Factoids requested in last 30 days (687 results)

Factoid KeyFactoid Value
guidelines
M: 2016-04-28
<reply> 1) Read the /topic, the FAQ, and google before asking us. 2) Don't ask to ask, just ask. 3) Don't repeat; show that you have tried to help yourself by refining the question. 4) Reading documentation (man/info pages, READMEs) is a worthwhile skill, practice it. 5) Use /msg to talk to the bots (not the people), see <msg>. 6) Be polite and patient. 7) Paste into a <pastebin>, not here. 8) No trolls or spam. 9) see <code of conduct>
ask
M: 2013-07-11
<reply>If you have a question, just ask! For example: "I have a problem with ___; I'm running Debian version ___. When I try to do ___ I get the following output ___. I expected it to do ___." Don't ask if you can ask, if anyone uses it, or pick one person to ask. We're all volunteers; make it easy for us to help you. If you don't get an answer try a few hours later or on debian-user@lists.debian.org. See <smart questions><errors>.
paste
M: 2012-05-01
<reply> Do not paste more than 2 lines to this channel. Instead, use: http://paste.debian.net/ http://pastie.org/ or http://picpaste.com/ for pics. Use wikisend.com for large files (think tar.gz) up to 100MB. Remember to tell us the URL of your paste! Cannot cut and paste? Ask me about <pastebinit>, <nopaste>, <wgetpaste>.
simple sid backport
M: 2010-11-22
<reply> First, check for a backport on <debian-backports>. If unavailable: 1) Add a deb-src line for sid (not a deb line!); ask me about <deb-src sid> 2) enable debian-backports (see <bdo>) 3) aptitude update; aptitude install build-essential; aptitude build-dep packagename; apt-get -b source packagename; 4) install the resultant debs. To change compilation options, see <package recompile>; for versions newer than sid see <uupdate>.
spanish
M: 2014-10-13
<reply> Este canal es de soporte técnico en Inglés para Debian. Si prefiere que el soporte sea en Español, puede ingresar en #debian-es tecleando /join #debian-es en la línea de chat.
es
M: 2003-09-21
<reply> see spanish
qotd0
M: 2008-04-06
<reply> see qotd(|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|10|11|12|13|14|15|16|17|18|19|20|21|22|23|24|25|26|27|28)(0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9)
cmd: ops (.*?)
C: 2005-08-25
($problem): <reply>Hydroxide, dondelelcaro, LoRez, RichiH, mentor, abrotman, Maulkin, stew, peterS, Myon, Ganneff, weasel, zobel, themill, babilen, SynrG, jm_, somiaj, jelly: $nick complains about a problem (see above)
nvidia
M: 2013-05-24
<reply>Where possible, Nvidia graphic processing units are supported using the open source <nouveau> driver on Debian systems by default. To install the proprietary "nvidia" driver, see https://wiki.debian.org/NvidiaGraphicsDrivers or ask me about <nvidia dkms>, <nvidia legacy>; installing this directly from nvidia.com (i.e. with <nvidia-installer>) is _not_ supported in #debian, please go to #nvidia on irc.freenode.net.
backports.debian.org
M: 2013-10-23
<reply>backports.debian.org (formerly backports.org) is an official repository of <backports> for the current stable (see <jessie backports>) and oldstable (<wheezy backports>) distributions, prepared by Debian developers. Ask me about <backport caveat> and read http://backports.debian.org/Instructions/. See also <bdo kernel> <bdo mirrors> <bdo contents> <bdo list> <bdo bugs> <bdo xorg> <bdo NEW>.
ssb
M: 2014-03-05
<reply> see simple sid backport
backport
M: 2009-06-09
<reply>A backport is a package from a newer Debian branch, compiled from source for an older branch to avoid dependency and <ABI> complications. http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch02.en.html (2.7.4 and 2.7.10), http://backports.debian.org/ . Ask me about <debian-backports> and <backport caveat>. See also <simple sid backport>.
root
M: 2003-06-17
<reply> It has been said that root is the administrative account - only use it when root power is needed. So no reading mail, compiling programs, or running applications as root. And don't even think about irc'ing as root, it increases the danger from exploits and trojans (such as bliss), or see, for example, the security advisory on BitchX http://www.debian.org/security/2003/dsa-306
pastebin
M: 2008-08-30
<reply> see paste
backports
M: 2007-09-28
<reply> see backport
ubuntu
M: 2012-04-09
<reply> Ubuntu is based on Debian, but it is not Debian. Only Debian is supported on #debian. Use #ubuntu on chat.freenode.net instead. Even if the channel happens to be less helpful, support for distributions other than Debian is offtopic on #debian. See also <based on debian> and <ubuntuirc>.
ping
M: 2009-05-26
<reply>(Yes, $who, you are online.|Yes, $who you are either online or you are not... http://ars.userfriendly.org/cartoons/?id=20000326|pong|Sorry $who, you're not online.)
list
M: 2013-09-06
<reply> $nick: È possibile scaricare un sacco di software libero puntando il tuo browser a http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/multi-arch/iso-cd/debian-9.0.0-amd64-i386-netinst.iso !||<reply>$nick: Debian è un sistema operativo composto da software libero (un concetto distinto da quello di gratis): vedi http://www.debian.org/intro/free.it.html per saperne di più.||<reply>$nick: vedi http://packages.debian.org/
basic apt-get troubleshooting
M: 2015-09-21
<reply>In order to troubleshoot your problem with apt-get, apt or aptitude we need ALL OF THE FOLLOWING information: 1. complete output of your apt-get/apt/aptitude run (including the command used) 2. output from "apt-cache policy pkg1 pkg2..." for ALL packages mentioned ANYWHERE in the problem, and 3. "apt-cache policy". Use http://paste.debian.net/ to provide us with this information. Also ask me about <localized errors>.
bat
C: 2005-09-23
<reply> see basic apt-get troubleshooting
squeeze
M: 2014-04-17
<reply> Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" was released on 2011-02-06 and is the oldoldstable release: http://www.debian.org/News/2011/20110205a . Security support for Squeeze ended on 2014-05-31, but ask me about <squeeze-lts>. Squeeze is the three-eyed space alien. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianSqueeze ; ask me about <install squeeze> <squeeze release notes> <lenny->squeeze>. Currently <6.0.10>. Not to be confused with the <Xfce> archive manager.
lenny
M: 2012-03-26
<reply>Lenny is the codename for Debian GNU/Linux 5.0, released on February 15th, 2009. Lenny security support ended on 2012-02-06, this release is no longer supported. Lenny users should upgrade to Squeeze, ask me about <lenny->squeeze>. Removed from the mirrors (2012-03-25), ask me about <lenny sources.list>. For old Lenny ISOs, ask me about <lenny iso>. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianLenny http://www.debian.org/News/2012/20120209
cmd: beer (.*?)
M: 2005-10-13
($1): <action> (pulls out (a fine|an excellent|an exquisite|a tasty|a nicely refined)|pours a (pint|litre|quart) of|deftly decants a fine) (Green Flash IPA|Spaten Optimator|Black Tuesday|Older Viscosity|Batch 50 GFAR|Jever|Yuengling Lager|Dogfishhead 90min IPA|Piraat|Gulden Drak|Bornem Tripple|Delirium Tremens|Stone Arrogant Bastard) for $1
dmm
M: 2015-04-19
<reply>We recommend against using deb-multimedia.org; these unofficial packages are known to cause many hard to debug problems. They are not in Debian either because the they are poor in quality or for legal reasons. See http://deb-multimedia.org/ or ask me about <dmm stretch>, <dmm jessie>. See also <dmm list>, <dmm mirrors>, <dmm pinning>, <why not dmm>, <dmm remove>.
search
M: 2009-02-08
<reply>Please search for things rather than just asking, e.g. «apt-cache search regex», or with <aptitude search>. The following ways can locate packages that own a file (installed, or candidate for install): «dpkg -S /bin/foo», <apt-file>, <pdo> (online) and «/msg judd help file» (bot). <search dpkg> for factoids. See http://wiki.debian.org/WhereIsIt and ask me about <bot help>. See also <axi-search> <debtags> <dlocate>.
debian
M: 2003-12-22
http://www.debian.org. See http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/project-history/index.en.html#contents
confmiss
M: 2011-05-10
<reply>You have to especially tell the packaging system to reinstall config files because when they are gone, it is assumed that you want them to stay deleted. "aptitude -o DPkg::Options::='--force-confmiss' reinstall $packagename" will restore them (man dpkg for details). If the package uses <ucf> for config file management, ask me about <ucf confmiss>.
alsa-checklist
M: 2012-01-09
<reply>1) add yourself to the 'audio' group (log out & in again) 2) unmute and raise channels w/ alsamixer (also try muting some & toggle jack sense if available) 3) <pulseaudio> or other daemon stopped? 4) speakers on? 5) does "aplay /usr/share/sounds/alsa/Noise.wav" work for root? 6) purge any installed <oss4> packages to remove ALSA blacklist. See also <list alsa users>, <alsa firmware>.
testing
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>Testing is a continuously updated release between <stable> and <unstable>, currently codenamed <buster>. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianTesting . Support in #debian-next on irc.oftc.net and ask me about <testing faq> <jessie->stretch> <testing security> <moving target> <apt-listchanges> <apt-listbugs> and <bts>. You need a sound knowledge of Debian and be prepared for a very bumpy ride. Don't use it on things that are critical!
why aptitude
M: 2010-10-20
<reply> aptitude has more advanced conflict/dependency resolution and will often find a solution where apt-get gives up. It can be used from the command line like apt-get plus an interactive resolver makes it much easier to recover from broken dependencies. It has advanced search capabilities (see <aptitude search>). For some upgrades, apt-get is preferred (e.g. <lenny->squeeze>, <squeeze->wheezy>). http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
bpo
M: 2010-09-22
<reply> see bdo
mirrors
M: 2005-08-23
<reply> see debian mirrors
cmd: why is (.*?) not in testing
C: 2003-05-30
($1): $1 is not in testing for the reasons listed in https://qa.debian.org/excuses.php?package=$1
anyone
M: 2009-09-27
<reply>Please do not ask if anyone can help you, knows 'something' or uses 'some_program'. Instead, ask your real question. (If the real question _was_ "does anyone use 'some_program'?" ask me about <popcon> instead.) See <ask> <ask to ask> <polls> <search> <sicco> <smart questions>.
installation guide
M: 2017-06-17
<reply> see stretch installation guide
selftell
M: 2006-06-26
<reply> Please do not use the bot's !tell feature on #debian to see factoids for yourself (!tell me about something). Doing so could be considered spam. Instead, send a private message to the bot (dpkg) containing the factoid you want to read. For example, instead of "!tell me about foo", use "/msg dpkg foo". See also <msg the bot>
enter
M: 2009-05-16
<reply>The enter key is not a substitute for punctuation. Hitting enter unnecessarily makes it difficult to follow what you are saying. Consider using ',', '. ', ';', '...', '---', or ':' instead. If you hit enter too often, you will be autokicked by debhelper for flooding the channel.
br
M: 2005-10-12
<reply>Este canal é apenas em inglês. Por favor, use #debian-br (/j #debian-br) para ajuda em portugues.
based on debian
M: 2011-10-03
<reply>Your distribution may be based on and have software in common with Debian, but it is not Debian. We don't and cannot know what changes were made by your distribution (compare http://futurist.se/gldt/). #debian only supports Debian and pure <blend>s; please respect our choice to volunteer here to help Debian users. Support for other distributions is off-topic on #debian, even if your own distro's channel is clueless or non-existent.
no
C: 2003-07-17
<reply>No Offense, or den norske debian kanalen #debian-no. For skandinaviske brukere av debian. It is the norwegian channel #debian-no for scandinavian users.
bdo
M: 2010-09-06
<reply> see backports.debian.org
unstable
M: 2011-05-06
<reply>Unstable is the status of a Debian release when packages can be added at any time, that can disrupt the integrity of the whole system! Ask me about <break>. If you have to ask whether you should use it or how, you shouldn't. http://www.debian.org/releases/unstable/ http://wiki.debian.org/DebianUnstable . See also <testing>, <sid>, <sid faq>, <apt-listbugs>, <apt-listchanges>, <bts>.
sid
M: 2011-11-14
the codename for <unstable>, named after the kid in Toy Story that breaks toys. The great thing about running sid is that when it breaks, you get to keep ALL the pieces!!
date
C: 2007-03-13
<reply> The current date is $date $time (UTC of course, this is *NIX)
doesn't work
M: 2009-05-07
<reply> "Doesn't work" is a vague statement. Does it sit on the couch all day long? Does it procrastinate doing the dishes? Does it beg on the street for change? Please be specific! Define 'it' and what it isn't doing. Give us more details so we can help you without needing to ask basic questions like "what's the error message?". Ask me about <smart questions>, <sicco> and <errors>.
bts
M: 2007-12-07
<reply>Bug Tracking System for Debian packages, http://bugs.debian.org/ or to go directly to the bug page for a particular package/bug, try http://bugs.debian.org/packagename or http://bugs.debian.org/bugnumber . aptitude install reportbug, and check out <querybts> too. Users of unstable and testing are required to check the BTS. See also <apt-listbugs>, <reportbug>. http://wiki.debian.org/HowtoUseBTS
alsa checklist
C: 2007-03-10
<reply> see alsa-checklist
dpkg
M: 2012-02-10
the program used by Debian to install and remove packages, "man dpkg". Also ask me about <reference>. The main info bot in #debian is also called dpkg; ask me about <dpkgbot>.
flash
M: 2016-10-28
<reply>Flash is frequently used to deliver interactivity, audio and video through a web browser. Ask me about <gnash> and <lightspark> for free implementations, or <adobe flash> and <pepper flash> for non-free implementations. http://wiki.debian.org/Flash, or see nasty bug #841373. See also <flash stretch>.
ru
M: 2011-12-31
<reply> Это английскоговорящий канал, пожалуйста, говорите по-английски или посетите #debian-russian (irc.freenode.net) (Russian speakers please go to #debian-russian)
msg the bot
M: 2014-07-05
<reply>Please have conversations with the bots in a private message as much as possible. Instead of using "!topic" or "!tell <your nick> about <topic>" in the channel, you can just "/msg dpkg topic". See <bot help> and http://wiki.debian.org/IRC/DpkgBot to learn more and browse my factoids on-line at http://ircbots.debian.net/ . Also ask me about <judd>, which is another bot and window into the Ultimate Debian Database.
fglrx
M: 2012-08-08
<reply>fglrx / AMD Catalyst is the proprietary display driver for AMD Radeon R9 200 series, Radeon R7 200 series, Radeon HD 8000/7000/6000/5000 and FirePro graphic processing units. To install fglrx, see https://wiki.debian.org/ATIProprietary or ask me about <fglrx dkms>. This driver is incompatible with the GNOME desktop of Debian 8 "Jessie" due to lack of EGL support (ref. §5.11 <jessie release notes>), use the <radeon> driver instead.
non-free
M: 2012-03-21
<reply>[non-free] a component which contains software that does not comply with the <DFSG>. To add non-free packages to your packages index, ask me about <non-free sources>. To see which non-free packages are installed ask me about <non-free list>. For the non-free tracking system, see http://nonfree.alioth.debian.org/
lol
M: 2005-09-12
<reply> If you want to laugh, use heh or hah or bwahahaha. lol doesn't sound like laughter at all and makes you look like an AOL user.
de
M: 2010-03-12
<reply> Deutschsprachige Hilfe bekommt ihr in #debian.de (auf irc.oftc.net, irc.freenode.net oder irc.belwue.de) - German speaking users please go to #debian.de (on irc.oftc.net, irc.freenode.net or irc.belwue.de).
fixboot
M: 2010-03-22
<reply> To reinstall <GRUB> boot to your Debian install disk/live CD, switch to the other console (Alt-F2), mount your root filesystem (mount -t ext4 /dev/whatever /target ; mount --bind /dev /target/dev ; mount -t proc none /target/proc ; mount -t sysfs none /target/sys), chroot into it (chroot /target), run "mount /boot/efi" on EFI and "update-grub && grub-install /dev/whatever". See also <rescue mode>, <dual boot guide>, <supergrub>.
dpkgbot
M: 2008-06-02
<reply>Please visit http://wiki.debian.org/IRC/DpkgBot to learn how to effectively search the factoids database for FAQ, and not flood in the channel with !tell <who> about <what>. Also ask me about <msg the bot>. We ask that you learn to search for yourself first, unless it is a specific problem. Many questions are asked repeatedly, and the factoid database can be of great help to you. Ask me about <search dpkg>.
polls
M: 2004-04-08
<reply> "Does anyone have X or use Y?" is taking a poll, not asking a good question that IRC helpers can answer. Don't do it or sussudio's army of militant badgers will hurt you. Also see <ask> and <bad polls>.
smart questions
M: 2008-09-12
<reply>Go here to find out how to ask intelligent questions: http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html - Be sure to look at the section http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html#before - This FAQ has information to help many users solve their own problem more effectively and to help users interact more effectively with helpers. Also ask me about <reportbug>.
offtopic
M: 2010-05-08
<reply>#debian is primarily a support channel for Debian users. Please keep the discussions in #debian on-topic and take longer discussions and non-support questions to #debian-offtopic. Imagine the chaos if each of the hundreds of people in the channel felt the need to wander off topic for a few minutes every day.
sources.list
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>see stretch sources.list
install gnome
M: 2014-01-14
<reply>To install GNOME: «apt-get install …» 1. 'task-gnome-desktop' (Debian installer default) 2. 'gnome' (recommended) 3. 'gnome-desktop-environment' (upstream GNOME) 4. 'gnome-core' (like 3, minus end-user applications) 5. 'gnome-session gdm3 network-manager-gnome' (minimalist, not recommended). You will need Xorg installed as well, ask me about <install x>. https://wiki.debian.org/Gnome
non-free sources
M: 2009-10-18
<reply>Edit /etc/apt/sources.list, ensure that the two main Debian mirror lines end with "main contrib non-free" rather than just "main", then «apt-get update». But bear in mind that you'll be installing <non-free> software. These may have onerous terms; check the licenses. See also <sources.list>.
ig
M: 2009-02-16
<reply> see installation guide
pinning
M: 2008-07-31
<reply>see apt-pinning
cmd: win (.*?)
C: 2003-02-16
($1): <reply> Congratulations, $1! You have won (second prize in a beauty contest|a one way ticket to (Baghdad|Cleveland|Nova Scotia|Christmas Island|Beirut|Rio de Janeiro|Fire Island|Gaza|Charlotte, North Carolina ... YeeHaw!)|the US presidency|a lifetime supply of spam|the time-life collection of vintage AOL CDs, a set of 120)!
apt-pinning
M: 2010-01-03
<reply>Pinning is a method to choose which version of a package to install when multiple versions are available from <sources.list>. Bugs are explained at https://web.archive.org/web/20121017070250/http://carlo17.home.xs4all.nl/howto/debian.html#errata . If you use stable, pinning won't help you from messing up the system, ask me about <backports> instead. https://wiki.debian.org/AptPreferences
debian mirrors
M: 2012-08-17
<reply>The best mirror for most users is <deb.debian.org>; other mirrors are listed at http://www.debian.org/mirror/list and ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian/README.mirrors.txt and http://deb.li/map ; ask me about <apt-spy>, <netselect-apt>, <httpredir.debian.org>, <debian mirror checker>. To make a mirror, see http://www.debian.org/mirrors/ ; see also <debmirror>, <apt-mirror>, <ftpsync>, <mirror size>. #debian-mirrors on irc.oftc.net.
apt-file
M: 2009-01-21
<reply>apt-file is a utility used to find which package owns a given file - or list files in a package - even if it is not installed: "aptitude install apt-file && apt-file update" ; then "apt-file search filename" to see a list of packages containing filename (can also use a regular expression; see man apt-file). You can also search online, ask me about <pdo>. See also <judd-file>, <auto-apt>, <dlocate>.
linux
C: 2000-03-26
closed
install debian
M: 2014-05-12
<reply>There are a myriad of different ways to install Debian. See http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/debian-installer for a list of images and ask me about <netinst>, <various cd1> and <firmware images>. See also <install guide> and <d-i> for detailed instructions. (If you've never installed Debian before, you should read the install guide.)
fr
M: 2011-01-27
<reply>Pour l'aide en francais, veuillez rejoindre le canal #debian-fr. Francophone users: for help in french, please go to #debian-fr.
package recompile
M: 2009-06-23
<reply> 1) Add a <deb-src> line for your current release to your sources.list 2) aptitude update; aptitude install build-essential devscripts fakeroot; aptitude -R build-dep packagename 3) as any user, apt-get source packagename 4) cd packagename-version/; ask me about <debian/rules>; 5) dpkg-buildpackage -uc -us 6) as root, dpkg -i ../packagename-version.deb. Ask me about <debian/rules>, <nocheck>, <nostrip>, <apt-get source>.
jessie
M: 2015-04-26
<reply>Jessie is the codename for the current <oldstable> release, Debian 8, released on 2015-04-25: http://www.debian.org/News/2015/20150426 . Jessie is the cowgirl in Toy Story 2. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianJessie and ask me about <install jessie> <release notes> <wheezy->jessie>. Currently <8.8>.
wheezy->jessie
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>Read (at least) the upgrading chapter of the <release notes> http://deb.li/ldcj . In /etc/apt/sources.list, change "wheezy" to "jessie". apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade. 3rd party repos like <dmo> are known to cause problems with the upgrade. See also <jessie sysvinit>.
cmd: you (.*?)
C: 2008-01-09
($1): <reply> I resemble that remark!
yes
M: 2012-01-14
a program on Unix and Unix-like systems used to print out the specified text ('y' by default) infinitely. You should NOT use it unless you know what you are doing, because it can eat many resources.
aptitude clone
M: 2013-08-12
<reply> To clone a Debian machine using aptitude (or install your favourite packages) use aptitude search --disable-columns -F%p '~i!~M!~v' > package_list; on the reference machine; xargs aptitude --schedule-only install < package_list; aptitude install; on the other machine. This preserves information about "automatically installed" packages that other methods do not. See also <reinstall>, <things to backup>, <debian clone>, <apt-clone>.
newmaint
M: 2014-02-12
<reply>The packaging tutorial (http://deb.li/QYyI) and the New Maintainer's Guide (http://deb.li/3DiDA) are good places to start learning about Debian packaging. You should also ask me about <devref> and <policy> to understand how packages should be maintained and how they should interact with each other. Ask me about <package basics>, <mentors>, <best practices> <build without helper>. http://www.debian.org/devel/
70
M: 2010-03-12
<reply>This is outdated, for Stretch see https://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/PredictableNetworkInterfaceNames/ oldfactoid: udev has the ability to statically rename Ethernet cards based on MAC address. The addresses are configured in /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules, edit this file to change the mappings. To apply changes: «udevadm trigger» or reload the relevant driver module. See also <udev>.
wireless
M: 2011-03-08
<reply>Support for your wireless LAN device is dependent on the chipset within. Don't know what you have? Ask me about <what's my wireless>. Atheros: <atheros>; Atmel: <atmel>; Broadcom: <broadcom>; Intel: <intel>; Intersil: <prism>; Marvell: <marvell>; Ralink: <ralink>; Realtek: <realtek>; TI: <acx-mac80211>; VIA: <vt665x>; ZyDAS: <zydas>. See also <crda>, <killswitch>, <wpa>. http://wiki.debian.org/WiFi
nmg
M: 2009-11-04
<reply>see newmaint
pastebinit
M: 2017-02-07
<reply>A command-line tool to send data to a <pastebin>. To paste e.g. your sources.list do "aptitude install pastebinit; pastebinit /etc/apt/sources.list"; to paste the output of a program do e.g. "dmesg | pastebinit". See also <pastebinit config>, <nopaste>.
java-package
M: 2013-03-07
<reply>java-package (formerly mpkg-j2se, j2se-package) provides the make-jpkg utility for creating Debian packages from manually downloaded <Java> distributions; Oracle Java 6 (update >= 10) and Oracle Java 7 are currently supported. java-package is available for Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems in <contrib>. http://wiki.debian.org/JavaPackage . Where possible, use <OpenJDK> instead, ask me about <install java>.
hold
M: 2014-03-14
<reply>hold is a status flag that tells the package manager to not automatically upgrade a package. To hold a package 'echo $package hold|dpkg --set-selections' or 'aptitude hold $package'. Note that "aptitude hold" is ignored by other package managers (i.e. Update Manager, synaptic, apt-get) and aptitude won't necessarily use holds set with dpkg; see Debian bug #137771 (fixed in stretch). See also <hold list>, <unhold>.
wheezy
M: 2016-04-26
<reply>Wheezy is the current <oldoldstable> release, Debian 7, released on 2013-05-04: https://www.debian.org/News/2013/20130504 ; security support ended on 2016-04-25, but ask me about <wheezy-lts>. Wheezy is the rubber toy penguin with a red bow tie. See https://wiki.debian.org/DebianWheezy and ask me about <install wheezy> <wheezy release notes> <wheezy->jessie>. Final update <7.11>.
firmware images
M: 2017-06-17
<reply> see firmware images stretch
testing/unstable mix
M: 2014-08-16
<reply>«echo 'APT::Default-Release "testing";' >> /etc/apt/apt.conf», edit sources.list, copy your non-security testing lines and change one set to unstable, then apt-get update. Use apt-get -t unstable install foo; to install foo from unstable rather than testing as usual. WARNING to SYNAPTIC users: Synaptic ignores Default-Release: set Preferences->Distribution.
it
M: 2008-10-09
<reply>Ciao, vai su #debian-it per ricevere aiuto in italiano. Italian Speakers: Please use #debian-it, there you will get much more help.
radeon
M: 2010-02-16
<reply>Radeon is a brand of graphic processing units by AMD/ATI (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radeon). The radeon open source display driver is packaged for Debian as xserver-xorg-video-radeon, optionally install libgl1-mesa-dri for 3D acceleration. Also ask me about <radeon firmware>, <radeon audio>. https://wiki.debian.org/AtiHowTo http://x.org/wiki/radeon #radeon on irc.freenode.net. For the proprietary driver, see <fglrx>.
netinst
M: 2009-09-19
a small CD image with which you can install Debian. If, during the installation process you have a working Internet connection, you can install more packages straight away, otherwise, you will have a base install and more packages later. See http://www.debian.org/CD/netinst/ See also <various cd1>, <check iso image>, <dialup install>, <usb install>, <installer>.
away
M: 2009-04-01
<reply>Do not use public away/back messages in $channel. If we want to know where you are, we'll /whois you. In BitchX, /set auto_away off; in XChat, Preferences > Chatting > General > uncheck Announce Away Messages; ask in #yourircclient if you have questions. If you continue to use public aways/backs you will be devoiced. http://sackheads.org/~bnaylor/spew/away_msgs.html
tum
C: 2007-11-09
<reply>see testing/unstable mix
stable
M: 2009-03-31
<reply>[stable] The status of a Debian release when no packages will be added or version-bumped, and changes will only fix security issues and critical bugs. Packages can be removed in rare circumstances. The current stable version of Debian is Stretch (9.0); ask me about <releases>. Security bugs are fixed in stable by backporting the fix to the stable version (ask me about <security backports>). https://wiki.debian.org/DebianStable
interfaces
M: 2006-07-12
<reply>Your network configuration is in the file /etc/network/interfaces ; "man 5 interfaces" for documentation, "zless /usr/share/doc/ifupdown/examples/network-interfaces.gz" for example configurations. Start and stop your networking with ifup -a and ifdown -a respectively. http://wiki.debian.org/NetworkConfiguration . See also <dhcp client>, <resolv.conf>, <static route>.
aptitude
M: 2011-06-30
a terminal-based package manager that can be used in a command-line mode (aptitude install foo ; aptitude remove goo) as well as a text user interface mode (just run "aptitude"). Ask me about <why aptitude> <why not aptitude> <aptitude-fu> <aptitude docs> or see http://wiki.debian.org/Aptitude or http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
sns
M: 2010-04-28
<reply>Shiny New Shit Syndrome is a serious disorder, which usually breaks out into an epidemic every time something new is released. If you have SNS, ask me about <backports> and <ssb>; these are better options than upgrading to <testing> because it is a <moving target>.
why not aptitude
M: 2011-06-30
<reply> Aptitude is more memory intensive and slower than <apt-get>, the <ncurses> interface is always loaded regardless of being used or not. Moreover the resolver can sometimes produce unexpected results and most of <aptitude>'s former exclusive features are now available in <apt-get> as well. Ask me about <why aptitude> and see http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
squeeze sources.list
M: 2016-03-08
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" has two lines: "deb http://archive.debian.org/debian/ squeeze main" "deb http://archive.debian.org/debian/ squeeze-lts main". Put "Acquire::Check-Valid-Until false;" in /etc/apt/apt.conf and run «aptitude update». Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <squeeze-lts> <squeeze-updates> and "man sources.list".
multiarch
M: 2013-06-26
<reply>Multiarch allows you to install foreign architecture packages. For example, to allow i386 packages to be installed on an amd64 system: «dpkg --add-architecture i386 && apt-get update». See http://wiki.debian.org/Multiarch and <multiarch howto>, <multiarch failures>. For the unrelated installer that can install i386 or amd64, see <multi-arch installer>.
linux mint
M: 2010-12-03
<reply>Linux Mint is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. Please use their forums at http://forums.linuxmint.com/ or join #linuxmint-help on irc.spotchat.org for support. Linux Mint is variously based on <Ubuntu> with a "Linux Mint Debian Edition" (LMDE) also available. See also <based on debian>, <mintppc>.
sex
M: 2005-03-11
<reply> updatedb; locate; talk; date; cd; strip; look; touch; finger; unzip; uptime; gawk; head; apt-get install (condom|diaphram); mount; fsck; more; yes; yes; yes; more; umount; apt-get remove --purge (condom|diaphram); make clean; sleep
experimental
M: 2006-09-02
<reply> experimental is the bleeding edge of Debian Development. Packages here have been deemed unfit/DANGEROUS/untrustworthy/etc for release by the maintainer responsible for them. DO NOT INSTALL PACKAGES FROM EXPERIMENTAL WITHOUT KNOWING EXACTLY WHY AND WHAT YOU ARE DOING. #debian does _not_ support experimental. For an actual description, see section 4.6.4.3 of the Developer's Reference. http://packages.debian.org/experimental/
mentors
M: 2008-01-22
the system the Debian project uses to train new people to become Debian Developers or Debian Maintainers and get their packages into the Debian archive. Ask me about <nmg>. http://lists.debian.org/debian-mentors/ http://mentors.debian.net/ #debian-mentors on irc.debian.org (irc.oftc.net).
version
M: 2012-04-29
<reply>Kernel: uname -r, or cat /proc/version. Package: dpkg -l _pkgname_ , or run apt-cache policy <packagename>. Miscellaneous commands: try --version on the command. For the version of Debian, ask me about <debian suite>.
alsa
M: 2009-04-13
<reply>Advanced Linux Sound Architecture (ALSA) is a Linux kernel component providing device drivers for sound cards. Ask me about <install alsa>. See also <alsa-checklist>, <default alsa>, <alsa firmware>. http://wiki.debian.org/ALSA http://www.alsa-project.org/ #alsa on irc.freenode.net.
install x
M: 2009-05-02
<reply> To install X in Debian: "aptitude update && aptitude install xorg". You may also want to install a desktop environment - ask me about <install gnome>, <install kde>, <install xfce>, <install lxde> - or a window manager, ask me about <window manager>. To configure your X server, ask me about <xorg config>.
contrib
M: 2012-03-21
<reply>[contrib] Debian packages that contain <DFSG>-compliant software, but have dependencies not in main (possibly packaged for Debian in non-free). To get contrib packages, add lines like "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ [stretch|buster|sid] main contrib" to your /etc/apt/sources.list, then «aptitude update». Also ask me about <non-free>, <contrib list>.
windows
M: 2005-09-23
<reply>"PCs are like air conditioners, if you open Windows(R) they don't work." Support for Microsoft Windows operating systems is available in ##windows on irc.freenode.net.
d-i
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>Debian 9 "Stretch is now the "stable" Debian release. See http://www.debian.org/releases/stretch/debian-installer/ for images. Developers page is http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/ . If you want to make custom install CDs, start with d-i. IRC: #debian-boot on irc.oftc.net. See also <errata>, <g-i>.
release history
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>Named after "Toy Story" characters. Buzz(1.1; 1996-03-14), Rex(1.2; 1996-10-28), Bo(1.3; 1997-05-01), Hamm(2.0; 1998-07-24), Slink(2.1; 1999-03-09), Potato(2.2; 2000-08-15), Woody(3.0; 2002-07-19), Sarge(3.1; 2005-06-06), Etch(4.0; 2007-04-08), Lenny(5.0; 2009-02-14), Squeeze(6.0; 2011-02-06), Wheezy(7; 2013-05-04), Jessie(8; 2015-04-25), Stretch (9; 2017-06-17). Next: Buster. http://deb.li/it56U
irclog
M: 2015-08-21
#debian on <freenode> is logged at http://ibot.rikers.org/%23debian/ , #debian on <OFTC> is logged at http://irclogs.thegrebs.com/debian/
keymap
M: 2012-03-15
<reply>Run "dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration" to change both your default console and X keymap; the setxkbmap utility can be used to adjust keymap settings during X operation. For setting up X keymaps, see xkeycaps, xev and ask me about <multimedia keys>.
ati
M: 2014-02-17
<reply>Where possible, most ATI/AMD graphics processing units are supported using the open source "radeon" driver on Debian systems by default, ask me about <radeon>. To install the proprietary "fglrx" driver, ask me about <fglrx>; installing this directly from amd.com (i.e. with the AMD Catalyst installer) is not supported in #debian, please go to #ati on irc.freenode.net.
sdo
M: 2010-04-12
<reply>http://snapshot.debian.org/ is an archive of almost all Debian packages uploaded since 2005, including those removed from the official archives because they were very buggy, unusable, broken, vulnerable or in some way non-free. This service replaces snapshot.debian.net. http://www.debian.org/News/2010/20100412
usb
M: 2010-04-24
<reply>Universal Serial Bus (USB) is a technology that has replaced the way that some peripheral devices connect to a computer. It is much faster than serial/communications and more flexible: many devices can be connected to simultaneously. USB 3.0 is supported by the Linux kernel since version 2.6.31. http://www.linux-usb.org/USB-guide/book1.html http://www.linux-usb.org/ See also <usb install>, <usbreset>.
debian-next
M: 2013-10-15
<reply>#debian-next is the channel for testing/unstable support on the OFTC network (irc.oftc.net), *not* on Freenode. If you get "Cannot join #debian-next (Channel is invite only)." it means you did not read it's on irc.oftc.net.
famous last words
M: 2008-12-02
<reply> see flw((|1|2|3|4|5|6|7)(1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0))
debian-backports
M: 2010-09-06
<reply> see backports.debian.org
search dpkg
M: 2010-09-01
<reply>You can search my database on the web at http://ircbots.debian.net/ or on IRC by asking me about <help listkeys> and <help-listvals>. My factoids are available at http://crito.ucr.edu/~dpkg/ in archives that are updated nightly and the previous 18 days are there. See also <search>.
jessie sources.list
M: 2015-03-28
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for Debian 8 "Jessie" has three lines: "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ jessie main" "deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main" "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates main". Be sure to run «aptitude update» after editing sources.list. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <jessie/updates> <jessie-updates> <mirrors> and "man sources.list".
what are you
C: 2000-08-01
<reply> I am an infobot. For more information, ask me about <infobot>.
frankendebian
M: 2011-09-25
<reply>When you get random packages from random repositories, mix multiple releases of Debian, or mix Debian and derived distributions, you have a mess. There's no way anyone can support this "distribution of Frankenstein" and #debian certainly doesn't want to even try. See if you can convince ##linux to help.
locales
M: 2009-08-05
<reply> Use 'dpkg-reconfigure locales' to get it up and running. This generates <locale> definitions and also edits /etc/default/locale which sets the $LANG environment variable at login time. Use "LANG=C command" to change the output language for a one off command, ask me about <localised errors>. See also <mac locales>. http://wiki.debian.org/Locale
ot
M: 2010-06-24
<reply> see offtopic
what
C: 2002-04-23
<reply> This!
testing security
M: 2017-06-19
<reply> Security updates in testing are delayed by the normal testing migration *and* may be further delayed by missing dependencies, etc. See https://www.debian.org/security/faq#testing
cmd: -i (.*?)
M: 2006-11-28
($1): (<action>installs $1 into $nick's head with a bone saw and a few screws|<action> removes a (liver|speen|kidney|lung) from $nick and replaces it with $1|<reply> package $1 is already installed)
security
M: 2011-02-06
<reply>Put "deb http://security.debian.org/ stretch/updates main contrib non-free" in your /etc/apt/sources.list file to keep up-to-date on security updates in <stable>. Run "aptitude update" and "aptitude upgrade" (or "aptitude full-upgrade" if the updates are kept back). Also ask me about <dsa>, <security backports>, <oldstable security>, <testing security>, <unstable security>, <browser security>.
ifrp
M: 2008-04-23
<reply>For GRUB: 1) press 'e' to edit the kernel setting in the grub command line (add 'init=/bin/sh' to the end of it) 2) 'fsck' your root file system, 3) 'mount -o remount,rw /', 4) 'passwd root' 5) 'mount -o remount,ro /' 6) 'reboot -d -f' (exec /sbin/init should work); For LILO: 1) 'Linux init=/bin/sh' at the LILO boot prompt (hold Shift while booting), steps 2-6 are the same; For yaboot: 1) 'Linux init=/bin/sh' at yaboot prompt.
sound
M: 2013-04-25
<reply>Ask me about <alsa>, <alsa checklist>. See also <default alsa>, <pulseaudio>.
kernel-package
M: 2009-05-28
<reply>[kernel-package] Obsolete. Use <kernel handbook> instead. Used to be The Debian Way(tm) "aptitude install kernel-package build-essential libncurses5-dev" and follow the instructions in /usr/share/doc/kernel-package/README.gz. You should also ask me about <make-kpkg>, <kp mantra> and <kernel build-deps>.
kde
M: 2012-06-08
<reply> see kde 4
install guide
M: 2009-02-16
<reply> see installation guide
mint
C: 2008-01-13
<reply> see linux mint
compiz
M: 2013-08-19
<reply>Compiz was a compositing window manager using OpenGL for rendering. Compiz hasn't been developed for some time and is no longer part of Debian (see bugs #719870 and #677864). Plenty of other window managers have the same features as compiz. For a list of available window managers, run «apt-cache showpkg x-window-manager». See also http://wiki.debian.org/Compiz http://www.compiz.org/ or #compiz on irc.freenode.net.
irc
M: 2009-07-13
<reply>IRC is Internet Relay Chat, the means to provide #debian to its patrons. Debian IRC channels are listed at http://wiki.debian.org/IRC . Please read http://wiki.debian.org/GettingHelpOnIrc . Ask me about <irc tutorial> and <faq>. See also <debstats> and <irclog>.
release notes
M: 2017-06-18
<reply>The release notes for Debian 9 "Stretch" are at https://www.debian.org/releases/stretch/amd64/release-notes/ . See also <jessie->stretch>, <stretch install guide>
firmware
M: 2011-05-04
<reply>Firmware is software to operate electronic devices, usually contained in EPROM or flash memory. Some Linux kernel drivers require firmware to be provided from userspace, notably for <WiFi> devices. Most firmware files are not part of a Debian release as they do not conform to the <DFSG>; some are available via <contrib> and <non-free> packages, ask me about <search>. See also <installer firmware>. http://wiki.debian.org/Firmware
ntfs-3g
M: 2011-05-31
<reply>NTFS-3G is a userspace driver providing NTFS read and write support. "aptitude install ntfs-3g". Usage examples: http://www.tuxera.com/community/ntfs-3g-download/#usage . Also ask me about <user accessible ntfs>.
debian/rules
M: 2013-06-06
<reply>debian/rules is the makefile used when building a .deb from source, edit it to change compilation options. Some packages use sophisticated build systems that should be documented in debian/README.source. Also remember to make a new entry in debian/changelog with "~yourname" (for a backport) or "+yourname" (for a recompile) added to the version number. See also <makefile>, <hold>, <package recompile>, <source>, <unique package version>.
gnome
M: 2010-02-06
<reply>GNOME is a Desktop Environment ("DE", so are <KDE> and <XFCE>) based on GTK+. To get or delete GNOME, ask me about <install gnome> or <remove gnome> respectively. See also <gnome status>. https://wiki.debian.org/Gnome http://www.gnome.org/ #debian-gnome on irc.debian.org. GNOME-related IRC channels: https://wiki.gnome.org/Community/GettingInTouch/IRC
chroot
M: 2014-06-27
<reply>To chroot into your Debian system boot to your Debian install disk/live CD, switch to the other console (Alt-F2). Mount your root filesystem with "mount -t ext2 /dev/whatever /target" and make /dev, /proc and /sys usable with "mount --bind /dev /target/dev ; mount -t proc none /target/proc ; mount -t sysfs none /target/sys". You can then chroot into the system with "chroot /target".
cn
M: 2012-04-28
<reply> see zh
localized errors
M: 2017-06-06
<reply>To provide command output in English instead of your native language, set your locale to an English one (e.g. C) prior to running the command, e.g. "LC_ALL=C apt-get -f install".
b43
M: 2013-04-30
<reply>b43 is a Linux kernel driver supporting PCI/PCIe wireless LAN devices with Broadcom chips. Firmware is required, ask me about <b43-fwcutter> to provide. http://wiki.debian.org/bcm43xx #bcm-users on irc.freenode.net. For BCM4313/43224/43225 device support, ask me about <brcmsmac>. For support of the BCM4306 rev 2 and 802.11b-only devices, ask me about <b43legacy>.
install
M: 2005-12-03
<reply> see install debian
wifi
M: 2008-11-27
<reply> see wireless
make-kpkg
M: 2012-12-29
<reply>make-kpkg is no longer the recommended method for building kernel packages. See <kernel handbook> for current instructions. It can be used to make a debian package for a custom kernel. See man make-kpkg, <kp mantra>. NOTE it does not automatically create header packages, needed for module-assistant and dkms.
nvidia dkms
M: 2013-08-02
<reply>For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems. Ask me about <contrib> and <non-free sources>. «aptitude -r install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` nvidia-kernel-dkms && mkdir -p /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "nvidia"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nvidia.conf». Restart your system to enable the <nouveau> blacklist.
pt
M: 2008-03-25
<reply> Por favor use #debian-pt para ajuda em portugues ou #debian-br para ajuda em portugues do brasil. ( /join #debian-pt )
remove gnome
M: 2009-12-15
<reply>To remove or purge GNOME 2.x: aptitude remove ~nlibgnome ~nlibbonobo2 ~nliborbit2 ~nlibgnomeui ~nlibgnomevfs2. Use 'purge' instead of 'remove' if that's what you want (ask me about <purge>).
kali
M: 2016-04-07
<reply>Kali Linux (http://www.kali.org/) is a security and penetration testing distribution from the creators of <backtrack>. It is based on Debian, but it is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. Seek help in #kali-linux on chat.freenode.net or http://forums.kali.org/ . Also ask me about <based on debian>, and read http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/hacker-howto.html
cmd: do (.*?)
M: 2004-02-01
($1): <action> (does|refuses to do|eagerly does|reluctantly agrees to do|wonders why (he|she|it|they|we|you|those smelly goats) should do|wouldn't dream of doing) $1
xfce
M: 2009-06-01
<reply>Xfce is a pretty nifty Desktop Environment. Lightweight, fast, compact. To install, ask me about <install xfce>. https://wiki.debian.org/Xfce http://wiki.xfce.org/faq http://www.xfce.org/ #xfce on irc.freenode.net.
purge
M: 2009-08-19
<reply> "purge" means to completely wipe away a package, including its configuration files. Use «aptitude purge $package» or «dpkg -P $package» (note: before wheezy, you can't 'apt-get purge' a package that is already removed; use aptitude or dpkg instead). To purge all "removed" packages: «aptitude purge '~c'». To restore configuration files, ask me about <confmiss>. Also ask me about <why aptitude>.
cmd: deb-src (.*?)
C: 2011-08-16
($1): <reply>You can get apt to download source packages with a <deb-src> line in your <sources.list>. A suitable entry for the $1 release is: "deb-src http://deb.debian.org/debian/ $1 main contrib non-free". Remember to "apt-get update" after changing your sources.list.
reportbug
M: 2016-11-24
<reply> reportbug is used to submit bugs to the Debian <BTS>. Install reportbug, then run reportbug. See http://www.debian.org/Bugs/ http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch05s04#problem-report for some general information about using reportbug and/or for <debian-installer> bug reporting. Also ask me about <report-bugs>. http://wiki.debian.org/reportbug http://www.debian.org/Bugs/Reporting, or <reportbug MTA>
usb install
C: 2013-03-18
<reply>You can install Debian from a USB stick/thumbdrive/pen drive/key on x86 systems, as long as your system's BIOS can boot from USB. Details are in the Installation Guide, see http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch04s03 and ask me about <install debian> for hybrid CD/DVD images. Use http://sf.net/projects/win32diskimager/ to write images from Windows. For BIOSes not capable of USB boot, ask me about <plop>.
ops
M: 2014-02-27
<reply>Please invoke 'dpkg: ops $problem' to call the operators to deal with a specific problem. Misuse of this will lead to a ban. Operators can also be contacted in the #debian-ops channel.
stretch
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>Stretch is the codename for the current <stable> release, Debian 9, released 2017-06-17. "Stretch" is the rubber octopus in Toy Story 3, see http://wiki.debian.org/DebianStretch . Ask me about <install stretch>, <release notes>, <jessie->stretch>.
sources
M: 2008-01-18
<reply> see sources.list
raspbian
M: 2012-10-01
<reply>Raspbian is a distribution <based on Debian> made specifically for the <Raspberry Pi>. Raspbian is not Debian and it is not supported in #debian. Please use #raspbian on irc.freenode.net for support. http://www.raspbian.org/
ftp must die
M: 2017-04-25
<reply> FTP MUST DIE! http://mywiki.wooledge.org/FtpMustDie . If you really just want to provide anonymous download of files, use HTTP: http://daniel.haxx.se/docs/ftp-vs-http.html . The Debian project will cease offering mirrors via FTP on 2017-11-01 https://www.debian.org/News/2017/20170425
reinstall
M: 2008-02-20
aptitude reinstall '~i' ; or COLUMNS=200 dpkg -l | awk '/^[hi]i/{print $2}' | xargs apt-get -y --reinstall install, or dpkg --get-selections > my_packages.txt , then later, dpkg --set-selections < my_packages.txt && apt-get install . See also <aptitude clone>, <debian clone>.
fixmbr
M: 2013-10-01
<reply> see fixboot
free ram
M: 2008-07-29
<reply>Unlike information, your computer's memory does *not* want to be free. Free RAM is wasted RAM! Linux tries to use free physical memory for caching files from disk which speeds up disk access considerably. Linux releases RAM from these caches if programs need it. If you want to know how much physical memory the free(1) tool says you have left for program use, it's 'free' + 'buffers' + 'cache'. Also ask me about <swapwake>.
snapshots
M: 2009-12-20
<reply> see sdo
moo
M: 2007-10-17
<reply> mooooooo! I am cow, hear me moo, I weigh twice as much as you. I'm a cow, eating grass, methane gas comes out my ass. I'm a cow, you could be too; join us all! type apt-get moo; aplay /usr/lib/libreoffice/share/gallery/sounds/cow.wav
french
M: 2003-11-18
<reply> Vous pouvez obtenir de l'aide sur Debian sur le canal #debian-fr - For help in french, please join #debian-fr
jessie->stretch
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>Read (at least) the upgrading chapter of the <release notes> http://deb.li/OFVv . In /etc/apt/sources.list, change "jessie" to "stretch" and remove stable-specific lines like jessie-backports. apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade. 3rd party repos like <dmo> are known to cause problems with the upgrade.
skype
M: 2013-06-11
<reply>Skype is a proprietary cross-platform <VoIP> service and application owned by Microsoft. Debian cannot distribute the application due to its license. See http://wiki.debian.org/skype and ask me about <skype amd64> for community-contributed information. Consider using free and secure alternatives: <ekiga>, <empathy>, <jitsi>, <linphone>.
popcon
M: 2010-07-26
the Debian Popularity contest, the basis for what packages appear on the first few CDs/DVDs etc (by rank). Install the popularity-contest package to participate. See the results at http://popcon.debian.org/ -- See the FAQ at http://popcon.debian.org/FAQ . Statistics are also available via IRC, /msg judd popcon $package
upgrade
M: 2017-06-17
<reply> Upgrades keep your box from getting r00ted and reboots let you run new kernels. Stop obsessing about uptime already. It's not 1996. Refresh the lists of available packages "apt update", and then an "apt upgrade". Ask me about <security>. If you upgrade to a new stable version of Debian, read its release notes first. Ask me about <jessie->stretch>.
archive
M: 2009-11-11
a collection of files. 'tar', 'ar', 'cpio' are all archiving tools. This is *not* the same as compression, which is a separate operation. Debian Archives is the repository for old Debian releases, see http://www.debian.org/distrib/archive . For the package archive, ask me about <snapshot>. Old Debian <ISO> files are archived at http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/archive/
sudo
M: 2010-01-09
<reply>[sudo] (Substitute User DO) Not enabled by default on Debian systems; configure /etc/sudoers first, ask me about <visudo>, <sudoers>. sudo can give limited super user privileges to specific users, or allow you to do silly things like run X apps with root permissions, or good in scripts with "username ALL = NOPASSWD: /some/program". See also <sudo path>. http://wiki.debian.org/sudo http://www.aplawrence.com/Basics/sudo.html
grub
M: 2013-04-21
<reply>GNU GRUB 2 is a portable and powerful boot loader. Ask me about <grub config> and <grub default>. To reinstall, ask me about <fixmbr>. http://wiki.debian.org/Grub2 #grub on irc.freenode.net. See also <grub legacy>.
virtualbox
M: 2011-09-28
<reply>Oracle VM VirtualBox is an almost free software virtual machine solution. To install, see https://wiki.debian.org/VirtualBox or ask me about <vbox-install jessie>, <vbox-install wheezy>. http://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/User_FAQ http://www.virtualbox.org/ #vbox on irc.freenode.net. See also <vbox rename>, <vbox guest>, <vbox extpack>, <vbox migrate win>, <vdi>, <virtualization>.
nopaste
C: 2011-09-16
<reply> nopaste is a command-line tool to send data to a <pastebin>. To paste e.g. your sources.list do "aptitude install libapp-nopaste-perl; nopaste /etc/apt/sources.list"; to paste the output of a program do e.g. "dmesg | nopaste".
apt-get
M: 2011-06-30
<reply>apt-get is a program (part of the apt package) used as a simple command line tool to libapt. apt-get is the original frontend for <apt>, but <aptitude> is now the recommended tool for managing packages. See also <why aptitude>, <reference>, <synaptic>, <apt-cache>, <gdebi>. http://wiki.debian.org/apt-get http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9
xsession
M: 2017-04-21
<reply>Debian uses ~/.xsession for startx(1) as well as *most* Display Manager logins. See https://wiki.debian.org/Xsession
install xfce
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>To install <Xfce> on established systems, ask me about <install x>, then: «apt-get install xfce4 xfce4-goodies». To install using Debian-Installer (if not using Xfce CD-1): from the 'Software selection' dialog, choose "Xfce" (use space bar to toggle selections), then "Continue"; an Internet connection may be required to obtain these packages.
clone
M: 2016-08-12
to clone a partition or full disk, read https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/disk_cloning
partial downgrade
M: 2010-05-12
<reply> This may or may not work for you, but if you've got nothing to lose then try it: (a) change sources.list (b) aptitude update (c) aptitude and then search for the upgraded packages, hit enter on them, select the correct version (d) do the same for libc6 (e) search for broken packages by pressing "b" and then fix them in the same way (f) once you have no more broken packages, hit 'g'. See <not available>.
oftc
M: 2006-06-05
<reply>OFTC is the Open and Free Technology Community, a support/collaboration service. They have an IRC network: irc.oftc.net. You may be connected to OFTC's network. http://www.oftc.net/ See also <freenode>, <oftc move> and <fact sharing>.
firmware image
M: 2010-08-08
<reply> see firmware images
cmd: error processing (.*?)
C: 2007-06-25
($1): <reply> $who: That isn't an error, post the whole output to a pastebin (/msg dpkg pastebin).
crypto
M: 2009-03-17
<reply>Cryptographic software is classified as munitions (military weapons) under U.S. export laws. Previously, it was legally problematic for the Debian Project to export cryptographic software from inside the US. That's why the non-US (cryptographic) section of Debian _was_ hosted on machines NOT physically or politically inside the US. This has since changed, ask me about <crypto in main>.
cmd: fix (.*?)
C: 2002-07-07
($1): <action> takes $1 to the vet for a "special" visit.
dotdeb
M: 2012-10-23
<reply>http://dotdeb.org/ is an unofficial package repository with emphasis on the <LAMP> solution stack, unsupported in #debian. To get support, read http://www.dotdeb.org/2012/08/24/how-to-post-useful-bug-reports/ and report any issues to https://github.com/gplessis/dotdeb-php5/issues . Ask me about <dotdeb alternatives>.
lvm
M: 2008-07-21
<reply>[lvm] the Linux Logical Volume Manager (http://sources.redhat.com/lvm2/). Resources: http://tldp.org/HOWTO/LVM-HOWTO/, <lvm_tutorial>, <lvm removedisk>, <lvm movelv>, <install using lvm>, http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/410, http://sources.redhat.com/lvm2/wiki/ IRC: #lvm on irc.freenode.net.
flood
M: 2008-06-01
<reply> It's considered impolite to paste many lines of text on IRC. Please don't do it. Pasting one line is fine. Pasting two lines you can usually get away with. Pasting three lines will get you insulted. Pasting four or more lines will get you kicked. If you want to paste, ask me about <paste>
tracker of doom
M: 2008-11-09
<reply>The Tracker of Doom is a vulnerability database maintained by the Debian security team, viewable at http://security-tracker.debian.org/ . Ask me about <cve lookup CVE-yyyy-nnnn> to get Debian-specific information on a CVE number. See also http://www.debian.org/security/crossreferences or ask me about <debsecan> http://www.enyo.de/fw/software/debsecan/
cups
M: 2009-07-19
<reply>CUPS (formerly Common Unix Printing System) provides a portable printing layer for Unix-based operating systems and supports the Internet Printing Protocol. To install, ask me about <cups setup>. See also <debug cups>. http://cups.org/faq.php http://www.cups.org/ ##cups on irc.freenode.net.
kms
M: 2010-03-23
<reply>Kernel Mode Setting (KMS) has graphical modes initialized by the Linux kernel instead of X. It is hardware dependent, introduced in Linux 2.6.29. Enabled via modprobe as of xserver-xorg-video-intel 2:2.9.1-2 and xserver-xorg-video-radeon 1:6.12.192-2. To disable, edit /etc/modprobe.d/{i915,radeon}-kms.conf or boot with the 'nomodeset' kernel command line parameter. http://wiki.debian.org/KernelModesetting
ntfsrw
M: 2011-05-31
<reply> see ntfs-3g
zh
M: 2015-07-27
<reply> 如果您想要以中文得到 Debian 相關的協助,請加入 irc.debian.org 或 irc.oftc.net 上的 #dot 頻道,連線與加入頻道的方法請參閱 IRC 程式之相關說明,或於網路上搜尋。謝謝您的合作!
next
M: 2014-06-05
<reply> Another happy customer leaves the building.
gpg
M: 2009-05-13
<reply>[gpg] GNU Privacy Guard (GnuPG, GPG) is free public-key encryption program, an alternative to <PGP>. Packaged for Debian as gnupg and gnupg2. http://gnupg.org/ #gnupg on irc.freenode.net.
ppc
M: 2010-02-05
<reply> see powerpc
things to backup
C: 2008-07-22
<reply>Some things you should back up include: /etc /home /root /usr/local /usr/src /opt /srv. Tailor to your own purposes. If you think you don't need /var, make sure you don't forget /var/lib/dpkg /var/backups /var/lib/apt* /var/lib/mysql /var/mail /var/www /var/cache/debconf /var/spool/cron ...
repository
M: 2017-02-24
<reply>A Debian repository is a set of Debian packages organized into a predefined structure for fetching with <apt>. See https://wiki.debian.org/RepositoryFormat or ask me about <secure apt> <own repo>.
aptitude-fu
M: 2011-03-03
<reply>To list uninstalled recommended packages: aptitude search '~RBrecommends:~i!~i'; upgradeable packages: aptitude search '~U'; manually installed packages: aptitude search '~i!~M'; See also <obsolete> <not available> <bdo list> <dmm list> <which repo> <aptitude clone> <sort by size> <aptitude why> <aptitude search> <aptitude ops> <aptitude states>
kde 4
M: 2012-06-08
<reply> KDE software is based on the Qt toolkit. See http://www.kde.org/ for release news and other details. Ask me about <install kde> or <remove kde>. You can also get KDE-specific help in #debian-kde (irc.oftc.net) or in other KDE-related IRC channels: http://userbase.kde.org/IRC_Channels . Also check out http://wiki.debian.org/KDE .
preseed
M: 2010-07-14
<reply>[preseed] Preseeding provides a way to set answers to questions asked during the Debian installation process, to allow for a streamlined or completely automated installation. The <install guide> provides an extensive appendix on preseeding with a full example. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/Preseed and http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/394 . See also <debconf-set-selections>.
unetbootin
M: 2013-11-06
<reply>UNetbootin (Universal Netboot Installer) allows creation of bootable USB drives for a variety of Linux distributions. http://unetbootin.sf.net/ Not recommended for use with Debian CD/DVD images, as it mangles the installer in cruel and unusual ways, resulting in hard to debug problems. Ask me about <hybrid images>, <usb install>, <win32diskimager>.
mount
M: 2009-10-24
a command used to mount a device to the local filesystem. `man 8 mount`. See also <reference>, <fstab>.
cross post
M: 2010-06-02
<reply>Posting the same question in several places at the same time (IRC channels, news groups, mailing lists, forums) is impolite; your time is NOT more valuable than everyone else's. Your question might be answered elsewhere, meanwhile we are wasting our time doing research for a problem you've already solved. Cross-posting can also make you look like a spammer and get you k:lined. See also <multiple ask> <hurry>.
locale
M: 2010-09-21
<reply>A locale is a set of rules for presenting information to humans according to local conventions (date format, thousands separators, language, etc.). Ask me about <locales> to establish on a Debian system. http://wiki.debian.org/Locale http://mywiki.wooledge.org/locale
!
M: 2007-09-18
<reply> I'm not your csh prompt!
systemd
M: 2014-02-09
<reply>systemd is a system and service manager for Linux, compatible with SysV and LSB init scripts. It is a replacement for <sysvinit>. systemd shipped as a technology preview in Debian 7 "Wheezy" and is the default init system in Debian 8 "Jessie". https://wiki.debian.org/systemd #debian-systemd on irc.oftc.net http://freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd #systemd on irc.freenode.net. See also <why systemd>.
remove kde
M: 2009-09-12
<reply>To remove or purge KDE: aptitude remove kdelibs-data kdelibs4c2a kdelibs5 kdelibs5-data libkdecore5. Use 'purge' instead of 'remove' if that's what you want (ask me about <purge>).
fonts
M: 2010-10-10
<reply>Fonts available as Debian packages are automatically configured for use via <defoma>. To add user-supplied fonts to a Debian system, ask me about <install font> or see http://wiki.debian.org/Fonts . For general font information, see http://www.nwalsh.com/comp.fonts/FAQ/ . See also <liberation>, <mscorefonts>, <ttf>.
uuid
M: 2009-05-21
<reply>A Universally Unique IDentifier (UUID) is used to reference disk partitions (among other things). See currently known partition UUIDs with 'blkid'. In /etc/fstab, use "UUID=dead-beef-0420-etc" as the partition name. UUIDs help to cope with device name changes such as hda->sda (<libata> transition) or changes in USB disk order discovery. <LVM> tools accept PV/VG/LV UUIDs as arguments, use {pv,vg,lv}display to acquire.
ntfs
M: 2010-05-16
<reply>Windows NT File System (NTFS) has drivers available in Debian: the read-only Linux kernel driver and a <FUSE> driver providing write support. For information about the former, ask me about <ntfsro>. For information about read/write access, ask me about <ntfsrw>. See also <ntfsclone>, <label>. http://wiki.debian.org/NTFS
poll
M: 2004-05-15
<reply> see polls
crunchbang
M: 2010-08-11
<reply>CrunchBang Linux is a Live CD distribution originally based on <Ubuntu>, now based on Debian as of version 10, featuring the <Openbox> window manager. It is not supported in #debian. http://www.crunchbang.org/ #crunchbang on irc.freenode.net. See <based on debian>.
heh
M: 2004-12-17
<reply> Many would say that heh is #debian's favourite word, so not a good idea for your nick if you want hilighting to work. "heh" is not punctuation, so do not use it as such.
own repo
M: 2012-02-20
<reply>To feed your own packages into apt, you need to create a repository with a Packages file that lists the packages. If you only have a few packages and don't have very sophisticated requirements, you can use <dpkg-scanpackages>. If you want to be able add/remove packages using regular Debian tools like dput then try <reprepro> or mini-dinstall. See http://wiki.debian.org/HowToSetupADebianRepository
fhs
M: 2010-12-09
<reply> Debian follows the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard. The filesystem is categorized by purpose, not application. This allows, for example, the easy and efficient deployment of a read-only /usr area across a number of thin clients. See http://www.pathname.com/fhs/ or install the 'debian-policy' package (/usr/share/doc/debian-policy/fhs/*), or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filesystem_Hierarchy_Standard, or "man hier".
rfp
M: 2014-02-18
<reply>Request For Package (RFP) is the way to ask for a piece of software to be included in Debian. See http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp, the section on that page "Adding new entries with "reportbug"" is a good place to start. Technically, a RFP is a wishlist bug filed against "wnpp" with a title beginning "RFP: ", ask me about <wnpp>. The best way of getting software packaged is to do it yourself: ask me about <nmg>.
udev
M: 2009-11-19
<reply>udev is a /dev and hotplug management daemon, the Linux kernel's userspace equivalent of <DevFS>. Ask me about <udev mac>, <blacklist.conf>. See also <udev rules>, <udev squeeze>, <udev details>, <dpin>, <devtmpfs>. http://wiki.debian.org/udev #udev on irc.freenode.net.
kept back
M: 2008-07-24
when packages have not been upgraded even though newer versions are available. This happens if dependencies cannot be resolved, packages are on hold or you used "upgrade" not "full-upgrade" and old packages need to be removed as part of the upgrade. To investigate, "aptitude -s install <kept-package>". See also http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/69 and ask me about <full-upgrade>.
runlevel
M: 2008-07-20
<reply> 0 is halt, 1 is single user, 2, 3, 4, 5 are multiuser, 6 is reboot. By default 2, 3, 4 and 5 are identical (there are no graphic/non-graphic runlevels), but you can configure this if you wish. Read /usr/share/doc/sysvinit/*; read /etc/init.d/README; man update-rc.d; if that doesn't make sense, consider installing <rcconf> instead. See also http://debian-administration.org/articles/212, <startup>, <file-rc>, <single-user mode>.
user accessible ntfs
C: 2004-10-07
<reply> To get an NTFS or VFAT file system accessible by users and groups on the local machine, man mount; man 5 fstab; and read about the umask, fmask, dmask, uid, and gid options. You'll end up sticking something like conv=auto,uid=<user>,gid=<group>,dmask=0002,fmask=0003 into your fstab's mount option field.
timezone
M: 2011-09-15
<reply>A time zone is the standard time (aka local time) in a particular region. To change the timezone on Debian systems, execute "dpkg-reconfigure tzdata". Alternatively: "cp -b /usr/share/zoneinfo/$TZ /etc/localtime". Note that tzselect(1) does not change the timezone. Postfix users: execute "service postfix restart" to update localtime in the chroot.
rescue mode
C: 2007-06-29
<reply> Debian-Installer has a recovery ('rescue') mode, which can be used to reinstall the GRUB or LILO boot loaders. See section 8.7 of the <install guide> ("Recovering a Broken System") for more details: https://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/amd64/ch08s07.html.en
jessie-backports
C: 2015-04-29
<reply> Some packages intended for Stretch (Debian 9) but recompiled for use with "Jessie" (8.x) can be found in the "jessie-backports" repository. See http://backports.debian.org/Instructions/ . A suitable line for your sources.list is «deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ jessie-backports main». Also ask me about <bdo>.
install jessie
M: 2017-06-20
<reply> Debian 8 "Jessie" installation images are available from https://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/debian-installer/ . Note that this release has been superseded by Debian 9 "Stretch", ask me about <install debian>.
wb
C: 2000-11-17
<reply> thanks, $nick. It's good to be back.
factoid
M: 2004-10-15
<reply>A factoid is something resembling a fact or unverified (often invented) information that is given credibility because it appeared in print, or a brief (usually one sentence and usually trivial) news item, or often-repeated information, stored to keep people from having to repeatedly explain something. This thing you're reading right now is called a "factoid".
pulseaudio
M: 2011-12-07
<reply>PulseAudio (formerly Polypaudio) is a cross-platform network sound server, intended as a drop-in replacement for <ESD>. Packaged for Debian since 4.0 "Etch", read /usr/share/doc/pulseaudio/README.Debian after installation for configuration recommendations; Debian specific how-to is at http://forums.debian.net/viewtopic.php?t=12497 . http://pulseaudio.org/wiki/FAQ http://pulseaudio.org/ #pulseaudio on irc.freenode.net.
override dns
M: 2017-06-30
<reply> To have dhclient use a specific nameserver rather than one given by your DHCP server, echo "supersede domain-name-servers a.b.c.d, e.f.g.h;" >> /etc/dhcp/dhclient.conf; man 5 dhclient.conf for more. You can also use "prepend" or "append" to add nameservers. Or remove domain-name-servers (etc.) from "request" in dhclient.conf. Beware crazy ideas like chattr +i. https://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/dhclient-etcresolvconf-hooks/
uefi
M: 2013-01-22
<reply>Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) is a firmware interface specification, intended to replace the <BIOS> firmware interface. Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later releases support installation in (U)EFI mode on 64-bit PC systems (amd64), <secure boot> is currently not supported. http://www.uefi.org/
python
M: 2010-02-01
<reply>Python is a very nice scripting language, easy to learn and still quite powerful and elegant if you know how to use it. See http://wiki.python.org/moin/BeginnersGuide . #python and ##python on irc.freenode.net, #python on irc.oftc.net. See also <python 2.6>, <python 2.7> and <python 3>.
deb-src
M: 2016-11-16
<reply> You can have apt download the <source package> from which a <binary package> was compiled using a "deb-src" line in your <sources.list>. A line like "deb-src http://deb.debian.org/debian sid main" does NOT make any binary packages available. Ask me about <source> <package recompile> <ssb>; make sure the "build-essential" package is installed. You might need linux-headers-$(uname -r) package installed.
infobot
M: 2010-09-15
<reply> Infobot is an IRC bot that is geared towards remembering "factoids", and repeating them back to people on request. It supports many additional features, such as google lookups, dictionary, spell checker, debian package checks, and more. See http://infobot.sf.net/ for more.
irc primer
M: 2010-03-10
<reply>"A Short IRC Primer": http://www.irchelp.org/irchelp/ircprimer.html . See also "The IRC Prelude": http://www.irchelp.org/irchelp/new2irc.html
pastebin.com
M: 2013-03-21
<reply>pastebin.com mangles input, takes forever to load, often makes us enter a CAPTCHA to see your paste and fills the screen with ads. Please use a different site, like http://paste.debian.net/
vmware
M: 2010-02-23
<reply> VMware isn't part of Debian, therefore it's not supported, ask me about <vmware support>. VMware is not in Debian because it is not Free software; even though you might be able to download it for no cost, the source code is not available for some parts and Debian is not allowed to distribute it, see <dfsg>. http://wiki.debian.org/VMware #vmware on irc.freenode.net. See also <virtualization>.
best
M: 2007-07-07
<reply>Best for what? Please define what you mean by "best". Gloria Gaynor! Tina Turner! Aretha Franklin! Men without Hats! Women without Hats! Men at Work! Women at Play! Anyone for Tennis!
intel
M: 2010-03-21
<reply>Intel Corporation is a semiconductor manufacturer. For support of wireless LAN adapters, ask me about <iwlwifi>, <ipw2200>, <ipw2100>. For support of Ethernet controllers, ask me about <e100>, <e1000>, <e1000e>, <igb>, <ixgbe>. For support of WiMAX devices, ask me about <i2400m-usb>. For support of integrated graphics chipsets, ask me about <intel-gfx>. See also <ia64>, <isci>, <speedstep>.
radeon firmware
M: 2015-04-28
<reply>Binary-only firmware for the radeon <DRM> driver is packaged for Debian as firmware-linux-nonfree. Without this package installed, poor 2D/3D performance in the <radeon> xorg driver is commonly experienced. To install, ask me about <non-free sources>. This is not required for use of the <fglrx> driver.
apt recommends
M: 2014-08-11
<reply>Packages required in all but unusual cases (that is, "breakable" dependencies) are called "recommended" packages. By not installing these packages, you miss the standard functionality they provide. To disable once, "aptitude -R install packagename" or "apt-get --no-install-recommends install packagename". To disable permanently, echo "APT::Install-Recommends no;" > /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/no-recommends. See <why recommends>.
man
M: 2010-06-26
a little guy that knows everything about Linux... just do "man commandname" and he will teach you all about commandname. You can search for the appropriate man page with "apropos term". Enable <tab completion> in your shell to fill in the man page names. Man pages are available online too, ask me about <dmp>. See also <docs> <grounding>.
dist-upgrade
M: 2009-02-15
<reply> dist-upgrade tells apt to also install/remove packages when handling dependencies; security updates may require a dist-upgrade to install (they introduce new packages). Dist-upgrade does not mean changing from stable to testing; apt and aptitude both call dist-upgrade "full-upgrade" to remove this confusion. Read man apt-get carefully. See also <why not dist-upgrade>, <full-upgrade>.
iso
M: 2009-04-16
<reply>[iso] CD image, a file containing an ISO 9660 standard filesystem. Debian CD/DVD images are available at http://www.debian.org/CD . Also ask me about <netinst> and <check iso image>. To download via BitTorrent or Jigdo, ask me about <bittorrent>, <jigdo>. Debian CD image FAQ: http://www.debian.org/CD/faq/ See also <vendors>, <cd1>, <missing iso>, <blu-ray disc>, <iso mount>, <iat>.
logs
M: 2000-03-06
<reply> Logs are what you should always check when you have a problem, they live in /var/log/ . For #debian logs, ask me about <irclog>.
apt-zip
M: 2009-06-11
<reply> Update a non-networked computer using apt and removable media. Just aptitude install apt-zip and read the docs in /usr/share/doc/apt-zip, or ask me about <apt offline> <apt-walkabout>. http://wiki.debian.org/AptZip
cmd: man (.*?)
C: 2010-06-26
($1): <reply>man $1 is probably at http://manpages.debian.org/$1 where you can view many Debian man pages. Ask me about <docs> <dmp> <grounding> <search>.
suspend
M: 2013-01-16
<reply>Suspend can mean either suspend to disk (hibernate) or suspend to RAM. The in-kernel suspend system has worked well since Debian 4.0 "Etch". Installing the pm-utils or hibernate packages along with a front-end like gnome-power-manager or <power devil> should be enough. See also <suspend troubleshooting>, <uswsusp>, <swapwake>, <noresume>, <disable lid suspend>. https://wiki.debian.org/Suspend
judd
M: 2012-10-07
<reply>judd is a window into the Ultimate Debian Database (ask me about <udd>). Judd can look up package, PCI ID and kernel config information. See http://ircbots.debian.net/judd/ for detailed information, or ask me about <judd-packages>, <judd-hardware>, <source judd>.
x11
M: 2013-01-02
a protocol used by X servers and clients. X11 stands for the eleventh version of the X window system.
utc
M: 2013-09-06
<reply>Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is the standard by which the world regulates clocks and time (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coordinated_Universal_Time). For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later, set "UTC" or "LOCAL" in /etc/adjtime (man 8 hwclock). For Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", set the UTC option in /etc/default/rcS appropriately (man rcs). For all systems, run «service hwclock.sh restart» to apply changes. See also <windows utc>.
policy
M: 2011-05-13
<reply>policy is the document that defines how Debian packages should (and must!) interact with each other and with the user to make sure we have a high-quality, stable distribution. You can find it at http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ or in the debian-policy package. Those who fail to understand Debian Policy are doomed to reimplement it, poorly. See also <best practices> <nmg> <mentors>.
dsa
M: 2010-11-17
<reply>[dsa] Debian Security Announcement, see http://www.debian.org/security/ and http://lists.debian.org/debian-security-announce/ ; RSS feeds at http://www.debian.org/security/dsa (titles only) and http://www.debian.org/security/dsa-long (summaries). Ask me about <dsa lookup DSA-nnnn> for information about the packages affected. See also <tracker of doom>, <debsecan>, <dsa team>.
bpo kernel
M: 2010-09-06
<reply> see bdo kernel
wgetpaste
M: 2010-07-16
<reply> wgetpaste is a CLI application for sending text to a pastebin, its only dependencies are bash and wget. To install and use: wget http://wgetpaste.zlin.dk/wgetpaste-2.17.tar.bz2 && tar xvjf wgetpaste-2.17.tar.bz2 && cd wgetpaste-2.17 You can then use it as ./wgetpaste; e.g. dmesg | ./wgetpaste It is also safe to copy to /usr/local/bin for easier use.
backup
M: 2008-01-26
<reply>A backup is something you should do *ALWAYS*. if you value your sh*t in the least. Otherwise eons of built-up data can go BYE BYE FOREVER one day if you do not; either by HD malfunction, intentional evil by crackers, mischievous glak elves invading your system, or large magnets getting out of hand. Pay the dollars for a tape system or CDR and use <tar> (optionally with bzip2 at lowest compression). See <things to backup>.
font
M: 2009-12-14
<reply> see fonts
powerpc
M: 2010-02-05
<reply>PowerPC is a <RISC> architecture (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PowerPC). See "Debian for PowerPC" at http://www.debian.org/ports/powerpc . Debian CDs are not (and cannot be made) bootable on Old World PowerMacs. Information on proper partitioning is at http://www.alaska.net/~erbenson/doc/mac-fdisk-basics.txt . See also <macsound>, <yaboot>, <quik>, <bootx>, <ppc64>. #debianppc on irc.oftc.net and irc.freenode.net.
jigdo
M: 2017-09-14
<reply>Jigsaw Download (jigdo) is a method for downloading CD/DVD/BD images of Debian. See "Downloading Debian CD images with jigdo" at https://www.debian.org/CD/jigdo-cd/ . https://wiki.debian.org/jigdo http://atterer.org/jigdo/ Jigdo uses .deb packages and a .jigdo receipe to create the image.
kernel-handbook
M: 2011-06-06
<reply>The Debian Linux Kernel Handbook http://kernel-handbook.alioth.debian.org/ - packaged as debian-kernel-handbook since Debian 7 "Wheezy" - serves as a single access point to all kernel-related documentation. See chapter 4.2 to rebuild official Debian kernel packages, see chapter 4.5 to build a custom kernel from Debian kernel source.
multimedia
M: 2015-04-19
<reply>Debian's main repository has lots of great multimedia packages with more included in each release. Ask me about <search> to find them and <rfp> if something is not yet packaged. The old <deb-multimedia.org> has not been a "must have" repo for multimedia support for several releases; it now mostly contains poor quality packages or current Debian packages recompiled incompatible with other packages in Debian.
testing installer
M: 2013-12-16
<reply>Repeat after me: the testing installer is for testing the <installer>, not for installing <testing>. To install testing, do a minimal installation using the <stable> installer and ask me about <stable->testing>. Installer bugs should be filed against the debian-installer pseudopackage. https://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/
multiarch failures
C: 2013-05-14
<reply> There is a set of new and interesting failures to get used to in the <multiarch> world. Ask me about <multiarch changelog> <multiarch skew>.
dont break debian
C: 2014-09-16
https://wiki.debian.org/DontBreakDebian
standard task
M: 2011-01-20
a "task" that should be installed on all machines during the installer stage. It installs packages that are important, required and standard (i.e. "aptitude install ~pstandard ~prequired ~pimportant"). Packages in the <essential> set are always installed. Also ask me about <tasksel>.
mysql
M: 2016-08-24
a fast and reliable open source relational database implementing a large subset of SQL. It is the world's most popular open source database. To install, ask me about <install mysql>. http://wiki.debian.org/MySql http://mysql.com/ #mysql on irc.freenode.net, #debian-mysql on irc.oftc.net. See also <mysql test>, <mysql squeeze>, <mysql checking>, <mariadb>
networking
M: 2013-07-23
<reply>For basic networking, «man interfaces» and see http://wiki.debian.org/NetworkConfiguration . For further information, see http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/254 and http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/ch05 . See also <interfaces>, <wifi>, <wireless connection managers>.
forgot mysql root password
M: 2008-10-10
<reply> If you've forgotten the <MySQL> root password, /etc/init.d/mysql stop; mysqld --skip-grant-tables; mysql -u root; use mysql; UPDATE user SET Password=PASSWORD('mynewpassword') WHERE User='root'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; C-d; stop mysqld; /etc/init.d/mysql start See also http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/resetting-permissions.html, <mysql initial password>.
selections
C: 2004-04-19
<reply> see ffs copy
checkinstall
M: 2009-10-18
<reply>CheckInstall is a program that tracks all files installed by "make install" (or equivalent), creates a Debian (or other) package with those files, and adds it to the installed packages database, allowing for easy package removal or distribution. http://asic-linux.com.mx/~izto/checkinstall/ See also <stow>.
chat
M: 2013-05-26
<reply>This is not a chat channel, this is a Debian user support channel. Unless you have a Debian support question, please chat elsewhere, like #debian-offtopic, or #moocows on irc.oftc.net or ##chat on irc.freenode.net.
aptitude search
M: 2009-01-14
a powerful searching facility that by default only searches package names, but can be made to search priorities, installation status, dependencies etc. See /usr/share/doc/aptitude/html/en/ch02s04.html (aptitude-doc package), http://aptitude.alioth.debian.org/doc/en/ch02s04s05.html or ask me about <aptitude docs>.
rescue
M: 2009-06-13
at http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/FAQ ("Can I use d-i as a rescue system?"). Ask me about <rescue mode>. See also <fixmbr> and <i forgot root's password>.
debian based
M: 2006-03-18
<reply> see based on debian
remove systemd
M: 2015-05-01
<reply>To use an init system other than systemd in jessie, install the systemd-shim package (for logind) and remove the systemd-sysv package: aptitude install systemd-shim sysvinit-core systemd-sysv-. To stick with sysvinit for wheezy->jessie upgrades, follow the pinning advice in the release notes: http://deb.li/30Kby - See also <upstart> and <openrc>
wnpp
M: 2010-10-02
<reply> For information on packages which are not in Debian but you think should be, check the Work-Needing and Prospective Packages list at http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp (refinable list at http://wnpp.debian.net/). Use wnpp-alert (from the <devscripts> package) to see what packages you are using that are in need of help.
xyproblem
M: 2015-03-08
<reply>Slow down for a bit! Are you sure that you need to jump through that particular hoop to achieve your goal? We suspect you don't, so why don't you back up a bit and tell us about the overall objective... We know that people often falsely diagnose problems because they are too close to them -- it's easy to miss that there is a better way to proceed. See http://mywiki.wooledge.org/XyProblem
lamp
M: 2013-06-15
<reply>LAMP: Linux, Apache, MySQL, {PHP,Perl,Python} server. Ask me about <install debian><install apache><install mysql><install php>. (Hmm... doesn't that make it a DAMP stack?), or "aptitude install libapache2-mod-php5 mysql-server php5-mysql". http://wiki.debian.org/LaMp, or http://geek-and-poke.com/geekandpoke/2013/6/15/the-geekpoke-old-chestnut-of-the-week
arm
M: 2011-02-14
<reply>Advanced RISC Machine (ARM) is a processor architecture. The Debian arm port was deprecated at 5.0 "Lenny" with official support dropped at 6.0 "Squeeze", ask me about <armel> for the replacement port. See also <armhf>. http://www.debian.org/ports/arm/ For help with Debian on ARM systems, join #debian-arm on irc.oftc.net.
cmd: paste (.*?)
M: 2009-11-13
($1): <reply> $1: put your output on http://paste.debian.net/ so we can see it. DO NOT paste into the channel.
fixgrub
M: 2010-08-31
<reply> see fixmbr
alternatives
M: 2012-12-27
the way Debian manages multiple applications with the same function. For more info, man update-alternatives. Have a look at the galternatives package or ask me about <update-alternatives> <java alternatives>. http://people.debian.org/~jwilk/alternatives/Contents has a recently created list of all the available alternatives-managed paths in Debian. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianAlternatives
win32diskimager
M: 2014-01-22
<reply>win32diskimager is much more reliable than <unetbootin> for copying ISO images to USB sticks and you can download it from http://sf.net/projects/win32diskimager/ . Adjust the file mask from *.img to *.* if it doesn't show Debian .iso images. See <usb install> and <install debian> for further details.
audio
M: 2007-07-26
<reply> see sound
usbmount
M: 2016-02-13
a package to automatically mount/unmount usb drives as they are inserted/removed. See also <pmount>.
r8169
M: 2013-04-03
<reply>r8169 is a Linux kernel driver supporting the Realtek RTL8101, RTL8111/8168 and RTL8169 families of gigabit Ethernet chips. See also <rtl8168d>, <rtl8105e>, <rtl8402>, <rtl8411>. Not to be confused with the out-of-tree <r8168> driver.
steam
M: 2015-08-24
<reply>Steam is a proprietary content delivery and management application for PC software with Linux support. Packaged in <non-free>; amd64 users are required to enable <multiarch> and install the steam:i386 package. For help with upstream issues, ask #steamlug on irc.freenode.net. http://wiki.debian.org/Steam
bdo kernel
M: 2015-04-29
<reply>Newer kernels for Debian stable releases are available from the "jessie-backports" repository. Ask me about <jessie backports> to modify your sources.list, then run «aptitude update». To install the current backported kernel: «aptitude -t jessie-backports install linux-image-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'`». To list available backported kernel image packages: «aptitude search '?narrow(~nlinux-image,?origin(Debian Backports))'».
package basics
M: 2011-01-10
<reply>"Basics of the Debian package management system" is a chapter of the Debian GNU/Linux <FAQ>, which describes the Debian package format. http://www.debian.org/doc/FAQ/ch-pkg_basics . To create your own Debian packages, ask me about <nmg>.
apt offline
M: 2008-04-25
<reply>To use apt on a machine that doesn't have a network connection (if you have a separate machine that does have a network connection), read http://bit.ly/1UYVX5g . Ask me about <apt-zip>, <apt-walkabout>.
kernel handbook
C: 2010-12-14
<reply> see kernel-handbook
debian-handbook
M: 2017-05-24
<reply>The Debian Administrator's Handbook is at http://debian-handbook.info/ and can be browsed, bought and downloaded. From Debian 7 "Wheezy" onwards, it can also be installed from the debian-handbook package. Also ask me about <books> <docs>. PDF at https://debian-handbook.info/download/stable/debian-handbook.pdf
hacker
M: 2000-01-26
someone that hacks. See <hacking>, or an interesting essay can be found at http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/hacker-howto.html . Someone who plays with stuff, and figures things out just to satisfy his own idle curiosity.
bumblebee
M: 2013-04-15
<reply>The Bumblebee project aims to provide support for the Nvidia Optimus GPU switching technology on Linux systems. GeForce 400M (4xxM) and later mobile GPU series are Optimus-enabled; if «lspci -nn | grep '\''[030[02]\]'» returns two lines, the laptop likely uses Optimus. Packaged for Debian <jessie> and <wheezy-backports>. http://wiki.debian.org/Bumblebee http://bumblebee-project.org/ #bumblebee on irc.freenode.net.
faq
M: 2009-04-17
<reply>[faq] Frequently Asked Questions. The #debian FAQ is at http://wiki.debian.org/DebianIRC . The Debian GNU/Linux FAQ is at http://www.debian.org/doc/FAQ/ . Ask me about <search dpkg> to search my database for FAQ links. Many other FAQ are listed at http://wiki.debian.org/FAQ . Read the FAQs!
using find
M: 2009-07-27
http://mywiki.wooledge.org/UsingFind or "man find"
!!
M: 2007-07-16
<reply> see !
irc tutorial
M: 2010-09-28
<reply> see irc primer
ralink firmware
M: 2011-04-12
<reply>Firmware from userspace is required by the <rt61pci>, <rt73usb>, <rt2860sta>, <rt2870sta>, <rt2800pci> and <rt2800usb> drivers. Ask me about <non-free sources>, then install the firmware-ralink package to provide.
c++
M: 2005-01-28
an object oriented programming language which is perfect to develop GUI or real-life applications with a reusable, elegant and extensible design, or a crappyfied version of C, or a kludge, or bastardised version of C you don't want to know about, too damn complex to be nice low-level language like C, but not abstracted enough to not hamper you with "let's leak some memory, shall we?" crap. See Python if you want to get some work done
based on
C: 2006-04-20
<reply> see based on debian
msgthebot
C: 2007-03-01
<reply> see msg the bot
php
M: 2009-04-11
<reply>PHP is a scripting language. To install, ask me about <install php>. See also <php wants me to download still>, <php mysql>, <php userdir>, <phpmyadmin>, <php gd>, <pear>, <pecl>, <suhosin>, <xampp>. http://wiki.debian.org/PHP http://www.php.net/ #php on irc.oftc.net, #php and ##php on irc.freenode.net.
obsolete
M: 2010-04-28
<reply> If you remove a repository from your sources.list (e.g. removing <dmm>), then you should check what packages you have installed from the other repository. Synaptic and aptitude have a "Obsolete and Locally Created Packages" list. Or, "aptitude search ~o". Note this doesn't include packages that exist in the repo at a different version to the one you have installed; see <not available> <list repositories>.
nonfree
C: 2001-01-25
<reply> see non-free
amd
M: 2011-02-14
<reply>Advanced Micro Devices is a semiconductor manufacturer. For support of ATI/AMD graphics hardware, ask me about <ati>. See also <amd64>, <coolnquiet>, <k7>.
firewall
M: 2009-06-09
<reply>A firewall is a boundary - usually a computer or network appliance - between your private network and the Internet. A firewall cannot protect the computer it is running on. Ask me about <iptables>. See also <arno-iptables-firewall>, <ferm>, <firehol>.
crosspost
M: 2012-07-17
<reply>see cross post
qotd19
C: 2004-06-29
<reply><Overfiend> "PHP 5! Now with Zend-enhanced multicrashing! Reserve your copy today!"
dual boot guide
M: 2014-04-29
<reply>A guide for setting up dual boot with Windows 7 can be found at http://linuxcommando.blogspot.ca/2013/12/dual-booting-debian-wheezy-and-windows-7.html . Also ask me about <fixmbr>, <supergrub>.
jessie sysvinit
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>see remove systemd
install testing
M: 2017-06-17
<reply>Daily built <netinst> images to install <testing> are available from http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/ . The chance of the testing installer being broken on any given day is quite high. Instead, do a minimal installation using the stable installer and ask me about <stable->testing>. Also ask me about <testing>, <apt-listchanges>, <d-d-a>.
pmount
M: 2009-11-13
<reply>pmount ("policy mount") is an application to make it easier to (un)mount removable media such as USB flash memory sticks; e.g. as normal user, "pmount sda1" mounts it at /media/sda1 (no superuser requirement, no need to create a mount point). You will need to be in the <plugdev> group, but you'll know that from reading /usr/share/doc/pmount/README.Debian.
ppa
M: 2010-11-16
<reply>[ppa] Personal Package Archive (see https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+ppas or <launchpad>). PPAs are either: (a) an easy way to grab packages based on nightly-builds/VCS snapshots or (b) an easy way for any idiot to publish a package of extremely poor quality (remember, you will run the maintainer scripts as root during install!). Choose your repos wisely. No equivalent exists for Debian yet. Ask me about <why not use a ppa>.
multiarch changelog
C: 2013-05-14
<reply>If dpkg complains that it can't "overwrite shared /usr/share/doc/$package/changelog.Debian.gz" for packages marked "Multi-Arch: same", force dpkg to overwrite the files with «apt-get -o DPkg::Options::="--force-overwrite" install $package». BinNMUs performed since July 2013 should not have this problem, as debhelper splits up the changelog. Ask me about <multiarch> <multiarch failures> <binNMU>.
potato
M: 2009-03-30
<reply>Potato is the codename for Debian GNU/Linux 2.2, released August 14th, 2000. It is no longer supported. Ask me about <potato->woody> for upgrade information. See also <potato sources.list>. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianPotato
multiarch skew
C: 2013-05-14
<reply>Packages that are marked as co-installable across different architectures can only be installed if the version for each architecture is identical. If the <buildd> network has not kept up, you cannot install them. If only one arch is binNMU'd, you cannot install them. Wait for a while until it is sorted out. Ask me about <multiarch> <multiarch failures>.
why systemd
M: 2014-08-28
<reply>a tired argument. Start by reading rra's excellent analysis at https://lists.debian.org/debian-ctte/2013/12/msg00234.html Support for other init systems (sysvinit) is still present in Debian 8. systemd-shim allows userspace requiring some systemd APIs to work without it. See <jessie sysvinit> if you have to delay or wish to avoid using it.
cmd: smack (.*?)
C: 2002-08-30
($1): <action> smacks $1 upside the head.
gnome status
M: 2013-07-10
<reply>Status of GNOME 3.26 packaging can be found at http://www.0d.be/debian/debian-gnome-3.26-status.html
metapackage
M: 2009-06-05
a package that normally exists for convenience. It has no content, it just depends on other packages so that you don't have to have a hundred things on an apt-get/aptitude command line. The version of a metapackage can be misleading -- look at what it depends on instead (see the kde metapackage for an example).
tr
M: 2008-03-15
t�rk�e yardIm i�in #debian.tr (irc.freenode.net): -- if you need help in turkish, please join #debian.tr on irc.freenode.net.
forgot root password
M: 2007-04-15
<reply>see ifrp
default alsa
C: 2010-12-23
<reply>Use the /etc/asound.conf or ~/.asoundrc configuration files to set your default sound card. See http://alsa.opensrc.org/MultipleCards for more information. You can also configure it in pavucontrol if you are using PulseAudio.
filesystems
M: 2009-05-30
<reply>Journaling filesystems in a nutshell: <peterS> fast but dangerous: reiserfs. medium-speed but reliable: ext3. fast, mostly reliable, and *huge*: xfs. slow, probably reliable: jfs. unknown, probably buggy: reiser4. If you have to ask, use <ext3> or <ext4>. Old benchmarks at http://fsbench.netnation.com/ . http://wiki.debian.org/FileSystem #linuxfs on irc.oftc.net.
alsa firmware
M: 2013-01-02
<reply>Firmware from userspace is required by the Cirrus Logic Sound Fusion CS46XX (snd-cs46xx), Echo Digital Audio series, ESS Allegro/Maestro3 (snd-maestro3), Korg 1212 I/O (snd-korg1212) and Yamaha YMF (snd-ymfpci) ALSA drivers. Ask me about <cs46xx>, <echoaudio>, <maestro3>, <korg1212> or <ymfpci> respectively. For E-MU Digital Audio Systems devices, ask me about <emu10k1>.
pin
M: 2013-03-31
<reply> see pinning
git
M: 2011-10-19
<reply>Git is a distributed version control system created by Linus Torvalds, currently used to maintain the Linux kernel. http://wiki.debian.org/UsingGit http://cworth.org/hgbook-git/tour http://git-scm.com/ #git on irc.freenode.net. See also <movein>.
cmd: give (.*?) (.*?)
M: 2006-04-28
($1,$2): <action>gives $1 $2
proxy
M: 2011-07-20
<reply>A proxy server is a system/application acting as an intermediary for resource requests from clients. See <http_proxy>, <ftp_proxy>, /etc/apt/apt.conf (man 5 apt.conf), <environment>. See also <apt-cacher>, <imapproxy>, <squid>.
jp
M: 2011-04-29
<reply>Japanese speakers: please use #debianjp on irc.debian.or.jp or speak English here.
pxe
M: 2009-11-28
<reply>Pre-boot eXecution Environment (PXE) is a network boot protocol. A <TFTP> server with tsize support (such as tftpd-hpa, atftpd, dnsmasq) is required for PXE. See also <pxelinux>, <netboot>, <ipxe>.
install stretch
M: 2017-06-17
<reply> see install debian
xinerama
M: 2008-08-12
where you have several monitors but only one logical desktop -- XFree86 4.0 and X.org have it. http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Xinerama-HOWTO/ . This functionality is provided by RandR in recent Xorg drivers, ask me about <randr>.
someone
C: 2004-07-26
<reply> see anyone
commands
M: 2006-01-24
The Linux command reference may be found here: http://justlinux.com/nhf/Command_Reference and here: http://justlinux.com/nhf/Shells/Basic_Console_Commands.html
bad polls
M: 2005-10-17
<reply> The reasons we hate polls are because: 1) they are a massive waste of IRC and bandwidth and screen real estate when asked in a 700 person channel. Did you want 700 answers? 2) They're often a prelude to isolating one helper and barraging him or her in /msg. BAD! 3) We don't care about Ubuntu, this is #debian.
firmware installer
C: 2011-07-25
<reply> see installer firmware
cmd: suck (.*?)
C: 2002-07-06
($1): <action> sucks $1's (lips|cheek|forehead|neck)
dmo
M: 2012-11-15
<reply> see dmm
debian suite
C: 2012-04-14
<reply>cat /etc/debian_version (or lsb_release -sc). Or check /etc/apt/sources.list. If unsure about the distribution, $ cat /etc/{*version*,*release*,*issue*} should grab almost all distributions.
reprepro
M: 2013-12-10
<reply>reprepro (formerly mirrorer) is a tool to produce, manage and sync a local repository of Debian packages. See /usr/share/doc/reprepro/short-howto.gz after package installation to set up a repository. Alternatively, ask me about <dpkg-scanpackages>.
more
M: 2006-08-28
<reply>'more' is a program on Unix and Unix-like systems used to view (but not change) the contents of a text file one screen at a time. It is similar to less, but only allows forward navigation through the file (although newer implementations allow for limited backward movement). See also <less>.
lts
M: 2016-06-05
<reply>Debian Long Term Support (LTS) is a project to extend the lifetime of all Debian stable releases to (at least) 5 years. Debian LTS is not handled by the Debian security team, but by a separate group of volunteers and companies. Ask me about <wheezy-lts> and see https://wiki.debian.org/LTS for more information. #debian-lts on irc.oftc.net.
tor
M: 2010-06-06
<reply> The Onion Router (Tor) is a low-latency anonymous communication system. Packaged for Debian, only enables the onion proxy by default. For use on OFTC, ask me about <oftc tor>. Tor is not allowed on freenode's #debian (http://freenode.net/policy.shtml#tor), ask me about <tor-sasl>. https://torproject.org/ #tor on irc.oftc.net.
lsb
M: 2015-10-12
Debian is dropping LSB support; see https://lwn.net/Articles/658809/ -- Linux Standard Base is a set of guidelines which all linux distributions should follow to ensure compatability between them. http://www.linuxfoundation.org/collaborate/workgroups/lsb . See also <lsb tags>, <fancytty>.
cmd: es (.*?)
M: 2014-10-13
($1): <reply>$1: Este canal es de soporte técnico en Inglés para Debian. Si prefiere que el soporte sea en Español, puede ingresar en #debian-es tecleando /join #debian-es en la línea de chat.
jessie/updates
M: 2015-03-21
<reply>On Debian 8 "Jessie" systems, there are two repositories that you should have in your sources.list aside from your main mirror. You should have an entry for "jessie/updates" which is security updates (ask me about <security>) and also an entry for "jessie-updates" which is other updated packages (see <jessie-updates>). See also <sources.list>.
full-upgrade
C: 2008-06-11
<reply>full-upgrade is the new name for "dist-upgrade" in aptitude from Lenny onwards. Remember that "dist-upgrade" is not about moving from one release to another but installing new packages (ask me about <dist-upgrade>); read man apt-get carefully. Some security fixes will require a "full-upgrade" not just a "safe-upgrade" to apply. Ask me about <why not dist upgrade> <dist-upgrade> <safe-upgrade> <apt-listchanges>
raspberry pi
M: 2012-11-09
<reply>The Raspberry Pi is an open hardware design based on a Broadcom system-on-a-chip, requiring <non-free> <firmware>. Debian's <armel> port works fine, but does not use the Pi's hardware floating point unit. Debian's <armhf> port targets a newer revision of the ARM chip than is in the Pi, so armhf will not work on it. http://wiki.debian.org/RaspberryPi http://www.raspberrypi.org/ #raspberrypi on irc.freenode.net.
mit-magic-cookie
M: 2008-04-24
<reply>mit-magic-cookie is a key that a client application is required to possess in order to use your X11 display. Running xhost + removes this requirement which is why you should never use <xhost>. The xauth utility is in the xauth package (formerly xbase-clients) and is used to manipulate the mit-magic-cookie; ask me about <mit-magic-cookie export>. For other, easier ways of running apps as another user, ask me about <root x>.
sing sussudio
M: 2003-01-07
<action> sings "Su, su, sudio...Su, su, sussudio"
available
M: 2010-10-07
<reply>If /var/lib/dpkg/available is corrupted (or generating warnings about illegal version numbers etc), "apt-cache dumpavail > /var/lib/dpkg/available && dpkg --update-avail /var/lib/dpkg/available". Alternatively, you can try "rm /var/lib/dpkg/available; dselect update".
stable-proposed-updates
M: 2012-03-12
<reply>stable-proposed-updates is a repository containing packages being prepared for the next <point release>. While they have already been, your additional testing is most welcome prior to wider release. http://www.debian.org/releases/proposed-updates http://release.debian.org/proposed-updates/stable.html . See also <oldstable-proposed-updates>, <testing-proposed-updates>.
smart
M: 2008-11-02
the opposite of stupid, or the opposite of straightforward and polite, or what I definitely am, or "Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology" used by some hard drive manufacturers to detect imminent drive failure; ask me about <smartd>. S.M.A.R.T. can also be unreliable, no reason to believe it blindly without further testing. http://research.google.com/archive/disk_failures.pdf
myram
M: 2010-02-14
<reply>[myram] install and run «dmidecode -t memory» as root to see RAM information. For more detailed information, install the i2c-tools package, modprobe eeprom, and run decode-dimms. Try «lshal | grep smbios» to obtain mainboard and BIOS information.
cmd: cve lookup (.*?)
C: 2010-11-17
($1): <reply>Information about the security advisory $1 may be found at https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/$1
screenshot
M: 2010-04-16
<reply> To take a screenshot of your current desktop, you can probably just hit the "PrintScreen" key on your keyboard (Gnome and KDE). Alternatives include ksnapshot, gnome-panel-screenshot, the Gimp's "Acquire->Screenshot", "import -window root screenshot.jpg" (imagemagick package), scrot, xwd. For framebuffer consoles, use fbcat. http://wiki.debian.org/ScreenShots http://screenshots.debian.net/
repositories
M: 2010-05-25
<reply> see repos
jessie installation guide
C: 2015-03-21
<reply> The Installation Guide for Debian 8 "Jessie" can be found at https://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/installmanual . See also <errata>, <jessie release notes>.
flw0
C: 2009-03-23
<reply>see famous last words
chrome
M: 2009-10-19
Mozilla's term for a theme or skin, or "Google Chrome", a web browser by Google based on Chromium, ask me about <chromium>. For VIA UniChrome / Chrome9 support, ask me about <openchrome>.
tty
C: 2004-07-11
an abbreviation for "teletype". More generically, it refers to any terminal or terminal emulator.
sysvinit
M: 2014-02-10
<reply>sysvinit is an essential package providing System-V-like init utilities (e.g. /sbin/init) required to boot a Debian system. zless /usr/share/doc/sysv-rc/README.runlevels.gz . As of sysvinit 2.88dsf-3, concurrent (parallel) booting is the default when <dependency based startup> is enabled. sysvinit hasn't been able to correctly boot the Linux kernel since 2003, which is why alternatives have been actively pursued.
stretch sources.list
C: 2015-05-05
<reply> A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for "Stretch" has three lines: "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ stretch main" "deb http://security.debian.org/ stretch/updates main" "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ stretch-updates main". Be sure to run «apt update» after editing sources.list. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <stretch/updates> <stretch-updates> <mirrors> and "man sources.list".
mepis
M: 2011-05-14
<reply>MEPIS is a live CD distribution based on Debian. SimplyMEPIS 11 (based on Squeeze), SimplyMEPIS 8.0/8.5 (based on Lenny) and antiX (based on <testing>) are not supported in #debian. http://www.mepis.org/ #mepis on irc.freenode.net. See also <based on debian>.
freecode
M: 2004-08-25
<reply>Freecode (formerly freshmeat) is _the_ place to search for whatever piece of software you know of/have heard of/dreamt of. http://freecode.com/
printer
M: 2010-06-21
<reply>A printer is an output device to physical objects. Ask me about <cups>, <printconf> or use foomatic-gui for more information on how you can get your printer working under Debian. http://wiki.debian.org/SystemPrinting . See also <hplip>, <openprinting>.
archives
C: 2004-05-11
<reply> see archive
rt2800usb
M: 2011-08-09
<reply>Ralink 802.11n/g USB chipsets (RT2070, RT2770, RT2870, RT3070, RT3071, RT3072, RT3370, RT3572, RT5370, RT5372, RT5572) are supported by the rt2800usb Linux kernel driver. Firmware is required, ask me about <ralink firmware>. https://wiki.debian.org/rt2800usb
bo
M: 2003-04-02
Debian 1.3, released on June 2, 1997, for the i386 architecture.. Little Bo Peep... as in, the one with the sheep. Bolivia
scp
M: 2008-07-30
<reply> scp is Secure Copy, part of the ssh suite, and a very handy program. The client program is in the openssh-client package and it just uses the ssh server at the other end so you don't need to install anything special on the server (openssh-server package). Install <scponly> or <rssh> to restrict commands to scp users. More information: <sftp>, <sshfs>.
doesnt work
M: 2008-12-15
<reply> see doesn't work
excessive punctuation
M: 2006-06-09
<reply> Please stop using excessive punctuation. One exclamation point, question mark, period, ellipsis, comma, hyphen or interrobang is more than sufficient. Using excess punctuation means that you're more likely to be ignored by those who actually can help you, as it makes it difficult to see what you're actually asking. Continued use of excessive punctuation may result in a ban.
standard
M: 2008-06-22
<reply> see standard task
bnx2
M: 2009-10-19
<reply>bnx2 is a Linux kernel driver supporting Broadcom NetXtreme II 1Gb (BCM5706/5708/5709/5716) Ethernet controllers. Firmware from userspace is required, ask me about <non-free sources> and install the firmware-bnx2 package to provide. To provide firmware for device use at Debian installation time, ask me about <installer firmware>. See also <bnx2x>.
aptitude docs
M: 2011-03-08
<reply>Documentation for aptitude can be found in the aptitude-doc package (to see the languages in which it is available, apt-cache showpkg aptitude-doc) or at http://aptitude.alioth.debian.org/doc/en/index.html . See also <aptitude build-dep> <aptitude clone> <aptitude-fu> <aptitude debug> <aptitude search> <aptitude states>.
hardware
M: 2010-06-07
<reply>Before buying any hardware, make sure it is supported by all operating systems you want to use; ask me about <hcl>. To acquire details about your current hardware, ask me about <whats my hardware>. Please ask all non-Debian-specific hardware questions in ##hardware on irc.freenode.net.
codenames
M: 2011-02-06
<reply>Debian release codenames are buzz (1.1), rex (1.2), bo (1.3), hamm (2.0), slink (2.1), potato (2.2), woody (3.0), sarge (3.1), etch (4.0), lenny (5.0), squeeze (6.0), wheezy (7) jessie (8) stretch (9) and sid=Unstable. "lsb_release -sc" (lsb-release package) will display a Debian system's codename. http://www.debian.org/doc/FAQ/ch-ftparchives#s-codenames
wicd
C: 2009-04-08
<reply>Wireless Interface Connection Daemon (wicd) is a wired and <wireless connection manager>. http://wiki.debian.org/WiFi/HowToUse#wicd http://wicd.sf.net/ #wicd on irc.freenode.net. See also <netdev>.
ram
M: 2006-05-13
(Random Access Memory) The place in your computer that programs reside when running, or usually small but very fast storage device, or unused ram is _wasted_ ram! Ask me about <free ram> or <myram>.
itp
M: 2008-04-08
<reply>Intent To Package (ITP) is a Debian <bug> filed against the <wnpp> pseudo-package, to indicate someone is working on packaging a piece of software for Debian. This is done to avoid a duplication of work.
installer
M: 2009-09-19
<reply>The Debian installer comes in many forms (CD1, netinst, DVD), but the installer you use and the system you end up with is identical in each case. The only difference is when the packages are downloaded: if you grab the DVDs then you are downloading lots of packages that you might not need; if you download the <netinst>, then when you go to install packages using aptitude later on, they will be downloaded at that time.
why not use a ppa
C: 2010-11-16
<reply>PPAs (Ubuntu's Personal Package Archives, see <PPA>) are not built against Debian releases, they are built against Ubuntu releases. This makes using packages from them on a Debian box highly unlikely to work out well. Ask me about <ssb> <package recompile> <bobbitt>.
package rebuild
M: 2010-04-17
<reply> see package recompile
efi
M: 2013-01-22
<reply> see uefi
details
M: 2004-07-26
<reply> If you want help on a topic, you HAVE to say more than "it doesn't work, help!" or else you'll get no help whatsoever. Give as many details as you can or else no one can give any suggestions. For most questions, you should at least give your arch (amd64 for most people), your Debian <version>, and your kernel version. Give exact error messages where applicable.
qotd44
C: 2004-07-26
<reply><morning> telnet have any recent vulns?
installer firmware
M: 2017-06-29
<reply>see installer firmware stretch
hurry
M: 2016-07-05
Please be patient, we're all just fellow users, mostly with other things going on.
apt-clone
C: 2011-06-24
a utility to clone/restore the packages on an apt-based system. It will save/restore the packages, sources.list, keyring and automatic-installed states. It can also save/restore no longer downloadable packages using <dpkg-repack>.
centos
M: 2007-04-08
<reply>CentOS (Community ENTerprise Operating System) is a rebuild of the Red Hat Enterprise Linux RPMs by the community. http://centos.org/ For IRC support, join #centos on irc.freenode.net.
supergrub
M: 2012-01-11
<reply>Super Grub Disk and Super Grub2 Disk are forks of <GRUB Legacy> and <GRUB2> respectively, which can be used to repair existing GNU GRUB installations. http://www.supergrubdisk.org/ See also <fixmbr>.
parrot os
C: 2017-01-04
<reply>Parrot OS (https://www.parrotsec.org/) is a security and penetration testing distribution. It is based on Debian testing, but it is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. Seek help in #parrot on irc.frozenbox.org or try the mailing lists at http://lists.parrotsec.org/listinfo. Also ask me about <based on debian>.
hacking
M: 2008-06-02
<reply> [hacking] a hacker doing his work. Playing with code or programs or technical devices and figuring things out to satisy curiousity, see <hacker>.... This is not cracking, see <cracking>
alioth
M: 2013-11-22
<reply>Alioth (https://alioth.debian.org/) is Debian's FusionForge server, see https://wiki.debian.org/Alioth for service and technical details. #alioth on irc.oftc.net.
bdo xorg
C: 2011-09-03
<reply>The backports.debian.org repository contains updated xorg components (in particular video drivers) for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze". Ask me about <squeeze-backports> to enable and use this repository. See http://x.debian.net/reference/squeeze-backports.html for information on the xorg backports.
http_proxy
M: 2011-06-07
export 'http_proxy=http://PROXY:port/' -- it can be used with apt-get or lynx or wget (but not links/links2) - the trailing slash is important! Export 'http_proxy=http://username:password@proxy:port/' if you need to authenticate. Note that http_proxy could be set from your preferences by your window manager, and can be set (manually or auto-detected) in your browser (e.g. chromium).
dual boot
M: 2015-11-30
<reply> This describes a system that can boot to two different OSs. Some, like Windows XP and 7, allow for dual booting when installed. There is commercial programs that install a special boot partition capable of launching OSs from other partitions, to boot more than two OSs on the same machine. see <dual boot guide>, <supergrub>
httpredir.debian.org
M: 2017-02-13
<reply>The httpredir.debian.org redirector (based on HTTP 302s) was shutdown on 2017-02-13 and replaced by <deb.debian.org>. Existing entries in sources.list will keep working as the DNS entries for httpredir.debian.org have been pointed to deb.debian.org.
errata
M: 2017-06-17
<reply> see errata stretch
ssh install
M: 2010-03-18
http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch06s03#network-console (obsolete article at http://www.underhanded.org/papers/debian-conversion/remotedeb.html). See also <hd-media>, <debootstrap>.
best practices
M: 2010-06-09
a collection of packaging recommendations. DD's follow best-practices when they make sense, and collaborate with other DD's to make new best-practices in instances when there is no accepted practice. Available in the Debian Developer's Reference at http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/developers-reference/best-pkging-practices
magic 8-ball
C: 2003-04-24
<reply>(Signs point to yes|Yes|Reply hazy, try again|Without a doubt|My sources say no|As I see it, yes|You may rely on it|Concentrate and ask again|Outlook (not so good|good)|It is decidedly so|Better not tell you now|Very doubtful|Yes--definitely|It is certain|Cannot predict now|Most likely|Ask again later|My reply is no|Don't count on it|Insufficient entropy to continue).
repo
M: 2010-05-25
<reply> see repository
not debian
M: 2006-03-18
<reply> see based on debian
bittorrent
M: 2010-11-26
<reply>BitTorrent is a peer-to-peer (P2P) file distribution protocol. 'bittorrent' is also the name of the original BitTorrent client. Other clients include <aria2>, <azureus>, <bittornado>, <deluge>, <ktorrent>, <lftp>, <mldonkey>, <rtorrent> and <transmission>. To download Debian <stable> CD/DVD images via BitTorrent, see http://www.debian.org/CD/torrent-cd/ . #bittorrent on irc.freenode.net.
repos
M: 2009-02-21
<reply> see sources.list
nvidia legacy
M: 2015-04-28
<reply>The Nvidia proprietary 304.125 legacy driver supports the GeForce 6xxx and 7xxx GPUs, which are no longer supported by the Nvidia proprietary unified driver. To install, see https://wiki.debian.org/NvidiaGraphicsDrivers. See also <nouveau>.
antix
M: 2009-11-13
<reply> antiX is a live CD distribution based on <MEPIS>. It is not supported in #debian. http://antix.mepis.org/ #mepis on irc.freenode.net. See also <based on debian>.
basic apt troubleshooting
C: 2013-10-08
<reply>see bat
whoami
C: 2000-08-21
<reply>you're $who you donkey!
parrot
C: 2017-01-09
<reply>see parrot os
wireshark
M: 2009-12-13
<reply>Wireshark (formerly Ethereal) is a cross-platform network protocol analyzer. It allows data to be examined from a live network or from a capture file. To run as a normal user, see /usr/share/doc/wireshark/README.Debian. Console version is packaged as tshark. http://www.wireshark.org/faq.html #wireshark on irc.freenode.net.
handbook
M: 2012-05-10
<reply>see debian-handbook
cmd: yinzersmite (.*?)
C: 2005-01-24
($1): <action> (runsover $1, wif an ambleelunce gowen a hunnert mallanahr.|pooshes $1 aht da winda an yells "chawt dahnere". |pahds $1 fer behavin like an ig'nent yinzer.|rode $1 dahntahn ta go gall-a-vantin' da norside wif a Gian Iggle buggy like da rest of da bums.|pinches $1 fer hawkin' stoled Stiller's tickets.|rilly wisht $1 conjagated sharn once in ahwile.|$1: yinz a jagoff)
goal
C: 2010-07-15
<reply>Describe your goal, not what you think the solution is.
pastebinit config
M: 2017-02-07
<reply>Applicable to squeeze and earlier (later releases default to paste.debian.net). To configure pastebinit to use paste.debian.net, echo "<pastebinit><pastebin>https://paste.debian.net</pastebin><author>$USER</author><format>text</format><jabberid>nobody@nowhere.org</jabberid></pastebinit>" > ~/.pastebinit.xml
postgresql
M: 2013-10-30
<reply>PostgreSQL is a robust, mature and full-featured relational database implementing a large subset of <SQL>. Supports views, stored procedures, triggers and scripting. Packaged in Debian, read /usr/share/doc/postgresql-common/README.Debian.gz ("for the impatient"). http://wiki.debian.org/PostgreSql http://postgresql.org/ #postgresql on irc.freenode.net. See also <postgresql jessie>, <phppgadmin>, <pg readline>, <postgresql backports>.
randr
M: 2009-08-02
<reply>The X Resize, Rotate and Reflect Extension (RandR) allows the server to inform clients of desktop size (etc) changes, so they can update themselves. http://x.org/wiki/Projects/XRandR . Ask me about <xrandr>.
stupid
M: 2006-01-09
the typical person. or Linux distro flamewars, BSD-vs-Linux flamewars, and anything with "vs" and "flame" and "war" in it, unless it's Vietnam. Wich would fall into the "plain braindead" category, or the opposite of smart, or alias rm='sudo rm -rf /', or well, stupid is as stupid does. http://web.archive.org/web/20030217111331/http://www.ecotopia.com/webpress/stupidity/
clamav
M: 2012-02-09
<reply>Clam AntiVirus (ClamAV) is a GPL/FLOSS anti-virus toolkit for Unix-like systems, mainly used with a <MTA> for virus scanning. Install the clamav-freshclam package to automatically update virus definitions. "OUTDATED" warnings are a known issue (Debian bug #418963, wontfix). Install the libclamunrar6 <non-free> package for RAR file support. http://www.clamav.net/ #clamav on irc.freenode.net. See also <stable-updates>.
jessie backports
C: 2015-04-29
<reply> see jessie-backports
rt2870
M: 2013-05-05
<reply> see rt2800usb
ps
C: 1970-01-01
a command that reports a snapshot of active processes (`man ps' for more info). Try: `ps auxw' which will report all processes with username in wide format. or ps is fixed in 2.0.3-3, no more segfaults.
not working
C: 2001-11-26
<reply> see doesn't work
torrent
M: 2010-01-28
<reply> see bittorrent
apt-walkabout
C: 2008-05-15
another tool for managing the distribution and upgrade of debian packages for non-connected or low-speed links computers. See http://quozl.netrek.org/apt-walkabout/ Also ask me about <apt-zip> <apt offline>
don't break debian
C: 2014-09-16
<reply>see dont break debian
8ball
M: 2007-07-21
<reply> see magic 8-ball
afk
C: 1970-01-01
Away From Keyboard
ip
M: 2005-07-18
<reply>IP (Internet Protocol) is a connectionless, best-effort packet switching protocol. It provides packet routing, fragmentation and re-assembly through the data link layer. To check yours, go to http://iplookup.flashfxp.com/ or ask me about <myip>. Also <intellectual property>.
udd
C: 2009-02-12
<reply>The Ultimate Debian Database (UDD) is an effort to gather lots of useful information about Debian from a variety of sources and stuff it all into a giant PostgreSQL database. http://wiki.debian.org/UltimateDebianDatabase http://udd.debian.org/
multiarch howto
C: 2012-12-27
http://wiki.debian.org/Multiarch/HOWTO
warez
M: 2004-07-01
what GNU/Linux people do not need to run their computers and talk about in mundane ubergeek parties. http://www.little-gamers.com/index.php?id=275 or http://www.blerp.org/warez/
hibernate
C: 2009-06-06
<reply> see suspend
ir
M: 2010-02-13
<reply> see infrared
wait
C: 2007-05-17
<reply> If no-one has answered your question to your satisfaction, please wait 10 minutes before asking again. Please don't whine about your problem, about the channel, about Debian, Linux, or anything else. Just wait 10 minutes and then ask again. Ask me about <repeat> and <ask>.
girls
M: 2013-04-15
<reply>Historically, "the girls" kept Debian's office running, dealing with packages, running the pool system, migrating packages to testing and various other tasks for the Debian distribution. See http://deb.li/iiykh for a list of scripts that were once in use; today they have been replaced by <dak> and <britney>.
version compare
M: 2009-09-03
<reply>The canonical way to test whether one version string is considered greater than another is by testing an assertion such as «dpkg --compare-versions 1.1 gt 1.1~rc1 && echo true». See also http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ch-controlfields#s-f-Version , <version epoch>, <debian revision>.
gpt
C: 2010-12-09
<reply>GPT (GUID Partition Table) is a disk partition format frequently used by firmware compliant with the Extensible Firmware Interface (<EFI>). util-linux's <fdisk> does not support GPT, ask me about <parted>. http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/linux/library/l-gpt/
wheezy-lts
M: 2016-04-26
<reply>Security support for Debian 7 "Wheezy" from the Debian Security Team ended on 2016-04-25. The amd64, i386, armel and armhf architectures receive additional long term support (LTS) via <wheezy/updates> until 2018-05-31. See http://deb.li/2aC for excluded packages. No changes to /etc/apt/sources.list are needed for wheezy-lts.
openssh
M: 2010-02-17
<reply>OpenSSH (OpenBSD Secure Shell, http://www.openssh.com/) is a free implementation of the Secure Shell (<SSH>) protocol. Packaged for Debian as openssh-server and openssh-client (install the ssh <metapackage> for both). SSH protocol 1 is disabled by default as of openssh 1:5.4p1-1. "Getting started with SSH": http://kimmo.suominen.com/docs/ssh/
android
M: 2011-03-13
<reply>Android is a Linux-based operating system for mobile devices. http://www.android.com/ #android on irc.freenode.net. For the related font family, ask me about <droid>. See also <adb> <lildebi> <mobile>.
xy
M: 2011-03-31
<reply> see xyproblem
ifconfig
M: 2011-02-01
<reply>ifconfig is used to configure or view your machine's network interfaces. Use the -a option to view all of them, or "man ifconfig" for more. It is /sbin/ifconfig which is not in the default path for normal users. See also <interfaces>, <iproute>, <myip>.
ucf confmiss
C: 2011-05-10
<reply>If you need to restore a deleted config file in a package that is using <ucf> to manage its configuration files, use "UCF_FORCE_CONFFMISS=true aptitude reinstall $packagename". List the configuration files managed by ucf with "ucfq $packagename". If the package doesn't use ucf then ask me about <confmiss>.
netconsole
M: 2010-01-29
<reply>netconsole is a Linux kernel driver which logs kernel <printk> messages over UDP. It is commonly used to capture system crash information. http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/networking/netconsole.txt . See also <serial console>.
cmd: --purge (.*?)
C: 2008-07-31
($1): <action> drinks a glass of salty water, sticks his fingers down his throat and throws up $1 all over $who and $randnick...
apt-offline
M: 2012-03-15
<reply> see apt offline
echo
M: 2013-08-09
<reply>ECHO...ECHo...ECho...Echo...echo...cho...ho...o.......
german
M: 2006-07-18
<reply> see de
lm_sensors
M: 2007-12-02
<reply>lm_sensors (Linux-monitoring sensors) is a hardware health monitoring package for CPU temperature, fan speed, etc. Packaged for Debian as lm-sensors. http://www.lm-sensors.org/wiki/FAQ http://www.lm-sensors.org/ #linux-sensors on irc.freenode.net.
fubar
M: 2002-01-16
Fucked Up Beyond All Recognition; it is a military term, or ask a fubar question, get a fubar answer, or the failed unibus address register in some VAXen and PDP-11s.
lmsensors
M: 2005-03-24
<reply> see lm_sensors
apache2 manual
M: 2010-04-21
<reply>[apache2 manual] Install the apache2-doc package and browse to http://localhost/doc/apache2-doc/manual/ , or http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/ . See /usr/share/doc/apache2.2-common/README.Debian.gz for an explanation of the Debian Apache configuration file layout. See also <cnrd>.
crypto in main
M: 2005-10-01
<reply>Legal advice received 31-Jul-2001 indicates that the new US export regulations on cryptographic software will allow Debian to distribute cryptographic software from the US, provided certain hoops are jumped through. http://www.debian.org/legal/cryptoinmain . Yes, this means you no longer need <non-US> sources.
unity
M: 2011-06-13
<reply>Unity is a shell interface for <GNOME>, part of the Ayatana project. <RFP> filed as Debian bug #609278. http://unity.ubuntu.com/
optimus
M: 2013-04-15
<reply> see bumblebee
cd archive
C: 2008-11-01
<reply>A repository for CD images of older Debian releases is at http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/archive/
transition
M: 2012-02-12
<reply>A transition occurs when changes in a package require alterations to several other packages which depend on it. To do this, many packages using the package are updated, either being recompiled or updated to a new version; packages blocking a transition might be removed from <testing> so it can complete. Transitions can become very large and complex, involving tens or even hundreds of packages. http://release.debian.org/transitions/
pkg scripts
M: 2012-01-19
<reply> During package installation, dpkg runs a script called "preinst", unpacks the .deb, then runs "postinst". When removing, it runs "prerm", deletes the files and then runs "postrm". These scripts can be found in /var/lib/dpkg/info/$package.{pre,post}{inst,rm}; as a last resort to fixing packaging problems, you can edit the script, e.g. by making the second line "exit 0" of a shell script. http://wiki.debian.org/MaintainerScripts
cdn
M: 2011-02-07
<reply>[cdn] Package <changelogs> are available at http://changelogs.debian.net/ . For information on the geoDNS Debian mirror service, ask me about <cdn.debian.net>.
single-user mode
M: 2010-12-14
<reply>[single-user mode] Enter 'telinit 1' as root to switch from multi-user to single-user mode. To enter this mode at boot, GRUB: choose the "single-user mode" (GRUB Legacy) or "recovery mode" (GRUB 2) boot option; LILO: press the left shift key when LILO appears, then add '1' to the boot prompt (e.g. 'LILO: linux 1').
sparkylinux
C: 2013-04-05
<reply>SparkyLinux is a Linux distribution based on <testing>. It is not supported in #debian or #debian-next. http://sparkylinux.org/ See also <based on debian>.
n
M: 2001-02-26
a nitrogen atom, or 420, or {1,2,3,....}
debsecan
C: 2008-10-05
a program that reports security advisories against programs installed on the host, similar to gentoo's glsa-check. See http://www.enyo.de/fw/software/debsecan/.
/opt
C: 2005-01-03
for crap what /usr/local is for well-behaving software. See </usr/local>, <FHS>.
php5
M: 2017-04-13
<reply> php5 was removed from archives Jan 2017. See https://bugs.debian.org/841781 and <php>
dualboot
M: 2015-11-30
<reply> see dual boot
ipxe
M: 2011-05-27
<reply>iPXE (formerly gPXE, Etherboot) is an open source network bootloader. It implements <PXE> and extends it with additional protocols and features (e.g. booting from HTTP instead of TFTP). Supports a variety of network devices, including wireless LAN. Packaged for Debian (bnx2, linda infiniband drivers removed). http://ipxe.org/ #ipxe on irc.freenode.net.
irda
M: 2010-02-12
<reply>IrDA is an infrared wireless communication standard. To use on Debian systems: enable infrared in BIOS (if built-in), install the irda-utils package (its init script starts irattach by default), enable infrared on the other device, "cat /proc/net/irda/discovery" / irdadump to test. To provide /dev/ircomm* devices, "modprobe ircomm-tty". See also irda-utils' README.Debian. http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Infrared-HOWTO/ Not for CIR, see <lirc>.
useradd
C: 2003-06-09
a command to create users on your system.
help-listvals
C: 2009-05-07
<reply>Use "listvals $something" to find factoids with content $something in them. Eg, <listvals udev>
debug
C: 2002-09-23
<action> DeBuggers $1
how-can-i-help
M: 2014-02-14
<reply>Want to help out with Debian and become more involved in the Debian project? The tools wnpp-alert, rc-alert (both from the devscripts package) and how-can-i-help can provide inspiration on buggy or unmaintained packages that you have installed on your system. Ask me about <wnpp>, <rc-alert>, <devscripts>, <new maintainer guide>. https://debian.org/intro/help
install mate
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>To install <MATE> on established systems, ask me about <install x>, then: «apt-get install mate-desktop-environment» (for more things, also install mate-desktop-environment-extras). To install using Debian-Installer: from the 'Software selection' dialog, choose "MATE" (use space bar to toggle selections), then "Continue".
mariadb
M: 2015-04-28
<reply>MariaDB is a community-developed fork of <MySQL>, intended as backward compatible drop-in replacement. Packages are available for Debian 8 "Jessie" and later releases. https://mariadb.org/ #maria on irc.freenode.net.
apt-recommends
C: 2010-03-29
<reply> see apt recommends
register
M: 2009-07-15
<reply>$nick: /msg nickserv help
cdn.debian.net
M: 2016-11-26
<reply>The old mirror geo-director service cdn.debian.net has been closed down and now points to <httpredir.debian.org> instead. Ask me instead about <deb.debian.org>.
raspberry
M: 2012-10-01
<reply> see raspberry pi
serial console
M: 2010-07-29
<reply>A serial console can be used to administrate a system or capture kernel crash/panic information. http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/serial-console.txt . You will also want your bootloader to use the serial console. See also <netconsole>.
g-i
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>[g-i] The Debian graphical installer (based on X11) is available for the amd64, i386 and powerpc architectures. To launch on 64-bit and 32-bit PC systems, select "Graphical install" from the installer boot menu. See https://debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch05s01#graphical and https://debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch06s01#gtk-using for more information. See also <d-i>.
mit-magic-cookie export
C: 2008-04-24
<reply>You can export your <mit-magic-cookie> to allow another user to run applications on your display by doing one (but not both) of: 'su user_running_x -c "xauth extract - $DISPLAY" | xauth merge -' or 'export XAUTHORITY=/home/<USER_RUNNING_X>/.Xauthority'. For other approaches, ask me about <root x>.
-l
C: 2011-11-03
<reply>Files in package $who-pr0n: /srv/$who-pr0n/$who.jpg
)
C: 2002-10-06
the smile part of a face.
release names
C: 2004-09-18
<reply> see release history
xwindows
M: 2006-09-29
<reply> X Windows is NOT the name of it. It's simply called X, X11, the X Window System, etc. Do a "man X" for more. <Zxcvb> X + KDE/Gnome + Codeweavers Wine == X-windows, or ask me about <x windows trap>.
tldp
M: 2009-11-05
The Linux Documentation Project: http://www.tldp.org/
rdepends
C: 2007-08-05
apt-cache rdepends foo; shows you what depends on foo
8.7
M: 2017-01-15
<reply>Debian 8.7 was released on January 14, 2017. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2017/20170114 and http://deb.debian.org/debian/dists/jessie/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
ua
M: 2008-10-02
<reply>Ukraine - ua ukr 804 User Agent. It refers to web clients, and what they send to the web server as "who they are". It can be easily faked.
mysql initial password
C: 2007-07-30
<reply> If you've never set a password for <MySQL> before then you can run: /usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'enter-your-good-new-password-here'; if you have set a password before, ask me about <forgot mysql root password>.
infrared
M: 2010-02-12
<reply> see irda
_tor ask
M: 2014-10-28
<reply>If you have a question, just ask! For example: "I have a problem with ___; I'm running Tor (or TorBrowser) version ___. When I try to do ___ I get the following output ___. I expected it to do ___". Don't ask if you can ask, if anyone uses it, or pick one person to ask. We're all volunteers; make it easy for us to help. You can also try asking on tor-talk@lists.torproject.org>.
mirror size
M: 2011-06-28
<reply>To see the size of the Debian archive for each architecture, see http://www.debian.org/mirrors/size . To make your own mirror, ask me about <mirrors>.
sparky
M: 2013-04-05
<reply>see sparkylinux
debian handbook
M: 2012-05-11
<reply> see debian-handbook
ucf
M: 2011-05-10
<reply> ucf (Update Configuration File) is a framework used by packages to allow intelligent merging of modified configuration files with maintainer changes in postinst scripts. See apt-cache show ucf; or /usr/share/doc/ucf/ for more information. See also <ucf confmiss>.
rtorrent
M: 2011-02-14
<reply>rtorrent is a solid, powerful and very efficient curses-based <BitTorrent> client. http://libtorrent.rakshasa.no/ #rtorrent on irc.freenode.net.
cmd: dependency problems (.*?)
C: 2009-08-15
($1): <reply>$who: that's not the complete error. Please pastebin the command you gave and the entire output. Ask me about <pastebin> <bat> <localised errors>.
filesystem
M: 2008-01-15
<reply> see filesystems
serial
M: 2006-01-13
a means of operation meaning in series, or one after the other. Ask me about <serial port>, <serial console>.
udev mac
C: 2011-08-08
<reply> see 70
firmware images stretch
M: 2017-06-18
<reply> Unofficial <netinst> and DVD installer images containing non-free Debian firmware packages are available for installing Debian 9 "Stretch". See http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/current/ and ask me about <install guide>.
rescue disk
C: 2000-02-29
useful if you borked your root partition on the harddrive. Boot the rescue disk with "linux single" or "linux root=/dev/hdaX"
programming
C: 2000-09-14
another word for coding
rejoice
M: 2004-09-11
(<reply> ...and the peasants rejoiced.|<action> waves a finger in the air. "Yay.")
sysfs
M: 2010-10-10
<reply>sysfs is a virtual filesystem that exports kernel data structures and attributes. sysfs attributes can be set at system boot via /etc/sysfs.conf (sysfsutils package). http://kernel.org/doc/Documentation/filesystems/sysfs.txt
network manager
M: 2015-08-23
<reply>NetworkManager is a network management framework daemon. See /usr/share/doc/network-manager/README.Debian for setup instructions and ask me about <nm unmanaged>. http://wiki.debian.org/NetworkManager http://live.gnome.org/NetworkManager http://projects.gnome.org/NetworkManager/ #nm on irc.freenode.net. See also <nmcli>, <wireless connection managers>. nmtui for ncurses interface
debian mirror checker
M: 2012-05-28
<reply>Debian mirrors have timestamp files we use to determine how recently they have been updated. Here are some statistics the mirror maintainers provide: http://mirror.debian.org/status.html and http://ftp.de.debian.org/dmc/today/ Ask me about <mirrors>. #debian-mirrors on irc.oftc.net.
compare versions
M: 2011-05-16
<reply>see version compare
buster
C: 2014-12-07
<reply>The release following Debian 9 "Stretch" is codenamed "Buster" (Andy's pet Dachshund in Toy Story) and will be Debian 10. https://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2014/11/msg00005.html
debian-kernel
M: 2009-05-28
<reply> see kernel-package
lightspark
M: 2014-04-12
<reply>Lightspark is an experimental, high-performance <Flash> player and browser plugin, aiming to support newer formats and the AVM2 virtual machine. The Mozilla browser plugin is packaged for Debian 7 "Wheezy" as browser-plugin-lightspark. http://lightspark.github.io/ #lightspark on irc.freenode.net.
pi
M: 2014-05-12
<reply> see raspberry
transitions
M: 2011-04-20
<reply> see transition
scsi rescan
M: 2009-11-26
echo "- - -" > /sys/class/scsi_host/host#/scan (where # is the number of the relevant SCSI host). Any new devices found will be listed in /proc/scsi/scsi. Functionality now in sysfs (scsi host has scan node, scsi device has a rescan node). Alternatively, aptitude install scsitools && rescan-scsi-bus.sh, or see the scsiadd package.
sensors
M: 2007-04-25
<reply> see lmsensors
environment
M: 2011-02-13
<reply>/etc/environment is a file for login variables, which is read by all standard Debian login methods. Lines are of the form variable=value (e.g. LANG=C). N.B.: this is *not* a shell script, so you cannot use lines like MAIL=$HOME/Maildir/ here. Use of this file has been deprecated for locale information, use /etc/default/locale; ask me about <locales>.
ifrename
M: 2010-03-19
<reply>ifrename is a utility which sets interface names based on parameters such as MAC address. Very handy if different kernels or kernel modules assign different identifiers to your interfaces, or just to make your firewall rules more readable. Semi-deprecated in favor of udev, ask me about <udev mac>. http://www.enterprisenetworkingplanet.com/netos/article.php/3586546
bcm4318
M: 2009-04-17
<reply> see b43
8.8
M: 2017-05-07
<reply> Debian 8.8 was released on May 6, 2017. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2017/20170506 and http://deb.debian.org/debian/dists/jessie/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
profile
M: 2003-05-28
<reply> If you modify /etc/profile, ie: add an export line or something, make sure you do '. /etc/profile' to reload the profile. Lost? 'man bash' :) || re-read the .bashrc and .bash_profile files? : exec bashsource ~/.bashrc ; source ~/.bash_profile || re-read the .bashrc and .bash_profile files? : exec bashsource ~/.bashrc ; source ~/.bash_profile || re-read the .bashrc and .bash_profile files?: exec bash
grub2
M: 2013-04-22
<reply> see grub
coding
C: 2000-06-14
something which is done by everybody but understood by nobody.
rude
C: 2001-03-09
making me tell people things that they dont want to be told
roundcube
M: 2015-08-07
<reply>Roundcube is an <IMAP> client written in PHP. This software is not part of the Debian 8 "Jessie" release (bug #775666) but is available in <jessie-backports>. Debian 7 "Wheezy" users: SQLite v2 support was dropped, see /usr/share/doc/roundcube-sqlite/NEWS.Debian.gz and http://wiki.debian.org/Roundcube/DeprecationOfSQLitev2 . http://www.roundcube.net/ #roundcube on irc.freenode.net. See also <imapproxy>.
smartmontools
M: 2011-01-05
<reply>The smartmontools package provides the smartctl and smartd utilities, used to control/monitor devices supporting "Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology" built into modern ATA and SCSI hard disks. After installation, read /usr/share/doc/smartmontools/README.Debian for initial configuration and upstream recommendations. http://sf.net/apps/trac/smartmontools/wiki/FAQ http://smartmontools.sf.net/
divert
C: 2008-05-05
<reply> Don't try to convince dpkg to overwrite files and don't start playing with "--force" options for dpkg. Instead, "divert" one of the files out of the way so that there is no conflict. See man dpkg-divert and also http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ap-pkg-diversions.html. Working with the package management system is much easier than trying to work against it.
cracking
C: 2000-06-05
the politically correct term for unlawfully accessing a computer system.
i386->amd64
M: 2015-07-08
<reply>Converting an i386 installation into an amd64 installation in-place is quite difficult. It's much easier to reinstall the system with the new architecture -- ask me about <install debian>. If you've got good backups, plenty of time and are feeling lucky, you can try https://wiki.debian.org/CrossGrading but really... good backups...
serial port
M: 2006-01-13
an interface on a computer system with which information is transferred in or out one bit at a time (contrast parallel port). Throughout most of the history of personal computers, this was accomplished using the RS-232 standard over simple cables connecting the computer to a device such as a terminal or modem. Mice, keyboards, and other devices were also often connected this way. See also <parallel port>.
yoda
C: 2000-03-16
my translation sounding like, yes? hmmm!
check
C: 2000-12-20
<action>checks $who's box for security holes...found M$ IIS
iproute
M: 2005-12-09
the successor to ifconfig and route and allows proper aliasing of ips rather than the old 'ip aliasing' scheme - read http://www.linuxguruz.com/iptables/howto/2.4routing-3.html or a more graceful handler for <ipv6>
ferm
M: 2010-01-15
<reply>ferm (For Easy Rule Making) is a frontend for <iptables> to maintain and set up complicated firewall rules. http://wiki.debian.org/ferm http://ferm.foo-projects.org/ #ferm on irc.freenode.net.
irc logs
C: 2014-03-11
<reply>see irclog
niihau
C: 1970-01-01
hello, in some language or another or the name of a Hawaiian island.
freshmeat
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> see freecode
6.0
C: 2010-09-03
<reply>see squeeze
festival
M: 2000-02-06
a multi-lingual speech synthesis system with various APIs, as well as an environment for development and research of speech synthesis techniques, or free software as of version 1.4.0, or http://cstr.ed.ac.uk/projects/festival/
smartd
M: 2011-01-05
<reply> see smartmontools
cmd: show sources.list (.*?)
C: 2014-02-04
($1): <reply>$1: Please pastebin the contents of your /etc/apt/sources.list and /etc/apt/sources.list.d/*.list. The easiest way to do this is to pastebin the output of: head -v -n -0 /etc/apt/sources.list{,.d/*}
firehol
C: 2009-06-08
<reply>FireHOL is a high-level <iptables> rule generator. It does not support IPv6 (Debian bug #292621). http://firehol.sf.net/faq.html http://firehol.sf.net/
httpredir
M: 2016-03-15
<reply>see httpredir.debian.org
lightdm
C: 2012-11-12
<reply>LightDM is a cross-desktop X display manager, packaged since Debian 7.0 "Wheezy". http://wiki.debian.org/LightDM http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/LightDM
hdmi
M: 2014-07-22
<reply> HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is a compact audio/video interface for transmitting uncompressed digital data. See also <radeon audio>. http://goo.gl/l4GfSb
i3
M: 2009-11-02
a tiling window manager inspired by <wmii>. http://i3wm.org/docs/userguide.html http://i3wm.org/ #i3 on irc.twice-irc.de. Not to be confused with <ion3>.
debian.net
C: 2013-02-12
<reply>The "debian.net" domain points at unofficial resources maintained by Debian Developers. The resources are usually not managed or controlled by the Debian sysadmin group, unlike debian.org machines. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianDotNet and http://wiki.debian.org/DebianNetDomains for more information.
deb.debian.org
C: 2016-11-26
<reply>deb.debian.org is a mirror network that is backed by international content delivery networks and for most users, this is the most reliable <mirror> to use in the <sources.list>. From Debian 9 "Stretch" onwards, apt queries SRV records in DNS which then send it off to a CDN. Older apt will get an HTTP redirect from deb.debian.org to the same CDNs. See http://deb.debian.org/ for more details.
numlock
M: 2006-02-24
<reply> Use setleds(1) to set the NumLock (and CapsLock and ScrollLock) status in a virtual terminal. Have a look at the numlockx package to set the NumLock status in X.
knock knock
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>$who: oh, piss off||<reply>who's there, my arse, my arse who, erm.. can't remember the rest|<action> opens the door, punches $who, and goes back inside
bin-cue
M: 2010-12-14
<reply>[bin-cue] A set of .bin/.cue files (aka .raw/.cue) is a multi-mode CD image used by some non-Unix CD writing software (e.g. CDRWIN), not supported by most others. To convert to ISO/WAV, use <bchunk>. To burn the .bin/.cue pair, use <cdrdao>. To create a .bin/.cue pair (e.g.): "cdrdao read-cd --read-raw --datafile image.bin --driver generic-mmc:0x20000 image.toc && toc2cue image.toc image.cue".
unmixing
M: 2012-01-16
<reply>You can't unmix releases. Downgrading isn't supported by apt, by the maintainer scripts or the packages. If you're in this situation, you have 3 choices, none of which is fun: (1) upgrade to testing and learn a lot about Debian very quickly to solve the problems you will face (not for servers!) (2) ask me about <partial downgrade> and *try* to go backwards to the older release or (3) restore from backup/reinstall.
teamspeak
M: 2015-01-01
<reply>TeamSpeak is proprietary <VoIP> software allowing users to speak on a chat channel, much like a telephone conference call. TeamSpeak 2 is packaged for Debian 7 "Wheezy" as teamspeak-client and teamspeak-server, ask me about <non-free sources>; these are not compatible with TeamSpeak 3. Removed from Debian post-Wheezy to resolve bugs #735028 and #735029. See also <mumble>.
frp
C: 2010-06-23
<reply> see forgot root password
windows utc
M: 2013-06-20
<reply>Setting the BIOS clock to <UTC> is a little more difficult if you dual-boot with legacy operating systems that think that local time is a good choice. Windows can be instructed to handle a BIOS clock in UTC too: http://superuser.com/a/185780/130459
postinst
C: 2011-03-16
<reply>see pkg scripts
statistics
M: 2006-11-03
a way of measuring something with numbers.
s-p-u
M: 2010-03-03
<reply> see stable-proposed-updates
default sound
M: 2010-12-23
<reply> see default alsa
beagle
M: 2010-12-02
<reply>Beagle is an indexing and search tool for personal data. Removed from Debian post-Lenny to resolve bug #579567. http://beagle-project.org/
5.0
M: 2009-04-13
<reply> see lenny
cracker
M: 2007-03-19
<reply> [cracker] defined at http://www.catb.org/jargon/html/C/cracker.html
apt-rdepends
C: 2004-03-27
a program which can show dependencies or reverse dependencies (what depends on the package). It is useful for removing large multi-package applications such as gnome.
lug
M: 2017-09-01
<reply>[lug] Linux User Group. They are superb for getting free, in-person help for Linux installation and other issues. There is one in every large city, and some in smaller places too. Use Google to search for: London Linux User Group or New York Linux User Group or some such. Or, ask your local college's Computer Science department if there is a computer club or Linux club. http://wiki.debian.org/LocalGroups, or #debian-localgroups
7.0
C: 2010-09-03
<reply>see wheezy
x-window-manager
C: 2000-07-28
<reply> If you want to reset your x-window-manager globally: update-alternatives --config x-window-manager
update-grub
M: 2007-08-10
<reply> update-grub is a magical Debian system for maintaining the <GRUB> menu automatically whenever kernel images are installed and removed (assuming they are built using make-kpkg as they should be). Also might want to man kernel-img.conf, and have a look at the docs in /usr/share/doc/grub , do 'zless /usr/share/doc/grub/README.Debian.gz'
metasploit
M: 2010-04-06
<reply>The Metasploit Framework is a penetration testing system and development platform, used for authoring and executing exploit code against a target machine. Not in Debian, <RFP> in bug #323420. http://www.metasploit.com/ #metasploit on irc.freenode.net.
coredump
C: 1970-01-01
a slick techno/ambient/trance 128-bit mp3 stream or at http://pitfall.org/coredump/ or accessible directly at http://pitfall.org:8000/
stretch release notes
M: 2017-06-17
<reply> The release notes for Debian 9 "Stretch" are at https://www.debian.org/releases/stretch/amd64/release-notes/ . See also <jessie->stretch>, <stretch install guide>
unique package version
C: 2013-06-06
<reply>The version string on any package should uniquely identify that package. If you make changes to a package, increase the version number (ask me about <compare versions>). apt can sometimes distinguish between packages with the same version based on (installed-size, depends, pre-depends, conflicts, breaks, replaces) but for minor changes apt can miss this. Ask me about <package recompile> <debian/rules>.
lids
M: 2000-09-16
an IDS and is at http://www.soaring-bird.com.cn/oss_proj/lids/, or http://www.lids.org
rtl8169
C: 2010-09-03
<reply>see r8169
bunsenlabs
C: 2016-06-21
<reply>BunsenLabs Linux is a community continuation of <crunchbang> that features the <Openbox> window manager. It is not supported in #debian. http://www.bunsenlabs.org/ #bunsenlabs on chat.freenode.net. See <based on debian>
/var
C: 2002-01-26
<reply> see fhs
xv
M: 2008-01-07
at http://www.trilon.com/xv/index.html - very popular but NON-FREE image viewer, many formats, thumbnails. Also, the X-Video extension, try 'xvinfo' to see what your videocard is capable of (XFree86 >= 4.0.2 needed), ask me about qiv, or use the 'display' and 'import' and 'convert' programs from imagemagick, or mplayer -vo xv goes faster
debian-cd
M: 2010-01-05
<reply> see iso
microphone
M: 2010-12-01
<reply>A microphone is an acoustic-to-electric transducer/sensor, converting sound into an electrical signal. To record from a microphone using <ALSA>, see http://alsa.opensrc.org/Record_from_mic
valgrind
M: 2002-04-26
http://devel-home.kde.org/~sewardj/, or a l33t t00l to find memory l34kz, or capable of finding use of uninitialized memory and invalid reads/writes
vbox extpack wheezy
M: 2013-11-12
<reply>An extension pack to Oracle VM VirtualBox provides it with additional functionality (e.g. USB 2.0 device support, <RDP> and <PXE> boot). These closed-source components are released under the VirtualBox PUEL and made available by Oracle: https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads . For VirtualBox 4.1.18 (Debian 7 "Wheezy"): http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/4.1.18/Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-4.1.18-78361.vbox-extpack
cdemu
C: 2005-09-01
<reply> CDemu is a kernel module for Linux. It is designed to simulate a CD drive + CD with just simple <bin-cue> files. You can use it to watch an SVCD or mount the data track of an bin/cue. You should use mplayer to watch SVCD movies stored as cue/bin file, it also supports it. RFP filed as Debian bug #705409. http://cdemu.sf.net/
sid sources.list
C: 2013-05-01
<reply>If you don't know enough about Debian to do this yourself, you won't know enough about Debian to fix the problems you *will* encounter. Please spend some months or years learning about Debian first. Sorry.
later
C: 2000-11-17
<reply> yeah, see ya around whenever, $nick
rtl8723bs install
M: 2015-09-12
<reply>For Debian 8 "Jessie" systems, requires Linux 3.19 or later (ask me about <bdo kernel>). «apt-get install build-essential git && apt-get -t jessie-backports install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` && git clone https://github.com/hadess/rtl8723bs.git && cd rtl8723bs && make && make install && depmod -a && modprobe r8723bs».
wan
C: 1970-01-01
(Wide Area Network) Any network that spans more than one office, although some say it must span more than one building.
phpbb
M: 2011-03-06
<reply>phpBB is an open-source bulletin board package written in <PHP>, packaged for Debian as phpbb3. Upgrades from Debian phpBB version 2 packages (phpbb2 in Debian 4.0 "Etch") are not supported, see http://bugs.debian.org/550321#25 for hints concerning a manual update. http://www.phpbb.com/ #phpbb on irc.freenode.net.
gnaa
M: 2006-06-01
a bunch of known #debian trolls. If anyone from the gnaa shows up, please invoke !ops
rtl8411
M: 2013-06-05
<reply>The Realtek RTL8411 is a PCIe Gigabit Ethernet controller with an integrated card reader controller. The Ethernet controller is supported by <r8169> since Linux 3.5; a firmware patch (rtl_nic/rtl8411-1.fw) is packaged since firmware-realtek 0.37. The card reader (PCI ID 10ec:5289, aka "Barossa Plus Plus") is supported by the rtsx_pci module since Linux 3.8.
dsa team
C: 2010-11-17
<reply>The Debian System Administration team are the people who look after the Debian infrastructure machines. See http://wiki.debian.org/Teams/DSA or contact them via rt.debian.org to install software and such on Debian Project computers.
multiboot
M: 2005-05-25
done with grub/lilo. windows 2k/xp can be on any harddisk if you use grub. key to making 2k/xp work is map (hd0) (hd1)<cr>map (hd1) (hd0) <cr>root (hd1,0)<cr> rootnoverify (hd1,0)<cr>makeactive<cr>chainloader +1... beware that even though you map inside the menu.lst file grub ignores the map changes so if hd2 is your xp drive your root is hd2,0 not whatever you change the mapping too.
peppermint
M: 2010-12-02
<reply> see peppermintos
howcanihelp
M: 2015-04-25
<reply> see how-can-i-help
peppermintos
C: 2010-12-01
<reply>Peppermint OS is a Linux distribution based on <Lubuntu>. Peppermint Three, Two, One and Ice are not supported in #debian. http://peppermintos.com/ #peppermint on irc.spotchat.org. See also <based on Debian>.
postinstall
M: 2011-03-16
<reply>see postinst
stretch sysvinit
C: 2017-05-25
<reply>To replace systemd with sysvinit in stretch, simply "apt-get install sysvinit-core" and reboot. To switch from systemd to runit, "apt-get install runit-systemd", reboot, "apt-get install runit-init", and reboot again.
make-jpkg
M: 2012-03-01
<reply> see java-package
sshd
M: 2010-02-18
<reply> see openssh
fs
M: 2010-02-06
<reply> see filesystem
devref
C: 2010-06-09
<reply> see best practices
jessie security
M: 2015-03-21
<reply>see jessie/updates
restart networking
M: 2014-06-30
<reply>From Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" onwards, the use of the networking init script to reload networking configuration («/etc/init.d/networking restart») is discouraged. Instead, perform the actions you really want. Re-apply changes from /etc/network/interfaces: ifdown eth0; ifup eth0. Remove all iptables rules: iptables -F. See also <mdblows>.
default sound card
M: 2010-12-23
<reply> see default soundcard
snafu
C: 1970-01-01
Situation Normal: All fux0red up. See also fux0red.
natalie portman
C: 1970-01-01
at http://members.tripod.com/~yoda_natalieportman/ or *WHACK* *WHACK* *WHACK*
autoaway
M: 2009-06-02
<reply> see away
default soundcard
M: 2010-12-23
<reply> see default sound
cd images
M: 2009-04-05
<reply> see install debian
how can i help
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>see howcanihelp
images
M: 2009-06-28
<reply> see install debian
pg
M: 2011-02-07
<reply> see postgresql
build without helper
C: 2014-02-12
<reply> You can build packages without using <debhelper>, but it's a lot more hard work and you don't get your package improved for free by newer versions of the helper. See http://wiki.debian.org/Courses2005/BuildingWithoutHelper for more information.
flash stretch
C: 2017-07-18
flashplugin-nofree package has been broken for months and was not included in stretch. To install manually obtain the flash plugin (npapi tar.gz) from https://get.adobe.com/flashplayer/otherversions and unpack libflashplayer.so to /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins/ (for firefox)
prozac
C: 1970-01-01
a great new flavor of pez
.profile
C: 1970-01-01
bourne shell initialization file , can be located in the user's home directory. .. the .profile initialization file is executed at login
rtl8723bs
M: 2015-09-12
<reply>The Realtek RTL8723BS is an SDIO 2.0/3.0 system on chip providing 802.11n wireless LAN and Bluetooth 4.0 functions. Supported by the out-of-tree rtl8723bs Linux kernel driver (requires Linux 3.19 or later), ask me about <rtl8723bs install>. https://github.com/hadess/rtl8723bs
rtl8111
M: 2014-05-09
<reply> see r8169
slip
C: 1970-01-01
(Serial Line Internet Protocol) A protocol used to connect your computer to the Internet using serial connection.
debsigs
C: 2002-11-09
<reply>In order to verify debian packages, apt-get install debsig-verify debsigs debian-keyring. Read http://cert.uni-stuttgart.de/archive/debian/security/2002/09/msg00018.html, http://lists.debian.org/debian-security/2002/debian-security-200207/msg00130.html, and http://gopher.quux.org:70/devel/debian/debsigs.txt
dch
C: 2015-01-20
a tool from the <devscripts> package that is used to manipulate changelog entries in Debian source packages. It helps get the formatting right in the changelog entry and opens the changelog in your chosen editor. dch can set versions, target releases, add template information for closing bugs, etc. It's also known as "debchange".
docker
C: 2017-04-07
#docker on chat.freenode.net
_tor ops
C: 2014-12-12
<reply>Be excellent to each other!
deepin
M: 2017-08-02
<reply> deepin is a Chinese distribution <based on debian>. It is not supported on #debian. Try their forums at https://www.deepin.org/en/, or #deepin on irc.freenode.net
status report
C: 2000-12-31
not the same in real life as in star trek
snss
M: 2016-01-17
<reply> see sns
termbin
C: 2016-11-22
you can paste to termbin.com from terminal via: cat /path/to/file | nc termbin.com 9999
mdb
M: 2010-12-08
<reply>MDB is the file format used by Microsoft Access database products prior to Access 2007 (Access 97: Jet 3; Access 2000/2002: Jet 4). On Debian systems, the mdbtools package provides utilities for reading MDB files (http://mdbtools.sf.net/).
one true crontab entry
C: 1970-01-01
20 4,16 * * * saytime
ph
M: 2007-04-28
Public Humiliation, or the Philippines See #Debian-tl for tagalog support.. Sumali sa #Debian-tl para sa talakayan ng Debian sa wikang tagalog
bcm5709
C: 2009-11-13
<reply> see bnx2
testing-backports
C: 2014-02-10
<reply>Backported packages are normally prepared based on the sources in the testing release; there's no point in creating a testing-backports release. Ask me about <tum> <testing> <backports>.
cmd: --remove-architecture (.*?)
C: 2013-08-06
($1): <action>fetches a wrecking ball and knocks down a few famous buildings. Architecture removed!
dbgsym
M: 2016-07-25
<reply>Packages that end in '*-dbgsym' contain the symbols required for debugging executables and libraries. The dbgsym packages are automatically generated packages that are in a separate archive; add a line like "deb http://debug.mirrors.debian.org/debian-debug/ stretch-debug main" to your sources.list. See also https://wiki.debian.org/HowToGetABacktrace
yumi
M: 2016-12-04
a tool that can make bootable usb device. It is not recommended for use with Debian CD/DVD images, as it mangles the installer in cruel and unusual ways, resulting in hard to debug problems. Ask me about <hybrid images>, <usb install>, <win32diskimager>
mic
M: 2010-12-01
<reply> see microphone
onion
C: 2000-06-15
at http://www.theonion.com/ ... go there now!
botsmack
M: 2005-03-16
<action> smacks $who right and properly
wwbr
C: 2017-06-18
<reply>see when will buster release
opt
C: 2012-10-18
<reply> see /opt
when will buster release
C: 2017-06-18
<reply>GO AWAY. I'M RESTING! I'VE ONLY JUST RELEASED STRETCH!
stretch-backports
M: 2017-08-29
<reply>Some packages intended for Buster (Debian 10) but recompiled for use with Stretch (Debian 9) can be found in the stretch-backports repository. See http://backports.debian.org/Instructions/ . Ask me about <bdo>, <backports>.
stretch install guide
C: 2017-04-11
<reply> The Installation Guide for Debian 9 "Stretch" can be found at https://www.debian.org/releases/stretch/installmanual . See also <errata> <stretch release notes>.
dmi
C: 1970-01-01
<reply>Desktop Management Interface (DMI) is a standard designed to allow PCs to intelligently broadcast information on system configurations and allow for remote management, so they can be managed more easily.
rs-232
C: 1970-01-01
(Recommended Standard 232) This is the de facto standard for communication through PC serial ports. It can refer to cables and ports that support the RS-232 standard. "Hey, Jimmy! Why don't you take your RS-232 cable and stick it right up your RS-232 port!"
intellectual property
C: 2002-04-09
a propaganda phrase used by the content cartels to try to convince you of something that isn't true. Don't use this phrase; use "patents", "copyrights" or "trademarks" depending on what you're actually discussing.
start a cookie war
C: 2005-04-27
<reply> (Chocolate chip|Peanut butter|Oatmeal|All) cookies are (just |)(great|horrible)!
tl
M: 2005-12-30
Sumali sa #Debian-tl para sa talakayan ng Debian sa wikang tagalog, or the ccTLD for East Timor
deleted config
M: 2008-01-16
<reply> see confmiss
8.9
C: 2017-07-24
<reply>Debian 8.9 was released on July 22, 2017. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2017/2017072202 and http://deb.debian.org/debian/dists/jessie/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
armbian
C: 2017-01-20
a distribution <based on Debian> made specifically for several <ARM> processors. Armbian is not Debian and it is not supported in #debian.
interface names
C: 2017-06-20
<reply>Starting with <stretch>, network interface names have changed from the previous convention of eth0, eth1/wlan0, wlan1 to names based on the device vendor or driver. This has some upsides and some downsides. For more information and options, see https://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/PredictableNetworkInterfaceNames/
rep
C: 2001-03-22
a lisp-liked scripting language used essentially by the Sawfish window manager
connection reset by peer
C: 2003-11-06
http://unix.rulez.org/~calver/pictures/11morbidbastid.jpg
errata stretch
C: 2017-06-17
<reply>Last minute notes regarding Debian 9 ("Stretch") are listed at http://www.debian.org/releases/stretch/errata . Known problems in the installer are listed at http://www.debian.org/releases/stretch/debian-installer/#errata
access
M: 2013-02-06
<reply> see mdb
recovery mode
M: 2010-12-14
<reply> see single-user mode
view depends
C: 2000-05-15
<reply> 'dpkg --info file.deb'
winusb
C: 2016-09-07
a tool to create bootable usb using windows ISO. debian package can be found at https://dipconsultants.com/jessie/?dir=winusb/binaries
virtual terminal
C: 2007-10-17
<Ctrl>-<Alt>-F1 . . . <Ctrl>-<Alt>-F6
flw62
C: 2010-08-03
<bbmiha> i done like this vim /etc/passwd <bbmiha> changed first word root into my_own_username
vbox extpack
M: 2015-04-26
<reply>An extension pack to Oracle VM VirtualBox provides it with additional functionality (e.g. USB 2.0 device support, <RDP> and <PXE> boot). These closed-source components are released under the VirtualBox PUEL and made available by Oracle: https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads . For VirtualBox 4.3.18 (Debian 8 "Jessie"): http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/4.3.18/Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-4.3.18-96516.vbox-extpack
_tor onions
C: 2017-04-29
<reply> Onions are tasty vegetables.
installer firmware stretch
C: 2017-06-29
<reply> Debian-Installer is able to load additional <firmware>, by including it within installation media or supplying on removable media (e.g. USB stick, floppy). See http://www.debian.org/releases/stretch/amd64/ch06s04 . To include firmware within Debian <netboot> images, see http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/NetbootFirmware . See also <firmware images>.
spinning
C: 2001-03-18
at http://spinning.be
bcm4323
M: 2010-11-02
<reply>The Broadcom BCM4323 "Intensi-fi XLR Single-Chip" is a USB 802.11 draft-n wireless LAN chipset. There is no Linux kernel driver available, ask me about <ndiswrapper>. http://www.broadcom.com/products/Wireless-LAN/802.11-Wireless-LAN-Solutions/BCM4323 . See also <bcm43231>.
struts
C: 2005-01-20
http://struts.apache.org/
stretch installation guide
M: 2017-09-21
The Installation Guide for Debian 9 "Stretch" can be found at https://www.debian.org/releases/stretch/installmanual . See also <errata> and <stretch release notes>.
9.1
C: 2017-07-24
<reply>Debian 9.1 was released on July 22, 2017. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2017/20170722 and http://deb.debian.org/debian/dists/stretch/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
objective-c
M: 2006-04-19
the langauge that tried and failed. Ada made a mockery of object-oriented C.. Used as a default language by Mac Os X
functional programming
C: 2001-05-15
at http://www.cs.nott.ac.uk/~gmh/faq.html or a style of programming that emphasizes evaluation of expressions rather than execution of commands
bikeshed
C: 2003-03-31
http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/faq/misc.html#BIKESHED-PAINTING
search the bot
C: 2012-04-02
<reply> search dpkg
stty
C: 2015-11-16
a *nix command to set terminal settings (termio(s), baud, rows et al.), which is frequently used in old days when a user connected to a *nix machine at the first time. See also: http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/Text-Terminal-HOWTO.html
mirror stats
C: 2017-05-03
Debian mirrors have timestamp files we use to determine how recently they have been updated. Here are some statistics the mirror maintainers provide: https://mirror-master.debian.org/status/mirror-status.html and http://ftp.de.debian.org/dmc/today/ Ask me about <mirrors>. #debian-mirrors on irc.oftc.net.
bin+cue
M: 2010-07-05
<reply> see bin-cue
adc
C: 2017-08-26
an analog-to-digital converter
installer myths
C: 2016-04-30
<reply>Myths about the Debian Installer never seem to die, the principle one being that the netinst produces a "lighter" installation. This is false. You always select the packages you want; the only difference is when packages are downloaded (on the ISO or by apt during installation). See <various cd1>. Also ask me about <cp vs dd>.
flw78
C: 2017-04-28
<reply><readytogo> load average: 282.96, 108.99, 42.42 <readytogo> how can it be ? <readytogo> I mean 282, anyone ever saw something like that ? <readytogo> I run "tail /dev/zero"
auto
C: 2017-08-28
<reply>Interfaces marked "auto" are waited for by things that wait for the network to be up (like systemd's network-online.target). "allow-hotplug" means the interface is removable or not always needed, so network-online won't wait for it.
ifconfig stretch
C: 2017-08-28
<reply>Starting with Debian 9 <stretch>, net-tools package with ifconfig, route, netstat tools is not installed by default. https://www.debian.org/releases/stretch/amd64/release-notes/ch-information.en.html#iproute2
allow-hotplug
C: 2017-08-28
<reply>see auto

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