Factoids requested in last 30 days (966 results)

Factoid KeyFactoid Value
guidelines
M: 2005-07-18
<reply> 1) Read the /topic, the FAQ, and google before asking us. 2) Don't ask to ask, just ask. 3) Don't repeat; show that you have tried to help yourself by refining the question. 4) Reading documentation (man/info pages, READMEs) is a worthwhile skill, practice it. 5) Use /msg to talk to the bots (not the people), see <msg>. 6) Be polite and patient. 7) Paste into a <pastebin>, not here. 8) No trolls or spam.
ask
M: 2013-07-11
<reply>If you have a question, just ask! For example: "I have a problem with ___; I'm running Debian version ___. When I try to do ___ I get the following output ___. I expected it to do ___." Don't ask if you can ask, if anyone uses it, or pick one person to ask. We're all volunteers; make it easy for us to help you. If you don't get an answer try a few hours later or on debian-user@lists.debian.org. See <smart questions><errors>.
paste
M: 2012-05-01
<reply> Do not paste more than 2 lines to this channel. Instead, use: http://paste.debian.net/ http://pastie.org/ or http://picpaste.com/ for pics. Use wikisend.com for large files (think tar.gz) up to 100MB. Remember to tell us the URL of your paste! Cannot cut and paste? Ask me about <pastebinit>, <nopaste>, <wgetpaste>.
simple sid backport
M: 2010-11-22
<reply> First, check for a backport on <debian-backports>. If unavailable: 1) Add a deb-src line for sid (not a deb line!); ask me about <deb-src sid> 2) enable debian-backports (see <bdo>) 3) aptitude update; aptitude install build-essential; aptitude build-dep packagename; apt-get -b source packagename; 4) install the resultant debs. To change compilation options, see <package recompile>; for versions newer than sid see <uupdate>.
spanish
M: 2014-10-13
<reply> Este canal es de soporte técnico en Inglés para Debian. Si prefiere que el soporte sea en Español, puede ingresar en #debian-es tecleando /join #debian-es en la línea de chat.
es
M: 2003-09-21
<reply> see spanish
qotd0
M: 2008-04-06
<reply> see qotd(|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|10|11|12|13|14|15|16|17|18|19|20|21|22|23|24|25|26|27|28)(0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9)
nvidia
M: 2013-05-24
<reply>Where possible, Nvidia graphic processing units are supported using the open source <nouveau> driver on Debian systems by default. To install the proprietary "nvidia" driver, see http://wiki.debian.org/NvidiaGraphicsDrivers or ask me about <nvidia dkms>, <nvidia legacy>; installing this directly from nvidia.com (i.e. with <nvidia-installer>) is _not_ supported in #debian, please go to #nvidia on irc.freenode.net.
backports.debian.org
M: 2013-10-23
<reply>backports.debian.org (formerly backports.org) is an official repository of <backports> for the current stable (see <wheezy backports>) and oldstable (<squeeze backports>) distributions, prepared by Debian developers. Ask me about <backport caveat> and read http://backports.debian.org/Instructions/. See also <bdo kernel> <bdo mirrors> <bdo contents> <bdo list> <bdo bugs> <bdo xorg> <bdo NEW>.
cmd: ops (.*?)
C: 2005-08-25
($problem): <reply>Hydroxide, dondelelcaro, LoRez, RichiH, mentor, abrotman, Maulkin, stew, peterS, Myon, Ganneff, weasel, zobel, themill, babilen, SynrG, jm_, somiaj, jelly: $nick complains about: $problem
ssb
M: 2014-03-05
<reply> see simple sid backport
root
M: 2003-06-17
<reply> It has been said that root is the administrative account - only use it when root power is needed. So no reading mail, compiling programs, or running applications as root. And don't even think about irc'ing as root, it increases the danger from exploits and trojans (such as bliss), or see, for example, the security advisory on BitchX http://www.debian.org/security/2003/dsa-306
backport
M: 2009-06-09
<reply>A backport is a package from a newer Debian branch, compiled from source for an older branch to avoid dependency and <ABI> complications. http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch02.en.html (2.7.4 and 2.7.10), http://backports.debian.org/ . Ask me about <debian-backports> and <backport caveat>. See also <simple sid backport>.
pastebin
M: 2008-08-30
<reply> see paste
etch
M: 2010-06-20
<reply>Etch is the codename for Debian GNU/Linux 4.0, released on April 8th, 2007. Etch security support ended on 2010-02-15, this release is no longer supported. Etch users should upgrade to Lenny, ask me about <etch->lenny>. Removed from the mirrors (2010-06-20); ask me about <etch sources.list>. For old Etch ISOs, ask me about <etch iso>. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianEtch http://www.debian.org/News/2010/20100121
backports
M: 2007-09-28
<reply> see backport
ubuntu
M: 2012-04-09
<reply> Ubuntu is based on Debian, but it is not Debian. Only Debian is supported on #debian. Use #ubuntu on chat.freenode.net instead. Even if the channel happens to be less helpful, support for distributions other than Debian is offtopic on #debian. See also <based on debian> and <ubuntuirc>.
ping
M: 2009-05-26
<reply>(Yes, $who, you are online.|Yes, $who you are either online or you are not... http://ars.userfriendly.org/cartoons/?id=20000326|pong|Sorry $who, you're not online.)
squeeze
M: 2014-04-17
<reply> Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" was released on 2011-02-06 and was the <oldstable> release: http://www.debian.org/News/2011/20110205a . Squeeze security support ended on 2014-05-31, but ask me about <squeeze-lts>. Squeeze is the three-eyed space alien. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianSqueeze ; ask me about <install squeeze> <squeeze release notes> <lenny->squeeze>. Currently <6.0.10>. Not to be confused with the <Xfce> archive manager.
lenny
M: 2012-03-26
<reply>Lenny is the codename for Debian GNU/Linux 5.0, released on February 15th, 2009. Lenny security support ended on 2012-02-06, this release is no longer supported. Lenny users should upgrade to Squeeze, ask me about <lenny->squeeze>. Removed from the mirrors (2012-03-25), ask me about <lenny sources.list>. For old Lenny ISOs, ask me about <lenny iso>. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianLenny http://www.debian.org/News/2012/20120209
list
M: 2013-09-06
<reply> $nick: È possibile scaricare un sacco di software libero puntando il tuo browser a http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/multi-arch/iso-cd/debian-7.8.0-amd64-i386-netinst.iso !||<reply>$nick: Debian è un sistema operativo composto da software libero (un concetto distinto da quello di gratis): vedi http://www.debian.org/intro/free.it.html per saperne di più.||<reply>$nick: vedi http://packages.debian.org/
nodm
M: 2011-03-07
<reply>Debian does not use a specific runlevel for graphical display managers by default. Just remove the DM package(s) with "aptitude remove xdm kdm wdm login.app gdm gdm3 pdm slim". "echo false >/etc/X11/default-display-manager" will also disable the DM, or just hit ctrl-alt-fN to get to a console. nodm is the name of a minimal/automatic display manager (http://www.enricozini.org/sw/nodm/).
test
M: 2009-06-21
<reply> Test failed.
search
M: 2009-02-08
<reply>Please search for things rather than just asking, e.g. «apt-cache search regex», or with <aptitude search>. The following ways can locate packages that own a file (installed, or candidate for install): «dpkg -S /bin/foo», <apt-file>, <pdo> (online) and «/msg judd help file» (bot). <search dpkg> for factoids. See http://wiki.debian.org/WhereIsIt and ask me about <bot help>. See also <axi-search> <debtags> <dlocate>.
debian
M: 2003-12-22
http://www.debian.org. See http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/project-history/index.en.html#contents
confmiss
M: 2011-05-10
<reply>You have to especially tell the packaging system to reinstall config files because when they are gone, it is assumed that you want them to stay deleted. "aptitude -o DPkg::Options::='--force-confmiss' reinstall $packagename" will restore them (man dpkg for details). If the package uses <ucf> for config file management, ask me about <ucf confmiss>.
dmm
M: 2012-09-28
<reply>deb-multimedia.org (formerly debian-multimedia.org) is a repository of unofficial packages maintained by Christian Marillat, not in Debian for legal reasons or because the packages are too poor in quality. See http://deb-multimedia.org/ or ask me about <dmm wheezy>, <dmm squeeze>. Remember to include a "non-free" component in your sources.list lines. See also <dmm list>, <dmm mirrors>, <dmm pinning>, <why not dmm>, <dmm remove>.
why aptitude
M: 2010-10-20
<reply> aptitude has more advanced conflict/dependency resolution and will often find a solution where apt-get gives up. It can be used from the command line like apt-get plus an interactive resolver makes it much easier to recover from broken dependencies. It has advanced search capabilities (see <aptitude search>). For some upgrades, apt-get is preferred (e.g. <lenny->squeeze>, <squeeze->wheezy>). http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
mirrors
M: 2005-08-23
<reply> see debian mirrors
alsa-checklist
M: 2012-01-09
<reply>1) add yourself to the 'audio' group (log out & in again) 2) unmute and raise channels w/ alsamixer (also try muting some & toggle jack sense if available) 3) <pulseaudio> or other daemon stopped? 4) speakers on? 5) does "aplay /usr/share/sounds/alsa/Noise.wav" work for root? 6) purge any installed <oss4> packages to remove ALSA blacklist. See also <list alsa users>, <alsa firmware>.
squeeze->wheezy
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>Read chapter 4 ("Upgrades from Debian 6.0") of the <release notes>. In /etc/apt/sources.list, change "squeeze" to "wheezy" (noting that <wheezy-backports> have changed on the mirrors). apt-get update && apt-get upgrade && apt-get dist-upgrade. See also <squeeze->wheezy failures>.
u
M: 2004-11-25
<reply>Damnit Jim! It's YOU. Y-O-U. Not *U*. U is a letter. YOU is a word. See ne1, or wud. Dutch for 'you' (formal singular). See http://ars.userfriendly.org/cartoons/?id=20041201
basic apt-get troubleshooting
M: 2009-05-09
<reply> In order for us to troubleshoot your problem with apt-get, aptitude or dselect we need the following information: The complete output of your apt-get/aptitude/dselect run (including the command you used); the output from apt-cache policy PKG1 PKG2...; for the relevant packages and "apt-cache policy". Use http://paste.debian.net/ to provide us with this information. Also ask me about <localized errors>.
cmd: why is (.*?) not in testing
C: 2003-05-30
($1): $1 is not in testing for the reasons listed in http://release.debian.org/migration/testing.pl?package=$1
bat
C: 2005-09-23
<reply> see basic apt-get troubleshooting
testing
M: 2013-05-04
<reply>Testing is a continuously updated release between <stable> and <unstable>, currently codenamed <jessie>. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianTesting and ask me about <testing faq> <wheezy->jessie> <testing security> <moving target> <dda> <apt-listchanges> <apt-listbugs> and <bts>. You should have a sound knowledge of Debian packaging and be prepared for a bumpy ride at times. Don't use it on things that are critical or on servers.
selftell
M: 2006-06-26
<reply> Please do not use the bot's !tell feature on #debian to see factoids for yourself (!tell me about something). Doing so could be considered spam. Instead, send a private message to the bot (dpkg) containing the factoid you want to read. For example, instead of "!tell me about foo", use "/msg dpkg foo". See also <msg the bot>
installation guide
M: 2013-05-04
<reply> see wheezy installation guide
wir
M: 2004-06-16
When It's Ready. See also <rsn> and <siyh>.
anyone
M: 2009-09-27
<reply>Please do not ask if anyone can help you, knows 'something' or uses 'some_program'. Instead, ask your real question. (If the real question _was_ "does anyone use 'some_program'?" ask me about <popcon> instead.) See <ask> <ask to ask> <polls> <search> <sicco> <smart questions>.
enter
M: 2009-05-16
<reply>The enter key is not a substitute for punctuation. Hitting enter unnecessarily makes it difficult to follow what you are saying. Consider using ',', '. ', ';', '...', '---', or ':' instead. If you hit enter too often, you will be autokicked by debhelper for flooding the channel.
br
M: 2005-10-12
<reply>Este canal é apenas em inglês. Por favor, use #debian-br (/j #debian-br) para ajuda em portugues.
grounding
M: 2012-05-10
<reply> Before asking in here or on the <debian-user> mailing list, you should read the Installation Guide, or if you already have Debian installed, the Debian Reference. The Debian Administrator's Handbook is also good. Ask me about <ig>, <overview>, <reference>, <refcard>, <docs>, <manuals>, <fundamentals>, <newbiedoc>, <faq>, <unix lessons>, <general cli tutorial>, <debian-handbook> (e.g. in your IRC client, type /msg dpkg reference).
cmd: -l (.*?)
M: 2003-12-06
($1): <reply> (ii $1 (1|2|3).(1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9)-(|1)(1|2|3|4|5)(|||.1|.2|.3) ($nick's private (porn|gamp|stamp) collection|ultra s3kr1t #debian package)|No packages found matching $1)
unstable
M: 2011-05-06
<reply>Unstable is the status of a Debian release when packages can be added at any time, that can disrupt the integrity of the whole system! Ask me about <break>. If you have to ask whether you should use it or how, you shouldn't. http://www.debian.org/releases/unstable/ http://wiki.debian.org/DebianUnstable . See also <testing>, <sid>, <sid faq>, <apt-listbugs>, <apt-listchanges>, <bts>.
no
C: 2003-07-17
<reply>No Offense, or den norske debian kanalen #debian-no. For skandinaviske brukere av debian. It is the norwegian channel #debian-no for scandinavian users.
date
C: 2007-03-13
<reply> The current date is $date $time (UTC of course, this is *NIX)
doesn't work
M: 2009-05-07
<reply> "Doesn't work" is a vague statement. Does it sit on the couch all day long? Does it procrastinate doing the dishes? Does it beg on the street for change? Please be specific! Define 'it' and what it isn't doing. Give us more details so we can help you without needing to ask basic questions like "what's the error message?". Ask me about <smart questions>, <sicco> and <errors>.
sid
M: 2011-11-14
the codename for <unstable>, named after the kid in Toy Story that breaks toys. The great thing about running sid is that, when it breaks you get to keep ALL the pieces!!
kmuto
M: 2011-08-21
<reply>Unofficial images for installing Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" using a later kernel (Linux 3.2.4) are available from http://kmuto.jp/debian/d-i/ (images are on the CD mirrors). To supply additional firmware, ask me about <installer firmware>. For a USB install, use the lenny instructions: http://www.debian.org/releases/lenny/i386/ch04s03
bdo
M: 2010-09-06
<reply> see backports.debian.org
alsa checklist
C: 2007-03-10
<reply> see alsa-checklist
based on debian
M: 2011-10-03
<reply>Your distribution may be based on and have software in common with Debian, but it is not Debian. We don't and cannot know what changes were made by your distribution (compare http://futurist.se/gldt/). #debian only supports Debian and pure <blend>s; please respect our choice to volunteer here to help Debian users. Support for other distributions is off-topic on #debian, even if your own distro's channel is clueless or non-existent.
flash
M: 2008-05-18
<reply>Flash is frequently used to deliver interactivity, audio and video through a web browser. Ask me about <gnash> and <lightspark> for free implementations, or <adobe flash> and <pepper flash> for non-free implementations. http://wiki.debian.org/Flash
msg the bot
M: 2014-07-05
<reply>Please have conversations with the bots in a private message as much as possible. Instead of using "!topic" or "!tell <your nick> about <topic>" in the channel, you can just "/msg dpkg topic". See <bot help> and http://wiki.debian.org/IRC/DpkgBot to learn more and browse my factoids on-line at http://ircbots.debian.net/ . Also ask me about <judd>, which is another bot and window into the Ultimate Debian Database.
fglrx
M: 2012-08-08
<reply>fglrx / AMD Catalyst is the proprietary display driver for AMD/ATI Radeon HD and FirePro graphic processing units. As of fglrx-driver 1:12-6~beta-1, R600 and R700 based GPUs (Radeon HD 2000/3000/4000 series) are no longer supported; ask me about <fglrx legacy> or use the <radeon> driver for device support. To install fglrx, see http://wiki.debian.org/ATIProprietary or ask me about <fglrx dkms>.
lol
M: 2005-09-12
<reply> If you want to laugh, use heh or hah or bwahahaha. lol doesn't sound like laughter at all and makes you look like an AOL user.
polls
M: 2004-04-08
<reply> "Does anyone have X or use Y?" is taking a poll, not asking a good question that IRC helpers can answer. Don't do it or sussudio's army of militant badgers will hurt you. Also see <ask> and <bad polls>.
ru
M: 2011-12-31
<reply> Это английскоговорящий канал, пожалуйста, говорите по-английски или посетите #debian-russian (irc.freenode.net) (Russian speakers please go to #debian-russian)
dpkg
M: 2012-02-10
the program used by Debian to install and remove packages, "man dpkg". Also ask me about <reference>. The main info bot in #debian is also called dpkg; ask me about <dpkgbot>.
dpkgbot
M: 2008-06-02
<reply>Please visit http://wiki.debian.org/IRC/DpkgBot to learn how to effectively search the factoids database for FAQ, and not flood in the channel with !tell <who> about <what>. Also ask me about <msg the bot>. We ask that you learn to search for yourself first, unless it is a specific problem. Many questions are asked repeatedly, and the factoid database can be of great help to you. Ask me about <search dpkg>.
smart questions
M: 2008-09-12
<reply>Go here to find out how to ask intelligent questions: http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html - Be sure to look at the section http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html#before - This FAQ has information to help many users solve their own problem more effectively and to help users interact more effectively with helpers. Also ask me about <reportbug>.
de
M: 2010-03-12
<reply> Deutschsprachige Hilfe bekommt ihr in #debian.de (auf irc.oftc.net, irc.freenode.net oder irc.belwue.de) - German speaking users please go to #debian.de (on irc.oftc.net, irc.freenode.net or irc.belwue.de).
non-free
M: 2012-03-21
<reply>[non-free] a component which contains software that does not comply with the <DFSG>. To add non-free packages to your packages index, ask me about <non-free sources>. To see which non-free packages are installed ask me about <non-free list>. For the non-free tracking system, see http://nonfree.alioth.debian.org/
hi
C: 2000-03-26
<reply>hello, $nick
install gnome
M: 2014-01-14
<reply>To install GNOME: «apt-get install …» 1. 'task-gnome-desktop' (Debian installer default) 2. 'gnome' (recommended) 3. 'gnome-desktop-environment' (upstream GNOME) 4. 'gnome-core' (like 3, minus end-user applications) 5. 'gnome-session gdm3 network-manager-gnome' (minimalist, not recommended). You will need Xorg installed as well, ask me about <install x>. http://wiki.debian.org/Gnome
ig
M: 2009-02-16
<reply> see installation guide
adobe flash
M: 2013-09-23
<reply> see flashplugin-nonfree
bot
C: 2000-06-03
<reply> I ain't no stinkin' bot. I am a finely tuned and hand crafted tool. Oh wait... I guess I am a bot (that you should not abuse).
cmd: win (.*?)
C: 2003-02-16
($1): <reply> Congratulations, $1! You have won (second prize in a beauty contest|a one way ticket to (Baghdad|Cleveland|Nova Scotia|Christmas Island|Beirut|Rio de Janeiro|Fire Island|Gaza|Charlotte, North Carolina ... YeeHaw!)|the US presidency|a lifetime supply of spam|the time-life collection of vintage AOL CDs, a set of 120)!
pinning
M: 2008-07-31
<reply>see apt-pinning
debian mirrors
M: 2012-08-17
<reply>Debian mirror sites are listed at http://www.debian.org/mirror/list and ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian/README.mirrors.txt and http://deb.li/map ; ask me about <apt-spy>, <netselect-apt>, <http.debian.net>, <debian mirror checker>. To make a mirror, see http://www.debian.org/mirrors/ ; see also <debmirror>, <apt-mirror>, <ftpsync>, <mirror size>. #debian-mirrors on irc.oftc.net.
linux
C: 2000-03-26
closed
apt-file
M: 2009-01-21
<reply>apt-file is a utility used to find which package owns a given file - or list files in a package - even if it is not installed: "aptitude install apt-file && apt-file update" ; then "apt-file search filename" to see a list of packages containing filename (can also use a regular expression; see man apt-file). You can also search online, ask me about <pdo>. See also <judd-file>, <auto-apt>, <dlocate>.
fixboot
M: 2010-03-22
<reply> To reinstall <GRUB> boot to your Debian install disk/live CD, switch to the other console (Alt-F2), then mount your root filesystem (mount -t ext2 /dev/whatever /target ; mount --bind /dev /target/dev ; mount -t proc none /target/proc ; mount -t sysfs none /target/sys), then chroot into it (chroot /target) and run "update-grub && grub-install /dev/whatever". See also <rescue mode>, <dual boot guide>, <supergrub>. Also works for EFI!
apt-pinning
M: 2010-01-03
<reply>Pinning is a method to choose which version of a package to install when multiple versions are available from <sources.list>. Bugs are explained at http://www.xs4all.nl/~carlo17/howto/debian.html#errata . If you use stable, pinning won't help you from messing up the system, ask me about <backports> instead. http://wiki.debian.org/AptPreferences
non-free sources
M: 2009-10-18
<reply>Edit /etc/apt/sources.list, ensure that the two main Debian mirror lines end with "main contrib non-free" rather than just "main", then «aptitude update». But bear in mind that you'll be installing <non-free> software. These may have onerous terms; check the licenses. See also <sources.list>.
downgrade
M: 2012-05-01
<reply>Downgrading is not, nor will ever be supported by apt. Programs change their data in a way that can't be rolled back, and package maintainer scripts support upgrades to new config file formats but not downgrades. Try: "dpkg -i olderversion.deb" or "aptitude install package=version" using "apt-cache policy package" to get the old version number. See also <partial downgrade>, <unstable->testing>, <sdo>.
rsn
M: 2010-09-29
<reply>[rsn] Real Soon Now (see <wir> and <siyh>), or Robust Security Network: the Wi-Fi Alliance's full 802.11i implementation (aka WPA2, see <wpa>).
cmd: you (.*?)
C: 2008-01-09
($1): <reply> I resemble that remark!
yes
M: 2012-01-14
a program on Unix and Unix-like systems used to print out the specified text ('y' by default) infinitely. You should NOT use it unless you know what you are doing, because it can eat many resources.
offtopic
M: 2010-05-08
<reply>#debian is primarily a support channel for Debian users. Please keep the discussions in #debian on-topic and take longer discussions and non-support questions to #debian-offtopic. Imagine the chaos if each of the hundreds of people in the channel felt the need to wander off topic for a few minutes every day.
package recompile
M: 2009-06-23
<reply> 1) Add a <deb-src> line for your current release to your sources.list 2) aptitude update; aptitude install build-essential devscripts fakeroot; aptitude -R build-dep packagename 3) as any user, apt-get source packagename 4) cd packagename-version/; ask me about <debian/rules>; 5) dpkg-buildpackage -uc -us 6) as root, dpkg -i ../packagename-version.deb. Ask me about <debian/rules>, <nocheck>, <nostrip>, <apt-get source>.
install java
M: 2012-02-19
<reply>For the Java web browser plugin, install the icedtea-plugin package. For other Java programs, install the default-jre package to get the default or manually select one of openjdk-6-jre or openjdk-7-jre yourself. The old <sun-java6> packages are best avoided as Oracle now forbids Debian providing any security updates to them. See also <java alternatives>.
java
M: 2009-06-11
<reply>Java is a cross-platform C++-like OO language. Sun, now Oracle, has released most of its Java implementation under the GPL as <openjdk>. There are other implementations packaged; for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" systems, Sun's JRE/JDK is in <non-free> (for i386, amd64 only). Ask me about <install java>. See also <java alternatives>, <icedtea>, <java ipv6>, <java-package>. http://wiki.debian.org/Java ##java on irc.freenode.net.
java-package
M: 2013-03-07
<reply>java-package (formerly mpkg-j2se, j2se-package) provides the make-jpkg utility for creating Debian packages from manually downloaded <Java> distributions; Oracle Java 6 (update >= 10) and Oracle Java 7 are currently supported. java-package is available for Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems in <contrib>. http://wiki.debian.org/JavaPackage . Where possible, use <OpenJDK> instead, ask me about <install java>.
fr
M: 2011-01-27
<reply>Pour l'aide en francais, veuillez rejoindre le canal #debian-fr. Francophone users: for help in french, please go to #debian-fr.
70
M: 2010-03-12
<reply>udev has the ability to statically rename Ethernet cards based on MAC address. The addresses are configured in /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules, edit this file to change the mappings. To apply changes: «udevadm trigger» or reload the relevant driver module. See also <udev>.
aptitude clone
M: 2013-08-12
<reply> To clone a Debian machine using aptitude (or install your favourite packages) use aptitude search --disable-columns -F%p '~i!~M!~v' > package_list; on the reference machine; xargs aptitude --schedule-only install < package_list; aptitude install; on the other machine. This preserves information about "automatically installed" packages that other methods do not. See also <reinstall>, <things to backup>, <debian clone>, <apt-clone>.
freeze
M: 2012-06-21
<reply>The 'freeze' is when large changes to testing version of Debian are stopped for few months. During this period, no new package uploads are made except to fix critical bugs or to provide documentation updates. During the freeze, bugs are squashed to 'stabilize' the release to make the new 'stable'. Jessie was frozen on November 5, 2014. Also ask me about <slushy>, <jessie freeze>.
errors
M: 2010-06-06
<reply> If you don't tell us the exact error messages you get, we can't tell you what's wrong, and it's also useful to know exactly what command you're typing. Please look for the *first* error that occurs, as this is often the cause of later errors -- ask me about <localized errors> too. Please don't paste in the channel, use a pastebin instead; ask me about <pastebin>.
wireless
M: 2011-03-08
<reply>Support for your wireless LAN device is dependent on the chipset within. Don't know what you have? Ask me about <what's my wireless>. Atheros: <atheros>; Atmel: <atmel>; Broadcom: <broadcom>; Intel: <intel>; Intersil: <prism>; Marvell: <marvell>; Ralink: <ralink>; Realtek: <realtek>; TI: <acx-mac80211>; VIA: <vt665x>; ZyDAS: <zydas>. See also <crda>, <killswitch>, <wpa>. http://wiki.debian.org/WiFi
hold
M: 2014-03-14
<reply>hold is a status flag that tells the package manager to not automatically upgrade a package. To hold a package 'echo $package hold|dpkg --set-selections' or 'aptitude hold $package'. Note that "aptitude hold" is ignored by other package managers (i.e. Update Manager, synaptic, apt-get) and aptitude won't necessarily use holds set with dpkg; see Debian bug #137771. See also <hold list>, <unhold>.
newmaint
M: 2014-02-12
<reply>The packaging tutorial (http://deb.li/QYyI) and the New Maintainer's Guide (http://deb.li/3DiDA) are good places to start learning about Debian packaging. You should also ask me about <devref> and <policy> to understand how packages should be maintained and how they should interact with each other. Ask me about <package basics>, <mentors>, <best practices> <build without helper>. http://www.debian.org/devel/
iceweasel
M: 2013-05-20
<reply>Iceweasel is a DFSG-free fork of <firefox>, which replaced it in Debian since 4.0 "Etch". Ask me about <why iceweasel>, <iceweasel vs firefox>, <iceweasel user-agent>. In GNOME, use gnome-default-applications-properties to change settings such as the mail reader. Since June 2013, Iceweasel in Debian <stable> is based on the Extended Support Release (ESR) branch. See also <iceweasel ntlm>. https://wiki.debian.org/Iceweasel
sources.list
M: 2013-05-04
<reply>see wheezy sources.list
radeon
M: 2010-02-16
<reply>Radeon is a brand of graphic processing units by AMD/ATI (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radeon). The radeon open source display driver is packaged for Debian as xserver-xorg-video-radeon, optionally install libgl1-mesa-dri for 3D acceleration. Also ask me about <radeon firmware>, <radeon audio>. http://wiki.debian.org/AtiHowTo http://x.org/wiki/radeon #radeon on irc.freenode.net. For the proprietary driver, see <fglrx>.
nmg
M: 2009-11-04
<reply>see newmaint
away
M: 2009-04-01
<reply>Do not use public away/back messages in $channel. If we want to know where you are, we'll /whois you. In BitchX, /set auto_away off; in XChat, Preferences > Chatting > General > uncheck Announce Away Messages; ask in #yourircclient if you have questions. If you continue to use public aways/backs you will be devoiced. http://sackheads.org/~bnaylor/spew/away_msgs.html
wheezy
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>Wheezy is the codename for the current <stable> release, Debian 7.0, released on 2013-05-04: http://www.debian.org/News/2013/20130504 . Wheezy is the rubber toy penguin with a red bow tie. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianWheezy and ask me about <install wheezy> <release notes> <squeeze->wheezy>. Currently <7.8>.
apt
M: 2009-01-16
<reply>Advanced Packaging Tool (APT) is a package management system used by Debian and its derivatives. There is no apt program per se; APT is a C++ library of functions that are used by several command line programs for dealing with packages, notably apt-get, apt-cache, and aptitude. See also <aptitude> <apt-get>, <apt-cache>, <apt myths>.
netinst
M: 2009-09-19
a small CD image with which you can install Debian. If, during the installation process you have a working Internet connection, you can install more packages straight away, otherwise, you will have a base install and more packages later. See http://www.debian.org/CD/netinst/ See also <various cd1>, <check iso image>, <dialup install>, <usb install>, <installer>.
it
M: 2008-10-09
<reply>Ciao, vai su #debian-it per ricevere aiuto in italiano. Italian Speakers: Please use #debian-it, there you will get much more help.
aptitude
M: 2011-06-30
a terminal-based package manager that can be used in a command-line mode (aptitude install foo ; aptitude remove goo) as well as a text user interface mode (just run "aptitude"). Ask me about <why aptitude> <why not aptitude> <aptitude-fu> <aptitude docs> or see http://wiki.debian.org/Aptitude or http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
install kde
M: 2011-03-04
<reply> see install kde4
testing/unstable mix
M: 2014-08-16
<reply>«echo 'APT::Default-Release "testing";' >> /etc/apt/apt.conf», edit sources.list, copy your non-security testing lines and change one set to unstable, then apt-get update. Use apt-get -t unstable install foo; to install foo from unstable rather than testing as usual. WARNING to SYNAPTIC users: Synaptic ignores Default-Release: set Preferences->Distribution.
bdo kernel
M: 2013-06-22
<reply>Newer kernels for Debian stable releases are available from the "wheezy-backports" repository. Ask me about <wheezy-backports> to modify your sources.list, then run «aptitude update». To install the current backported kernel: «aptitude -t wheezy-backports install linux-image-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'`». To list available backported kernel image packages: «aptitude search '?narrow(~nlinux-image,?origin(Debian Backports))'».
siyh
M: 2009-04-29
Sooner If You Help. How? http://qa.debian.org/ , http://wiki.debian.org/BSP
why not aptitude
M: 2011-06-30
<reply> Aptitude is more memory intensive and slower than <apt-get>, the <ncurses> interface is always loaded regardless of being used or not. Moreover the resolver can sometimes produce unexpected results and most of <aptitude>'s former exclusive features are now available in <apt-get> as well. Ask me about <why aptitude> and see http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
pastebinit
M: 2012-06-17
<reply>pastebinit is a command-line tool to send data to a <pastebin>. NOTE: Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" users, you must "pastebinit -b http://paste.debian.net" or configure pastebinit to use something other than pastebin.com. To paste e.g. your sources.list do "aptitude install pastebinit; pastebinit /etc/apt/sources.list"; to paste the output of a program do e.g. "dmesg | pastebinit". See also <pastebinit config>, <nopaste>.
stable
M: 2009-03-31
<reply>[stable] The status of a Debian release when no packages will be added, new versions introduced and changes will only fix security issues and critical bugs. Packages can be removed in rare circumstances. The current stable version of Debian is Wheezy (7.8); ask me about <releases>. Security bugs are fixed in stable by backporting the fix to the stable version (ask me about <security backports>). https://wiki.debian.org/DebianStable
tum
C: 2007-11-09
<reply>see testing/unstable mix
alsa
M: 2009-04-13
<reply>Advanced Linux Sound Architecture (ALSA) is a Linux kernel component providing device drivers for sound cards. Ask me about <install alsa>. See also <alsa-checklist>, <default alsa>, <alsa firmware>. http://wiki.debian.org/ALSA http://www.alsa-project.org/ #alsa on irc.freenode.net.
version
M: 2012-04-29
<reply>Kernel: uname -r, or cat /proc/version. Package: dpkg -l _pkgname_ , or run apt-cache policy <packagename>. Miscellaneous commands: try --version on the command. For the version of Debian, ask me about <debian suite>.
experimental
M: 2006-09-02
<reply> experimental is the bleeding edge of Debian Development. Packages here have been deemed unfit/DANGEROUS/untrustworthy/etc for release by the maintainer responsible for them. DO NOT INSTALL PACKAGES FROM EXPERIMENTAL WITHOUT KNOWING EXACTLY WHY AND WHAT YOU ARE DOING. #debian does _not_ support experimental. For an actual description, see section 4.6.4.3 of the Developer's Reference. http://packages.debian.org/experimental/
cmd: wayttd (.*?)
C: 2002-11-14
($1): <reply> What Are You Trying To Do, $1?
install x
M: 2009-05-02
<reply> To install X in Debian: "aptitude update && aptitude install xorg". You may also want to install a desktop environment - ask me about <install gnome>, <install kde>, <install xfce>, <install lxde> - or a window manager, ask me about <window manager>. To configure your X server, ask me about <xorg config>.
wheezy sources.list
M: 2013-05-01
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for Debian 7 "Wheezy" has three lines: "deb http://http.debian.net/debian/ wheezy main" "deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main" "deb http://http.debian.net/debian/ wheezy-updates main". Be sure to run «aptitude update» after editing sources.list. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <wheezy/updates> <wheezy-updates> <mirrors> <apt-spy> and "man sources.list".
debootstrap
M: 2009-10-20
<reply>debootstrap can create a basic Debian system from scratch, without apt/dpkg. Useful for installing in a <chroot>. It is key to installing Debian GNU/Linux from a Unix/Linux system, ask me about <install guide>. http://wiki.debian.org/Debootstrap http://www.debian-administration.org/article/Installing_new_Debian_systems_with_debootstrap
releases
M: 2011-07-28
<reply> See http://www.debian.org/releases/ for an explanation of releases. See <release history> or http://wiki.debian.org/DebianReleases for prior releases. Ask me about <stable>, <testing>, <unstable> and <introduction>.
windows
M: 2005-09-23
<reply>"PCs are like air conditioners, if you open Windows(R) they don't work." Support for Microsoft Windows operating systems is available in ##windows on irc.freenode.net.
reference
M: 2009-10-23
<reply>The Debian Reference will answer most of your questions about Debian. The latest version (v2) is at http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/ . Read it after installing Debian and before asking for support, as it is the closest thing Debian has to a manual. You can install this too, the package name is debian-reference: «aptitude install debian-reference»
d-i
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>Debian 7 "Wheezy" is now the "stable" Debian release (May 04, 2013). See http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/debian-installer/ for images. Developers page is http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/ . If you want to make custom install CDs, start with d-i. IRC: #debian-boot on irc.oftc.net. See also <errata>, <g-i>.
usb
M: 2010-04-24
<reply>Universal Serial Bus (USB) is a technology that has replaced the way that some peripheral devices connect to a computer. It is much faster than serial/communications and more flexible: many devices can be connected to simultaneously. USB 3.0 is supported by the Linux kernel since version 2.6.31. http://www.linux-usb.org/USB-guide/book1.html http://www.linux-usb.org/ See also <usb install>, <usbreset>.
ati
M: 2014-02-17
<reply>Where possible, most ATI/AMD graphics processing units are supported using the open source "radeon" driver on Debian systems by default, ask me about <radeon>. To install the proprietary "fglrx" driver, ask me about <fglrx>; installing this directly from amd.com (i.e. with the AMD Catalyst installer) is not supported in #debian, please go to #ati on irc.freenode.net.
installer firmware
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>Debian-Installer is able to load additional <firmware>, by including it within installation media or supplying on removable media (e.g. USB stick, floppy). See http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch06s04 . To include firmware within Debian <netboot> images, see http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/NetbootFirmware . See also <firmware images>.
keymap
M: 2012-03-15
<reply>Run "dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration" to change both your default console and X keymap; the setxkbmap utility can be used to adjust keymap settings during X operation. For setting up X keymaps, see xkeycaps, xev and ask me about <multimedia keys>.
why iceweasel
M: 2008-02-25
<reply>Due to Mozilla logos licensing, Mozilla software isn't DFSG-free, so Debian distributes Mozilla software with different logos. Mozilla Corp revoked the agreement to let Debian use Mozilla trademarks, so Debian changed to non-trademarked product names. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mozilla_Corporation_software_rebranded_in_Debian for more information. http://glandium.org/blog/?p=933. Ask me about <dfsg> <iceweasel vs firefox>.
mentors
M: 2008-01-22
the system the Debian project uses to train new people to become Debian Developers or Debian Maintainers and get their packages into the Debian archive. Ask me about <nmg>. http://lists.debian.org/debian-mentors/ http://mentors.debian.net/ #debian-mentors on irc.debian.org (irc.oftc.net).
contrib
M: 2012-03-21
<reply>[contrib] Debian packages that contain <DFSG>-compliant software, but have dependencies not in main (possibly packaged for Debian in non-free). To get contrib packages, add lines like "deb http://http.debian.net/debian/ [wheezy|squeeze|jessie] main contrib" to your /etc/apt/sources.list, then «aptitude update». Also ask me about <non-free>, <contrib list>.
release history
M: 2013-08-14
<reply>Debian releases are named after "Toy Story" characters. Buzz(1.1; 1996-03-14), Rex(1.2; 1996-10-28), Bo(1.3; 1997-05-01), Hamm(2.0; 1998-07-24), Slink(2.1; 1999-03-09), Potato(2.2; 2000-08-15), Woody(3.0; 2002-07-19), Sarge(3.1; 2005-06-06), Etch(4.0; 2007-04-08), Lenny(5.0; 2009-02-14), Squeeze(6.0; 2011-02-06), Wheezy(7.0; 2013-05-04). The next release will be Jessie. http://debian.org/doc/manuals/project-history/ch-releases
laptop
M: 2009-06-09
<reply>All there is worth knowing about Linux and laptops can be found at http://www.linux-laptop.net/ and http://tuxmobil.org/mylaptops.html . For Thinkpads, ask me about <thinkpad>. Also ask me about <acpi>, <laptop mode>, <netbook>, <pcmcia>, <suspend>. http://wiki.debian.org/InstallingDebianOn . See also the debian-laptop mailing list: http://lists.debian.org/debian-laptop/
xorg
M: 2009-05-29
<reply>X.Org X11 is the reference implementation of the X Window System, forked from XFree86 4.4RC2 and first included in Debian 4.0 "Etch". To install, ask me about <install x>. To configure, ask me about <xorg config>. To remove, ask about <remove x>. http://wiki.debian.org/Xorg http://x.org/ #xorg on irc.freenode.net.
iwlwifi
M: 2013-08-07
<reply>The iwlwifi Linux kernel driver supports several Intel 802.11n (WiFi Link, Wireless-N, Advanced-N, Ultimate-N) and 802.11ac adapters. Firmware is required, ask me about <non-free sources> and install the firmware-iwlwifi package to provide. Supported devices are listed at http://wiki.debian.org/iwlwifi . See also <iwlegacy>, <iwl7000>.
sns
M: 2010-04-28
<reply>Shiny New Shit Syndrome is a serious disorder, which usually breaks out into an epidemic every time something new is released. If you have SNS, ask me about <backports> and <ssb>; these are better options than upgrading to <testing> because it is a <moving target>.
debian clone
M: 2011-06-24
<reply> One method of cloning Debian installs is to take a current Debian machine that is set up with the packages you want and run the command "dpkg --get-selections > ~/selectionfile". Then, after the base install on other machines use that file and do: "dpkg --set-selections < ~/selectionfile && apt-get dselect-upgrade". Also ask me about <aptitude clone>, <reinstall>, <things to backup> <apt-clone>.
what are you
C: 2000-08-01
<reply> I am an infobot. For more information, ask me about <infobot>.
linux mint
M: 2010-12-03
<reply>Linux Mint is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. Please use their forums at http://forums.linuxmint.com/ or join #linuxmint-help on irc.spotchat.org for support. Linux Mint is variously based on <Ubuntu> with a "Linux Mint Debian Edition" (LMDE) also available, based on <testing>. See also <based on debian>, <mintppc>.
install debian
M: 2014-05-12
<reply>There are a myriad of different ways to install Debian. See http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/debian-installer for a list of images and ask me about <netinst>, <various cd1> and <firmware images>. See also <install guide> and <d-i> for detailed instructions. (If you've never installed Debian before, you should read the install guide.)
debian live
M: 2011-02-07
<reply>The Debian Live project provides pre-built Debian live system images and allows creation of your own. These can be used to install a Debian system. Live images are available from http://www.debian.org/CD/live/ . http://live.debian.net/ #debian-live on irc.debian.org.
uupdate
M: 2009-10-14
<reply> uupdate (in the <devscripts> package) upgrades a source code package from an upstream revision, or e.g. if the newest foo in debian is 1.2, and upstream is at 1.4: apt-get source foo; wget -nd http://foo.org/foo-1.4.tar.gz; cd foo-1.2; uupdate ../foo-1.4.tar.gz Ask me about <package recompile>.
sid faq
M: 2011-04-16
<reply> http://deb.li/sidfaq ; it doesn't hurt to read the FAQ, even if you are using <testing>. See also http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel/2009/08/msg00041.html and <sid upgrade test>.
sicco
M: 2003-01-26
<reply> Please ask sicco questions, questions that are Specific, Informative, Concise, Complete, and On-topic. Ask me about <research> and <cooperation in asking for help>.
what
C: 2002-04-23
<reply> This!
locales
M: 2009-08-05
<reply> Use 'dpkg-reconfigure locales' to get it up and running. This generates <locale> definitions and also edits /etc/default/locale which sets the $LANG environment variable at login time. Use "LANG=C command" to change the output language for a one off command, ask me about <localised errors>. See also <mac locales>. http://wiki.debian.org/Locale
sound
M: 2013-04-25
<reply>Ask me about <alsa>, <alsa checklist>. See also <default alsa>, <pulseaudio>.
multiarch
M: 2013-06-26
<reply>Multiarch allows you to install foreign architecture packages. For example, to allow i386 packages to be installed on an amd64 system: «dpkg --add-architecture i386 && apt-get update». See http://wiki.debian.org/Multiarch and <multiarch howto>, <multiarch failures>. For the unrelated installer that can install i386 or amd64, see <multi-arch installer>.
search dpkg
M: 2010-09-01
<reply>You can search my database on the web at http://ircbots.debian.net/ or on IRC by asking me about <help listkeys> and <help-listvals>. My factoids are available at http://crito.ucr.edu/~dpkg/ in archives that are updated nightly and the previous 18 days are there. See also <search>.
sdo
M: 2010-04-12
<reply>http://snapshot.debian.org/ is an archive of almost all Debian packages uploaded since 2005, including those removed from the official archives because they were very buggy, unusable, broken, vulnerable or in some way non-free. This service replaces snapshot.debian.net. http://www.debian.org/News/2010/20100412
cmd: congratulate (.*?)
C: 2003-01-08
($1): <reply>(Huzzah|Good show|Woohoo|Yay|Hugs & Puppies|Nice one) $1, you did it!
security
M: 2011-02-06
<reply>Put "deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main contrib non-free" in your /etc/apt/sources.list file to keep up-to-date on security updates in <stable>. Run "aptitude update" and "aptitude upgrade" (or "aptitude full-upgrade" if the updates are kept back). Also ask me about <dsa>, <security backports>, <oldstable security>, <testing security>, <unstable security>, <browser security>.
kde
M: 2012-06-08
<reply> see kde 4
slushy
C: 2008-09-19
<reply>When a <testing> release becomes frozen, <unstable> tends to partially freeze as well. This is because developers are reluctant to upload radically new software to unstable, in case the frozen software in testing needs minor updates and to fix release critical bugs which keep testing from becoming <stable>.
i forgot root's password
M: 2008-10-23
<reply>see ifrp
cmd: -i (.*?)
M: 2006-11-28
($1): (<action>installs $1 into $nick's head with a bone saw and a few screws|<action> removes a (liver|speen|kidney|lung) from $nick and replaces it with $1|<reply> package $1 is already installed)
ntfs-3g
M: 2011-05-31
<reply>NTFS-3G is a userspace driver providing NTFS read and write support. "aptitude install ntfs-3g". Usage examples: http://www.tuxera.com/community/ntfs-3g-download/#usage . Also ask me about <user accessible ntfs>.
testing security
M: 2013-05-04
<reply> see jessie/updates
debian-devel-announce
M: 2008-06-11
<reply> debian-devel-announce is an announcement list to which major Debian developments are posted. If you are running releases beyond <stable>, then YOU are part of the development process; it is your responsibility to read it (no excuses!) or risk missing important announcements. "mailx -s 'subscribe' debian-devel-announce-request@lists.debian.org < /dev/null" or http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/ See also <apt-listchanges>.
firmware images wheezy
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>Unofficial <netinst> images - containing non-free Debian <firmware> packages - for installing Debian 7 "Wheezy" are available from http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/current/ . See also <install guide>.
cmd: slap (.*?)
C: 2002-02-07
($1): <action> strikes a resounding *THWAP* across $1's face
gnome
M: 2010-02-06
<reply>GNOME is a Desktop Environment ("DE", so are <KDE> and <XFCE>) based on GTK+. To get or delete GNOME, ask me about <install gnome> or <remove gnome> respectively. See also <gnome status>. https://wiki.debian.org/Gnome http://www.gnome.org/ #debian-gnome on irc.debian.org. GNOME-related IRC channels: https://wiki.gnome.org/Community/GettingInTouch/IRC
ntp
M: 2010-03-13
<reply>The Network Time Protocol (NTP) is used to synchronize the clocks of computer systems over a network. "aptitude install ntp" is enough to get going and synchronise your clock using the default ntp pool. http://wiki.debian.org/NTP http://www.ntp.org/ See also <set time>, <pool.ntp>.
debian/rules
M: 2013-06-06
<reply>debian/rules is the makefile used when building a .deb from source, edit it to change compilation options. Some packages use sophisticated build systems that should be documented in debian/README.source. Also remember to make a new entry in debian/changelog with "~yourname" (for a backport) or "+yourname" (for a recompile) added to the version number. See also <makefile>, <hold>, <package recompile>, <source>, <unique package version>.
dsa2896
M: 2014-04-11
<reply> Versions of openssl prior to 1.0.1e-2+deb7u5 (wheezy) and 1.0.1g-1 (sid) are vulnerable to DSA-2896 (see http://deb.li/3BrUE). Check the version of the libssl1.0.0 packages: «aptitude versions '~i?source-package(openssl)'». Remember that the upstream version part (1.0.1e) doesn't change when security bugs are fixed in stable releases; ask me about <security backports>. See also http://heartbleed.com/, http://xkcd.com/1354/
ot
M: 2010-06-24
<reply> see offtopic
install guide
M: 2009-02-16
<reply> see installation guide
cn
M: 2012-04-28
<reply> see zh
debian-backports
M: 2010-09-06
<reply> see backports.debian.org
xorg config
M: 2009-09-29
<reply>From Debian 5.0 "Lenny" onwards, xorg mostly configures itself. Resolution is set by your monitor/graphics card (unless they're broken), by your desktop environment or <xrandr>. From Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", input hotplugging saves duplicating settings and restarting X after changes. The /etc/X11/xorg.conf file is usually no longer needed and is often blank. Manual configuration is still possible, see <xorg manual config>.
chroot
M: 2014-06-27
<reply>To chroot into your Debian system boot to your Debian install disk/live CD, switch to the other console (Alt-F2). Mount your root filesystem with "mount -t ext2 /dev/whatever /target" and make /dev, /proc and /sys usable with "mount --bind /dev /target/dev ; mount -t proc none /target/proc ; mount -t sysfs none /target/sys". You can then chroot into the system with "chroot /target".
b43
M: 2013-04-30
<reply>b43 is a Linux kernel driver supporting PCI/PCIe wireless LAN devices with Broadcom chips. Firmware is required, ask me about <b43-fwcutter> to provide. http://wiki.debian.org/bcm43xx #bcm-users on irc.freenode.net. For BCM4313/43224/43225 device support, ask me about <brcmsmac>. For support of the BCM4306 rev 2 and 802.11b-only devices, ask me about <b43legacy>.
ifrp
M: 2008-04-23
<reply>For GRUB: 1) press 'e' to edit the kernel setting in the grub command line (add 'init=/bin/sh' to the end of it) 2) 'fsck' your root file system, 3) 'mount -o remount,rw /', 4) 'passwd root' 5) 'mount -o remount,ro /' 6) 'reboot -d -f' (exec /sbin/init should work); For LILO: 1) 'Linux init=/bin/sh' at the LILO boot prompt (hold Shift while booting), steps 2-6 are the same; For yaboot: 1) 'Linux init=/bin/sh' at yaboot prompt.
bye
C: 2000-05-01
<reply> Cya, $who
sdn
M: 2011-10-09
<reply>see sdo
install
M: 2005-12-03
<reply> see install debian
equivs
M: 2010-04-19
<reply>equivs is a package that enables you to create dummy packages that tell <apt> you really have installed (through some other means) the package. aptitude install equivs, and read /usr/share/doc/equivs/*, see also <usrlocal>. A better plan is often to adapt the Debian packages to your needs, ask me about <package recompile> <uupdate> <ssb>.
firefox
M: 2013-12-17
<reply>Mozilla Firefox is replaced by Iceweasel in Debian, ask me about <iceweasel> and <why iceweasel>. For actual Mozilla Firefox® support, try #firefox on irc.freenode.net. For the latest and greatest versions of Iceweasel, ask me about <mozilla.debian.net>.
purge
M: 2009-08-19
<reply> In Debian package management, "purge" means to completely wipe away a package, including its configuration files. Use «aptitude purge $package» or «dpkg -P $package» (note: before wheezy, you can't 'apt-get purge' a package that is already removed; use aptitude or dpkg instead). To purge all "removed" packages: «aptitude purge '~c'». To restore configuration files, ask me about <confmiss>. Also ask me about <why aptitude>.
list repositories
M: 2010-06-17
<reply> To see what repository a package may have come from, try http://svn.noreply.org/svn/weaselutils/trunk/apt-listrepository , or use dpkg -l | awk '/^.i/ {print $2}' | xargs apt-cache policy | awk '/^[a-z0-9.\-]+:/ {pkg=$1}; /\*\*\*/ {OFS="\t"; ver=$2; getline; print pkg,ver,$2,$3}', or ask me about <obsolete>, or http://people.debian.org/~dannf/apt-inventory, or <bdo list>, or <dmm list>
mint
C: 2008-01-13
<reply> see linux mint
set time
M: 2011-05-26
<reply> To set the time on Debian systems, use date --set. The truly enlightened user, however, will install <ntp> to have their clock set automatically on reboot and slewed to match time servers. Also verify the system's UTC setting and set the correct time zone; ask me about <utc>, <timezone>.
install kde4
M: 2011-02-03
<reply>The 'kde-standard' package gets you the common set-up, 'kde-plasma-desktop' and 'kde-plasma-netbook' provide minimal KDE 4 setups with respective flavouring, and 'kde-full' installs everything KDE 4. To install using Debian-Installer (if not using KDE CD-1): from the Installer boot menu, select "Advanced options > Alternative desktop environments > KDE > Install".
cd contents
M: 2009-02-01
<reply>see disk contents
remove gnome
M: 2009-12-15
<reply>To remove or purge GNOME 2.x: aptitude remove ~nlibgnome ~nlibbonobo2 ~nliborbit2 ~nlibgnomeui ~nlibgnomevfs2. Use 'purge' instead of 'remove' if that's what you want (ask me about <purge>).
backport caveat
M: 2008-11-17
<reply>Remember that in installing backports, you will be using an unusual configuration of packages that has not been tested as thoroughly as Debian stable and that newer packages have both newer features and newer bugs. Ask me about <version chasing>. Also note that you can't rely on backports to be patched quickly if vulnerabilities are discovered.
firmware
M: 2011-05-04
<reply>Firmware is software to operate electronic devices, usually contained in EPROM or flash memory. Some Linux kernel drivers require firmware to be provided from userspace, notably for <WiFi> devices. Most firmware files are not part of a Debian release as they do not conform to the <DFSG>; some are available via <contrib> and <non-free> packages, ask me about <search>. See also <installer firmware>. http://wiki.debian.org/Firmware
release notes
M: 2013-05-04
<reply> see wheezy release notes
wifi
M: 2008-11-27
<reply> see wireless
pt
M: 2008-03-25
<reply> Por favor use #debian-pt para ajuda em portugues ou #debian-br para ajuda em portugues do brasil. ( /join #debian-pt )
french
M: 2003-11-18
<reply> Vous pouvez obtenir de l'aide sur Debian sur le canal #debian-fr - For help in french, please join #debian-fr
reinstall
M: 2008-02-20
aptitude reinstall '~i' ; or COLUMNS=200 dpkg -l | awk '/^[hi]i/{print $2}' | xargs apt-get -y --reinstall install, or dpkg --get-selections > my_packages.txt , then later, dpkg --set-selections < my_packages.txt && apt-get install . See also <aptitude clone>, <debian clone>.
permissions
M: 2010-12-09
<reply>For information on permissions, read «info coreutils 'File Permissions'», http://mywiki.wooledge.org/Permissions and http://www.comptechdoc.org/os/linux/usersguide/linux_ugfilesp.html . For further information, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unix_permission and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chmod and follow the setuid and setgid links within. See also <ssh permissions>, <qotd232>. http://wiki.debian.org/Permissions
snapshots
M: 2009-12-20
<reply> see sdo
moo
M: 2007-10-17
<reply> mooooooo! I am cow, hear me moo, I weigh twice as much as you. I'm a cow, eating grass, methane gas comes out my ass. I'm a cow, you could be too; join us all! type apt-get moo; aplay /usr/lib/libreoffice/share/gallery/sounds/cow.wav
point releases
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>Point releases are updates to <stable> and <oldstable>, incorporating security and grave bug fixes. You can upgrade to the latest point release by referencing a Debian <mirror> in /etc/apt/sources.list, then «aptitude update && aptitude full-upgrade». See <7.8>, <6.0.10>. https://wiki.debian.org/DebianReleases/PointReleases
:)
C: 2002-10-05
<reply> oh, so nice to see you smile!
firmware images
C: 2013-05-05
<reply> see firmware images wheezy
ftp must die
M: 2010-06-04
<reply> FTP MUST DIE! http://mywiki.wooledge.org/FtpMustDie . If you really just want to provide anonymous download of files, use HTTP: http://daniel.haxx.se/docs/ftp-vs-http.html
free ram
M: 2008-07-29
<reply>Unlike information, your computer's memory does *not* want to be free. Free RAM is wasted RAM! Linux tries to use free physical memory for caching files from disk which speeds up disk access considerably. Linux releases RAM from these caches if programs need it. If you want to know how much physical memory the free(1) tool says you have left for program use, it's 'free' + 'buffers' + 'cache'. Also ask me about <swapwake>.
installit
M: 2010-09-21
<reply> Your box does not come with every application, tool and utility known to debiankind installed already. If you find that the program you've been told to use isn't there, install it. Also ask me about <search>. If someone suggests an application to you, it's highly likely that it's available via apt-get or aptitude.
amd64
M: 2012-04-28
<reply>amd64 is the Debian architecture optimized for x86-64, aka AMD64. Intel Core 2, Core i3/i5/i7 and Xeon (since 2004) systems are x86-64. The AMD64 architecture also supports running Debian i386 with either a -686-pae or -amd64 kernel. See also <why amd64> and <why not amd64>.
cmd: -s (.*?)
M: 2003-10-20
($1): <reply> (Package: $1: Status: install ok installed|There is no record of a $1 package|(Dingos|Badgers) ate my $1!|You Fool! $1 is installed!)
whats my hardware
M: 2008-10-29
<reply>You can use lspci, lsusb, lsscsi, lspcmcia, lshal, hwinfo, dmidecode, and/or lshw, or even dmesg to find out what kind of hardware your machine might have, or you could crack the lid and look inside ... oooh, shiny! If you install lshw, run "lshw -html > myhardware.html" as root and you'll have a nice HTML summation. See also <myram>, <driver locator>.
point release
C: 2009-02-15
<reply> see point releases
apt-listbugs
M: 2010-01-10
<reply> apt-listbugs (aptitude install apt-listbugs) is available since Debian 3.1 "Sarge". When installed, it will fetch the list of critical <BTS> bugs that pertain to any packages being installed. It also allows you to <pin> a version to prevent upgrades to any packages you discover to be too risky. See also <apt-listchanges>.
reportbug
M: 2010-03-27
<reply> reportbug is used to submit bugs to the Debian <BTS>. Install reportbug, then run reportbug. Or on the web, http://www.debian.org/Bugs/, or see http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch05s04#problem-report for some general information about using reportbug and/or for <debian-installer> bug reporting. Also ask me about <report-bugs>. http://wiki.debian.org/reportbug http://www.debian.org/Bugs/Reporting
sources
M: 2008-01-18
<reply> see sources.list
popcon
M: 2010-07-26
the Debian Popularity contest, the basis for what packages appear on the first few CDs/DVDs etc (by rank). Install the popularity-contest package to participate. See the results at http://popcon.debian.org/ -- See the FAQ at http://popcon.debian.org/FAQ . Statistics are also available via IRC, /msg judd popcon $package
xsession
M: 2004-05-25
~/.xsession is used for both XDM and 'startx', when there's no ~/.xinitrc. [See: startx(1)], or best initialized as `echo -e "#! /bin/sh\nsource $HOME/.bash_profile\nsource $HOME/.xinitrc" >$HOME/.xsession'
skype
M: 2013-06-11
<reply>Skype is a proprietary cross-platform <VoIP> service and application owned by Microsoft. Debian cannot distribute the application due to its license. See http://wiki.debian.org/skype and ask me about <skype amd64> for community-contributed information. Consider using free and secure alternatives: <ekiga>, <empathy>, <jitsi>, <linphone>.
ops
M: 2014-02-27
<reply>Please invoke 'dpkg: ops $problem' to call the operators to deal with a specific problem. Misuse of this will lead to a ban. Operators can also be contacted in the #debian-ops channel.
automount
M: 2009-05-10
<reply> If you're running one of the desktop environments in Debian, then ask me about <kde automount>, <thunar-volman>. If you want something for the command line, then ask me about <usbmount>, <pmount> or <halevt>. For a completely different approach to automounting, ask me about <autofs>.
localized errors
M: 2009-06-09
<reply> Rather than hoping that we recognise what has gone wrong from the error messages in your native language, please provide any error messages in English. You can do this by setting your locale to an English one (e.g. C) prior to running the command, e.g. «LC_ALL=C apt-get -f install»
foo
M: 2012-06-10
the probably first <metasyntactic variable>, it's a placeholder for some other term. See http://www.catb.org/~esr/jargon/html/F/foo.html and <bar>, also read the Etymology of "Foo" (RFC3092).
moving target
M: 2009-10-22
<reply> Sure, testing might be shinier than stable, but are you prepared to be continually updating your system? Things that worked today will break tomorrow. Configuration file formats will change and you'll have to fold your changes in yet again. Testing is a moving target and if you'd rather work *with* your computer than working *on* your computer, you might not want that. See <testing security>.
overview
M: 2013-10-12
<reply>Debian stable does not always include all the software people need or want so there is much official, semi-official, and non-official software available for stable. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianSoftware . Ask me about <security>, <installer firmware>, <backports>, <stable-updates>, <multimedia>, <non-free>, <contrib>, <emdebian>, <debian live>. See also <grounding>, <social contract>, <introduction>.
apt-get
M: 2011-06-30
<reply>apt-get is a program (part of the apt package) used as a simple command line tool to libapt. apt-get is the original frontend for <apt>, but <aptitude> is now the recommended tool for managing packages. See also <why aptitude>, <reference>, <synaptic>, <apt-cache>, <gdebi>. http://wiki.debian.org/apt-get http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9
d-d-a
M: 2008-03-06
<reply> see debian-devel-announce
google
M: 2009-04-09
<reply>Google is a search engine owned by Google Inc. whose mission statement is to "organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful." The largest search engine on the web, Google receives over 200 million queries each day through its various services. http://www.google.com/ See also <chromium>, <gmail>, <googledns>, <googleearth>, <googletalk>, <gsoc>, <gtalk>.
cmd: deb-src (.*?)
C: 2011-08-16
($1): <reply>You can get apt to download source packages with a <deb-src> line in your <sources.list>. A suitable entry for the $1 release is: "deb-src http://http.debian.net/debian/ $1 main contrib non-free". Remember to "apt-get update" after changing your sources.list.
upgrade
M: 2008-12-07
what keeps your box from getting r00ted, or what you do with aptitude. Do an aptitude update first, and then an aptitude upgrade. Ask me about <security>. If you upgrade to a new stable version of Debian, read its release notes first. Ask me about <lenny->squeeze> <squeeze->wheezy>.
sudo
M: 2010-01-09
<reply>[sudo] (Substitute User DO) Not enabled by default on Debian systems; configure /etc/sudoers first, ask me about <visudo>, <sudoers>. sudo can give limited super user privileges to specific users, or allow you to do silly things like run X apps with root permissions, or good in scripts with "username ALL = NOPASSWD: /some/program". See also <sudo path>. http://wiki.debian.org/sudo http://www.aplawrence.com/Basics/sudo.html
install xfce
M: 2011-02-03
<reply>To install <Xfce> on established systems, ask me about <install x>, then: «aptitude install xfce4 xfce4-goodies» To install using Debian-Installer (if not using Xfce CD-1): from the Installer boot menu, select "Advanced options > Alternative desktop environments > Xfce > Install".
clone
C: 2003-08-07
<reply>our $apt=Blootbot->new($apt)
rtfm
M: 2006-08-06
Read The Fucking Manual. If you want to ask a question about foo, please read man foo; before asking. If there isn't a manpage about foo, use apropos to find one. Reading manuals helps us help you. [You might try info foo as well.]
unix lessons
M: 2003-09-18
(1) Don't change the permissions, (2) back up your data, (3) keep it simple, stupid, (4) read the fscking manual, (5) don't fsck with package management, (6) don't type anything you don't understand, (7) always have a boot floppy or CD, (8) read your log files, (9) the FIRST error is the one that counts, (10) don't leave your root shell until you TEST your changes, (11) don't be root when you don't have to be
flood
M: 2008-06-01
<reply> It's considered impolite to paste many lines of text on IRC. Please don't do it. Pasting one line is fine. Pasting two lines you can usually get away with. Pasting three lines will get you insulted. Pasting four or more lines will get you kicked. If you want to paste, ask me about <paste>
greenhouse
C: 2005-02-08
<reply> Gentoo Linux causes global warming! Needlessly recompiling everything uses power. Fossil fuels are used to generate that power. See also <diminishing returns on bogomips>. Hug a tree, use Debian!
virtualbox
M: 2011-09-28
<reply>Oracle VM VirtualBox is an almost free software virtual machine solution. To install, see http://wiki.debian.org/VirtualBox or ask me about <vbox-install wheezy>, <vbox-install jessie>. http://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/User_FAQ http://www.virtualbox.org/ #vbox on irc.freenode.net. See also <vbox rename>, <vbox guest>, <vbox extpack>, <vbox migrate win>, <vdi>, <virtualization>.
grub
M: 2013-04-21
<reply>GNU GRUB 2 is a portable and powerful boot loader. Ask me about <grub config> and <grub squeeze>. To reinstall, ask me about <fixmbr>. http://wiki.debian.org/Grub2 #grub on irc.freenode.net. See also <grub legacy>.
usb install
C: 2013-03-18
<reply>You can install Debian from a USB stick/thumbdrive/pen drive/key on x86 systems, as long as your system's BIOS can boot from USB. Details are in the Installation Guide, see http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch04s03 and ask me about <install debian> for hybrid CD/DVD images. Use http://sf.net/projects/win32diskimager/ to write images from Windows. For BIOSes not capable of USB boot, ask me about <plop>.
disk contents
M: 2011-04-14
<reply>To find out which CD or DVD image contains a particular package or source file, use the search engine at http://cdimage-search.debian.org/ . To see what a specific image contains, examine the package lists within the list-{cd,dvd} subdirectories for the relevant architecture at http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/ (e.g. http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/amd64/list-cd/).
ntfsrw
M: 2011-05-31
<reply> see ntfs-3g
nvidia dkms
M: 2013-08-02
<reply>For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems. Ask me about <contrib> and <non-free sources>. «aptitude -r install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` nvidia-kernel-dkms && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "nvidia"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nvidia.conf». Restart your system to enable the <nouveau> blacklist.
dmix
M: 2011-04-02
<reply>dmix is an <ALSA> subsystem allowing an audio device to play multiple sound streams simultaneously, without the need for an external sound server. See http://alsa.opensrc.org/Dmix for more information. A sample asound.conf is at http://img.hexus.net/v2/features/foss/a3/images/asound.conf
frankendebian
M: 2011-09-25
<reply>When you get random packages from random repositories, mix multiple releases of Debian, or mix Debian and derived distributions, you have a mess. There's no way anyone can support this "distribution of Frankenstein" and #debian certainly doesn't want to even try. See if you can convince ##linux to help.
live
M: 2010-03-23
<reply> see debian live
gpg
M: 2009-05-13
<reply>[gpg] GNU Privacy Guard (GnuPG, GPG) is free public-key encryption program, an alternative to <PGP>. Packaged for Debian as gnupg and gnupg2. http://gnupg.org/ #gnupg on irc.freenode.net.
pl
M: 2011-09-21
<reply> Na kanale #debian rozmawiamy po angielsku; jesli chcesz lub wolisz mowic po polsku, wejdz na kanal #debian-pl na irc.freenode.net (Polish speakers please go to #debian-pl on irc.freenode.net). pl is also <perl>.
sns syndrome
M: 2010-04-29
<reply> see sns
wheezy->jessie
M: 2013-05-06
<reply>First, understand that testing is a pre-release distribution without timely security support and that you will have a bumpy ride; ask me about <moving target> <testing> <testing security>. From /etc/apt/sources.list, remove stable-specific lines like wheezy-updates and backports, and change wheezy to jessie. apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade. Consider running <tum> at this point in the release cycle.
nfs
M: 2010-11-22
<reply>Network File System (NFS) is a distributed file system protocol developed by Sun Microsystems. To set up and secure, read the Linux NFS-HOWTO at http://nfs.sf.net/nfs-howto/ . For notes on NFSv4 in Debian, see /usr/share/doc/nfs-common/README.Debian.nfsv4. Mailing list: http://vger.kernel.org/vger-lists.html#linux-nfs . http://wiki.debian.org/NFS http://nfs.sf.net/ #linux-nfs on irc.oftc.net.
ssh
M: 2010-02-17
<reply>[ssh] the Secure SHell; "aptitude install ssh" (<openssh>). Clients for other platforms include <putty> and <cygwin>. Programs to mitigate against brute-force attacks on your SSH server include <fail2ban> and <denyhosts>. See also <scp>, <sftp>, <ssh without password>, <ssh permissions>, <sshx>, <ssh linedraw>, <debug sshd>, <dropbear>, <ssh-copy-id>, <ssh verify key>.
kms
M: 2010-03-23
<reply>Kernel Mode Setting (KMS) has graphical modes initialized by the Linux kernel instead of X. It is hardware dependent, introduced in Linux 2.6.29. Enabled via modprobe as of xserver-xorg-video-intel 2:2.9.1-2 and xserver-xorg-video-radeon 1:6.12.192-2. To disable, edit /etc/modprobe.d/{i915,radeon}-kms.conf or boot with the 'nomodeset' kernel command line parameter. http://wiki.debian.org/KernelModesetting
ppc
M: 2010-02-05
<reply> see powerpc
squeeze udev
M: 2010-10-20
<reply> As of <udev> version 150 (i.e. squeeze), Linux kernel 2.6.27 or later is required for correct operation. As of udev 163, you should be able to accept this warning message and complete the dist-upgrade to squeeze. Ensure that you have the current squeeze kernel installed (aptitude versions '~nlinux-image~i') prior to rebooting. See also <squeeze kernel>, <kernel abi>, http://bugs.debian.org/571255
emacs
M: 2012-06-22
<reply>Emacs is the extensible macro editor that is already quite extensively extended. A popular editor choice with major and minor modes for almost every conceivable language and task. High priests of emacs have even been known to use emacs as their shell, and sometimes have whole systems with init=/usr/bin/emacs. http://www.gnu.org/software/emacs http://emacswiki.org/ #emacs on irc.freenode.net. See also <emacs docs>.
wheezy-backports
C: 2013-03-21
<reply>Selected packages intended for the "Jessie" (8.0) release of Debian but recompiled for use with "Wheezy" (7.x) can be found in the "wheezy-backports" repository. Note that wheezy-backports are on the regular mirror network, not on backports.debian.org. A suitable line for your sources.list is «deb http://http.debian.net/debian/ wheezy-backports main». Also ask me about <bdo>.
livecd
M: 2010-02-21
<reply>A "live CD" (or live system) is an operating system that can boot and run directly from CD. Linux-based examples are Knoppix and Ubuntu. Useful as a rescue CD or for showing off to your geek friends. Debian has its own Live CD (http://live.debian.net/), ask me about <debian live>. http://www.livecdlist.com/
release-critical
M: 2010-01-18
<reply>Release-Critical bugs are Debian bugs with critical, grave or serious severities, preventing the next release of Debian. See the graph at http://bugs.debian.org/release-critical/ or the lists at http://bugs.debian.org/release-critical/other/all.html http://udd.debian.org/bugs.cgi?release=wheezy&patch=ign&pending=ign&merged=ign&done=ign&rc=1 . See also <rc-alert>.
bell
M: 2010-06-08
<reply>To disable the bell: "xset b off" in X, "setterm -blength 0" in console. For some reason, bash beeps excessively when in emacs (default) mode; "set -o vi" puts it in vi editing mode, which doesn't beep on partial completions. In konsole, Settings->Bell->Visible Bell. See also <pcspkr>, <shell beep>, <metacity bell bug>.
sid upgrade
M: 2010-01-28
<reply> Repeat after me: Sid is NOT AN UPGRADE! Sid is meant for developers and testers, so stay away from it if you're neither. Use <stable> or <testing> instead. See also <sid upgrade test>.
cmd: error processing (.*?)
C: 2007-06-25
($1): <reply> $who: That isn't an error, post the whole output to a pastebin (/msg dpkg pastebin).
nopaste
C: 2011-09-16
<reply> nopaste is a command-line tool to send data to a <pastebin>. To paste e.g. your sources.list do "aptitude install libapp-nopaste-perl; nopaste /etc/apt/sources.list"; to paste the output of a program do e.g. "dmesg | nopaste".
uuid
M: 2009-05-21
<reply>A Universally Unique IDentifier (UUID) is used to reference disk partitions (among other things). See currently known partition UUIDs with 'blkid'. In /etc/fstab, use "UUID=dead-beef-0420-etc" as the partition name. UUIDs help to cope with device name changes such as hda->sda (<libata> transition) or changes in USB disk order discovery. <LVM> tools accept PV/VG/LV UUIDs as arguments, use {pv,vg,lv}display to acquire.
poll
M: 2004-05-15
<reply> see polls
dotdeb
M: 2012-10-23
<reply>http://dotdeb.org/ is an unofficial package repository with emphasis on the <LAMP> solution stack, unsupported in #debian. To get support, read http://www.dotdeb.org/2012/08/24/how-to-post-useful-bug-reports/ and report any issues to https://github.com/gplessis/dotdeb-php5/issues . Ask me about <dotdeb alternatives>.
init.d
M: 2009-10-26
<reply>/etc/init.d/ is where most Debian startup scripts go. To add your own, copy /etc/init.d/skeleton to /etc/init.d/myscript and make it do the appropriate thing on start and stop, at least. Then "update-rc.d myscript defaults". See "man update-rc.d" and /usr/share/doc/sysvinit and /etc/init.d/README. Also ask me about <rc.local> <runlevel>. See also <missing lsb tags>.
installed packages
M: 2011-01-28
<reply> To list installed packages, dpkg -l |awk '/^[hi]i/{print $2}'; or aptitude search -F '%p' '~i'; or ask me about <aptitude clone>, <debian clone>. See also <installed test>. For one package, use "dpkg -l packagename" or "apt-cache policy packagename" or (from squeeze onwards) "aptitude versions packagename".
kde 4
M: 2012-06-08
<reply> KDE software is based on the Qt toolkit. See http://www.kde.org/ for release news and other details. Ask me about <install kde> or <remove kde>. You can also get KDE-specific help in #debian-kde (irc.oftc.net) or in other KDE-related IRC channels: http://userbase.kde.org/IRC_Channels . Also check out http://wiki.debian.org/KDE .
which repo
M: 2014-10-30
<reply>To see what repository a package may have come from, try https://www.palfrader.org/gitweb/?p=tools/weaselutils.git;a=blob_plain;f=apt-listrepository or use dpkg -l | awk '/^.i/ {print $2}' | xargs apt-cache policy | awk '/^[a-z0-9.-]+:/ {pkg=$1}; /*\*\*/ {OFS="\t"; ver=$2; getline; print pkg,ver,$2,$3}', or ask me about <obsolete>, or http://people.debian.org/~dannf/apt-inventory, or <bdo list>, or <dmm list>
kfreebsd
M: 2013-05-01
<reply>Debian GNU/kFreeBSD is a port that consists of GNU userland using the GNU C library on top of FreeBSD's kernel, coupled with the regular Debian package set. kfreebsd-amd64 and kfreebsd-i386 parallel with stable since Debian 7 "Wheezy". Ask me about <install guide>. http://www.debian.org/ports/kfreebsd-gnu/ http://wiki.debian.org/Debian_GNU/kFreeBSD_FAQ #debian-kbsd on irc.oftc.net.
remove kde
M: 2009-09-12
<reply>To remove or purge KDE: aptitude remove kdelibs-data kdelibs4c2a kdelibs5 kdelibs5-data libkdecore5. Use 'purge' instead of 'remove' if that's what you want (ask me about <purge>).
partial downgrade
M: 2010-05-12
<reply> This may or may not work for you, but if you've got nothing to lose then try it: (a) change sources.list (b) aptitude update (c) aptitude and then search for the upgraded packages, hit enter on them, select the correct version (d) do the same for libc6 (e) search for broken packages by pressing "b" and then fix them in the same way (f) once you have no more broken packages, hit 'g'. See <not available>.
fonts
M: 2010-10-10
<reply>Fonts available as Debian packages are automatically configured for use via <defoma>. To add user-supplied fonts to a Debian system, ask me about <install font> or see http://wiki.debian.org/Fonts . For general font information, see http://www.nwalsh.com/comp.fonts/FAQ/ . See also <liberation>, <mscorefonts>, <ttf>.
jessie
M: 2013-11-06
<reply>The release following Debian 7 "Wheezy" is codenamed "Jessie" (the cowgirl in Toy Story 2) and will be Debian 8. It is the current <testing> distribution. Use the #debian-next channel on the OFTC network (irc.oftc.net) for support. http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2012/07/msg00004.html . See also <jessie alpha>, <jessie freeze>, <jessie kernel>.
dm
M: 2010-01-09
<reply>DM means Display Manager, the app that brings up a graphical login screen and starts your login session. <xdm>, <gdm>, <kdm>, <wdm>, pdm, login.app, <slim> and <lightdm> are all examples of display managers. Ask me about <nodm> if you want to disable the DM. Or Debian Maintainer: http://wiki.debian.org/DebianMaintainer . For the deb-multimedia repository, ask me about <dmm>.
exit
C: 2000-11-29
<reply> /quit you fool!
runlevel
M: 2008-07-20
<reply> 0 is halt, 1 is single user, 2, 3, 4, 5 are multiuser, 6 is reboot. By default 2, 3, 4 and 5 are identical (there are no graphic/non-graphic runlevels), but you can configure this if you wish. Read /usr/share/doc/sysvinit/*; read /etc/init.d/README; man update-rc.d; if that doesn't make sense, consider installing <rcconf> instead. See also http://debian-administration.org/articles/212, <startup>, <file-rc>, <single-user mode>.
locale
M: 2010-09-21
<reply>A locale is a set of rules for presenting information to humans according to local conventions (date format, thousands separators, language, etc.). Ask me about <locales> to establish on a Debian system. http://wiki.debian.org/Locale http://mywiki.wooledge.org/locale
hcl
M: 2010-10-13
<reply>[hcl] Hardware Compatibility Lists for Linux include http://kmuto.jp/debian/hcl/ (PCI verification only), http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/Hardware-HOWTO/ , http://www.linuxcompatible.org/compatdb/lists/hardware_linux.html and http://www.linuxquestions.org/hcl/ . Also ask me about <driver locator>, <judd-hardware>.
own repo
M: 2012-02-20
<reply>To feed your own packages into apt, you need to create a repository with a Packages file that lists the packages. If you only have a few packages and don't have very sophisticated requirements, you can use <dpkg-scanpackages>. If you want to be able add/remove packages using regular Debian tools like dput then try <reprepro> or mini-dinstall. See http://wiki.debian.org/HowToSetupADebianRepository
xorg manual config
M: 2010-11-27
<reply>From Debian 5.0 "Lenny" onwards, you can often use an <empty xorg.conf>. To configure your keyboard layout for both X and console, run «dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration». If you have further things you wish to configure, use "X -configure" ("X -configure :1" if server is already active) to produce a xorg.conf template. See also <xorg hal>. http://wiki.debian.org/XStrikeForce/InputHotplugGuide
ne1
M: 2014-01-16
<reply> There is no such nick ne1. If you can't be bothered to type 'anyone' we can't be bothered to help you. IRC shorthand for "I don't have two braincells to rub together" (circa EFnet #amiga mid-90s). See <standard english>.
fhs
M: 2010-12-09
<reply> Debian follows the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard. The filesystem is categorized by purpose, not application. This allows, for example, the easy and efficient deployment of a read-only /usr area across a number of thin clients. See http://www.pathname.com/fhs/ or install the 'debian-policy' package (/usr/share/doc/debian-policy/fhs/*), or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filesystem_Hierarchy_Standard, or "man hier".
things to backup
C: 2008-07-22
<reply>Some things you should back up include: /etc /home /root /usr/local /usr/src /opt /srv. Tailor to your own purposes. If you think you don't need /var, make sure you don't forget /var/lib/dpkg /var/lib/apt* /var/lib/mysql /var/mail /var/www /var/cache/debconf /var/spool/cron ...
tracker of doom
M: 2008-11-09
<reply>The Tracker of Doom is a vulnerability database maintained by the Debian security team, viewable at http://security-tracker.debian.org/ . Ask me about <cve lookup CVE-yyyy-nnnn> to get Debian-specific information on a CVE number. See also http://www.debian.org/security/crossreferences or ask me about <debsecan> http://www.enyo.de/fw/software/debsecan/
udev
M: 2009-11-19
<reply>udev is a /dev and hotplug management daemon, the Linux kernel's userspace equivalent of <DevFS>. Ask me about <udev mac>, <blacklist.conf>. See also <udev rules>, <udev squeeze>, <udev details>, <dpin>, <devtmpfs>. http://wiki.debian.org/udev #udev on irc.freenode.net.
crunchbang
M: 2010-08-11
<reply>CrunchBang Linux is a Live CD distribution originally based on <Ubuntu>, now based on Debian as of version 10, featuring the <Openbox> window manager. It is not supported in #debian. http://www.crunchbang.org/ #crunchbang on irc.freenode.net. See <based on debian>.
love
M: 2004-03-19
<reply>Love is a snowmobile racing across the tundra, which suddenly flips over, pinning you underneath. At night, the ice weasels come.
synaptics
M: 2012-01-19
<reply>Synaptics is an X.org driver for laptop touchpads/trackpads. Install the xserver-xorg-input-synaptics package and "man synaptics" for driver options; configuration tools include synclient and gpointing-device-settings. http://wiki.debian.org/SynapticsTouchpad . See also <clickpad>, <trackpoint>.
preseed
M: 2010-07-14
<reply>[preseed] Preseeding provides a way to set answers to questions asked during the Debian installation process, to allow for a streamlined or completely automated installation. The <install guide> provides an extensive appendix on preseeding with a full example. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/Preseed and http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/394 . See also <debconf-set-selections>.
!
M: 2007-09-18
<reply> I'm not your csh prompt!
zh
M: 2013-03-21
<reply>如果您想要得到中文的協助,請加入伺服器上的 #debian-zh (irc.oftc.net) 頻道,加入方法為在輸入框中輸入 "/server irc.oftc.net" 和 "/join #debian-zh" (不要加引號),謝謝您的合作!
rc bugs
M: 2008-11-04
<reply>see release-critical
lobotomy
C: 2000-06-11
<reply>your wish is my command, $who
mirror
M: 2012-05-28
<reply> see debian mirrors
linus
M: 2008-09-25
The Man. or someone who pushes to have procfs replace sysctl, despite the fact for programs this makes things significantly slower. someone that doesn't comment, or at http://revolution-os.com/images/linus_at_linuxworld.jpg
why amd64
C: 2008-10-14
<reply>The Debian architecture that runs on 64-bit processors from AMD and Intel is called "amd64" because the architecture was first developed by AMD. AMD64 is variously known as x86-64, x64, IA-32e, EM64T and Intel 64 (most of which are the Intel marketing people changing their mind). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/x86-64
cmd: ubuntuirc (.*?)
M: 2011-06-04
($1): <reply>$1: This is not the Ubuntu help channel. Please do /server chat.freenode.net and then /join #ubuntu. If you are using XChat, you can right-click the following link and choose connect. irc://chat.freenode.net/ubuntu
kvm
M: 2011-02-21
<reply>Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) is a full <virtualization> solution for Linux hosts on x86 hardware with x86 guests. Packaged as qemu-kvm since Debian 6.0 "Squeeze". See http://wiki.debian.org/KVM for installation instructions, also ask me about <xve>. http://www.linux-kvm.org/page/FAQ http://www.linux-kvm.org/ #kvm on irc.freenode.net.
wud
M: 2014-01-16
<reply> nun uv us wull unswer yu uf yu ask luke u murun. See <standard english>.
rules
M: 2001-02-13
<reply>1) Don't ask to ask. Just state your problem, 2) Don't repeat until 10 mins after, 3) Read and re-read the docs first, then admit it if you REALLY don't understand. You're wasting your time and ours if you haven't at least tried. 4) If your problem ain't solved, come back in 12 hrs or 24 hrs later. We're very international. 5) Be polite and patient. 6) #debian supports only Debian (see <based on debian>)
installed
M: 2005-12-09
<reply> see installed packages
rescue mode
C: 2007-06-29
<reply> Debian-Installer has a recovery ('rescue') mode, which can be used to reinstall the GRUB or LILO boot loaders. See section 8.7 of the Installation Guide ("Recovering a Broken System") for more details; ask me about <install guide>.
python
M: 2010-02-01
<reply>Python is a very nice scripting language, easy to learn and still quite powerful and elegant if you know how to use it. See http://wiki.python.org/moin/BeginnersGuide . #python and ##python on irc.freenode.net, #python on irc.oftc.net. See also <python 2.6>, <python 2.7> and <python 3>.
timezone
M: 2011-09-15
<reply>A time zone is the standard time (aka local time) in a particular region. To change the timezone on Debian systems, execute "dpkg-reconfigure tzdata". Alternatively: "cp -b /usr/share/zoneinfo/$TZ /etc/localtime". Note that tzselect(1) does not change the timezone. Postfix users: execute "service postfix restart" to update localtime in the chroot.
irc primer
M: 2010-03-10
<reply>"A Short IRC Primer": http://www.irchelp.org/irchelp/ircprimer.html . See also "The IRC Prelude": http://www.irchelp.org/irchelp/new2irc.html
irssi
M: 2009-06-06
the best <IRC> client ever. "aptitude install irssi" and read http://www.irssi.org/documentation/startup . See also http://irssi.org/documentation/faq . http://www.irssi.org/ #irssi on open.ircnet.net and irc.freenode.net.
squeeze->wheezy failures
M: 2013-05-03
<reply>Try: (a) upgrade in 2 steps: apt-get upgrade; apt-get dist-upgrade (b) apt-get dist-upgrade -o APT::Immediate-Configure=0 (c) add squeeze back into sources.list; apt-get update; try again. (d) apt-get install apt; try again (e) apt-get install badpackage; try again (f) apt-get remove badpackage; apt-get install badpackage; try again (g) dpkg -r --force-depends badpackage; apt-get -f install; try again.
vmware
M: 2010-02-23
<reply> VMware isn't part of Debian, therefore it's not supported, ask me about <vmware support>. VMware is not in Debian because it is not Free software; even though you might be able to download it for no cost, the source code is not available for some parts and Debian is not allowed to distribute it, see <dfsg>. http://wiki.debian.org/VMware #vmware on irc.freenode.net. See also <virtualization>.
release
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>Debian 7.0 "Wheezy" was released on 2013-05-04. It is now considered "stable". Ask me about <install debian>, or <squeeze->wheezy> to upgrade from Debian 6.0 "Squeeze". See http://www.debian.org/releases/ or <release history> for the latest (and historical) releases. For updates from the Debian Release Team, see http://release.debian.org/
mdn
M: 2013-05-20
<reply>see mozilla.debian.net
firmware image
M: 2010-08-08
<reply> see firmware images
cmd: love (.*?)
M: 2002-11-11
($1): <action>makes love to $1, caressing $1's hair, whispering sweet nothings in $1's ear...
nouveau
M: 2012-12-04
<reply>The nouveau project aims to build high-quality, open source drivers for Nvidia GPUs (Riva, TNT, GeForce, Quadro). Nouveau <DRM> is part of the Linux kernel, the display driver is packaged as xserver-xorg-video-nouveau (read its README.Debian file for important notes). 3D acceleration is available as of Debian 7 "Wheezy", install the libgl1-mesa-dri package. http://nouveau.freedesktop.org/ #nouveau on irc.freenode.net.
bdo list
M: 2012-02-29
<reply> To list all packages you have installed from <debian backports>: «aptitude search '?narrow(?version(CURRENT),?origin(Debian Backports))' --disable-columns -F%p»; apt must know about the origin repository for this to work (i.e. you have a 'deb' line for it in sources.list and 'apt-get update' has been run). To list all backported packages available for your system: «aptitude search '?origin(Debian Backports)'». See also <which repo>.
intel
M: 2010-03-21
<reply>Intel Corporation is a semiconductor manufacturer. For support of wireless LAN adapters, ask me about <iwlwifi>, <ipw2200>, <ipw2100>. For support of Ethernet controllers, ask me about <e100>, <e1000>, <e1000e>, <igb>, <ixgbe>. For support of WiMAX devices, ask me about <i2400m-usb>. For support of integrated graphics chipsets, ask me about <intel-gfx>. See also <ia64>, <isci>, <speedstep>.
unmarkauto
M: 2010-09-13
<reply>Is apt trying to remove packages that it thinks were automatically installed? This happens when you "aptitude install gnome" and then later remove bits of it causing the gnome meta-package to be uninstalled and then all its dependencies. Fix this by running "aptitude unmarkauto packagename" on strategically chosen packages, or reinstall the <metapackage> (apt-get also has unmarkauto from squeeze onwards).
not available
M: 2010-04-29
<reply>To get a list of packages you have installed now, that are not available from any repository in your sources.list: aptitude search '?narrow(?not(?archive("^[^n][^o].*$")),?version(CURRENT))'
keyboard
M: 2009-04-18
<reply> A keyboard is something you hit to fix segfaults, sigsegvs, and faulty hardware, or at http://store.yahoo.com/pfuca-store/ . For help configuring up your keyboard, ask me about <keymap>, <keyboard specialkeys>, <multimedia keys>, <key delay>, <capslock>. See also <cherry>.
sorry
M: 2004-05-05
<reply>Don't be sorry...but if you ever go against the Debian Family again...
free
M: 2009-05-30
defined in English with many different meanings of which only one refers to cost. Easier in French, or 'free beer' = gratuit / 'free speech' = libre, or http://www.debian.org/intro/free, or http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/categories.html, or free (procps) tells you how much memory is used/wasted ("Mem:") and how much is being necessarily used/could be freed ("-/+ buffers/cache:"), see also <free ram>.
gentoo
M: 2013-11-13
<reply>Gentoo Linux (formerly Enoch Linux) is a ports-based Linux distribution for x86, PowerPC and Sparc64. Maybe akin to BSD. For a satirical take on it see http://www.debian.org/News/weekly/2003/44/ , http://bash.org/?464385 and ask me about <greenhouse>, <funroll-loops>. #gentoo on irc.freenode.net
what's my wireless
M: 2007-12-08
<reply> Install the hwinfo package and execute "/usr/sbin/hwinfo --wlan", or http://linux-wless.passys.nl/ , or ask me about <whats my hardware>. See also <wireless>.
samba
M: 2013-05-06
<reply>Samba is a Unix implementation of Windows file/print sharing (the SMB/CIFS protocol). http://samba.org/samba/docs/man/Samba-HOWTO-Collection/ http://samba.org/samba/docs/ http://wiki.samba.org/ #samba on irc.freenode.net. See also <swat>, <dfs>.
rtl818x
M: 2011-06-15
<reply>Realtek 802.11b/g PCI/PCIe and USB wireless LAN chipsets (RTL8180L, RTL8185L, RTL8187L, RTL8187B, RTL8187SE) are supported by the rtl8180, rtl8187 and rtl8187se/r8187se drivers in the Linux kernel. All drivers do not require firmware from userspace. http://wiki.debian.org/rtl818x . For support of Realtek 802.11n devices, ask me about <rtl819x>.
window manager
M: 2009-06-15
<reply>A window manager is a special application class which decorates and manages windows for the X server. To list available window managers in your system, run «apt-cache showpkg x-window-manager». Not to be confused with a desktop environment such as <GNOME> or <KDE>. To set your system-wide default window manager, use «update-alternatives --config x-window-manager». For a guide to available window managers, see http://xwinman.org/
suspend
M: 2013-01-16
<reply>Suspend can mean either suspend to disk (hibernate) or suspend to RAM. The in-kernel suspend system has worked well since Debian 4.0 "Etch". Installing the pm-utils or hibernate packages along with a front-end like gnome-power-manager or <power devil> should be enough. See also <suspend troubleshooting>, <uswsusp>, <swapwake>, <noresume>. http://wiki.debian.org/Suspend
package
M: 2009-11-13
<reply> Debian .deb packages are a special form of <ar> archive which can be unpacked with "ar x pkg.deb". Inside the file control.tar.gz are conffiles, installation scripts, and a file "control" which contains the information shown with "apt-cache show pkg". Dependencies can be changed by editing this file. Install the dpkg-dev package and read "man 5 deb" for more details. A better plan is to see <package recompile> <source package>.
start a distro war
M: 2007-09-03
<reply>(Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning 'I can't configure Debian'.|Debian Rulz|Gentoo is responsible for global warming.|Yggdrasil forever.|BackTrack: (Proudly annoying #debian since 2009.|It _does_ magically turn you into a hacker.))
cmd: spank (.*?)
C: 2002-08-20
($1): <action> bends $1 over (his|her|its) knee and delivers a mighty *THWACK*
ubuntu-irc
C: 2011-06-03
<reply> This is not the Ubuntu help channel. Please do /server chat.freenode.net and then /join #ubuntu. If you are using XChat, you can right-click the following link and choose connect. irc://chat.freenode.net/ubuntu
broadcom
M: 2009-07-11
<reply>Broadcom Corporation is an integrated circuits supplier. For wireless LAN chipset drivers, ask me about <b43>, <brcmsmac>, <rndis_wlan>, <wl>. For Ethernet controller support, ask me about <bnx2>, <bnx2x>, <tg3>.
.
M: 2003-05-08
. ...........
radeon firmware
M: 2010-02-16
<reply>Binary-only firmware was removed from the radeon <DRM> driver at linux-2.6 2.6.29-1 (Debian bug #494009) and is packaged separately in firmware-linux-nonfree. Without this package installed, poor 2D/3D performance in the <radeon> xorg driver is commonly experienced. To acquire, ask me about <non-free sources>. This is not required for use of the <fglrx> driver.
!!!!
C: 2000-08-16
<reply> "Multiple exclamation marks," he went on, shaking his head, "are a sure sign of a diseased mind." - Terry Pratchett, Eric
apt-zip
M: 2009-06-11
<reply> Update a non-networked computer using apt and removable media. Just aptitude install apt-zip and read the docs in /usr/share/doc/apt-zip, or ask me about <apt offline> <apt-walkabout>. http://wiki.debian.org/AptZip
fixmbr
M: 2013-10-01
<reply> see fixboot
deb-src
M: 2011-02-05
<reply>'deb-src http://http.debian.net/debian/ [wheezy|squeeze|jessie|sid] main contrib non-free' (for example), replace with your own for a local mirror. Ask me about <source> for some information about how to build stuff, make sure the "build-essential" package is installed. You might need to have linux-headers-$(uname -r) (if using a Debian kernel) and the libc6-dev packages installed.
cmd: laugh at (.*?)
C: 2001-10-11
($1): <reply> HAHAHA! AH-HAHA! $1 just cracks me up!
apt-listchanges
C: 2008-06-11
<reply>apt-listchanges is a tool that displays NEWS.Debian file contents (default) and/or the changelogs of Debian packages before upgrading them (dpkg-reconfigure apt-listchanges). It is recommended for users of stable to install the apt-listchanges package, to see what is happening to their systems as security fixes are applied; it should be made _mandatory_ for users of testing and unstable. Also ask me about <d-d-a>, <apt-listbugs>.
backup
M: 2008-01-26
<reply>A backup is something you should do *ALWAYS*... if you value your sh*t in the least. Otherwise eons of built-up data can go BYE BYE FOREVER one day if you do not; either by HD malfunction, intentional evil by crackers, mischievous glak elves invading your system, or large magnets getting out of hand. Pay the dollars for a tape system or CDR and use <tar> (optionally with bzip2 at lowest compression). See <things to backup>.
knoppix
M: 2008-03-07
<reply>Knoppix is _not_ Debian. Seek Knoppix help in freenode's #knoppix. Knoppix is a live CD distribution which is <based on Debian>, useful as a rescue CD, to test hardware, and for situations where you have access to a computer but it isn't Debian. http://www.knoppix.org/ unofficial: http://Debian-knoppix.alioth.Debian.org/ <Debian-live> is the Debian equivalent for publishing live systems.
jigdo
M: 2010-08-09
<reply>Jigsaw Download (jigdo) is *the* method for downloading CD/DVD/BD images of Debian. See "Downloading Debian CD images with jigdo" at http://www.debian.org/CD/jigdo-cd/ . http://wiki.debian.org/jigdo http://atterer.org/jigdo/
time
M: 2008-08-20
found on http://www.time.gov/, or $date $time, or an illusion, and lunchtime doubly so - Ford Prefect said that. of no essence here!, or it's beer o'clock!!, or see http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/ch09.en.html#_system_and_hardware_time and ask me about <set time>.
raspbian
M: 2012-10-01
<reply>Raspbian is a distribution <based on Debian> made specifically for the <Raspberry Pi>. Raspbian is not Debian and it is not supported in #debian. Please use #raspbian on irc.freenode.net for support. http://www.raspbian.org/
newbiedoc
M: 2008-12-14
<reply>http://newbiedoc.sf.net/ -- newbies check it out! Veterans too, so you can contribute! :)
fundamentals
M: 2014-06-17
<reply>You'll get more out of Debian and *nix if you learn some of the fundamentals. Read the "Unix and Internet Fundamentals" HOWTO at http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Unix-and-Internet-Fundamentals-HOWTO/ Then, read the Debian Reference at https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/
wheezy installation guide
M: 2013-02-19
<reply>The Installation Guide for Debian 7 "Wheezy" can be found at http://www.debian.org/releases/wheezy/installmanual . See also <errata>, <release notes>.
logs
M: 2000-03-06
<reply> Logs are what you should always check when you have a problem, they live in /var/log/ . For #debian logs, ask me about <irclog>.
anybody
C: 2004-07-13
<reply> see anyone
pastebin.com
M: 2013-03-21
<reply>pastebin.com mangles input, takes forever to load, often makes us enter a CAPTCHA to see your paste and fills the screen with ads. Please use a different site, like http://paste.debian.net/
iceweasel backports
M: 2014-08-11
<reply> For stable releases, newer versions of Iceweasel, Icedove and Iceape can be found at http://mozilla.debian.net/ ; you will want the "release" repository. For users of testing and unstable, updated packages are normally in <experimental>; only Extended Support Release (ESR) versions are suitable for release in <stable> so only those versions can be uploaded to unstable.
powerpc
M: 2010-02-05
<reply>PowerPC is a <RISC> architecture (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PowerPC). See "Debian for PowerPC" at http://www.debian.org/ports/powerpc . Debian CDs are not (and cannot be made) bootable on Old World PowerMacs. Information on proper partitioning is at http://www.alaska.net/~erbenson/doc/mac-fdisk-basics.txt . See also <macsound>, <yaboot>, <quik>, <bootx>, <ppc64>. #debianppc on irc.oftc.net and irc.freenode.net.
utc
M: 2013-09-06
<reply>Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is the standard by which the world regulates clocks and time (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coordinated_Universal_Time). For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems, set "UTC" or "LOCAL" in /etc/adjtime (man 8 hwclock). For Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" systems, set the UTC option in /etc/default/rcS appropriately (man rcs). For all systems, run «service hwclock.sh restart» to apply changes. See also <windows utc>.
dsa
M: 2010-11-17
<reply>[dsa] Debian Security Announcement, see http://www.debian.org/security/ and http://lists.debian.org/debian-security-announce/ ; RSS feeds at http://www.debian.org/security/dsa (titles only) and http://www.debian.org/security/dsa-long (summaries). Ask me about <dsa lookup DSA-nnnn> for information about the packages affected. See also <tracker of doom>, <debsecan>, <dsa team>.
unetbootin
M: 2013-11-06
<reply>UNetbootin (Universal Netboot Installer) allows creation of bootable USB drives for a variety of Linux distributions. http://unetbootin.sf.net/ Not recommended for use with Debian CD/DVD images, as it mangles the installer in cruel and unusual ways, resulting in hard to debug problems. Ask me about <hybrid images>, <usb install>, <win32diskimager>.
ubuntuirc
M: 2011-06-04
<reply> see ubuntu-irc
missing lsb tags
C: 2009-11-16
<reply> From 6.0 "Squeeze" onwards, Debian uses a dependency-based boot sequence (see /usr/share/doc/sysv-rc/README.Debian). This requires all init scripts having appropriate headers, so that the correct order of execution can be determined. Scripts like S25libdevmapper1.02 are left over from 3.1 "Sarge" and can be deleted; your own scripts will need LSB headers added: http://wiki.debian.org/LSBInitScripts
cross post
M: 2010-06-02
<reply>Posting the same question in several places at the same time (IRC channels, news groups, mailing lists, forums) is impolite; your time is NOT more valuable than everyone else's. Your question might be answered elsewhere, meanwhile we are wasting our time doing research for a problem you've already solved. Cross-posting can also make you look like a spammer and get you k:lined. See also <multiple ask> <hurry>.
judd
M: 2012-10-07
<reply>judd is a window into the Ultimate Debian Database (ask me about <udd>). Judd can look up package, PCI ID and kernel config information. See http://ircbots.debian.net/judd/ for detailed information, or ask me about <judd-packages>, <judd-hardware>, <source judd>.
framebuffer
M: 2010-08-05
<reply>Framebuffer is a region of memory into which "frames" of graphical data are drawn. X is a framebuffer system, as is berlin. If you're looking for the framebuffer console, ask me about <fbcon>, or ask about <blacklist> to negate it. To disable framebuffer use at Debian installation time, supply the "fb=false" (d-i) or "video=vga16:off" (kernel) boot options. See also <uvesafb>.
aptitude search
M: 2009-01-14
a powerful searching facility that by default only searches package names, but can be made to search priorities, installation status, dependencies etc. See /usr/share/doc/aptitude/html/en/ch02s04.html (aptitude-doc package), http://aptitude.alioth.debian.org/doc/en/ch02s04s05.html or ask me about <aptitude docs>.
gdm
M: 2010-05-02
<reply> <GNOME> Display Manager (GDM) is a <display manager> based on <xdm>, but with no original xdm code. Written with looks (and security) in mind. It uses ~/.gnomerc instead of ~/.xsession. http://wiki.debian.org/GDM http://projects.gnome.org/gdm #gdm on irc.gimp.org. Not to be confused with the General Purpose Mouse (GPM) interface, see <gpm>.
oss
M: 2009-12-05
an acronym for Open Source Software, coined by Vinod Valloppillil in the first <Halloween> document. Also an acronym for Open Sound System, ask me about <oss4>; for OSS compatiblity in <ALSA>, ask me about <aoss>, <devdsp>.
lamp
M: 2013-06-15
<reply>LAMP: Linux, Apache, MySQL, {PHP,Perl,Python} server. Ask me about <install debian><install apache><install mysql><install php>. (Hmm... doesn't that make it a DAMP stack?), or "aptitude install libapache2-mod-php5 mysql-server php5-mysql". http://wiki.debian.org/LaMp, or http://geek-and-poke.com/geekandpoke/2013/6/15/the-geekpoke-old-chestnut-of-the-week
snapshot
M: 2010-04-12
<reply> see sdo
ralink
M: 2010-02-22
<reply> Ralink Technology Corp. is a wireless LAN chipset manufacturer. Drivers for many Ralink chipsets are present in mainline Linux kernels, ask me about <rt2x00>. For support of 802.11n devices, ask me about <rt2800>.
wgetpaste
M: 2010-07-16
<reply> wgetpaste is a CLI application for sending text to a pastebin, its only dependencies are bash and wget. To install and use: wget http://wgetpaste.zlin.dk/wgetpaste-2.17.tar.bz2 && tar xvjf wgetpaste-2.17.tar.bz2 && cd wgetpaste-2.17 You can then use it as ./wgetpaste; e.g. dmesg | ./wgetpaste It is also safe to copy to /usr/local/bin for easier use.
update
M: 2002-11-28
<reply>[update] `aptitude update' grabs the Packages.gz files from their sources and refreshes the available packages. Use before an aptitude upgrade or before looking for stuff with apt-cache search. See also <updates>.
networking
M: 2013-07-23
<reply>For basic networking, «man interfaces» and see http://wiki.debian.org/NetworkConfiguration . For further information, see http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/254 and http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/ch05 . See also <interfaces>, <wifi>, <wireless connection managers>.
tias
M: 2009-08-13
<reply>TIAS is "Try It And See".
oldstable
M: 2014-06-04
the previous stable version of Debian, as long as it is still supported by the security team. Squeeze (6.0) was oldstable and currently has volunteer-provided security support; ask me about <squeeze-lts>. It is recommended to upgrade your system(s) to the current stable release, ask me about <oldstable->stable>. https://wiki.debian.org/DebianOldStable
alternatives
M: 2012-12-27
the way Debian manages multiple applications with the same function. For more info, man update-alternatives. Have a look at the galternatives package or ask me about <update-alternatives> <java alternatives>. http://people.debian.org/~jwilk/alternatives/Contents has a recently created list of all the available alternatives-managed paths in Debian. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianAlternatives
tasksel
M: 2009-01-07
<reply>tasksel is a program to select and install "tasks": a collection of packages for a system to perform a specific task (e.g. desktop environment, web server). Ask me about <standard task>, <server tasks> and <laptop task>. http://wiki.debian.org/tasksel
wnpp
M: 2010-10-02
<reply> For information on packages which are not in Debian but you think should be, check the Work-Needing and Prospective Packages list at http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp (refinable list at http://wnpp.debian.net/). Use wnpp-alert (from the <devscripts> package) to see what packages you are using that are in need of help.
uefi
M: 2013-01-22
<reply>Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) is a firmware interface specification, intended to replace the <BIOS> firmware interface. Debian 7 "Wheezy" supports installation in (U)EFI mode on 64-bit PC systems (amd64), <secure boot> is currently not supported. See also <errata>. http://www.uefi.org/
xdm
M: 2009-08-01
<reply>[xdm] X display manager, see /usr/share/doc/xdm/README.Debian for configuration details. Ask me about <nodm> to disable.
systemd
M: 2014-02-09
<reply>systemd is a system and service manager for Linux, compatible with SysV and LSB init scripts. It is a replacement for <sysvinit>. systemd is shipped as a technology preview in Debian 7 "Wheezy" and will be be the default init system in Debian 8 "Jessie". https://wiki.debian.org/systemd #debian-systemd on irc.oftc.net http://freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd #systemd on irc.freenode.net. See also <why systemd>.
reboot
M: 2007-08-20
<reply> You want to reboot for WHAT?? If it's not a new kernel or a hardware change, you probably don't need to reboot. Ask me about <qotd2>.
xorg.conf
C: 2009-09-12
<reply> see xorg config
vrms
M: 2012-01-09
<reply>The Virtual Richard M. Stallman (vrms) will list the <contrib> and <non-free> packages installed on your system and for some explain why they are non-free; its list of "reasons" is horribly unmaintained however. You could just run "aptitude search '~i?or(~scontrib,~snon-free)'" to get the same package list.
dsa3032
M: 2014-09-29
<reply>The vulnerability in bash has been fixed for <wheezy> and <squeeze-lts>. https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2014-6271 and https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2014-7169. You have Debian installations older than squeeze? Shame on you. However, look at http://ftp.linux.it/pub/People/md/bash/ for sarge, etch and lenny packages.
bluetooth
M: 2007-09-07
<reply>Bluetooth is a wireless communications protocol (http://bluetooth.com/), about as secure as shouting. aptitude install bluez-utils; then run hidd --search as root. http://wiki.debian.org/BluetoothUser http://wiki.debian.org/Bluetooth/Alsa . For support of Qualcomm Atheros devices, ask me about <ath3k>. See also <btusb>.
custom netinst
M: 2009-06-22
<reply>To create customized Debian <netinst> images, see http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/Modify/CustomKernel and http://wiki.debian.org/DebianCustomCD . See also <blend>.
ssbp
C: 2006-11-16
<reply> see simple sid backport
debian-next
M: 2013-10-15
<reply>#debian-next is the channel for testing/unstable support on the OFTC network (irc.oftc.net).
libdvdcss
M: 2013-10-21
<reply>libdvdcss is a free software library for unscrambling <CSS>-encrypted DVDs, not to be confused with <DeCSS>. It is not distributed by Debian due to legal concerns. To acquire, see http://www.videolan.org/developers/libdvdcss.html for repository and APT signing key information, then install the libdvdcss2 package.
realtek
M: 2011-05-19
<reply>Realtek is a developer of semiconductors. Realtek Ethernet controllers are supported by the 8139too, 8139cp and <r8169> drivers in the mainline Linux kernel. For support of Realtek-based wireless LAN devices, ask me about <rtl819x> (802.11n) or <rtl818x> (802.11b/g).
next
M: 2014-06-05
<reply> Another happy customer leaves the building.
sata
M: 2011-08-02
<reply>Serial ATA (SATA) is a computer bus interface connecting host adapters to mass storage devices (e.g. hard disks, optical drives). http://ata.wiki.kernel.org/ http://ata.wiki.kernel.org/index.php/SATA_RAID_FAQ http://linuxmafia.com/faq/Hardware/sata.html . See also <sata delete>.
bpo kernel
M: 2010-09-06
<reply> see bdo kernel
usbmount
M: 2013-08-08
<reply>usbmount is a script to automatically mount/umount USB drives as they are inserted/removed. See also <pmount>.
java alternatives
C: 2008-08-04
<reply> Rather than using update-alternatives (or galternatives) to set each individual alternative for java (and there are lots of them!), use update-java-alternatives. To see a list of the valid java alternatives, use "update-java-alternatives --list". To select the amd64 openjdk-7 java runtime environment, "update-java-alternatives --set java-1.7.0-openjdk-amd64".
kali linux
C: 2013-03-13
<reply>Kali Linux (http://www.kali.org/) is a security and penetration testing distribution from the creators of <backtrack>. It is based on Debian, but it is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. Seek help in #kali-linux on chat.freenode.net or http://forums.kali.org/ . Also ask me about <based on debian>.
freebsd
M: 2011-03-13
NOT better than Debian, and it is not worse. It is just different. Admittedly one might be more interested in using FreeBSD as a server OS rather than as a desktop workstation. http://www.freebsd.org/ ##freebsd on irc.freenode.net. For the Debian port, ask me about <kfreebsd>.
services
M: 2011-09-27
<reply>To view and alter system services, use one or more of <rcconf>, <sysv-rc-conf>, <update-rc.d>; or use ls, ln and mv in /etc/rc?.d/ . The /etc/services file provides a port numbers list, which is updated from http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers and other sources. The 'service' command (used to run an init script) is packaged for Debian in sysvinit-utils. See also <disable services>.
root x
M: 2008-04-24
<reply>If you need to run an X application as root (or another user), ask me about <sux> <gksu> <sshx> <mit-magic-cookie> <xauth> or look at kdesu and gksudo. Whatever you do, don't use <xhost> or try <running x as root>!
mesa
M: 2011-03-01
<reply>Mesa 3D is an open source implementation of the <OpenGL> API. http://mesa3d.org/ #dri-devel on irc.freenode.net. See also <glx>.
nvidia-installer
M: 2007-03-24
a clever cross-platform way of installing nvidia's proprietary drivers, which works fine on systems with stupid package managers (i.e. not so good with Debian). More specifically, prone to dying if any X or kernel-related packages are upgraded or removed. Ask me about <nvidia-graphics-drivers> instead. See also <why nvidia-installer sucks>, <remove nvidia-installer>.
debian-live
M: 2010-03-23
<reply> see debian live
dmm list
M: 2012-02-29
<reply>To list all packages you have installed from deb-multimedia.org: aptitude search '?narrow(?version(CURRENT),?origin(Unofficial Multimedia Packages))' --disable-columns -F%p. Note: apt must know about the origin repository for this to work (i.e. you have a 'deb' line for it in sources.list and 'apt-get update' has been run). See also <which repo>.
stable->testing
M: 2013-05-04
<reply>see wheezy->jessie
version chasing
M: 2008-06-25
<reply> A higher version number does not mean that it's better, just newer. Debian's <stable> release might not have the latest packages, but it has packages that have been tested and bugfixed; for selected packages, you can use backports.debian.org. You should have a better reason than "newer" when considering compiling from source or using 3rd party repos. Ask me about <debian-backports>. Tell us what you're doing isn't just <sns syndrome>.
enlightenment
M: 2013-01-09
<reply>Enlightenment is a stacking X11 <window manager>. Development Release 16 is packaged for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" as e16, removed post-Squeeze to resolve bug #619707. Development Release 17 is packaged as e17, not part of the Debian 7 "Wheezy" release due to bug #697707. http://enlightenment.org/ #e on irc.freenode.net.
squeeze-lts
M: 2014-06-02
<reply>Volunteer-provided security support for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" will continue until 2016-02-06 for a limited set of packages for i386 and amd64. An appropriate line for your sources.list is «deb http://http.debian.net/debian/ squeeze-lts main». See also the «check-support-status» command from the debian-security-support package and https://wiki.debian.org/LTS for more information. #debian-lts on irc.oftc.net.
irclog
M: 2009-09-23
<reply>[irclog] #debian on <freenode> is logged at http://ibot.rikers.org/%23debian/ , #debian on <OFTC> is logged at http://thegrebs.com/irc/
packages
M: 2011-05-19
<reply> see package
fish
M: 2009-05-09
<reply>"Give a man a fish and you'll feed him a day. Teach him how to fish and he'll feed himself for the rest of his life." This is so appropriate. Instead of asking us to tell you exactly what to do, ask us which documentation to read, read them, then come back and ask specific questions which aren't covered.
fixgrub
M: 2010-08-31
<reply> see fixmbr
kali
C: 2013-03-13
<reply> see kali linux
r8169
M: 2013-04-03
<reply>r8169 is a Linux kernel driver supporting the Realtek RTL8101, RTL8111/8168 and RTL8169 families of gigabit Ethernet chips. See also <rtl8168d>, <rtl8105e>, <rtl8402>, <rtl8411>. Not to be confused with the out-of-tree <r8168> driver.
wheezy release notes
C: 2013-02-19
<reply>Release notes for Debian 7 "Wheezy" are at http://www.debian.org/releases/wheezy/releasenotes . See also <squeeze->wheezy>, <install guide>.
luks
M: 2010-08-11
<reply>Linux Unified Key Setup (LUKS) is a disk encryption specification with a platform-independent format. http://code.google.com/p/cryptsetup/ . To access on Microsoft Windows systems, see http://sf.net/projects/freeotfe.mirror/ and <ext2read>.
why nvidia-installer sucks
M: 2009-09-20
<reply>nvidia-installer works fine for you today, granted. Let's say tomorrow Xorg is updated -- the nvidia driver will break. If you try to uninstall nvidia (nvidia-installer --uninstall), then you break Xorg badly. nvidia-installer overwrites files at random, and has NO CONCEPT of package management. We recommend against using it based on extensive experience. USE THE DEBIAN PACKAGES. Ask me about <nvidia>.
xyproblem
M: 2012-10-22
<reply>People often falsely diagnose problems because they are looking too closely at a problem: they have got stuck at a particular point (Y) doing something (X) and so ask about step Y, not realising that there is an easier or better way to do X in the first place. See http://mywiki.wooledge.org/XyProblem
install php
M: 2013-08-04
<reply>To install PHP on Apache, install libapache2-mod-php5, then restart your browser and try to access a php page. If this doesn't work, ask me about <php wants me to download still>. There are also CGI and CLI versions of PHP available in the php5-cgi and php5-cli packages. See also <php mpm> <phpmyadmin> <install mysql> <install apache>.
xorg.conf.d
M: 2011-02-08
<reply>xorg can use files ending in the suffix .conf in /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d for additional configuration. It is preferred to use an <empty xorg.conf> and create files (e.g. 20-nvidia.conf, 20-radeon.conf, 20-wacom.conf) there in order to configure a single device. You might have to create the directory yourself (mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d). See also "man 5 xorg.conf".
!!!
C: 2002-03-23
<reply> see !!!!
jessie freeze
C: 2013-11-06
<reply> Remember, remember, the fifth of November, gunpowder treason and plot! Debian 8.0 "Jessie" was frozen on 2014-11-05; no new versions of packages will enter this release and a period of intense bug fixing has begun. See http://release.debian.org/jessie/freeze_policy.html or ask me about <slushy>. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunpowder_Plot
apt offline
M: 2008-04-25
<reply>To use apt on a machine that doesn't have a network connection (if you have a separate machine that does have a network connection), read http://batmat.net/apt-offline/ch3.html . Ask me about <apt-zip>, <apt-walkabout>.
faq
M: 2009-04-17
<reply>[faq] Frequently Asked Questions. The #debian FAQ is at http://wiki.debian.org/DebianIRC . The Debian GNU/Linux FAQ is at http://www.debian.org/doc/FAQ/ . Ask me about <search dpkg> to search my database for FAQ links. Many other FAQ are listed at http://wiki.debian.org/FAQ . Read the FAQs!
check iso image
M: 2011-08-19
<reply>To verify you have a valid and official Debian CD/DVD image, see http://www.debian.org/CD/faq/#verify . To test an ISO image was burned correctly, compare the output of «md5sum filename.iso; dd if=/dev/cdrom | head -c `stat --format=%s filename.iso` | md5sum». You should compare this md5sum to the checksum for the ISO image on the mirror. See also <check iso signature>.
b43-fwcutter
M: 2013-08-21
<reply>Device firmware required by the <b43> and <b43legacy> drivers is proprietary and unable to be distributed by the Debian Project. The b43-fwcutter utility (packaged in contrib) can extract this firmware from Broadcom's binary drivers. Debian packages to download, extract and install firmware are available; ask me about <contrib> and use «apt-cache search firmware-b43» to list. http://wiki.debian.org/bcm43xx#b43-b43legacy
latex
M: 2009-12-06
<reply>LaTeX (pronounced la tech) is a set of macros for the TeX document formatting system to produce beautiful documents. Read "The Not-So-Short Guide to LaTeX": http://www.ctan.org/tex-archive/info/lshort/english/ or see http://directory.google.com/Top/Computers/Software/Typesetting/TeX/LaTeX/ http://www.tex.ac.uk/ . Install the texlive package for an extensive installation; "aptitude search latex" for more. #latex on irc.freenode.net.
irc tutorial
M: 2010-09-28
<reply> see irc primer
intel-gfx
M: 2010-03-21
<reply>[intel-gfx] The intel <Xorg> driver provides 2D/3D support for Intel integrated graphics chipsets, including the i810, 915{G,GM}, 945{G,GM,GME}, 946GZ, 965{G,GM,Q}, G33, Q33, Q35, G35, GM45, G45, Q45, G43 and G41; the <GMA 500> is not supported. Packaged for Debian as xserver-xorg-video-intel, see also <intel-gfx shadow>. http://x.org/wiki/IntelGraphicsDriver https://01.org/linuxgraphics/ #intel-gfx on irc.freenode.net.
ftpmustdie
C: 2006-07-12
<reply>see ftp must die
opengl
M: 2000-11-29
<reply>OpenGL (Open Graphics Language) is a 3D graphics <API> originally developed by Silicon Graphics. http://www.opengl.org/ There is a free implementation available, ask me about <mesa>.
c++
M: 2005-01-28
an object oriented programming language which is perfect to develop GUI or real-life applications with a reusable, elegant and extensible design, or a crappyfied version of C, or a kludge, or bastardised version of C you don't want to know about, too damn complex to be nice low-level language like C, but not abstracted enough to not hamper you with "let's leak some memory, shall we?" crap. See Python if you want to get some work done
update-rc.d
M: 2009-04-22
<reply>update-rc.d is used to manipulate System V style init script links, which are used to stop/start system services. Read the update-rc.d man page for a good introduction to Debian's boot process. For front-ends, ask me about <rcconf>, <sysv-rc-conf>, <bum>. See also <insserv>.
fai
M: 2009-10-14
<reply>Fully Automatic Installation (FAI) is an automated tool to install or deploy Debian (and other distributions) on a bunch of different hosts or a cluster. It is more flexible than tools like <kickstart> (Red Hat), autoyast and alice (SuSE) or jumpstart (Oracle Solaris). FAI can also be used for configuration management of a running system. http://fai-project.org/ #fai on irc.oftc.net.
kernels
M: 2007-12-02
<reply> see kernel
gcc
M: 2014-06-19
<reply>The GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) is a compiler system supporting various programming languages. In order to change which version it should use, "export CC=gcc-$whatever", as /usr/bin symlinks (gcc, g++, et al) are not handled using Debian <alternatives>; see /usr/share/doc/gcc/README.Debian. See also <gcc-doc>. https://gcc.gnu.org/ #gcc on irc.oftc.net.
brcmsmac
M: 2013-06-27
<reply>brcmsmac (brcm80211 prior to Linux 2.6.39) is an open source <mac80211> driver, supporting 802.11n PCIe devices based on Broadcom <BCM4313>, <BCM43224> and <BCM43225> chips. Firmware is required (bcm43xx-0.fw, bcm43xx_hdr-0.fw), ask me about <non-free sources> and install the firmware-brcm80211 package to provide. Access point and adhoc modes are supported since Linux 3.10. http://wiki.debian.org/brcm80211
flashplugin-nonfree
M: 2013-09-23
<reply>Adobe Flash Player is proprietary (non-free) software. The easiest way to install it is with the flashplugin-nonfree package, ask me about <contrib>. WARNING: installing flashplugin-nonfree will NOT automatically keep the plugin updated. Read more on https://wiki.debian.org/FlashPlayer. Try «update-flashplugin-nonfree --install» if the installation didn't seem to work or to update the plugin.
php wants me to download still
M: 2013-08-04
<reply>The usual problem is browser caching of content, clear the browser cache and restart it. Verify it's not the browser using another one or wget, curl, etc. If this persists after following <install php>, /usr/share/doc/php5-common/README.Debian.gz may help. See also <php userdir>. http://wiki.apache.org/httpd/PHPDownload
apache
M: 2009-02-24
<reply>Apache HTTPD is a versatile, high-performance HTTP server. Ask me about <apache2>, <install apache>, <apache manual>. See also <cnrd>, <userdir>, <htaccess>. http://wiki.debian.org/Apache http://wiki.apache.org/httpd/FAQ http://httpd.apache.org/ #httpd on irc.freenode.net.
grml
M: 2009-06-18
<reply> grml is a bootable CD (Live CD) originally <based on> Knoppix, now Debian. It includes a collection of GNU/Linux software especially for users of text tools and system administrators. It can be used as a rescue system, for analyzing systems/networks or as a working environment. http://grml.org/ #grml on irc.freenode.net.
dda
M: 2005-07-27
<reply> see debian-devel-announce
php
M: 2009-04-11
<reply>PHP is a scripting language. To install, ask me about <install php>. See also <php wants me to download still>, <php mysql>, <php userdir>, <phpmyadmin>, <php gd>, <pear>, <pecl>, <suhosin>, <xampp>. http://wiki.debian.org/PHP http://www.php.net/ #php on irc.oftc.net, #php and ##php on irc.freenode.net.
initramfs
M: 2009-05-04
the new <initrd>. See http://www.ducea.com/2006/10/10/debian-etch-kernels/ for Sarge and Etch kernel differences (forward looking as we know it prior to etch's release), or ask me about <initramfs debug>. See also <targeted>. http://wiki.debian.org/initramfs
pmount
M: 2009-11-13
<reply>pmount ("policy mount") is an application to make it easier to (un)mount removable media such as USB flash memory sticks; e.g. as normal user, "pmount sda1" mounts it at /media/sda1 (no superuser requirement, no need to create a mount point). You will need to be in the <plugdev> group, but you'll know that from reading /usr/share/doc/pmount/README.Debian.
kernel-handbook
M: 2011-06-06
<reply>The Debian Linux Kernel Handbook http://kernel-handbook.alioth.debian.org/ - packaged as debian-kernel-handbook since Debian 7 "Wheezy" - serves as a single access point to all kernel-related documentation. See chapter 4.2 to rebuild official Debian kernel packages, see chapter 4.5 to build a custom kernel from Debian kernel source.
what's my hardware
C: 2007-07-27
<reply> see whats my hardware
nonfree
C: 2001-01-25
<reply> see non-free
about
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> see help
glx
M: 2010-08-27
<reply>GLX (OpenGL Extension to the X Window System) enables programs wanting to use <OpenGL> to do so, via a window provided by X Window System. http://web.archive.org/web/20080510115750/http://www.sgi.com/products/software/opensource/glx/
testing installer
M: 2013-12-16
<reply>Repeat after me: the testing installer is for testing the <installer>, not for installing <testing>. To install testing, do a minimal installation using the <stable> installer and ask me about <stable->testing>. Installer bugs should be filed against the debian-installer pseudopackage. https://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/
hu
M: 2012-09-17
<reply> Ez egy angol nyelvu csatorna. Kerlek beszelj angolul vagy probald a #debian.hu csatornat a FreeNode halozaton, ha magyarul szeretnel.
steam
M: 2013-12-30
<reply>Steam is a proprietary content delivery and management application for PC software with Linux support. Packaged in <testing> (non-free); amd64 users are required to enable <multiarch> and install the steam:i386 package. For help with upstream issues, ask #steamlug on irc.freenode.net. http://wiki.debian.org/Steam
amd
M: 2011-02-14
<reply>Advanced Micro Devices is a semiconductor manufacturer. For support of ATI/AMD graphics hardware, ask me about <ati>. See also <amd64>, <coolnquiet>, <k7>.
help
M: 2007-01-29
<reply> Enter /msg dpkg help in your IRC client, or http://www.debian.org/intro/about
raid
M: 2009-05-02
<reply>Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks (RAID) is a system of multiple hard drives for sharing or replicating data. Ask me about RAID{0-5}, <software raid>, <fakeraid>, <megaraid>, <raid-resizing>, <rocketraid>. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_RAID_levels http://wiki.debian.org/LinuxRaidForAdmins
various cd1
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>There are CD-1 choices for various DEs (Desktop Environments) - there's one for GNOME, another for KDE, one for XFCE and another for LXDE. For example; if you wanted the XFCE CD-1 of Debian 7 "Wheezy", you'd grab -> debian-7.8.0-i386-xfce-CD-1.iso from the mirrors (if you were going for i386 arch). Also ask me about <firmware images>, <release notes>, <ig>, <setup.exe>.
mozilla.debian.net
M: 2013-05-20
<reply> see iceweasel backports
obsolete
M: 2010-04-28
<reply> If you remove a repository from your sources.list (e.g. removing <dmm>), then you should check what packages you have installed from the other repository. Synaptic and aptitude have a "Obsolete and Locally Created Packages" list. Or, "aptitude search ~o". Note this doesn't include packages that exist in the repo at a different version to the one you have installed; see <not available> <list repositories>.
touchpad
M: 2009-05-25
<reply> see synaptics
dual boot guide
M: 2014-04-29
<reply>A guide for setting up dual boot with Windows 7 can be found at http://linuxcommando.blogspot.ca/2013/12/dual-booting-debian-wheezy-and-windows-7.html . Also ask me about <fixmbr>, <supergrub>.
localised errors
M: 2009-06-09
<reply> see localized errors
empty xorg.conf
M: 2011-02-08
<reply>Starting from Debian 5.0 "Lenny", /etc/X11/xorg.conf is often basically empty or non-existent, as X auto-detects your hardware and starts the X server accordingly, nothing to worry about. Ask me about <xorg config> and <xrandr> for ways to configure Xorg. See also <xorg manual config>, <xorg.conf.d>, <xorg hal>.
xinitrc
M: 2009-04-15
just use ~/.xsession instead, ask me about <.xinitrc> for the reason. Also ask about <xsession>.
qemu
M: 2011-02-21
<reply>QEMU is a fast PC emulator. http://qemu-buch.de/cgi-bin/moin.cgi/FrequentlyAskedQuestions http://www.qemu.org/ #qemu on irc.freenode.net. See also <kvm>, <virtualization>.
multiarch failures
C: 2013-05-14
<reply> There is a set of new and interesting failures to get used to in the <multiarch> world. Ask me about <multiarch changelog> <multiarch skew>.
sux
M: 2007-08-08
<reply>sux is a utility for running X apps as a different user. "aptitude install sux" and documentation at http://fgouget.free.fr/sux/ . Also ask me about <root x> for other alternatives. Sux is also the way some people spell sucks and usually implies that they don't know what they are talking about; ask me about <u>.
proxy
M: 2011-07-20
<reply>A proxy server is a system/application acting as an intermediary for resource requests from clients. See <http_proxy>, <ftp_proxy>, /etc/apt/apt.conf (man 5 apt.conf), <environment>. See also <apt-cacher>, <imapproxy>, <squid>.
securing debian
M: 2009-12-08
<reply>The Securing Debian Manual describes the security of the Debian GNU/Linux operating system and within the Debian project. http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/securing-debian-howto/ Packaged for Debian as harden-doc. See also <manuals>.
devdsp
M: 2009-10-08
<reply>If you are using <ALSA> and an application complains about /dev/dsp missing, you need to provide the Open Sound System (OSS) compatibility layer. Run "modprobe snd-pcm-oss" and add snd-pcm-oss to /etc/modules; the oss-compat package provides a <modprobe> configuration file which loads this module. A proposed Debian release goal is for packaged applications to stop using /dev/dsp: http://wiki.debian.org/ReleaseGoals/NoLinuxDevDsp
lxde
M: 2009-05-30
<reply>The Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment (LXDE) is available since Debian 5.0 "Lenny". To install, ask me about <install lxde>. http://wiki.lxde.org/en/LXDE:Questions http://www.lxde.org/ #lxde on irc.oftc.net.
install lxde
M: 2011-02-03
<reply>To install <LXDE> on established systems, ask me about <install x>, then: «aptitude install lxde». To install using Debian-Installer (if not using LXDE CD-1): from the Installer boot menu, select "Advanced options > Alternative desktop environments > LXDE > Install".
zfs
M: 2010-10-13
<reply>ZFS (originally Zettabyte File System) is a file system / logical volume manager developed by Sun Microsystems (http://deb.li/7xXU). The Debian GNU/kFreeBSD kernel since 7.2 has ZFS support, the userland utilities are packaged as zfsutils. A <FUSE> implementation for Debian GNU/Linux systems is in zfs-fuse. http://zfs-fuse.net/ #zfs-fuse on irc.freenode.net.
xinerama
M: 2008-08-12
where you have several monitors but only one logical desktop -- XFree86 4.0 and X.org have it. http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Xinerama-HOWTO/ . This functionality is provided by RandR in recent Xorg drivers, ask me about <randr>.
suspend troubleshooting
M: 2011-01-12
<reply>A guide for troubleshooting suspend-to-RAM and suspend-to-disk problems is at http://en.opensuse.org/SDB:Suspend_to_RAM and http://en.opensuse.org/SDB:Suspend_to_disk . The tools it references are available in the Debian <uswsusp> package. See also http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/power/basic-pm-debugging.txt
xve
M: 2009-09-12
<reply> To confirm if your processor supports x86 virtualization extensions, run: egrep -q -e '^flags.*vmx' -e '^flags.*svm' /proc/cpuinfo && echo 'virtualization extensions available'. Some systems require Intel VT-x / AMD Virtualization (SVM) support to be enabled in BIOS. See also <virtualization>.
geo http sources.list
M: 2012-06-28
<reply>To have <APT> automatically select a mirror geographically close to you, you can use a Geo-IP service from http.debian.net. An example line for your sources.list is "deb http://http.debian.net/debian/ wheezy main". See http://http.debian.net/ for more information. Unlike <cdn.debian.net>, it is safe to use with Google DNS etc because it uses HTTP 302 redirects. See also <which http.debian.net>.
pxe
M: 2009-11-28
<reply>Pre-boot eXecution Environment (PXE) is a network boot protocol. A <TFTP> server with tsize support (such as tftpd-hpa, atftpd, dnsmasq) is required for PXE. See also <pxelinux>, <netboot>, <ipxe>.
based on
C: 2006-04-20
<reply> see based on debian
install testing
M: 2013-05-09
<reply>Daily built <netinst> images to install <testing> are available from http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/ . The chance of the testing installer being broken on any given day is quite high. Instead, do a minimal installation using the stable installer and ask me about <stable->testing>. Also ask me about <testing installer>, <apt-listchanges>, <d-d-a>.
cmd: -r (.*?)
M: 2003-03-25
($1): <action> removes $1 along with a pound of flesh from $who's body, then staples $who back up with a staple gun.
udev rules
M: 2013-05-19
http://www.reactivated.net/writing_udev_rules.html
security backports
M: 2008-07-16
<reply> Debian incorporates security fixes into the version currently in <stable>. This is non-trivial so it may take a couple days. Backporting security fixes means that you can update the package without problems like changed behaviour that would come with updating to a new version of the software. The upstream version number doesn't change in the Debian package when this is done; check the changelog or the <tracker of doom>.
ssd
M: 2009-06-23
<reply>The "Drive" in Solid-state Drive (SSD) is really a misnomer. SSD storage is basically a huge block of RAM chips that functions like a hard drive. SSD drives (obviously) are extremely expensive, but offer very high data speeds that are necessary in some applications. They can also be used as large caches on huge RAID subsystems. See also <ssd limit>.
pciid
M: 2010-05-04
<reply>The PCI ID helps us work out how to support your PCI hardware. It looks like [abcd:1234] in the output of "lspci -nn". Ask the bot "judd" to match the PCI ID of the device, e.g. "/msg judd pciid 8086:284b". Some hardware uses alternate means of detection: beware of some false positives+negatives. See also <judd-hardware>, <local pciid>. To find out what currently installed kernel modules your hardware is using, run "lspci -k".
udev squeeze
M: 2010-01-25
<reply> see squeeze udev
http.debian.net
C: 2012-06-29
<reply> see geo http sources.list
cmd: ubuntu (.*?)
C: 2008-11-13
($1): <reply>$1: Please take your Ubuntu question to #ubuntu on chat.freenode.net as they are able to help you much better with Ubuntu questions than #debian. Ubuntu can be quite different from Debian, #debian is not just a version of #ubuntu for advanced Ubuntu users.
default alsa
C: 2010-12-23
<reply>Use the /etc/asound.conf or ~/.asoundrc configuration files to set your default sound card. See http://alsa.opensrc.org/MultipleCards for more information. You can also configure it in pavucontrol if you are using PulseAudio.
wm
M: 2006-07-26
<reply>see window manager
reiserfs
M: 2010-05-16
<reply>ReiserFS version 3 (aka Reiser3) is a journaling filesystem with pretty good performance and some interesting features. It is wonderful and everyone loves it, until the axe falls and they lose data due to a crash. As such, it has a lot of ex-fans who are now sadder but wiser. Ask me about <ext3>, <jfs> and <xfs> for safer filesystems. See also <reiserfs d-i>, <ext3 vs reiserfs>, <rfstool>, <reiser4>.
swap
C: 2008-02-21
<reply>Swap is RAM you wish you had. Generally it is said that for low amounts of RAM (say, less than 2GB), you should have twice the RAM as swap. You don't have to have a swap partition either, as you can always create a <swap file> and use that. See also <am i swapping>. http://wiki.debian.org/Swap http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swap_space#Linux
nl
M: 2006-09-15
<reply>Voor Nederlandstalige hulp met debian kunt U terecht in #debian-nl. For help with debian in Dutch, you can join #debian-nl.
lsb tags
C: 2010-08-09
<reply>see missing lsb tags
bot help
M: 2008-03-26
<reply> see dpkgbot
lsb
M: 2010-08-09
<reply> Linux Standard Base is a set of guidelines which all linux distributions should follow to ensure compatability between them. http://www.linuxfoundation.org/collaborate/workgroups/lsb . See also <lsb tags>, <fancytty>.
myram
M: 2010-02-14
<reply>[myram] install and run «dmidecode -t memory» as root to see RAM information. For more detailed information, install the i2c-tools package, modprobe eeprom, and run decode-dimms. Try «lshal | grep smbios» to obtain mainboard and BIOS information.
xchat
M: 2010-01-21
<reply>XChat is a graphical <IRC> client similar to AmIRC. Also in violation of the GPL (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xchat#Shareware_controversy). http://xchat.org/faq/ http://xchatdata.net/Using/FAQ http://xchat.org/ #xchat on irc.freenode.net. See also <hexchat>.
forgot root password
M: 2007-04-15
<reply>see ifrp
sysrq
M: 2009-04-25
Alt-PrintScreen-[Key]. For a clean reboot with a semi-locked machine, try [Key] with s-u-b, s for sync, u for remount readonly and b for reBoot. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magic_SysRq_key and http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/sysrq.txt . See also <sysrqd>.
vbox
C: 2007-11-07
<reply> see virtualbox
rtl8168d
M: 2011-05-17
<reply>The Realtek RTL8111D/RTL8168D Ethernet controller is supported by <r8169> since Linux 2.6.31. Firmware patches (rtl8168d-1.fw, rtl8168d-2.fw) for use with linux-2.6 2.6.32-20 and later are packaged since firmware-nonfree 0.28, ask me about <realtek firmware>. These provide a bug fix for the controller (gigabit operation with a wider variety of cables and link partners); in many cases, the controller and driver will work without these.
cmd: bless (.*?)
C: 2002-04-05
($1): <reply> O $DEITY,( we beseech you to|) bless your child $1, who is about to do something stupid and needs all the help you can give. Amen.
icedove
M: 2010-02-18
<reply>Icedove is a DFSG-free fork of Mozilla Thunderbird, a cross-platform email client, replacing Thunderbird in Debian as of 5.0 "Lenny". Debian is unable to distribute Mozilla Thunderbird as-is due to trademark restrictions, see <why icedove>. Since July 2013, Icedove in Debian <stable> is based on the Extended Support Release (ESR) branch. For help with upstream issues, ask #thunderbird on irc.mozilla.org. http://wiki.debian.org/Icedove
mit-magic-cookie
M: 2008-04-24
<reply>mit-magic-cookie is a key that a client application is required to possess in order to use your X11 display. Running xhost + removes this requirement which is why you should never use <xhost>. The xauth utility is in the xauth package (formerly xbase-clients) and is used to manipulate the mit-magic-cookie; ask me about <mit-magic-cookie export>. For other, easier ways of running apps as another user, ask me about <root x>.
motd
M: 2013-05-07
<reply>The "Message Of The Day" (MOTD) may be shown to users at login time. Since Debian 7 "Wheezy", motd is entirely under the control of the administrator; edit /etc/motd as desired. The dynamic part of the MOTD is in /run/motd.dynamic and is prepended to your /etc/motd; this dynamic part is generated by /etc/init.d/motd should you also need to customise it. See "man 5 motd". For Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", see <motd squeeze>.
what's up
C: 2001-05-21
<reply>everything is okay thanks
debmirror
M: 2010-11-28
<reply>debmirror is a script to create a partial Debian mirror. Receiving "public key not found" errors from gpgv? Use "gpg --keyring /usr/share/keyrings/debian-archive-keyring.gpg --export | gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring trustedkeys.gpg --import" or "gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring trustedkeys.gpg --keyserver keyring.debian.org --recv-keys <key ID>" to add the required key to ~/.gnupg/trustedkeys.gpg. See also <mirrors>.
commands
M: 2006-01-24
The Linux command reference may be found here: http://justlinux.com/nhf/Command_Reference and here: http://justlinux.com/nhf/Shells/Basic_Console_Commands.html
ppa
M: 2010-11-16
<reply>[ppa] Personal Package Archive (see https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+ppas or <launchpad>). PPAs are either: (a) an easy way to grab packages based on nightly-builds/VCS snapshots or (b) an easy way for any idiot to publish a package of extremely poor quality (remember, you will run the maintainer scripts as root during install!). Choose your repos wisely. No equivalent exists for Debian yet. Ask me about <why not use a ppa>.
i386
M: 2005-06-11
the designation for the "common ordinary garden-variety PC" architecture. Runs on everything from the 80386SX (woody) or 80486SX (sarge) and up. If you don't know what arch you want, you want this one.
sort by size
M: 2013-01-12
aptitude search ~i -O installsize -F"%p %I", or see <sort by size sarge>, or see <dpigs>
rt2x00
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>The rt2x00 project is a development effort providing Linux kernel drivers for Ralink wireless LAN chipsets. For driver details, ask me about <rt2800usb>, <rt2800pci>, <rt73usb>, <rt61pci>, <rt2500usb>, <rt2500pci>, <rt2400pci>. http://rt2x00.serialmonkey.com/ #rt2x00 on irc.freenode.net.
arch
C: 2009-03-27
a hardware architecture (i386, amd64, armel, mips, mipsel, sparc, powerpc, alpha, hppa, s390 && ia64). Also a source control revision system (GNU arch). Arch (and its twin brother ArX) resides at http://arch.fifthvision.net/, or http://www.linuxjournal.com/article.php?sid=5928, or #arch Since lenny, /bin/arch has disappeared, use "uname -m" instead, or <architecture>, or <arch linux>.
apt-mirror
M: 2009-10-08
<reply>apt-mirror is a tool for making a local mirror of any <APT> source. To mirror multiple architectures, specify "deb-$arch ..." in /etc/apt/mirror.list; e.g. "deb-amd64 http://http.debian.net/debian testing main contrib non-free". Discussion forum: http://sf.net/projects/apt-mirror/forums/forum/197335 . http://apt-mirror.sf.net/ See also <mirrors>.
patience
M: 2008-02-29
<reply>The people here are volunteers, your attitude should reflect that. Answers are not always available.
docs
M: 2008-03-10
<reply>Before asking, please read the documentation. Documentation isn't always easy to read, but that doesn't excuse you from (a) trying and (b) sending patches to improve the docs. If you don't do this, expect to be told to RTFM by impatient volunteers. Dick Brandon said that "Documentation is like sex: When it is good, it is very, very, good. And when it is bad, it is better than nothing." Ask me about <finding docs>, <manuals>.
research
C: 2001-06-07
what the internet is a tool for... the more you can use it (search the web or databases, find applicable reading material, reading that material, looking in there for references to others), the more independent you will be. Ask me about sicco and cooperation in asking for help.
ipsec
M: 2011-03-02
<reply>Internet Protocol Security (IPsec) is a protocol suite for securing Internet Protocol communications by authenticating and encrypting each IP packet of a data stream. Ask me about <openswan>, <strongswan>, <racoon>.
printer
M: 2010-06-21
<reply>A printer is an output device to physical objects. Ask me about <cups>, <printconf> or use foomatic-gui for more information on how you can get your printer working under Debian. http://wiki.debian.org/SystemPrinting . See also <hplip>, <openprinting>.
truecrypt
M: 2009-05-02
<reply>TrueCrypt is a <non-free> (under the DFSG definition) implementation of on-the-fly disk encryption that also attempts plausible deniability, something not found in other OTFE systems like <EncFS> and <LUKS>. Development of TrueCrypt ended in May 2014.
w00t
C: 2000-02-03
<reply>w00t!!!
fail2ban
M: 2011-03-11
<reply>Fail2ban invokes system access restrictions after repeated logon attempts. It uses <ssh> and <iptables> by default, but can be extended to whatever authentication and access denial system you're using. Fail2ban does not support <IPv6> (Debian bug #470417). http://www.fail2ban.org/ See also <denyhosts>.
screenshot
M: 2010-04-16
<reply> To take a screenshot of your current desktop, you can probably just hit the "PrintScreen" key on your keyboard (Gnome and KDE). Alternatives include ksnapshot, gnome-panel-screenshot, the Gimp's "Acquire->Screenshot", "import -window root screenshot.jpg" (imagemagick package), scrot, xwd. For framebuffer consoles, use fbcat. http://wiki.debian.org/ScreenShots http://screenshots.debian.net/
debconf
M: 2009-11-14
<reply>[debconf] Debian's configuration management system for packages, giving a single interface for asking and storing configuration-related settings. http://wiki.debian.org/debconf http://www.fifi.org/doc/debconf-doc/tutorial.html . Not to be confused with the yearly Debian Conference (DebConf): http://wiki.debian.org/DebConf https://www.debconf.org/
cron-apt
M: 2009-04-04
<reply>cron-apt is a highly configurable tool to help keep your box up to date. By default, it downloads new updates and emails the list of available packages. It can also automatically install packages if you trust security.debian.org to never have broken packages, or if you have your farm of machines working off a local mirror, seeded with updated packages after your own testing. See also <cron-apt tips> <auto update> <apticron>.
qotd95
C: 2004-10-19
<reply><WiFiTux> Is there a way I could make Doom 3 run faster? I mean, can I run it in a tty, or somewhere else?
fuse
M: 2009-06-09
<reply>FUSE is a userspace filesystem framework, enabling mounting of various exotic filesystems like <ntfs-3g>, Samba shares, tar files, FTP sites etc. Included in the mainline Linux kernel since 2.6.14. For a FUSE filesystem list, see http://wiki.debian.org/FileSystem#FUSE_Filesystem . http://apps.sf.net/mediawiki/fuse/?title=FAQ http://fuse.sf.net/ ##fuse on irc.freenode.net.
kiss
C: 2002-01-01
Keep It Simple Stupid!!!
apt-cacher
M: 2009-03-27
a caching proxy designed specifically for use by <apt>. http://www.nick-andrew.net/projects/apt-cacher/ See also <apt-cacher-ng>, <approx>, <aptly>.
kernel handbook
C: 2010-12-14
<reply> see kernel-handbook
dsa3035
C: 2014-10-02
<reply>see dsa3032
http_proxy
M: 2011-06-07
export 'http_proxy=http://PROXY:port/' -- it can be used with apt-get or lynx or wget (but not links/links2) - the trailing slash is important! Export 'http_proxy=http://username:password@proxy:port/' if you need to authenticate. Note that http_proxy could be set from your preferences by your window manager, and can be set (manually or auto-detected) in your browser (e.g. chromium).
ram
M: 2006-05-13
(Random Access Memory) The place in your computer that programs reside when running, or usually small but very fast storage device, or unused ram is _wasted_ ram! Ask me about <free ram> or <myram>.
pong
M: 2003-05-28
the best name on IRC e.g. /ping pong, or *the* classic video game
debtakeover
M: 2006-07-10
Debian Takeover, the next phase of Debian World Domination, is a script that will substitute Debian (woody, not sarge! Use DEFAULT_SUITE=woody and upgrade from there) for any running GNU/Linux distribution available at http://www.hadrons.org/~guillem/debian/debtakeover/ . You too can banish metoo, dead rat, crackware, mandribble and Sue.M.E. to the bit bin.
itp
M: 2008-04-08
<reply>Intent To Package (ITP) is a Debian <bug> filed against the <wnpp> pseudo-package, to indicate someone is working on packaging a piece of software for Debian. This is done to avoid a duplication of work.
wheezy backports
M: 2013-03-21
<reply> see wheezy-backports
y
M: 2004-07-08
http://www.y-windows.org/, or it's "why", not y. w h y. see u, any1. NOT a substitute for I. If you mean yourself in the first person use 'I' and not 'y'.
sftp
M: 2012-08-17
<reply>sftp is a program that provides FTP-like functionality over an ssh2 tunnel and is usually what you should be using instead of ftp://ftp. Linux clients are in the packages openssh-client, filezilla, gftp and many file managers like dolphin, konqueror and nautilus. The server is in the package openssh-server. For Windows clients, ask me about <winscp>, <filezilla>. See also <scp> and <sshfs>.
hotplug
M: 2009-09-08
<reply>hotplug was a package providing scripts to enable device hotplugging in Linux. http://linux-hotplug.sf.net/ Superseded by udev, removed from Debian post-Etch to resolve bug #428692. Ask me about <udev>.
log
C: 2007-05-03
<reply> see logs
midi
M: 2002-05-26
Musical Instrument Digital Interface, or timidity to play. smurf to edit, or http://www.midi-howto.com
am i swapping
M: 2005-09-26
<reply> Run "vmstat 3" and ignore the first 3 lines. If the "so" column is not 0s all the time, then you are swapping.
awesome
M: 2010-02-14
a dynamic floating and tiling <window manager>. http://wiki.debian.org/Awesome http://awesome.naquadah.org/ #awesome on irc.oftc.net.
sysvinit
M: 2014-02-10
<reply>sysvinit is an essential package providing System-V-like init utilities (e.g. /sbin/init) required to boot a Debian system. zless /usr/share/doc/sysv-rc/README.runlevels.gz . As of sysvinit 2.88dsf-3, concurrent (parallel) booting is the default when <dependency based startup> is enabled. sysvinit hasn't been able to correctly boot the Linux kernel since 2003, which is why alternatives have been actively pursued.
multiarch skew
C: 2013-05-14
<reply>Packages that are marked as co-installable across different architectures can only be installed if the version for each architecture is identical. If the <buildd> network has not kept up, you cannot install them. If only one arch is binNMU'd, you cannot install them. Wait for a while until it is sorted out. Ask me about <multiarch> <multiarch failures>.
packaging
M: 2012-11-08
<reply>See http://mentors.debian.net/intro-maintainers for information on how to package for Debian. Also ask me about <nmg> <package basics> <policy> <mentors> and <best practices>.
hardware
M: 2010-06-07
<reply>Before buying any hardware, make sure it is supported by all operating systems you want to use; ask me about <hcl>. To acquire details about your current hardware, ask me about <whats my hardware>. Please ask all non-Debian-specific hardware questions in ##hardware on irc.freenode.net.
bumblebee
M: 2013-04-15
<reply>The Bumblebee project aims to provide support for the Nvidia Optimus GPU switching technology on Linux systems. GeForce 400M (4xxM) and later mobile GPU series are Optimus-enabled; if «lspci -nn | grep '\''[030[02]\]'» returns two lines, the laptop likely uses Optimus. Packaged for Debian in <testing> and <wheezy-backports>. http://wiki.debian.org/Bumblebee http://bumblebee-project.org/ #bumblebee on irc.freenode.net.
macbook
M: 2009-04-07
http://wiki.debian.org/MacBook . For the Pro model, ask me about <macbookpro>. For the Air series, ask me about <macbookair>. See also <laptop>.
multiarch changelog
C: 2013-05-14
<reply>If dpkg complains that it can't "overwrite shared /usr/share/doc/$package/changelog.Debian.gz" for packages marked "Multi-Arch: same", force dpkg to overwrite the files with «apt-get -o DPkg::Options::="--force-overwrite" install $package». BinNMUs performed since July 2013 should not have this problem, as debhelper splits up the changelog. Ask me about <multiarch> <multiarch failures> <binNMU>.
libc6
M: 2005-03-22
<reply>libc6 is the GNU C library version 2, which Debian GNU/Linux uses since version 2.0. Do not try to downgrade it. It is a essential component of your Debian system, and we are not responsible if it breaks.
lfs
M: 2008-08-30
large file support (http://web.archive.org/web/20110723152405/http://www.suse.de/~aj/linux_lfs.html), or ask me about <linux from scratch>, or Log-structured File System (NetBSD)
books
M: 2012-05-12
<reply>For documentation and books on Debian, see http://www.debian.org/doc and http://www.debian.org/doc/books . For the recently released "Debian Administrator's Handbook", ask me about <debian-handbook>; there is also the older <debiansystem>. Also ask me about <grounding>.
dondelelcaro
M: 2003-01-17
(don=don del=del(phi|psi) elcaro=oracle|a nutcase who can't stop talking to apt|clinically insane|continuously dying and comming back to life),
rc-alert
M: 2010-01-18
a tool (provided by the <devscripts> package) for monitoring Release-Critical bugs in installed packages. Look for packages with bugs listed in Testing or Unstable (e.g. rc-alert -d TU) and ask me about <bts> and <source> for details of how to help. See also <release-critical>.
errata
M: 2013-05-04
<reply> see errata wheezy
doesnt work
M: 2008-12-15
<reply> see doesn't work
show sources.list
C: 2011-02-14
<reply>Please pastebin the contents of your /etc/apt/sources.list and /etc/apt/sources.list.d/*.list. The easiest way to do this is to pastebin the output of: head -v -n -0 /etc/apt/sources.list{,.d/*}
ssh without passwd
M: 2009-08-04
<reply>(1) on the client: ssh-keygen -t rsa (2) ssh-copy-id server.example.com. Ask me about <keychain> and <ssh-askpass> for ways of storing your ssh key's passphrase between uses. If you are wanting to use ssh to allow root logins for rsync backups (or something similar to that) then you might want to limit what this key can do and from where you can use it, see http://www.nanonanonano.net/linux/rootrsync for one approach.
64bit
M: 2005-07-11
http://www.debian.org/ports/mips/ http://www.debian.org/ports/alpha/ and http://www.debian.org/ports/amd64/, or http://www.debian.org/ports/ia64/
repos
M: 2009-02-21
<reply> see sources.list
aircrack-ng
M: 2013-09-03
<reply>aircrack-ng is a suite of <WEP> and <WPA> cracking utilities forked from aircrack. Not part of the Debian 7 "Wheezy" release (bug #682005), but is available via <wheezy-backports>. http://aircrack-ng.org/doku?id=faq http://aircrack-ng.org/ #aircack-ng on irc.freenode.net. See also <pyrit>, <weplab>.
hp
M: 2010-03-14
<reply>Hewlett-Packard (HP) is an American Information Technology corporation. For information on HP ProLiant servers and Debian, ask me about <proliant>. http://wiki.debian.org/InstallingDebianOn/HP http://hp.com/go/debian . See also <hplip>, <hpsa>, <laptop>.
quota
M: 2013-01-09
<reply>quota is Debian package for managing disk space quotas. It can be made to cap space usage by certain user or group ids. See section 9.9 of the <debian-handbook> for more information.
autoremove
M: 2008-05-21
<reply>autoremove is used to remove packages that were automatically installed to satisfy dependencies for some package and that are no more needed. Aptitude will try to automatically remove packages that it thinks are no longer needed and from lenny onwards, so will apt-get and synaptic. If you remove a package that also causes a large metapackage like gnome to be autoremoved then this will cause you problems. Ask me about <unmarkauto>.
memtest
M: 2013-05-16
<reply>To test a computer's memory subsystem for faults, use either: memtest86 / memtest86+ (thorough real-mode testers) or memtester (userspace utility), all packaged for Debian. memtest86+ is included in <debian live> CD/DVD images. http://www.memtest86.com/ http://www.memtest.org/ http://pyropus.ca/software/memtester/ See also <grub2 badram>.
lxc
C: 2010-01-31
<reply>Linux Containers (LXC) is an open source virtualization system using kernel-level isolation. http://wiki.debian.org/LXC http://lxc.sf.net/ See also <virtualization>.
why not use a ppa
C: 2010-11-16
<reply>PPAs (Ubuntu's Personal Package Archives, see <PPA>) are not built against Debian releases, they are built against Ubuntu releases. This makes using packages from them on a Debian box highly unlikely to work out well. Ask me about <ssb> <package recompile> <bobbitt>.
nothing
M: 2008-05-29
the most important thing ever. nothing
not debian
M: 2006-03-18
<reply> see based on debian
thunderbird
M: 2012-02-04
<reply> see icedove
life
M: 2006-04-01
what you made by yourself. so if you're saying "life sucks", it is you that sucked.
bridge setup
M: 2009-06-22
<reply>Install the bridge-utils package and read the bridge-utils-interfaces(5) man page. It contains basic and advanced bridge configuration examples ("dhcp" can be used in place of "static"). IP forwarding does _not_ need to be enabled. If intending to bridge a wireless interface in managed mode, see http://wiki.debian.org/BridgeNetworkConnections and ask me about <ebtables>.
jessie/updates
C: 2013-05-01
<reply>Jessie is unlikely to receive full security support for some time -- don't run Jessie on things where good security support and stability are important.
insserv
C: 2010-05-06
<reply>insserv is a dependency-based <init> system that is compatible with <sysvinit> and is the default from Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" onwards. To use insserv, your init scripts need to have tags at the top of them that describe what they depend on, to permit the correct ordering of the init scripts; ask me about <missing lsb tags>.
~
M: 2003-04-09
a reference to your home directory, or an apt-enhanced IRC shortcut (w00t!), or ask me about <+>
fb
M: 2009-12-31
<reply> see framebuffer
cmd: cve lookup (.*?)
C: 2010-11-17
($1): <reply>Information about the security advisory $1 may be found at http://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/$1
ssh without password
M: 2003-05-02
<reply> see ssh without passwd
ssh keys
M: 2012-12-04
<reply>see ssh without password
efi
M: 2013-01-22
<reply> see uefi
alsactl
M: 2011-03-20
<reply> In Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" and later releases, <alsaconf> is not available; ask me about <install alsa> and <alsa checklist>. You can try to configure <ALSA> by running 'alsactl init' as root - ignoring the 'Unknown hardware' error message - then reboot and test your audio device.
wheezy-updates
M: 2012-10-20
<reply>wheezy-updates is a suite providing updates to some packages (from <proposed-updates>) prior to a <point release>. All packages from wheezy-updates will be included in point releases. http://wiki.debian.org/StableUpdates . Not to be confused with <wheezy/updates> which is for <security> updates.
xauth
M: 2008-04-24
the mechanism for sharing around authorisation for clients to connect to your X server. Ask me about <mit-magic-cookie> for more information. Packaged for Debian as xauth (previously xbase-clients). See also http://www.acm.uiuc.edu/workshops/cool_unix/xauth.html or ask me about <sshx>.
postgresql
M: 2013-10-30
<reply>PostgreSQL is a robust, mature and full-featured relational database implementing a large subset of <SQL>. Supports views, stored procedures, triggers and scripting. Packaged in Debian, read /usr/share/doc/postgresql-common/README.Debian.gz ("for the impatient"). http://wiki.debian.org/PostgreSql http://postgresql.org/ #postgresql on irc.freenode.net. See also <postgresql wheezy>, <phppgadmin>, <pg readline>, <postgresql backports>.
mailx
M: 2011-01-06
<reply>mailx is a simple mail user agent (MUA), packaged for Debian as bsd-mailx. See also <heirloom-mailx>.
ask to ask
M: 2005-11-16
<reply> Don't ask to ask. Don't ask if anybody can help you with x. Just ask! If you're unsure how to phrase your question, ask me about <ask>.
install xorg
C: 2008-02-03
<reply> see install x
live cd
M: 2007-07-07
<reply> see livecd
gksu
M: 2009-09-28
<reply>gksu is a graphical interface for running X apps as another user such as root. «aptitude install gksu». If you have set your machine up with sudo to allow you to run any command you want, then you can make gksu use "sudo" mode all the time by running "gconftool-2 -t bool -s /apps/gksu/sudo-mode 1". Also ask me about <sux>.
build-dep
M: 2013-11-21
<reply>build-deps are the packages you need to compile a package. "aptitude build-dep package-you-want-to-build" will install them, or use mk-build-deps (equivs package) to have undo-able build-dep installation. If using <uupdate> or <ssb> to update a package, you will likely need additional -dev packages. You can «/msg judd builddeps package».
win32diskimager
M: 2014-01-22
<reply>win32diskimager is much more reliable than <unetbootin> for copying ISO images to USB sticks and you can download it from http://sf.net/projects/win32diskimager/ . Adjust the file mask from *.img to *.* if it doesn't show our .iso images. See <usb install> and <install debian> for further details.
ssh-vulnkey
C: 2008-05-14
a tool to identify known weak ssh keys (ask me about <dsa1571>, <dsa1576>). It is found in the openssh-client package since version 4.3p2-9etch1; you will need to "aptitude update && aptitude dist-upgrade" to also install the new openssh-blacklist package. See http://wiki.debian.org/SSLkeys for usage.
bridge
M: 2007-06-21
<reply>Bridges link two or more network segments using the same network technology. The network topologies do not have to be the same, i.e. you can bridge Ethernet and Token Ring. If the protocols are not the same on segments, then you've got a router. Bridges are used to reduce network traffic, increase cable distance (by acting as a repeater) and to link dissimilar topologies with the same network protocol. Ask me about <bridge setup>.
polish
M: 2004-05-26
spoken in #debian.pl on irc.freenode.net (not here). Or something used to make things shiny, or a really good sausage. polska -> #debian.pl
myip
M: 2005-10-25
<reply> To get your IP address: /sbin/ifconfig -a | grep "inet addr" | sed -e 's/^.*inet addr://' -e 's/ .*$//', or /sbin/ifconfig -a | awk '/inet addr:/{sub(("addr:",""));print $2}', or hostname -i, or "ip a s eth0 | grep inet | cut -d' ' -f6", or /sbin/ifconfig eth0|perl -ne 'if /addr:s*d+.\d+\.\d+\.\d+/ {print qq|$1n|}', or wget -O- checkip.dyndns.org 2>/dev/null|perl -pe 's/.+Address:\ ([\d\.]+)<.+/$1/;'
apt-walkabout
C: 2008-05-15
another tool for managing the distribution and upgrade of debian packages for non-connected or low-speed links computers. See http://quozl.netrek.org/apt-walkabout/ Also ask me about <apt-zip> <apt offline>
recompile
C: 2001-07-19
Why have the source available for a kernel if your not going to use it? Dont fear the code, fear leads to hate, hate leads to anger, anger leads to The Dark side (aka windows)
lts
M: 2014-05-27
<reply> see squeeze-lts
initramfsdebug
C: 2007-11-15
http://wiki.debian.org/InitramfsDebug
why systemd
M: 2014-08-28
<reply>a tired argument. Start by reading rra's excellent analysis at https://lists.debian.org/debian-ctte/2013/12/msg00234.html Support for other init systems (sysvinit) will still be present in Debian 8. systemd-shim (in development) will allow userspace requiring some systemd APIs to work without it.
apt-build
M: 2007-09-21
an apt-get front-end for recompiling packages; http://julien.danjou.info/projects/ . Warning -- this program will not optimize your packages for you as advertised; the gcc O flags and friends that you specify are not even parsed properly. In a breath, don't bother with it, because apt-get source/build-dep is far more useful.
+
M: 2003-04-09
a nice kitty, or a way to force me to answer in public (like, "~+foo" -> "<apt> foo is bar")
xhost
M: 2008-06-12
<reply>xhost is EVIL! There are so many other ways of getting remote X apps to work that xhost should never be needed. For a more sensible approach, use SSH X11 forwarding, ask me about <sshx>. Also see <mit-magic-cookie>, http://www.acm.uiuc.edu/workshops/cool_unix/xauth.html <nolisten> and "apt-cache show x11-xserver-utils | grep xhost". To run applications on your local machine as another user, see <root x>. See also <xhost +localhost>.
bpo list
C: 2010-09-06
<reply> see bdo list
shutup
C: 2002-06-05
<reply> No! You can STFU yourself! The voice of truth cannot be silenced! Oh, except perhaps in China...
openssh
M: 2010-02-17
<reply>OpenSSH (OpenBSD Secure Shell, http://www.openssh.com/) is a free implementation of the Secure Shell (<SSH>) protocol. Packaged for Debian as openssh-server and openssh-client (install the ssh <metapackage> for both). SSH protocol 1 is disabled by default as of openssh 1:5.4p1-1. "Getting started with SSH": http://kimmo.suominen.com/docs/ssh/
where are you
C: 2004-10-01
<reply>I am located at Latitude: 33.9695129 Longitude: -117.3275986
initramfs debug
C: 2007-11-15
<reply> see initramfsdebug
schroot
M: 2008-07-01
<reply>schroot is an easy way of setting up a <chroot> of testing or unstable within your installation of stable. See https://wiki.debian.org/Schroot and http://linuxgazette.net/150/kapil.html
proxmox
M: 2010-03-10
<reply>Proxmox Virtual Environment (Proxmox VE) is a GNU/Linux distribution <based on Debian>, providing a virtualization platform with <OpenVZ> and <KVM>. It is not supported in #debian. http://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/Get_support
dontzap
M: 2011-06-13
<reply>Since Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", terminating an X server via Ctrl+Alt+Backspace ("zapping") is disabled by default. To enable, run «dpkg-reconfigure -pmedium keyboard-configuration» and answer Yes when asked if Ctrl+Alt+Backspace can terminate the X server (or «setxkbmap -option terminate:ctrl_alt_bksp»).
hibernate
C: 2009-06-06
<reply> see suspend
games
M: 2007-01-31
<reply>[games] Some cool multiplayer games: koth, netris, <quake>, xevil, bzflag, <netrek>, the only piece of software that is allowed to be non-free, because they are more like an art form than a program, #gametome (irc.freenode.net) for newer games. http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?LinuxGames, http://www.mtp-target.org, jumpnbump, supertux, gtetrinet and pathogen, <nethack>, freeciv, dopewars, <uqm>, <scummvm>, http://icculus.org/lgfaq/gamelist.php
changelog
M: 2010-05-14
<reply>The Debian changelog for foo can be found in /usr/share/doc/foo/ if foo is installed. From a .deb, "apt-listchanges -a foo.deb" or "dpkg-deb --fsys-tarfile foo.deb| tar --wildcards -xOf - '*changelog.Debian.gz'|zless". You can also "aptitude changelog foo" or go to http://changelogs.debian.net/bar if foo is built from source package bar. See also <apt-listchanges>.
laugh
C: 2001-12-09
<action> rolls around on the floor laughing
support
C: 2008-02-26
<reply><Katja_> what did one saggy boob say to the other? If we don't get some support around here, ppl will think we are nuts
strace
M: 2008-10-23
a system call tracing utility or a way to produce lots and lots of cryptic text. Most usefully called with something like "strace -f -F -e open -o logfile program_you_want_to_monitor" (-e open just monitors opened files - omit this option or consult the manpage for alternatives if you want to monitor anything else)
mbr
M: 2009-05-11
<reply>The Master Boot Record (MBR) is the first bit of code loaded from the hard drive when a PC boots. To install a clean MBR (e.g. to get rid of LILO within the MBR) from Linux "install-mbr /dev/hda"; from DOS one can run "fdisk /mbr", or ask me about <fixmbr>. See http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/howto-copy-mbr/ for guidelines on copying the MBR.
crosspost
M: 2012-07-17
<reply>see cross post
dmesg
M: 2006-01-11
<reply>dmesg is used to examine or control the kernel ring buffer. /var/log/dmesg gives you the whole thing from boot time, the `dmesg' command shows you current ring buffer contents.
7.7
M: 2014-10-18
<reply>Debian 7.7 was released on October 18, 2014. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2014/20141018 and http://http.debian.net/debian/dists/wheezy/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
diminishing returns on bogomips
C: 2007-06-22
where you spend more time compiling everything, but fare to gain less CPU time than you wasted in the first place. See also <diminishing returns>. Eg., Runtime savings vs compile time wasted.
udd
C: 2009-02-12
<reply>The Ultimate Debian Database (UDD) is an effort to gather lots of useful information about Debian from a variety of sources and stuff it all into a giant PostgreSQL database. http://wiki.debian.org/UltimateDebianDatabase http://udd.debian.org/
gnustep
M: 2004-04-19
a cross-platform development environment based on OpenStep, going to be really awesome, if it ever gets finished, http://www.gnustep.org/, http://www.lefinnois.net/step-art/, http://www.linuks.mine.nu/gnustep/ (tarzeau the fanboy)
guru
M: 2004-05-06
(GURU Understands Real Unix) or an expert, especially in "{Unix} guru". Implies not only {wizard} skill but also a history of being a knowledge resource for others. Less often, used (with a qualifier) for other experts on other systems, as in "VMS guru". or what meditates inside Amigas. or it's pointless to ask for a guru in a knowledge field because people being humble, nobody will answer your question. "GUide to Ram Upgrades for (old) Macs"
debian pure blend
C: 2010-10-19
<reply>A Debian Pure Blend (formerly Custom Debian Distribution) is a subset of Debian configured to support a particular target group out-of-the-box. Not to be confused with distributions <based on Debian>. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianPureBlends http://blends.debian.org/ #debian-custom on irc.oftc.net.
chat
M: 2013-05-26
<reply>This is not a chat channel, this is a Debian user support channel. Unless you have a Debian support question, please chat elsewhere, like #moocows on irc.oftc.net or #defocus on irc.freenode.net.
sudo path
C: 2011-09-07
<reply>As of sudo version 1.8.2 (Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later releases), sudo does not include /usr/sbin and /sbin in the PATH. You must set secure_path in /etc/sudoers (as prompted by dpkg during the upgrade); see Debian bug #639841: Defaults secure_path="/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin"
hahaha
C: 2001-02-18
http://www.shugashack.com/screens.x/iotd//5/thumbs/bsodirony.jpg
are you a bot
C: 2010-10-11
<reply> see bot
ucf confmiss
C: 2011-05-10
<reply>If you need to restore a deleted config file in a package that is using <ucf> to manage its configuration files, use "UCF_FORCE_CONFFMISS=true aptitude reinstall $packagename". List the configuration files managed by ucf with "ucfq $packagename". If the package doesn't use ucf then ask me about <confmiss>.
non-free list
M: 2012-03-21
<reply>To see a list of <non-free> and <contrib> packages installed on your system, run «aptitude search '~i?or(~scontrib,~snon-free)'». See also <aptitude search>.
doc
M: 2009-11-14
<reply> see docs
klogd
M: 2008-07-09
the kernel log daemon, which takes kernel messages from dmesg and feeds them to syslog, or to stop non-critical kernel messages appearing on the console, make sure klogd is installed, then edit /etc/init.d/klogd and add "-c 2" to the KLOGD variable. then /etc/init.d/klogd force-reload. people still use klogd? in sarge, dpkg --purge klogd sysklogd; apt-get install syslog-ng - "-c 2" in /etc/default/klogd is deprecated, see <printk>
homework
C: 2007-11-28
something you should do yourself.
dm-crypt
M: 2010-04-11
<reply>dm-crypt is a Linux kernel subsystem providing a cryptographic device-mapper target, which enables filesystem encryption in files, partitions, whole disks, logical and software RAID volumes. dm-crypt is the successor of <cryptoloop> and uses the Crypto API cryptography framework. The cryptsetup and cryptmount utilites are in the cryptsetup package. http://www.saout.de/misc/dm-crypt/
rtl8192cu
M: 2011-06-21
<reply>The Realtek RTL8188CUS and RTL8192CU are USB 802.11n wireless LAN chipsets. mac80211 vendor driver (rtl8192cu) is in mainline since Linux 2.6.39. Firmware is required (rtlwifi/rtl8192cufw.bin), ask me about <realtek firmware> to provide. Not to be confused with the <rtl8192su> driver. http://wiki.debian.org/rtl819x
libc
M: 2009-05-07
the C runtime library, Linux universe knows glibc (GNU libc) as libc, too. Ask me about <glibc>, <eglibc>. Or, a whopping big collection of libraries that you need if you're going to do anything on your system beyond <init>.
nagios
M: 2010-02-14
<reply> Nagios (formerly NetSaint) is a popular open source computer system and network monitoring application. It watches hosts and services that you specify, alerting you when things go bad and again when they get better. Packaged for Debian as nagios3. http://wiki.debian.org/PkgNagios http://www.nagios.org/faqs/ #nagios on irc.freenode.net.
preseeding
C: 2007-10-11
<reply> see preseed
approx
M: 2011-04-25
<reply>Approx is an HTTP-based proxy server for Debian-style package archives. It fetches files from remote repositories on demand and caches them for local use. It saves time and network bandwidth if you need to install or upgrade .deb packages for a number of machines on a local network. Packages are downloaded from a remote site only once, regardless of how many local clients install it.
which http.debian.net
C: 2012-09-20
<reply>To see which mirror you are being sent to by the <http.debian.net> redirector, substitute the appropriate release and architecture into the following: «wget -O/dev/null --max-redirect=0 http://http.debian.net/debian/dists/unstable/main/binary-amd64/Packages.bz2 2>&1 | grep Location». You can also look for the Release file or individual .debs if you want.
netconsole
M: 2010-01-29
<reply>netconsole is a Linux kernel driver which logs kernel <printk> messages over UDP. It is commonly used to capture system crash information. http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/networking/netconsole.txt . See also <serial console>.
jessie pool 1
M: 2013-07-28
<reply> ! jellÿ=2016-01-01 gsimmons=2015-08-27 peterrooney=2014-11-11 babīlen=2015-05-23 themíll=2015-06-23 abrötman=2015-07-23
mix
M: 2002-02-08
Donald Knuths fictional computer from his "The Art of Computer Programming" books, or 1009
pts
M: 2008-05-13
the Debian "Package Tracking System": http://packages.qa.debian.org/ a place where you can find the current status and some of the history of a given source package. http://packages.qa.debian.org/packagename for information on a specific package
check iso
M: 2009-11-12
<reply> see check iso image
encrypt
M: 2010-08-11
<reply>Encryption is useful to keep data protected on your system. There is a nice guide on how to use LVM encrypted partitions at http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/469 . See also <dm-crypt>, <ecryptfs>, <encfs>, <gpg>, <luks>.
trolling
M: 2000-10-22
scorp's idea of constructive criticism, or a poor man's opium
apt-cdrom
M: 2008-04-01
used to add a new CDROM to APT's list of available sources: man apt-cdrom. See also <apt-cdrom_external>.
gdb
M: 2012-05-18
<reply>The GNU Debugger (GDB) is a source-level debugger, capable of breaking programs at any specific line. Works with C, C++, Fortran, Modula 2 and Java programs. http://www.gnu.org/software/gdb
cmd: break (.*?)
C: 2004-02-05
($1): <action> tells $1 how to replace stable with unstable in his sources.list
apt myths
M: 2012-03-08
<reply> Myths about APT never seem to die, the principal one being you can't mix using different APT front-ends like apt-get and aptitude. This is false. If you need further convincing, see http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9 and http://algebraicthunk.net/~dburrows/blog/entry/apt-system-diagram/ . See also <why aptitude> and <why not aptitude> for real reasons to choose one over the other.
pepperflashplugin-nonfree
C: 2013-10-04
<reply> Pepper Flash Player is a proprietary <flash> plugin included with the Google Chrome web browser. The pepperflashplugin-nonfree <contrib> Debian package (in <testing> and <wheezy-backports>) can be used to install this plugin for the <Chromium> browser. https://wiki.debian.org/PepperFlashPlayer
wacom
M: 2005-08-30
'man 4 wacom'; or /usr/doc/HOWTO/en-html/mini/Wacom-USB-mini-HOWTO.html
x
M: 2007-07-08
the X Window System. See <xorg> for information about the actual implementation.
upstream
M: 2012-12-21
where Debian developers download software from. http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/developers-reference/developer-duties#upstream-coordination
pepper flash
M: 2013-10-04
<reply> see pepperflashplugin-nonfree
ia64
M: 2014-02-18
<reply>Intel Itanium Architecture (formerly IA-64) is Intel's *other* 64-bit architecture. Itanium processors are primarily found in HP Integrity servers. http://www.debian.org/ports/ia64/ . Debian 8 ("Jessie") drops official support for Intel Itanium Architecture. It is not the same as the AMD64 / Intel 64 / x86-64 chips used in PCs, ask me about <amd64>. See also <qotd279>.
errata wheezy
M: 2013-05-04
<reply>Last minute notes regarding Debian 7 "Wheezy" are listed at http://www.debian.org/releases/wheezy/errata . Known problems in the installer are listed at http://www.debian.org/releases/wheezy/debian-installer/#errata
dmo
M: 2012-11-15
<reply> see dmm
disable services
C: 2013-05-16
<reply>From update-rc.d(8): «A common system administration error is to delete the links with the thought that this will disable the service…. However, if all links have been deleted then the next time the package is upgraded, the package's postinst … will reinstall links at their factory default locations.» Use «update-rc.d $service disable» instead.
downgrading
M: 2010-06-04
<reply> see downgrade
blend
M: 2010-10-19
<reply> see debian pure blend
multiarch howto
C: 2012-12-27
http://wiki.debian.org/Multiarch/HOWTO
fork
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> spoon!
updates
M: 2010-09-26
<reply>[updates] Ask me about <point release>, <proposed-updates>, <security>, <wheezy-updates>, <squeeze-updates>. See also <apticron>, <cron-apt>.
apt-offline
M: 2012-03-15
<reply> see apt offline
xy
M: 2011-03-31
<reply> see xyproblem
what to backup
C: 2009-07-03
<reply>see things to backup
dmm pinning
M: 2014-08-12
<reply>To ensure that you only get the packages you really want from deb-multimedia.org, «echo -e 'Package: *\nPin: origin "www.deb-multimedia.org"\nPin-Priority: 101' > /etc/apt/preferences.d/dmm». Check this worked with «apt-cache policy» or «apt-cache policy $package». Ask me about <why not dmm>. If you also use backports, you should pin them higher than dmm.
apt-get source
C: 2009-06-23
the way to download the debian source for your packages. Run apt-get source and compile packages as a non-root user. Ask me about <source> <deb-src>. If you have several deb-src lines in your sources.list, then you will need to use "apt-get source packagename=version" to control what source version is downloaded (apt-get source ignores the -t option). Also ask me about <package recompile> <simple sid backport>
z70
M: 2010-12-14
<reply> see 70
wwjr
C: 2012-07-28
<reply>see when will jessie release
ipxe
M: 2011-05-27
<reply>iPXE (formerly gPXE, Etherboot) is an open source network bootloader. It implements <PXE> and extends it with additional protocols and features (e.g. booting from HTTP instead of TFTP). Supports a variety of network devices, including wireless LAN. Packaged for Debian (bnx2, linda infiniband drivers removed). http://ipxe.org/ #ipxe on irc.freenode.net.
start a de war
M: 2009-11-28
<reply>(KDE|GNOME|Xfce|Emacs) (sucks|bites|blows(| chunks| goats)|makes me vomit)!
when will jessie release
M: 2013-05-01
<reply>I have no idea when Debian 8.0 "Jessie" will release -- when it's ready, I guess, but I do know about the <jessie freeze>. For user contributed guesses on when it will release, ask me about <jessie pool 1>. See also <release goals>, <wir>.
rolling
M: 2013-07-04
<reply>Testing is not a rolling release in the strict sense of the word. It is a test platform, currently codenamed <jessie>. It is part of the Debian development process and is gradually being built into the next <stable>. Please go to #debian-next on irc.debian.org for support. See <moving target>.
jessie sources.list
M: 2013-05-01
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for you to help with preparing the Jessie release is: "deb http://http.debian.net/debian/ jessie main", but you knew that already, didn't you? Ask me about <testing> <moving target> <testing security> and make sure you understand the implications of running Jessie. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <mirrors> <apt-spy> and "man sources.list"
mailing list
M: 2010-07-06
<reply>Mailing lists allow large numbers of people to share knowledge and experiences, these communications are also persistent. See http://www.debian.org/MailingLists/ . mbox archives are not provided via the web archive due to Listmaster team policy (Debian bug #161440), see <gmane>. For lists.debian.org questions, join #debian-lists on irc.oftc.net or e-mail listmaster@lists.debian.org. See also <list spam> and <subscribed>.
secure boot
M: 2013-01-23
<reply>"Secure boot" is a hardware restriction feature of the <UEFI> specification. It prevents the loading of drivers / operating system loaders not signed with an accepted digital signature. While Debian 7 "Wheezy" supports installation in (U)EFI mode on 64-bit PC systems (amd64), secure boot is currently not supported. See https://www.fsf.org/campaigns/secure-boot-vs-restricted-boot for secure boot implementation concerns.
usb boot
M: 2009-11-22
<reply> see usb install
aircrack
C: 2008-05-29
<reply> see aircrack-ng
hyper-v
M: 2013-01-22
<reply>Microsoft Hyper-V (formerly Windows Server Virtualization) is a proprietary virtual machine monitor / hypervisor for x86-64 Windows systems, which is not supported in #debian. Hyper-V paravirtualization support is part of the Linux kernel and enabled in Debian 7 "Wheezy" kernel images, with improved driver versions backported from Linux 3.4 (Debian bug #661318). See also <virtualization>.
encfs
M: 2011-10-21
<reply>EncFS is a <FUSE>-based cryptographic filesystem. http://www.arg0.net/encfs
logrotate
C: 1970-01-01
a log rotation program that sings
gnupg
M: 2009-05-13
<reply> see gpg
buildd
M: 2006-05-06
Debian's automated build system that automatically compiles everything it finds. http://buildd.debian.org/ http://wiki.debian.org/buildd
kubuntu
M: 2008-01-21
yet another Debian derivative. It is <Ubuntu> with KDE instead of GNOME. As such, it is not Debian and is not supported on #debian (see <based on debian caveats>). For kubuntu support, please join #kubuntu on chat.freenode.net.
epic
M: 2000-05-27
<reply> see epic4
/
M: 2003-01-09
<reply>~/ is your home dir silly!, or root, of all Unix
consultants
C: 2003-03-04
http://www.debian.org/consultants/
pcmcia
M: 2009-11-28
<reply>[pcmcia] PC Card (originally PCMCIA) is a hardware expansion technology for laptop computers. Install the pcmciautils package to provide PCMCIA initialisation tools. No socket driver loaded? (e.g. old system with ISA-to-PCMCIA bridge): modprobe i82365, tcic or i82092 and add the working module's name to /etc/modules. To identify a PC Card device, see http://wiki.debian.org/HowToIdentifyADevice/PC_Card . See also <cis>.
book
M: 2010-03-29
<reply> see books
aa
M: 2001-10-30
alcoholics anonymous, or anti-aircraft, or America's Army, or anti-aliasing fonts. apt-get install anti-aliasing-howto
message the bot
M: 2013-04-12
<reply> see msg the bot
goodbye
C: 2000-04-30
<reply>Goodbye to you too, $who
suicide
C: 2000-05-13
<action> kills herself Juliet style, after seeing $who commit suicide
cmd: lobotomy (.*?)
C: 2002-09-29
($1): <action> pulls out a rusty saw to perform a lobotomy on $1
mtp
M: 2014-03-16
<reply>Media Transfer Protocol (MTP) is a Microsoft protocol for transferring images, music (etc.) between a computer and a portable device. Standardized as a USB device class in 2008. The libmtp shared library provides MTP interoperability for applications including <Amarok>, <Audacious>, <Banshee> and <Rhythmbox>; <jmtpfs> provides conventional filesystem access. See also <PTP>.
xbmc
M: 2012-04-26
<reply>XBMC (formerly Xbox Media Center) is an open source media player application. XBMCbuntu and XBMC Live are Linux distributions based on <Ubuntu> containing XBMC, they are not supported in #debian. XBMC v13 ("Gotham") is available from <wheezy-backports>. XBMC will be renamed to Kodi for v14. http://xbmc.org/ #xbmc on irc.freenode.net.
diminishing returns
C: 2007-05-28
where you spend more money/time/resources to get LESS in return. What's your cost worth?
|
M: 2009-02-15
<reply>Ceci n'est pas une pipe: '|'
cmd: when will (.*?) be released
C: 2004-10-11
($1): <reply> Hold on, let me get some (tea leaves|entrails|tarot cards)... ok, $1 should be out by (Christmas|Easter|Passover|next year|your birthday|the time you graduate).
ssd limit
C: 2009-06-23
a write limit on flash disks but is unlikely to be worse than the life of a conventional hard disk drive. http://wiki.eeeuser.com/ssd_write_limit
freedom
C: 2003-06-14
the ultimate virtue. Without freedom we are no better than any other animal. I'd rather die on my feet than live on my knees.
postgres
M: 2009-12-12
<reply> see postgresql
udev details
C: 2009-01-14
see http://www.kroah.com/linux/talks/ols_2003_udev_paper/Reprint-Kroah-Hartman-OLS2003.pdf for all the details.
apticron
C: 2009-04-04
<reply>apticron is a utility to notify the system administrator about packages pending an upgrade (e.g. security updates for stable) via a daily email. The relevant packages are also downloaded but not installed. Install <apt-listchanges> to state changes made within available packages. See also <cron-apt>.
whatever
M: 2005-11-28
the last word spoken by the loser of an argument
mit-magic-cookie export
C: 2008-04-24
<reply>You can export your <mit-magic-cookie> to allow another user to run applications on your display by doing one (but not both) of: 'su user_running_x -c "xauth extract - $DISPLAY" | xauth merge -' or 'export XAUTHORITY=/home/<USER_RUNNING_X>/.Xauthority'. For other approaches, ask me about <root x>.
gdebi
M: 2010-01-20
a tool to install manually downloaded .deb packages. It is useful as it automatically resolves dependencies. aptitude install gdebi or aptitude install gdebi-kde. And/or aptitude install gdebi-core for the command-line utility. https://launchpad.net/gdebi
transition
M: 2012-02-12
<reply>A transition occurs when changes in a package require alterations to several other packages which depend on it. To do this, many packages using the package are updated, either being recompiled or updated to a new version; packages blocking a transition might be removed from <testing> so it can complete. Transitions can become very large and complex, involving tens or even hundreds of packages. http://release.debian.org/transitions/
mime
M: 2010-09-13
<reply>Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) are functions used for the attachment of binary files to an e-mail message. MIME is the most common group of functions used to make this translation, allowing us to tack on graphics, sound and executable files to our e-mail messages. http://wiki.debian.org/MIME
mit magic cookie
C: 2002-07-20
<reply> see mit-magic-cookie
mariadb
M: 2013-12-22
<reply>MariaDB is a community-developed fork of <MySQL>, intended to be a backward compatible drop-in replacement. Packaged in Debian <testing>, packages from mariadb.org are not supported in #debian. http://mariadb.org/ #maria on irc.freenode.net.
serial console
M: 2010-07-29
<reply>A serial console can be used to administrate a system or capture kernel crash/panic information. http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/serial-console.txt . You will also want your bootloader to use the serial console. See also <netconsole>.
bum
M: 2009-04-22
<reply>Boot-Up Manager (bum) is a graphical <runlevel> configuration editor, a frontend to <update-rc.d>. http://www.marzocca.net/linux/bum.html . See also <rcconf>, <sysv-rc-conf>, <sysv-rc>.
disable service
C: 2013-05-16
<reply>see disable services
mv
M: 2005-09-04
move, mv, mv, mv, mv, mv, mv, mv, mv, mv
ua
M: 2008-10-02
<reply>Ukraine - ua ukr 804 User Agent. It refers to web clients, and what they send to the web server as "who they are". It can be easily faked.
auto update
C: 2008-06-17
<reply> Various updaters and notifiers are available within Debian that will tell you when new packages are available and optionally download and install them for you. For unattended, scriptable updates using cron, have a look at <cron-apt>. For desktop notification, try update-notifier or ask me about <apt-watch>.
syslinux
M: 2010-02-12
<reply>SYSLINUX is a suite of boot loaders for x86 systems, supporting FAT/NTFS filesystems (SYSLINUX), bootable ISO-9660 CD-ROMs (ISOLINUX), PXE network booting (PXELINUX) and ext{2,3,4}/btrfs filesystems (EXTLINUX). Also includes MEMDISK for booting legacy operating systems (e.g. MS-DOS). Used in Debian x86 installation media. http://syslinux.zytor.com/ #syslinux on irc.freenode.net. See also <extlinux>, <pxelinux>.
siduction
C: 2011-11-14
a distribution that is <based on Debian> sid. It is not supported in #debian. Try #siduction on irc.oftc.net. http://siduction.org/
macbookpro
C: 2009-01-31
<reply>The MacBook Pro is a laptop series produced by Apple Inc., succeeding the PowerBook G4. http://wiki.debian.org/MacBookPro . See also <bcm4331>, <laptop>.
mirror size
M: 2011-06-28
<reply>To see the size of the Debian archive for each architecture, see http://www.debian.org/mirrors/size . To make your own mirror, ask me about <mirrors>.
plop
M: 2013-02-06
<reply>Plop Boot Manager is a boot loader with built-in IDE CD-ROM and USB drivers. This allows booting from CD-ROM and USB on legacy PC systems without BIOS support. Plop Boot Manager is proprietary but free for personal and non-commercial use. http://www.plop.at/en/bootmanager/
tasks
M: 2010-11-24
<reply> see tasksel
g-i
M: 2010-02-14
<reply>[g-i] The Debian graphical installer is available for the amd64, i386 and powerpc architectures. These are based on X11 since Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" (DirectFB was previously used). To launch on amd64 and i386, select "Graphical installer" in installer boot menus or enter "installgui" at the prompt. See http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/apds06 and http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/GUI for more information. See also <d-i>.
weechat
M: 2009-11-19
<reply>WeeChat is a light and extensible cross-platform <IRC> client that promises a lot, and has some unique features like console nick list and horizontally split windows. http://weechat.org/files/doc/weechat_faq.en.html http://weechat.org/ #weechat on irc.freenode.net.
rfkill
C: 2010-06-19
<reply>/dev/rfkill is the Linux rfkill (radio frequency <killswitch>) device interface, available since Linux 2.6.31. It is used to enable and disable wireless networking devices (e.g. wireless LAN, Bluetooth, WiMAX). The rfkill userspace tool for accessing this interface is in the rfkill package. http://wireless.kernel.org/en/users/Documentation/rfkill
null
C: 2000-11-30
<reply>null's not
optimus
M: 2013-04-15
<reply> see bumblebee
encryption
M: 2010-08-11
<reply> see encrypt
swap file
M: 2000-01-21
an area of your hard drive that the computer uses for RAM. Although slower, it is usually much more abundant., but see man mkswap && man swapon
shebang
M: 2009-12-21
the "hash-bang" (#!) line at the start of a script that instructs the kernel which interpreter to use. Examples: "#!/bin/sh", "#!/usr/bin/perl -w". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shebang_(Unix)
ucf
M: 2011-05-10
<reply> ucf (Update Configuration File) is a framework used by packages to allow intelligent merging of modified configuration files with maintainer changes in postinst scripts. See apt-cache show ucf; or /usr/share/doc/ucf/ for more information. See also <ucf confmiss>.
mintppc
C: 2011-03-24
<reply>MintPPC (formerly Linux MintPPC) is a Linux distribution for <PowerPC> systems based on <Linux Mint> LXDE and Debian. It is not supported in #debian or #debianppc. http://mintppc.org/ #mintppc on irc.freenode.net.
vbox-install wheezy
M: 2013-05-06
<reply>From Debian 7 "Wheezy" onwards, the virtualbox-ose-* packages have been renamed to virtualbox-* (ask me about <vbox rename>). As root: «apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` virtualbox». After <DKMS> builds the necessary kernel modules, VirtualBox can be started. For guest additions/utilities, see <vbox guest>. See also <vbox extpack>, <vbox-install wheezy-backports>.
tails
M: 2012-06-16
<reply>Tails (The Amnesic Incognito Live System) is a live DVD/USB <based on Debian>, with the aim of preserving privacy and anonymity. It is not supported in #debian. https://tails.boum.org/ #tails on irc.oftc.net.
backbox
C: 2011-04-10
<reply>BackBox Linux is a distribution based on <Ubuntu> Lucid, developed to perform penetration tests and security assessments. It is not supported in #debian. http://www.backbox.org/ #backbox on irc.autistici.org. See also <based on debian>.
serial
M: 2006-01-13
a means of operation meaning in series, or one after the other. Ask me about <serial port>, <serial console>.
install manual
M: 2004-06-02
<reply> see install guide
mia
M: 2015-01-14
missing in action. status of missing unknown. as opposed to KIA, POW, or AWOL. https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/developers-reference/beyond-pkging.html#mia-qa
cmd: sidsmite (.*?)
C: 2004-10-18
($1): <action> smacks $1 with a crippling libstdc++5 bug
bcm4318
M: 2009-04-17
<reply> see b43
display manager
C: 2008-10-07
<reply>see dm
cron-apt tips
C: 2008-06-17
<reply> You might want to have cron-apt use aptitude rather than apt-get (set APTCOMMAND=/usr/bin/aptitude in /etc/cron-apt/config). To automatically install packages as well: echo "upgrade -y -o APT::Get::Show-Upgraded=true" > /etc/cron-apt/action.d/4-upgrade
v
M: 2004-01-04
at http://objectcentral.com/ (Portable C++ GUI Framework) or velocity, or the roman numeral for five, or a highly caffeinated "energy drink" thats availible in Australia and in some parts of the UK. XFire runs on this stuff. very for lazy people
reinstall everything
M: 2012-04-02
apt-get --reinstall install `COLUMNS=200 dpkg -l|grep ^.i|awk '{print $2}'`, or aptitude reinstall ~i
installation report
M: 2010-06-03
http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch05s04#submit-bug
bcm4331
M: 2013-09-18
<reply>The Broadcom BCM4331 is a PCIe 802.11n wireless LAN chip using a HT PHY (PCI ID 14e4:4331). Supported by the <b43> driver since Linux 3.2. It is alternatively supported by Broadcom's proprietary driver since version 6.30.223.126 (packaged in Debian <testing> as broadcom-sta).
why not amd64
C: 2012-04-28
<reply>Some applications developed specifically for i386 need special ia32 support libraries and as such may not work properly or at all on Debian AMD64. Consider using Debian i386 instead.
css
M: 2014-01-07
Cascading Style Sheets (http://www.w3.org/Style/CSS/), or Content Scramble System, a <DRM> scheme for video DVDs (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Content_Scramble_System), ask me about <libdvdcss>.
kr
C: 2003-05-03
Korea (South)
debian-fr
C: 2003-08-13
an association giving you some documentation: http://www.debian-fr.org/
rhel
M: 2006-03-22
<reply>Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is a Linux distribution targeted toward the commercial market. Red Hat undertakes to support each release of RHEL for 7 years after it first appears. New releases of RHEL come out every 18 months. As customers only pay for support, when Red Hat releases a new version of RHEL during the support period, customers may upgrade to it for no additional charge.
xmonad
M: 2010-03-13
<reply> xmonad is a dynamically tiling <window manager> written in <haskell>. http://wiki.debian.org/Xmonad http://www.xmonad.org/ http://haskell.org/haskellwiki/Xmonad/Frequently_asked_questions #xmonad on irc.freenode.net.
jessie/unstable mix
C: 2014-08-16
<reply>«echo 'APT::Default-Release "jessie";' >> /etc/apt/apt.conf», edit sources.list, copy your non-security jessie lines and change one set to sid, then apt-get update. apt-get -t sid install foo; to install foo from sid rather than jessie as usual. WARNING to SYNAPTIC users: Synaptic ignores Default-Release: set Preferences->Distribution. See <jum caveat> and use this setup to track <jessie> after its release.
agp
M: 2000-08-04
<reply>Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) is a high-speed point-to-point channel for attaching a video card to a motherboard, introduced in 1997. This allows much higher throughput from the video card to the processor for speedier 3D graphics. The Linux kernel module supporting direct AGP I/O is called agpgart.
kickstart
M: 2010-07-16
<reply>Kickstart is an automated installation method used by Red Hat Enterprise Linux, allowing installation of large numbers of identical Linux systems. A Kickstart file can be loaded from an initrd via the 'initrd-kickseed' debian-installer udeb package. http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Anaconda/Kickstart . See also <fai>.
xy problem
M: 2012-10-22
<reply> see xyproblem
noresume
C: 2010-06-20
the boot parameter that you can add to your kernel boot command line so that the kernel doesn't try to resume back into your running session after <suspend>. Be warned that you will lose any unsaved work and your filesystems will be left in an inconsistent state as you effectively crash the kernel.
cve
M: 2010-11-17
Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures, a database of publicly known information security vulnerabilities. http://cve.mitre.org/ Most Debian Security Announcements have a CVE identifier, ask me about <dsa>. Ask me about <cve lookup CVE-yyyy-nnnn> to get Debian-specific information.
cmd: man (.*?) (.*?)
M: 2011-01-18
($1,$2): <reply> man $1 $2 is probably at http://manpages.debian.org/$1/$2 , where you can view many Debian man pages. Ask me about <docs> <dmp> <grounding> <search>.
unicode
M: 2006-10-23
the only sane way to manage diverse scripts sanely (even if it does pose security risks)
import gpg key
C: 2006-01-05
gpg --keyserver keyring.debian.org --recv [ID] && gpg --armor --export [ID] | apt-key add -
dpkg-scanpackages
C: 2012-02-20
a tool to make your own repository for apt: [1, as root] apt-get install dpkg-dev; [2, as user] mkdir -p ~/public_html/foo; cd ~/public_html/foo; [3] cp /your/packages.deb .; [4] dpkg-scanpackages . /dev/null | gzip > Packages.gz; [5, as root] Add a deb line to your /etc/apt/sources.list: "deb http://localhost/~username/foo ./" or "deb file:///home/username/public_html/foo ./". Alternatively, ask me about <reprepro>.
arabic
C: 2013-03-21
<reply> مرحبا! للحصول على الدعم باللغة العربية لتوزيعة دبيان جنو\لينيكس , الرجاء التوجه الى قناة ##debian-ar
load average
M: 2008-03-07
the number of processes that are either in a "runnable" (waiting for CPU) or uninterruptable state, averaged over time. It's like the number of people in line at the checkout. It's possible to have a high load average with low CPU utilization if systems are waiting for other resources, e.g. I/O, network socket responses.
cr
M: 2004-03-31
Costa Rica. Carriage Return, or your fecking enter key ;)
irclogs
C: 2010-05-06
<reply> see irclog
stable-updates
M: 2013-05-04
<reply> see wheezy-updates
rtl
M: 2011-03-29
<reply> see realtek
eol
M: 2012-01-29
<reply>[eol] end-of-line (aka newline, line break) is a character or sequence of characters indicating the end of a text line; ask me about <dos2unix>. End-of-life, ask me about <lenny>.
(
M: 2004-07-02
<reply> )
move
C: 2000-07-29
<reply>why would I do that, I like it here!
loadavg
M: 2009-05-24
<reply> see load average
kernel config
M: 2007-08-17
<reply> See /boot/config-* for debian kernels which you have installed, or http://merkel.debian.org/~jurij/ for other official kernels.
debian mirror checker
M: 2012-05-28
<reply>Debian mirrors have timestamp files we use to determine how recently they have been updated. Here are some statistics the mirror maintainers provide: http://mirror.debian.org/status.html and http://ftp.de.debian.org/dmc/today/ Ask me about <mirrors>. #debian-mirrors on irc.oftc.net.
qotd237
C: 2009-04-18
<reply><sprax> justin, Wyzard I found it, it's called phpproxy, but it's not a proxy server.
openpgp
M: 2015-01-21
Best practices for OpenPGP keys are described at https://help.riseup.net/security/message-security/openpgp/best-practices
transitions
M: 2011-04-20
<reply> see transition
epic4
M: 2010-06-03
an <IRC> client based on ircII. http://www.epicsol.org/
moc
M: 2009-04-19
the Qt meta object compiler, or "music on console", a console audio player (the player binary is `mocp'). http://moc.daper.net/ Use the forum for developer/user contact: http://moc.daper.net/forum . See also <mpd>.
nsswitch
C: 2004-12-26
/etc/nsswitch.conf - if a line reads "hosts: dns files" instead of "hosts: files dns", your system may be very slow!
binnmu
M: 2011-07-01
binary <NMU>, which means a package was recompiled without changing the source. This often occurs when one of the libraries a package depends on has changed, and it needs to be recompiled against the newer library. The <debian revision> part of the package version normally has +b1 (+b2 etc) appended to it. http://wiki.debian.org/binNMU
release goals
M: 2014-11-24
<reply>Release goals are the list of things the Debian project wants to achieve prior to the next release. See https://release.debian.org/testing/goals.yaml for current goals and candidates, see https://wiki.debian.org/ReleaseGoals for proposals.
steamos
C: 2013-12-14
<reply>SteamOS is an operating system released by Valve as a gaming platform, based on Debian 7 "Wheezy". It is not supported in #debian, support is available in #steamOS on irc.freenode.net or at http://support.steampowered.com/ . See <based on debian>.
raspian
C: 2012-09-12
<reply> see raspbian
oom
M: 2007-05-13
<reply>what a woc says. Out Of Memory, or http://lwn.net/Articles/104185/
korea
C: 2002-05-14
a country located in East Asia
linuxmint
C: 2007-08-04
<reply> see linux mint
ecryptfs
M: 2011-10-21
<reply>eCryptfs (Enterprise Cryptographic Filesystem) is a POSIX-compliant encrypted filesystem, part of the Linux kernel since version 2.6.19. The userland utilities are packaged for Debian as ecryptfs-utils. https://launchpad.net/ecryptfs #ecryptfs on irc.oftc.net. Not to be confused with <encfs>.
jsm
M: 2014-08-16
<reply> see jessie/unstable mix
edid
M: 2013-07-15
<reply>Extended display identification data (EDID) is a data structure provided by a digital display to describe its capabilities to a video source. Some Xorg display drivers have options to ignore or override EDID data if incorrect (e.g. IgnoreEDID, CustomEDID). See also <read-edid>, <edid_disable_exts>.
8
C: 2005-02-28
not a substitute for "ait" or "ate" or any other combination of letters.
devscripts
M: 2011-03-03
a package containing useful scripts for working with Debian source and binary packages, bugs, patches etc. Of particular interest are: <dch>, dget, <mk-build-deps>, <rc-alert>, wnpp-alert.
jessie alpha
M: 2014-03-18
<reply>There is no "alpha" release (nor will there be) of Jessie. What has been released is an alpha (early testing version) of the Jessie _installer_. Only use it if you want to help test the installer and make sure you contribute useful bug reports, ask me about <testing installer>. https://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/News/2014/20140319
restart
M: 2008-01-04
<reply> see reboot
error message
M: 2003-03-14
<reply>If you get an error message and find that to be very annoying, how about telling us what error message you get? Stop saying "I get an error", or try pasting the error message in google. very often, you'll find the answer you're looking for there
numlock
M: 2006-02-24
<reply> Use setleds(1) to set the NumLock (and CapsLock and ScrollLock) status in a virtual terminal. Have a look at the numlockx package to set the NumLock status in X.
firmware iso
M: 2010-08-08
<reply> see firmware images
jessie pool
C: 2013-05-01
<reply> See <jessie pool 1> for bets placed on when Jessie will release. To add one, ask me about <jessie bet>.
pcmcia-cs
M: 2009-11-27
<reply>pcmcia-cs (PCMCIA Card Services for Linux) is deprecated and only usable for Linux 2.4 and older kernels. Install the pcmciautils package to provide the pccardctl PCMCIA card control utility. Also ask me about <pcmcia>. For the CIS overrides previously provided by the pcmcia-cs package, ask me about <cis>.
rawrite
M: 2009-12-30
<reply>RaWrite2 is a <DOS> program for writing an image to a floppy disk. http://www.ibiblio.org/pub/Linux/utils/dos/ For Windows, ask me about <rawwrite>.
base install
M: 2012-04-03
<reply>The term "base install" is often debated: if you don't select anything at the <tasksel> stage, you will end up with a very minimal system that will be missing many tools you would expect to find (at, less, file, ...). Selecting the <standard task> at the tasksel stage is highly recommended to provide you with the standard tools that should live on any unix-like machine. Also ask me about <minimal install>.
cmd: --add-architecture (.*?)
C: 2013-08-22
($1): <action>gets an architect to start planning a new (powerpc|amd64|i386|ia64|alpha|mips(|el)|kfreebsd-(i386|amd64)|sh|hurd-i386|arm(|eb|el|hf)|gothic|classical|neo-classical|geary|hppa|s390(|x)) (processor|chipset|palace|cathedral)
plugdev
M: 2011-03-05
<reply>[plugdev] From 'Users and Groups in the Debian System': "Members of this group can access removable devices in limited ways without explicit configuration in /etc/fstab. This is useful for local users who expect to be able to insert and use CDs, USB drives, and so on." See also <groups>, <pmount>.
iceowl
M: 2014-05-13
<reply>Iceowl is Debian's re-branding of the Mozilla Sunbird standalone calendar and scheduling application (see <why iceowl>). It is not part of the Debian 7 "Wheezy" release (bug #665653) and was removed from Debian to resolve bug #742946. For the Icedove extension, ask me about <iceowl-extension>.
5.0
M: 2009-04-13
<reply> see lenny
conffile check
M: 2014-09-09
<reply>To obtain a list of <conffiles> that have changed, you can: dpkg-query --show -f'${Conffiles}' packagename | sed 's, /,\n/,g' | awk 'NF,OFS=" " {print $2, $1}' | md5sum --quiet -c
minimal install
M: 2012-04-03
<reply>See http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch03s04 for required/recommended disk space. Debian keeps the base install relatively small for both hardware requirements and flexibility. As a consequence half the people are surprised that basic tools (like bzip2) are not "default" and half think that the existing base install contains too much (cron, python, ...). Also see <emdebian> <base install> <standard task>.
zorin os
M: 2012-10-28
<reply>Zorin OS is a Linux distribution based on <Ubuntu>. It is not supported in #debian. http://www.zorin-os.com/ #zorinos on irc.freenode.net. See also <based on debian>.
fifo
M: 2003-07-25
first-in-first-out, or another name for a named pipe, or man 4 fifo
zorin
M: 2012-10-28
<reply> see zorin os
channel logs
M: 2015-01-28
<reply> see irc logs
teamspeak
M: 2015-01-01
<reply>TeamSpeak is proprietary <VoIP> software allowing users to speak on a chat channel, much like a telephone conference call. TeamSpeak 2 is packaged for Debian 7 "Wheezy" as teamspeak-client and teamspeak-server, ask me about <non-free sources>; these are not compatible with TeamSpeak 3. Removed from Debian post-Wheezy to resolve bugs #735028 and #735029. See also <mumble>.
read-edid
M: 2013-07-15
<reply>read-edid is a package providing utilities to obtain and parse <EDID> data structures. http://www.polypux.org/projects/read-edid/
multi-arch installer
M: 2013-05-05
<reply> The multi-arch installer contains binary packages for both i386 and amd64, and architecture is chosen at install time. This does not automatically enable <multiarch>. See http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/debian-installer
ranting
M: 2010-06-10
<reply>Sure, you wish all your problems could be solved, but ranting or whinging in #debian is not welcome. Probably no-one in #debian can actually fix your problem so you're wasting your breath; ask me about <reportbug> and <debian-user>. By ranting, all you do is demoralise the volunteers who keep the channel running or, worse, stop them from doing more productive things for Debian.
check iso signature
M: 2011-08-19
<reply>On a Debian box, you can check the installer images are legitimate using the signature file that comes with them. When downloading the ISO, also get the SHA256SUM and SHA256SUM.sign files in the same directory, then: "apt-get install -t sid debian-keyring; sha256sum debian.iso; grep debian.iso SHA256SUM; gpg --keyring /usr/share/keyrings/debian-role-keys --verify SHA256SUMS.sign". See also <check iso image>.
hold list
C: 2014-05-29
<reply>Packages currently on <hold> can be listed with «dpkg --get-selections | grep 'hold$'» (on hold for apt-get), or «aptitude search ~ahold» (on hold for aptitude).
power devil
M: 2013-01-16
<reply>Power Devil is a power management / <suspend> system front-end for the <KDE> desktop, which replaces <kpowersave> as of KDE 4. It is part of the kdebase module, see http://userbase.kde.org/Power_Devil for configuration information. Ask me about <power saving> for other options.
sources.lust
C: 1999-12-30
why so many people use debian. See also <sources.list>, <sources.last>, <sources.lost>.
tw
M: 2005-04-12
an abbreviation of Taiwan
default sound
M: 2010-12-23
<reply> see default alsa
cardmgr
M: 2010-02-21
<reply> see pcmcia-cs
a2ps
M: 2012-09-25
<reply>a2ps converts plain text (and much more) into formatted <PostScript> files. It cannot deal with files containing unicode characters; use <iconv> to first convert to a supported encoding, or alternatively use the <paps> PostScript converter.
network setup
M: 2011-12-11
<reply> see networking
bootp
M: 2010-01-20
<reply>The Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP) is used to acquire an IP address and boot image location for diskless workstation booting. Superseded by DHCP, ask me about <dhcp>.
aoss
M: 2011-02-10
<reply>aoss is a wrapper script (packaged for Debian in alsa-oss) to make programs use the ALSA Open Sound System (OSS) compatibility library. It just sets the appropriate LD_PRELOAD path and then runs the command. For an alternative which emulates the OSS kernel interface, ask me about <devdsp>.
mirror status
M: 2012-05-29
<reply> see debian mirror checker
india
C: 2008-03-25
a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country in the world by area, and the world's most populous democracy.
new-maint-guide
M: 2009-06-10
<reply> see newmaint
ssh-keygen
C: 2005-12-16
<reply> Create a RSA key (for SSH protocol 2 connections) with ssh-keygen ; then copy it to a remote host with ssh-copy-id user@remotehost ; also look at ssh-agent/ssh-add
vbox-install wheezy-backports
M: 2013-07-26
<reply>Debian's virtualbox-* packages were moved to <contrib> at VirtualBox 4.2, as a non-free compiler (Open Watcom) is required to build the BIOS; ask me about <wheezy-backports> (also include contrib). «apt-get update && apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` && apt-get -t wheezy-backports install virtualbox». <DKMS> will build the necessary kernel modules.
cis
M: 2013-10-30
<reply>Card Information Structure (CIS) is data on a <PC Card> containing information about its formatting and organization (e.g. type, model, manufacturer). Some specific cards require CIS data to be overridden (e.g. Debian bug #352758). CIS overrides are packaged in firmware-linux-free and are part of Debian installation images.
contrib list
C: 2012-03-21
<reply> see non-free list
cam
M: 2006-05-10
Computer Aided Music or Cpu's Audio Mixer for Linux or Computer Aided Manufacturing.. Common Access Method
win32 dd
M: 2009-12-30
<reply><dd> for Microsoft Windows operating systems is available from http://www.chrysocome.net/dd
motd squeeze
M: 2013-01-28
<reply>The "Message Of The Day" (MOTD) may be shown to users at login time. In Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", /etc/motd is a symbolic link to /var/run/motd and is updated each boot. See "man 5 motd" and "man 5 motd.tail" for further information (see also Debian bug #541455). Make /etc/motd a symlink to some other file to disable autogeneration. MOTD generation changed as of Debian 7 "Wheezy", see <motd wheezy>.
dont break debian
C: 2014-09-16
https://wiki.debian.org/DontBreakDebian
why icedove
M: 2012-04-04
<reply> see why iceweasel
postgresql wheezy
C: 2013-10-30
<reply>Debian 7 "Wheezy" provides PostgreSQL 9.1. Existing PostgreSQL 8.4 database clusters remain installed after upgrading from Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", with PostgreSQL 9.1 listening on an unused TCP port (e.g. 5433). The pg_upgradecluster tool is used to migrate 8.4 clusters over to 9.1, see §4.8 of the <wheezy release notes> and the pg_upgradecluster(8) manual page for more information.
beef
M: 2003-07-19
what's for dinner. dead cow, or mad, or tasty
your age
C: 2000-06-24
<reply>I'm 23. That maybe explains why I take off people's pants but don't want to fuck, since I don't get orgasms yet.
raw
C: 2003-03-28
Robert Anton Wilson.
screencast
M: 2010-11-23
<reply> see screencasts
distros
M: 2004-08-02
<ribnitz> SwiftDeath: Different distros cater for different crowds who have different opinions on different things. Look at it and after having seen it make a decision. Bud dont expect #debian to be of help about other distros than debian
7.8
C: 2015-01-10
<reply>Debian 7.8 was released on January 10, 2015. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2015/20150110 and http://http.debian.net/debian/dists/wheezy/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>. See also <7.8 suspend>.
hdn
M: 2012-08-18
<reply> see http.debian.net
jitsi
M: 2013-10-11
<reply>Jitsi (formerly SIP Communicator) is a cross platform voice (VoIP), video conferencing and instant messaging application. It supports the <SIP> and <XMPP> protocols, along with support for other instant messaging services (e.g. AIM, ICQ, Yahoo). Packaged for Debian <unstable>. http://jitsi.org/ #jitsi on irc.freenode.net.
gdm3
M: 2012-12-04
<reply> see gdm
sources.lost
C: 1999-12-30
why all software should be Free Software. See also <sources.list>, <sources.last>, <sources.lest>, <sources.lust>.
.pl
M: 2010-12-09
<reply> see pl
vbox extpack
M: 2013-11-12
<reply>An extension pack to Oracle VM VirtualBox provides it with additional functionality (e.g. USB 2.0 device support, <RDP> and <PXE> boot). These closed-source components are released under the VirtualBox PUEL and made available by Oracle: https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads . For VirtualBox 4.1.18 (Debian 7 "Wheezy"): http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/4.1.18/Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-4.1.18-78361.vbox-extpack
php userdir
C: 2011-02-08
<reply>From Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" onwards, mod_php is disabled in <userdir> (public_html). See /usr/share/doc/php5-common/NEWS.Debian.gz ("mod_php disabled in userdirs") for more information.
whats my ram
C: 2008-08-07
<reply> see myram
what's my ram
C: 2008-08-07
<reply> see whats my ram
remove systemd
M: 2014-09-05
You probably want to remove the systemd-sysv package and install systemd-shim instead.
macbookair
M: 2010-12-08
<reply>The MacBook Air is an ultraportable laptop series produced by Apple Inc. http://wiki.debian.org/MacBookAir . See also <bcm4360>, <laptop>.
hexchat
M: 2013-05-20
<reply>HexChat (formerly XChat-WDK) is a fork of the <XChat> IRC client. Packaged for Debian <testing> and <wheezy-backports>. http://hexchat.org/ #hexchat on chat.freenode.net.
emacs tutorial
M: 2012-06-22
<reply>The <emacs> tutorial, along with the rest of the emacs documentation, is in the inexpliciably named emacs23-common-non-dfsg package in the <non-free> section. See also Debian bug #627434, <non-free sources>.
oom-killer
C: 2007-10-16
responsible for picking a process to kill when the computer is out of memory. It uses some heuristics to choose the process to kill: unprivileged, short-running, low-priority processes are more likely to be killed. See http://linux-mm.org/OOM_Killer for more information.
noise
C: 2004-02-26
ASLKJAJKCHJKAHSKAJHXKJNAZASAIOUDHASJKAS
upgrade tests
M: 2005-05-20
<reply> Upgrade Tests - It is recommended to read the release notes before upgrading, and in particular Chapter 4 <release notes>, "Upgrades from previous releases". upgrade report template to help when reporting problems with the upgrades (http://release.debian.org/upgrade-report.html). If you do run into problems please fill it out, and email it to submit@bugs.debian.org, thanks.
ip address
M: 2005-04-17
The specific network address of a computer on a network using TCP/IP as its network protocol. see myip
dracut
C: 2009-09-08
a "cross-distribution" <initramfs> (a cpio archive of the initial filesystem that gets loaded into memory at boot time) which looks to replace the initramfs patchwork. http://lwn.net/Articles/317793/
screencasts
C: 2010-09-23
<reply> Some programs to capture your screen are recordmydesktop, istanbul, pyvnc2swf, xvidcap (from deb-multimedia.org; ask me about <dmm>). See also http://wiki.ubuntu.com/ScreenCasts .
upstream-guide
M: 2012-12-21
<reply>If you contact <upstream>, please point them at our upstream guide: http://wiki.debian.org/UpstreamGuide
qotd279
C: 2013-04-19
<reply><themill> I've always thought we should have a boot-failure message on the ia64 CDs that says "You wanted amd64 you twat" <nipsy> Maybe someting a bit more polite? :) <themill> that *is* the polite version.
release critical bugs
M: 2010-01-18
<reply> see rc bugs
local python
M: 2011-02-16
<reply> An installation of python in /usr/local/bin/ is a great way of breaking a great many tools in Debian, which assume running "python" runs the Debian python with the installed python modules. Removing /usr/local/bin/python* should be enough to fix the problem; if you really need your own local version of system tools like python (and perl, and ...) make sure they are not on $PATH when you are performing upgrades.
asound
C: 2008-01-15
<reply> see dmix
lubuntu
C: 2010-03-02
<reply>Lubuntu is a derivative of <Ubuntu> with <LXDE>. It is not supported in #debian. http://www.lubuntu.net/ #lubuntu on irc.freenode.net. See also <based on debian>.
iceowl-extension
M: 2012-04-04
<reply>iceowl-extension is Debian's re-branding of the Mozilla Lightning calendar and scheduling extension for Thunderbird/<Icedove>. Debian is unable to distribute Mozilla Lightning as-is due to trademark restrictions, see <why iceowl>. For help with upstream issues, ask #calendar on irc.mozilla.org.
audit
M: 2010-12-26
<reply>audit is a collection of userspace tools for security auditing. The audit event dispatcher daemon (audispd) is packaged for Debian systems as auditd. http://people.redhat.com/sgrubb/audit/
x2go
M: 2013-10-03
<reply>X2Go is an open source terminal server project using the NX protocol (not compatible with other NX servers and clients). The Qt-based X2Go client is packaged as x2goclient, the X2Go server is currently not packaged (bug #465821). Packages from third-party repositories are not supported in #debian. http://wiki.x2go.org/ #x2go on irc.freenode.org.
g3
C: 2001-05-03
the 3rd generation Motorola <PowerPC> processor. It is used in Apple's PowerMac G3.
crda
M: 2013-02-06
<reply>Central Regulatory Domain Agent (CRDA) is a <udev> helper to query/set the regulatory domain for wireless devices, packaged since Debian 7 "Wheezy". Some wireless LAN devices (e.g. Atheros) default to a strict world regulatory domain if CRDA is not present, preventing the use of channels 12 and 13. http://wireless.kernel.org/en/developers/Regulatory/#CRDA
lesspipe
M: 2003-03-06
input preprocessor for less and it allows you to view compressed files (.gz, .bz2) and even Debian packages, man lesspipe for more info, or add "eval `lesspipe`" to your shell .rc file for lots of less-related magic. Try less file.gz, file.tar.gz and more :)
bcm43228
M: 2013-03-07
<reply>The Broadcom BCM43228 (PCI ID 14e4:4359) is an 802.11a/n PCIe wireless LAN chip, found in the Dell Latitude E5520m. Not supported by the <b43> driver. Supported by the vendor driver since version 5.100.82.38 (Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later), ask me about <wl>.
usbip
C: 2009-06-24
<reply>The USB/IP Project aims to develop a system for sharing USB devices over a network. It currently provides no encryption or access control. http://usbip.sf.net/
multiseat
M: 2011-01-05
http://wiki.debian.org/Multi_Seat_Debian_HOWTO
init system ranting
C: 2014-02-09
<reply> #debian is not a place for ranting about init systems; try #defocus, #moocows or /dev/null. Bugs with the necessary information on how to reproduce the problem should be reported to the relevant package in the <bts>.
debian-user
C: 2010-06-10
<reply>debian-user is a <mailing list> for on which users of Debian can seek help from other users. List address: debian-user@lists.debian.org. Archives: http://lists.debian.org/debian-user/ . Also available through <NNTP> from gmane.org.
testing excuses
M: 2008-01-22
at http://ftp-master.debian.org/testing/update_excuses.html http://bjorn.haxx.se/debian/ http://qa.debian.org/excuses.php http://release.debian.org/migration/
hpsa
C: 2013-02-24
<reply>hpsa is a Linux kernel driver for HP Smart Array <SAS> RAID controllers. Support for additional hardware (backported from Linux 3.2.35) was introduced in the Debian <6.0.7> point release (bug #690100). See http://wiki.debian.org/LinuxRaidForAdmins#hpsa for supported devices.
parrot
C: 1970-01-01
the image displayed from the ipaq's default bootloader see http://www.handhelds.org/z/wiki/LoadingFromCF
bobfont
M: 2006-11-26
at http://twiki.iwethey.org/twiki/bin/view/Main/DebianFontGuideForNewbies, or the original is at http://lists.debian.org/debian-user/2003/10/msg02286.html
testing netinst
M: 2009-06-22
<reply> see install testing
leap second
C: 2008-12-29
A leap second will be added to atomic clocks worldwide at 23:59:60 (or near midnight) at Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) on December 31, 2008. This is the 24th leap second to be added since the first leap second was added in 1972. This is also the first leap second in three years. http://www.timeanddate.com/time/leapseconds.html
wget
C: 2013-05-06
<reply> GNU Wget is an excellent file retrieval utility (HTTP and FTP) with many options. Winner of the greycat award for "Package Whose Man Page is Least Likely to be Read by Newbies". http://www.gnu.org/software/wget/ #wget on irc.freenode.net."
asus
C: 2010-01-16
<reply>ASUSTeK Computer Incorporated (ASUS) is a hardware and electronics manufacturer. http://wiki.debian.org/InstallingDebianOn/Asus . See also <eee>, <laptop>.
rtl8723be
M: 2014-08-23
<reply>Realtek RTL8723BE-based PCIe wireless LAN devices (PCI ID 10ec:b723) are supported by the rtl8723be Linux kernel driver introduced at Linux 3.15 (enabled in Debian Linux kernel images at linux 3.16-1~exp1). Firmware from userspace is required (rtlwifi/rtl8723fw.bin, rtlwifi/rtl8723fw_B.bin) and packaged since firmware-realtek 0.39. Not to be confused with <rtl8723ae> devices.
bcm4360
M: 2013-09-14
<reply>The Broadcom BCM4360 (PCI IDs 14e4:43a0, 14e4:4360) is an 802.11ac (a/b/g/n compatible) wireless LAN chip, found in the MacBookAir6,1 (11") and MacBookAir6,2 (13") mid 2013 laptops. Supported by Broadcom's proprietary driver since version 6.30.223.126 (packaged in Debian <testing> as broadcom-sta). There is currently no mainline Linux kernel driver supporting BCM4360-based devices.
jessie kernel
M: 2014-07-31
<reply>Linux 3.16 is currently planned as the Linux kernel version to be released with Debian 8 "Jessie". See https://bits.debian.org/2014/07/kernel-version-for-jessie.html for further details and also ask me about <stable kernel>. After the release of Jessie, backported kernels will land in <jessie-backports> as usual.
default sound card
M: 2010-12-23
<reply> see default soundcard
systemd ranting
C: 2014-02-09
<reply> see init system ranting
8.0
M: 2012-10-30
<reply> see jessie
make-jpkg
M: 2012-03-01
<reply> see java-package
tritium
C: 2010-08-11
<reply>Tritium is a tiling <window manager> written in Python, inspired by ion3. http://sf.net/projects/tritium/
wa
C: 2002-11-13
<reply> wha? what in $DIETY's name are you talking about? wtf?
emacs docs
C: 2012-06-22
<reply> see emacs tutorial
sdnwotn
C: 2004-12-03
Sarcasm Does Not Work On The Net
acer
M: 2009-12-09
<reply>[acer] Acer Incorporated is an electronics manufacturer. http://kmuto.jp/debian/hcl/Acer http://wiki.debian.org/InstallingDebianOn/Acer . See also <acer_acpi>, <acerone>, <ar8151>, <atl1c>, <ipn2220>, <laptop>.
rawwrite
M: 2010-01-30
<reply> RawWrite is a Windows GUI for the <rawrite> utility, which operates under modern Windows versions. http://www.chrysocome.net/rawwrite . For a more flexible utility (e.g. writing to USB stick, CF card), ask me about <win32 dd>.
_tor lifecycle
C: 2014-10-28
<reply>Please read Roger's blog post on the lifecycle of Tor relays - https://blog.torproject.org/blog/lifecycle-of-a-new-relay
netflix
C: 2014-08-10
<reply>This may or may not work: https://plus.google.com/104912707432334684242/posts/1gnbmo63xVa
default soundcard
M: 2010-12-23
<reply> see default sound
i386->amd64
C: 2014-05-09
<reply>Converting an i386 installation into an amd64 installation in-place is quite difficult. It's much easier to reinstall the system with the new architecture -- ask me about <install debian>. If you've got good backups, plenty of time and are feeling lucky, you can try http://nanonanonano.net/linux/debian/crossgrading but really... good backups...
shrug
C: 2004-02-23
<reply> shrug, verb: to raise the shoulders. It means "I don't know" or "I don't care".
chrony
C: 2004-04-06
a ntp program that is split into 2 parts: a daemon (chronyd) and a client that interfaces into the server (chronyc). For more information visit: http://chrony.sunsite.dk/. Warning, you most likely will have to change your chrony.conf file after installing by adding some servers and removing the offline tag.
ventrilo
M: 2015-01-01
<reply>Ventrilo is proprietary <VoIP> communication software, letting users communicate through voice or text. Mangler is an open source VoIP client capable of connecting to Ventrilo 3.x servers, packaged for Debian. See also <mumble>.
nvidia.com
C: 2008-07-25
*** NVIDIA.com BINARY drivers ARE NOT supported in #debian. *** Please go to #nvidia. To get #debian to support nvidia, ask me about <nvidia>.
node
M: 2012-03-14
the name to describe a part of a graph, that from and to which arcs flow, or did you mean <node.js>?
pepperflash
C: 2014-07-21
<reply>see pepper flash
_tor ask
M: 2014-10-28
<reply>If you have a question, just ask! For example: "I have a problem with ___; I'm running Tor (or TorBrowser) version ___. When I try to do ___ I get the following output ___. I expected it to do ___". Don't ask if you can ask, if anyone uses it, or pick one person to ask. We're all volunteers; make it easy for us to help. You can also try asking on tor-talk@lists.torproject.org>.
7.8 suspend
M: 2015-01-27
<reply>A regression in Linux 3.2.65 (part of the Debian <7.8> point release) may result in some systems failing to resume after suspending to RAM, by rebooting instead (Debian bug #774436). Fixed packages (3.2.65-1+deb7u1) were introduced as part of a <security> update to resolve this. http://womble.decadent.org.uk/blog/linux-suspendresume-regression-in-debian-78.html
caffeine
M: 2008-01-23
every programmers greatest need or the giver of life-source and the taker of sleep or necessary for most system administrators who have to deal with idiots who think that the world starts at 9a and ends at 5p. http://www.reallifecomics.com/comics/20000710.gif, or http://www.erowid.org/chemicals/caffeine/caffeine.shtml, or <C8H10N4O2>
xvidcap
M: 2010-09-23
a screencast application or desktop recorder, which can record videos. Not in Debian (RFP filed as Debian bug #289168); an unofficial package is available from deb-multimedia.org, ask me about <dmm>. http://xvidcap.sf.net/ See also <screencasts>.
tzdata
M: 2011-11-26
<reply> see timezone
how-can-i-help
M: 2014-02-14
<reply>Interested in helping out with Debian and becoming more involved in the Debian project? The tools wnpp-alert, rc-alert (both from the devscripts package) and how-can-i-help can provide inspiration on buggy or unmaintained packages that you have installed on your system. Ask me about <wnpp>, <rc-alert>, <devscripts>, <new maintainer guide>.
irc logs
C: 2014-03-11
<reply>see irclog
vbox migrate win
M: 2011-02-10
<reply>Information on migrating an existing Microsoft Windows installation to VirtualBox is available at http://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Migrate_Windows . See also <vdi>.
why iceowl
M: 2012-04-04
<reply> see why iceweasel
sources.last
C: 1999-12-30
why GPL will prevail. See also <sources.list>, <sources.lust>, <sources.lost>.
can i have your phone number
C: 2000-10-23
<reply> no way $who, you pervert!
edid_disable_exts
C: 2013-07-15
<reply>edid_disable_exts is a utility to modify a binary <EDID> file. It removes all EDID extension blocks by default, but can remove just audio information and the HDMI identifier (--to-dvi). The modified EDID can be supplied to Xorg display drivers to workaround rendering issues or disable HDMI audio. http://analogbit.com/software/edid_disable_exts
isolinux
M: 2010-02-12
<reply> see syslinux
stretch
C: 2014-12-07
<reply>The release following Debian 8 "Jessie" is codenamed "Stretch" (the rubber octopus in Toy Story 3) and will be Debian 9. https://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2014/11/msg00005.html
gksudo
C: 2013-06-19
<reply> see gksu
auditd
M: 2010-12-26
<reply> see audit
openprinting.org
C: 2011-05-25
a repository of information about what drivers to use for various printer makes and models. Browse for your printer at http://www.openprinting.org/printers/ to find out what drivers will support it; most drivers will be packaged for Debian (e.g. ask me about <cups>, <hplip>, <hpijs>).
cardctl
M: 2010-01-14
<reply> see pcmcia-cs
nan
C: 2001-01-10
how long it takes to compile noatun
configuring network
C: 2002-06-09
iface add eth0; iface eth0 up
testing security issues
M: 2010-08-01
http://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/status/release/testing
openprinting
C: 2011-05-25
<reply> see openprinting.org
edos
M: 2011-03-23
<reply>EDOS was a research project funded by the European Commission that united several academic and industrial project partners concerned with the improvement of the development and distribution of Open Source Software. http://www.edos-project.org/
lfhs
M: 2012-09-13
<reply>see fhs
ug
M: 2015-01-21
If you contact <upstream>, please point them at our upstream guide: https://wiki.debian.org/UpstreamGuide
jessie beta
C: 2014-08-13
<reply>There is no "beta" release (nor will there be) of Debian 8 "Jessie". What has been released is a beta (testing version) of the Jessie _installer_. Use it if you want to help test the installer and please contribute useful bug reports. You may well find that upgrading from Wheezy is more reliable, ask me about <stable->testing>. https://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/News/2014/20141005
pc card
M: 2009-11-27
<reply> see pcmcia
paps
C: 2012-09-25
<reply>Paps is a UTF-8 to <PostScript> converter using Pango. http://paps.sf.net/
fmd
C: 2000-07-18
Floruecent Multilayer Disc
number.pl
C: 2001-06-11
the most thorough treatment of a "number to words" script known to man which can be found at http://www.isthe.com/chongo/tech/math/number/number
crossgrade
C: 2014-05-09
<reply> see i386->amd64
magic number
C: 2003-03-10
<reply>THREE! It's a magic number!
pip
C: 2013-11-06
<reply>The "pip" utility (in the python-pip package) permits the installation of python modules. Use of this as root for system-wide installation can break packaged python modules and applications and is not recommended. Use in a virtualenv or for a single user in ~/.local/ can have similar effects but at least the breakage is limited to one user.
wheezy->testing
M: 2014-03-28
<reply> see wheezy->jessie
sc2
M: 2009-11-14
<reply>"Star Control II: The Ur-Quan Masters" is a science-fiction computer game. Source code for the 3DO version was released under the GPL, allowing the Ur-Quan Masters (UQM) project to port the game to modern operating systems. Packaged for Debian as uqm and uqm-content in <contrib> and <non-free> respectively (uqm-music and uqm-voice are recommended). http://sc2.sf.net/
devtmpfs
M: 2013-09-19
<reply> From udev version 176 (Debian 8 "Jessie" and onwards), udev no longer creates any device nodes itself. The kernel must be compiled with CONFIG_DEVTMPFS=y; Debian kernels from Debian 7 "Wheezy" onwards are compiled with this option. /dev is mounted as "devtmpfs" (not tmpfs) by the initramfs to support this.
customize
C: 2006-03-04
at http://familiasanchez.net/~roberto/howtos/debcustomize
rfstool
M: 2010-02-01
ReiserFS for Windows, a command-line utility providing read-only access to <ReiserFS> filesystems on Windows 95/98/NT/2000/XP systems. http://p-nand-q.com/download/rfstool.html . A graphical frontend for rfstool is YAReG (http://yareg.akucom.de/).
aptly
C: 2014-09-18
a swiss army knife for Debian repository management: it allows to mirror remote repositories, manage local package repositories, take snapshots, pull new versions of packages along with dependencies, publish as Debian repository. http://www.aptly.info/
don't break debian
C: 2014-09-16
<reply>see dont break debian
soundgarden
C: 2005-01-05
<action> black hole sun.... mmmmm wont you come.
shrug shoulders
M: 2015-01-20
<action> ¯\_(ツ)_/¯
uqm
C: 2009-11-15
<reply> see sc2
ed25519
C: 2015-01-07
<reply>Curve25519 key support is available from OpenSSH 6.5 onwards. wheezy has 6.0. Ask me about <wheezy-backports> or use jessie.
solaar
C: 2013-06-30
a controller for the Logitech Unifying Receiver device for the Logitech wireless peripheral line. See https://github.com/pwr/Solaar/blob/master/docs/debian-repo.md to add it to your repositories.
_tor ops
C: 2014-12-12
<reply>Be excellent to each other!
dch
C: 2015-01-20
a tool from the <desvripts> package that is used to manipulate changelog entries in Debian source packages. It helps get the formatting right in the changelog entry and opens the changelog in your chosen editor. dch can set versions, target releases, add template information for closing bugs, etc. It's also known as "debchange".
ghost
C: 2015-01-28
for current information in Debian, see http://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2015-0235
double buffering
C: 1970-01-01
This shows you that the graphics engine uses two layers, or buffers, to produce an image: one for display and one for rendering. Since the viewer only sees the finished image, this allows for smooth-motion animation. (Again, play Quake and watch as the background "jumps" across the screen as you turn your character.)
i do have your fone number
C: 2000-10-23
<reply> no you fucking dont $who!
pinf
C: 2007-09-11
<reply> It's "ping", you idiot. Learn to type. Oh yeah: pong.
which sound module
M: 2006-05-22
ask me about <which module for 0401>, or <which module for 0403>
sendq
C: 2003-04-14
server flood protection
# the entry number 0
C: 2008-09-16
the default if the command is not used.
aptsh
C: 2009-03-07
a pseudo-shell for systems with the APT package managing tool. It offers tab completion, and is smart enough to decide whether you're trying to remove or install/ upgrade a package. DOCS - http://aptsh.berlios.de/howto.html
mangler
C: 2015-01-01
<reply> see ventrilo

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