Factoids requested in last 30 days (775 results)

Factoid KeyFactoid Value
M: 2016-04-28
<reply> 1) Read the /topic, the FAQ, and google before asking us. 2) Don't ask to ask, just ask. 3) Don't repeat; show that you have tried to help yourself by refining the question. 4) Reading documentation (man/info pages, READMEs) is a worthwhile skill, practice it. 5) Use /msg to talk to the bots (not the people), see <msg>. 6) Be polite and patient. 7) Paste into a <pastebin>, not here. 8) No trolls or spam. 9) see <code of conduct>
M: 2013-07-11
<reply>If you have a question, just ask! For example: "I have a problem with ___; I'm running Debian version ___. When I try to do ___ I get the following output ___. I expected it to do ___." Don't ask if you can ask, if anyone uses it, or pick one person to ask. We're all volunteers; make it easy for us to help you. If you don't get an answer try a few hours later or on debian-user@lists.debian.org. See <smart questions><errors>.
M: 2012-05-01
<reply> Do not paste more than 2 lines to this channel. Instead, use: http://paste.debian.net/ http://pastie.org/ or http://picpaste.com/ for pics. Use wikisend.com for large files (think tar.gz) up to 100MB. Remember to tell us the URL of your paste! Cannot cut and paste? Ask me about <pastebinit>, <nopaste>, <wgetpaste>.
simple sid backport
M: 2010-11-22
<reply> First, check for a backport on <debian-backports>. If unavailable: 1) Add a deb-src line for sid (not a deb line!); ask me about <deb-src sid> 2) enable debian-backports (see <bdo>) 3) aptitude update; aptitude install build-essential; aptitude build-dep packagename; apt-get -b source packagename; 4) install the resultant debs. To change compilation options, see <package recompile>; for versions newer than sid see <uupdate>.
M: 2014-10-13
<reply> Este canal es de soporte técnico en Inglés para Debian. Si prefiere que el soporte sea en Español, puede ingresar en #debian-es tecleando /join #debian-es en la línea de chat.
M: 2003-09-21
<reply> see spanish
M: 2008-04-06
<reply> see qotd(|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|10|11|12|13|14|15|16|17|18|19|20|21|22|23|24|25|26|27|28)(0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9)
M: 2013-05-24
<reply>Where possible, Nvidia graphic processing units are supported using the open source <nouveau> driver on Debian systems by default. To install the proprietary "nvidia" driver, see https://wiki.debian.org/NvidiaGraphicsDrivers or ask me about <nvidia dkms>, <nvidia legacy>; installing this directly from nvidia.com (i.e. with <nvidia-installer>) is _not_ supported in #debian, please go to #nvidia on irc.freenode.net.
cmd: ops (.*?)
C: 2005-08-25
($problem): <reply>Hydroxide, dondelelcaro, LoRez, RichiH, mentor, abrotman, Maulkin, stew, peterS, Myon, Ganneff, weasel, zobel, themill, babilen, SynrG, jm_, somiaj, jelly: $nick complains about: $problem
M: 2013-10-23
<reply>backports.debian.org (formerly backports.org) is an official repository of <backports> for the current stable (see <jessie backports>) and oldstable (<wheezy backports>) distributions, prepared by Debian developers. Ask me about <backport caveat> and read http://backports.debian.org/Instructions/. See also <bdo kernel> <bdo mirrors> <bdo contents> <bdo list> <bdo bugs> <bdo xorg> <bdo NEW>.
M: 2014-03-05
<reply> see simple sid backport
M: 2009-06-09
<reply>A backport is a package from a newer Debian branch, compiled from source for an older branch to avoid dependency and <ABI> complications. http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch02.en.html (2.7.4 and 2.7.10), http://backports.debian.org/ . Ask me about <debian-backports> and <backport caveat>. See also <simple sid backport>.
M: 2003-06-17
<reply> It has been said that root is the administrative account - only use it when root power is needed. So no reading mail, compiling programs, or running applications as root. And don't even think about irc'ing as root, it increases the danger from exploits and trojans (such as bliss), or see, for example, the security advisory on BitchX http://www.debian.org/security/2003/dsa-306
M: 2008-08-30
<reply> see paste
M: 2007-09-28
<reply> see backport
M: 2012-04-09
<reply> Ubuntu is based on Debian, but it is not Debian. Only Debian is supported on #debian. Use #ubuntu on chat.freenode.net instead. Even if the channel happens to be less helpful, support for distributions other than Debian is offtopic on #debian. See also <based on debian> and <ubuntuirc>.
M: 2009-05-26
<reply>(Yes, $who, you are online.|Yes, $who you are either online or you are not... http://ars.userfriendly.org/cartoons/?id=20000326|pong|Sorry $who, you're not online.)
M: 2013-09-06
<reply> $nick: È possibile scaricare un sacco di software libero puntando il tuo browser a http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/multi-arch/iso-cd/debian-8.6.0-amd64-i386-netinst.iso !||<reply>$nick: Debian è un sistema operativo composto da software libero (un concetto distinto da quello di gratis): vedi http://www.debian.org/intro/free.it.html per saperne di più.||<reply>$nick: vedi http://packages.debian.org/
M: 2014-04-17
<reply> Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" was released on 2011-02-06 and is the oldoldstable release: http://www.debian.org/News/2011/20110205a . Security support for Squeeze ended on 2014-05-31, but ask me about <squeeze-lts>. Squeeze is the three-eyed space alien. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianSqueeze ; ask me about <install squeeze> <squeeze release notes> <lenny->squeeze>. Currently <6.0.10>. Not to be confused with the <Xfce> archive manager.
M: 2009-06-21
<reply> Test failed.
M: 2011-03-07
<reply>Debian does not use a specific runlevel for graphical display managers by default. Just remove the DM package(s) with "aptitude remove xdm kdm wdm login.app gdm gdm3 pdm slim". "echo false >/etc/X11/default-display-manager" will also disable the DM, or just hit ctrl-alt-fN to get to a console. nodm is the name of a minimal/automatic display manager (http://www.enricozini.org/sw/nodm/).
basic apt-get troubleshooting
M: 2015-09-21
<reply>In order to troubleshoot your problem with apt-get, apt or aptitude we need ALL OF THE FOLLOWING information: 1. complete output of your apt-get/apt/aptitude run (including the command used) 2. output from "apt-cache policy pkg1 pkg2..." for ALL packages mentioned ANYWHERE in the problem, and 3. "apt-cache policy". Use http://paste.debian.net/ to provide us with this information. Also ask me about <localized errors>.
C: 2005-09-23
<reply> see basic apt-get troubleshooting
M: 2009-02-08
<reply>Please search for things rather than just asking, e.g. «apt-cache search regex», or with <aptitude search>. The following ways can locate packages that own a file (installed, or candidate for install): «dpkg -S /bin/foo», <apt-file>, <pdo> (online) and «/msg judd help file» (bot). <search dpkg> for factoids. See http://wiki.debian.org/WhereIsIt and ask me about <bot help>. See also <axi-search> <debtags> <dlocate>.
M: 2015-04-19
<reply>We recommend against using deb-multimedia.org; these unofficial packages are known to cause many hard to debug problems. They are not in Debian either because the they are poor in quality or for legal reasons. See http://deb-multimedia.org/ or ask me about <dmm wheezy>, <dmm jessie>. See also <dmm list>, <dmm mirrors>, <dmm pinning>, <why not dmm>, <dmm remove>.
M: 2003-12-22
http://www.debian.org. See http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/project-history/index.en.html#contents
M: 2011-05-10
<reply>You have to especially tell the packaging system to reinstall config files because when they are gone, it is assumed that you want them to stay deleted. "aptitude -o DPkg::Options::='--force-confmiss' reinstall $packagename" will restore them (man dpkg for details). If the package uses <ucf> for config file management, ask me about <ucf confmiss>.
M: 2012-01-09
<reply>1) add yourself to the 'audio' group (log out & in again) 2) unmute and raise channels w/ alsamixer (also try muting some & toggle jack sense if available) 3) <pulseaudio> or other daemon stopped? 4) speakers on? 5) does "aplay /usr/share/sounds/alsa/Noise.wav" work for root? 6) purge any installed <oss4> packages to remove ALSA blacklist. See also <list alsa users>, <alsa firmware>.
why aptitude
M: 2010-10-20
<reply> aptitude has more advanced conflict/dependency resolution and will often find a solution where apt-get gives up. It can be used from the command line like apt-get plus an interactive resolver makes it much easier to recover from broken dependencies. It has advanced search capabilities (see <aptitude search>). For some upgrades, apt-get is preferred (e.g. <lenny->squeeze>, <squeeze->wheezy>). http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
M: 2010-09-22
<reply> see bdo
M: 2016-01-23
<reply>Testing is a continuously updated release between <stable> and <unstable>, currently codenamed <stretch>. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianTesting . Support in #debian-next on irc.oftc.net and ask me about <testing faq> <jessie->stretch> <testing security> <moving target> <apt-listchanges> <apt-listbugs> and <bts>. You need a sound knowledge of Debian and be prepared for a very bumpy ride. Don't use it on things that are critical!
M: 2005-08-23
<reply> see debian mirrors
cmd: why is (.*?) not in testing
C: 2003-05-30
($1): $1 is not in testing for the reasons listed in https://qa.debian.org/excuses.php?package=$1
M: 2010-10-05
<reply>see paste
M: 2009-09-27
<reply>Please do not ask if anyone can help you, knows 'something' or uses 'some_program'. Instead, ask your real question. (If the real question _was_ "does anyone use 'some_program'?" ask me about <popcon> instead.) See <ask> <ask to ask> <polls> <search> <sicco> <smart questions>.
installation guide
M: 2015-04-25
<reply> see jessie installation guide
M: 2009-05-16
<reply>The enter key is not a substitute for punctuation. Hitting enter unnecessarily makes it difficult to follow what you are saying. Consider using ',', '. ', ';', '...', '---', or ':' instead. If you hit enter too often, you will be autokicked by debhelper for flooding the channel.
cmd: -l (.*?)
M: 2003-12-06
($1): <reply> (ii $1 (1|2|3).(1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9)-(|1)(1|2|3|4|5)(|||.1|.2|.3) ($nick's private (porn|coin|warez|stamp) collection|ultra s3kr1t #debian package)|No packages found matching $1)
M: 2005-10-12
<reply>Este canal é apenas em inglês. Por favor, use #debian-br (/j #debian-br) para ajuda em portugues.
M: 2012-05-10
<reply> Before asking in here or on the <debian-user> mailing list, you should read the Installation Guide, or if you already have Debian installed, the Debian Reference. The Debian Administrator's Handbook is also good. Ask me about <ig>, <overview>, <reference>, <refcard>, <docs>, <manuals>, <fundamentals>, <newbiedoc>, <faq>, <unix lessons>, <general cli tutorial>, <debian-handbook> (e.g. in your IRC client, type /msg dpkg reference).
C: 2003-07-17
<reply>No Offense, or den norske debian kanalen #debian-no. For skandinaviske brukere av debian. It is the norwegian channel #debian-no for scandinavian users.
M: 2011-05-06
<reply>Unstable is the status of a Debian release when packages can be added at any time, that can disrupt the integrity of the whole system! Ask me about <break>. If you have to ask whether you should use it or how, you shouldn't. http://www.debian.org/releases/unstable/ http://wiki.debian.org/DebianUnstable . See also <testing>, <sid>, <sid faq>, <apt-listbugs>, <apt-listchanges>, <bts>.
M: 2010-09-06
<reply> see backports.debian.org
M: 2011-11-14
the codename for <unstable>, named after the kid in Toy Story that breaks toys. The great thing about running sid is that, when it breaks you get to keep ALL the pieces!!
doesn't work
M: 2009-05-07
<reply> "Doesn't work" is a vague statement. Does it sit on the couch all day long? Does it procrastinate doing the dishes? Does it beg on the street for change? Please be specific! Define 'it' and what it isn't doing. Give us more details so we can help you without needing to ask basic questions like "what's the error message?". Ask me about <smart questions>, <sicco> and <errors>.
based on debian
M: 2011-10-03
<reply>Your distribution may be based on and have software in common with Debian, but it is not Debian. We don't and cannot know what changes were made by your distribution (compare http://futurist.se/gldt/). #debian only supports Debian and pure <blend>s; please respect our choice to volunteer here to help Debian users. Support for other distributions is off-topic on #debian, even if your own distro's channel is clueless or non-existent.
M: 2007-12-07
<reply>Bug Tracking System for Debian packages, http://bugs.debian.org/ or to go directly to the bug page for a particular package/bug, try http://bugs.debian.org/packagename or http://bugs.debian.org/bugnumber . aptitude install reportbug, and check out <querybts> too. Users of unstable and testing are required to check the BTS. See also <apt-listbugs>, <reportbug>. http://wiki.debian.org/HowtoUseBTS
alsa checklist
C: 2007-03-10
<reply> see alsa-checklist
msg the bot
M: 2014-07-05
<reply>Please have conversations with the bots in a private message as much as possible. Instead of using "!topic" or "!tell <your nick> about <topic>" in the channel, you can just "/msg dpkg topic". See <bot help> and http://wiki.debian.org/IRC/DpkgBot to learn more and browse my factoids on-line at http://ircbots.debian.net/ . Also ask me about <judd>, which is another bot and window into the Ultimate Debian Database.
M: 2008-05-18
<reply>Flash is frequently used to deliver interactivity, audio and video through a web browser. Ask me about <gnash> and <lightspark> for free implementations, or <adobe flash> and <pepper flash> for non-free implementations. http://wiki.debian.org/Flash
cmd: apt-key (.*?)
C: 2005-10-23
($1): <reply> gpg --keyserver keys.gnupg.net --recv-keys $1 ; gpg --export $1 | sudo apt-key add -
M: 2012-08-08
<reply>fglrx / AMD Catalyst is the proprietary display driver for AMD Radeon R9 200 series, Radeon R7 200 series, Radeon HD 8000/7000/6000/5000 and FirePro graphic processing units. To install fglrx, see https://wiki.debian.org/ATIProprietary or ask me about <fglrx dkms>. This driver is incompatible with the GNOME desktop of Debian 8 "Jessie" due to lack of EGL support (ref. §5.11 <jessie release notes>), use the <radeon> driver instead.
M: 2012-02-10
the program used by Debian to install and remove packages, "man dpkg". Also ask me about <reference>. The main info bot in #debian is also called dpkg; ask me about <dpkgbot>.
M: 2011-12-31
<reply> Это английскоговорящий канал, пожалуйста, говорите по-английски или посетите #debian-russian (irc.freenode.net) (Russian speakers please go to #debian-russian)
M: 2012-03-21
<reply>[non-free] a component which contains software that does not comply with the <DFSG>. To add non-free packages to your packages index, ask me about <non-free sources>. To see which non-free packages are installed ask me about <non-free list>. For the non-free tracking system, see http://nonfree.alioth.debian.org/
M: 2004-04-08
<reply> "Does anyone have X or use Y?" is taking a poll, not asking a good question that IRC helpers can answer. Don't do it or sussudio's army of militant badgers will hurt you. Also see <ask> and <bad polls>.
M: 2010-03-12
<reply> Deutschsprachige Hilfe bekommt ihr in #debian.de (auf irc.oftc.net, irc.freenode.net oder irc.belwue.de) - German speaking users please go to #debian.de (on irc.oftc.net, irc.freenode.net or irc.belwue.de).
M: 2010-03-22
<reply> To reinstall <GRUB> boot to your Debian install disk/live CD, switch to the other console (Alt-F2), mount your root filesystem (mount -t ext4 /dev/whatever /target ; mount --bind /dev /target/dev ; mount -t proc none /target/proc ; mount -t sysfs none /target/sys), chroot into it (chroot /target), run "mount /boot/efi" on EFI and "update-grub && grub-install /dev/whatever". See also <rescue mode>, <dual boot guide>, <supergrub>.
install gnome
M: 2014-01-14
<reply>To install GNOME: «apt-get install …» 1. 'task-gnome-desktop' (Debian installer default) 2. 'gnome' (recommended) 3. 'gnome-desktop-environment' (upstream GNOME) 4. 'gnome-core' (like 3, minus end-user applications) 5. 'gnome-session gdm3 network-manager-gnome' (minimalist, not recommended). You will need Xorg installed as well, ask me about <install x>. https://wiki.debian.org/Gnome
C: 2000-06-03
<reply> I ain't no stinkin' bot. I am a finely tuned and hand crafted tool. Oh wait... I guess I am a bot (that you should not abuse).
non-free sources
M: 2009-10-18
<reply>Edit /etc/apt/sources.list, ensure that the two main Debian mirror lines end with "main contrib non-free" rather than just "main", then «aptitude update». But bear in mind that you'll be installing <non-free> software. These may have onerous terms; check the licenses. See also <sources.list>.
M: 2009-02-16
<reply> see installation guide
M: 2008-07-31
<reply>see apt-pinning
cmd: win (.*?)
C: 2003-02-16
($1): <reply> Congratulations, $1! You have won (second prize in a beauty contest|a one way ticket to (Baghdad|Cleveland|Nova Scotia|Christmas Island|Beirut|Rio de Janeiro|Fire Island|Gaza|Charlotte, North Carolina ... YeeHaw!)|the US presidency|a lifetime supply of spam|the time-life collection of vintage AOL CDs, a set of 120)!
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>see jessie sources.list
M: 2010-05-08
<reply>#debian is primarily a support channel for Debian users. Please keep the discussions in #debian on-topic and take longer discussions and non-support questions to #debian-offtopic. Imagine the chaos if each of the hundreds of people in the channel felt the need to wander off topic for a few minutes every day.
debian mirrors
M: 2012-08-17
<reply>Debian mirror sites are listed at http://www.debian.org/mirror/list and ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian/README.mirrors.txt and http://deb.li/map ; ask me about <apt-spy>, <netselect-apt>, <httpredir.debian.org>, <debian mirror checker>. To make a mirror, see http://www.debian.org/mirrors/ ; see also <debmirror>, <apt-mirror>, <ftpsync>, <mirror size>. #debian-mirrors on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2010-01-03
<reply>Pinning is a method to choose which version of a package to install when multiple versions are available from <sources.list>. Bugs are explained at http://www.xs4all.nl/~carlo17/howto/debian.html#errata . If you use stable, pinning won't help you from messing up the system, ask me about <backports> instead. http://wiki.debian.org/AptPreferences
M: 2012-05-01
<reply>Downgrading is not, nor will ever be supported by apt. Programs change their data in a way that can't be rolled back, and package maintainer scripts support upgrades to new config file formats but not downgrades. Try: "dpkg -i olderversion.deb" or "aptitude install package=version" using "apt-cache policy package" to get the old version number. See also <partial downgrade>, <unstable->testing>, <sdo>.
M: 2009-01-21
<reply>apt-file is a utility used to find which package owns a given file - or list files in a package - even if it is not installed: "aptitude install apt-file && apt-file update" ; then "apt-file search filename" to see a list of packages containing filename (can also use a regular expression; see man apt-file). You can also search online, ask me about <pdo>. See also <judd-file>, <auto-apt>, <dlocate>.
C: 2000-03-26
cmd: you (.*?)
C: 2008-01-09
($1): <reply> I resemble that remark!
package recompile
M: 2009-06-23
<reply> 1) Add a <deb-src> line for your current release to your sources.list 2) aptitude update; aptitude install build-essential devscripts fakeroot; aptitude -R build-dep packagename 3) as any user, apt-get source packagename 4) cd packagename-version/; ask me about <debian/rules>; 5) dpkg-buildpackage -uc -us 6) as root, dpkg -i ../packagename-version.deb. Ask me about <debian/rules>, <nocheck>, <nostrip>, <apt-get source>.
M: 2011-01-27
<reply>Pour l'aide en francais, veuillez rejoindre le canal #debianfr. Francophone users: for help in french, please go to #debianfr.
M: 2012-01-14
a program on Unix and Unix-like systems used to print out the specified text ('y' by default) infinitely. You should NOT use it unless you know what you are doing, because it can eat many resources.
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>Read (at least) the upgrading chapter of the <release notes> http://deb.li/ldcj . In /etc/apt/sources.list, change "wheezy" to "jessie". apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade. 3rd party repos like <dmo> are known to cause problems with the upgrade. See also <jessie sysvinit>.
aptitude clone
M: 2013-08-12
<reply> To clone a Debian machine using aptitude (or install your favourite packages) use aptitude search --disable-columns -F%p '~i!~M!~v' > package_list; on the reference machine; xargs aptitude --schedule-only install < package_list; aptitude install; on the other machine. This preserves information about "automatically installed" packages that other methods do not. See also <reinstall>, <things to backup>, <debian clone>, <apt-clone>.
M: 2003-02-23
<reply> To get write access to a <vfat> partition when mounting it with fstab, use the line "/dev/partition /mount/point vfat defaults,user,uid=USERID,gid=GROUPID,umask=002 0 0" in /etc/fstab. umask=002 will make the partition rwxrwxr-x, while umask=022 will make it rwxr-xr-x. Get your user/group ids with the command "id".
M: 2009-06-11
<reply>Java is a cross-platform C++-like OO language. Sun, now Oracle, has released most of its Java implementation under the GPL as <openjdk>. There are other implementations packaged; for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" systems, Sun's JRE/JDK is in <non-free> (for i386, amd64 only). Ask me about <install java>. See also <java alternatives>, <icedtea>, <java ipv6>, <java-package>. http://wiki.debian.org/Java ##java on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-03-12
<reply>udev has the ability to statically rename Ethernet cards based on MAC address. The addresses are configured in /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules, edit this file to change the mappings. To apply changes: «udevadm trigger» or reload the relevant driver module. See also <udev>.
M: 2013-03-07
<reply>java-package (formerly mpkg-j2se, j2se-package) provides the make-jpkg utility for creating Debian packages from manually downloaded <Java> distributions; Oracle Java 6 (update >= 10) and Oracle Java 7 are currently supported. java-package is available for Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems in <contrib>. http://wiki.debian.org/JavaPackage . Where possible, use <OpenJDK> instead, ask me about <install java>.
M: 2014-02-12
<reply>The packaging tutorial (http://deb.li/QYyI) and the New Maintainer's Guide (http://deb.li/3DiDA) are good places to start learning about Debian packaging. You should also ask me about <devref> and <policy> to understand how packages should be maintained and how they should interact with each other. Ask me about <package basics>, <mentors>, <best practices> <build without helper>. http://www.debian.org/devel/
M: 2015-04-26
<reply>Jessie is the codename for the current <stable> release, Debian 8, released on 2015-04-25: http://www.debian.org/News/2015/20150426 . Jessie is the cowgirl in Toy Story 2. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianJessie and ask me about <install jessie> <release notes> <wheezy->jessie>. Currently <8.6>.
M: 2011-03-08
<reply>Support for your wireless LAN device is dependent on the chipset within. Don't know what you have? Ask me about <what's my wireless>. Atheros: <atheros>; Atmel: <atmel>; Broadcom: <broadcom>; Intel: <intel>; Intersil: <prism>; Marvell: <marvell>; Ralink: <ralink>; Realtek: <realtek>; TI: <acx-mac80211>; VIA: <vt665x>; ZyDAS: <zydas>. See also <crda>, <killswitch>, <wpa>. http://wiki.debian.org/WiFi
M: 2009-11-04
<reply>see newmaint
install debian
M: 2014-05-12
<reply>There are a myriad of different ways to install Debian. See http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/debian-installer for a list of images and ask me about <netinst>, <various cd1> and <firmware images>. See also <install guide> and <d-i> for detailed instructions. (If you've never installed Debian before, you should read the install guide.)
M: 2014-03-14
<reply>hold is a status flag that tells the package manager to not automatically upgrade a package. To hold a package 'echo $package hold|dpkg --set-selections' or 'aptitude hold $package'. Note that "aptitude hold" is ignored by other package managers (i.e. Update Manager, synaptic, apt-get) and aptitude won't necessarily use holds set with dpkg; see Debian bug #137771 (fixed in stretch). See also <hold list>, <unhold>.
M: 2010-06-06
<reply> If you don't tell us the exact error messages you get, we can't tell you what's wrong, and it's also useful to know exactly what command you're typing. Please look for the *first* error that occurs, as this is often the cause of later errors -- ask me about <localized errors> too. Please don't paste in the channel, use a pastebin instead; ask me about <pastebin>.
M: 2012-06-21
<reply>The 'freeze' is when large changes to testing version of Debian are stopped for few months. During this period, no new package uploads are made except to fix critical bugs or to provide documentation updates. During the freeze, bugs are squashed to 'stabilize' the release to make the new 'stable'. Stretch will start to freeze in early 2017. Also ask me about <slushy>, <stretch freeze>.
M: 2016-04-26
<reply>Wheezy is the current <oldstable> release, Debian 7, released on 2013-05-04: https://www.debian.org/News/2013/20130504 ; security support ended on 2016-04-25, but ask me about <wheezy-lts>. Wheezy is the rubber toy penguin with a red bow tie. See https://wiki.debian.org/DebianWheezy and ask me about <install wheezy> <wheezy release notes> <wheezy->jessie>. Final update <7.11>.
M: 2012-06-17
<reply>pastebinit is a command-line tool to send data to a <pastebin>. NOTE: Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" users, you must "pastebinit -b http://paste.debian.net" or configure pastebinit to use something other than pastebin.com. To paste e.g. your sources.list do "aptitude install pastebinit; pastebinit /etc/apt/sources.list"; to paste the output of a program do e.g. "dmesg | pastebinit". See also <pastebinit config>, <nopaste>.
M: 2010-02-16
<reply>Radeon is a brand of graphic processing units by AMD/ATI (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radeon). The radeon open source display driver is packaged for Debian as xserver-xorg-video-radeon, optionally install libgl1-mesa-dri for 3D acceleration. Also ask me about <radeon firmware>, <radeon audio>. https://wiki.debian.org/AtiHowTo http://x.org/wiki/radeon #radeon on irc.freenode.net. For the proprietary driver, see <fglrx>.
M: 2015-08-18
<reply>Advanced Packaging Tool (APT) is a package management system used by Debian and its derivatives. APT is a C++ library of functions that are used by several command line programs for dealing with packages, notably apt-get, apt-cache, and aptitude and, from Debian 8 "Jessie" onwards, apt. See also <aptitude> <apt-get>, <apt-cache>, <apt myths>.
testing/unstable mix
M: 2014-08-16
<reply>«echo 'APT::Default-Release "testing";' >> /etc/apt/apt.conf», edit sources.list, copy your non-security testing lines and change one set to unstable, then apt-get update. Use apt-get -t unstable install foo; to install foo from unstable rather than testing as usual. WARNING to SYNAPTIC users: Synaptic ignores Default-Release: set Preferences->Distribution.
M: 2009-09-19
a small CD image with which you can install Debian. If, during the installation process you have a working Internet connection, you can install more packages straight away, otherwise, you will have a base install and more packages later. See http://www.debian.org/CD/netinst/ See also <various cd1>, <check iso image>, <dialup install>, <usb install>, <installer>.
M: 2016-06-21
<reply>Iceweasel was a DFSG-free fork of <firefox>, replacing it in Debian since 4.0 "Etch". See <why iceweasel>, <iceweasel vs firefox>, <iceweasel user-agent>, https://wiki.debian.org/Iceweasel for historical information. Since 2016, Debian no longer applies a custom branding to Mozilla Firefox (https://www.debian.org/security/2016/dsa-3600). <https://lwn.net/Articles/676799/>
M: 2008-10-09
<reply>Ciao, vai su #debian-it per ricevere aiuto in italiano. Italian Speakers: Please use #debian-it, there you will get much more help.
C: 2007-11-09
<reply>see testing/unstable mix
why debian
M: 2009-02-19
<reply>Debian strives to maintain your freedom whilst also paying close attention to the technical aspects of making a great OS. Debian is stable, upgradable and well tested. See also http://www.debian.org/intro/free http://www.debian.org/intro/why_debian http://people.debian.org/~srivasta/talks/why_debian/ http://www.aboutdebian.com/ . As an added bonus, you get to ask questions in #debian.
M: 2009-03-31
<reply>[stable] The status of a Debian release when no packages will be added, new versions introduced and changes will only fix security issues and critical bugs. Packages can be removed in rare circumstances. The current stable version of Debian is Jessie (8.6); ask me about <releases>. Security bugs are fixed in stable by backporting the fix to the stable version (ask me about <security backports>). https://wiki.debian.org/DebianStable
install kde
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>The 'kde-standard' package gets you the common set-up, 'kde-plasma-desktop' and 'kde-plasma-netbook' provide minimal KDE 4 setups with respective flavouring, and 'kde-full' installs everything KDE 4. To install using Debian-Installer (if not using KDE CD-1): from the 'Software selection' dialog, choose "KDE" (use space bar to toggle selections), then "Continue".
M: 2011-06-30
a terminal-based package manager that can be used in a command-line mode (aptitude install foo ; aptitude remove goo) as well as a text user interface mode (just run "aptitude"). Ask me about <why aptitude> <why not aptitude> <aptitude-fu> <aptitude docs> or see http://wiki.debian.org/Aptitude or http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
M: 2006-07-12
<reply>Your network configuration is in the file /etc/network/interfaces ; "man 5 interfaces" for documentation, "zless /usr/share/doc/ifupdown/examples/network-interfaces.gz" for example configurations. Start and stop your networking with ifup -a and ifdown -a respectively. http://wiki.debian.org/NetworkConfiguration . See also <dhcp client>, <resolv.conf>, <static route>.
wheezy sources.list
M: 2013-05-01
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for Debian 7 "Wheezy" has three lines: "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main" "deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main" "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-updates main". Be sure to run «aptitude update» after editing sources.list. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <wheezy/updates> <wheezy-updates> <mirrors> <apt-spy> and "man sources.list".
why not aptitude
M: 2011-06-30
<reply> Aptitude is more memory intensive and slower than <apt-get>, the <ncurses> interface is always loaded regardless of being used or not. Moreover the resolver can sometimes produce unexpected results and most of <aptitude>'s former exclusive features are now available in <apt-get> as well. Ask me about <why aptitude> and see http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
squeeze sources.list
M: 2016-03-08
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" has two lines: "deb http://archive.debian.org/debian/ squeeze main" "deb http://archive.debian.org/debian/ squeeze-lts main". Put "Acquire::Check-Valid-Until false;" in /etc/apt/apt.conf and run «aptitude update». Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <squeeze-lts> <squeeze-updates> and "man sources.list".
M: 2010-04-28
<reply>Shiny New Shit Syndrome is a serious disorder, which usually breaks out into an epidemic every time something new is released. If you have SNS, ask me about <backports> and <ssb>; these are better options than upgrading to <testing> because it is a <moving target>.
M: 2006-09-02
<reply> experimental is the bleeding edge of Debian Development. Packages here have been deemed unfit/DANGEROUS/untrustworthy/etc for release by the maintainer responsible for them. DO NOT INSTALL PACKAGES FROM EXPERIMENTAL WITHOUT KNOWING EXACTLY WHY AND WHAT YOU ARE DOING. #debian does _not_ support experimental. For an actual description, see section of the Developer's Reference. http://packages.debian.org/experimental/
linux mint
M: 2010-12-03
<reply>Linux Mint is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. Please use their forums at http://forums.linuxmint.com/ or join #linuxmint-help on irc.spotchat.org for support. Linux Mint is variously based on <Ubuntu> with a "Linux Mint Debian Edition" (LMDE) also available. See also <based on debian>, <mintppc>.
firmware images
M: 2015-04-25
<reply> see firmware images jessie
M: 2008-01-22
the system the Debian project uses to train new people to become Debian Developers or Debian Maintainers and get their packages into the Debian archive. Ask me about <nmg>. http://lists.debian.org/debian-mentors/ http://mentors.debian.net/ #debian-mentors on irc.debian.org (irc.oftc.net).
install x
M: 2009-05-02
<reply> To install X in Debian: "aptitude update && aptitude install xorg". You may also want to install a desktop environment - ask me about <install gnome>, <install kde>, <install xfce>, <install lxde> - or a window manager, ask me about <window manager>. To configure your X server, ask me about <xorg config>.
M: 2009-10-20
<reply>debootstrap can create a basic Debian system from scratch, without apt/dpkg. Useful for installing in a <chroot>. It is key to installing Debian GNU/Linux from a Unix/Linux system, ask me about <install guide>. http://wiki.debian.org/Debootstrap http://www.debian-administration.org/article/Installing_new_Debian_systems_with_debootstrap
M: 2013-06-26
<reply>Multiarch allows you to install foreign architecture packages. For example, to allow i386 packages to be installed on an amd64 system: «dpkg --add-architecture i386 && apt-get update». See http://wiki.debian.org/Multiarch and <multiarch howto>, <multiarch failures>. For the unrelated installer that can install i386 or amd64, see <multi-arch installer>.
M: 2012-03-21
<reply>[contrib] Debian packages that contain <DFSG>-compliant software, but have dependencies not in main (possibly packaged for Debian in non-free). To get contrib packages, add lines like "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ [jessie|stretch|sid] main contrib" to your /etc/apt/sources.list, then «aptitude update». Also ask me about <non-free>, <contrib list>.
M: 2012-03-15
<reply>Run "dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration" to change both your default console and X keymap; the setxkbmap utility can be used to adjust keymap settings during X operation. For setting up X keymaps, see xkeycaps, xev and ask me about <multimedia keys>.
M: 2011-07-28
<reply> See http://www.debian.org/releases/ for an explanation of releases. See <release history> or http://wiki.debian.org/DebianReleases for prior releases. Ask me about <stable>, <testing>, <unstable> and <introduction>.
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>Debian 8 "Jessie" is now the "stable" Debian release. See http://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/debian-installer/ for images. Developers page is http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/ . If you want to make custom install CDs, start with d-i. IRC: #debian-boot on irc.oftc.net. See also <errata>, <g-i>.
release history
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>Debian releases are named after "Toy Story" characters. Buzz(1.1; 1996-03-14), Rex(1.2; 1996-10-28), Bo(1.3; 1997-05-01), Hamm(2.0; 1998-07-24), Slink(2.1; 1999-03-09), Potato(2.2; 2000-08-15), Woody(3.0; 2002-07-19), Sarge(3.1; 2005-06-06), Etch(4.0; 2007-04-08), Lenny(5.0; 2009-02-14), Squeeze(6.0; 2011-02-06), Wheezy(7; 2013-05-04), Jessie(8; 2015-04-25). The next release will be Stretch. http://deb.li/it56U
cmd: confuse (.*?)
C: 2002-12-11
($1): <reply>(Yes|No), (those|what|them|where|who|how) (are|is|was) (your|their|our|my) (pants|weasel|ferret|hamster|pineapple|gouda|gerbil|badger|mushroom|snake|bacon) (today|tomorrow|yesterday), $1? (Pants|Shirts|Trousers|Breeches|Lederhosen|Wellies) of the (Monarchy|People's Republic|Dictatorship|Republic|Democracy) of (Liechtenstein|Tahiti|Swaziland|Belarus|Mongolia|Tibet|Micronesia) with extra (cheese|herring|cream|anchovies|crabpaste|ham).
M: 2014-02-17
<reply>Where possible, most ATI/AMD graphics processing units are supported using the open source "radeon" driver on Debian systems by default, ask me about <radeon>. To install the proprietary "fglrx" driver, ask me about <fglrx>; installing this directly from amd.com (i.e. with the AMD Catalyst installer) is not supported in #debian, please go to #ati on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-10-23
<reply>The Debian Reference will answer most of your questions about Debian. The latest version (v2) is at http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/ . Read it after installing Debian and before asking for support, as it is the closest thing Debian has to a manual. You can install this too, the package name is debian-reference: «aptitude install debian-reference»
M: 2008-02-11
<reply> see dmm
why iceweasel
M: 2008-02-25
<reply>Due to Mozilla logos licensing, Mozilla software isn't DFSG-free, so Debian distributes Mozilla software with different logos. Mozilla Corp revoked the agreement to let Debian use Mozilla trademarks, so Debian changed to non-trademarked product names. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mozilla_Corporation_software_rebranded_in_Debian for more information. http://glandium.org/blog/?p=933. Ask me about <dfsg> <iceweasel vs firefox>.
C: 2004-08-10
<reply> see famous last words
M: 2010-04-01
<reply> As an overview: to work with Debian source packages, add a <deb-src> line to your sources list; cd to a location with free space; download the source package with <apt-get source>; edit <debian/rules> to taste; use <dpkg-buildpackage> to build the new .deb. For more details, also ask me about <package recompile> <backport> <nmg> <policy> <source package>
M: 2010-04-24
<reply>Universal Serial Bus (USB) is a technology that has replaced the way that some peripheral devices connect to a computer. It is much faster than serial/communications and more flexible: many devices can be connected to simultaneously. USB 3.0 is supported by the Linux kernel since version 2.6.31. http://www.linux-usb.org/USB-guide/book1.html http://www.linux-usb.org/ See also <usb install>, <usbreset>.
oftc move
M: 2006-06-20
<reply>irc.debian.org moved to OFTC on June 4th 2006, see http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2006/05/msg00012.html. Operators and bots (see <fact sharing>) will remain on both networks for the foreseeable future; you're welcome to either move to OFTC with i.d.o or stay on Freenode. Questions? Ask in #debian on one or other network. See also http://lists.debian.org/debian-project/2006/04/msg00333.html
debian clone
M: 2011-06-24
<reply> One method of cloning Debian installs is to take a current Debian machine that is set up with the packages you want and run the command "dpkg --get-selections > ~/selectionfile". Then, after the base install on other machines use that file and do: "dpkg --set-selections < ~/selectionfile && apt-get dselect-upgrade". Also ask me about <aptitude clone>, <reinstall>, <things to backup> <apt-clone>.
M: 2009-05-29
<reply>X.Org X11 is the reference implementation of the X Window System, forked from XFree86 4.4RC2 and first included in Debian 4.0 "Etch". To install, ask me about <install x>. To configure, ask me about <xorg config>. To remove, ask about <remove x>. http://wiki.debian.org/Xorg http://x.org/ #xorg on irc.freenode.net.
debian live
M: 2011-02-07
<reply>The Debian Live project provides pre-built Debian live system images and allows creation of your own. These can be used to install a Debian system. Live images are available from http://www.debian.org/CD/live/ . http://live.debian.net/ #debian-live on irc.debian.org; also see <live login>, <uefi live>.
M: 2009-10-14
<reply> uupdate (in the <devscripts> package) upgrades a source code package from an upstream revision, or e.g. if the newest foo in debian is 1.2, and upstream is at 1.4: apt-get source foo; wget -nd http://foo.org/foo-1.4.tar.gz; cd foo-1.2; uupdate ../foo-1.4.tar.gz Ask me about <package recompile>.
M: 2010-10-04
<reply>Webmin is a lame web-based interface for unsafe system administration for Unix. Check it out at http://webmin.com/ Remember, dondelelcaro *hates* webmin. "i'd rather sit on the floor shoving table knives into live electrical outlets than run webmin on an exposed server." Removed from Debian post-Sarge, see http://bugs.debian.org/343897 . The Debian package from webmin.com is of poor quality. See <free whcp> for alternatives.
M: 2010-04-12
<reply>http://snapshot.debian.org/ is an archive of almost all Debian packages uploaded since 2005, including those removed from the official archives because they were very buggy, unusable, broken, vulnerable or in some way non-free. This service replaces snapshot.debian.net. http://www.debian.org/News/2010/20100412
what are you
C: 2000-08-01
<reply> I am an infobot. For more information, ask me about <infobot>.
M: 2010-09-06
<reply> see backports.debian.org
search dpkg
M: 2010-09-01
<reply>You can search my database on the web at http://ircbots.debian.net/ or on IRC by asking me about <help listkeys> and <help-listvals>. My factoids are available at http://crito.ucr.edu/~dpkg/ in archives that are updated nightly and the previous 18 days are there. See also <search>.
sid faq
M: 2011-04-16
<reply> http://deb.li/sidfaq ; it doesn't hurt to read the FAQ, even if you are using <testing>. See also http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel/2009/08/msg00041.html and <sid upgrade test>.
C: 2008-09-19
<reply>When a <testing> release becomes frozen, <unstable> tends to partially freeze as well. This is because developers are reluctant to upload radically new software to unstable, in case the frozen software in testing needs minor updates and to fix release critical bugs which keep testing from becoming <stable>.
M: 2009-08-05
<reply> Use 'dpkg-reconfigure locales' to get it up and running. This generates <locale> definitions and also edits /etc/default/locale which sets the $LANG environment variable at login time. Use "LANG=C command" to change the output language for a one off command, ask me about <localised errors>. See also <mac locales>. http://wiki.debian.org/Locale
famous last words
M: 2008-12-02
<reply> see flw((|1|2|3|4|5|6)(1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0))
M: 2011-02-06
<reply>Put "deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib non-free" in your /etc/apt/sources.list file to keep up-to-date on security updates in <stable>. Run "aptitude update" and "aptitude upgrade" (or "aptitude full-upgrade" if the updates are kept back). Also ask me about <dsa>, <security backports>, <oldstable security>, <testing security>, <unstable security>, <browser security>.
cmd: -i (.*?)
M: 2006-11-28
($1): (<action>installs $1 into $nick's head with a bone saw and a few screws|<action> removes a (liver|speen|kidney|lung) from $nick and replaces it with $1|<reply> package $1 is already installed)
M: 2003-01-26
<reply> Please ask sicco questions, questions that are Specific, Informative, Concise, Complete, and On-topic. Ask me about <research> and <cooperation in asking for help>.
C: 2002-04-23
<reply> This!
M: 2009-05-28
<reply>[kernel-package] Obsolete. Use <kernel handbook> instead. Used to be The Debian Way(tm) "aptitude install kernel-package build-essential libncurses5-dev" and follow the instructions in /usr/share/doc/kernel-package/README.gz. You should also ask me about <make-kpkg>, <kp mantra> and <kernel build-deps>.
testing security
M: 2015-05-10
<reply> The testing release does not receive full security support until just before release. Up until that time, security updates can take a few days to arrive and will often be new upstream versions which may require you to spend significant time reconfiguring applications. Don't run 'testing' on things where good security support and stability are important. See <moving target>.
M: 2012-06-08
<reply> see kde 4
M: 2003-05-24
<reply>DFSG is the Debian Free Software Guidelines, which are explained at http://www.debian.org/social_contract#guidelines . For a full list of DFSG-compatible/incompatible software licenses, see http://wiki.debian.org/DFSGLicenses
M: 2013-08-19
<reply>Compiz was a compositing window manager using OpenGL for rendering. Compiz hasn't been developed for some time and is no longer part of Debian (see bugs #719870 and #677864). Plenty of other window managers have the same features as compiz. For a list of available window managers, run «apt-cache showpkg x-window-manager». See also http://wiki.debian.org/Compiz http://www.compiz.org/ or #compiz on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-06-24
<reply> see offtopic
C: 2008-01-13
<reply> see linux mint
i forgot root's password
M: 2008-10-23
<reply>see ifrp
M: 2009-07-13
<reply>IRC is Internet Relay Chat, the means to provide #debian to its patrons. Debian IRC channels are listed at http://wiki.debian.org/IRC . Please read http://wiki.debian.org/GettingHelpOnIrc . Ask me about <irc tutorial> and <faq>. See also <debstats> and <irclog>.
M: 2008-04-23
<reply>For GRUB: 1) press 'e' to edit the kernel setting in the grub command line (add 'init=/bin/sh' to the end of it) 2) 'fsck' your root file system, 3) 'mount -o remount,rw /', 4) 'passwd root' 5) 'mount -o remount,ro /' 6) 'reboot -d -f' (exec /sbin/init should work); For LILO: 1) 'Linux init=/bin/sh' at the LILO boot prompt (hold Shift while booting), steps 2-6 are the same; For yaboot: 1) 'Linux init=/bin/sh' at yaboot prompt.
install guide
M: 2009-02-16
<reply> see installation guide
M: 2011-05-31
<reply>NTFS-3G is a userspace driver providing NTFS read and write support. "aptitude install ntfs-3g". Usage examples: http://www.tuxera.com/community/ntfs-3g-download/#usage . Also ask me about <user accessible ntfs>.
M: 2013-06-06
<reply>debian/rules is the makefile used when building a .deb from source, edit it to change compilation options. Some packages use sophisticated build systems that should be documented in debian/README.source. Also remember to make a new entry in debian/changelog with "~yourname" (for a backport) or "+yourname" (for a recompile) added to the version number. See also <makefile>, <hold>, <package recompile>, <source>, <unique package version>.
M: 2015-08-21
#debian on <freenode> is logged at http://ibot.rikers.org/%23debian/ , #debian on <OFTC> is logged at http://irclogs.thegrebs.com/debian/
M: 2010-02-06
<reply>GNOME is a Desktop Environment ("DE", so are <KDE> and <XFCE>) based on GTK+. To get or delete GNOME, ask me about <install gnome> or <remove gnome> respectively. See also <gnome status>. https://wiki.debian.org/Gnome http://www.gnome.org/ #debian-gnome on irc.debian.org. GNOME-related IRC channels: https://wiki.gnome.org/Community/GettingInTouch/IRC
M: 2011-09-25
<reply>When you get random packages from random repositories, mix multiple releases of Debian, or mix Debian and derived distributions, you have a mess. There's no way anyone can support this "distribution of Frankenstein" and #debian certainly doesn't want to even try. See if you can convince ##linux to help.
cmd: slap (.*?)
C: 2002-02-07
($1): <action> strikes a resounding *THWAP* across $1's face
M: 2012-04-28
<reply> see zh
M: 2014-06-27
<reply>To chroot into your Debian system boot to your Debian install disk/live CD, switch to the other console (Alt-F2). Mount your root filesystem with "mount -t ext2 /dev/whatever /target" and make /dev, /proc and /sys usable with "mount --bind /dev /target/dev ; mount -t proc none /target/proc ; mount -t sysfs none /target/sys". You can then chroot into the system with "chroot /target".
M: 2011-05-04
<reply>Firmware is software to operate electronic devices, usually contained in EPROM or flash memory. Some Linux kernel drivers require firmware to be provided from userspace, notably for <WiFi> devices. Most firmware files are not part of a Debian release as they do not conform to the <DFSG>; some are available via <contrib> and <non-free> packages, ask me about <search>. See also <installer firmware>. http://wiki.debian.org/Firmware
M: 2016-03-11
<reply>From 2006 to 2016, Mozilla Firefox was known as "Iceweasel" in Debian because Mozilla would not permit Debian to use the Firefox name. Firefox packages are now available for both jessie and sid; Firefox in Debian <stable> follows the Extended Support Release (ESR) branch. For the latest versions, ask me about <mozilla.debian.net>.
M: 2010-03-13
<reply>The Network Time Protocol (NTP) is used to synchronize the clocks of computer systems over a network. "aptitude install ntp" is enough to get going and synchronise your clock using the default ntp pool. http://wiki.debian.org/NTP http://www.ntp.org/ See also <set time>, <pool.ntp>.
M: 2003-07-20
<reply> Sunday is the day all trolls swarm to #debian, avoid at all cost to remain sane.
xorg config
M: 2009-09-29
<reply>From Debian 5.0 "Lenny" onwards, xorg mostly configures itself. Resolution is set by your monitor/graphics card (unless they're broken), by your desktop environment or <xrandr>. From Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", input hotplugging saves duplicating settings and restarting X after changes. The /etc/X11/xorg.conf file is usually no longer needed and is often blank. Manual configuration is still possible, see <xorg manual config>.
jessie sources.list
M: 2015-03-28
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for Debian 8 "Jessie" has three lines: "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ jessie main" "deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main" "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates main". Be sure to run «aptitude update» after editing sources.list. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <jessie/updates> <jessie-updates> <mirrors> and "man sources.list".
M: 2012-12-29
<reply>make-kpkg is no longer the recommended method for building kernel packages. See <kernel handbook> for current instructions. It can be used to make a debian package for a custom kernel. See man make-kpkg, <kp mantra>. NOTE it does not automatically create header packages, needed for module-assistant and dkms.
backport caveat
M: 2008-11-17
<reply>Remember that in installing backports, you will be using an unusual configuration of packages that has not been tested as thoroughly as Debian stable and that newer packages have both newer features and newer bugs. Ask me about <version chasing>. Also note that you can't rely on backports to be patched quickly if vulnerabilities are discovered.
release notes
M: 2015-04-25
<reply> see jessie release notes
M: 2010-04-19
<reply>equivs is a package that enables you to create dummy packages that tell <apt> you really have installed (through some other means) the package. aptitude install equivs, and read /usr/share/doc/equivs/*, see also <usrlocal>. A better plan is often to adapt the Debian packages to your needs, ask me about <package recompile> <uupdate> <ssb>.
M: 2003-03-31
<reply>"This release is currently considered ``unstable''. That means that things *will* break if you run it." (quote from old page http://www.debian.org/releases/woody/), or http://bugs.debian.org/155873#10
M: 2008-11-27
<reply> see wireless
M: 2011-11-08
liquid gold mate
remove gnome
M: 2009-12-15
<reply>To remove or purge GNOME 2.x: aptitude remove ~nlibgnome ~nlibbonobo2 ~nliborbit2 ~nlibgnomeui ~nlibgnomevfs2. Use 'purge' instead of 'remove' if that's what you want (ask me about <purge>).
M: 2009-08-19
<reply> "purge" means to completely wipe away a package, including its configuration files. Use «aptitude purge $package» or «dpkg -P $package» (note: before wheezy, you can't 'apt-get purge' a package that is already removed; use aptitude or dpkg instead). To purge all "removed" packages: «aptitude purge '~c'». To restore configuration files, ask me about <confmiss>. Also ask me about <why aptitude>.
M: 2009-06-01
<reply>Xfce is a pretty nifty Desktop Environment. Lightweight, fast, compact. To install, ask me about <install xfce>. https://wiki.debian.org/Xfce http://wiki.xfce.org/faq http://www.xfce.org/ #xfce on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2008-03-25
<reply> Por favor use #debian-pt para ajuda em portugues ou #debian-br para ajuda em portugues do brasil. ( /join #debian-pt )
cmd: do (.*?)
M: 2004-02-01
($1): <action> (does|refuses to do|eagerly does|reluctantly agrees to do|wonders why (he|she|it|they|we|you|those smelly goats) should do|wouldn't dream of doing) $1
list repositories
M: 2010-06-17
<reply> To see what repository a package may have come from, try http://svn.noreply.org/svn/weaselutils/trunk/apt-listrepository , or use dpkg -l | awk '/^.i/ {print $2}' | xargs apt-cache policy | awk '/^[a-z0-9.\-]+:/ {pkg=$1}; /\*\*\*/ {OFS="\t"; ver=$2; getline; print pkg,ver,$2,$3}', or ask me about <obsolete>, or http://people.debian.org/~dannf/apt-inventory, or <bdo list>, or <dmm list>
cd contents
M: 2009-02-01
<reply>see disk contents
nvidia dkms
M: 2013-08-02
<reply>For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems. Ask me about <contrib> and <non-free sources>. «aptitude -r install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` nvidia-kernel-dkms && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "nvidia"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nvidia.conf». Restart your system to enable the <nouveau> blacklist.
M: 2013-10-15
<reply>#debian-next is the channel for testing/unstable support on the OFTC network (irc.oftc.net), *not* on Freenode. If you get "Cannot join #debian-next (Channel is invite only)." it means you did not read it's on irc.oftc.net.
cmd: pal (.*?)
C: 2005-01-19
($1): <action> points at $1 and laughs(| hysterically| uproariously)
cmd: deb-src (.*?)
C: 2011-08-16
($1): <reply>You can get apt to download source packages with a <deb-src> line in your <sources.list>. A suitable entry for the $1 release is: "deb-src http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ $1 main contrib non-free". Remember to "apt-get update" after changing your sources.list.
localized errors
M: 2009-06-09
<reply> Rather than hoping that we recognise what has gone wrong from the error messages in your native language, please provide any error messages in English. You can do this by setting your locale to an English one (e.g. C) prior to running the command, e.g. «LC_ALL=C apt-get -f install»
point releases
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>Point releases are updates to <stable> and <oldstable>, incorporating security fixes and resolving grave bugs. You can upgrade to the latest point release by referencing a Debian <mirror> in /etc/apt/sources.list, then "aptitude update && aptitude full-upgrade". See <8.6>, <7.11>. https://wiki.debian.org/DebianReleases/PointReleases
M: 2016-03-04
<reply>see when will stretch release
M: 2012-02-08
<reply>From Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" onwards, <IPv6> is built into the Linux kernel (excluding the loongson-2f flavour). To disable IPv6, add the kernel command line option ipv6.disable=1 to your bootloader.
M: 2010-03-27
<reply> reportbug is used to submit bugs to the Debian <BTS>. Install reportbug, then run reportbug. See http://www.debian.org/Bugs/ http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch05s04#problem-report for some general information about using reportbug and/or for <debian-installer> bug reporting. Also ask me about <report-bugs>. http://wiki.debian.org/reportbug http://www.debian.org/Bugs/Reporting
M: 2008-01-18
<reply> see sources.list
M: 2014-02-27
<reply>Please invoke 'dpkg: ops $problem' to call the operators to deal with a specific problem. Misuse of this will lead to a ban. Operators can also be contacted in the #debian-ops channel.
usb install
C: 2013-03-18
<reply>You can install Debian from a USB stick/thumbdrive/pen drive/key on x86 systems, as long as your system's BIOS can boot from USB. Details are in the Installation Guide, see http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch04s03 and ask me about <install debian> for hybrid CD/DVD images. Use http://sf.net/projects/win32diskimager/ to write images from Windows. For BIOSes not capable of USB boot, ask me about <plop>.
cmd: -s (.*?)
M: 2003-10-20
($1): <reply> (Package: $1: Status: install ok installed|There is no record of a $1 package|(Dingos|Badgers) ate my $1!|You Fool! $1 is installed!)
point release
C: 2009-02-15
<reply> see point releases
M: 2008-02-20
aptitude reinstall '~i' ; or COLUMNS=200 dpkg -l | awk '/^[hi]i/{print $2}' | xargs apt-get -y --reinstall install, or dpkg --get-selections > my_packages.txt , then later, dpkg --set-selections < my_packages.txt && apt-get install . See also <aptitude clone>, <debian clone>.
M: 2007-10-17
<reply> mooooooo! I am cow, hear me moo, I weigh twice as much as you. I'm a cow, eating grass, methane gas comes out my ass. I'm a cow, you could be too; join us all! type apt-get moo; aplay /usr/lib/libreoffice/share/gallery/sounds/cow.wav
M: 2009-12-20
<reply> see sdo
free ram
M: 2008-07-29
<reply>Unlike information, your computer's memory does *not* want to be free. Free RAM is wasted RAM! Linux tries to use free physical memory for caching files from disk which speeds up disk access considerably. Linux releases RAM from these caches if programs need it. If you want to know how much physical memory the free(1) tool says you have left for program use, it's 'free' + 'buffers' + 'cache'. Also ask me about <swapwake>.
ftp must die
M: 2010-06-04
<reply> FTP MUST DIE! http://mywiki.wooledge.org/FtpMustDie . If you really just want to provide anonymous download of files, use HTTP: http://daniel.haxx.se/docs/ftp-vs-http.html
M: 2010-12-09
<reply>For information on permissions, read «info coreutils 'File Permissions'», http://mywiki.wooledge.org/Permissions and http://www.comptechdoc.org/os/linux/usersguide/linux_ugfilesp.html . For further information, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unix_permission and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chmod and follow the setuid and setgid links within. See also <ssh permissions>, <qotd232>. http://wiki.debian.org/Permissions
M: 2013-06-11
<reply>Skype is a proprietary cross-platform <VoIP> service and application owned by Microsoft. Debian cannot distribute the application due to its license. See http://wiki.debian.org/skype and ask me about <skype amd64> for community-contributed information. Consider using free and secure alternatives: <ekiga>, <empathy>, <jitsi>, <linphone>.
M: 2016-05-21
ine (Wine Is Not an Emulator) is an application intended to allow execution of Microsoft Windows programs on Unix-like operating systems. Application compatibility database: http://appdb.winehq.org/ .https://wiki.debian.org/Wine http://wiki.winehq.org/HowTo http://wiki.winehq.org/FAQ #winehq on irc.freenode.net. See <mmap_min_addr> regarding use of Win16 binaries. See also <newer wine>.
whats my hardware
M: 2008-10-29
<reply>You can use lspci, lsusb, lsscsi, lspcmcia, lshal, hwinfo, dmidecode, and/or lshw, or even dmesg to find out what kind of hardware your machine might have, or you could crack the lid and look inside ... oooh, shiny! If you install lshw, run "lshw -html > myhardware.html" as root and you'll have a nice HTML summation. See also <myram>, <driver locator>.
M: 2008-12-07
what keeps your box from getting r00ted, or what you do with aptitude. Do an aptitude update first, and then an aptitude upgrade. Ask me about <security>. If you upgrade to a new stable version of Debian, read its release notes first. Ask me about <squeeze->wheezy> <wheezy->jessie>.
moving target
M: 2009-10-22
<reply> Sure, testing might be shinier than stable, but are you prepared to be continually updating your system? Things that worked today will break tomorrow. Configuration file formats will change and you'll have to fold your changes in yet again. Testing is a moving target and if you'd rather work *with* your computer than working *on* your computer, you might not want that. See <testing security>.
M: 2015-12-29
<reply>The Debian Live project provides pre-built Debian live system images and allows creation of your own. These can be used to install a Debian system. Live images are available from http://www.debian.org/CD/live/ . http://live.debian.net/ #debian-live on irc.debian.org. See also <live firmware>. Currently you CANNOT install in <UEFI> mode from a Debian Live image.
M: 2010-01-10
<reply> apt-listbugs (aptitude install apt-listbugs) is available since Debian 3.1 "Sarge". When installed, it will fetch the list of critical <BTS> bugs that pertain to any packages being installed. It also allows you to <pin> a version to prevent upgrades to any packages you discover to be too risky. See also <apt-listchanges>.
M: 2013-04-21
<reply>GNU GRUB 2 is a portable and powerful boot loader. Ask me about <grub config> and <grub default>. To reinstall, ask me about <fixmbr>. http://wiki.debian.org/Grub2 #grub on irc.freenode.net. See also <grub legacy>.
M: 2012-06-10
the probably first <metasyntactic variable>, it's a placeholder for some other term. See http://www.catb.org/~esr/jargon/html/F/foo.html and <bar>, also read the Etymology of "Foo" (RFC3092).
M: 2013-10-12
<reply>Debian stable does not always include all the software people need or want so there is much official, semi-official, and non-official software available for stable. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianSoftware . Ask me about <security>, <installer firmware>, <backports>, <stable-updates>, <multimedia>, <non-free>, <contrib>, <emdebian>, <debian live>. See also <grounding>, <social contract>, <introduction>.
M: 2004-05-25
~/.xsession is used for both XDM and 'startx', when there's no ~/.xinitrc. [See: startx(1)], or best initialized as `echo -e "#! /bin/sh\nsource $HOME/.bash_profile\nsource $HOME/.xinitrc" >$HOME/.xsession'
M: 2009-11-11
a collection of files. 'tar', 'ar', 'cpio' are all archiving tools. This is *not* the same as compression, which is a separate operation. Debian Archives is the repository for old Debian releases, see http://www.debian.org/distrib/archive . For the package archive, ask me about <snapshot>. Old Debian <ISO> files are archived at http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/archive/
install xfce
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>To install <Xfce> on established systems, ask me about <install x>, then: «apt-get install xfce4 xfce4-goodies». To install using Debian-Installer (if not using Xfce CD-1): from the 'Software selection' dialog, choose "Xfce" (use space bar to toggle selections), then "Continue"; an Internet connection may be required to obtain these packages.
M: 2013-10-01
<reply> see fixboot
cmd: penixstrike (.*?)
C: 2004-09-16
($1): <reply> A towering Penix descends from the heavens, knocking $1 to the ground and leaving a large wet spot.
C: 2013-03-21
<reply>Selected packages intended for the Debian 8 "Jessie" release but recompiled for use with "Wheezy" (7.x) can be found in the "wheezy-backports" repository. Note that wheezy-backports are on the regular mirror network, not on backports.debian.org. A suitable line for your sources.list is «deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-backports main». Also ask me about <bdo>.
C: 2003-09-23
<reply> see dynamic mmap
C: 2011-09-16
<reply> nopaste is a command-line tool to send data to a <pastebin>. To paste e.g. your sources.list do "aptitude install libapp-nopaste-perl; nopaste /etc/apt/sources.list"; to paste the output of a program do e.g. "dmesg | nopaste".
M: 2006-08-06
Read The Fucking Manual. If you want to ask a question about foo, please read man foo; before asking. If there isn't a manpage about foo, use apropos to find one. Reading manuals helps us help you. [You might try info foo as well.]
jessie freeze
C: 2013-11-06
<reply> Remember, remember, the fifth of November, gunpowder treason and plot! Debian 8.0 "Jessie" was frozen on 2014-11-05; no new versions of packages will enter this release and a period of intense bug fixing has begun. See http://release.debian.org/jessie/freeze_policy.html or ask me about <slushy>. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunpowder_Plot
M: 2012-10-01
<reply>Raspbian is a distribution <based on Debian> made specifically for the <Raspberry Pi>. Raspbian is not Debian and it is not supported in #debian. Please use #raspbian on irc.freenode.net for support. http://www.raspbian.org/
M: 2010-02-03
a nifty program used to manage a /usr/local/ hierarchy. It keeps all the programs separate, so you can install and remove them without playing the "which program does that file belong to" game; ask me about <stow usage>. http://www.gnu.org/software/stow . See also <usrlocal>, <uupdate>, <checkinstall>.
C: 2005-02-08
<reply> Gentoo Linux causes global warming! Needlessly recompiling everything uses power. Fossil fuels are used to generate that power. See also <diminishing returns on bogomips>. Hug a tree, use Debian!
M: 2016-04-07
<reply>Kali Linux (http://www.kali.org/) is a security and penetration testing distribution from the creators of <backtrack>. It is based on Debian, but it is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. Seek help in #kali-linux on chat.freenode.net or http://forums.kali.org/ . Also ask me about <based on debian>, and read http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/hacker-howto.html
M: 2006-06-05
<reply>OFTC is the Open and Free Technology Community, a support/collaboration service. They have an IRC network: irc.oftc.net. You may be connected to OFTC's network. http://www.oftc.net/ See also <freenode>, <oftc move> and <fact sharing>.
cmd: error processing (.*?)
C: 2007-06-25
($1): <reply> $who: That isn't an error, post the whole output to a pastebin (/msg dpkg pastebin).
disk contents
M: 2011-04-14
<reply>To find out which CD or DVD image contains a particular package or source file, use the search engine at http://cdimage-search.debian.org/ . To see what a specific image contains, examine the package lists within the list-{cd,dvd} subdirectories for the relevant architecture at http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/ (e.g. http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/amd64/list-cd/).
M: 2009-07-19
<reply>CUPS (formerly Common Unix Printing System) provides a portable printing layer for Unix-based operating systems and supports the Internet Printing Protocol. To install, ask me about <cups setup>. See also <debug cups>. http://cups.org/faq.php http://www.cups.org/ ##cups on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2011-09-21
<reply> Na kanale #debian rozmawiamy po angielsku; jesli chcesz lub wolisz mowic po polsku, wejdz na kanal #debian-pl na irc.freenode.net (Polish speakers please go to #debian-pl on irc.freenode.net). pl is also <perl>.
M: 2012-10-23
<reply>http://dotdeb.org/ is an unofficial package repository with emphasis on the <LAMP> solution stack, unsupported in #debian. To get support, read http://www.dotdeb.org/2012/08/24/how-to-post-useful-bug-reports/ and report any issues to https://github.com/gplessis/dotdeb-php5/issues . Ask me about <dotdeb alternatives>.
partial downgrade
M: 2010-05-12
<reply> This may or may not work for you, but if you've got nothing to lose then try it: (a) change sources.list (b) aptitude update (c) aptitude and then search for the upgraded packages, hit enter on them, select the correct version (d) do the same for libc6 (e) search for broken packages by pressing "b" and then fix them in the same way (f) once you have no more broken packages, hit 'g'. See <not available>.
M: 2011-05-31
<reply> see ntfs-3g
M: 2010-03-23
<reply>Kernel Mode Setting (KMS) has graphical modes initialized by the Linux kernel instead of X. It is hardware dependent, introduced in Linux 2.6.29. Enabled via modprobe as of xserver-xorg-video-intel 2:2.9.1-2 and xserver-xorg-video-radeon 1:6.12.192-2. To disable, edit /etc/modprobe.d/{i915,radeon}-kms.conf or boot with the 'nomodeset' kernel command line parameter. http://wiki.debian.org/KernelModesetting
tracker of doom
M: 2008-11-09
<reply>The Tracker of Doom is a vulnerability database maintained by the Debian security team, viewable at http://security-tracker.debian.org/ . Ask me about <cve lookup CVE-yyyy-nnnn> to get Debian-specific information on a CVE number. See also http://www.debian.org/security/crossreferences or ask me about <debsecan> http://www.enyo.de/fw/software/debsecan/
M: 2003-08-11
<reply>lay off me you buggerererers!!11!
things to backup
C: 2008-07-22
<reply>Some things you should back up include: /etc /home /root /usr/local /usr/src /opt /srv. Tailor to your own purposes. If you think you don't need /var, make sure you don't forget /var/lib/dpkg /var/backups /var/lib/apt* /var/lib/mysql /var/mail /var/www /var/cache/debconf /var/spool/cron ...
cmd: lose (.*?)
C: 2003-01-15
($1): <reply> $1: You Lose.
kde 4
M: 2012-06-08
<reply> KDE software is based on the Qt toolkit. See http://www.kde.org/ for release news and other details. Ask me about <install kde> or <remove kde>. You can also get KDE-specific help in #debian-kde (irc.oftc.net) or in other KDE-related IRC channels: http://userbase.kde.org/IRC_Channels . Also check out http://wiki.debian.org/KDE .
M: 2015-07-27
<reply> 如果您想要以中文得到 Debian 相關的協助,請加入 irc.debian.org 或 irc.oftc.net 上的 #dot 頻道,連線與加入頻道的方法請參閱 IRC 程式之相關說明,或於網路上搜尋。謝謝您的合作!
M: 2011-02-20
<reply>Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the next-generation IP version designed to replace IPv4. Available in Debian since <potato>, full IPv6 support was a release goal for Squeeze. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianIPv6 http://ipv6.debian.net/ http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/Linux+IPv6-HOWTO/ http://www.ipv6.org/ #debian-ipv6 on irc.oftc.net, #ipv6 on irc.freenode.net. To disable IPv6 on your system, ask me about <noipv6>.
M: 2010-01-09
<reply>DM means Display Manager, the app that brings up a graphical login screen and starts your login session. <lightdm>, <gdm3>, <xdm>, <kdm>, <wdm>, pdm, login.app and <slim> are all examples of display managers. Ask me about <nodm> if you want to disable the DM. Or Debian Maintainer: http://wiki.debian.org/DebianMaintainer . For the deb-multimedia repository, ask me about <dmm>.
M: 2010-09-21
<reply>A locale is a set of rules for presenting information to humans according to local conventions (date format, thousands separators, language, etc.). Ask me about <locales> to establish on a Debian system. http://wiki.debian.org/Locale http://mywiki.wooledge.org/locale
firmware image
M: 2010-08-08
<reply> see firmware images
M: 2007-09-18
<reply> I'm not your csh prompt!
M: 2010-10-10
<reply>Fonts available as Debian packages are automatically configured for use via <defoma>. To add user-supplied fonts to a Debian system, ask me about <install font> or see http://wiki.debian.org/Fonts . For general font information, see http://www.nwalsh.com/comp.fonts/FAQ/ . See also <liberation>, <mscorefonts>, <ttf>.
remove kde
M: 2009-09-12
<reply>To remove or purge KDE: aptitude remove kdelibs-data kdelibs4c2a kdelibs5 kdelibs5-data libkdecore5. Use 'purge' instead of 'remove' if that's what you want (ask me about <purge>).
M: 2010-07-14
<reply>[preseed] Preseeding provides a way to set answers to questions asked during the Debian installation process, to allow for a streamlined or completely automated installation. The <install guide> provides an extensive appendix on preseeding with a full example. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/Preseed and http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/394 . See also <debconf-set-selections>.
own repo
M: 2012-02-20
<reply>To feed your own packages into apt, you need to create a repository with a Packages file that lists the packages. If you only have a few packages and don't have very sophisticated requirements, you can use <dpkg-scanpackages>. If you want to be able add/remove packages using regular Debian tools like dput then try <reprepro> or mini-dinstall. See http://wiki.debian.org/HowToSetupADebianRepository
M: 2010-05-16
<reply>Windows NT File System (NTFS) has drivers available in Debian: the read-only Linux kernel driver and a <FUSE> driver providing write support. For information about the former, ask me about <ntfsro>. For information about read/write access, ask me about <ntfsrw>. See also <ntfsclone>, <label>. http://wiki.debian.org/NTFS
free whcp
M: 2010-06-23
<reply> FOSS Web Hosting Control Panels include: <DTC>, <GNUPanel>, <ISPConfig> and <ispCP> Omega. Don't use <Webmin>. http://wiki.debian.org/HostingControlPanels
M: 2012-01-19
<reply>Synaptics is an X.org driver for laptop touchpads/trackpads. Install the xserver-xorg-input-synaptics package and "man synaptics" for driver options; configuration tools include synclient and gpointing-device-settings. http://wiki.debian.org/SynapticsTouchpad . See also <clickpad>, <trackpoint>.
M: 2010-10-13
<reply>[hcl] Hardware Compatibility Lists for Linux include http://kmuto.jp/debian/hcl/ (PCI verification only), http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/Hardware-HOWTO/ , http://www.linuxcompatible.org/compatdb/lists/hardware_linux.html and http://www.linuxquestions.org/hcl/ . Also ask me about <driver locator>, <judd-hardware>.
M: 2013-11-06
<reply>UNetbootin (Universal Netboot Installer) allows creation of bootable USB drives for a variety of Linux distributions. http://unetbootin.sf.net/ Not recommended for use with Debian CD/DVD images, as it mangles the installer in cruel and unusual ways, resulting in hard to debug problems. Ask me about <hybrid images>, <usb install>, <win32diskimager>.
M: 2014-02-09
<reply>systemd is a system and service manager for Linux, compatible with SysV and LSB init scripts. It is a replacement for <sysvinit>. systemd shipped as a technology preview in Debian 7 "Wheezy" and is the default init system in Debian 8 "Jessie". https://wiki.debian.org/systemd #debian-systemd on irc.oftc.net http://freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd #systemd on irc.freenode.net. See also <why systemd>.
M: 2008-07-20
<reply> 0 is halt, 1 is single user, 2, 3, 4, 5 are multiuser, 6 is reboot. By default 2, 3, 4 and 5 are identical (there are no graphic/non-graphic runlevels), but you can configure this if you wish. Read /usr/share/doc/sysvinit/*; read /etc/init.d/README; man update-rc.d; if that doesn't make sense, consider installing <rcconf> instead. See also http://debian-administration.org/articles/212, <startup>, <file-rc>, <single-user mode>.
kept back
M: 2008-07-24
when packages have not been upgraded even though newer versions are available. This happens if dependencies cannot be resolved, packages are on hold or you used "upgrade" not "full-upgrade" and old packages need to be removed as part of the upgrade. To investigate, "aptitude -s install <kept-package>". See also http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/69 and ask me about <full-upgrade>.
M: 2014-02-18
<reply>Request For Package (RFP) is the way to ask for a piece of software to be included in Debian. See http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp, the section on that page "Adding new entries with "reportbug"" is a good place to start. Technically, a RFP is a wishlist bug filed against "wnpp" with a title beginning "RFP: ", ask me about <wnpp>. The best way of getting software packaged is to do it yourself: ask me about <nmg>.
M: 2013-05-20
<reply>see mozilla.debian.net
M: 2010-02-10
<reply>A short reference of Debian commands - quite useful for someone new to Debian - can be found at http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/refcard/refcard.en.pdf and packaged for Debian as debian-refcard. See also <grounding>, <vim refcard>.
M: 2010-04-30
<reply>Xen is an open source virtual machine monitor / hypervisor, allowing several guest operating systems to execute concurrently on the same system. Provides paravirtualization (requiring guest OSs to be modified/ported) and hardware-assisted virtualization (for running guests unmodified). For detailed help, see http://wiki.debian.org/Xen . #debian-xen on irc.oftc.net. See also <virtualization>.
iceweasel backports
M: 2016-03-13
<reply> see firefox backports
M: 2012-12-04
<reply>The nouveau project aims to build high-quality, open source drivers for Nvidia GPUs (Riva, TNT, GeForce, Quadro). Nouveau <DRM> is part of the Linux kernel, the display driver is packaged as xserver-xorg-video-nouveau (read its README.Debian file for important notes). Install the libgl1-mesa-dri package for 3D acceleration. http://nouveau.freedesktop.org/ #nouveau on irc.freenode.net.
cross post
M: 2010-06-02
<reply>Posting the same question in several places at the same time (IRC channels, news groups, mailing lists, forums) is impolite; your time is NOT more valuable than everyone else's. Your question might be answered elsewhere, meanwhile we are wasting our time doing research for a problem you've already solved. Cross-posting can also make you look like a spammer and get you k:lined. See also <multiple ask> <hurry>.
C: 2000-06-11
<reply>your wish is my command, $who
rescue mode
C: 2007-06-29
<reply> Debian-Installer has a recovery ('rescue') mode, which can be used to reinstall the GRUB or LILO boot loaders. See section 8.7 of the Installation Guide ("Recovering a Broken System") for more details; ask me about <install guide>.
M: 2007-04-26
<reply>/etc/rc.local is a script called by /etc/init.d/rc.local which is typically one of the last things to be run during the boot sequence. If you have commands you want run at boot, edit /etc/rc.local (don't touch /etc/init.d/rc.local). rc.local is regarded as a hack, consider writing a real init script instead, ask me about <init.d>.
M: 2011-09-15
<reply>A time zone is the standard time (aka local time) in a particular region. To change the timezone on Debian systems, execute "dpkg-reconfigure tzdata". Alternatively: "cp -b /usr/share/zoneinfo/$TZ /etc/localtime". Note that tzselect(1) does not change the timezone. Postfix users: execute "service postfix restart" to update localtime in the chroot.
not available
M: 2010-04-29
<reply>To get a list of packages you have installed now, that are not available from any repository in your sources.list: aptitude search '?narrow(?not(?archive("^[^n][^o].*$")),?version(CURRENT))'
firmware images jessie
C: 2015-04-25
<reply>Unofficial <netinst> images - containing non-free Debian <firmware> packages - for installing Debian 8 "Jessie" are available from http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/current/ . See also <install guide>.
M: 2008-09-25
The Man. or someone who pushes to have procfs replace sysctl, despite the fact for programs this makes things significantly slower. someone that doesn't comment, or at http://revolution-os.com/images/linus_at_linuxworld.jpg
M: 2014-06-02
<reply>Volunteer-provided security support for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" ended on 2016-02-29 for a limited set of packages for i386 and amd64. An appropriate line for your sources.list is «deb http://archive.debian.org/debian/ squeeze-lts main».
deb multimedia
M: 2012-05-24
<reply> see deb-multimedia
M: 2009-11-13
<reply> Debian .deb packages are a special form of <ar> archive which can be unpacked with "ar x pkg.deb". Inside the file control.tar.gz are conffiles, installation scripts, and a file "control" which contains the information shown with "apt-cache show pkg". Dependencies can be changed by editing this file. Install the dpkg-dev package and read "man 5 deb" for more details. A better plan is to see <package recompile> <source package>.
M: 2014-06-05
<reply> Another happy customer leaves the building.
M: 2010-02-01
<reply>Python is a very nice scripting language, easy to learn and still quite powerful and elegant if you know how to use it. See http://wiki.python.org/moin/BeginnersGuide . #python and ##python on irc.freenode.net, #python on irc.oftc.net. See also <python 2.6>, <python 2.7> and <python 3>.
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>Debian 8 "Jessie" was released on 2015-04-25. It is now considered "stable". Ask me about <install debian>, or <wheezy->jessie> to upgrade from Debian 7 "Wheezy". See http://www.debian.org/releases/ or <release history> for the latest (and historical) releases. For updates from the Debian Release Team, see http://release.debian.org/
what's my wireless
M: 2007-12-08
<reply> Install the hwinfo package and execute "/usr/sbin/hwinfo --wlan", or http://linux-wless.passys.nl/ , or ask me about <whats my hardware>. See also <wireless>.
M: 2013-05-06
<reply>Samba is a Unix implementation of Windows file/print sharing (the SMB/CIFS protocol). http://samba.org/samba/docs/man/Samba-HOWTO-Collection/ http://samba.org/samba/docs/ http://wiki.samba.org/ #samba on irc.freenode.net. See also <dfs>.
M: 2013-01-22
<reply>Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) is a firmware interface specification, intended to replace the <BIOS> firmware interface. Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later releases support installation in (U)EFI mode on 64-bit PC systems (amd64), <secure boot> is currently not supported. http://www.uefi.org/
window manager
M: 2009-06-15
<reply>A window manager is a special application class which decorates and manages windows for the X server. To list available window managers in your system, run «apt-cache showpkg x-window-manager». Not to be confused with a desktop environment such as <GNOME> or <KDE>. To set your system-wide default window manager, use «update-alternatives --config x-window-manager». For a guide to available window managers, see http://xwinman.org/
apt recommends
M: 2014-08-11
<reply>Packages required in all but unusual cases (that is, "breakable" dependencies) are called "recommended" packages. By not installing these packages, you miss the standard functionality they provide. To disable once, "aptitude -R install packagename" or "apt-get --no-install-recommends install packagename". To disable permanently, echo "APT::Install-Recommends no;" > /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/no-recommends. See <why recommends>.
M: 2010-03-21
<reply>Intel Corporation is a semiconductor manufacturer. For support of wireless LAN adapters, ask me about <iwlwifi>, <ipw2200>, <ipw2100>. For support of Ethernet controllers, ask me about <e100>, <e1000>, <e1000e>, <igb>, <ixgbe>. For support of WiMAX devices, ask me about <i2400m-usb>. For support of integrated graphics chipsets, ask me about <intel-gfx>. See also <ia64>, <isci>, <speedstep>.
M: 2009-04-18
<reply> A keyboard is something you hit to fix segfaults, sigsegvs, and faulty hardware, or at http://store.yahoo.com/pfuca-store/ . For help configuring up your keyboard, ask me about <keymap>, <keyboard specialkeys>, <multimedia keys>, <key delay>, <capslock>. See also <cherry>.
radeon firmware
M: 2015-04-28
<reply>Binary-only firmware for the radeon <DRM> driver is packaged for Debian as firmware-linux-nonfree. Without this package installed, poor 2D/3D performance in the <radeon> xorg driver is commonly experienced. To install, ask me about <non-free sources>. This is not required for use of the <fglrx> driver.
override dns
M: 2010-08-12
<reply> To instruct dhclient to use your specified nameserver rather than the one given to you by your DHCP server, echo "supersede domain-name-servers a.b.c.d, e.f.g.h;" >> /etc/dhcp/dhclient.conf, or see man 5 dhclient.conf for more information. Instead of supersede, you can also use "prepend" or "append" to add nameservers. Or remove domain-name-servers (etc.) from dhclient.conf if you prefer.
M: 2013-01-02
a protocol used by X servers and clients. X11 stands for the eleventh version of the X window system.
M: 2013-11-13
<reply>Gentoo Linux (formerly Enoch Linux) is a ports-based Linux distribution for x86, PowerPC and Sparc64. Maybe akin to BSD. For a satirical take on it see http://www.debian.org/News/weekly/2003/44/ , http://bash.org/?464385 and ask me about <greenhouse>, <funroll-loops>. #gentoo on irc.freenode.net
M: 2009-02-15
<reply> dist-upgrade tells apt to also install/remove packages when handling dependencies; security updates may require a dist-upgrade to install (they introduce new packages). Dist-upgrade does not mean changing from stable to testing; apt and aptitude both call dist-upgrade "full-upgrade" to remove this confusion. Read man apt-get carefully. See also <why not dist-upgrade>, <full-upgrade>.
M: 2009-06-11
<reply> Update a non-networked computer using apt and removable media. Just aptitude install apt-zip and read the docs in /usr/share/doc/apt-zip, or ask me about <apt offline> <apt-walkabout>. http://wiki.debian.org/AptZip
M: 2008-07-15
<reply>To fix your /etc/resolv.conf: edit /etc/dhcp{,3}/dhclient.conf to include the nameservers you want to use (ask me about <override dns>). Alternatively, use <resolvconf> and specify the nameservers yourself: echo -e "nameserver a.b.c.d\nnameserver w.x.y.z" > /etc/resolvconf/resolv.conf.d/base; resolvconf -u (where a.b.c.d and w.x.y.z are your ISPs nameservers). Also ask me about <fixresolvconf the ugly way>.
M: 2010-07-27
<reply>ntpdate is an obsolete and unmaintained program to set a system clock via <NTP>. Just install the ntp package instead. Since Debian 5.0 "Lenny", ntp's default configuration files (NTPD_OPTS='-g' in /etc/default/ntp, 'iburst' option for default servers in /etc/ntp.conf) make ntpdate unnecessary. See also <why not ntpdate>.
cmd: man (.*?)
C: 2010-06-26
($1): <reply>man $1 is probably at http://manpages.debian.org/$1 where you can view many Debian man pages. Ask me about <docs> <dmp> <grounding> <search>.
M: 2011-05-13
<reply>policy is the document that defines how Debian packages should (and must!) interact with each other and with the user to make sure we have a high-quality, stable distribution. You can find it at http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ or in the debian-policy package. Those who fail to understand Debian Policy are doomed to reimplement it, poorly. See also <best practices> <nmg> <mentors>.
dynamic mmap
M: 2007-10-17
<reply> Getting "E: Dynamic MMap ran out of room" when using apt-get or aptitude? Put the following line into your /etc/apt/apt.conf: APT::Cache-Limit "12582912"; If that file doesn't exist, create it, or put the line in a file in /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/ If you still get the same error, increase the value. Alternatively, delete entries within /etc/apt/sources.list that you don't actually need.
M: 2008-01-26
<reply>A backup is something you should do *ALWAYS*. if you value your sh*t in the least. Otherwise eons of built-up data can go BYE BYE FOREVER one day if you do not; either by HD malfunction, intentional evil by crackers, mischievous glak elves invading your system, or large magnets getting out of hand. Pay the dollars for a tape system or CDR and use <tar> (optionally with bzip2 at lowest compression). See <things to backup>.
M: 2009-03-30
<reply>Woody is the codename for Debian GNU/Linux 3.0, released on July 19, 2002. Security support for woody was terminated on 2006-06-30. Woody was archived on 2007-01-10, ISOs are available from http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/archive/3.0_r6/ . See also <woody sources.list> and <woody->sarge>. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianWoody
M: 2009-04-08
a command-line interface to the <RandR> extension; used to set the screen size, orientation and/or reflection. http://wiki.debian.org/XStrikeForce/HowToRandR12
M: 2012-10-07
<reply>judd is a window into the Ultimate Debian Database (ask me about <udd>). Judd can look up package, PCI ID and kernel config information. See http://ircbots.debian.net/judd/ for detailed information, or ask me about <judd-packages>, <judd-hardware>, <source judd>.
M: 2000-03-06
<reply> Logs are what you should always check when you have a problem, they live in /var/log/ . For #debian logs, ask me about <irclog>.
install jessie
M: 2015-04-25
<reply> see install debian
M: 2010-07-16
<reply> wgetpaste is a CLI application for sending text to a pastebin, its only dependencies are bash and wget. To install and use: wget http://wgetpaste.zlin.dk/wgetpaste-2.17.tar.bz2 && tar xvjf wgetpaste-2.17.tar.bz2 && cd wgetpaste-2.17 You can then use it as ./wgetpaste; e.g. dmesg | ./wgetpaste It is also safe to copy to /usr/local/bin for easier use.
M: 2010-11-17
<reply>[dsa] Debian Security Announcement, see http://www.debian.org/security/ and http://lists.debian.org/debian-security-announce/ ; RSS feeds at http://www.debian.org/security/dsa (titles only) and http://www.debian.org/security/dsa-long (summaries). Ask me about <dsa lookup DSA-nnnn> for information about the packages affected. See also <tracker of doom>, <debsecan>, <dsa team>.
C: 2008-06-11
<reply>apt-listchanges is a tool that displays NEWS.Debian file contents (default) and/or the changelogs of Debian packages before upgrading them (dpkg-reconfigure apt-listchanges). It is recommended for users of stable to install the apt-listchanges package, to see what is happening to their systems as security fixes are applied; it should be made _mandatory_ for users of testing and unstable. Also ask me about <d-d-a>, <apt-listbugs>.
M: 2014-06-17
<reply>You'll get more out of Debian and *nix if you learn some of the fundamentals. Read the "Unix and Internet Fundamentals" HOWTO at http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Unix-and-Internet-Fundamentals-HOWTO/ Then, read the Debian Reference at https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/
M: 2014-02-11
<reply>The MATE Desktop Environment is a fork of GNOME 2, available since Debian 8 "Jessie" (and also in wheezy-backports). To install, ask me about <install mate>. https://wiki.debian.org/Mate http://mate-desktop.org/ #mate on chat.freenode.net.
M: 2011-05-28
<reply>Qualcomm Atheros is a developer of semiconductors. For support of PCI/PCIe wireless LAN devices with an Atheros chipset, ask me about <ath9k>, <ath5k>. For USB wireless LAN device support, ask me about <ath9k_htc>, <carl9170>, <ar5523>. For Ethernet driver information, see <atl1c>, <alx>, <atl2>, <atl1e>, <atl1>. For Bluetooth device support, see <ath3k>. http://wireless.kernel.org/en/users/Drivers/Atheros
C: 2016-02-17
<reply>Both glibc(dsa3481) and eglibc(dsa3480) have been patched for squeeze,wheezy, jessie, and sid. To install:"apt-get update && apt-get upgrade"::Ensure libc6 is upgraded. See security.debian.org for other notes.
M: 2016-08-24
a fast and reliable open source relational database implementing a large subset of SQL. It is the world's most popular open source database. To install, ask me about <install mysql>. http://wiki.debian.org/MySql http://mysql.com/ #mysql on irc.freenode.net, #debian-mysql on irc.oftc.net. See also <mysql test>, <mysql squeeze>, <mysql checking>, <mariadb>
M: 2014-10-29
<reply>Quote of the Day. Ask me about <qotd0> to get a random one. See <literal qotd0> for which numbers are used already and <qotdx> for which numbers have been voted as "replaceable". At 297 (2015-10-05).
bpo kernel
M: 2010-09-06
<reply> see bdo kernel
testing installer
M: 2013-12-16
<reply>Repeat after me: the testing installer is for testing the <installer>, not for installing <testing>. To install testing, do a minimal installation using the <stable> installer and ask me about <stable->testing>. Installer bugs should be filed against the debian-installer pseudopackage. https://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/
C: 2006-11-16
<reply> see simple sid backport
M: 2009-01-07
<reply>tasksel is a program to select and install "tasks": a collection of packages for a system to perform a specific task (e.g. desktop environment, web server). Ask me about <standard task>, <server tasks> and <laptop task>. https://wiki.debian.org/tasksel
M: 2007-05-24
<reply> see bts
M: 2008-12-13
<reply>ath9k is a completely free (no proprietary HAL) Linux kernel driver supporting PCI/PCIe 802.11n wireless LAN devices with Atheros chips. It does not require firmware from userspace. See https://wiki.debian.org/ath9k for more information and supported devices. For Atheros 802.11n USB device support, ask me about <ath9k_htc>, <carl9170>.
M: 2011-06-06
<reply>The Debian Linux Kernel Handbook http://kernel-handbook.alioth.debian.org/ - packaged as debian-kernel-handbook since Debian 7 "Wheezy" - serves as a single access point to all kernel-related documentation. See chapter 4.2 to rebuild official Debian kernel packages, see chapter 4.5 to build a custom kernel from Debian kernel source.
standard task
M: 2011-01-20
a "task" that should be installed on all machines during the installer stage. It installs packages that are important, required and standard (i.e. "aptitude install ~pstandard ~prequired ~pimportant"). Packages in the <essential> set are always installed. Also ask me about <tasksel>.
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>OldStable the previous stable version of Debian, as long as it is still supported by the security team. Wheezy (7) is oldstable. It is recommended to upgrade your system(s) to the current stable release, ask me about <oldstable->stable>. https://wiki.debian.org/DebianOldStable. See also <lifespan> <wheezy-lts>.
held back
M: 2004-08-11
<reply> see kept back
M: 2007-09-07
<reply>Bluetooth is a wireless communications protocol (http://bluetooth.com/), about as secure as shouting. aptitude install bluez-utils; then run hidd --search as root. http://wiki.debian.org/BluetoothUser http://wiki.debian.org/Bluetooth/Alsa . For support of Qualcomm Atheros devices, ask me about <ath3k>. See also <btusb>.
cmd: paste (.*?)
M: 2009-11-13
($1): <reply> $1: put your output on http://paste.debian.net/ so we can see it. DO NOT paste into the channel.
multiarch failures
C: 2013-05-14
<reply> There is a set of new and interesting failures to get used to in the <multiarch> world. Ask me about <multiarch changelog> <multiarch skew>.
M: 2010-10-02
<reply> For information on packages which are not in Debian but you think should be, check the Work-Needing and Prospective Packages list at http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp (refinable list at http://wnpp.debian.net/). Use wnpp-alert (from the <devscripts> package) to see what packages you are using that are in need of help.
M: 2011-02-14
<reply>Advanced RISC Machine (ARM) is a processor architecture. The Debian arm port was deprecated at 5.0 "Lenny" with official support dropped at 6.0 "Squeeze", ask me about <armel> for the replacement port. See also <armhf>. http://www.debian.org/ports/arm/ For help with Debian on ARM systems, join #debian-arm on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2011-05-19
<reply>Realtek is a developer of semiconductors. Realtek Ethernet controllers are supported by the 8139too, 8139cp and <r8169> drivers in the mainline Linux kernel. For support of Realtek-based wireless LAN devices, ask me about <rtl819x> (802.11n) or <rtl818x> (802.11b/g).
M: 2013-05-20
<reply> see iceweasel backports
M: 2012-01-09
<reply>The Virtual Richard M. Stallman (vrms) will list the <contrib> and <non-free> packages installed on your system and for some explain why they are non-free; its list of "reasons" is horribly unmaintained however. You could just run "aptitude search '~i?or(~scontrib,~snon-free)'" to get the same package list.
version chasing
M: 2008-06-25
<reply> A higher version number does not mean that it's better, just newer. Debian's <stable> release might not have the latest packages, but it has packages that have been tested and bugfixed; for selected packages, you can use backports.debian.org. You should have a better reason than "newer" when considering compiling from source or using 3rd party repos. Ask me about <debian-backports>. Tell us what you're doing isn't just <sns syndrome>.
install wheezy
M: 2015-04-26
<reply>Debian 7 "Wheezy" installation images are available from https://www.debian.org/releases/wheezy/debian-installer/ . Note that this release has been superseded by Debian 8 "Jessie", ask me about <install debian>.
M: 2010-10-03
<reply>Chromium is an open source web browser produced by Google, based on WebKit. Google Chrome is based on Chromium. Ask me about <pepper flash>. https://wiki.debian.org/Chromium http://www.chromium.org/Home #chromium-support on irc.freenode.net. For the game formerly known as Chromium, ask me about <chromium-bsu>.
remove systemd
M: 2015-05-01
<reply>To use an init system other than systemd in jessie, install the systemd-shim package (for logind) and remove the systemd-sysv package: aptitude install systemd-shim sysvinit-core systemd-sysv-. To stick with sysvinit for wheezy->jessie upgrades, follow the pinning advice in the release notes: http://deb.li/30Kby - See also <upstart> and <openrc>
C: 2015-04-29
<reply> Selected packages intended for the Debian 9 "Stretch" release but recompiled for use with "Jessie" (8.x) can be found in the "jessie-backports" repository. Note that jessie-backports are on the regular mirror network, not on backports.debian.org. A suitable line for your sources.list is «deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ jessie-backports main». Also ask me about <bdo>.
dmm list
M: 2012-02-29
<reply>To list all packages you have installed from deb-multimedia.org: aptitude search '?narrow(?version(CURRENT),?origin(Unofficial Multimedia Packages))' --disable-columns -F%p. Note: apt must know about the origin repository for this to work (i.e. you have a 'deb' line for it in sources.list and 'apt-get update' has been run). See also <which repo>.
M: 2013-04-03
<reply>r8169 is a Linux kernel driver supporting the Realtek RTL8101, RTL8111/8168 and RTL8169 families of gigabit Ethernet chips. See also <rtl8168d>, <rtl8105e>, <rtl8402>, <rtl8411>. Not to be confused with the out-of-tree <r8168> driver.
M: 2008-06-17
<reply> deborphan is a package that will tell you what library packages you have installed that nothing's using. If you want remove all packages use 'deborphan | xargs apt-get -y remove --purge', or a nice tool to clean up grown debians. http://deb.li/3qpqF provides a nice guide to several more steps to reclaim big chunks of HDD. Ask me about <debfoster><autoremove><unmarkauto>.
M: 2013-03-26
<reply>[apt-secure] Starting with version 0.6, <APT> performs signature checking of the Release file for all archives. See http://wiki.debian.org/SecureApt , "man apt-secure" and chapter 7 of the Securing Debian Manual (ask me about <securing debian>) for more information. The archive signing key can be found at https://ftp-master.debian.org/keys.html . See also <key>, <no public key>.
M: 2011-05-19
<reply> see package
why not dist upgrade
C: 2005-04-03
<reply> If you're going to use apt-get dist-upgrade (or aptitude full-upgrade), when you run the command, you need to make absolutely sure that it isn't going to remove anything you actually want to have installed. If it does, use apt-get install to install specific packages that have been held back on apt-get upgrade, and only allow upgrades that don't remove things that you want. Ask me about <pinning> <hold> <unmarkauto>.
C: 2000-11-26
<reply> yes
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> try /quit
M: 2011-02-08
<reply>xorg can use files ending in the suffix .conf in /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d for additional configuration. It is preferred to use an <empty xorg.conf> and create files (e.g. 20-nvidia.conf, 20-radeon.conf, 20-wacom.conf) there in order to configure a single device. You might have to create the directory yourself (mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d). See also "man 5 xorg.conf".
stow usage
M: 2010-11-30
<reply>A quick intro to <stow>: ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/stow/program-version && make && make install; cd /usr/local/stow/ ; stow program-version. Use stow -D to remove. See also <usrlocal>.
apt offline
M: 2008-04-25
<reply>To use apt on a machine that doesn't have a network connection (if you have a separate machine that does have a network connection), read http://bit.ly/1UYVX5g . Ask me about <apt-zip>, <apt-walkabout>.
M: 2009-06-23
a program in the dpkg-dev package that builds .debs from source. "aptitude install fakeroot devscripts dpkg-dev build-essential" and run 'dpkg-buildpackage -us -uc -rfakeroot' in the source directory. Ask me about <package recompile> <debian/rules> <source>.
M: 2009-05-18
a program packaged in binutils to create, modify, and extract from archives (man ar), or argentina, or #debian-ar on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2014-04-12
<reply>user error at console, abort, retry, fail? See also <doesn't work>, <errors>.
M: 2007-06-16
<reply>Fedora is the Red Hat-derived distribution of Linux, although it is not supported by Red Hat officially, you can get help from the community: #fedora on irc.freenode.net. http://fedoraproject.org/
M: 2000-01-26
someone that hacks. See <hacking>, or an interesting essay can be found at http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/hacker-howto.html . Someone who plays with stuff, and figures things out just to satisfy his own idle curiosity.
M: 2010-03-21
<reply>[intel-gfx] The intel <Xorg> driver provides 2D/3D support for Intel integrated graphics chipsets, including the i810, 915{G,GM}, 945{G,GM,GME}, 946GZ, 965{G,GM,Q}, G33, Q33, Q35, G35, GM45, G45, Q45, G43 and G41; the <GMA 500> is not supported. Packaged for Debian as xserver-xorg-video-intel, see also <intel-gfx shadow>. http://x.org/wiki/IntelGraphicsDriver https://01.org/linuxgraphics/ #intel-gfx on irc.freenode.net.
using find
M: 2009-07-27
http://mywiki.wooledge.org/UsingFind or "man find"
M: 2009-04-17
<reply>[faq] Frequently Asked Questions. The #debian FAQ is at http://wiki.debian.org/DebianIRC . The Debian GNU/Linux FAQ is at http://www.debian.org/doc/FAQ/ . Ask me about <search dpkg> to search my database for FAQ links. Many other FAQ are listed at http://wiki.debian.org/FAQ . Read the FAQs!
M: 2015-08-24
<reply>Steam is a proprietary content delivery and management application for PC software with Linux support. Packaged in <non-free>; amd64 users are required to enable <multiarch> and install the steam:i386 package. For help with upstream issues, ask #steamlug on irc.freenode.net. http://wiki.debian.org/Steam
testing faq
M: 2009-05-06
an _unofficial_ FAQ for the <testing> branch of Debian: http://www.linuxmafia.com/debian/testingfaq.html . See also <sid faq>.
M: 2011-02-05
<reply>NetworkManager is a network management framework daemon. See /usr/share/doc/network-manager/README.Debian for setup instructions and ask me about <nm unmanaged>. http://wiki.debian.org/NetworkManager http://live.gnome.org/NetworkManager http://projects.gnome.org/NetworkManager/ #nm on irc.freenode.net. See also <nmcli>, <wireless connection managers>.
M: 2013-04-11
<reply>The Debian Administrator's Handbook is at http://debian-handbook.info/ and can be browsed, bought and downloaded. From Debian 7 "Wheezy" onwards, it can also can be installed from the debian-handbook package. Also ask me about <books> <docs>.
secure apt
M: 2010-02-09
<reply> see apt-secure
M: 2007-07-16
<reply> see !
M: 2014-01-22
<reply>win32diskimager is much more reliable than <unetbootin> for copying ISO images to USB sticks and you can download it from http://sf.net/projects/win32diskimager/ . Adjust the file mask from *.img to *.* if it doesn't show Debian .iso images. See <usb install> and <install debian> for further details.
kernel handbook
C: 2010-12-14
<reply> see kernel-handbook
C: 2004-11-10
<reply> <toggle> by the way I don't have man installed..
M: 2001-02-21
<reply>The optional customisation script ~/.xinitrc is used for running X as startx, and ~/.xsession is for when using X from a Display Manager like xdm or kdm. .xinitrc is discouraged in Debian, as if you just use ~/.xsession it will work from both startx and the display manager, as documented in startx(1).
M: 2010-10-12
<reply>[confnew] dpkg --force-confnew will force dpkg to overwrite any changes you have made to conffiles. You can also reinstall them using the following apt-get line: apt-get -o DPkg::Options::="--force-confnew" --reinstall install <packagename>; or using aptitude, aptitude -o DPkg::Options::="--force-confnew" reinstall <packagename>. See also <confmiss>.
M: 2009-02-24
<reply>Apache HTTPD is a versatile, high-performance HTTP server. Ask me about <apache2>, <install apache>, <apache manual>. See also <cnrd>, <userdir>, <htaccess>. http://wiki.debian.org/Apache http://wiki.apache.org/httpd/FAQ http://httpd.apache.org/ #httpd on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2001-02-27
cmd: kick (.*?)
M: 2005-01-06
($1): <action> kicks $1 in the (ass|crotch).
M: 2010-04-28
<reply> If you remove a repository from your sources.list (e.g. removing <dmm>), then you should check what packages you have installed from the other repository. Synaptic and aptitude have a "Obsolete and Locally Created Packages" list. Or, "aptitude search ~o". Note this doesn't include packages that exist in the repo at a different version to the one you have installed; see <not available> <list repositories>.
xorg root
C: 2015-11-07
<reply> From Debian 9 "Stretch" onwards (xorg-server 1.17.3-1), the Xorg server is no longer setuid root, reducing the risk of privilege escalation security problems. This relies on logind and libpam-systemd and moves the logs to ~/.local/share/xorg; use the xserver-xorg-legacy package and see Xwrapper.config(5) if you'd rather a setuid root X.
M: 2016-02-28
<reply>ZFS (originally Zettabyte File System) is a file system / logical volume manager developed by Sun Microsystems (http://deb.li/7xXU). The Debian GNU/kFreeBSD kernel since 7.2 has ZFS support, the userland utilities are packaged as zfsutils. Native linux support is described and packaged at zfsonlinux.org but cannot be included in Debian due to license conflicts.
M: 2008-09-25
a hacker name of Richard Stallman, founder of Free Software Foundation (fsf), (co)author of the GNU General Public licence(s), and GNU philosophy in general.
connection refused
C: 2004-08-11
<reply> When a TCP connection (e.g. telnet somehost 80) gives the error "connection refused", it means that either the service in question is not running on the specified IP address/TCP port at all (e.g. apache has died), or that a firewall has rejected your SYN packet and sent back a rejection packet to you. It's a VERY CLEAR, EXPLICIT error message and ALWAYS means one of those two things.
dont break debian
C: 2014-09-16
M: 2011-02-14
<reply>Advanced Micro Devices is a semiconductor manufacturer. For support of ATI/AMD graphics hardware, ask me about <ati>. See also <amd64>, <coolnquiet>, <k7>.
general cli tutorial
M: 2010-03-23
<reply> http://www.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Teaching/Unix/ http://linuxcommand.org http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/manual/html_node/ http://tldp.org/LDP/GNU-Linux-Tools-Summary/html/index.html http://bhami.com/rosetta.html
based on
C: 2006-04-20
<reply> see based on debian
M: 2009-06-05
<reply>Synaptic is a graphical user interface to add, remove and reinstall packages. It has dependency handling just like apt-get and integrates well with apt-get (also behaves well with aptitude too). http://wiki.debian.org/Synaptic http://wiki.debian.org/HowToSynaptic . Not to be confused with the <synaptics> touchpad driver.
M: 2013-04-15
<reply>The Bumblebee project aims to provide support for the Nvidia Optimus GPU switching technology on Linux systems. GeForce 400M (4xxM) and later mobile GPU series are Optimus-enabled; if «lspci -nn | grep '\''[030[02]\]'» returns two lines, the laptop likely uses Optimus. Packaged for Debian <jessie> and <wheezy-backports>. http://wiki.debian.org/Bumblebee http://bumblebee-project.org/ #bumblebee on irc.freenode.net.
kernel abi
M: 2010-01-25
<reply>Debian kernel packages have an <ABI> to indicate when out-of-tree modules must be rebuilt; upgrading from a package with 3.2.0-3-amd64 to another 3.2.0-3-amd64 doesn't require fglrx/nvidia/etc to be rebuilt, but upgrading from 3.2.0-3-amd64 to 3.2.0-4-amd64 does. Development kernels intended for <experimental> have the ABI <trunk> to indicate the ABI is unmanaged. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianKernelABIChanges
M: 2007-01-29
<reply> Enter /msg dpkg help in your IRC client, or http://www.debian.org/intro/about
fglrx dkms
C: 2013-05-01
<reply>For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems. Ask me about <contrib> and <non-free sources>. «aptitude -r install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` fglrx-driver && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "fglrx"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-fglrx.conf». Restart your system to enable the <radeon> blacklist.
M: 2012-09-17
<reply> Ez egy angol nyelvu csatorna. Kerlek beszelj angolul vagy probald a #debian.hu csatornat a FreeNode halozaton, ha magyarul szeretnel.
empty xorg.conf
M: 2011-02-08
<reply>Starting from Debian 5.0 "Lenny", /etc/X11/xorg.conf is often basically empty or non-existent, as X auto-detects your hardware and starts the X server accordingly, nothing to worry about. Ask me about <xorg config> and <xrandr> for ways to configure Xorg. See also <xorg manual config>, <xorg.conf.d>, <xorg hal>.
M: 2009-05-25
<reply> see synaptics
install testing
M: 2013-05-09
<reply>Daily built <netinst> images to install <testing> are available from http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/ . The chance of the testing installer being broken on any given day is quite high. Instead, do a minimal installation using the stable installer and ask me about <stable->testing>. Also ask me about <testing installer>, <apt-listchanges>, <d-d-a>.
M: 2009-05-30
<reply>The Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment (LXDE) is available since Debian 5.0 "Lenny". To install, ask me about <install lxde>. https://wiki.debian.org/LXDE http://wiki.lxde.org/en/LXDE:Questions http://www.lxde.org/ #lxde on irc.oftc.net.
reinstall grub
M: 2009-07-30
<reply>See http://wiki.debian.org/GrubRecover http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch08s07.html . Boot a CD like <grml>, mount your disk read/write, (mount boot partition into your / partition if applicable,) mount -o bind /dev/ /your/root/dev; chroot /your/root; mount -t proc none /proc; grub-install /dev/foo (you may need to edit /etc/mtab and/or /boot/grub/device.map). Also ask me about <fixmbr> <rescue mode>.
jessie sysvinit
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>see remove systemd
M: 2009-06-23
<reply>The "Drive" in Solid-state Drive (SSD) is really a misnomer. SSD storage is basically a huge block of RAM chips that functions like a hard drive. SSD drives (obviously) are extremely expensive, but offer very high data speeds that are necessary in some applications. They can also be used as large caches on huge RAID subsystems. See also <ssd limit>.
multiarch changelog
C: 2013-05-14
<reply>If dpkg complains that it can't "overwrite shared /usr/share/doc/$package/changelog.Debian.gz" for packages marked "Multi-Arch: same", force dpkg to overwrite the files with «apt-get -o DPkg::Options::="--force-overwrite" install $package». BinNMUs performed since July 2013 should not have this problem, as debhelper splits up the changelog. Ask me about <multiarch> <multiarch failures> <binNMU>.
arch linux
M: 2009-03-16
<reply>Arch Linux is an a i686 optimized linux distribution which claims to be minimalistic and fast, has binary and source based package management. http://www.archlinux.org/ #archlinux on irc.freenode.net.
multiarch skew
C: 2013-05-14
<reply>Packages that are marked as co-installable across different architectures can only be installed if the version for each architecture is identical. If the <buildd> network has not kept up, you cannot install them. If only one arch is binNMU'd, you cannot install them. Wait for a while until it is sorted out. Ask me about <multiarch> <multiarch failures>.
M: 2003-07-13
Oh My God, or what people say when they see a printed copy of the <CORBA> specifications: "OMG! IT'S HUGE!".
M: 2013-11-26
here is #del#
M: 2010-10-10
<reply>[ttf] TrueType Font. x-ttcidfont-conf configures Debian-packaged TrueType fonts for use in X through <defoma>. See also <mscorefonts>, <liberation>, <install font>.
M: 2009-04-29
the NEW queue for Debian packages, part of the <incoming> system, at http://ftp-master.debian.org/new.html . Packages that are in the NEW queue cannot be downloaded, because they have not yet been checked to see if they are allowed to be distributed by the Debian project. http://wiki.debian.org/NewQueue
security backports
M: 2008-07-16
<reply> Debian incorporates security fixes into the version currently in <stable>. This is non-trivial so it may take a couple days. Backporting security fixes means that you can update the package without problems like changed behaviour that would come with updating to a new version of the software. The upstream version number doesn't change in the Debian package when this is done; check the changelog or the <tracker of doom>.
M: 2010-02-18
<reply>Icedove is a DFSG-free fork of Mozilla Thunderbird, a cross-platform email client, replacing Thunderbird in Debian as of 5.0 "Lenny". Debian is unable to distribute Mozilla Thunderbird as-is due to trademark restrictions, see <why icedove>. Since July 2013, Icedove in Debian <stable> is based on the Extended Support Release (ESR) branch. For help with upstream issues, ask #thunderbird on irc.mozilla.org. http://wiki.debian.org/Icedove
bdo kernel
M: 2015-04-29
<reply>Newer kernels for Debian stable releases are available from the "jessie-backports" repository. Ask me about <jessie backports> to modify your sources.list, then run «aptitude update». To install the current backported kernel: «aptitude -t jessie-backports install linux-image-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'`». To list available backported kernel image packages: «aptitude search '?narrow(~nlinux-image,?origin(Debian Backports))'».
M: 2011-05-17
<reply>MIPS is a <RISC> architecture (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIPS_architecture). Debian's MIPS port consists of two ports (debian-mips and debian-mipsel) differing in binary endianness. See http://www.debian.org/ports/mips/ for more information, supported machines and related links. See also <install guide>. http://lists.debian.org/debian-mips/ http://www.linux-mips.org/ #mipslinux on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2005-09-11
a very fat 32-bit version of a pathetic filesystem, or apt-get install dosfstools, then man mkfs.vfat, or for information on getting write access for regular users, ask me about <vfatrw>, or you should not be using this filesystem unless Windows needs to read it.
why systemd
M: 2014-08-28
<reply>a tired argument. Start by reading rra's excellent analysis at https://lists.debian.org/debian-ctte/2013/12/msg00234.html Support for other init systems (sysvinit) is still present in Debian 8. systemd-shimallows userspace requiring some systemd APIs to work without it. See <jessie sysvinit> if you have to delay or wish to avoid using it.
cmd: wb (.*?)
C: 2004-03-16
($1): <reply> O frabjous day! Callooh! Callay! $1 has returned!
realtek firmware
M: 2013-05-04
<reply>Firmware from userspace is required by the <rtl8192e>, <rtl8192su>, <r8712u>, <rtl8192ce>, <rtl8192cu>, <rtl8192de>, <rtl8192se>, <rtl8821ae>, <r8192ee>, <r8188eu> and <r8723au> Linux kernel drivers. Firmware patches providing bug fixes for specific Realtek Ethernet controllers are also available. Ask me about <non-free sources>, then install the firmware-realtek package to provide.
C: 2004-07-18
<reply><ribnitz> but windoze does it, and if windows does it it can't be that wrong :)
forgot root password
M: 2007-04-15
<reply>see ifrp
C: 2009-03-27
a hardware architecture (i386, amd64, armel, mips, mipsel, sparc, powerpc, alpha, hppa, s390 && ia64). Also a source control revision system (GNU arch). Arch (and its twin brother ArX) resides at http://arch.fifthvision.net/, or http://www.linuxjournal.com/article.php?sid=5928, or #arch Since lenny, /bin/arch has disappeared, use "uname -m" instead, or <architecture>, or <arch linux>.
M: 2016-03-14
<reply>Patch set to enhance Linux kernel security: ACL system/auditing/measures against common system exploits. In Debian as linux-patch-grsecurity2, see /usr/share/doc/linux-patch-grsecurity2/README.Debian to apply. Packaged as kernel for sid since 2016, search https://packages.debian.org/search?keywords=linux-image%20grsec http://www.grsecurity.net #grsecurity on <oftc>, ##grsecurity on <freenode>
C: 2008-06-11
<reply>full-upgrade is the new name for "dist-upgrade" in aptitude from Lenny onwards. Remember that "dist-upgrade" is not about moving from one release to another but installing new packages (ask me about <dist-upgrade>); read man apt-get carefully. Some security fixes will require a "full-upgrade" not just a "safe-upgrade" to apply. Ask me about <why not dist upgrade> <dist-upgrade> <safe-upgrade> <apt-listchanges>
C: 2003-11-09
<reply> UUOC is the Useless Use of Cat Award. Given out for years by Randal Schwartz on the newsgroup comp.unix.shell. Basically, most constructions that look like "cat filename | grep pattern" can be more easily written as "grep pattern filename". Works for grep and most other Unix utilities. Easier to type and marginally more efficient.
M: 2009-05-30
a window manager for X, or tormenting mhall by hiding the unminimize button, or unique in that its icons are completely invisible, and must be accessed via the middle-click menu. Ask about <bbtools> for some of the nifty tools available. http://blackboxwm.sf.net/BlackboxFAQ #blackbox on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2006-08-28
<reply>'more' is a program on Unix and Unix-like systems used to view (but not change) the contents of a text file one screen at a time. It is similar to less, but only allows forward navigation through the file (although newer implementations allow for limited backward movement). See also <less>.
M: 2008-03-10
<reply>Before asking, please read the documentation. Documentation isn't always easy to read, but that doesn't excuse you from (a) trying and (b) sending patches to improve the docs. If you don't do this, expect to be told to RTFM by impatient volunteers. Dick Brandon said that "Documentation is like sex: When it is good, it is very, very, good. And when it is bad, it is better than nothing." Ask me about <finding docs>, <manuals>.
raspberry pi
M: 2012-11-09
<reply>The Raspberry Pi is an open hardware design based on a Broadcom system-on-a-chip, requiring <non-free> <firmware>. Debian's <armel> port works fine, but does not use the Pi's hardware floating point unit. Debian's <armhf> port targets a newer revision of the ARM chip than is in the Pi, so armhf will not work on it. http://wiki.debian.org/RaspberryPi http://www.raspberrypi.org/ #raspberrypi on irc.freenode.net.
dmm remove
C: 2012-09-28
<reply>If you want to remove the packages from deb-multimedia.org and reinstall the packages from Debian repositories, one could do this: dpkg --remove --force-depends $(aptitude search '?narrow(?version(CURRENT),?origin(Unofficial Multimedia Packages))' --disable-columns -F%p); remove the dmm repository from sources.list; apt-get update; apt-get install -f; install the still missing packages which were removed in the former process ...
M: 2010-05-16
<reply>ReiserFS version 3 (aka Reiser3) is a journaling filesystem with pretty good performance and some interesting features. It is wonderful and everyone loves it, until the axe falls and they lose data due to a crash. As such, it has a lot of ex-fans who are now sadder but wiser. Ask me about <ext3>, <jfs> and <xfs> for safer filesystems. See also <reiserfs d-i>, <ext3 vs reiserfs>, <rfstool>, <reiser4>.
M: 2010-06-06
<reply>dash (formerly Debian Almquist shell) is a <POSIX> compliant shell, smaller than <bash> and offers faster script execution (decreasing boot time). dash is the default /bin/sh since the Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" release. To check if your existing scripts will work with dash, use checkbashisms from <devscripts> and see https://wiki.ubuntu.com/DashAsBinSh
sort by size
M: 2013-01-12
aptitude search ~i -O installsize -F"%p %I", or see <sort by size sarge>, or see <dpigs>
fact sharing
C: 2006-06-05
<reply>I show the same facts on both <freenode> and <OFTC>. If you update a fact on one network, it will show up on the other network.
debian suite
C: 2012-04-14
<reply>cat /etc/debian_version (or lsb_release -sc). Or check /etc/apt/sources.list. If unsure about the distribution, $ cat /etc/{*version*,*release*,*issue*} should grab almost all distributions.
wheezy backports
M: 2013-03-21
<reply> see wheezy-backports
M: 2016-06-05
<reply>Debian Long Term Support (LTS) is a project to extend the lifetime of all Debian stable releases to (at least) 5 years. Debian LTS is not handled by the Debian security team, but by a separate group of volunteers and companies. Ask me about <wheezy-lts> and see https://wiki.debian.org/LTS for more information. #debian-lts on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2012-07-17
<reply>see cross post
M: 2004-08-29
<reply><jeanpoldeux> How can I know if the cpu of my girlfriend is a 386 or a 586? <greycat> jeanpoldeux: it's proprietary.
M: 2013-04-30
<reply>The Broadcom BCM4313 (PCI ID 14e4:4727) - incorrectly identified as BCM4727 by Broadcom's proprietary driver - is an 802.11n PCIe wireless LAN chipset. Not supported by the <b43> driver at this time. For device support, ask about me about <brcmsmac>, <wl>. Not to be confused with the <bcm4331>.
show sources.list
C: 2011-02-14
<reply>Please pastebin the contents of your /etc/apt/sources.list and /etc/apt/sources.list.d/*.list. The easiest way to do this is to pastebin the output of: head -v -n -0 /etc/apt/sources.list{,.d/*}
M: 2014-02-14
<reply>Upstart is an event-based replacement for the /sbin/init daemon which handles starting of tasks and services during boot, stopping them during shutdown and supervising them while the system is running. https://wiki.debian.org/Upstart http://upstart.ubuntu.com/ #upstart on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-04-04
<reply>cron-apt is a highly configurable tool to help keep your box up to date. By default, it downloads new updates and emails the list of available packages. It can also automatically install packages if you trust security.debian.org to never have broken packages, or if you have your farm of machines working off a local mirror, seeded with updated packages after your own testing. See also <cron-apt tips> <auto update> <apticron>.
M: 2015-03-21
<reply>On Debian 8 "Jessie" systems, there are two repositories that you should have in your sources.list aside from your main mirror. You should have an entry for "jessie/updates" which is security updates (ask me about <security>) and also an entry for "jessie-updates" which is other updated packages (see <jessie-updates>). See also <sources.list>.
M: 2011-10-31
<reply>New Member (formerly New Maintainer) is the process through which new Debian developers are accepted into the project; see http://nm.debian.org/ and <nmg> . nm(1) is a program to list symbols from object files and libraries, or Never/No Mind, New Mexico, No Molestes (do not disturb) in spanish. See also <networkmanager>.
M: 2011-05-14
<reply>MEPIS is a live CD distribution based on Debian. SimplyMEPIS 11 (based on Squeeze), SimplyMEPIS 8.0/8.5 (based on Lenny) and antiX (based on <testing>) are not supported in #debian. http://www.mepis.org/ #mepis on irc.freenode.net. See also <based on debian>.
C: 2001-06-07
what the internet is a tool for... the more you can use it (search the web or databases, find applicable reading material, reading that material, looking in there for references to others), the more independent you will be. Ask me about sicco and cooperation in asking for help.
M: 2013-05-26
<reply>This is not a chat channel, this is a Debian user support channel. Unless you have a Debian support question, please chat elsewhere, like #moocows on irc.oftc.net or ##chat on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2011-05-22
the traditional name of security group 0 in BSD (from slang for "big wheel" as a powerful person). This group is irrelevant in the default Debian configs but you can use the "sudo" group to give users the ability to run commands as root through sudo; ask me about <sudoers>. Alternatively, look at the pam_wheel module for <PAM> which will only allow su to root from members of the wheel group.
M: 2009-07-19
private message (something you don't do without asking for permission first, see <private>), or post meridiem, or prime minister, or perl mongers, or pathetic moron, or provocative/preventative/percussive maintenance, or power management (see <pm debug>)
M: 2015-05-01
<reply>Proxmox Virtual Environment (Proxmox VE) is a GNU/Linux distribution <based on Debian>, providing a virtualization platform with <OpenVZ> and <KVM>. It is not supported in #debian. There's an unofficial ##proxmox channel on Freenode. For official venues, see http://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/Get_support
M: 2010-10-10
<reply>Defoma (DEbian FOnt MAnager) is an automatic font configuration framework. Manually adding FontPath lines in <xorg.conf> (ref. /usr/share/doc/x-ttcidfont-conf/README.Debian) is not necessary since Debian 5.0 "Lenny". Deprecated by <fontconfig> and removed from Debian post-Squeeze to resolve bug #651494.
M: 2012-09-30
<reply>armel is the Debian <ARM> EABI port, first released with Debian 5.0 "Lenny". http://wiki.debian.org/ArmEabiPort http://www.debian.org/ports/arm/ #debian-arm on irc.oftc.net. See also <armel vs armhf>.
cmd: cve lookup (.*?)
C: 2010-11-17
($1): <reply>Information about the security advisory $1 may be found at https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/$1
M: 2005-09-16
<reply> $who: (that's ok|no problem d00d|sweet as, enjoy|no, no ... thank YOU!|you're welcome|OMGNPLOLS)
M: 2014-02-10
<reply>sysvinit is an essential package providing System-V-like init utilities (e.g. /sbin/init) required to boot a Debian system. zless /usr/share/doc/sysv-rc/README.runlevels.gz . As of sysvinit 2.88dsf-3, concurrent (parallel) booting is the default when <dependency based startup> is enabled. sysvinit hasn't been able to correctly boot the Linux kernel since 2003, which is why alternatives have been actively pursued.
firmware installer
C: 2011-07-25
<reply> see installer firmware
M: 2012-11-08
<reply>See http://mentors.debian.net/intro-maintainers for information on how to package for Debian. Also ask me about <nmg> <package basics> <policy> <mentors> and <best practices>.
M: 2015-04-28
<reply>The release following Debian 8 "Jessie" is codenamed "Stretch" (the rubber octopus in Toy Story 3) and will be Debian 9: https://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2014/11/msg00005.html. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianStretch
M: 2012-01-28
<reply>Cinnamon is a fork of <GNOME Shell> initially developed by the Linux Mint distribution. Packaged since Debian 8 "Jessie", ask me about <install cinnamon>. http://cinnamon.linuxmint.com/
M: 2010-07-11
<reply> see rms
M: 2011-06-18
<reply>The man pages for <gcc> are in non-free, as they are released under the <GFDL> with invariant sections, so they do not meet the <DFSG>. To install, ask me about <non-free sources> and install the gcc-doc package. If you are looking for man pages for printf, strchr etc then install the manpages-dev package.
M: 2010-09-24
<reply>ttf-mscorefonts-installer (previously msttcorefonts) is a <contrib> package which installs the last distributable versions of Microsoft's "TrueType core fonts for the Web" (Times New Roman, Arial, Courier New, Trebuchet, Andale, Verdana, Impact, Georgia, Comic Sans, Webdings). An Internet connection is required for downloading these fonts if not locally available. See also <liberation>, <carlito>, <caladea>.
M: 2008-04-08
<reply>Intent To Package (ITP) is a Debian <bug> filed against the <wnpp> pseudo-package, to indicate someone is working on packaging a piece of software for Debian. This is done to avoid a duplication of work.
M: 2013-01-22
<reply> see uefi
M: 2012-06-14
<reply> Domain Technologie Control (DTC) is a GPL-licensed web hosting control panel. Currently only in <experimental> because of a poor security track record. http://www.gplhost.com/software-dtc.html
M: 2010-06-07
<reply>Before buying any hardware, make sure it is supported by all operating systems you want to use; ask me about <hcl>. To acquire details about your current hardware, ask me about <whats my hardware>. Please ask all non-Debian-specific hardware questions in ##hardware on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2008-06-22
<reply> see standard task
C: 2004-09-13
<reply> <florian> how can i make sound faster and more stable? <greycat> sound? *faster*? <greycat> you want to hear chipmunks?
M: 2012-11-15
<reply> see dmm
C: 2002-09-10
Problem Exists Between Chair And Keyboard
M: 2009-09-19
<reply>The Debian installer comes in many forms (CD1, netinst, DVD), but the installer you use and the system you end up with is identical in each case. The only difference is when the packages are downloaded: if you grab the DVDs then you are downloading lots of packages that you might not need; if you download the <netinst>, then when you go to install packages using aptitude later on, they will be downloaded at that time.
source package
M: 2010-04-01
<reply>A source package is a set of files used to make a Debian binary <package>. The main file is the Debian source control file (<dsc>) which lists the other required files; use "dget http://.../foo.dsc" (see <devscripts>) to download the dsc and all referenced files. There is also a <tarball> and (usually) patches in <diff.gz> or <debsrc3.0> format. The dsc contains checksums and is cryptographically signed by the uploader. <policy> <nmg>
M: 2016-07-05
Please be patient, we're all just fellow users, mostly with other things going on.
bdo xorg
C: 2011-09-03
<reply>The backports.debian.org repository contains updated xorg components (in particular video drivers) for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze". Ask me about <squeeze-backports> to enable and use this repository. See http://x.debian.net/reference/squeeze-backports.html for information on the xorg backports.
M: 2006-08-20
<reply> If you are looking for manuals, guides and procedures focusing on Debian - from a user perspective, the administrator's view and others - see http://www.debian.org/doc/ . Also ask me about <reference> and <grounding>.
ssh without passwd
M: 2009-08-04
<reply>(1) on the client: ssh-keygen -t rsa (2) ssh-copy-id server.example.com. Ask me about <keychain> and <ssh-askpass> for ways of storing your ssh key's passphrase between uses. If you are wanting to use ssh to allow root logins for rsync backups (or something similar to that) then you might want to limit what this key can do and from where you can use it, see http://www.nanonanonano.net/linux/rootrsync for one approach.
M: 2008-02-24
<reply>Add a line similar to: /dev/hdd1 /mnt/hdd1 ntfs ro,user,auto,gid=24,uid=1001,fmask=0333,dmask=0222 to your fstab... change the hdxx and uid, and maybe the gid if you want.
C: 2007-08-07
<reply> ISPConfig is a web hosting control panel available under the BSD license. http://www.ispconfig.org/
cd content
C: 2007-12-11
<reply> see cd contents
C: 2015-04-25
<reply>First, understand that testing is a pre-release distribution without timely security support and that you will have a bumpy ride; ask me about <moving target> <testing> <testing security>. From /etc/apt/sources.list, remove stable-specific lines like jessie-updates and backports, and change jessie to stretch. apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade. If you feel you need more instructions, perhaps you should wait a while.
jessie installation guide
C: 2015-03-21
<reply> The Installation Guide for Debian 8 "Jessie" can be found at https://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/installmanual . See also <errata>, <jessie release notes>.
M: 2009-02-21
<reply> see sources.list
C: 2010-01-31
<reply>Linux Containers (LXC) is an open source virtualization system using kernel-level isolation. http://wiki.debian.org/LXC http://lxc.sf.net/ See also <virtualization>.
M: 2003-04-01
C * V, or quadra, or Bond's gadget dude, Picard's first nemesis. You don't have to label a question with "Q:" we can tell from the question mark. Q: drive letters are out!
M: 2008-06-02
<reply> [hacking] a hacker doing his work. Playing with code or programs or technical devices and figuring things out to satisy curiousity, see <hacker>.... This is not cracking, see <cracking>
M: 2010-12-06
<reply>tg3 is a Linux kernel driver supporting Broadcom Tigon3 (aka NetXtreme I) and NetLink Ethernet controllers. Firmware from userspace (Debian Linux 2.6.29 and later kernels) is only required for support of the BCM5701 A0 controller and TCP Segment Offloading (<TSO>) functionality. Tigon3 firmware (tg3.bin, tg3_tso5.bin, tg3_tso.bin) is packaged in firmware-linux-nonfree, ask me about <non-free sources>. See also <firmware images>.
nvidia legacy
M: 2015-04-28
<reply>The Nvidia proprietary 304.125 legacy driver supports the GeForce 6xxx and 7xxx GPUs, which are no longer supported by the Nvidia proprietary unified driver. To install, see https://wiki.debian.org/NvidiaGraphicsDrivers. See also <nouveau>.
package rebuild
M: 2010-04-17
<reply> see package recompile
M: 2005-10-02
<reply> If your dpkg status file has become corrupted, first backup the current version, and restore a backup from /var/backups/dpkg.status. If all of those are corrupted/missing, then you will have to reinstall all of the packages you currently have installed. try this: find /usr/share/doc -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -type d -not -name texmf -not -name debian -printf '%f install\n'|xargs aptitude --schedule-only reinstall; aptitude install;;
open files
M: 2004-07-11
<reply>Care to know what program or process has a particular file or port open? lsof (list open files)! the package! the command! lsof is for YOU!!! lsof -i tcp:80; lsof /dev/dsp; lsof -i udp:53; etc... apt-get into today! Also, if you order right now, we'll throw in these hits for free: netstat -upant | grep whatever; fuser -v filename; fuser -v 80/tcp; etc. Ask me about <file-nr>.
ssh without password
M: 2003-05-02
<reply> see ssh without passwd
M: 2010-06-25
<reply>SpamAssassin is a <spam> filter utilizing content matching rules. Read /usr/share/doc/spamassassin/README.Debian.gz after package installation. If installed, <razor> will be automatically used. http://wiki.apache.org/spamassassin/FrequentlyAskedQuestions http://spamassassin.apache.org/ #spamassassin on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2004-09-03
<reply><debianstarfish> can i get to the internet from here?
debian pure blend
C: 2010-10-19
<reply>A Debian Pure Blend (formerly Custom Debian Distribution) is a subset of Debian configured to support a particular target group out-of-the-box. Not to be confused with distributions <based on Debian>. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianPureBlends http://blends.debian.org/ #debian-blends on irc.oftc.net.
apt myths
M: 2012-03-08
<reply> Myths about APT never seem to die, the principal one being you can't mix using different APT front-ends like apt-get and aptitude. This is false. If you need further convincing, see http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9 and http://algebraicthunk.net/~dburrows/blog/entry/apt-system-diagram/ . See also <why aptitude> and <why not aptitude> for real reasons to choose one over the other.
M: 2015-04-26
<reply>Pepper Flash Player is a proprietary <flash> plugin included with the Google Chrome web browser. The pepperflashplugin-nonfree Debian package can be used to install this plugin for the <Chromium> browser, ask me about <contrib>. https://wiki.debian.org/PepperFlashPlayer
C: 1970-01-01
the Free Software Foundation, created by an executive decision by RMS under GNU. see http://www.fsf.org/ to read RMS's writings. Especially the one on "Why Software Should Not Have Owners." It's cosmic. see cosmic.
M: 2011-08-09
<reply>The Realtek RTL8191SE (PCI IDs 10ec:8171, 10ec:8172) and RTL8192SE (PCI IDs 10ec:8173, 10ec:8174, some 10ec:8192) are PCIe 802.11n wireless LAN chipsets. mac80211 vendor driver (rtl8192se) is in mainline since Linux 3.0. Firmware is required (rtlwifi/rtl8192sefw.bin), ask me about <realtek firmware>. http://wiki.debian.org/rtl819x
M: 2008-08-16
a package that can be used to manage your /etc/resolv.conf (the file that contains your DNS settings). Many packages including ppp, ifupdown, dhcp-client, pump, pdnsd, dnsmasq, ... are compatible with resolvconf, making it easier to manage your DNS settings. Ask me about <fixresolvconf>. See also <resolv.conf>.
M: 2002-10-06
the tool from heaven. It fixed my backspace key to do what it's supposed to. (it modifies X keymaps), or, the tools from hell if you try to apply more than one modmap to the same session
pepper flash
M: 2013-10-04
<reply> see pepperflashplugin-nonfree
are you a bot
C: 2010-10-11
<reply> see bot
M: 2013-10-30
<reply>PostgreSQL is a robust, mature and full-featured relational database implementing a large subset of <SQL>. Supports views, stored procedures, triggers and scripting. Packaged in Debian, read /usr/share/doc/postgresql-common/README.Debian.gz ("for the impatient"). http://wiki.debian.org/PostgreSql http://postgresql.org/ #postgresql on irc.freenode.net. See also <postgresql jessie>, <phppgadmin>, <pg readline>, <postgresql backports>.
M: 2009-03-26
LiSt Open Files, "aptitude install lsof" . See also <open files>.
M: 2005-06-07
<reply>< xpurple> Now I'm getting a message that says "Sending IP address to NSA"
M: 2004-11-08
<reply> -funroll-loops is a favorite compile time flag of the -O9999999 crowd. It's also an interesting collection of observations about the "compile everything with random CFLAGS" phenomenon which is sweeping the land, and which <Gentoo> is a prime example. See http://www.funroll-loops.info/
ssh keys
M: 2012-12-04
<reply>see ssh without password
M: 2011-02-25
<reply>OpenJDK is the open source release of <Java> from Oracle America (formerly Sun Microsystems). All required functionality (according to the J2SE spec) is present, but some optional stuff is missing and some stuff uses different implementations from Oracle's binary JDK. Install the default-jre package for the runtime environment or default-jdk for the development kit. http://openjdk.java.net/ #openjdk on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2009-06-05
<reply> see timezone
can't mount root
M: 2005-10-05
<reply> If you can't mount the root file system when you boot your <custom kernel>, it means you have failed to include support for either: (a) your root file system (e.g. ext3), or (b) your disk controller (IDE, SCSI, etc.). These cannot be modules, unless you use an <initrd>. Go check your kernel configuration again, and make sure your bootloader knows about your initrd.
non-free list
M: 2012-03-21
<reply>To see a list of <non-free> and <contrib> packages installed on your system, run «aptitude search '~i?or(~scontrib,~snon-free)'». See also <aptitude search>.
M: 2016-10-03
"personal package builder", a package which creates a chroot for building packages which are optionally targetted at releases other than the currently installed release. It is useful for checking that a package has the correct build-dependencies as well. apt-get install pbuilder && pager /usr/share/doc/pbuilder/README.Debian. Many pbuilder users end up wishing they had used <sbuild> all along
M: 2011-06-21
<reply>The Realtek RTL8188CUS and RTL8192CU are USB 802.11n wireless LAN chipsets. mac80211 vendor driver (rtl8192cu) is in mainline since Linux 2.6.39. Firmware is required (rtlwifi/rtl8192cufw.bin), ask me about <realtek firmware> to provide. Not to be confused with the <rtl8192su> driver. http://wiki.debian.org/rtl819x
installing testing
M: 2009-06-22
<reply> see install testing
diminishing returns on bogomips
C: 2007-06-22
where you spend more time compiling everything, but fare to gain less CPU time than you wasted in the first place. See also <diminishing returns>. Eg., Runtime savings vs compile time wasted.
M: 2016-10-03
<reply>schroot is an easy way of setting up a <chroot> in a way that can be treated as a session. If desired, modification to the chroot can be prevented using overlayfs or LVM snapshots, making it very convenient for building packages or simply running packages from other releases with minimal containment. See https://wiki.debian.org/Schroot and http://linuxgazette.net/150/kapil.html
M: 2015-05-05
<reply>To have <APT> automatically select a mirror close to you, use the Geo-IP redirector in your sources.list "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ jessie main". See http://httpredir.debian.org/ for more information. The redirector uses HTTP 302 redirects not DNS to serve content so is safe to use with Google DNS. See also <which httpredir.debian.org>. This service is identical to http.debian.net.
M: 2005-07-18
<reply>IP (Internet Protocol) is a connectionless, best-effort packet switching protocol. It provides packet routing, fragmentation and re-assembly through the data link layer. To check yours, go to http://iplookup.flashfxp.com/ or ask me about <myip>. Also <intellectual property>.
M: 2008-06-05
<reply> see wireless
M: 2009-11-13
<reply> antiX is a live CD distribution based on <MEPIS>. It is not supported in #debian. http://antix.mepis.org/ #mepis on irc.freenode.net. See also <based on debian>.
jessie release notes
M: 2015-03-21
<reply> Release notes for Debian 8 "Jessie" are at http://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/releasenotes . See also <wheezy->jessie>, <install guide>.
C: 2008-02-26
<reply><Katja_> what did one saggy boob say to the other? If we don't get some support around here, ppl will think we are nuts
C: 2008-06-26
<reply> see networkmanager
why not dist-upgrade
C: 2005-05-16
<reply> see why not dist upgrade
simple sid backports
C: 2007-08-07
<reply> see simple sid backport
cmd: otherchannel (.*?) (.*?) (.*?)
M: 2011-06-06
($1,$2,$3): <reply>$1: The channel you are looking for is $2 on $3. Please do /server $3 and then /join $2. If your client supports it, you can also right-click the following link and choose connect: irc://$3/$2
M: 2004-05-05
both hello and goodbye (casual), or a slow and old but widely known Prolog interpreter.
basic apt troubleshooting
C: 2013-10-08
<reply>see bat
M: 2010-10-19
<reply> see debian pure blend
installer firmware
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>see installer firmware jessie
M: 2010-02-07
<reply>The log of Debian package removals (including removal reasons) for this year is at http://ftp-master.debian.org/removals.txt ; for logs of previous years, see http://ftp-master.debian.org/#removed . For pending removals see http://ftp-master.debian.org/removals.html
installer firmware jessie
C: 2015-04-25
<reply>Debian-Installer is able to load additional <firmware>, by including it within installation media or supplying on removable media (e.g. USB stick, floppy). See http://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/amd64/ch06s04 . To include firmware within Debian <netboot> images, see http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/NetbootFirmware . See also <firmware images>.
stable sources.list
M: 2013-12-12
<reply>Despite the fact previous installers, countless websites and /usr/share/doc/apt/examples/sources.list (prior to apt 0.9.6) will tell you to do this, do *not* use "stable" in your sources.list; use the release code name instead (e.g. "jessie"). Upgrading between releases is no longer trivial; make sure you read the <release notes> and ask me about <wheezy->jessie>, <jessie sources.list>.
jessie backports
C: 2015-04-29
<reply> see jessie-backports
M: 2012-09-30
<reply>armhf is a port of Debian requiring a floating-point unit (FPU) found in modern <ARM> hardware. It explicitly targets version 7 of the ARM architecture (i.e. not the Raspberry Pi), using the hard-float version of the ARM EABI. The armhf architecture was introduced at Debian 7.0 "Wheezy". http://wiki.debian.org/ArmHardFloatPort #debian-arm on irc.oftc.net. See also <armel vs armhf>.
kernel headers
C: 2002-05-19
cmd: why (.*?) is not in testing
C: 2004-06-29
($1): $1 is not in testing for the reasons listed in http://release.debian.org/migration/testing.pl?package=$1
C: 2011-04-10
<reply>BackBox Linux is a distribution based on <Ubuntu>, developed to perform penetration tests and security assessments. It is not supported in #debian. http://www.backbox.org/ #backbox on irc.autistici.org. See also <based on debian>.
multiarch howto
C: 2012-12-27
dotdeb alternatives
C: 2012-10-23
<reply>Software from <dotdeb> historically had a number of packaging or functional issues. If you require newer versions than what <stable> offers, a lot of the packages now have updates in backports.debian.org, ask me about <bdo>. To remove Dotdeb packages: "aptitude purge '~Vdotdeb'".
M: 2012-06-16
<reply>Tails (The Amnesic Incognito Live System) is a live DVD/USB <based on Debian>, with the aim of preserving privacy and anonymity. It is not supported in #debian. https://tails.boum.org/ #tails on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2005-01-05
<reply> A clue is something that puts you on track to something, however you will not know for sure that the track you are put on is the right one. So, the conclusion is that whenever you get a clue you should investigate it! NOW!! Command Line User Environment, or something clueless people do without.
C: 2007-08-07
Web Hosting Control Panel. Ask me about <free whcp> and <non-free whcp>.
M: 2010-03-18
configuring two NICs with same IP address, increasing throughput and providing failover. For setup instructions, see http://wiki.debian.org/Bonding . See also http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/networking/bonding.txt . Older information at http://debian-administration.org/articles/350
secure boot
M: 2013-01-23
<reply>"Secure boot" is a hardware restriction feature of the <UEFI> specification. It prevents the loading of drivers / operating system loaders not signed with an accepted digital signature. While Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later releases support installation in (U)EFI mode on 64-bit PC systems (amd64), secure boot is currently not supported. See https://www.fsf.org/campaigns/secure-boot-vs-restricted-boot for secure boot implementation concerns.
firmware iso
M: 2010-08-08
<reply> see firmware images
M: 2011-06-13
<reply>Unity is a shell interface for <GNOME>, part of the Ayatana project. <RFP> filed as Debian bug #609278. http://unity.ubuntu.com/
single-user mode
M: 2010-12-14
<reply>[single-user mode] Enter 'telinit 1' as root to switch from multi-user to single-user mode. To enter this mode at boot, GRUB: choose the "single-user mode" (GRUB Legacy) or "recovery mode" (GRUB 2) boot option; LILO: press the left shift key when LILO appears, then add '1' to the boot prompt (e.g. 'LILO: linux 1').
C: 2007-08-07
<reply>cPanel is a proprietary web hosting control panel. Ask me about <free whcp> for alternatives.
richard stallman
C: 1970-01-01
known as RMS|| <reply> see rms
M: 2014-02-27
<reply>The <Samba> Web Administration Tool (SWAT) allows administration of a Samba server via a web browser. SWAT is no longer actively maintained, its default configuration is not secure for use over an untrusted network, and is not suitable for use in conjunction with hand-edited smb.conf files. Upstream support for SWAT was removed at Samba 4.1.0.
M: 2005-09-09
<reply> see reiserfs
M: 2012-02-12
<reply>A transition occurs when changes in a package require alterations to several other packages which depend on it. To do this, many packages using the package are updated, either being recompiled or updated to a new version; packages blocking a transition might be removed from <testing> so it can complete. Transitions can become very large and complex, involving tens or even hundreds of packages. http://release.debian.org/transitions/
M: 2014-04-16
<reply>Node.js is an event-based server-side <JavaScript> engine packaged for Debian as 'nodejs'; Debian 7 "Wheezy" users can find this in <wheezy-backports>. Further help can be found in #node.js on irc.freenode.net. https://wiki.debian.org/Javascript/Nodejs http://nodejs.org/
C: 2015-03-21
<reply>jessie-updates is a suite providing updates to some packages (from <proposed-updates>) prior to a <point release>. All packages from jessie-updates will be included in point releases. https://wiki.debian.org/StableUpdates . Not to be confused with <jessie/updates> which is for <security> updates.
M: 2001-02-26
a nitrogen atom, or 420, or {1,2,3,....}
what to backup
C: 2009-07-03
<reply>see things to backup
M: 2011-02-05
<reply>Plymouth presents a graphic animation while the boot process occurs in the background. It is designed to be used with <DRM> modesetting drivers and replaces both <usplash> and <splashy>. Read /usr/share/doc/plymouth/README.Debian to enable. http://wiki.debian.org/plymouth http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/Plymouth #plymouth on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2011-05-21
<reply> see rtl8192se
C: 2010-05-06
<reply> see irclog
C: 2008-10-05
a program that reports security advisories against programs installed on the host, similar to gentoo's glsa-check. See http://www.enyo.de/fw/software/debsecan/.
M: 2008-12-16
High Availability, or <search> heartbeat, or 12.5% of an LOL
M: 2009-09-19
a widely known, and not so well documented *cough* redhat /feature/. It's suppose to break.... right? As a general rule, if you're trying to force package installation, you're doing something wrong.
reboot required
C: 2012-01-31
<reply> If you've upgraded your kernel package you need to reboot to start running the new kernel. Unless the <kernel abi> has changed, uname -r doesn't tell you whether this is needed or not, instead compare /proc/version to the package version: if ! grep -q $(dpkg-query -f'${Version}' -W linux-image-$(uname -r)) /proc/version; then echo "Reboot required"; fi
C: 1970-01-01
this wierd word that has a universal meaning of interconnectedness and inderdependence of all things everywhere and through all times... see utopian. see debian. see RMS.
mailing list
M: 2010-07-06
<reply>Mailing lists allow large numbers of people to share knowledge and experiences, these communications are also persistent. See http://www.debian.org/MailingLists/ . mbox archives are not provided via the web archive due to Listmaster team policy (Debian bug #161440), see <gmane>. For lists.debian.org questions, join #debian-lists on irc.oftc.net or e-mail listmaster@lists.debian.org. See also <list spam> and <subscribed>.
M: 2010-10-13
<reply>[driver] a piece of code, typically in kernelspace (but not always), which allows you to control a piece of hardware. The biggest exception is video drivers for Linux, which are often part of the (userspace) X server. (3D accelerated video drivers are a weird hybrid that have both kernelspace *and* userspace components.) Ask me about <driver locator>, <module>, <nodriver>.
C: 2008-06-09
the GNU web hosting control panel. http://www.gnupanel.org/
M: 2010-03-17
<reply>Evolution (formerly Ximian Evolution) is an email client and personal information manager for <GNOME>, an <Outlook> clone. Specify "hostname:port" for the SMTP server if using a port other than TCP 25. http://live.gnome.org/Evolution/FAQ http://projects.gnome.org/evolution/ #evolution on irc.gimp.org. https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1373737.
M: 2006-05-06
Debian's automated build system that automatically compiles everything it finds. http://buildd.debian.org/ http://wiki.debian.org/buildd
finding docs
M: 2010-07-26
<reply>Documentation is available in /usr/share/doc/packagename/ (esp. the README.Debian files!), man command, apropos command, info command, apt-cache search -- "-doc$". Some packages have a -doc package (perhaps in non-free, ask me about <gcc-doc>, <gdb-doc>). Also ask me about <list docs>, <debian system>, <debwiki>, <search>. http://debian.org/doc/ http://wiki.debian.org/DebianDocumentation http://tldp.org/ http://newbiedoc.sf.net/
C: 1970-01-01
Fear, uncertainty, doubt. Originally invented by IBM, but now used by many others. or YAFA. or Fscking Useless Data or otherwise known as false information or mindless facts with no backup facts or http://www.winntmag.com/Articles/Index.cfm?ArticleID=7420
M: 2010-06-11
a tool to detect "orphaned" dependencies to help you get back some disk space. Also ask me about <deborphan> <autoremove> <unmarkauto> <obsolete> <uninstall everything>.
M: 2009-04-10
<reply> ds is a little perl script that lists installed Debian packages in descending size order. It's available at http://wooledge.org/~greg/ds or just use this "dpkg-query -W -f='${Installed-Size}\t${Package}\t${Status}\n' | grep installed | sort -rg | less", or dpigs -n 500 (in the debian-goodies pkg), or "wajig size".
C: 2009-03-16
<reply>see arch linux
stretch/unstable mix
C: 2014-08-16
<reply>«echo 'APT::Default-Release "stretch";' >> /etc/apt/apt.conf», edit sources.list, copy your non-security stretch lines and change one set to sid, then apt-get update. apt-get -t sid install foo; to install foo from sid rather than stretch as usual. WARNING to SYNAPTIC users: Synaptic ignores Default-Release: set Preferences->Distribution. See <jum caveat> and use this setup to track <stretch> after its release.
C: 2003-04-11
see man 5 apt.conf
C: 2001-06-15
<reply> are stupid
C: 2010-03-29
<reply> see apt recommends
M: 2008-11-26
<reply>[ftbfs] Failure To Build From Source. ~ round and round the buildd goes / where it stops... nobody knows / FTBFS! ... it blows / how I hate the night ~
diminishing returns
C: 2007-05-28
where you spend more money/time/resources to get LESS in return. What's your cost worth?
M: 2010-01-20
a tool to install manually downloaded .deb packages. It is useful as it automatically resolves dependencies. aptitude install gdebi or aptitude install gdebi-kde. And/or aptitude install gdebi-core for the command-line utility. https://launchpad.net/gdebi
M: 2013-09-22
<reply> see node.js
M: 2001-07-09
the GNU system running with the Linux kernel or the choice of the GNU generation, or ask me about "linux-and-gnu" and "why-gnu-linux"
C: 2009-04-04
<reply>apticron is a utility to notify the system administrator about packages pending an upgrade (e.g. security updates for stable) via a daily email. The relevant packages are also downloaded but not installed. Install <apt-listchanges> to state changes made within available packages. See also <cron-apt>.
C: 2011-11-03
<reply>Files in package $who-pr0n: /srv/$who-pr0n/$who.jpg
don't break debian
C: 2014-09-16
<reply>see dont break debian
ssd limit
C: 2009-06-23
a write limit on flash disks but is unlikely to be worse than the life of a conventional hard disk drive. http://wiki.eeeuser.com/ssd_write_limit
M: 2016-04-26
<reply>Security support for Debian 7 "Wheezy" from the Debian Security Team ended on 2016-04-25. The amd64, i386, armel and armhf architectures receive additional long term support (LTS) via <wheezy/updates> until 2018-05-31. See http://deb.li/2aC for excluded packages. No changes to /etc/apt/sources.list are needed for wheezy-lts.
M: 2008-10-02
<reply>Ukraine - ua ukr 804 User Agent. It refers to web clients, and what they send to the web server as "who they are". It can be easily faked.
C: 2007-07-19
<reply>* helo makes hosts a+rw and moves on
M: 2010-01-02
<reply>Trisquel is a Spanish distribution initially based on Debian, now Ubuntu. It is not supported in #debian. http://trisquel.info/en #trisquel on irc.freenode.net. See also <based on Debian>.
install xfce4
C: 2009-06-26
<reply> see install xfce
M: 2011-11-15
<reply> see sid
M: 2014-08-16
<reply> see stretch/unstable mix
M: 2010-02-17
a set of tools that replace the standard Unix utilities like ls and ps in order to hide certain files and processes from the admin. It is a good thing to have a copy of these tools on disk, but that only helps against the weaker rootkits (that don't modify the kernel in place). See also <system compromise recovery>, <chkrootkit>, <rkhunter>.
auto update
C: 2008-06-17
<reply> Various updaters and notifiers are available within Debian that will tell you when new packages are available and optionally download and install them for you. For unattended, scriptable updates using cron, have a look at <cron-apt>. For desktop notification, try update-notifier or ask me about <apt-watch>.
audio cd
C: 2002-03-06
<reply> 0. run the cable from the CD-ROM to the sound card 1. 'chgrp cdrom /dev/hdc' or whatever your device is (only for IDE) 2. adduser username cdrom 3. don't forget to log out and relogin
M: 2012-10-08
<reply>The bot "judd" can tell you a lot about hardware and kernel support. /msg judd pciid 8086:4222 ; /msg judd xorg 1002:7145 ; /msg judd pciname 82574L ; /msg judd kconfig firmware ; /msg judd kernels. For full information, /msg judd list Piccy ; /msg judd help commandname. http://ircbots.debian.net/judd/
debian handbook
M: 2012-05-11
<reply> see debian-handbook
C: 2010-07-15
<reply>Describe your goal, not what you think the solution is.
C: 2001-09-20
the TKinter GUI toolkit
sticky bit
C: 2004-03-07
the "t" bit on /tmp. When set on a directory, it means that users cannot unlink anyone else's files (and a few other things). It has no effect on files in Linux or FreeBSD; on some other Unices it has another meaning, usually related to swapping or the page cache.
cmd: dependency problems (.*?)
C: 2009-08-15
($1): <reply>$who: that's not the complete error. Please pastebin the command you gave and the entire output. Ask me about <pastebin> <bat> <localised errors>.
M: 2013-01-09
<reply>yaboot is a <PowerPC> bootloader for Open Firmware based systems (New World Apple Macintosh, IBM RS/6000, IBM pSeries, IBM OpenPower). ybin installs yaboot to a bootstrap partition and can create boot menus for Linux and Mac OS (X). HOWTO: http://www.alaska.net/~erbenson/doc/yaboot-howto.html . http://yaboot.ozlabs.org/ Not for Old World Apple Macintosh systems, ask me <quik>.
M: 2009-02-27
<reply>A dependency is a package needed by another package. Dependencies are pointed out by dpkg. Dependencies are resolved by apt-get/aptitude/synaptic. Packages are listed as dependencies for a good reason... if you think you don't need that package, then most likely you don't know what "dependency" means. Go look it up and ask me about <policy>.
M: 2011-07-01
binary <NMU>, which means a package was recompiled without changing the source. This often occurs when one of the libraries a package depends on has changed, and it needs to be recompiled against the newer library. The <debian revision> part of the package version normally has +b1 (+b2 etc) appended to it. http://wiki.debian.org/binNMU
C: 2012-02-20
a tool to make your own repository for apt: [1, as root] apt-get install dpkg-dev; [2, as user] mkdir -p ~/public_html/foo; cd ~/public_html/foo; [3] cp /your/packages.deb .; [4] dpkg-scanpackages . /dev/null | gzip > Packages.gz; [5, as root] Add a deb line to your /etc/apt/sources.list: "deb http://localhost/~username/foo ./" or "deb file:///home/username/public_html/foo ./". Alternatively, ask me about <reprepro>.
M: 2015-04-25
<reply> see jessie-updates
single user mode
M: 2007-12-18
<reply>see single-user mode
backports caveat
C: 2007-09-28
<reply> see backport caveat
M: 2016-10-11
<reply> a BitTorrent written in Python/PyGTK. See nasty debian bug #835049 http://deluge-torrent.org/ #deluge on irc.freenode.net
M: 2011-03-29
<reply>ispCP Omega is a multi-server control and adminstration panel forked from VHCS. Not packaged for Debian (BTS #383934). http://isp-control.net/ #ispcp on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2012-09-12
<reply> see raspbian
M: 2013-10-27
<reply>Wayland is a display server protocol and implementation library, intended as a simpler replacement for the X Window System. Ask me about <weston>. http://wayland.freedesktop.org/ #wayland on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2015-06-11
<reply>rufus is a tool that can be used to make bootable USB devices under Windows. It is not recommended for use with Debian CD/DVD images, as it mangles the installer in cruel and unusual ways, resulting in hard to debug problems. Ask me about <hybrid images>, <usb install>, <win32diskimager>.
C: 2011-04-28
<reply>When asking for help, try to give as much relevant information as possible as well as reading cited documentation. Ask me about <sicco> and <research>.
M: 2007-04-26
like a omnipresent god, or http://home.datacomm.ch/prutishauser/humor/hack/know.ur.sysadmin.html, or and the guy you should always blame for problems with your computer
C: 1970-01-01
the image displayed from the ipaq's default bootloader see http://www.handhelds.org/z/wiki/LoadingFromCF
M: 2014-04-12
<reply>Lightspark is an experimental, high-performance <Flash> player and browser plugin, aiming to support newer formats and the AVM2 virtual machine. The Mozilla browser plugin is packaged for Debian 7 "Wheezy" as browser-plugin-lightspark. http://lightspark.github.io/ #lightspark on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-05-17
<reply>Nmap ("Network Mapper") is a free software port scanner written by Fyodor. It is used to evaluate the security of computers, and to discover services or servers on a computer network. Don't use it to do anything you wouldn't want done to yourself. Popular by the clueless to audit computers they could and should just run 'netstat -plunt' on (ask me about <open ports>). http://nmap.org/ ##nmap on irc.freenode.net.
cmd: --get-selections (.*?)
C: 2013-09-22
($1): <action> selects $who's (pr0n|ultra-s3kr3t|family photos) collection
cron-apt tips
C: 2008-06-17
<reply> You might want to have cron-apt use aptitude rather than apt-get (set APTCOMMAND=/usr/bin/aptitude in /etc/cron-apt/config). To automatically install packages as well: echo "upgrade -y -o APT::Get::Show-Upgraded=true" > /etc/cron-apt/action.d/4-upgrade
debian mirror checker
M: 2012-05-28
<reply>Debian mirrors have timestamp files we use to determine how recently they have been updated. Here are some statistics the mirror maintainers provide: http://mirror.debian.org/status.html and http://ftp.de.debian.org/dmc/today/ Ask me about <mirrors>. #debian-mirrors on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2013-10-27
<reply>Weston is the reference implementation of a <wayland> compositor (display server), developed by the Wayland project. Available since Debian 8 "Jessie" although very much a work-in-progress. http://wayland.freedesktop.org/ #wayland on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2016-03-13
<reply>For stable releases, newer versions of Firefox, Icedove and Iceape can be found at http://mozilla.debian.net/ ; you will want the "release" repository. For users of testing and unstable, updated packages are normally in <experimental>; only Extended Support Release (ESR) versions are suitable for release in <stable> so only those versions can be uploaded to unstable.
linus torvalds
M: 2006-03-03
Linus Benedict Torvalds (born December 28, 1969 in Helsinki, Finland) is a Finnish software engineer best known for initiating the development of Linux. He now acts as the project's coordinator (or Benevolent Dictator for Life). Linus was inspired by Minix (a kernel and operating system developed by Andrew Tanenbaum) to develop a capable UNIX-like operating system that could be run on a PC.
apt-get dist-upgrade
C: 2000-08-27
used to upgrade the entire system to the release specified in the apt sources list, just remember to do apt-get update before you use dist-upgrade
M: 2014-04-17
<reply>The security team tries to support a <stable> distribution for about one year after the next stable distribution has been released, except when another stable distribution is released within this year. For the <squeeze> release, there is a volunteer effort to extend security support to a total of five years; ask me about <squeeze-lts>. http://www.debian.org/security/faq#lifespan
C: 2011-10-25
<reply> see nvidia dkms
firefox backports
C: 2016-03-13
<reply> see firefox-release
C: 2007-06-21
<reply><HostilePenguin> your smarter
M: 2011-04-20
<reply> see transition
C: 2001-07-09
<reply>The name "GNU/Linux" is designed to remind people of the motives and philosophy of the GNU movement that started the whole Free Software revolution. <http://www.gnu.org/gnu/why-gnu-linux.html>
C: 2001-11-23
CHange OWNer, its part of the fileutils package, try 'man chown' at the prompt
M: 2010-09-22
<reply>[nslu2] The Linksys NSLU2 "Network Storage Link" is a NAS device with two USB 2.0 ports and one 10/100 Ethernet port. Supported by the <armel> port of Debian GNU/Linux. http://www.cyrius.com/debian/nslu2/ . Proprietary NPE-B microcode (used by the Intel IXP4xx Ethernet driver) is available in the ixp4xx-microcode package, ask me about <non-free sources>.
M: 2011-02-04
<reply>stable-backports has packages from packages the current 'testing' release; you can upgrade from stable+backports to testing (or oldstable+backports to stable). Packages that were backported from 'testing' to 'oldstable' are in oldstable-backports-sloppy; if you use these packages, then you can upgrade from oldstable+backports+backports-sloppy to stable+backports. Sloppy means "relaxed rules" not "crap packages".
M: 2010-08-25
<reply> see msttcorefonts
which video driver
C: 2013-04-15
<reply>To show the video driver used by your X server «egrep 'Load.*mod.*driv|UnloadModule' /var/log/Xorg.0.log». Also ask me about <fglrx>, <nvidia>, <which driver>, <nodriver>, <judd-hardware>.
jessie kernel
M: 2015-08-31
<reply>Debian 8 "Jessie" released with the Linux 3.16 kernel, see https://bits.debian.org/2014/07/kernel-version-for-jessie.html for further details and also ask me about <stable kernel>, <ckt kernel>. Later kernel versions are available through <debian backports>, ask me about <bdo kernel>.
M: 2011-10-21
<reply>eCryptfs (Enterprise Cryptographic Filesystem) is a POSIX-compliant encrypted filesystem, part of the Linux kernel since version 2.6.19. The userland utilities are packaged for Debian as ecryptfs-utils. https://launchpad.net/ecryptfs #ecryptfs on irc.oftc.net. Not to be confused with <encfs>.
C: 1970-01-01
probably not going to let you right click and select anything on a key if you have num, caps, or scroll lock turned on. If you turn them off, things should work normally. JWZ believes this is probably an Xt bug.
C: 2005-10-21
<reply> see acx-mac80211
M: 2010-03-19
<reply>ifrename is a utility which sets interface names based on parameters such as MAC address. Very handy if different kernels or kernel modules assign different identifiers to your interfaces, or just to make your firewall rules more readable. Semi-deprecated in favor of udev, ask me about <udev mac>. http://www.enterprisenetworkingplanet.com/netos/article.php/3586546
M: 2013-09-18
<reply>The Broadcom BCM4331 is a PCIe 802.11n wireless LAN chip using a HT PHY (PCI ID 14e4:4331). Supported by the <b43> driver since Linux 3.2. It is alternatively supported by Broadcom's proprietary driver since version (packaged for Debian 8 "Jessie" as broadcom-sta).
C: 2005-03-09
<reply><narcmann> abrotman: I don't rely on my hard disks for storage
cooperation in asking for help
C: 2011-04-28
<reply>see cooperation
testing sources.list
M: 2013-12-12
<reply>Using "testing" instead of the current codename (e.g. jessie) in your sources.list isn't as bad as using stable in your sources.list; you will just seamlessly continue to track the "testing" distribution following a release. Note that for a few months just after a release, testing can be a pretty bumpy ride... perhaps running stable would be a better idea? See also <stable sources.list>, <jessie sources.list>.
C: 2003-03-07
M: 2012-02-12
<reply> see conffile
M: 2012-01-09
<reply>Experiencing no sound on Macintosh PowerPC hardware? A bug within the hw-detect component of Debian-Installer (of Debian 7 "Wheezy" and earlier releases) may incorrectly blacklist audio modules required for New World ROM systems; see http://bugs.debian.org/650588 and adjust /etc/modprobe/blacklist.local.conf and /etc/modules as necessary. This issue was corrected at the Debian 8 "Jessie" release.
M: 2013-06-05
<reply>Liberation is a set of free fonts with the same metrics as Microsoft's Times New Roman, Arial and Courier New fonts. They can act as drop-in replacements. Packaged for Debian as fonts-liberation (7 "Wheezy" and later releases) and ttf-liberation (6.0 "Squeeze"). http://fedorahosted.org/liberation-fonts/ . See also <carlito>, <caladea>.
M: 2012-02-12
<reply>A conffile is a configuration file that is given special handling by dpkg to help preserve local changes; conffiles are listed in /var/lib/dpkg/info/$pkg.conffiles or by "dpkg --status $package". See Debian <policy> §10.7 (http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ch-files.html#s-config-files) for more information. Some packages use <ucf> as alternative way of managing config files. See also <confmiss>, <confnew>, <conffile check>.
M: 2012-10-12
<reply>Atheros AR9485-based wireless LAN devices (PCI IDs 168c:0032, 168c:0037) are supported by the Linux kernel since Linux 2.6.39, ask me about <ath9k>.
non-free whcp
C: 2007-08-07
<reply> Non-free Web Hosting Control Panels include: <cPanel>, DirectAdmin, ISPmanager, LxAdmin and <Plesk>. Ask me about <free whcp>.
M: 2011-10-26
<reply>AIDE (Advanced Intrusion Detection Environment) is an open source, host-based intrusion detection system, initially developed as a free <tripwire> replacement. http://aide.sf.net/
M: 2005-08-09
DEVELOPERSDEVELOPERSDEVELOPERS!, or http://www.ntk.net/ballmer/mirrors.html
C: 2007-06-29
<reply> see rescue mode
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> utopian is a term meaning roughly "of, pertaining to, or resembling Utopia." or "founded upon or involving idealized perfection." or even "an inhabitant of Utopia." and sometimes "an ardent visionary, idealist political or social reformer" see utopia. see also "utopian studies" see also bytopian
C: 2003-09-05
not a GPL project?
udev mac
C: 2011-08-08
<reply> see 70
M: 2011-04-03
<reply>kexec allows the system to load a kernel from a running kernel and boot into it, skipping the BIOS and bootloader stage of a reboot. To disable, «dpkg-reconfigure kexec-tools» or uninstall with «apt-get remove kexec-tools». To skip using kexec once: «/sbin/coldreboot». kexec is not enabled by default since kexec-tools 1:2.0.3-2.
irc logs
C: 2014-03-11
<reply>see irclog
M: 2015-07-08
<reply>Devuan (https://devuan.org/) is a fork of Debian, meant to avoid dependencies on <systemd>. Not supported in #debian, please see #devuan on chat.freenode.net for support.
M: 2010-12-09
<reply>[dfs] <Debian From Scratch>, or distributed file system (e.g. <NFS>, SMB/<CIFS>, <Ceph>, <Lustre>). The Linux cifs driver supports Microsoft's Distributed File System (aka DFS, MS-DFS, MSDFS) since Linux 2.6.26, installation of the keyutils Debian package is required.
M: 2015-07-08
<reply>Converting an i386 installation into an amd64 installation in-place is quite difficult. It's much easier to reinstall the system with the new architecture -- ask me about <install debian>. If you've got good backups, plenty of time and are feeling lucky, you can try https://wiki.debian.org/CrossGrading but really... good backups...
mirror status
M: 2012-05-29
<reply> see debian mirror checker
M: 2013-06-11
<reply>Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA) is a programming framework by Nvidia, allowing for parallel general purpose computation. CUDA works with all Nvidia GPUs from the G8x series onwards. http://www.nvidia.com/object/cuda_home_new.html
alan cox
M: 2000-07-08
just about 3/4 deity or is found in http://www.uk.linux.org/diary/, or someone who works on FreeBSD with the same name, but really isn't the Alan Cox you know of Linux fame., or http://www.zdnet.co.uk/news/1999/40/ns-10500.html Interview by LWN: http://lwn.net/1999/features/ACInterview/, or a guy who drinks alot of beer.
M: 2012-08-23
<reply>OpenMediaVault is a NAS operating system with a web-based control panel. It is <based on Debian> but not supported in #debian. Support can be found at http://wiki.openmediavault.org/ and #openmediavault on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-05-15
<reply>Parsix GNU/Linux is a live/installation CD based on <kanotix>. It is not supported in #debian. http://www.parsix.org/ #parsix on irc.freenode.net. See also <based on debian>.
apt-get upgrade
C: 2003-07-05
probably not what you're looking for. try apt-get dist-upgrade instead, see 'man apt-get' for details
M: 2009-06-20
a compiler cache, for speeding up code recompilation. To use it, see /usr/share/doc/ccache/README.Debian and INSTALLATION of ccache(1). http://ccache.samba.org/ See also <distcc>.
C: 2004-11-02
a free (public domain) replacement for DJB's daemontools, at http://smarden.org/runit/ ; a process management and supervision system (keeps daemons running, etc.).
conffile check
M: 2014-09-09
<reply>To obtain a list of <conffiles> that have changed, you can: dpkg-query --show -f'${Conffiles}' packagename | sed 's, /,\n/,g' | awk 'NF,OFS=" " {print $2, $1}' | md5sum --quiet -c
M: 2012-10-08
<reply>The bot "judd" can tell you lots of information about packages. /msg judd versions package ; /msg judd src binarypackage ; /msg judd builddep package ; /msg judd depends package ; /msg judd recommends package. For full information, /msg judd list Judd ; /msg judd help commandname. http://ircbots.debian.net/judd/
M: 2011-05-19
<reply> see r8169
C: 2001-07-09
<reply>"Linux" is only the name of a kernel; the entire operating system's name is "GNU". <http://www.gnu.org/gnu/linux-and-gnu.html> and ask me about why-gnu-linux
M: 2011-11-08
<reply>Inkscape is an open source vector graphics editor forked from Sodipodi, with capabilities similar to Illustrator, CorelDraw and Xara X. This program uses the W3C Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) file format. http://wiki.inkscape.org/wiki/index.php/FAQ http://www.inkscape.org/ #inkscape on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2007-04-30
a scandinavian in trouble, or the cat who got stuck in the sand
C: 1970-01-01
No Such Agency (aka. National Security Agency). See Bamford's book, _The Puzzle Palace_
M: 2012-09-25
<reply>a2ps converts plain text (and much more) into formatted <PostScript> files. It cannot deal with files containing unicode characters; use <iconv> to first convert to a supported encoding, or alternatively use the <paps> PostScript converter.
C: 2014-05-09
<reply> see i386->amd64
M: 2010-02-04
<reply>quik is an Open Firmware-based bootloader for Old World Power Macintosh systems. It does not run from Mac OS, does not require Mac OS or a HFS partition to exist on the system's hard drive. http://penguinppc.org/bootloaders/quik/
C: 2003-02-09
"Not Invented Here" - a syndrome often suffered by developers and companies who tend to reinvent the wheel for no reason other than being able to put their name on it.
cmd: apostrophesmite (.*?)
C: 2004-12-11
($1): <action> smite's $1 with a plague of extraneous apostrophe's.
C: 2005-06-07
<reply> <SquireCD> deb ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian/ unstable main non-free contrib <tarzeau> SquireCD: YOUR SOURCES.LIST IS WRONG! <SquireCD> tarzeau: WTF is wrong with it? <greycat> for one thing, it says "unstable". <SquireCD> yes it does, and it's always worked <SquireCD> for 3 years it's been fine <SquireCD> i have contrib in my sources, what does that do?
M: 2011-12-11
<reply>The Debian PowerPC64 port (ppc64, not officially released) supports 64-bit PowerPC CPUs with AltiVec (aka Velocity Engine, VMX) e.g. PowerPC 970/970FX/970MP, Xenon, Cell BE, PowerXCell 8i, POWER6/POWER6+, POWER7. http://wiki.debian.org/PPC64 http://debian-ppc64.alioth.debian.org/ . The POWER4/POWER4+ and POWER5/POWER5+ are 64-bit PowerPC CPUs without AltiVec, use the <powerpc> port for support of these systems.
M: 2016-03-15
<reply>see httpredir.debian.org
M: 2012-09-05
<reply>acx-mac80211 is an experimental, reverse-engineered, out-of-tree <mac80211> driver for wireless LAN devices based on Texas Instruments ACX100/TNETW1100, ACX111/TNETW1130, ACX100USB and TNETW1450 chipsets. This driver supports <WPA> and WPA2. To install on Debian systems, see http://wiki.debian.org/acx (Linux >= 3.2.0 required). See also <acx firmware>.
C: 2013-07-18
<reply> see raspberry pi
C: 2002-05-01
<reply> <Zygo> our corporate web guy is talking to our corporate database guy...about this "service" where site A sells us a list of cookie keys (and associated name/address/phone number values) that they set in their users' browsers when said users follow a link to our site.
system compromise recovery
C: 2002-09-24
<reply>Recovering a compromised system is difficult because you can't believe a thing it tells you -- ls, ps, top, netstat are all likely to be lying to you. The only sane thing you can do is to <reinstall>. See also http://www.cert.org/tech_tips/win-UNIX-system_compromise.html -- this document describes suggested steps for responding to a UNIX or NT system compromise.
install cinnamon
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>To install <Cinnamon> on established systems, ask me about <install x>, then: «apt-get install cinnamon-desktop-environment». To install using Debian-Installer: from the 'Software selection' dialog, choose "Cinnamon" (use space bar to toggle selections), then "Continue"; an Internet connection may be required to obtain these packages.
contrib list
C: 2012-03-21
<reply> see non-free list
stretch sources.list
C: 2015-05-05
<reply> A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for "Stretch" has three lines: "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ stretch main" "deb http://security.debian.org/ stretch/updates main" "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ stretch-updates main". Be sure to run «apt update» after editing sources.list. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <stretch/updates> <stretch-updates> <mirrors> and "man sources.list".
M: 2014-01-05
<reply>Realtek RTL8188EE-based PCIe wireless LAN devices (PCI ID 10ec:8179) are supported by the rtl8188ee Linux kernel driver introduced at Linux 3.10. Firmware from userspace is required (rtlwifi/rtl8188efw.bin) and packaged since firmware-realtek 0.39. Debian 7 "Wheezy" users: for device support, ask me about <bdo kernel> and install firmware-realtek from <wheezy-backports>.
C: 2014-07-21
<reply>see pepper flash
stretch freeze
C: 2016-03-03
<reply>Stretch will start to freeze in early 2017; no new versions of packages will enter the release as this is a period of intense bug fixing. See http://lists.debian.org/%3C20160303221359.GA1401@lupin.powdarrmonkey.net%3E https://release.debian.org/stretch/ and ask me about <slushy>.
M: 2008-08-19
<reply>Hyper-threading is Intel's simultaneous multithreading implementation in Atom, Core i3/i5/i7, Itanium, Pentium 4 and Xeon CPUs. On Pentium 4 CPUs it appears as a second processor, on later CPUs it is only an extention. On Debian systems, a -686(-pae) or -amd64 kernel is required for hyper-threading use.
M: 2004-02-25
Macao Modus operandi. Mega-Octet (1024 ko)
C: 2012-04-21
<reply>amd64 gives great improvement including an ability to directly address more than 4GB of ram, however for some algorithms the larger 64-bit pointers cause a significant slow-down due to poorer utilization of CPU cache. x32 allows 32-bit code on amd64 machines (only) that can use all the new features of amd64 including new registers. It was merged in Linux 3.4. http://lwn.net/Articles/456731/
C: 2003-07-24
a very very beautiful country, Buenos Aires (its capital), its one of the world's biggest and most beautiful cities, besides, argentinians are really nice people. It has its own debian channel at #debian-ar.. Don't cry for me argentina..
M: 2010-01-25
the Sydney Linux User Group. Meetings are normally held on the last Friday of each month, at the University of Technology. http://www.slug.org.au/ #slug on irc.freenode.net. See also <nslu2>.
remove dmm
C: 2015-06-25
<reply> see dmm remove
security faq
M: 2016-10-11
<reply>"The most important guideline when making a new package that fixes a security problem is to make as few changes as possible. ... moving to a new upstream version is not a good solution, instead the relevant changes should be backported." https://www.debian.org/security/faq
init system ranting
C: 2014-02-09
<reply> #debian is not a place for ranting about init systems; try #arguments, #moocows or /dev/null. Bugs with the necessary information on how to reproduce the problem should be reported to the relevant package in the <bts>.
C: 2015-05-01
<reply> OpenRC is a dependency based init system originated from <gentoo>. https://wiki.debian.org/OpenRC
httpredir issues
M: 2016-04-10
<reply>The <httpredir> service selects bad mirrors for some people. If you're one of them, try explicitly choosing a mirror: "deb http://ftp.XX.debian.org/debian jessie main" etc. (where XX is your, or a nearby, country code). Avoid using the US mirror round robin; ask me about <mirror list> <ftp.us.debian.org>.
M: 2016-09-17
<reply>Debian 8.6 was released on September 17, 2016. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2016/20160917 and http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/jessie/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
M: 2010-06-14
<reply>rmadison is a script for querying the Debian archive database about available packages. Available in the <devscripts> package.
eternal sunday
C: 2005-03-28
<reply> Eternal Sunday of The Clueless Mind. Yes, folks, due to popular demand, every day is now sunday. See <sunday>.
C: 2010-03-02
<reply>Lubuntu is a derivative of <Ubuntu> with <LXDE>. It is not supported in #debian. http://www.lubuntu.net/ #lubuntu on irc.freenode.net. See also <based on debian>.
i forgot root password
C: 2012-09-13
<reply> see ifrp
M: 2016-06-05
<reply>Debian 7.11, the final point release for Wheezy, was released on June 4, 2016. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2016/2016060402 and http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/wheezy/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
sid sources.list
C: 2013-05-01
<reply>If you don't know enough about Debian to do this yourself, you won't know enough about Debian to fix the problems you *will* encounter. Please spend some months or years learning about Debian first. Sorry.
M: 2009-08-07
<reply>Zimbra Collaboration Suite (ZCS) is a <groupware> application by Zimbra Inc. ZCS Open Source Edition is not currently packaged for Debian, see http://bugs.debian.org/498316 for identified packaging issues. http://www.zimbra.com/support/ #zimbra on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2007-11-11
a replacement shell (man 8 nologin) for user accounts that have been disabled, or a method (man 5 nologin) to prevent all non-root users from logging into a system.
systemd ranting
C: 2014-02-09
<reply> see init system ranting
C: 2001-02-20
from newsforge, or ask me about geek food
C: 2007-03-04
dmesg > dmesg.file.txt && cat dmesg.file.txt | curl -i# -F 'code2=<-' -F poster=`whoami` -F paste=Send http://pasteitto.gnea.net/pastebin.php | grep '^Loc'
C: 2009-06-08
<reply><woodcomp> soo, i ran chmod -R 700 / <woodcomp> wasnt so smart.. <woodcomp> any idea how i can fix this? <ml|> woodcomp: recover from backup <woodcomp> cant say i have any of those
jessie live login
C: 2016-05-24
<reply> The debian-live images for Debian 8 "Jessie" have a user account configured for you to use. username: user ; password: live
M: 2010-12-14
<reply> see single-user mode
M: 2013-08-04
<reply> see solusos
M: 2012-03-01
<reply> see java-package
M: 2016-06-21
<reply>SolusOS is a Linux distribution based on Debian <stable>. It is not supported in #debian, please see https://solus-project.com/community/ for support options or join #solus on chat.freenode.net. See also <based on debian>.
squeeze lts
C: 2014-06-23
<reply>see squeeze-lts
M: 2010-10-05
<reply>American Power Conversion (APC) is a manufacturer of uninterruptible power supply (UPS) devices, a subsidiary of Schneider Electric. To use an APC UPS on Debian systems, ask me about <apcupsd> and <nut>.
M: 2011-06-20
<reply>Rage 128 is a 3D graphics accelerator chipset family introduced by ATI in 1998, supported by the r128 xorg driver (xserver-xorg-video-r128 package). See also <cce>. http://manpages.debian.org/man/4/r128 http://wiki.x.org/wiki/r128
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>excuse me
M: 2006-12-12
<reply> The DebianWRT project is to support running Debian on access points, such as those supported by the OpenWRT project. https://wiki.debian.org/DebianWRT
acx firmware
M: 2010-08-16
<reply> Firmware required by the <acx-mac80211> driver is dependent on your device's chipset and is not packaged for Debian. See http://wiki.debian.org/acx#Firmware and http://acx100.sf.net/wiki/Firmware for more information and download links.
C: 2009-06-27
a daemon for controlling <APC> UPSes. http://wiki.debian.org/apcupsd http://www.apcupsd.com/manual/manual.html#frequently-asked-questions . See also <nut>.
jessie security
M: 2015-03-21
<reply>see jessie/updates
M: 2016-04-30
<reply>an <intel-gfx> chipset requiring firmware. For jessie support, enable <backports> and <non-free sources>, then install <bpo kernel>, xserver-xorg-video-intel and firmware-misc-nonfree from jessie-backports.
M: 2002-10-06
rfc863 or rfc348, or disable it if you don't know what it does
M: 2010-02-22
<reply>KMail is <KDE>'s default mail user agent, the email component of Kontact. http://userbase.kde.org/KMail/FAQs_Hints_and_Tips http://userbase.kde.org/KMail #kontact on irc.freenode.net.
live login
M: 2016-05-24
<reply> see jessie live login
when will stretch release
M: 2016-09-13
<reply>Debian 9 "Stretch" will probably release in mid-2017. It will release sooner if you help fix bugs in stretch and sid... take that as a challenge. Ask me about <stretch freeze>, <how-can-i-help>
stretch pool 1
C: 2015-04-25
<reply> ! bæbīlen=2017-05-06 TomTomTosch=2017-08-08 greycat=2017-08-15 jellÿ=2017-03-17 themíll=2016-05-01
parrot security
C: 2016-06-05
<reply> Parrot Security OS is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. Please use their forums at http://forum.frozenbox.org/ . Parrot is a security oriented distro based on Debian stable. http://www.parrotsec.org/
M: 2008-01-21
(Read Only Memory) Memory containing a program, data, or information about the device that has been programmed onto the chip at the factory. a mud server, relative of diku. Rivers of MUD at rom.org port 9000 (defunct), or send me all your roms http://www.linuks.mine.nu/ree/ to dump them!. RoM: Request of Maintainer
C: 2007-12-25
<reply> The USB 2.0 HCD implementation is called the Enhanced Host Controller Interface (EHCI). Only EHCI can support hi-speed transfers. Most of PCI-based EHCI controllers contain other HCD implementations called 'companion host controller' to support Full Speed and Low Speed devices.
stable security
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>see jessie security
M: 2014-08-12
<reply>OpenWrt is a Linux distribution for embedded devices. http://openwrt.org/ . See also <debianwrt>.
M: 2014-05-09
<reply> see r8169
M: 2010-05-24
<reply> I think I'll allot a lot of beatings for people who think alot is a word. http://hyperboleandahalf.blogspot.com/2010/04/alot-is-better-than-you-at-everything.html
C: 2008-03-15
<reply> Not sure which Debian <mailing lists> you are subscribed to? Send mail to majordomo@lists.debian.org with "which your.email@address" (without quotes) in the message body.
status file
C: 2014-10-12
<reply>installed package database is at /var/lib/dpkg/status
C: 2014-01-20
<reply>You can use the bot <judd> to work out what package contains a file in any release on any architecture. For example: «/msg judd file bin/startx» «/msg judd file man/*/startx*» «/msg judd file bin/ls --release sid». For more information, «/msg judd help file» or see http://ircbots.debian.net/judd/ . Also ask me about <apt-file> <dlocate>.
M: 2014-12-08
<Quatroking> kerberos has nothing to do with kerbal space program does it <Quatroking> :(
M: 2012-08-23
<reply> see openmediavault
live password
M: 2016-05-24
<reply> see jessie live login
C: 2014-08-05
<reply><atannus> What I do is install wheezy, then change the ppas to to say jessie instead o wheezy, update/upgrade.
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>Like it or not we live in Times Of Danger...
debian development
C: 2005-10-24
M: 2010-02-08
<reply> see removed
C: 2015-05-14
<boudiccas> so it appears, /usr/local/bin/mv dated 3/11/13 <boudiccas> hmm, cant see where i've got it from <babilen> boudiccas: I would guess that you installed it in an attack of boudiccas-ness ;)
C: 2015-03-21
<reply> see testing security
M: 2014-01-12
<reply> see r128
simulate baudrate
C: 2006-10-19
<reply> peterS's http://p12n.org/tmp/baud.c does the job perfectly
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> see hyper-threading
M: 2011-06-27
<reply>Qualcomm is a wireless telecommunications research and development company. For support of the Gobi 2000 WWAN, ask me about <gobi 2000>. For support of Atheros-based LAN/WLAN devices, ask me about <atheros>.
stress test
C: 2005-02-06
tools for stressing / checking your hardware include memtest86+ (RAM), cpuburn (CPU), and bonnie or Cerberus Test Control System will give disk a workout.
native package
C: 2011-08-06
a package that only exists within Debian and having it in other distributions would not be sensible. There is no distinction between changing the packaging for the package (e.g. using a new version of a library) and a new version of the software itself. Packages like dpkg and debhelper are "native" packages. Also ask me about <source package>.
M: 2016-10-03
<reply>The 'sbuild' package provides a way to build Debian packages within <chroot> environments that are managed using the <schroot> utility. Building within sbuild saves installing the build-dependencies on your machine and also compiles in a clean environment; sbuild is used on the Debian <buildd> network. See https://wiki.debian.org/sbuild
stretch pool
C: 2015-04-25
<reply> See <stretch pool 1> for bets placed on when Stretch will release. To add one, ask me about <stretch bet>.
C: 2016-06-05
<reply>see parrot security
recovery mode
M: 2010-12-14
<reply> see single-user mode
C: 2001-02-28
a console AIM client
install woody
C: 2013-06-11
<reply> see woody
stretch bet
C: 2015-04-25
<reply> To add a bet to the <stretch pool>, /msg dpkg stretch pool 1 =~ s/!/! yournick=yyyy-mm-dd/ and when "stretch pool 1" is full, create "stretch pool 2" and update this factoid.
xorg skylake
C: 2016-09-07
<reply>Enable <jessie-backports> with included <non-free sources>. apt-get -t jessie-backports install linux-image-amd64 firmware-misc-nonfree xserver-xorg-video-intel libgl1-mesa-dri
deepin desktop environment
C: 2016-10-01
a desktop environment
too many files
C: 2002-09-04
<reply> are OPEN IN THE SYSTEM
C: 2005-06-29
a programmer php.
C: 2012-07-31
<reply> see secure apt
C: 2010-02-02
<reply> To show a process' priority, either use 'ps -ecl | grep <processname/binary>' or use top(1).
C: 2016-10-04
initial testing shows etcher is not a reliable way to copy debian images for installation. instead use cp or dd for linux, or win32diskimager for windows. https://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/amd64/ch04s03.html.en
M: 2005-09-07
the <GTK> version of <irssi>, defunct since the days of woody.
archive statistics
C: 2013-06-17
<reply> You can see some interesting statistics about the Debian archive at http://ircbots.debian.net/stats/ with even more useful(?) statistics indexed at http://wiki.debian.org/Statistics
play audio cd
C: 2006-01-05
<reply> Ask me about <audio cd> or, to play it "digitally", have a look at xmms and the plugin xmms-cdread.
why wayland
C: 2016-10-16
<reply> https://blogs.gnome.org/mclasen/2016/03/04/why-wayland-anyway/
packaging tutorial
C: 2016-10-25
<reply> see nmg
C: 2016-10-21
<reply>etchkeeper is a collection of tools to let /etc be stored in a git, mercurial, bazaar or darcs repository. This lets you use git to review or revert changes that were made to /etc. Or even push the repository elsewhere for backups or cherry-picking configuration changes. https://etckeeper.branchable.com
C: 2016-06-21
<reply>BunsenLabs Linux is a community continuation of <crunchbang> that features the <Openbox> window manager. It is not supported in #debian. http://www.bunsenlabs.org/ #bunsenlabs on chat.freenode.net. See <based on debian>

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