Factoids requested in last 30 days (846 results)

Factoid KeyFactoid Value
M: 2016-04-28
<reply> 1) Read the /topic, the FAQ, and google before asking us. 2) Don't ask to ask, just ask. 3) Don't repeat; show that you have tried to help yourself by refining the question. 4) Reading documentation (man/info pages, READMEs) is a worthwhile skill, practice it. 5) Use /msg to talk to the bots (not the people), see <msg>. 6) Be polite and patient. 7) Paste into a <pastebin>, not here. 8) No trolls or spam. 9) see <code of conduct>
M: 2013-07-11
<reply>If you have a question, just ask! For example: "I have a problem with ___; I'm running Debian version ___. When I try to do ___ I get the following output ___. I expected it to do ___." Don't ask if you can ask, if anyone uses it, or pick one person to ask. We're all volunteers; make it easy for us to help you. If you don't get an answer try a few hours later or on debian-user@lists.debian.org. See <smart questions><errors>.
M: 2012-05-01
<reply> Do not paste more than 2 lines to this channel. Instead, use: http://paste.debian.net/ http://pastie.org/ or http://picpaste.com/ for pics. Use wikisend.com for large files (think tar.gz) up to 100MB. Remember to tell us the URL of your paste! Cannot cut and paste? Ask me about <pastebinit>, <nopaste>, <wgetpaste>.
simple sid backport
M: 2010-11-22
<reply> First, check for a backport on <debian-backports>. If unavailable: 1) Add a deb-src line for sid (not a deb line!); ask me about <deb-src sid> 2) enable debian-backports (see <bdo>) 3) aptitude update; aptitude install build-essential; aptitude build-dep packagename; apt-get -b source packagename; 4) install the resultant debs. To change compilation options, see <package recompile>; for versions newer than sid see <uupdate>.
M: 2014-10-13
<reply> Este canal es de soporte técnico en Inglés para Debian. Si prefiere que el soporte sea en Español, puede ingresar en #debian-es tecleando /join #debian-es en la línea de chat.
M: 2003-09-21
<reply> see spanish
M: 2013-05-24
<reply>Where possible, Nvidia graphic processing units are supported using the open source <nouveau> driver on Debian systems by default. To install the proprietary "nvidia" driver, see https://wiki.debian.org/NvidiaGraphicsDrivers or ask me about <nvidia dkms>, <nvidia legacy>; installing this directly from nvidia.com (i.e. with <nvidia-installer>) is _not_ supported in #debian, please go to #nvidia on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2013-10-23
<reply>backports.debian.org (formerly backports.org) is an official repository of <backports> for the current stable (see <jessie backports>) and oldstable (<wheezy backports>) distributions, prepared by Debian developers. Ask me about <backport caveat> and read http://backports.debian.org/Instructions/. See also <bdo kernel> <bdo mirrors> <bdo contents> <bdo list> <bdo bugs> <bdo xorg> <bdo NEW>.
cmd: ops (.*?)
C: 2005-08-25
($problem): <reply>Hydroxide, dondelelcaro, LoRez, RichiH, mentor, abrotman, Maulkin, stew, peterS, Myon, Ganneff, weasel, zobel, themill, babilen, SynrG, jm_, somiaj, jelly: $nick complains about: $problem
M: 2014-03-05
<reply> see simple sid backport
M: 2009-06-09
<reply>A backport is a package from a newer Debian branch, compiled from source for an older branch to avoid dependency and <ABI> complications. http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch02.en.html (2.7.4 and 2.7.10), http://backports.debian.org/ . Ask me about <debian-backports> and <backport caveat>. See also <simple sid backport>.
M: 2003-06-17
<reply> It has been said that root is the administrative account - only use it when root power is needed. So no reading mail, compiling programs, or running applications as root. And don't even think about irc'ing as root, it increases the danger from exploits and trojans (such as bliss), or see, for example, the security advisory on BitchX http://www.debian.org/security/2003/dsa-306
M: 2008-08-30
<reply> see paste
M: 2007-09-28
<reply> see backport
M: 2010-06-20
<reply>Etch is the codename for Debian GNU/Linux 4.0, released on April 8th, 2007. Etch security support ended on 2010-02-15, this release is no longer supported. Etch users should upgrade to Lenny, ask me about <etch->lenny>. Removed from the mirrors (2010-06-20); ask me about <etch sources.list>. For old Etch ISOs, ask me about <etch iso>. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianEtch http://www.debian.org/News/2010/20100121
M: 2012-04-09
<reply> Ubuntu is based on Debian, but it is not Debian. Only Debian is supported on #debian. Use #ubuntu on chat.freenode.net instead. Even if the channel happens to be less helpful, support for distributions other than Debian is offtopic on #debian. See also <based on debian> and <ubuntuirc>.
M: 2009-05-26
<reply>(Yes, $who, you are online.|Yes, $who you are either online or you are not... http://ars.userfriendly.org/cartoons/?id=20000326|pong|Sorry $who, you're not online.)
M: 2013-09-06
<reply> $nick: È possibile scaricare un sacco di software libero puntando il tuo browser a http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/multi-arch/iso-cd/debian-8.3.0-amd64-i386-netinst.iso !||<reply>$nick: Debian è un sistema operativo composto da software libero (un concetto distinto da quello di gratis): vedi http://www.debian.org/intro/free.it.html per saperne di più.||<reply>$nick: vedi http://packages.debian.org/
M: 2014-04-17
<reply> Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" was released on 2011-02-06 and is the oldoldstable release: http://www.debian.org/News/2011/20110205a . Security support for Squeeze ended on 2014-05-31, but ask me about <squeeze-lts>. Squeeze is the three-eyed space alien. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianSqueeze ; ask me about <install squeeze> <squeeze release notes> <lenny->squeeze>. Currently <6.0.10>. Not to be confused with the <Xfce> archive manager.
M: 2009-06-21
<reply> Test failed.
M: 2009-02-08
<reply>Please search for things rather than just asking, e.g. «apt-cache search regex», or with <aptitude search>. The following ways can locate packages that own a file (installed, or candidate for install): «dpkg -S /bin/foo», <apt-file>, <pdo> (online) and «/msg judd help file» (bot). <search dpkg> for factoids. See http://wiki.debian.org/WhereIsIt and ask me about <bot help>. See also <axi-search> <debtags> <dlocate>.
install squeeze
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" installation images are available from https://www.debian.org/releases/squeeze/debian-installer/ . Note that this release has been superseded by Debian 7 "Wheezy", ask me about <install wheezy>.
M: 2015-04-19
<reply>We recommend against using deb-multimedia.org; these unofficial packages are known to cause many hard to debug problems. They are not in Debian either because the they are poor in quality or for legal reasons. See http://deb-multimedia.org/ or ask me about <dmm wheezy>, <dmm jessie>. See also <dmm list>, <dmm mirrors>, <dmm pinning>, <why not dmm>, <dmm remove>.
M: 2003-12-22
http://www.debian.org. See http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/project-history/index.en.html#contents
M: 2011-05-10
<reply>You have to especially tell the packaging system to reinstall config files because when they are gone, it is assumed that you want them to stay deleted. "aptitude -o DPkg::Options::='--force-confmiss' reinstall $packagename" will restore them (man dpkg for details). If the package uses <ucf> for config file management, ask me about <ucf confmiss>.
basic apt-get troubleshooting
M: 2015-09-21
<reply>In order to troubleshoot your problem with apt-get, apt or aptitude we need ALL OF THE FOLLOWING information: 1. complete output of your apt-get/apt/aptitude run (including the command used) 2. output from "apt-cache policy pkg1 pkg2..." for ALL packages mentioned ANYWHERE in the problem, and 3. "apt-cache policy". Use http://paste.debian.net/ to provide us with this information. Also ask me about <localized errors>.
C: 2005-09-23
<reply> see basic apt-get troubleshooting
M: 2012-01-09
<reply>1) add yourself to the 'audio' group (log out & in again) 2) unmute and raise channels w/ alsamixer (also try muting some & toggle jack sense if available) 3) <pulseaudio> or other daemon stopped? 4) speakers on? 5) does "aplay /usr/share/sounds/alsa/Noise.wav" work for root? 6) purge any installed <oss4> packages to remove ALSA blacklist. See also <list alsa users>, <alsa firmware>.
why aptitude
M: 2010-10-20
<reply> aptitude has more advanced conflict/dependency resolution and will often find a solution where apt-get gives up. It can be used from the command line like apt-get plus an interactive resolver makes it much easier to recover from broken dependencies. It has advanced search capabilities (see <aptitude search>). For some upgrades, apt-get is preferred (e.g. <lenny->squeeze>, <squeeze->wheezy>). http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
M: 2013-05-05
<reply>Read chapter 4 ("Upgrades from Debian 6.0") of the <release notes>. In /etc/apt/sources.list, change "squeeze" to "wheezy" (noting that <wheezy-backports> have changed on the mirrors). apt-get update && apt-get upgrade && apt-get dist-upgrade. See also <squeeze->wheezy failures>.
M: 2010-09-22
<reply> see bdo
M: 2005-08-23
<reply> see debian mirrors
M: 2016-01-23
<reply>Testing is a continuously updated release between <stable> and <unstable>, currently codenamed <stretch>. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianTesting . Support in #debian-next on irc.oftc.net and ask me about <testing faq> <jessie->stretch> <testing security> <moving target> <apt-listchanges> <apt-listbugs> and <bts>. You need a sound knowledge of Debian and be prepared for a very bumpy ride. Don't use it on things that are critical!
M: 2004-11-25
<reply>Damnit Jim! It's YOU. Y-O-U. Not *U*. U is a letter. YOU is a word. See ne1, or wud. Dutch for 'you' (formal singular). See http://ars.userfriendly.org/cartoons/?id=20041201
M: 2006-06-26
<reply> Please do not use the bot's !tell feature on #debian to see factoids for yourself (!tell me about something). Doing so could be considered spam. Instead, send a private message to the bot (dpkg) containing the factoid you want to read. For example, instead of "!tell me about foo", use "/msg dpkg foo". See also <msg the bot>
installation guide
M: 2015-04-25
<reply> see jessie installation guide
M: 2009-09-27
<reply>Please do not ask if anyone can help you, knows 'something' or uses 'some_program'. Instead, ask your real question. (If the real question _was_ "does anyone use 'some_program'?" ask me about <popcon> instead.) See <ask> <ask to ask> <polls> <search> <sicco> <smart questions>.
M: 2009-05-16
<reply>The enter key is not a substitute for punctuation. Hitting enter unnecessarily makes it difficult to follow what you are saying. Consider using ',', '. ', ';', '...', '---', or ':' instead. If you hit enter too often, you will be autokicked by debhelper for flooding the channel.
M: 2004-06-16
When It's Ready. See also <rsn> and <siyh>.
M: 2005-10-12
<reply>Este canal é apenas em inglês. Por favor, use #debian-br (/j #debian-br) para ajuda em portugues.
M: 2012-05-10
<reply> Before asking in here or on the <debian-user> mailing list, you should read the Installation Guide, or if you already have Debian installed, the Debian Reference. The Debian Administrator's Handbook is also good. Ask me about <ig>, <overview>, <reference>, <refcard>, <docs>, <manuals>, <fundamentals>, <newbiedoc>, <faq>, <unix lessons>, <general cli tutorial>, <debian-handbook> (e.g. in your IRC client, type /msg dpkg reference).
C: 2003-07-17
<reply>No Offense, or den norske debian kanalen #debian-no. For skandinaviske brukere av debian. It is the norwegian channel #debian-no for scandinavian users.
M: 2011-05-06
<reply>Unstable is the status of a Debian release when packages can be added at any time, that can disrupt the integrity of the whole system! Ask me about <break>. If you have to ask whether you should use it or how, you shouldn't. http://www.debian.org/releases/unstable/ http://wiki.debian.org/DebianUnstable . See also <testing>, <sid>, <sid faq>, <apt-listbugs>, <apt-listchanges>, <bts>.
doesn't work
M: 2009-05-07
<reply> "Doesn't work" is a vague statement. Does it sit on the couch all day long? Does it procrastinate doing the dishes? Does it beg on the street for change? Please be specific! Define 'it' and what it isn't doing. Give us more details so we can help you without needing to ask basic questions like "what's the error message?". Ask me about <smart questions>, <sicco> and <errors>.
lenny sources.list
M: 2012-03-26
<reply>Debian 5.0 "Lenny" is no longer on the mirror network but can be found on archive.debian.org; you can use sources.list lines "deb http://archive.debian.org/debian/ lenny main" and "deb http://archive.debian.org/debian-security lenny/updates main". Realise that Lenny has not had security support since February 2012 and that you should upgrade to a newer, supported release. Ask me about <lenny->squeeze>.
M: 2011-11-14
the codename for <unstable>, named after the kid in Toy Story that breaks toys. The great thing about running sid is that, when it breaks you get to keep ALL the pieces!!
C: 2007-03-13
<reply> The current date is $date $time (UTC of course, this is *NIX)
M: 2007-12-07
<reply>Bug Tracking System for Debian packages, http://bugs.debian.org/ or to go directly to the bug page for a particular package/bug, try http://bugs.debian.org/packagename or http://bugs.debian.org/bugnumber . aptitude install reportbug, and check out <querybts> too. Users of unstable and testing are required to check the BTS. See also <apt-listbugs>, <reportbug>. http://wiki.debian.org/HowtoUseBTS
M: 2010-09-06
<reply> see backports.debian.org
based on debian
M: 2011-10-03
<reply>Your distribution may be based on and have software in common with Debian, but it is not Debian. We don't and cannot know what changes were made by your distribution (compare http://futurist.se/gldt/). #debian only supports Debian and pure <blend>s; please respect our choice to volunteer here to help Debian users. Support for other distributions is off-topic on #debian, even if your own distro's channel is clueless or non-existent.
M: 2002-12-30
<reply> (1) Use private messages to the bots to reduce channel spam, but don't message people on #debian without asking permission first. Most questions should be asked on channel, so that others can benefit from the question and the answers received. (2) Always feel free to message freenode network staff. They're the people with hostnames ending in 'staff.freenode'. (3) Monosodium glutamate, a food additive (see http://truthinlabeling.org/).
M: 2011-08-21
<reply>*No Longer Maintained* - Unofficial images for installing Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" using a later kernel (Linux 3.2.4) are available from http://kmuto.jp/debian/d-i/ (images are on the CD mirrors). To supply additional firmware, ask me about <installer firmware>. For a USB install, use the lenny instructions: http://www.debian.org/releases/lenny/i386/ch04s03
alsa checklist
C: 2007-03-10
<reply> see alsa-checklist
msg the bot
M: 2014-07-05
<reply>Please have conversations with the bots in a private message as much as possible. Instead of using "!topic" or "!tell <your nick> about <topic>" in the channel, you can just "/msg dpkg topic". See <bot help> and http://wiki.debian.org/IRC/DpkgBot to learn more and browse my factoids on-line at http://ircbots.debian.net/ . Also ask me about <judd>, which is another bot and window into the Ultimate Debian Database.
M: 2008-05-18
<reply>Flash is frequently used to deliver interactivity, audio and video through a web browser. Ask me about <gnash> and <lightspark> for free implementations, or <adobe flash> and <pepper flash> for non-free implementations. http://wiki.debian.org/Flash
M: 2012-08-08
<reply>fglrx / AMD Catalyst is the proprietary display driver for AMD Radeon R9 200 series, Radeon R7 200 series, Radeon HD 8000/7000/6000/5000 and FirePro graphic processing units. To install fglrx, see https://wiki.debian.org/ATIProprietary or ask me about <fglrx dkms>. This driver is incompatible with the GNOME desktop of Debian 8 "Jessie" due to lack of EGL support (ref. §5.11 <jessie release notes>), use the <radeon> driver instead.
M: 2011-12-31
<reply> Это английскоговорящий канал, пожалуйста, говорите по-английски или посетите #debian-russian (irc.freenode.net) (Russian speakers please go to #debian-russian)
M: 2012-02-10
the program used by Debian to install and remove packages, "man dpkg". Also ask me about <reference>. The main info bot in #debian is also called dpkg; ask me about <dpkgbot>.
M: 2005-09-12
<reply> If you want to laugh, use heh or hah or bwahahaha. lol doesn't sound like laughter at all and makes you look like an AOL user.
M: 2012-03-21
<reply>[non-free] a component which contains software that does not comply with the <DFSG>. To add non-free packages to your packages index, ask me about <non-free sources>. To see which non-free packages are installed ask me about <non-free list>. For the non-free tracking system, see http://nonfree.alioth.debian.org/
M: 2008-06-02
<reply>Please visit http://wiki.debian.org/IRC/DpkgBot to learn how to effectively search the factoids database for FAQ, and not flood in the channel with !tell <who> about <what>. Also ask me about <msg the bot>. We ask that you learn to search for yourself first, unless it is a specific problem. Many questions are asked repeatedly, and the factoid database can be of great help to you. Ask me about <search dpkg>.
M: 2010-03-12
<reply> Deutschsprachige Hilfe bekommt ihr in #debian.de (auf irc.oftc.net, irc.freenode.net oder irc.belwue.de) - German speaking users please go to #debian.de (on irc.oftc.net, irc.freenode.net or irc.belwue.de).
smart questions
M: 2008-09-12
<reply>Go here to find out how to ask intelligent questions: http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html - Be sure to look at the section http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html#before - This FAQ has information to help many users solve their own problem more effectively and to help users interact more effectively with helpers. Also ask me about <reportbug>.
install gnome
M: 2014-01-14
<reply>To install GNOME: «apt-get install …» 1. 'task-gnome-desktop' (Debian installer default) 2. 'gnome' (recommended) 3. 'gnome-desktop-environment' (upstream GNOME) 4. 'gnome-core' (like 3, minus end-user applications) 5. 'gnome-session gdm3 network-manager-gnome' (minimalist, not recommended). You will need Xorg installed as well, ask me about <install x>. https://wiki.debian.org/Gnome
M: 2010-03-22
<reply> To reinstall <GRUB> boot to your Debian install disk/live CD, switch to the other console (Alt-F2), mount your root filesystem (mount -t ext2 /dev/whatever /target ; mount --bind /dev /target/dev ; mount -t proc none /target/proc ; mount -t sysfs none /target/sys), chroot into it (chroot /target), run "mount /boot/efi" on EFI and "update-grub && grub-install /dev/whatever". See also <rescue mode>, <dual boot guide>, <supergrub>.
C: 2000-03-26
<reply>hello, $nick
C: 2000-06-03
<reply> I ain't no stinkin' bot. I am a finely tuned and hand crafted tool. Oh wait... I guess I am a bot (that you should not abuse).
M: 2008-07-31
<reply>see apt-pinning
cmd: win (.*?)
C: 2003-02-16
($1): <reply> Congratulations, $1! You have won (second prize in a beauty contest|a one way ticket to (Baghdad|Cleveland|Nova Scotia|Christmas Island|Beirut|Rio de Janeiro|Fire Island|Gaza|Charlotte, North Carolina ... YeeHaw!)|the US presidency|a lifetime supply of spam|the time-life collection of vintage AOL CDs, a set of 120)!
adobe flash
M: 2013-09-23
<reply> see flashplugin-nonfree
non-free sources
M: 2009-10-18
<reply>Edit /etc/apt/sources.list, ensure that the two main Debian mirror lines end with "main contrib non-free" rather than just "main", then «aptitude update». But bear in mind that you'll be installing <non-free> software. These may have onerous terms; check the licenses. See also <sources.list>.
debian mirrors
M: 2012-08-17
<reply>Debian mirror sites are listed at http://www.debian.org/mirror/list and ftp://ftp.debian.org/debian/README.mirrors.txt and http://deb.li/map ; ask me about <apt-spy>, <netselect-apt>, <httpredir.debian.org>, <debian mirror checker>. To make a mirror, see http://www.debian.org/mirrors/ ; see also <debmirror>, <apt-mirror>, <ftpsync>, <mirror size>. #debian-mirrors on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2010-01-03
<reply>Pinning is a method to choose which version of a package to install when multiple versions are available from <sources.list>. Bugs are explained at http://www.xs4all.nl/~carlo17/howto/debian.html#errata . If you use stable, pinning won't help you from messing up the system, ask me about <backports> instead. http://wiki.debian.org/AptPreferences
M: 2012-05-01
<reply>Downgrading is not, nor will ever be supported by apt. Programs change their data in a way that can't be rolled back, and package maintainer scripts support upgrades to new config file formats but not downgrades. Try: "dpkg -i olderversion.deb" or "aptitude install package=version" using "apt-cache policy package" to get the old version number. See also <partial downgrade>, <unstable->testing>, <sdo>.
M: 2009-01-21
<reply>apt-file is a utility used to find which package owns a given file - or list files in a package - even if it is not installed: "aptitude install apt-file && apt-file update" ; then "apt-file search filename" to see a list of packages containing filename (can also use a regular expression; see man apt-file). You can also search online, ask me about <pdo>. See also <judd-file>, <auto-apt>, <dlocate>.
M: 2010-05-08
<reply>#debian is primarily a support channel for Debian users. Please keep the discussions in #debian on-topic and take longer discussions and non-support questions to #debian-offtopic. Imagine the chaos if each of the hundreds of people in the channel felt the need to wander off topic for a few minutes every day.
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>see jessie sources.list
cmd: you (.*?)
C: 2008-01-09
($1): <reply> I resemble that remark!
M: 2012-01-14
a program on Unix and Unix-like systems used to print out the specified text ('y' by default) infinitely. You should NOT use it unless you know what you are doing, because it can eat many resources.
package recompile
M: 2009-06-23
<reply> 1) Add a <deb-src> line for your current release to your sources.list 2) aptitude update; aptitude install build-essential devscripts fakeroot; aptitude -R build-dep packagename 3) as any user, apt-get source packagename 4) cd packagename-version/; ask me about <debian/rules>; 5) dpkg-buildpackage -uc -us 6) as root, dpkg -i ../packagename-version.deb. Ask me about <debian/rules>, <nocheck>, <nostrip>, <apt-get source>.
M: 2010-09-29
<reply>[rsn] Real Soon Now (see <wir> and <siyh>), or Robust Security Network: the Wi-Fi Alliance's full 802.11i implementation (aka WPA2, see <wpa>).
M: 2011-01-27
<reply>Pour l'aide en francais, veuillez rejoindre le canal #debian-fr. Francophone users: for help in french, please go to #debian-fr.
M: 2009-06-11
<reply>Java is a cross-platform C++-like OO language. Sun, now Oracle, has released most of its Java implementation under the GPL as <openjdk>. There are other implementations packaged; for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" systems, Sun's JRE/JDK is in <non-free> (for i386, amd64 only). Ask me about <install java>. See also <java alternatives>, <icedtea>, <java ipv6>, <java-package>. http://wiki.debian.org/Java ##java on irc.freenode.net.
aptitude clone
M: 2013-08-12
<reply> To clone a Debian machine using aptitude (or install your favourite packages) use aptitude search --disable-columns -F%p '~i!~M!~v' > package_list; on the reference machine; xargs aptitude --schedule-only install < package_list; aptitude install; on the other machine. This preserves information about "automatically installed" packages that other methods do not. See also <reinstall>, <things to backup>, <debian clone>, <apt-clone>.
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>Read (at least) the upgrading chapter of the <release notes> http://deb.li/ldcj . In /etc/apt/sources.list, change "wheezy" to "jessie". apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade. 3rd party repos like <dmo> are known to cause problems with the upgrade. See also <jessie sysvinit>.
M: 2011-03-08
<reply>Support for your wireless LAN device is dependent on the chipset within. Don't know what you have? Ask me about <what's my wireless>. Atheros: <atheros>; Atmel: <atmel>; Broadcom: <broadcom>; Intel: <intel>; Intersil: <prism>; Marvell: <marvell>; Ralink: <ralink>; Realtek: <realtek>; TI: <acx-mac80211>; VIA: <vt665x>; ZyDAS: <zydas>. See also <crda>, <killswitch>, <wpa>. http://wiki.debian.org/WiFi
M: 2014-02-12
<reply>The packaging tutorial (http://deb.li/QYyI) and the New Maintainer's Guide (http://deb.li/3DiDA) are good places to start learning about Debian packaging. You should also ask me about <devref> and <policy> to understand how packages should be maintained and how they should interact with each other. Ask me about <package basics>, <mentors>, <best practices> <build without helper>. http://www.debian.org/devel/
M: 2014-03-14
<reply>hold is a status flag that tells the package manager to not automatically upgrade a package. To hold a package 'echo $package hold|dpkg --set-selections' or 'aptitude hold $package'. Note that "aptitude hold" is ignored by other package managers (i.e. Update Manager, synaptic, apt-get) and aptitude won't necessarily use holds set with dpkg; see Debian bug #137771 (fixed in stretch). See also <hold list>, <unhold>.
M: 2009-11-04
<reply>see newmaint
M: 2012-06-21
<reply>The 'freeze' is when large changes to testing version of Debian are stopped for few months. During this period, no new package uploads are made except to fix critical bugs or to provide documentation updates. During the freeze, bugs are squashed to 'stabilize' the release to make the new 'stable'. Stretch will start to freeze in early 2017. Also ask me about <slushy>, <stretch freeze>.
M: 2016-04-26
<reply>Wheezy is the current <oldstable> release, Debian 7, released on 2013-05-04: https://www.debian.org/News/2013/20130504 ; security support ended on 2016-04-25, but ask me about <wheezy-lts>. Wheezy is the rubber toy penguin with a red bow tie. See https://wiki.debian.org/DebianWheezy and ask me about <install wheezy> <wheezy release notes> <wheezy->jessie>. Currently <7.10>.
M: 2010-02-16
<reply>Radeon is a brand of graphic processing units by AMD/ATI (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radeon). The radeon open source display driver is packaged for Debian as xserver-xorg-video-radeon, optionally install libgl1-mesa-dri for 3D acceleration. Also ask me about <radeon firmware>, <radeon audio>. https://wiki.debian.org/AtiHowTo http://x.org/wiki/radeon #radeon on irc.freenode.net. For the proprietary driver, see <fglrx>.
install debian
M: 2014-05-12
<reply>There are a myriad of different ways to install Debian. See http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/debian-installer for a list of images and ask me about <netinst>, <various cd1> and <firmware images>. See also <install guide> and <d-i> for detailed instructions. (If you've never installed Debian before, you should read the install guide.)
M: 2009-09-19
a small CD image with which you can install Debian. If, during the installation process you have a working Internet connection, you can install more packages straight away, otherwise, you will have a base install and more packages later. See http://www.debian.org/CD/netinst/ See also <various cd1>, <check iso image>, <dialup install>, <usb install>, <installer>.
M: 2008-10-09
<reply>Ciao, vai su #debian-it per ricevere aiuto in italiano. Italian Speakers: Please use #debian-it, there you will get much more help.
M: 2015-08-18
<reply>Advanced Packaging Tool (APT) is a package management system used by Debian and its derivatives. APT is a C++ library of functions that are used by several command line programs for dealing with packages, notably apt-get, apt-cache, and aptitude and, from Debian 8 "Jessie" onwards, apt. See also <aptitude> <apt-get>, <apt-cache>, <apt myths>.
M: 2009-04-01
<reply>Do not use public away/back messages in $channel. If we want to know where you are, we'll /whois you. In BitchX, /set auto_away off; in XChat, Preferences > Chatting > General > uncheck Announce Away Messages; ask in #yourircclient if you have questions. If you continue to use public aways/backs you will be devoiced. http://sackheads.org/~bnaylor/spew/away_msgs.html
testing/unstable mix
M: 2014-08-16
<reply>«echo 'APT::Default-Release "testing";' >> /etc/apt/apt.conf», edit sources.list, copy your non-security testing lines and change one set to unstable, then apt-get update. Use apt-get -t unstable install foo; to install foo from unstable rather than testing as usual. WARNING to SYNAPTIC users: Synaptic ignores Default-Release: set Preferences->Distribution.
M: 2012-06-17
<reply>pastebinit is a command-line tool to send data to a <pastebin>. NOTE: Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" users, you must "pastebinit -b http://paste.debian.net" or configure pastebinit to use something other than pastebin.com. To paste e.g. your sources.list do "aptitude install pastebinit; pastebinit /etc/apt/sources.list"; to paste the output of a program do e.g. "dmesg | pastebinit". See also <pastebinit config>, <nopaste>.
M: 2011-06-30
a terminal-based package manager that can be used in a command-line mode (aptitude install foo ; aptitude remove goo) as well as a text user interface mode (just run "aptitude"). Ask me about <why aptitude> <why not aptitude> <aptitude-fu> <aptitude docs> or see http://wiki.debian.org/Aptitude or http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
M: 2006-07-12
<reply>Your network configuration is in the file /etc/network/interfaces ; "man 5 interfaces" for documentation, "zless /usr/share/doc/ifupdown/examples/network-interfaces.gz" for example configurations. Start and stop your networking with ifup -a and ifdown -a respectively. http://wiki.debian.org/NetworkConfiguration . See also <dhcp client>, <resolv.conf>, <static route>.
install kde
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>The 'kde-standard' package gets you the common set-up, 'kde-plasma-desktop' and 'kde-plasma-netbook' provide minimal KDE 4 setups with respective flavouring, and 'kde-full' installs everything KDE 4. To install using Debian-Installer (if not using KDE CD-1): from the 'Software selection' dialog, choose "KDE" (use space bar to toggle selections), then "Continue".
C: 2007-11-09
<reply>see testing/unstable mix
M: 2009-03-31
<reply>[stable] The status of a Debian release when no packages will be added, new versions introduced and changes will only fix security issues and critical bugs. Packages can be removed in rare circumstances. The current stable version of Debian is Jessie (8.4); ask me about <releases>. Security bugs are fixed in stable by backporting the fix to the stable version (ask me about <security backports>). https://wiki.debian.org/DebianStable
M: 2015-04-26
<reply>Jessie is the codename for the current <stable> release, Debian 8, released on 2015-04-25: http://www.debian.org/News/2015/20150426 . Jessie is the cowgirl in Toy Story 2. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianJessie and ask me about <install jessie> <release notes> <wheezy->jessie>. Currently <8.4>.
wheezy sources.list
M: 2013-05-01
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for Debian 7 "Wheezy" has three lines: "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main" "deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main" "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-updates main". Be sure to run «aptitude update» after editing sources.list. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <wheezy/updates> <wheezy-updates> <mirrors> <apt-spy> and "man sources.list".
cmd: kill (.*?)
C: 2001-08-30
($1): <action> (rips $1 open|chops $1's head off|crushes $1|mangles $1|tears a hole in $1's head|rips off $1's balls|subjects $1 to excruciating pain) with (his teeth|a rusty dagger|a large trout|a free AOL CD|a whip|a Knoppix CD|a large lead pipe)
why not aptitude
M: 2011-06-30
<reply> Aptitude is more memory intensive and slower than <apt-get>, the <ncurses> interface is always loaded regardless of being used or not. Moreover the resolver can sometimes produce unexpected results and most of <aptitude>'s former exclusive features are now available in <apt-get> as well. Ask me about <why aptitude> and see http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9.
M: 2009-04-29
Sooner If You Help. How? http://qa.debian.org/ , http://wiki.debian.org/BSP
squeeze sources.list
M: 2016-03-08
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" has two lines: "deb http://archive.debian.org/debian/ squeeze main" "deb http://archive.debian.org/debian/ squeeze-lts main". Put "Acquire::Check-Valid-Until false;" in /etc/apt/apt.conf and run «aptitude update». Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <squeeze-lts> <squeeze-updates> and "man sources.list".
M: 2012-04-29
<reply>Kernel: uname -r, or cat /proc/version. Package: dpkg -l _pkgname_ , or run apt-cache policy <packagename>. Miscellaneous commands: try --version on the command. For the version of Debian, ask me about <debian suite>.
M: 2009-11-16
<reply>To blacklist a Linux kernel module, create/edit /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.local.conf and add a line similar to this (without quotes): "blacklist module_name". If this doesn't work, do 'echo "install modulename /bin/true" >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.local.conf'. IMPORTANT: ask about <blacklist-initramfs>. To blacklist a module at installation time, ask me about <installer blacklist>. http://wiki.debian.org/KernelModuleBlacklisting
M: 2009-04-13
<reply>Advanced Linux Sound Architecture (ALSA) is a Linux kernel component providing device drivers for sound cards. Ask me about <install alsa>. See also <alsa-checklist>, <default alsa>, <alsa firmware>. http://wiki.debian.org/ALSA http://www.alsa-project.org/ #alsa on irc.freenode.net.
install x
M: 2009-05-02
<reply> To install X in Debian: "aptitude update && aptitude install xorg". You may also want to install a desktop environment - ask me about <install gnome>, <install kde>, <install xfce>, <install lxde> - or a window manager, ask me about <window manager>. To configure your X server, ask me about <xorg config>.
start an editor war
M: 2003-04-13
<reply> (vim|zile|xemacs|pico|nvi|edlin|joe|ae|nano|emacs|"cat >") (bites|is known to (cause (sexual impotence|birth defects|brain damage|terminal cluelessness)|repel members of your preferred sex|cause ulcers|decrease your lifespan)|users (are (really backwards|clueballs)|can't think straight|need to (get (a life|out more often|laid)))|sucks|blows|doesn't deserve to be in (Debian|any Linux distribution|BSD))(.|!)
M: 2009-10-20
<reply>debootstrap can create a basic Debian system from scratch, without apt/dpkg. Useful for installing in a <chroot>. It is key to installing Debian GNU/Linux from a Unix/Linux system, ask me about <install guide>. http://wiki.debian.org/Debootstrap http://www.debian-administration.org/article/Installing_new_Debian_systems_with_debootstrap
M: 2008-01-22
the system the Debian project uses to train new people to become Debian Developers or Debian Maintainers and get their packages into the Debian archive. Ask me about <nmg>. http://lists.debian.org/debian-mentors/ http://mentors.debian.net/ #debian-mentors on irc.debian.org (irc.oftc.net).
linux mint
M: 2010-12-03
<reply>Linux Mint is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. Please use their forums at http://forums.linuxmint.com/ or join #linuxmint-help on irc.spotchat.org for support. Linux Mint is variously based on <Ubuntu> with a "Linux Mint Debian Edition" (LMDE) also available. See also <based on debian>, <mintppc>.
M: 2005-09-23
<reply>"PCs are like air conditioners, if you open Windows(R) they don't work." Support for Microsoft Windows operating systems is available in ##windows on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2012-03-21
<reply>[contrib] Debian packages that contain <DFSG>-compliant software, but have dependencies not in main (possibly packaged for Debian in non-free). To get contrib packages, add lines like "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ [jessie|stretch|sid] main contrib" to your /etc/apt/sources.list, then «aptitude update». Also ask me about <non-free>, <contrib list>.
M: 2013-06-26
<reply>Multiarch allows you to install foreign architecture packages. For example, to allow i386 packages to be installed on an amd64 system: «dpkg --add-architecture i386 && apt-get update». See http://wiki.debian.org/Multiarch and <multiarch howto>, <multiarch failures>. For the unrelated installer that can install i386 or amd64, see <multi-arch installer>.
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>Debian 8 "Jessie" is now the "stable" Debian release. See http://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/debian-installer/ for images. Developers page is http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/ . If you want to make custom install CDs, start with d-i. IRC: #debian-boot on irc.oftc.net. See also <errata>, <g-i>.
release history
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>Debian releases are named after "Toy Story" characters. Buzz(1.1; 1996-03-14), Rex(1.2; 1996-10-28), Bo(1.3; 1997-05-01), Hamm(2.0; 1998-07-24), Slink(2.1; 1999-03-09), Potato(2.2; 2000-08-15), Woody(3.0; 2002-07-19), Sarge(3.1; 2005-06-06), Etch(4.0; 2007-04-08), Lenny(5.0; 2009-02-14), Squeeze(6.0; 2011-02-06), Wheezy(7; 2013-05-04), Jessie(8; 2015-04-25). The next release will be Stretch. http://deb.li/it56U
M: 2009-10-23
<reply>The Debian Reference will answer most of your questions about Debian. The latest version (v2) is at http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/ . Read it after installing Debian and before asking for support, as it is the closest thing Debian has to a manual. You can install this too, the package name is debian-reference: «aptitude install debian-reference»
M: 2014-02-17
<reply>Where possible, most ATI/AMD graphics processing units are supported using the open source "radeon" driver on Debian systems by default, ask me about <radeon>. To install the proprietary "fglrx" driver, ask me about <fglrx>; installing this directly from amd.com (i.e. with the AMD Catalyst installer) is not supported in #debian, please go to #ati on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-04-01
<reply> As an overview: to work with Debian source packages, add a <deb-src> line to your sources list; cd to a location with free space; download the source package with <apt-get source>; edit <debian/rules> to taste; use <dpkg-buildpackage> to build the new .deb. For more details, also ask me about <package recompile> <backport> <nmg> <policy> <source package>
M: 2010-04-24
<reply>Universal Serial Bus (USB) is a technology that has replaced the way that some peripheral devices connect to a computer. It is much faster than serial/communications and more flexible: many devices can be connected to simultaneously. USB 3.0 is supported by the Linux kernel since version 2.6.31. http://www.linux-usb.org/USB-guide/book1.html http://www.linux-usb.org/ See also <usb install>, <usbreset>.
M: 2009-05-29
<reply>X.Org X11 is the reference implementation of the X Window System, forked from XFree86 4.4RC2 and first included in Debian 4.0 "Etch". To install, ask me about <install x>. To configure, ask me about <xorg config>. To remove, ask about <remove x>. http://wiki.debian.org/Xorg http://x.org/ #xorg on irc.freenode.net.
debian live
M: 2011-02-07
<reply>The Debian Live project provides pre-built Debian live system images and allows creation of your own. These can be used to install a Debian system. Live images are available from http://www.debian.org/CD/live/ . http://live.debian.net/ #debian-live on irc.debian.org.
debian clone
M: 2011-06-24
<reply> One method of cloning Debian installs is to take a current Debian machine that is set up with the packages you want and run the command "dpkg --get-selections > ~/selectionfile". Then, after the base install on other machines use that file and do: "dpkg --set-selections < ~/selectionfile && apt-get dselect-upgrade". Also ask me about <aptitude clone>, <reinstall>, <things to backup> <apt-clone>.
M: 2009-10-14
<reply> uupdate (in the <devscripts> package) upgrades a source code package from an upstream revision, or e.g. if the newest foo in debian is 1.2, and upstream is at 1.4: apt-get source foo; wget -nd http://foo.org/foo-1.4.tar.gz; cd foo-1.2; uupdate ../foo-1.4.tar.gz Ask me about <package recompile>.
oftc move
M: 2006-06-20
<reply>irc.debian.org moved to OFTC on June 4th 2006, see http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2006/05/msg00012.html. Operators and bots (see <fact sharing>) will remain on both networks for the foreseeable future; you're welcome to either move to OFTC with i.d.o or stay on Freenode. Questions? Ask in #debian on one or other network. See also http://lists.debian.org/debian-project/2006/04/msg00333.html
M: 2010-10-04
<reply>Webmin is a lame web-based interface for unsafe system administration for Unix. Check it out at http://webmin.com/ Remember, dondelelcaro *hates* webmin. "i'd rather sit on the floor shoving table knives into live electrical outlets than run webmin on an exposed server." Removed from Debian post-Sarge, see http://bugs.debian.org/343897 . The Debian package from webmin.com is of poor quality. See <free whcp> for alternatives.
firmware images
M: 2015-04-25
<reply> see firmware images jessie
what are you
C: 2000-08-01
<reply> I am an infobot. For more information, ask me about <infobot>.
M: 2010-04-12
<reply>http://snapshot.debian.org/ is an archive of almost all Debian packages uploaded since 2005, including those removed from the official archives because they were very buggy, unusable, broken, vulnerable or in some way non-free. This service replaces snapshot.debian.net. http://www.debian.org/News/2010/20100412
C: 2002-08-22
<reply> see netinst
search dpkg
M: 2010-09-01
<reply>You can search my database on the web at http://ircbots.debian.net/ or on IRC by asking me about <help listkeys> and <help-listvals>. My factoids are available at http://crito.ucr.edu/~dpkg/ in archives that are updated nightly and the previous 18 days are there. See also <search>.
C: 2008-09-19
<reply>When a <testing> release becomes frozen, <unstable> tends to partially freeze as well. This is because developers are reluctant to upload radically new software to unstable, in case the frozen software in testing needs minor updates and to fix release critical bugs which keep testing from becoming <stable>.
M: 2009-08-05
<reply> Use 'dpkg-reconfigure locales' to get it up and running. This generates <locale> definitions and also edits /etc/default/locale which sets the $LANG environment variable at login time. Use "LANG=C command" to change the output language for a one off command, ask me about <localised errors>. See also <mac locales>. http://wiki.debian.org/Locale
C: 2002-04-23
<reply> This!
M: 2011-02-06
<reply>Put "deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib non-free" in your /etc/apt/sources.list file to keep up-to-date on security updates in <stable>. Run "aptitude update" and "aptitude upgrade" (or "aptitude full-upgrade" if the updates are kept back). Also ask me about <dsa>, <security backports>, <oldstable security>, <testing security>, <unstable security>, <browser security>.
cmd: -i (.*?)
M: 2006-11-28
($1): (<action>installs $1 into $nick's head with a bone saw and a few screws|<action> removes a (liver|speen|kidney|lung) from $nick and replaces it with $1|<reply> package $1 is already installed)
M: 2010-09-06
<reply> see backports.debian.org
cmd: congratulate (.*?)
C: 2003-01-08
($1): <reply>(Huzzah|Good show|Woohoo|Yay|Hugs & Puppies|Nice one) $1, you did it!
M: 2013-08-19
<reply>Compiz was a compositing window manager using OpenGL for rendering. Compiz hasn't been developed for some time and is no longer part of Debian (see bugs #719870 and #677864). Plenty of other window managers have the same features as compiz. For a list of available window managers, run «apt-cache showpkg x-window-manager». See also http://wiki.debian.org/Compiz http://www.compiz.org/ or #compiz on irc.freenode.net.
testing security
M: 2015-05-10
<reply> The testing release does not receive full security support until just before release. Up until that time, security updates can take a few days to arrive and will often be new upstream versions which may require you to spend significant time reconfiguring applications. Don't run 'testing' on things where good security support and stability are important. See <moving target>.
M: 2003-05-24
<reply>DFSG is the Debian Free Software Guidelines, which are explained at http://www.debian.org/social_contract#guidelines . For a full list of DFSG-compatible/incompatible software licenses, see http://wiki.debian.org/DFSGLicenses
M: 2010-06-24
<reply> see offtopic
M: 2011-05-31
<reply>NTFS-3G is a userspace driver providing NTFS read and write support. "aptitude install ntfs-3g". Usage examples: http://www.tuxera.com/community/ntfs-3g-download/#usage . Also ask me about <user accessible ntfs>.
install guide
M: 2009-02-16
<reply> see installation guide
C: 2008-01-13
<reply> see linux mint
M: 2010-02-06
<reply>GNOME is a Desktop Environment ("DE", so are <KDE> and <XFCE>) based on GTK+. To get or delete GNOME, ask me about <install gnome> or <remove gnome> respectively. See also <gnome status>. https://wiki.debian.org/Gnome http://www.gnome.org/ #debian-gnome on irc.debian.org. GNOME-related IRC channels: https://wiki.gnome.org/Community/GettingInTouch/IRC
M: 2012-04-28
<reply> see zh
M: 2010-03-13
<reply>The Network Time Protocol (NTP) is used to synchronize the clocks of computer systems over a network. "aptitude install ntp" is enough to get going and synchronise your clock using the default ntp pool. http://wiki.debian.org/NTP http://www.ntp.org/ See also <set time>, <pool.ntp>.
M: 2011-05-04
<reply>Firmware is software to operate electronic devices, usually contained in EPROM or flash memory. Some Linux kernel drivers require firmware to be provided from userspace, notably for <WiFi> devices. Most firmware files are not part of a Debian release as they do not conform to the <DFSG>; some are available via <contrib> and <non-free> packages, ask me about <search>. See also <installer firmware>. http://wiki.debian.org/Firmware
M: 2014-06-27
<reply>To chroot into your Debian system boot to your Debian install disk/live CD, switch to the other console (Alt-F2). Mount your root filesystem with "mount -t ext2 /dev/whatever /target" and make /dev, /proc and /sys usable with "mount --bind /dev /target/dev ; mount -t proc none /target/proc ; mount -t sysfs none /target/sys". You can then chroot into the system with "chroot /target".
C: 2000-05-01
<reply> Cya, $who
M: 2003-07-20
<reply> Sunday is the day all trolls swarm to #debian, avoid at all cost to remain sane.
xorg config
M: 2009-09-29
<reply>From Debian 5.0 "Lenny" onwards, xorg mostly configures itself. Resolution is set by your monitor/graphics card (unless they're broken), by your desktop environment or <xrandr>. From Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", input hotplugging saves duplicating settings and restarting X after changes. The /etc/X11/xorg.conf file is usually no longer needed and is often blank. Manual configuration is still possible, see <xorg manual config>.
M: 2005-12-03
<reply> see install debian
M: 2013-04-30
<reply>b43 is a Linux kernel driver supporting PCI/PCIe wireless LAN devices with Broadcom chips. Firmware is required, ask me about <b43-fwcutter> to provide. http://wiki.debian.org/bcm43xx #bcm-users on irc.freenode.net. For BCM4313/43224/43225 device support, ask me about <brcmsmac>. For support of the BCM4306 rev 2 and 802.11b-only devices, ask me about <b43legacy>.
M: 2012-12-29
<reply>make-kpkg is no longer the recommended method for building kernel packages. See <kernel handbook> for current instructions. It can be used to make a debian package for a custom kernel. See man make-kpkg, <kp mantra>. NOTE it does not automatically create header packages, needed for module-assistant and dkms.
M: 2003-03-31
<reply>"This release is currently considered ``unstable''. That means that things *will* break if you run it." (quote from old page http://www.debian.org/releases/woody/), or http://bugs.debian.org/155873#10
M: 2016-03-11
<reply>From 2006 to 2016, Mozilla Firefox was known as "Iceweasel" in Debian because Mozilla would not permit Debian to use the Firefox name. Firefox packages will shortly appear in both jessie and sid. For the latest versions, ask me about <mozilla.debian.net>.
M: 2008-11-27
<reply> see wireless
M: 2011-09-25
<reply>When you get random packages from random repositories, mix multiple releases of Debian, or mix Debian and derived distributions, you have a mess. There's no way anyone can support this "distribution of Frankenstein" and #debian certainly doesn't want to even try. See if you can convince ##linux to help.
remove gnome
M: 2009-12-15
<reply>To remove or purge GNOME 2.x: aptitude remove ~nlibgnome ~nlibbonobo2 ~nliborbit2 ~nlibgnomeui ~nlibgnomevfs2. Use 'purge' instead of 'remove' if that's what you want (ask me about <purge>).
M: 2009-06-01
<reply>Xfce is a pretty nifty Desktop Environment. Lightweight, fast, compact. To install, ask me about <install xfce>. https://wiki.debian.org/Xfce http://wiki.xfce.org/faq http://www.xfce.org/ #xfce on irc.freenode.net.
backport caveat
M: 2008-11-17
<reply>Remember that in installing backports, you will be using an unusual configuration of packages that has not been tested as thoroughly as Debian stable and that newer packages have both newer features and newer bugs. Ask me about <version chasing>. Also note that you can't rely on backports to be patched quickly if vulnerabilities are discovered.
cmd: do (.*?)
M: 2004-02-01
($1): <action> (does|refuses to do|eagerly does|reluctantly agrees to do|wonders why (he|she|it|they|we|you|those smelly goats) should do|wouldn't dream of doing) $1
M: 2008-03-25
<reply> Por favor use #debian-pt para ajuda em portugues ou #debian-br para ajuda em portugues do brasil. ( /join #debian-pt )
M: 2010-09-10
<reply>[iptables] The user-space process used to administer iptables kernel parts on top of netfilter. Ask me about <netfilter docs>. For a proper Debian-way of setting up iptables, see http://wiki.debian.org/iptables or ask me about <iptables-restore>. http://netfilter.org/ #netfilter on irc.freenode.net. See also <ferm>, <lartc>, <masq>, <ulogd>.
cd contents
M: 2009-02-01
<reply>see disk contents
M: 2016-03-04
<reply>see when will stretch release
point releases
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>Point releases are updates to <stable> and <oldstable>, incorporating security fixes and resolving grave bugs. You can upgrade to the latest point release by referencing a Debian <mirror> in /etc/apt/sources.list, then "aptitude update && aptitude full-upgrade". See <8.4>, <7.10>. https://wiki.debian.org/DebianReleases/PointReleases
nvidia dkms
M: 2013-08-02
<reply>For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems. Ask me about <contrib> and <non-free sources>. «aptitude -r install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` nvidia-kernel-dkms && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "nvidia"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nvidia.conf». Restart your system to enable the <nouveau> blacklist.
localized errors
M: 2009-06-09
<reply> Rather than hoping that we recognise what has gone wrong from the error messages in your native language, please provide any error messages in English. You can do this by setting your locale to an English one (e.g. C) prior to running the command, e.g. «LC_ALL=C apt-get -f install»
M: 2010-03-27
<reply> reportbug is used to submit bugs to the Debian <BTS>. Install reportbug, then run reportbug. Or on the web, http://www.debian.org/Bugs/, or see http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch05s04#problem-report for some general information about using reportbug and/or for <debian-installer> bug reporting. Also ask me about <report-bugs>. http://wiki.debian.org/reportbug http://www.debian.org/Bugs/Reporting
your factoids
M: 2008-06-02
<reply> see search dpkg
M: 2008-02-20
aptitude reinstall '~i' ; or COLUMNS=200 dpkg -l | awk '/^[hi]i/{print $2}' | xargs apt-get -y --reinstall install, or dpkg --get-selections > my_packages.txt , then later, dpkg --set-selections < my_packages.txt && apt-get install . See also <aptitude clone>, <debian clone>.
cmd: deb-src (.*?)
C: 2011-08-16
($1): <reply>You can get apt to download source packages with a <deb-src> line in your <sources.list>. A suitable entry for the $1 release is: "deb-src http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ $1 main contrib non-free". Remember to "apt-get update" after changing your sources.list.
M: 2008-01-18
<reply> see sources.list
C: 2006-11-02
<reply>If your kernel uses an initramfs image (e.g. Debian stock kernel images), you need to run «update-initramfs -u» in order to refresh its copy of blacklist table. Otherwise, early bootup won't follow your blacklist requests in e.g. /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.local.conf
M: 2009-12-20
<reply> see sdo
M: 2014-02-27
<reply>Please invoke 'dpkg: ops $problem' to call the operators to deal with a specific problem. Misuse of this will lead to a ban. Operators can also be contacted in the #debian-ops channel.
M: 2015-08-21
#debian on <freenode> is logged at http://ibot.rikers.org/%23debian/ , #debian on <OFTC> is logged at http://irclogs.thegrebs.com/debian/
M: 2010-12-09
<reply>For information on permissions, read «info coreutils 'File Permissions'», http://mywiki.wooledge.org/Permissions and http://www.comptechdoc.org/os/linux/usersguide/linux_ugfilesp.html . For further information, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unix_permission and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chmod and follow the setuid and setgid links within. See also <ssh permissions>, <qotd232>. http://wiki.debian.org/Permissions
point release
C: 2009-02-15
<reply> see point releases
usb install
C: 2013-03-18
<reply>You can install Debian from a USB stick/thumbdrive/pen drive/key on x86 systems, as long as your system's BIOS can boot from USB. Details are in the Installation Guide, see http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch04s03 and ask me about <install debian> for hybrid CD/DVD images. Use http://sf.net/projects/win32diskimager/ to write images from Windows. For BIOSes not capable of USB boot, ask me about <plop>.
free ram
M: 2008-07-29
<reply>Unlike information, your computer's memory does *not* want to be free. Free RAM is wasted RAM! Linux tries to use free physical memory for caching files from disk which speeds up disk access considerably. Linux releases RAM from these caches if programs need it. If you want to know how much physical memory the free(1) tool says you have left for program use, it's 'free' + 'buffers' + 'cache'. Also ask me about <swapwake>.
ftp must die
M: 2010-06-04
<reply> FTP MUST DIE! http://mywiki.wooledge.org/FtpMustDie . If you really just want to provide anonymous download of files, use HTTP: http://daniel.haxx.se/docs/ftp-vs-http.html
M: 2012-04-28
<reply>amd64 is the Debian architecture optimized for x86-64, aka AMD64. Intel Core 2, Core i3/i5/i7 and Xeon (since 2004) systems are x86-64. The AMD64 architecture also supports running Debian i386 with either a -686-pae or -amd64 kernel. See also <why amd64> and <why not amd64>.
M: 2009-04-10
<reply>Use «hostname foo» to set the hostname, $EDITOR /etc/hostname to set it for the next boot (create /etc/hostname if it does not exist) and $EDITOR /etc/hosts to set up local translations for a FQDN. See also 'man 1 hostname', or ask me about <mailname>. http://wiki.debian.org/HowTo/ChangeHostname
M: 2003-05-05
M: 2010-07-26
the Debian Popularity contest, the basis for what packages appear on the first few CDs/DVDs etc (by rank). Install the popularity-contest package to participate. See the results at http://popcon.debian.org/ -- See the FAQ at http://popcon.debian.org/FAQ . Statistics are also available via IRC, /msg judd popcon $package
M: 2008-12-07
what keeps your box from getting r00ted, or what you do with aptitude. Do an aptitude update first, and then an aptitude upgrade. Ask me about <security>. If you upgrade to a new stable version of Debian, read its release notes first. Ask me about <squeeze->wheezy> <wheezy->jessie>.
jessie sources.list
M: 2015-03-28
<reply>A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for Debian 8 "Jessie" has three lines: "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ jessie main" "deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main" "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates main". Be sure to run «aptitude update» after editing sources.list. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <jessie/updates> <jessie-updates> <mirrors> and "man sources.list".
M: 2009-05-10
<reply> If you're running one of the desktop environments in Debian, then ask me about <kde automount>, <thunar-volman>. If you want something for the command line, then ask me about <usbmount>, <pmount> or <halevt>. For a completely different approach to automounting, ask me about <autofs>.
moving target
M: 2009-10-22
<reply> Sure, testing might be shinier than stable, but are you prepared to be continually updating your system? Things that worked today will break tomorrow. Configuration file formats will change and you'll have to fold your changes in yet again. Testing is a moving target and if you'd rather work *with* your computer than working *on* your computer, you might not want that. See <testing security>.
M: 2012-02-08
<reply>Debian Volatile was a project aiming at keeping Debian releases up-to-date for fast moving packages such as virus scanners, spam scanners and firmware downloaders. It was replaced by the <stable-updates> suite as of Debian 6.0 "Squeeze". http://lists.debian.org/debian-volatile-announce/2012/msg00000.html
M: 2015-12-29
<reply>The Debian Live project provides pre-built Debian live system images and allows creation of your own. These can be used to install a Debian system. Live images are available from http://www.debian.org/CD/live/ . http://live.debian.net/ #debian-live on irc.debian.org. See also <live firmware>. Currently you CANNOT install in <UEFI> mode from a Debian Live image.
M: 2012-06-10
the probably first <metasyntactic variable>, it's a placeholder for some other term. See http://www.catb.org/~esr/jargon/html/F/foo.html and <bar>, also read the Etymology of "Foo" (RFC3092).
M: 2010-01-09
<reply>[sudo] (Substitute User DO) Not enabled by default on Debian systems; configure /etc/sudoers first, ask me about <visudo>, <sudoers>. sudo can give limited super user privileges to specific users, or allow you to do silly things like run X apps with root permissions, or good in scripts with "username ALL = NOPASSWD: /some/program". See also <sudo path>. http://wiki.debian.org/sudo http://www.aplawrence.com/Basics/sudo.html
M: 2013-04-21
<reply>GNU GRUB 2 is a portable and powerful boot loader. Ask me about <grub config> and <grub default>. To reinstall, ask me about <fixmbr>. http://wiki.debian.org/Grub2 #grub on irc.freenode.net. See also <grub legacy>.
M: 2011-06-30
<reply>apt-get is a program (part of the apt package) used as a simple command line tool to libapt. apt-get is the original frontend for <apt>, but <aptitude> is now the recommended tool for managing packages. See also <why aptitude>, <reference>, <synaptic>, <apt-cache>, <gdebi>. http://wiki.debian.org/apt-get http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9
install xfce
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>To install <Xfce> on established systems, ask me about <install x>, then: «apt-get install xfce4 xfce4-goodies». To install using Debian-Installer (if not using Xfce CD-1): from the 'Software selection' dialog, choose "Xfce" (use space bar to toggle selections), then "Continue"; an Internet connection may be required to obtain these packages.
C: 2013-03-21
<reply>Selected packages intended for the Debian 8 "Jessie" release but recompiled for use with "Wheezy" (7.x) can be found in the "wheezy-backports" repository. Note that wheezy-backports are on the regular mirror network, not on backports.debian.org. A suitable line for your sources.list is «deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-backports main». Also ask me about <bdo>.
M: 2009-11-11
a collection of files. 'tar', 'ar', 'cpio' are all archiving tools. This is *not* the same as compression, which is a separate operation. Debian Archives is the repository for old Debian releases, see http://www.debian.org/distrib/archive . For the package archive, ask me about <snapshot>. Old Debian <ISO> files are archived at http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/archive/
M: 2009-04-09
<reply>Google is a search engine owned by Google Inc. whose mission statement is to "organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful." The largest search engine on the web, Google receives over 200 million queries each day through its various services. http://www.google.com/ See also <chromium>, <gmail>, <googledns>, <googleearth>, <googletalk>, <gsoc>, <gtalk>.
M: 2010-02-03
a nifty program used to manage a /usr/local/ hierarchy. It keeps all the programs separate, so you can install and remove them without playing the "which program does that file belong to" game; ask me about <stow usage>. http://www.gnu.org/software/stow . See also <usrlocal>, <uupdate>, <checkinstall>.
C: 2011-09-16
<reply> nopaste is a command-line tool to send data to a <pastebin>. To paste e.g. your sources.list do "aptitude install libapp-nopaste-perl; nopaste /etc/apt/sources.list"; to paste the output of a program do e.g. "dmesg | nopaste".
they don't know
M: 2011-10-11
<reply>We're sorry your distro's channel isn't being helpful, but that doesn't make it appropriate to use #debian for non-Debian questions. Please go back to your channel and wait patiently for better help, or install Debian and party with us.
C: 2005-02-08
<reply> Gentoo Linux causes global warming! Needlessly recompiling everything uses power. Fossil fuels are used to generate that power. See also <diminishing returns on bogomips>. Hug a tree, use Debian!
disk contents
M: 2011-04-14
<reply>To find out which CD or DVD image contains a particular package or source file, use the search engine at http://cdimage-search.debian.org/ . To see what a specific image contains, examine the package lists within the list-{cd,dvd} subdirectories for the relevant architecture at http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/ (e.g. http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/amd64/list-cd/).
M: 2011-09-21
<reply> Na kanale #debian rozmawiamy po angielsku; jesli chcesz lub wolisz mowic po polsku, wejdz na kanal #debian-pl na irc.freenode.net (Polish speakers please go to #debian-pl on irc.freenode.net). pl is also <perl>.
cmd: error processing (.*?)
C: 2007-06-25
($1): <reply> $who: That isn't an error, post the whole output to a pastebin (/msg dpkg pastebin).
M: 2006-06-05
<reply>OFTC is the Open and Free Technology Community, a support/collaboration service. They have an IRC network: irc.oftc.net. You may be connected to OFTC's network. http://www.oftc.net/ See also <freenode>, <oftc move> and <fact sharing>.
M: 2011-05-31
<reply> see ntfs-3g
M: 2013-10-01
<reply> see fixboot
rube goldberg install
M: 2009-10-29
<reply> "Hi! I want to install Debian with a 2.6.x kernel on a machine, but I can't boot from floppies, and I can't boot from CD-ROM, and I have no network card. I have only a USB dot matrix printer and a punch card reader. Wait, the card reader just fell on the floor and broke."
M: 2010-02-17
<reply>[ssh] the Secure SHell; "aptitude install ssh" (<openssh>). Clients for other platforms include <putty> and <cygwin>. Programs to mitigate against brute-force attacks on your SSH server include <fail2ban> and <denyhosts>. See also <scp>, <sftp>, <ssh without password>, <ssh permissions>, <sshx>, <ssh linedraw>, <debug sshd>, <dropbear>, <ssh-copy-id>, <ssh verify key>.
partial downgrade
M: 2010-05-12
<reply> This may or may not work for you, but if you've got nothing to lose then try it: (a) change sources.list (b) aptitude update (c) aptitude and then search for the upgraded packages, hit enter on them, select the correct version (d) do the same for libc6 (e) search for broken packages by pressing "b" and then fix them in the same way (f) once you have no more broken packages, hit 'g'. See <not available>.
M: 2012-10-23
<reply>http://dotdeb.org/ is an unofficial package repository with emphasis on the <LAMP> solution stack, unsupported in #debian. To get support, read http://www.dotdeb.org/2012/08/24/how-to-post-useful-bug-reports/ and report any issues to https://github.com/gplessis/dotdeb-php5/issues . Ask me about <dotdeb alternatives>.
M: 2010-02-05
<reply> see powerpc
M: 2009-10-24
a command used to mount a device to the local filesystem. `man 8 mount`. See also <reference>, <fstab>.
which repo
M: 2014-10-30
<reply>To see what repository a package may have come from, try https://www.palfrader.org/gitweb/?p=tools/weaselutils.git;a=blob_plain;f=apt-listrepository or use dpkg -l | awk '/^.i/ {print $2}' | xargs apt-cache policy | awk '/^[a-z0-9.-]+:/ {pkg=$1}; /\*\*\*/ {OFS="\t"; ver=$2; getline; print pkg,ver,$2,$3}', or ask me about <obsolete>, or http://people.debian.org/~dannf/apt-inventory, or <bdo list>, or <dmm list>
M: 2010-02-21
<reply>A "live CD" (or live system) is an operating system that can boot and run directly from CD. Linux-based examples are Knoppix and Ubuntu. Useful as a rescue CD or for showing off to your geek friends. Debian has its own Live CD (http://live.debian.net/), ask me about <debian live>. http://www.livecdlist.com/
M: 2010-06-08
<reply>To disable the bell: "xset b off" in X, "setterm -blength 0" in console. For some reason, bash beeps excessively when in emacs (default) mode; "set -o vi" puts it in vi editing mode, which doesn't beep on partial completions. In konsole, Settings->Bell->Visible Bell. See also <pcspkr>, <shell beep>, <metacity bell bug>.
M: 2012-10-01
<reply>Raspbian is a distribution <based on Debian> made specifically for the <Raspberry Pi>. Raspbian is not Debian and it is not supported in #debian. Please use #raspbian on irc.freenode.net for support. http://www.raspbian.org/
M: 2015-07-27
<reply> 如果您想要以中文得到 Debian 相關的協助,請加入 irc.debian.org 或 irc.oftc.net 上的 #dot 頻道,連線與加入頻道的方法請參閱 IRC 程式之相關說明,或於網路上搜尋。謝謝您的合作!
things to backup
C: 2008-07-22
<reply>Some things you should back up include: /etc /home /root /usr/local /usr/src /opt /srv. Tailor to your own purposes. If you think you don't need /var, make sure you don't forget /var/lib/dpkg /var/backups /var/lib/apt* /var/lib/mysql /var/mail /var/www /var/cache/debconf /var/spool/cron ...
M: 2015-04-28
<reply>Debian GNU/kFreeBSD is a port that consists of GNU userland using the GNU C library on top of FreeBSD's kernel, coupled with the regular Debian package set. kfreebsd-amd64 and kfreebsd-i386 are not official release architectures for Debian 8 "Jessie" due to quality concerns. https://www.debian.org/ports/kfreebsd-gnu/ https://wiki.debian.org/Debian_GNU/kFreeBSD_FAQ #debian-kbsd on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2009-06-10
<reply>Postfix is a <MTA> originally created as an alternative to <sendmail>. It aims to be fast, secure, easy to administer and (relatively) sendmail compatible. Receiving "no mechanism available" with SASL when used as a SMTP client? Install the suggested libsasl2-modules package. Kyle Dent's Postfix FAQ: http://www.seaglass.com/postfix/faq.html . http://wiki.debian.org/Postfix http://www.postfix.org/ #postfix on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-10-26
<reply>/etc/init.d/ is where most Debian startup scripts go. To add your own, copy /etc/init.d/skeleton to /etc/init.d/myscript and make it do the appropriate thing on start and stop, at least. Then "update-rc.d myscript defaults". See "man update-rc.d" and /usr/share/doc/sysvinit and /etc/init.d/README. Also ask me about <rc.local> <runlevel>. See also <missing lsb tags>.
M: 2010-01-09
<reply>DM means Display Manager, the app that brings up a graphical login screen and starts your login session. <xdm>, <gdm>, <kdm>, <wdm>, pdm, login.app, <slim> and <lightdm> are all examples of display managers. Ask me about <nodm> if you want to disable the DM. Or Debian Maintainer: http://wiki.debian.org/DebianMaintainer . For the deb-multimedia repository, ask me about <dmm>.
M: 2010-09-21
<reply>A locale is a set of rules for presenting information to humans according to local conventions (date format, thousands separators, language, etc.). Ask me about <locales> to establish on a Debian system. http://wiki.debian.org/Locale http://mywiki.wooledge.org/locale
remove kde
M: 2009-09-12
<reply>To remove or purge KDE: aptitude remove kdelibs-data kdelibs4c2a kdelibs5 kdelibs5-data libkdecore5. Use 'purge' instead of 'remove' if that's what you want (ask me about <purge>).
C: 2000-11-29
<reply> /quit you fool!
own repo
M: 2012-02-20
<reply>To feed your own packages into apt, you need to create a repository with a Packages file that lists the packages. If you only have a few packages and don't have very sophisticated requirements, you can use <dpkg-scanpackages>. If you want to be able add/remove packages using regular Debian tools like dput then try <reprepro> or mini-dinstall. See http://wiki.debian.org/HowToSetupADebianRepository
M: 2010-07-14
<reply>[preseed] Preseeding provides a way to set answers to questions asked during the Debian installation process, to allow for a streamlined or completely automated installation. The <install guide> provides an extensive appendix on preseeding with a full example. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/Preseed and http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/394 . See also <debconf-set-selections>.
M: 2004-12-17
<reply> Many would say that heh is #debian's favourite word, so not a good idea for your nick if you want hilighting to work. "heh" is not punctuation, so do not use it as such.
M: 2007-09-18
<reply> I'm not your csh prompt!
free whcp
M: 2010-06-23
<reply> FOSS Web Hosting Control Panels include: <DTC>, <GNUPanel>, <ISPConfig> and <ispCP> Omega. Don't use <Webmin>. http://wiki.debian.org/HostingControlPanels
kali linux
C: 2013-03-13
<reply>Kali Linux (http://www.kali.org/) is a security and penetration testing distribution from the creators of <backtrack>. It is based on Debian, but it is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. Seek help in #kali-linux on chat.freenode.net or http://forums.kali.org/ . Also ask me about <based on debian>.
xorg manual config
M: 2010-11-27
<reply>From Debian 5.0 "Lenny" onwards, you can often use an <empty xorg.conf>. To configure your keyboard layout for both X and console, run «dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration». If you have further things you wish to configure, use "X -configure" ("X -configure :1" if server is already active) to produce a xorg.conf template. See also <xorg hal>. http://wiki.debian.org/XStrikeForce/InputHotplugGuide
M: 2016-04-07
<reply>Kali Linux (http://www.kali.org/) is a security and penetration testing distribution from the creators of <backtrack>. It is based on Debian, but it is not Debian and is not supported in #debian. Seek help in #kali-linux on chat.freenode.net or http://forums.kali.org/ . Also ask me about <based on debian>, and read http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/hacker-howto.html
firmware image
M: 2010-08-08
<reply> see firmware images
M: 2013-10-15
<reply>#debian-next is the channel for testing/unstable support on the OFTC network (irc.oftc.net), *not* on Freenode. If you get "Cannot join #debian-next (Channel is invite only)." it means you did not read it's on irc.oftc.net.
user accessible ntfs
C: 2004-10-07
<reply> To get an NTFS or VFAT file system accessible by users and groups on the local machine, man mount; man 5 fstab; and read about the umask, fmask, dmask, uid, and gid options. You'll end up sticking something like conv=auto,uid=<user>,gid=<group>,dmask=0002,fmask=0003 into your fstab's mount option field.
M: 2010-04-30
<reply>Xen is an open source virtual machine monitor / hypervisor, allowing several guest operating systems to execute concurrently on the same system. Provides paravirtualization (requiring guest OSs to be modified/ported) and hardware-assisted virtualization (for running guests unmodified). For detailed help, see http://wiki.debian.org/Xen . #debian-xen on irc.oftc.net. See also <virtualization>.
C: 2000-11-17
<reply> thanks, $nick. It's good to be back.
M: 2014-02-18
<reply>Request For Package (RFP) is the way to ask for a piece of software to be included in Debian. See http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp, the section on that page "Adding new entries with "reportbug"" is a good place to start. Technically, a RFP is a wishlist bug filed against "wnpp" with a title beginning "RFP: ", ask me about <wnpp>. The best way of getting software packaged is to do it yourself: ask me about <nmg>.
M: 2012-05-28
<reply> see debian mirrors
why amd64
C: 2008-10-14
<reply>The Debian architecture that runs on 64-bit processors from AMD and Intel is called "amd64" because the architecture was first developed by AMD. AMD64 is variously known as x86-64, x64, IA-32e, EM64T and Intel 64 (most of which are the Intel marketing people changing their mind). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/x86-64
M: 2012-12-04
<reply>The nouveau project aims to build high-quality, open source drivers for Nvidia GPUs (Riva, TNT, GeForce, Quadro). Nouveau <DRM> is part of the Linux kernel, the display driver is packaged as xserver-xorg-video-nouveau (read its README.Debian file for important notes). Install the libgl1-mesa-dri package for 3D acceleration. http://nouveau.freedesktop.org/ #nouveau on irc.freenode.net.
cmd: es-social (.*?)
M: 2010-04-29
($1): $1: Este canal es de ayuda con ordenadores en Ingles. Si no necesitas ayuda con tu ordenador por favor ingresa al canal social de #debian-es con /join #debian-es-cachondeo. Tus amigos probablemente ya esten ahi.
M: 2014-02-09
<reply>systemd is a system and service manager for Linux, compatible with SysV and LSB init scripts. It is a replacement for <sysvinit>. systemd shipped as a technology preview in Debian 7 "Wheezy" and is the default init system in Debian 8 "Jessie". https://wiki.debian.org/systemd #debian-systemd on irc.oftc.net http://freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd #systemd on irc.freenode.net. See also <why systemd>.
cmd: ubuntuirc (.*?)
M: 2011-06-04
($1): <reply>$1: This is not the Ubuntu help channel. Please do /server chat.freenode.net and then /join #ubuntu. If you are using XChat, you can right-click the following link and choose connect. irc://chat.freenode.net/ubuntu
etch sources.list
M: 2010-07-25
"deb http://archive.debian.org/debian etch main contrib non-free" and "deb http://archive.debian.org/debian-security etch/updates main contrib non-free". But realise that Etch has not had security support since February 2010 and that you should upgrade to a newer release. Ask me about <etch->lenny>.
M: 2007-04-26
<reply>/etc/rc.local is a script called by /etc/init.d/rc.local which is typically one of the last things to be run during the boot sequence. If you have commands you want run at boot, edit /etc/rc.local (don't touch /etc/init.d/rc.local). rc.local is regarded as a hack, consider writing a real init script instead, ask me about <init.d>.
M: 2013-07-04
<reply>radeonhd is an abandoned and unsupported open source display driver for AMD/ATI Radeon R500, R600 and R700 based graphic processing units. Packaged for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" as xserver-xorg-video-radeonhd. Removed from Debian to resolve bug #612190, ask me about <radeon>.
M: 2010-08-31
the Bourne Again SHell, and the default Debian shell. Ask me about <bash faq>, <bash pitfalls>, <bbg>, <abs>, <parsing ls>, <bashism>. http://wiki.debian.org/Bash #bash on irc.oftc.net and irc.freenode.net.
M: 2011-09-15
<reply>A time zone is the standard time (aka local time) in a particular region. To change the timezone on Debian systems, execute "dpkg-reconfigure tzdata". Alternatively: "cp -b /usr/share/zoneinfo/$TZ /etc/localtime". Note that tzselect(1) does not change the timezone. Postfix users: execute "service postfix restart" to update localtime in the chroot.
not available
M: 2010-04-29
<reply>To get a list of packages you have installed now, that are not available from any repository in your sources.list: aptitude search '?narrow(?not(?archive("^[^n][^o].*$")),?version(CURRENT))'
M: 2013-11-06
<reply>UNetbootin (Universal Netboot Installer) allows creation of bootable USB drives for a variety of Linux distributions. http://unetbootin.sf.net/ Not recommended for use with Debian CD/DVD images, as it mangles the installer in cruel and unusual ways, resulting in hard to debug problems. Ask me about <hybrid images>, <usb install>, <win32diskimager>.
M: 2011-12-07
<reply>PulseAudio (formerly Polypaudio) is a cross-platform network sound server, intended as a drop-in replacement for <ESD>. Packaged for Debian since 4.0 "Etch", read /usr/share/doc/pulseaudio/README.Debian after installation for configuration recommendations; Debian specific how-to is at http://forums.debian.net/viewtopic.php?t=12497 . http://pulseaudio.org/wiki/FAQ http://pulseaudio.org/ #pulseaudio on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-11-13
<reply> Debian .deb packages are a special form of <ar> archive which can be unpacked with "ar x pkg.deb". Inside the file control.tar.gz are conffiles, installation scripts, and a file "control" which contains the information shown with "apt-cache show pkg". Dependencies can be changed by editing this file. Install the dpkg-dev package and read "man 5 deb" for more details. A better plan is to see <package recompile> <source package>.
M: 2014-01-16
<reply> nun uv us wull unswer yu uf yu ask luke u murun. See <standard english>.
bdo list
M: 2012-02-29
<reply> To list all packages you have installed from <debian backports>: «aptitude search '?narrow(?version(CURRENT),?origin(Debian Backports))' --disable-columns -F%p»; apt must know about the origin repository for this to work (i.e. you have a 'deb' line for it in sources.list and 'apt-get update' has been run). To list all backported packages available for your system: «aptitude search '?origin(Debian Backports)'». See also <which repo>.
kernel compile
M: 2009-04-08
<reply>[kernel compile] To (re)build the official Debian kernels, see http://wiki.debian.org/HowToRebuildAnOfficialDebianKernelPackage . For personal kernel packages, it is simpler to just use <make-kpkg>.
M: 2010-09-15
<reply> Infobot is an IRC bot that is geared towards remembering "factoids", and repeating them back to people on request. It supports many additional features, such as google lookups, dictionary, spell checker, debian package checks, and more. See http://infobot.sf.net/ for more.
M: 2009-05-27
a file that lets the `mount' command know what mountable things (partitions, drives, etc) are in your system. Try `man 5 fstab` for more information on it. See also <label>, <uuid>.
window manager
M: 2009-06-15
<reply>A window manager is a special application class which decorates and manages windows for the X server. To list available window managers in your system, run «apt-cache showpkg x-window-manager». Not to be confused with a desktop environment such as <GNOME> or <KDE>. To set your system-wide default window manager, use «update-alternatives --config x-window-manager». For a guide to available window managers, see http://xwinman.org/
M: 2010-03-21
<reply>Intel Corporation is a semiconductor manufacturer. For support of wireless LAN adapters, ask me about <iwlwifi>, <ipw2200>, <ipw2100>. For support of Ethernet controllers, ask me about <e100>, <e1000>, <e1000e>, <igb>, <ixgbe>. For support of WiMAX devices, ask me about <i2400m-usb>. For support of integrated graphics chipsets, ask me about <intel-gfx>. See also <ia64>, <isci>, <speedstep>.
M: 2013-05-06
<reply>Samba is a Unix implementation of Windows file/print sharing (the SMB/CIFS protocol). http://samba.org/samba/docs/man/Samba-HOWTO-Collection/ http://samba.org/samba/docs/ http://wiki.samba.org/ #samba on irc.freenode.net. See also <swat>, <dfs>.
M: 2010-09-13
<reply>Is apt trying to remove packages that it thinks were automatically installed? This happens when you "aptitude install gnome" and then later remove bits of it causing the gnome meta-package to be uninstalled and then all its dependencies. Fix this by running "aptitude unmarkauto packagename" on strategically chosen packages, or reinstall the <metapackage> (apt-get also has unmarkauto from squeeze onwards).
iceweasel backports
M: 2016-03-13
<reply> see firefox backports
M: 2014-06-02
<reply>Volunteer-provided security support for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" ended on 2016-02-29 for a limited set of packages for i386 and amd64. An appropriate line for your sources.list is «deb http://archive.debian.org/debian/ squeeze-lts main». See also the «check-support-status» command from the debian-security-support package and https://wiki.debian.org/LTS for more information. #debian-lts on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2009-04-18
<reply> A keyboard is something you hit to fix segfaults, sigsegvs, and faulty hardware, or at http://store.yahoo.com/pfuca-store/ . For help configuring up your keyboard, ask me about <keymap>, <keyboard specialkeys>, <multimedia keys>, <key delay>, <capslock>. See also <cherry>.
apt recommends
M: 2014-08-11
<reply>Packages required in all but unusual cases (that is, "breakable" dependencies) are called "recommended" packages. By not installing these packages, you miss the standard functionality they provide. To disable once, "aptitude -R install packagename" or "apt-get --no-install-recommends install packagename". To disable permanently, echo "APT::Install-Recommends no;" > /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/no-recommends. See <why recommends>.
M: 2002-11-30
<reply> it's spelled cool! get it right!!
M: 2013-01-22
<reply>Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) is a firmware interface specification, intended to replace the <BIOS> firmware interface. Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later releases support installation in (U)EFI mode on 64-bit PC systems (amd64), <secure boot> is currently not supported. http://www.uefi.org/
radeon firmware
M: 2015-04-28
<reply>Binary-only firmware for the radeon <DRM> driver is packaged for Debian as firmware-linux-nonfree. Without this package installed, poor 2D/3D performance in the <radeon> xorg driver is commonly experienced. To install, ask me about <non-free sources>. This is not required for use of the <fglrx> driver.
M: 2011-02-05
<reply>'deb-src http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ [wheezy|squeeze|jessie|stretch|sid] main contrib non-free' (for example), replace with your own for a local mirror. Ask me about <source> for some information about how to build stuff, make sure the "build-essential" package is installed. You might need to have linux-headers-$(uname -r) (if using a Debian kernel) and the libc6-dev packages installed.
M: 2009-06-11
<reply> Update a non-networked computer using apt and removable media. Just aptitude install apt-zip and read the docs in /usr/share/doc/apt-zip, or ask me about <apt offline> <apt-walkabout>. http://wiki.debian.org/AptZip
M: 2008-07-15
<reply>To fix your /etc/resolv.conf: edit /etc/dhcp{,3}/dhclient.conf to include the nameservers you want to use (ask me about <override dns>). Alternatively, use <resolvconf> and specify the nameservers yourself: echo -e "nameserver a.b.c.d\nnameserver w.x.y.z" > /etc/resolvconf/resolv.conf.d/base; resolvconf -u (where a.b.c.d and w.x.y.z are your ISPs nameservers). Also ask me about <fixresolvconf the ugly way>.
M: 2009-02-15
<reply> dist-upgrade tells apt to also install/remove packages when handling dependencies; security updates may require a dist-upgrade to install (they introduce new packages). Dist-upgrade does not mean changing from stable to testing; as of Debian 5.0 "Lenny", aptitude calls dist-upgrade "full-upgrade" to remove this confusion. Read man apt-get carefully. See also <why not dist-upgrade>, <full-upgrade>.
cross post
M: 2010-06-02
<reply>Posting the same question in several places at the same time (IRC channels, news groups, mailing lists, forums) is impolite; your time is NOT more valuable than everyone else's. Your question might be answered elsewhere, meanwhile we are wasting our time doing research for a problem you've already solved. Cross-posting can also make you look like a spammer and get you k:lined. See also <multiple ask> <hurry>.
M: 2008-03-07
<reply>Knoppix is _not_ Debian. Seek Knoppix help in freenode's #knoppix. Knoppix is a live CD distribution which is <based on Debian>, useful as a rescue CD, to test hardware, and for situations where you have access to a computer but it isn't Debian. http://www.knoppix.org/ unofficial: http://Debian-knoppix.alioth.Debian.org/ <Debian-live> is the Debian equivalent for publishing live systems.
M: 2007-02-10
<reply> see your factoids
cmd: man (.*?)
C: 2010-06-26
($1): <reply>man $1 is probably at http://manpages.debian.org/$1 where you can view many Debian man pages. Ask me about <docs> <dmp> <grounding> <search>.
M: 2005-01-12
<reply> See, or S-E-E. If you're too lazy to spell it out, we're too lazy to help you.
M: 2008-01-26
<reply>A backup is something you should do *ALWAYS*... if you value your sh*t in the least. Otherwise eons of built-up data can go BYE BYE FOREVER one day if you do not; either by HD malfunction, intentional evil by crackers, mischievous glak elves invading your system, or large magnets getting out of hand. Pay the dollars for a tape system or CDR and use <tar> (optionally with bzip2 at lowest compression). See <things to backup>.
M: 2014-06-05
<reply> Another happy customer leaves the building.
M: 2013-09-06
<reply>Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is the standard by which the world regulates clocks and time (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coordinated_Universal_Time). For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later, set "UTC" or "LOCAL" in /etc/adjtime (man 8 hwclock). For Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", set the UTC option in /etc/default/rcS appropriately (man rcs). For all systems, run «service hwclock.sh restart» to apply changes. See also <windows utc>.
cmd: laugh at (.*?)
C: 2001-10-11
($1): <reply> HAHAHA! AH-HAHA! $1 just cracks me up!
M: 2016-04-05
a program which allows one to convert from one package format to another: slackware to redhat, redhat to Debian, Debian to slackware, redhat to slackware, etc. http://kitenet.net/programs/alien/, or no longer maintained
M: 2015-04-19
<reply>Debian's main repository has lots of great multimedia packages with more included in each release. Ask me about <search> to find them and <rfp> if something is not yet packaged. The old <deb-multimedia.org> is has not been a "must have" repo for for multimedia support for several releases; it now mostly contains poor quality packages or current Debian packages recompiled with incompatible with other packages in Debian.
M: 2010-08-09
<reply>Jigsaw Download (jigdo) is *the* method for downloading CD/DVD/BD images of Debian. See "Downloading Debian CD images with jigdo" at https://www.debian.org/CD/jigdo-cd/ . https://wiki.debian.org/jigdo http://atterer.org/jigdo/
C: 2004-07-13
<reply> see anyone
C: 2003-06-21
<reply> :D!!!
M: 2010-02-05
<reply>PowerPC is a <RISC> architecture (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PowerPC). See "Debian for PowerPC" at http://www.debian.org/ports/powerpc . Debian CDs are not (and cannot be made) bootable on Old World PowerMacs. Information on proper partitioning is at http://www.alaska.net/~erbenson/doc/mac-fdisk-basics.txt . See also <macsound>, <yaboot>, <quik>, <bootx>, <ppc64>. #debianppc on irc.oftc.net and irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-06-02
a file system integrity checker (man 8 fsck), or a visually-similar euphemism for fuck. Ask me about <forcefsck>.
M: 2012-10-07
<reply>judd is a window into the Ultimate Debian Database (ask me about <udd>). Judd can look up package, PCI ID and kernel config information. See http://ircbots.debian.net/judd/ for detailed information, or ask me about <judd-packages>, <judd-hardware>, <source judd>.
M: 2008-08-20
found on http://www.time.gov/, or $date $time, or an illusion, and lunchtime doubly so - Ford Prefect said that. of no essence here!, or it's beer o'clock!!, or see http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/ch09.en.html#_system_and_hardware_time and ask me about <set time>.
M: 2010-07-16
<reply> wgetpaste is a CLI application for sending text to a pastebin, its only dependencies are bash and wget. To install and use: wget http://wgetpaste.zlin.dk/wgetpaste-2.17.tar.bz2 && tar xvjf wgetpaste-2.17.tar.bz2 && cd wgetpaste-2.17 You can then use it as ./wgetpaste; e.g. dmesg | ./wgetpaste It is also safe to copy to /usr/local/bin for easier use.
M: 2014-06-17
<reply>You'll get more out of Debian and *nix if you learn some of the fundamentals. Read the "Unix and Internet Fundamentals" HOWTO at http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Unix-and-Internet-Fundamentals-HOWTO/ Then, read the Debian Reference at https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/
M: 2010-02-06
<reply>Emdebian is a binary distribution for embedded devices. It is created by the Embedded Debian project, an official Debian sub-project, which aims to make Debian GNU/Linux a mainstream choice for embedded projects. http://wiki.debian.org/Embedded_Debian http://www.emdebian.org/ #emdebian on irc.oftc.net. As of July 2014, updates to Emdebian distributions ceased, there will be no further stable releases.
M: 2008-05-22
the init daemon, or ask me about <runlevels>, or <inittab>
M: 2014-02-11
<reply>The MATE Desktop Environment is a fork of GNOME 2, available since Debian 8 "Jessie" (and also in wheezy-backports). To install, ask me about <install mate>. https://wiki.debian.org/Mate http://mate-desktop.org/ #mate on chat.freenode.net.
M: 2009-01-07
<reply>tasksel is a program to select and install "tasks": a collection of packages for a system to perform a specific task (e.g. desktop environment, web server). Ask me about <standard task>, <server tasks> and <laptop task>. https://wiki.debian.org/tasksel
M: 2009-11-12
<reply>Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) is a power management interface that gives more control to the BIOS, or horribly horribly broken, or "run this arbitrary code in ring 0", or generally better than <APM>. For a list of supported systems/BIOSes, see http://www.lesswatts.org/projects/acpi/ . See also <acpid>, <suspend>.
M: 2010-04-12
<reply> see sdo
M: 2007-05-24
<reply> see bts
M: 2009-06-01
<reply> Add module to kernel: "modprobe foo"; Remove module from kernel: "modprobe -r foo"; Define module options: "man modprobe.conf", "echo options foo bar=baz qux=quux >> /etc/modprobe.d/local.conf". See also: "man modprobe", "man modprobe.conf", /etc/modprobe.d/* , <blacklist>.
aptitude search
M: 2009-01-14
a powerful searching facility that by default only searches package names, but can be made to search priorities, installation status, dependencies etc. See /usr/share/doc/aptitude/html/en/ch02s04.html (aptitude-doc package), http://aptitude.alioth.debian.org/doc/en/ch02s04s05.html or ask me about <aptitude docs>.
M: 2010-05-02
<reply> <GNOME> Display Manager (GDM) is a <display manager> based on <xdm>, but with no original xdm code. Written with looks (and security) in mind. It uses ~/.gnomerc instead of ~/.xsession. http://wiki.debian.org/GDM http://projects.gnome.org/gdm #gdm on irc.gimp.org. Not to be confused with the General Purpose Mouse (GPM) interface, see <gpm>.
M: 2008-12-13
<reply>ath9k is a completely free (no proprietary HAL) Linux kernel driver supporting PCI/PCIe 802.11n wireless LAN devices with Atheros chips. It does not require firmware from userspace. See https://wiki.debian.org/ath9k for more information and supported devices. For Atheros 802.11n USB device support, ask me about <ath9k_htc>, <carl9170>.
C: 2006-11-16
<reply> see simple sid backport
M: 2010-03-23
<reply>screen is a terminal multiplexor, allowing you to have n terminals and easily switch between them, add key bindings, scroll back, copy/paste and lets you resume all your sessions if your terminal dies or are disconnected. See /usr/share/doc/screen/README.Debian and ask about <screen tutorial>, <byobu>. See http://www.emacswiki.org/emacs/GnuScreen to keep ctrl-a unbroken. http://www.gnu.org/software/screen #screen on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-08-13
<reply>TIAS is "Try It And See".
M: 2002-11-28
<reply>[update] `aptitude update' grabs the Packages.gz files from their sources and refreshes the available packages. Use before an aptitude upgrade or before looking for stuff with apt-cache search. See also <updates>.
cmd: be a (.*?) barbie
C: 2005-04-16
($thing): <reply> Aww, $thing is HARD! Let's go shopping, $nick
M: 2010-08-05
<reply>Framebuffer is a region of memory into which "frames" of graphical data are drawn. X is a framebuffer system, as is berlin. If you're looking for the framebuffer console, ask me about <fbcon>, or ask about <blacklist> to negate it. To disable framebuffer use at Debian installation time, supply the "fb=false" (d-i) or "video=vga16:off" (kernel) boot options. See also <uvesafb>.
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>OldStable the previous stable version of Debian, as long as it is still supported by the security team. Wheezy (7) is oldstable. It is recommended to upgrade your system(s) to the current stable release, ask me about <oldstable->stable>. https://wiki.debian.org/DebianOldStable. See also <lifespan> <wheezy-lts>.
standard task
M: 2011-01-20
a "task" that should be installed on all machines during the installer stage. It installs packages that are important, required and standard (i.e. "aptitude install ~pstandard ~prequired ~pimportant"). Packages in the <essential> set are always installed. Also ask me about <tasksel>.
M: 2012-12-27
the way Debian manages multiple applications with the same function. For more info, man update-alternatives. Have a look at the galternatives package or ask me about <update-alternatives> <java alternatives>. http://people.debian.org/~jwilk/alternatives/Contents has a recently created list of all the available alternatives-managed paths in Debian. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianAlternatives
M: 2016-04-28
an abbreviation for Debian Developer, or a utility for the low-level copying and conversion of raw data: man dd, dd if=/foo/vmlinuz of=/dev/fd0 to produce a bootable floppy, dd if=/dev/hdc of=image.iso to make an image of a CD/DVD. See also <win32 dd>, <ddrescue>, <gddrescue>. <pv>
C: 2002-10-05
<reply> awwwww, whats the matter??
M: 2010-05-20
<reply>Security Enhanced Linux (SELinux) is NSA's port of the FLASK Security Architecture to Linux. Also it can make your system unbootable if you uninstall it. Unofficial FAQ: http://www.crypt.gen.nz/selinux/faq.html . http://wiki.debian.org/SELinux http://selinuxproject.org/ #selinux on irc.freenode.net. See also <apparmor>, <tomoyo>.
M: 2011-03-21
<reply>From Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" onwards, you can grant yourself (minimally secure) root permissions for <sudo> by adding yourself to the "sudo" group: "adduser your_username sudo". See the man pages indicated by "apropos sudo" for more information.
C: 2009-09-12
<reply> see xorg config
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>see jessie->stretch
firmware images jessie
C: 2015-04-25
<reply>Unofficial <netinst> images - containing non-free Debian <firmware> packages - for installing Debian 8 "Jessie" are available from http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/current/ . See also <install guide>.
M: 2013-10-21
<reply>libdvdcss is a free software library for unscrambling <CSS>-encrypted DVDs, not to be confused with <DeCSS>. It is not distributed by Debian due to legal concerns. To acquire, see http://www.videolan.org/developers/libdvdcss.html for repository and APT signing key information, then install the libdvdcss2 package.
C: 2008-11-16
<reply> Because!
testing installer
M: 2013-12-16
<reply>Repeat after me: the testing installer is for testing the <installer>, not for installing <testing>. To install testing, do a minimal installation using the <stable> installer and ask me about <stable->testing>. Installer bugs should be filed against the debian-installer pseudopackage. https://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/
M: 2013-08-04
a Debian installation method involving the use of TFTP and DHCP (or BOOTP, RARP) servers, to provide installation media to clients on a local network. http://wiki.debian.org/PXEBootInstall - not recommended for novice users, ask me about <netinst>. See also <install guide>, <netboot miniiso>, <installer firmware>, <open firmware>.
M: 2009-11-05
<reply>We have lots of bots around to help out with different things. dpkg (<dpkgbot>) and <judd> are the main two for factoids and package information; dselect (<dselectbot>) fills in for dpkg. There's also debhelper (flooding, moderating), apt, ... Most bots are also in #debian-bots if you can't use /msg to talk to them. Be nice to the bots though; they have feelings, bleed oil and let out the <magic smoke> when angry.
M: 2010-08-31
<reply> see fixmbr
multiarch failures
C: 2013-05-14
<reply> There is a set of new and interesting failures to get used to in the <multiarch> world. Ask me about <multiarch changelog> <multiarch skew>.
M: 2010-10-03
<reply>Chromium is an open source web browser produced by Google, based on WebKit. Google Chrome is based on Chromium. Ask me about <pepper flash>. https://wiki.debian.org/Chromium http://www.chromium.org/Home #chromium-support on irc.freenode.net. For the game formerly known as Chromium, ask me about <chromium-bsu>.
install jessie
M: 2015-04-25
<reply> see install debian
M: 2012-07-28
a utility that will check a package's files against their checksums. The "-a" argument will instruct it to also check configuration files: "aptitude install debsums; debsums -a -s". Most packages come with md5sums included in the package; if apt's package cache is clean, then generate missing sums with "aptitude reinstall `debsums -l`". Ask me about <md5sums>.
M: 2008-06-17
<reply> deborphan is a package that will tell you what library packages you have installed that nothing's using. If you want remove all packages use 'deborphan | xargs apt-get -y remove --purge', or a nice tool to clean up grown debians. http://deb.li/3qpqF provides a nice guide to several more steps to reclaim big chunks of HDD. Ask me about <debfoster><autoremove><unmarkauto>.
M: 2011-06-06
<reply>The Debian Linux Kernel Handbook http://kernel-handbook.alioth.debian.org/ - packaged as debian-kernel-handbook since Debian 7 "Wheezy" - serves as a single access point to all kernel-related documentation. See chapter 4.2 to rebuild official Debian kernel packages, see chapter 4.5 to build a custom kernel from Debian kernel source.
dmm list
M: 2012-02-29
<reply>To list all packages you have installed from deb-multimedia.org: aptitude search '?narrow(?version(CURRENT),?origin(Unofficial Multimedia Packages))' --disable-columns -F%p. Note: apt must know about the origin repository for this to work (i.e. you have a 'deb' line for it in sources.list and 'apt-get update' has been run). See also <which repo>.
C: 2003-06-18
<action>laughs so loud it bursts its buffers and everything ends up in bit-buckets
free memory
M: 2008-07-29
<reply> see free ram
M: 2013-04-03
<reply>r8169 is a Linux kernel driver supporting the Realtek RTL8101, RTL8111/8168 and RTL8169 families of gigabit Ethernet chips. See also <rtl8168d>, <rtl8105e>, <rtl8402>, <rtl8411>. Not to be confused with the out-of-tree <r8168> driver.
root x
M: 2015-04-08
<reply>If you need to run an X application as root (or another user), ask me about <gksu> <sshx> <mit-magic-cookie> <xauth> or look at kdesu and gksudo. Whatever you do, don't use <xhost> or try <running x as root>! (For wheezy, you can also try <sux>)
package basics
M: 2011-01-10
<reply>"Basics of the Debian package management system" is a chapter of the Debian GNU/Linux <FAQ>, which describes the Debian package format. http://www.debian.org/doc/FAQ/ch-pkg_basics . To create your own Debian packages, ask me about <nmg>.
M: 2010-06-28
<reply>Dynamic Kernel Module Support (DKMS) is a framework for generating out-of-tree Linux kernel modules. Packages using DKMS build modules during installation and when updated Linux versions are installed, provided Linux kernel headers are present (these are not installed by dkms). DKMS-managed modules are installed to /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/updates/dkms/ . The module build log file is at /var/lib/dkms/$module/$version/build/make.log
remove systemd
M: 2015-05-01
<reply>To use an init system other than systemd in jessie, install the systemd-shim package (for logind) and remove the systemd-sysv package: aptitude install systemd-shim sysvinit-core systemd-sysv-. To stick with sysvinit for wheezy->jessie upgrades, follow the pinning advice in the release notes: http://deb.li/30Kby - See also <upstart> and <openrc>
M: 2009-05-09
<reply>"Give a man a fish and you'll feed him a day. Teach him how to fish and he'll feed himself for the rest of his life." This is so appropriate. Instead of asking us to tell you exactly what to do, ask us which documentation to read, read them, then come back and ask specific questions which aren't covered.
M: 2011-05-19
<reply> see package
why nvidia-installer sucks
M: 2009-09-20
<reply>nvidia-installer works fine for you today, granted. Let's say tomorrow Xorg is updated -- the nvidia driver will break. If you try to uninstall nvidia (nvidia-installer --uninstall), then you break Xorg badly. nvidia-installer overwrites files at random, and has NO CONCEPT of package management. We recommend against using it based on extensive experience. USE THE DEBIAN PACKAGES. Ask me about <nvidia>.
M: 2007-03-24
a clever cross-platform way of installing nvidia's proprietary drivers, which works fine on systems with stupid package managers (i.e. not so good with Debian). More specifically, prone to dying if any X or kernel-related packages are upgraded or removed. Ask me about <nvidia-graphics-drivers> instead. See also <why nvidia-installer sucks>, <remove nvidia-installer>.
M: 2007-12-02
<reply> see kernel
why not dist upgrade
C: 2005-04-03
<reply> If you're going to use apt-get dist-upgrade (or aptitude full-upgrade), when you run the command, you need to make absolutely sure that it isn't going to remove anything you actually want to have installed. If it does, use apt-get install to install specific packages that have been held back on apt-get upgrade, and only allow upgrades that don't remove things that you want. Ask me about <pinning> <hold> <unmarkauto>.
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> try /quit
M: 2013-05-20
<reply> see iceweasel backports
M: 2013-09-23
<reply>Adobe Flash Player is proprietary (non-free) software. The easiest way to install it is with the flashplugin-nonfree package, ask me about <contrib>. WARNING: installing flashplugin-nonfree will NOT automatically keep the plugin updated. Read more on https://wiki.debian.org/FlashPlayer. Try «update-flashplugin-nonfree --install» if the installation didn't seem to work or to update the plugin.
M: 2011-02-08
<reply>xorg can use files ending in the suffix .conf in /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d for additional configuration. It is preferred to use an <empty xorg.conf> and create files (e.g. 20-nvidia.conf, 20-radeon.conf, 20-wacom.conf) there in order to configure a single device. You might have to create the directory yourself (mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d). See also "man 5 xorg.conf".
stow usage
M: 2010-11-30
<reply>A quick intro to <stow>: ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/stow/program-version && make && make install; cd /usr/local/stow/ ; stow program-version. Use stow -D to remove. See also <usrlocal>.
install php
M: 2013-08-04
<reply>To install PHP on Apache, install libapache2-mod-php5, then restart your browser and try to access a php page. If this doesn't work, ask me about <php wants me to download still>. There are also CGI and CLI versions of PHP available in the php5-cgi and php5-cli packages. See also <php mpm> <phpmyadmin> <install mysql> <install apache>.
check iso image
M: 2011-08-19
<reply>To verify you have a valid and official Debian CD/DVD image, see http://www.debian.org/CD/faq/#verify . To test an ISO image was burned correctly, compare the output of «md5sum filename.iso; dd if=/dev/cdrom | head -c `stat --format=%s filename.iso` | md5sum». You should compare this md5sum to the checksum for the ISO image on the mirror. See also <check iso signature>.
apt offline
M: 2008-04-25
<reply>To use apt on a machine that doesn't have a network connection (if you have a separate machine that does have a network connection), read http://bit.ly/1UYVX5g . Ask me about <apt-zip>, <apt-walkabout>.
M: 2014-06-19
<reply>The GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) is a compiler system supporting various programming languages. In order to change which version it should use, "export CC=gcc-$whatever", as /usr/bin symlinks (gcc, g++, et al) are not handled using Debian <alternatives>; see /usr/share/doc/gcc/README.Debian. See also <gcc-doc>. https://gcc.gnu.org/ #gcc on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2009-04-17
<reply>[faq] Frequently Asked Questions. The #debian FAQ is at http://wiki.debian.org/DebianIRC . The Debian GNU/Linux FAQ is at http://www.debian.org/doc/FAQ/ . Ask me about <search dpkg> to search my database for FAQ links. Many other FAQ are listed at http://wiki.debian.org/FAQ . Read the FAQs!
M: 2006-06-05
<reply>freenode (formerly Open Projects Network) is a service of the Peer-Directed Projects Center, an IRS 501(c)(3) corporation. They have an IRC network, irc.freenode.net, and you can visit their web page at http://freenode.net/ . You may be connected to freenode. See also <oftc> and <fact sharing>.
fbcon resolution
C: 2007-11-15
run "aptitude install hwinfo && hwinfo --framebuffer" as root, choose a mode from the resulting list of available modes. The mode will be named in hex, something like 0x305. Edit /boot/grub/menu.lst and find the line that starts with "# kopt=" and add "vga=0x305" (substituting your chosen mode), then run "update-grub" and reboot.
M: 2000-01-26
someone that hacks. See <hacking>, or an interesting essay can be found at http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/hacker-howto.html . Someone who plays with stuff, and figures things out just to satisfy his own idle curiosity.
M: 2010-03-21
<reply>[intel-gfx] The intel <Xorg> driver provides 2D/3D support for Intel integrated graphics chipsets, including the i810, 915{G,GM}, 945{G,GM,GME}, 946GZ, 965{G,GM,Q}, G33, Q33, Q35, G35, GM45, G45, Q45, G43 and G41; the <GMA 500> is not supported. Packaged for Debian as xserver-xorg-video-intel, see also <intel-gfx shadow>. http://x.org/wiki/IntelGraphicsDriver https://01.org/linuxgraphics/ #intel-gfx on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2013-06-21
<reply> A keyring in the context of Debian are the public GPG keys used for signing the packages in the repository. Available in debian-archive-keyring or from https://ftp-master.debian.org/keys.html. Also see <apt-key-auto>, <multimedia keyring> and <public key not available>.
M: 2015-05-05
<reply>see httpredir.debian.org
C: 2016-02-17
<reply>Both glibc(dsa3481) and eglibc(dsa3480) have been patched for squeeze,wheezy, jessie, and sid. To install:"apt-get update && apt-get upgrade"::Ensure libc6 is upgraded. See security.debian.org for other notes.
testing faq
M: 2009-05-06
an _unofficial_ FAQ for the <testing> branch of Debian: http://www.linuxmafia.com/debian/testingfaq.html . See also <sid faq>.
M: 2005-01-28
an object oriented programming language which is perfect to develop GUI or real-life applications with a reusable, elegant and extensible design, or a crappyfied version of C, or a kludge, or bastardised version of C you don't want to know about, too damn complex to be nice low-level language like C, but not abstracted enough to not hamper you with "let's leak some memory, shall we?" crap. See Python if you want to get some work done
C: 2007-03-01
<reply> see msg the bot
M: 2015-08-24
<reply>Steam is a proprietary content delivery and management application for PC software with Linux support. Packaged in <non-free>; amd64 users are required to enable <multiarch> and install the steam:i386 package. For help with upstream issues, ask #steamlug on irc.freenode.net. http://wiki.debian.org/Steam
M: 2007-07-16
<reply> see !
M: 2009-05-04
the new <initrd>. See http://www.ducea.com/2006/10/10/debian-etch-kernels/ for Sarge and Etch kernel differences (forward looking as we know it prior to etch's release), or ask me about <initramfs debug>. See also <targeted>. http://wiki.debian.org/initramfs
C: 2006-07-12
<reply>see ftp must die
M: 2013-04-11
<reply>The Debian Administrator's Handbook is at http://debian-handbook.info/ and can be browsed, bought and downloaded. From Debian 7 "Wheezy" onwards, it can also can be installed from the debian-handbook package. Also ask me about <books> <docs>.
M: 2009-02-24
<reply>Apache HTTPD is a versatile, high-performance HTTP server. Ask me about <apache2>, <install apache>, <apache manual>. See also <cnrd>, <userdir>, <htaccess>. http://wiki.debian.org/Apache http://wiki.apache.org/httpd/FAQ http://httpd.apache.org/ #httpd on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-11-14
<reply>BitchX is an old and unmaintained <IRC> client built on epic and ircII. It was abandoned by its upstream, has known security issues and was removed from Debian post-Etch to resolve bug #451373. Ask me about <irssi>, <xchat>, <konversation>, <weechat> for alternatives. To ignore BitchX quit messages in irssi, ask me about <literal bitchxignore>.
M: 2010-04-28
<reply> If you remove a repository from your sources.list (e.g. removing <dmm>), then you should check what packages you have installed from the other repository. Synaptic and aptitude have a "Obsolete and Locally Created Packages" list. Or, "aptitude search ~o". Note this doesn't include packages that exist in the repo at a different version to the one you have installed; see <not available> <list repositories>.
M: 2008-09-17
<reply>autofs is a kernel-based automounter that mounts remote shares when directories are accessed. Some regard it as a hackish p.o.s. and the 5 minute default timeout for unmounting is unlikely to be what you want. http://wiki.debian.org/AutoFs http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/127 . For hotplugging support for USB storage, ask me about <automount>.
various cd1
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>There are CD-1 choices for various DEs (Desktop Environments) - there's one for GNOME, another for KDE, one for Xfce, and another for LXDE. For example; if you wanted the Xfce CD-1 of Debian 8 "Jessie" for amd64, you'd grab -> debian-8.4.0-amd64-xfce-CD-1.iso from the mirrors. Also ask me about <firmware images>, <release notes>, <ig>, <setup.exe>.
M: 2009-04-11
<reply>PHP is a scripting language. To install, ask me about <install php>. See also <php wants me to download still>, <php mysql>, <php userdir>, <phpmyadmin>, <php gd>, <pear>, <pecl>, <suhosin>, <xampp>. http://wiki.debian.org/PHP http://www.php.net/ #php on irc.oftc.net, #php and ##php on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-06-18
<reply> grml is a bootable CD (Live CD) originally <based on> Knoppix, now Debian. It includes a collection of GNU/Linux software especially for users of text tools and system administrators. It can be used as a rescue system, for analyzing systems/networks or as a working environment. http://grml.org/ #grml on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2001-01-25
<reply> see non-free
php wants me to download still
M: 2013-08-04
<reply>The usual problem is browser caching of content, clear the browser cache and restart it. Verify it's not the browser using another one or wget, curl, etc. If this persists after following <install php>, /usr/share/doc/php5-common/README.Debian.gz may help. See also <php userdir>. http://wiki.apache.org/httpd/PHPDownload
M: 2010-10-12
<reply>[confnew] dpkg --force-confnew will force dpkg to overwrite any changes you have made to conffiles. You can also reinstall them using the following apt-get line: apt-get -o DPkg::Options::="--force-confnew" --reinstall install <packagename>; or using aptitude, aptitude -o DPkg::Options::="--force-confnew" reinstall <packagename>. See also <confmiss>.
C: 2010-04-29
<reply>Este canal es de ayuda con ordenadores en Ingles. Si no necesitas ayuda con tu ordenador por favor ingresa al canal social de #debian-es con /join #debian-es-cachondeo. Tus amigos probablemente ya esten ahi.
M: 2016-02-28
<reply>ZFS (originally Zettabyte File System) is a file system / logical volume manager developed by Sun Microsystems (http://deb.li/7xXU). The Debian GNU/kFreeBSD kernel since 7.2 has ZFS support, the userland utilities are packaged as zfsutils. Native linux support is described and packaged at zfsonlinux.org but cannot be included in Debian due to license conflicts.
C: 1970-01-01
the KDE Display Manager - an even swankier version of xdm, for the K Desktop user.
install testing
M: 2013-05-09
<reply>Daily built <netinst> images to install <testing> are available from http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/ . The chance of the testing installer being broken on any given day is quite high. Instead, do a minimal installation using the stable installer and ask me about <stable->testing>. Also ask me about <testing installer>, <apt-listchanges>, <d-d-a>.
fglrx dkms
C: 2013-05-01
<reply>For Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later systems. Ask me about <contrib> and <non-free sources>. «aptitude -r install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` fglrx-driver && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "fglrx"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-fglrx.conf». Restart your system to enable the <radeon> blacklist.
empty xorg.conf
M: 2011-02-08
<reply>Starting from Debian 5.0 "Lenny", /etc/X11/xorg.conf is often basically empty or non-existent, as X auto-detects your hardware and starts the X server accordingly, nothing to worry about. Ask me about <xorg config> and <xrandr> for ways to configure Xorg. See also <xorg manual config>, <xorg.conf.d>, <xorg hal>.
debian version
M: 2012-04-14
<reply>see debian suite
C: 2011-01-19
<reply> README.Debian (or README.Debian.gz) is a document found in the /usr/share/doc/$packagename/ which explains any Debian specific details in the package's operation or configuration.
M: 2010-07-16
<reply>Console Guides: http://tldp.org/HOWTO/DOS-Win-to-Linux-HOWTO.html http://www.linuxcommand.org/ http://tinyurl.com/gwg2b http://www.macdevcenter.com/pub/a/mac/2005/05/20/terminal1.html http://people.ischool.berkeley.edu/~kevin/unix-tutorial/toc.html . See also <serial console>, <netconsole>.
M: 2009-07-29
<reply>A Message/Mail Transfer Agent (MTA) is a program that transfers e-mail in or out of a system, most often using SMTP. An MTA is usually accessed by calling /usr/sbin/sendmail and thus usually includes that binary. Therefore, in Debian, all MTAs (<exim4>, <postfix>, <qmail>, <ssmtp>, <nullmailer>, etc) mutually conflict. Ask me about <which mta>, <mta comparison> and <why an mta>. http://wooledge.org/~greg/mail.html
gnome status
M: 2013-07-10
<reply>Status of GNOME 3.20 packaging can be found at http://www.0d.be/debian/debian-gnome-3.20-status.html
M: 2008-09-09
<reply>$nick: what?!
M: 2013-03-31
<reply> see pinning
kernel handbook
C: 2010-12-14
<reply> see kernel-handbook
M: 2008-03-15
t�rk�e yardIm i�in #debian.tr (irc.freenode.net): -- if you need help in turkish, please join #debian.tr on irc.freenode.net.
default alsa
C: 2010-12-23
<reply>Use the /etc/asound.conf or ~/.asoundrc configuration files to set your default sound card. See http://alsa.opensrc.org/MultipleCards for more information. You can also configure it in pavucontrol if you are using PulseAudio.
M: 2011-04-29
<reply>Japanese speakers: please use #debianjp on irc.debian.or.jp or speak English here.
M: 2008-07-25
<reply> GNU Parted is a partition editor, used for creation, destruction, resizing and copying, including the associated file system within. Supports Apple and sparc partition tables, can only shrink HFS/HFS+ filesystems. http://www.gnu.org/software/parted/ #parted on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2008-08-12
where you have several monitors but only one logical desktop -- XFree86 4.0 and X.org have it. http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Xinerama-HOWTO/ . This functionality is provided by RandR in recent Xorg drivers, ask me about <randr>.
M: 2013-04-15
<reply>The Bumblebee project aims to provide support for the Nvidia Optimus GPU switching technology on Linux systems. GeForce 400M (4xxM) and later mobile GPU series are Optimus-enabled; if «lspci -nn | grep '\''[030[02]\]'» returns two lines, the laptop likely uses Optimus. Packaged for Debian <jessie> and <wheezy-backports>. http://wiki.debian.org/Bumblebee http://bumblebee-project.org/ #bumblebee on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2009-11-28
<reply>Pre-boot eXecution Environment (PXE) is a network boot protocol. A <TFTP> server with tsize support (such as tftpd-hpa, atftpd, dnsmasq) is required for PXE. See also <pxelinux>, <netboot>, <ipxe>.
reinstall grub
M: 2009-07-30
<reply>See http://wiki.debian.org/GrubRecover http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch08s07.html . Boot a CD like <grml>, mount your disk read/write, (mount boot partition into your / partition if applicable,) mount -o bind /dev/ /your/root/dev; chroot /your/root; mount -t proc none /proc; grub-install /dev/foo (you may need to edit /etc/mtab and/or /boot/grub/device.map). Also ask me about <fixmbr> <rescue mode>.
M: 2003-04-08
<reply>update-alternatives is a tool for creating, removing, maintaining and displaying information about the symbolic links comprising the Debian <alternatives> system. The galternatives package provides a graphical front-end.
C: 2004-01-20
the color of water
M: 2010-05-04
<reply>The PCI ID helps us work out how to support your PCI hardware. It looks like [abcd:1234] in the output of "lspci -nn". Ask the bot "judd" to match the PCI ID of the device, e.g. "/msg judd pciid 8086:284b". Some hardware uses alternate means of detection: beware of some false positives+negatives. See also <judd-hardware>, <local pciid>. To find out what currently installed kernel modules your hardware is using, run "lspci -k".
M: 2014-01-22
<reply>win32diskimager is much more reliable than <unetbootin> for copying ISO images to USB sticks and you can download it from http://sf.net/projects/win32diskimager/ . Adjust the file mask from *.img to *.* if it doesn't show our .iso images. See <usb install> and <install debian> for further details.
M: 2009-02-17
file:///usr/share/doc/base-passwd/users-and-groups.html . Ask me about <group> and <desktop groups>. See also http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ch-opersys.html#s9.2
arch linux
M: 2009-03-16
<reply>Arch Linux is an a i686 optimized linux distribution which claims to be minimalistic and fast, has binary and source based package management. http://www.archlinux.org/ #archlinux on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2010-08-05
a graphics driver built into the kernel that accesses the video cards memory directly in a linear io, framebuffered X is just a way of using that kernel's framebuffer for graphics instead of the application itself having to know how the card works.. executive summary: it's hardware abstraction of the video, or slow, slow, slow... ask me about <fbcon resolution>.
M: 2010-02-18
<reply>Icedove is a DFSG-free fork of Mozilla Thunderbird, a cross-platform email client, replacing Thunderbird in Debian as of 5.0 "Lenny". Debian is unable to distribute Mozilla Thunderbird as-is due to trademark restrictions, see <why icedove>. Since July 2013, Icedove in Debian <stable> is based on the Extended Support Release (ESR) branch. For help with upstream issues, ask #thunderbird on irc.mozilla.org. http://wiki.debian.org/Icedove
multiarch changelog
C: 2013-05-14
<reply>If dpkg complains that it can't "overwrite shared /usr/share/doc/$package/changelog.Debian.gz" for packages marked "Multi-Arch: same", force dpkg to overwrite the files with «apt-get -o DPkg::Options::="--force-overwrite" install $package». BinNMUs performed since July 2013 should not have this problem, as debhelper splits up the changelog. Ask me about <multiarch> <multiarch failures> <binNMU>.
dont break debian
C: 2014-09-16
M: 2011-05-17
<reply>MIPS is a <RISC> architecture (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIPS_architecture). Debian's MIPS port consists of two ports (debian-mips and debian-mipsel) differing in binary endianness. See http://www.debian.org/ports/mips/ for more information, supported machines and related links. See also <install guide>. http://lists.debian.org/debian-mips/ http://www.linux-mips.org/ #mipslinux on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2013-10-16
<reply> apache2 is actually version 2.2 in Debian 7 "Wheezy" and Debian 6.0 "Squeeze"; this is a virtual package provided by a worker, ask me <apache2 mpm>. Ask me about <install apache>, <apache config>, <apache manual> and <apache backport>; see also <cnrd>, <userdir>, <apache2 ecc>. Additional help in #httpd on irc.freenode.net
M: 2011-08-31
<reply> see b43
jessie sysvinit
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>see remove systemd
cmd: es (.*?)
M: 2014-10-13
($1): <reply>$1: Este canal es de soporte técnico en Inglés para Debian. Si prefiere que el soporte sea en Español, puede ingresar en #debian-es tecleando /join #debian-es en la línea de chat.
C: 2009-03-27
a hardware architecture (i386, amd64, armel, mips, mipsel, sparc, powerpc, alpha, hppa, s390 && ia64). Also a source control revision system (GNU arch). Arch (and its twin brother ArX) resides at http://arch.fifthvision.net/, or http://www.linuxjournal.com/article.php?sid=5928, or #arch Since lenny, /bin/arch has disappeared, use "uname -m" instead, or <architecture>, or <arch linux>.
M: 2003-03-30
<action> forgets what action did.
M: 2006-01-24
The Linux command reference may be found here: http://justlinux.com/nhf/Command_Reference and here: http://justlinux.com/nhf/Shells/Basic_Console_Commands.html
multiarch skew
C: 2013-05-14
<reply>Packages that are marked as co-installable across different architectures can only be installed if the version for each architecture is identical. If the <buildd> network has not kept up, you cannot install them. If only one arch is binNMU'd, you cannot install them. Wait for a while until it is sorted out. Ask me about <multiarch> <multiarch failures>.
debian history
M: 2004-06-10
http://www.debian.org/intro/about#history http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/project-history/ or ask me about <release history> for the reader's digest condensed version.
M: 2016-03-14
<reply>Patch set to enhance Linux kernel security: ACL system/auditing/measures against common system exploits. In Debian as linux-patch-grsecurity2, see /usr/share/doc/linux-patch-grsecurity2/README.Debian to apply. Packaged as kernel for sid since 2016, search https://packages.debian.org/search?keywords=linux-image%20grsec http://www.grsecurity.net #grsecurity on <oftc>, ##grsecurity on <freenode>
M: 2008-03-10
<reply>Before asking, please read the documentation. Documentation isn't always easy to read, but that doesn't excuse you from (a) trying and (b) sending patches to improve the docs. If you don't do this, expect to be told to RTFM by impatient volunteers. Dick Brandon said that "Documentation is like sex: When it is good, it is very, very, good. And when it is bad, it is better than nothing." Ask me about <finding docs>, <manuals>.
M: 2007-12-11
<reply>see installation guide
C: 2008-07-19
<reply>After hibernation, you can load back into memory as much as possible from swap and also load files back into the kernel's file cache to help reduce the disk thrashing that occurs when waking up after suspend-to-disk (although this doesn't seem to be needed with the kernels in lenny onwards): cat `cat /proc/[0-9]*/maps | grep / | sed 's:.* /:/:' | grep -v /dev | sort -u` > /dev/null
M: 2005-06-11
the designation for the "common ordinary garden-variety PC" architecture. Runs on everything from the 80386SX (woody) or 80486SX (sarge) and up. If you don't know what arch you want, you want this one.
M: 2010-06-06
<reply>dash (formerly Debian Almquist shell) is a <POSIX> compliant shell, smaller than <bash> and offers faster script execution (decreasing boot time). dash is the default /bin/sh since the Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" release. To check if your existing scripts will work with dash, use checkbashisms from <devscripts> and see https://wiki.ubuntu.com/DashAsBinSh
C: 2015-04-29
<reply> Selected packages intended for the Debian 9 "Stretch" release but recompiled for use with "Jessie" (8.x) can be found in the "jessie-backports" repository. Note that jessie-backports are on the regular mirror network, not on backports.debian.org. A suitable line for your sources.list is «deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ jessie-backports main». Also ask me about <bdo>.
M: 2008-04-24
<reply>mit-magic-cookie is a key that a client application is required to possess in order to use your X11 display. Running xhost + removes this requirement which is why you should never use <xhost>. The xauth utility is in the xauth package (formerly xbase-clients) and is used to manipulate the mit-magic-cookie; ask me about <mit-magic-cookie export>. For other, easier ways of running apps as another user, ask me about <root x>.
C: 2000-06-16
M: 2009-10-08
<reply>apt-mirror is a tool for making a local mirror of any <APT> source. To mirror multiple architectures, specify "deb-$arch ..." in /etc/apt/mirror.list; e.g. "deb-amd64 http://httpredir.debian.org/debian testing main contrib non-free". Discussion forum: http://sf.net/projects/apt-mirror/forums/forum/197335 . http://apt-mirror.sf.net/ See also <mirrors>.
raspberry pi
M: 2012-11-09
<reply>The Raspberry Pi is an open hardware design based on a Broadcom system-on-a-chip, requiring <non-free> <firmware>. Debian's <armel> port works fine, but does not use the Pi's hardware floating point unit. Debian's <armhf> port targets a newer revision of the ARM chip than is in the Pi, so armhf will not work on it. http://wiki.debian.org/RaspberryPi http://www.raspberrypi.org/ #raspberrypi on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2004-05-11
<reply> see archive
M: 2005-09-01
a collection of programs that can be used in debian/rules files to automate common tasks related to building Debian binary packages. For further documentation, see the man pages for dh_* commands. For an overview of debhelper, see the debhelper man page. #debian's eggdrop bot
M: 2009-10-19
Mozilla's term for a theme or skin, or "Google Chrome", a web browser by Google based on Chromium, ask me about <chromium>. For VIA UniChrome / Chrome9 support, ask me about <openchrome>.
cmd: damn (.*?)
C: 2004-08-08
($1): <action> sends $1 to the deepest circle of hell, reserved for mutineers and betrayers.
M: 2010-06-06
<reply> The Onion Router (Tor) is a low-latency anonymous communication system. Packaged for Debian, only enables the onion proxy by default. For use on OFTC, ask me about <oftc tor>. Tor is not allowed on freenode's #debian (http://freenode.net/policy.shtml#tor), ask me about <tor-sasl>. https://torproject.org/ #tor on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2010-10-27
<reply>Splashy is a user-space boot splash program (no Linux kernel patching required). Not part of the Squeeze release due to Debian bug #599245. http://splashy.alioth.debian.org/wiki/faq http://splashy.alioth.debian.org/ #splashy on irc.freenode.net. Removed from Debian to resolve bug #648063, ask me about <plymouth>.
M: 2010-02-18
http://lists.debian.org/debian-project/1999/10/msg00052.html (proposal) and http://www.debian.org/doc/FAQ/ch-ftparchives#s-pools
M: 2014-05-27
<reply> see squeeze-lts
M: 2011-03-02
<reply>Internet Protocol Security (IPsec) is a protocol suite for securing Internet Protocol communications by authenticating and encrypting each IP packet of a data stream. Ask me about <openswan>, <strongswan>, <racoon>.
M: 2009-10-28
<reply> see cutmeownthroat
debian suite
C: 2012-04-14
<reply>cat /etc/debian_version (or lsb_release -sc). Or check /etc/apt/sources.list. If unsure about the distribution, $ cat /etc/{*version*,*release*,*issue*} should grab almost all distributions.
M: 2012-03-12
<reply>stable-proposed-updates is a repository containing packages being prepared for the next <point release>. While they have already been, your additional testing is most welcome prior to wider release. http://www.debian.org/releases/proposed-updates http://release.debian.org/proposed-updates/stable.html . See also <oldstable-proposed-updates>, <testing-proposed-updates>.
M: 2015-03-21
<reply>On Debian 8 "Jessie" systems, there are two repositories that you should have in your sources.list aside from your main mirror. You should have an entry for "jessie/updates" which is security updates (ask me about <security>) and also an entry for "jessie-updates" which is other updated packages (see <jessie-updates>). See also <sources.list>.
why systemd
M: 2014-08-28
<reply>a tired argument. Start by reading rra's excellent analysis at https://lists.debian.org/debian-ctte/2013/12/msg00234.html Support for other init systems (sysvinit) will still be present in Debian 8. systemd-shim (in development) will allow userspace requiring some systemd APIs to work without it.
M: 2010-10-10
<reply>Defoma (DEbian FOnt MAnager) is an automatic font configuration framework. Manually adding FontPath lines in <xorg.conf> (ref. /usr/share/doc/x-ttcidfont-conf/README.Debian) is not necessary since Debian 5.0 "Lenny". Deprecated by <fontconfig> and removed from Debian post-Squeeze to resolve bug #651494.
M: 2011-06-08
<reply>ath9k_htc is a Linux kernel driver for Atheros AR9271 and AR7010-based 802.11n USB wireless LAN devices, introduced in Linux 2.6.35. Firmware is required, ask me about <atheros firmware> to provide. https://wiki.debian.org/ath9k_htc
C: 2008-01-04
<reply> English as a language (and other uses) has plenty of background on wikipedia, however for #debian support, it's the primary and best supported language here. Please use other specific language channels (even if they're very idle), a related mailing list, or your best English here anyway (we'll try to cope).
M: 2009-10-19
<reply>bnx2 is a Linux kernel driver supporting Broadcom NetXtreme II 1Gb (BCM5706/5708/5709/5716) Ethernet controllers. Firmware from userspace is required, ask me about <non-free sources> and install the firmware-bnx2 package to provide. To provide firmware for device use at Debian installation time, ask me about <installer firmware>. See also <bnx2x>.
unstable security
M: 2009-02-16
<reply>There is no security support for unstable (sid) at all. Uploads of new packages that fix security vulnerabilities are handled in the same way as any other new version -- this means it's up to the maintainer to do a new upload and you (perhaps) to reconfigure services to cope with the new version. This is one of the reasons unstable is not suitable for day-to-day use in many situations. Also ask me about <moving target>.
C: 2006-06-12
an OpenGL demo, or <bogomips> for graphics cards. It is not a benchmark. In fact, in recent versions you must pass it the -iacknowledgethatthistoolisnotabenchmark option in order to report FPS information. Provided by the mesa-utils package.
M: 2010-09-28
<reply> see stable-proposed-updates
M: 2011-01-26
<reply>OpenVZ provides OS-level <virtualization>, creating isolated and secure virtual private servers on a single physical server. Deprecated in Debian (bug #574529) and not supported for the Debian 7 "Wheezy" release; ask me about <lxc>, <kvm>, <xen> for alternatives. http://wiki.debian.org/OpenVz http://www.openvz.org/ #openvz on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2009-04-08
<reply>Wireless Interface Connection Daemon (wicd) is a wired and <wireless connection manager>. http://wiki.debian.org/WiFi/HowToUse#wicd http://wicd.sf.net/ #wicd on irc.freenode.net. See also <netdev>.
M: 2012-07-17
<reply> Γιά βοήθεια στα Ελληνικά παρακαλώ δοκιμάστε στο #debian-gr on irc.oftc.net (irc.debian.org). Gia voitheia sta ellinika dokimaste to #debian-gr on irc.oftc.net (irc.debian.org). For help in Greek please try #debian-gr on irc.oftc.net (irc.debian.org).
M: 2009-06-09
<reply>FUSE is a userspace filesystem framework, enabling mounting of various exotic filesystems like <ntfs-3g>, Samba shares, tar files, FTP sites etc. Included in the mainline Linux kernel since 2.6.14. For a FUSE filesystem list, see http://wiki.debian.org/FileSystem#FUSE_Filesystem . http://apps.sf.net/mediawiki/fuse/?title=FAQ http://fuse.sf.net/ ##fuse on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2011-06-18
<reply>The man pages for <gcc> are in non-free, as they are released under the <GFDL> with invariant sections, so they do not meet the <DFSG>. To install, ask me about <non-free sources> and install the gcc-doc package. If you are looking for man pages for printf, strchr etc then install the manpages-dev package.
C: 2001-04-22
really dpkg-reconfigure <pkg>
M: 2009-04-07
http://wiki.debian.org/MacBook . For the Pro model, ask me about <macbookpro>. For the Air series, ask me about <macbookair>. See also <laptop>.
M: 2004-07-08
http://www.y-windows.org/, or it's "why", not y. w h y. see u, any1. NOT a substitute for I. If you mean yourself in the first person use 'I' and not 'y'.
M: 2014-12-09
<reply>OpenVPN is a <VPN> daemon, which can securely tunnel IP networks over one UDP or TCP port. Packaged for Debian, provides "openvpn" ifupdown hooks to <interfaces>. Add "script-security 2" in configuration files for use of external commands. Debian 8 "Jessie" users: see https://bugs.debian.org/785200 (fixed at openvpn 2.3.4-5+deb8u1, ask me about <spu>). https://openvpn.net/ #openvpn on irc.freenode.net. See also <easy-rsa>.
M: 2013-01-22
<reply> see uefi
M: 2006-07-10
Debian Takeover, the next phase of Debian World Domination, is a script that will substitute Debian (woody, not sarge! Use DEFAULT_SUITE=woody and upgrade from there) for any running GNU/Linux distribution available at http://www.hadrons.org/~guillem/debian/debtakeover/ . You too can banish metoo, dead rat, crackware, mandribble and Sue.M.E. to the bit bin.
xorg root
C: 2015-11-07
<reply> From Debian 9 "Stretch" onwards (xorg-server 1.17.3-1), the Xorg server is no longer setuid root, reducing the risk of privilege escalation security problems. This relies on logind and libpam-systemd and moves the logs to ~/.local/share/xorg; use the xserver-xorg-legacy package and see Xwrapper.config(5) if you'd rather a setuid root X.
dmm remove
C: 2012-09-28
<reply>If you want to remove the packages from deb-multimedia.org and reinstall the packages from Debian repositories, one could do this: dpkg --remove --force-depends $(aptitude search '?narrow(?version(CURRENT),?origin(Unofficial Multimedia Packages))' --disable-columns -F%p); remove the dmm repository from sources.list; apt-get update; apt-get install -f; install the still missing packages which were removed in the former process ...
show sources.list
C: 2011-02-14
<reply>Please pastebin the contents of your /etc/apt/sources.list and /etc/apt/sources.list.d/*.list. The easiest way to do this is to pastebin the output of: head -v -n -0 /etc/apt/sources.list{,.d/*}
M: 2015-05-01
<reply>Proxmox Virtual Environment (Proxmox VE) is a GNU/Linux distribution <based on Debian>, providing a virtualization platform with <OpenVZ> and <KVM>. It is not supported in #debian. There's an unofficial ##proxmox channel on Freenode. For official venues, see http://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/Get_support
M: 2009-09-19
<reply>The Debian installer comes in many forms (CD1, netinst, DVD), but the installer you use and the system you end up with is identical in each case. The only difference is when the packages are downloaded: if you grab the DVDs then you are downloading lots of packages that you might not need; if you download the <netinst>, then when you go to install packages using aptitude later on, they will be downloaded at that time.
M: 2007-03-03
...well.... ask me about <pr0n> or `apt-get install pornview` to find it on your hdd
M: 2012-07-17
<reply>see cross post
M: 2006-08-20
<reply> If you are looking for manuals, guides and procedures focusing on Debian - from a user perspective, the administrator's view and others - see http://www.debian.org/doc/ . Also ask me about <reference> and <grounding>.
M: 2013-05-26
<reply>This is not a chat channel, this is a Debian user support channel. Unless you have a Debian support question, please chat elsewhere, like #moocows on irc.oftc.net or ##chat on irc.freenode.net.
firmware installer
C: 2011-07-25
<reply> see installer firmware
M: 2010-06-01
<reply>[jack] a colloquialism for a person who doesn't care about anything, or a CD ripping front-end (packaged as jack, http://www.home.unix-ag.org/arne/jack/), or the JACK Audio Connection Kit: a low-latency sound server, allowing multiple applications to connect to one audio device; install the jackd package to provide the current default JACK implementation. http://jackaudio.org/ #jack on irc.freenode.net.
source package
M: 2010-04-01
<reply>A source package is a set of files used to make a Debian binary <package>. The main file is the Debian source control file (<dsc>) which lists the other required files; use "dget http://.../foo.dsc" (see <devscripts>) to download the dsc and all referenced files. There is also a <tarball> and (usually) patches in <diff.gz> or <debsrc3.0> format. The dsc contains checksums and is cryptographically signed by the uploader. <policy> <nmg>
remove x
M: 2008-03-28
"aptitude remove x11-common" will remove X. Use "purge" instead of remove if you also want to remove X's configuration.
ssh without passwd
M: 2009-08-04
<reply>(1) on the client: ssh-keygen -t rsa (2) ssh-copy-id server.example.com. Ask me about <keychain> and <ssh-askpass> for ways of storing your ssh key's passphrase between uses. If you are wanting to use ssh to allow root logins for rsync backups (or something similar to that) then you might want to limit what this key can do and from where you can use it, see http://www.nanonanonano.net/linux/rootrsync for one approach.
M: 2012-11-15
<reply> see dmm
cmd: why isn't (.*?) in testing
C: 2007-09-11
($1): $1 is not in testing for the reasons listed in http://release.debian.org/migration/testing.pl?package=$1
debian archive
M: 2010-03-05
<reply>Debian has archives of no-longer-supported releases at http://archive.debian.org/ . To use with <APT>, see http://www.debian.org/distrib/archive . For old versions of specific packages, ask me about <snapshot>. Old Debian <ISO> files are archived at http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/archive/
M: 2004-05-11
soome straangje laanguaage daat sussudio kjeeps spjeeaaking, or #debian-nl
not debian
M: 2006-03-18
<reply> see based on debian
why not nvidia installer
C: 2008-01-29
<reply> see why nvidia-installer sucks
M: 2012-02-04
<reply> see icedove
M: 2008-06-02
<reply> [hacking] a hacker doing his work. Playing with code or programs or technical devices and figuring things out to satisy curiousity, see <hacker>.... This is not cracking, see <cracking>
M: 2010-06-24
<reply> see mac os x
open files
M: 2004-07-11
<reply>Care to know what program or process has a particular file or port open? lsof (list open files)! the package! the command! lsof is for YOU!!! lsof -i tcp:80; lsof /dev/dsp; lsof -i udp:53; etc... apt-get into today! Also, if you order right now, we'll throw in these hits for free: netstat -upant | grep whatever; fuser -v filename; fuser -v 80/tcp; etc. Ask me about <file-nr>.
start a fs war
M: 2005-12-09
<reply>((UFS|FFS|XFS|JFS|ReiserFS|Reiser4|ext3|ext4|FAT|UDF|NTFS|Btrfs) (uses too much overhead!|is too slow!|will eat all your data!!)|Who needs a file system? Use orthogonal persistency!|Sigh, just use ext3 already.)
ssh without password
M: 2003-05-02
<reply> see ssh without passwd
M: 2010-12-11
<reply>Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) is an insecure and unreliable way to create tunnels; consider <openvpn>, <ipsec> or <l2tp> instead. Some ISPs use PPTP to provide service on Ethernet connected broadband networks; this is not supported at Debian installation time. To connect to a PPTP server, use pptpsetup (pptp-linux package, on netinst and CD1) or network-manager-pptp. See also <why not pptp>, <poptop>, <mppe>, <vpn>.
M: 2012-04-03
<reply>[policy-rc.d] a mechanism to limit what init scripts are run by maintainer scripts. See http://people.debian.org/~hmh/invokerc.d-policyrc.d-specification.txt and <invoke-rc.d>. See http://ircbots.debian.net/scripts/policy-rc.d-forbid-dpkg for an example script that disables all daemon starts and stops during package installation -- tailoring it to your needs to only skip certain daemons would be advised.
nvidia legacy
M: 2015-04-28
<reply>The Nvidia proprietary 304.125 legacy driver supports the GeForce 6xxx and 7xxx GPUs, which are no longer supported by the Nvidia proprietary unified driver. To install, see https://wiki.debian.org/NvidiaGraphicsDrivers. See also <nouveau>.
M: 2009-08-02
<reply>The X Resize, Rotate and Reflect Extension (RandR) allows the server to inform clients of desktop size (etc) changes, so they can update themselves. http://x.org/wiki/Projects/XRandR . Ask me about <xrandr>.
M: 2008-08-16
a package that can be used to manage your /etc/resolv.conf (the file that contains your DNS settings). Many packages including ppp, ifupdown, dhcp-client, pump, pdnsd, dnsmasq, ... are compatible with resolvconf, making it easier to manage your DNS settings. Ask me about <fixresolvconf>. See also <resolv.conf>.
M: 2009-05-11
application binary interface (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Application_binary_interface). See also <kernel abi>.
M: 2015-04-26
<reply>Pepper Flash Player is a proprietary <flash> plugin included with the Google Chrome web browser. The pepperflashplugin-nonfree Debian package can be used to install this plugin for the <Chromium> browser, ask me about <contrib>. https://wiki.debian.org/PepperFlashPlayer
M: 2008-05-29
the most important thing ever. nothing
M: 2010-02-14
<reply>netselect-apt uses <netselect> to determine the fastest Debian mirror respective to your location, then writes a sources.list file for use with <apt>. See also <apt-spy>.
M: 2013-10-07
<reply>[ide] Integrated Development Environment, or Integrated Device Electronics, the first version of the <ATA>/ATAPI interface developed by Western Digital.
M: 2005-02-03
a synonym for <i386> (x86). In other words, if you don't know, this is what you have.
fixresolvconf the ugly way
C: 2008-07-15
<reply> If you can't be bothered configuring either <resolvconf> or your DHCP client to properly handle your DNS settings, then you can do this: echo -e "nameserver a.b.c.d\nnameserver w.x.y.z" > /etc/resolv.conf && chattr +i /etc/resolv.conf (where a.b.c.d and w.x.y.z are your ISPs nameservers). But realise that this is a truly ugly hack.
pepper flash
M: 2013-10-04
<reply> see pepperflashplugin-nonfree
M: 2007-01-31
<reply>[games] Some cool multiplayer games: koth, netris, <quake>, xevil, bzflag, <netrek>, the only piece of software that is allowed to be non-free, because they are more like an art form than a program, #gametome (irc.freenode.net) for newer games. http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?LinuxGames, http://www.mtp-target.org, jumpnbump, supertux, gtetrinet and pathogen, <nethack>, freeciv, dopewars, <uqm>, <scummvm>, http://icculus.org/lgfaq/gamelist.php
M: 2009-11-14
<reply>The Enlightened Sound Daemon (ESD, EsoundD) is a sound server used by Enlightenment and formerly used by GNOME. Some interesting things that can be done include using <mpg123> on a remote computer, and having it connect to a local esound daemon. "My views on esd are mostly unprintable." -- Alan Cox. The esound and esound-clients binary packages were dropped at esound version 0.2.41-9, ask me about <pulseaudio>.
M: 2004-05-26
spoken in #debian.pl on irc.freenode.net (not here). Or something used to make things shiny, or a really good sausage. polska -> #debian.pl
pastebinit config
M: 2012-03-19
<reply>To configure pastebinit to use paste.debian.net, echo "<pastebinit><pastebin>http://paste.debian.net</pastebin><author>$USER</author><format>text</format><jabberid>nobody@nowhere.org</jabberid></pastebinit>" > ~/.pastebinit.xml
M: 2013-05-28
the part of <dak> that processes newly uploaded packages. It is run 4 times per day at 0152 0752 1352 1952 UTC. See http://ftp-master.debian.org/#dinstall
M: 2012-06-03
"no problem" or "null pointer" or "Now Playing"
apt myths
M: 2012-03-08
<reply> Myths about APT never seem to die, the principal one being you can't mix using different APT front-ends like apt-get and aptitude. This is false. If you need further convincing, see http://tinyurl.com/3g4d4d9 and http://algebraicthunk.net/~dburrows/blog/entry/apt-system-diagram/ . See also <why aptitude> and <why not aptitude> for real reasons to choose one over the other.
cmd: bite (.*?)
C: 2001-05-25
($1): <action> takes a big bite out of $1's jugular vein
C: 2008-05-15
another tool for managing the distribution and upgrade of debian packages for non-connected or low-speed links computers. See http://quozl.netrek.org/apt-walkabout/ Also ask me about <apt-zip> <apt offline>
bpo list
C: 2010-09-06
<reply> see bdo list
bdo kernel
M: 2015-04-29
<reply>Newer kernels for Debian stable releases are available from the "jessie-backports" repository. Ask me about <jessie backports> to modify your sources.list, then run «aptitude update». To install the current backported kernel: «aptitude -t jessie-backports install linux-image-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'`». To list available backported kernel image packages: «aptitude search '?narrow(~nlinux-image,?origin(Debian Backports))'».
build package
C: 2001-02-10
'dpkg-buildpackage' or 'apt-get -b source <pkg>'
M: 2008-06-05
<reply> see wireless
M: 2012-05-10
<reply>see debian-handbook
jessie installation guide
C: 2015-03-21
<reply> The Installation Guide for Debian 8 "Jessie" can be found at https://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/installmanual . See also <errata>, <jessie release notes>.
dual monitors
M: 2008-10-24
<reply>For a wide desktop over multiple monitors (<xinerama>), you can either configure your layout in /etc/X11/xorg.conf, or use xrandr in lenny onwards. See http://www.jejik.com/articles/2008/10/setting_up_dual_monitors_system-wide_with_xrandr_on_debian_lenny/ , http://thinkwiki.org/wiki/Xorg_RandR_1.2 . See also <xrandr>.
version compare
M: 2009-09-03
<reply>The canonical way to test whether one version string is considered greater than another is by testing an assertion such as «dpkg --compare-versions 1.1 gt 1.1~rc1 && echo true». See also http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ch-controlfields#s-f-Version , <version epoch>, <debian revision>.
C: 2010-12-09
<reply>GPT (GUID Partition Table) is a disk partition format frequently used by firmware compliant with the Extensible Firmware Interface (<EFI>). util-linux's <fdisk> does not support GPT, ask me about <parted>. http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/linux/library/l-gpt/
which http.debian.net
M: 2015-05-05
<reply>see which httpredir.debian.org
M: 2009-12-06
<reply>sSMTP is an extremely simple <MTA> to get mail off the system to a mailhub. It does not receive mail, expand aliases or manage a queue. http://wiki.debian.org/sSMTP . See also <nullmailer>.
M: 2010-05-18
a tool to build your project. The dependencies to build your project is specified usually in a Makefile. Makefile may have targets, which can be invoked by make targetname, e.g. make love. For more, man make. See also <makefile>.
C: 2002-06-28
<reply>Give a man a fire, and he will be warm for a day; Set a man on fire, and he will be warm for the rest of his life.
M: 2011-06-13
<reply>Since Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", terminating an X server via Ctrl+Alt+Backspace ("zapping") is disabled by default. To enable, run «dpkg-reconfigure -pmedium keyboard-configuration» and answer Yes when asked if Ctrl+Alt+Backspace can terminate the X server (or «setxkbmap -option terminate:ctrl_alt_bksp»).
why not dist-upgrade
C: 2005-05-16
<reply> see why not dist upgrade
C: 2009-02-12
<reply>The Ultimate Debian Database (UDD) is an effort to gather lots of useful information about Debian from a variety of sources and stuff it all into a giant PostgreSQL database. http://wiki.debian.org/UltimateDebianDatabase http://udd.debian.org/
C: 2014-09-16
<reply>see dont break debian
M: 1999-12-31
a command to "display top CPU processes," but top can handle more ('man top' for more info). Try: `top' and to quit, just 'q'.
M: 2010-03-14
<reply>Apache Tomcat (formerly Jakarta Tomcat) is a reference implementation of the Java Servlet and JavaServer Pages technologies. http://tomcat.apache.org/ http://wiki.apache.org/tomcat/FAQ #tomcat on irc.freenode.net. See also <mod_jk>.
M: 2015-07-27
<reply> 如果您想要以中文得到 Debian 相關的協助,請加入 irc.debian.org 或 irc.oftc.net 上的 #dot 頻道,連線與加入頻道的方法請參閱 IRC 程式之相關說明,或於網路上搜尋。謝謝您的合作!
M: 2010-05-14
<reply>The Debian changelog for foo can be found in /usr/share/doc/foo/ if foo is installed. From a .deb, "apt-listchanges -a foo.deb" or "dpkg-deb --fsys-tarfile foo.deb| tar --wildcards -xOf - '*changelog.Debian.gz'|zless". You can also "aptitude changelog foo" or go to http://changelogs.debian.net/bar if foo is built from source package bar. See also <apt-listchanges>.
M: 2009-11-13
<reply> antiX is a live CD distribution based on <MEPIS>. It is not supported in #debian. http://antix.mepis.org/ #mepis on irc.freenode.net. See also <based on debian>.
M: 2011-03-13
<reply>Android is a Linux-based operating system for mobile devices. http://www.android.com/ #android on irc.freenode.net. For the related font family, ask me about <droid>. See also <adb> <lildebi> <mobile>.
C: 2002-03-01
<action> (does|refuses to do|eagerly does|reluctantly agrees to do|wonders why it should do|wouldn't dream of doing) $1
C: 2015-04-25
<reply>First, understand that testing is a pre-release distribution without timely security support and that you will have a bumpy ride; ask me about <moving target> <testing> <testing security>. From /etc/apt/sources.list, remove stable-specific lines like jessie-updates and backports, and change jessie to stretch. apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade. If you feel you need more instructions, perhaps you should wait a while.
M: 2010-02-02
<reply>The Multi Router Traffic Grapher (MRTG) is used to monitor traffic load on network links and present a visual (live) representation. http://oss.oetiker.ch/mrtg/ See also <rrdtool>.
ucf confmiss
C: 2011-05-10
<reply>If you need to restore a deleted config file in a package that is using <ucf> to manage its configuration files, use "UCF_FORCE_CONFFMISS=true aptitude reinstall $packagename". List the configuration files managed by ucf with "ucfq $packagename". If the package doesn't use ucf then ask me about <confmiss>.
M: 2015-04-28
<reply>The release following Debian 8 "Jessie" is codenamed "Stretch" (the rubber octopus in Toy Story 3) and will be Debian 9: https://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2014/11/msg00005.html. See http://wiki.debian.org/DebianStretch
M: 2005-10-29
<reply>see xfce
M: 2011-02-01
<reply>ifconfig is used to configure or view your machine's network interfaces. Use the -a option to view all of them, or "man ifconfig" for more. It is /sbin/ifconfig which is not in the default path for normal users. See also <interfaces>, <iproute>, <myip>.
M: 2010-02-14
<reply>Nginx (engine x) is an open source HTTP server (supports FastCGI, not CGI), reverse proxy and POP3/IMAP/SMTP proxy. http://wiki.debian.org/Nginx http://wiki.nginx.org/NginxFaq http://www.nginx.net/ #nginx on irc.freenode.net. See also <httpd>.
M: 2010-09-26
<reply>[updates] Ask me about <point release>, <proposed-updates>, <security>, <jessie-updates>, <wheezy-updates>. See also <apticron>, <cron-apt>.
os x
M: 2010-06-24
<reply>OS X (formerly Mac OS X) is a BSD and NeXTSTEP based operating system from <Apple> Inc. A complete overhaul from previous versions of Mac OS (v1.0-9.2). http://www.apple.com/macosx/ ##apple on irc.freenode.net. See also <afp>, <hfsplus>.
version epoch
M: 2009-09-03
<reply> The version number of a package has a prepended number called the "epoch". It is only added when the system for upstream version numbers changes. Example: in sarge, X was version 6.8 but in etch it was 1.1 (xfree86->xorg). But 1 < 6, so we add an epoch "2:" to signify that everything with 2: is newer (if there is no : the epoch is assumed to be "0"). See section 5.6.12 of <policy> or ask me about <compare versions> <debian revision>.
C: 2010-03-19
autosearch: install apt-file and use apt-cache search <packagename> and/or apt-file search <name> , do it yourself. Don't forget to run apt-file update ;)
M: 2016-02-08
<reply>The DPL is the Debian Project Leader, an elected position that is the representative of the project (but not 'chief' in a technical or decision making sense). The current DPL is Mehdi Dogguy. See https://www.debian.org/devel/leader
C: 2008-09-19
India. For Debian India, see #debian-in
M: 2010-08-11
<reply>Encryption is useful to keep data protected on your system. There is a nice guide on how to use LVM encrypted partitions at http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/469 . See also <dm-crypt>, <ecryptfs>, <encfs>, <gpg>, <luks>.
M: 2011-01-11
<reply> see debian history
dotdeb alternatives
C: 2012-10-23
<reply>Software from <dotdeb> historically had a number of packaging or functional issues. If you require newer versions than what <stable> offers, a lot of the packages now have updates in backports.debian.org, ask me about <bdo>. To remove Dotdeb packages: "aptitude purge '~Vdotdeb'".
M: 2009-06-09
<reply>GParted is the <GNOME> partition editor, which uses libparted (see <parted>) and other optional filesystem tools. Install the suggested ntfsprogs and dosfstools packages to enable <NTFS> and FAT16/32 support respectively. Consider a <debian-live> image and installing gparted (after boot) as an alternative to the GParted Live CD. http://gparted.sf.net/faq.php #gparted on irc.gnome.org.
pkg scripts
M: 2012-01-19
<reply> During package installation, dpkg runs a script called "preinst", unpacks the .deb, then runs "postinst". When removing, it runs "prerm", deletes the files and then runs "postrm". These scripts can be found in /var/lib/dpkg/info/$package.{pre,post}{inst,rm}; as a last resort to fixing packaging problems, you can edit the script, e.g. by making the second line "exit 0" of a shell script. http://wiki.debian.org/MaintainerScripts
M: 2010-06-02
<reply>aMule is a cross-platform client for the eDonkey and Kad peer-to-peer file sharing networks, forked from xMule. http://wiki.debian.org/aMule http://www.amule.org/wiki/index.php/FAQ_aMule http://www.amule.org/ #amule on irc.freenode.net. See also <mldonkey>.
M: 2012-03-15
<reply> see apt offline
secure boot
M: 2013-01-23
<reply>"Secure boot" is a hardware restriction feature of the <UEFI> specification. It prevents the loading of drivers / operating system loaders not signed with an accepted digital signature. While Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later releases support installation in (U)EFI mode on 64-bit PC systems (amd64), secure boot is currently not supported. See https://www.fsf.org/campaigns/secure-boot-vs-restricted-boot for secure boot implementation concerns.
M: 2010-06-20
<reply>Avahi is a <ZeroConf> (mDNS/DNS-SD) implementation, which facilitates service discovery on a local network. http://avahi.org/ #avahi on irc.freenode.net.
basic apt troubleshooting
C: 2013-10-08
<reply>see bat
M: 2011-06-13
<reply>Unity is a shell interface for <GNOME>, part of the Ayatana project. <RFP> filed as Debian bug #609278. http://unity.ubuntu.com/
C: 1970-01-01
a Mail User Agent, in other words <mailx>, <mutt>, <balsa>, <alpine>, <elm>, <icedove> (thunderbird), <kmail>, <evolution>, or any other mail client program.
M: 2012-06-16
<reply>Tails (The Amnesic Incognito Live System) is a live DVD/USB <based on Debian>, with the aim of preserving privacy and anonymity. It is not supported in #debian. https://tails.boum.org/ #tails on irc.oftc.net.
magic smoke
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> Did you know computers run on smoke? You can tell because if the smoke escapes, they stop working.
M: 2010-10-01
<reply> see debian archive
M: 2015-05-05
<reply>To have <APT> automatically select a mirror close to you, use the Geo-IP redirector in your sources.list "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ jessie main". See http://httpredir.debian.org/ for more information. The redirector uses HTTP 302 redirects not DNS to serve content so is safe to use with Google DNS. See also <which httpredir.debian.org>. This service is identical to http.debian.net.
iptables tutorial
M: 2010-01-15
installer firmware
M: 2015-04-25
<reply>see installer firmware jessie
M: 2011-05-11
<reply>XAMPP for Linux (formerly LAMPP) is a way of installing lots of software that is already packaged for Debian. Don't use XAMPP, instead use aptitude install apache2 php5 libapache2-mod-php5 php5-mysql mysql-server gettext perl libapache2-mod-perl2 sqlite webalizer mcrypt expat proftpd libpng3 libjpeg62 ... actually, just ask me about <search>.
installer firmware jessie
C: 2015-04-25
<reply>Debian-Installer is able to load additional <firmware>, by including it within installation media or supplying on removable media (e.g. USB stick, floppy). See http://www.debian.org/releases/jessie/amd64/ch06s04 . To include firmware within Debian <netboot> images, see http://wiki.debian.org/DebianInstaller/NetbootFirmware . See also <firmware images>.
M: 2009-04-13
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (RFC 2616), the protocol used between a web browser and a web server. Ask me about <httpd>. For information on the Debian mirror service, ask me about <httpredir.debian.org>.
M: 2011-10-21
<reply>EncFS is a <FUSE>-based cryptographic filesystem. http://www.arg0.net/encfs
M: 2003-04-11
<reply>The name "Debian" comes from the names of its creator, Ian Murdock, and his wife, Debra. (See http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/project-history/)
reboot required
C: 2012-01-31
<reply> If you've upgraded your kernel package you need to reboot to start running the new kernel. Unless the <kernel abi> has changed, uname -r doesn't tell you whether this is needed or not, instead compare /proc/version to the package version: if ! grep -q $(dpkg-query -f'${Version}' -W linux-image-$(uname -r)) /proc/version; then echo "Reboot required"; fi
cron tutorial
M: 2009-11-13
http://clickmojo.com/code/cron-tutorial.html or just read "man 5 crontab" locally
M: 2010-03-21
<reply> see intel-gfx
M: 2011-02-05
<reply>Plymouth presents a graphic animation while the boot process occurs in the background. It is designed to be used with <DRM> modesetting drivers and replaces both <usplash> and <splashy>. Read /usr/share/doc/plymouth/README.Debian to enable. http://wiki.debian.org/plymouth http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/Plymouth #plymouth on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2006-05-06
Debian's automated build system that automatically compiles everything it finds. http://buildd.debian.org/ http://wiki.debian.org/buildd
C: 2005-01-30
<reply> http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=meh&f=1
M: 2008-01-21
yet another Debian derivative. It is <Ubuntu> with KDE instead of GNOME. As such, it is not Debian and is not supported on #debian (see <based on debian caveats>). For kubuntu support, please join #kubuntu on chat.freenode.net.
M: 2010-01-06
<reply>p54 is a Linux kernel driver, supporting PCI and USB devices based on Intersil/Conexant ISL38xx 802.11g wireless LAN chipsets (aka Prism54). Firmware is required and not packaged (Debian bug #481234), see http://wiki.debian.org/prism54 for installation instructions. The obsolete prism54 driver is disabled in Debian Linux kernel images. #linux-wireless on irc.freenode.net.
C: 1970-01-01
a log rotation program that sings
M: 2005-04-30
<reply>[dig] domain information groper (DNS lookup utility) is part of dnsutils, or use <host> (in the bind9-host package) for less detail, or (informally) ack == ok == right == your beneficent and gracious presence and contributions to this universe are hereby recognized by sundry and all.
M: 2009-05-25
<reply> see cn
M: 2009-07-15
<reply>Usenet is a distributed Internet discussion system. Ask me about <newsgroups>, <nntp>, <godwin's law> and <sdate>.
M: 2009-05-12
<reply>Parallels Plesk Panel (formerly Plesk) is a proprietary web hosting control panel. Not supported in #debian, ask me about <free whcp> for alternatives. http://www.parallels.com/support/plesk/ http://forum.parallels.com/ ##plesk on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2004-06-05
for domainnames, or for IRC
M: 2010-02-04
<reply> see b43
C: 2011-04-10
<reply>BackBox Linux is a distribution based on <Ubuntu>, developed to perform penetration tests and security assessments. It is not supported in #debian. http://www.backbox.org/ #backbox on irc.autistici.org. See also <based on debian>.
C: 2015-03-21
<reply>jessie-updates is a suite providing updates to some packages (from <proposed-updates>) prior to a <point release>. All packages from jessie-updates will be included in point releases. https://wiki.debian.org/StableUpdates . Not to be confused with <jessie/updates> which is for <security> updates.
M: 2016-04-19
<reply>XScreenSaver upstream doesn't understand that people don't want to spend their lives upgrading every component from git and that a stable distro is a good idea so inserted silly "very old" alerts. This annoying warning is removed from the packages in jessie-updates and sid. https://bugs.debian.org/819703 ; consider light-locker as alternative program.
M: 2010-04-01
<reply>usb_modeswitch is a tool for controlling "flip flop" USB devices, e.g. WAN dongles. This utility can disable the storage device (aka "ZeroCD", containing non-Linux drivers) and enable the serial device. Packaged for Debian as usb-modeswitch. http://www.draisberghof.de/usb_modeswitch/
server tasks
M: 2015-04-27
<reply>From the Debian 8 "Jessie" <install guide> § "The various server tasks will install software roughly as follows. Web server: apache2; Print server: cups; SSH server: openssh." Ask me about <tasksel>.
M: 2013-01-02
<reply>AppArmor (Application Armor, formerly SubDomain) provides pathname-based mandatory access control, a file-system neutral alternative to <SELinux>. Previously maintained by Novell and part of the Linux kernel since version 2.6.36. http://wiki.debian.org/AppArmor http://apparmor.wiki.kernel.org/ #apparmor on irc.oftc.net.
C: 2010-06-19
<reply>/dev/rfkill is the Linux rfkill (radio frequency <killswitch>) device interface, available since Linux 2.6.31. It is used to enable and disable wireless networking devices (e.g. wireless LAN, Bluetooth, WiMAX). The rfkill userspace tool for accessing this interface is in the rfkill package. http://wireless.kernel.org/en/users/Documentation/rfkill
aptitude ops
M: 2010-06-07
<reply>Aptitude can perform different operations from the one command line: "aptitude install foo bar_" purges bar and installs foo. This is handy for dealing with broken packages. Other postfix operators include: + install, - remove, _ purge, = hold, : temp hold, &M markauto, &m unmarkauto, +M install and markauto. man aptitude for more details. These can also be used as a prefix operator at the [Y/n/q/?] resolver prompt.
C: 2006-05-12
<reply>see grsecurity
M: 2010-12-06
<reply>Google Earth is a proprietary geographic information program, which cannot be distributed by any third party. To build a Debian package of Google Earth: ask me about <contrib>, install the googleearth-package package and read /usr/share/doc/googleearth-package/README.Debian. http://earth.google.com/
apt sources
C: 1970-01-01
a list of unofficial sources for apt. The URL is http://www.internatif.org/bortzmeyer/debian/apt-sources/
M: 2009-10-10
<reply>Zero Configuration Networking is a set of techniques that automatically create a usable IP network without configuration or special servers. This allows unknowledgeable users to connect computers, networked printers, and other items together and expect them to work automatically. http://wiki.debian.org/ZeroConf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zeroconf http://www.dns-sd.org/
C: 2003-08-13
<reply> see wot
C: 2009-03-16
<reply>see arch linux
C: 2011-11-03
<reply>Files in package $who-pr0n: /srv/$who-pr0n/$who.jpg
M: 2009-03-11
<reply>Gmail is a webmail service from <Google> that still does not support konqueror ... See also <reportbug>, <gmailfs>, <ssmtp>.
aptitude states
M: 2013-01-11
<reply>aptitude has 4 status fields for each package that it may display. icpvBuCH are the "current state" (ask me about <aptitude current state>), iudphFrB are the actions to be performed (ask me about <aptitude actions>). There is also "A" for automatically installed and "U" for untrusted. Also ask me about <aptitude ops> <aptitude search> <aptitude docs>.
M: 2004-12-14
<reply> right, (adj): 1) The opposite of left. 2) What cafuego says.
M: 2009-07-05
<reply>dak (debian archive kit) is the set of scripts that manage the Debian archives. See http://ftp-master.debian.org/git/dak.git or http://anonscm.debian.org/gitweb/?p=mirror/dak.git for the code. dak transfers packages from unstable to testing (and from incoming to unstable) at {1,7,13,19}:52 UTC each day. http://wiki.debian.org/DebianDak
C: 2001-09-14
<reply> I wonder...
M: 2005-10-23
probably what you should do to your Windows(tm) box, or what you should do to your MacOS box, or what you should do to your LinuxPPC box, or what you should do to your RedHat box, or what you should do to your Mandrake box, or what you should do to your SuSE box || apparently what Windows users call "mke2fs""fdisk" or both, or on floppies use superformat
firmware iso
M: 2010-08-08
<reply> see firmware images
M: 2013-05-16
<reply>Poulsbo is the codename of Intel's first System Controller Hub, found in several <netbooks>. Its GMA 500 graphics core is not supported by the intel Xorg driver (RFP xserver-xorg-video-psb, bug #533450). A 2D <KMS> framebuffer driver (gma500_gfx, formerly psb_gfx) was introduced at Linux 2.6.39. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/System_Controller_Hub#GMA_500_Linux_support http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_GMA#PowerVR_based_chips_on_Linux
iceweasel vs firefox
M: 2013-08-05
<reply>The main difference between iceweasel and firefox is the icon. The rendering engine is the same, the preferences are the same, the handling of plugins like flash is the same. Ask me about <iceweasel doesn't work> <iceweasel user-agent> <why iceweasel> <iceweasel backports>.
desktop environments
M: 2009-05-01
<reply>Desktop environments available for installation on Debian systems include <GNOME>, <KDE>, <XFCE>, <LXDE>, <Cinnamon> and <MATE>. See also <window manager>.
M: 2008-04-15
<reply> see pt
M: 2006-02-24
<reply> Bash alias? Do 'help alias' and read 'man bash', also see your ~/.bash_profile and ~/.bashrc for examples of aliases.
M: 2003-08-14
If you mean 'kB': see 'kilobyte', but see also 'binary units' for why it can mean 1,000. If you mean 'kbit': see 'kilobit', and also 'binary units'.. Killer Bunny, , or the microsoft's Knowledge Base
M: 2015-06-10
<reply>[g-i] The Debian graphical installer (based on X11) is available for the amd64, i386 and powerpc architectures. To launch on 64-bit and 32-bit PC systems, select "Graphical install" from the installer boot menu. See https://debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch05s01#graphical and https://debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch06s01#gtk-using for more information. See also <d-i>.
mit-magic-cookie export
C: 2008-04-24
<reply>You can export your <mit-magic-cookie> to allow another user to run applications on your display by doing one (but not both) of: 'su user_running_x -c "xauth extract - $DISPLAY" | xauth merge -' or 'export XAUTHORITY=/home/<USER_RUNNING_X>/.Xauthority'. For other approaches, ask me about <root x>.
C: 2010-05-06
<reply> see irclog
stretch/unstable mix
C: 2014-08-16
<reply>«echo 'APT::Default-Release "stretch";' >> /etc/apt/apt.conf», edit sources.list, copy your non-security stretch lines and change one set to sid, then apt-get update. apt-get -t sid install foo; to install foo from sid rather than stretch as usual. WARNING to SYNAPTIC users: Synaptic ignores Default-Release: set Preferences->Distribution. See <jum caveat> and use this setup to track <stretch> after its release.
M: 2010-11-24
<reply> see tasksel
mac os x
M: 2013-08-01
<reply> see os x
mit magic cookie
C: 2002-07-20
<reply> see mit-magic-cookie
M: 2010-01-02
<reply>Trisquel is a Spanish distribution initially based on Debian, now Ubuntu. It is not supported in #debian. http://trisquel.info/en #trisquel on irc.freenode.net. See also <based on Debian>.
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> NEVER!
M: 2006-08-06
something that can be solved, fixed or worked around if properly described. A good thorough description of the problem, with detailed steps of how to reproduce the problem, the produced output, and the expected output, is the best start to discuss a problem.
jessie backports
C: 2015-04-29
<reply> see jessie-backports
M: 2010-08-11
<reply> see encrypt
M: 2013-01-09
<reply>yaboot is a <PowerPC> bootloader for Open Firmware based systems (New World Apple Macintosh, IBM RS/6000, IBM pSeries, IBM OpenPower). ybin installs yaboot to a bootstrap partition and can create boot menus for Linux and Mac OS (X). HOWTO: http://www.alaska.net/~erbenson/doc/yaboot-howto.html . http://yaboot.ozlabs.org/ Not for Old World Apple Macintosh systems, ask me <quik>.
C: 2006-05-18
a program to look over your system for anything that shouldn't be there, but is; or for anything that should be there, but isn't. To install it, type apt-get install cruft. It takes a while to run.
C: 2013-04-05
<reply>SparkyLinux is a Linux distribution based on <testing>. It is not supported in #debian. http://sparkylinux.org/ See also <based on debian>.
M: 2015-04-25
<reply> see jessie-updates
M: 2010-01-16
<reply>Openswan is an <IPsec> implementation for Linux kernels, forked from <freeswan>. Install the openswan package to provide Openswan IPsec utilities. As Debian stock kernels have IPsec (NETKEY, aka 26sec) and crypto support enabled, the openswan-modules-source or linux-patch-openswan packages are only necessary for KLIPS use. http://wiki.openswan.org/ http://www.openswan.org/ #openswan on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2003-01-23
<reply>It's 'what', you idiot. See also <wat>.
M: 2013-06-19
<reply>bnx2x is a Linux kernel driver supporting Broadcom NetXtreme II 10Gb (BCM57710/57711/57711E/57712/57800/57810/57840) Ethernet controllers, introduced at Linux 2.6.25. Firmware is required, ask me about <non-free sources> and install the firmware-bnx2x package to provide. To provide firmware for device use at Debian installation time, ask me about <installer firmware>. Not to be confused with <bnx2>.
why nvidia installer sucks
C: 2012-08-07
<reply> see why not nvidia installer
C: 1970-01-01
at http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~infobot/infobot_guide.html
good night
C: 2002-04-13
<action> ZZZZzzzzZZZZzzzz || <reply> Good night, $nick ! || <action> hugs $nick good night. || <action> falls asleep.
M: 2009-10-28
<reply> Cut Me Own Throat (C.M.O.T) Dibbler is a most enterprising 'merchant venturer' in Terry Pratchett's Discworld series. He is famous for selling meat by-products, i.e. sausages to unsuspecting souls (often referred to with "Can't make both ends meat"). His name originates from his catchphrase 'I'll even sell it to you for $XX, and that's cutting me own throat.'
compare versions
M: 2011-05-16
<reply>see version compare
cmd: man (.*?) (.*?)
M: 2011-01-18
($1,$2): <reply> man $1 $2 is probably at http://manpages.debian.org/$1/$2 , where you can view many Debian man pages. Ask me about <docs> <dmp> <grounding> <search>.
C: 2010-07-14
a way of answering configuration questions prior to installing the package (e.g. specifying a mysql password or accepting the Sun Java licence in advance). Install the package in your test environment and run "debconf-get-selections" (debconf-utils package) to get the appropriate key names.
why not amd64
C: 2012-04-28
<reply>Some applications developed specifically for i386 need special ia32 support libraries and as such may not work properly or at all on Debian AMD64. Consider using Debian i386 instead.
M: 2009-12-07
<reply>/etc/rc.boot on Debian systems is obsolete, ask me about <rc.local>. See also <init.d>.
C: 2001-06-16
try /close
M: 2004-05-21
the Mail eXchanger resource record in DNS -- it tells an <MTA> where to deliver mail for a given domain. Merry Xmas, or Mexico.
minimal install
M: 2012-04-03
<reply>See http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/i386/ch03s04 for required/recommended disk space. Debian keeps the base install relatively small for both hardware requirements and flexibility. As a consequence half the people are surprised that basic tools (like bzip2) are not "default" and half think that the existing base install contains too much (cron, python, ...). Also see <emdebian> <base install> <standard task>.
M: 2011-03-02
<reply> format: min, hour, day of month, month, day of week, command. See also <cron> and <cron tutorial>. There is an extra field "user" in the system crontabs in /etc/crontab and /etc/cron.d/*.
M: 2011-04-04
<reply>Adobe Acrobat is a computer program family for authoring and manipulating of Portable Document Format (<PDF>) files. Adobe Reader (formerly Acrobat Reader) is available from deb-multimedia, ask me about <dmm>. http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/ See also <edit pdf>, <adobe distiller server>.
M: 2008-07-24
<reply> fdisk is the name used for several hard disk partition table editor programs for PC compatible computers. Before a hard disk can be used by an operating system on a PC, it must be divided into one or more logical disks called partitions. Ask me about <partitioning>, <gparted>.
M: 2014-08-16
<reply> see stretch/unstable mix
M: 2010-08-27
<reply>OpenDNS is a service allowing faster and more secure DNS resolution. Uses the nameservers and http://www.opendns.com/ #opendns on irc.oftc.net. See also <googledns>, <override dns>.
M: 2009-12-02
<reply>The Hierarchial File System (HFS, aka Mac OS Standard) is the default filesystem on Mac OS prior to Mac OS X. <MBR> partition ID: 0xAF. The Linux kernel's hfs filesystem driver can read/write HFS filesystems, tools are in the hfsutils package. <parted> can resize HFS (shrink only) provided the start of the partition stays fixed. See also <hfsplus>.
M: 2004-05-04
god, or the devil, or available now from http://www.cafuego.net/ and maybe a crackwhore. See also 'cafuego disclaimer', or teh r0x0rxz and Marvin the Paranoid Android, or (un|)fairly accused of redirecting careless newbies to #shell. Also a sell-out.
M: 2004-12-12
<reply>501 Syntax: HELO hostname
M: 2007-03-08
see sqrt(12345678987654321), or the standard port for ECHO, or this monkey gone to heaven
boxes instead of fonts
M: 2016-04-04
del (obsolete 2001): Read bug(s) 107554, 109488, and 109611 for discussion and workarounds. XF410-5 implements the 8-bit hack described therein. Also, try *not* using xfs. Also ask dpkg about "squares". Also ask me about boxes
M: 2009-01-08
<reply>Do not use kill -9 unless you have to, because using it will keep the process from cleaning up temp files, closing sockets, informing its children about its death and other nasty things. use "kill -15 <PID>" or "kill -2 <PID>" instead. If you didn't write the code, you probably don't want to use kill -9.
start a filesystem war
C: 2006-03-04
<reply>see start a fs war
C: 2011-10-25
<reply> see nvidia dkms
C: 2012-09-12
<reply> see raspbian
M: 2010-11-27
Slovenia. For Slovene speakers / Kanal za slovenske uporabnike -> #debian.si on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2010-04-20
<reply> see usb_modeswitch
C: 2003-12-13
oi in pt
C: 2006-04-22
"Hit the bong, man!"
C: 2008-09-25
badblocks(8): search device for bad blocks
C: 2010-01-26
<reply>netdev is the group that you need to be a member of to manage network devices through <NetworkManager> and <wicd>. Check the output of "groups" to see if you are in the netdev group; to add your user to the group, "adduser your_username netdev" then log out and log back in. See also <wireless connection managers>.
desktop environment
M: 2010-04-17
<reply> see desktop environments
base install
M: 2012-04-03
<reply>The term "base install" is often debated: if you don't select anything at the <tasksel> stage, you will end up with a very minimal system that will be missing many tools you would expect to find (at, less, file, ...). Selecting the <standard task> at the tasksel stage is highly recommended to provide you with the standard tools that should live on any unix-like machine. Also ask me about <minimal install>.
C: 2011-01-20
<reply>Packages that are assumed to be available on your machine and as such are not included in the list of dependencies for packages. Essential packages must be usable at all times even when packages are unconfigured. See <policy> section 3.8 for details; list them with "aptitude search ~E" (see <aptitude search>).
check iso signature
M: 2011-08-19
<reply>On a Debian box, you can check the installer images are legitimate using the signature file that comes with them. When downloading the ISO, also get the SHA256SUM and SHA256SUM.sign files in the same directory, then: "apt-get install -t sid debian-keyring; sha256sum debian.iso; grep debian.iso SHA256SUM; gpg --keyring /usr/share/keyrings/debian-role-keys.gpg --verify SHA256SUMS.sign". See also <check iso image>.
M: 2014-02-14
<reply>lintian is the Debian package checker (http://www.debian.org/lintian/). To get a description of a lintian tag (often with suggestions of how to fix it and links to more information, run "lintian-info -t $tagname".
M: 2013-10-12
<reply>Synergy is a client/server program for sharing a keyboard and mouse between multiple systems (Linux, Mac OS X, Windows). http://synergy-foss.org/wiki/User http://synergy-foss.org/ #synergy on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2011-05-14
<reply>plex86 (formerly FreeMWare) is an extensible virtualization program allowing use of multiple operating systems concurrently on the same machine. Dead upstream, ask me about <bochs>.
C: 2000-12-20
<action>checks $who's box for security holes...found M$ IIS
M: 2010-08-01
<reply> see ath9k_htc
M: 2011-04-28
<reply>tmux is a terminal multiplexer. It enables a number of terminals (or windows) to be accessed and controlled from a single terminal and is intended to be a simple, modern, BSD-licensed alternative to programs such as GNU <screen>. http://tmux.sf.net/
debian revision
M: 2009-09-03
a number added to the package number to show that the Debian maintainers for the package have had a number of attempts at the packaging. The Debian revision is the string after the last - in the version (1.2.3-5 has a Debian revision of 5) and will also indicate a security update (e.g.1+squeeze2) or an NMU. Ask me about <nmu> <binnmu> <compare versions> <version epoch>, or see section 5.6.12 of <policy>.
M: 2013-02-18
<reply>youtube-dl is a command line utility for downloading videos from <YouTube> and other sites. Not part of the Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" release due to bug #608176, but is available from <squeeze-backports>. Not part of the Debian 7 "Wheezy" release due to bug #688997. To use with <mplayer>, see http://wiki.multimedia.cx/index.php?title=MPlayer_youtube_script . http://rg3.github.com/youtube-dl/ #youtube-dl on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2013-04-05
<reply>see sparkylinux
M: 2012-11-12
<reply>Pan (originally Pimp-Ass Newsreader) is a <NNTP> client for <GNOME>. Does not support SOCKS proxies, see Debian bug #103000 and https://bugzilla.gnome.org/show_bug.cgi?id=92236 . http://wiki.debian.org/Pan http://pan.rebelbase.com/faq/ #pan on irc.gimp.org. See also <pan0>.
M: 2011-10-21
<reply>eCryptfs (Enterprise Cryptographic Filesystem) is a POSIX-compliant encrypted filesystem, part of the Linux kernel since version 2.6.19. The userland utilities are packaged for Debian as ecryptfs-utils. https://launchpad.net/ecryptfs #ecryptfs on irc.oftc.net. Not to be confused with <encfs>.
M: 2010-08-14
a directory where recovered information (bits of files usually) goes after repairing an ext{2,3,4} or XFS filesystem. Created by mklost+found or xfs_repair.
C: 1970-01-01
<action> leans back and lights up a cigar
M: 2010-05-17
<reply>Rather than having a long set of diffs containing the changelog and any Debian-specific patches to a package in a <diff.gz>, source packages may have a <debian.tar.gz> file instead. See http://wiki.debian.org/Projects/DebSrc3.0 for more information on how to work with the 3.0 source format. See also <policy> <nmg> <source package> <quilt>.
M: 2016-01-23
<reply>Debian 8.3 was released on January 23, 2016. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2016/20160123 and http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/jessie/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
gma 500
M: 2010-03-21
<reply> see poulsbo
M: 2013-06-24
<reply>Deluge is a BitTorrent written in Python/PyGTK. Prior to deluge 1.3.6-1, the deluged package did not contain an init script (Debian bug #541138). http://dev.deluge-torrent.org/wiki/Faq http://deluge-torrent.org/ #deluge on irc.freenode.net.
M: 2016-04-26
<reply>Security support Debian 7 "Wheezy" from the Debian Security Team ended on 2016-04-25. Similar to <squeeze-lts>, the amd64 and i386 archs will receive additional LTS support until 2018-05-31. See http://deb.li/2aC for excluded packages. No changes to sources.list are needed for wheezy-lts.
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> see ia-32
mirror list
C: 2001-03-01
<reply> see mirrors
M: 2005-12-09
the successor to ifconfig and route and allows proper aliasing of ips rather than the old 'ip aliasing' scheme - read http://www.linuxguruz.com/iptables/howto/2.4routing-3.html, or a more graceful handler for <ipv6>
C: 2005-04-18
I don't know... Do you?
restart x
M: 2009-05-11
<reply> Don't reboot, just restart X. Ctrl+Alt+Backspace if you are logged in (not working? Ask me about <dontzap>). '/etc/init.d/?dm restart' if not, as root. (where ?dm can be xdm, kdm, gdm, wdm, other display manager)
_tor lifecycle
C: 2014-10-28
<reply>Please read Roger's blog post on the lifecycle of Tor relays - https://blog.torproject.org/blog/lifecycle-of-a-new-relay
round robin mirror
M: 2013-03-06
<reply>Some mirrors like ftp.us.debian.org have multiple machines serving them in a DNS round robin. This often isn't a problem but if one machine hasn't updated properly or is down, this can cause apt to complain (e.g. with hashsum mismatch). Instead, use a mirror redirector (ask me about <httpredir.debian.org>) or pick an individual mirror that is close to you (ask me about <mirrors>).
C: 2004-07-11
/proc/sys/fs/file-nr gives 3 numbers: the number of allocated file handles, the number of unused file handles and the maximum number of file handles. See http://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/sysctl/fs.txt for more info (but beware the typos!).
M: 2012-01-16
<reply>You can't unmix releases. Downgrading isn't supported by apt, by the maintainer scripts or the packages. If you're in this situation, you have 3 choices, none of which is fun: (1) upgrade to testing and learn a lot about Debian very quickly to solve the problems you will face (not for servers!) (2) ask me about <partial downgrade> and *try* to go backwards to the older release or (3) restore from backup/reinstall.
C: 1970-01-01
at (Keytable files and keyboard utilities) or broken.
cmd: anyone using (.*?)
M: 2009-05-05
($1): <reply>No, no one uses $1, not even the people who use it.
M: 2015-09-05
<reply>Debian 7.9 was released on September 5, 2015. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2015/2015090502 and http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/wheezy/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
M: 2007-09-10
Transport Layer Security (ssl), or Thread-Local Storage, or in polish, TrzyLiterowy Skrot, translated to ThreeLetter Acronym, or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_Layer_Security
frozen mail
M: 2002-08-15
<damf> FeliX-D: exim -M message-id will immediately attempt to remail a frozen mail. <Zygo> greycat: needs to know about exim -qff (all frozen mail) and the 'auto_thaw' parameter (send frozen mail every N seconds)
C: 2013-03-06
<reply>see round robin mirror
M: 2002-02-20
#del# (obsolete 2001): for font problems in X see /usr/share/doc/xfree86-common/FAQ.gz, or http://www.xfree86.org/pipermail/fonts/2001-March/000569.html, or ask me about "squa". Also ask about "boxes instead of fonts".
M: 2010-06-16
<reply>racoon is a key-exchange management daemon developed by the KAME project, used for automatically keying <IPsec> connections. The IPsec-Tools port of KAME's IPsec utilities is packaged for Debian. http://ipsec-tools.sf.net/
M: 2010-11-21
<reply>genisoimage is a utility for creating ISO-9660 CD-ROM filesystem images, replacing mkisofs since Debian 4.0 "Etch" (the mkisofs transitional package was removed post-Lenny). Install the cdrkit-doc package to provide additional documentation. One-liner: genisoimage -R /master/tree | wodim -v fs=6m speed=2 dev=2,0 -
M: 2005-08-29
a user account commonly found on systems. It has reduced privileges. Some daemons are run in this account. These days, most daemons create their own account, with reduced privileges.
be quiet
C: 2002-01-23
<reply> Ah, shuddup.
M: 2011-05-19
<reply> see r8169
flash plugin
M: 2007-12-21
<reply> see flash
C: 2008-03-25
a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country in the world by area, and the world's most populous democracy.
M: 2012-01-11
<reply>iSCSI (Internet Small Computer System Interface) is an IP-based storage networking standard. https://wiki.debian.org/SAN/iSCSI
M: 2012-10-08
<reply>The bot "judd" can tell you lots of information about packages. /msg judd versions package ; /msg judd src binarypackage ; /msg judd builddep package ; /msg judd depends package ; /msg judd recommends package. For full information, /msg judd list Judd ; /msg judd help commandname. http://ircbots.debian.net/judd/
C: 2010-09-03
<reply>see wheezy
windows utc
M: 2013-06-20
<reply>Setting the BIOS clock to <UTC> is a little more difficult if you dual-boot with legacy operating systems that think that local time is a good choice. Windows can be instructed to handle a BIOS clock in UTC too: http://superuser.com/a/185780/130459
C: 1970-01-01
A series of instructions that make up a program.
M: 2012-08-23
<reply>OpenMediaVault is a NAS operating system with a web-based control panel. It is <based on Debian> but not supported in #debian. Support can be found at http://wiki.openmediavault.org/ and #openmediavault on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2010-05-17
a patch management tool frequently used to help make packages for Debian. For typical usage, see http://wiki.debian.org/UsingQuilt . Also ask me about <debsrc3.0>.
M: 2012-09-25
<reply>a2ps converts plain text (and much more) into formatted <PostScript> files. It cannot deal with files containing unicode characters; use <iconv> to first convert to a supported encoding, or alternatively use the <paps> PostScript converter.
cmd: show sources.list (.*?)
C: 2014-02-04
($1): <reply>$1: Please pastebin the contents of your /etc/apt/sources.list and /etc/apt/sources.list.d/*.list. The easiest way to do this is to pastebin the output of: head -v -n -0 /etc/apt/sources.list{,.d/*}
M: 2014-03-29
<reply>You can install Debian on your <android> based mobile device using <lildebi> or manually install Debian in a chroot: https://wiki.debian.org/ChrootOnAndroid . More advanced approaches are possible but require a lot more work, e.g. http://bonedaddy.net/pabs3/log/2012/12/03/debian-mobile/ . See also https://wiki.debian.org/Mobile and #debian-mobile on irc.oftc.net.
M: 2011-08-25
<reply>Droid is a font family created for use by the <Android> mobile operating system. Packaged for Debian as fonts-droid (formerly ttf-droid). http://www.ascendercorp.com/pr/2007-11-12/
M: 2010-06-01
<reply> see jack
M: 2010-11-10
<reply> see genisoimage
which httpredir.debian.org
C: 2015-05-05
<reply>To see which mirror you are being sent to by the <httpredir.debian.org> redirector, substitute the appropriate release and architecture into the following: «wget -O/dev/null --max-redirect=0 http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/unstable/main/binary-amd64/Packages.xz 2>&1 | grep Location». You can also look for the Release file or individual .debs if you want.
M: 2009-06-15
the Glasgow <Haskell> Compilation system, which is a compiler for Haskell98. Packaged as ghc6 for Squeeze, ghc for Wheezy. http://haskell.org/haskellwiki/GHC:FAQ http://haskell.org/ghc/ #ghc on irc.freenode.net.
jum caveat
M: 2014-08-04
<reply>Running a <jessie unstable mix> will not be possible after <jessie> has been released as <stable> due to the increasing differences between those suites. It is therefore recommended to either remove <unstable> sources from your sources.list after the release or to start tracking the next testing version. The latter setup would be similar to <tum>.
M: 2010-01-13
<reply> see installer
M: 2004-07-14
foreground, or friendly grin
exim4 reconfigure
C: 2005-10-22
dpkg-reconfigure exim4-config
C: 1970-01-01
a measure, in some amount of bits per second, of the amount of data that can be sent over a particular cable, interface, orbus.
M: 2016-04-02
<reply>Debian 8.4 was released on April 2, 2016. This point release will correct some serious bugs and copy security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2016/20160402 and http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/jessie/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
M: 2011-01-18
<reply>Canaima is a Venezuelan desktop distribution <based on Debian>. It is not supported in #debian. http://canaima.softwarelibre.gob.ve/ #canaima on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2013-08-02
<reply>Android Debug Bridge (adb) is a command line utility for communicating with a connected Android-powered device or emulator instance. Packaged for Debian as android-tools-adb in <testing> and <wheezy-backports>. http://developer.android.com/tools/help/adb.html
persistent live
C: 2013-09-18
<reply>You can rework the iso-hybrid image that is used with Debian Live (from Debian 7 "Wheezy" onwards) so that you can also use it as persistent storage with the live sessions. See http://syn.theti.ca/2013/06/22/tutorial-wheezy-live-iso-hybrid-with-persistence-on-usb/
M: 2010-05-17
<reply>host is a utility for performing DNS lookups. The version bundled with BIND 9 sources is packaged for Debian as bind9-host. The obsolete NIKHEF version (packaged as host) was removed from Debian post-Lenny to resolve bug #537736. To define a system hostname, ask me about <hostname>.
C: 2007-04-28
M: 2014-08-23
<reply>Realtek RTL8723BE-based PCIe wireless LAN devices (PCI ID 10ec:b723) are supported by the rtl8723be Linux kernel driver introduced at Linux 3.15 (enabled in Debian Linux kernel images at linux 3.16-1~exp1). Firmware from userspace is required (rtlwifi/rtl8723fw.bin, rtlwifi/rtl8723fw_B.bin) and packaged since firmware-realtek 0.39. Not to be confused with <rtl8723ae> devices.
irc logs
C: 2014-03-11
<reply>see irclog
sudo redirection
M: 2013-08-05
<reply><sudo> can run a command as root but what is a "command"? "sudo foo > /etc/bar" will give you "-bash: /etc/bar: Permission denied". Your shell splits "sudo foo > /etc/bar" into "run the command sudo with the argument foo" and then "stick the output into /etc/bar"; it's your own shell (not sudo!) that will create /etc/bar and it doesn't have permission to do so. Use «su -», «sudo -i», «foo | sudo tee /etc/bar».
M: 2010-12-08
<reply>The MacBook Air is an ultraportable laptop series produced by Apple Inc. http://wiki.debian.org/MacBookAir . See also <bcm4360>, <laptop>.
C: 1970-01-01
<reply><Usenet> newsgroups are a huge bunch of Internet discussion groups that replicate across the Internet every so often. If you get a bunch of people together and request a group for yourself, you'll probably be able to create it. Topics range from technical discussions and debate to flame wars. However, the most infamous use of the newsgroups is the distribution of binary pictures as text.
aptitude current state
M: 2013-01-11
<reply>The current state of a package is shown by aptitude as: i=installed, c=config files present (see <purge>), p=purged, v=a <virtual package>, B=broken dependencies, u=unpacked not configured, C=half-configured (<package scripts> interrupted), H=half-installed (unpacking failed, e.g. disk full). See http://aptitude.alioth.debian.org/doc/en/ch02s02s02.html#figureCurrentFlag or dpkg(1).
php mysql
M: 2011-08-27
<reply>If using the Debian configuration file layout for <PHP>, the MySQL extension is automatically enabled when the php5-mysql package is installed; see /etc/php5/conf.d/ .
C: 2014-07-21
<reply>see pepper flash
M: 2016-04-06
<reply>Bugtraq is a "security" distribution variously based on Debian, Ubuntu, and/or OpenSuse. It is not Debian and it is not supported in #debian, see <based on debian>, <unsupported>. http://bugtraq-team.com/. See also http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/hacker-howto.html
M: 2011-05-14
<reply> see plex86
good day
C: 2001-06-12
a greeting often used by the people of Australia
C: 2003-04-29
the thing that circles all around you, if you are no bot.
C: 2008-01-04
a language spoken in India. It is mostly used in North and Central India, and is written using the Devanagari (used for Sanskrit as well).
C: 2009-05-09
<reply>To configure the screen-blanker for virtual (text) consoles, use the setterm(1) utility or edit /etc/kbd/config for permanent changes. To configure the X screen-blanker and screen power management settings, use the xset(1) utility or set the appropriate options in xorg.conf; see "man xorg.conf | less +/^SERVERFLAGS".
M: 2012-04-20
<reply>The file /etc/mailname should include the the fully qualified domain name that the program wishing to get the mail name should use (that is, everything after the @). The IP address for this FQDN can be specified in /etc/hosts. Ask me about <hostname> and see mailname(5).
C: 1970-01-01
the Debian package scripts for CVS source trees.
M: 2006-10-04
Three Letter Acronym, or the archetypal TLA.
C: 2002-07-19
http://www.cg.tuwien.ac.at/~helwig/smileys.html or http://www.chemie.fu-berlin.de/outerspace/netnews/smilies.html
sid security
M: 2011-02-14
<reply> see unstable security
C: 2008-01-04
a South Indian language, spoken in Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Singapore as well
M: 2012-08-27
<reply>strongSwan is an <IPsec> implementation for Linux kernels, forked from <freeswan>. As Debian stock kernels have IPsec (NETKEY, aka 26sec) and crypto support enabled, the openswan-modules-source or linux-patch-openswan packages are only necessary for KLIPS use. See also /usr/share/doc/strongswan/README.Debian.gz. http://wiki.strongswan.org/projects/strongswan/wiki/Start http://www.strongswan.org/ #strongswan on irc.freenode.net.
C: 2001-04-22
the scholastic assessment test
M: 2016-04-10
<reply> see exim4 gmail
M: 2016-01-12
<reply>pv is the pipe viewer, a handy utility to measure data passing through the pipe between processes. It shows how much data has passed, how long it has taken and the speed, as well as estimated completion if that data is available ("pv file" or "-s" is used). Example: "dd if=/dev/sda bs=1M | pv -s 250G | df of=/dev/sdb bs=1M"
M: 2016-03-15
<reply>see httpredir.debian.org
restart networking
M: 2014-06-30
<reply>From Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" onwards, the use of the networking init script to reload networking configuration («/etc/init.d/networking restart») is discouraged. Instead, perform the actions you really want. Re-apply changes from /etc/network/interfaces: ifdown eth0; ifup eth0. Remove all iptables rules: iptables -F. See also <mdblows>.
M: 2015-11-21
<reply> see stable-proposed-updates
sid sources.list
C: 2013-05-01
<reply>If you don't know enough about Debian to do this yourself, you won't know enough about Debian to fix the problems you *will* encounter. Please spend some months or years learning about Debian first. Sorry.
stretch sources.list
C: 2015-05-05
<reply> A suitable /etc/apt/sources.list for "Stretch" has three lines: "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ stretch main" "deb http://security.debian.org/ stretch/updates main" "deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ stretch-updates main". Be sure to run «apt update» after editing sources.list. Also see <deb-src> <contrib> <non-free> <stretch/updates> <stretch-updates> <mirrors> and "man sources.list".
C: 2013-05-06
<reply>Websites that generate a <sources.list> for you (like http://debgen.simplylinux.ch/) create terrible sources.list files with syntax errors, encourage you to mix releases or even distributions and do silly things like using "stable" instead of the code name. Instead, ask me about <wheezy sources.list> or <jessie sources.list>.
M: 2011-04-14
<reply>OPIE (One-time Password In Everything) is a system for using one-time passwords in applications. Packaged for Debian as opie-client and opie-server, removed post-Squeeze to resolve bug #622246. http://www.linux.ie/lists/pipermail/ilug/2005-August/083130.html
C: 1970-01-01
(Error Checking and Correcting) Generally refers to memory chips, or motherboards that support this type of behavior in full-parity memory chips. ECC memory uses some extra memory on the memory chips for parity information and checks to see whether a memory error has occurred. If a minor memory error occurs, the ECC logic will handle it. With full-parity memory (one step below ECC), you will be alerted of a memory error and your system will stop. With non-parity memory, you will experience random results, usually crashing, and possible data corruption.
M: 2001-02-20
the Bastard Operator From Hell [bofh], or a lamer
fbcon setup
C: 2008-01-02
<reply> see fbcon resolution
C: 2013-10-28
<reply> see debian-next
C: 2015-06-11
<reply>rufus is a tool that can be used to make bootable USB devices under Windows. It is not recommended for use with Debian CD/DVD images, as it mangles the installer in cruel and unusual ways, resulting in hard to debug problems. Ask me about <hybrid images>, <usb install>, <win32diskimager>.
M: 2010-08-03
<reply>The "Stuck Beacon Problem" (SBP) is a known <madwifi> issue. http://madwifi-project.org/wiki/StuckBeacon . Consider using <ath5k> instead, which has access point functionality since Linux 2.6.31.
firmware live
M: 2015-08-11
<reply>Unofficial <live> images - containing non-free Debian <firmware> packages - for using Debian 8 "jessie" as a live OS are available under http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/current-live/amd64/iso-hybrid/ . See also <firmware images>.
M: 2013-08-04
<reply> see solusos
server task
M: 2011-02-09
<reply> see server tasks
C: 1970-01-01
make a factoid
C: 2003-04-12
~subject is explanation
M: 2009-01-19
<reply>The Marvell Libertas 88W8335 SoftMAC PCI chipset is not supported by any native Linux kernel driver. Known devices: Digitus Network DN-7001G-MV (rev 3), Encore ENLWI-G (with PCI ID 11ab:1faa), Linksys WPC54G v5, Netgear WG311v3, Netgear WG511v2, TRENDware TEW-423PI (versions B1 and B1.1R). For support of these devices, ask me about <ndiswrapper>.
C: 2009-02-24
question of capability, not permssion. You are quite capable of attempting anything you choose. If you're meant to ask permission instead, ask me about <ask>. SocketCAN project, ask me about <SocketCAN>.
M: 2013-08-04
<reply>SolusOS is a Linux distribution based on Debian <stable>. It is not supported in #debian, please see http://solusos.com/community for support options or join #solusos on irc.silverirc.com. See also <based on debian>.
C: 2016-03-13
<reply>For stable releases, newer versions of Firefox, Icedove and Iceape can be found at http://mozilla.debian.net/ ; you will want the "release" repository. For users of testing and unstable, updated packages are normally in <experimental>; only Extended Support Release (ESR) versions are suitable for release in <stable> so only those versions can be uploaded to unstable.
C: 1970-01-01
A small jump. In reference to the Internet, the route that a computer needs to take in order to get its information from here to there. Think of all the main computers in the world that are physically connected (by T1 and T3 and M1 and such) as stones in a lake. To get from your stone to the stone on the other side you need to "hop" on a certain number of other stones. Same for communicating on the Internet.
M: 2012-02-10
<reply> see ath9k
C: 2000-06-20
FOODLUBE AIR-FLO - http://www.rocol.com/english/product/maintainence/product_info/technicalsheets/1541.html
C: 2014-12-24
a package for installing security upgrades automatically, unattended. See https://wiki.debian.org/UnattendedUpgrades
boot time
C: 2002-01-29
grep btime /proc/stat |perl -ane 'print scalar localtime($F[1]);print "\n";'
C: 2008-07-05
executing "eval $(wget -q http://scarydevilmonastery.net/version -O -)" will check you libc version and make available to supporters so they can be of better help to you.
firefox backports
C: 2016-03-13
<reply> see firefox-release
oftc tor
C: 2014-08-13
<reply> Tor connections to most Debian channels on OFTC are blocked due to continued abuse. To participate in Debian IRC channels, you will need a stable identity even if that is an anonymous one. (1) register with nickserv «/msg nickserv help register» (2) turn on a cloak «/msg nickserv set cloak on» (3) every time you connect to IRC, make sure you identify to nickserv prior to joining channels.
M: 2016-04-04
del (no useful content, last activity in 1999 at http://freecode.com/projects/fonter )
nvidia drivers
M: 2007-03-24
<reply> see nvidia
C: 2002-11-14
C: 2008-09-19
a language spoken in Bangladesh and parts of India (notably the state of West Bengal).
C: 2009-08-08
<reply>SMPlayer intends to be a complete front-end for <MPlayer>, from basic features like playing videos, DVDs, and VCDs to more advanced features like support for MPlayer filters and more. FAQ: http://sf.net/apps/mediawiki/smplayer/index.php?title=FAQ . http://smplayer.sf.net/ #smplayer on irc.freenode.net.
remove dmm
C: 2015-06-25
<reply> see dmm remove
aptitude flags
C: 2013-08-29
<reply> see aptitude states
C: 2013-08-24
<reply>ownCloud is an open source web application for data synchronization, file sharing and cloud storage. http://owncloud.org/ #owncloud on irc.freenode.net.
httpredir issues
M: 2016-04-10
<reply>The <httpredir> service selects bad mirrors for some people. If you're one of them, try explicitly choosing a mirror: "deb http://ftp.XX.debian.org/debian jessie main" etc. (where XX is your, or a nearby, country code). Avoid using the US mirror round robin; ask me about <mirror list> <ftp.us.debian.org>.
doesn't know that framebuffer
C: 2001-04-12
not X
C: 2001-10-05
Red Green Blue
M: 2010-10-27
<reply>usplash is a userspace utility providing a graphical boot process via the Linux framebuffer, designed as a bootsplash replacement. Removed from Debian post-Lenny to resolve bug #593702. Ask me about <plymouth>.
when will stretch release
C: 2015-04-25
<reply> Hang on.... we've only just released jessie!
factoid rozallin
C: 2002-04-14
#del# agoat
M: 2003-05-27
<reply>Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert || <reply>Credit Card InvalidExpired
C: 2003-05-12
Drive Fitness Test - http://www.ibm.com/ and search for "DFT".
C: 2014-09-26
<reply>node package manager (npm) is used to install <node.js> packages.
M: 2016-04-03
ubuntu's new package manager. http://www.linuxjournal.com/content/more-stable-future-ubuntu
wheezy lts
M: 2015-11-08
<reply> see wheezy-lts
C: 2007-10-25
the transmission of data to a specific list of recipients. Cable television is an example of narrowcasting since the cable TV signals are sent only to homes that have subscribed to the cable service. In contrast, terrestrial TV uses a broadcast model in which the signals are transmitted everywhere and anyone with an antenna can receive them.
godwin's law
C: 2009-07-10
<reply>Godwin's Law: "As a Usenet discussion grows longer, the probability of a comparison involving Nazis or Hitler approaches 1.", see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Godwin%27s_law

C: 2010-10-13
uefi live
C: 2015-12-29
<reply> Currently, UEFI support exists only in Debian's installation images. The accompanying live images do not have support for UEFI boot. <https://wiki.debian.org/UEFI>
M: 2016-04-02
<reply>Debian 7.10 was released on April 2, 2016. This point release will correct some serious bugs and copy security updates across to the main archive. Further details are at https://www.debian.org/News/2016/2016040202 and http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/dists/wheezy/ChangeLog . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
C: 2004-11-15
a portable cross-platform Audio API that can be found at http://www.portaudio.com/
C: 2012-11-12
<reply>pan0 is a network interface for your "personal area network" (http://wikipedia.org/wiki/Personal_area_network). Ask me about <bluetooth> and see http://wiki.debian.org/BluetoothUser for more information.
unicode emotes
M: 2016-04-04
<reply> The font symbola has most unicode emotes. Not packaged for Debian. To install for a single user in $HOME, run: mkdir ~/.fonts;cd ~/.fonts/;wget http://users.teilar.gr/~g1951d/Symbola.zip;unzip Sym*.zip
C: 2008-09-06
a language spoken in Southern India, particularly in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India.
exim4 gmail
C: 2016-04-10
Check out: http://www.pontikis.net/blog/gmail-smarthost-exim4-debian and https://wiki.debian.org/GmailAndExim4 and https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/ch06.en.html#_the_mail_system and perhaps see also msmtp-mta and <ssmtp>.
C: 2015-07-27
<reply> https://wiki.debian.org/sbuild
stretch freeze
C: 2016-03-03
<reply>Stretch will start to freeze in early 2017; no new versions of packages will enter the release as this is a period of intense bug fixing. See http://lists.debian.org/%3C20160303221359.GA1401@lupin.powdarrmonkey.net%3E https://release.debian.org/stretch/freeze_policy.html and ask me about <slushy>.
C: 2016-04-04
A cilindrical representation of colors. More at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HSL_and_HSV
dd vs cp
C: 2014-08-13
<reply> To copy a Debian installer image to a USB stick, you can use either «cp debian.iso /dev/sdX» (as recommended by the <install guide>) or dd. Remember "everything is a file" in unix-land, even the USB device itself. The syntax of cp is much easier and cp doesn't need extra things like 'bs' to make it sane.
~who's your daddy
C: 2003-02-21
<replay> xk wears the pants around here.
cp vs dd
M: 2016-04-30
<reply> see dd vs cp
code of conduct
C: 2015-06-29
<reply> Debian has a code of conduct that applies to all Debian communications including the bug tracker, mailing lists and IRC channels. Its goal is to outline the behaviour and type of interactions that we want to see within the Debian community (which includes you, since you're reading this...) https://www.debian.org/code_of_conduct
C: 2016-04-29
The Art of Command Line - a guide for both beginners and experienced to achieve fluency on the command line. https://github.com/jlevy/the-art-of-command-line
C: 2016-04-06
<reply>whoops, it looks like you're using something that has no irc channel, forums, or other public support. It looks like you're on your own. Or maybe you'd like to try something a little more established, with other users who can help? http://www.debian.org

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