Factoids requested in last 30 days (892 results)

Factoid KeyFactoid Value
M: 2005-07-18
<reply> 1) Read the /topic, the FAQ, and google before asking us. 2) Don't ask to ask, just ask. 3) Don't repeat; show that you have tried to help yourself by refining the question. 4) Reading documentation (man/info pages, READMEs) is a worthwhile skill, practice it. 5) Use /msg to talk to the bots (not the people), see <msg>. 6) Be polite and patient. 7) Paste into a <pastebin>, not here. 8) No trolls or spam.
M: 2013-07-11
<reply>If you have a question, just ask! For example: "I have a problem with ___; I'm running Debian version ___. When I try to do ___ I get the following output ___. I expected it to do ___." Don't ask if you can ask, if anyone uses it, or pick one person to ask. We're all volunteers; make it easy for us to help you. If you don't get an answer try a few hours later or on debian-user@lists.debian.org. See <smart questions><errors>.
M: 2012-05-01
<reply> Do not paste more than 2 lines to this channel. Instead, use: http://paste.debian.net/ http://pastie.org/ or http://picpaste.com/ for pics. Use wikisend.com for large files (think tar.gz) up to 100MB. Remember to tell us the URL of your paste! Cannot cut and paste? Ask me about <pastebinit>, <nopaste>, <wgetpaste>.
simple sid backport
M: 2010-11-22
<reply> First, check for a backport on <debian-backports>. If unavailable: 1) Add a deb-src line for sid (not a deb line!); ask me about <deb-src sid> 2) enable debian-backports (see <bdo>) 3) aptitude update; aptitude install build-essential; aptitude build-dep packagename; apt-get -b source packagename; 4) install the resultant debs. To change compilation options, see <package recompile>; for versions newer than sid see <uupdate>.
M: 2014-10-13
<reply> Este canal es de soporte técnico en Inglés para Debian. Si prefiere que el soporte sea en Español, puede ingresar en #debian-es tecleando /join #debian-es en la línea de chat.
M: 2003-09-21
<reply> see spanish
M: 2013-05-24
<reply>Where possible, Nvidia graphic processing units are supported using the open source <nouveau> driver on Debian systems by default. To install the proprietary "nvidia" driver, see https://wiki.debian.org/NvidiaGraphicsDrivers or ask me about <nvidia dkms>, <nvidia legacy>; installing this directly from nvidia.com (i.e. with <nvidia-installer>) is _not_ supported in #debian, please go to #nvidia on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2013-10-23
<reply>backports.debian.org (formerly backports.org) is an official repository of <backports> for the current stable (see <jessie backports>) and oldstable (<wheezy backports>) distributions, prepared by Debian developers. Ask me about <backport caveat> and read http://backports.debian.org/Instructions/. See also <bdo kernel> <bdo mirrors> <bdo contents> <bdo list> <bdo bugs> <bdo xorg> <bdo NEW>.
cmd: ops (.*?)
C: 2005-08-25
($problem): <reply>Hydroxide, dondelelcaro, LoRez, RichiH, mentor, abrotman, Maulkin, stew, peterS, Myon, Ganneff, weasel, zobel, themill, babilen, SynrG, jm_, somiaj, jelly: $nick complains about: $problem
M: 2014-03-05
<reply> see simple sid backport
M: 2009-06-09
<reply>A backport is a package from a newer Debian branch, compiled from source for an older branch to avoid dependency and <ABI> complications. http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch02.en.html (2.7.4 and 2.7.10), http://backports.debian.org/ . Ask me about <debian-backports> and <backport caveat>. See also <simple sid backport>.
M: 2003-06-17
<reply> It has been said that root is the administrative account - only use it when root power is needed. So no reading mail, compiling programs, or running applications as root. And don't even think about irc'ing as root, it increases the danger from exploits and trojans (such as bliss), or see, for example, the security advisory on BitchX http://www.debian.org/security/2003/dsa-306
M: 2008-08-30
<reply> see paste
M: 2007-09-28
<reply> see backport
M: 2012-04-09
<reply> Ubuntu is based on Debian, but it is not Debian. Only Debian is supported on #debian. Use #ubuntu on chat.freenode.net instead. Even if the channel happens to be less helpful, support for distributions other than Debian is offtopic on #debian. See also <based on debian> and <ubuntuirc>.
M: 2009-05-26
<reply>(Yes, $who, you are online.|Yes, $who you are either online or you are not... http://ars.userfriendly.org/cartoons/?id=20000326|pong|Sorry $who, you're not online.)
M: 2014-04-17
<reply> Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" was released on 2011-02-06 and is the oldoldstable release: http://www.debian.org/News/2011/20110205a . Security support for Squeeze ended on 2014-05-31, but ask me about <squeeze-lts>. Squeeze is the three-eyed space alien. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianSqueeze ; ask me about <install squeeze> <squeeze release notes> <lenny->squeeze>. Currently <6.0.10>. Not to be confused with the <Xfce> archive manager.
M: 2013-09-06
<reply> $nick: È possibile scaricare un sacco di software libero puntando il tuo browser a http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/multi-arch/iso-cd/debian-8.2.0-amd64-i386-netinst.iso !||<reply>$nick: Debian è un sistema operativo composto da software libero (un concetto distinto da quello di gratis): vedi http://www.debian.org/intro/free.it.html per saperne di più.||<reply>$nick: vedi http://packages.debian.org/
M: 2012-03-26
<reply>Lenny is the codename for Debian GNU/Linux 5.0, released on February 15th, 2009. Lenny security support ended on 2012-02-06, this release is no longer supported. Lenny users should upgrade to Squeeze, ask me about <lenny->squeeze>. Removed from the mirrors (2012-03-25), ask me about <lenny sources.list>. For old Lenny ISOs, ask me about <lenny iso>. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianLenny http://www.debian.org/News/2012/20120209
M: 2011-03-07
<reply>Debian does not use a specific runlevel for graphical display managers by default. Just remove the DM package(s) with "aptitude remove xdm kdm wdm login.app gdm gdm3 pdm slim". "echo false >/etc/X11/default-display-manager" will also disable the DM, or just hit ctrl-alt-fN to get to a console. nodm is the name of a minimal/automatic display manager (http://www.enricozini.org/sw/nodm/).
M: 2009-06-21
<reply> Test failed.
cmd: beer (.*?)
M: 2005-10-13
($1): <action> (pulls out (a fine|an excellent|an exquisite|a tasty|a nicely refined)|pours a (pint|litre|quart) of|deftly decants a fine) (Green Flash IPA|Spaten Optimator|Black Tuesday|Older Viscosity|Batch 50 GFAR|Jever|Yuengling Lager|Dogfishhead 90min IPA|Piraat|Gulden Drak|Bornem Tripple|Delirium Tremens|Stone Arrogant Bastard) for $1
M: 2009-02-08
<reply>Please search for things rather than just asking, e.g. «apt-cache search regex», or with <aptitude search>. The following ways can locate packages that own a file (installed, or candidate for install): «dpkg -S /bin/foo», <apt-file>, <pdo> (online) and «/msg judd help file» (bot). <search dpkg> for factoids. See http://wiki.debian.org/WhereIsIt and ask me about <bot help>. See also <axi-search> <debtags> <dlocate>.
M: 2015-04-19
<reply>We recommend against using deb-multimedia.org; these unofficial packages are known to cause many hard to debug problems. They are not in Debian either because the they are poor in quality or for legal reasons. See http://deb-multimedia.org/ or ask me about <dmm wheezy>, <dmm jessie>. See also <dmm list>, <dmm mirrors>, <dmm pinning>, <why not dmm>, <dmm remove>.
M: 2003-12-22
http://www.debian.org. See http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/project-history/index.en.html#contents
M: 2011-05-10
<reply>You have to especially tell the packaging system to reinstall config files because when they are gone, it is assumed that you want them to stay deleted. "aptitude -o DPkg::Options::='--force-confmiss' reinstall $packagename" will restore them (man dpkg for details). If the package uses <ucf> for config file management, ask me about <ucf confmiss>.
basic apt-get troubleshooting
M: 2015-09-21
<reply>In order to troubleshoot your problem with apt-get, apt, aptitude or dselect we need the following information: 1. the complete output of your apt-get/apt/aptitude/dselect run (including the command used) 2. output from "apt-cache policy PKG1 PKG2..." for ALL packages involved, and 3. "apt-cache policy". Use http://paste.debian.net/ to provide us with this information. Also ask me about <localized errors>.
C: 2005-09-23
<reply> see basic apt-get troubleshooting
M: 2012-01-09
<reply>1) add yourself to the 'audio' group (log out & in again) 2) unmute and raise channels w/ alsamixer (also try muting some & toggle jack sense if available) 3) <pulseaudio> or other daemon stopped? 4) speakers on? 5) does "aplay /usr/share/sounds/alsa/Noise.wav" work for root? 6) purge any installed <oss4> packages to remove ALSA blacklist. See also <list alsa users>, <alsa firmware>.
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>Read chapter 4 ("Upgrades from Debian 6.0") of the <release notes>. In /etc/apt/sources.list, change "squeeze" to "wheezy" (noting that <wheezy-backports> have changed on the mirrors). apt-get update && apt-get upgrade && apt-get dist-upgrade. See also <squeeze->wheezy failures>.
M: 2010-09-22
<reply> see bdo
cmd: why is (.*?) not in testing
C: 2003-05-30
($1): $1 is not in testing for the reasons listed in http://release.debian.org/migration/testing.pl?package=$1
M: 2016-01-23
<reply>Testing is a continuously updated release between <stable> and <unstable>, currently codenamed <stretch>. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianTesting . Support in #debian-next on irc.oftc.net and ask me about <testing faq> <jessie->stretch> <testing security> <moving target> <apt-listchanges> <apt-listbugs> and <bts>. You need a sound knowledge of Debian and be prepared for a very bumpy ride. Don't use it on things that are critical!
installation guide
M: 2015-04-25
<reply> see jessie installation guide
M: 2009-09-27
<reply>Please do not ask if anyone can help you, knows 'something' or uses 'some_program'. Instead, ask your real question. (If the real question _was_ "does anyone use 'some_program'?" ask me about <popcon> instead.) See <ask> <ask to ask> <polls> <search> <sicco> <smart questions>.
M: 2009-05-16
<reply>The enter key is not a substitute for punctuation. Hitting enter unnecessarily makes it difficult to follow what you are saying. Consider using ',', '. ', ';', '...', '---', or ':' instead. If you hit enter too often, you will be autokicked by debhelper for flooding the channel.
M: 2004-06-16
When It's Ready. See also <rsn> and <siyh>.
M: 2005-10-12
<reply>Este canal é apenas em inglês. Por favor, use #debian-br (/j #debian-br) para ajuda em portugues.
cmd: -l (.*?)
M: 2003-12-06
($1): <reply> (ii $1 (1|2|3).(1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9)-(|1)(1|2|3|4|5)(|||.1|.2|.3) ($nick's private (porn|gamp|stamp) collection|ultra s3kr1t #debian package)|No packages found matching $1)
M: 2012-05-10
<reply> Before asking in here or on the <debian-user> mailing list, you should read the Installation Guide, or if you already have Debian installed, the Debian Reference. The Debian Administrator's Handbook is also good. Ask me about <ig>, <overview>, <reference>, <refcard>, <docs>, <manuals>, <fundamentals>, <newbiedoc>, <faq>, <unix lessons>, <general cli tutorial>, <debian-handbook> (e.g. in your IRC client, type /msg dpkg reference).
C: 2003-07-17
<reply>No Offense, or den norske debian kanalen #debian-no. For skandinaviske brukere av debian. It is the norwegian channel #debian-no for scandinavian users.
M: 2011-05-06
<reply>Unstable is the status of a Debian release when packages can be added at any time, that can disrupt the integrity of the whole system! Ask me about <break>. If you have to ask whether you should use it or how, you shouldn't. http://www.debian.org/releases/unstable/ http://wiki.debian.org/DebianUnstable . See also <testing>, <sid>, <sid faq>, <apt-listbugs>, <apt-listchanges>, <bts>.
doesn't work
M: 2009-05-07
<reply> "Doesn't work" is a vague statement. Does it sit on the couch all day long? Does it procrastinate doing the dishes? Does it beg on the street for change? Please be specific! Define 'it' and what it isn't doing. Give us more details so we can help you without needing to ask basic questions like "what's the error message?". Ask me about <smart questions>, <sicco> and <errors>.
M: 2011-11-14
the codename for <unstable>, named after the kid in Toy Story that breaks toys. The great thing about running sid is that, when it breaks you get to keep ALL the pieces!!
M: 2007-12-07
<reply>Bug Tracking System for Debian packages, http://bugs.debian.org/ or to go directly to the bug page for a particular package/bug, try http://bugs.debian.org/packagename or http://bugs.debian.org/bugnumber . aptitude install reportbug, and check out <querybts> too. Users of unstable and testing are required to check the BTS. See also <apt-listbugs>, <reportbug>. http://wiki.debian.org/HowtoUseBTS
M: 2010-09-06
<reply> see backports.debian.org
based on debian
M: 2011-10-03
<reply>Your distribution may be based on and have software in common with Debian, but it is not Debian. We don't and cannot know what changes were made by your distribution (compare http://futurist.se/gldt/). #debian only supports Debian and pure <blend>s; please respect our choice to volunteer here to help Debian users. Support for other distributions is off-topic on #debian, even if your own distro's channel is clueless or non-existent.
M: 2002-12-30
<reply> (1) Use private messages to the bots to reduce channel spam, but don't message people on #debian without asking permission first. Most questions should be asked on channel, so that others can benefit from the question and the answers received. (2) Always feel free to message freenode network staff. They're the people with hostnames ending in 'staff.freenode'. (3) Monosodium glutamate, a food additive (see http://truthinlabeling.org/).
M: 2011-08-21
<reply>*No Longer Maintained* - Unofficial images for installing Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" using a later kernel (Linux 3.2.4) are available from http://kmuto.jp/debian/d-i/ (images are on the CD mirrors). To supply additional firmware, ask me about <installer firmware>. For a USB install, use the lenny instructions: http://www.debian.org/releases/lenny/i386/ch04s03
alsa checklist
C: 2007-03-10
<reply> see alsa-checklist
cmd: apt-key (.*?)
C: 2005-10-23
($1): <reply> gpg --keyserver keys.gnupg.net --recv-keys $1 ; gpg --export $1 | sudo apt-key add -
msg the bot
M: 2014-07-05
<reply>Please have conversations with the bots in a private message as much as possible. Instead of using "!topic" or "!tell <your nick> about <topic>" in the channel, you can just "/msg dpkg topic". See <bot help> and http://wiki.debian.org/IRC/DpkgBot to learn more and browse my factoids on-line at http://ircbots.debian.net/ . Also ask me about <judd>, which is another bot and window into the Ultimate Debian Database.
M: 2008-05-18
<reply>Flash is frequently used to deliver interactivity, audio and video through a web browser. Ask me about <gnash> and <lightspark> for free implementations, or <adobe flash> and <pepper flash> for non-free implementations. http://wiki.debian.org/Flash
M: 2012-08-08
<reply>fglrx / AMD Catalyst is the proprietary display driver for AMD Radeon R9 200 series, Radeon R7 200 series, Radeon HD 8000/7000/6000/5000 and FirePro graphic processing units. To install fglrx, see https://wiki.debian.org/ATIProprietary or ask me about <fglrx dkms>. This driver is incompatible with the GNOME desktop of Debian 8 "Jessie" due to lack of EGL support (ref. §5.11 <jessie release notes>), use the <radeon> driver instead.
M: 2012-02-10
the program used by Debian to install and remove packages, "man dpkg". Also ask me about <reference>. The main info bot in #debian is also called dpkg; ask me about <dpkgbot>.
M: 2011-12-31
<reply> Это английскоговорящий канал, пожалуйста, говорите по-английски или посетите #debian-russian (irc.freenode.net) (Russian speakers please go to #debian-russian)
M: 2012-03-21
<reply>[non-free] a component which contains software that does not comply with the <DFSG>. To add non-free packages to your packages index, ask me about <non-free sources>. To see which non-free packages are installed ask me about <non-free list>. For the non-free tracking system, see http://nonfree.alioth.debian.org/
M: 2008-06-02
<reply>Please visit http://wiki.debian.org/IRC/DpkgBot to learn how to effectively search the factoids database for FAQ, and not flood in the channel with !tell <who> about <what>. Also ask me about <msg the bot>. We ask that you learn to search for yourself first, unless it is a specific problem. Many questions are asked repeatedly, and the factoid database can be of great help to you. Ask me about <search dpkg>.
smart questions
M: 2008-09-12
<reply>Go here to find out how to ask intelligent questions: http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html - Be sure to look at the section http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html#before - This FAQ has information to help many users solve their own problem more effectively and to help users interact more effectively with helpers. Also ask me about <reportbug>.
M: 2010-03-12
<reply> Deutschsprachige Hilfe bekommt ihr in #debian.de (auf irc.oftc.net, irc.freenode.net oder irc.belwue.de) - German speaking users please go to #debian.de (on irc.oftc.net, irc.freenode.net or irc.belwue.de).
install gnome
M: 2014-01-14
<reply>To install GNOME: «apt-get install …» 1. 'task-gnome-desktop' (Debian installer default) 2. 'gnome' (recommended) 3. 'gnome-desktop-environment' (upstream GNOME) 4. 'gnome-core' (like 3, minus end-user applications) 5. 'gnome-session gdm3 network-manager-gnome' (minimalist, not recommended). You will need Xorg installed as well, ask me about <install x>. https://wiki.debian.org/Gnome
M: 2010-03-22
<reply> To reinstall <GRUB> boot to your Debian install disk/live CD, switch to the other console (Alt-F2), mount your root filesystem (mount -t ext2 /dev/whatever /target ; mount --bind /dev /target/dev ; mount -t proc none /target/proc ; mount -t sysfs none /target/sys), chroot into it (chroot /target), run "mount /boot/efi" on EFI and "update-grub && grub-install /dev/whatever". See also <rescue mode>, <dual boot guide>, <supergrub>.
C: 2000-06-03
<reply> I ain't no stinkin' bot. I am a finely tuned and hand crafted tool. Oh wait... I guess I am a bot (that you should not abuse).
M: 2009-02-16
<reply> see installation guide
cmd: win (.*?)
C: 2003-02-16
($1): <reply> Congratulations, $1! You have won (second prize in a beauty contest|a one way ticket to (Baghdad|Cleveland|Nova Scotia|Christmas Island|Beirut|Rio de Janeiro|Fire Island|Gaza|Charlotte, North Carolina ... YeeHaw!)|the US presidency|a lifetime supply of spam|the time-life collection of vintage AOL CDs, a set of 120)!
adobe flash
M: 2013-09-23
<reply> see flashplugin-nonfree
M: 2008-07-31
<reply>see apt-pinning
non-free sources
M: 2009-10-18
<reply>Edit /etc/apt/sources.list, ensure that the two main Debian mirror lines end with "main contrib non-free" rather than just "main", then «aptitude update». But bear in mind that you'll be installing <non-free> software. These may have onerous terms; check the licenses. See also <sources.list>.
debian mirrors
M: 2012-08-17
<reply>Debian mirror sites are listed at http://www.debian.org/mirror/list and ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian/README.mirrors.txt and http://deb.li/map ; ask me about <apt-spy>, <netselect-apt>, <httpredir.debian.org>, <debian mirror checker>. To make a mirror, see http://www.debian.org/mirrors/ ; see also <debmirror>, <apt-mirror>, <ftpsync>, <mirror size>. #debian-mirrors on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2010-01-03
<reply>Pinning is a method to choose which version of a package to install when multiple versions are available from <sources.list>. Bugs are explained at http://www.xs4all.nl/~carlo17/howto/debian.html#errata . If you use stable, pinning won't help you from messing up the system, ask me about <backports> instead. http://wiki.debian.org/AptPreferences
M: 2012-05-01
<reply>Downgrading is not, nor will ever be supported by apt. Programs change their data in a way that can't be rolled back, and package maintainer scripts support upgrades to new config file formats but not downgrades. Try: "dpkg -i olderversion.deb" or "aptitude install package=version" using "apt-cache policy package" to get the old version number. See also <partial downgrade>, <unstable->testing>, <sdo>.
C: 2000-03-26
M: 2010-05-08
<reply>#debian is primarily a support channel for Debian users. Please keep the discussions in #debian on-topic and take longer discussions and non-support questions to #debian-offtopic. Imagine the chaos if each of the hundreds of people in the channel felt the need to wander off topic for a few minutes every day.
cmd: you (.*?)
C: 2008-01-09
($1): <reply> I resemble that remark!
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>see jessie sources.list
M: 2012-01-14
a program on Unix and Unix-like systems used to print out the specified text ('y' by default) infinitely. You should NOT use it unless you know what you are doing, because it can eat many resources.
package recompile
M: 2009-06-23
<reply> 1) Add a <deb-src> line for your current release to your sources.list 2) aptitude update; aptitude install build-essential devscripts fakeroot; aptitude -R build-dep packagename 3) as any user, apt-get source packagename 4) cd packagename-version/; ask me about <debian/rules>; 5) dpkg-buildpackage -uc -us 6) as root, dpkg -i ../packagename-version.deb. Ask me about <debian/rules>, <nocheck>, <nostrip>, <apt-get source>.
M: 2011-01-27
<reply>Pour l'aide en francais, veuillez rejoindre le canal #debian-fr. Francophone users: for help in french, please go to #debian-fr.
M: 2009-06-11
<reply>Java is a cross-platform C++-like OO language. Sun, now Oracle, has released most of its Java implementation under the GPL as <openjdk>. There are other implementations packaged; for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" systems, Sun's JRE/JDK is in <non-free> (for i386, amd64 only). Ask me about <install java>. See also <java alternatives>, <icedtea>, <java ipv6>, <java-package>. http://wiki.debian.org/Java ##java on irc.freenode.net.
install java
M: 2012-02-19
<reply>For the Java web browser plugin, install the icedtea-plugin package. For other Java programs, install the default-jre package to get the default or manually select one of openjdk-6-jre or openjdk-7-jre yourself. The old <sun-java6> packages are best avoided as Oracle now forbids Debian providing any security updates to them. See also <java alternatives>.
aptitude clone
M: 2013-08-12
<reply> To clone a Debian machine using aptitude (or install your favourite packages) use aptitude search --disable-columns -F%p '~i!~M!~v' > package_list; on the reference machine; xargs aptitude --schedule-only install < package_list; aptitude install; on the other machine. This preserves information about "automatically installed" packages that other methods do not. See also <reinstall>, <things to backup>, <debian clone>, <apt-clone>.
M: 2010-03-12
<reply>udev has the ability to statically rename Ethernet cards based on MAC address. The addresses are configured in /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules, edit this file to change the mappings. To apply changes: «udevadm trigger» or reload the relevant driver module. See also <udev>.
M: 2013-03-07
<reply>java-package (formerly mpkg-j2se, j2se-package) provides the make-jpkg utility for creating Debian packages from manually downloaded <Java> distributions; Oracle Java 6 (update >= 10) and Oracle Java 7 are currently supported. java-package is available for Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems in <contrib>. http://wiki.debian.org/JavaPackage . Where possible, use <OpenJDK> instead, ask me about <install java>.
M: 2011-03-08
<reply>Support for your wireless LAN device is dependent on the chipset within. Don't know what you have? Ask me about <what's my wireless>. Atheros: <atheros>; Atmel: <atmel>; Broadcom: <broadcom>; Intel: <intel>; Intersil: <prism>; Marvell: <marvell>; Ralink: <ralink>; Realtek: <realtek>; TI: <acx-mac80211>; VIA: <vt665x>; ZyDAS: <zydas>. See also <crda>, <killswitch>, <wpa>. http://wiki.debian.org/WiFi
M: 2010-06-06
<reply> If you don't tell us the exact error messages you get, we can't tell you what's wrong, and it's also useful to know exactly what command you're typing. Please look for the *first* error that occurs, as this is often the cause of later errors -- ask me about <localized errors> too. Please don't paste in the channel, use a pastebin instead; ask me about <pastebin>.
M: 2014-02-12
<reply>The packaging tutorial (http://deb.li/QYyI) and the New Maintainer's Guide (http://deb.li/3DiDA) are good places to start learning about Debian packaging. You should also ask me about <devref> and <policy> to understand how packages should be maintained and how they should interact with each other. Ask me about <package basics>, <mentors>, <best practices> <build without helper>. http://www.debian.org/devel/
M: 2012-06-21
<reply>The 'freeze' is when large changes to testing version of Debian are stopped for few months. During this period, no new package uploads are made except to fix critical bugs or to provide documentation updates. During the freeze, bugs are squashed to 'stabilize' the release to make the new 'stable'. Jessie was frozen on November 5, 2014. Also ask me about <slushy>, <jessie freeze>.
M: 2014-03-14
<reply>hold is a status flag that tells the package manager to not automatically upgrade a package. To hold a package 'echo $package hold|dpkg --set-selections' or 'aptitude hold $package'. Note that "aptitude hold" is ignored by other package managers (i.e. Update Manager, synaptic, apt-get) and aptitude won't necessarily use holds set with dpkg; see Debian bug #137771. See also <hold list>, <unhold>.
M: 2009-11-04
<reply>see newmaint
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>Read (at least) the upgrading chapter of the <release notes> http://deb.li/ldcj . In /etc/apt/sources.list, change "wheezy" to "jessie". apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade. 3rd party repos like <dmo> are known to cause problems with the upgrade. See also <jessie sysvinit>.
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>Wheezy is the codename for the current <oldstable> release, Debian 7.0, released on 2013-05-04: https://www.debian.org/News/2013/20130504 . Wheezy is the rubber toy penguin with a red bow tie. See https://wiki.debian.org/DebianWheezy and ask me about <install wheezy> <wheezy release notes> <squeeze->wheezy>. Currently <7.8>.
M: 2013-05-20
<reply>Iceweasel is a DFSG-free fork of <firefox>, which replaced it in Debian since 4.0 "Etch". Ask me about <why iceweasel>, <iceweasel vs firefox>, <iceweasel user-agent>. In GNOME, use gnome-default-applications-properties to change settings such as the mail reader. Since June 2013, Iceweasel in Debian <stable> is based on the Extended Support Release (ESR) branch. See also <iceweasel ntlm>. https://wiki.debian.org/Iceweasel
M: 2010-02-16
<reply>Radeon is a brand of graphic processing units by AMD/ATI (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radeon). The radeon open source display driver is packaged for Debian as xserver-xorg-video-radeon, optionally install libgl1-mesa-dri for 3D acceleration. Also ask me about <radeon firmware>, <radeon audio>. https://wiki.debian.org/AtiHowTo http://x.org/wiki/radeon #radeon on irc.freenode.net. For the proprietary driver, see <fglrx>.
M: 2009-09-19
a small CD image with which you can install Debian. If, during the installation process you have a working Internet connection, you can install more packages straight away, otherwise, you will have a base install and more packages later. See http://www.debian.org/CD/netinst/ See also <various cd1>, <check iso image>, <dialup install>, <usb install>, <installer>.
M: 2009-04-01
<reply>Do not use public away/back messages in $channel. If we want to know where you are, we'll /whois you. In BitchX, /set auto_away off; in XChat, Preferences > Chatting > General > uncheck Announce Away Messages; ask in #yourircclient if you have questions. If you continue to use public aways/backs you will be devoiced. http://sackheads.org/~bnaylor/spew/away_msgs.html
M: 2015-08-18
<reply>Advanced Packaging Tool (APT) is a package management system used by Debian and its derivatives. APT is a C++ library of functions that are used by several command line programs for dealing with packages, notably apt-get, apt-cache, and aptitude and, from Debian 8 "Jessie" onwards, apt. See also <aptitude> <apt-get>, <apt-cache>, <apt myths>.
M: 2008-10-09
<reply>Ciao, vai su #debian-it per ricevere aiuto in italiano. Italian Speakers: Please use #debian-it, there you will get much more help.
testing/unstable mix
M: 2014-08-16
<reply>«echo 'APT::Default-Release "testing";' >> /etc/apt/apt.conf», edit sources.list, copy your non-security testing lines and change one set to unstable, then apt-get update. Use apt-get -t unstable install foo; to install foo from unstable rather than testing as usual. WARNING to SYNAPTIC users: Synaptic ignores Default-Release: set Preferences->Distribution.
install debian
M: 2014-05-12
<reply>There are a myriad of different ways to install Debian. See http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/debian-installer for a list of images and ask me about <netinst>, <various cd1> and <firmware images>. See also <install guide> and <d-i> for detailed instructions. (If you've never installed Debian before, you should read the install guide.)
M: 2012-06-17
<reply>pastebinit is a command-line tool to send data to a <pastebin>. NOTE: Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" users, you must "pastebinit -b http://paste.debian.net" or configure pastebinit to use something other than pastebin.com. To paste e.g. your sources.list do "aptitude install pastebinit; pastebinit /etc/apt/sources.list"; to paste the output of a program do e.g. "dmesg | pastebinit". See also <pastebinit config>, <nopaste>.
M: 2006-07-12
<reply>Your network configuration is in the file /etc/network/interfaces ; "man 5 interfaces" for documentation, "zless /usr/share/doc/ifupdown/examples/network-interfaces.gz" for example configurations. Start and stop your networking with ifup -a and ifdown -a respectively. http://wiki.debian.org/NetworkConfiguration . See also <dhcp client>, <resolv.conf>, <static route>.
M: 2011-06-30
a terminal-based package manager that can be used in a command-line mode (aptitude install foo ; aptitude remove goo) as well as a text user interface mode (just run "aptitude"). Ask me about <why aptitude> <why not aptitude> <aptitude-fu> <aptitude docs> or see http://wiki.debian.org/Aptitude or http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
M: 2009-03-31
<reply>[stable] The status of a Debian release when no packages will be added, new versions introduced and changes will only fix security issues and critical bugs. Packages can be removed in rare circumstances. The current stable version of Debian is Jessie (8.2); ask me about <releases>. Security bugs are fixed in stable by backporting the fix to the stable version (ask me about <security backports>). https://wiki.debian.org/DebianStable
C: 2007-11-09
<reply>see testing/unstable mix
wheezy sources.list
M: 2013-05-01
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for Debian 7 "Wheezy" has three lines: "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main" "deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main" "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-updates main". Be sure to run «aptitude update» after editing sources.list. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <wheezy/updates> <wheezy-updates> <mirrors> <apt-spy> and "man sources.list".
M: 2005-03-11
<reply> updatedb; locate; talk; date; cd; strip; look; touch; finger; unzip; uptime; gawk; head; apt-get install (condom|diaphram); mount; fsck; more; yes; yes; yes; more; umount; apt-get remove --purge (condom|diaphram); make clean; sleep
M: 2009-04-29
Sooner If You Help. How? http://qa.debian.org/ , http://wiki.debian.org/BSP
M: 2006-09-02
<reply> experimental is the bleeding edge of Debian Development. Packages here have been deemed unfit/DANGEROUS/untrustworthy/etc for release by the maintainer responsible for them. DO NOT INSTALL PACKAGES FROM EXPERIMENTAL WITHOUT KNOWING EXACTLY WHY AND WHAT YOU ARE DOING. #debian does _not_ support experimental. For an actual description, see section of the Developer's Reference. http://packages.debian.org/experimental/
M: 2012-04-29
<reply>Kernel: uname -r, or cat /proc/version. Package: dpkg -l _pkgname_ , or run apt-cache policy <packagename>. Miscellaneous commands: try --version on the command. For the version of Debian, ask me about <debian suite>.
M: 2015-04-26
<reply>Jessie is the codename for the current <stable> release, Debian 8, released on 2015-04-25: http://www.debian.org/News/2015/20150426 . Jessie is the cowgirl in Toy Story 2. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianJessie and ask me about <install jessie> <release notes> <wheezy->jessie>. Currently <8.3>.
M: 2009-11-16
<reply>To blacklist a Linux kernel module, create/edit /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.local.conf and add a line similar to this (without quotes): "blacklist module_name". If this doesn't work, do 'echo "install modulename /bin/true" >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.local.conf'. IMPORTANT: ask about <blacklist-initramfs>. To blacklist a module at installation time, ask me about <installer blacklist>. http://wiki.debian.org/KernelModuleBlacklisting
M: 2009-10-20
<reply>debootstrap can create a basic Debian system from scratch, without apt/dpkg. Useful for installing in a <chroot>. It is key to installing Debian GNU/Linux from a Unix/Linux system, ask me about <install guide>. http://wiki.debian.org/Debootstrap http://www.debian-administration.org/article/Installing_new_Debian_systems_with_debootstrap
install x
M: 2009-05-02
<reply> To install X in Debian: "aptitude update && aptitude install xorg". You may also want to install a desktop environment - ask me about <install gnome>, <install kde>, <install xfce>, <install lxde> - or a window manager, ask me about <window manager>. To configure your X server, ask me about <xorg config>.
M: 2005-09-23
<reply>"PCs are like air conditioners, if you open Windows(R) they don't work." Support for Microsoft Windows operating systems is available in ##windows on irc.freenode.net.
cmd: wayttd (.*?)
C: 2002-11-14
($1): <reply> What Are You Trying To Do, $1?
M: 2008-01-22
the system the Debian project uses to train new people to become Debian Developers or Debian Maintainers and get their packages into the Debian archive. Ask me about <nmg>. http://lists.debian.org/debian-mentors/ http://mentors.debian.net/ #debian-mentors on irc.debian.org (irc.oftc.net).
M: 2010-04-28
<reply>Shiny New Shit Syndrome is a serious disorder, which usually breaks out into an epidemic every time something new is released. If you have SNS, ask me about <backports> and <ssb>; these are better options than upgrading to <testing> because it is a <moving target>.
M: 2011-07-28
<reply> See http://www.debian.org/releases/ for an explanation of releases. See <release history> or http://wiki.debian.org/DebianReleases for prior releases. Ask me about <stable>, <testing>, <unstable> and <introduction>.
M: 2012-03-15
<reply>Run "dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration" to change both your default console and X keymap; the setxkbmap utility can be used to adjust keymap settings during X operation. For setting up X keymaps, see xkeycaps, xev and ask me about <multimedia keys>.
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>Debian 8 "Jessie" is now the "stable" Debian release. See http://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/debian-installer/ for images. Developers page is http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/ . If you want to make custom install CDs, start with d-i. IRC: #debian-boot on irc.oftc.net. See also <errata>, <g-i>.
linux mint
M: 2010-12-03
<reply>Linux Mint is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. Please use their forums at http://forums.linuxmint.com/ or join #linuxmint-help on irc.spotchat.org for support. Linux Mint is variously based on <Ubuntu> with a "Linux Mint Debian Edition" (LMDE) also available. See also <based on debian>, <mintppc>.
M: 2005-08-16
<reply> Please don't immediately repeat your question if no one answers it. If no one answers, that means that either no one knows the answer to your question, no one is willing to answer it, or you haven't provided enough information. Ask me about <ask> or <sicco> if you need help phrasing your question. If you don't get an answer here, go ahead and try asking your question on debian-user@lists.debian.org
why iceweasel
M: 2008-02-25
<reply>Due to Mozilla logos licensing, Mozilla software isn't DFSG-free, so Debian distributes Mozilla software with different logos. Mozilla Corp revoked the agreement to let Debian use Mozilla trademarks, so Debian changed to non-trademarked product names. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mozilla_Corporation_software_rebranded_in_Debian for more information. http://glandium.org/blog/?p=933. Ask me about <dfsg> <iceweasel vs firefox>.
M: 2014-02-17
<reply>Where possible, most ATI/AMD graphics processing units are supported using the open source "radeon" driver on Debian systems by default, ask me about <radeon>. To install the proprietary "fglrx" driver, ask me about <fglrx>; installing this directly from amd.com (i.e. with the AMD Catalyst installer) is not supported in #debian, please go to #ati on irc.freenode.net.
release history
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>Debian releases are named after "Toy Story" characters. Buzz(1.1; 1996-03-14), Rex(1.2; 1996-10-28), Bo(1.3; 1997-05-01), Hamm(2.0; 1998-07-24), Slink(2.1; 1999-03-09), Potato(2.2; 2000-08-15), Woody(3.0; 2002-07-19), Sarge(3.1; 2005-06-06), Etch(4.0; 2007-04-08), Lenny(5.0; 2009-02-14), Squeeze(6.0; 2011-02-06), Wheezy(7; 2013-05-04), Jessie(8; 2015-04-25). The next release will be Stretch. http://deb.li/it56U
M: 2013-06-26
<reply>Multiarch allows you to install foreign architecture packages. For example, to allow i386 packages to be installed on an amd64 system: «dpkg --add-architecture i386 && apt-get update». See http://wiki.debian.org/Multiarch and <multiarch howto>, <multiarch failures>. For the unrelated installer that can install i386 or amd64, see <multi-arch installer>.
M: 2010-04-01
<reply> As an overview: to work with Debian source packages, add a <deb-src> line to your sources list; cd to a location with free space; download the source package with <apt-get source>; edit <debian/rules> to taste; use <dpkg-buildpackage> to build the new .deb. For more details, also ask me about <package recompile> <backport> <nmg> <policy> <source package>
M: 2013-08-07
<reply>The iwlwifi Linux kernel driver supports several Intel 802.11n (WiFi Link, Wireless-N, Advanced-N, Ultimate-N) and 802.11ac adapters. Firmware is required, ask me about <non-free sources> and install the firmware-iwlwifi package to provide. Supported devices are listed at https://wiki.debian.org/iwlwifi . See also <iwlegacy>, <iwl7000>.
M: 2009-05-29
<reply>X.Org X11 is the reference implementation of the X Window System, forked from XFree86 4.4RC2 and first included in Debian 4.0 "Etch". To install, ask me about <install x>. To configure, ask me about <xorg config>. To remove, ask about <remove x>. http://wiki.debian.org/Xorg http://x.org/ #xorg on irc.freenode.net.
debian live
M: 2011-02-07
<reply>The Debian Live project provides pre-built Debian live system images and allows creation of your own. These can be used to install a Debian system. Live images are available from http://www.debian.org/CD/live/ . http://live.debian.net/ #debian-live on irc.debian.org.
M: 2010-10-04
<reply>Webmin is a lame web-based interface for unsafe system administration for Unix. Check it out at http://webmin.com/ Remember, dondelelcaro *hates* webmin. "i'd rather sit on the floor shoving table knives into live electrical outlets than run webmin on an exposed server." Removed from Debian post-Sarge, see http://bugs.debian.org/343897 . The Debian package from webmin.com is of poor quality. See <free whcp> for alternatives.
debian clone
M: 2011-06-24
<reply> One method of cloning Debian installs is to take a current Debian machine that is set up with the packages you want and run the command "dpkg --get-selections > ~/selectionfile". Then, after the base install on other machines use that file and do: "dpkg --set-selections < ~/selectionfile && apt-get dselect-upgrade". Also ask me about <aptitude clone>, <reinstall>, <things to backup> <apt-clone>.
M: 2009-10-14
<reply> uupdate (in the <devscripts> package) upgrades a source code package from an upstream revision, or e.g. if the newest foo in debian is 1.2, and upstream is at 1.4: apt-get source foo; wget -nd http://foo.org/foo-1.4.tar.gz; cd foo-1.2; uupdate ../foo-1.4.tar.gz Ask me about <package recompile>.
C: 2002-08-22
<reply> see netinst
sid faq
M: 2011-04-16
<reply> http://deb.li/sidfaq ; it doesn't hurt to read the FAQ, even if you are using <testing>. See also http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel/2009/08/msg00041.html and <sid upgrade test>.
C: 2008-09-19
<reply>When a <testing> release becomes frozen, <unstable> tends to partially freeze as well. This is because developers are reluctant to upload radically new software to unstable, in case the frozen software in testing needs minor updates and to fix release critical bugs which keep testing from becoming <stable>.
M: 2010-04-12
<reply>http://snapshot.debian.org/ is an archive of almost all Debian packages uploaded since 2005, including those removed from the official archives because they were very buggy, unusable, broken, vulnerable or in some way non-free. This service replaces snapshot.debian.net. http://www.debian.org/News/2010/20100412
kp mantra
M: 2007-11-09
make-kpkg clean ; export VER=$(date +'%Y%m%d') NAMEEXT="-$(hostname)-$(dpkg-architecture -qDEB_HOST_ARCH)"; make-kpkg --revision=$VER --append-to-version=$NAMEEXT --rootcmd fakeroot kernel_image modules_image . Add --initrd before kernel_image if you need an <initrd>.
search dpkg
M: 2010-09-01
<reply>You can search my database on the web at http://ircbots.debian.net/ or on IRC by asking me about <help listkeys> and <help-listvals>. My factoids are available at http://crito.ucr.edu/~dpkg/ in archives that are updated nightly and the previous 18 days are there. See also <search>.
M: 2009-08-05
<reply> Use 'dpkg-reconfigure locales' to get it up and running. This generates <locale> definitions and also edits /etc/default/locale which sets the $LANG environment variable at login time. Use "LANG=C command" to change the output language for a one off command, ask me about <localised errors>. See also <mac locales>. http://wiki.debian.org/Locale
C: 2002-04-23
<reply> This!
M: 2003-01-26
<reply> Please ask sicco questions, questions that are Specific, Informative, Concise, Complete, and On-topic. Ask me about <research> and <cooperation in asking for help>.
M: 2011-02-06
<reply>Put "deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib non-free" in your /etc/apt/sources.list file to keep up-to-date on security updates in <stable>. Run "aptitude update" and "aptitude upgrade" (or "aptitude full-upgrade" if the updates are kept back). Also ask me about <dsa>, <security backports>, <oldstable security>, <testing security>, <unstable security>, <browser security>.
firmware images
M: 2015-04-25
<reply> see firmware images jessie
M: 2013-04-25
<reply>Ask me about <alsa>, <alsa checklist>. See also <default alsa>, <pulseaudio>.
M: 2009-05-28
<reply>[kernel-package] Obsolete. Use <kernel handbook> instead. Used to be The Debian Way(tm) "aptitude install kernel-package build-essential libncurses5-dev" and follow the instructions in /usr/share/doc/kernel-package/README.gz. You should also ask me about <make-kpkg>, <kp mantra> and <kernel build-deps>.
M: 2010-09-06
<reply> see backports.debian.org
cmd: -i (.*?)
M: 2006-11-28
($1): (<action>installs $1 into $nick's head with a bone saw and a few screws|<action> removes a (liver|speen|kidney|lung) from $nick and replaces it with $1|<reply> package $1 is already installed)
M: 2003-05-24
<reply>DFSG is the Debian Free Software Guidelines, which are explained at http://www.debian.org/social_contract#guidelines . For a full list of DFSG-compatible/incompatible software licenses, see http://wiki.debian.org/DFSGLicenses
testing security
M: 2015-05-10
<reply> The testing release does not receive full security support until just before release. Up until that time, security updates can take a few days to arrive and will often be new upstream versions which may require you to spend significant time reconfiguring applications. Don't run 'testing' on things where good security support and stability are important. See <moving target>.
M: 2010-06-24
<reply> see offtopic
install guide
M: 2009-02-16
<reply> see installation guide
M: 2013-06-06
<reply>debian/rules is the makefile used when building a .deb from source, edit it to change compilation options. Some packages use sophisticated build systems that should be documented in debian/README.source. Also remember to make a new entry in debian/changelog with "~yourname" (for a backport) or "+yourname" (for a recompile) added to the version number. See also <makefile>, <hold>, <package recompile>, <source>, <unique package version>.
cmd: slap (.*?)
C: 2002-02-07
($1): <action> strikes a resounding *THWAP* across $1's face
M: 2012-04-28
<reply> see zh
C: 2008-01-13
<reply> see linux mint
M: 2014-06-27
<reply>To chroot into your Debian system boot to your Debian install disk/live CD, switch to the other console (Alt-F2). Mount your root filesystem with "mount -t ext2 /dev/whatever /target" and make /dev, /proc and /sys usable with "mount --bind /dev /target/dev ; mount -t proc none /target/proc ; mount -t sysfs none /target/sys". You can then chroot into the system with "chroot /target".
M: 2003-07-20
<reply> Sunday is the day all trolls swarm to #debian, avoid at all cost to remain sane.
C: 2000-05-01
<reply> Cya, $who
M: 2011-05-04
<reply>Firmware is software to operate electronic devices, usually contained in EPROM or flash memory. Some Linux kernel drivers require firmware to be provided from userspace, notably for <WiFi> devices. Most firmware files are not part of a Debian release as they do not conform to the <DFSG>; some are available via <contrib> and <non-free> packages, ask me about <search>. See also <installer firmware>. http://wiki.debian.org/Firmware
M: 2005-12-03
<reply> see install debian
xorg config
M: 2009-09-29
<reply>From Debian 5.0 "Lenny" onwards, xorg mostly configures itself. Resolution is set by your monitor/graphics card (unless they're broken), by your desktop environment or <xrandr>. From Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", input hotplugging saves duplicating settings and restarting X after changes. The /etc/X11/xorg.conf file is usually no longer needed and is often blank. Manual configuration is still possible, see <xorg manual config>.
M: 2013-04-30
<reply>b43 is a Linux kernel driver supporting PCI/PCIe wireless LAN devices with Broadcom chips. Firmware is required, ask me about <b43-fwcutter> to provide. http://wiki.debian.org/bcm43xx #bcm-users on irc.freenode.net. For BCM4313/43224/43225 device support, ask me about <brcmsmac>. For support of the BCM4306 rev 2 and 802.11b-only devices, ask me about <b43legacy>.
M: 2003-03-31
<reply>"This release is currently considered ``unstable''. That means that things *will* break if you run it." (quote from old page http://www.debian.org/releases/woody/), or http://bugs.debian.org/155873#10
M: 2012-12-29
<reply>make-kpkg is no longer the recommended method for building kernel packages. See <kernel handbook> for current instructions. It can be used to make a debian package for a custom kernel. See man make-kpkg, <kp mantra>. NOTE it does not automatically create header packages, needed for module-assistant and dkms.
M: 2010-04-19
<reply>equivs is a package that enables you to create dummy packages that tell <apt> you really have installed (through some other means) the package. aptitude install equivs, and read /usr/share/doc/equivs/*, see also <usrlocal>. A better plan is often to adapt the Debian packages to your needs, ask me about <package recompile> <uupdate> <ssb>.
release notes
M: 2015-04-25
<reply> see jessie release notes
M: 2011-10-09
<reply>see sdo
M: 2013-12-17
<reply>Mozilla Firefox is replaced by Iceweasel in Debian, ask me about <iceweasel> and <why iceweasel>. For actual Mozilla Firefox® support, try #firefox on irc.freenode.net. For the latest and greatest versions of Iceweasel, ask me about <mozilla.debian.net>.
M: 2008-11-27
<reply> see wireless
backport caveat
M: 2008-11-17
<reply>Remember that in installing backports, you will be using an unusual configuration of packages that has not been tested as thoroughly as Debian stable and that newer packages have both newer features and newer bugs. Ask me about <version chasing>. Also note that you can't rely on backports to be patched quickly if vulnerabilities are discovered.
cmd: comfort (.*?)
C: 2001-10-12
($1): <reply> There, there, $1. It's OK. I'm here for you.
set time
M: 2011-05-26
<reply> To set the time on Debian systems, use date --set. The truly enlightened user, however, will install <ntp> to have their clock set automatically on reboot and slewed to match time servers. Also verify the system's UTC setting and set the correct time zone; ask me about <utc>, <timezone>.
remove gnome
M: 2009-12-15
<reply>To remove or purge GNOME 2.x: aptitude remove ~nlibgnome ~nlibbonobo2 ~nliborbit2 ~nlibgnomeui ~nlibgnomevfs2. Use 'purge' instead of 'remove' if that's what you want (ask me about <purge>).
cmd: do (.*?)
M: 2004-02-01
($1): <action> (does|refuses to do|eagerly does|reluctantly agrees to do|wonders why (he|she|it|they|we|you|those smelly goats) should do|wouldn't dream of doing) $1
cmd: pal (.*?)
C: 2005-01-19
($1): <action> points at $1 and laughs(| hysterically| uproariously)
M: 2008-03-25
<reply> Por favor use #debian-pt para ajuda em portugues ou #debian-br para ajuda em portugues do brasil. ( /join #debian-pt )
M: 2011-09-25
<reply>When you get random packages from random repositories, mix multiple releases of Debian, or mix Debian and derived distributions, you have a mess. There's no way anyone can support this "distribution of Frankenstein" and #debian certainly doesn't want to even try. See if you can convince ##linux to help.
M: 2012-02-08
<reply>From Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" onwards, <IPv6> is built into the Linux kernel (excluding the loongson-2f flavour). To disable IPv6, add the kernel command line option ipv6.disable=1 to your bootloader.
your factoids
M: 2008-06-02
<reply> see search dpkg
localized errors
M: 2009-06-09
<reply> Rather than hoping that we recognise what has gone wrong from the error messages in your native language, please provide any error messages in English. You can do this by setting your locale to an English one (e.g. C) prior to running the command, e.g. «LC_ALL=C apt-get -f install»
nvidia dkms
M: 2013-08-02
<reply>For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems. Ask me about <contrib> and <non-free sources>. «aptitude -r install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` nvidia-kernel-dkms && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "nvidia"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nvidia.conf». Restart your system to enable the <nouveau> blacklist.
M: 2010-03-27
<reply> reportbug is used to submit bugs to the Debian <BTS>. Install reportbug, then run reportbug. Or on the web, http://www.debian.org/Bugs/, or see http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch05s04#problem-report for some general information about using reportbug and/or for <debian-installer> bug reporting. Also ask me about <report-bugs>. http://wiki.debian.org/reportbug http://www.debian.org/Bugs/Reporting
cmd: deb-src (.*?)
C: 2011-08-16
($1): <reply>You can get apt to download source packages with a <deb-src> line in your <sources.list>. A suitable entry for the $1 release is: "deb-src http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ $1 main contrib non-free". Remember to "apt-get update" after changing your sources.list.
M: 2014-02-27
<reply>Please invoke 'dpkg: ops $problem' to call the operators to deal with a specific problem. Misuse of this will lead to a ban. Operators can also be contacted in the #debian-ops channel.
usb install
C: 2013-03-18
<reply>You can install Debian from a USB stick/thumbdrive/pen drive/key on x86 systems, as long as your system's BIOS can boot from USB. Details are in the Installation Guide, see http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch04s03 and ask me about <install debian> for hybrid CD/DVD images. Use http://sf.net/projects/win32diskimager/ to write images from Windows. For BIOSes not capable of USB boot, ask me about <plop>.
M: 2008-01-18
<reply> see sources.list
ftp must die
M: 2010-06-04
<reply> FTP MUST DIE! http://mywiki.wooledge.org/FtpMustDie . If you really just want to provide anonymous download of files, use HTTP: http://daniel.haxx.se/docs/ftp-vs-http.html
free ram
M: 2008-07-29
<reply>Unlike information, your computer's memory does *not* want to be free. Free RAM is wasted RAM! Linux tries to use free physical memory for caching files from disk which speeds up disk access considerably. Linux releases RAM from these caches if programs need it. If you want to know how much physical memory the free(1) tool says you have left for program use, it's 'free' + 'buffers' + 'cache'. Also ask me about <swapwake>.
M: 2013-06-11
<reply>Skype is a proprietary cross-platform <VoIP> service and application owned by Microsoft. Debian cannot distribute the application due to its license. See http://wiki.debian.org/skype and ask me about <skype amd64> for community-contributed information. Consider using free and secure alternatives: <ekiga>, <empathy>, <jitsi>, <linphone>.
M: 2012-04-28
<reply>amd64 is the Debian architecture optimized for x86-64, aka AMD64. Intel Core 2, Core i3/i5/i7 and Xeon (since 2004) systems are x86-64. The AMD64 architecture also supports running Debian i386 with either a -686-pae or -amd64 kernel. See also <why amd64> and <why not amd64>.
M: 2009-08-20
<reply>module-assistant is a tool helping to build additional (kernel) module packages - from Debian module source packages - and install them. "aptitude install module-assistant". See usage examples at http://wiki.debian.org/ModuleAssistant . Log files from successful (and unsuccessful!) builds can be found in /var/cache/modass/
M: 2009-05-02
<reply>Wine (Wine Is Not an Emulator) is an application intended to allow execution of Microsoft Windows programs on Unix-like operating systems. Application compatibility database: http://appdb.winehq.org/ . http://wiki.winehq.org/HowTo http://wiki.winehq.org/FAQ #winehq on irc.freenode.net. See <mmap_min_addr> regarding use of Win16 binaries. See also <newer wine>.
whats my hardware
M: 2008-10-29
<reply>You can use lspci, lsusb, lsscsi, lspcmcia, lshal, hwinfo, dmidecode, and/or lshw, or even dmesg to find out what kind of hardware your machine might have, or you could crack the lid and look inside ... oooh, shiny! If you install lshw, run "lshw -html > myhardware.html" as root and you'll have a nice HTML summation. See also <myram>, <driver locator>.
M: 2009-04-10
<reply>Use «hostname foo» to set the hostname, $EDITOR /etc/hostname to set it for the next boot (create /etc/hostname if it does not exist) and $EDITOR /etc/hosts to set up local translations for a FQDN. See also 'man 1 hostname', or ask me about <mailname>. http://wiki.debian.org/HowTo/ChangeHostname
M: 2010-07-26
the Debian Popularity contest, the basis for what packages appear on the first few CDs/DVDs etc (by rank). Install the popularity-contest package to participate. See the results at http://popcon.debian.org/ -- See the FAQ at http://popcon.debian.org/FAQ . Statistics are also available via IRC, /msg judd popcon $package
M: 2010-01-10
<reply> apt-listbugs (aptitude install apt-listbugs) is available since Debian 3.1 "Sarge". When installed, it will fetch the list of critical <BTS> bugs that pertain to any packages being installed. It also allows you to <pin> a version to prevent upgrades to any packages you discover to be too risky. See also <apt-listchanges>.
M: 2009-05-10
<reply> If you're running one of the desktop environments in Debian, then ask me about <kde automount>, <thunar-volman>. If you want something for the command line, then ask me about <usbmount>, <pmount> or <halevt>. For a completely different approach to automounting, ask me about <autofs>.
M: 2008-12-07
what keeps your box from getting r00ted, or what you do with aptitude. Do an aptitude update first, and then an aptitude upgrade. Ask me about <security>. If you upgrade to a new stable version of Debian, read its release notes first. Ask me about <squeeze->wheezy> <wheezy->jessie>.
M: 2012-02-08
<reply>Debian Volatile was a project aiming at keeping Debian releases up-to-date for fast moving packages such as virus scanners, spam scanners and firmware downloaders. It was replaced by the <stable-updates> suite as of Debian 6.0 "Squeeze". http://lists.debian.org/debian-volatile-announce/2012/msg00000.html
moving target
M: 2009-10-22
<reply> Sure, testing might be shinier than stable, but are you prepared to be continually updating your system? Things that worked today will break tomorrow. Configuration file formats will change and you'll have to fold your changes in yet again. Testing is a moving target and if you'd rather work *with* your computer than working *on* your computer, you might not want that. See <testing security>.
M: 2012-06-10
the probably first <metasyntactic variable>, it's a placeholder for some other term. See http://www.catb.org/~esr/jargon/html/F/foo.html and <bar>, also read the Etymology of "Foo" (RFC3092).
M: 2015-12-29
<reply>The Debian Live project provides pre-built Debian live system images and allows creation of your own. These can be used to install a Debian system. Live images are available from http://www.debian.org/CD/live/ . http://live.debian.net/ #debian-live on irc.debian.org. See also <live firmware>. Currently you CANNOT install in UEFI from a Debian live image.
install xfce
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>To install <Xfce> on established systems, ask me about <install x>, then: «apt-get install xfce4 xfce4-goodies». To install using Debian-Installer (if not using Xfce CD-1): from the 'Software selection' dialog, choose "Xfce" (use space bar to toggle selections), then "Continue"; an Internet connection may be required to obtain these packages.
M: 2010-01-09
<reply>[sudo] (Substitute User DO) Not enabled by default on Debian systems; configure /etc/sudoers first, ask me about <visudo>, <sudoers>. sudo can give limited super user privileges to specific users, or allow you to do silly things like run X apps with root permissions, or good in scripts with "username ALL = NOPASSWD: /some/program". See also <sudo path>. http://wiki.debian.org/sudo http://www.aplawrence.com/Basics/sudo.html
M: 2015-08-21
#debian on <freenode> is logged at http://ibot.rikers.org/%23debian/ , #debian on <OFTC> is logged at http://irclogs.thegrebs.com/debian/
C: 2013-03-21
<reply>Selected packages intended for the Debian 8 "Jessie" release but recompiled for use with "Wheezy" (7.x) can be found in the "wheezy-backports" repository. Note that wheezy-backports are on the regular mirror network, not on backports.debian.org. A suitable line for your sources.list is «deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-backports main». Also ask me about <bdo>.
M: 2013-10-12
<reply>Debian stable does not always include all the software people need or want so there is much official, semi-official, and non-official software available for stable. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianSoftware . Ask me about <security>, <installer firmware>, <backports>, <stable-updates>, <multimedia>, <non-free>, <contrib>, <emdebian>, <debian live>. See also <grounding>, <social contract>, <introduction>.
M: 2006-08-06
Read The Fucking Manual. If you want to ask a question about foo, please read man foo; before asking. If there isn't a manpage about foo, use apropos to find one. Reading manuals helps us help you. [You might try info foo as well.]
C: 2003-08-07
<reply>our $apt=Blootbot->new($apt)
M: 2011-09-28
<reply>Oracle VM VirtualBox is an almost free software virtual machine solution. To install, see https://wiki.debian.org/VirtualBox or ask me about <vbox-install jessie>, <vbox-install wheezy>. http://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/User_FAQ http://www.virtualbox.org/ #vbox on irc.freenode.net. See also <vbox rename>, <vbox guest>, <vbox extpack>, <vbox migrate win>, <vdi>, <virtualization>.
they don't know
M: 2011-10-11
<reply>We're sorry your distro's channel isn't being helpful, but that doesn't make it appropriate to use #debian for non-Debian questions. Please go back to your channel and wait patiently for better help, or install Debian and party with us.
C: 2011-09-16
<reply> nopaste is a command-line tool to send data to a <pastebin>. To paste e.g. your sources.list do "aptitude install libapp-nopaste-perl; nopaste /etc/apt/sources.list"; to paste the output of a program do e.g. "dmesg | nopaste".
unix lessons
M: 2003-09-18
(1) Don't change the permissions, (2) back up your data, (3) keep it simple, stupid, (4) read the fscking manual, (5) don't fsck with package management, (6) don't type anything you don't understand, (7) always have a boot floppy or CD, (8) read your log files, (9) the FIRST error is the one that counts, (10) don't leave your root shell until you TEST your changes, (11) don't be root when you don't have to be
M: 2009-07-19
<reply>CUPS (formerly Common Unix Printing System) provides a portable printing layer for Unix-based operating systems and supports the Internet Printing Protocol. To install, ask me about <cups setup>. See also <debug cups>. http://cups.org/faq.php http://www.cups.org/ ##cups on irc.freenode.net.
cmd: error processing (.*?)
C: 2007-06-25
($1): <reply> $who: That isn't an error, post the whole output to a pastebin (/msg dpkg pastebin).
M: 2009-05-13
<reply>[gpg] GNU Privacy Guard (GnuPG, GPG) is free public-key encryption program, an alternative to <PGP>. Packaged for Debian as gnupg and gnupg2. http://gnupg.org/ #gnupg on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2006-06-05
<reply>OFTC is the Open and Free Technology Community, a support/collaboration service. They have an IRC network: irc.oftc.net. You may be connected to OFTC's network. http://www.oftc.net/ See also <freenode>, <oftc move> and <fact sharing>.
sns syndrome
M: 2010-04-29
<reply> see sns
M: 2010-02-17
<reply>[ssh] the Secure SHell; "aptitude install ssh" (<openssh>). Clients for other platforms include <putty> and <cygwin>. Programs to mitigate against brute-force attacks on your SSH server include <fail2ban> and <denyhosts>. See also <scp>, <sftp>, <ssh without password>, <ssh permissions>, <sshx>, <ssh linedraw>, <debug sshd>, <dropbear>, <ssh-copy-id>, <ssh verify key>.
partial downgrade
M: 2010-05-12
<reply> This may or may not work for you, but if you've got nothing to lose then try it: (a) change sources.list (b) aptitude update (c) aptitude and then search for the upgraded packages, hit enter on them, select the correct version (d) do the same for libc6 (e) search for broken packages by pressing "b" and then fix them in the same way (f) once you have no more broken packages, hit 'g'. See <not available>.
M: 2010-02-05
<reply> see powerpc
M: 2013-10-01
<reply> see fixboot
M: 2003-08-11
<reply>lay off me you buggerererers!!11!
M: 2011-03-03
<reply>To list uninstalled recommended packages: aptitude search '~RBrecommends:~i!~i'; upgradeable packages: aptitude search '~U'; manually installed packages: aptitude search '~i!~M'; See also <obsolete> <not available> <bdo list> <dmm list> <which repo> <aptitude clone> <sort by size> <aptitude why> <aptitude search> <aptitude ops> <aptitude states>
M: 2009-04-07
<reply>File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a method of moving files between systems using TCP/IP. There are three sane kinds of FTP: anonymous, encrypted and unprivileged (non-Unix users). Unencrypted FTP using Unix users will get your box pwn3d as fast as running windows on your firewall machine. Ask me about <ftp must die>, <scp>, <sftp>. See also <ftpd>.
M: 2012-10-23
<reply>http://dotdeb.org/ is an unofficial package repository with emphasis on the <LAMP> solution stack, unsupported in #debian. To get support, read http://www.dotdeb.org/2012/08/24/how-to-post-useful-bug-reports/ and report any issues to https://github.com/gplessis/dotdeb-php5/issues . Ask me about <dotdeb alternatives>.
M: 2009-10-24
a command used to mount a device to the local filesystem. `man 8 mount`. See also <reference>, <fstab>.
M: 2010-06-08
<reply>To disable the bell: "xset b off" in X, "setterm -blength 0" in console. For some reason, bash beeps excessively when in emacs (default) mode; "set -o vi" puts it in vi editing mode, which doesn't beep on partial completions. In konsole, Settings->Bell->Visible Bell. See also <pcspkr>, <shell beep>, <metacity bell bug>.
which repo
M: 2014-10-30
<reply>To see what repository a package may have come from, try https://www.palfrader.org/gitweb/?p=tools/weaselutils.git;a=blob_plain;f=apt-listrepository or use dpkg -l | awk '/^.i/ {print $2}' | xargs apt-cache policy | awk '/^[a-z0-9.-]+:/ {pkg=$1}; /\*\*\*/ {OFS="\t"; ver=$2; getline; print pkg,ver,$2,$3}', or ask me about <obsolete>, or http://people.debian.org/~dannf/apt-inventory, or <bdo list>, or <dmm list>
M: 2011-02-20
<reply>Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the next-generation IP version designed to replace IPv4. Available in Debian since <potato>, full IPv6 support was a release goal for Squeeze. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianIPv6 http://ipv6.debian.net/ http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/Linux+IPv6-HOWTO/ http://www.ipv6.org/ #debian-ipv6 on irc.oftc.net, #ipv6 on irc.freenode.net. To disable IPv6 on your system, ask me about <noipv6>.
tracker of doom
M: 2008-11-09
<reply>The Tracker of Doom is a vulnerability database maintained by the Debian security team, viewable at http://security-tracker.debian.org/ . Ask me about <cve lookup CVE-yyyy-nnnn> to get Debian-specific information on a CVE number. See also http://www.debian.org/security/crossreferences or ask me about <debsecan> http://www.enyo.de/fw/software/debsecan/
M: 2015-04-28
<reply>Debian GNU/kFreeBSD is a port that consists of GNU userland using the GNU C library on top of FreeBSD's kernel, coupled with the regular Debian package set. kfreebsd-amd64 and kfreebsd-i386 are not official release architectures for Debian 8 "Jessie" due to quality concerns. https://www.debian.org/ports/kfreebsd-gnu/ https://wiki.debian.org/Debian_GNU/kFreeBSD_FAQ #debian-kbsd on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2010-01-09
<reply>DM means Display Manager, the app that brings up a graphical login screen and starts your login session. <xdm>, <gdm>, <kdm>, <wdm>, pdm, login.app, <slim> and <lightdm> are all examples of display managers. Ask me about <nodm> if you want to disable the DM. Or Debian Maintainer: http://wiki.debian.org/DebianMaintainer . For the deb-multimedia repository, ask me about <dmm>.
installed packages
M: 2011-01-28
<reply> To list installed packages, dpkg -l |awk '/^[hi]i/{print $2}'; or aptitude search -F '%p' '~i'; or ask me about <aptitude clone>, <debian clone>. See also <installed test>. For one package, use "dpkg -l packagename" or "apt-cache policy packagename" or (from squeeze onwards) "aptitude versions packagename".
M: 2015-07-27
<reply> 如果您想要以中文得到 Debian 相關的協助,請加入 irc.debian.org 或 irc.oftc.net 上的 #dot 頻道,連線與加入頻道的方法請參閱 IRC 程式之相關說明,或於網路上搜尋。謝謝您的合作!
things to backup
C: 2008-07-22
<reply>Some things you should back up include: /etc /home /root /usr/local /usr/src /opt /srv. Tailor to your own purposes. If you think you don't need /var, make sure you don't forget /var/lib/dpkg /var/lib/apt* /var/lib/mysql /var/mail /var/www /var/cache/debconf /var/spool/cron ...
M: 2010-10-10
<reply>Fonts available as Debian packages are automatically configured for use via <defoma>. To add user-supplied fonts to a Debian system, ask me about <install font> or see http://wiki.debian.org/Fonts . For general font information, see http://www.nwalsh.com/comp.fonts/FAQ/ . See also <liberation>, <mscorefonts>, <ttf>.
M: 2010-09-21
<reply>A locale is a set of rules for presenting information to humans according to local conventions (date format, thousands separators, language, etc.). Ask me about <locales> to establish on a Debian system. http://wiki.debian.org/Locale http://mywiki.wooledge.org/locale
C: 2000-11-29
<reply> /quit you fool!
own repo
M: 2012-02-20
<reply>To feed your own packages into apt, you need to create a repository with a Packages file that lists the packages. If you only have a few packages and don't have very sophisticated requirements, you can use <dpkg-scanpackages>. If you want to be able add/remove packages using regular Debian tools like dput then try <reprepro> or mini-dinstall. See http://wiki.debian.org/HowToSetupADebianRepository
M: 2013-04-28
<reply>ext4 (fourth extended filesystem) was introduced in Linux 2.6.28. It supports volumes up to one exabyte (1024 petabytes) and extents. ext4 is the default Linux filesystem since Debian 7 "Wheezy" (bug #603084). Ask me about <ext3->ext4> and <ext4->ext3>. ext4 is not supported by <grub legacy> (bug #511121). http://wiki.debian.org/Ext4 http://ext4.wiki.kernel.org/ #ext4 and #linuxfs on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2007-07-29
<reply>Remember Lorena Bobbitt [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorena_Bobbitt ]? Remember what she did to her husband's woody? Well, when you install binary packages from different branches onto your woody, you get the same result. Same goes for Jessie, any other Debian system, "Debian based distro", or the fire that is <rpm>, <alien>, etc.
jessie sources.list
M: 2015-03-28
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for Debian 8 "Jessie" has three lines: "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ jessie main" "deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main" "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates main". Be sure to run «aptitude update» after editing sources.list. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <jessie/updates> <jessie-updates> <mirrors> and "man sources.list".
M: 2010-12-09
<reply> Debian follows the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard. The filesystem is categorized by purpose, not application. This allows, for example, the easy and efficient deployment of a read-only /usr area across a number of thin clients. See http://www.pathname.com/fhs/ or install the 'debian-policy' package (/usr/share/doc/debian-policy/fhs/*), or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filesystem_Hierarchy_Standard, or "man hier".
M: 2007-09-18
<reply> I'm not your csh prompt!
free whcp
M: 2010-06-23
<reply> FOSS Web Hosting Control Panels include: <DTC>, <GNUPanel>, <ISPConfig> and <ispCP> Omega. Don't use <Webmin>. http://wiki.debian.org/HostingControlPanels
M: 2013-01-02
<reply>You can run X11 apps securely over an ssh connection without <xhost> nor X TCP support. Enable X11Forwarding _on the remote server_ (/etc/ssh/sshd_config) and install xauth on both the client and the server. Then "ssh -X" from the client and run X apps on the remote machine. See also <root x>, <cygwin sshx>, <3hosts sshx>.
M: 2008-07-20
<reply> 0 is halt, 1 is single user, 2, 3, 4, 5 are multiuser, 6 is reboot. By default 2, 3, 4 and 5 are identical (there are no graphic/non-graphic runlevels), but you can configure this if you wish. Read /usr/share/doc/sysvinit/*; read /etc/init.d/README; man update-rc.d; if that doesn't make sense, consider installing <rcconf> instead. See also http://debian-administration.org/articles/212, <startup>, <file-rc>, <single-user mode>.
xorg manual config
M: 2010-11-27
<reply>From Debian 5.0 "Lenny" onwards, you can often use an <empty xorg.conf>. To configure your keyboard layout for both X and console, run «dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration». If you have further things you wish to configure, use "X -configure" ("X -configure :1" if server is already active) to produce a xorg.conf template. See also <xorg hal>. http://wiki.debian.org/XStrikeForce/InputHotplugGuide
M: 2012-10-01
<reply>Raspbian is a distribution <based on Debian> made specifically for the <Raspberry Pi>. Raspbian is not Debian and it is not supported in #debian. Please use #raspbian on irc.freenode.net for support. http://www.raspbian.org/
kali linux
C: 2013-03-13
<reply>Kali Linux (http://www.kali.org/) is a security and penetration testing distribution from the creators of <backtrack>. It is based on Debian, but it is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. Seek help in #kali-linux on chat.freenode.net or http://forums.kali.org/ . Also ask me about <based on debian>.
M: 2010-02-10
<reply>A short reference of Debian commands - quite useful for someone new to Debian - can be found at http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/refcard/refcard.en.pdf and packaged for Debian as debian-refcard. See also <grounding>, <vim refcard>.
C: 2000-11-17
<reply> thanks, $nick. It's good to be back.
firmware image
M: 2010-08-08
<reply> see firmware images
M: 2014-02-18
<reply>Request For Package (RFP) is the way to ask for a piece of software to be included in Debian. See http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp, the section on that page "Adding new entries with "reportbug"" is a good place to start. Technically, a RFP is a wishlist bug filed against "wnpp" with a title beginning "RFP: ", ask me about <wnpp>. The best way of getting software packaged is to do it yourself: ask me about <nmg>.
M: 2012-05-28
<reply> see debian mirrors
why amd64
C: 2008-10-14
<reply>The Debian architecture that runs on 64-bit processors from AMD and Intel is called "amd64" because the architecture was first developed by AMD. AMD64 is variously known as x86-64, x64, IA-32e, EM64T and Intel 64 (most of which are the Intel marketing people changing their mind). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/x86-64
C: 2013-03-13
<reply> see kali linux
cmd: blame (.*?)
C: 2002-10-26
($1): <action> blames $randnick and $1 for (all the evil in the world|the end of (life|culture|the Internet|the world) as we know it)
rescue mode
C: 2007-06-29
<reply> Debian-Installer has a recovery ('rescue') mode, which can be used to reinstall the GRUB or LILO boot loaders. See section 8.7 of the Installation Guide ("Recovering a Broken System") for more details; ask me about <install guide>.
M: 2008-09-25
The Man. or someone who pushes to have procfs replace sysctl, despite the fact for programs this makes things significantly slower. someone that doesn't comment, or at http://revolution-os.com/images/linus_at_linuxworld.jpg
M: 2011-02-21
<reply>Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) is a full <virtualization> solution for Linux hosts on x86 hardware with x86 guests. Packaged as qemu-kvm since Debian 6.0 "Squeeze". See http://wiki.debian.org/KVM for installation instructions, also ask me about <xve>. http://www.linux-kvm.org/page/FAQ http://www.linux-kvm.org/ #kvm on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2004-10-15
<reply>A factoid is something resembling a fact or unverified (often invented) information that is given credibility because it appeared in print, or a brief (usually one sentence and usually trivial) news item, or often-repeated information, stored to keep people from having to repeatedly explain something. This thing you're reading right now is called a "factoid".
M: 2012-12-04
<reply>The nouveau project aims to build high-quality, open source drivers for Nvidia GPUs (Riva, TNT, GeForce, Quadro). Nouveau <DRM> is part of the Linux kernel, the display driver is packaged as xserver-xorg-video-nouveau (read its README.Debian file for important notes). Install the libgl1-mesa-dri package for 3D acceleration. http://nouveau.freedesktop.org/ #nouveau on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2013-05-20
<reply>see mozilla.debian.net
M: 2007-04-26
<reply>/etc/rc.local is a script called by /etc/init.d/rc.local which is typically one of the last things to be run during the boot sequence. If you have commands you want run at boot, edit /etc/rc.local (don't touch /etc/init.d/rc.local). rc.local is regarded as a hack, consider writing a real init script instead, ask me about <init.d>.
M: 2014-02-09
<reply>systemd is a system and service manager for Linux, compatible with SysV and LSB init scripts. It is a replacement for <sysvinit>. systemd shipped as a technology preview in Debian 7 "Wheezy" and is the default init system in Debian 8 "Jessie". https://wiki.debian.org/systemd #debian-systemd on irc.oftc.net http://freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd #systemd on irc.freenode.net. See also <why systemd>.
M: 2005-12-09
<reply> see installed packages
not available
M: 2010-04-29
<reply>To get a list of packages you have installed now, that are not available from any repository in your sources.list: aptitude search '?narrow(?not(?archive("^[^n][^o].*$")),?version(CURRENT))'
M: 2010-02-01
<reply>Python is a very nice scripting language, easy to learn and still quite powerful and elegant if you know how to use it. See http://wiki.python.org/moin/BeginnersGuide . #python and ##python on irc.freenode.net, #python on irc.oftc.net. See also <python 2.6>, <python 2.7> and <python 3>.
M: 2009-11-13
<reply> Debian .deb packages are a special form of <ar> archive which can be unpacked with "ar x pkg.deb". Inside the file control.tar.gz are conffiles, installation scripts, and a file "control" which contains the information shown with "apt-cache show pkg". Dependencies can be changed by editing this file. Install the dpkg-dev package and read "man 5 deb" for more details. A better plan is to see <package recompile> <source package>.
bdo list
M: 2012-02-29
<reply> To list all packages you have installed from <debian backports>: «aptitude search '?narrow(?version(CURRENT),?origin(Debian Backports))' --disable-columns -F%p»; apt must know about the origin repository for this to work (i.e. you have a 'deb' line for it in sources.list and 'apt-get update' has been run). To list all backported packages available for your system: «aptitude search '?origin(Debian Backports)'». See also <which repo>.
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>Debian 8 "Jessie" was released on 2015-04-25. It is now considered "stable". Ask me about <install debian>, or <wheezy->jessie> to upgrade from Debian 7 "Wheezy". See http://www.debian.org/releases/ or <release history> for the latest (and historical) releases. For updates from the Debian Release Team, see http://release.debian.org/
M: 2011-12-07
<reply>PulseAudio (formerly Polypaudio) is a cross-platform network sound server, intended as a drop-in replacement for <ESD>. Packaged for Debian since 4.0 "Etch", read /usr/share/doc/pulseaudio/README.Debian after installation for configuration recommendations; Debian specific how-to is at http://forums.debian.net/viewtopic.php?t=12497 . http://pulseaudio.org/wiki/FAQ http://pulseaudio.org/ #pulseaudio on irc.freenode.net.
irc primer
M: 2010-03-10
<reply>"A Short IRC Primer": http://www.irchelp.org/irchelp/ircprimer.html . See also "The IRC Prelude": http://www.irchelp.org/irchelp/new2irc.html
squeeze->wheezy failures
M: 2013-05-03
<reply>Try: (a) upgrade in 2 steps: apt-get upgrade; apt-get dist-upgrade (b) apt-get dist-upgrade -o APT::Immediate-Configure=0 (c) add squeeze back into sources.list; apt-get update; try again. (d) apt-get install apt; try again (e) apt-get install badpackage; try again (f) apt-get remove badpackage; apt-get install badpackage; try again (g) dpkg -r --force-depends badpackage; apt-get -f install; try again.
M: 2009-05-27
a file that lets the `mount' command know what mountable things (partitions, drives, etc) are in your system. Try `man 5 fstab` for more information on it. See also <label>, <uuid>.
M: 2013-11-06
<reply>UNetbootin (Universal Netboot Installer) allows creation of bootable USB drives for a variety of Linux distributions. http://unetbootin.sf.net/ Not recommended for use with Debian CD/DVD images, as it mangles the installer in cruel and unusual ways, resulting in hard to debug problems. Ask me about <hybrid images>, <usb install>, <win32diskimager>.
M: 2013-05-06
<reply>Samba is a Unix implementation of Windows file/print sharing (the SMB/CIFS protocol). http://samba.org/samba/docs/man/Samba-HOWTO-Collection/ http://samba.org/samba/docs/ http://wiki.samba.org/ #samba on irc.freenode.net. See also <swat>, <dfs>.
M: 2013-04-30
<reply>Broadcom's proprietary wireless LAN driver (wl, aka broadcom-sta) supports devices based on the Broadcom BCM4311, BCM4312, BCM4313, BCM4321, BCM4322, BCM43224, BCM43225, BCM43227, BCM43228, BCM43142, BCM4331, BCM4352 and BCM4360 chips. To install (amd64 and i386 only), see https://wiki.debian.org/wl . Most of these chips are also supported by the open source <b43> and <brcmsmac> drivers.
M: 2004-05-05
<reply>Don't be sorry...but if you ever go against the Debian Family again...
M: 2013-01-02
a protocol used by X servers and clients. X11 stands for the eleventh version of the X window system.
apt recommends
M: 2014-08-11
<reply>Packages required in all but unusual cases (that is, "breakable" dependencies) are called "recommended" packages. By not installing these packages, you miss the standard functionality they provide. To disable once, "aptitude -R install packagename" or "apt-get --no-install-recommends install packagename". To disable permanently, echo "APT::Install-Recommends no;" > /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/no-recommends. See <why recommends>.
M: 2010-06-26
a little guy that knows everything about Linux... just do "man commandname" and he will teach you all about commandname. You can search for the appropriate man page with "apropos term". Enable <tab completion> in your shell to fill in the man page names. Man pages are available online too, ask me about <dmp>. See also <docs> <grounding>.
M: 2013-03-21
<reply>pastebin.com mangles input, takes forever to load, often makes us enter a CAPTCHA to see your paste and fills the screen with ads. Please use a different site, like http://paste.debian.net/
M: 2009-05-30
defined in English with many different meanings of which only one refers to cost. Easier in French, or 'free beer' = gratuit / 'free speech' = libre, or http://www.debian.org/intro/free, or http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/categories.html, or free (procps) tells you how much memory is used/wasted ("Mem:") and how much is being necessarily used/could be freed ("-/+ buffers/cache:"), see also <free ram>.
iceweasel backports
M: 2014-08-11
<reply> For stable releases, newer versions of Iceweasel, Icedove and Iceape can be found at http://mozilla.debian.net/ ; you will want the "release" repository. For users of testing and unstable, updated packages are normally in <experimental>; only Extended Support Release (ESR) versions are suitable for release in <stable> so only those versions can be uploaded to unstable.
radeon firmware
M: 2015-04-28
<reply>Binary-only firmware for the radeon <DRM> driver is packaged for Debian as firmware-linux-nonfree. Without this package installed, poor 2D/3D performance in the <radeon> xorg driver is commonly experienced. To install, ask me about <non-free sources>. This is not required for use of the <fglrx> driver.
M: 2013-10-15
<reply>#debian-next is the channel for testing/unstable support on the OFTC network (irc.oftc.net), *not* on Freenode. If you get "Cannot join #debian-next (Channel is invite only)." it means you did not read it's on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2010-05-02
<reply> gpm (General Purpose Mouse) is a package for use of the mouse in a Linux (text-only) console. Install it, then use left button to select text, middle or right button to paste. In some applications (such as elinks), you have to hold down Shift in order to cut or paste, otherwise the application itself interprets the mouse clicks. http://www.nico.schottelius.org/software/gpm/ #gpm on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-02-15
<reply> dist-upgrade tells apt to also install/remove packages when handling dependencies; security updates may require a dist-upgrade to install (they introduce new packages). Dist-upgrade does not mean changing from stable to testing; as of Debian 5.0 "Lenny", aptitude calls dist-upgrade "full-upgrade" to remove this confusion. Read man apt-get carefully. See also <why not dist-upgrade>, <full-upgrade>.
M: 2009-12-14
<reply> see fonts
M: 2007-07-07
<reply>Best for what? Please define what you mean by "best". Gloria Gaynor! Tina Turner! Aretha Franklin! Men without Hats! Women without Hats! Men at Work! Women at Play! Anyone for Tennis!
M: 2011-02-05
<reply>'deb-src http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ [wheezy|squeeze|jessie|stretch|sid] main contrib non-free' (for example), replace with your own for a local mirror. Ask me about <source> for some information about how to build stuff, make sure the "build-essential" package is installed. You might need to have linux-headers-$(uname -r) (if using a Debian kernel) and the libc6-dev packages installed.
C: 2011-06-03
<reply> This is not the Ubuntu help channel. Please do /server chat.freenode.net and then /join #ubuntu. If you are using XChat, you can right-click the following link and choose connect. irc://chat.freenode.net/ubuntu
cross post
M: 2010-06-02
<reply>Posting the same question in several places at the same time (IRC channels, news groups, mailing lists, forums) is impolite; your time is NOT more valuable than everyone else's. Your question might be answered elsewhere, meanwhile we are wasting our time doing research for a problem you've already solved. Cross-posting can also make you look like a spammer and get you k:lined. See also <multiple ask> <hurry>.
M: 2008-03-07
<reply>Knoppix is _not_ Debian. Seek Knoppix help in freenode's #knoppix. Knoppix is a live CD distribution which is <based on Debian>, useful as a rescue CD, to test hardware, and for situations where you have access to a computer but it isn't Debian. http://www.knoppix.org/ unofficial: http://Debian-knoppix.alioth.Debian.org/ <Debian-live> is the Debian equivalent for publishing live systems.
M: 2011-05-13
<reply>policy is the document that defines how Debian packages should (and must!) interact with each other and with the user to make sure we have a high-quality, stable distribution. You can find it at http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ or in the debian-policy package. Those who fail to understand Debian Policy are doomed to reimplement it, poorly. See also <best practices> <nmg> <mentors>.
debug sshd
M: 2010-02-17
<reply> To debug sshd (server), run this as root on the server: "/usr/sbin/sshd -d -p 2222". Then use "ssh -p 2222 username@servername" on the client. See also <slow ssh connect>, <ssh permissions>.
M: 2013-01-22
<reply>Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) is a firmware interface specification, intended to replace the <BIOS> firmware interface. Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later releases support installation in (U)EFI mode on 64-bit PC systems (amd64), <secure boot> is currently not supported. http://www.uefi.org/
M: 2009-07-11
<reply>Broadcom Corporation is an integrated circuits supplier. For wireless LAN chipset drivers, ask me about <b43>, <brcmsmac>, <rndis_wlan>, <wl>. For Ethernet controller support, ask me about <bnx2>, <bnx2x>, <tg3>.
cmd: man (.*?)
C: 2010-06-26
($1): <reply>man $1 is probably at http://manpages.debian.org/$1 where you can view many Debian man pages. Ask me about <docs> <dmp> <grounding> <search>.
M: 2008-01-26
<reply>A backup is something you should do *ALWAYS*... if you value your sh*t in the least. Otherwise eons of built-up data can go BYE BYE FOREVER one day if you do not; either by HD malfunction, intentional evil by crackers, mischievous glak elves invading your system, or large magnets getting out of hand. Pay the dollars for a tape system or CDR and use <tar> (optionally with bzip2 at lowest compression). See <things to backup>.
C: 2000-08-16
<reply> "Multiple exclamation marks," he went on, shaking his head, "are a sure sign of a diseased mind." - Terry Pratchett, Eric
M: 2007-02-10
<reply> see your factoids
M: 2013-09-06
<reply>Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is the standard by which the world regulates clocks and time (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coordinated_Universal_Time). For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later, set "UTC" or "LOCAL" in /etc/adjtime (man 8 hwclock). For Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", set the UTC option in /etc/default/rcS appropriately (man rcs). For all systems, run «service hwclock.sh restart» to apply changes. See also <windows utc>.
M: 2014-06-02
<reply>Volunteer-provided security support for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" will continue until 2016-02-06 for a limited set of packages for i386 and amd64. An appropriate line for your sources.list is «deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ squeeze-lts main». See also the «check-support-status» command from the debian-security-support package and https://wiki.debian.org/LTS for more information. #debian-lts on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2010-08-09
<reply>Jigsaw Download (jigdo) is *the* method for downloading CD/DVD/BD images of Debian. See "Downloading Debian CD images with jigdo" at https://www.debian.org/CD/jigdo-cd/ . https://wiki.debian.org/jigdo http://atterer.org/jigdo/
M: 2010-02-05
<reply>PowerPC is a <RISC> architecture (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PowerPC). See "Debian for PowerPC" at http://www.debian.org/ports/powerpc . Debian CDs are not (and cannot be made) bootable on Old World PowerMacs. Information on proper partitioning is at http://www.alaska.net/~erbenson/doc/mac-fdisk-basics.txt . See also <macsound>, <yaboot>, <quik>, <bootx>, <ppc64>. #debianppc on irc.oftc.net and irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-05-10
<reply>This refers to a group of interconnected computers. The computers must be capable of transferring data to form a true network--you can't just weld a bunch of computers together. For resources, ask me about <networking>.
M: 2010-11-17
<reply>[dsa] Debian Security Announcement, see http://www.debian.org/security/ and http://lists.debian.org/debian-security-announce/ ; RSS feeds at http://www.debian.org/security/dsa (titles only) and http://www.debian.org/security/dsa-long (summaries). Ask me about <dsa lookup DSA-nnnn> for information about the packages affected. See also <tracker of doom>, <debsecan>, <dsa team>.
M: 2014-06-05
<reply> Another happy customer leaves the building.
M: 2010-07-16
<reply> wgetpaste is a CLI application for sending text to a pastebin, its only dependencies are bash and wget. To install and use: wget http://wgetpaste.zlin.dk/wgetpaste-2.17.tar.bz2 && tar xvjf wgetpaste-2.17.tar.bz2 && cd wgetpaste-2.17 You can then use it as ./wgetpaste; e.g. dmesg | ./wgetpaste It is also safe to copy to /usr/local/bin for easier use.
M: 2011-06-04
<reply> see ubuntu-irc
M: 2012-10-07
<reply>judd is a window into the Ultimate Debian Database (ask me about <udd>). Judd can look up package, PCI ID and kernel config information. See http://ircbots.debian.net/judd/ for detailed information, or ask me about <judd-packages>, <judd-hardware>, <source judd>.
M: 2014-02-11
<reply>The MATE Desktop Environment is a fork of GNOME 2, available since Debian 8 "Jessie" (and also in wheezy-backports). To install, ask me about <install mate>. https://wiki.debian.org/Mate http://mate-desktop.org/ #mate on chat.freenode.net.
M: 2009-06-01
<reply> Add module to kernel: "modprobe foo"; Remove module from kernel: "modprobe -r foo"; Define module options: "man modprobe.conf", "echo options foo bar=baz qux=quux >> /etc/modprobe.d/local.conf". See also: "man modprobe", "man modprobe.conf", /etc/modprobe.d/* , <blacklist>.
M: 2007-05-24
<reply> see bts
forgot mysql root password
M: 2008-10-10
<reply> If you've forgotten the <MySQL> root password, /etc/init.d/mysql stop; mysqld --skip-grant-tables; mysql -u root; use mysql; UPDATE user SET Password=PASSWORD('mynewpassword') WHERE User='root'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; C-d; stop mysqld; /etc/init.d/mysql start See also http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/resetting-permissions.html, <mysql initial password>.
M: 2008-12-13
<reply>ath9k is a completely free (no proprietary HAL) Linux kernel driver supporting PCI/PCIe 802.11n wireless LAN devices with Atheros chips. It does not require firmware from userspace. See https://wiki.debian.org/ath9k for more information and supported devices. For Atheros 802.11n USB device support, ask me about <ath9k_htc>, <carl9170>.
M: 2010-05-02
<reply> <GNOME> Display Manager (GDM) is a <display manager> based on <xdm>, but with no original xdm code. Written with looks (and security) in mind. It uses ~/.gnomerc instead of ~/.xsession. http://wiki.debian.org/GDM http://projects.gnome.org/gdm #gdm on irc.gimp.org. Not to be confused with the General Purpose Mouse (GPM) interface, see <gpm>.
C: 2006-11-16
<reply> see simple sid backport
M: 2010-04-12
<reply> see sdo
M: 2009-08-13
<reply>TIAS is "Try It And See".
M: 2002-11-28
<reply>[update] `aptitude update' grabs the Packages.gz files from their sources and refreshes the available packages. Use before an aptitude upgrade or before looking for stuff with apt-cache search. See also <updates>.
cmd: be a (.*?) barbie
C: 2005-04-16
($thing): <reply> Aww, $thing is HARD! Let's go shopping, $nick
debian based
M: 2006-03-18
<reply> see based on debian
M: 2007-11-01
<reply>NDISwrapper enables the use of Windows XP (not Vista/7/8) network device drivers within the Linux kernel (x86 and x86-64 systems only). If a Linux kernel driver is available for your device, consider using that instead; for wireless LAN devices, ask me about <wireless>. To install NDISwrapper on Debian systems, see http://wiki.debian.org/NdisWrapper . http://ndiswrapper.sf.net/ #ndiswrapper on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>OldStable the previous stable version of Debian, as long as it is still supported by the security team. Wheezy (7) is oldstable. It is recommended to upgrade your system(s) to the current stable release, ask me about <oldstable->stable>. https://wiki.debian.org/DebianOldStable. See also <lifespan> <wheezy-lts>.
M: 2009-10-18
<reply>CheckInstall is a program that tracks all files installed by "make install" (or equivalent), creates a Debian (or other) package with those files, and adds it to the installed packages database, allowing for easy package removal or distribution. http://asic-linux.com.mx/~izto/checkinstall/ See also <stow>.
bpo kernel
M: 2010-09-06
<reply> see bdo kernel
M: 2008-04-02
a package designed to help you create executables and build Debian packages. If you get errors saying gcc cannot create executables or can't find header files like stdio.h, you need to "aptitude install build-essential". If you don't plan to compile things, you don't need this package. See also <qotd49>.
standard task
M: 2011-01-20
a "task" that should be installed on all machines during the installer stage. It installs packages that are important, required and standard (i.e. "aptitude install ~pstandard ~prequired ~pimportant"). Packages in the <essential> set are always installed. Also ask me about <tasksel>.
M: 2007-09-07
<reply>Bluetooth is a wireless communications protocol (http://bluetooth.com/), about as secure as shouting. aptitude install bluez-utils; then run hidd --search as root. http://wiki.debian.org/BluetoothUser http://wiki.debian.org/Bluetooth/Alsa . For support of Qualcomm Atheros devices, ask me about <ath3k>. See also <btusb>.
M: 2009-05-04
<reply>The language of #debian is English. We will do our best to help you regardless of your level of English but you might be more comfortable asking for help in your own language. Ask me about your language code for more information, for example /msg dpkg br ; /msg dpkg pt ; /msg dpkg es ; /msg dpkg fr ; /msg dpkg de
M: 2011-05-19
<reply>Realtek is a developer of semiconductors. Realtek Ethernet controllers are supported by the 8139too, 8139cp and <r8169> drivers in the mainline Linux kernel. For support of Realtek-based wireless LAN devices, ask me about <rtl819x> (802.11n) or <rtl818x> (802.11b/g).
M: 2010-05-20
<reply>Security Enhanced Linux (SELinux) is NSA's port of the FLASK Security Architecture to Linux. Also it can make your system unbootable if you uninstall it. Unofficial FAQ: http://www.crypt.gen.nz/selinux/faq.html . http://wiki.debian.org/SELinux http://selinuxproject.org/ #selinux on irc.freenode.net. See also <apparmor>, <tomoyo>.
M: 2011-02-14
<reply>Advanced RISC Machine (ARM) is a processor architecture. The Debian arm port was deprecated at 5.0 "Lenny" with official support dropped at 6.0 "Squeeze", ask me about <armel> for the replacement port. See also <armhf>. http://www.debian.org/ports/arm/ For help with Debian on ARM systems, join #debian-arm on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2011-03-21
<reply>From Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" onwards, you can grant yourself (minimally secure) root permissions for <sudo> by adding yourself to the "sudo" group: "adduser your_username sudo". See the man pages indicated by "apropos sudo" for more information.
C: 2009-09-12
<reply> see xorg config
M: 2010-05-09
<reply>apt-cache is a tool with several commands that query the package cache in various ways. To see versions of a package or which repository it came from, use "apt-cache policy foo", "apt-cache show foo" or "apt-cache showpkg foo" (searches for reverse dependencies). "apt-cache search foo" helps to find which packages provide or are related to foo, by searching all package descriptions. See also <which repo>.
M: 2011-03-22
<reply>The Broadcom BCM4312 (PCI ID 14e4:4315) is a PCIe 802.11g wireless LAN chipset with a low-power PHY. It is supported by the <b43> driver. Firmware is required, ask me about <contrib> and install the firmware-b43-lpphy-installer package to provide. Alternatively supported by <wl>. PCI ID 14e4:4312 uses a BCM4311 chipset, which requires the firmware-b43-installer package instead. http://wiki.debian.org/bcm43xx
M: 2007-07-26
<reply> see sound
driver locator
M: 2010-10-12
<reply>To work out what module you need to load for your PCI card, try pasting the output from "lspci -n" into http://kmuto.jp/debian/hcl/ . Ask me about <which ethernet driver> and <which video driver>. See also <oot>, <nodriver>, <judd-hardware>.
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>see jessie->stretch
M: 2015-03-08
<reply>Slow down for a bit! Are you sure that you need to jump through that particular hoop to achieve your goal? We suspect you don't, so why don't you back up a bit and tell us about the overall objective... We know that people often falsely diagnose problems because they are too close to them -- it's easy to miss that there is a better way to do proceed. See http://mywiki.wooledge.org/XyProblem
M: 2009-11-05
<reply>We have lots of bots around to help out with different things. dpkg (<dpkgbot>) and <judd> are the main two for factoids and package information; dselect (<dselectbot>) fills in for dpkg. There's also debhelper (flooding, moderating), apt, ... Most bots are also in #debian-bots if you can't use /msg to talk to them. Be nice to the bots though; they have feelings, bleed oil and let out the <magic smoke> when angry.
M: 2009-05-29
<reply>[thinkpad] one of the best laptops you can buy, or a thing that dies when your car hits it (according to abrotman). Some models restrict MiniPCI card use, see http://thinkwiki.org/wiki/Problem_with_unauthorized_MiniPCI_network_card . See also <gobi>, <hdapsd>, <martian>, <slmodem>, <synaptics>, <tpb>, <trackpoint>. http://wiki.debian.org/InstallingDebianOn/Thinkpad http://www.thinkwiki.org/ ##ibmthinkpad on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-03-23
<reply> see debian live
M: 2010-10-03
<reply>Chromium is an open source web browser produced by Google, based on WebKit. Google Chrome is based on Chromium. Ask me about <pepper flash>. https://wiki.debian.org/Chromium http://www.chromium.org/Home #chromium-support on irc.freenode.net. For the game formerly known as Chromium, ask me about <chromium-bsu>.
M: 2012-07-28
a utility that will check a package's files against their checksums. The "-a" argument will instruct it to also check configuration files: "aptitude install debsums; debsums -a -s". Most packages come with md5sums included in the package; if apt's package cache is clean, then generate missing sums with "aptitude reinstall `debsums -l`". Ask me about <md5sums>.
M: 2013-08-08
<reply>usbmount is a script to automatically mount/umount USB drives as they are inserted/removed. See also <pmount>.
install wheezy
M: 2015-04-26
<reply>Debian 7 "Wheezy" installation images are available from https://www.debian.org/releases/wheezy/debian-installer/ . Note that this release has been superseded by Debian 8 "Jessie", ask me about <install debian>.
M: 2008-06-17
<reply> deborphan is a package that will tell you what library packages you have installed that nothing's using. If you want remove all packages use 'deborphan | xargs apt-get -y remove --purge', or a nice tool to clean up grown debians. http://deb.li/3qpqF provides a nice guide to several more steps to reclaim big chunks of HDD. Ask me about <debfoster><autoremove><unmarkauto>.
version chasing
M: 2008-06-25
<reply> A higher version number does not mean that it's better, just newer. Debian's <stable> release might not have the latest packages, but it has packages that have been tested and bugfixed; for selected packages, you can use backports.debian.org. You should have a better reason than "newer" when considering compiling from source or using 3rd party repos. Ask me about <debian-backports>. Tell us what you're doing isn't just <sns syndrome>.
dmm list
M: 2012-02-29
<reply>To list all packages you have installed from deb-multimedia.org: aptitude search '?narrow(?version(CURRENT),?origin(Unofficial Multimedia Packages))' --disable-columns -F%p. Note: apt must know about the origin repository for this to work (i.e. you have a 'deb' line for it in sources.list and 'apt-get update' has been run). See also <which repo>.
M: 2005-01-05
<reply> tar -zxvf tarball, cd blah, ./configure, make, make install or install by hand., but for an easier way to compile the kernel, apt-get install kernel-package, or something you should only do if you're SURE there isn't already a debian package that meets your needs, and never into places that could conflict with dpkg
M: 2011-03-13
NOT better than Debian, and it is not worse. It is just different. Admittedly one might be more interested in using FreeBSD as a server OS rather than as a desktop workstation. http://www.freebsd.org/ ##freebsd on irc.freenode.net. For the Debian port, ask me about <kfreebsd>.
M: 2011-04-27
<reply>For i386, the -686-bigmem linux-images support up to 64 GB of RAM on Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" systems supporting <PAE>. If you have more than about 3.4 GB of RAM, install and use this to see everything past the sub ~3.4 GB limit (but with additional CPU overhead). Alternatively, if you have a <x86-64> processor, use an -amd64 linux-image instead. See also <686-pae>.
M: 2009-06-25
<reply>UTF-8 is way of encoding multibyte characters from the Universal Character Set (Unicode/ISO10646). UTF-8 is a superset of US-ASCII but can represent all of unicode. By default, Debian will use a UTF-8 locale for you, but ask me about <locales> and <localised errors>. Typically, you use something like "LANG=lang_CC.utf8" e.g. export LANG=en_US.utf8 (for US-English). To fix garbled man pages, see /usr/share/doc/groff/README.Debian.
M: 2009-04-15
<reply>Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) is a network protocol for encapsulating <PPP> frames in Ethernet frames, frequently used in DSL connections. There are kernel-space and user-space PPPoE drivers available for Debian. To install Debian using a PPPoE connection, ask me about <pppoe install>. To enable on established systems, "aptitude install pppoeconf && pppoeconf". http://wiki.debian.org/PPPoE
M: 2013-04-03
<reply>r8169 is a Linux kernel driver supporting the Realtek RTL8101, RTL8111/8168 and RTL8169 families of gigabit Ethernet chips. See also <rtl8168d>, <rtl8105e>, <rtl8402>, <rtl8411>. Not to be confused with the out-of-tree <r8168> driver.
multiarch failures
C: 2013-05-14
<reply> There is a set of new and interesting failures to get used to in the <multiarch> world. Ask me about <multiarch changelog> <multiarch skew>.
cmd: d-i (.*?)
M: 2009-02-15
($1): <reply>$1, you want to go to http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/debian-installer/
M: 2010-08-11
<reply>Linux Unified Key Setup (LUKS) is a disk encryption specification with a platform-independent format. http://code.google.com/p/cryptsetup/ . To access on Microsoft Windows systems, see http://sf.net/projects/freeotfe.mirror/ and <ext2read>.
M: 2011-05-19
<reply> see package
testing installer
M: 2013-12-16
<reply>Repeat after me: the testing installer is for testing the <installer>, not for installing <testing>. To install testing, do a minimal installation using the <stable> installer and ask me about <stable->testing>. Installer bugs should be filed against the debian-installer pseudopackage. https://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>NetBSD is a 4.4BSD variant. http://www.netbsd.org/ See also <debian bsd>.
why nvidia-installer sucks
M: 2009-09-20
<reply>nvidia-installer works fine for you today, granted. Let's say tomorrow Xorg is updated -- the nvidia driver will break. If you try to uninstall nvidia (nvidia-installer --uninstall), then you break Xorg badly. nvidia-installer overwrites files at random, and has NO CONCEPT of package management. We recommend against using it based on extensive experience. USE THE DEBIAN PACKAGES. Ask me about <nvidia>.
M: 2013-03-26
<reply>[apt-secure] Starting with version 0.6, <APT> performs signature checking of the Release file for all archives. See http://wiki.debian.org/SecureApt , "man apt-secure" and chapter 7 of the Securing Debian Manual (ask me about <securing debian>) for more information. The archive signing key can be found at https://ftp-master.debian.org/keys.html . See also <key>, <no public key>.
M: 2009-04-06
<reply>For webcam device support in Debian, ask me about <gspca>, <uvcvideo>. See also <quickcam>, <ov51x-jpeg>, <ov511>, <m560x-driver>, <w9968cf>, <pwc>, <sn9c20x>. http://wiki.debian.org/Webcam
wheezy release notes
C: 2013-02-19
<reply>Release notes for Debian 7 "Wheezy" are at http://www.debian.org/releases/wheezy/releasenotes . See also <squeeze->wheezy>, <install guide wheezy>.
M: 2011-02-08
<reply>xorg can use files ending in the suffix .conf in /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d for additional configuration. It is preferred to use an <empty xorg.conf> and create files (e.g. 20-nvidia.conf, 20-radeon.conf, 20-wacom.conf) there in order to configure a single device. You might have to create the directory yourself (mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d). See also "man 5 xorg.conf".
M: 2013-09-23
<reply>Adobe Flash Player is proprietary (non-free) software. The easiest way to install it is with the flashplugin-nonfree package, ask me about <contrib>. WARNING: installing flashplugin-nonfree will NOT automatically keep the plugin updated. Read more on https://wiki.debian.org/FlashPlayer. Try «update-flashplugin-nonfree --install» if the installation didn't seem to work or to update the plugin.
M: 2014-04-12
<reply>user error at console, abort, retry, fail? See also <doesn't work>, <errors>.
M: 2011-06-06
<reply>The Debian Linux Kernel Handbook http://kernel-handbook.alioth.debian.org/ - packaged as debian-kernel-handbook since Debian 7 "Wheezy" - serves as a single access point to all kernel-related documentation. See chapter 4.2 to rebuild official Debian kernel packages, see chapter 4.5 to build a custom kernel from Debian kernel source.
C: 2002-03-23
<reply> see !!!!
font install
M: 2008-02-20
<reply>To install <fonts> for just one user, copy them into ~/.fonts/ and then run fc-cache -fv (or ask me about <install font kde>, <install font gnome>). To install system-wide, copy them into /usr/share/fonts/truetype/myfonts or into /usr/local/share/fonts/truetype/myfonts (but you will have to add /usr/local/share/fonts/ to your xorg.conf) and run fc-cache -fv as root.
M: 2009-06-23
a program in the dpkg-dev package that builds .debs from source. "aptitude install fakeroot devscripts dpkg-dev build-essential" and run 'dpkg-buildpackage -us -uc -rfakeroot' in the source directory. Ask me about <package recompile> <debian/rules> <source>.
M: 2009-05-18
a program packaged in binutils to create, modify, and extract from archives (man ar), or argentina, or #debian-ar on irc.oftc.net.
stow usage
M: 2010-11-30
<reply>A quick intro to <stow>: ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/stow/program-version && make && make install; cd /usr/local/stow/ ; stow program-version. Use stow -D to remove. See also <usrlocal>.
check iso image
M: 2011-08-19
<reply>To verify you have a valid and official Debian CD/DVD image, see http://www.debian.org/CD/faq/#verify . To test an ISO image was burned correctly, compare the output of «md5sum filename.iso; dd if=/dev/cdrom | head -c `stat --format=%s filename.iso` | md5sum». You should compare this md5sum to the checksum for the ISO image on the mirror. See also <check iso signature>.
M: 2014-06-19
<reply>The GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) is a compiler system supporting various programming languages. In order to change which version it should use, "export CC=gcc-$whatever", as /usr/bin symlinks (gcc, g++, et al) are not handled using Debian <alternatives>; see /usr/share/doc/gcc/README.Debian. See also <gcc-doc>. https://gcc.gnu.org/ #gcc on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2009-04-17
<reply>[faq] Frequently Asked Questions. The #debian FAQ is at http://wiki.debian.org/DebianIRC . The Debian GNU/Linux FAQ is at http://www.debian.org/doc/FAQ/ . Ask me about <search dpkg> to search my database for FAQ links. Many other FAQ are listed at http://wiki.debian.org/FAQ . Read the FAQs!
open ports
M: 2006-07-25
# netstat -plunt, or lsof -i -n, or ask me about <open files>, or fuser -n tcp $port_number
M: 2013-05-20
<reply> see iceweasel backports
M: 2011-01-08
<reply>VESA Display Power Management Signaling (DPMS) is a graphics card power management standard. The DPMS <xorg> extension is enabled by default. It can be adjusted via «xset dpms $standby-sec $suspend-sec $off-sec» or within <xorg.conf>.
M: 2010-07-04
<reply>Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format for document exchange, designed by Adobe as a replacement for <PostScript>. Free software to view PDFs include <xpdf>, <kpdf>, <okular>, <evince> (all poppler based) and gv, kghostview (ghostscript-based, much slower!). Adobe Reader (acroread) is available from deb-multimedia in non-free; ask me about <dmm>. See also <edit pdf>, <pdf writer>. http://wiki.debian.org/PDF
M: 2010-03-21
<reply>[intel-gfx] The intel <Xorg> driver provides 2D/3D support for Intel integrated graphics chipsets, including the i810, 915{G,GM}, 945{G,GM,GME}, 946GZ, 965{G,GM,Q}, G33, Q33, Q35, G35, GM45, G45, Q45, G43 and G41; the <GMA 500> is not supported. Packaged for Debian as xserver-xorg-video-intel, see also <intel-gfx shadow>. http://x.org/wiki/IntelGraphicsDriver https://01.org/linuxgraphics/ #intel-gfx on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2013-06-21
<reply> A keyring in the context of Debian are the public GPG keys used for signing the packages in the repository. Available in debian-archive-keyring or from http://ftp-master.debian.org/keys.html. Also see <apt-key-auto>, <multimedia keyring> and <public key not available>.
M: 2011-04-16
<reply>[mac] Media Access Control, see <mac change>; Macintosh, see <apple>, <m68k>, <macbook>, <powerpc>, <macsound>; Mandatory Access Control, see <apparmor>, <selinux>, <tomoyo>; Monkey's Audio Codec, see <ape>.
install jessie
M: 2015-04-25
<reply> see install debian
install font
M: 2008-02-20
<reply> see font install
M: 2013-06-27
<reply>brcmsmac (brcm80211 prior to Linux 2.6.39) is an open source <mac80211> driver, supporting 802.11n PCIe devices based on Broadcom <BCM4313>, <BCM43224> and <BCM43225> chips. Firmware is required (bcm43xx-0.fw, bcm43xx_hdr-0.fw), ask me about <non-free sources> and install the firmware-brcm80211 package to provide. Access point and adhoc modes are supported since Linux 3.10. https://wiki.debian.org/brcm80211
irc tutorial
M: 2010-09-28
<reply> see irc primer
testing faq
M: 2009-05-06
an _unofficial_ FAQ for the <testing> branch of Debian: http://www.linuxmafia.com/debian/testingfaq.html . See also <sid faq>.
C: 2002-11-29
a KDE package manager designed for handling RPM files, but can also somewhat handle debs. If you're looking for kernel-package ask me about that instead
which driver
M: 2007-10-10
<reply> see driver locator
remove systemd
M: 2015-05-01
<reply>To use an init system other than systemd in jessie, install the systemd-shim package (for logind) and remove the systemd-sysv package: aptitude install systemd-shim sysvinit-core systemd-sysv-. To stick with sysvinit for wheezy->jessie upgrades, follow the pinning advice in the release notes: http://deb.li/30Kby - See also <upstart> and <openrc>
M: 2001-02-21
<reply>The optional customisation script ~/.xinitrc is used for running X as startx, and ~/.xsession is for when using X from a Display Manager like xdm or kdm. .xinitrc is discouraged in Debian, as if you just use ~/.xsession it will work from both startx and the display manager, as documented in startx(1).
M: 2009-06-05
<reply> see usb install
M: 2010-11-06
<reply>[apple] a fruit, or Apple Inc. (formerly Apple Computer, Inc.), a consumer electronics and software company. http://wiki.debian.org/InstallingDebianOn/Apple . See also <airport>, <alac>, <combo drive>, <daap>, <hfs>, <hfsplus>, <imac>, <ipod>, <m68k>, <macbook>, <mac mini>, <open firmware>, <powerpc>, <quicktime>, <superdrive>. ##apple on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2008-09-17
<reply>autofs is a kernel-based automounter that mounts remote shares when directories are accessed. Some regard it as a hackish p.o.s. and the 5 minute default timeout for unmounting is unlikely to be what you want. http://wiki.debian.org/AutoFs http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/127 . For hotplugging support for USB storage, ask me about <automount>.
M: 2010-02-27
<reply>Virtual Network Computing (VNC) is a platform-independent graphical desktop sharing system (i.e. provides GUI remote access). Server packages in Debian include <tightvncserver>, <vnc4server> and <x11vnc>; "apt-cache search vnc" will list other servers and clients. Ask me about <vnc setup>, see also <x-not-vnc> for an alternative. http://wiki.debian.org/VNCviewer
what's my hardware
C: 2007-07-27
<reply> see whats my hardware
C: 2001-01-25
<reply> see non-free
M: 2013-04-11
<reply>The Debian Administrator's Handbook is at http://debian-handbook.info/ and can be browsed, bought and downloaded. From Debian 7 "Wheezy" onwards, it can also can be installed from the debian-handbook package. Also ask me about <books> <docs>.
M: 2009-10-22
read also <bsd license>, or a brand of free UNIX clones, freebsd for x86 and sparc64, netbsd for damn near every arch, and openbsd for paranoid people, or <debian bsd>, <kfreebsd>
firmware images jessie
C: 2015-04-25
<reply>Unofficial <netinst> images - containing non-free Debian <firmware> packages - for installing Debian 8 "Jessie" are available from http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/current/ . See also <install guide>.
localised errors
M: 2009-06-09
<reply> see localized errors
cmd: smack (.*?)
C: 2002-08-30
($1): <action> smacks $1 upside the head.
M: 2009-11-13
<reply>pmount ("policy mount") is an application to make it easier to (un)mount removable media such as USB flash memory sticks; e.g. as normal user, "pmount sda1" mounts it at /media/sda1 (no superuser requirement, no need to create a mount point). You will need to be in the <plugdev> group, but you'll know that from reading /usr/share/doc/pmount/README.Debian.
dual boot guide
M: 2014-04-29
<reply>A guide for setting up dual boot with Windows 7 can be found at http://linuxcommando.blogspot.ca/2013/12/dual-booting-debian-wheezy-and-windows-7.html . Also ask me about <fixmbr>, <supergrub>.
install lxde
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>To install <LXDE> on established systems, ask me about <install x>, then: «apt-get install lxde». To install using Debian-Installer (if not using LXDE CD-1): from the 'Software selection' dialog, choose "LXDE" (use space bar to toggle selections), then "Continue"; an Internet connection may be required to obtain these packages.
C: 2000-08-18
a <metasyntactic variable> in cahoots with <foo>, <baz> and <boo>.
M: 2009-05-02
<reply>Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks (RAID) is a system of multiple hard drives for sharing or replicating data. Ask me about RAID{0-5}, <software raid>, <fakeraid>, <megaraid>, <raid-resizing>, <rocketraid>. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_RAID_levels http://wiki.debian.org/LinuxRaidForAdmins
M: 2009-04-14
<reply>MPlayer is a movie player for Unix-like systems. Binary codecs can be provided with the package-supplied binary_codecs.sh script or <w32codecs>. For DVD support, ask me about <dvd playback>. See also <mplayer faq>, <mencoder>, <mplayer2>. http://www.mplayerhq.hu/ #mplayer on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2010-04-29
<reply>Este canal es de ayuda con ordenadores en Ingles. Si no necesitas ayuda con tu ordenador por favor ingresa al canal social de #debian-es con /join #debian-es-cachondeo. Tus amigos probablemente ya esten ahi.
gcc transition
M: 2015-08-02
<reply>One of the biggest transitions ever undertaken in Debian: new versions of libstdc++/gcc require over 3000 source packages to be recompiled. Don't expect packages in sid to be installable; use testing instead. https://release.debian.org/transitions/html/libstdc++6.html (and if you didn't already know this, ask yourself if you should be using sid).
debian version
M: 2012-04-14
<reply>see debian suite
M: 2009-05-30
<reply>Journaling filesystems in a nutshell: <peterS> fast but dangerous: reiserfs. medium-speed but reliable: ext3. fast, mostly reliable, and *huge*: xfs. slow, probably reliable: jfs. unknown, probably buggy: reiser4. If you have to ask, use <ext3> or <ext4>. Old benchmarks at http://fsbench.netnation.com/ . http://wiki.debian.org/FileSystem #linuxfs on irc.oftc.net.
based on
C: 2006-04-20
<reply> see based on debian
M: 2010-07-16
<reply>Console Guides: http://tldp.org/HOWTO/DOS-Win-to-Linux-HOWTO.html http://www.linuxcommand.org/ http://tinyurl.com/gwg2b http://www.macdevcenter.com/pub/a/mac/2005/05/20/terminal1.html http://people.ischool.berkeley.edu/~kevin/unix-tutorial/toc.html . See also <serial console>, <netconsole>.
M: 2005-06-24
a secure Unix-like operating system (www.openbsd.org), forked from NetBSD, with emphasis on security and portability. Led by Theo de Raadt, a person nearly as beloved as Dan Bernstein. Two remote holes in the default install in over 10 years.
M: 2009-05-30
<reply>The Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment (LXDE) is available since Debian 5.0 "Lenny". To install, ask me about <install lxde>. https://wiki.debian.org/LXDE http://wiki.lxde.org/en/LXDE:Questions http://www.lxde.org/ #lxde on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2010-11-16
<reply>[ppa] Personal Package Archive (see https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+ppas or <launchpad>). PPAs are either: (a) an easy way to grab packages based on nightly-builds/VCS snapshots or (b) an easy way for any idiot to publish a package of extremely poor quality (remember, you will run the maintainer scripts as root during install!). Choose your repos wisely. No equivalent exists for Debian yet. Ask me about <why not use a ppa>.
fglrx dkms
C: 2013-05-01
<reply>For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems. Ask me about <contrib> and <non-free sources>. «aptitude -r install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` fglrx-driver && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "fglrx"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-fglrx.conf». Restart your system to enable the <radeon> blacklist.
M: 2010-10-13
<reply>ZFS (originally Zettabyte File System) is a file system / logical volume manager developed by Sun Microsystems (http://deb.li/7xXU). The Debian GNU/kFreeBSD kernel since 7.2 has ZFS support, the userland utilities are packaged as zfsutils. A <FUSE> implementation for Debian GNU/Linux systems is in zfs-fuse. http://zfs-fuse.net/ #zfs-fuse on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-07-28
<reply>The Linux kernel CPUfreq subsystem supports frequency scaling on mobile (and some desktop) x86, PowerPC and ARM processors. It provides an interface for throttling processor speed, to save power when the system is idle. http://wiki.debian.org/HowTo/CpuFrequencyScaling http://vger.kernel.org/vger-lists.html#cpufreq . See also <speedstep>, <coolnquiet>, <longhaul>, <intel_pstate>, <power saving>.
M: 2014-03-02
<reply>The <apt> package manager supports "pdiff" files that allow apt-get/aptitude/synaptic to download diffs of the repository's Packages files instead of downloading the entire file every time. To disable use of pdiffs for one run, «apt-get update -o Acquire::PDiffs="false"». To permanently disable, add «Acquire::PDiffs "false";» to /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/98nopdiff
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>yes, $who
cmd: be (.*?) barbie
C: 2007-11-13
($1): But $1 is soooooo hard! :`( Ken, call me a waaaaahbulance *cry*
C: 2011-01-19
<reply> README.Debian (or README.Debian.gz) is a document found in the /usr/share/doc/$packagename/ which explains any Debian specific details in the package's operation or configuration.
M: 2009-11-30
<reply>Vi IMproved (vim) is an enhanced <vi> editor. Extremely popular clone with syntax highlighting and graphical X interface available. The vim-tiny package no longer installs vim <alternatives> as of version 2:7.2.049-1 (Debian bug #529977). See also <vim refcard>, <cream>, <colored pager>, <vim syntax highlighting>. http://www.vim.org/ http://vim.wikia.com/ #vim on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>see wine-development
C: 2003-04-22
home sweet home! :)
M: 2009-04-29
the NEW queue for Debian packages, part of the <incoming> system, at http://ftp-master.debian.org/new.html . Packages that are in the NEW queue cannot be downloaded, because they have not yet been checked to see if they are allowed to be distributed by the Debian project. http://wiki.debian.org/NewQueue
M: 2009-06-02
<reply>Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) is a data link protocol frequently used in connecting a dial-up <modem> to the Internet. It is not supported at Debian installation time. To enable on established systems, "aptitude install pppconfig && pppconfig". For more information on Debian's PPP package, "zless /usr/share/doc/ppp/README.Debian.gz". See also <pppoe>, <kppp>, <wvdial>. http://wiki.debian.org/PPP
M: 2010-09-21
<reply> see linux mint
cmd: -r (.*?)
M: 2003-03-25
($1): <action> removes $1 along with a pound of flesh from $who's body, then staples $who back up with a staple gun.
why not dmm
C: 2012-09-28
<reply>The deb-multimedia.org repository was once the only way of getting good multimedia support. By the release of Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" this was mostly not true and for Debian 7 "Wheezy" this situation is even better. Libraries from dmm are known to cause incompatibilities with packages from Debian; packages may not meet the <DFSG> so are not allowed in Debian. Use dmm as a last resort; ask me about <dmm pinning> and <dmm remove>.
M: 2010-01-16
<reply>A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is constructed by connecting computers together over the Internet and encrypting their communications. This provides the ability to access LAN resources from remote locations. Ask me about <openvpn>, <openswan>, <openssh> (see -w option), <vpnc>, <pptp>.
M: 2009-02-17
file:///usr/share/doc/base-passwd/users-and-groups.html . Ask me about <group> and <desktop groups>. See also http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ch-opersys.html#s9.2
cmd: give (.*?) (.*?)
M: 2006-04-28
($1,$2): <action>gives $1 $2
M: 2010-05-04
<reply>The PCI ID helps us work out how to support your PCI hardware. It looks like [abcd:1234] in the output of "lspci -nn". Ask the bot "judd" to match the PCI ID of the device, e.g. "/msg judd pciid 8086:284b". Some hardware uses alternate means of detection: beware of some false positives+negatives. See also <judd-hardware>, <local pciid>. To find out what currently installed kernel modules your hardware is using, run "lspci -k".
M: 2015-10-12
Debian is dropping LSB support; see https://lwn.net/Articles/658809/ -- Linux Standard Base is a set of guidelines which all linux distributions should follow to ensure compatability between them. http://www.linuxfoundation.org/collaborate/workgroups/lsb . See also <lsb tags>, <fancytty>.
C: 2001-02-21
a way of getting rid of annoying pests, especially trolls
M: 2010-09-13
<reply>Common Internet File System (CIFS) is basically Server Message Block (SMB) without NetBIOS over TCP/IP. The mount.cifs program (cifs-utils package) is required when using a credentials file. See also <DFS>. http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/filesystems/cifs.txt
M: 2010-01-09
<reply>FFmpeg is a complete, cross-platform solution to record, convert and stream audio and video, available in jessie-backports, stretch and sid. The Debian ffmpeg package contains a multimedia player (ffplay), server (ffserver) and encoder (ffmpeg). Use "ffmpeg -formats" to list supported transcoding formats for ffmpeg's -target option. http://ffmpeg.org/ #ffmpeg on irc.freenode.net. See also <libav>.
cmd: wb (.*?)
C: 2004-03-16
($1): <reply> O frabjous day! Callooh! Callay! $1 has returned!
cmd: ubuntu (.*?)
C: 2008-11-13
($1): <reply>$1: Please take your Ubuntu question to #ubuntu on chat.freenode.net as they are able to help you much better with Ubuntu questions than #debian. Ubuntu can be quite different from Debian, #debian is not just a version of #ubuntu for advanced Ubuntu users.
M: 2011-02-17
<reply>R is a powerful language based on S, primarily used for statistics. It is well suited for dealing with large sets of numbers in matrices and/or vectors. To install: "aptitude -r install r-base". http://wiki.debian.org/R http://wiki.debian.org/DebianScience/R http://www.r-project.org/ #r on irc.freenode.net. And it's "are", not "r". See also <plotting>.
arch linux
M: 2009-03-16
<reply>Arch Linux is an a i686 optimized linux distribution which claims to be minimalistic and fast, has binary and source based package management. http://www.archlinux.org/ #archlinux on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-02-18
<reply>Icedove is a DFSG-free fork of Mozilla Thunderbird, a cross-platform email client, replacing Thunderbird in Debian as of 5.0 "Lenny". Debian is unable to distribute Mozilla Thunderbird as-is due to trademark restrictions, see <why icedove>. Since July 2013, Icedove in Debian <stable> is based on the Extended Support Release (ESR) branch. For help with upstream issues, ask #thunderbird on irc.mozilla.org. http://wiki.debian.org/Icedove
kernel handbook
C: 2010-12-14
<reply> see kernel-handbook
M: 2013-12-10
<reply>reprepro (formerly mirrorer) is a tool to produce, manage and sync a local repository of Debian packages. See /usr/share/doc/reprepro/short-howto.gz after package installation to set up a repository. Alternatively, ask me about <dpkg-scanpackages>.
M: 2013-10-16
<reply> apache2 is actually version 2.2 in Debian 7 "Wheezy" and Debian 6.0 "Squeeze"; this is a virtual package provided by a worker, ask me <apache2 mpm>. Ask me about <install apache>, <apache config>, <apache manual> and <apache backport>; see also <cnrd>, <userdir>, <apache2 ecc>. Additional help in #httpd on irc.freenode.net
multiarch changelog
C: 2013-05-14
<reply>If dpkg complains that it can't "overwrite shared /usr/share/doc/$package/changelog.Debian.gz" for packages marked "Multi-Arch: same", force dpkg to overwrite the files with «apt-get -o DPkg::Options::="--force-overwrite" install $package». BinNMUs performed since July 2013 should not have this problem, as debhelper splits up the changelog. Ask me about <multiarch> <multiarch failures> <binNMU>.
M: 2013-04-15
<reply>The Bumblebee project aims to provide support for the Nvidia Optimus GPU switching technology on Linux systems. GeForce 400M (4xxM) and later mobile GPU series are Optimus-enabled; if «lspci -nn | grep '\''[030[02]\]'» returns two lines, the laptop likely uses Optimus. Packaged for Debian <jessie> and <wheezy-backports>. http://wiki.debian.org/Bumblebee http://bumblebee-project.org/ #bumblebee on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2003-03-30
<action> forgets what action did.
M: 2006-09-15
<reply>Voor Nederlandstalige hulp met debian kunt U terecht in #debian-nl. For help with debian in Dutch, you can join #debian-nl.
C: 2009-03-27
a hardware architecture (i386, amd64, armel, mips, mipsel, sparc, powerpc, alpha, hppa, s390 && ia64). Also a source control revision system (GNU arch). Arch (and its twin brother ArX) resides at http://arch.fifthvision.net/, or http://www.linuxjournal.com/article.php?sid=5928, or #arch Since lenny, /bin/arch has disappeared, use "uname -m" instead, or <architecture>, or <arch linux>.
M: 2010-12-27
<reply>VLC media player is a free software multimedia player developed by the VideoLAN project. For DVD support, ask me about <dvd playback>. http://www.videolan.org/support/faq.html #videolan on irc.videolan.org.
hybrid images
M: 2011-03-10
<reply>Since the 6.0 "Squeeze" release, Debian installation images for x86 systems - e.g. <netinst>, <CD1>, DVD1 - are hybrid images. These can be written directly to CD or HD Media (e.g. USB thumbdrive) without further preparation. See http://www.debian.org/News/project/2010/14/#hybrid for details. See also <install debian>, <usb install>.
M: 2008-07-02
a systems programming language. Its focus is on combining the power and high performance of C and C++ with the programmer productivity of modern languages like Ruby and Python. Special attention is given to the needs of quality assurance, documentation, management, portability and reliability. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D_%28programming_language%29, or uninterruptible sleep (usually IO)
M: 2010-10-07
<reply>If /var/lib/dpkg/available is corrupted (or generating warnings about illegal version numbers etc), "apt-cache dumpavail > /var/lib/dpkg/available && dpkg --update-avail /var/lib/dpkg/available". Alternatively, you can try "rm /var/lib/dpkg/available; dselect update".
M: 2015-04-29
<reply>For support of Realtek 802.11n/802.11ac PCIe devices, ask me about <rtl8192ce>, <rtl8192de>, <rtl8192e>, <rtl8192se>, <rtl8723ae>, <rtl8188ee>, <rtl8723be>. For support of Realtek 802.11n USB devices, ask me about <rtl8192cu>, <r8712u>, <rtl8192u>, <r8723au>, <rtl8188eu>, <rtl8821ae>, <r8192ee>, <rtl8723bs>. https://wiki.debian.org/rtl819x
multiarch skew
C: 2013-05-14
<reply>Packages that are marked as co-installable across different architectures can only be installed if the version for each architecture is identical. If the <buildd> network has not kept up, you cannot install them. If only one arch is binNMU'd, you cannot install them. Wait for a while until it is sorted out. Ask me about <multiarch> <multiarch failures>.
M: 2011-02-01
<reply>Non Maintainer Upload (NMU): when a Debian Developer who is not the package maintainer uploads an update of said package. http://wiki.debian.org/NonMaintainerUpload . See also <binnmu>.
M: 2002-02-20
<reply> If you do not know how to use chmod but ask for a lesson in "Chmod 101" classes, we feel sorry for you, or simple octal, with r=4 w=2 x=1. rwxr-xr-- = (rwx) (r-x) (r--) = (4+2+1) (4+0+1) (4+0+0) = 754. or ask me about <permissions>.
ian murdock
M: 2011-09-17
<reply>Ian Murdock is the creator of Debian, who then went on to create <Progeny>. He subsequently worked for Sun Microsystems, and resigned during the merger with Oracle.
newer wine
M: 2012-03-28
<reply> see wine-unstable
M: 2010-02-17
<reply>The PC Speaker makes an annoying BEEPing <bell> sound from within your computer (usually a piezoelectric speaker, attached to the motherboard). Blacklist "pcspkr" (PC Speaker beeper driver) to kill it, ask me about <blacklist>. snd-pcsp (PC Speaker sound card driver) is blacklisted by default since alsa-driver 1.0.17.dfsg-4, the Linux kernel no longer autoloads it since linux 3.13.4-1 (Debian bug #697709).
wheezy backports
M: 2013-03-21
<reply> see wheezy-backports
M: 2010-06-02
<reply>grsecurity is a patch set to enhance Linux kernel security: provides an ACL system, auditing capabilities and institutes measures to prevent common system exploits. Packaged for Debian as linux-patch-grsecurity2, read /usr/share/doc/linux-patch-grsecurity2/README.Debian to apply. http://www.grsecurity.net/ #grsecurity on irc.oftc.net, ##grsecurity on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2005-06-11
the designation for the "common ordinary garden-variety PC" architecture. Runs on everything from the 80386SX (woody) or 80486SX (sarge) and up. If you don't know what arch you want, you want this one.
M: 2014-01-22
<reply>win32diskimager is much more reliable than <unetbootin> for copying ISO images to USB sticks and you can download it from http://sf.net/projects/win32diskimager/ . Adjust the file mask from *.img to *.* if it doesn't show our .iso images. See <usb install> and <install debian> for further details.
sid upgrade test
C: 2010-01-28
<reply> If you can't work out how to upgrade your machine to testing (or unstable), then this is probably a good indication that you (a) don't know enough about Debian to be able to solve the inevitable problems you will face and (b) you don't know how to use google or documentation to answer really easy questions. If either of these apply, you shouldn't be using unstable (or even testing) and we're not going to help you do so.
M: 2010-06-06
<reply>dash (formerly Debian Almquist shell) is a <POSIX> compliant shell, smaller than <bash> and offers faster script execution (decreasing boot time). dash is the default /bin/sh since the Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" release. To check if your existing scripts will work with dash, use checkbashisms from <devscripts> and see https://wiki.ubuntu.com/DashAsBinSh
M: 2008-07-30
<reply> scp is Secure Copy, part of the ssh suite, and a very handy program. The client program is in the openssh-client package and it just uses the ssh server at the other end so you don't need to install anything special on the server (openssh-server package). Install <scponly> or <rssh> to restrict commands to scp users. More information: <sftp>, <sshfs>.
M: 2014-02-14
<reply>Upstart is an event-based replacement for the /sbin/init daemon which handles starting of tasks and services during boot, stopping them during shutdown and supervising them while the system is running. https://wiki.debian.org/Upstart http://upstart.ubuntu.com/ #upstart on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2013-04-30
<reply>The Broadcom BCM4313 (PCI ID 14e4:4727) - incorrectly identified as BCM4727 by Broadcom's proprietary driver - is an 802.11n PCIe wireless LAN chipset. Not supported by the <b43> driver at this time. For device support, ask about me about <brcmsmac>, <wl>. Not to be confused with the <bcm4331>.
M: 2010-01-09
the Berkeley Internet Name Daemon, a Domain Name System (DNS) server. To install: "aptitude install bind9 bind9-doc". See also <bind9 chroot>. http://wiki.debian.org/Bind9 https://www.isc.org/software/bind #bind on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2004-08-25
<reply>Freecode (formerly freshmeat) is _the_ place to search for whatever piece of software you know of/have heard of/dreamt of. http://freecode.com/
C: 2001-06-07
what the internet is a tool for... the more you can use it (search the web or databases, find applicable reading material, reading that material, looking in there for references to others), the more independent you will be. Ask me about sicco and cooperation in asking for help.
M: 2009-10-19
Mozilla's term for a theme or skin, or "Google Chrome", a web browser by Google based on Chromium, ask me about <chromium>. For VIA UniChrome / Chrome9 support, ask me about <openchrome>.
raspberry pi
M: 2012-11-09
<reply>The Raspberry Pi is an open hardware design based on a Broadcom system-on-a-chip, requiring <non-free> <firmware>. Debian's <armel> port works fine, but does not use the Pi's hardware floating point unit. Debian's <armhf> port targets a newer revision of the ARM chip than is in the Pi, so armhf will not work on it. http://wiki.debian.org/RaspberryPi http://www.raspberrypi.org/ #raspberrypi on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2011-03-29
<reply>YouTube is a video sharing website. Video download utilities include <clive>, <cclive>, <minitube>, quvi and <youtube-dl>; gcap can retrieve closed captions. For <VLC>, use Ctrl+N. The <HTML5> player can be used instead of <Adobe Flash> for supported browsers, see http://www.youtube.com/html5 ; for <Epiphany>, install the epiphany-extensions package and enable its HTML5 plugin.
jessie sysvinit
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>see remove systemd
M: 2009-07-19
private message (something you don't do without asking for permission first, see <private>), or post meridiem, or prime minister, or perl mongers, or pathetic moron, or provocative/preventative/percussive maintenance, or power management (see <pm debug>)
M: 2008-04-02
<reply>see build-essential
M: 2004-07-07
how you talk to yourself. "iface lo inet loopback" and "auto lo" in /etc/network/interfaces, or "ifconfig lo netmask" from the shell. A misconfigured loopback could cause "neighbour table overflow" messages.
C: 2001-12-03
<reply> see ian murdock
M: 2010-06-06
<reply> The Onion Router (Tor) is a low-latency anonymous communication system. Packaged for Debian, only enables the onion proxy by default. For use on OFTC, ask me about <oftc tor>. Tor is not allowed on freenode's #debian (http://freenode.net/policy.shtml#tor), ask me about <tor-sasl>. https://torproject.org/ #tor on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2011-06-08
<reply>ath9k_htc is a Linux kernel driver for Atheros AR9271 and AR7010-based 802.11n USB wireless LAN devices, introduced in Linux 2.6.35. Firmware is required, ask me about <atheros firmware> to provide. https://wiki.debian.org/ath9k_htc
M: 2005-09-16
<reply> $who: (that's ok|no problem d00d|sweet as, enjoy|no, no ... thank YOU!|you're welcome|OMGNPLOLS)
M: 2014-05-27
<reply> see squeeze-lts
M: 2011-05-06
<reply>The GSPCA driver provides support for digital cameras and webcams, based on several USB bridge and image sensor chipsets. It is part of the Linux kernel since version 2.6.27. Supported devices: http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/video4linux/gspca.txt . See also <uvcvideo>, <webcam>.
debian suite
C: 2012-04-14
<reply>cat /etc/debian_version (or lsb_release -sc). Or check /etc/apt/sources.list. If unsure about the distribution, $ cat /etc/{*version*,*release*,*issue*} should grab almost all distributions.
why systemd
M: 2014-08-28
<reply>a tired argument. Start by reading rra's excellent analysis at https://lists.debian.org/debian-ctte/2013/12/msg00234.html Support for other init systems (sysvinit) will still be present in Debian 8. systemd-shim (in development) will allow userspace requiring some systemd APIs to work without it.
C: 2009-04-08
<reply>Wireless Interface Connection Daemon (wicd) is a wired and <wireless connection manager>. http://wiki.debian.org/WiFi/HowToUse#wicd http://wicd.sf.net/ #wicd on irc.freenode.net. See also <netdev>.
M: 2014-02-10
<reply>sysvinit is an essential package providing System-V-like init utilities (e.g. /sbin/init) required to boot a Debian system. zless /usr/share/doc/sysv-rc/README.runlevels.gz . As of sysvinit 2.88dsf-3, concurrent (parallel) booting is the default when <dependency based startup> is enabled. sysvinit hasn't been able to correctly boot the Linux kernel since 2003, which is why alternatives have been actively pursued.
C: 2010-06-02
<reply> see cross post
M: 2012-07-17
<reply> Γιά βοήθεια στα Ελληνικά παρακαλώ δοκιμάστε στο #debian-gr on irc.oftc.net (irc.debian.org). Gia voitheia sta ellinika dokimaste to #debian-gr on irc.oftc.net (irc.debian.org). For help in Greek please try #debian-gr on irc.oftc.net (irc.debian.org).
cmd: ping (.*?)
C: 2002-07-06
($1): <action> tolls a 5-meter-bell over $1's head
why recommends
M: 2009-10-19
<reply>From Debian 5.0 "Lenny" onwards, apt-get and aptitude both install "Recommended" packages by default. From <policy> section 7.2, Recommends, "declares a strong, but not absolute, dependency. The Recommends field should list packages that would be found together with this one in all but unusual installations." You're not that unusual, trust us. By not installing "recommended" packages you will be missing functionality.
M: 2012-11-08
<reply>See http://mentors.debian.net/intro-maintainers for information on how to package for Debian. Also ask me about <nmg> <package basics> <policy> <mentors> and <best practices>.
M: 2011-08-01
<reply>Mozilla Application Suite (originally Mozilla) is an unmaintained set of Internet-oriented applications, succeeded by SeaMonkey. The <Mozilla Foundation> is focusing on Firefox and Thunderbird development. See also <seamonkey>, <firefox>, <thunderbird>.
M: 2012-02-27
<reply>sshfs is a <FUSE>-based filesystem using <SSH> for securely mounting remote resources. See http://fuse.sf.net/sshfs.html and http://sf.net/apps/mediawiki/fuse?title=SshfsFaq for more information. Remember to add yourself to the 'fuse' group. If you have problems with stale sshfs mounts, set ServerAliveInterval 30 (for 30 seconds) in /etc/ssh/ssh_config or ~/.ssh/config.
why not use a ppa
C: 2010-11-16
<reply>PPAs (Ubuntu's Personal Package Archives, see <PPA>) are not built against Debian releases, they are built against Ubuntu releases. This makes using packages from them on a Debian box highly unlikely to work out well. Ask me about <ssb> <package recompile> <bobbitt>.
M: 2010-06-07
<reply>Before buying any hardware, make sure it is supported by all operating systems you want to use; ask me about <hcl>. To acquire details about your current hardware, ask me about <whats my hardware>. Please ask all non-Debian-specific hardware questions in ##hardware on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2005-02-09
<reply> see debian based
M: 2014-12-09
<reply>OpenVPN is a <VPN> daemon, which can securely tunnel IP networks over one UDP or TCP port. Packaged for Debian, provides "openvpn" ifupdown hooks to <interfaces>. Add "script-security 2" in configuration files for use of external commands. Debian 8 "Jessie" users: see https://bugs.debian.org/785200 (fixed at openvpn 2.3.4-5+deb8u1, ask me about <spu>). https://openvpn.net/ #openvpn on irc.freenode.net. See also <easy-rsa>.
M: 2009-07-31
<reply>Eclipse is an extensible integrated development environment written in Java. http://wiki.eclipse.org/IRC_FAQ http://www.eclipse.org/ #eclipse on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2001-06-12
at http://www.napster.com, ftp://ftp.scene.org/music/, ftp://Grep.is.org/cool, http://freenetproject.org/
M: 2006-03-29
a program in Unix and Unix-like operating systems that concatenates the contents of files, reading from a list of files and/or standard input in sequence and writing their contents in order to standard output. cat takes the list of files as arguments but also interprets the argument "-" as standard input. See also <more> and <less>.
show sources.list
C: 2011-02-14
<reply>Please pastebin the contents of your /etc/apt/sources.list and /etc/apt/sources.list.d/*.list. The easiest way to do this is to pastebin the output of: head -v -n -0 /etc/apt/sources.list{,.d/*}
M: 2012-10-20
<reply>wheezy-updates is a suite providing updates to some packages (from <proposed-updates>) prior to a <point release>. All packages from wheezy-updates will be included in point releases. https://wiki.debian.org/StableUpdates . Not to be confused with <wheezy/updates> which is for <security> updates.
M: 2010-01-12
<reply>Openbox is an X window manager originally based on <Blackbox> 0.65.0, then rewritten in C (no code based on Blackbox since v3.0). http://wiki.debian.org/Openbox http://openbox.org/wiki/Help:FAQ http://www.openbox.org/ #openbox on irc.oftc.net.
iso mount
C: 2005-07-02
mount -t iso9660 -o loop <path_to_iso> <mount_point>
M: 2009-09-19
<reply>The Debian installer comes in many forms (CD1, netinst, DVD), but the installer you use and the system you end up with is identical in each case. The only difference is when the packages are downloaded: if you grab the DVDs then you are downloading lots of packages that you might not need; if you download the <netinst>, then when you go to install packages using aptitude later on, they will be downloaded at that time.
M: 2013-01-22
<reply> see uefi
M: 2010-07-26
a way of categorising packages with tags (facets) that describe how a package can be used, what data it can read/write, what interfaces it has etc. This adds another dimension to package searching. Install the debtags package, then search either using "debtags" or "aptitude". Search (or add new tags) at http://debtags.debian.net/ . See also http://wiki.debian.org/Debtags or ask me about <aptitude search>.
dmm remove
C: 2012-09-28
<reply>If you want to remove the packages from deb-multimedia.org and reinstall the packages from Debian repositories, one could do this: dpkg --remove --force-depends $(aptitude search '?narrow(?version(CURRENT),?origin(Unofficial Multimedia Packages))' --disable-columns -F%p); remove the dmm repository from sources.list; apt-get update; apt-get install -f; install the still missing packages which were removed in the former process ...
remove x
M: 2008-03-28
"aptitude remove x11-common" will remove X. Use "purge" instead of remove if you also want to remove X's configuration.
M: 2012-07-17
<reply>see cross post
C: 2004-06-02
<reply> NO, we will NOT help you in private! Ask your question in the channel so that others can help. Don't send private messages to people asking for help, either, or you will be /ignore'd.
M: 2007-02-05
<reply> nice, or niceness is, how demanding or how nice a process is scheduled for. -20 is very agressive, and 19 is least agressive. Only root can drop a task below 0. See also taskset, prctl, and open mpi for cpu affinity
C: 2011-06-24
a utility to clone/restore the packages on an apt-based system. It will save/restore the packages, sources.list, keyring and automatic-installed states. It can also save/restore no longer downloadable packages using <dpkg-repack>.
M: 2010-01-18
a tool (provided by the <devscripts> package) for monitoring Release-Critical bugs in installed packages. Look for packages with bugs listed in Testing or Unstable (e.g. rc-alert -d TU) and ask me about <bts> and <source> for details of how to help. See also <release-critical>.
cmd: cve lookup (.*?)
C: 2010-11-17
($1): <reply>Information about the security advisory $1 may be found at https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/$1
dual boot
M: 2015-11-30
<reply> This describes a system that can boot to two different OSs. Some, like Windows XP and 7, allow for dual booting when installed. There is commercial programs that install a special boot partition capable of launching OSs from other partitions, to boot more than two OSs on the same machine. see <dual boot guide>, <supergrub>
debian archive
M: 2010-03-05
<reply>Debian has archives of no-longer-supported releases at http://archive.debian.org/ . To use with <APT>, see http://www.debian.org/distrib/archive . For old versions of specific packages, ask me about <snapshot>. Old Debian <ISO> files are archived at http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/archive/
M: 2010-01-13
<reply>phpMyAdmin is a tool written in PHP intended to handle MySQL administration over the Internet. Can create and drop databases, create/drop/alter tables, delete/edit/add fields, execute any SQL statement, and manage keys on fields. Read /usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/README.Debian and run "dpkg-reconfigure phpmyadmin" to configure your web server. http://www.phpmyadmin.net/documentation/#faq #phpmyadmin on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2012-11-15
<reply> see dmm
M: 2005-10-02
<reply> If your dpkg status file has become corrupted, first backup the current version, and restore a backup from /var/backups/dpkg.status. If all of those are corrupted/missing, then you will have to reinstall all of the packages you currently have installed. try this: find /usr/share/doc -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -type d -not -name texmf -not -name debian -printf '%f install\n'|xargs aptitude --schedule-only reinstall; aptitude install;;
M: 2010-01-13
<reply>Instead of running a <VNC> server on Linux, run an X server on Windows and use SSH X11 forwarding. <Cygwin> provides a free (speech) X server, MicroImages has a free (beer) one, see http://www.microimages.com/mix/mix-faq.htm . To enable X11 forwarding, ask me about <sshx>.
why not nvidia installer
C: 2008-01-29
<reply> see why nvidia-installer sucks
M: 2010-03-14
<reply>Hewlett-Packard (HP) is an American Information Technology corporation. For information on HP ProLiant servers and Debian, ask me about <proliant>. http://wiki.debian.org/InstallingDebianOn/HP http://hp.com/go/debian . See also <hplip>, <hpsa>, <laptop>.
M: 2008-01-18
a broad definition for a very popular kind of OS, is what the Internet was built on, sexy, http://cm.bell-labs.com/cm/cs/who/dmr/otherunix.html, http://www.unix-systems.org/, a gift from the gods, http://www.scarynetworkguy.net. a linux-like operating system
M: 2007-05-23
Access Control List. http://acl.bestbits.at/ http://www.informatik.uni-bremen.de/agbs/live/acl_eng.html http://www.suse.de/~agruen/acl/linux-acls/online/
M: 2008-06-02
<reply> [hacking] a hacker doing his work. Playing with code or programs or technical devices and figuring things out to satisy curiousity, see <hacker>.... This is not cracking, see <cracking>
best practices
M: 2010-06-09
a collection of packaging recommendations. DD's follow best-practices when they make sense, and collaborate with other DD's to make new best-practices in instances when there is no accepted practice. Available in the Debian Developer's Reference at http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/developers-reference/best-pkging-practices
C: 2015-04-29
<reply> Selected packages intended for the Debian 9 "Stretch" release but recompiled for use with "Jessie" (8.x) can be found in the "jessie-backports" repository. Note that jessie-backports are on the regular mirror network, not on backports.debian.org. A suitable line for your sources.list is «deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ jessie-backports main». Also ask me about <bdo>.
firmware installer
C: 2011-07-25
<reply> see installer firmware
M: 2002-12-22
http://www.debian.org/ports/ or http://www.isi.edu/in-notes/iana/assignments/port-numbers or the FreeBSD ports system etc etc
M: 2008-07-09
see docs for <sysctl> and adjust /etc/sysctl.conf kernel.printk (3 4 1 7 or so). You can also use 'dmesg -n1' command. See http://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt or man 5 proc /printk for meaning of the numbers (console_loglevel, default_message_loglevel, minimum_console_level, default_console_loglevel)
M: 2008-01-20
how you add users to your /etc/sudoers file. 'man visudo' for details, and also ask me about <sudoers>, or respects $EDITOR while doing sanity checking (prevents *some* critical commits of broken sudoers).
package rebuild
M: 2010-04-17
<reply> see package recompile
M: 2009-05-13
<reply>Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) is a <non-free> public-key encryption program, previously packaged for Debian as pgp-i and pgp-us. Superseded by the GNU Privacy Guard (GPG), ask me about <gpg>.
linux build-deps
M: 2008-03-06
<reply> To compile a kernel the Debian Way using make-kpkg, "aptitude install kernel-package build-essential". If you want to use "make menuconfig", then install libncurses-dev. If you want to use "make xconfig", then install libqt3-mt-dev (and also make sure that all your alternatives point to qt3 versions not qt4). Also ask me about <kernel compile> <make-kpkg> <kp mantra>.
kernel build-deps
M: 2008-03-06
<reply> see linux build-deps
C: 2002-04-23
<reply> Now!
M: 2009-05-11
application binary interface (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Application_binary_interface). See also <kernel abi>.
M: 2012-02-25
<reply>tmpfs is a file system which keeps all files in virtual memory; you can change its default size by editing /etc/default/tmpfs. Temporary filesystems can be mounted with a line such as "tmpfs /tmp tmpfs defaults 0 0" in /etc/fstab. http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/filesystems/tmpfs.txt
C: 2007-11-15
install xorg
C: 2008-02-03
<reply> see install x
M: 2011-02-25
<reply>OpenJDK is the open source release of <Java> from Oracle America (formerly Sun Microsystems). All required functionality (according to the J2SE spec) is present, but some optional stuff is missing and some stuff uses different implementations from Oracle's binary JDK. Install the default-jre package for the runtime environment or default-jdk for the development kit. http://openjdk.java.net/ #openjdk on irc.oftc.net.
C: 1970-01-01
Away From Keyboard
are you a bot
C: 2010-10-11
<reply> see bot
M: 2007-01-31
<reply>[games] Some cool multiplayer games: koth, netris, <quake>, xevil, bzflag, <netrek>, the only piece of software that is allowed to be non-free, because they are more like an art form than a program, #gametome (irc.freenode.net) for newer games. http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?LinuxGames, http://www.mtp-target.org, jumpnbump, supertux, gtetrinet and pathogen, <nethack>, freeciv, dopewars, <uqm>, <scummvm>, http://icculus.org/lgfaq/gamelist.php
M: 2004-05-26
spoken in #debian.pl on irc.freenode.net (not here). Or something used to make things shiny, or a really good sausage. polska -> #debian.pl
M: 2011-03-29
<reply>Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) is a suite of standards for digital television (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DVB). Drivers for a large number of DVB devices are included in the Linux kernel, see http://www.linuxtv.org/wiki/ for more information. For USB DVB bridge firmware, ask me about <af9015>, <dib0700>. See also <atsc>, <dtv1000s>, <dvb-apps>, <e506r>, <mantis>, <saa7134>, <saa716x>, <stv22>. #linuxtv on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2004-07-01
what GNU/Linux people do not need to run their computers and talk about in mundane ubergeek parties. http://www.little-gamers.com/index.php?id=275 or http://www.blerp.org/warez/
non-free list
M: 2012-03-21
<reply>To see a list of <non-free> and <contrib> packages installed on your system, run «aptitude search '~i?or(~scontrib,~snon-free)'». See also <aptitude search>.
M: 2015-04-26
<reply>Pepper Flash Player is a proprietary <flash> plugin included with the Google Chrome web browser. The pepperflashplugin-nonfree Debian package can be used to install this plugin for the <Chromium> browser, ask me about <contrib>. https://wiki.debian.org/PepperFlashPlayer
M: 2010-02-13
<reply> see infrared
bpo list
C: 2010-09-06
<reply> see bdo list
initramfs debug
C: 2007-11-15
<reply> see initramfsdebug
M: 2015-05-30
<reply>Removing a <hold> status flag can be achieved through «echo packagename install | dpkg --set-selections», or «aptitude unhold packagename» if the package is held in aptitude.
M: 2011-06-21
<reply>The Realtek RTL8188CUS and RTL8192CU are USB 802.11n wireless LAN chipsets. mac80211 vendor driver (rtl8192cu) is in mainline since Linux 2.6.39. Firmware is required (rtlwifi/rtl8192cufw.bin), ask me about <realtek firmware> to provide. Not to be confused with the <rtl8192su> driver. http://wiki.debian.org/rtl819x
C: 1970-01-01
"set user ID". Unix supports a special bit in a file's <permissions> that will allow a program run by a user to run with the ID of the file owner.
pepper flash
M: 2013-10-04
<reply> see pepperflashplugin-nonfree
M: 2006-01-11
<reply>dmesg is used to examine or control the kernel ring buffer. /var/log/dmesg gives you the whole thing from boot time, the `dmesg' command shows you current ring buffer contents.
mount iso
M: 2007-10-30
<reply> see iso mount
M: 2010-02-17
<reply>OpenSSH (OpenBSD Secure Shell, http://www.openssh.com/) is a free implementation of the Secure Shell (<SSH>) protocol. Packaged for Debian as openssh-server and openssh-client (install the ssh <metapackage> for both). SSH protocol 1 is disabled by default as of openssh 1:5.4p1-1. "Getting started with SSH": http://kimmo.suominen.com/docs/ssh/
M: 2011-03-29
<reply>"Video For Linux" (Video4Linux, V4L) is a video capture <API>. The V4L1 API is obsolete and does not work with most newer V4L drivers. http://www.linuxtv.org/wiki/index.php/What_is_V4L_or_DVB%3F http://www.linuxtv.org/wiki/ http://www.exploits.org/v4l #v4l on irc.freenode.net. See also <dvb>, <webcam>.
version compare
M: 2009-09-03
<reply>The canonical way to test whether one version string is considered greater than another is by testing an assertion such as «dpkg --compare-versions 1.1 gt 1.1~rc1 && echo true». See also http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ch-controlfields#s-f-Version , <version epoch>, <debian revision>.
C: 2009-02-12
<reply>The Ultimate Debian Database (UDD) is an effort to gather lots of useful information about Debian from a variety of sources and stuff it all into a giant PostgreSQL database. http://wiki.debian.org/UltimateDebianDatabase http://udd.debian.org/
C: 2002-03-01
<action> (does|refuses to do|eagerly does|reluctantly agrees to do|wonders why it should do|wouldn't dream of doing) $1
M: 2009-11-13
<reply> antiX is a live CD distribution based on <MEPIS>. It is not supported in #debian. http://antix.mepis.org/ #mepis on irc.freenode.net. See also <based on debian>.
M: 2010-06-19
<reply> Many wireless drivers (including the ipw* and iwl* drivers) will complain about the kill switch. This is either a keystroke (like Fn+F2) or a physical switch that you need to toggle to turn the radio on. When the kill switch is on, the radio is off (odd way of expressing things, isn't it?) and your network card won't work. See also <rfkill>.
M: 2009-11-06
the POSIX shell, or the old System V (and earlier) Bourne shell, or usually a symbolic link to /bin/bash on a GNU/Linux system, or now a symlink to /bin/dash in squeeze. Ask me about <bashism>.
ucf confmiss
C: 2011-05-10
<reply>If you need to restore a deleted config file in a package that is using <ucf> to manage its configuration files, use "UCF_FORCE_CONFFMISS=true aptitude reinstall $packagename". List the configuration files managed by ucf with "ucfq $packagename". If the package doesn't use ucf then ask me about <confmiss>.
dont break debian
C: 2014-09-16
C: 1970-01-01
for {what,whatever} it's worth
M: 2002-01-16
Fucked Up Beyond All Recognition; it is a military term, or ask a fubar question, get a fubar answer, or the failed unibus address register in some VAXen and PDP-11s.
xorg root
C: 2015-11-07
<reply> From Debian 9 "Stretch" onwards (xorg-server 1.17.3-1), the Xorg server is no longer setuid root, reducing the risk of privilege escalation security problems. This relies on logind and libpam-systemd and moves the logs to ~/.local/share/xorg; use the xserver-xorg-legacy package and see Xwrapper.config(5) if you'd rather a setuid root X.
M: 2010-02-14
<reply> Nagios (formerly NetSaint) is a popular open source computer system and network monitoring application. It watches hosts and services that you specify, alerting you when things go bad and again when they get better. Packaged for Debian as nagios3. http://wiki.debian.org/PkgNagios http://www.nagios.org/faqs/ #nagios on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2007-11-28
something you should do yourself.
M: 2010-02-14
<reply>Nginx (engine x) is an open source HTTP server (supports FastCGI, not CGI), reverse proxy and POP3/IMAP/SMTP proxy. http://wiki.debian.org/Nginx http://wiki.nginx.org/NginxFaq http://www.nginx.net/ #nginx on irc.freenode.net. See also <httpd>.
M: 2009-05-08
a cross-platform networked security and authentication system for accessing services. http://web.mit.edu/kerberos/www/ #kerberos on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2014-12-15
<reply>Midnight Commander is a cross-platform orthodox file manager, a clone of Norton Commander. It is a text mode application, with the main interface consisting of two panels which display the file system. Samba (SMB) support is disabled by default since mc 2:4.6.2~git20080311-1 (Debian bug #432324). http://www.midnight-commander.org/wiki/doc/faq http://www.midnight-commander.org/, or The best file manager.
M: 2006-07-18
<reply> see de
mixing distros
M: 2013-08-22
<reply> see mixing distributions
edit pdf
M: 2010-07-28
<reply>Editing PDFs isn't that easy as they were more-or-less designed to be a read-only document format. The <pdftk> package allows you to split and merge PDFs, as does the "pdfsam" package. LibreOffice Draw is also able to import PDFs as text/drawing objects which can allow some editing/commenting to be done. Also ask me about <fill pdf forms>, <pdf>.
M: 2012-12-21
<reply>uvcvideo is the Linux USB Video Class (UVC) driver, part of the Linux kernel (since Linux 2.6.26). Supported devices are listed at http://www.ideasonboard.org/uvc/#devices . For support of Ricoh R5U87x webcams, ask me about <r5u87x>. See also <gspca>, <webcam>.
M: 2010-04-11
<reply>dm-crypt is a Linux kernel subsystem providing a cryptographic device-mapper target, which enables filesystem encryption in files, partitions, whole disks, logical and software RAID volumes. dm-crypt is the successor of <cryptoloop> and uses the Crypto API cryptography framework. The cryptsetup and cryptmount utilites are in the cryptsetup package. http://www.saout.de/misc/dm-crypt/
M: 2011-03-31
<reply> see xyproblem
M: 2010-03-18
configuring two NICs with same IP address, increasing throughput and providing failover. For setup instructions, see http://wiki.debian.org/Bonding . See also http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/networking/bonding.txt . Older information at http://debian-administration.org/articles/350
M: 2013-05-10
<reply> see es
debian cut
M: 2011-10-16
<reply>"Constantly Usable Testing" (CUT) is a proposal to make a rolling branch of Debian. See the proposal: http://lwn.net/Articles/406301/ and the discussion: http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel/2010/09/msg00502.html . http://cut.debian.net/
bdo new
M: 2013-07-04
<reply>Packages uploaded to the <backports.debian.org> NEW queue that have yet to be accepted are visible at https://ftp-master.debian.org/backports-new.html . These packages are not available for download and will enter the backports repository once manually approved. Also ask me about <NEW>.
cmd: break (.*?)
C: 2004-02-05
($1): <action> tells $1 how to replace stable with unstable in his sources.list
C: 2008-09-19
India. For Debian India, see #debian-in
vim syntax highlighting
M: 2008-12-28
a way to make <vim> highlight script or source code syntax. Install the vim package and type ':syntax on' when in vim. You can have it enabled every time by adding 'syntax on' to your ~/.vimrc file. See http://vimdoc.sf.net/htmldoc/syntax.html . See also <colored pager>.
M: 2009-06-09
<reply>GParted is the <GNOME> partition editor, which uses libparted (see <parted>) and other optional filesystem tools. Install the suggested ntfsprogs and dosfstools packages to enable <NTFS> and FAT16/32 support respectively. Consider a <debian-live> image and installing gparted (after boot) as an alternative to the GParted Live CD. http://gparted.sf.net/faq.php #gparted on irc.gnome.org.
version epoch
M: 2009-09-03
<reply> The version number of a package has a prepended number called the "epoch". It is only added when the system for upstream version numbers changes. Example: in sarge, X was version 6.8 but in etch it was 1.1 (xfree86->xorg). But 1 < 6, so we add an epoch "2:" to signify that everything with 2: is newer (if there is no : the epoch is assumed to be "0"). See section 5.6.12 of <policy> or ask me about <compare versions> <debian revision>.
dmm pinning
M: 2014-08-12
<reply>To ensure that you only get the packages you really want from deb-multimedia.org, «echo -e 'Package: *\nPin: origin "www.deb-multimedia.org"\nPin-Priority: 101' > /etc/apt/preferences.d/dmm». Check this worked with «apt-cache policy» or «apt-cache policy $package». Ask me about <why not dmm>. If you also use backports, you should pin them higher than dmm.
M: 2013-07-04
<reply>Testing is not a rolling release in the strict sense of the word. It is a test platform, currently codenamed <stretch>. It is part of the Debian development process and is gradually being built into the next <stable>. Please go to #debian-next on irc.debian.org for support. See <moving target>.
M: 2011-04-28
<reply>apt-cacher-ng is a replacement for <apt-proxy>. Its usage is documented at http://www.unix-ag.uni-kl.de/~bloch/acng/ and alternatives comprise <apt-cacher>, <squid deb caching> and <approx>.
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>I have a name you know.
dotdeb alternatives
C: 2012-10-23
<reply>Software from <dotdeb> historically had a number of packaging or functional issues. If you require newer versions than what <stable> offers, a lot of the packages now have updates in backports.debian.org, ask me about <bdo>. To remove Dotdeb packages: "aptitude purge '~Vdotdeb'".
M: 2012-09-30
<reply>armhf is a port of Debian requiring a floating-point unit (FPU) found in modern <ARM> hardware. It explicitly targets version 7 of the ARM architecture (i.e. not the Raspberry Pi), using the hard-float version of the ARM EABI. The armhf architecture was introduced at Debian 7.0 "Wheezy". http://wiki.debian.org/ArmHardFloatPort #debian-arm on irc.oftc.net. See also <armel vs armhf>.
M: 2010-06-04
<reply> see downgrade
dmm jessie
M: 2013-08-26
<reply> see dmmj
C: 2011-08-09
<reply>Libav is a complete, cross-platform solution to record, convert and stream audio and video. Libav is a fork of <FFmpeg> and replaces it in the Debian 7 Wheezy and 8 Jessie releases. Multithreaded decoding is available since libav 4:0.7~rc1-1 (bug #575600); MP3 encoding support is available since libav 4:0.7.1-2 (bug #587904). http://libav.org/faq.html http://libav.org/ #libav on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2014-04-16
<reply>Node.js is an event-based server-side <JavaScript> engine packaged for Debian as 'nodejs'; Debian 7 "Wheezy" users can find this in <wheezy-backports>. Further help can be found in #node.js on irc.freenode.net. https://wiki.debian.org/Javascript/Nodejs http://nodejs.org/
installed test
M: 2011-03-02
<reply>To test in a script if a package is installed, you can: if dpkg -l $package 2>/dev/null | grep -q ^.i; then echo yes; fi or if [[ $(dpkg-query -f'${Status}' --show $package 2>/dev/null) = *\ installed ]]; then echo yes; fi. Note that "installed" isn't a simple concept -- is the package configured yet? is it actually scheduled for removal? See man dpkg "package states" and "selection states" for more details.
remove nvidia-installer
C: 2006-04-16
as root type "/usr/bin/nvidia-installer --uninstall". Debian's nvidia-installer-cleanup package can also assist, ask me about <contrib>.
secure boot
M: 2013-01-23
<reply>"Secure boot" is a hardware restriction feature of the <UEFI> specification. It prevents the loading of drivers / operating system loaders not signed with an accepted digital signature. While Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later releases support installation in (U)EFI mode on 64-bit PC systems (amd64), secure boot is currently not supported. See https://www.fsf.org/campaigns/secure-boot-vs-restricted-boot for secure boot implementation concerns.
M: 2010-10-25
<reply>When building packages, you might be able to use "DEB_BUILD_OPTIONS=nocheck dpkg-buildpackage" to suppress running of automated tests at build time. Note that running tests is generally a good thing to make sure your build went OK. Not all packages have a <debian/rules> that supports this option; see <policy> §4.9.1 for details and consider filing a wishlist bug if the package doesn't do so and the tests take a while to run.
basic apt troubleshooting
C: 2013-10-08
<reply>see bat
jessie release notes
M: 2015-03-21
<reply> Release notes for Debian 8 "Jessie" are at http://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/releasenotes . See also <wheezy->jessie>, <install guide>.
M: 2010-12-14
<reply> see 70
M: 2010-10-01
<reply> see debian archive
M: 2013-09-05
<reply> Modern (S)ATA drives have 4k sectors, which when not accounted for, can cause performance problems. See https://ata.wiki.kernel.org/index.php/ATA_4_KiB_sector_issues , http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/linux/library/l-4kb-sector-disks/ and http://lists.debian.org/debian-user/2011/01/msg02021.html for more information.
apt-get source
C: 2009-06-23
the way to download the debian source for your packages. Run apt-get source and compile packages as a non-root user. Ask me about <source> <deb-src>. If you have several deb-src lines in your sources.list, then you will need to use "apt-get source packagename=version" to control what source version is downloaded (apt-get source ignores the -t option). Also ask me about <package recompile> <simple sid backport>
C: 2001-01-30
<reply> (hello|howdy|salut|hola|g'day|moin|salve) $who
M: 2011-02-02
<reply>The thunar-volman package contains the Thunar Volume Manager extension to enable automatic management of removable drives and other media. See also <thunar>.
C: 2012-07-13
<reply>Using the bot's tell feature reduces unnecessary noise in the channel. This sends the recipient a private message with the same information. Example: "dpkg: tell foo about bar". You can also "/msg dpkg tell foo about bar". See also <msg the bot>.
M: 2015-09-05
<reply>Debian 8.2 was released on September 5, 2015. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2015/20150905 and http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/jessie/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
M: 2010-02-12
<reply>IrDA is an infrared wireless communication standard. To use on Debian systems: enable infrared in BIOS (if built-in), install the irda-utils package (its init script starts irattach by default), enable infrared on the other device, "cat /proc/net/irda/discovery" / irdadump to test. To provide /dev/ircomm* devices, "modprobe ircomm-tty". See also irda-utils' README.Debian. http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Infrared-HOWTO/ Not for CIR, see <lirc>.
reboot required
C: 2012-01-31
<reply> If you've upgraded your kernel package you need to reboot to start running the new kernel. Unless the <kernel abi> has changed, uname -r doesn't tell you whether this is needed or not, instead compare /proc/version to the package version: if ! grep -q $(dpkg-query -f'${Version}' -W linux-image-$(uname -r)) /proc/version; then echo "Reboot required"; fi
C: 2008-10-05
a program that reports security advisories against programs installed on the host, similar to gentoo's glsa-check. See http://www.enyo.de/fw/software/debsecan/.
M: 2010-10-18
<reply>[cut] a utility to remove sections from each line of files, part of <coreutils>, or "constantly usable testing", ask me about <debian cut>.
M: 2010-10-13
<reply>[driver] a piece of code, typically in kernelspace (but not always), which allows you to control a piece of hardware. The biggest exception is video drivers for Linux, which are often part of the (userspace) X server. (3D accelerated video drivers are a weird hybrid that have both kernelspace *and* userspace components.) Ask me about <driver locator>, <module>, <nodriver>.
C: 2005-09-20
<reply> The reason you have been told to use --force-overwrite is because some packages in unstable are buggy and either have missing Conflicts: or contain files that they shouldn't. Check the BTS and make sure that a bug has been filed about the package in question (ask me about <bts>) then run dpkg -i --force-overwrite /path/to/.deb or apt-get -o DPkg::Options::="--force-overwrite" install <foopackagename>;
bdo kernel
M: 2015-04-29
<reply>Newer kernels for Debian stable releases are available from the "jessie-backports" repository. Ask me about <jessie backports> to modify your sources.list, then run «aptitude update». To install the current backported kernel: «aptitude -t jessie-backports install linux-image-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'`». To list available backported kernel image packages: «aptitude search '?narrow(~nlinux-image,?origin(Debian Backports))'».
M: 2004-04-20
what is packed into ody colon during vacation, or bad
M: 2008-07-31
<reply> see apt-pinning
M: 2011-02-05
<reply>Plymouth presents a graphic animation while the boot process occurs in the background. It is designed to be used with <DRM> modesetting drivers and replaces both <usplash> and <splashy>. Read /usr/share/doc/plymouth/README.Debian to enable. http://wiki.debian.org/plymouth http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/Plymouth #plymouth on irc.freenode.net.
jessie installation guide
C: 2015-03-21
<reply> The Installation Guide for Debian 8 "Jessie" can be found at https://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/installmanual . See also <errata>, <jessie release notes>.
M: 2009-09-13
Server Message Block, or how Microsoft pulls off its networking sharing magic. See also <cifs>, <samba>.
M: 2009-05-02
when nobody knows how to solve a problem, and they decide not to bother you with their ignorance; it is not meant as disrespect.
M: 2007-07-27
<reply>If you want an insecure box that boots into a session with your user. Xdm cannot do autologin but gdm and kdm can if you really want them to. (But do you?)
M: 2015-04-28
<reply>The release following Debian 8 "Jessie" is codenamed "Stretch" (the rubber octopus in Toy Story 3) and will be Debian 9: https://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2014/11/msg00005.html. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianStretch
M: 2005-10-23
a public key encryption algorithm
M: 2009-04-14
a network audio system, a lot like <esound> with special features, like a module wich can hijack your /dev/dsp on clients. Network Attached Storage, see <nslu2>, <n2100>, <dns-323>.
C: 2009-05-07
<reply>Use "listvals $something" to find factoids with content $something in them. Eg, <listvals udev>
tmp noexec
M: 2009-10-18
<reply>dpkg doesn't like you mounting /tmp noexec, so you need to: echo -e 'DPkg::Pre-Invoke {"mount -o remount,exec /tmp";};\nDPkg::Post-Invoke {"mount -o remount /tmp";}' > /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/tmp-noexec
M: 2013-01-02
<reply>AppArmor (Application Armor, formerly SubDomain) provides pathname-based mandatory access control, a file-system neutral alternative to <SELinux>. Previously maintained by Novell and part of the Linux kernel since version 2.6.36. http://wiki.debian.org/AppArmor http://apparmor.wiki.kernel.org/ #apparmor on irc.oftc.net.
C: 2010-06-19
<reply>/dev/rfkill is the Linux rfkill (radio frequency <killswitch>) device interface, available since Linux 2.6.31. It is used to enable and disable wireless networking devices (e.g. wireless LAN, Bluetooth, WiMAX). The rfkill userspace tool for accessing this interface is in the rfkill package. http://wireless.kernel.org/en/users/Documentation/rfkill
M: 2010-12-27
<reply>Basic Input Output System (BIOS) is the part of an IBM PC-compatible system responsible for initializing the various parts of a computer when it is booted. Install and run «dmidecode -t bios» as root to display BIOS date/version information. See also <flash bios>, <coreboot>, <uefi>.
M: 2009-06-23
a delayed job execution and batch processing program, or IBM's second-generation PC (Advanced Technology), or Austria, or OK
message the bot
M: 2013-04-12
<reply> see msg the bot
M: 2010-04-19
<reply>Clonezilla Live is a live CD based on Debian, providing disk/partition cloning functionality similar to Symantec Ghost. Basically a front-end to <partimage>, <partclone>, <ntfsclone>, sfdisk and others. http://www.clonezilla.org/ See also <based on Debian>.
M: 2013-09-22
<reply> see node.js
M: 2012-06-16
<reply>Tails (The Amnesic Incognito Live System) is a live DVD/USB <based on Debian>, with the aim of preserving privacy and anonymity. It is not supported in #debian. https://tails.boum.org/ #tails on irc.oftc.net.
serial console
M: 2010-07-29
<reply>A serial console can be used to administrate a system or capture kernel crash/panic information. http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/serial-console.txt . You will also want your bootloader to use the serial console. See also <netconsole>.
dmm mirrors
C: 2010-06-21
<reply>Servers mirroring deb-multimedia.org content are listed at http://www.deb-multimedia.org/debian-m.php (copy at http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:www.deb-multimedia.org/debian-m.php).
M: 2010-07-06
<reply> see rtl819x
M: 2010-02-12
<reply> see irda
M: 2010-01-20
a tool to install manually downloaded .deb packages. It is useful as it automatically resolves dependencies. aptitude install gdebi or aptitude install gdebi-kde. And/or aptitude install gdebi-core for the command-line utility. https://launchpad.net/gdebi
M: 2013-04-15
<reply> see bumblebee
remove fglrx
M: 2013-08-28
<reply>Executing /usr/share/ati/amd-uninstall.sh (as root) may assist in the removal of the AMD Catalyst installer from amd.com.
C: 2009-03-16
<reply>see arch linux
install xfce4
C: 2009-06-26
<reply> see install xfce
C: 2015-03-21
<reply>jessie-updates is a suite providing updates to some packages (from <proposed-updates>) prior to a <point release>. All packages from jessie-updates will be included in point releases. https://wiki.debian.org/StableUpdates . Not to be confused with <jessie/updates> which is for <security> updates.
M: 2011-11-15
<reply> see sid
M: 2005-10-23
probably what you should do to your Windows(tm) box, or what you should do to your MacOS box, or what you should do to your LinuxPPC box, or what you should do to your RedHat box, or what you should do to your Mandrake box, or what you should do to your SuSE box || apparently what Windows users call "mke2fs""fdisk" or both, or on floppies use superformat
M: 2008-01-15
<reply> see filesystems
C: 2006-05-12
<reply>see grsecurity
M: 2012-10-30
<reply> see jessie
M: 2008-04-15
<reply> see pt
M: 2012-10-08
<reply>The bot "judd" can tell you a lot about hardware and kernel support. /msg judd pciid 8086:4222 ; /msg judd xorg 1002:7145 ; /msg judd pciname 82574L ; /msg judd kconfig firmware ; /msg judd kernels. For full information, /msg judd list Piccy ; /msg judd help commandname. http://ircbots.debian.net/judd/
C: 2010-11-24
<reply> see mixing distros
install mate
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>To install <MATE> on established systems, ask me about <install x>, then: «apt-get install mate-desktop-environment» (for more things, also install mate-desktop-environment-extras). To install using Debian-Installer: from the 'Software selection' dialog, choose "MATE" (use space bar to toggle selections), then "Continue".
fill pdf forms
M: 2010-05-21
<reply> You can use evince, inkscape or xournal to fill in pdf forms. (Try evince first!) Otherwise, you can do so using pdftk: pdftk foo.pdf generate_fdf output foo.fdf; sensible-editor foo.fdf; pdftk foo.pdf fill_form foo.fdf output filled_foo.pdf; Or, using flpsed: pdf2ps foo.pdf; flpsed foo.ps;
apt secure
M: 2010-02-09
<reply> see apt-secure
C: 2015-04-25
<reply>First, understand that testing is a pre-release distribution without timely security support and that you will have a bumpy ride; ask me about <moving target> <testing> <testing security>. From /etc/apt/sources.list, remove stable-specific lines like jessie-updates and backports, and change jessie to stretch. apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade. If you feel you need more instructions, perhaps you should wait a while.
rescue disk
C: 2000-02-29
useful if you borked your root partition on the harddrive. Boot the rescue disk with "linux single" or "linux root=/dev/hdaX"
cmd: dependency problems (.*?)
C: 2009-08-15
($1): <reply>$who: that's not the complete error. Please pastebin the command you gave and the entire output. Ask me about <pastebin> <bat> <localised errors>.
stretch/unstable mix
C: 2014-08-16
<reply>«echo 'APT::Default-Release "stretch";' >> /etc/apt/apt.conf», edit sources.list, copy your non-security stretch lines and change one set to sid, then apt-get update. apt-get -t sid install foo; to install foo from sid rather than stretch as usual. WARNING to SYNAPTIC users: Synaptic ignores Default-Release: set Preferences->Distribution. See <jum caveat> and use this setup to track <stretch> after its release.
C: 2004-12-30
<reply>see loopback
C: 2007-08-24
<reply><wols_> vzrb a devuab betubstakk CD <wols_> *burn a dbeian netinstall CD <jelly> wols_: you're drifting to the right... republican? <wols_> jelly: my equipment drifts to the left. anarchist
firmware iso
M: 2010-08-08
<reply> see firmware images
M: 2013-08-26
<reply>If you really need deb-multimedia.org (are you sure your information isn't five years out of date?), then (as root): echo "deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org/ jessie main non-free" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/dmm.list; aptitude update && aptitude install deb-multimedia-keyring && aptitude update. For an alternative way to load Marillat's archive key, ask me about <apt-key 1F41B907>. See <why not dmm>.
M: 2010-01-16
<reply>Openswan is an <IPsec> implementation for Linux kernels, forked from <freeswan>. Install the openswan package to provide Openswan IPsec utilities. As Debian stock kernels have IPsec (NETKEY, aka 26sec) and crypto support enabled, the openswan-modules-source or linux-patch-openswan packages are only necessary for KLIPS use. http://wiki.openswan.org/ http://www.openswan.org/ #openswan on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2000-09-14
another word for coding
M: 2010-01-04
<reply> see driver
M: 2015-05-05
<reply>To have <APT> automatically select a mirror close to you, use the Geo-IP redirector in your sources.list "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ jessie main". See http://httpredir.debian.org/ for more information. The redirector uses HTTP 302 redirects not DNS to serve content so is safe to use with Google DNS. See also <which httpredir.debian.org>. This service is identical to http.debian.net.
why nvidia installer sucks
C: 2012-08-07
<reply> see why not nvidia installer
installer firmware
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>see installer firmware jessie
C: 2000-11-25
<reply> see debra murdock
mixing distributions
M: 2013-08-22
<reply>Mixing distributions is a bad idea. Running Ubuntu packages on Debian systems (or vice-versa) causes problems with package naming and versioning. Don't expect anybody to help you with your system if you do this.
C: 2010-07-14
a way of answering configuration questions prior to installing the package (e.g. specifying a mysql password or accepting the Sun Java licence in advance). Install the package in your test environment and run "debconf-get-selections" (debconf-utils package) to get the appropriate key names.
hold list
C: 2014-05-29
<reply>Packages currently on <hold> can be listed with «dpkg --get-selections | grep 'hold$'» (on hold for apt-get), or «aptitude search ~ahold» (on hold for aptitude). See also <unhold>.
installer firmware jessie
C: 2015-04-25
<reply>Debian-Installer is able to load additional <firmware>, by including it within installation media or supplying on removable media (e.g. USB stick, floppy). See http://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/amd64/ch06s04 . To include firmware within Debian <netboot> images, see http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/NetbootFirmware . See also <firmware images>.
M: 2015-04-25
<reply> see jessie-updates
C: 2001-06-16
try /close
M: 2004-05-21
the Mail eXchanger resource record in DNS -- it tells an <MTA> where to deliver mail for a given domain. Merry Xmas, or Mexico.
status recovery
C: 2006-02-17
<reply> see status-recovery
ssh permissions
M: 2010-06-16
<reply>You cannot use your ssh key if the permissions are set on your client so that someone else can steal it, or if the permissions on the remote machine permit someone else adding keys. On the client: chmod 755 ~/; chmod 700 ~/.ssh; chmod 600 ~/.ssh/id_rsa. On the server: chmod 755 ~/; chmod 700 ~/.ssh; chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys See also <ssh-copy-id>. http://mywiki.wooledge.org/SshKeys
why not amd64
C: 2012-04-28
<reply>Some applications developed specifically for i386 need special ia32 support libraries and as such may not work properly or at all on Debian AMD64. Consider using Debian i386 instead.
debug initramfs
M: 2010-08-13
<reply> see initramfs debug
M: 2014-04-12
<reply>Lightspark is an experimental, high-performance <Flash> player and browser plugin, aiming to support newer formats and the AVM2 virtual machine. The Mozilla browser plugin is packaged for Debian 7 "Wheezy" as browser-plugin-lightspark. http://lightspark.github.io/ #lightspark on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2005-02-28
not a substitute for "ait" or "ate" or any other combination of letters.
C: 2012-02-20
a tool to make your own repository for apt: [1, as root] apt-get install dpkg-dev; [2, as user] mkdir -p ~/public_html/foo; cd ~/public_html/foo; [3] cp /your/packages.deb .; [4] dpkg-scanpackages . /dev/null | gzip > Packages.gz; [5, as root] Add a deb line to your /etc/apt/sources.list: "deb http://localhost/~username/foo ./" or "deb file:///home/username/public_html/foo ./". Alternatively, ask me about <reprepro>.
M: 2008-07-24
<reply> fdisk is the name used for several hard disk partition table editor programs for PC compatible computers. Before a hard disk can be used by an operating system on a PC, it must be divided into one or more logical disks called partitions. Ask me about <partitioning>, <gparted>.
intel graphics
M: 2010-03-21
<reply> see intel-gfx
M: 2011-07-01
binary <NMU>, which means a package was recompiled without changing the source. This often occurs when one of the libraries a package depends on has changed, and it needs to be recompiled against the newer library. The <debian revision> part of the package version normally has +b1 (+b2 etc) appended to it. http://wiki.debian.org/binNMU
compare versions
M: 2011-05-16
<reply>see version compare
open source
M: 2004-05-27
<reply>While free software by any other name would give you the same freedom, it makes a big difference which name we use: different words convey different ideas. See http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-software-for-freedom.html for an explanation. s.d.
display manager
C: 2008-10-07
<reply>see dm
C: 2013-03-21
<reply> مرحبا! للحصول على الدعم باللغة العربية لتوزيعة دبيان جنو\لينيكس , الرجاء التوجه الى قناة ##debian-ar
C: 2013-12-14
<reply>SteamOS is an operating system released by Valve as a gaming platform, based on Debian 7 "Wheezy". It is not supported in #debian, support is available in #steamOS on irc.freenode.net or at http://support.steampowered.com/ . See <based on debian>.
M: 2014-08-16
<reply> see stretch/unstable mix
M: 2010-09-22
<reply>[nslu2] The Linksys NSLU2 "Network Storage Link" is a NAS device with two USB 2.0 ports and one 10/100 Ethernet port. Supported by the <armel> port of Debian GNU/Linux. http://www.cyrius.com/debian/nslu2/ . Proprietary NPE-B microcode (used by the Intel IXP4xx Ethernet driver) is available in the ixp4xx-microcode package, ask me about <non-free sources>.
minimal install
M: 2012-04-03
<reply>See http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch03s04 for required/recommended disk space. Debian keeps the base install relatively small for both hardware requirements and flexibility. As a consequence half the people are surprised that basic tools (like bzip2) are not "default" and half think that the existing base install contains too much (cron, python, ...). Also see <emdebian> <base install> <standard task>.
C: 2011-04-28
<reply>When asking for help, try to give as much relevant information as possible as well as reading cited documentation. Ask me about <sicco> and <research>.
M: 2011-10-26
<reply>Open Source Tripwire (packaged for Debian as tripwire) is a host-based intrusion detection system. It monitors a designated set of files, notifying the system administrator about corruption or tampering. http://tripwire.sf.net/ http://sf.net/projects/tripwire
C: 2003-05-03
Korea (South)
hybrid iso
M: 2012-04-11
<reply> see hybrid images
C: 2012-09-12
<reply> see raspbian
mac locales
C: 2011-10-26
<reply>If you're getting "Cannot set LC_CTYPE to default locale" when connecting from an Apple Macintosh to a Debian host over ssh: (a) In Terminal, uncheck Settings->Advanced->"Set locale environment variables on startup", or (b) change SendEnv in ~/.ssh/config to not send LC_CTYPE (man ssh_config), or (c) change AcceptEnv on remote sshd, or (d) overwrite that value in your login scripts (.profile or similar).
C: 2000-06-14
something which is done by everybody but understood by nobody.
base install
M: 2012-04-03
<reply>The term "base install" is often debated: if you don't select anything at the <tasksel> stage, you will end up with a very minimal system that will be missing many tools you would expect to find (at, less, file, ...). Selecting the <standard task> at the tasksel stage is highly recommended to provide you with the standard tools that should live on any unix-like machine. Also ask me about <minimal install>.
M: 2013-10-12
<reply>Synergy is a client/server program for sharing a keyboard and mouse between multiple systems (Linux, Mac OS X, Windows). http://synergy-foss.org/wiki/User http://synergy-foss.org/ #synergy on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2003-07-20
a completely decentralized, totally secure peer-to-peer network with anonymity. client written in java. days of free speech are here! see http://www.freenetproject.org
kernel mantra
M: 2007-08-16
<reply> see kp mantra
M: 2010-08-01
<reply> see ath9k_htc
M: 2013-04-30
<reply>The Broadcom BCM4321 (PCI IDs 14e4:4328, 14e4:4329, 14e4:432a) - incorrectly identified as BCM4328, BCM4329 or BCM432A by Broadcom's proprietary driver - is a draft 802.11n wireless LAN chip. Supported by the <b43> driver since Linux 2.6.38. Alternatively supported by the <wl> driver.
M: 2010-02-20
<reply>BusyBox combines tiny versions of many common Unix utilities into a single small executable. It provides minimalist replacements for most of the utilities you usually find in GNU coreutils, util-linux, etc. http://busybox.net/FAQ.html #uclibc on irc.freenode.net.
debian revision
M: 2009-09-03
a number added to the package number to show that the Debian maintainers for the package have had a number of attempts at the packaging. The Debian revision is the string after the last - in the version (1.2.3-5 has a Debian revision of 5) and will also indicate a security update (e.g.1+squeeze2) or an NMU. Ask me about <nmu> <binnmu> <compare versions> <version epoch>, or see section 5.6.12 of <policy>.
C: 2010-07-15
<reply>Describe your goal, not what you think the solution is.
cmd: --add-architecture (.*?)
C: 2013-08-22
($1): <action>gets an architect to start planning a new (powerpc|amd64|i386|ia64|alpha|mips(|el)|kfreebsd-(i386|amd64)|sh|hurd-i386|arm(|eb|el|hf)|gothic|classical|neo-classical|geary|hppa|s390(|x)) (processor|chipset|palace|cathedral)
M: 2014-02-14
<reply>Want to help out with Debian and become more involved in the Debian project? The tools wnpp-alert, rc-alert (both from the devscripts package) and how-can-i-help can provide inspiration on buggy or unmaintained packages that you have installed on your system. Ask me about <wnpp>, <rc-alert>, <devscripts>, <new maintainer guide>. https://debian.org/intro/help
don't break debian
C: 2014-09-16
<reply>see dont break debian
M: 2007-05-13
<reply>what a woc says. Out Of Memory, or http://lwn.net/Articles/104185/
cmd: prise (.*?)
C: 2005-02-16
($1): <action>(blows $1 apart with a lightly oiled explosive|stops $1 from molesting that (sheep|goat|Welshman)|forcibly removes $1 from $1's keyboard)
putty linedraw
C: 2008-04-14
<reply>Make sure you have a UTF-8 encoding specified for your locale, and Window/Translation->"Received data assumed to be" = UTF-8; "Handle line draw" = "Use unicode"; Window/Appearance/Font must be a good unicode font. See http://web.archive.org/web/20080518125452/http://wp.sieker.info/ascii-line-drawing-in-putty or ask me about <locales>.
M: 2012-01-29
<reply>[eol] end-of-line (aka newline, line break) is a character or sequence of characters indicating the end of a text line; ask me about <dos2unix>. End-of-life, ask me about <lenny>.
firmware netinst
M: 2010-08-08
<reply> see firmware images
python 3
M: 2011-09-07
available from squeeze onwards and is a "supported version" of python, meaning that python module packages are starting to exist in Debian. See http://news.debian.net/2010/02/01/python-updates/
C: 1970-01-01
C: 1970-01-01
<action> thinks deeply...
M: 2013-06-24
<reply>Deluge is a BitTorrent written in Python/PyGTK. Prior to deluge 1.3.6-1, the deluged package did not contain an init script (Debian bug #541138). http://dev.deluge-torrent.org/wiki/Faq http://deluge-torrent.org/ #deluge on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2008-03-26
<reply> see based on debian
jessie backports
C: 2015-04-29
<reply> see jessie-backports
which video driver
C: 2013-04-15
<reply>To show the video driver used by your X server «egrep 'Load.*mod.*driv|UnloadModule' /var/log/Xorg.0.log». Also ask me about <fglrx>, <nvidia>, <which driver>, <nodriver>, <judd-hardware>.
M: 2010-05-25
<reply>[udf] Universal Disk Format, a filesystem standard primarily used on DVDs. Tools are packaged in udftools, see also <udf packet writing>.
C: 2000-06-05
the politically correct term for unlawfully accessing a computer system.
M: 2010-07-17
a Portable Document Format viewer for X11. http://www.foolabs.com/xpdf/ . Ask me about <pdf> for alternative viewers.
C: 2012-11-12
<reply>LightDM is a cross-desktop X display manager, packaged since Debian 7.0 "Wheezy". http://wiki.debian.org/LightDM http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/LightDM
cooperation in asking for help
C: 2011-04-28
<reply>see cooperation
C: 2002-05-14
a country located in East Asia
report bug
M: 2009-02-18
<reply> see reportbug
M: 2010-02-14
<reply>The Realtek RTL8101E Fast Ethernet controller is supported by the <r8169> driver. RTL8101E v2 is supported as of linux-2.6 2.6.26-21 (part of the <5.0.4> point release).
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> see freecode
M: 2003-08-26
when someone tries to type really fast without knowing what he is actually doing.... so he makes typing mistakes.
error message
M: 2003-03-14
<reply>If you get an error message and find that to be very annoying, how about telling us what error message you get? Stop saying "I get an error", or try pasting the error message in google. very often, you'll find the answer you're looking for there
ssh linedraw
C: 2008-06-06
<reply>If you've got strange characters from curses based interfaces (like mc, aptitude or debconf), then make sure you have a UTF-8 encoding specified for your locale, and use a unicode font in your terminal that has good support for linedraw characters. Ask me about <locales>. If you're using putty, ask me about <putty linedraw>.
_tor lifecycle
C: 2014-10-28
<reply>Please read Roger's blog post on the lifecycle of Tor relays - https://blog.torproject.org/blog/lifecycle-of-a-new-relay
M: 2002-04-20
something i can beat d-42 at, or something fischer can beat the crap out of you at
M: 2009-11-28
<reply> here in this channel / we write very bad haiku / readers all go mad | debian woody / stiffs out the competition / no pun intended. See also <symlink>. Haiku is also the name of an open source binary-compatible clone of the BeOS operating system. http://haiku-os.org/ #haiku on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2000-07-01
an X server that runs in a window on another X server. It's great for testing.
M: 2012-11-15
<reply>Semplice is a GNU/Linux distribution based on Debian <unstable>. It is not suppored in #debian. http://semplice-linux.org/ #semplice on irc.freenode.net. See also <based on debian>.
apt translation
M: 2013-05-01
<reply>From Debian 7.0 "Wheezy" onwards, the long description of the packages is moved out of the Packages files on the mirrors and placed instead in a Translation-en file in the same way as translated package descriptions are stored. To configure which languages to download, see Acquire::Languages in apt.conf(5). For example, «echo "Acquire::Languages{en;};" > /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/90translation»
M: 2001-11-20
see <OSIRM> Application - 7, Presentation - 6, Transport - 5, Session - 4, Data Link - 3, Network - 2, Physical - 1.. Open Source Initiative
M: 2012-02-14
<reply>Computer Aided Design packages that are available in Debian include <librecad>, pythoncad, <freecad>. There are also programs designed for <electronics>.
M: 2010-04-09
<reply>Vuze (formerly Azureus) is a social <BitTorrent> client which uses the Azureus engine, packaged for Debian. http://faq.vuze.com/ http://wiki.vuze.com/ http://www.vuze.com/ #azureus-support on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2011-02-02
<reply>Cinelerra is a non-linear video editor and compositor for Linux. <ITP> filed as Debian bug #331072, ask me about <dmm> for unofficial packages. http://www.cinelerra.org/ #cinelerra on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2012-07-25
<reply>[nodriver] Known hardware not supported by the Linux kernel are listed at http://linuxdriverproject.org/mediawiki/index.php/Drivers_Needed . Some hardware types do not require a Linux kernel driver for their use, see http://linuxdriverproject.org/mediawiki/index.php/No_Linux_Driver_Needed
flash plugin
M: 2007-12-21
<reply> see flash
C: 2006-09-14
<reply> see usb install
M: 2010-05-20
<reply>Tomoyo is a mandatory access control implementation for Linux. Available in Debian kernel images since linux-2.6 2.6.32-13, boot with "security=tomoyo" on the kernel command line to enable. http://wiki.debian.org/Tomoyo http://tomoyo.sf.jp/ See also <apparmor>, <selinux>.
C: 2014-09-16
<reply>see dont break debian
remove nvidia
M: 2013-06-01
<reply> see remove nvidia-installer
M: 2013-08-13
<reply>The Intel Dual Band Wireless AC (802.11ac, a/b/g/n compatible) 7000 series (e.g. 7260: PCI ID 8086:08b1, 3160: PCI ID 8086:08b3) is supported by <iwlwifi> since Linux 3.10. Firmware is required and packaged for Debian since firmware-iwlwifi 0.39. Debian 7 "Wheezy" users: ask me about <bdo kernel> and install firmware-iwlwifi from <wheezy-backports>. See also <btusb>.
C: 1970-01-01
(American National Standards Institution) This organization represents the United States in the ISO (International Organization for Standardization). They work to develop coding and signaling standards.
C: 2002-08-31
thank you
C: 2003-02-09
"Not Invented Here" - a syndrome often suffered by developers and companies who tend to reinvent the wheel for no reason other than being able to put their name on it.
M: 2011-04-15
<reply>Ardour is a digital audio workstation suitable for real-time multi-track recording, mixing and editing. http://ardour.org/realfaq http://ardour.org/ #ardour at irc.freenode.net.
M: 2016-01-22
<reply> mplayer2 was a general purpose video player forked from <mplayer>. From Debian 9 "Stretch" onwards, it is no longer distributed. Alternatives include mpv, mplayer and vlc.
public key not available
M: 2013-06-28
<reply>Seeing "There are no public keys available"? This means that the Release file has been signed by a key which you do not have. If it's signed by another key which you do have, you can ignore the warning. Otherwise, you can add the key listed *AFTER* checking the validity of the signatures on the key. Packaged keys for Debian repositories are in debian-archive-keyring. The current key is also at http://ftp-master.debian.org/keys.html
package search
M: 2002-03-15
to find the package that provides a file, go to http://package.debian.org/ , at the bottom of that page enter the file to find in the "Search the Contents of the Latest Release" search, select which distro and arch to search in, and submit, or use 'auto-apt search filename'
C: 2007-11-29
<reply> see amd64
C: 2010-09-03
<reply>see r8169
creation time
M: 2011-06-18
<reply>Some filesystems may store creation time after all, even if POSIX APIs don't expose it. Ext4 does. E.g., to check how long ago your root filesystem root directory was created: f="/"; dev=`df -P "$f"|tail -n1|awk '{print $1}'`; i=`stat -c%i "$f"`; sudo debugfs -R"stat <$i>" "$dev" 2>&1|grep ^crtime
M: 2015-07-08
<reply>Devuan (https://devuan.org/) is a fork of Debian, meant to avoid dependencies on <systemd>. Not supported in #debian, please see #devuan on chat.freenode.net for support.
M: 2004-12-10
a graphical operating system related to Unix, non-free, ftp://ftp.sunet.se/pub/os/BeOS/, personal edition is free, dev tools in a seperate package at previous URL. kaput D.E.D. DEAD. see <haiku>
M: 2010-10-19
<reply>ScummVM is a cross-platform 2D adventure game intepreter. It supports many SCUMM-based titles, Sierra AGI/SCI titles and other game engines; see http://scummvm.org/compatibility/ for a complete list. http://scummvm.org/faq/ http://scummvm.org/ #scummvm on irc.freenode.net. See also <residualvm>.
C: 2013-07-18
<reply> see raspberry pi
M: 2015-09-05
<reply>Debian 7.9 was released on September 5, 2015. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2015/2015090502 and http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/wheezy/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
M: 2012-12-04
<reply> see gdm
_tor ask
M: 2014-10-28
<reply>If you have a question, just ask! For example: "I have a problem with ___; I'm running Tor (or TorBrowser) version ___. When I try to do ___ I get the following output ___. I expected it to do ___". Don't ask if you can ask, if anyone uses it, or pick one person to ask. We're all volunteers; make it easy for us to help. You can also try asking on tor-talk@lists.torproject.org>.
debian backports
C: 2010-09-06
<reply> see debian-backports
M: 2012-08-23
<reply>OpenMediaVault is a NAS operating system with a web-based control panel. It is <based on Debian> but not supported in #debian. Support can be found at http://wiki.openmediavault.org/ and #openmediavault on irc.freenode.net.
debra murdock
C: 2002-04-20
<reply>Debra Murdock is <Ian Murdock>'s wife. See also <debian name origin>.
M: 2015-08-27
<reply>Cairo-Dock is a Mac OS X like themable animated dock (application launcher, optionally a taskbar). Wiki: http://www.glx-dock.org/ww_page.php?lang=en http://www.glx-dock.org/ http://www.glx-dock.org/ #cairo-dock on irc.freenode.net. See also <docky>.
apache config
M: 2014-08-12
<reply> see apache config wheezy
C: 2011-06-18
<reply>see creation time
C: 2013-09-25
<reply>see based on debian
install cinnamon
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>To install <Cinnamon> on established systems, ask me about <install x>, then: «apt-get install cinnamon-desktop-environment». To install using Debian-Installer: from the 'Software selection' dialog, choose "Cinnamon" (use space bar to toggle selections), then "Continue"; an Internet connection may be required to obtain these packages.
unique package version
C: 2013-06-06
<reply>The version string on any package should uniquely identify that package. If you make changes to a package, increase the version number (ask me about <compare versions>). apt can sometimes distinguish between packages with the same version based on (installed-size, depends, pre-depends, conflicts, breaks, replaces) but for minor changes apt can miss this. Ask me about <package recompile> <debian/rules>.
M: 2010-08-15
<reply> see v4l
colored pager
M: 2009-05-06
http://vim.wikia.com/wiki/Using_vim_as_a_syntax-highlighting_pager, or ln -s /usr/share/vim/vimcurrent/macros/less.sh ~/bin/less
M: 2009-01-18
<reply>ntfsclone is a utility to efficiently copy/backup/restore NTFS filesystems, part of the <ntfsprogs> package. The bad sectors list is preserved, which can hinder ntfsresize(8) after restoration on a new device; use ntfstruncate to reset: http://web.archive.org/web/20090221023808/http://www.linux-ntfs.org/doku.php?id=ntfsclone#reseting_the_bad_sectors_list_after_cloning . Otherwise, call ntfsresize with the -b option.
M: 2010-01-16
<reply>vpnc is a <VPN> client compatible with Cisco 3000 series concentrators (aka Easy VPN), Cisco IOS routers, Cisco PIX / ASA Zecurity appliances and Juniper NetScreen appliances. The only Linux kernel module required by vpnc is the <tun> driver. Frontends include kvpnc and network-manager-vpnc. http://www.unix-ag.uni-kl.de/~massar/vpnc/
C: 2000-03-17
<reply> sushi wa dai-suki desu yo.
C: 2007-10-16
responsible for picking a process to kill when the computer is out of memory. It uses some heuristics to choose the process to kill: unprivileged, short-running, low-priority processes are more likely to be killed. See http://linux-mm.org/OOM_Killer for more information.
full cd advocacy
M: 2005-03-01
you can download the images while using your computer for something else, but you can't use your computer while Debian is netinstalling. It takes a full desktop install down to under half an hour from a couple of hours, even on ADSL. A full CD image will also have kernel source in case of problems. but only download the first cd, you greedy bastard. maybe a good reason to have more than one computer
C: 2010-09-08
<reply>Chromium B.S.U. (formerly Chromium) is an arcade-style scrolling space shooter game. Packaged for Debian as chromium-bsu. http://chromium-bsu.sf.net/faq.htm http://chromium-bsu.sf.net . Not to be confused with the <chromium> web browser.
M: 2009-06-04
<reply>Monit is a utility for monitoring services on a Unix system, performing actions (e.g. service restart via init script) when issues are detected. http://mmonit.com/wiki/Monit/FAQ http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/269 http://mmonit.com/monit/ See also <nagios>.
M: 2010-02-06
<reply> see filesystem
vbox-install jessie
C: 2013-06-27
<reply>Debian's virtualbox-* packages were moved to contrib at VirtualBox 4.2, as a non-free compiler (Open Watcom) is required to build the BIOS; ask me about <contrib>. As root: «apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` virtualbox». After <DKMS> builds the necessary kernel modules, VirtualBox can be started. For guest additions/utilities, see <vbox guest>. See also <vbox extpack>.
C: 2014-07-21
<reply>see pepper flash
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/xBase . See also <dbf2mysql>.
M: 2014-07-30
<reply> see hold list
M: 2010-08-05
<reply> see downgrade
irc logs
C: 2014-03-11
<reply>see irclog
C: 2015-05-01
<reply> OpenRC is a dependency based init system originated from <gentoo>. https://wiki.debian.org/OpenRC
can i ask a question
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>if you have a question, don't ask if you can ask it.. just ask it.. :) if somebody knows, they'll answer :)
C: 2000-06-26
...that other bot.
M: 2008-04-15
<reply> see portuguese
C: 2009-11-19
<reply>Partition Image (partimage) is a utility for saving/restoring partitions and their filesystems to/from a compressed file. Supported filesystems: http://www.partimage.org/Supported-Filesystems (ext4 and btrfs not supported, NTFS is experimental). http://www.partimage.org/Partimage-FAQ . See also <ntfsclone>, <partclone>.
C: 2011-03-09
<reply> You are connected t&%&ibp*l an error free line, $who.
M: 2013-10-23
<reply> see luks
systemd paranoia
M: 2015-02-23
<reply> There is no need to waste your time or ours trying to eliminate the string "systemd" from the output of dpkg -l. Installed libraries that are unused are unused; libsystemd0 takes up a whopping 180kB on disk. Having the "systemd" package installed does not imply booting with systemd (that's the systemd-sysv package). Not all packages with "systemd" in their name are even from the systemd source package (see <systemd-shim>).
M: 2011-04-27
<reply> see dm-crypt
cmd: scare (.*?)
C: 2007-09-16
($1): <action> swiftly pops a paper sack behind $1! HAH! made you jump!
M: 2015-01-21
If you contact <upstream>, please point them at our upstream guide: https://wiki.debian.org/UpstreamGuide
M: 2010-12-02
<reply> see peppermintos
M: 2012-01-18
<reply>The Debian FTP team oversees and maintains the well-being of Debian's official package repositories. http://wiki.debian.org/Teams/FTPMaster http://ftp-master.debian.org/ #debian-ftp on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2016-01-12
<reply>pv is the pipe viewer, a handy utility to measure data passing through the pipe between processes. It shows how much data has passed, how long it has taken and the speed, as well as estimated completion if that data is available ("pv file" or "-s" is used). Example: "dd if=/dev/sda bs=1M | pv -s 250G | df of=/dev/sdb bs=1M"
M: 2009-05-19
<reply>Ubuntu Studio is a <Ubuntu> derivative oriented towards multimedia production. Not supported in #debian. http://ubuntustudio.org/ #ubuntustudio on irc.freenode.net. See <based on Debian>.
C: 2010-12-01
<reply>Peppermint OS is a Linux distribution based on <Lubuntu>. Peppermint Three, Two, One and Ice are not supported in #debian. http://peppermintos.com/ #peppermint on irc.spotchat.org. See also <based on Debian>.
apache config jessie
M: 2014-08-12
<reply> Debian's apache2 web server uses /etc/apache2/apache2.conf, /etc/apache2/envvars. To ease maintenance, avoid modifying files installed from the packages and use /etc/apache2/{sites,mods,conf}-available}/*.conf instead (.conf suffix required for Apache 2.4); use a2en{mod,conf,site} to activate. See /usr/share/doc/apache2/README.Debian or http://deb.li/3jUSV for more info. Also ask me about <apache config wheezy>.
M: 2011-06-05
<reply>Digital Living Network Alliance (DLNA) is a trade organisation, certifying devices providing interoperability via Universal Plug and Play. http://dlna.org/ Ask me about <upnp>.
M: 2011-10-04
<reply>The Uptime Daemon (ud) checks and maintains records based on the current system <uptime>. Removed from Debian post-Lenny to resolve bug #349833, ask me about <uptimed>.
M: 2010-06-08
<reply>pwc is the Philips (and OEM USB) Webcam driver, part of the Linux kernel (since Linux 2.6.1). Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" users with QuickCam 4000 Pro devices (USB ID 046d:08b2), see Debian bug #585016. See also <webcam>.
C: 2008-04-03
members of the adm group can read log files in /var/log and use xconsole, see file:///usr/share/doc/base-passwd/users-and-groups.html
M: 2012-12-04
<reply> see libav
M: 2010-07-01
<reply>Partclone is a program for saving/restoring used blocks of a filesystem. It differs from <partimage> by using existing filesystem shared libraries (e.g. e2fslibs for ext{2,3,4}). http://partclone.org/
M: 2015-04-25
<reply> see how-can-i-help
M: 2013-07-04
<reply> see iwl7000
M: 2010-01-03
<reply> see bcm4321
M: 2012-03-14
the name to describe a part of a graph, that from and to which arcs flow, or did you mean <node.js>?
M: 2011-03-14
<reply> see xbase
M: 2009-10-03
<reply>GNUnet is a free software framework for secure peer-to-peer networking, that does not use any centralized or otherwise trusted services. It is an official part of the GNU project. http://gnunet.org/ #gnunet on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2011-10-12
<reply>LibreCAD is a free and open source computer-aided design application. It is a version of <QCad> Community Edition ported to <Qt4>. http://librecad.org/ #librecad on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2013-05-16
<reply>Manjaro Linux is desktop-oriented distribution based on Arch Linux. http://manjaro.org/ #manjaro on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2016-01-23
<reply>Debian 8.3 was released on January 23, 2016. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2016/20160123 and http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/jessie/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
M: 2011-03-14
<reply> see dbase
how can i help
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>see howcanihelp
cross compiling
M: 2015-07-08
<reply> To cross-compile your package: https://wiki.debian.org/CrossCompiling
apt security
M: 2005-07-28
see <apt secure>
apache config wheezy
M: 2014-08-12
<reply> Debian's apache2 web server uses /etc/apache2/apache2.conf and /etc/apache2/envvars. To ease long term maintenance, avoid modifying files installed from the packages and use /etc/apache2/{sites-available,mods-available,conf.d}/ instead; use a2en{mod,site} to activate. See /usr/share/doc/apache2.2-common/README.Debian.gz for more on the split config files. Also ask me about <apache config jessie>.
C: 2014-03-02
<reply>btusb is the Linux kernel's <Bluetooth> HCI USB driver, for supporting Bluetooth devices with a USB interface. Bluetooth firmware patches for Intel Wireless 7260 and 3160 devices are packaged for Debian since firmware-iwlwifi 0.39.
C: 2016-01-13
<reply>The systemd-shim package provides the logind interfaces that give the local user access to hardware (audio, usb sticks, suspend to ram etc); this was formerly known as ConsoleKit. Ask me about <systemd paranoia>.
M: 2010-11-07
<reply>BlackBerry is a series of smartphone / mobile e-mail devices from Research In Motion. http://wiki.debian.org/BlackBerry
C: 2014-12-24
a package for installing security upgrades automatically, unattended. See https://wiki.debian.org/UnattendedUpgrades
M: 2010-03-11
<reply>Cairo is a cross-platform 2D vector graphics library, with support for multiple output devices. http://cairographics.org/ #cairo on irc.freenode.net. For the application launcher, ask me about <cairo-dock>.
M: 2008-10-23
<reply> http://cdimage.debian.org/ -- if you are installing Debian and have the bandwidth to download cd or dvd images, you are much better off installing using netinstall anyway. See <netinstall>, <ig>
skip upgrade
M: 2016-01-20
<reply> Skipping releases when upgrading (e.g. squeeze->jessie or stable->unstable) is not supported. Package dependencies and maintainer scripts don't support such upgrades and they are never tested by the developers.
M: 2010-12-08
a tool to temporarily prevent a program from being as careful as it should be about flushing its data to disk. If you have to install a lot of packages and are also copying around lots of files, then the performance of dpkg can be reduced, so "eatmydata aptitude install foo" is a viable option. Just understand that if the machine crashes the files will be left in an inconsistent state and the machine may be unbootable.
C: 2013-12-15
<reply>Qualcomm Atheros QCA9565 / AR9565 wireless LAN devices (PCI ID 168c:0036) are supported by the Linux kernel since Linux 3.7, ask me about <ath9k>. Debian 7 "Wheezy" users, ask me about <bdo kernel> to provide device support.
C: 1970-01-01
The smallest dot that a computer can display at a particular resolution. Screen size is often referred to in pixels: 800 x 600, for example. This means that the screen is 800 pixels across and 600 pixels vertically.
M: 2013-07-06
Human-Computer Interaction, aka user interface. Host Controller Interface
C: 2015-04-25
<reply> The wine-development package is the development version of wine in Debian. This is a meta package that pulls in either wine64-development or wine32-development. For a more recent version in Jessie, the packages can be backported from stretch/sid with a little work, ask me about <ssb>. Alternatively, the commercial <cxoffice> offers a recent wine with support.
M: 2013-05-21
<reply>FreeCAD is an open source, parametric 3D CAD modeler. Not part of the Debian 7 "Wheezy" release (bug #617613) but is available via <wheezy-backports>. http://freecadweb.org/ #freecad on chat.freenode.net.
M: 2011-01-06
<reply> see r8169
M: 2009-11-14
<reply>"Star Control II: The Ur-Quan Masters" is a science-fiction computer game. Source code for the 3DO version was released under the GPL, allowing the Ur-Quan Masters (UQM) project to port the game to modern operating systems. Packaged for Debian as uqm and uqm-content in <contrib> and <non-free> respectively (uqm-music and uqm-voice are recommended). http://sc2.sf.net/
M: 2005-04-16
"mario bross" with a tux, or http://supertux.sourceforge.net
M: 2012-02-14
<reply>Programs to assist with the design or simulation of electronic circuits include qucs, kicad, electric, easyspice, ngspice.
ntfs clone
C: 2008-10-01
<reply> see ntfsclone
M: 2015-07-08
<reply> see cross compiling
install usb
C: 2015-12-19
<reply> see usb install
C: 1970-01-01
a project to translate Debian www pages to Finnish. To participate, contact <mailto:ajk@debian.org>
C: 2009-11-15
<reply> see sc2
C: 2013-07-18
<reply> see raspberry pi
M: 2016-01-17
<reply> see sns
ftp master
M: 2012-01-18
<reply> see ftpmaster
cd mirror
C: 2013-05-26
<reply>You can download Debian ISO images from the CD image network. See http://www.debian.org/CD/http-ftp/#mirrors for a list of mirrors that are available. Ask be about <install debian> <various cd1> <netinstall> <install guide>.
C: 2014-09-26
<reply>node package manager (npm) is used to install <node.js> packages.
M: 2016-01-12
<reply>Packages that have been removed from the Debian archive can be reintroduced quite easily as long as the problems that led to their removal are addressed (no maintainer, bugs fixed, properly licensed etc) see https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/developers-reference/pkgs.html#reintroducing-pkgs
ntfs bootsector recovery
C: 2009-10-23
<reply> NTFS has a second copy of its bootsector on the disk - use <testdisk> to automagically recover the bootsector by writing the copy back into the bootsector.
cd mirrors
C: 2013-05-26
<reply> see cd mirror
install without systemd
M: 2016-01-27
C: 2016-01-18
<reply> see squeeze-lts

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