installer and ask me about <stable->testing>. Also ask me about <testing>, <apt-listchanges>, <d-d-a>.
patent vs copyright
C: 2007-09-26
<reply> Patents protect an idea. If someone else gets the same idea, he can't use it. Copyright only protects the specific implementation. You have to prove that the "copier" did indeed take your work and copied it to prove infringement. A programmer will tell you that all programs are mathematics and you cannot patent mathematics, so what is a software patent?
C: 2005-05-27
<reply><BiZARRE> why cant I type my password when I try to login? <Phated> BiZARRE: Your password isn't echoed to the console. <BiZARRE> what? <BiZARRE> well, how do I type in the password? <Seb> BiZARRE: you hit the keys one by one <BiZARRE> nothing happens when I hit the keys <paulswm> UNtil you hit 'enter' <BiZARRE> the only key working is enter <BiZARRE> ok
reboot required
C: 2012-01-31
<reply> If you've upgraded your kernel package you need to reboot to start running the new kernel. Unless the <kernel abi> has changed, uname -r doesn't tell you whether this is needed or not, instead compare /proc/version to the package version: if ! grep -q $(dpkg-query -f'${Version}' -W linux-image-$(uname -r)) /proc/version; then echo "Reboot required"; fi
C: 1970-01-01
Read The F*($#@() Source: used when the problem at hand is not necessarily obvious and not answerable from the manuals - or the manuals are not yet written and maybe never will be. Read The F&$*#() Source; this oath can only be used when the problem area (e.g. a language or operating system interface) has actually been codified in a ratified standards document.
C: 2006-08-01
a version number by shared libraries used to refer to the binary compatibility of a shared library's api. when the api changes in such a way as to potentially require code changes by clients of the library, the soname changes. also see the Debian Shared Library Packagin guide: http://www.netfort.gr.jp/~dancer/column/libpkg-guide/libpkg-guide.html#sonameapiabi
whats my hardware
M: 2008-10-29
<reply>You can use lspci, lsusb, lsscsi, lspcmcia, lshal, hwinfo, dmidecode, and/or lshw, or even dmesg to find out what kind of hardware your machine might have, or you could crack the lid and look inside ... oooh, shiny! If you install lshw, run "lshw -html > myhardware.html" as root and you'll have a nice HTML summation. See also <myram>, <driver locator>.
M: 2011-03-17
<reply>wodim ("write optical disk media") is a <DFSG> compliant fork of <cdrecord>, part of <cdrkit> and available in the wodim package. See http://lwn.net/Articles/198171/ for the release notice. Use -pad for .wav files when burning audio. Use -swab if your CDR uses little endian or .cdr is in big endian -- basically if the audio on CD is static, use -swab.
M: 2010-01-30
<reply>Debian GNU/Linux 5.0.4 was released on January 30th, 2010. This update corrects security problems within the <oldstable> release, along with a number of improvements to the installer and additional hardware support. http://www.debian.org/News/2010/20100130 http://ftp.debian.org/debian/dists/lenny/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
M: 2007-10-18
<reply> blootbot is a severely mutiliated infobot by xk. Homepage at http://blootbot.sf.net/ . Blootbot debs are now in Debian. You may not want to run a blootbot unless you're very good with perl. The latest svn has pgsql support. NOTE: blootbot development has officially stopped, and the project has been renamed back to infobot. Ask me about <infobot>.
M: 2011-02-13
<reply>/etc/environment is a file for login variables, which is read by all standard Debian login methods. Lines are of the form variable=value (e.g. LANG=C). N.B.: this is *not* a shell script, so you cannot use lines like MAIL=$HOME/Maildir/ here. Use of this file has been deprecated for locale information, use /etc/default/locale; ask me about <locales>.
M: 2017-12-13
<reply>Heirloom mailx (formerly nail) is a feature-rich mail user agent (MUA) for Unix systems. Supports UTF-8, SSL/TLS, reading of local/POP3/IMAP mailboxes, and sending of messages through /usr/bin/sendmail or via SMTP. See http://heirloom.sf.net/mailx.html for all available features. Packaged for Debian as heirloom-mailx. Replaced by <s-nail> in stretch.
C: 2013-09-11
<reply>The python module "matplotlib" provides plotting and data visualisation tools to use either interactively in a python shell like ipython or from larger scripts. It works well with <scipy> and <numpy> analysis routines. http://matplotlib.sf.net/ packaged for Debian in the python-matplotlib and python3-matplotlib packages. Also ask me about <plotting>.
M: 2009-08-22
<reply>Nautilus is the official file manager for the <GNOME> desktop. If the 'paper' icon is shown for all file types, install the gnome-icon-theme package to resolve. FAQ: https://wiki.gnome.org/Apps/Nautilus/FAQ . User Guide: http://library.gnome.org/users/user-guide/stable/nautilus.html . https://wiki.gnome.org/Apps/Nautilus #nautilus at irc.gnome.org.
C: 1970-01-01
Permedia 3 by 3Dlabs -- 3Dlabs will be providing full 2D/3D specs for PM3, cards will be available by end of May 99 -- New kid from one of the better supported 3d card family. pm2 does 3d in linux. or portmaster 3, made by lucent/livingston; a totally different beast than the Permedia 3. or Persistent Modula-3 at http://www.cs.purdue.edu/homes/hosking/pm3.html
M: 2011-02-22
<reply>Scheme is the most elegant programming language, or the language with the most annoying syntax, or something that overuses your () keys, or the language with the smallest defining document, or the language with practically no syntax whatsoever. http://wiki.debian.org/Scheme http://www.schemers.org/ #scheme on irc.freenode.net. See also <mit-scheme>.
C: 2012-02-09
<reply> The Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programming is a book used to teach introductory computer programming at MIT. The complete course, book, quizzes, answers, etc. is available on-line at http://mitpress.mit.edu/sicp/ . See also http://www.gnu.org/software/guile/docs/faq/guile-faq.html#How-do-I-make-foo_002escm-into-an-executable-script_003f
start a world war
M: 2005-06-19
<reply> (Israel kicks Saudi ass|Muslims rule|Fundamentalist Islam will conquer the Christians|EU 0wnz the USA|USA should nuke North Korea|Brits will one day stomp the IRA|Pakistan sucks|India will get its ass kicked by Pakistan|The USA will get flattened by China|Pakistan will get turned into a sheet of glass by Iran|China will nuke France for the hell of it)!
systemd debugging
C: 2014-10-24
<reply> If you have a problem with systemd, see https://wiki.debian.org/systemd#Debugging and http://freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/Debugging/ for more information on how to debug the issue. If it's a boot problem, start by using systemd.unit=rescue.target systemd.log_target=kmsg systemd.log_level=debug on the kernel command line to get more information
tracker of doom
M: 2008-11-09
<reply>The Tracker of Doom is a vulnerability database maintained by the Debian security team, viewable at http://security-tracker.debian.org/ . Ask me about <cve lookup CVE-yyyy-nnnn> to get Debian-specific information on a CVE number. See also http://www.debian.org/security/crossreferences or ask me about <debsecan> http://www.enyo.de/fw/software/debsecan/
C: 2000-01-01
tuning your harddrive/partition like you tune your car. 'tune2fs -m 3 <device>' sets the space reserved for root to 3% (default 5%). Don't fill your disks completely: performance will be degraded due to fragmentation. This will change the percentage of space reserved for root. The man page says not to do it on mounted partitions but xk always does it, heh.
M: 2009-06-05
<reply>A .udeb is a special binary <package> containing Debian-Installer modules, or "regular debian packages that are not <policy> compliant. They are used by the new debian-installer project, to build up the actual system that then installs debian." -- thus spake Joey Hess, the great Debian genius. These are not intended for installation on a normal system.
why not aptitude
M: 2011-06-30
<reply> Aptitude is more memory intensive and slower than <apt-get>, the <ncurses> interface is always loaded regardless of being used or not. Moreover the resolver can sometimes produce unexpected results and most of <aptitude>'s former exclusive features are now available in <apt-get> as well. Ask me about <why aptitude> and see http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
M: 2004-11-02
<reply> see the new name for Transgaming's WineX - a proprietary fork of WINE designed to play Windows games. Limited CVS available at http://transgaming.org/cvs/ but missing key components such as copy protection or installshield functionality, or and the packaging saga summarised at http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel/2002/debian-devel-200205/msg02823.html
C: 1970-01-01
(or Hidden Surface Removal) Tracks the depth of each triangle from the perspective of the viewer to ensure that objects behind others in a scene don't appear until the viewer has them in his/her line of sight. This is why you can't see through walls to what lies behind, but why you can play multiplayer Quake and have people at many different points in a level.
M: 2010-10-12
<reply>[confnew] dpkg --force-confnew will force dpkg to overwrite any changes you have made to conffiles. You can also reinstall them using the following apt-get line: apt-get -o DPkg::Options::="--force-confnew" --reinstall install <packagename>; or using aptitude, aptitude -o DPkg::Options::="--force-confnew" reinstall <packagename>. See also <confmiss>.
M: 2014-09-29
<reply>The vulnerability in bash has been fixed for <wheezy> and <squeeze-lts>. https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2014-6271 and https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2014-7169. You have Debian installations older than squeeze? Shame on you. However, look at http://ftp.linux.it/pub/People/md/bash/ for sarge, etch and lenny packages.
M: 2008-05-05
the Microsoft Outlook/mail e-mail format. Just like Word documents have the .doc extensions and text files have .txt, email files have .eml. You should be able to open .eml files in Outlook Express. All this has <b>nothing whatsoever</b> to do with EML (Extended ML). I am not an MS Outlook user and can't help you any further. http://www.broobles.com/eml2mbox/
M: 2009-12-15
<reply>The F5D7050 "Wireless G USB Adapter" is a 802.11g device manufactured by Belkin. For support of v1000 (USB ID 050d:7050), ask me about <p54>. For v2000 (USB ID 050d:7050), ask about <rt2500usb>. For v3000 (USB ID 050d:705a), ask about <rt73usb>. For v4000 (USB ID 050d:705c), ask about <zd1211rw>. For v5000 (USB ID 050d:705e), ask about <rtl8187b>.
M: 2010-05-03
<reply>The F5D7051 "High-Speed Mode Wireless G USB Network Adapter" is a 802.11g device produced by Belkin. For support of revision v1000 (Broadcom 4320 USB chipset; USB IDs 050d:7051, 1799:7051), ask me about <rndis_wlan>. Revision v3000 (unknown Broadcom chipset, USB ID 4317:0711) has no Linux kernel driver currently available, ask me about <ndiswrapper>.
M: 2009-12-02
<reply>The Hierarchial File System (HFS, aka Mac OS Standard) is the default filesystem on Mac OS prior to Mac OS X. <MBR> partition ID: 0xAF. The Linux kernel's hfs filesystem driver can read/write HFS filesystems, tools are in the hfsutils package. <parted> can resize HFS (shrink only) provided the start of the partition stays fixed. See also <hfsplus>.
M: 2010-04-08
<reply>To determine packages going in/out of <testing> today, see http://release.debian.org/migration/accepted.html . To see why a package is not in testing, "/msg dpkg why is <foo> not in testing" or see http://release.debian.org/migration/ . For packages coming into unstable, use http://incoming.debian.org/ . For package removals, ask me about <removed>.
M: 2010-08-31
<reply>otus is the unsupported vendor driver supporting wireless LAN devices based on Atheros AR9170 chip. Requires its own <wpa_supplicant> driver backend. http://wireless.kernel.org/en/users/Drivers/otus . Removed from the Linux kernel at version 2.6.37. For the AR9170 driver available in Debian Linux kernel images, ask me about <carl9170>, <ar9170usb>.
M: 2002-11-12
Personal Security Manager for Mozilla, at http://docs.iplanet.com/docs/manuals/psm/psm-mozilla/index.html. You don't need to restart mozilla as noted on that URL. It also consumes 100% CPU unfortunately... lame piece of software. no longer works as of mozilla 0.7, or needed for viewing of some login sites, i.e. yahoo. install by apt-get install mozilla-psm
M: 2011-03-09
<reply> The Ralink RT2500USB 802.11g chipset (RT2571) is supported by the rt2500usb Linux kernel driver. It does not require firmware from userspace. This driver will fall back to software encryption for TKIP+AES since linux-2.6 2.6.32-31 (Debian bug #611390). http://wiki.debian.org/rt2500usb . For RT2501USB/RT2571W device support, ask me about <rt73usb>.
M: 2010-10-05
<reply>Tainted is the state of your Linux kernel when non-free drivers (e.g. <fglrx>, <nvidia>, <slamr>, <slusb>, <wl>) or <ndiswrapper> are loaded into it. Kernel hackers and the Debian kernel team will not support tainted kernels. If /proc/sys/kernel/tainted has a non-zero value, the running kernel is tainted. http://kernel.org/pub/linux/docs/lkml/#s1-18
M: 2017-06-17
<reply> Upgrades keep your box from getting r00ted and reboots let you run new kernels. Stop obsessing about uptime already. It's not 1996. Refresh the lists of available packages "apt update", and then an "apt upgrade". Ask me about <security>. If you upgrade to a new stable version of Debian, read its release notes first. Ask me about <jessie->stretch>.
M: 2009-05-30
<reply>apt-setup was a means of adding a Debian mirror to your APT sources. No longer available since <base-config> was removed (http://lists.debian.org/debian-boot/2006/01/msg00199.html). <apt-spy> or <netselect-apt> can be used instead, ask me about <sources.list> to manually configure. To install Debian packages located on CD, ask me about <apt-cdrom>.
art of war
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> Plan for what_ is difficult while it is easy, do what_ is great while it is small. The most difficult things in the world must be done while they are still easy, the greatest things in the world must be done while they are still small. For this reason sages never do what_ is great, and this is why_ they can achieve that greatness. see "art of war II"
console paster
M: 2007-07-16
yes, Virginia, you can use a pastebin website from console. Save any relevant to file (redirect stdout & stderr). Install a console-mode browser (elinks, w3m, lynx), and console mouse management (gpm) and screen ('screen', RTFM for copy/paste). Use irssi as a text-mode IRC client, and sort it out. Remember: help us help you. http://pastebin.ca/tools.php
M: 2006-07-10
Debian Takeover, the next phase of Debian World Domination, is a script that will substitute Debian (woody, not sarge! Use DEFAULT_SUITE=woody and upgrade from there) for any running GNU/Linux distribution available at http://www.hadrons.org/~guillem/debian/debtakeover/ . You too can banish metoo, dead rat, crackware, mandribble and Sue.M.E. to the bit bin.
essential manpages
C: 2006-06-17
<reply> These are manpages which you should read, refer to, and learn: less, man, apropos, grep, tail, cat, head, find, xargs, bash (or whatever shell you prefer). Reading them will teach you new things, and help you solve problems without asking #debian. Read them already? Don't forget to check back from time to time, as they support more and more features.
gdm root login
M: 2007-09-27
<reply> You don't need to log in to X to run graphical commands as root. You should use <sux> or <gksu> instead. (Also ask me about <root x> for other alternatives.) If you just can't be told, then ask me about <running x as root> and <gdm root login for idiots>, or see http://www.linuxquestions.org/questions/showthread.php?t=350382 for why it is a BAD idea
M: 2010-09-22
<reply>[hppa] PA-RISC is a <RISC> architecture (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PA-RISC). See "Debian for PA-RISC" at http://www.debian.org/ports/hppa . At Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", official support for the HP PA-RISC architecture was dropped (http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2010/09/msg00008.html). http://parisc-linux.org/ #parisc on irc.oftc.net.
jessie init system
C: 2014-02-09
<reply>Debian's Technical Committee has completed a technical evalution init systems for Debian 8 "Jessie"; see http://wiki.debian.org/Debate/initsystem . This technical decision has little (if any) impact on most users. The CTTE has selected <systemd> as the default init system in Jessie; <sysvinit> init scripts must be retained to permit an upgrade path.
nvidia legacy squeeze
M: 2013-05-04
<reply>Nvidia proprietary legacy drivers support GPUs no longer supported by the Nvidia proprietary unified Unix graphics driver. To install, see http://wiki.debian.org/NvidiaGraphicsDrivers or ask me about <nvidia dkms-173xx squeeze> (173.14.xx series, supports GeForce 5/FX GPUs) or <nvidia dkms-96xx squeeze> (96.43.xx series, supports GeForce 2/3/4 GPUs).
M: 2008-11-25
<reply> PHLAK was a modular live security Linux distribution (a.k.a LiveCD). PHLAK came with two light GUIs (fluxbox and XFCE4), many security tools, and a spiral notebook full of security documentation. PHLAK was a derivative of Morphix, created by Alex de Landgraaf. Now discontinued, last release (0.3) occured on 2005-05-07. See also <based on Debian>.
C: 2003-12-02
an experiment in AI, originally written in PostScript because the lab's laser printer had a 68000 chip, that escaped onto the Internet where it haunts Linux newsgroups, mailing lists, and IRC channels. The notion of Rick Moen being an actual Unix sysadmin is a gag invented at San Francisco's now-defunct CoffeeNet Linux-based Internet cafe, in the mid-1990s.
M: 2010-10-26
<reply>Snort is a GPL-licensed open source network intrusion detection system, capable of performing real-time traffic analysis and packet logging on IP networks. It can perform protocol analysis, content searching/matching and can be used to detect a variety of attacks and probes. http://snort.org/snort/faq/ http://snort.org/ #snort on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2011-09-15
<reply>A time zone is the standard time (aka local time) in a particular region. To change the timezone on Debian systems, execute "dpkg-reconfigure tzdata". Alternatively: "cp -b /usr/share/zoneinfo/$TZ /etc/localtime". Note that tzselect(1) does not change the timezone. Postfix users: execute "service postfix restart" to update localtime in the chroot.
M: 2013-11-06
<reply>UNetbootin (Universal Netboot Installer) allows creation of bootable USB drives for a variety of Linux distributions. http://unetbootin.sf.net/ Not recommended for use with Debian CD/DVD images, as it mangles the installer in cruel and unusual ways, resulting in hard to debug problems. Ask me about <hybrid images>, <usb install>, <win32diskimager>.
M: 2009-09-13
<reply> WaveLAN is like cool, or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WaveLAN . Pre-IEEE 802.11 WaveLAN (aka Classic WaveLAN) ISA and PCMCIA client adapters are supported by the wavelan and wavelan_cs drivers in the Linux kernel; these devices are completely incompatible with the 802.11 standard. For support of WaveLAN IEEE client adapters, ask me about <orinoco>.
C: 2011-08-15
<reply>[win32-loader] "Debian-Installer Loader" is a method of transferring Debian-Installer to a system running Microsoft Windows, which can then be restarted to install Debian. To install using CD/DVD or USB, ask me about <setup.exe>. To install from the Internet (or local Debian mirror), ask me about <win32-loader.exe>. See also <install guide>, <d-i>.
M: 2016-04-19
<reply>XScreenSaver upstream doesn't understand that people don't want to spend their lives upgrading every component from git and that a stable distro is a good idea so inserted silly "very old" alerts. This annoying warning is removed from the packages in jessie-updates and sid. https://bugs.debian.org/819703 ; consider light-locker as alternative program.
M: 2010-02-14
<reply>915resolution is a tool (read: hack) to transiently modify the video BIOS of Intel 8xx and 9xx integrated graphic chipsets, to achieve certain display resolutions in Xorg. Not required for Debian systems since Lenny due to improvements in the Intel X.org display driver, ask me about <intel-gfx>. Removed from Debian post-Etch to resolve bug #484251.
M: 2014-05-14
<reply>The Broadcom BCM20702 is a chip found in several Bluetooth 4.0 USB devices, supported by the Linux kernel's btusb driver. Firmware from userspace is required for Headset Profile (HSP) and Hands-Free Profile (HFP) use; the mainline Linux kernel currently does not have Broadcom patch RAM support (http://marc.info/?l=linux-bluetooth&m=139958940414685).
M: 2009-10-19
<reply>bnx2 is a Linux kernel driver supporting Broadcom NetXtreme II 1Gb (BCM5706/5708/5709/5716) Ethernet controllers. Firmware from userspace is required, ask me about <non-free sources> and install the firmware-bnx2 package to provide. To provide firmware for device use at Debian installation time, ask me about <installer firmware>. See also <bnx2x>.
corel linux
M: 2009-06-04
<reply>Corel Linux (a.k.a. Corel LinuxOS) was an operating system <based on debian>, released in 1999 and discontinued in 2001. The Corel Linux source code was purchased by <Xandros> Corporation. http://web.archive.org/web/20000308074253/http://corel.com/news/1999/may/may_1999_faqs.htm http://web.archive.org/web/20020127150324/http://opensource.corel.com
M: 2009-11-14
<reply>[debconf] Debian's configuration management system for packages, giving a single interface for asking and storing configuration-related settings. http://wiki.debian.org/debconf http://www.fifi.org/doc/debconf-doc/tutorial.html . Not to be confused with the yearly Debian Conference (DebConf): http://wiki.debian.org/DebConf https://www.debconf.org/
default release
M: 2013-09-06
<reply>To make wheezy be preferred over other releases in your sources.list, put APT::Default-Release "wheezy"; in /etc/apt/apt.conf (create if needed). Or use "jessie", "stable" or "testing" (make it match the name used in /etc/apt/sources.list). Note that some apt front-ends like Synaptic are reported to ignore Default-Release. Also ask me about <tum>.
M: 2013-09-27
<reply> Distrowatch (http://distrowatch.com/) attempts to estimate popularity of different distros and lists versions of some of the software they include. It is considered by many to be hopelessly biased, not giving an accurate picture of real numbers of users of each distro. See http://distrowatch.com/table.php?distribution=debian and see also <popcon>.
M: 2009-11-06
<reply> To install Debian without any removable media, ask me about <install guide> and read "Appendix A. Installation Howto", specifically "A.2.4. Booting from hard disk". To download hd-media/* files and Debian CD/DVD images, ask me about <install debian> (see "other images" section for hd-media files). See also <netboot>, <debootstrap>, <win32-loader>.
M: 2011-03-11
<reply>Icecast is a free software Ogg <Vorbis> and MP3 streaming media server / audio broadcasting system (e.g. Internet radio station, private jukebox). Packaged for Debian as icecast2 (Ogg Vorbis and MP3) and icecast-server (legacy, MP3 only, removed from Debian post-Squeeze to resolve bug #617584). http://www.icecast.org/ #icecast on irc.freenode.net.
interface names
C: 2017-06-20
<reply>Starting with <stretch>, network interface names have changed from the previous convention of eth0, eth1/wlan0, wlan1 to names based on the device vendor or driver. This has some upsides and some downsides. For more information and options, see https://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/PredictableNetworkInterfaceNames/ or ask me about <dpni>.
php mpm
M: 2013-06-02
<reply> To use mod_php5, it is strongly recommended to use the prefork MPM. As of Apache 2.4 MPM module packages are gone, instead being configuration options. The PHP package selects its preferred MPM at installation time. If you prefer a threaded MPM, use PHP through FastCGI (PHP FPM). See usr/share/doc/php5-common/README.Debian.gz for further details.
M: 2009-05-18
a superior network file synchronization program. Handy for downloading a Linux kernel, e.g. rsync -avz --partial rsync.kernel.org::pub/linux/kernel/v2.6/linux- /usr/local/home/peej/src/ Useful for backups as per http://www.mikerubel.org/computers/rsync_snapshots/ , see also <rsnapshot>. http://rsync.samba.org/ #rsync on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-07-28
<reply>rt2870sta is the vendor driver for Ralink 802.11n/g USB (RT2070, RT2770, RT2870, RT3070, RT3071, RT3072) wireless LAN devices, included as a staging driver (amd64, i386 only) in Debian Linux 2.6.32 kernel images. Firmware is required, ask me about <ralink firmware>. http://wiki.debian.org/rt2870sta . Removed at Linux 3.0, ask me about <rt2800usb>.
M: 2009-09-08
<reply>[sig11] Process Signal 11, SEGV (Segment Violation or Segmentation Fault). The program has been smacked down by the kernel for accessing memory outside its segment; indicates a bug in the software, or, with memory-intensive software like gcc, may indicate failing RAM. See the Sig11 FAQ at http://www.bitwizard.nl/sig11/ Also ask me about <memtest>.
C: 2016-04-30
<reply> When considering if a package can be autoremoved, apt considers a Suggests relationship to be something that it should not break. Apt has no way of knowing if that suggestion is important to you or not. If you want apt to break Suggests relationships: "aptitude -o Apt::AutoRemove::SuggestsImportant=false remove". Be sure to read what it is planning.
various cd1 jessie
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>There are CD-1 choices for various DEs (Desktop Environments) - there's one for GNOME, another for KDE, one for Xfce, and another for LXDE. For example; if you wanted the Xfce CD-1 of Debian 8 "Jessie" for amd64, you'd grab -> debian-8.8.0-amd64-xfce-CD-1.iso from the mirrors. Also ask me about <firmware images>, <release notes>, <ig>, <setup.exe>.
C: 2010-04-12
<reply> You can define multiple keyboard layouts in the "InputDevice" section of <xorg.conf>. Example: Option "XkbLayout" "us(altgr-intl),gr" switches between a us and greek layout. Option "XkbOptions" "grp:lwin_toggle,grp_led:scroll" would define the left windows key (lwin) to toggle between layouts, and show that it was toggled with the scroll-lock LED.
M: 2009-12-30
<reply>AV Linux (formerly A/V Linux) is a 32-bit Live DVD distribution based on Debian <squeeze> (as of version 6). It specializes in multimedia content creation using realtime-patched kernels. AV Linux is not supported in #debian. Support forum: http://remastersys.com/forums/?board=20 . http://www.bandshed.net/AVLinux.html See also <based on debian>.
cheese error
C: 2004-08-05
<reply> "So Hex here has caught daftness off the Bursar," said Ridcully. "Simple. Real stupidity beats artificial intelligence every time." He banged his pipe on the side of Hex's listening tube and shouted: "FEELING ALL RIGHT, OLD CHAP?" Hex wrote: +++ Hi Mum Is Testing +++ MELON MELON MELON +++ Out Of Cheese Error +++ !!!!! +++ Mr Jelly! Mr Jelly! +++
M: 2011-05-10
<reply>You have to especially tell the packaging system to reinstall config files because when they are gone, it is assumed that you want them to stay deleted. "aptitude -o DPkg::Options::='--force-confmiss' reinstall $packagename" will restore them (man dpkg for details). If the package uses <ucf> for config file management, ask me about <ucf confmiss>.
M: 2010-06-06
<reply>dash (formerly Debian Almquist shell) is a <POSIX> compliant shell, smaller than <bash> and offers faster script execution (decreasing boot time). dash is the default /bin/sh since the Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" release. To check if your existing scripts will work with dash, use checkbashisms from <devscripts> and see https://wiki.ubuntu.com/DashAsBinSh
M: 2016-07-25
<reply>Packages that end in '*-dbgsym' contain the symbols required for debugging executables and libraries. The dbgsym packages are automatically generated packages that are in a separate archive; add a line like "deb http://debug.mirrors.debian.org/debian-debug/ stretch-debug main" to your sources.list. See also https://wiki.debian.org/HowToGetABacktrace
M: 2012-12-27
<reply>The D-Link DWA-140 "Rangebooter N" is an 802.11n USB device. For support of revision A (USB ID 148f:2870, Ralink RT2870 chip), revision B1 (USB ID 07d1:3c09, Ralink RT2870 chip) and revision B2 (USB ID 07d1:3c0a, Ralink RT3072 chip), ask me about <rt2870>. For support of revision B3 (USB ID 2001:3c15, Ralink RT5372 chip), ask me about <rt2800usb>.
edit pdf
M: 2010-07-28
<reply>Editing PDFs isn't that easy as they were more-or-less designed to be a read-only document format. The <pdftk> package allows you to split and merge PDFs, as does the "pdfsam" package. LibreOffice Draw is also able to import PDFs as text/drawing objects which can allow some editing/commenting to be done. Also ask me about <fill pdf forms>, <pdf>.
M: 2008-01-21
<reply>"find" is a search utility that looks through a directory tree, locating files or dirs based on specified criteria. Further, find allows the user to specify an action to be taken on each matched file (see -exec or ask me about <xargs>). It also supports regexp matching. Also ask me about <man find>, <using find> or, for faster matching, <locate>.
install release candidate
M: 2015-04-18
<reply>So you want to test a Debian installer release candidate? 1. Get it: http://deb.li/Fqhg 2. Read the release notes: http://deb.li/3d6yl and errata: http://deb.li/uacx 3. Install it: http://deb.li/Wavn 4. Don't forget to file an installation report, even if the install was successful: http://deb.li/i4j4E Also ask me about <testing>, <install testing>.
jum caveat
M: 2014-08-04
<reply>Running a <jessie unstable mix> will not be possible after <jessie> has been released as <stable> due to the increasing differences between those suites. It is therefore recommended to either remove <unstable> sources from your sources.list after the release or to start tracking the next testing version. The latter setup would be similar to <tum>.
M: 2013-08-25
<reply>Libertas is a series of 802.11g wireless LAN chipsets produced by Marvell. The 88W8385 (CF/SDIO), 88W8388 (USB) and 88W8686 (SDIO/GSPI) FullMAC chipsets are supported by the Linux kernel's libertas driver. Firmware is required, see http://wiki.debian.org/libertas for more information. The <88W8335> chipset is not supported by the libertas driver.
C: 2010-06-19
<reply>/dev/rfkill is the Linux rfkill (radio frequency <killswitch>) device interface, available since Linux 2.6.31. It is used to enable and disable wireless networking devices (e.g. wireless LAN, Bluetooth, WiMAX). The rfkill userspace tool for accessing this interface is in the rfkill package. http://wireless.kernel.org/en/users/Documentation/rfkill
C: 2008-03-17
the old fashioned way of describing terminal capabilities, not used by Debian since <sarge>. If you want to compile a program that claims to need termcap, try the ncurses termcap emulation instead. It's as simple as linking with ncurses instead of libtermcap (i.e. replace the '-ltermcap' with '-lncurses' in the makefile) and /etc/termcap is not required.
M: 2013-10-03
<reply>X2Go is an open source terminal server project using the NX protocol (not compatible with other NX servers and clients). The Qt-based X2Go client is packaged as x2goclient, the X2Go server is currently not packaged (bug #465821). Packages from third-party repositories are not supported in #debian. http://wiki.x2go.org/ #x2go on irc.freenode.org.
xdg variables
C: 2013-09-25
<reply> The freedesktop.org specifications for interoperability (<xdg>) have a set of standard directories for storing user configuration (XDG_CONFIG_HOME=~/.config), data ($XDG_DATA_HOME=~/.local/share), cache ($XDG_CACHE_HOME=~/.cache), sockets and pipes ($XDG_RUNTIME_DIR). http://standards.freedesktop.org/basedir-spec/basedir-spec-latest.html#variables
M: 2009-01-19
<reply>The Marvell Libertas 88W8335 SoftMAC PCI chipset is not supported by any native Linux kernel driver. Known devices: Digitus Network DN-7001G-MV (rev 3), Encore ENLWI-G (with PCI ID 11ab:1faa), Linksys WPC54G v5, Netgear WG311v3, Netgear WG511v2, TRENDware TEW-423PI (versions B1 and B1.1R). For support of these devices, ask me about <ndiswrapper>.
C: 2004-06-11
<reply>One day, Kn00bie joined #debian, and asked, "Tell me, is it proper to ask first whether one should ask a question, or do ye not require such things?" One of the masters raised his hand, and a towering bot descended from the heavens and knocked Kn00bie to the ground, leaving a large wet spot. Lying there, head spinning, Kn00bie became Enlightened.
C: 1999-12-30
<reply> ACHTUNG! ALLES LOOKENSPEEPERS! Das computermachine ist nicht fuer gefingerpoken und mittengrabben. Ist easy schnappen der springenwerk, blowenfusen und poppencorken mitspitzensparken. Ist nicht fuer gewerken bei das dumpkopfen. Das rubbernecken sichtseeren keepen das cotten-pickenen hans in das pockets muss; relaxen und wachten das blinkenlichten.
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> http://www.eff.org/coop-awards/ The EFF is giving away money to encourage cooperative computing. They're offering $50,000 USD for the discovery of a million-digit prime number, and GIMPS has already determined there are no more mersenne primes less than a million digits in length. Join GIMPS with the mprime program for a shot at the prize money.
define hacker
C: 2001-08-07
<action> - "HACKER" noun 1. A person who enjoys learning the details of computer systems and how to stretch their capabilities - as opposed to most users of computers, who prefer to learn only the minimum amount necessary. 2. One who programs enthusiastically or who enjoys programming rather than just theorizing about programming. - The Hackers Dictionary
dmm list
M: 2012-02-29
<reply>To list all packages you have installed from deb-multimedia.org: aptitude search '?narrow(?version(CURRENT),?origin(Unofficial Multimedia Packages))' --disable-columns -F%p. Note: apt must know about the origin repository for this to work (i.e. you have a 'deb' line for it in sources.list and 'apt-get update' has been run). See also <which repo>.
C: 2001-06-10
a free alternative to <CDDB>. the evil folks over at cddb decided that even though the software was gpl'ed , the user submitted data wasnt, so they cut off everyone's access unless they signed an exclusive agreement with cddb. freedb was spawned to solve this problem, and works with most programs which can use cddb. see freedb.org for more information.
gcc transition
M: 2015-08-02
<reply>One of the biggest transitions ever undertaken in Debian: new versions of libstdc++/gcc require over 3000 source packages to be recompiled. Don't expect packages in sid to be installable; use testing instead. https://release.debian.org/transitions/html/libstdc++6.html (and if you didn't already know this, ask yourself if you should be using sid).
C: 2014-01-20
<reply>You can use the bot <judd> to work out what package contains a file in any release on any architecture. For example: «/msg judd file bin/startx» «/msg judd file man/*/startx*» «/msg judd file bin/ls --release sid». For more information, «/msg judd help file» or see http://ircbots.debian.net/judd/ . Also ask me about <apt-file> <dlocate>.
M: 2009-08-05
<reply> Use 'dpkg-reconfigure locales' to get it up and running. This generates <locale> definitions and also edits /etc/default/locale which sets the $LANG environment variable at login time. Use "LANG=C command" to change the output language for a one off command, ask me about <localised errors>. See also <mac locales>. http://wiki.debian.org/Locale
C: 2009-01-05
<reply>-<-Freenode-staff-member->- [Global Notice] Hi all, terribly sorry to bother you again but regardless of how much hairdye I go through, I can't get away from being blonde. Needless to say, my previous global resulted in inadvertedly ddosing the machine hosting the blog and website. Please try again later and for now, call me Homer and watch me Doh!
C: 2010-02-07
<reply>Ricoh R5U87x UVC-compliant webcam chipsets are supported by the <uvcvideo> driver (Windows Driver Model (WDM) devices not supported). Most devices require firmware/microcode to be loaded; r5u87x userspace tools are not yet available in Debian (RFP in bug #563081). Supported devices: http://bitbucket.org/ahixon/r5u87x/src/tip/docs/model_matrix.txt
M: 2004-08-24
<reply>SASL (Simple Authentication and Security Layer) is an extensible authentication method defined in RFC 2222. SASL allows for the use of various mechanisms for authentication, which are registered with the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). Or a stupid, evil and poorly documented (but necessary) system for SMTP AUTH. See also <saslauthd>.
M: 2013-05-01
<reply>SETI@home is a volunteer grid computing project for analyzing radio telescope data. The SETI@home BOINC client is packaged for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" as boinc-app-seti, availability is intended for Debian 7 "Wheezy" via wheezy-backports following its release. http://wiki.debian.org/BOINC http://setiathome.berkeley.edu/ #boinc on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2001-03-11
the idea that your computer spits out radiation all the time, just by existing, and that other people can pick up that radiation with a radio and see exactly what your computer is doing; see http://www.eskimo.com/~joelm/tempest.html, or to see how a TEMPEST attack might work first-hand, grab your shortwave AM radio and go to http://www.erikyyy.de/tempest/
M: 2005-10-23
probably what you should do to your Windows(tm) box, or what you should do to your MacOS box, or what you should do to your LinuxPPC box, or what you should do to your RedHat box, or what you should do to your Mandrake box, or what you should do to your SuSE box || apparently what Windows users call "mke2fs""fdisk" or both, or on floppies use superformat
M: 2010-05-02
<reply> <GNOME> Display Manager (GDM) is a <display manager> based on <xdm>, but with no original xdm code. Written with looks (and security) in mind. It uses ~/.gnomerc instead of ~/.xsession. http://wiki.debian.org/GDM http://projects.gnome.org/gdm #gdm on irc.gimp.org. Not to be confused with the General Purpose Mouse (GPM) interface, see <gpm>.
M: 2016-08-24
a fast and reliable open source relational database implementing a large subset of SQL. It is the world's most popular open source database. To install, ask me about <install mysql>. http://wiki.debian.org/MySql http://mysql.com/ #mysql on irc.freenode.net, #debian-mysql on irc.oftc.net. See also <mysql test>, <mysql squeeze>, <mysql checking>, <mariadb>
no: simple
C: 2004-04-18
an acronym for Sheer Idiot's Mono-purpose Programming Linguistic Environment. This language, developed at the Hanover College for Technological Misfits, was designed to make it impossible to write code with errors in it. The statements are therefore confined to BEGIN, END, and STOP. No matter how you arrange the statements, you can't make a syntax error.
M: 2011-01-26
<reply>OpenVZ provides OS-level <virtualization>, creating isolated and secure virtual private servers on a single physical server. Deprecated in Debian (bug #574529) and not supported for the Debian 7 "Wheezy" release; ask me about <lxc>, <kvm>, <xen> for alternatives. http://wiki.debian.org/OpenVz http://www.openvz.org/ #openvz on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2014-07-08
<reply>PowerDNS is a DNS server supporting a large number of different backends (e.g. BIND zone files, relational databases, LDAP). The authoritative server is packaged as pdns-server, the resolving DNS server is packaged as pdns-recursor. https://www.powerdns.com/ http://wiki.powerdns.com/ #powerdns on irc.oftc.net. Not to be confused with <pdnsd>.
rtl8192u firmware
M: 2010-08-04
<reply>Firmware for Realtek <RTL8192U>-based devices (not currently packaged, Debian bug #588142) can be acquired from the archive at ftp://ftp2.dlink.com/PRODUCTS/DWA-130/REVC/DWA-130_REVC_DRIVERS_0.06_LINUX.ZIP. Extract its contents and place rtl8192u_linux_26.0003.0902.2008/firmware/RTL8192U/*img within the /usr/local/lib/firmware/RTL8192U directory.
M: 2017-07-01
<reply>On Deian 9 "Stretch" systems, there are two repositories that you should have in your sources.list aside from your main mirror. You should have an entry for "stretch/updates" which is security updates (ask me about <security>) and also an entry for "stretch-updates" which is other updated packages (see <jessie-updates>). See also <sources.list>.
various cd1 stretch
C: 2017-04-28
<reply> From Debian 9 "Stretch" onwards, Debian will no longer create lots of different CD1 images for each different desktop environment. There is a CD1 that contains Xfce and DVD1 that contains lots of different environments. The <netinst> is probably still the most popular image. Also ask me about <firmware images>, <release notes>, <ig>, <setup.exe>.
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>The ASUS WL-167G is an 802.11g (802.11n at v3) USB wireless LAN device. For support of version 1 (USB IDs 0b05:1706 and 0b05:1707, Ralink RT2571 chipset), ask me about <rt2500usb>. For version 2 (USB ID 0b05:1723, Ralink RT2571W chipset), ask me about <rt73usb>. For version 3 (USB ID 0b05:1791, Realtek RTL8188SU chipset), ask me about <r8712u>.
M: 2012-02-11
<reply>at76c50x-usb is the mac80211 port of the at76_usb driver, supporting Atmel-based USB 802.11b wireless LAN devices. Part of the Linux kernel since version 2.6.30. Firmware is required, ask me about <non-free sources> and install the atmel-firmware package to provide. This driver currently does not support <WPA>. http://wiki.debian.org/at76_usb
backport caveat
M: 2008-11-17
<reply>Remember that in installing backports, you will be using an unusual configuration of packages that has not been tested as thoroughly as Debian stable and that newer packages have both newer features and newer bugs. Ask me about <version chasing>. Also note that you can't rely on backports to be patched quickly if vulnerabilities are discovered.
C: 2008-11-22
Ubuntu page on the differences: http://www.ubuntu.com/community/ubuntustory/Debian discussion from 2007: http://ubuntuforums.org/archive/index.php/t-553987.html - a bit outdated: http://polishlinux.org/choose/comparison/?distro1=Ubuntu&distro2=Debian and http://madduck.net/blog/2006.05.24:ubuntu-and-debian/ (on conflicting views between the communities)
C: 2013-07-15
<reply>edid_disable_exts is a utility to modify a binary <EDID> file. It removes all EDID extension blocks by default, but can remove just audio information and the HDMI identifier (--to-dvi). The modified EDID can be supplied to Xorg display drivers to workaround rendering issues or disable HDMI audio. http://analogbit.com/software/edid_disable_exts
M: 2010-02-16
<reply>Gnash is the GNU <Flash> movie player, developed from GPLFlash and part of the GNU project. The project aims to create a free software player and browser plugin. The browser plugins are packaged for Debian as browser-plugin-gnash (for Iceweasel/Firefox) and konqueror-plugin-gnash. http://www.gnu.org/software/gnash/ #gnash on irc.freenode.net.
grub2 badram
C: 2010-07-03
<reply>BadRAM filtering (i.e. declaring memory regions as bad) is available in GNU GRUB 2 since grub2 1.98+20100702-1. No kernel patch is required for Linux systems. To use, edit /etc/default/grub, uncomment the GRUB_BADRAM parameter and include the required patterns; the <memtest86> and memtest86+ utilities can determine the patterns for your system.
M: 2010-09-10
<reply>[iptables] The user-space process used to administer iptables kernel parts on top of netfilter. Ask me about <netfilter docs>. For a proper Debian-way of setting up iptables, see http://wiki.debian.org/iptables or ask me about <iptables-restore>. http://netfilter.org/ #netfilter on irc.freenode.net. See also <ferm>, <lartc>, <masq>, <ulogd>.
M: 2010-10-15
<reply>ISDN4Linux is a set of Linux kernel drivers providing support for ISDN hardware. Considered legacy since Linux 2.6.0, most drivers are not SMP-safe. Disabled in Debian kernel images at linux-2.6 2.6.32-16, re-enabled as of linux-2.6 2.6.32-25; now marked as staging (see Debian bug #588551). http://www.isdn4linux.de/ Also ask me about <misdn>.
M: 2010-04-06
<reply>The "HP NC375i Integrated Quad Port Multifunction Gigabit Server Adapter" is a NetXen NX3031-based PCIe NIC (PCI ID 4040:0100), found in the HP <ProLiant> DL370 G6 and ML350 G6 systems. Supported by the <netxen_nic> driver in Linux 2.6.27 and later, userspace firmware (nx3fwmn.bin, nx3fwct.bin, nxromimg.bin) is not required for device operation.
C: 2011-03-22
<reply>Oracle Cluster File System (OCFS) is a shared/clustered file system developed by Oracle Corporation. OCFS version 2 is part of the mainline Linux kernel since version 2.6.16, tools to manage OCFS2 file systems are packaged for Debian in ocfs2-tools. http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/filesystems/ocfs2.txt http://oss.oracle.com/projects/ocfs2/
remove systemd
M: 2015-05-01
<reply>To use an init system other than systemd in jessie, install the systemd-shim package (for logind) and remove the systemd-sysv package: aptitude install systemd-shim sysvinit-core systemd-sysv-. To stick with sysvinit for wheezy->jessie upgrades, follow the pinning advice in the release notes: http://deb.li/30Kby - See also <upstart> and <openrc>
M: 2011-03-03
<reply>To list uninstalled recommended packages: aptitude search '~RBrecommends:~i!~i'; upgradeable packages: aptitude search '~U'; manually installed packages: aptitude search '~i!~M'; See also <obsolete> <not available> <bdo list> <dmm list> <which repo> <aptitude clone> <sort by size> <aptitude why> <aptitude search> <aptitude ops> <aptitude states>
M: 2013-05-20
<reply>The Broadcom NetXtreme BCM57766 Gigabit PCIe Ethernet controller (PCI ID 14e4:1686) is supported by the <tg3> driver since Linux 3.3. Service patch firmware for the boot code (tigon/tg357766.bin) is required for support of Energy-Efficient Ethernet on BCM57766 devices without NVRAM; this is packaged for Debian since firmware-linux-nonfree 0.39.
M: 2009-02-27
<reply>A dependency is a package needed by another package. Dependencies are pointed out by dpkg. Dependencies are resolved by apt-get/aptitude/synaptic. Packages are listed as dependencies for a good reason... if you think you don't need that package, then most likely you don't know what "dependency" means. Go look it up and ask me about <policy>.
dope wars
C: 2006-04-26
a turn-based strategy computer game in which the player simulates the role of a drug dealer. The game's objective is to eliminate all competitors and build a monopoly on illegal narcotics. Dope Wars is loosely based on another computer game, Drug Wars. You get bitches, chased by cops, and sell lots of drugs this is a good game. apt-get install dopewars
M: 2008-05-15
Enhanced Metafile, a vector file format and an enhanced version of Microsofts wmf format. It is probably your best bet to get vector graphics from Linux programs into a Windows application. Under linux, applications (gnuplot, grace, pstoedit) can use it using the libemf library, which is not yet (June 2008) in Debian. See http://libemf.sourceforge.net/
iceweasel wheezy-backports
C: 2013-01-14
<reply>Until iceweasel is available in wheezy, you will need to use iceweasel from experimental if you want a newer iceweasel than the <esr> release 10. Add deb lines for both sid and experimental to your sources.list and pin sid at a sufficiently low priority (ask me about <tum>). aptitude install -t experimental libnss3/sid libnss3-1d/sid iceweasel
install xfce
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>To install <Xfce> on established systems, ask me about <install x>, then: «apt-get install xfce4 xfce4-goodies». To install using Debian-Installer (if not using Xfce CD-1): from the 'Software selection' dialog, choose "Xfce" (use space bar to toggle selections), then "Continue"; an Internet connection may be required to obtain these packages.
M: 2015-03-21
<reply>On Debian 8 "Jessie" systems, there are two repositories that you should have in your sources.list aside from your main mirror. You should have an entry for "jessie/updates" which is security updates (ask me about <security>) and also an entry for "jessie-updates" which is other updated packages (see <jessie-updates>). See also <sources.list>.
M: 2010-06-19
<reply> Many wireless drivers (including the ipw* and iwl* drivers) will complain about the kill switch. This is either a keystroke (like Fn+F2) or a physical switch that you need to toggle to turn the radio on. When the kill switch is on, the radio is off (odd way of expressing things, isn't it?) and your network card won't work. See also <rfkill>.
M: 2010-02-17
<reply>OpenSSH (OpenBSD Secure Shell, http://www.openssh.com/) is a free implementation of the Secure Shell (<SSH>) protocol. Packaged for Debian as openssh-server and openssh-client (install the ssh <metapackage> for both). SSH protocol 1 is disabled by default as of openssh 1:5.4p1-1. "Getting started with SSH": http://kimmo.suominen.com/docs/ssh/
pdf conversion
M: 2011-01-25
pdf2ps to go to postscript and from there via pstoedit to a lot of different formats, or pdf2svg to convert directly to svg, or open/save the pdf with kword, pdftext to extract plaintext, pdfimages to extract images, also have a look at pdf2html, pdftohtml, pdftoipe, pdfedit, pdftk and pdftools, or flpsed to add text to pdf/postscript, or <pdf writer>
php4 security
M: 2009-10-12
<reply>PHP4 security is pretty poor, judging by their track record. Note that since PHP4 was abandoned by upstream (PHP5 was released some years ago after all!), it has been removed from Debian for 5.0 "Lenny" onwards. If an application still hasn't been updated to work with PHP5, then you probably don't want to use it anyway. See also <php4->php5>.
M: 2014-02-27
<reply>The <Samba> Web Administration Tool (SWAT) allows administration of a Samba server via a web browser. SWAT is no longer actively maintained, its default configuration is not secure for use over an untrusted network, and is not suitable for use in conjunction with hand-edited smb.conf files. Upstream support for SWAT was removed at Samba 4.1.0.
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> To have X source your .bash_profile or other startup files, here's whatt you do: add a line like ". ~/.bash_profile" or whatever to /etc/environment. Then xdm and xinit both will source /etc/Xsession at startup, it has a line in IT, that sources /etc/environment, and if you add the line to source ~/.bash_profile to /etc/environment, then ouila!
M: 2015-08-18
<reply>Advanced Packaging Tool (APT) is a package management system used by Debian and its derivatives. APT is a C++ library of functions that are used by several command line programs for dealing with packages, notably apt-get, apt-cache, and aptitude and, from Debian 8 "Jessie" onwards, apt. See also <aptitude> <apt-get>, <apt-cache>, <apt myths>.
M: 2011-02-05
<reply>[bf] Boot floppies are Debian-Installer images written to floppy disks, then used to install a Debian system. These were last made available for the 4.0 "Etch" release, see <etch floppies>. From the <lenny errata>: "Due to an increase in the size of the Linux kernel, we are unable to provide installation images for installs from floppy disk."
M: 2003-02-16
a Vic, to be kicked, or proud to be a Melbournian, or an apt-obsessive, or an l33t debian whore, or tainted. a menace to society. the code slut from down under who is responsible for the pile of steaming excrement that is know as kopete, or a luv committee member, and the xfree86 4.3 bitch for debian, and the sinkbitch. proud of his insanity/stupidity
dno soapbox
C: 2006-03-27
a raised, improvised platform on which one stands to make an impromptu speech, often about a political subject. Alternately, the word may be used to describe the box that soap comes in. The term is also used metaphorically to describe a person engaging in often flamboyant impromptu or nonofficial public speaking, as the phrase "He is on his soapbox."
M: 2006-03-27
http://elks.sf.net/ and is the Embeddable Linux Kernel Subset, a project to build a small kernel subset of Linux (which will provide more or less UNIX V7 functionality within the kernel) that can run on machines with limited processor and memory resources. The initial proposed targets are the Intel 8086 and eventually the 286's 16-bit protected mode.
C: 2010-03-03
<reply>Guadalinex is a distribution promoted by the government of the Spanish province of Andalusia. It is either based on Debian or Ubuntu depending on which of their web pages you read, but as it's not Debian, it is not supported in #debian. See http://www.guadalinex.org/ or #guadalinex on irc.freenode.net for support. See also <based on debian>.
M: 2011-02-21
<reply>Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) is a full <virtualization> solution for Linux hosts on x86 hardware with x86 guests. Packaged as qemu-kvm since Debian 6.0 "Squeeze". See http://wiki.debian.org/KVM for installation instructions, also ask me about <xve>. http://www.linux-kvm.org/page/FAQ http://www.linux-kvm.org/ #kvm on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2001-11-01
a file that you get from YOUR kernel headers. Usually this means "apt-get install kernel-headers-`uname -r`" but use your common sense here. If you're building your own kernels, then modversions.h is created in your source tree after you configure the kernel (with CONFIG_MODVERSIONS=y). Or make-kpkg --revision=custom.foo kernel_image kernel_headers
M: 2016-02-07
<reply>If you can provide us with a *minimal* working example of something that doesn't work, then we have a much better chance of being able figure out what is wrong. A few lines of bash/perl/python/latex/etc in a <pastebin> makes it much easier for us to understand and investigate the situation. You might need to include sample input and output too.
C: 2009-05-04
<reply> If someone is helping you, and they ask some questions to clarify what it is you are trying to do, keep in mind they may also have other things to do, so if they ask something, try to respond to them within a short period of time. If it's going to take you a minute to find out what they asked, then let them know before you go off finding out.
M: 2006-03-27
a raised, improvised platform on which one stands to make an impromptu speech, often about a political subject. Alternately, the word may be used to describe the box that soap comes in. The term is also used metaphorically to describe a person engaging in often flamboyant impromptu or nonofficial public speaking, as the phrase "He is on his soapbox."
why not sav
C: 2007-09-28
<reply> http://www.postfix.org/ADDRESS_VERIFICATION_README.html#limitations , http://taint.org/2007/03/16/134743a.html , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Callback_verification#Limitations , http://www.spamresource.com/2007/01/whatever-happened-to-vrfy.html , http://www.onlymyemail.com/blog/?p=21 , http://www.circleid.com/posts/sender_address_verification/
M: 2014-12-11
<reply>The AirLive WN-200USB (USB ID 1b75:a200, Ralink RT3070 chip) is an 802.11n wireless LAN adapter produced by OvisLink. Supported by the <rt2800usb> driver since Linux 3.18 and in Debian Linux kernel images since linux 3.16.7-1 (bug #766802). For device support on Debian 7 "Wheezy" systems, ask me about <ralink firmware> and <WN-200USB new_id>.
C: 2015-01-10
<reply>Debian 7.8 was released on January 10, 2015. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2015/20150110 and http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/wheezy/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>. See also <7.8 suspend>.
armel vs armhf
C: 2012-09-30
<reply>Debian supports two different architectures of ARM processor: <armel> supports processes like the Sheeva/Guru/DreamPlug and Raspberry Pi, while <armhf> supports newer chips. See /proc/cpuinfo for the exact details of your hardware. If «readelf -A /path/to/binary | grep Tag_ABI_VFP» returns anything, then the binary is for armhf, not armel.
aspect ratio
C: 1970-01-01
This is the ratio of the width by the height on a monitor or television screen. Most TVs and monitors have a 4 x 3 aspect ratio. The screens are 4 units wide and 3 units high. A movie screen has an aspect ratio of 16 x 9 (about 5 x 3) and that's why we have letter-boxed movies. HDTV screens will also have a 16 x 9 aspect ratio, if they ever come out.
M: 2002-12-26
a circus performer who bites heads off of nevyns, or a chicken who performs the circus off of byte headers, or what GenericBoy is, and most other people in this channel, if they wish to be so called, or substract the sum of all boyfriends/girlfriends you have had from the number of computers you've ever owned. if the number is positive you're a geek.
M: 2009-06-30
<reply>HSF is a pure software modem chipset family produced by Conexant (formerly Rockwell). Free - limited to 14.4Kbps data - and non-free drivers for HSF-based devices are available from Linuxant: http://www.linuxant.com/drivers/hsf/ (not packaged in Debian). A driver license from Linuxant is required for fax support. See also <hcf>, <winmodem>.
M: 2013-05-16
<reply>To test a computer's memory subsystem for faults, use either: memtest86 / memtest86+ (thorough real-mode testers) or memtester (userspace utility), all packaged for Debian. memtest86+ is included in <debian live> CD/DVD images. http://www.memtest86.com/ http://www.memtest.org/ http://pyropus.ca/software/memtester/ See also <grub2 badram>.
M: 2002-04-26
<reply> are the POSIX implemention of threads. A multithreaded program has several lines of execution sharing the same address space. To learn about how to use pthreads, see http://mas.cs.umass.edu/~wagner/threads_html/tutorial.html, or install glibc-doc then check out /usr/share/doc/glibc-doc/html/chapters_34.html, which is an overview of pthreads
C: 2011-11-21
<reply>The RocketRAID 2320 SATA 3GB/s Host Adapter (PCI ID 1103:2320) has no open source driver available, see http://linuxdriverproject.org/mediawiki/index.php/Drivers_Needed#SATA_controllers . The proprietary vendor driver is available from http://www.highpoint-tech.cn/BIOS_Driver/rr232x/Linux/new%20format/rr232x-linux-src-v1.10-090716-0928.tar.gz
C: 2008-01-18
a way or running a directory full of scripts and is used on your /etc/cron.(daily,hourly,weekly) directories. Note that run-parts is picky about the names of the scripts and will silently ignore filenames that it doesn't like, in particular, run-parts ignores files with "." in them. See "man 8 run-parts" for more details. Also ask me about <cron>.
C: 2008-02-21
<reply>Swap is RAM you wish you had. Generally it is said that for low amounts of RAM (say, less than 2GB), you should have twice the RAM as swap. You don't have to have a swap partition either, as you can always create a <swap file> and use that. See also <am i swapping>. http://wiki.debian.org/Swap http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swap_space#Linux
why systemd
M: 2014-08-28
<reply>a tired argument. Start by reading rra's excellent analysis at https://lists.debian.org/debian-ctte/2013/12/msg00234.html Support for other init systems (sysvinit) is still present in Debian 8. systemd-shim allows userspace requiring some systemd APIs to work without it. See <jessie sysvinit> if you have to delay or wish to avoid using it.
M: 2011-05-11
<reply>XAMPP for Linux (formerly LAMPP) is a way of installing lots of software that is already packaged for Debian. Don't use XAMPP, instead use aptitude install apache2 php5 libapache2-mod-php5 php5-mysql mysql-server gettext perl libapache2-mod-perl2 sqlite webalizer mcrypt expat proftpd libpng3 libjpeg62 ... actually, just ask me about <search>.
C: 2003-07-22
The Adamantix project aims to create a highly secure but usable Linux platform. To accomplish this, the project will use currently available security solutions for Linux (like kernel patches, compiler patches, security related programs and techniques) and knit these together to a highly secure Linux platform. http://www.adamantix.org - warren norrix
M: 2013-11-21
<reply>build-deps are the packages you need to compile a package. "aptitude build-dep package-you-want-to-build" will install them, or use mk-build-deps (equivs package) to have undo-able build-dep installation. If using <uupdate> or <ssb> to update a package, you will likely need additional -dev packages. You can «/msg judd builddeps package».
C: 1970-01-01
a usenet news group for all ideology surrounding the ideas of copyright, licensing, and patent issues, and intellectual property issues in general. Have a look some time and check it out. Or if you have acces to email, have a look at the mailto:gnu-misc-discuss@gnu.org mailing list, which "mirrors" the usenet content. Ask apt about gnu-misc-discuss.
M: 2010-04-08
<reply>grep (global / regular expression / print) is a command line text search utility. It searches one or more input files for lines containing a match to a specified pattern, printing the matching lines by default. http://www.gnu.org/software/grep/manual/ http://www.gnu.org/software/grep/ (GNU grep, egrep and fgrep) #grep on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2005-04-20
<reply> The following comment is found in linux/fs/pipe.c /* pipefs should _never_ be mounted by userland - too much of security hassle, no real gain from having the whole whorehouse mounted. So we don't need any operations on the root directory. However, we need a non-trivial d_name - pipe: will go nicely and kill the special-casing in procfs. */
M: 2011-11-06
<reply>If your legacy x86-32 (i386) system does not power off after shutdown, add the kernel command line option acpi=off to your bootloader, then supply the power_off=1 option to the apm module (e.g. «echo options apm power_off=1 >> /etc/modprobe.d/local.conf && echo apm >> /etc/modules»). See https://bugs.debian.org/390547 for more information.
M: 2006-07-14
the PRCTL vulnerability in many 2.6 kernels has been fixed in debian. Info here: http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/18874/info Sarge users with backports: apt-get update and install the latest linux-source|image-2.6.16 as it has been patched (bpo2). A quick fix: echo 0 >/proc/sys/kernel/core_uses_pid && echo /dev/null >/proc/sys/kernel/core_pattern
screen window list
M: 2004-07-18
add 'hardstatus lastline "%-Lw%{= BW}%50>%n%f* %t%{-}%+Lw%<" ' to screenrc; only takes effect if you're not displaying status to the xterm title, or caption always "%?%F%{.KW}%:%{.wk}%3n %t%{= ww}%? %-Lw%?%F%{+b}%:%{= ww}%?%n%f* %t%{-}%+Lw%<" window list on focused region, number and title on regions without focus. see STRING ESCAPES in man screen
M: 2014-10-06
<reply> ssh-agent is a tool that will remember the passphrase for an ssh secret key for you during a session. ssh-agent is run as a daemon (often by e.g. gnome at login). All shells using it must know about it via the variables SSH_AGENT_PID and SSH_AUTH_SOCK. You will have to add ssh-identities it should remember with e.g. ssh-add ~/.ssh/myidentity
C: 2001-10-30
cmd: otsmite (.*?)
C: 2009-02-09
($1): <action> Talks to $1 about his family, shows him the pictures of his toddler, then about his last vacation, then tells $1 at *length* about his medical history , specially about that itch he got close to the unmentionables just to then go over to the topic of his last visit with the doctor and the scrofula of the guy sitting JUST too close...
M: 2010-05-17
<reply>Rather than having a long set of diffs containing the changelog and any Debian-specific patches to a package in a <diff.gz>, source packages may have a <debian.tar.gz> file instead. See http://wiki.debian.org/Projects/DebSrc3.0 for more information on how to work with the 3.0 source format. See also <policy> <nmg> <source package> <quilt>.
C: 2000-11-26
a set of programs and configuration practices designed to facilitate the building of network firewalls. Components of the toolkit, while designed to work together, can be used in isolation or can be combined with other firewall components. The toolkit software is designed to run on UNIX systems using TCP/IP with a Berkeley-style "socket" interface.
install debian
M: 2014-05-12
<reply>There are a myriad of different ways to install Debian. See http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/debian-installer for a list of images and ask me about <netinst>, <various cd1> and <firmware images>. See also <install guide> and <d-i> for detailed instructions. (If you've never installed Debian before, you should read the install guide.)
M: 2016-06-05
<reply>Debian Long Term Support (LTS) is a project to extend the lifetime of all Debian stable releases to (at least) 5 years. Debian LTS is not handled by the Debian security team, but by a separate group of volunteers and companies. Ask me about <wheezy-lts> and see https://wiki.debian.org/LTS for more information. #debian-lts on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2008-06-14
<reply>Luhar, son of Mogar, son of Wintar, daughter of Gabar, bastard of Dibar. It is rumored that Luhar's great-great-great-(*20) grandson, Rahul son of none, uses Lindows. a folk pakistani/indian singer with huge iron tongs and he plays it like an instrument. Also it is an iron smith. Luhar is rahul backwards. rahul backwards is ... fifty bucks
M: 2009-05-11
<reply>The Master Boot Record (MBR) is the first bit of code loaded from the hard drive when a PC boots. To install a clean MBR (e.g. to get rid of LILO within the MBR) from Linux "install-mbr /dev/hda"; from DOS one can run "fdisk /mbr", or ask me about <fixmbr>. See http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/howto-copy-mbr/ for guidelines on copying the MBR.
M: 2010-02-14
<reply> Nagios (formerly NetSaint) is a popular open source computer system and network monitoring application. It watches hosts and services that you specify, alerting you when things go bad and again when they get better. Packaged for Debian as nagios3. http://wiki.debian.org/PkgNagios http://www.nagios.org/faqs/ #nagios on irc.freenode.net.
postgresql backports
C: 2012-12-07
<reply>The Debian PostgreSQL maintainers make backports (and forward ports) of all supported versions of PostgreSQL for all supported versions of Debian (and some Ubuntu releases). They also provide many PostgreSQL extension packages. See http://wiki.postgresql.org/wiki/Apt or http://www.df7cb.de/blog/2012/apt.postgresql.org.html for information.
M: 2015-04-29
<reply>For support of Realtek 802.11n/802.11ac PCIe devices, ask me about <rtl8192ce>, <rtl8192de>, <rtl8192e>, <rtl8192se>, <rtl8723ae>, <rtl8188ee>, <rtl8723be>. For support of Realtek 802.11n USB devices, ask me about <rtl8192cu>, <r8712u>, <rtl8192u>, <r8723au>, <rtl8188eu>, <rtl8821ae>, <r8192ee>, <rtl8723bs>. https://wiki.debian.org/rtl819x
rtl8723bs install
M: 2015-09-12
<reply>For Debian 8 "Jessie" systems, requires Linux 3.19 or later (ask me about <bdo kernel>). «apt-get install build-essential git && apt-get -t jessie-backports install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` && git clone https://github.com/hadess/rtl8723bs.git && cd rtl8723bs && make && make install && depmod -a && modprobe r8723bs».
M: 2002-05-25
when someone just starts throwing out facts about something that no one else is talking about just to take up lines on peoples screens. a way to make yourself feel better about yourself by typing facts in a chat room without being prompted by a question. what wannabe professors do to make themselves feel importent, meenwhile annoying the rest of us
M: 2011-08-13
<reply>The GigaFast WF721-AEX is an 802.11b PCMCIA device. For version A* support (Atmel AT76C502A, FCC ID IIO-0236WLPC), ask me about <atmel_cs>. For version R* support (Realtek RTL8180L, PCI ID 10ec:8180, FCC ID PANWL1102), ask me about <rtl818x>. For version T* support (Texas Instruments ACX100, PCI ID 104c:8400), ask me about <acx-mac80211>.
C: 2013-06-02
<reply>In Debian, web servers normally run as the "www-data" user. Web content should not be owned by this user, or a compromised web server would be able to rewrite a web site. Data written out by web servers will be owned by www-data. See /usr/share/doc/base-passwd/users-and-groups.txt.gz and http://webapps-common.alioth.debian.org/draft/html/
M: 2011-06-25
<reply>Debian 6.0.2 was released on June 25th, 2011. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at http://www.debian.org/News/2011/20110625 and http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/squeeze/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>. See also <>.
M: 2013-04-30
<reply>The Broadcom BCM4322 (PCI IDs 14e4:432b, 14e4:432c, 14e4:432d) - incorrectly identified as BCM432B, BCM432C or BCM432D by Broadcom's proprietary driver - is a draft 802.11n wireless LAN chip. Supported by the <b43> driver since Linux 2.6.38. Alternatively supported by the <wl> driver. Not to be confused with the <bcm43224> or <bcm43225>.
M: 2013-04-15
<reply>"britney" (now replaced by "britney2") is the script that the release team uses to work out which packages can and should migrate from unstable to testing. Britney was once part of a suite of scripts know as the <girls> that kept Debian running. See http://anonscm.debian.org/gitweb/?p=mirror/britney2.git for details or ask me about <dak>.
M: 2009-12-31
<reply>cdrtools (formerly cdrecord) is a collection of Open Source programs that include many features for CD and DVD authoring. The Debian project considers the current cdrtools version illegal to distribute (see Debian bug #377109), so cdrtools is replaced by <cdrkit> starting from Debian 4.0 "Etch". See also <cdrecord>, <cdda2wav>, <mkisofs>.
M: 2012-03-29
a small linux distribution that is designed for firewalls based on ipcop/smoothwall/rhel. Commercial support is available from http://www.endian.com/ and community support at http://www.endian.com/en/community/get-help/support-forums/ . The endian distribution is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. See also <big endian> <little endian>.
M: 2010-04-19
<reply>equivs is a package that enables you to create dummy packages that tell <apt> you really have installed (through some other means) the package. aptitude install equivs, and read /usr/share/doc/equivs/*, see also <usrlocal>. A better plan is often to adapt the Debian packages to your needs, ask me about <package recompile> <uupdate> <ssb>.
M: 2009-12-16
<reply>The MA111 "802.11b Wireless USB Adapter" is a device manufactured by Netgear. For support of version 1 (USB ID 0846:4110), ask me about <prism2_usb>; for WPA (WPA1+TKIP) support, ask me about <ndiswrapper> instead. Version 2 (USB ID 0846:4230) contains a SIS 162 chipset, which has no Linux 2.6 driver available; ask me about <ndiswrapper>.
M: 2009-05-07
Santa Cruz Operation, http://www.sco.com/, who failed suing everyone over Linux. The SCO that was doing the suing is actually Caldera, renamed to SCO (The SCO Group). The original SCO (Santa Cruz Operation) went bankrupt years ago and became Tarantella. EFAIL (cruel irony of errno.h), or http://www.groklaw.net/article.php?story=2009050519075131
M: 2011-11-06
<reply>Xeon is a brand of multiprocessing or multi-socket-capable x86 microprocessors from Intel, targeted at the non-consumer server, workstation and embedded system markets. All Xeon models since "Nocona" (NetBurst microarchitecture) and "Woodcrest" (Core microarchitecture) support Intel's x86-64 implementation (Intel 64), ask me about <amd64>.
aptitude actions
M: 2013-11-26
<reply>The action that aptitude wants to perform on a package is: i=install, u=upgrade, d=remove (not conffiles), p=purge (see <purge>), h=on <hold>, F=upgrade forbidden (see <forbid-version>), r=reinstall, B=package will be broken by other actions. See http://aptitude.alioth.debian.org/doc/e