Factoids requested in last 30 days (793 results)

Factoid KeyFactoid Value
guidelines
M: 2016-04-28
<reply> 1) Read the /topic, the FAQ, and google before asking us. 2) Don't ask to ask, just ask. 3) Don't repeat; show that you have tried to help yourself by refining the question. 4) Reading documentation (man/info pages, READMEs) is a worthwhile skill, practice it. 5) Use /msg to talk to the bots (not the people), see <msg>. 6) Be polite and patient. 7) Paste into a <pastebin>, not here. 8) No trolls or spam. 9) see <code of conduct>
ask
M: 2013-07-11
<reply>If you have a question, just ask! For example: "I have a problem with ___; I'm running Debian version ___. When I try to do ___ I get the following output ___. I expected it to do ___." Don't ask if you can ask, if anyone uses it, or pick one person to ask. We're all volunteers; make it easy for us to help you. If you don't get an answer try a few hours later or on debian-user@lists.debian.org. See <smart questions><errors>.
paste
M: 2012-05-01
<reply> Do not paste more than 2 lines to this channel. Instead, use: http://paste.debian.net/ http://pastie.org/ or http://picpaste.com/ for pics. Use wikisend.com for large files (think tar.gz) up to 100MB. Remember to tell us the URL of your paste! Cannot cut and paste? Ask me about <pastebinit>, <nopaste>, <wgetpaste>.
simple sid backport
M: 2010-11-22
<reply> First, check for a backport on <debian-backports>. If unavailable: 1) Add a deb-src line for sid (not a deb line!); ask me about <deb-src sid> 2) enable debian-backports (see <bdo>) 3) aptitude update; aptitude install build-essential; aptitude build-dep packagename; apt-get -b source packagename; 4) install the resultant debs. To change compilation options, see <package recompile>; for versions newer than sid see <uupdate>.
spanish
M: 2014-10-13
<reply> Este canal es de soporte técnico en Inglés para Debian. Si prefiere que el soporte sea en Español, puede ingresar en #debian-es tecleando /join #debian-es en la línea de chat.
es
M: 2003-09-21
<reply> see spanish
qotd0
M: 2008-04-06
<reply> see qotd(|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|10|11|12|13|14|15|16|17|18|19|20|21|22|23|24|25|26|27|28)(0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9)
cmd: ops (.*?)
C: 2005-08-25
($problem): <reply>Hydroxide, dondelelcaro, LoRez, RichiH, mentor, abrotman, Maulkin, stew, peterS, Myon, Ganneff, weasel, zobel, themill, babilen, SynrG, jm_, somiaj, jelly: $nick complains about: $problem
nvidia
M: 2013-05-24
<reply>Where possible, Nvidia graphic processing units are supported using the open source <nouveau> driver on Debian systems by default. To install the proprietary "nvidia" driver, see https://wiki.debian.org/NvidiaGraphicsDrivers or ask me about <nvidia dkms>, <nvidia legacy>; installing this directly from nvidia.com (i.e. with <nvidia-installer>) is _not_ supported in #debian, please go to #nvidia on irc.freenode.net.
backports.debian.org
M: 2013-10-23
<reply>backports.debian.org (formerly backports.org) is an official repository of <backports> for the current stable (see <jessie backports>) and oldstable (<wheezy backports>) distributions, prepared by Debian developers. Ask me about <backport caveat> and read http://backports.debian.org/Instructions/. See also <bdo kernel> <bdo mirrors> <bdo contents> <bdo list> <bdo bugs> <bdo xorg> <bdo NEW>.
ssb
M: 2014-03-05
<reply> see simple sid backport
backport
M: 2009-06-09
<reply>A backport is a package from a newer Debian branch, compiled from source for an older branch to avoid dependency and <ABI> complications. http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch02.en.html (2.7.4 and 2.7.10), http://backports.debian.org/ . Ask me about <debian-backports> and <backport caveat>. See also <simple sid backport>.
pastebin
M: 2008-08-30
<reply> see paste
backports
M: 2007-09-28
<reply> see backport
ubuntu
M: 2012-04-09
<reply> Ubuntu is based on Debian, but it is not Debian. Only Debian is supported on #debian. Use #ubuntu on chat.freenode.net instead. Even if the channel happens to be less helpful, support for distributions other than Debian is offtopic on #debian. See also <based on debian> and <ubuntuirc>.
ping
M: 2009-05-26
<reply>(Yes, $who, you are online.|Yes, $who you are either online or you are not... http://ars.userfriendly.org/cartoons/?id=20000326|pong|Sorry $who, you're not online.)
list
M: 2013-09-06
<reply> $nick: È possibile scaricare un sacco di software libero puntando il tuo browser a http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/multi-arch/iso-cd/debian-9.0.0-amd64-i386-netinst.iso !||<reply>$nick: Debian è un sistema operativo composto da software libero (un concetto distinto da quello di gratis): vedi http://www.debian.org/intro/free.it.html per saperne di più.||<reply>$nick: vedi http://packages.debian.org/
basic apt-get troubleshooting
M: 2015-09-21
<reply>In order to troubleshoot your problem with apt-get, apt or aptitude we need ALL OF THE FOLLOWING information: 1. complete output of your apt-get/apt/aptitude run (including the command used) 2. output from "apt-cache policy pkg1 pkg2..." for ALL packages mentioned ANYWHERE in the problem, and 3. "apt-cache policy". Use http://paste.debian.net/ to provide us with this information. Also ask me about <localized errors>.
bat
C: 2005-09-23
<reply> see basic apt-get troubleshooting
test
M: 2009-06-21
<reply> Test failed.
nodm
M: 2011-03-07
<reply>In systemd, "systemctl set-default multi-user.target", or remove the DM package(s) with "aptitude remove gdm3 kdm lightdm lxdm nodm sddm slim wdm xdm". "echo false >/etc/X11/default-display-manager" will also disable the DM, or just hit ctrl-alt-fN to get to a console. nodm is the name of a minimal/automatic display manager (http://www.enricozini.org/sw/nodm/).
no public key
M: 2008-08-18
<reply> Seeing "There are no public keys available"? This means that the Release file has been signed by a key which you do not have. If it's signed by another key which you do have, you can ignore the warning. Otherwise, you can add the key listed *AFTER* checking the validity of the signatures on the key. The current key will be linked at http://ftp-master.debian.org/
dmm
M: 2015-04-19
<reply>We recommend against using deb-multimedia.org; these unofficial packages are known to cause many hard to debug problems. They are not in Debian either because the they are poor in quality or for legal reasons. See http://deb-multimedia.org/ or ask me about <dmm stretch>, <dmm jessie>. See also <dmm list>, <dmm mirrors>, <dmm pinning>, <why not dmm>, <dmm remove>.
search
M: 2009-02-08
<reply>Please search for things rather than just asking, e.g. «apt-cache search regex», or with <aptitude search>. The following ways can locate packages that own a file (installed, or candidate for install): «dpkg -S /bin/foo», <apt-file>, <pdo> (online) and «/msg judd help file» (bot). <search dpkg> for factoids. See http://wiki.debian.org/WhereIsIt and ask me about <bot help>. See also <axi-search> <debtags> <dlocate>.
debian
M: 2003-12-22
http://www.debian.org. See http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/project-history/index.en.html#contents
confmiss
M: 2011-05-10
<reply>You have to especially tell the packaging system to reinstall config files because when they are gone, it is assumed that you want them to stay deleted. "aptitude -o DPkg::Options::='--force-confmiss' reinstall $packagename" will restore them (man dpkg for details). If the package uses <ucf> for config file management, ask me about <ucf confmiss>.
alsa-checklist
M: 2012-01-09
<reply>1) add yourself to the 'audio' group (log out & in again) 2) unmute and raise channels w/ alsamixer (also try muting some & toggle jack sense if available) 3) <pulseaudio> or other daemon stopped? 4) speakers on? 5) does "aplay /usr/share/sounds/alsa/Noise.wav" work for root? 6) purge any installed <oss4> packages to remove ALSA blacklist. See also <list alsa users>, <alsa firmware>.
testing
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>Testing is a continuously updated release between <stable> and <unstable>, currently codenamed <buster>. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianTesting . Support in #debian-next on irc.oftc.net and ask me about <testing faq> <jessie->stretch> <testing security> <moving target> <apt-listchanges> <apt-listbugs> and <bts>. You need a sound knowledge of Debian and be prepared for a very bumpy ride. Don't use it on things that are critical!
why aptitude
M: 2010-10-20
<reply> aptitude has more advanced conflict/dependency resolution and will often find a solution where apt-get gives up. It can be used from the command line like apt-get plus an interactive resolver makes it much easier to recover from broken dependencies. It has advanced search capabilities (see <aptitude search>). For some upgrades, apt-get is preferred (e.g. <lenny->squeeze>, <squeeze->wheezy>). http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
bpo
M: 2010-09-22
<reply> see bdo
mirrors
M: 2005-08-23
<reply> see debian mirrors
anyone
M: 2009-09-27
<reply>Please do not ask if anyone can help you, knows 'something' or uses 'some_program'. Instead, ask your real question. (If the real question _was_ "does anyone use 'some_program'?" ask me about <popcon> instead.) See <ask> <ask to ask> <polls> <search> <sicco> <smart questions>.
installation guide
M: 2017-06-17
<reply> see stretch installation guide
selftell
M: 2006-06-26
<reply> Please do not use the bot's !tell feature on #debian to see factoids for yourself (!tell me about something). Doing so could be considered spam. Instead, send a private message to the bot (dpkg) containing the factoid you want to read. For example, instead of "!tell me about foo", use "/msg dpkg foo". See also <msg the bot>
enter
M: 2009-05-16
<reply>The enter key is not a substitute for punctuation. Hitting enter unnecessarily makes it difficult to follow what you are saying. Consider using ',', '. ', ';', '...', '---', or ':' instead. If you hit enter too often, you will be autokicked by debhelper for flooding the channel.
cmd: -l (.*?)
M: 2003-12-06
($1): <reply> (ii $1 (1|2|3).(1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9)-(|1)(1|2|3|4|5)(|||.1|.2|.3) ($nick's private (porn|coin|warez|stamp) collection|ultra s3kr1t #debian package)|No packages found matching $1)
br
M: 2005-10-12
<reply>Este canal é apenas em inglês. Por favor, use #debian-br (/j #debian-br) para ajuda em portugues.
no
C: 2003-07-17
<reply>No Offense, or den norske debian kanalen #debian-no. For skandinaviske brukere av debian. It is the norwegian channel #debian-no for scandinavian users.
based on debian
M: 2011-10-03
<reply>Your distribution may be based on and have software in common with Debian, but it is not Debian. We don't and cannot know what changes were made by your distribution (compare http://futurist.se/gldt/). #debian only supports Debian and pure <blend>s; please respect our choice to volunteer here to help Debian users. Support for other distributions is off-topic on #debian, even if your own distro's channel is clueless or non-existent.
bdo
M: 2010-09-06
<reply> see backports.debian.org
unstable
M: 2011-05-06
<reply>Unstable is the status of a Debian release when packages can be added at any time, that can disrupt the integrity of the whole system! Ask me about <break>. If you have to ask whether you should use it or how, you shouldn't. http://www.debian.org/releases/unstable/ http://wiki.debian.org/DebianUnstable . See also <testing>, <sid>, <sid faq>, <apt-listbugs>, <apt-listchanges>, <bts>.
sid
M: 2011-11-14
the codename for <unstable>, named after the kid in Toy Story that breaks toys. The great thing about running sid is that when it breaks, you get to keep ALL the pieces!!
doesn't work
M: 2009-05-07
<reply> "Doesn't work" is a vague statement. Does it sit on the couch all day long? Does it procrastinate doing the dishes? Does it beg on the street for change? Please be specific! Define 'it' and what it isn't doing. Give us more details so we can help you without needing to ask basic questions like "what's the error message?". Ask me about <smart questions>, <sicco> and <errors>.
date
C: 2007-03-13
<reply> The current date is $date $time (UTC of course, this is *NIX)
bts
M: 2007-12-07
<reply>Bug Tracking System for Debian packages, http://bugs.debian.org/ or to go directly to the bug page for a particular package/bug, try http://bugs.debian.org/packagename or http://bugs.debian.org/bugnumber . aptitude install reportbug, and check out <querybts> too. Users of unstable and testing are required to check the BTS. See also <apt-listbugs>, <reportbug>. http://wiki.debian.org/HowtoUseBTS
msg
M: 2002-12-30
<reply> (1) Use private messages to the bots to reduce channel spam, but don't message people on #debian without asking permission first. Most questions should be asked on channel, so that others can benefit from the question and the answers received. (2) Always feel free to message freenode network staff. They're the people with hostnames ending in 'staff.freenode'. (3) Monosodium glutamate, a food additive (see http://truthinlabeling.org/).
alsa checklist
C: 2007-03-10
<reply> see alsa-checklist
dpkg
M: 2012-02-10
the program used by Debian to install and remove packages, "man dpkg". Also ask me about <reference>. The main info bot in #debian is also called dpkg; ask me about <dpkgbot>.
flash
M: 2016-10-28
<reply>Flash is frequently used to deliver interactivity, audio and video through a web browser. Ask me about <gnash> and <lightspark> for free implementations, or <adobe flash> and <pepper flash> for non-free implementations. http://wiki.debian.org/Flash, or see nasty bug #841373. See also <flash stretch>.
ru
M: 2011-12-31
<reply> Это английскоговорящий канал, пожалуйста, говорите по-английски или посетите #debian-russian (irc.freenode.net) (Russian speakers please go to #debian-russian)
fglrx
M: 2012-08-08
<reply>fglrx / AMD Catalyst is the proprietary display driver for AMD Radeon R9 200 series, Radeon R7 200 series, Radeon HD 8000/7000/6000/5000 and FirePro graphic processing units. To install fglrx, see https://wiki.debian.org/ATIProprietary or ask me about <fglrx dkms>. This driver is incompatible with the GNOME desktop of Debian 8 "Jessie" due to lack of EGL support (ref. §5.11 <jessie release notes>), use the <radeon> driver instead.
cmd: apt-key (.*?)
C: 2005-10-23
($1): <reply> gpg --keyserver keys.gnupg.net --recv-keys $1 ; gpg --export $1 | sudo apt-key add -
non-free
M: 2012-03-21
<reply>[non-free] a component which contains software that does not comply with the <DFSG>. To add non-free packages to your packages index, ask me about <non-free sources>. To see which non-free packages are installed ask me about <non-free list>. For the non-free tracking system, see http://nonfree.alioth.debian.org/
de
M: 2010-03-12
<reply> Deutschsprachige Hilfe bekommt ihr in #debian.de (auf irc.oftc.net, irc.freenode.net oder irc.belwue.de) - German speaking users please go to #debian.de (on irc.oftc.net, irc.freenode.net or irc.belwue.de).
dpkgbot
M: 2008-06-02
<reply>Please visit http://wiki.debian.org/IRC/DpkgBot to learn how to effectively search the factoids database for FAQ, and not flood in the channel with !tell <who> about <what>. Also ask me about <msg the bot>. We ask that you learn to search for yourself first, unless it is a specific problem. Many questions are asked repeatedly, and the factoid database can be of great help to you. Ask me about <search dpkg>.
fixboot
M: 2010-03-22
<reply> To reinstall <GRUB> boot to your Debian install disk/live CD, switch to the other console (Alt-F2), mount your root filesystem (mount -t ext4 /dev/whatever /target ; mount --bind /dev /target/dev ; mount -t proc none /target/proc ; mount -t sysfs none /target/sys), chroot into it (chroot /target), run "mount /boot/efi" on EFI and "update-grub && grub-install /dev/whatever". See also <rescue mode>, <dual boot guide>, <supergrub>.
smart questions
M: 2008-09-12
<reply>Go here to find out how to ask intelligent questions: http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html - Be sure to look at the section http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html#before - This FAQ has information to help many users solve their own problem more effectively and to help users interact more effectively with helpers. Also ask me about <reportbug>.
offtopic
M: 2010-05-08
<reply>#debian is primarily a support channel for Debian users. Please keep the discussions in #debian on-topic and take longer discussions and non-support questions to #debian-offtopic. Imagine the chaos if each of the hundreds of people in the channel felt the need to wander off topic for a few minutes every day.
sources.list
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>see stretch sources.list
non-free sources
M: 2009-10-18
<reply>Edit /etc/apt/sources.list, ensure that the two main Debian mirror lines end with "main contrib non-free" rather than just "main", then «apt-get update». But bear in mind that you'll be installing <non-free> software. These may have onerous terms; check the licenses. See also <sources.list>.
bot
C: 2000-06-03
<reply> I ain't no stinkin' bot. I am a finely tuned and hand crafted tool. Oh wait... I guess I am a bot (that you should not abuse).
hi
C: 2000-03-26
<reply>hello, $nick
pinning
M: 2008-07-31
<reply>see apt-pinning
ig
M: 2009-02-16
<reply> see installation guide
cmd: win (.*?)
C: 2003-02-16
($1): <reply> Congratulations, $1! You have won (second prize in a beauty contest|a one way ticket to (Baghdad|Cleveland|Nova Scotia|Christmas Island|Beirut|Rio de Janeiro|Fire Island|Gaza|Charlotte, North Carolina ... YeeHaw!)|the US presidency|a lifetime supply of spam|the time-life collection of vintage AOL CDs, a set of 120)!
downgrade
M: 2012-05-01
<reply>Downgrading is not, nor will ever be supported by apt. Programs change their data in a way that can't be rolled back, and package maintainer scripts support upgrades to new config file formats but not downgrades. Try: "dpkg -i olderversion.deb" or "aptitude install package=version" using "apt-cache policy package" to get the old version number. See also <partial downgrade>, <unstable->testing>, <sdo>.
adobe flash
M: 2013-09-23
<reply> see flashplugin-nonfree
debian mirrors
M: 2012-08-17
<reply>The best mirror for most users is <deb.debian.org>; other mirrors are listed at http://www.debian.org/mirror/list and ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian/README.mirrors.txt and http://deb.li/map ; ask me about <apt-spy>, <netselect-apt>, <httpredir.debian.org>, <debian mirror checker>. To make a mirror, see http://www.debian.org/mirrors/ ; see also <debmirror>, <apt-mirror>, <ftpsync>, <mirror size>. #debian-mirrors on irc.oftc.net.
apt-pinning
M: 2010-01-03
<reply>Pinning is a method to choose which version of a package to install when multiple versions are available from <sources.list>. Bugs are explained at https://web.archive.org/web/20121017070250/http://carlo17.home.xs4all.nl/howto/debian.html#errata . If you use stable, pinning won't help you from messing up the system, ask me about <backports> instead. https://wiki.debian.org/AptPreferences
apt-file
M: 2009-01-21
<reply>apt-file is a utility used to find which package owns a given file - or list files in a package - even if it is not installed: "aptitude install apt-file && apt-file update" ; then "apt-file search filename" to see a list of packages containing filename (can also use a regular expression; see man apt-file). You can also search online, ask me about <pdo>. See also <judd-file>, <auto-apt>, <dlocate>.
linux
C: 2000-03-26
closed
package recompile
M: 2009-06-23
<reply> 1) Add a <deb-src> line for your current release to your sources.list 2) aptitude update; aptitude install build-essential devscripts fakeroot; aptitude -R build-dep packagename 3) as any user, apt-get source packagename 4) cd packagename-version/; ask me about <debian/rules>; 5) dpkg-buildpackage -uc -us 6) as root, dpkg -i ../packagename-version.deb. Ask me about <debian/rules>, <nocheck>, <nostrip>, <apt-get source>.
install debian
M: 2014-05-12
<reply>There are a myriad of different ways to install Debian. See http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/debian-installer for a list of images and ask me about <netinst>, <various cd1> and <firmware images>. See also <install guide> and <d-i> for detailed instructions. (If you've never installed Debian before, you should read the install guide.)
wheezy->jessie
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>Read (at least) the upgrading chapter of the <release notes> http://deb.li/ldcj . In /etc/apt/sources.list, change "wheezy" to "jessie". apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade. 3rd party repos like <dmo> are known to cause problems with the upgrade. See also <jessie sysvinit>.
cmd: you (.*?)
C: 2008-01-09
($1): <reply> I resemble that remark!
jessie
M: 2015-04-26
<reply>Jessie is the codename for the current <oldstable> release, Debian 8, released on 2015-04-25: http://www.debian.org/News/2015/20150426 . Jessie is the cowgirl in Toy Story 2. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianJessie and ask me about <install jessie> <release notes> <wheezy->jessie>. Currently <8.8>.
fr
M: 2011-01-27
<reply>Pour l'aide en francais, veuillez rejoindre le canal #debianfr. Francophone users: for help in french, please go to #debianfr.
yes
M: 2012-01-14
a program on Unix and Unix-like systems used to print out the specified text ('y' by default) infinitely. You should NOT use it unless you know what you are doing, because it can eat many resources.
aptitude clone
M: 2013-08-12
<reply> To clone a Debian machine using aptitude (or install your favourite packages) use aptitude search --disable-columns -F%p '~i!~M!~v' > package_list; on the reference machine; xargs aptitude --schedule-only install < package_list; aptitude install; on the other machine. This preserves information about "automatically installed" packages that other methods do not. See also <reinstall>, <things to backup>, <debian clone>, <apt-clone>.
java
M: 2009-06-11
<reply>Java is a cross-platform C++-like OO language. Sun, now Oracle, has released most of its Java implementation under the GPL as <openjdk>. There are other implementations packaged; for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" systems, Sun's JRE/JDK is in <non-free> (for i386, amd64 only). Ask me about <install java>. See also <java alternatives>, <icedtea>, <java ipv6>, <java-package>. http://wiki.debian.org/Java ##java on irc.freenode.net.
newmaint
M: 2014-02-12
<reply>The packaging tutorial (http://deb.li/QYyI) and the New Maintainer's Guide (http://deb.li/3DiDA) are good places to start learning about Debian packaging. You should also ask me about <devref> and <policy> to understand how packages should be maintained and how they should interact with each other. Ask me about <package basics>, <mentors>, <best practices> <build without helper>. http://www.debian.org/devel/
wireless
M: 2011-03-08
<reply>Support for your wireless LAN device is dependent on the chipset within. Don't know what you have? Ask me about <what's my wireless>. Atheros: <atheros>; Atmel: <atmel>; Broadcom: <broadcom>; Intel: <intel>; Intersil: <prism>; Marvell: <marvell>; Ralink: <ralink>; Realtek: <realtek>; TI: <acx-mac80211>; VIA: <vt665x>; ZyDAS: <zydas>. See also <crda>, <killswitch>, <wpa>. http://wiki.debian.org/WiFi
70
M: 2010-03-12
<reply>udev has the ability to statically rename Ethernet cards based on MAC address. The addresses are configured in /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules, edit this file to change the mappings. To apply changes: «udevadm trigger» or reload the relevant driver module. See also <udev>.
nmg
M: 2009-11-04
<reply>see newmaint
java-package
M: 2013-03-07
<reply>java-package (formerly mpkg-j2se, j2se-package) provides the make-jpkg utility for creating Debian packages from manually downloaded <Java> distributions; Oracle Java 6 (update >= 10) and Oracle Java 7 are currently supported. java-package is available for Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems in <contrib>. http://wiki.debian.org/JavaPackage . Where possible, use <OpenJDK> instead, ask me about <install java>.
hold
M: 2014-03-14
<reply>hold is a status flag that tells the package manager to not automatically upgrade a package. To hold a package 'echo $package hold|dpkg --set-selections' or 'aptitude hold $package'. Note that "aptitude hold" is ignored by other package managers (i.e. Update Manager, synaptic, apt-get) and aptitude won't necessarily use holds set with dpkg; see Debian bug #137771 (fixed in stretch). See also <hold list>, <unhold>.
pastebinit
M: 2017-02-07
<reply>A command-line tool to send data to a <pastebin>. To paste e.g. your sources.list do "aptitude install pastebinit; pastebinit /etc/apt/sources.list"; to paste the output of a program do e.g. "dmesg | pastebinit". See also <pastebinit config>, <nopaste>.
errors
M: 2010-06-06
<reply> If you don't tell us the exact error messages you get, we can't tell you what's wrong, and it's also useful to know exactly what command you're typing. Please look for the *first* error that occurs, as this is often the cause of later errors -- ask me about <localized errors> too. Please don't paste in the channel, use a pastebin instead; ask me about <pastebin>.
wheezy
M: 2016-04-26
<reply>Wheezy is the current <oldstable> release, Debian 7, released on 2013-05-04: https://www.debian.org/News/2013/20130504 ; security support ended on 2016-04-25, but ask me about <wheezy-lts>. Wheezy is the rubber toy penguin with a red bow tie. See https://wiki.debian.org/DebianWheezy and ask me about <install wheezy> <wheezy release notes> <wheezy->jessie>. Final update <7.11>.
kp
M: 2009-04-08
<reply> see kernel-package
testing/unstable mix
M: 2014-08-16
<reply>«echo 'APT::Default-Release "testing";' >> /etc/apt/apt.conf», edit sources.list, copy your non-security testing lines and change one set to unstable, then apt-get update. Use apt-get -t unstable install foo; to install foo from unstable rather than testing as usual. WARNING to SYNAPTIC users: Synaptic ignores Default-Release: set Preferences->Distribution.
firmware images
M: 2017-06-17
<reply> see firmware images stretch
radeon
M: 2010-02-16
<reply>Radeon is a brand of graphic processing units by AMD/ATI (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radeon). The radeon open source display driver is packaged for Debian as xserver-xorg-video-radeon, optionally install libgl1-mesa-dri for 3D acceleration. Also ask me about <radeon firmware>, <radeon audio>. https://wiki.debian.org/AtiHowTo http://x.org/wiki/radeon #radeon on irc.freenode.net. For the proprietary driver, see <fglrx>.
netinst
M: 2009-09-19
a small CD image with which you can install Debian. If, during the installation process you have a working Internet connection, you can install more packages straight away, otherwise, you will have a base install and more packages later. See http://www.debian.org/CD/netinst/ See also <various cd1>, <check iso image>, <dialup install>, <usb install>, <installer>.
it
M: 2008-10-09
<reply>Ciao, vai su #debian-it per ricevere aiuto in italiano. Italian Speakers: Please use #debian-it, there you will get much more help.
apt
M: 2015-08-18
<reply>Advanced Packaging Tool (APT) is a package management system used by Debian and its derivatives. APT is a C++ library of functions that are used by several command line programs for dealing with packages, notably apt-get, apt-cache, and aptitude and, from Debian 8 "Jessie" onwards, apt. See also <aptitude> <apt-get>, <apt-cache>, <apt myths>.
tum
C: 2007-11-09
<reply>see testing/unstable mix
stable
M: 2009-03-31
<reply>[stable] The status of a Debian release when no packages will be added or version-bumped, and changes will only fix security issues and critical bugs. Packages can be removed in rare circumstances. The current stable version of Debian is Stretch (9.0); ask me about <releases>. Security bugs are fixed in stable by backporting the fix to the stable version (ask me about <security backports>). https://wiki.debian.org/DebianStable
why debian
M: 2009-02-19
<reply>Debian strives to maintain your freedom whilst also paying close attention to the technical aspects of making a great OS. Debian is stable, upgradable and well tested. See also http://www.debian.org/intro/free http://www.debian.org/intro/why_debian http://people.debian.org/~srivasta/talks/why_debian/ http://www.aboutdebian.com/ . As an added bonus, you get to ask questions in #debian.
interfaces
M: 2006-07-12
<reply>Your network configuration is in the file /etc/network/interfaces ; "man 5 interfaces" for documentation, "zless /usr/share/doc/ifupdown/examples/network-interfaces.gz" for example configurations. Start and stop your networking with ifup -a and ifdown -a respectively. http://wiki.debian.org/NetworkConfiguration . See also <dhcp client>, <resolv.conf>, <static route>.
aptitude
M: 2011-06-30
a terminal-based package manager that can be used in a command-line mode (aptitude install foo ; aptitude remove goo) as well as a text user interface mode (just run "aptitude"). Ask me about <why aptitude> <why not aptitude> <aptitude-fu> <aptitude docs> or see http://wiki.debian.org/Aptitude or http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
wheezy sources.list
M: 2013-05-01
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for Debian 7 "Wheezy" has three lines: "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main" "deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main" "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-updates main". Be sure to run «aptitude update» after editing sources.list. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <wheezy/updates> <wheezy-updates> <mirrors> <apt-spy> and "man sources.list".
why not aptitude
M: 2011-06-30
<reply> Aptitude is more memory intensive and slower than <apt-get>, the <ncurses> interface is always loaded regardless of being used or not. Moreover the resolver can sometimes produce unexpected results and most of <aptitude>'s former exclusive features are now available in <apt-get> as well. Ask me about <why aptitude> and see http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
sns
M: 2010-04-28
<reply>Shiny New Shit Syndrome is a serious disorder, which usually breaks out into an epidemic every time something new is released. If you have SNS, ask me about <backports> and <ssb>; these are better options than upgrading to <testing> because it is a <moving target>.
squeeze sources.list
M: 2016-03-08
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" has two lines: "deb http://archive.debian.org/debian/ squeeze main" "deb http://archive.debian.org/debian/ squeeze-lts main". Put "Acquire::Check-Valid-Until false;" in /etc/apt/apt.conf and run «aptitude update». Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <squeeze-lts> <squeeze-updates> and "man sources.list".
any ideas
M: 2004-04-08
<reply> Yeah, I have an idea! But I'll need a (box|bag|sack|drawer) full of (herring|string|rutabagas|condoms|ground beef), a little (cod liver oil|K-Y jelly|WD-40|thermal paste|sauerkraut|vegemite), and (42|a dozen|5 or 6|a handful of) (rabid|starving|sex-crazed|three-legged) (kittens|weasels|badgers|bunnies|hamsters|dairy cows|oxen|goats|platypuses|ostriches). And keep the (cops|Cabal|NSA|FBI|KGB) off my back for the next few (hours|minutes)!
linux mint
M: 2010-12-03
<reply>Linux Mint is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. Please use their forums at http://forums.linuxmint.com/ or join #linuxmint-help on irc.spotchat.org for support. Linux Mint is variously based on <Ubuntu> with a "Linux Mint Debian Edition" (LMDE) also available. See also <based on debian>, <mintppc>.
multiarch
M: 2013-06-26
<reply>Multiarch allows you to install foreign architecture packages. For example, to allow i386 packages to be installed on an amd64 system: «dpkg --add-architecture i386 && apt-get update». See http://wiki.debian.org/Multiarch and <multiarch howto>, <multiarch failures>. For the unrelated installer that can install i386 or amd64, see <multi-arch installer>.
experimental
M: 2006-09-02
<reply> experimental is the bleeding edge of Debian Development. Packages here have been deemed unfit/DANGEROUS/untrustworthy/etc for release by the maintainer responsible for them. DO NOT INSTALL PACKAGES FROM EXPERIMENTAL WITHOUT KNOWING EXACTLY WHY AND WHAT YOU ARE DOING. #debian does _not_ support experimental. For an actual description, see section 4.6.4.3 of the Developer's Reference. http://packages.debian.org/experimental/
version
M: 2012-04-29
<reply>Kernel: uname -r, or cat /proc/version. Package: dpkg -l _pkgname_ , or run apt-cache policy <packagename>. Miscellaneous commands: try --version on the command. For the version of Debian, ask me about <debian suite>.
blacklist
M: 2009-11-16
<reply>To blacklist a Linux kernel module, create/edit /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.local.conf and add a line similar to this (without quotes): "blacklist module_name". If this doesn't work, do 'echo "install modulename /bin/true" >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.local.conf'. IMPORTANT: ask about <blacklist-initramfs>. To blacklist a module at installation time, ask me about <installer blacklist>. http://wiki.debian.org/KernelModuleBlacklisting
alsa
M: 2009-04-13
<reply>Advanced Linux Sound Architecture (ALSA) is a Linux kernel component providing device drivers for sound cards. Ask me about <install alsa>. See also <alsa-checklist>, <default alsa>, <alsa firmware>. http://wiki.debian.org/ALSA http://www.alsa-project.org/ #alsa on irc.freenode.net.
windows
M: 2005-09-23
<reply>"PCs are like air conditioners, if you open Windows(R) they don't work." Support for Microsoft Windows operating systems is available in ##windows on irc.freenode.net.
contrib
M: 2012-03-21
<reply>[contrib] Debian packages that contain <DFSG>-compliant software, but have dependencies not in main (possibly packaged for Debian in non-free). To get contrib packages, add lines like "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ [stretch|buster|sid] main contrib" to your /etc/apt/sources.list, then «aptitude update». Also ask me about <non-free>, <contrib list>.
release history
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>Named after "Toy Story" characters. Buzz(1.1; 1996-03-14), Rex(1.2; 1996-10-28), Bo(1.3; 1997-05-01), Hamm(2.0; 1998-07-24), Slink(2.1; 1999-03-09), Potato(2.2; 2000-08-15), Woody(3.0; 2002-07-19), Sarge(3.1; 2005-06-06), Etch(4.0; 2007-04-08), Lenny(5.0; 2009-02-14), Squeeze(6.0; 2011-02-06), Wheezy(7; 2013-05-04), Jessie(8; 2015-04-25), Stretch (9; 2017-06-17). Next: Buster. http://deb.li/it56U
d-i
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>Debian 9 "Stretch is now the "stable" Debian release. See http://www.debian.org/releases/stretch/debian-installer/ for images. Developers page is http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/ . If you want to make custom install CDs, start with d-i. IRC: #debian-boot on irc.oftc.net. See also <errata>, <g-i>.
why iceweasel
M: 2008-02-25
<reply>Due to Mozilla logos licensing, Mozilla software isn't DFSG-free, so Debian distributes Mozilla software with different logos. Mozilla Corp revoked the agreement to let Debian use Mozilla trademarks, so Debian changed to non-trademarked product names. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mozilla_Corporation_software_rebranded_in_Debian for more information. http://glandium.org/blog/?p=933. Ask me about <dfsg> <iceweasel vs firefox>.
irclog
M: 2015-08-21
#debian on <freenode> is logged at http://ibot.rikers.org/%23debian/ , #debian on <OFTC> is logged at http://irclogs.thegrebs.com/debian/
usb
M: 2010-04-24
<reply>Universal Serial Bus (USB) is a technology that has replaced the way that some peripheral devices connect to a computer. It is much faster than serial/communications and more flexible: many devices can be connected to simultaneously. USB 3.0 is supported by the Linux kernel since version 2.6.31. http://www.linux-usb.org/USB-guide/book1.html http://www.linux-usb.org/ See also <usb install>, <usbreset>.
uupdate
M: 2009-10-14
<reply> uupdate (in the <devscripts> package) upgrades a source code package from an upstream revision, or e.g. if the newest foo in debian is 1.2, and upstream is at 1.4: apt-get source foo; wget -nd http://foo.org/foo-1.4.tar.gz; cd foo-1.2; uupdate ../foo-1.4.tar.gz Ask me about <package recompile>.
debian clone
M: 2011-06-24
<reply> One method of cloning Debian installs is to take a current Debian machine that is set up with the packages you want and run the command "dpkg --get-selections > ~/selectionfile". Then, after the base install on other machines use that file and do: "dpkg --set-selections < ~/selectionfile && apt-get dselect-upgrade". Also ask me about <aptitude clone>, <reinstall>, <things to backup> <apt-clone>.
iwlwifi
M: 2013-08-07
<reply>The iwlwifi Linux kernel driver supports several Intel 802.11n (WiFi Link, Wireless-N, Advanced-N, Ultimate-N) and 802.11ac adapters. Firmware is required, ask me about <non-free sources> and install the firmware-iwlwifi package to provide. Supported devices are listed at https://wiki.debian.org/iwlwifi . See also <iwlegacy>, <iwl7000>.
sdo
M: 2010-04-12
<reply>http://snapshot.debian.org/ is an archive of almost all Debian packages uploaded since 2005, including those removed from the official archives because they were very buggy, unusable, broken, vulnerable or in some way non-free. This service replaces snapshot.debian.net. http://www.debian.org/News/2010/20100412
debian-backports
M: 2010-09-06
<reply> see backports.debian.org
debian-next
M: 2013-10-15
<reply>#debian-next is the channel for testing/unstable support on the OFTC network (irc.oftc.net), *not* on Freenode. If you get "Cannot join #debian-next (Channel is invite only)." it means you did not read it's on irc.oftc.net.
search dpkg
M: 2010-09-01
<reply>You can search my database on the web at http://ircbots.debian.net/ or on IRC by asking me about <help listkeys> and <help-listvals>. My factoids are available at http://crito.ucr.edu/~dpkg/ in archives that are updated nightly and the previous 18 days are there. See also <search>.
jessie sources.list
M: 2015-03-28
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for Debian 8 "Jessie" has three lines: "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ jessie main" "deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main" "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates main". Be sure to run «aptitude update» after editing sources.list. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <jessie/updates> <jessie-updates> <mirrors> and "man sources.list".
sid faq
M: 2011-04-16
<reply> http://deb.li/sidfaq ; it doesn't hurt to read the FAQ, even if you are using <testing>. See also http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel/2009/08/msg00041.html and <sid upgrade test>.
what are you
C: 2000-08-01
<reply> I am an infobot. For more information, ask me about <infobot>.
locales
M: 2009-08-05
<reply> Use 'dpkg-reconfigure locales' to get it up and running. This generates <locale> definitions and also edits /etc/default/locale which sets the $LANG environment variable at login time. Use "LANG=C command" to change the output language for a one off command, ask me about <localised errors>. See also <mac locales>. http://wiki.debian.org/Locale
testing security
M: 2017-06-19
<reply> Security updates in testing are delayed by the normal testing migration *and* may be further delayed by missing dependencies, etc. See https://www.debian.org/security/faq#testing
what
C: 2002-04-23
<reply> This!
security
M: 2011-02-06
<reply>Put "deb http://security.debian.org/ stretch/updates main contrib non-free" in your /etc/apt/sources.list file to keep up-to-date on security updates in <stable>. Run "aptitude update" and "aptitude upgrade" (or "aptitude full-upgrade" if the updates are kept back). Also ask me about <dsa>, <security backports>, <oldstable security>, <testing security>, <unstable security>, <browser security>.
ot
M: 2010-06-24
<reply> see offtopic
frankendebian
M: 2011-09-25
<reply>When you get random packages from random repositories, mix multiple releases of Debian, or mix Debian and derived distributions, you have a mess. There's no way anyone can support this "distribution of Frankenstein" and #debian certainly doesn't want to even try. See if you can convince ##linux to help.
ifrp
M: 2008-04-23
<reply>For GRUB: 1) press 'e' to edit the kernel setting in the grub command line (add 'init=/bin/sh' to the end of it) 2) 'fsck' your root file system, 3) 'mount -o remount,rw /', 4) 'passwd root' 5) 'mount -o remount,ro /' 6) 'reboot -d -f' (exec /sbin/init should work); For LILO: 1) 'Linux init=/bin/sh' at the LILO boot prompt (hold Shift while booting), steps 2-6 are the same; For yaboot: 1) 'Linux init=/bin/sh' at yaboot prompt.
kernel-package
M: 2009-05-28
<reply>[kernel-package] Obsolete. Use <kernel handbook> instead. Used to be The Debian Way(tm) "aptitude install kernel-package build-essential libncurses5-dev" and follow the instructions in /usr/share/doc/kernel-package/README.gz. You should also ask me about <make-kpkg>, <kp mantra> and <kernel build-deps>.
dfsg
M: 2003-05-24
<reply>DFSG is the Debian Free Software Guidelines, which are explained at http://www.debian.org/social_contract#guidelines . For a full list of DFSG-compatible/incompatible software licenses, see http://wiki.debian.org/DFSGLicenses
mint
C: 2008-01-13
<reply> see linux mint
install guide
M: 2009-02-16
<reply> see installation guide
compiz
M: 2013-08-19
<reply>Compiz was a compositing window manager using OpenGL for rendering. Compiz hasn't been developed for some time and is no longer part of Debian (see bugs #719870 and #677864). Plenty of other window managers have the same features as compiz. For a list of available window managers, run «apt-cache showpkg x-window-manager». See also http://wiki.debian.org/Compiz http://www.compiz.org/ or #compiz on irc.freenode.net.
irc
M: 2009-07-13
<reply>IRC is Internet Relay Chat, the means to provide #debian to its patrons. Debian IRC channels are listed at http://wiki.debian.org/IRC . Please read http://wiki.debian.org/GettingHelpOnIrc . Ask me about <irc tutorial> and <faq>. See also <debstats> and <irclog>.
wwsr
M: 2016-03-04
<reply>see when will stretch release
firmware
M: 2011-05-04
<reply>Firmware is software to operate electronic devices, usually contained in EPROM or flash memory. Some Linux kernel drivers require firmware to be provided from userspace, notably for <WiFi> devices. Most firmware files are not part of a Debian release as they do not conform to the <DFSG>; some are available via <contrib> and <non-free> packages, ask me about <search>. See also <installer firmware>. http://wiki.debian.org/Firmware
release notes
M: 2017-06-18
<reply>The release notes for Debian 9 "Stretch" are at https://www.debian.org/releases/stretch/amd64/release-notes/ . See also <jessie->stretch>, <stretch install guide>
cmd: slap (.*?)
C: 2002-02-07
($1): <action> strikes a resounding *THWAP* across $1's face
cn
M: 2012-04-28
<reply> see zh
cmd: greet (.*?)
M: 2004-12-13
($1): <reply>(Howdy|Hi there|Salutations|Gr33tz|Welcome|Bonjour|Hello|Tag|Nihao|Wassup|Moo|G'day), $1
bye
C: 2000-05-01
<reply> Cya, $who
install
M: 2005-12-03
<reply> see install debian
wifi
M: 2008-11-27
<reply> see wireless
backport caveat
M: 2008-11-17
<reply>Remember that in installing backports, you will be using an unusual configuration of packages that has not been tested as thoroughly as Debian stable and that newer packages have both newer features and newer bugs. Ask me about <version chasing>. Also note that you can't rely on backports to be patched quickly if vulnerabilities are discovered.
localized errors
M: 2017-06-06
<reply>To provide command output in English instead of your native language, set your locale to an English one (e.g. C) prior to running the command, e.g. "LC_ALL=C apt-get -f install".
equivs
M: 2010-04-19
<reply>equivs is a package that enables you to create dummy packages that tell <apt> you really have installed (through some other means) the package. aptitude install equivs, and read /usr/share/doc/equivs/*, see also <usrlocal>. A better plan is often to adapt the Debian packages to your needs, ask me about <package recompile> <uupdate> <ssb>.
break
M: 2003-03-31
<reply>"This release is currently considered ``unstable''. That means that things *will* break if you run it." (quote from old page http://www.debian.org/releases/woody/), or http://bugs.debian.org/155873#10
pt
M: 2008-03-25
<reply> Por favor use #debian-pt para ajuda em portugues ou #debian-br para ajuda em portugues do brasil. ( /join #debian-pt )
beer
M: 2011-11-08
liquid gold mate
nvidia dkms
M: 2013-08-02
<reply>For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems. Ask me about <contrib> and <non-free sources>. «aptitude -r install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` nvidia-kernel-dkms && mkdir -p /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "nvidia"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nvidia.conf». Restart your system to enable the <nouveau> blacklist.
xfce
M: 2009-06-01
<reply>Xfce is a pretty nifty Desktop Environment. Lightweight, fast, compact. To install, ask me about <install xfce>. https://wiki.debian.org/Xfce http://wiki.xfce.org/faq http://www.xfce.org/ #xfce on irc.freenode.net.
cmd: do (.*?)
M: 2004-02-01
($1): <action> (does|refuses to do|eagerly does|reluctantly agrees to do|wonders why (he|she|it|they|we|you|those smelly goats) should do|wouldn't dream of doing) $1
cmd: deb-src (.*?)
C: 2011-08-16
($1): <reply>You can get apt to download source packages with a <deb-src> line in your <sources.list>. A suitable entry for the $1 release is: "deb-src http://deb.debian.org/debian/ $1 main contrib non-free". Remember to "apt-get update" after changing your sources.list.
set time
M: 2016-08-25
<reply> To set the time on Debian systems, use date --set. The truly enlightened user, however, will install <ntp> to have their clock set automatically on reboot and slewed to match time servers. Also verify the system's UTC setting and set the correct time zone; ask me about <utc>, <timezone>. see systemd-timesyncd instead of installing ntp https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Systemd-timesyncd
reportbug
M: 2016-11-24
<reply> reportbug is used to submit bugs to the Debian <BTS>. Install reportbug, then run reportbug. See http://www.debian.org/Bugs/ http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch05s04#problem-report for some general information about using reportbug and/or for <debian-installer> bug reporting. Also ask me about <report-bugs>. http://wiki.debian.org/reportbug http://www.debian.org/Bugs/Reporting, or <reportbug MTA>
cd contents
M: 2009-02-01
<reply>see disk contents
usb install
C: 2013-03-18
<reply>You can install Debian from a USB stick/thumbdrive/pen drive/key on x86 systems, as long as your system's BIOS can boot from USB. Details are in the Installation Guide, see http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch04s03 and ask me about <install debian> for hybrid CD/DVD images. Use http://sf.net/projects/win32diskimager/ to write images from Windows. For BIOSes not capable of USB boot, ask me about <plop>.
ops
M: 2014-02-27
<reply>Please invoke 'dpkg: ops $problem' to call the operators to deal with a specific problem. Misuse of this will lead to a ban. Operators can also be contacted in the #debian-ops channel.
kali
M: 2016-04-07
<reply>Kali Linux (http://www.kali.org/) is a security and penetration testing distribution from the creators of <backtrack>. It is based on Debian, but it is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. Seek help in #kali-linux on chat.freenode.net or http://forums.kali.org/ . Also ask me about <based on debian>, and read http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/hacker-howto.html
iptables
M: 2010-09-10
<reply>[iptables] The user-space process used to administer iptables kernel parts on top of netfilter. Ask me about <netfilter docs>. For a proper Debian-way of setting up iptables, see http://wiki.debian.org/iptables or ask me about <iptables-restore>. http://netfilter.org/ #netfilter on irc.freenode.net. See also <ferm>, <lartc>, <masq>, <ulogd>.
sources
M: 2008-01-18
<reply> see sources.list
cmd: -s (.*?)
M: 2003-10-20
($1): <reply> (Package: $1: Status: install ok installed|There is no record of a $1 package|(Dingos|Badgers) ate my $1!|You Fool! $1 is installed!)
your factoids
M: 2008-06-02
<reply> see search dpkg
debstats
M: 2008-07-21
<reply> debstats is managed by sussudio: http://debstats.mooo.com/ (#debian freenode) and http://members.ziggo.nl/sussudio/debian-oftc.html (#debian OFTC)
raspbian
M: 2012-10-01
<reply>Raspbian is a distribution <based on Debian> made specifically for the <Raspberry Pi>. Raspbian is not Debian and it is not supported in #debian. Please use #raspbian on irc.freenode.net for support. http://www.raspbian.org/
reinstall
M: 2008-02-20
aptitude reinstall '~i' ; or COLUMNS=200 dpkg -l | awk '/^[hi]i/{print $2}' | xargs apt-get -y --reinstall install, or dpkg --get-selections > my_packages.txt , then later, dpkg --set-selections < my_packages.txt && apt-get install . See also <aptitude clone>, <debian clone>.
free ram
M: 2008-07-29
<reply>Unlike information, your computer's memory does *not* want to be free. Free RAM is wasted RAM! Linux tries to use free physical memory for caching files from disk which speeds up disk access considerably. Linux releases RAM from these caches if programs need it. If you want to know how much physical memory the free(1) tool says you have left for program use, it's 'free' + 'buffers' + 'cache'. Also ask me about <swapwake>.
moo
M: 2007-10-17
<reply> mooooooo! I am cow, hear me moo, I weigh twice as much as you. I'm a cow, eating grass, methane gas comes out my ass. I'm a cow, you could be too; join us all! type apt-get moo; aplay /usr/lib/libreoffice/share/gallery/sounds/cow.wav
snapshots
M: 2009-12-20
<reply> see sdo
bootlogd
M: 2013-08-10
<reply>bootlogd is used to record boot messages to /var/log/boot. For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later releases, install the bootlogd package to enable. In Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", bootlogd is provided by the sysvinit-utils package; set BOOTLOGD_ENABLE=Yes in /etc/default/bootlogd to enable.
french
M: 2003-11-18
<reply> Vous pouvez obtenir de l'aide sur Debian sur le canal #debian-fr - For help in french, please join #debian-fr
fixmbr
M: 2013-10-01
<reply> see fixboot
skype
M: 2013-06-11
<reply>Skype is a proprietary cross-platform <VoIP> service and application owned by Microsoft. Debian cannot distribute the application due to its license. See http://wiki.debian.org/skype and ask me about <skype amd64> for community-contributed information. Consider using free and secure alternatives: <ekiga>, <empathy>, <jitsi>, <linphone>.
wine
M: 2016-05-21
ine (Wine Is Not an Emulator) is an application intended to allow execution of Microsoft Windows programs on Unix-like operating systems. Application compatibility database: http://appdb.winehq.org/ .https://wiki.debian.org/Wine http://wiki.winehq.org/HowTo http://wiki.winehq.org/FAQ #winehq on irc.freenode.net. See <mmap_min_addr> regarding use of Win16 binaries. See also <newer wine>.
moving target
M: 2009-10-22
<reply> Sure, testing might be shinier than stable, but are you prepared to be continually updating your system? Things that worked today will break tomorrow. Configuration file formats will change and you'll have to fold your changes in yet again. Testing is a moving target and if you'd rather work *with* your computer than working *on* your computer, you might not want that. See <testing security>.
whats my hardware
M: 2008-10-29
<reply>You can use lspci, lsusb, lsscsi, lspcmcia, lshal, hwinfo, dmidecode, and/or lshw, or even dmesg to find out what kind of hardware your machine might have, or you could crack the lid and look inside ... oooh, shiny! If you install lshw, run "lshw -html > myhardware.html" as root and you'll have a nice HTML summation. See also <myram>, <driver locator>.
upgrade
M: 2017-06-17
<reply> Upgrades keep your box from getting r00ted and reboots let you run new kernels. Stop obsessing about uptime already. It's not 1996. Refresh the lists of available packages "apt update", and then an "apt upgrade". Ask me about <security>. If you upgrade to a new stable version of Debian, read its release notes first. Ask me about <jessie->stretch>.
popcon
M: 2010-07-26
the Debian Popularity contest, the basis for what packages appear on the first few CDs/DVDs etc (by rank). Install the popularity-contest package to participate. See the results at http://popcon.debian.org/ -- See the FAQ at http://popcon.debian.org/FAQ . Statistics are also available via IRC, /msg judd popcon $package
ls
M: 2003-05-05
<reply>CONFIG.SYS AUTOEXEC.BAT TEMP WINDOWS My Documents PROGRA~1
archive
M: 2009-11-11
a collection of files. 'tar', 'ar', 'cpio' are all archiving tools. This is *not* the same as compression, which is a separate operation. Debian Archives is the repository for old Debian releases, see http://www.debian.org/distrib/archive . For the package archive, ask me about <snapshot>. Old Debian <ISO> files are archived at http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/archive/
installit
M: 2010-09-21
<reply> Your box does not come with every application, tool and utility known to debiankind installed already. If you find that the program you've been told to use isn't there, install it. Also ask me about <search>. If someone suggests an application to you, it's highly likely that it's available via apt-get or aptitude.
sudo
M: 2010-01-09
<reply>[sudo] (Substitute User DO) Not enabled by default on Debian systems; configure /etc/sudoers first, ask me about <visudo>, <sudoers>. sudo can give limited super user privileges to specific users, or allow you to do silly things like run X apps with root permissions, or good in scripts with "username ALL = NOPASSWD: /some/program". See also <sudo path>. http://wiki.debian.org/sudo http://www.aplawrence.com/Basics/sudo.html
nopaste
C: 2011-09-16
<reply> nopaste is a command-line tool to send data to a <pastebin>. To paste e.g. your sources.list do "aptitude install libapp-nopaste-perl; nopaste /etc/apt/sources.list"; to paste the output of a program do e.g. "dmesg | nopaste".
grub
M: 2013-04-21
<reply>GNU GRUB 2 is a portable and powerful boot loader. Ask me about <grub config> and <grub default>. To reinstall, ask me about <fixmbr>. http://wiki.debian.org/Grub2 #grub on irc.freenode.net. See also <grub legacy>.
automount
M: 2009-05-10
<reply> If you're running one of the desktop environments in Debian, then ask me about <kde automount>, <thunar-volman>. If you want something for the command line, then ask me about <usbmount>, <pmount> or <halevt>. For a completely different approach to automounting, ask me about <autofs>.
virtualbox
M: 2011-09-28
<reply>Oracle VM VirtualBox is an almost free software virtual machine solution. To install, see https://wiki.debian.org/VirtualBox or ask me about <vbox-install jessie>, <vbox-install wheezy>. http://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/User_FAQ http://www.virtualbox.org/ #vbox on irc.freenode.net. See also <vbox rename>, <vbox guest>, <vbox extpack>, <vbox migrate win>, <vdi>, <virtualization>.
xsession
M: 2017-04-21
<reply>Debian uses ~/.xsession for startx(1) as well as *most* Display Manager logins. See https://wiki.debian.org/Xsession
stretch
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>Stretch is the codename for the current <stable> release, Debian 9, released 2017-06-17. "Stretch" is the rubber octopus in Toy Story 3, see http://wiki.debian.org/DebianStretch . Ask me about <install stretch>, <release notes>, <jessie->stretch>.
clone
M: 2016-08-12
to clone a partition or full disk, read https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/disk_cloning
better
M: 2002-12-06
a matter of personal taste; asking "is foo better than bar?" is almost meaningless unless we know what *you* mean by "better".
rtfm
M: 2006-08-06
Read The Fucking Manual. If you want to ask a question about foo, please read man foo; before asking. If there isn't a manpage about foo, use apropos to find one. Reading manuals helps us help you. [You might try info foo as well.]
oftc
M: 2006-06-05
<reply>OFTC is the Open and Free Technology Community, a support/collaboration service. They have an IRC network: irc.oftc.net. You may be connected to OFTC's network. http://www.oftc.net/ See also <freenode>, <oftc move> and <fact sharing>.
deb
M: 2012-06-03
<reply>see .deb
stow
M: 2010-02-03
a nifty program used to manage a /usr/local/ hierarchy. It keeps all the programs separate, so you can install and remove them without playing the "which program does that file belong to" game; ask me about <stow usage>. http://www.gnu.org/software/stow . See also <usrlocal>, <uupdate>, <checkinstall>.
disk contents
M: 2011-04-14
<reply>To find out which CD or DVD image contains a particular package or source file, use the search engine at http://cdimage-search.debian.org/ . To see what a specific image contains, examine the package lists within the list-{cd,dvd} subdirectories for the relevant architecture at http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/ (e.g. http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/amd64/list-cd/).
they don't know
M: 2011-10-11
<reply>We're sorry your distro's channel isn't being helpful, but that doesn't make it appropriate to use #debian for non-Debian questions. Please go back to your channel and wait patiently for better help, or install Debian and party with us.
cmd: error processing (.*?)
C: 2007-06-25
($1): <reply> $who: That isn't an error, post the whole output to a pastebin (/msg dpkg pastebin).
cmd: fix (.*?)
C: 2002-07-07
($1): <action> takes $1 to the vet for a "special" visit.
pl
M: 2011-09-21
<reply> Na kanale #debian rozmawiamy po angielsku; jesli chcesz lub wolisz mowic po polsku, wejdz na kanal #debian-pl na irc.freenode.net (Polish speakers please go to #debian-pl on irc.freenode.net). pl is also <perl>.
firmware image
M: 2010-08-08
<reply> see firmware images
bootlog
C: 2005-06-06
<reply> see bootlogd
wpa
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is a wireless encryption standard. A WPA supplicant for Debian systems is in the wpasupplicant package, read /usr/share/doc/wpasupplicant/README.Debian.gz to configure (especially "Troubleshooting" for association to hidden SSIDs). Since Debian 7 "Wheezy", it is possible to install Debian over a WPA-protected network. https://wiki.debian.org/WPA https://wiki.debian.org/WiFi/HowToUse#wpasupplicant
jessie->stretch
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>Read (at least) the upgrading chapter of the <release notes> http://deb.li/OFVv . In /etc/apt/sources.list, change "jessie" to "stretch" and remove stable-specific lines like jessie-backports. apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade. 3rd party repos like <dmo> are known to cause problems with the upgrade.
sns syndrome
M: 2010-04-29
<reply> see sns
tracker of doom
M: 2008-11-09
<reply>The Tracker of Doom is a vulnerability database maintained by the Debian security team, viewable at http://security-tracker.debian.org/ . Ask me about <cve lookup CVE-yyyy-nnnn> to get Debian-specific information on a CVE number. See also http://www.debian.org/security/crossreferences or ask me about <debsecan> http://www.enyo.de/fw/software/debsecan/
kms
M: 2010-03-23
<reply>Kernel Mode Setting (KMS) has graphical modes initialized by the Linux kernel instead of X. It is hardware dependent, introduced in Linux 2.6.29. Enabled via modprobe as of xserver-xorg-video-intel 2:2.9.1-2 and xserver-xorg-video-radeon 1:6.12.192-2. To disable, edit /etc/modprobe.d/{i915,radeon}-kms.conf or boot with the 'nomodeset' kernel command line parameter. http://wiki.debian.org/KernelModesetting
which repo
M: 2014-10-30
<reply>To see what repository a package may have come from, try https://www.palfrader.org/gitweb/?p=tools/weaselutils.git;a=blob_plain;f=apt-listrepository or use dpkg -l | awk '/^.i/ {print $2}' | xargs apt-cache policy | awk '/^[a-z0-9.-]+:/ {pkg=$1}; /\*\*\*/ {OFS="\t"; ver=$2; getline; print pkg,ver,$2,$3}', or ask me about <obsolete>, or http://people.debian.org/~dannf/apt-inventory, or <bdo list>, or <dmm list>
ssh
M: 2010-02-17
<reply>[ssh] the Secure SHell; "aptitude install ssh" (<openssh>). Clients for other platforms include <putty> and <cygwin>. Programs to mitigate against brute-force attacks on your SSH server include <fail2ban> and <denyhosts>. See also <scp>, <sftp>, <ssh without password>, <ssh permissions>, <sshx>, <ssh linedraw>, <debug sshd>, <dropbear>, <ssh-copy-id>, <ssh verify key>.
zh
M: 2015-07-27
<reply> 如果您想要以中文得到 Debian 相關的協助,請加入 irc.debian.org 或 irc.oftc.net 上的 #dot 頻道,連線與加入頻道的方法請參閱 IRC 程式之相關說明,或於網路上搜尋。謝謝您的合作!
ftp
M: 2009-04-07
<reply>File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a method of moving files between systems using TCP/IP. Not secure; consider using superior protocols (sftp, rsync) for new setups. Ask me about <ftp must die>, <scp>, <sftp>. See also <ftpd>.
nfs
M: 2010-11-22
<reply>Network File System (NFS) is a distributed file system protocol developed by Sun Microsystems. To set up and secure, read the Linux NFS-HOWTO at http://nfs.sf.net/nfs-howto/ . For notes on NFSv4 in Debian, see /usr/share/doc/nfs-common/README.Debian.nfsv4. Mailing list: http://vger.kernel.org/vger-lists.html#linux-nfs . http://wiki.debian.org/NFS http://nfs.sf.net/ #linux-nfs on irc.oftc.net.
things to backup
C: 2008-07-22
<reply>Some things you should back up include: /etc /home /root /usr/local /usr/src /opt /srv. Tailor to your own purposes. If you think you don't need /var, make sure you don't forget /var/lib/dpkg /var/backups /var/lib/apt* /var/lib/mysql /var/mail /var/www /var/cache/debconf /var/spool/cron ...
aptitude-fu
M: 2011-03-03
<reply>To list uninstalled recommended packages: aptitude search '~RBrecommends:~i!~i'; upgradeable packages: aptitude search '~U'; manually installed packages: aptitude search '~i!~M'; See also <obsolete> <not available> <bdo list> <dmm list> <which repo> <aptitude clone> <sort by size> <aptitude why> <aptitude search> <aptitude ops> <aptitude states>
next
M: 2014-06-05
<reply> Another happy customer leaves the building.
emacs
M: 2012-06-22
<reply>Emacs is the extensible macro editor that is already quite extensively extended. A popular editor choice with major and minor modes for almost every conceivable language and task. High priests of emacs have even been known to use emacs as their shell, and sometimes have whole systems with init=/usr/bin/emacs. http://www.gnu.org/software/emacs http://emacswiki.org/ #emacs on irc.freenode.net. See also <emacs docs>.
locale
M: 2010-09-21
<reply>A locale is a set of rules for presenting information to humans according to local conventions (date format, thousands separators, language, etc.). Ask me about <locales> to establish on a Debian system. http://wiki.debian.org/Locale http://mywiki.wooledge.org/locale
unetbootin
M: 2013-11-06
<reply>UNetbootin (Universal Netboot Installer) allows creation of bootable USB drives for a variety of Linux distributions. http://unetbootin.sf.net/ Not recommended for use with Debian CD/DVD images, as it mangles the installer in cruel and unusual ways, resulting in hard to debug problems. Ask me about <hybrid images>, <usb install>, <win32diskimager>.
dm
M: 2010-01-09
<reply>DM means Display Manager, the app that brings up a graphical login screen and starts your login session. <lightdm>, <gdm3>, <xdm>, <kdm>, <wdm>, pdm, login.app and <slim> are all examples of display managers. Ask me about <nodm> if you want to disable the DM. Or Debian Maintainer: http://wiki.debian.org/DebianMaintainer . For the deb-multimedia repository, ask me about <dmm>.
!
M: 2007-09-18
<reply> I'm not your csh prompt!
systemd
M: 2014-02-09
<reply>systemd is a system and service manager for Linux, compatible with SysV and LSB init scripts. It is a replacement for <sysvinit>. systemd shipped as a technology preview in Debian 7 "Wheezy" and is the default init system in Debian 8 "Jessie". https://wiki.debian.org/systemd #debian-systemd on irc.oftc.net http://freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd #systemd on irc.freenode.net. See also <why systemd>.
exit
C: 2000-11-29
<reply> /quit you fool!
ntfs
M: 2010-05-16
<reply>Windows NT File System (NTFS) has drivers available in Debian: the read-only Linux kernel driver and a <FUSE> driver providing write support. For information about the former, ask me about <ntfsro>. For information about read/write access, ask me about <ntfsrw>. See also <ntfsclone>, <label>. http://wiki.debian.org/NTFS
synaptics
M: 2017-06-28
<reply>As of stretch, the synaptics driver isn't used by GNOME. If your touchpad stopped working in stretch, try installing xserver-xorg-input-libinput and removing xserver-xorg-input-synaptics; see https://lists.debian.org/debian-devel/2016/07/msg00266.html and https://wiki.debian.org/SynapticsTouchpad
rfp
M: 2014-02-18
<reply>Request For Package (RFP) is the way to ask for a piece of software to be included in Debian. See http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp, the section on that page "Adding new entries with "reportbug"" is a good place to start. Technically, a RFP is a wishlist bug filed against "wnpp" with a title beginning "RFP: ", ask me about <wnpp>. The best way of getting software packaged is to do it yourself: ask me about <nmg>.
mdn
M: 2013-05-20
<reply>see mozilla.debian.net
hcl
M: 2010-10-13
<reply>[hcl] Hardware Compatibility Lists for Linux include http://kmuto.jp/debian/hcl/ (PCI verification only), http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/Hardware-HOWTO/ , http://www.linuxcompatible.org/compatdb/lists/hardware_linux.html and http://www.linuxquestions.org/hcl/ . Also ask me about <driver locator>, <judd-hardware>.
iceweasel backports
M: 2016-03-13
<reply> see firefox backports
kept back
M: 2008-07-24
when packages have not been upgraded even though newer versions are available. This happens if dependencies cannot be resolved, packages are on hold or you used "upgrade" not "full-upgrade" and old packages need to be removed as part of the upgrade. To investigate, "aptitude -s install <kept-package>". See also http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/69 and ask me about <full-upgrade>.
timezone
M: 2011-09-15
<reply>A time zone is the standard time (aka local time) in a particular region. To change the timezone on Debian systems, execute "dpkg-reconfigure tzdata". Alternatively: "cp -b /usr/share/zoneinfo/$TZ /etc/localtime". Note that tzselect(1) does not change the timezone. Postfix users: execute "service postfix restart" to update localtime in the chroot.
love
M: 2004-03-19
<reply>Love is a snowmobile racing across the tundra, which suddenly flips over, pinning you underneath. At night, the ice weasels come.
kvm
M: 2011-02-21
<reply>Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) is a full <virtualization> solution for Linux hosts on x86 hardware with x86 guests. Packaged as qemu-kvm since Debian 6.0 "Squeeze". See http://wiki.debian.org/KVM for installation instructions, also ask me about <xve>. http://www.linux-kvm.org/page/FAQ http://www.linux-kvm.org/ #kvm on irc.freenode.net.
rescue mode
C: 2007-06-29
<reply> Debian-Installer has a recovery ('rescue') mode, which can be used to reinstall the GRUB or LILO boot loaders. See section 8.7 of the <install guide> ("Recovering a Broken System") for more details: https://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/amd64/ch08s07.html.en
package
M: 2009-11-13
<reply> Debian .deb packages are a special form of <ar> archive which can be unpacked with "ar x pkg.deb". Inside the file control.tar.gz are conffiles, installation scripts, and a file "control" which contains the information shown with "apt-cache show pkg". Dependencies can be changed by editing this file. Install the dpkg-dev package and read "man 5 deb" for more details. A better plan is to see <package recompile> <source package>.
lobotomy
C: 2000-06-11
<reply>your wish is my command, $who
rc.local
M: 2007-04-26
<reply>/etc/rc.local is a script called by /etc/init.d/rc.local which is typically one of the last things to be run during the boot sequence. If you have commands you want run at boot, edit /etc/rc.local (don't touch /etc/init.d/rc.local). rc.local is regarded as a hack, consider writing a real init script instead, ask me about <init.d>.
jessie-backports
C: 2015-04-29
<reply> Some packages intended for Stretch (Debian 9) but recompiled for use with "Jessie" (8.x) can be found in the "jessie-backports" repository. See http://backports.debian.org/Instructions/ . A suitable line for your sources.list is «deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ jessie-backports main». Also ask me about <bdo>.
install jessie
M: 2017-06-20
<reply> Debian 8 "Jessie" installation images are available from https://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/debian-installer/ . Note that this release has been superseded by Debian 9 "Stretch", ask me about <install debian>.
bash
M: 2010-08-31
the Bourne Again SHell, and the default Debian shell. Ask me about <bash faq>, <bash pitfalls>, <bbg>, <abs>, <parsing ls>, <bashism>. http://wiki.debian.org/Bash #bash on irc.oftc.net and irc.freenode.net.
rules
M: 2001-02-13
<reply>1) Don't ask to ask. Just state your problem, 2) Don't repeat until 10 mins after, 3) Read and re-read the docs first, then admit it if you REALLY don't understand. You're wasting your time and ours if you haven't at least tried. 4) If your problem ain't solved, come back in 12 hrs or 24 hrs later. We're very international. 5) Be polite and patient. 6) #debian supports only Debian (see <based on debian>)
pulseaudio
M: 2011-12-07
<reply>PulseAudio (formerly Polypaudio) is a cross-platform network sound server, intended as a drop-in replacement for <ESD>. Packaged for Debian since 4.0 "Etch", read /usr/share/doc/pulseaudio/README.Debian after installation for configuration recommendations; Debian specific how-to is at http://forums.debian.net/viewtopic.php?t=12497 . http://pulseaudio.org/wiki/FAQ http://pulseaudio.org/ #pulseaudio on irc.freenode.net.
release
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>Debian 9 "Stretch" was released on 2017-06-17. It is now considered "stable". Ask me about <install debian>, <jessie->stretch> to upgrade from Debian 8 "Jessie" See http://www.debian.org/releases/ or <release history> for the latest (and historical) releases. For updates from the Debian Release Team, see http://release.debian.org/
what's my wireless
M: 2007-12-08
<reply> Install the hwinfo package and execute "/usr/sbin/hwinfo --wlan", or http://linux-wless.passys.nl/ , or ask me about <whats my hardware>. See also <wireless>.
cmd: ubuntuirc (.*?)
M: 2011-06-04
($1): <reply>$1: This is not the Ubuntu help channel. Please do /server chat.freenode.net and then /join #ubuntu. If you are using XChat, you can right-click the following link and choose connect. irc://chat.freenode.net/ubuntu
override dns
M: 2017-06-30
<reply> To have dhclient use a specific nameserver rather than one given by your DHCP server, echo "supersede domain-name-servers a.b.c.d, e.f.g.h;" >> /etc/dhcp/dhclient.conf; man 5 dhclient.conf for more. You can also use "prepend" or "append" to add nameservers. Or remove domain-name-servers (etc.) from "request" in dhclient.conf. Beware crazy ideas like chattr +i. https://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/dhclient-etcresolvconf-hooks/
uefi
M: 2013-01-22
<reply>Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) is a firmware interface specification, intended to replace the <BIOS> firmware interface. Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later releases support installation in (U)EFI mode on 64-bit PC systems (amd64), <secure boot> is currently not supported. http://www.uefi.org/
deb-src
M: 2016-11-16
<reply> You can have apt download the <source package> from which a <binary package> was compiled using a "deb-src" line in your <sources.list>. A line like "deb-src http://deb.debian.org/debian sid main" does NOT make any binary packages available. Ask me about <source> <package recompile> <ssb>; make sure the "build-essential" package is installed. You might need linux-headers-$(uname -r) package installed.
samba
M: 2013-05-06
<reply>Samba is a Unix implementation of Windows file/print sharing (the SMB/CIFS protocol). http://samba.org/samba/docs/man/Samba-HOWTO-Collection/ http://samba.org/samba/docs/ http://wiki.samba.org/ #samba on irc.freenode.net. See also <dfs>.
bdo list
M: 2012-02-29
<reply> To list all packages you have installed from <debian backports>: «aptitude search '?narrow(?version(CURRENT),?origin(Debian Backports))' --disable-columns -F%p»; apt must know about the origin repository for this to work (i.e. you have a 'deb' line for it in sources.list and 'apt-get update' has been run). To list all backported packages available for your system: «aptitude search '?origin(Debian Backports)'». See also <which repo>.
wl
M: 2013-04-30
<reply>Broadcom's proprietary wireless LAN driver (wl, aka broadcom-sta) supports devices based on the Broadcom BCM4311, BCM4312, BCM4313, BCM4321, BCM4322, BCM43224, BCM43225, BCM43227, BCM43228, BCM43142, BCM4331, BCM4352 and BCM4360 chips. To install (amd64 and i386 only), see https://wiki.debian.org/wl . Most of these chips are also supported by the open source <b43> and <brcmsmac> drivers.
vmware
M: 2010-02-23
<reply> VMware isn't part of Debian, therefore it's not supported, ask me about <vmware support>. VMware is not in Debian because it is not Free software; even though you might be able to download it for no cost, the source code is not available for some parts and Debian is not allowed to distribute it, see <dfsg>. http://wiki.debian.org/VMware #vmware on irc.freenode.net. See also <virtualization>.
infobot
M: 2010-09-15
<reply> Infobot is an IRC bot that is geared towards remembering "factoids", and repeating them back to people on request. It supports many additional features, such as google lookups, dictionary, spell checker, debian package checks, and more. See http://infobot.sf.net/ for more.
best
M: 2007-07-07
<reply>Best for what? Please define what you mean by "best". Gloria Gaynor! Tina Turner! Aretha Franklin! Men without Hats! Women without Hats! Men at Work! Women at Play! Anyone for Tennis!
radeon firmware
M: 2015-04-28
<reply>Binary-only firmware for the radeon <DRM> driver is packaged for Debian as firmware-linux-nonfree. Without this package installed, poor 2D/3D performance in the <radeon> xorg driver is commonly experienced. To install, ask me about <non-free sources>. This is not required for use of the <fglrx> driver.
iso
M: 2009-04-16
<reply>[iso] CD image, a file containing an ISO 9660 standard filesystem. Debian CD/DVD images are available at http://www.debian.org/CD . Also ask me about <netinst> and <check iso image>. To download via BitTorrent or Jigdo, ask me about <bittorrent>, <jigdo>. Debian CD image FAQ: http://www.debian.org/CD/faq/ See also <vendors>, <cd1>, <missing iso>, <blu-ray disc>, <iso mount>, <iat>.
dist-upgrade
M: 2009-02-15
<reply> dist-upgrade tells apt to also install/remove packages when handling dependencies; security updates may require a dist-upgrade to install (they introduce new packages). Dist-upgrade does not mean changing from stable to testing; apt and aptitude both call dist-upgrade "full-upgrade" to remove this confusion. Read man apt-get carefully. See also <why not dist-upgrade>, <full-upgrade>.
logs
M: 2000-03-06
<reply> Logs are what you should always check when you have a problem, they live in /var/log/ . For #debian logs, ask me about <irclog>.
apt-zip
M: 2009-06-11
<reply> Update a non-networked computer using apt and removable media. Just aptitude install apt-zip and read the docs in /usr/share/doc/apt-zip, or ask me about <apt offline> <apt-walkabout>. http://wiki.debian.org/AptZip
cmd: man (.*?)
C: 2010-06-26
($1): <reply>man $1 is probably at http://manpages.debian.org/$1 where you can view many Debian man pages. Ask me about <docs> <dmp> <grounding> <search>.
x11
M: 2013-01-02
a protocol used by X servers and clients. X11 stands for the eleventh version of the X window system.
utc
M: 2013-09-06
<reply>Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is the standard by which the world regulates clocks and time (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coordinated_Universal_Time). For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later, set "UTC" or "LOCAL" in /etc/adjtime (man 8 hwclock). For Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", set the UTC option in /etc/default/rcS appropriately (man rcs). For all systems, run «service hwclock.sh restart» to apply changes. See also <windows utc>.
fixresolvconf
M: 2008-07-15
<reply>To fix your /etc/resolv.conf: edit /etc/dhcp{,3}/dhclient.conf to include the nameservers you want to use (ask me about <override dns>). Alternatively, use <resolvconf> and specify the nameservers yourself: echo -e "nameserver a.b.c.d\nnameserver w.x.y.z" > /etc/resolvconf/resolv.conf.d/base; resolvconf -u (where a.b.c.d and w.x.y.z are your ISPs nameservers). Also ask me about <fixresolvconf the ugly way>.
policy
M: 2011-05-13
<reply>policy is the document that defines how Debian packages should (and must!) interact with each other and with the user to make sure we have a high-quality, stable distribution. You can find it at http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ or in the debian-policy package. Those who fail to understand Debian Policy are doomed to reimplement it, poorly. See also <best practices> <nmg> <mentors>.
factoids
M: 2007-02-10
<reply> see your factoids
free
M: 2009-05-30
defined in English with many different meanings of which only one refers to cost. Easier in French, or 'free beer' = gratuit / 'free speech' = libre, or http://www.debian.org/intro/free, or http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/categories.html, or free (procps) tells you how much memory is used/wasted ("Mem:") and how much is being necessarily used/could be freed ("-/+ buffers/cache:"), see also <free ram>.
ubuntu-irc
C: 2011-06-03
<reply> This is not the Ubuntu help channel. Please do /server chat.freenode.net and then /join #ubuntu. If you are using XChat, you can right-click the following link and choose connect. irc://chat.freenode.net/ubuntu
cmd: eat (.*?)
C: 2001-08-27
($1): <action> eats $1, *CHOMP* *CHOMP* *CHOMP*(|||| and catches Mad Cow Disease)
snapshot
M: 2010-04-12
<reply> see sdo
dsa
M: 2010-11-17
<reply>[dsa] Debian Security Announcement, see http://www.debian.org/security/ and http://lists.debian.org/debian-security-announce/ ; RSS feeds at http://www.debian.org/security/dsa (titles only) and http://www.debian.org/security/dsa-long (summaries). Ask me about <dsa lookup DSA-nnnn> for information about the packages affected. See also <tracker of doom>, <debsecan>, <dsa team>.
woody
M: 2009-03-30
<reply>Woody is the codename for Debian GNU/Linux 3.0, released on July 19, 2002. Security support for woody was terminated on 2006-06-30. Woody was archived on 2007-01-10, ISOs are available from http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/archive/3.0_r6/ . See also <woody sources.list> and <woody->sarge>. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianWoody
wgetpaste
M: 2010-07-16
<reply> wgetpaste is a CLI application for sending text to a pastebin, its only dependencies are bash and wget. To install and use: wget http://wgetpaste.zlin.dk/wgetpaste-2.17.tar.bz2 && tar xvjf wgetpaste-2.17.tar.bz2 && cd wgetpaste-2.17 You can then use it as ./wgetpaste; e.g. dmesg | ./wgetpaste It is also safe to copy to /usr/local/bin for easier use.
multimedia
M: 2015-04-19
<reply>Debian's main repository has lots of great multimedia packages with more included in each release. Ask me about <search> to find them and <rfp> if something is not yet packaged. The old <deb-multimedia.org> has not been a "must have" repo for multimedia support for several releases; it now mostly contains poor quality packages or current Debian packages recompiled incompatible with other packages in Debian.
!!!!
C: 2000-08-16
<reply> "Multiple exclamation marks," he went on, shaking his head, "are a sure sign of a diseased mind." - Terry Pratchett, Eric
anybody
C: 2004-07-13
<reply> see anyone
jigdo
M: 2010-08-09
<reply>Jigsaw Download (jigdo) is *the* method for downloading CD/DVD/BD images of Debian. See "Downloading Debian CD images with jigdo" at https://www.debian.org/CD/jigdo-cd/ . https://wiki.debian.org/jigdo http://atterer.org/jigdo/
mate
M: 2014-02-11
<reply>The MATE Desktop Environment is a fork of GNOME 2, available since Debian 8 "Jessie" (and also in wheezy-backports). To install, ask me about <install mate>. https://wiki.debian.org/Mate http://mate-desktop.org/ #mate on chat.freenode.net.
kernel-handbook
M: 2011-06-06
<reply>The Debian Linux Kernel Handbook http://kernel-handbook.alioth.debian.org/ - packaged as debian-kernel-handbook since Debian 7 "Wheezy" - serves as a single access point to all kernel-related documentation. See chapter 4.2 to rebuild official Debian kernel packages, see chapter 4.5 to build a custom kernel from Debian kernel source.
multiarch failures
C: 2013-05-14
<reply> There is a set of new and interesting failures to get used to in the <multiarch> world. Ask me about <multiarch changelog> <multiarch skew>.
fsck
M: 2009-06-02
a file system integrity checker (man 8 fsck), or a visually-similar euphemism for fuck. Ask me about <forcefsck>.
atheros
M: 2011-05-28
<reply>Qualcomm Atheros is a developer of semiconductors. For support of PCI/PCIe wireless LAN devices with an Atheros chipset, ask me about <ath9k>, <ath5k>. For USB wireless LAN device support, ask me about <ath9k_htc>, <carl9170>, <ar5523>. For Ethernet driver information, see <atl1c>, <alx>, <atl2>, <atl1e>, <atl1>. For Bluetooth device support, see <ath3k>. http://wireless.kernel.org/en/users/Drivers/Atheros
fundamentals
M: 2014-06-17
<reply>You'll get more out of Debian and *nix if you learn some of the fundamentals. Read the "Unix and Internet Fundamentals" HOWTO at http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Unix-and-Internet-Fundamentals-HOWTO/ Then, read the Debian Reference at https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/
crack
C: 2001-04-10
<reply> crack: see source of spacehogs comment on apt
module
M: 2009-06-01
a driver for a device (a part of a kernel) which can be dynamically loaded/unloaded. Ask me about <modprobe>. To compile modules available in Debian module source packages, ask me about <dkms>, <module-assistant>. http://wiki.debian.org/Modules
ubuntuirc
M: 2011-06-04
<reply> see ubuntu-irc
tias
M: 2009-08-13
<reply>TIAS is "Try It And See".
bug
M: 2007-05-24
<reply> see bts
ssbp
C: 2006-11-16
<reply> see simple sid backport
qotd
M: 2014-10-29
<reply>Quote of the Day. Ask me about <qotd0> to get a random one. See <literal qotd0> for which numbers are used already and <qotdx> for which numbers have been voted as "replaceable". At 297 (2015-10-05).
dmms
M: 2009-02-24
<reply>To add the deb-multimedia repository run (as root) # echo "deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org/ squeeze main non-free" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/dmm.list; aptitude update && aptitude install deb-multimedia-keyring && aptitude update. For an alternative way to load Marillat's archive key, ask me about <apt-key 1F41B907>.
dont break debian
C: 2014-09-16
https://wiki.debian.org/DontBreakDebian
networking
M: 2013-07-23
<reply>For basic networking, «man interfaces» and see http://wiki.debian.org/NetworkConfiguration . For further information, see http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/254 and http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/ch05 . See also <interfaces>, <wifi>, <wireless connection managers>.
init
M: 2008-05-22
the init daemon, or ask me about <runlevels>, or <inittab>
forgot mysql root password
M: 2008-10-10
<reply> If you've forgotten the <MySQL> root password, /etc/init.d/mysql stop; mysqld --skip-grant-tables; mysql -u root; use mysql; UPDATE user SET Password=PASSWORD('mynewpassword') WHERE User='root'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; C-d; stop mysqld; /etc/init.d/mysql start See also http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/resetting-permissions.html, <mysql initial password>.
acpi
M: 2009-11-12
<reply>Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) is a power management interface that gives more control to the BIOS, or horribly horribly broken, or "run this arbitrary code in ring 0", or generally better than <APM>. For a list of supported systems/BIOSes, see http://www.lesswatts.org/projects/acpi/ . See also <acpid>, <suspend>.
checkinstall
M: 2009-10-18
<reply>CheckInstall is a program that tracks all files installed by "make install" (or equivalent), creates a Debian (or other) package with those files, and adds it to the installed packages database, allowing for easy package removal or distribution. http://asic-linux.com.mx/~izto/checkinstall/ See also <stow>.
ath9k
M: 2008-12-13
<reply>ath9k is a completely free (no proprietary HAL) Linux kernel driver supporting PCI/PCIe 802.11n wireless LAN devices with Atheros chips. It does not require firmware from userspace. See https://wiki.debian.org/ath9k for more information and supported devices. For Atheros 802.11n USB device support, ask me about <ath9k_htc>, <carl9170>.
gdm
M: 2010-05-02
<reply> <GNOME> Display Manager (GDM) is a <display manager> based on <xdm>, but with no original xdm code. Written with looks (and security) in mind. It uses ~/.gnomerc instead of ~/.xsession. http://wiki.debian.org/GDM http://projects.gnome.org/gdm #gdm on irc.gimp.org. Not to be confused with the General Purpose Mouse (GPM) interface, see <gpm>.
mozilla.debian.net
M: 2013-05-20
<reply> see iceweasel backports
remove systemd
M: 2015-05-01
<reply>To use an init system other than systemd in jessie, install the systemd-shim package (for logind) and remove the systemd-sysv package: aptitude install systemd-shim sysvinit-core systemd-sysv-. To stick with sysvinit for wheezy->jessie upgrades, follow the pinning advice in the release notes: http://deb.li/30Kby - See also <upstart> and <openrc>
shut up
M: 2005-01-01
<reply> (No, I won't, and you can't make me. :P|Kiss my shiny metal ass!)
oldstable
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>OldStable the previous stable version of Debian, as long as it is still supported by the security team. Jessie (8) is oldstable. It is recommended to upgrade your system(s) to the current stable release, ask me about <oldstable->stable>. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianOldStable or see <lifespan> <jessie-lts>.
held back
M: 2004-08-11
<reply> see kept back
lamp
M: 2013-06-15
<reply>LAMP: Linux, Apache, MySQL, {PHP,Perl,Python} server. Ask me about <install debian><install apache><install mysql><install php>. (Hmm... doesn't that make it a DAMP stack?), or "aptitude install libapache2-mod-php5 mysql-server php5-mysql". http://wiki.debian.org/LaMp, or http://geek-and-poke.com/geekandpoke/2013/6/15/the-geekpoke-old-chestnut-of-the-week
xyproblem
M: 2015-03-08
<reply>Slow down for a bit! Are you sure that you need to jump through that particular hoop to achieve your goal? We suspect you don't, so why don't you back up a bit and tell us about the overall objective... We know that people often falsely diagnose problems because they are too close to them -- it's easy to miss that there is a better way to proceed. See http://mywiki.wooledge.org/XyProblem
libdvdcss
M: 2013-10-21
<reply>libdvdcss is a free software library for unscrambling <CSS>-encrypted DVDs, not to be confused with <DeCSS>. It is not distributed by Debian due to legal concerns. To acquire, see http://www.videolan.org/developers/libdvdcss.html for repository and APT signing key information, then install the libdvdcss2 package.
dvd
M: 2009-04-16
<reply>[dvd] Digital Versatile Disc. To play a video DVD, ask me about <dvd playback>, then use either <totem>, <vlc>, <xine> or <mplayer>. To burn a DVD, ask me about <wodim> or <growisofs>. To download Debian DVD images, ask me about <iso> and <small dvd>. To buy Debian DVDs, ask me about <vendors>. To copy/rip/transcode DVD video, ask me about <dvd ripping>.
realtek
M: 2011-05-19
<reply>Realtek is a developer of semiconductors. Realtek Ethernet controllers are supported by the 8139too, 8139cp and <r8169> drivers in the mainline Linux kernel. For support of Realtek-based wireless LAN devices, ask me about <rtl819x> (802.11n) or <rtl818x> (802.11b/g).
sudoers
M: 2011-03-21
<reply>From Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" onwards, you can grant yourself (minimally secure) root permissions for <sudo> by adding yourself to the "sudo" group: "adduser your_username sudo". See the man pages indicated by "apropos sudo" for more information.
fixgrub
M: 2010-08-31
<reply> see fixmbr
alternatives
M: 2012-12-27
the way Debian manages multiple applications with the same function. For more info, man update-alternatives. Have a look at the galternatives package or ask me about <update-alternatives> <java alternatives>. http://people.debian.org/~jwilk/alternatives/Contents has a recently created list of all the available alternatives-managed paths in Debian. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianAlternatives
virtualization
C: 2009-04-02
<reply>For resources concerning the use of Debian as a host for virtual computers, or as a guest within a virtual computer, see http://wiki.debian.org/SystemVirtualization . Also ask me about <hyper-v>, <kvm>, <linux-vserver>, <lxc>, <openvz>, <pearpc>, <qemu>, <user mode linux>, <virtualbox>, <virtual pc>, <vmware>, <xen>, <xve>, <ksm>.
selinux
M: 2010-05-20
<reply>Security Enhanced Linux (SELinux) is NSA's port of the FLASK Security Architecture to Linux. Also it can make your system unbootable if you uninstall it. Unofficial FAQ: http://www.crypt.gen.nz/selinux/faq.html . http://wiki.debian.org/SELinux http://selinuxproject.org/ #selinux on irc.freenode.net. See also <apparmor>, <tomoyo>.
:(
C: 2002-10-05
<reply> awwwww, whats the matter??
version chasing
M: 2008-06-25
<reply> A higher version number does not mean that it's better, just newer. Debian's <stable> release might not have the latest packages, but it has packages that have been tested and bugfixed; for selected packages, you can use backports.debian.org. You should have a better reason than "newer" when considering compiling from source or using 3rd party repos. Ask me about <debian-backports>. Tell us what you're doing isn't just <sns syndrome>.
usbmount
M: 2016-02-13
a package to automatically mount/unmount usb drives as they are inserted/removed. See also <pmount>.
bots
M: 2009-11-05
<reply>We have lots of bots around to help out with different things. dpkg (<dpkgbot>) and <judd> are the main two for factoids and package information; dselect (<dselectbot>) fills in for dpkg. There's also debhelper (flooding, moderating), apt, ... Most bots are also in #debian-bots if you can't use /msg to talk to them. Be nice to the bots though; they have feelings, bleed oil and let out the <magic smoke> when angry.
chat
M: 2013-05-26
<reply>This is not a chat channel, this is a Debian user support channel. Unless you have a Debian support question, please chat elsewhere, like #debian-offtopic, or #moocows on irc.oftc.net or ##chat on irc.freenode.net.
win32diskimager
M: 2014-01-22
<reply>win32diskimager is much more reliable than <unetbootin> for copying ISO images to USB sticks and you can download it from http://sf.net/projects/win32diskimager/ . Adjust the file mask from *.img to *.* if it doesn't show Debian .iso images. See <usb install> and <install debian> for further details.
r8169
M: 2013-04-03
<reply>r8169 is a Linux kernel driver supporting the Realtek RTL8101, RTL8111/8168 and RTL8169 families of gigabit Ethernet chips. See also <rtl8168d>, <rtl8105e>, <rtl8402>, <rtl8411>. Not to be confused with the out-of-tree <r8168> driver.
dmm list
M: 2012-02-29
<reply>To list all packages you have installed from deb-multimedia.org: aptitude search '?narrow(?version(CURRENT),?origin(Unofficial Multimedia Packages))' --disable-columns -F%p. Note: apt must know about the origin repository for this to work (i.e. you have a 'deb' line for it in sources.list and 'apt-get update' has been run). See also <which repo>.
debsums
M: 2012-07-28
a utility that will check a package's files against their checksums. The "-a" argument will instruct it to also check configuration files: "aptitude install debsums; debsums -a -s". Most packages come with md5sums included in the package; if apt's package cache is clean, then generate missing sums with "aptitude reinstall `debsums -l`". Ask me about <md5sums>.
luks
M: 2010-08-11
<reply>Linux Unified Key Setup (LUKS) is a disk encryption specification with a platform-independent format. http://code.google.com/p/cryptsetup/ . To access on Microsoft Windows systems, see http://sf.net/projects/freeotfe.mirror/ and <ext2read>.
steam
M: 2015-08-24
<reply>Steam is a proprietary content delivery and management application for PC software with Linux support. Packaged in <non-free>; amd64 users are required to enable <multiarch> and install the steam:i386 package. For help with upstream issues, ask #steamlug on irc.freenode.net. http://wiki.debian.org/Steam
root x
M: 2015-04-08
<reply>If you need to run an X application as root (or another user), ask me about <gksu> <sshx> <mit-magic-cookie> <xauth> or look at kdesu and gksudo. Whatever you do, don't use <xhost> or try <running x as root>! (For wheezy, you can also try <sux>)
check iso image
M: 2011-08-19
<reply>To verify you have a valid and official Debian CD/DVD image, see http://www.debian.org/CD/faq/#verify . To test an ISO image was burned correctly, compare the output of «md5sum filename.iso; dd if=/dev/cdrom | head -c `stat --format=%s filename.iso` | md5sum». You should compare this md5sum to the checksum for the ISO image on the mirror. See also <check iso signature>.
freebsd
M: 2011-03-13
NOT better than Debian, and it is not worse. It is just different. Admittedly one might be more interested in using FreeBSD as a server OS rather than as a desktop workstation. http://www.freebsd.org/ ##freebsd on irc.freenode.net. For the Debian port, ask me about <kfreebsd>.
flashplugin-nonfree
M: 2013-09-23
<reply>Adobe Flash Player is proprietary (non-free) software. The easiest way to install it is with the flashplugin-nonfree package, ask me about <contrib>. WARNING: installing flashplugin-nonfree will NOT automatically keep the plugin updated. Read more on https://wiki.debian.org/FlashPlayer. Try «update-flashplugin-nonfree --install» if the installation didn't seem to work or to update the plugin.
gnash
M: 2010-02-16
<reply>Gnash is the GNU <Flash> movie player, developed from GPLFlash and part of the GNU project. The project aims to create a free software player and browser plugin. The browser plugins are packaged for Debian as browser-plugin-gnash (for Iceweasel/Firefox) and konqueror-plugin-gnash. http://www.gnu.org/software/gnash/ #gnash on irc.freenode.net.
bdo kernel
M: 2015-04-29
<reply>Newer kernels for Debian stable releases are available from the "jessie-backports" repository. Ask me about <jessie backports> to modify your sources.list, then run «aptitude update». To install the current backported kernel: «aptitude -t jessie-backports install linux-image-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'`». To list available backported kernel image packages: «aptitude search '?narrow(~nlinux-image,?origin(Debian Backports))'».
kernels
M: 2007-12-02
<reply> see kernel
dkms
M: 2010-06-28
<reply>Dynamic Kernel Module Support (DKMS) is a framework for generating out-of-tree Linux kernel modules. Packages using DKMS build modules during installation and when updated Linux versions are installed, provided Linux kernel headers are present (these are not installed by dkms). DKMS-managed modules are installed to /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/updates/dkms/ . The module build log file is at /var/lib/dkms/$module/$version/build/make.log
packages
M: 2011-05-19
<reply> see package
apt offline
M: 2008-04-25
<reply>To use apt on a machine that doesn't have a network connection (if you have a separate machine that does have a network connection), read http://bit.ly/1UYVX5g . Ask me about <apt-zip>, <apt-walkabout>.
why not dist upgrade
C: 2005-04-03
<reply> If you're going to use apt-get dist-upgrade (or aptitude full-upgrade), when you run the command, you need to make absolutely sure that it isn't going to remove anything you actually want to have installed. If it does, use apt-get install to install specific packages that have been held back on apt-get upgrade, and only allow upgrades that don't remove things that you want. Ask me about <pinning> <hold> <unmarkauto>.
hacker
M: 2000-01-26
someone that hacks. See <hacking>, or an interesting essay can be found at http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/hacker-howto.html . Someone who plays with stuff, and figures things out just to satisfy his own idle curiosity.
nope
C: 2000-11-26
<reply> yes
stow usage
M: 2010-11-30
<reply>A quick intro to <stow>: ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/stow/program-version && make && make install; cd /usr/local/stow/ ; stow program-version. Use stow -D to remove. See also <usrlocal>.
kernel handbook
C: 2010-12-14
<reply> see kernel-handbook
quit
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> try /quit
extended chars
M: 2012-10-08
<reply>To enter chars like á ç ß ¿ © ℃ ± ≠ in X, "xmodmap -e 'keycode 117 = Multi_key'". After that, you can use your right windows key as a Compose key, e.g. pressing windows-key, ~, n in sequence will produce ñ. Ask me about <compose sequences>, use xev (x11-utils package) to find the windows-key keycode if 117 does not match it. Similar functionality for the console can be achieved using the loadkeys command.
fedora
M: 2007-06-16
<reply>Fedora is the Red Hat-derived distribution of Linux, although it is not supported by Red Hat officially, you can get help from the community: #fedora on irc.freenode.net. http://fedoraproject.org/
freenode
M: 2006-06-05
<reply>freenode (formerly Open Projects Network) is a service of the Peer-Directed Projects Center, an IRS 501(c)(3) corporation. They have an IRC network, irc.freenode.net, and you can visit their web page at http://freenode.net/ . You may be connected to freenode. See also <oftc> and <fact sharing>.
gcc
M: 2014-06-19
<reply>The GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) is a compiler system supporting various programming languages. In order to change which version it should use, "export CC=gcc-$whatever", as /usr/bin symlinks (gcc, g++, et al) are not handled using Debian <alternatives>; see /usr/share/doc/gcc/README.Debian. See also <gcc-doc>. https://gcc.gnu.org/ #gcc on irc.oftc.net.
bumblebee
M: 2013-04-15
<reply>The Bumblebee project aims to provide support for the Nvidia Optimus GPU switching technology on Linux systems. GeForce 400M (4xxM) and later mobile GPU series are Optimus-enabled; if «lspci -nn | grep '\''[030[02]\]'» returns two lines, the laptop likely uses Optimus. Packaged for Debian <jessie> and <wheezy-backports>. http://wiki.debian.org/Bumblebee http://bumblebee-project.org/ #bumblebee on irc.freenode.net.
http.debian.net
M: 2015-05-05
<reply>see httpredir.debian.org
mail
M: 2009-07-29
a great program for sending mail, or <mutt> can send mail from the command line with attachments, or elm rewarded the best emailer of 1999. Pine is out. http://wooledge.org/~greg/mail.html
md
M: 2010-07-15
<reply>"Multidisk Device" (MD) is commonly used to describe the software <RAID> facilities available in the Linux kernel. To establish a software RAID array at Debian installation time, see section 6.3.3.4 of the <install guide>. See also <mdadm>. http://wiki.debian.org/SoftwareRAID http://linux.yyz.us/why-software-raid.html http://raid.wiki.kernel.org/ #linux-raid on irc.freenode.net.
brcmsmac
M: 2013-06-27
<reply>brcmsmac (brcm80211 prior to Linux 2.6.39) is an open source <mac80211> driver, supporting 802.11n PCIe devices based on Broadcom <BCM4313>, <BCM43224> and <BCM43225> chips. Firmware is required (bcm43xx-0.fw, bcm43xx_hdr-0.fw), ask me about <non-free sources> and install the firmware-brcm80211 package to provide. Access point and adhoc modes are supported since Linux 3.10. https://wiki.debian.org/brcm80211
confnew
M: 2010-10-12
<reply>[confnew] dpkg --force-confnew will force dpkg to overwrite any changes you have made to conffiles. You can also reinstall them using the following apt-get line: apt-get -o DPkg::Options::="--force-confnew" --reinstall install <packagename>; or using aptitude, aptitude -o DPkg::Options::="--force-confnew" reinstall <packagename>. See also <confmiss>.
zfs
M: 2017-01-11
<reply>ZFS (originally Zettabyte File System) is a file system / logical volume manager developed by Sun Microsystems (http://deb.li/7xXU). The Debian GNU/kFreeBSD kernel since 7.2 has ZFS support, the userland utilities are packaged as zfsutils. Native Linux support from zfsonlinux.org, #zfsonlinux channel on freenode, is included in Debian starting with <stretch> and <jessie-backports> with some caveats due to license conflicts.
ralink firmware
M: 2011-04-12
<reply>Firmware from userspace is required by the <rt61pci>, <rt73usb>, <rt2860sta>, <rt2870sta>, <rt2800pci> and <rt2800usb> drivers. Ask me about <non-free sources>, then install the firmware-ralink package to provide.
based on
C: 2006-04-20
<reply> see based on debian
.deb
M: 2009-10-30
<reply> see package
resolv.conf
M: 2009-04-11
<reply>/etc/resolv.conf is a resolver configuration file that contains your nameserver IPs. It is written by your DHCP client. To use different nameservers than those provided by DHCP, ask me about <override dns>. See also <fixresolvconf>.
php
M: 2009-04-11
<reply>PHP is a scripting language. To install, ask me about <install php>. See also <php wants me to download still>, <php mysql>, <php userdir>, <phpmyadmin>, <php gd>, <pear>, <pecl>, <suhosin>, <xampp>. http://wiki.debian.org/PHP http://www.php.net/ #php on irc.oftc.net, #php and ##php on irc.freenode.net.
dmm squeeze
M: 2010-04-21
<reply> see dmms
rms
M: 2008-09-25
a hacker name of Richard Stallman, founder of Free Software Foundation (fsf), (co)author of the GNU General Public licence(s), and GNU philosophy in general.
nonfree
C: 2001-01-25
<reply> see non-free
amd
M: 2011-02-14
<reply>Advanced Micro Devices is a semiconductor manufacturer. For support of ATI/AMD graphics hardware, ask me about <ati>. See also <amd64>, <coolnquiet>, <k7>.
fai
M: 2009-10-14
<reply>Fully Automatic Installation (FAI) is an automated tool to install or deploy Debian (and other distributions) on a bunch of different hosts or a cluster. It is more flexible than tools like <kickstart> (Red Hat), autoyast and alice (SuSE) or jumpstart (Oracle Solaris). FAI can also be used for configuration management of a running system. http://fai-project.org/ #fai on irc.oftc.net.
grml
M: 2009-06-18
<reply> grml is a bootable CD (Live CD) originally <based on> Knoppix, now Debian. It includes a collection of GNU/Linux software especially for users of text tools and system administrators. It can be used as a rescue system, for analyzing systems/networks or as a working environment. http://grml.org/ #grml on irc.freenode.net.
usb-install
M: 2009-06-05
<reply> see usb install
what's my hardware
C: 2007-07-27
<reply> see whats my hardware
why not dmm
C: 2012-09-28
<reply>The deb-multimedia.org repository was once the only way of getting good multimedia support. By the release of Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" this was mostly not true and for Debian 7 "Wheezy" this situation is even better. Libraries from dmm are known to cause incompatibilities with packages from Debian; packages may not meet the <DFSG> so are not allowed in Debian. Use dmm as a last resort; ask me about <dmm pinning> and <dmm remove>.
jessie sysvinit
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>see remove systemd
touchpad
M: 2009-05-25
<reply> see synaptics
php wants me to download still
M: 2013-08-04
<reply>The usual problem is browser caching of content, clear the browser cache and restart it. Verify it's not the browser using another one or wget, curl, etc. If this persists after following <install php>, /usr/share/doc/php5-common/README.Debian.gz may help. See also <php userdir>. http://wiki.apache.org/httpd/PHPDownload
raid
M: 2009-05-02
<reply>Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks (RAID) is a system of multiple hard drives for sharing or replicating data. Ask me about RAID{0-5}, <software raid>, <fakeraid>, <megaraid>, <raid-resizing>, <rocketraid>. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_RAID_levels http://wiki.debian.org/LinuxRaidForAdmins
multiarch changelog
C: 2013-05-14
<reply>If dpkg complains that it can't "overwrite shared /usr/share/doc/$package/changelog.Debian.gz" for packages marked "Multi-Arch: same", force dpkg to overwrite the files with «apt-get -o DPkg::Options::="--force-overwrite" install $package». BinNMUs performed since July 2013 should not have this problem, as debhelper splits up the changelog. Ask me about <multiarch> <multiarch failures> <binNMU>.
software raid
M: 2010-03-12
<reply> see md
lxde
M: 2009-05-30
<reply>The Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment (LXDE) is available since Debian 5.0 "Lenny". To install, ask me about <install lxde>. https://wiki.debian.org/LXDE http://wiki.lxde.org/en/LXDE:Questions http://www.lxde.org/ #lxde on irc.oftc.net.
reinstall grub
M: 2009-07-30
<reply>See http://wiki.debian.org/GrubRecover http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch08s07.html . Boot a CD like <grml>, mount your disk read/write, (mount boot partition into your / partition if applicable,) mount -o bind /dev/ /your/root/dev; chroot /your/root; mount -t proc none /proc; grub-install /dev/foo (you may need to edit /etc/mtab and/or /boot/grub/device.map). Also ask me about <fixmbr> <rescue mode>.
hu
M: 2012-09-17
<reply> Ez egy angol nyelvu csatorna. Kerlek beszelj angolul vagy probald a #debian.hu csatornat a FreeNode halozaton, ha magyarul szeretnel.
multiarch skew
C: 2013-05-14
<reply>Packages that are marked as co-installable across different architectures can only be installed if the version for each architecture is identical. If the <buildd> network has not kept up, you cannot install them. If only one arch is binNMU'd, you cannot install them. Wait for a while until it is sorted out. Ask me about <multiarch> <multiarch failures>.
pae
M: 2011-04-27
<reply>Physical Address Extension (PAE) is an x86 processor feature allowing more than 4 gigabytes of physical memory to be used. Linux supports PAE since version 2.3.23 (up to 64 GB of memory on 32-bit systems). PAE is supported by the Intel Pentium Pro/II/III/4/4M/D, Xeon, Core and Atom; AMD Geode NX, Athlon (K7), Duron, Opteron, Sempron, Turion and Phenom; Transmeta Efficeon; VIA C7 and some others. Ask me about <686-pae>, <bigmem>.
why systemd
M: 2014-08-28
<reply>a tired argument. Start by reading rra's excellent analysis at https://lists.debian.org/debian-ctte/2013/12/msg00234.html Support for other init systems (sysvinit) is still present in Debian 8. systemd-shim allows userspace requiring some systemd APIs to work without it. See <jessie sysvinit> if you have to delay or wish to avoid using it.
qemu
M: 2011-02-21
<reply>QEMU is a fast PC emulator. http://qemu-buch.de/cgi-bin/moin.cgi/FrequentlyAskedQuestions http://www.qemu.org/ #qemu on irc.freenode.net. See also <kvm>, <virtualization>.
icedove
M: 2010-02-18
<reply>Icedove is a DFSG-free fork of Mozilla Thunderbird, a cross-platform email client, replacing Thunderbird in Debian as of 5.0 "Lenny". Debian is unable to distribute Mozilla Thunderbird as-is due to trademark restrictions, see <why icedove>. Since July 2013, Icedove in Debian <stable> is based on the Extended Support Release (ESR) branch. For help with upstream issues, ask #thunderbird on irc.mozilla.org. http://wiki.debian.org/Icedove
console
M: 2010-07-16
<reply>Console Guides: http://tldp.org/HOWTO/DOS-Win-to-Linux-HOWTO.html http://www.linuxcommand.org/ http://tinyurl.com/gwg2b http://www.macdevcenter.com/pub/a/mac/2005/05/20/terminal1.html http://people.ischool.berkeley.edu/~kevin/unix-tutorial/toc.html . See also <serial console>, <netconsole>.
ssd
M: 2017-04-14
<reply>Solid-State Drives are basically nonvolatile RAM chips used for long term storage. There are at least 3 types: SATA (no problem), NVMe (no problem since Linux 3.3), and eMMC (not yet supported). See also <ssd limit>
ldap
M: 2009-07-30
<reply>Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) is a client/server protocol for accessing a directory service. Ask me about <openldap>. http://wiki.debian.org/LDAP http://scratchpad.wikia.com/wiki/Ldap #ldap on irc.freenode.net.
default alsa
C: 2010-12-23
<reply>Use the /etc/asound.conf or ~/.asoundrc configuration files to set your default sound card. See http://alsa.opensrc.org/MultipleCards for more information. You can also configure it in pavucontrol if you are using PulseAudio.
cmd: give (.*?) (.*?)
M: 2006-04-28
($1,$2): <action>gives $1 $2
grsecurity
M: 2016-03-14
<reply>Patch set to enhance Linux kernel security: ACL system/auditing/measures against common system exploits. In Debian as linux-patch-grsecurity2, see /usr/share/doc/linux-patch-grsecurity2/README.Debian to apply. Packaged as kernel for sid since 2016, search https://packages.debian.org/search?keywords=linux-image%20grsec http://www.grsecurity.net #grsecurity on <oftc>, ##grsecurity on <freenode>
forgot root password
M: 2007-04-15
<reply>see ifrp
42
M: 2004-11-26
the answer to the ultimate question of life, the universe, and everything. or 6 * 8 or hexadecimal for ascii 'B' or 10!/86400, or what you get when you multiply 6 by 9. (base 13), or a number that silly people use, or the number of roads a man walks down. in Douglas Adams' book, or *not* the meaning of life
security backports
M: 2008-07-16
<reply> Debian incorporates security fixes into the version currently in <stable>. This is non-trivial so it may take a couple days. Backporting security fixes means that you can update the package without problems like changed behaviour that would come with updating to a new version of the software. The upstream version number doesn't change in the Debian package when this is done; check the changelog or the <tracker of doom>.
vpn
M: 2010-01-16
<reply>A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is constructed by connecting computers together over the Internet and encrypting their communications. This provides the ability to access LAN resources from remote locations. Ask me about <openvpn>, <openswan>, <openssh> (see -w option), <vpnc>, <pptp>.
xchat
M: 2010-01-21
<reply>XChat is a graphical <IRC> client similar to AmIRC. http://xchat.org/faq/ http://xchatdata.net/Using/FAQ http://xchat.org/ #xchat on irc.freenode.net. XChat hasn't been developed for a few years and is succeeded by <hexchat>.
update-alternatives
M: 2003-04-08
<reply>update-alternatives is a tool for creating, removing, maintaining and displaying information about the symbolic links comprising the Debian <alternatives> system. The galternatives package provides a graphical front-end.
cmd: -r (.*?)
M: 2003-03-25
($1): <action> removes $1 along with a pound of flesh from $who's body, then staples $who back up with a staple gun.
proxmox
M: 2015-05-01
<reply>Proxmox Virtual Environment (Proxmox VE) is a GNU/Linux distribution <based on Debian>, providing a virtualization platform with <LXC> and <KVM>. It is not supported in #debian. There's an unofficial ##proxmox channel on Freenode. For official venues, see http://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/Get_support
arch
C: 2009-03-27
a hardware architecture (i386, amd64, armel, mips, mipsel, sparc, powerpc, alpha, hppa, s390 && ia64). Also a source control revision system (GNU arch). Arch (and its twin brother ArX) resides at http://arch.fifthvision.net/, or http://www.linuxjournal.com/article.php?sid=5928, or #arch Since lenny, /bin/arch has disappeared, use "uname -m" instead, or <architecture>, or <arch linux>.
firmware installer
C: 2011-07-25
<reply> see installer firmware
debian suite
C: 2012-04-14
<reply>cat /etc/debian_version (or lsb_release -sc). Or check /etc/apt/sources.list. If unsure about the distribution, $ cat /etc/{*version*,*release*,*issue*} should grab almost all distributions.
dmo
M: 2012-11-15
<reply> see dmm
more
M: 2006-08-28
<reply>'more' is a program on Unix and Unix-like systems used to view (but not change) the contents of a text file one screen at a time. It is similar to less, but only allows forward navigation through the file (although newer implementations allow for limited backward movement). See also <less>.
lts
M: 2016-06-05
<reply>Debian Long Term Support (LTS) is a project to extend the lifetime of all Debian stable releases to (at least) 5 years. Debian LTS is not handled by the Debian security team, but by a separate group of volunteers and companies. Ask me about <wheezy-lts> and see https://wiki.debian.org/LTS for more information. #debian-lts on irc.oftc.net.
uuoc
C: 2003-11-09
<reply> UUOC is the Useless Use of Cat Award. Given out for years by Randal Schwartz on the newsgroup comp.unix.shell. Basically, most constructions that look like "cat filename | grep pattern" can be more easily written as "grep pattern filename". Works for grep and most other Unix utilities. Easier to type and marginally more efficient.
jessie/updates
M: 2015-03-21
<reply>On Debian 8 "Jessie" systems, there are two repositories that you should have in your sources.list aside from your main mirror. You should have an entry for "jessie/updates" which is security updates (ask me about <security>) and also an entry for "jessie-updates" which is other updated packages (see <jessie-updates>). See also <sources.list>.
compose
C: 2007-12-15
<reply> see extended chars
action
M: 2003-03-30
<action> forgets what action did.
docs
M: 2008-03-10
<reply>Before asking, please read the documentation. Documentation isn't always easy to read, but that doesn't excuse you from (a) trying and (b) sending patches to improve the docs. If you don't do this, expect to be told to RTFM by impatient volunteers. Dick Brandon said that "Documentation is like sex: When it is good, it is very, very, good. And when it is bad, it is better than nothing." Ask me about <finding docs>, <manuals>.
stable-proposed-updates
M: 2012-03-12
<reply>stable-proposed-updates is a repository containing packages being prepared for the next <point release>. While they have already been, your additional testing is most welcome prior to wider release. http://www.debian.org/releases/proposed-updates http://release.debian.org/proposed-updates/stable.html . See also <oldstable-proposed-updates>, <testing-proposed-updates>.
debian history
M: 2004-06-10
http://www.debian.org/intro/about#history http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/project-history/ or ask me about <release history> for the reader's digest condensed version.
mit-magic-cookie
M: 2008-04-24
<reply>mit-magic-cookie is a key that a client application is required to possess in order to use your X11 display. Running xhost + removes this requirement which is why you should never use <xhost>. The xauth utility is in the xauth package (formerly xbase-clients) and is used to manipulate the mit-magic-cookie; ask me about <mit-magic-cookie export>. For other, easier ways of running apps as another user, ask me about <root x>.
dash
M: 2010-06-06
<reply>dash (formerly Debian Almquist shell) is a <POSIX> compliant shell, smaller than <bash> and offers faster script execution (decreasing boot time). dash is the default /bin/sh since the Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" release. To check if your existing scripts will work with dash, use checkbashisms from <devscripts> and see https://wiki.ubuntu.com/DashAsBinSh
show sources.list
C: 2011-02-14
<reply>Please pastebin the contents of your /etc/apt/sources.list and /etc/apt/sources.list.d/*.list. The easiest way to do this is to pastebin the output of: head -v -n -0 /etc/apt/sources.list{,.d/*}
sparc
M: 2014-05-15
<reply>SPARC is the CPU architecture used in Sun Microsystem's proprietary hardware (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SPARC). To install Debian, ask me about <install guide> and see http://wiki.debian.org/PortsSparc ; the <sparc32> port has been retired and the sparc64 port has been removed from <testing> (bug #745938). For help with Debian on SPARC, join #debian-sparc on irc.oftc.net.
vbox
C: 2007-11-07
<reply> see virtualbox
bcm4313
M: 2013-04-30
<reply>The Broadcom BCM4313 (PCI ID 14e4:4727) - incorrectly identified as BCM4727 by Broadcom's proprietary driver - is an 802.11n PCIe wireless LAN chipset. Not supported by the <b43> driver at this time. For device support, ask about me about <brcmsmac>, <wl>. Not to be confused with the <bcm4331>.
jessie installation guide
C: 2015-03-21
<reply> The Installation Guide for Debian 8 "Jessie" can be found at https://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/installmanual . See also <errata>, <jessie release notes>.
rt61pci
M: 2010-02-14
<reply>Ralink RT61 802.11g PCI chipsets (RT2501/RT2561, RT2600/RT2661) are supported by the rt61pci Linux kernel driver. Firmware is required, ask me about <ralink firmware>. http://wiki.debian.org/rt61pci
cmd: cve lookup (.*?)
C: 2010-11-17
($1): <reply>Information about the security advisory $1 may be found at https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/$1
i forgot mysql root password
C: 2008-04-25
<reply> see forgot mysql root password
tty
C: 2004-07-11
an abbreviation for "teletype". More generically, it refers to any terminal or terminal emulator.
rt2800
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>For support of Ralink 802.11n PCI wireless LAN devices, ask me about <rt2800pci>. For support of Ralink 802.11n USB wireless LAN devices, ask me about <rt2800usb>.
forcefsck
C: 2009-04-15
<reply>To instruct your system to execute <fsck> on the next boot: "touch /forcefsck". Useful for checking the root filesystem for errors (via /etc/init.d/checkroot.sh). Alternatively, supply the -F option to shutdown(8) to create the /forcefsck advisory file, or include "forcefsck" at the kernel command line.
qotd50
C: 2004-08-08
<reply> <hotdog> how do i join the debian channel?
good
M: 2005-08-01
<reply> see better But we all know exim4 is better then postfix ;)
upstart
M: 2014-02-14
<reply>Upstart is an event-based replacement for the /sbin/init daemon which handles starting of tasks and services during boot, stopping them during shutdown and supervising them while the system is running. https://wiki.debian.org/Upstart http://upstart.ubuntu.com/ #upstart on irc.freenode.net.
sysvinit
M: 2014-02-10
<reply>sysvinit is an essential package providing System-V-like init utilities (e.g. /sbin/init) required to boot a Debian system. zless /usr/share/doc/sysv-rc/README.runlevels.gz . As of sysvinit 2.88dsf-3, concurrent (parallel) booting is the default when <dependency based startup> is enabled. sysvinit hasn't been able to correctly boot the Linux kernel since 2003, which is why alternatives have been actively pursued.
ftpd
M: 2009-04-07
<reply>[ftpd] A daemon that speaks <FTP>. The following choices are available on Debian: ftpd, the *BSD daemon (good, robust piece of software without anything shiny on it); <wu-ftpd> (a high-performance, multi-homing and anon-only capable daemon that has caused traffic on bugtraq); <proftpd>, which is somewhere in between; and <pure-ftpd>, which features optionally chrooted home directories, virtual domains, ratios, etc. See also <vsftpd>.
btrfs
M: 2011-08-22
<reply>Btrfs (B-tree file system) is a copy on write filesystem for Linux, aimed at implementing advanced features while focusing on fault tolerance, repair and easy administration. Merged in mainline at Linux 2.6.29, utilities are packaged in btrfs-tools. http://wiki.debian.org/Btrfs http://btrfs.wiki.kernel.org/ #btrfs on irc.freenode.net. See also <btrfs gotchas>.
pm
M: 2009-07-19
private message (something you don't do without asking for permission first, see <private>), or post meridiem, or prime minister, or perl mongers, or pathetic moron, or provocative/preventative/percussive maintenance, or power management (see <pm debug>)
ath9k_htc
M: 2011-06-08
<reply>ath9k_htc is a Linux kernel driver for Atheros AR9271 and AR7010-based 802.11n USB wireless LAN devices, introduced in Linux 2.6.35. Firmware is required, ask me about <atheros firmware> to provide. https://wiki.debian.org/ath9k_htc
freecode
M: 2004-08-25
<reply>Freecode (formerly freshmeat) is _the_ place to search for whatever piece of software you know of/have heard of/dreamt of. http://freecode.com/
proposed-updates
M: 2010-09-28
<reply> see stable-proposed-updates
packaging
M: 2012-11-08
<reply>See http://mentors.debian.net/intro-maintainers for information on how to package for Debian. Also ask me about <nmg> <package basics> <policy> <mentors> and <best practices>.
okay
C: 2005-01-01
<reply> Don't talk back to me or you're going to be sorry!
dontbreakdebian
C: 2014-09-16
<reply>see dont break debian
partition
M: 2008-06-03
<reply> You can partition your hard drive by breaking it up into one or more pieces, or "partitions". Partition manipulators include <fdisk>, <cfdisk>, sfdisk, <parted> and <gparted>. Also ask about <list partitions>. Linux Partition HOWTO: http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Partition/. Linux Partitioning mini-FAQ: http://linuxmafia.com/~karsten/Linux/FAQs/partition.html
unstable security
M: 2009-02-16
<reply>There is no security support for unstable (sid) at all. Uploads of new packages that fix security vulnerabilities are handled in the same way as any other new version -- this means it's up to the maintainer to do a new upload and you (perhaps) to reconfigure services to cope with the new version. This is one of the reasons unstable is not suitable for day-to-day use in many situations. Also ask me about <moving target>.
install stretch
M: 2017-06-17
<reply> see install debian
ext2
M: 2009-05-29
the second extended filesystem. http://e2fsprogs.sf.net/ext2.html See also <ext3>, <resize2fs>, <ext2read>, <ext2fsd>, <ext2ifs>.
excessive punctuation
M: 2006-06-09
<reply> Please stop using excessive punctuation. One exclamation point, question mark, period, ellipsis, comma, hyphen or interrobang is more than sufficient. Using excess punctuation means that you're more likely to be ignored by those who actually can help you, as it makes it difficult to see what you're actually asking. Continued use of excessive punctuation may result in a ban.
doesnt work
M: 2008-12-15
<reply> see doesn't work
rt2800usb
M: 2011-08-09
<reply>Ralink 802.11n/g USB chipsets (RT2070, RT2770, RT2870, RT3070, RT3071, RT3072, RT3370, RT3572, RT5370, RT5372, RT5572) are supported by the rt2800usb Linux kernel driver. Firmware is required, ask me about <ralink firmware>. https://wiki.debian.org/rt2800usb
when will stretch release
M: 2017-06-18
<reply>IT'S OUT! http://www.debian.org/News/2017/20170617
log
C: 2007-05-03
<reply> see logs
openvpn
M: 2014-12-09
<reply>OpenVPN is a <VPN> daemon, which can securely tunnel IP networks over one UDP or TCP port. Packaged for Debian, provides "openvpn" ifupdown hooks to <interfaces>. Add "script-security 2" in configuration files for use of external commands. Debian 8 "Jessie" users: see https://bugs.debian.org/785200 (fixed at openvpn 2.3.4-5+deb8u1, ask me about <spu>). https://openvpn.net/ #openvpn on irc.freenode.net. See also <easy-rsa>.
hardware
M: 2010-06-07
<reply>Before buying any hardware, make sure it is supported by all operating systems you want to use; ask me about <hcl>. To acquire details about your current hardware, ask me about <whats my hardware>. Please ask all non-Debian-specific hardware questions in ##hardware on irc.freenode.net.
apt-cacher
M: 2009-03-27
a caching proxy designed specifically for use by <apt>. http://www.nick-andrew.net/projects/apt-cacher/ See also <apt-cacher-ng>, <approx>, <aptly>.
codenames
M: 2011-02-06
<reply>Debian release codenames are buzz (1.1), rex (1.2), bo (1.3), hamm (2.0), slink (2.1), potato (2.2), woody (3.0), sarge (3.1), etch (4.0), lenny (5.0), squeeze (6.0), wheezy (7) jessie (8) stretch (9) and sid=Unstable. "lsb_release -sc" (lsb-release package) will display a Debian system's codename. http://www.debian.org/doc/FAQ/ch-ftparchives#s-codenames
qotd28
M: 2004-11-27
<reply><{Fatalfury}> hi, do u know a way to limit the /proc directory size? now it's over 500MB and i have a very little hd
bf
M: 2011-02-05
<reply>[bf] Boot floppies are Debian-Installer images written to floppy disks, then used to install a Debian system. These were last made available for the 4.0 "Etch" release, see <etch floppies>. From the <lenny errata>: "Due to an increase in the size of the Linux kernel, we are unable to provide installation images for installs from floppy disk."
installer
M: 2009-09-19
<reply>The Debian installer comes in many forms (CD1, netinst, DVD), but the installer you use and the system you end up with is identical in each case. The only difference is when the packages are downloaded: if you grab the DVDs then you are downloading lots of packages that you might not need; if you download the <netinst>, then when you go to install packages using aptitude later on, they will be downloaded at that time.
xdmcp
M: 2013-04-11
<reply>The X Display Manager Control Protocol (XDMCP) provides a uniform mechanism for an autonomous display (e.g. X terminal) to request login service from a remote host. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X_display_manager_(program_type)#X_Display_Manager_Control_Protocol
openssl
M: 2009-04-24
the open source version of Secure Socket Layer. http://www.openssl.org/ . See also <why gnutls>.
firmware iso
M: 2010-08-08
<reply> see firmware images
installer firmware
M: 2017-06-29
<reply>see installer firmware stretch
pepperflashplugin-nonfree
M: 2015-04-26
<reply>Pepper Flash Player is a proprietary <flash> plugin included with the Google Chrome web browser. The pepperflashplugin-nonfree Debian package can be used to install this plugin for the <Chromium> browser, ask me about <contrib>. https://wiki.debian.org/PepperFlashPlayer
apt-clone
C: 2011-06-24
a utility to clone/restore the packages on an apt-based system. It will save/restore the packages, sources.list, keyring and automatic-installed states. It can also save/restore no longer downloadable packages using <dpkg-repack>.
apt myths
M: 2012-03-08
<reply> Myths about APT never seem to die, the principal one being you can't mix using different APT front-ends like apt-get and aptitude. This is false. If you need further convincing, see http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9 and http://algebraicthunk.net/~dburrows/blog/entry/apt-system-diagram/ . See also <why aptitude> and <why not aptitude> for real reasons to choose one over the other.
backups
M: 2009-02-09
<reply> I don't need no steenkin backups. However, I'm sure at least two other mes in parallel dimensions do, so I'm probably good to go. Hopefully the other mes in the other dimensions aren't counting on me to keep backups. Those idiots. <SlayerXP> there are two types of people in this world, those who take my advice regarding RAID and backups, and those who cry when they lose their data. See <things to backup>, <qotd126>, <flw40>.
apt-proxy
M: 2010-05-06
<reply>apt-proxy is a caching proxy for <apt>. See http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/237 for more information. http://apt-proxy.sf.net/ Removed from Debian post-Lenny to resolve bug #576821. For alternatives, ask me about <apt-cacher>, <apt-cacher-ng>, <squid deb caching>, <approx>.
manuals
M: 2006-08-20
<reply> If you are looking for manuals, guides and procedures focusing on Debian - from a user perspective, the administrator's view and others - see http://www.debian.org/doc/ . Also ask me about <reference> and <grounding>.
installer firmware jessie
C: 2015-04-25
<reply>Debian-Installer is able to load additional <firmware>, by including it within installation media or supplying on removable media (e.g. USB stick, floppy). See http://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/amd64/ch06s04 . To include firmware within Debian <netboot> images, see http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/NetbootFirmware . See also <firmware images>.
thunderbird
M: 2012-02-04
<reply> see icedove
package rebuild
M: 2010-04-17
<reply> see package recompile
bdo xorg
C: 2011-09-03
<reply>The backports.debian.org repository contains updated xorg components (in particular video drivers) for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze". Ask me about <squeeze-backports> to enable and use this repository. See http://x.debian.net/reference/squeeze-backports.html for information on the xorg backports.
alioth
M: 2013-11-22
<reply>Alioth (https://alioth.debian.org/) is Debian's FusionForge server, see https://wiki.debian.org/Alioth for service and technical details. #alioth on irc.oftc.net.
hacking
M: 2008-06-02
<reply> [hacking] a hacker doing his work. Playing with code or programs or technical devices and figuring things out to satisy curiousity, see <hacker>.... This is not cracking, see <cracking>
private
C: 2004-06-02
<reply> NO, we will NOT help you in private! Ask your question in the channel so that others can help. Don't send private messages to people asking for help, either, or you will be /ignore'd.
qotd126
C: 2005-06-04
<reply><helios> sorry for my english: I was rushing on my prompt (silly me!) and just stopped in time an "rm -rf /etc"...but I deleted all /etc/init* files and dirs <asg> helios: restore from backups. <helios> asg, backups?
pepper flash
M: 2013-10-04
<reply> see pepperflashplugin-nonfree
cmd: why isn't (.*?) in testing
C: 2007-09-11
($1): $1 is not in testing for the reasons listed in https://tracker.debian.org/pkg/$1
self tell
C: 2007-10-29
<reply> see selftell
errata
M: 2017-06-17
<reply> see errata stretch
resolvconf
M: 2017-04-17
a package that can be used to manage your /etc/resolv.conf (the file that contains your DNS settings). Packages like ppp, ifupdown, dhcp-client, ... are compatible with it. Ask me about <fixresolvconf>, <resolv.conf>, <override dns>
httpredir.debian.org
M: 2017-02-13
<reply>The httpredir.debian.org redirector (based on HTTP 302s) was shutdown on 2017-02-13 and replaced by <deb.debian.org>. Existing entries in sources.list will keep working as the DNS entries for httpredir.debian.org have been pointed to deb.debian.org.
not debian
M: 2006-03-18
<reply> see based on debian
policy-rc.d
M: 2012-04-03
<reply>[policy-rc.d] a mechanism to limit what init scripts are run by maintainer scripts. See http://people.debian.org/~hmh/invokerc.d-policyrc.d-specification.txt and <invoke-rc.d>. See http://ircbots.debian.net/scripts/policy-rc.d-forbid-dpkg for an example script that disables all daemon starts and stops during package installation -- tailoring it to your needs to only skip certain daemons would be advised.
usrlocal
M: 2010-11-19
<reply>When hand-compiling software, *always* create a new directory under /usr/local, then install into it. For example: mkdir -p /usr/local/mypackage; ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mypackage. Otherwise, it can overwrite files which should be protected by apt, which can break apt, or apt can break this application's files because it doesn't know about them. See also: <equivs>, <FHS>, </opt>, <checkinstall>, <stow>, <make your own .deb>
nvidia legacy
M: 2015-04-28
<reply>The Nvidia proprietary 304.125 legacy driver supports the GeForce 6xxx and 7xxx GPUs, which are no longer supported by the Nvidia proprietary unified driver. To install, see https://wiki.debian.org/NvidiaGraphicsDrivers. See also <nouveau>.
wpasupplicant
C: 2008-01-07
<reply> see wpa
usb mount
M: 2007-10-07
<reply> see usbmount
ext3->ext4
M: 2009-04-29
<reply>To enable <ext4> features on an existing unmounted <ext3> file system (Linux 2.6.28 or later required): 'tune2fs -O extents,uninit_bg,dir_index /dev/sda1' (where sda1 is the partition containing the ext3 file system), then 'e2fsck -fD /dev/sda1' to fix modified on-disk structures. Don't forget to modify /etc/fstab and specify ext4 for the file system. Some ext4 features (e.g. flex_bg) can only be enabled during format via mke2fs.
are you a bot
C: 2010-10-11
<reply> see bot
epoch
M: 2009-09-03
<reply>[epoch] a fixed point in a chronology or the start of an era. For example, y2k was a 2 digit year epoch. In Unix, epoch often refers to the time from which seconds are counted; epoch was is Jan 1 1970 and we will run out of 32 bit numbers for this on Jan 18 2038 (by which time we will have hopefully all migrated to 64-bit architectures). An epoch can also be used to help manage version numbering in Debian; ask me about <version epoch>.
tmpfs
M: 2012-02-25
<reply>tmpfs is a file system which keeps all files in virtual memory; you can change its default size by editing /etc/default/tmpfs. Temporary filesystems can be mounted with a line such as "tmpfs /tmp tmpfs defaults 0 0" in /etc/fstab. http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/filesystems/tmpfs.txt
bash faq
C: 2006-05-23
http://mywiki.wooledge.org/BashFAQ
unix
M: 2008-01-18
a broad definition for a very popular kind of OS, is what the Internet was built on, sexy, http://cm.bell-labs.com/cm/cs/who/dmr/otherunix.html, http://www.unix-systems.org/, a gift from the gods, http://www.scarynetworkguy.net. a linux-like operating system
debian kernel
M: 2005-08-27
<reply> see kp
wireshark
M: 2009-12-13
<reply>Wireshark (formerly Ethereal) is a cross-platform network protocol analyzer. It allows data to be examined from a live network or from a capture file. To run as a normal user, see /usr/share/doc/wireshark/README.Debian. Console version is packaged as tshark. http://www.wireshark.org/faq.html #wireshark on irc.freenode.net.
xmodmap
M: 2002-10-06
the tool from heaven. It fixed my backspace key to do what it's supposed to. (it modifies X keymaps), or, the tools from hell if you try to apply more than one modmap to the same session
virtual package
M: 2005-10-05
<reply>A virtual package doesn't really exist, but represents a function which several real packages fulfill, which appears in the Provides control file field of another package. The effect is as if the package(s) providing a particular virtual package name had been listed by name everywhere the virtual package name appears. To determine what provides a foo virtual package, use "aptitude search '~Ppackagename'" or "/msg judd rprovides foo".
floppy
M: 2006-05-22
<reply> see bf
pastebinit config
M: 2017-02-07
<reply>Applicable to squeeze and earlier (later releases default to paste.debian.net). To configure pastebinit to use paste.debian.net, echo "<pastebinit><pastebin>https://paste.debian.net</pastebin><author>$USER</author><format>text</format><jabberid>nobody@nowhere.org</jabberid></pastebinit>" > ~/.pastebinit.xml
postgresql
M: 2013-10-30
<reply>PostgreSQL is a robust, mature and full-featured relational database implementing a large subset of <SQL>. Supports views, stored procedures, triggers and scripting. Packaged in Debian, read /usr/share/doc/postgresql-common/README.Debian.gz ("for the impatient"). http://wiki.debian.org/PostgreSql http://postgresql.org/ #postgresql on irc.freenode.net. See also <postgresql jessie>, <phppgadmin>, <pg readline>, <postgresql backports>.
spam
M: 2008-07-08
a preferred environment. SPAM; Shut up, You damn Vikings! SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM SPAM, to destroy it, try <spamassassin> (spamd+spamc), <bogofilter>, <razor>/<pyzor>, <crm114> (but be ready to train it for a week), <dspam>, http://www.craphound.com/spamsolutions.txt . See also <greylisting>, <spf>, <list spam>.
tz
M: 2009-06-05
<reply> see timezone
unhold
M: 2015-05-30
<reply>Removing a <hold> status flag can be achieved through «echo packagename install | dpkg --set-selections», or «aptitude unhold packagename» if the package is held in aptitude.
dinstall
M: 2013-05-28
the part of <dak> that processes newly uploaded packages. It is run 4 times per day at 0152 0752 1352 1952 UTC. See http://ftp-master.debian.org/#dinstall
irclogs
C: 2010-05-06
<reply> see irclog
forums
M: 2010-04-23
<reply>[forums] http://forums.debian.net/ , http://www.debianhelp.org/
basic apt troubleshooting
C: 2013-10-08
<reply>see bat
ask to ask
M: 2005-11-16
<reply> Don't ask to ask. Don't ask if anybody can help you with x. Just ask! If you're unsure how to phrase your question, ask me about <ask>.
initramfsdebug
C: 2007-11-15
http://wiki.debian.org/InitramfsDebug
netselect-apt
M: 2010-02-14
<reply>netselect-apt uses <netselect> to determine the fastest Debian mirror respective to your location, then writes a sources.list file for use with <apt>. See also <apt-spy>.
jessie backports
C: 2015-04-29
<reply> see jessie-backports
stretch sources.list
C: 2015-05-05
<reply> A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for "Stretch" has three lines: "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ stretch main" "deb http://security.debian.org/ stretch/updates main" "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ stretch-updates main". Be sure to run «apt update» after editing sources.list. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <stretch/updates> <stretch-updates> <mirrors> and "man sources.list".
686-pae
M: 2011-05-04
<reply>At linux-2.6 2.6.39~rc4-1~experimental.1, the 686-<bigmem> flavour was renamed to "686-pae" with the 686 flavour removed. From the package changelog: "For 686-class systems without PAE, the '486' flavour is more efficient than the '686' flavour due to optimisation for uniprocessor systems." The change allows use of the NX (No eXecute, aka eXecute Disable) bit where available. See also <nopae>.
not working
C: 2001-11-26
<reply> see doesn't work
who am i
C: 2001-10-05
<reply> $nick shut up, you are a nobody
apt-walkabout
C: 2008-05-15
another tool for managing the distribution and upgrade of debian packages for non-connected or low-speed links computers. See http://quozl.netrek.org/apt-walkabout/ Also ask me about <apt-zip> <apt offline>
fixresolvconf the ugly way
C: 2008-07-15
<reply> If you can't be bothered configuring either <resolvconf> or your DHCP client to properly handle your DNS settings, then you can do this: echo -e "nameserver a.b.c.d\nnameserver w.x.y.z" > /etc/resolv.conf && chattr +i /etc/resolv.conf (where a.b.c.d and w.x.y.z are your ISPs nameservers). But realise that this is a truly ugly hack.
schroot
M: 2016-10-03
<reply>schroot is an easy way of setting up a <chroot> in a way that can be treated as a session. If desired, modification to the chroot can be prevented using overlayfs or LVM snapshots, making it very convenient for building packages or simply running packages from other releases with minimal containment. See https://wiki.debian.org/Schroot and http://linuxgazette.net/150/kapil.html
rtl8192cu
M: 2011-06-21
<reply>The Realtek RTL8188CUS and RTL8192CU are USB 802.11n wireless LAN chipsets. mac80211 vendor driver (rtl8192cu) is in mainline since Linux 2.6.39. Firmware is required (rtlwifi/rtl8192cufw.bin), ask me about <realtek firmware> to provide. Not to be confused with the <rtl8192su> driver. http://wiki.debian.org/rtl819x
initramfs debug
C: 2007-11-15
<reply> see initramfsdebug
parrot os
C: 2017-01-04
<reply>Parrot OS (https://www.parrotsec.org/) is a security and penetration testing distribution. It is based on Debian testing, but it is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. Seek help in #parrot on irc.frozenbox.org or try the mailing lists at http://lists.parrotsec.org/listinfo. Also ask me about <based on debian>.
rpm
M: 2010-05-06
<reply>RPM is both the RPM Package Manager and the file format for its packages. Convert a .rpm to a <cpio> archive using the rpm2cpio tool (rpm2cpio package). <alien> can convert a .rpm package to a .deb file format; this doesn't do a very good job of converting a package for use with Debian, you should use a proper Debian package in preference to alien. Also ask me about <stow>, <checkinstall>.
xhost
M: 2008-06-12
<reply>xhost is EVIL! There are so many other ways of getting remote X apps to work that xhost should never be needed. For a more sensible approach, use SSH X11 forwarding, ask me about <sshx>. Also see <mit-magic-cookie>, http://www.acm.uiuc.edu/workshops/cool_unix/xauth.html <nolisten> and "apt-cache show x11-xserver-utils | grep xhost". To run applications on your local machine as another user, see <root x>. See also <xhost +localhost>.
ip
M: 2005-07-18
<reply>IP (Internet Protocol) is a connectionless, best-effort packet switching protocol. It provides packet routing, fragmentation and re-assembly through the data link layer. To check yours, go to http://iplookup.flashfxp.com/ or ask me about <myip>. Also <intellectual property>.
qotd142
C: 2005-08-30
<reply><greycat> BIG FUCKING HUGE MISTAKE telling me you have gcc 4.0 and that you can't fucking read the FAQ.
multiarch howto
C: 2012-12-27
http://wiki.debian.org/Multiarch/HOWTO
mbr
M: 2009-05-11
<reply>The Master Boot Record (MBR) is the first bit of code loaded from the hard drive when a PC boots. To install a clean MBR (e.g. to get rid of LILO within the MBR) from Linux "install-mbr /dev/hda"; from DOS one can run "fdisk /mbr", or ask me about <fixmbr>. See http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/howto-copy-mbr/ for guidelines on copying the MBR.
debian installer
M: 2010-01-13
<reply> see d-i
why not dist-upgrade
C: 2005-05-16
<reply> see why not dist upgrade
tutorials
C: 2008-10-09
<reply>A very common problem is that some people prefer to follow a step-by-step tutorial that shows them how to setup their system without reading the documentation or understanding what they are doing. If something goes wrong, they have no clue whatsoever about where to look for hints, and they sometimes decide to start from scratch using a different tutorial. This is not The Proper Way.
don't break debian
C: 2014-09-16
<reply>see dont break debian
ciao
M: 2004-05-05
both hello and goodbye (casual), or a slow and old but widely known Prolog interpreter.
jessie-updates
C: 2015-03-21
<reply>jessie-updates is a suite providing updates to some packages (from <proposed-updates>) prior to a <point release>. All packages from jessie-updates will be included in point releases. https://wiki.debian.org/StableUpdates . Not to be confused with <jessie/updates> which is for <security> updates.
check iso
M: 2009-11-12
<reply> see check iso image
wheezy-lts
M: 2016-04-26
<reply>Security support for Debian 7 "Wheezy" from the Debian Security Team ended on 2016-04-25. The amd64, i386, armel and armhf architectures receive additional long term support (LTS) via <wheezy/updates> until 2018-05-31. See http://deb.li/2aC for excluded packages. No changes to /etc/apt/sources.list are needed for wheezy-lts.
xy
M: 2011-03-31
<reply> see xyproblem
ifconfig
M: 2011-02-01
<reply>ifconfig is used to configure or view your machine's network interfaces. Use the -a option to view all of them, or "man ifconfig" for more. It is /sbin/ifconfig which is not in the default path for normal users. See also <interfaces>, <iproute>, <myip>.
asterisk
M: 2010-02-18
<reply>Asterisk is an open source, cross-platform telephone Private Branch Exchange (PBX). It can be used with VoIP and PSTN services. http://www.voip-info.org/wiki/view/Asterisk+FAQ http://www.asterisk.org/ #asterisk on irc.freenode.net.
rufus
C: 2015-06-11
<reply>rufus is a tool that can be used to make bootable USB devices under Windows. It is not recommended for use with Debian CD/DVD images, as it mangles the installer in cruel and unusual ways, resulting in hard to debug problems. Ask me about <hybrid images>, <usb install>, <win32diskimager>.
evil
M: 2004-10-23
closed, proprietary software || redhat,something that should be smited! anything is evil if guestish decrees it!
cmd: --purge (.*?)
C: 2008-07-31
($1): <action> drinks a glass of salty water, sticks his fingers down his throat and throws up $1 all over $who and $randnick...
tails
M: 2012-06-16
<reply>Tails (The Amnesic Incognito Live System) is a live DVD/USB <based on Debian>, with the aim of preserving privacy and anonymity. It is not supported in #debian. https://tails.boum.org/ #tails on irc.oftc.net.
stable->unstable
M: 2011-05-08
<reply> If you have to ask how to do this, then you evidently don't know enough about Debian to cope with the problems that you _will_ experience; perhaps you should learn first and break second. You should upgrade to testing first in any case. Instead of running sid, ask me about <testing> <backport> <debian-backports>.
nofb
M: 2012-02-21
<reply>To disable framebuffer use at Debian installation time, supply the "fb=false" (d-i) or "video=vga16:off" (kernel) boot options. http://wiki.debian.org/GrubTransition (search linux16)
version epoch
M: 2009-09-03
<reply> The version number of a package has a prepended number called the "epoch". It is only added when the system for upstream version numbers changes. Example: in sarge, X was version 6.8 but in etch it was 1.1 (xfree86->xorg). But 1 < 6, so we add an epoch "2:" to signify that everything with 2: is newer (if there is no : the epoch is assumed to be "0"). See section 5.6.12 of <policy> or ask me about <compare versions> <debian revision>.
apt-offline
M: 2012-03-15
<reply> see apt offline
dmm pinning
M: 2014-08-12
<reply>To ensure that you only get the packages you really want from deb-multimedia.org, «echo -e 'Package: *\nPin: origin "www.deb-multimedia.org"\nPin-Priority: 101' > /etc/apt/preferences.d/dmm». Check this worked with «apt-cache policy» or «apt-cache policy $package». Ask me about <why not dmm>. If you also use backports, you should pin them higher than dmm.
sh
M: 2009-11-06
the POSIX shell, or the old System V (and earlier) Bourne shell, or usually a symbolic link to /bin/bash on a GNU/Linux system, or now a symlink to /bin/dash in squeeze. Ask me about <bashism>.
dm-crypt
M: 2010-04-11
<reply>dm-crypt is a Linux kernel subsystem providing a cryptographic device-mapper target, which enables filesystem encryption in files, partitions, whole disks, logical and software RAID volumes. dm-crypt is the successor of <cryptoloop> and uses the Crypto API cryptography framework. The cryptsetup and cryptmount utilites are in the cryptsetup package. http://www.saout.de/misc/dm-crypt/
stop
M: 2009-04-04
<reply>(PLEASE STOP!|Hammertime!|Collaborate. Listen.)
apt-cacher-ng
M: 2011-04-28
<reply>apt-cacher-ng is a replacement for <apt-proxy>. Its usage is documented at http://www.unix-ag.uni-kl.de/~bloch/acng/ and alternatives comprise <apt-cacher>, <squid deb caching> and <approx>.
history
M: 2011-01-11
<reply> see debian history
parrot
C: 2017-01-09
<reply>see parrot os
ifmrp
C: 2009-01-08
<reply> see i forgot mysql root password
rt2800pci
M: 2011-08-09
<reply>Ralink 802.11n PCI chipsets (RT2760, RT2790, RT2860, RT2880, RT2890, RT3060, RT3062, RT3090, RT3091, RT3092, RT3290, RT3390, RT3562, RT3592, RT5390, RT5392) are supported by the rt2800pci Linux kernel driver. Firmware is required, ask me about <ralink firmware>. https://wiki.debian.org/rt2800pci
partitioning
M: 2008-06-03
<reply> see partition
modules
C: 2009-06-01
<reply> see module
xbmc
M: 2012-04-26
<reply>XBMC (formerly Xbox Media Center) is an open source media player application. XBMCbuntu and XBMC Live are Linux distributions based on <Ubuntu> containing XBMC, they are not supported in #debian. XBMC v13 ("Gotham") is available from <wheezy-backports>. XBMC will be renamed to Kodi for v14. http://kodi.tv/ #kodi on irc.freenode.net.
optimus
M: 2013-04-15
<reply> see bumblebee
hwclock
M: 2008-06-15
a tool used to set your hardware clock. it's packaged. in package util-linux
cdn
M: 2011-02-07
<reply>[cdn] Package <changelogs> are available at http://changelogs.debian.net/ . For information on the geoDNS Debian mirror service, ask me about <cdn.debian.net>.
architecture
M: 2009-03-13
a word for a design concept, it can be applied to software and hardware. In the common sense, it is often used as a synonym for "processor type", although that's not quite correct. See also <what's my architecture>.
report-bugs
M: 2010-03-10
<reply>[report-bugs] See "How to Report Bugs Effectively" at http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/bugs.html for better results.
rolling
M: 2013-07-04
<reply>Testing is not a rolling release in the strict sense of the word. It is a test platform, currently codenamed <stretch>. It is part of the Debian development process and is gradually being built into the next <stable>. Please go to #debian-next on irc.debian.org for support. See <moving target>.
upstream
M: 2012-12-21
where Debian developers download software from. http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/developers-reference/developer-duties#upstream-coordination
approx
M: 2011-04-25
<reply>Approx is an HTTP-based proxy server for Debian-style package archives. It fetches files from remote repositories on demand and caches them for local use. It saves time and network bandwidth if you need to install or upgrade .deb packages for a number of machines on a local network. Packages are downloaded from a remote site only once, regardless of how many local clients install it.
debsecan
C: 2008-10-05
a program that reports security advisories against programs installed on the host, similar to gentoo's glsa-check. See http://www.enyo.de/fw/software/debsecan/.
node.js
M: 2014-04-16
<reply>Node.js is an event-based server-side <JavaScript> engine packaged for Debian as 'nodejs'; Debian 7 "Wheezy" users can find this in <wheezy-backports>. Further help can be found in #node.js on irc.freenode.net. https://wiki.debian.org/Javascript/Nodejs http://nodejs.org/
sparkylinux
C: 2013-04-05
<reply>SparkyLinux is a Linux distribution based on <testing>. It is not supported in #debian or #debian-next. http://sparkylinux.org/ See also <based on debian>.
blender
M: 2009-05-22
<reply>Blender is a free software, cross platform 3D creation suite, allowing fully integrated modeling, animation, rendering, post production and interactive 3D creation and playback. Its internal render engine supports ray tracing. http://www.blender.org/ #blenderchat and #blenderqa on irc.freenode.net.
/opt
C: 2005-01-03
for crap what /usr/local is for well-behaving software. See </usr/local>, <FHS>.
plop
M: 2013-02-06
<reply>Plop Boot Manager is a boot loader with built-in IDE CD-ROM and USB drivers. This allows booting from CD-ROM and USB on legacy PC systems without BIOS support. Plop Boot Manager is proprietary but free for personal and non-commercial use. http://www.plop.at/en/bootmanager/
php5
M: 2017-04-13
<reply> php5 was removed from archives Jan 2017. See https://bugs.debian.org/841781 and <php>
ds
M: 2009-04-10
<reply> ds is a little perl script that lists installed Debian packages in descending size order. It's available at http://wooledge.org/~greg/ds or just use this "dpkg-query -W -f='${Installed-Size}\t${Package}\t${Status}\n' | grep installed | sort -rg | less", or dpigs -n 500 (in the debian-goodies pkg), or "wajig size".
testing/unstable
M: 2008-12-05
<reply>Debian doesn't distinguish if a system runs testing or unstable. "buster/sid" means a system is either tracking testing or unstable (or a mix). If you want the list of releases your system really tracks, ask me about <tracked suites>. Also ask about <why stretch/sid>, <list repositories>.
firefox-release
M: 2017-03-12
<reply>For stable releases, newer versions of Firefox, Icedove and Iceape can be found at http://mozilla.debian.net/ ; you will want the "esr52" repository. For users of testing and unstable, updated packages are normally in <experimental>; only Extended Support Release (ESR) versions are suitable for release in <stable> so only those versions can be uploaded to unstable. As of v52, only the ESR version can be compiled for Jessie.
buildd
M: 2006-05-06
Debian's automated build system that automatically compiles everything it finds. http://buildd.debian.org/ http://wiki.debian.org/buildd
internet
M: 2005-08-10
An internet is any set of interconnected networks. The Internet is the largest internet in the world. It is an extensive worldwide computer network made up of thousands of other, smaller business, academic, and government networks. http://www.advogato.org/proj/internet/, or known as cyberspace. It is where I live dpkg
rfkill
C: 2010-06-19
<reply>/dev/rfkill is the Linux rfkill (radio frequency <killswitch>) device interface, available since Linux 2.6.31. It is used to enable and disable wireless networking devices (e.g. wireless LAN, Bluetooth, WiMAX). The rfkill userspace tool for accessing this interface is in the rfkill package. http://wireless.kernel.org/en/users/Documentation/rfkill
firefox backports
C: 2016-03-13
<reply> see firefox-release
whois
M: 2004-06-05
for domainnames, or for IRC
nolisten
M: 2004-02-11
<reply> Ask me about <sshx>. No, really. What, you're still reading this? You're connecting to a legacy piece of software that doesn't have sshd on it? OK, then remove the "-nolisten tcp" from your X invocation and then ask me about <mit-magic-cookie> and read "man xauth".
xy problem
M: 2012-10-22
<reply> see xyproblem
apparmor
M: 2013-01-02
<reply>AppArmor (Application Armor, formerly SubDomain) provides pathname-based mandatory access control, a file-system neutral alternative to <SELinux>. Previously maintained by Novell and part of the Linux kernel since version 2.6.36. http://wiki.debian.org/AppArmor http://apparmor.wiki.kernel.org/ #apparmor on irc.oftc.net.
wayland
M: 2013-10-27
<reply>Wayland is a display server protocol and implementation library, intended as a simpler replacement for the X Window System. Ask me about <weston>. http://wayland.freedesktop.org/ #wayland on irc.freenode.net.
aptitude ops
M: 2010-06-07
<reply>Aptitude can perform different operations from the one command line: "aptitude install foo bar_" purges bar and installs foo. This is handy for dealing with broken packages. Other postfix operators include: + install, - remove, _ purge, = hold, : temp hold, &M markauto, &m unmarkauto, +M install and markauto. man aptitude for more details. These can also be used as a prefix operator at the [Y/n/q/?] resolver prompt.
see
C: 2000-05-29
<reply>see allows you to view files using the application defined in mailcap files (pkg mime-support)
who made you
C: 2002-01-07
<reply> xk did.
cdn.debian.net
M: 2016-11-26
<reply>The old mirror geo-director service cdn.debian.net has been closed down and now points to <httpredir.debian.org> instead. Ask me instead about <deb.debian.org>.
hold list
C: 2014-05-29
<reply>Packages currently on <hold> can be listed with «dpkg --get-selections | grep 'hold$'» (on hold for apt-get), or «aptitude search ~ahold» (on hold for aptitude). See also <unhold>.
bios
M: 2010-12-27
<reply>Basic Input Output System (BIOS) is the part of an IBM PC-compatible system responsible for initializing the various parts of a computer when it is booted. Install and run «dmidecode -t bios» as root to display BIOS date/version information. See also <flash bios>, <coreboot>, <uefi>.
)
C: 2002-10-06
the smile part of a face.
atheros firmware
M: 2013-01-25
<reply>Firmware from userspace is required by the <ar9170usb>, <ath9k_htc> and <ath3k> USB device drivers. Ask me about <non-free sources>, then install the firmware-atheros package to provide; this package is not required for the <ath5k> or <ath9k> drivers, and not required for any Atheros Ethernet device. Firmware for the <carl9170> driver is provided by the firmware-linux-free package.
g++
C: 2003-06-08
the GNU C++ compiler
8.7
M: 2017-01-15
<reply>Debian 8.7 was released on January 14, 2017. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2017/20170114 and http://deb.debian.org/debian/dists/jessie/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
broken
M: 2009-11-12
<reply> Telling us that something is broken is fairly useless. You need to tell us exactly what is failing, and what you expected it to do. Ask me about <doesn't work>.
alias
M: 2006-02-24
<reply> Bash alias? Do 'help alias' and read 'man bash', also see your ~/.bash_profile and ~/.bashrc for examples of aliases.
rdepends
C: 2007-08-05
apt-cache rdepends foo; shows you what depends on foo
mit-magic-cookie export
C: 2008-04-24
<reply>You can export your <mit-magic-cookie> to allow another user to run applications on your display by doing one (but not both) of: 'su user_running_x -c "xauth extract - $DISPLAY" | xauth merge -' or 'export XAUTHORITY=/home/<USER_RUNNING_X>/.Xauthority'. For other approaches, ask me about <root x>.
weston
M: 2013-10-27
<reply>Weston is the reference implementation of a <wayland> compositor (display server), developed by the Wayland project. Available since Debian 8 "Jessie" although very much a work-in-progress. http://wayland.freedesktop.org/ #wayland on irc.freenode.net.
raspian
C: 2012-09-12
<reply> see raspbian
which mta
M: 2010-01-23
<reply>To see which <MTA> you have installed: dpkg -S /usr/sbin/sendmail . See also <mta comparison>.
web
M: 2014-09-16
<reply>Web (formerly Epiphany until GNOME 3.4) is a WebKit-based web browser and the primary browser of <GNOME>. https://wiki.gnome.org/Apps/Web/FrequentlyAskedQuestions https://wiki.gnome.org/Apps/Web #epiphany on irc.gnome.org.
stretch/sid
M: 2017-06-27
<reply>If you have 'stretch/sid' in /etc/debian_version or similar, then you have a box that was running stretch (or sid) while stretch was "testing" and has not been upgraded since. You might be able upgrade it to <stretch> or <buster/sid>.
ucf
M: 2011-05-10
<reply> ucf (Update Configuration File) is a framework used by packages to allow intelligent merging of modified configuration files with maintainer changes in postinst scripts. See apt-cache show ucf; or /usr/share/doc/ucf/ for more information. See also <ucf confmiss>.
mintppc
C: 2011-03-24
<reply>MintPPC (formerly Linux MintPPC) is a Linux distribution for <PowerPC> systems based on <Linux Mint> LXDE and Debian. It is not supported in #debian or #debianppc. http://mintppc.org/ #mintppc on irc.freenode.net.
sparky
M: 2013-04-05
<reply>see sparkylinux
rtc
C: 1970-01-01
Real Time Clock. This is necessary for SMP machines but quite useless for UP purposes (unless you read on how to use it). Disable RTC in the kernel if you get "clock skew detected" while building the kernel or anything which uses 'make'.
cmd: --get-selections (.*?)
C: 2013-09-22
($1): <action> selects $who's (pr0n|ultra-s3kr3t|family photos) collection
config
M: 2007-05-04
ask me about <conffile>, or to find the name of a CONFIG option from the name of the module, type: find /usr/src/linux/ -name Makefile -exec grep CONFIG {} ; |grep "nameofmodule", or, if you're being pedantic: find /usr/src/linux/ -type f -name Makefile | xargs grep CONFIG | grep modulename
cve
M: 2010-11-17
Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures, a database of publicly known information security vulnerabilities. http://cve.mitre.org/ Most Debian Security Announcements have a CVE identifier, ask me about <dsa>. Ask me about <cve lookup CVE-yyyy-nnnn> to get Debian-specific information.
del
M: 2004-06-04
delete, or a key on the keyboard
compose sequences
M: 2012-02-14
<reply>The complete list of combinations of compose sequences is in /usr/share/X11/locale/*/Compose, where * depends on your locale. See also https://wiki.debian.org/XCompose , http://andrew.triumf.ca/iso8859-1-compose.html or ask me about <compose>.
_tor lifecycle
C: 2014-10-28
<reply>Please read Roger's blog post on the lifecycle of Tor relays - https://blog.torproject.org/blog/lifecycle-of-a-new-relay
distribution
M: 2015-02-09
a collection of software built around a kernel like Linux. Ask me about <debian> and <why debian>. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux_distribution
backports caveat
C: 2007-09-28
<reply> see backport caveat
cruft
C: 2006-05-18
a program to look over your system for anything that shouldn't be there, but is; or for anything that should be there, but isn't. To install it, type apt-get install cruft. It takes a while to run.
user mode linux
M: 2013-10-22
<reply>User Mode Linux (UML) is a port of the Linux kernel to user mode, so you can run one or more Linux hosts inside a running Linux system, each with its own scheduler, process table, etc. http://wiki.debian.org/UserModeLinux http://user-mode-linux.sf.net/ #uml on irc.oftc.net.
start a gpu war
C: 2004-02-20
<reply> (ATI kicks nVidia's ass, you hoser!|ATI's drivers suck, try nVidia instead|Mummy! I spilled warm milk on my Parhelia!|I found a 1828bit S3 card in a dumpster, it r0x0rz, man!)
debug initramfs
M: 2010-08-13
<reply> see initramfs debug
donate
M: 2008-04-22
<reply> If you like Debian and are able to donate hardware, services or money, please do so. See http://www.debian.org/donations and http://www.spi-inc.org/donations
vbox rename
M: 2013-05-06
<reply>Prior to version 4.0, two editions of VirtualBox existed: VirtualBox OSE (free and open source software, some features removed) and VirtualBox PUEL (Personal Use and Evaluation License, all features present). Since version 4.0, only the open source version exists; closed-source components have moved to an extension pack, ask me about <vbox extpack>. http://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Editions
steamos
C: 2013-12-14
<reply>SteamOS is an operating system released by Valve as a gaming platform, based on Debian 7 "Wheezy". It is not supported in #debian, support is available in #steamOS on irc.freenode.net or at http://support.steampowered.com/ . See <based on debian>.
_tor ask
M: 2014-10-28
<reply>If you have a question, just ask! For example: "I have a problem with ___; I'm running Tor (or TorBrowser) version ___. When I try to do ___ I get the following output ___. I expected it to do ___". Don't ask if you can ask, if anyone uses it, or pick one person to ask. We're all volunteers; make it easy for us to help. You can also try asking on tor-talk@lists.torproject.org>.
poke
M: 2002-11-13
<reply>yeah yeah, i'm here
l10n
M: 2010-11-20
an abbreviation for localization, which is a long word used a lot in some circles, so it's shortened by effectively saying "L, then 10 more letters, then N", get it? http://wiki.debian.org/L10n http://lists.debian.org/debian-l10n-$language
cmd: warning: (.*?)
C: 2013-09-03
($1): <reply>$who: That isn't enough detail, post the whole output to a pastebin (/msg dpkg pastebin).
i18n
M: 2010-11-20
an abbreviation for internationalisation, which is a really long word used a lot in some circles, so it's shortened by effectively saying "I, then 18 more letters, then N", get it? http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/intro-i18n/ http://wiki.debian.org/I18n http://lists.debian.org/debian-i18n/ #debian-i18n on irc.oftc.net.
flashplayer
M: 2007-10-30
<reply>see flash
base install
M: 2012-04-03
<reply>The term "base install" is often debated: if you don't select anything at the <tasksel> stage, you will end up with a very minimal system that will be missing many tools you would expect to find (at, less, file, ...). Selecting the <standard task> at the tasksel stage is highly recommended to provide you with the standard tools that should live on any unix-like machine. Also ask me about <minimal install>.
tutorial
M: 2009-09-30
<reply> see tutorials
distro
M: 2015-02-09
<reply>see distribution
testdisk
M: 2009-07-20
<reply>TestDisk is a partition scanner and disk recovery tool, an alternative to <gpart>. Try gpart first. TestDisk checks the partition and boot sectors of your disks, very useful in recovering lost partitions. http://www.cgsecurity.org/wiki/TestDisk See also <photorec>.
display manager
C: 2008-10-07
<reply>see dm
conffile
M: 2012-02-12
<reply>A conffile is a configuration file that is given special handling by dpkg to help preserve local changes; conffiles are listed in /var/lib/dpkg/info/$pkg.conffiles or by "dpkg --status $package". See Debian <policy> §10.7 (http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ch-files.html#s-config-files) for more information. Some packages use <ucf> as alternative way of managing config files. See also <confmiss>, <confnew>, <conffile check>.
setuid
M: 2004-08-07
a bit which, when set on a program, makes the program execute with the privileges of the owner, as opposed to the person who ran it. Example: chmod u+s <file...>
ar9271
M: 2010-08-01
<reply> see ath9k_htc
manual
M: 2009-07-15
<reply> see manuals
qotdx
M: 2005-10-10
<reply>no voted replaceables in the queue
esr
M: 2012-07-02
<reply>Eric S. Raymond, a very clever Linux d00d with lots of very interesting philosophical and political texts. a guy who has some ideas about guns and who can't figure out CUPS. The geezer who wrote Cathedral and Bazaar. Somebody whose sgeigerbot's computer thinks about when it boots: "ESR value before enabling vector: 00000000", or http://geekz.co.uk/lovesraymond, or <iceweasel esr>
ifrename
M: 2010-03-19
<reply>ifrename is a utility which sets interface names based on parameters such as MAC address. Very handy if different kernels or kernel modules assign different identifiers to your interfaces, or just to make your firewall rules more readable. Semi-deprecated in favor of udev, ask me about <udev mac>. http://www.enterprisenetworkingplanet.com/netos/article.php/3586546
pulse
M: 2011-12-07
<reply> see pulseaudio
mac locales
C: 2011-10-26
<reply>If you're getting "Cannot set LC_CTYPE to default locale" when connecting from an Apple Macintosh to a Debian host over ssh: (a) In Terminal, uncheck Settings->Advanced->"Set locale environment variables on startup", or (b) change SendEnv in ~/.ssh/config to not send LC_CTYPE (man ssh_config), or (c) change AcceptEnv on remote sshd, or (d) overwrite that value in your login scripts (.profile or similar).
which video driver
C: 2013-04-15
<reply>To show the video driver used by your X server «egrep 'Load.*mod.*driv|UnloadModule' /var/log/Xorg.0.log». Also ask me about <fglrx>, <nvidia>, <which driver>, <nodriver>, <judd-hardware>.
devuan
M: 2015-07-08
<reply>Devuan (https://devuan.org/) is a Debian <derivative>, meant to avoid dependencies on <systemd>. Not supported in #debian, please see #devuan on chat.freenode.net for support.
transmission
M: 2009-06-02
<reply>Transmission is an open source, cross-platform and lightweight <BitTorrent> client. http://wiki.debian.org/BitTorrent/Transmission http://www.transmissionbt.com/ #transmission on irc.freenode.net.
buster
C: 2014-12-07
<reply>The release following Debian 9 "Stretch" is codenamed "Buster" (Andy's pet Dachshund in Toy Story) and will be Debian 10. https://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2014/11/msg00005.html
ipcop
M: 2010-04-15
<reply>IPCop is a Linux distribution providing a simple-to-manage stateful firewall using <Netfilter>. Originally a fork of <SmoothWall> by disillusioned developers. Not supported in #debian. http://www.ipcop.org/ #ipcop on irc.freenode.net.
what's my architecture
C: 2007-08-03
<reply> dpkg --print-architecture
udev mac
C: 2011-08-08
<reply> see 70
bind mount
C: 2008-02-14
<reply>If you want to bind mount a directory somewhere else: mount -t $filesystem --bind /dev /chrooted/system/dev (for example). $filesystem is whatever FS that directory is mounted as, be it tmpfs or jfs or .... read man mount (and do /bind) for details.
mirror list
C: 2001-03-01
<reply> see mirrors
rt61
M: 2009-08-19
<reply> see rt61pci
btrfs gotchas
C: 2011-08-15
https://btrfs.wiki.kernel.org/index.php/Gotchas
freshmeat
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> see freecode
pure-ftpd
M: 2009-04-07
<reply>Pure-FTPd is a free (BSD licensed), secure, production-quality and standard-conformant FTP server based upon Troll-FTPd. http://www.pureftpd.org/ ##pureftpd on irc.freenode.net. See also <ftpd>.
8.8
M: 2017-05-07
<reply> Debian 8.8 was released on May 6, 2017. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2017/20170506 and http://deb.debian.org/debian/dists/jessie/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
flw40
C: 2005-08-25
<reply><r3v> RevSlowmo: oh... well if you want something fancy, I don't know... i don't backup anything :)
light
C: 2005-10-13
"If you find yourself in a loong tunnel, stay AWAY from the light!"
dpigs
C: 2008-08-16
<reply>dpigs is a utility showing which installed packages occupy the most space. Available in the debian-goodies package.
lightdm
C: 2012-11-12
<reply>LightDM is a cross-desktop X display manager, packaged since Debian 7.0 "Wheezy". http://wiki.debian.org/LightDM http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/LightDM
hdmi
M: 2014-07-22
<reply> HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is a compact audio/video interface for transmitting uncompressed digital data. See also <radeon audio>. http://goo.gl/l4GfSb
jessie live login
C: 2016-05-24
<reply> The debian-live images for Debian 8 "Jessie" have a user account configured for you to use. username: user ; password: live
dfs
M: 2010-12-09
<reply>[dfs] <Debian From Scratch>, or distributed file system (e.g. <NFS>, SMB/<CIFS>, <Ceph>, <Lustre>). The Linux cifs driver supports Microsoft's Distributed File System (aka DFS, MS-DFS, MSDFS) since Linux 2.6.26, installation of the keyutils Debian package is required.
world
C: 2001-09-01
part of the delusion created around us by the matrix
swearing
M: 2007-07-24
Silence, you sock-clucking mother-trucker, or if you don't want to see it, read http://f0rked.com/public/irssi-docs/help-full.html#IGNORE (for irssi)
mk-build-deps
M: 2013-07-27
<reply>mk-build-deps is a script in the <devscripts> package that creates a package called "yourpackage-build-deps" that depends on the <build-dep> packages; combining this with apt's <autoremove> feature allows you to remove build-deps after you have installed them. mk-build-deps requires the <equivs> package to be installed too.
code of conduct
C: 2015-06-29
<reply> Debian has a code of conduct that applies to all Debian communications including the bug tracker, mailing lists and IRC channels. Its goal is to outline the behaviour and type of interactions that we want to see within the Debian community (which includes you, since you're reading this...) https://www.debian.org/code_of_conduct
cocaine
C: 2001-05-27
what i'm on right now
ath10k
M: 2013-09-02
<reply>ath10k is a Linux kernel driver supporting PCIe 802.11ac (a/b/g/n compatible) wireless LAN devices based on the Qualcomm Atheros QCA988x 2.0 family of chips (PCI IDs 168c:003c, 168c:abcd). Introduced at Linux 3.11. Firmware from userspace is required and not currently packaged (bug #724970), ask me about <ath10k firmware>. http://wireless.kernel.org/en/users/Drivers/ath10k #ath10k on irc.freenode.net.
firmware images stretch
M: 2017-06-18
<reply> Unofficial <netinst> and DVD installer images containing non-free Debian firmware packages are available for installing Debian 9 "Stretch". See http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/current/ and ask me about <install guide>.
hexchat
M: 2013-05-20
<reply>HexChat (formerly XChat-WDK) is a fork of the <XChat> IRC client. http://hexchat.org/ #hexchat on chat.freenode.net.
dvdcss
M: 2011-05-20
<reply> see libdvdcss
package reselect
C: 2002-09-12
'dpkg --get-selections >file', 'sed -e"s/remove$/install/" file | dpkg --set-selections', then apt-get dselect-upgrade
mark
M: 2010-03-30
<reply>Basically --MARK-- is syslogd telling you it hasn't crashed. To disable the --MARK-- messages, edit /etc/default/sysklogd and change the SYSLOGD="" line to read SYSLOGD="-m 0" then run /etc/init.d/sysklogd restart. With syslog-ng, use mark(0) in syslog-ng.conf.
be quiet
C: 2002-01-23
<reply> Ah, shuddup.
disk space
M: 2016-07-11
df(1) shows a summary of the disk space used and free across all file systems. Use "cd /foo && du -hx --max-depth=1 | sort -h" to see which subdirectories of /foo are using lots of space, or use the graphical (X) tool gdmap or the ncurses tool ncdu -x. For space used by installed Debian packages, ask me about <sort by package size>.
voyage linux
M: 2009-11-17
<reply>Voyage Linux is a distribution <based on Debian> targetted for x86 embedded platforms. Supported via mailing list. http://linux.voyage.hk/ Not supported in #debian.
deb.debian.org
C: 2016-11-26
<reply>deb.debian.org is a mirror network that is backed by international content delivery networks and for most users, this is the most reliable <mirror> to use in the <sources.list>. From Debian 9 "Stretch" onwards, apt queries SRV records in DNS which then send it off to a CDN. Older apt will get an HTTP redirect from deb.debian.org to the same CDNs. See http://deb.debian.org/ for more details.
iat
M: 2009-05-15
<reply>The ISO-9660 Analyzer Tool (iat) can detect the structure of many CD/DVD image formats (e.g. <B5I>, <BIN>, CDI, <MDF>, <NRG>, PDI) and convert them to ISO-9660. http://iat.berlios.de/ #ignus on irc.freenode.net. See also <bchunk>, <ccd2iso>, <uif>.
oldstable->stable
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>sew jessie->stretch
live password
M: 2016-05-24
<reply> see jessie live login
voyage
C: 2009-01-28
<reply> see voyage linux
sort by package size
C: 2008-05-02
<reply> to see a list of installed packages by installed size install dctrl-tools and run 'grep-status -FStatus -sInstalled-Size,Package -n "install ok installed" | paste -sd " \n" | sort -n'
update-grub
M: 2007-08-10
<reply> update-grub is a magical Debian system for maintaining the <GRUB> menu automatically whenever kernel images are installed and removed (assuming they are built using make-kpkg as they should be). Also might want to man kernel-img.conf, and have a look at the docs in /usr/share/doc/grub , do 'zless /usr/share/doc/grub/README.Debian.gz'
partitions
M: 2007-12-18
<reply> see partition
risc
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computing) chips use a simpler instruction set than CISC chips to get their work done. This results in more instructions that need to be processed by the processor, but they are easier to process, so the chips can process more instructions per clock cycle than a CISC chip. Chip philosophers argue the benefits of RISC vs. CISC, but there is no clear cut winner. See also <CISC> for additional info.
gdm3
M: 2012-12-04
<reply> see gdm
frp
C: 2010-06-23
<reply> see forgot root password
xmpp
M: 2011-02-25
<reply>Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP, originally Jabber) is an open communications protocol based on <XML> for message-oriented middleware. http://wiki.debian.org/Jabber http://xmpp.org/ Non-official Debian chat room is at xmpp:debian@conference.jabber.org. For packaged XMPP servers, ask me about <ejabberd>, <jabberd14>, <jabberd2>, <prosody>.
debian backports
C: 2010-09-06
<reply> see debian-backports
grub boot
C: 2001-02-08
"kernel /boot/vmlinuz-XXX" and "boot"
curse
C: 2001-12-20
<reply> see swearing
no_pubkey
M: 2011-03-25
<reply> see no public key
rtl8723be
M: 2014-08-23
<reply>Realtek RTL8723BE-based PCIe wireless LAN devices (PCI ID 10ec:b723) are supported by the rtl8723be Linux kernel driver introduced at Linux 3.15 (enabled in Debian Linux kernel images at linux 3.16-1~exp1). Firmware from userspace is required (rtlwifi/rtl8723fw.bin, rtlwifi/rtl8723fw_B.bin) and packaged since firmware-realtek 0.39. Not to be confused with <rtl8723ae> devices.
persistent live
C: 2013-09-18
<reply>You can rework the iso-hybrid image that is used with Debian Live (from Debian 7 "Wheezy" onwards) so that you can also use it as persistent storage with the live sessions. See http://syn.theti.ca/2013/06/22/tutorial-wheezy-live-iso-hybrid-with-persistence-on-usb/
stretch/updates
M: 2017-07-01
<reply>On Deian 9 "Stretch" systems, there are two repositories that you should have in your sources.list aside from your main mirror. You should have an entry for "stretch/updates" which is security updates (ask me about <security>) and also an entry for "stretch-updates" which is other updated packages (see <jessie-updates>). See also <sources.list>.
persist
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> This is an option in pppd that allows a redial if the connection is lost. Be aware that if the remote end breaks, you might face a large bill :)
dream
C: 2002-11-26
<action> rolls over and envisions being hosted on the MCR cluster in LLNL with a load of 1
stretch release notes
M: 2017-06-17
<reply> The release notes for Debian 9 "Stretch" are at https://www.debian.org/releases/stretch/amd64/release-notes/ . See also <jessie->stretch>, <stretch install guide>
upstream-guide
M: 2012-12-21
<reply>If you contact <upstream>, please point them at our upstream guide: http://wiki.debian.org/UpstreamGuide
rmadison
M: 2010-06-14
<reply>rmadison is a script for querying the Debian archive database about available packages. Available in the <devscripts> package.
wheezy lts
M: 2015-11-08
<reply> see wheezy-lts
turnkey
M: 2011-01-14
<reply>TurnKey Linux is a project providing ready-to-use "virtual appliances" packaged as live CDs, which are based on <Ubuntu> 8.04.3 LTS. TurnKey Linux appliances are not supported in #debian. http://www.turnkeylinux.org/ #turnkey on irc.freenode.net. See also <based on Debian>.
emacs tutorial
M: 2012-06-22
<reply>The <emacs> tutorial, along with the rest of the emacs documentation, is in the inexpliciably named emacs23-common-non-dfsg package in the <non-free> section. See also Debian bug #627434, <non-free sources>.
openrc
C: 2015-05-01
<reply> OpenRC is a dependency based init system originated from <gentoo>. https://wiki.debian.org/OpenRC
modesetting
M: 2010-08-08
<reply> see kms
dvd images
M: 2010-08-01
<reply> see iso
screencasts
C: 2010-09-23
<reply> Some programs to capture your screen are recordmydesktop, istanbul, pyvnc2swf, xvidcap (from deb-multimedia.org; ask me about <dmm>). See also http://wiki.ubuntu.com/ScreenCasts .
live user
C: 2016-09-29
<reply>see live password
rtl8723bs install
M: 2015-09-12
<reply>For Debian 8 "Jessie" systems, requires Linux 3.19 or later (ask me about <bdo kernel>). «apt-get install build-essential git && apt-get -t jessie-backports install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` && git clone https://github.com/hadess/rtl8723bs.git && cd rtl8723bs && make && make install && depmod -a && modprobe r8723bs».
bunsenlabs
C: 2016-06-21
<reply>BunsenLabs Linux is a community continuation of <crunchbang> that features the <Openbox> window manager. It is not supported in #debian. http://www.bunsenlabs.org/ #bunsenlabs on chat.freenode.net. See <based on debian>
nologin
C: 2007-11-11
a replacement shell (man 8 nologin) for user accounts that have been disabled, or a method (man 5 nologin) to prevent all non-root users from logging into a system.
firmware live
M: 2017-06-19
<reply>see firmware live stretch
rtl8411
M: 2013-06-05
<reply>The Realtek RTL8411 is a PCIe Gigabit Ethernet controller with an integrated card reader controller. The Ethernet controller is supported by <r8169> since Linux 3.5; a firmware patch (rtl_nic/rtl8411-1.fw) is packaged since firmware-realtek 0.37. The card reader (PCI ID 10ec:5289, aka "Barossa Plus Plus") is supported by the rtsx_pci module since Linux 3.8.
pip
M: 2016-11-21
<reply>The "pip" utility (in the python-pip package) permits the installation of python modules. Use of this as root for system-wide installation can break packaged python modules and applications and is not recommended. Use in a <virtualenv> or for a single user in ~/.local/ can have similar effects but at least the breakage is limited to one user. See <local python>
make-jpkg
M: 2012-03-01
<reply> see java-package
cmd: blah .*
C: 2003-05-25
($1): <action> blah $1 in the groin
rt2561
C: 2007-10-02
<reply> see rt61
xvidcap
M: 2010-09-23
a screencast application or desktop recorder, which can record videos. Not in Debian (RFP filed as Debian bug #289168);. http://xvidcap.sf.net/ See also <screencasts>.
owncloud
C: 2013-08-24
<reply>ownCloud is an open source web application for data synchronization, file sharing and cloud storage. http://owncloud.org/ #owncloud on irc.freenode.net.
bcm4352
C: 2015-04-28
<reply> see wl
rtl8723
M: 2014-01-07
<reply>For support of Realtek RTL8723xx wireless LAN devices, ask me about <rtl8723ae> (PCIe), <rtl8723be> (PCIe), <rtl8723au> (USB).
emacs docs
C: 2012-06-22
<reply> see emacs tutorial
tx
M: 2004-11-01
transmit. Texas, or thanks
sbp
M: 2010-08-03
<reply>The "Stuck Beacon Problem" (SBP) is a known <madwifi> issue. http://madwifi-project.org/wiki/StuckBeacon . Consider using <ath5k> instead, which has access point functionality since Linux 2.6.31.
noapic
M: 2011-10-12
<reply>From the Linux Kernel Parameters documentation (<kernel-params>): noapic - [SMP,APIC] Tells the kernel to not make use of any IOAPICs that may be present in the system.
period
M: 2003-09-17
<reply> see enter
ath10k firmware
M: 2014-04-08
<reply>Firmware required by the <ath10k> driver is currently not available from the <linux-firmware> repository. See http://wireless.kernel.org/en/users/Drivers/ath10k/firmware for more information.
logfile
C: 2005-07-07
<reply> Back in the good old days, we would just look in the system log file to see what was really going on. The new crowd of Linux users would rather not have to do that, however; they expect the system to tell them, politely, that their hardware is on fire and that they are about to deeply regret not having run any backups since sometime last winter. Logs are typically found in /var/log/
stretch sysvinit
C: 2017-05-25
<reply>To replace systemd with sysvinit in stretch, simply "apt-get install sysvinit-core" and reboot. To switch from systemd to runit, "apt-get install runit-systemd", reboot, "apt-get install runit-init", and reboot again.
sls
M: 2001-01-02
the distribution that preceded Slackware. Buggier than Slack, too. super ls, an ls where _you_ control the outputformatting: echo 'deb http://limehouse.org woody main'>>/etc/apt/sources.list && apt-get update && apt-get install sls
taj
M: 2001-04-12
a Metal God (see [vmlinuz]), from this we may infer that KDE is a pantheon. learning how to use you
phppgadmin
M: 2009-12-12
<reply>phpPgAdmin is a PostgreSQL frontend to add, remove, edit and configure database and database items like tables, query, views, function, stored procs etc. See "apt-cache show phppgadmin" or http://phppgadmin.sf.net/ for more information. See also <postgresql>.
staff
C: 2011-01-12
"/stats p" lists on call staff; failing that, try "staff <text>" here.
firefox-esr
M: 2016-06-15
<reply> From 2016-06-09, the firefox-esr package replaces the iceweasel package in Debian stable releases. The iceweasel package used to track the Extended Support Releases (ESR) of Mozilla Firefox to get security fixes, what changes is the icon and the name of the binary (/usr/bin/firefox). Ask me about <firefox>.
rtl8723bs
M: 2015-09-12
<reply>The Realtek RTL8723BS is an SDIO 2.0/3.0 system on chip providing 802.11n wireless LAN and Bluetooth 4.0 functions. Supported by the out-of-tree rtl8723bs Linux kernel driver (requires Linux 3.19 or later), ask me about <rtl8723bs install>. https://github.com/hadess/rtl8723bs
stretch-updates
C: 2017-06-16
a suite providing updates to some packages (from <proposed-updates>) prior to a <point release>. All packages from stretch-updates will be included in point releases. https://wiki.debian.org/StableUpdates . Not to be confused with <stretch/updates> which is for <security> updates.
user friendly
M: 2000-08-19
a comic strip (http://www.userfriendly.org/) or a euphamism meaning that any inbred ozark yokel could use the thing in question, or available in Cartoon format. Illiad is releasing them in Flash (GPL player now available!) http://www.userfriendly.org/animation
frontend
C: 1970-01-01
in front and is not a backend
spy
C: 2002-12-26
<reply>We're watching you...
soulseek
M: 2003-08-03
<reply> apt-get install pyslsk, or a great mp3 sharing utility.
node
M: 2012-03-14
the name to describe a part of a graph, that from and to which arcs flow, or did you mean <node.js>?
dj
M: 2003-04-11
<reply> one of the most prominant free software developers around, brian behlendorf, is a DJ. He is one of the core developers of apache. And now as a sidelight to DJ'ing and doing apache work, does sourceXchange.com. Djibouti
pepper
M: 2013-10-04
<reply> see pepper flash
qotd297
C: 2016-06-30
<reply><scootergrisen> I wonder why i get that message when i launch from terminal <duclicsic> I learned by typing the message into google <scootergrisen> i learned it on #debian <duclicsic> and #debian googled it for you <scootergrisen> what are slaves for :)
ar9565
C: 2013-12-15
<reply>Qualcomm Atheros QCA9565 / AR9565 wireless LAN devices (PCI ID 168c:0036) are supported by the Linux kernel since Linux 3.7, ask me about <ath9k>. Debian 7 "Wheezy" users, ask me about <bdo kernel> to provide device support.
devian
C: 2000-04-07
a spelling problem
frank
C: 2001-01-09
elite
argue with dpkg
C: 2001-02-22
<reply> dpkg, you are a twat
smartass
M: 2007-06-01
an ass is only as smart as its masster
nicotine
C: 2003-08-16
an alkaloid poison that occurs in tobacco; used in medicine and as an insecticid
vampire
C: 2006-05-18
see: http://www.slash7.com/pages/vampires
upgrading-checklist
M: 2017-07-17
<reply> https://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/upgrading-checklist
snss
M: 2016-01-17
<reply> see sns
rtl8188cu
M: 2011-05-21
<reply> see rtl8192cu
barry
C: 2002-07-18
a KDE frontend to the BSD ports system, http://frerich.ath.cx/barry
modes
C: 2010-06-04
<reply>Usually X autodetects the resolutions and display modes supported by your hardware; use <xrandr> to list and switch between them. If autodetection fails or isn't good enough, you will need to create an <xorg.conf> and set the HorizSync/VertRefresh values for your monitor, and possibly add a Modeline. See 'man xorg.conf' for details and ask me about <modeline>.
pecl
M: 2010-12-05
<reply>C extensions for <PHP> are known as PECLs. Many are already available precompiled in the Debian archive; ask me about <search>. You can download, compile and install them using the "pecl" command or even better, make a .deb package out of the extension using dh-make-pecl from the dh-make-php package. Also ask me about <pear>.
compton
M: 2014-03-11
<reply>Compton is a composition manager for the X Composite extension, forked from xcompmgr-dana. It implements shadows, fading, translucency, window frame opacity control and inactive window transparency. Compton does not replace the existing window manager. https://github.com/chjj/compton/
npm
C: 2014-09-26
<reply>node package manager (npm) is used to install <node.js> packages.
lwn
M: 2010-09-21
<reply>[lwn] Linux Weekly News, a reader-supported news site covering the Linux and free software development communities. http://lwn.net/
[vmlinuz]
M: 2001-03-07
a KDE/Qt Developer who maintains Kafka, KDE Developer Center, KCVSApplet, KWebStat, KDE Usability Tests Programme and he is a Metal God. Check out what he is doing at http://vmlinuz.dyndns.org/ if he is online. in the house
opt
C: 2012-10-18
<reply> see /opt
dmm stretch
C: 2015-04-19
<reply>If you really need deb-multimedia.org (are you sure your information isn't five years out of date?), then (as root): echo "deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org/ stretch main non-free" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/dmm.list; aptitude update && aptitude install deb-multimedia-keyring && aptitude update. For an alternative way to load Marillat's archive key, ask me about <apt-key 1F41B907>. See <why not dmm>.
dflinux
M: 2017-06-25
based on Debian, but it is not Debian. Only Debian is supported on #debian. Use #debian-facile (French) on chat.freenode.net instead. Even if the channel happens to be less helpful, support for distributions other than Debian is offtopic on #debian. See also <based on debian>. For mor information, visit https://debian-facile.org/asso:salon-irc-df and https://dflinux.frama.io/documentation/
docker
C: 2017-04-07
#docker on chat.freenode.net
get laid with dpkg
C: 2000-02-24
<reply> that thing is uglier than Mongoose.
metal god
C: 2000-11-22
[vmlinuz]
wwbr
C: 2017-06-18
<reply>see when will buster release
liferea
M: 2010-02-19
<reply>Liferea (Linux Feed Reader) is a news feed aggregator for <GNOME>, a clone of FeedReader. http://liferea.sf.net/ #liferea at irc.freenode.net.
firmware cd
M: 2010-08-08
<reply> see firmware iso
when will buster release
C: 2017-06-18
<reply>GO AWAY. I'M RESTING! I'VE ONLY JUST RELEASED STRETCH!
etckeeper
C: 2016-10-21
<reply>etckeeper is a collection of tools to let /etc be stored in a git, mercurial, bazaar or darcs repository. This lets you use git to review or revert changes that were made to /etc. Or even push the repository elsewhere for backups or cherry-picking configuration changes. https://etckeeper.branchable.com
notion
M: 2013-06-30
<reply>Notion is a fork of the <ion3> tiling and tabbing window manager. It is in non-free due to restrictions on modification imposed by its licence; ask me about <non-free sources>. http://notion.sf.net/ #notion on irc.freenode.net.
devtmpfs
M: 2013-09-19
<reply> From udev version 176 (Debian 8 "Jessie" and onwards), udev no longer creates any device nodes itself. The kernel must be compiled with CONFIG_DEVTMPFS=y; Debian kernels from Debian 7 "Wheezy" onwards are compiled with this option. /dev is mounted as "devtmpfs" (not tmpfs) by the initramfs to support this.
exact
M: 2016-11-26
<reply>Please tell us exactly what you typed, and exactly what the error was. Please use a <pastebin> like http://paste.debian.net/ to show long output and, where possible, have the output in English (see <localised errors>).
netrunner
C: 2011-12-23
<reply>Netrunner is an operating system based on <Kubuntu>. It is not supported in #debian. http://www.netrunner-os.com/
google-chrome
C: 2016-04-06
<reply>On multiarch amd64 systems, edit /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google-chrome.list and change "deb http://dl.google.com/..." to "deb [arch=amd64] http://dl.google.com/..."
which xorg driver
M: 2013-12-23
<reply> see which video driver
jessie install guide
C: 2015-04-26
<reply> see jessie installation guide
polari
C: 2016-09-10
gnome's irc client
rust
C: 2017-06-19
a programming language
standards-version
M: 2013-08-07
<reply> see upgrading-checklist
net-tools
C: 2017-07-13
<reply>The net-tools package (including ifconfig, netstat and route commands) is optional in stretch. Users are encouraged to use the iproute2 command set (ip, ss) instead.
stretch->buster
M: 2017-06-16
<reply>Well... buster doesn't even exist yet, but when it does, it's going to be a bumpy ride for a few months. Don't run Debian "testing" just after a release unless you like helping fix bugs. Testing is a pre-release distribution without timely security support; ask me about <moving target> <testing> <testing security>. If you feel you need instructions on how to upgrade, you should wait a while.
errata stretch
C: 2017-06-17
<reply>Last minute notes regarding Debian 9 ("Stretch") are listed at http://www.debian.org/releases/stretch/errata . Known problems in the installer are listed at http://www.debian.org/releases/stretch/debian-installer/#errata
firmware live stretch
C: 2017-06-18
<reply>Unofficial <live> images - containing non-free Debian <firmware> packages - for Debian 9 "Stretch" as a live OS are available at http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/current-live/amd64/iso-hybrid/ . See also <firmware images>.
installer firmware stretch
C: 2017-06-29
<reply> Debian-Installer is able to load additional <firmware>, by including it within installation media or supplying on removable media (e.g. USB stick, floppy). See http://www.debian.org/releases/stretch/amd64/ch06s04 . To include firmware within Debian <netboot> images, see http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/NetbootFirmware . See also <firmware images>.
qotd298
M: 2017-07-14
<reply><abrotman> Stop being intentionally obtuse
persistence
C: 2017-07-18
<reply>see persistent live
npm2deb
C: 2015-12-19
<reply> https://wiki.debian.org/Javascript/Nodejs/Npm2Deb
postgresql backports
C: 2012-12-07
<reply>The Debian PostgreSQL maintainers make backports (and forward ports) of all supported versions of PostgreSQL for all supported versions of Debian (and some Ubuntu releases). They also provide many PostgreSQL extension packages. See http://wiki.postgresql.org/wiki/Apt or http://www.df7cb.de/blog/2012/apt.postgresql.org.html for information.
flash stretch
C: 2017-07-18
flashplugin-nofree package has been broken for months and was not included in stretch. To install manually obtain the flash plugin from https://get.adobe.com/flashplayer/otherversions and unpack libflashplayer.so to /usr/lib/flashplugin-nonfree/
stretch->sid
C: 2017-06-17
<reply> see stable->unstable
why buster/sid
C: 2017-06-17
<reply>Why "buster/sid" instead of just "buster" or "sid"? See /usr/share/doc/base-files/FAQ ("Questions about /etc/issue and /etc/debian_version") for the answer.

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